Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1037-1042, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942293


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the agreement between clinical signs (tenderness and/or swelling) in ankles and feet joints and ultrasound findings in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#RA patients with at least 1 tender and/or swollen joint in bilateral ankles and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints detected by physical examination were enrolled and underwent ultrasound examination by greyscale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) mode. The agreement between clinical signs and ultrasound-detected inflammation (joint effusion, synovitis, or tenosynovitis) was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 113 consecutive RA patients were included, with mean age of (52.5±12.6) years, median duration of 60 (13, 129) months, mean disease activity score in 28 joints based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate [DAS28 (ESR)] of 5.1±1.7, mean disease activity score in 28 joints based on C reactive protein[DAS28 (CRP)]of 4.6±1.5. The tenderness and swelling was most commonly detected in ankles (52.7% and 31.9%, respectively), while GS (+) synovitis was most frequently detectable in MTP2 (34.1%), followed by ankles (32.7%) and MTP1 (27.9%), and PD (+) synovitis was most frequently detectable in MTP1 (14.2%), followed by ankles (12.4%) and MTP2 (10.6%). The prevalence of tenosynovitis was 41.1%, which mostly located in tibialis posterior tendon (22.1% of GS positive and 17.6% of PD positive). The highest prevalence of joint effusion was detected in ankles (9.7%), while that of bone erosion in MTP5 (19%). The overall concordance rate between positive clinical signs and ultrasound-determined joint inflammation was poor in the above joints (κ < 0.2, P < 0.05), in which swelling had the highest κ coefficient with ultrasound-determined joint inflammation in ankles (κ=0.225, P < 0.05). Moreover, swelling had the highest κ coefficient with synovitis in ankles (κ=0.231, P < 0.05).The concordance between tenosynovitis and signs in ankles was also poor (κ < 0.20, P < 0.05). There was no significant agreement between joint effusion and clinical signs (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The overall concordance between clinical signs and inflammation on ultrasound was poor in ankles and feet joints. Tenderness and swelling was more common in ankles, while more lesions were detected by ultrasound at MTP joints. Ultrasound is useful in assessing the lesions besides physical examination in patients with RA.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Ankle , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnostic imaging , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1213-1219, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941424


Objective: To explore the association between inflammation activity of left atrial epicardial adipose tissue (LA-EAT) measured by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: A total of 78 patients with AF, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT in the Nuclear Medicine Department of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University due to abnormally elevated levels of tumor indicators or malignant tumors from March 2018 to December 2019, were enrolled in this retrospective study. According to the examination date of PET/CT and basic characteristics of AF patients (gender, age), a 1∶1 propensity score matching was used to enroll a non-AF control group (78 patients). The maximum standard uptake value of left atrial epicardial tissue (LA-EAT FDG SUVmax) and total EAT volume (V-EAT) were measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial diameter (LAD) were obtained by echocardiography. Blood lipids and biomarkers of inflammation were measured. The differences of clinical data and EAT-related indicators were compared between the AF group and control group. Logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to determine the related factors of AF. Then the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cutoff value of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax on the diagnosis of AF. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the relationship between the increase of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax and AF. Results: The age was (66.9±10.2) years and there were 55 males (70.5%) in the AF group. The age was (66.9±8.0) years, and there were 52 males (66.7%) in the control group (both P>0.05). The LAD ((44.2±5.8) mm vs. (35.4±4.4) mm), V-EAT ((122.1±42.0) cm3 vs. (91.6±34.5) cm3), and LA-EAT FDG SUVmax ((1.6±0.3) vs. (1.4±0.2)) values were significantly higher, while LVEF ((60.1±4.7)% vs. (63.9±2.9)%) was lower in the AF group than in the control group (P all<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD (OR=1.340, 95%CI 1.195-1.502), V-EAT (OR=1.016, 95%CI 1.001-1.031), and LA-EAT FDG SUVmax (OR=1.375, 95%CI 1.095-1.723) were positively correlated with AF, LVEF (OR=0.781, 95%CI 0.659-0.926) was negatively correlated with AF(P all<0.05). The area under the ROC curve of LA-EAT FDG SUVmax for diagnosis of AF was 0.680 (95%CI 0.597-0.764, P<0.001), and the best cut-off value was 1.415 with a sensitivity of 65.4% and specificity of 61.5%. After adjusting for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LVEF, LAD and V-EAT, LA-EAT FDG SUVmax≥1.415 was independently associated with AF (OR=2.982, 95%CI 1.122-7.926, P=0.010). Conclusions: The inflammatory activity of LA-EAT measured by 18F-FDG PET/CT is an independent risk factor of AF, and the increased inflammatory activity of LA-EAT is positively correlated with AF.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adipose Tissue/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(3): e102, sept.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093838


