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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 67-73, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153097

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Diabetic retinopathy is currently considered a chronic inflammatory disease involving NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome activation and retinal microglial pyroptosis. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome signaling induces pyroptotic death of retinal microglia under high-glucose conditions. Methods: Retinal microglia were stimulated by high glucose levels for 24 h. Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase release, and caspase-1 activity were detected in vitro. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine (interleukin-1β, activated microglia marker ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1), NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3, cleaved caspase-1, and cleaved gasdermin D were examined. Subsequently, retinal microglia were pretreated with the inhibitors of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome signaling prior to stimulation with high glucose, and their molecular and functional changes were evaluated. Results: High-glucose (25, 50, or 100 mM) stimulation decreased cell viability, but enhanced lactate dehydrogenase release and caspase-1 activity in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, high glucose upregulated the protein expression of interleukin-1β, ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1, NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3, cleaved caspase-1, and cleaved gasdermin D. However, pretreatment with the inhibitors of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome signaling inhibited high glucose (25 mM)-induced cytotoxicity, NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome activation, and pyroptosis of retinal microglia. Conclusions: NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammasome signaling may modulate retinal microglia-related inflammation and pyroptosis under high-glucose conditions.


RESUMO Objetivo: Atualmente, a retinopatia diabética é considerada uma doença inflamatória crônica envolvendo a ativação de inflamassomas NLRP3 e piroptose da micróglia da retina. Neste estudo, objetivamos investigar se a sinalização de inflamassomas NLRP3 induz a morte da micróglia da retina sob condições de alta glicose. Métodos: A micróglia da retina foi estimulada por altos níveis de glicose durante 24 horas. A viabilidade celular, a liberação de LDH e a atividade da caspase1 foram analisadas in vitro. Avaliou-se a expressão de citocina pró-inflamatória (IL1β), de marcador de micróglia ativado (Iba1), de NLRP3, de caspase1 clivada e de GSDMD clivada. Subsequentemente, a micróglia da retina foi pré-tratada com inibidores da sinalização de inflamassomas NLRP3 antes da estimulação com altos níveis de glicose e suas alterações moleculares e funcionais foram avaliadas. Resultados: A estimulação com altos níveis de glicose (25 mM, 50 mM ou 100 mM) diminuiu a viabilidade celular, mas aumentou a liberação de LDH e a atividade da caspase1 de forma dependente da dose. Além disso, os altos níveis de glicose aumentaram a expressão das proteínas IL1β, Iba1, NLRP3, caspase1 clivada e GSDMD clivada. No entanto, o pré-tratamento com inibidores da sinalização de inflamassomas NLRP3 e a posterior estimulação com altos níveis de glicose (25 mM) induziu citotoxicidade, a ativação de inflamassomas NLRP3 e a piroptose da micróglia da retina. Conclusão: A sinalização de inflamassomas NLRP3 pode modular a inflamação e a piroptose da micróglia da retina na presença de altos níveis de glicose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes , Pyroptosis , Microglia , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Glucose
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879053

