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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and joint destruction. Both inflammatory response and oxidative stress contribute to the pathogenesis of RA. Oxidative damage can induce and aggravate the imbalance of immune inflammation and promote cell and tissue damage. In this study, the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00638 in peripheral blood of patients with RA damp-heat arthralgia syndrome was observed, and the correlation between LINC00638 and disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress indicator was investigated. Subsequently, the mechanisms for LINC00638 in regulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in RA fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) under the condition of overexpression and interference were further explored.@*METHODS@#In this study, 48 RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome and 27 normal healthy subjects, who came from Department of Rheumatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, were included; and they were divided into a RA group and a control group. The expression of LINC00638 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the subjects was detected by real-time PCR. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) expression. Spearman method was used to study the relationship between LINC00638 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), and to observe the relation between LINC00638 and the Disease Activity Score of 28 Joint (DAS28), Quantitative Score of Damp Heat Syndrome, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). RA-FLS was induced by RA-PBMC, and the RA in vitro cell experimental model was established. LINC00638 overexpression plasmid and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS. The cell experiments were divided into 4 groups: a pcDNA3. 1- control group, a pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group, a siRNA-control group, and a siRNA-LINC00638 group. The transfection efficiency of overexpression plasmid and siRNA was detected by real-time PCR, the expression of TNF-α and IL-10 was detected by ELISA, and the expression of antioxidant proteins HO-1 and SOD2 was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of LINC00638 in the RA group was lower (P<0.01). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of LINC00638 was 0.9271. The DAS28 in RA group was 5.70 (5.40-6.50), the Quantitative Score of Damp-heat Syndrome was 20.0 (17.0-23.0), and the VAS score was 7.0 (6.3-8.0). Compared with the control group, the ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, SAS and SDS scores in the RA group were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that: LINC00638 was negatively correlated with ESR (r=-0.532, P<0.01), CRP (r=-0.367, P<0.05), TNF-α (r=-0.375, P<0.01), MDA (r= -0.295, P<0.05), DAS28 (r=-0.450, P<0.01), and which was positively correlated with SOD2 (r=0.370, P<0.05). After the induction of RA-FLS, the expression level of LINC00638 was significantly decreased (P<0.01), indicating that the stimulation of PBMC could effectively reduce the expression of LINC00638 in RA-FLS, so the experimental model of RA-FLS-induced by PBMC was utilized. Compared with the pcDNA3.1-control group, the expressions of LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2, and HO-1 in the pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the expression of TNF-α was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with siRNA-control group, LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2 and HO-1 in the siRNA-LINC00638 group were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), and TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC00638 is down-regulated in the peripheral blood of RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome, which is correlated with disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress. Overexpression of LINC00638 can down-regulate pro-inflammatory factors, up-regulate anti-inflammatory factors, and increase antioxidant enzyme activity, thereby improving inflammation and oxidative stress in RA. LINC00638 is the differential lncRNA obtained by the research group's previous high-throughput sequencing of the whole transcriptome of peripheral blood PBMCs in RA patients and validation of clinical samples. In order to deepen the molecular biology research of this gene, the microRNA and mRNA targeted by LINC00638 can be further studied from the perspective of competing endogenous RNAs.


Subject(s)
Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/metabolism , Antioxidants , Arthralgia/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , C-Reactive Protein , Hot Temperature , Humans , Inflammation/genetics , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928090

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the mechanism of baicalin on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)/interferon γ(IFN-γ)-induced inflammatory microglia based on the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2(TREM2)/Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) pathway. Specifically, LPS and IFN-γ were used to induce inflammation in mouse microglia BV2 cells. Then the normal group, model group, low-dose(5 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, medium-dose(10 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, high-dose(20 μmol·L~(-1)) baicalin group, and minocycline(10 μmol·L~(-1)) group were designed. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay and cell morphology was observed under bright field. The expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-4(IL-4), inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), and arginase-1(Arg-1) mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative PCR, the protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), IL-1β, TREM2, TLR4, inhibitor kappaB-alpha(IκBα), p-IκBα, NF-κB p65 and p-NF-κB p65 by Western blot, and transfer of NF-κB p65 from cytoplasm to nucleus by cellular immunofluorescence. Compared with the normal group, most of the BV2 cells in the model group tended to demonstrate the pro-inflammatory M1 amoeba morphology, and the model group showed significant increase in the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and iNOS, decrease in the mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-10, and Arg-1(P<0.01), rise of the protein expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TLR4, p-IκBα, and p-NF-κB p65(P<0.01), reduction in TREM2 protein expression, and increase in the expression of NF-κB p65 in nucleus. Compared with the model group, baicalin groups and minocycline group showed the recovery of BV2 cell morphology, significant decrease in the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and iNOS, increase in the mRNA levels of IL-4, IL-10, and Arg-1(P<0.01), reduction in the protein expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, TLR4, p-IκBα, and p-NF-κB p65(P<0.05), rise of TREM2 protein expression, and decrease in the expression of NF-κB p65 in nucleus. In summary, these results suggest that baicalin can regulate the imbalance between TREM2 and TLR4 of microglia and inhibit the activation of downstream NF-κB, thus promoting the polarization of microglia from pro-inflammatory phenotype to anti-inflammatory phenotype.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Inflammation/genetics , Interferon-gamma , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922758