Introducción: Dentro del grupo de las enfermedades del sistema osteomioarticular la fascitis plantar (FP) es una de las causas más frecuente de dolor crónico del pie. Objetivo: aportar criterios sobre el empleo de la infiltración de anestésicos locales y corticoesteroides para el tratamiento de la fascitis plantar. Desarrollo: se seleccionaron las infiltraciones de corticoesteroides y de anestésicos locales que se realizan con mayor frecuencia en la práctica clínica, se analizó su efectividad según la evidencia en la literatura internacional y a partir de ahí se contrastaron los resultados encontrados con los criterios y experiencias de los autores de este trabajo. Conclusiones: Las consideraciones realizadas en este estudio apuntan a que el uso de los corticoides mediante infiltraciones en patologías ortopédicas es un medio valioso para mejorar la inflamación de los tejidos y para el alivio de los dolores, tanto cuando se emplea en las articulaciones como en las partes blandas(AU)

Introduction: within the group of diseases of the osteomioarticular system, plantar fasciitis (FP) is one of the most frequent causes of chronic foot pain. Objective: to provide criteria on the use of infiltration of local anesthetics and corticosteroids for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Development: the infiltrations of corticosteroids and local anesthetics that are performed more frequently in clinical practice were selected, their effectiveness was analyzed according to the evidence in the international literature and from there the results were contrasted with the criteria and experiences of the patients authors of this work. Conclusions: the considerations made in this study suggest that the use of corticosteroids through infiltrations in orthopedic pathologies is a valuable means to improve inflammation of the tissues and for the relief of pain, both when used in the joints and in the joints and soft parts(AU)

Humans , Orthopedics , Fasciitis, Plantar/diagnosis , Chronic Pain/prevention & control , Foot , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Ecuador , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(3): 262-273, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787290


Abstract: Ultrasonography is a method of imaging that classically is used in dermatology to study changes in the hypoderma, as nodules and infectious and inflammatory processes. The introduction of high frequency and resolution equipments enabled the observation of superficial structures, allowing differentiation between skin layers and providing details for the analysis of the skin and its appendages. This paper aims to review the basic principles of high frequency ultrasound and its applications in different areas of dermatology.

Humans , Skin/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Dermatology/methods , Skin/physiopathology , Skin Diseases, Infectious/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Transducers/standards , Ultrasonography, Doppler/instrumentation , Ultrasonography, Doppler/trends , Dermatology/instrumentation , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(6): 492-502, jun. 2016. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-792604


As afecções umbilicais merecem destaque entre as enfermidades que acometem bezerros no primeiro mês de vida, pela alta incidência durante essa fase da vida dos neonatos e pelas relevantes perdas econômicas, decorrentes da mortalidade, custos de tratamento e atendimento veterinário, além de sequelas que poderão determinar menores ganho de peso e produção leiteira. O diagnóstico dessas enfermidades muitas vezes é prejudicado pela dificuldade em se detectar os acometimentos das estruturas intra-abdominais do umbigo, o que afetará negativamente a escolha do tratamento mais adequado e o estabelecimento do real prognóstico para cada animal. No presente estudo, realizou-se a análise ultrassonográfica dos animais com inflamação/infecção dos componentes umbilicais sendo possível observar algumas características em relação a mensurações e ecogenicidade, presentes nos componentes umbilicais acometidos. A partir dessas avaliações concluiu-se que a medida mais adequada para identificar animais com possíveis processos inflamatórios nos componentes umbilicais é a espessura da parede dos vasos umbilicais quando comparada ao diâmetro dos mesmos. Ainda, o estudo possibilitou verificar algumas particularidades do comportamento dos componentes do cordão umbilical em bezerros sadios da raça Holandesa, bem como determinar que os vasos umbilicais intra-abdominais iniciam uma involução em porção mais interna e progridem para as extremidades próximas ao anel umbilical com o evoluir da idade. Destaca-se que o confronto desses resultados com aqueles poucos descritos na literatura disponível mostrou-se com notáveis diferenças.(AU)

Umbilical disorders deserve mention among the illnesses affecting calves in the first month of life. The high incidence during this phase of life of newborns and relevant economic losses arising from mortality, cost of treatment and veterinary care, beyond sequelae may determine lower weight gain and milk production. The diagnosis of these diseases is often hampered by the difficulty to detect the involvement of intra-abdominal umbilical structures, which negatively affect the choice of the most appropriate treatment and the actual outcome for each calf. In the present study, we performed ultrasound examinations of calves with inflammation/infection in the umbilical components and observed some characteristics related with measurements and echogenicity present in umbilical affected components. From these evaluation it was concluded that the wall thickness of the umbilical vessels is the more reliable standard to determine changes in these components, as compared with that of the diameter of the umbilical vessels. Furthermore, from this study we observed some peculiarities of involution of the intra-abdominal umbilical cord components in healthy Holstein calves used for the control group to characterize the behavior of the umbilical structures during the progress of the age in the newborns. It is noteworthy that the comparison of these results with those found in the rare literature available showed notable differences.(AU)