ABSTRACT

To study the effect and mechanism of extract of Quzhou Aurantii Fructus(QAF) on liver inflammation in CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis mice. Totally 60 C57 BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into control group(distilled water, oral), model group(distilled water, oral), colchicines group(Col, colchicines 2 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral), low-dose QAF group(QAF-L, QAF 100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) and high-dose QAF group(QAF-H, QAF 300 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1), oral) by random number table method. The model group and each administration group were injected with carbon tetrachloride(CCl_4) 1 mL·kg~(-1)(CCl_4-olive oil 1∶4), twice a week, totally 6 weeks. After the last administration, the mice were sacrificed, and serum and liver tissue were collected. Serum ALT and AST levels were measured in each group to observe the liver function of mice. The pathological changes and inflammatory cell infiltration in liver were observed by HE staining and F4/80 immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β were detected by RT-PCR. The protein expressions of IκBα, p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3, caspase-1 and cleaved caspase-1 were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that QAF significantly reduced serum ALT and AST levels, and alleviated the degree of liver damage.The results of immunohistochemistry showed that QAF significantly reduced liver inflammatory cell infiltration in liver fibrosis mice. The results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed that QAF significantly inhibited mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-18 and IL-1β in liver of fibrosis mice. QAF also suppressed the degradation of IκBα protein and reduced p-IKKα/β, p-p65, NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 protein expressions. In conclusion, QAF improves CCl_4-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammation signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammasomes/genetics , Inflammation , Liver/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Plant Extracts
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of NDUFA13 inactivation in the pathogenesis of spontaneous hepatitis in mice and explore the possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Hepatocyte-specific NDUFA13 knockout (NDUFA13@*RESULTS@#Liver-specific NDUFA13 heterozygous knockout mice were successfully constructed as verified by PCR results. HE staining revealed severe liver damage in both 4- week-old and 2-year-old NDUFA13@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hepatocytes-specific NDUFA13 ablation can trigger spontaneous hepatitis in mice possibly mediated by the activation of ROS/NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis , Inflammasomes , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of astragaloside IV (AS-IV) on NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD).@*METHODS@#A total of 24 Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7 days, were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, an HIBD group, and an AS-IV treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. After 24 hours of modeling, brain tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin staining, yo-PRO-1 staining, and EthD-2 immunofluorescent staining in order to observe the cerebral protection effect of AS-IV in vivo. HT22 cells were used to prepare a model of oxygen-glycogen deprivation (OGD), and a concentration gradient (50-400 μmol/L) was established for AS-IV. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the viability of HT22 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to observe the effect of different concentrations of AS-IV on the mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, gasdermin D (GSDMD), caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β).@*RESULTS@#Yo-Pro-1 and EthD-2 staining showed that compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had an increase in pyroptotic cells with a small number of necrotic cells, and the AS-IV group had reductions in both pyroptotic and necrotic cells. Compared with the sham-operation group, the HIBD group had significantly higher protein expression levels of NLRP3, IL-1β, caspase-1, and GSDMD (@*CONCLUSIONS@#AS-IV may alleviate HIBD in neonatal rats by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3, GSDMD, caspase-1, and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , NLR Proteins , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Triterpenes
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 20-27, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878002

ABSTRACT

The NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a key regulator of the host's immune response, and many immune and metabolic disorders are linked to its activation. This review aimed to investigate and clarify the relationship between this inflammasome and high-risk reproductive disorders. Papers cited here were retrieved from PubMed up to August 2020 using the keywords "NLRP3" or "NALP3", "caspase-1", "endometriosis", "gestational diabetes", "interleukin (IL)-18", "IL-1β", "pre-eclampsia (PE)", "preterm birth", "polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)", "recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA)", and combinations of these terms. The results show that NLRP3 inflammasome is associated with various high-risk reproductive disorders and many inflammatory factors are secreted during its activation, such as IL-1β induced during the development of endometriosis. PCOS is also associated with activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, especially in overweight patients. It also participates in the pathogenesis of RSA and is activated in fetal membranes before preterm birth. The placentas of pregnant women with PE show higher expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome, and gestational diabetes mellitus occurs simultaneously with its activation. Current evidence suggest that the NLRP3 inflammasome plays an important role in female reproductive disorders. New treatment and management methods targeting it might help reduce the incidence of such disorders and improve neonatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Caspase 1 , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , NLR Proteins , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Risk Assessment
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1323-1327, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of pretreatment of acupuncture on the expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor 3(NLRP3), Caspase-1, interleukin1β(IL-1β) and the number of activated microglia (MG) in the hippocampus in Alzheimer's disease (AD) like rats, so as to explore the mechanism of pretreatment of acupuncture in preventing and treating AD.@*METHODS@#A total of 36 SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group and an electroacupuncture (EA) group, 12 rats in each group. The AD like rat model was established by 8-week continuous intraperitoneal injection of D-galactose (120 mg·kg@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the average escape latency was prolonged (@*CONCLUSION@#Pretreatment of acupuncture could prevent and treat the learning-memory dysfunction in AD like rats, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammatsome related protein and MG activation.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Inflammasomes , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9949, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132509