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii multiglycoside (GTW) is a commonly used compound for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and immune diseases in clinical practice. However, it can induce liver injury and the mechanism of hepatotoxicity is still not clear. This study was designed to investigate GTW-induced hepatotoxicity in zebrafish larvae and explore the mechanism involved. The 72 hpf (hours post fertilization) zebrafish larvae were administered with different concentrations of GTW for three days and their mortality, malformation rate, morphological changes in the liver, transaminase levels, and histopathological changes in the liver of zebrafish larvae were detected. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the levels of microRNA-122 (miR-122) and genes related to inflammation, apoptosis, cell proliferation and liver function. The results showed that GTW increased the mortality of zebrafish larvae, while significant malformations and liver damage occurred. The main manifestations were elevated levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), significant liver atrophy, vacuoles in liver tissue, sparse cytoplasm, and unclear hepatocyte contours. RT-PCR results showed that the expression of miR-122 significantly decreased by GTW; the mRNA levels of inflammation-related genes il1β, il6, tnfα, il10, cox2 and ptges significantly increased; the mRNA level of tgfβ significantly decreased; the mRNA levels of apoptosis-related genes, caspase-8 and caspase-9, significantly increased; the mRNA level of bcl2 significantly decreased; the mRNA levels of cell proliferation-related genes, top2α and uhrf1, significantly reduced; the mRNA levels of liver function-related genes, alr and cyp3c1, significantly increased; and the mRNA level of cyp3a65 significantly decreased. In zebrafish, GTW can cause increased inflammation, enhanced apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation, and abnormal expression of liver function-related genes, leading to abnormal liver structure and function and resulting in hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/genetics , Inflammation/genetics , Trans-Activators , Tripterygium , Zebrafish/genetics , Zebrafish Proteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921814

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulatory effects of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC) on the apoptosis of synovial fibroblasts(FLS) and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) via lncRNA MAPKAPK5-AS1(MK5-AS1). Thirty healthy people and 30 patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance were collected for extracting the peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) before and after XFC treatment, which were used to observe the correlation between MK5-AS1 and clinical indicators as well as MK5-AS1 expression before and after XFC treatment. Following the establishment of RA-FLS cell line and the preparation of XFC-containing serum, MK5-AS1-overexpression plasmid was constructed and transfected into RA-FLS for investigating the efficacy of XFC-containing serum in regulating inflammation and apoptosis of RA-FLS via MK5-AS1. The expression of MK5-AS1 in PBMCs of patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance was decreased(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis revealed the AUC of 83.9%. Correlation analysis showed that MK5-AS1 was negatively correlated with ESR, CRP, RF, CCP, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score. The expression of MK5-AS1 increased significantly after XFC treatment(P<0.001). As demonstrated by association analysis, XFC decreased MK5-AS1, ESR, CRP, RF, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score, with the degree of support all greater than 83%, confidence greater than 80%, and lift greater than 1. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the MK5-AS1 RNA expression significantly decreased after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01), which, however, increased significantly after the intervention with XFC-containing serum(P<0.05). Such expression rose again after the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that TNF-α stimulation elevated the expression of pro-inflammatory factor IL-17 but lowered the expression of anti-inflammatory factor IL-4(P<0.01). After intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expression of IL-17 decreased while that of IL-4 increased(P<0.01). The transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1 contributed to the reduction in IL-17 expression but the elevation in IL-4 expression(P<0.01). The immunofluorescence(IF) findings demonstrated that the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax was down-regulated, whereas that of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was up-regulated after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01). After the intervention with XFC-containing serum, the Bax expression was increased, while Bcl-2 expression was decreased(P<0.01), which were remarkably collaborated by the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.05). The expression of MK5-AS1 is significantly decreased in both RA-PBMCs and RA-FLS, implying that XFC inhibits inflammatory reaction and promotes the apoptosis in RA by regulating the expression of MK5-AS1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888473