Animals , Infant , Cattle , Animals, Newborn , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Inflammation/veterinary , Umbilicus/diagnostic imaging , Umbilicus/pathology , Ultrasonography/veterinary , Umbilical Cord/diagnostic imaging
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 326-343, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52645


Radiological imaging plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as the noninvasive diagnosis of HCC in high-risk patients by typical imaging findings alone is widely adopted in major practice guidelines for HCC. While imaging techniques have markedly improved in detecting small liver lesions, they often detect incidental benign liver lesions and non-hepatocellular malignancy that can be misdiagnosed as HCC. The most common mimicker of HCC in cirrhotic liver is nontumorous arterioportal shunts that are seen as focal hypervascular liver lesions on dynamic contrast-enhanced cross-sectional imaging. Rapidly enhancing hemangiomas can be easily misdiagnosed as HCC especially on MR imaging with liver-specific contrast agent. Focal inflammatory liver lesions mimic HCC by demonstrating arterial-phase hypervascularity and subsequent washout on dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging. It is important to recognize the suggestive imaging findings for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (CC) as the management of CC is largely different from that of HCC. There are other benign mimickers of HCC such as angiomyolipomas and focal nodular hyperplasia-like nodules. Recognition of their typical imaging findings can reduce false-positive HCC diagnosis.

Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemangioma/complications , Hepatitis B/complications , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnostic imaging
IJPR-Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2013; 12 (2): 347-353
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142655


Ubiquicidin [UBI] [29-41] is a synthetic cationic antimicrobial peptide that preferentially binds to bacterial cell membrane at the site of infection. We aimed to assess diagnostic value of [99m]Tc-UBI [29-41] as a radiopharmaceutical in differentiation of bacterial infection from sterile inflammation in suspected orthopedic implants. Nine patients suspected for orthopedic implant infection, all males with the mean age of 41.6 +/- 20.9 years, were studied. A dose of 10 MBq/Kg [range: 555-740 MBq] [99m]Tc-UBI [29-41] was injected intravenously. A dynamic study followed by static whole body imaging at 30, 60 and 120 min post-radiotracer injection was acquired. Periprosthetic tissue culture was considered the closest test to a gold standard for diagnosing infections and scintigraphic scans were categorized as true- or false-positive and true- or false-negative, considering the bacterial culture as the gold standard. No adverse reaction was observed during or after the radiotracer injection days. There were five true positive, four true negative and no false positive and false negative scans. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value [PPV] and negative predictive value [NPV] were all calculated as 100%. We found a high diagnostic accuracy for [99m]Tc-UBI [29-41] scintigraphy in differentiation of bacterial infection from sterile inflammation in suspected orthopedic implants. Therefore, [99m]Tc-UBI [29-41] scintigraphy might be potentially recommended as a safe and promising imaging modality in these settings. However, further studies on a larger number of patients and different pathologies are still needed

Humans , Male , Female , Peptide Fragments , Bacterial Infections/diagnostic imaging , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides , Radiopharmaceuticals , Soft Tissue Infections/diagnostic imaging , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging
Indian J Cancer ; 2010 Oct-Dec; 47(4): 371-379
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144374


Over the past decade, there has been an increasing evidence of false-positive FDG uptake in several infectious diseases and aseptic inflammatory processes. With the widespread application of FDG-PET imaging in oncology, the interpreting physicians have come across these conditions frequently leading to false-positive diagnosis. Such conditions can coexist with metastatic lesions in patients with cancer, and hence, early and accurate diagnosis or exclusion of infection and inflammation is of utmost importance for the optimal management of these patients. Also, this powerful imaging modality can play an invaluable role for the appropriate management of these complicated benign conditions. The present communication on this non-oncological application of FDG is intended as an educative primer for practicing oncologists on this very important aspect of PET-CT imaging with an ultimate aim for bettering patient management.

Adult , Female , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/diagnosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18/metabolism , Humans , Infections/complications , Infections/metabolism , Infections/diagnostic imaging , Inflammation/complications , Inflammation/metabolism , Inflammation/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiopharmaceuticals/diagnosis , Radiopharmaceuticals/metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed