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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242818, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285628

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study was aimed to assess impact of high fat diet (HFD) and synthetic human gut microbiota (GM) combined with HFD and chow diet (CD) in inducing type-2 diabetes (T2D) using mice model. To our knowledge, this is the first study using selected human GM transplantation via culture based method coupled dietary modulation in mice for in vivo establishment of inflammation leading to T2D and gut dysbiosis. Twenty bacteria (T2D1-T2D20) from stool samples of confirmed T2D subjects were found to be morphologically different and subjected to purification on different media both aerobically and anerobically, which revealed seven bacteria more common among 20 isolates on the basis of biochemical characterization. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing, these seven isolates were identified as Bacteroides stercoris (MT152636), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152637), Lactobacillus salivarius (MT152638), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152639), Klebsiella aerogenes (MT152640), Bacteroides fragilis (MT152909), Clostridium botulinum (MT152910). The seven isolates were subsequently used as synthetic gut microbiome (GM) for their role in inducing T2D in mice. Inbred strains of albino mice were divided into four groups and were fed with CD, HFD, GM+HFD and GM+CD. Mice receiving HFD and GM+modified diet (CD/HFD) showed highly significant (P<0.05) increase in weight and blood glucose concentration as well as elevated level of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1) compared to mice receiving CD only. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 11 fecal bacteria obtained from three randomly selected animals from each group revealed gut dysbiosis in animals receiving GM. Bacterial strains including Bacteroides gallinarum (MT152630), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152631), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152632), Parabacteroides gordonii (MT152633), Prevotella copri (MT152634) and Lactobacillus gasseri (MT152635) were isolated from mice treated with GM+modified diet (HFD/CD) compared to strains Akkermansia muciniphila (MT152625), Bacteriodes sp. (MT152626), Bacteroides faecis (MT152627), Bacteroides vulgatus (MT152628), Lactobacillus plantarum (MT152629) which were isolated from mice receiving CD/HFD. In conclusion, these findings suggest that constitution of GM and diet plays significant role in inflammation leading to onset or/and possibly progression of T2D. .


Resumo O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da dieta rica em gordura (HFD) e da microbiota intestinal humana sintética (GM) combinada com HFD e dieta alimentar (CD) na indução de diabetes tipo 2 (T2D) usando modelo de camundongos. Para nosso conhecimento, este é o primeiro estudo usando transplante de GM humano selecionado através do método baseado em cultura acoplada à modulação dietética em camundongos para o estabelecimento in vivo de inflamação que leva a T2D e disbiose intestinal. Vinte bactérias (T2D1-T2D20) de amostras de fezes de indivíduos T2D confirmados verificaram ser morfologicamente diferentes e foram submetidas à purificação em meios diferentes aerobicamente e anaerobicamente, o que revelou sete bactérias mais comuns entre 20 isolados com base na caracterização bioquímica. Com base no sequenciamento do gene 16S rRNA, esses sete isolados foram identificados como Bacteroides stercoris (MT152636), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152637), Lactobacillus salivarius (MT152638), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152639), Klebsiella aerogenides (MT152640), Bacteroides fragilis (MT152909), Clostridium botulinum (MT152910). Esses sete isolados foram, posteriormente, usados ​​como microbioma intestinal sintético (GM) por seu papel na indução de T2D em camundongos. Linhagens consanguíneas de camundongos albinos foram divididas em quatro grupos e foram alimentadas com CD, HFD, GM + HFD e GM + CD. Camundongos que receberam a dieta modificada com HFD e GM + (CD / HFD) mostraram um aumento altamente significativo (P < 0,05) no peso e na concentração de glicose no sangue, bem como um nível elevado de citocinas inflamatórias (TNF-α, IL-6 e MCP-1) em comparação com os ratos que receberam apenas CD. O sequenciamento do gene 16S rRNA de 11 bactérias fecais obtidas de três animais selecionados aleatoriamente de cada grupo revelou disbiose intestinal em animais que receberam GM. Cepas bacterianas, incluindo Bacteroides gallinarum (MT152630), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152631), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152632), Parabacteroides gordonii (MT152633), Prevotella copri (MT152634) e Lactobacillus Gasseri (MT152635D), foram tratadas com dieta modificada / CD) em comparação com as linhagens Akkermansia muciniphila (MT152625), Bacteriodes sp. (MT152626), Bacteroides faecis (MT152627), Bacteroides vulgatus (MT152628), Lactobacillus plantarum (MT152629), que foram isoladas de camundongos recebendo CD / HFD. Em conclusão, esses resultados sugerem que a constituição de GM e dieta desempenham papel significativo na inflamação levando ao início ou/e possivelmente à progressão de T2D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rabbits , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Bacteroides , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Prevotella , Bacteroidetes , Ruminococcus , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Dysbiosis , Inflammation , Mice, Inbred C57BL
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 1-12, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362657

ABSTRACT

Mesmo com a evolução do conhecimento científico, a utilização de plantas medicinais é uma das práticas mais antigas ainda realizadas pelo homem, especialmente pelos habitantes de comunidades e municípios do interior do Brasil, principalmente em regiões com baixos índices de desenvolvimento humano. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um estudo etnobotânico sobre as plantas medicinais utilizadas pelos moradores de um bairro localizado em um município ribeirinho do interior do estado do Amazonas. Participaram do estudo cem indivíduos, e os dados obtidos pela pesquisa foram compilados por meio de um formulário, contendo 14 questões (objetivas e discursivas). Os resultados demonstraram que 95% dos moradores faziam uso de plantas medicinais. Foram citadas 89 espécies, pertencentes a 48 famílias botânicas, com destaque para a Lamiaceae. As plantas mais citadas foram: Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) ­ 6,1%, Citrus sinensis (laranjeira) ­ 5,8% e Allium sativum (alho) ­ 4,7%. No entanto, quando analisado o índice de concordância (porcentagem de uso principal = CUP), a Citrus sinensis (laranjeira) apresentou um CUP de 80,9%, seguida por Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) e Disphania ambrosioides (mastruz), com 68,1% e 61,5%, respectivamente. Com relação ao modo de preparo, 61,1% citaram infusão, e as principais enfermidades tratadas foram as dores de estômago, com 13,1%. É importante enfatizar a necessidade de mais estudos acerca dos reais benefícios dessas ervas, a fim de que a divulgação de tais informações possa complementar o conhecimento empírico já difundido entre a população local. Dessa forma, será possível ampliar o conhecimento etnobotânico como um todo e, consequentemente, promover saúde e bem-estar.


Despite the evolution of scientific knowledge, the use of medicinal plants is one of the oldest practices still used by men and, especially by the inhabitants of communities and municipalities of the interior of Brazil, mainly in regions with low human development rates. The purpose of this work was to perform an ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by residents of a neighborhood located in a riverside city in the interior of the state of Amazonas. A total of 100 individuals participated in the study, with data being obtained through the use of a form containing 14 open and closed-ended questions. The results showed that 95% of the residents used medicinal plants. A total of 89 species, belonging to 48 botanical families were mentioned, with emphasis to Lamiaceae. The plants that were most frequently mentioned were Plectranthus barbatus (locally known as boldo) ­ 6.1%; Citrus sinensis (orange tree) ­ 5.8%; and Allium sativum (garlic) ­ 4.7%. However, when analyzing the agreement index (percentage of main use = CUP), Citrus sinensis (orange tree) presented a CUP of 80.9%, followed by Plectranthus barbatus (boldo) and Disphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea), with 68.1 and 61.5%, respectively. In relation to the method of preparation, 61.1% cited infusion, with the main disorder treated being stomachache, with 13.1%. It is important to emphasize the need for further studies on the actual benefits of these herbs so that the dissemination of the information can complement the already widespread empirical knowledge among the local population. Thus, it will be possible to expand the ethnobotanical knowledge as a whole and, consequently, promote health and well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Plants, Medicinal/adverse effects , Ethnobotany , Tea/adverse effects , Agricultural Cultivation , Lamiaceae/adverse effects , Peumus/adverse effects , Citrus sinensis/adverse effects , Diarrhea/prevention & control , Influenza, Human/therapy , Juices , Inflammation/prevention & control , Phytotherapy
3.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 38-47, ene.-feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361906

ABSTRACT

Las urgencias odontológicas son, quizá, las razones principales de atención en el consultorio, muchas veces el significado de dolor se encuentra acompañado por inflamación; el uso de antiinflamatorios no esteroideos (AINES) es común en el ejercicio de la odontología por la excelente respuesta analgésica y antiinflamatoria que tiene, por lo que es importante conocer la fisiopatología de la inflamación y el dolor y cómo actúan los AINES, ya que algunos de estos fármacos tienen respuestas adversas y sitios de acción importantes. Los factores de riesgo por inflamación y dolor nos obligan a conocer la variedad de fármacos que no entran en la clasificación de AINES y que tenemos a disposición, hay más opciones para la elección ante la presencia de inflamación por un factor en particular, cada uno de éstos tienen indicaciones y contraindicaciones que conoceremos, lo cual nos ampliará el conocimiento para dar una prescripción ante la presencia de eventos inflamatorios. Se realizó un estudio detallado de artículos bibliográficos de cada tema, los fármacos más usados en odontología son los AINES, hay poco uso y conocimiento de antiinflamatorios que podemos usar en urgencias, el porcentaje de uso de los AINES derivados del ácido propiónico es alto por la excelente respuesta en pacientes y otras veces por el desconocimiento de más opciones (AU)


Dental emergencies are perhaps the main reasons for care in the office, many times the meaning of pain is accompanied by inflammation, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is common in the practice of dentistry due to the excellent analgesic and anti-inflammatory response it has, important is knowing the pathophysiology of inflammation and pain, how NSAIDs act, some of these drugs have adverse responses and important sites of action, risk factors for inflammation and pain require us to know the variety of drugs that do not enter the classification of NSAIDs and we have at our disposal, there are more options for choosing in the presence of inflammation due to a particular factor, each of these have indications and contraindications that we will know, it expands our knowledge to give a prescription in the presence of inflammatory events. A detailed study of bibliographic articles on each topic was carried out, the drugs most used in dentistry are NSAIDs, there is little use and knowledge of anti-inflammatories that we can use in the emergency room, the percentage of use of NSAIDs derived from propionic acid is high, due to the excellent response in patients and others due to lack of knowledge of more options (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Toothache , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Inflammation , Pain/pathology , Pain, Postoperative , Propionates , Prostaglandins/physiology , Statistical Analysis , Drug Interactions , Cyclooxygenase 1/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Narcotics
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 45-48, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Basaloid follicular hamartoma is a benign, superficial malformation of hair follicles that can be mistaken both clinical and histopathologically for basal cell carcinoma. Basaloid follicular hamartoma has been linked to a mutation in the PTCH-1 gene, which is part of the same pathway involved in Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Here we present a 9-year-old patient with an asymptomatic congenital lesion on the forehead, which increased in size over the years. Histopathology showed a basaloid follicular hamartoma associated with follicular mucinosis and inflammation. Gorlin-Goltz syndrome was ruled out by clinical examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Mucinosis, Follicular , Hamartoma/complications , Inflammation
5.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(1): 101-118, jan./jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354575

ABSTRACT

Achyrocline satureioides is popularly known for its richness in phenolic compounds and medicinal properties (anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and hepatoprotective). The present study aimed at broadening the knowledge about the pharmacological potential exerted by the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. satureioides. These extracts were characterized by HPLC and tested for their modulatory action on phospholipases A2 and proteases of snake venoms. In addition, they were tested on the activities of digestive enzymes. Snake venoms were used as tools since they have enzymes with high functional and structural homology to human enzymes. The results demonstrate that the extracts of A. satureioides act as enzymatic inhibitors or potentiators, interfering in processes related to the hemostasis, such as coagulation and thrombus dissolution. In addition, the anti-genotoxic activity and inhibitions exerted on digestive enzymes suggests their potential use in the prevention and/or treatment of several pathologies. New studies could provide information on how the compounds present in the extracts and the different enzymes interact.


A Achyrocline satureioides é popularmente conhecida por sua riqueza em compostos fenólicos e por suas propriedades medicinais (anti-inflamatória, analgésica e hepatoprotetora). No presente estudo, com o objetivo de ampliar o conhecimento sobre o potencial farmacológico exercido por esses extratos, os extratos aquoso e etanólico de A. satureioides foram caracterizados por HPLC e testados quanto à sua ação modulatória sobre as fosfolipases A2 e proteases de peçonhas de serpentes. Além disso, também foram testados em atividades de enzimas digestivas. As peçonhas de serpentes foram usadas como ferramentas por apresentarem enzimas com alta homologia funcional e estrutural às humanas. Os resultados demonstram que os extratos de A. satureioides atuam como inibidores ou potencializadores enzimáticos, interferindo em processos relacionados à hemostasia, como coagulação e dissolução do trombo. Além do mais, destacam seu potencial antigenotóxico e as inibições exercidas sobre as enzimas digestivas direcionando seu potencial de uso na prevenção e/ou tratamento de diversas patologias. Novos estudos poderão fornecer informações sobre os mecanismos de interação entre os compostos presentes nos extratos e as diferentes enzimas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Snakes , Blood Coagulation , Achyrocline , Digestion , Enzymes , Dissolution , Phospholipases A2 , Hemostasis , Analgesics , Inflammation
6.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357493

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A potencial associação da COVID-19 com fenômenos inflamatórios e autoimunes abre um novo capítulo na prática clínica. Entre várias condições inflamatórias descritas no pós-COVID-19, destacam-se a doença de Kawasaki e uma nova afecção denominada síndrome inflamatória multissistêmica. OBJETIVOS: Revisar, de forma prática e concisa, conceito e critérios diagnósticos da síndrome inflamatória multisistêmica, as sobreposições com a doença de Kawasaki, assim como a imunopatogênese e o tratamento desta nova e intrigante enfermidade. MÉTODOS: Revisão da literatura disponível na base de dados Pubmed, com ênfase em revisões sistemáticas com metaanálises. RESULTADOS: A síndrome inflamatória multisistêmica se configura como uma condição hiperinflamatória multiorgânica pós-viral. A condição é primordialmente pediátrica, e os primeiros casos foram descritos na Inglaterra em maio de 2020. Os critérios diagnósticos são ainda imprecisos, e incluem algumas manifestações doença de Kawasaki-símiles. A síndrome inflamatória multisistêmica difere da doença de Kawasaki, entretanto, por geralmente acometer crianças acima cinco anos e de raças negras ou hispânicas; em termos clínicos, se distingue pela alta frequência de gastroenteropatia, miocardiopatia e choque. O diagnóstico diferencial inclui sepse bacteriana, síndrome de ativação macrofágica e formas sistêmicas de artrite reumatoide. Uma hiperexpressão de interferons e de outras citocinas inflamatórias caracteriza patogenicamente a síndrome inflamatória mulsistêmica. A enfermidade é, via de regra, responsiva a cuidados de terapia intensiva, corticóides, imunoglobulina intravenosa e imunobiológicos. CONCLUSÕES: A síndrome inflamatória multisistêmica é uma nova e complexa afecção hiperinflamatória associada à exposição prévia ao SARS-CoV-2. Apresenta instigantes interfaces com a doença de Kawasaki. Apesar da descrição recente, a literatura já é quantitativamente robusta, e algumas pendências de imunopatogênese, critérios diagnósticos e terapêutica deverão ser esclarecidas em breve.


INTRODUCTION: A potential association of COVID-19 with inflammatory and autoimmune phenomena opens a new chapter in clinical practice. Among several inflammatory conditions described in the post-COVID-19 context, Kawasaki disease and a new condition named multisystem inflammatory syndrome stand out. AIMS: To review, in a practical and concise way, the concept and diagnostic criteria of multisystem inflammatory syndrome, the overlaps with Kawasaki disease, as well as the immunopathogenesis and treatment of this new and intriguing condition. METHODS: Literature review available in the Pubmed database, with emphasis on systematic reviews with meta-analyses. RESULTS: The multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a post-viral, multiorgan hyperinflammatory disorder. The condition is primarily pediatric, and the first cases were reported in England in May 2020. Diagnostic criteria are still imprecise, and include some Kawasaki disease-like manifestations. However, multisystem inflammatory syndrome differs from Kawasaki disease by usually affecting children above five years of age and of black or hispanic races; in clinical terms, it is distinguished by the high frequency of gastroenteropathy, cardiomyopathy and shock. Differential diagnosis includes bacterial sepsis, macrophage activation syndrome, and systemic forms of rheumatoid arthritis. An overexpression of interferons and other inflammatory cytokines pathogenically characterize the multisystem inflammatory syndrome. The disease is, as a rule, responsive to intensive care, steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and immunobiologics. CONCLUSIONS: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome is a new and complex hyperinflammatory condition associated with previous exposure to SARS-CoV-2. It shows interesting interfaces with Kawasaki disease. Despite the recent description, the literature is already quantitatively robust, and some pending issues in immunopathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and therapy should be shortly clarified.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Inflammation , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181053, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360163

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of hypothermia treatment on white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values as an indicator of inflammation was evaluated in newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The study was performed that the before-therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and after-TH WBC, lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and NLR, LMR and PLR values of the complete blood cell count were retrospectively evaluated. The results of the patient group were compared with the results of healthy newborns. A total of 78 patients who underwent TH were evaluated in our study. Mean values before and after TH were NLR3.8/2.7, LMR 5.6/8.6, and PLR 60.3/67.1 respectively. A statistical significance was present for NLR values before and after TH in those with seizure in our study (4.15±2.95/3.01±2.54) but no statistical significance was found for LMR or PLR. In neonates with HIE, effect of TH on complete blood cell count and inflammatory mechanisms (mediated neutrophil and lymphocyte) may be minimal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Hypothermia/pathology , Blood Cell Count/methods , Hypothermia/classification , Inflammation
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18655, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364423

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis is an oral disease associated with inflammation and pain with swollen and bleeding gums. In the present study, dental pastes containing NSAIDs, namely, diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared to treat periodontitis. Dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were prepared with/without mucoadhesive hydrocolloid polymers such as sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (NaCMC), hydroxyl ethyl cellulose (HEC) and methyl cellulose (MC) by conventional trituration method. The pH, drug content, viscosity, tube spreadability and tube extrudability of these prepared dental pastes were measured. These dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) were characterized by FTIR analyses for drug-excipient compatibility. The in vitro drug releases from these dental pastes in 6.4 pH phosphate buffer solution displayed sustained release over longer period and the drug release rate was found to be decreased when the concentration of mucoadhesive polymer was increased. These dental pastes displayed good adhesion to the oral mucosa revealing more retention time in mouth when tested for ex vivo mucoadhesion using bovine cheek pouch. The stability study results reveal that the DC3 and NC3 dental paste formulations were found stable enough over a longer period in different storage conditions. The present study revealed that the prepared mucoadhesive dental pastes of diclofenac sodium and nimesulide (1 % w/w) had good adhesion with the oral mucosa to maintain consistent release of drugs over prolonged time.


Subject(s)
Toothpastes/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/analysis , Mouth , Mouth Mucosa/abnormalities , Periodontitis , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Diclofenac/adverse effects , Disease/classification , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Drug Liberation , Gingiva/abnormalities , Inflammation/complications
9.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365223

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the Oncostatin M (OSM) concentrations in tissues of patients with chronic periodontitis with and without diabetes. Material and Methods: Sixty-four subjects visiting the dental outpatient department were categorized as "healthy" (Group 1), "periodontitis" (Group 2), and "diabetes with periodontitis" (Group 3) groups. The clinical oral examination included assessment of plaque, gingivitis, probing depth, clinical attachment level. Blood glucose was assessed for group 3 patients. OSM concentration in the tissues was assessed using ELISA in all groups. Results: The mean OSM was 0.02 ± 0.04 pg/mg in the healthy group, 0.12 ± 0.09 pg/mg in the chronic periodontitis group and 0.13 ± 0.10 pg/mg in the diabetes-periodontitis group. A significantly higher mean OSM was seen in Group 2 and Group 3 than Group 1. The amount of OSM positively correlated with probing depth and clinical attachment level. Conclusion: Periodontal disease causes a rise in Oncostatin M, independent of the diabetic status. Expression of OSM in the gingival tissues can serve as an inflammatory marker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Plaque Index , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus , Oncostatin M/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Glucose , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Diagnosis, Oral , Gingiva , India/epidemiology , Inflammation
10.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 468-475, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350824

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although the efficacy of hydroxyurea (HU) in inhibiting erythrocyte sickling has been well demonstrated, the action of this drug on human neutrophils and the mechanism by which it improves the manifestations of the disease have not been studied thoroughly. We aimed to investigate the cell viability, along with inflammatory and oxidative markers in the neutrophils of sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients and the effects of HU therapy on these cells, by evaluating the dose-responsiveness. Methods: In the present study, 101 patients (45 men and 56 women, aged 18-69 years) with SCA were divided into groups according to the use or not of HU: the SS group (without HU treatment, n = 47) and the SSHU group (under HU treatment, n = 54). The SSHU group was further stratified into subgroups according to the daily dose of the drug that patients already used: SSHU - 0.5 g (n = 19); SSHU - 1 g (n = 26) and SSHU - 1.5-2 g (n = 9). A control group (AA) comprised 50 healthy individuals. Neutrophils isolated from whole blood were analyzed using Trypan Blue, monoiodotyrosine (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) toxicity assays. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities and concentrations of interleukin 10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and malonaldehyde (MDA) were also measured. Results: Neutrophils from SCA patients showed membrane fragility and a significant decrease in cell viability when analyzed by Trypan Blue (p < 0.05), MTT (p < 0.001) and LDH (p = 0.011), compared to the AA group. Levels of inflammatory (MPO, TNF-α, and IL-10) and oxidative markers (SOD, GSH-Px, and MDA) were also altered (p < 0.05) in these cells, showing a significant difference in the SSHU-1g and SSHU - 1.5-2 g groups, compared to the SS group. Treatment with HU reverted the levels of all markers to concentrations similar to those in healthy individuals in a positive dose-effect relationship. Conclusion: The HU did not generate a cytotoxic effect on neutrophils in SCA patients, but it modulated their oxidative and inflammatory mechanisms, promoting cytoprotection with a positive dose-effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hydroxyurea , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Oxidative Stress , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Dosage , Inflammation , Malondialdehyde , Neutrophils
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(4): 171-175, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366760

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la amiloidosis AA puede ser una complicación de ciertos trastornos inflamatorios crónicos, aunque entre el 21% y 50% puede ser idiopática. No existe un tratamiento específico. El tocilizumab, dirigido contra el receptor de IL-6 y orientado a disminuir la producción de SAA, podría ser eficaz. Métodos: en este estudio informamos datos de 6 pacientes con amiloidosis AA tratados con tocilizumab monoterapia subcutáneo en el período 2011-2018. Los criterios de valoración principales fueron la mejora clínica y bioquímica de los órganos afectados y los parámetros bioquímicos marcadores de inflamación. Resultados: el riñón estaba afectado en todos los pacientes, manifestándose con caída del filtrado glomerular y síndrome nefrótico. La hemorragia digestiva se presentó en un paciente y otro tenía afectación pulmonar en la biopsia. Luego del posterior al tratamiento, todos mejoraron el hematocrito, la albúmina sérica y el índice de masa corporal. El SAA disminuyó en 5 pacientes. Un paciente mejoró su función renal, mientras 4 se mantuvieron estables. Tres pacientes disminuyeron los valores de proteinuria. Conclusión: el tratamiento con tocilizumab podría ser eficaz en el tratamiento de los pacientes con amiloidosis AA. (AU)


Introduction: AA amyloidosis can be a complication of certain chronic inflammatory disorders, although between 21% and 50% can be idiopathic. There is no specific treatment. Tocilizumab, directed against the IL-6 receptor and aimed at decreasing SAA production, could be effective. Methods: in this study, we report data from 6 patients with AA amyloidosis treated with subcutaneous tocilizumab monotherapy between the period 2011-2018. The main endpoints were the clinical and biochemical improvement of the affected organs and the biochemical parameters markers of inflammation. Results: the kidney was affected in all patients, manifesting with a fall in glomerular filtration rate and nephrotic syndrome. Gastrointestinal bleeding occurred in one patient and another had lung involvement on biopsy. After treatment, all improved hematocrit, serum albumin, and body mass index. SAA decreased in 5 patients. One patient improved his kidney function, while 4 remained stable. Three patients decreased proteinuria values. Conclusion: treatment with tocilizumab could be effective in the treatment of patients with AA amyloidosis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Serum Amyloid A Protein/drug effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Amyloidosis/drug therapy , Body Mass Index , Receptors, Interleukin-6/drug effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , Glomerular Filtration Rate/drug effects , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Amyloidosis/blood , Inflammation/complications , Lung Diseases/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1395-1408, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352119

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome metabólico comprende un conjunto de factores de riesgo cardiovascular asociado a resistencia a la insulina, que propicia la aparición de enfermedad cardiovascular y de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Su etiología se atribuye a la combinación de factores genéticos y ambientales, asociados al estilo de vida, que favorecen un estado proinflamatorio y protrombótico que empeora el cuadro clínico de los pacientes con covid-19. El objetivo de la revisión consistió en analizar el estado actual del conocimiento científico en las investigaciones sobre la interrelación entre los desórdenes del metabolismo glucídico y el síndrome metabólico, asociados a la condición proinflamatoria exacerbada en pacientes de covid-19. Se hicieron búsquedas en las bases de datos PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey y LILACS. Al proceso proinflamatorio generado por malos hábitos alimentarios, la sobrealimentación calórica de alto índice glicémico, y estilos de vida sedentarios, se atribuye un papel relevante en la patogénesis del síndrome metabólico, así como en sus posibles complicaciones en pacientes de covid-19 con comorbilidades asociadas. Es posible reducir la condición inflamatoria del síndrome metabólico mediante modificaciones en el estilo de vida y hábitos alimentarios, que prevengan la obesidad y sus efectos en la resistencia a la insulina, lo cual propicia reducir la gravedad asociada a los procesos inflamatorios inherentes (AU).


ABSTRACT Metabolic syndrome includes a set of cardiovascular risk factors associated with resistance to insulin, favoring the appearance of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 2. Its etiology is attributed to the combination of genetic and environmental factors, associated to lifestyle, and favoring a proinflammatory and prothrombotic status that worsens the clinical characteristics of the patients with COVID-19. The objective of the review was to analyze the current state of the scientific knowledge in research on the interrelationship between glucide metabolism disorders and metabolic syndrome, associated with the exacerbated proinflammatory condition in COVID-19 patients. Searches were conducted in PubMed, SciELO, CinicalKey, and LILACS databases. A relevant role in the metabolic syndrome pathogenesis is attributed to the inflammatory process generated by poor eating habits, high caloric overfeeding, and to sedentary lifestyle, and also to possible complications with associated comorbidities in COVID-19 patients. It is possible to reduce the metabolic syndrome inflammatory condition through life style and alimentary habits changes that prevent obesity and its effects on insulin resistance and propitiate the reduction of the disease severity associated with the inherent inflammatory processes (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Patients , Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome/therapy , Inflammation/complications , Obesity
14.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(supl.2): 86-102, oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355762

ABSTRACT

Abstract | Introduction: Immunological markers have been described during COVID-19 and persist after recovery. These immune markers are associated with clinical features among SARS- CoV-2 infected individuals. Nevertheless, studies reporting a comprehensive analysis of the immune changes occurring during SARS-CoV-2 infection are still limited. Objective: To evaluate the production of proinflammatory cytokines, the antibody response, and the phenotype and function of NK cells and T cells in a Colombian family cluster with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Materials and methods: Proinflammatory cytokines were evaluated by RT-PCR and ELISA. The frequency, phenotype, and function of NK cells (cocultures with K562 cells) and T-cells (stimulated with spike/RdRp peptides) were assessed by flow cytometry. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were determined using indirect immunofluorescence and plaque reduction neutralization assay. Results: During COVID-19, we observed a high proinflammatory-cytokine production and a reduced CD56bright-NK cell and cytotoxic response. Compared with healthy controls, infected individuals had a higher frequency of dysfunctional CD8+ T cells CD38+HLA-DR-. During the acute phase, CD8+ T cells stimulated with viral peptides exhibited a monofunctional response characterized by high IL-10 production. However, during recovery, we observed a bifunctional response characterized by the co-expression of CD107a and granzyme B or perforin. Conclusion: Although the proinflammatory response is a hallmark of SARS-CoV-2 infection, other phenotypic and functional alterations in NK cells and CD8+ T cells could be associated with the outcome of COVID-19. However, additional studies are required to understand these alterations and to guide future immunotherapy strategies.


Resumen | Introducción. Se han descrito diferentes marcadores inmunológicos durante la COVID-19, los cuales persisten incluso después de la convalecencia y se asocian con los estadios clínicos de la infección. Sin embargo, aún son pocos los estudios orientados al análisis exhaustivo de las alteraciones del sistema inmunológico en el curso de la infección. Objetivo. Evaluar la producción de citocinas proinflamatorias, la reacción de anticuerpos, y el fenotipo y la función de las células NK y los linfocitos T en una familia colombiana con infección por SARS-CoV-2. Materiales y métodos. Se evaluaron las citocinas proinflamatorias mediante RT-PCR y ELISA; la frecuencia, el fenotipo y la función de las células NK (en cocultivos con células K562) y linfocitos T CD8+ (estimulados con péptidos spike/RdRp) mediante citometría de flujo, y los anticuerpos anti-SARS-CoV-2, mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta y prueba de neutralización por reducción de placa. Resultados. Durante la COVID-19 hubo una producción elevada de citocinas proinflamatorias, con disminución de las células NK CD56 bright y reacción citotóxica. Comparados con los controles sanos, los individuos infectados presentaron con gran frecuencia linfocitos T CD8+ disfuncionales CD38+HLA-DR-. Además, en los linfocitos T CD8+ estimulados con péptidos virales, predominó una reacción monofuncional con gran producción de IL-10 durante la fase aguda y una reacción bifuncional caracterizada por la coexpresión de CD107a y granzima B o perforina durante la convalecencia. Conclusión. Aunque la reacción inflamatoria caracteriza la infección por SARS-CoV-2, hay otras alteraciones fenotípicas y funcionales en células NK y linfocitos T CD8+ que podrían asociarse con la progresión de la infección. Se requieren estudios adicionales para entender estas alteraciones y guiar futuras estrategias de inmunoterapia.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Killer Cells, Natural , T-Lymphocytes , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Inflammation
15.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(3): 324-331, July-Sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346253

ABSTRACT

Introduction and objective: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a genetic condition that alters the conformation of deoxygenated red blood cells, which results in their stiffening and the occurrence of vaso-occlusive crises, endothelium damage, organ dysfunction and systemic complications. Additionally, SCA limits the participation of individuals in physical and social activities. As we consider that physical exercise promotes the recovery of functional capacity and cardiorespiratory conditioning, we aim to verify the patterns of prescription, the effects and safety of exercise for individuals with SCA. Methodology: We systematically reviewed the published literature focusing on clinical trials that correlated physical exercise with SCA patients and cross-sectional studies that applied the stress test. The data research was based on the PRISMA recommendations and the following databases were used: Medline by PubMed, Cochrane, PEDro, Scielo. Results: Six studies which were based on the evaluation of 212 patients aged between 13 and 40 years, were selected from 122 identified studies. Those studies associated the individual effort tolerance improvement, its inflammatory profile adjustment and the absence of alteration in the autonomic nervous system activity to physical exercise or stress test. Conclusion: Low-to-moderate intensity physical exercise increased the SCA individual tolerance without causing vaso-occlusive crises, nor changes in the hemorheological and inflammatory profiles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Exercise , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Hematology , Inflammation
16.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 5-10, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342495

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: À medida que a população envelhece e a expectativa de vida aumenta, a incidência global e a prevalência de AVC isquêmico tendem a aumentar significativamente. Nesse contexto, surge a necessidade de avaliar novos marcadores preditores de mortalidade, como a contagem absoluta de monócitos, relação linfócitos sobre monócitos, relação neutrófilos sobre linfócitos e níveis de proteína C reativa ultrassensível, que além de serem de fácil acesso e baixo custo, sugerem indicar desfecho no paciente com AVC agudo. OBJETIVOS: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação dos marcadores inflamatórios com a mortalidade de pacientes com AVC isquêmico. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo observacional a partir de prontuários eletrônicos e exames laboratoriais de pacientes com AVC isquêmico em uma unidade hospitalar de Cascavel/PR. Uma análise estatística descritiva foi conduzida para determinar o perfil dos pacientes segundo o desfecho e aplicado um modelo de regressão logística para verificar as variáveis associadas a mortalidade. Foram considerados significativos apenas os dados com p-valor <0,05. RESULTADOS: Dos 65 pacientes que foram admitidos no estudo, 50 receberam alta hospitalar e 15 foram a óbito no hospital. Entre os marcadores inflamatórios, a relação de neutrófilos sobre linfócitos (OR 1,55; p-valor <0,01) mostrou-se significativamente associada a maior chance de óbito. Os pacientes que faleceram apresentaram níveis superiores de PCR ultrassensível, maior contagem absoluta de monócitos, relação linfócitos sobre monócitos diminuída, e relação neutrófilos sobre linfócitos elevada. CONCLUSÃO: a relação de neutrófilos sobre linfócitos elevada pode estar significativamente associada ao desfecho desfavorável após um AVC isquêmico