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the association of circular RNA (circRNA) and circRNA-microRNA (miRNA) network regulation with brain injury induced by inflammation in preterm mice.@*METHODS@#Pregnant mice were treated with intraperitoneally injected lipopolysaccharide to establish a preterm mouse model of brain injury induced by inflammation (inflammation preterm group with 3 mice). Preterm mice born to normal pregnant mice by cesarean section were selected as controls (non-inflammation preterm group with 3 mice). The gene microarray technique was used to screen out the circRNAs associated with brain injury in preterm mice. The miRNA target prediction software was used to predict the binding sites between circRNAs and miRNAs and analyze the regulatory mechanism.@*RESULTS@#A total of 365 differentially expressed circRNAs were screened out between the inflammation preterm and non-inflammation preterm groups (fold change > 1.5, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Inflammation induces a significant change in the expression profile of circRNAs in the brain tissue of mice, and the change in the expression of circRNAs plays an important role in brain injury induced by inflammation and subsequent brain development in preterm mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Injuries , Cesarean Section , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Inflammation/genetics , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Pregnancy , RNA/genetics , RNA, Circular
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888041

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium based on network pharmacology and inflammatory or pain mouse models. The effective components of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium were screened out by TCMSP database. And their potential corresponding targets were predicted by PharmMapper software. The possible targets relating to inflammation and pain were mainly collected through DrugBank, TTD and DisGeNET databases. The "active ingredient-gene-disease" network diagram was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.0 software. The network pharmacology results showed 5 potential effective compounds, which were related to 29 targets; 132 targets relating to inflammation and pain were screened out in the DrugBank, TTD and DisGeNET databases. The network analysis results indicated that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform(PIK3 CG) gene may be the key to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of essential oil extract and dichloromethane extract of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium were explored through the mouse model of inflammation induced by xylene or carrageenan and the mouse model of pain induced by acetic acid or formalin. The experimental results showed that essential oil extract and dichloromethane extract of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium could reduce xylene-induced ear swelling and carrageenan-induced paw swelling and decrease the number of writhing responses in mice induced by acetic acid and the licking foot time of mice in phase Ⅱ induced by formalin. Western blot results showed that Zanthoxyli Pericarpium extract could inhibit the expressions of PIK3 CG, phosphonated nuclear factor kappaB(p-NF-κB) and phosphonated p38(p-p38 MAPK) protein. The present study showed the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium through multiple components and targets, so as to provide a pharmacodynamic basis for the study of Zanthoxyli Pericarpium and its mechanism.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/pharmacology , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Edema/drug therapy , Inflammation/genetics , Mice , Oils, Volatile , Plant Extracts
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 829-839, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#MicroRNAs are closely associated with the progression and outcomes of multiple human diseases, including sepsis. In this study, we examined the role of miR-23a in septic injury.@*METHODS@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce sepsis in a rat model and H9C2 and HK-2 cells. miR-23a expression was evaluated in rat myocardial and kidney tissues, as well as H9C2 and HK-2 cells. A miR-23a mimic was introduced into cells to identify the role of miR-23a in cell viability, apoptosis, and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the effect of Rho-associated kinase 1 (ROCK1), a miR-23a target, on cell damage was evaluated, and molecules involved in the underlying mechanism were identified.@*RESULTS@#In the rat model, miR-23a was poorly expressed in myocardial (sham vs. sepsis 1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 0.27 ± 0.03, P < 0.01) and kidney tissues (sham vs. sepsis 0.27 ± 0.03 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, P < 0.01). Artificial overexpression of miR-23a resulted in increased proliferative activity (DNA replication rate: Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 34.13 ± 3.12 vs. 12.94 ± 1.21 vs. 13.31 ± 1.43 vs. 22.94 ± 2.26, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), decreased cell apoptosis (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 11.39 ± 1.04 vs. 32.57 ± 2.29 vs. 33.08 ± 3.12 vs. 21.63 ± 2.35, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), and decreased production of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 59.61 ± 5.14 vs. 113.54 ± 12.30 vs. 116.51 ± 10.69 vs. 87.69 ± 2.97 ng/mL; P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 68.12 ± 6.44 vs. 139.65 ± 16.62 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 100.82 ± 9.74 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) and tumor necrosis factor-α (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 103.20 ± 10.31 vs. 169.67 ± 18.84 vs. 173.61 ± 15.91 vs. 133.36 ± 12.32 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 132.51 ± 13.37 vs. 187.47 ± 16.74 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 155.79 ± 15.31 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) in cells. However, ROCK1 was identified as a miR-23a target, and further up-regulation of ROCK1 mitigated the protective function of miR-23a in LPS-treated H9C2 and HK-2 cells. Moreover, ROCK1 suppressed sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression to promote the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65, indicating the possible involvement of this signaling pathway in miR-23a-mediated events.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that miR-23a could suppress LPS-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion by binding to ROCK1, mediated through the potential participation of the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cytokines , Inflammation/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B , Rats , Sirtuin 1 , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics
8.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(3): 205-222, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131094