ABSTRACT

Acne is a kind of common, chronic skin condition caused by the inflammation of the sebaceous glands in hair follicles. Recent studies have demonstrated that baicalin (BA) possesses potential anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of BA in vitro and in vivo. Heat-killed Propionibacterium acnes-induced THP-1 cells and live P. acnes-injected male Sprague Dawley rats were used for establishing the acne model. The rate of ear swelling was calculated, and the severity was determined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The production of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α)] in the cell supernatant and ear tissue homogenates was measured by ELISA. Protein levels of JNK, ERK, P38, IκBα, P65, Nod-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), pro-caspase-1, and IL-1β in THP-1 cells and ear tissues were detected by western blotting. NLRP3 and IL-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the NLRP3, IL-1β and pro-caspase-1 mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results showed that BA decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, BA down-regulated the phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2, and κBα and inhibited the nuclear translocation of p65. Furthermore, BA inhibited the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, at both the gene and protein levels. Taken together, the results demonstrated that BA might exert its anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways and consequently suppressing the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome both in vivo and in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dermatitis/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , Propionibacterium acnes/metabolism , Flavonoids , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Inflammation/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor proteins 1 and 3 (NLRP1 and NLRP3) inflammasome signaling pathways in the immune mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 126 children with IBD were enrolled as the study group, including 32 children with Crohn's disease (CD) and 94 children with ulcerative colitis (UC). A total of 120 children who underwent colectomy were enrolled as the control group. The mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#The study group had significantly higher mRNA expression of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β than the control group, and their mRNA expression levels tended to increase with the severity of CD or UC (P<0.05). In the children with UC or CD, the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1, NLRP3, Caspase-1, and IL-1β were positively correlated with serum IgM and IgG levels (P<0.05), and the mRNA expression levels of NLRP1 and NLRP3 were positively correlated with those of Caspase-1 and IL-1β (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The NLRP1 and NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathways may regulate the immune mechanism of IBD in children by upregulating the expression of Caspase-1 and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Child , Humans , Inflammasomes , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Signal Transduction
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 455-462, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827041

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to observe the expression of pyroptosis- and inflammation-related proteins in the hippocampus of mice with insulin resistance (IR) after aerobic exercise, and to explore the possible mechanism of exercise to improve IR. C57BL/6J male mice of 6 weeks old were randomly fed with normal diet (n = 12) and high-fat diet (HFD) (n = 26) for 12 weeks respectively. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed to determine whether IR occurred in HFD mice. Then the mice were randomly divided into control group (n = 12), IR group (n = 10) and IR + aerobic exercise group (AE, n = 10). Mice in AE group performed a 12-week progressive speed treadmill training after being adapted to the treadmill for one week. After the intervention, the expression of pyroptosis- and inflammation-related proteins in hippocampus was detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with control group, NFκB, Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC), pyroptosis-related proteins like pro-Caspase-1, gasdermin D (GSDMD), GSDMD-N, and inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-18 were significantly increased. The inflammasome-related protein NIMA-related kinase 7 (NEK7) and pyroptosis-related protein Caspase-1 showed an increasing trend, but there was no significant difference. Compared with the IR group, progressive speed treadmill training significantly reduced the expression of NFκB, NLRP3, NEK7, ASC, pro-Caspase-1, GSDMD, GSDMD-N, IL-1β, and IL-18 in the hippocampus of mice with IR. These results suggested 12-week progressive speed treadmill training can significantly reduce the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and inflammatory factors in the hippocampus of mice with IR, and inhibit pyroptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 1 , Gene Expression , Hippocampus , Inflammasomes , Insulin Resistance , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NIMA-Related Kinases , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Pyroptosis
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785337

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to the classes IA PI3Ks p110α and p110β. However, the immunological role of PI3K-δ isoform is still controversial in airway epithelium under house dust mite (HDM)-induced allergic response. This study aimed to evaluate the role of PI3K-δ isoform in HDM-induced allergic responses, focusing on NLRP3 inflammasome activation in airway epithelium.METHODS: We used wild-type mice and PI3K-δ knock-out (KO) mice for HDM-induced asthma animal model and also performed in vitro experiments using primary cultured murine tracheal epithelial cells and human airway epithelial cells.RESULTS: PI3K-δ activated HDM-induced NLRP3 inflammasome and epithelial cell-derived cytokines in the lung including airway epithelial cells. PI3K-δ KO mice or knock-down of PI3K-δ using siRNA exhibited the significant reduction in allergic asthmatic features and the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly as well as epithelial cell-derived cytokines. Interestingly, significantly increased expression of PI3K-δ isoform was observed in stimulated airway epithelial cells and the increases in epithelial cell-derived cytokines were markedly suppressed by blocking PI3K-δ, while these cytokine levels were independent of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that PI3K-δ-isoform can promote HDM-induced allergic airway inflammation via NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent response as well as via NLRP3 inflammasome-independent epithelial cell activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Cytokines , Dust , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Lung , Mice , Models, Animal , Phosphotransferases , Pyroglyphidae , RNA, Small Interfering
11.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249173

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a serious health problem worldwide; it is characterized by a group of metabolic disorders, including central obesity, insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia with accelerated atherosclerosis, hypertension, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and elevated uric acid with increased risk of gout. The incidence of MS has increased considerably in recent decades and has attracted considerable attention. A number of clinical and translational laboratory studies have implicated the activation of nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in the development of MS, therefore establishing a strong link between chronic inflammation and metabolic diseases. This paper aims to review new developments on NLRP3 inflammasome in MS for better understanding of chronic inflammation in metabolic diseases. We will also provide new insights into using NLRP3 inflammasome as an innovative therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Inflammasomes/pharmacology , Metabolic Diseases/pathology , Uric Acid/adverse effects , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Metabolic Syndrome/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/pathology , Atherosclerosis/pathology , Obesity, Abdominal/pathology , Hypertension/pathology
12.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e190324, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091245

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Leprosy is an infectious-contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae that remain endemic in 105 countries. This neglected disease has a wide range of clinical and histopathological manifestations that are related to the host inflammatory and immune responses. More recently, the inflammasome has assumed a relevant role in the inflammatory response against microbiological agents. However, the involvement of inflammasome in leprosy remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES The aim is to associate biomarkers of inflammasome with the different immunopathological forms of leprosy. METHODS We performed an observational, cross-sectional, and comparative study of the immunophenotypic expression of inflammasome-associated proteins in immunopathological forms of leprosy of 99 skin lesion samples by immunohistochemistry. The intensity and percentage of NLRP3, Caspase-1, Caspases-4/5, interleukin-1β and interleukin-18 immunoreactivities in the inflammatory infiltrate of skin biopsies were evaluated. FINDINGS Strong expression of NLRP3 and inflammatory Caspases-4/5 were observed in lepromatous leprosy (lepromatous pole). In addition, were observed low expression of caspase-1, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-18 in tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy. The interpolar or borderline form showed immunophenotype predominantly similar to the lepromatous pole. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our results demonstrate that the NLRP3 inflammasome is inactive in leprosy, suggesting immune evasion of M. leprae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immune Evasion/immunology , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Leprosy/immunology , Leprosy/metabolism , Mycobacterium leprae/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Leprosy/pathology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811069

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Different characteristics of airway microbiome in asthmatics may lead to differential immune responses, which in turn cause eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation. However, the relationships among these factors have yet to be fully elucidated.METHODS: Microbes in induced sputum samples were subjected to sequence analysis of 16S rRNA. Airway inflammatory phenotypes were defined as neutrophils (>60%) and eosinophils (>3%), and inflammation endotypes were defined by levels of T helper (Th) 1 (interferon-γ), Th2 (interleukin [IL]-5 and IL-13), Th-17 (IL-17), and innate Th2 (IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin) cytokines, inflammasomes (IL-1β), epithelial activation markers (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8), and Inflammation (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) cytokines in sputum supernatants was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: The numbers of operational taxonomic units were significantly higher in the mixed (n = 21) and neutrophilic (n = 23) inflammation groups than in the paucigranulocytic inflammation group (n = 19; p < 0.05). At the species level, Granulicatella adiacens, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Veillonella rogosae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Neisseria perflava levels were significantly higher in the eosinophilic inflammation group (n = 20), whereas JYGU_s levels were significantly higher in the neutrophilic inflammation group compared to the other subtypes (P < 0.05). Additionally, IL-5 and IL-13 concentrations were correlated with the percentage of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and IL-13 levels were positively correlated with the read counts of Porphyromonas pasteri and V. rogosae (P < 0.05). IL-1β concentrations were correlated with the percentage of neutrophils (P < 0.05). had a tendency to be positively correlated with the read count of JYGU_s (P = 0.095), and was negatively correlated with that of S. pneumoniae (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Difference of microbial patterns in airways may induce distinctive endotypes of asthma, which is responsible for the neutrophilic or eosinophilic inflammation in asthma.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Haemophilus parainfluenzae , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Microbiota , Necrosis , Neisseria , Neutrophils , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Porphyromonas , Sequence Analysis , Sputum , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Veillonella
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826350