IINTRODUCTION: As the population ages and life expectancy increases, the global incidence and prevalence of ischemic stroke tends to rise significantly. In this context, the need arises to evaluate new predictive markers of mortality, such as absolute monocyte count, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels which, besides being easily accessible and affordable, manage to predict the outcome in patients with acute stroke. OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between inflammatory markers and the mortality in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: this is a retrospective observational study based on the analysis of electronic medical records and laboratory tests of in-patients who suffered an ischemic stroke in Cascavel/PR. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine patients´ profile according to the outcome and a logistic regression model was applied in order to verify the variables associated with mortality. Only data with a p-value <0,05 was considered. RESULTS: Out of the 65 patients who suffered an ischemic stroke included in the study, 50 were discharged and 15 died in hospital. Among the inflammatory markers, the neutrophil-tolymphocyte ratio (OR 1.55; p-value <0,01) was associated with a greater chance of death. Patients who died presented with higher levels of ultra-sensitive CRP, higher absolute monocyte count, lower lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and higher neutrophil-to- lymphocyte ratio. CONCLUSION: the elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be significantly associated with negative outcomes following an ischemic stroke


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ischemic Stroke/mortality , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Inflammation/blood , Blood Cell Count , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 39-48, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285237

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O aumento significativo de doenças cardiovasculares em países em desenvolvimento alerta sobre seu impacto em populações carentes. Objetivo Identificar a relação de agrupamentos de componentes da síndrome metabólica (SM) com aterosclerose e inflamação crônica em adultos e idosos. Métodos Análise transversal usando dados de dois estudos populacionais de tipo coorte realizados em Florianópolis, sul do Brasil (EpiFloripa Adult Cohort Study, n = 862, 39,9±11,5 anos; EpiFloripa Aging Cohort Study, n = 1197, 69,7±7,1 anos). Pressão arterial (PA), circunferência da cintura (CC), e níveis plasmáticos de lipídio e glicose foram analisados como fatores individuais ou como agrupamentos de componentes da SM (como número de componentes presentes em um indivíduo ou como combinações). Os desfechos incluíram espessura intima-media carotídea (EIMC), placas ateroscleróticas, e níveis de proteína C reativa (CRP). Regressão linear múltipla e regressão logística, ajustadas quanto aos fatores de confusão, foram usadas para análise. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados Indivíduos com PA e CC elevadas, dislipidemia e hiperglicemia (61,5%) apresentaram maiores valores de EIMC e PCR que aqueles que não apresentaram componentes de SM. CC elevada foi um determinante comum de inflamação sistêmica, ao passo que a coexistência de PA elevada e CC elevada (agrupamentos de dois ou três fatores) associou-se com maior EIMC (β entre +3,2 e +6,1 x 10-2 mm; p < 0,05) e PCR (EXPβ entre 2,18 e 2,77; p < 0,05). Conclusão A coexistência de PA e CC elevadas associou-se com maiores valores de EIMC e níveis de PCR. A obesidade central, isolada ou em combinação com outros fatores de risco, teve efeito sobre a inflamação sistêmica.


Abstract Background The significant increase in cardiovascular diseases in developing countries alerts about their impact on underprivileged populations. Objective To identify the relationship of clusters of metabolic syndrome (MS) components with atherosclerosis and chronic inflammation among adults and elderly. Methods Cross-sectional analysis using data from two population-based cohort studies in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil (EpiFloripa Adult Cohort Study, n = 862, 39.9±11.5 years; EpiFloripa Aging Cohort Study, n = 1197, 69.7±7.1 years). Blood pressure (BP), waist circumference (WC), and lipid and glucose levels were analyzed as individual factors or as clusters (either as the number of components present in an individual or as combinations of components). Outcomes included carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), atherosclerotic plaques, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses adjusted for confounding factors were used. The statistical significance adopted was 5%. Results Individuals with high BP, elevated WC, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia (6.1% of the sample) showed higher IMT and CRP than those negatives for all MetS components. Elevated WC was a common determinant of systemic inflammation, while the coexistence of high BP and elevated WC (clusters of two or three factors) was associated with higher IMT (β between +3.2 and +6.1 x 10-2 mm; p value < 0.05) and CRP (EXPβ between 2.18 and 2.77; p value < 0.05). Conclusion The coexistence of high BP and elevated WC was associated with increased IMT and CRP levels, but central obesity affected systemic inflammation either alone or in combination with other risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Inflammation
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 91-99, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285230

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A obesidade é uma condição inflamatória crônica de baixo grau relacionada a distúrbios cardíacos. No entanto, o mecanismo responsável pela inflamação cardíaca relacionada à obesidade não é claro. O receptor do tipo toll 4 (TLR-4) pertence a um receptor da família das transmembranas, responsável pela resposta imune, cuja ativação estimula a produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias. Objetivo Testar se a ativação do receptor TLR-4 participa do processo de cardiomiopatia da obesidade, devido à produção de citocinas por meio da ativação do NF-ĸB. Métodos Ratos Wistar machos foram randomizados em dois grupos: o grupo controle (C, n = 8 animais) que recebeu dieta padrão/água e o grupo obeso (OB, n = 8 animais) que foi alimentado com dieta rica em açúcar e gordura e água mais 25% de sacarose por 30 semanas. Análise nutricional: peso corporal, índice de adiposidade, alimentos, água e ingestão calórica. Análise de distúrbios relacionados à obesidade: glicose plasmática, ácido úrico e triglicerídeos, HOMA-IR, pressão arterial sistólica, TNF-α no tecido adiposo. A análise cardíaca incluiu: expressão das proteínas TLR-4 e NF-ĸB, níveis de TNF-α e IL-6. Comparação pelo teste t de Student não pareado ou teste de Mann-Whitney com um valor de p <0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados O grupo OB apresentou obesidade, glicose elevada, triglicerídeos, ácido úrico, HOMA, pressão arterial sistólica e TNF-α no tecido adiposo. O grupo OB apresentou remodelação cardíaca e disfunção diastólica. A expressão de TLR-4 e NF-ĸB e os níveis de citocinas foram maiores em OB. Conclusão Nossos achados concluem que, em uma condição obesogênica, a inflamação derivada da ativação do TLR-4 cardíaco pode ser um mecanismo capaz de levar à remodelação e disfunção cardíaca.