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Human Genome Project has significantly broadened our understanding of the molecular aspects regulating the homeostasis and the pathophysiology of different clinical conditions. Consequently, the field of nutrition has been strongly influenced by such improvements in knowledge - especially for determining how nutrients act at the molecular level in different conditions, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. In this manner, characterizing how the genome influences the diet and vice-versa provides insights about the molecular mechanisms involved in chronic inflammation-related diseases. Therefore, the present review aims to discuss the potential application of Nutritional Genomics to modulate obesity-related inflammatory responses. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2020;64(3):205-22


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet, Mediterranean , Nutrigenomics , Inflammation/genetics , Obesity/genetics , Chronic Disease , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Inflammation/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1095-1102, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973485

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the gene expression related to inflammation on mice subjected to intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) and treated with ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Methods: Thirty rats (EPM-Wistar), distributed in five groups of six animals each, were underwent anesthesia and laparotomy. The ischemia time was standardized in 60 minutes and the reperfusion time 120 minutes. IPC was standardized in 5 minutes of ischemia followed by 10 minutes of reperfusion accomplished before I/R. The control group was submitted only to anesthesia and laparotomy. The other groups were submitted to ischemia, I/R, ischemia + IPC and I/R + IPC. It was collected a small intestine sample to analyses by Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction in real Time (RT-qPCR) and histological analyses. It was studied 27 genes. Results: The groups that received IPC presented downregulation of genes, observed in of genes in IPC+ischemia group and IPC+I/R group. Data analysis by clusters showed upregulation in I/R group, however in IPC groups occurred downregulation of genes related to inflammation. Conclusion: The ischemia/reperfusion promoted upregulation of genes related to inflammation, while ischemic preconditioning promoted downregulation of these genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Gene Expression/physiology , Ischemic Preconditioning/methods , Inflammation/prevention & control , Intestine, Small/blood supply , Reference Values , Time Factors , Reperfusion Injury/genetics , Down-Regulation/physiology , Up-Regulation/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mesenteric Ischemia/genetics , Mesenteric Ischemia/prevention & control , Inflammation/genetics
10.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(1): 77-85, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838089

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We have previously shown that hepatic reticuloendothelial system (RES) iron deposition is associated with an advanced degree of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in humans. In this study, we aimed to determine differentially expressed genes related to iron overload, inflammation and oxidative stress pathways, with the goal of identifying factors associated with NASH progression. Seventy five patients with NAFLD were evaluated for their biochemical parameters and their liver tissue analyzed for NASH histological characteristics. Gene expression analysis of pathways related to iron homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress was performed using real-time PCR. Gene expression was compared between subjects based on disease status and presence of hepatic iron staining. We observed increased gene expression of hepcidin (HAMP) (2.3 fold, p = 0.027), transmembrane serine proteinase 6 (TMPRSS6) (8.4 fold, p = 0.003), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (5.5 fold, p = 0.004), proinflammatory cytokines; IL-1β (2.7 fold, p = 0.046) and TNF-α (3.8 fold, p = 0.001) in patients with NASH. TMPRSS6, a negative regulator of HAMP, is overexpressed in patients with NASH and HIF1α (hypoxia inducible factor-1) is downregulated. NAFLD patients with hepatic iron deposition exhibited higher hepcidin expression (3.1 fold, p = 0.04) but lower expression of cytokines. In conclusion, we observed elevated hepatic HAMP expression in patients with NASH and in NAFLD patients who had hepatic iron deposition, while proinflammatory cytokines displayed elevated expression only in patients with NASH, suggesting a regulatory role for hepcidin in NAFL to NASH transition and in mitigating inflammatory responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oxidative Stress/genetics , Iron Overload/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Inflammation/genetics , Iron/analysis , Liver/chemistry , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Iron Overload/diagnosis , Iron Overload/blood , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepcidins/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Inflammation/diagnosis , Inflammation/blood , Liver/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics
11.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(1): 44-51, jan.-fev. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775218

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Estabelecer diretrizes baseadas em evidências científicas para manejo das síndromes periódicas associadas à criopirina (criopirinopatias – Caps). Descrição do método de coleta de evidência: A diretriz foi elaborada a partir de quatro questões clínicas que foram estruturadas por meio do PICO (Paciente, Intervenção ou Indicador, Comparação e Outcome), com busca nas principais bases primárias de informação científica. Após definir os estudos potenciais para sustento das recomendações, esses foram graduados pela força da evidência e pelo grau de recomendação. Resultado: Foram recuperados, e avaliados pelo título e resumo, 1.215 artigos e selecionados 42 trabalhos para sustentar as recomendações. Recomendações: 1. O diagnóstico de Caps é baseado na anamnese e nas manifestações clínicas e posteriormente confirmado por estudo genético. Pode se manifestar sob três fenótipos: FCAS (forma leve), MWS (forma intermediária) e Cinca (forma grave). Avaliações neurológica, oftalmológica, otorrinolaringológica e radiológica podem ser de grande valia na distinção entre as síndromes; 2. O diagnóstico genético com análise do gene NLRP3 deve ser conduzido nos casos suspeitos de Caps, isto é, indivíduos que apresentam, antes dos 20 anos, episódios recorrentes de inflamação expressa por urticária e febre moderada; 3. As alterações laboratoriais incluem leucocitose e elevação nos níveis séricos de proteínas inflamatórias; 4. Terapias alvo dirigidas contra a interleucina 1 levam a rápida remissão dos sintomas na maioria dos pacientes. Contudo, existem limitações importantes em relação à segurança em longo prazo. Nenhuma das três medicações anti-IL1β evita progressão das lesões ósseas.


Abstract Objective: To establish guidelines based on cientific evidences for the management of cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes. Description of the evidence collection method: The Guideline was prepared from 4 clinical questions that were structured through PICO (Patient, Intervention or indicator, Comparison and Outcome), to search in key primary scientific information databases. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, these were graduated considering their strength of evidence and grade of recommendation. Results: 1215 articles were retrieved and evaluated by title and abstract; from these, 42 articles were selected to support the recommendations. Recommendations: 1. The diagnosis of CAPS is based on clinical history and clinical manifestations, and later confirmed by genetic study. CAPS may manifest itself in three phenotypes: FCAS (mild form), MWS (intermediate form) and CINCA (severe form). Neurological, ophthalmic, otorhinolaryngological and radiological assessments may be highly valuable in distinguishing between syndromes; 2. The genetic diagnosis with NLRP3 gene analysis must be conducted in suspected cases of CAPS, i.e., individuals presenting before 20 years of age, recurrent episodes of inflammation expressed by a mild fever and urticaria; 3. Laboratory abnormalities include leukocytosis and elevated serum levels of inflammatory proteins; and 4. Targeted therapies directed against interleukin-1 lead to rapid remission of symptoms in most patients. However, there are important limitations on the long-term safety. None of the three anti-IL-1β inhibitors prevents progression of bone lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes/diagnosis , Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes/therapy , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics , Prognosis , Urticaria , Severity of Illness Index , Age of Onset , Evidence-Based Medicine , Interleukin-1beta , Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes/genetics , Fever , Inflammation/genetics , Inflammation/immunology , Mutation
12.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 9(4): 125-129, 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291571

ABSTRACT

The worldwide increased incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and the decreased genotypes that confer increased risk to T1D indicate a strong environmental impact on the disease. These mechanisms could occur through epigenetic modifications that operate on several gene expression patterns (methylation and acetylation, among others). An alternative mechanism of gene expression inhibition are the microRNAs families. These small noncoding RNAs bind the of mRNAs, downregulating and can downregulate the expression of multiple genes. In this review we discussed the role of certain miRNAs in three characteristics observed in T1D, such as inflammation, autoimmunity and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/genetics , Autoimmunity , Apoptosis/genetics , MicroRNAs/immunology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/immunology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Epigenomics , Inflammation/genetics
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 266-268, July-Sept/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-754003

ABSTRACT

Introduction Wegener granulomatosis is a systemic vasculitis affecting small and medium-sized vessels of the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys. Objective To describe a case of Wegener disease with atypical manifestation. Resumed Report We describe the case of a 50-year-old woman with chronic otitis media and sensorineural hearing loss as the primary symptoms, without other manifestations. Conclusion In cases of acute ear manifestations with or without hearing loss and with poor response to usual treatments,Wegener granulomatosis should be included among the possible etiologies. After adequate diagnoses and treatment of this rare disease, there was favorable evolution.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis , Inflammation/genetics , Signs and Symptoms
14.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 28(3): 251-261, mai.-jun. 2015. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-775248

ABSTRACT

Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) é uma condição autoimune com processo fisiopatológico complexo, no qual sua atividade inflamatória é potencializadora da doença coronariana através de inflamação sistêmica, disfunção endotelial e predisposição à trombose. O acometimento cardiovascular no LES não é critério diagnóstico, sendo considerado somente como dano já estabelecido em longo prazo de doença. O objetivodeste artigo é destacar a importância da visão clínica para a identificação precoce do acometimento cardiovascular no LES. É feita uma análise crítica da abordagem cardiológica no LES, com ênfase nos aspectos clínicos, biomarcadores cardiovasculares e genética e solicitação racional dos exames complementares. Aparticularidade dos pacientes com nefrite lúpica e síndrome do anticorpo antifosfolipídeo também é destacada.A percepção do dano cardíaco subclínico é fundamental para interromper o ciclo de agressão miocárdica e evitar progressão de doença cardíaca.


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune condition with a complex pathophysiological process in which its inflammatory activity is an enhancer of coronary disease by systemic inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and predisposition to thrombosis. Thecardiovascular involvement in SLE is not a diagnostic criterion and is considered only as damage established in the long-term of the disease. The objective of this study is to highlight the importance of clinical vision for the early identification of cardiovascular involvement in SLE. A critical analysis of the cardiac approach in SLE, with emphasis on clinical aspects, cardiovascular biomarkers and genetics and rational request of additional tests. The particularity of patients with lupus nephritis and antiphospholipid antibodysyndrome is also highlighted. The perception of subclinical cardiac damage is critical for interrupting the cycle of myocardial injury and to avoid progression of heart disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/physiopathology , Autoimmune Diseases/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Brazil/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease , Ethnicity , Inflammation/physiopathology , Inflammation/genetics , Prevalence , Risk Factors
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2015. 163 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-790643

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Mudanças na alimentação e atividade física das populações elevaram a incidência de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis associadas à adiposidade corporal. Este quadro contribui para mortalidade cardiovascular, motivando iniciativas em saúde pública visando à prevenção. Há evidências de que populações que consomem a dieta mediterrânea apresentam menor mortalidade por todas as causas, inclusive cardiovasculares. Os benefícios desta dieta, rica em fibras, gorduras insaturadas e polifenóis, parecem decorrer da atenuação da inflamação, envolvida na gênese de doenças cardiometabólicas. Objetivo: Este estudo investigou os efeitos da modificação de uma refeição diária, o desjejum, de forma a incluir alimentos mediterrâneos, sobre o metabolismo lipídico, glicídico, inflamação subclínica e expressão de genes inflamatórios. Métodos: Foi um ensaio clínico cruzado com duração total de 10 semanas, incluindo 80 adultos com excesso de peso, não-diabéticos. Os participantes passaram por 2 intervenções de 4 semanas no desjejum, com wash-out de 2 semanas entre elas. Os desjejuns, brasileiro e modificado, foram isocalóricos, diferindo quanto ao conteúdo de fibras e tipos de ácidos graxos. Antes e após cada intervenção foi realizado teste de sobrecarga de gorduras (FTT) com refeição rica em gorduras (saturadas e insaturadas MUFA e PUFA, dependendo da intervenção) e coletas sanguíneas seriadas até 240 minutos para determinação de glicose, insulina, lípides e marcadores inflamatórios.


Introduction: Changes in dietary pattern and physical activity of populations have elevated the incidence of chronic non-communicable diseases associated with increased adiposity. Evidence has shown that populations consuming Mediterranean diets have lower mortality from all causes, including cardiovascular diseases. The benefits of this diet rich in fiber and unsaturated fats, derived in part on the effects of these nutrients on inflammatory condition that triggers cardiometabolic diseases. Objective: This study investigated the effects of changing a meal of Brazilian menu, the breakfast, in order to approximate it to the Mediterranean pattern on lipid and glucose metabolism, subclinical inflammation and also on the expression of inflammatory genes. Methods: This study was a crossover trial lasting a total of 10 weeks, including 80 overweight adults, nondiabetic without drug treatment for dyslipidemia. Participants who met the inclusion criteria underwent two 4-week interventions in breakfast, with wash-out of two weeks between them. The breakfasts (Brazilian and modified) were isocaloric, differing according to fiber and types of fatty acids contents. Before and after each intervention, fat tolerance tests with meals rich in fat (saturated and unsaturated depending on the intervention) were perfomed, with blood sample collections for glucose, insulin, lipids and inflammatory markers up to 240 minutes. Also, expression of inflammatory genes before and after each intervention was analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Breakfast , Biomarkers/analysis , Diet, Mediterranean , Inflammation/genetics , Brazil , Clinical Trial , Diet , Dietary Fats , Dietary Fiber , Meals
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61560

ABSTRACT

Obesity is recognized as a chronic low-grade inflammatory state due to adipose tissue expansion being accompanied by an increase in the production of proinflammatory adipokines. Our group is the first to report that B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) is produced from adipocytes and functions as a proinflammatory adipokine. Here, we investigated how loss of BAFF influenced diet-induced obesity in mice by challenging BAFF-/- mice with a high-fat diet for 10 weeks. The results demonstrated that weight gain in BAFF-/- mice was >30% than in control mice, with a specific increase in the fat mass of the subcutaneous region rather than the abdominal region. Expression of lipogenic genes was examined by quantitative real-time PCR, and increased lipogenesis was observed in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), whereas lipogenesis in the epididymal adipose tissue (EAT) was reduced. A significant decrease in EAT mass resulted in the downregulation of inflammatory gene expression in EAT, and more importantly, overall levels of inflammatory cytokines in the circulation were reduced in obese BAFF-/- mice. We also observed that the macrophages recruited in the enlarged SAT were predominantly M2 macrophages. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured with adipose tissue conditioned media (ATCM), demonstrating that EAT ATCM from BAFF-/- mice contains antilipogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. Taken together, BAFF-/- improved systemic inflammation by redistributing adipose tissue into subcutaneous regions. Understanding the mechanisms by which BAFF regulates obesity in a tissue-specific manner would provide therapeutic opportunities to target obesity-related chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes/drug effects , Adiposity/genetics , Animals , B-Cell Activating Factor/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Knockout Techniques , Inflammation/genetics , Lipogenesis/genetics , Macrophages/metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Obesity/etiology
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 140(11): 1377-1382, nov. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-674002

ABSTRACT

Background: The pharmacological action of metformin goes beyond mere glycemic control, decreasing markers of inflammation and contributing to the reduction of oxidative stress. Aim: To evaluate biochemical, anthropometric and pro-inflammatory markers in obese type 2 diabetic patients treated or not with metformin. Patients and Methods: Obese patients with type 2 diabetes were invited to participate in the study if they were aged more than 40 years, were not receiving insulin, did not have cardiovascular diseases and were not taking anti-inflammatory drugs. A pharmacological history was taken and patients were stratified in two groups whether they were using metformin or not. A fasting blood sample was obtained to measure blood glucose, insulin, lipid levels, C reactive protein (hsCRP) and to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells. RNA was isolated from these cells to measure expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), Interleukin-6 (IL-6), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB), Toll-Like Receptor 2/4 (TLR 2/4) and beta-2-microglobulin (B2M). Results: Thirty participants were studied. Of these, 16 subjects aged 54.4 ± 5.5years were treated with metformin and 14 subjects aged 54.9 ± 6.4 years did not receive the drug. Participants receiving metformin had lower levels of hsCRP and lower mRNA relative abundance of TNF-α and TLR 2/4. There were no differences in glucose levels or lipid profile between both groups. Conclusions: Obese diabetic patients treated with metformin had lower levels of hsCRP expression of TNF-α and TLR 2/4, than their counterparts not receiving the drug.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , /drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Obesity/blood , Toll-Like Receptors/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Body Mass Index , Biomarkers/analysis , Case-Control Studies , /blood , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Inflammation/genetics , /blood , /genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Metformin/pharmacology , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Toll-Like Receptors/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
18.
Indian J Hum Genet ; 2012 May; 18(2): 155-160
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143263

ABSTRACT

The Toll-like receptor (TLR) family plays a fundamental role in host innate immunity by mounting a rapid and potent inflammatory response to pathogen infection. TLRs recognize distinct microbial components and activate intracellular signaling pathways that induce expression of host inflammatory genes. Several studies have indicated that TLRs are implicated in many inflammatory and immune disorders. Extensive research in the past decade to understand TLR-mediated mechanisms of innate immunity has enabled pharmaceutical companies to begin to develop novel therapeutics for the purpose of controlling an inflammatory disease. The roles of TLRs in the development of autoimmune diseases have been studied. TLR7 and TLR9 have key roles in production of autoantibodies and/or in development of systemic autoimmune disease. It remains to be determined their role in apoptosis, in the pathogenesis of RNA containing immune complexes, differential expression of TLRs by T regulatory cells.


Subject(s)
Autoimmunity/genetics , Humans , Immune System Diseases/genetics , Immune System Diseases/immunology , Immunity/immunology , Inflammation/genetics , Inflammation/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Toll-Like Receptors/genetics , Toll-Like Receptors/immunology
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-136330

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Curcuma longa (turmeric) has a long history of use in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for inflammatory conditions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the preventive effects of curcumin against acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by caerulein in mouse and to elucidate possible mechanism of curcumin action. Methods: Curcumin (50 mg/kg/day) was intraperitoneally injected to Kun Ming male mice for 6 days, followed by injection of caerulein to induce AP. GW9662 (0.3 mg/kg), a specific peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) antagonist, was intravenously injected along with curcumin. Murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells were treated with 100 μmol/l curcumin for 2 h, and then stimulated with 0.1 μ g/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Serum amylase and transaminase levels were measured at 10 h after AP. TNF-α level in mouse serum and cell culture medium were detected by ELISA. Expression of PPARγ and NF-κB were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot. Results: Curcumin significantly decreased the pancreas injury and reversed the elevation of serum amylase, ALT and AST activities and TNF-α level in mice with AP. Curcumin treatment inhibited the elevation of NF-κB-p65 in the nucleus of mouse pancreas AP group and RAW264.7 cells, but significantly increased the expression of PPARγ. GW9662 could abolish the effects of curcumin on serum levels of amylase, ALT, AST, TNF-α, and NF-κB level. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results suggest that curcumin could attenuate pancreas tissue and other organ injury by inhibiting the release of inflammatory cytokine TNF-α. These effects may involve upregulation of PPARγ and subsequent downregulation of NF-κB.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase/genetics , Alanine Transaminase/immunology , Amylases/blood , Anilides/pharmacology , Animals , Ceruletide/chemistry , Ceruletide/pharmacology , Cell Nucleus , Curcuma/immunology , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Curcumin/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Inflammation/genetics , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophages , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , PPAR gamma/antagonists & inhibitors , PPAR gamma/genetics , PPAR gamma/metabolism , Pancreatitis/chemically induced , Pancreatitis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Transaminases/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
20.
Biocell ; 35(2): 43-49, Aug. 2011. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-639624

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules that negatively regulate gene expression primarily by degrading target mRNA or inhibit the translation of protein product. Recently, many reports have shown the altered miRNA expression in various diseases. However, there are no reports on miRNA expression related to periodontitis. Thus, this study aimed to compare the miRNAs differentially expressed in healthy and chronic periodontitis tissues and to determine the miRNAs closely associated with chronic periodontitis. To find out the miRNAs differentially induced in healthy and chronic periodontitis tissues, miRNA microarray was carried out and the expression of miRNAs was confirmed by real-time PCR. According to miRNA microarray analyses, six miRNA genes, let-7a, let-7c, miR-130a, miR301a, miR-520d, and miR-548a, were up-regulated more than 8 fold compared to the healthy gingiva. The expression of twenty-two miRNAs was increased more than 4 fold. Among these miRNAs, eight miRNAs which are known to be closely related to inflammation were selected. Six of these miRNA genes, miR-181b, miR-19b, miR-23a, miR-30a, miR-let7a, and miR-301a, were amplified successfully and increased much more in periodontitis gingivae than in healthy ones. In summary, this study indicate that six miRNAs up-regulated in periodontitis gingiva may play a key role in chronic periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Gingiva/metabolism , Inflammation/genetics , MicroRNAs/physiology , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
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