ABSTRACT

The inflammasome is a multiprotein complex localized in the cytoplasm.It can mediate the expressions of various inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin(IL)-1β and IL-18 and plays a key role in regulating inflammatory response.As sterile inflammation,abdominal aortic aneurysm currently can only be treated by surgery.This article reviews the research advances in the role of inflammasomes in abdominal aortic aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Humans , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of the small needle knife through the Zusanli(ST 36) on behavior and hippocampal expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β in myalgia comorbid depressed rats.@*METHODS@#The rat models of myalgia comorbid depression were prepared by intraperitoneal injection of acute reserpine. Twenty-four SD male rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, small needle knife group and amitriptyline group, 6 rats in each group. The open field behavior and mechanical pain threshold of each group were detected. The thermal pain threshold was detected by intelligent hot plate test. The expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β in hippocampus of rats was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the model group, the mechanical pain threshold of the foot was significantly improved in the small needle knife group (0.05). The expressions of NLRP3 and IL-1β in the hippocampus of the model group were significantly increased(0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Small needle knife can improve the pathological state of myalgia comorbid depression caused by reserpine in rats. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome and IL-1β expression in central hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hippocampus , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-1beta , Male , Myalgia , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781658

ABSTRACT

To investigate the role of thioredoxin interacting protein(TXNIP)/ nucleotides-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein(NLRP)3 inflammasome in the sciatic nerve of streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The diabetic rat model was established by single intraperitoneal injection of STZ.The rats with matched sex and age were taken as normal control group.The blood glucose and body weight were monitored.The mechanical withdrawal threshold was measured by von Frey filaments at 12 weeks after the model was established.At 12 weeks,the rats were sacrificed and the sciatic nerves were separated for Luxol fast blue staining,the expressions of TXNIP,NLRP3,caspase-1,and interleukin(IL)-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot method,and the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of TXNIP protein in the sciatic nerve of diabetic rats was 3.78±0.08,which significantly increased than that in the normal control group(0.99±0.06)(=26.980,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group(0.97±0.05),the expression of NLRP3 protein in the diabetic group(2.44±0.16)was significantly higher(=8.885,<0.0001).The expression of cleaved caspase-1 was 4.45±0.19 in the diabetic group and 1.08±0.06 in the normal control group,and the difference was significant(=16.900,<0.0001).The expression of IL-1β protein in the diabetic group(4.50±0.16)was significantly higher than that(1.19±0.08)in the normal control group(=18.630,<0.0001).Compared with the normal control group,the levels of IL-1β [(110.50±8.80)pg/ml (17.97±3.18)pg/ml,=9.892,<0.0001] and IL-18 [(591.70±8.78)pg/ml (160.70±8.33)pg/ml,=35.620,<0.0001] in the serum of diabetic rats significantly increased. The pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy may be related to increased expression of TXNIP,activation of NLRP3 inflammasome,and downstream inflammation,which may provide a new target for diabetic peripheral neuropathy therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Inflammasomes , Nucleotides , Rats , Sciatic Nerve , Streptozocin , Thioredoxins
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 424-430, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777171

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the protective effect and anti-inflammation mechanism of astragaloside IV (AST-IV) on cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. Following the establishment of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion model in rats by modified suture method, neurological deficit scores and cerebral infarct volume were used to evaluate the pharmacological effect of AST-IV against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of NLRP3, pro-Caspase-1, Caspase-1, pro-IL-1β, IL-1β, pro-IL-18, IL-18, phosphorylated and total nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)/p65 protein in the brain tissue. The results showed that compared with model group, the intervention of AST-IV decreased the neurological deficit scores, reduced the cerebral infarct volume, decreased the levels of NLRP3, Caspase-1, pro-IL-1β, IL-1β, pro-IL-18 and IL-18, and inhibited the expression of phosphorylated NF-κB in brain tissue. The results suggest that AST-IV has a protective effect against cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury, and its mechanism is related to inhibiting the phosphorylation of NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Drug Therapy , Inflammasomes , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Saponins , Pharmacology , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
18.
Immune Network ; : e2-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740212