Abstract Background Obesity is a chronic low-grade inflammation condition related to cardiac disorders. However, the mechanism responsible for obesity-related cardiac inflammation is unclear. The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) belongs to a receptor of the transmembrane family responsible for the immune response whose activation stimulates the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Objective To test whether the activation of the TLR-4 receptor participates in the obesity cardiomyopathy process, due to cytokine production through NF-ĸB activation. Methods Male Wistar rats were randomized into two groups: the control group (C, n= 8 animals) that received standard diet/water and the obese group (OB, n= 8 animals) that were fed a high sugar-fat diet and water plus 25% of sucrose for 30 weeks. Nutritional analysis: body weight, adiposity index, food, water, and caloric intake. Obesity-related disorders analysis: plasma glucose, uric acid and triglycerides, HOMA-IR, systolic blood pressure, TNF-α in adipose tissue. Cardiac analysis included: TLR-4 and NF-ĸB protein expression, TNF-α and IL-6 levels. Comparison by unpaired Student's t-test or Mann- Whitney test with a p-value < 0.05 as statistically significant. Results The OB group showed obesity, high glucose, triglycerides, uric acid, HOMA, systolic blood pressure, and TNF-α in adipose tissue. OB group presented cardiac remodeling and diastolic dysfunction. TLR-4 and NF-ĸB expression and cytokine levels were higher in OB. Conclusion Our findings conclude that, in an obesogenic condition, the inflammation derived from cardiac TLR-4 activation can be a mechanism able to lead to remodeling and cardiac dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Cardiomyopathies , Rats, Wistar , Immunity, Innate , Inflammation , Obesity
19.
Infectio ; 25(2): 120-129, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250078

ABSTRACT

Abstract Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic inflammatory disease that that is difficult to manage and with a high impact on the individual's quality of life. Besides, it is a multifactorial entity that typically occurs as an inflammatory response to Malassezia species, along with specific triggers that contribute to its pathophysiology. Sin ce the primary underlying pathogenic mechanisms include Malassezia proliferation and skin inflammation, the most common treatment includes topical antifungal keratolytics and anti-inflammatory agents. However, the consequences of eliminating the yeast population from the skin, the resistance profiles of Malassezia spp. and the effectivity among different groups of medications are unknown. Thus, in this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the disease´s pathophysio logy and the role of Malassezia sp. on it, as well as, the different antifungal treatment alternatives, including topical and oral treatment in the management of SD.


Resumen La dermatitis seborreica (DS) es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica, con un elevado impacto en la calidad de vida del individuo. Además, DS es una entidad multifactorial que ocurre como respuesta inflamatoria a las levaduras del género Malassezia spp., junto con factores desencadenantes que contribuyen a la fisio patología de la enfermedad. Dado que el mecanismo patogénico principal involucra la proliferación e inflamación generada por Malassezia spp., el tratamiento más usado son los agentes tópicos antifúngicos y antiinflamatorios. Sin embargo, se desconocen las consecuencias de eliminar la población de levaduras de la piel, los perfiles de resistencia de Malassezia spp. y la efectividad entre grupos diferentes de medicamentos. Por tanto, en esta revisión de la literatura, resumimos el conocimiento actual sobre la fisiopatología de la enfermedad y el papel de Malassezia sp., así como de las diferentes alternativas de tratamiento antifúngico tanto tópico como oral en el manejo de la DS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dermatitis, Seborrheic , Malassezia , Skin , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Inflammation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
20.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(2): 236-242, jun./dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293205

ABSTRACT

O sistema imune envolve diversos mecanismos de resposta imunológica que são fundamentais para o organismo se manter em equilíbrio e protegido. Dentre estes mecanismos, há a expressão de citocinas anti-inflamatórias e imunomoduladoras, como a interleucina-10 (IL-10). Esta citocina anti-inflamatória tem um papel crucial no sistema imune, uma vez que desempenha inúmeras funções biológicas. Estudos têm demonstrado que a terapia de fotobiomodulação (TFBM) tem sido eficaz na modulação da citocina IL-10, aumentando sua expressão, em várias doenças de caráter inflamatório. Apesar do mecanismo de ação da TFBM ainda não ser totalmente compreendido, esta vem se mostrando uma terapia promissora para estas doenças. Diante disso, o objetivo deste trabalho foi revisar estudos clínicos em que avaliaram a liberação/expressão da citocina IL-10 em diversas patologias em resposta à TFBM, e discutir as evidências atuais e potenciais da fotobiomodulação.


The immune system involves several immune response mechanisms that are essential for the body to remain in balance and protected. Among these mechanisms, there is the expression of anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokines, such as interleukin-10 (IL-10). This anti-inflammatory cytokine plays a crucial role in the immune system, since it performs numerous biological functions. Studies have shown that photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has been effective in modulating the cytokine IL-10, increasing its expression, in various diseases of an inflammatory character. Although the mechanism of action of PBMT is not yet fully understood, it has been shown to be a promising therapy for these diseases. Therefore, the objective of this work was to review clinical studies in which they evaluated the release / expression of the cytokine IL-10 in several pathologies in response to PBMT, and to discuss the current and potential evidences of photobiomodulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low-Level Light Therapy , Immunity , Inflammation
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