ABSTRACT

The enhanced differentiation and activation of osteoclasts (OCs) in the inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout causes not only local bone erosion, but also systemic osteoporosis, leading to functional disabilities and morbidity. The induction and amplification of NFATc1, a master regulator of OC differentiation, is mainly regulated by receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) ligand-RANK and calcium signaling which are amplified in the inflammatory milieu, as well as by inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6. Moreover, the predominance of CD4+ T cell subsets, which varies depending on the condition of inflammatory diseases, can determine the fate of OC differentiation. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies which are critical in the pathogenesis of RA can bind to the citrullinated vimentin on the surface of OC precursors, and in turn promote OC differentiation and function via IL-8. In addition to adaptive immunity, the activation of innate immune system including the nucleotide oligomerization domain leucine rich repeat with a pyrin domain 3 inflammasome and TLRs can regulate OC maturation. The emerging perspectives about the diverse and close interactions between the immune cells and OCs in inflammatory milieu can have a significant impact on the future direction of drug development.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Calcium Signaling , Cytokines , Gout , Immune System , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Leucine , Osteoclasts , Osteolysis , Osteoporosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Vimentin
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1115-1122, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759428

ABSTRACT

The main cause of acute myocardial infarction is plaque rupture accompanied by superimposed coronary thrombosis. Thin-cap fibroatheromas (TCFAs) have been suggested as a type of lesion with a vulnerability that can cause plaque rupture. However, not only the existence of a TCFA but also the fine and complex interactions of other anatomical and hemodynamic factors, such as microcalcification in the fibrous cap, cholesterol crystal-induced inflammasome activation, the apoptosis of intraplaque macrophages, and endothelial shear stress distribution should precede a clinical event caused by plaque rupture. Recent studies are being conducted to identify these mechanisms through molecular imaging and hemodynamic assessment using computational fluid dynamics, which will result in better clinical results through selective coronary interventions.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cholesterol , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Thrombosis , Hemodynamics , Hydrodynamics , Inflammasomes , Macrophages , Molecular Imaging , Myocardial Infarction , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Rupture
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763131

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study demonstrates that estradiol downregulates inflammation and inhibits colorectal cancer (CRC) development in azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium (AOM/DSS) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AOM/DSS-treated male and female mice were sacrificed at weeks 2, 10, and 16, to assess estrogen effects on colitis and carcinogenesis. Macroscopic and histologic severity of colitis and Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were evaluated, to measure inflammatory mediators and cytokines. RESULTS: Compared with AOM/DSS-treated male mice (M-AOM/DSS group), AOM/DSS-treated male mice with estradiol administration (M-AOM/DSS+estr group) displayed at week 2 significantly decreased severity of colitis. At weeks 10 and 16, AOM/DSS-treated female mice (F-AOM/DSS group) and the M-AOM/DSS+estr group showed significantly lower tumor multiplicity compared with the M-AOM/DSS group. At week 2, F-AOM/DSS group had a lower level of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) expression and higher level of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression, compared to the M-AOM/DSS group. At week 2, expression levels of NF-κB and its related mediators decreased in the M-AOM/DSS+estr group, while levels of Nrf2 and Nrf2-related anti-oxidant enzymes increased. In addition, estradiol significantly increased Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome expressions in AOM/DSS-treated male mice. In contrast, at weeks 10 and 16, Nrf2 and its-related anti-oxidant enzymes and NLRP3 inflammasome were highly expressed in M-AOM/DSS group and in F-AOM/DSS group, who developed cancer. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that estradiol inhibits the initiation of CRC by regulating Nrf2-related pathways. Moreover, these imply the dual role of Nrf2 and NLRP3 inflammasome, including promotion of tumor progression upon tumor initiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Colitis , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytokines , Estradiol , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Male , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , NF-kappa B , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sex Characteristics , Sodium
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