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1.
RECIIS (Online) ; 16(1): 48-63, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366533

ABSTRACT

Demonstrar a influência da pandemia de covid-19 nas buscas realizadas no Google por meio do levantamento de dados em uma aplicação cibermétrica. Método: Estudo de aplicação cibermétrica que utiliza a ferramenta Google Trends e os termos 'covid-19', 'coronavírus', 'cloroquina' e 'vacina contra a covid-19', para o período de 31 de dezembro de 2019 a 17 de janeiro de 2021. Resultados: Reconhecer que as primeiras buscas pelo termo 'covid-19' ocorreram na mesma data do anúncio do primeiro caso confirmado. Ocorreu também o crescimento no volume de busca por informações sobre os sintomas de pneumonia relacionadas com a primeira morte por coronavírus. A intensificação nas consultas relativas a 'covid vaccine allergy' esteve associada ao início da vacinação no mundo. Conclusão: Em períodos de pandemia, a sociedade procura intensamente por informações relacionadas ao seu contexto e a busca pode ser motivada pelos meios de comunicação.


It aims to show the influence of the covid-19 pandemic on the searches on Google, using the data survey in a cybermetric application. Method: It is a cybermetric study that uses the Google Trends tool by searching for 'covid-19', 'cononavírus', 'cloroquina' and 'vacina contra a covid-19' between December 31st, 2019, and January 17th, 2021. Results: It acknowledges that the first searches for the term 'covid-19' were made on the same day of the announcement of the first confirmed case. There was also a rise in the number of searches for information on symptoms of pneumonia related to the first death caused by coronavirus. The intensification in the searches related to 'covid vaccine allergy' was associated to the start of the vaccination in the world. Conclusion: In pandemic times, the society intensely searches for information related to their context and the searches can be motivated by the media.


Demostrar la influencia de la pandemia de la covid-19 en las búsquedas realizadas en Google, mediante la recolección de datos en una aplicación cibermétrica. Método: Estudio de aplicación cibernética utilizando la herramienta Google Trends y los términos 'covid-19', 'coronavírus', 'cloroquina' y 'vacina contra a covid-19' para el período de 31 de diciembre de 2019 al 17 de enero de 2021. Resultados: Reconoce que las primeras búsquedas del término 'covid-19' ocurrieron en la misma fecha que el anuncio del primer caso confirmado. También hubo un aumento en el volumen de búsqueda de información sobre síntomas de neumonía relacionados con la primera muerte por coronavirus. La intensificación de las consultas relacionadas con la 'covid vaccine allergy' se asoció con el inicio de la vacunación en todo el mundo. Conclusión: En períodos de pandemia, la sociedad búsqueda de manera intensiva información relacionada con su contexto y puede ser motivada por los medios de comunicación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Collection , Access to Information , Information Seeking Behavior , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Information Science , Communication , Bibliometric Indicators
2.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 20-24, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1347943

ABSTRACT

Durante el Congreso Internacional "Vínculos em tempos de desamparo. Possibilidades de trabalho psicanalítico com grupos, famílias, casais e instituições". XII Congresso Brasileiro de Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares. y X Encontro Paulista de Saúde Mental, realizado del 23 al 26 de mayo de 2019 en Serra Negra, San Pablo, fuimos invitados por nuestros colegas integrantes de NESME, Núcleo de Estudos em Saúde Mental e Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares, a colaborar en la organización de espacios de acogida para los asistentes al Congreso a través de seciones de Fotolenguaje, coordinadas por duplas brasileño-uruguayas, Asimismo, representó la oportunidad de presentar por primera vez en Brasil, las nuevas carpetas de fotos uruguayas. Como integrantes del Departamento de Fotolenguaje de la Asociación de Psiquiatría y Psicopatología de la Infancia y la Adolescencia (APPIA) de Uruguay, participamos, comprometidos e identificados con los objetivos y propuestas del Congreso, en lo que refiere a nuestro quehacer: trabajar en el campo de la salud mental, en la atención de la salud integral de las personas, apoyándonos en la fortaleza de la intervención con el dispositivo grupal de mediación: el Fotolenguaje.


During the International Congress "Vínculos em tempos de desamparo. Possibilidades de trabalho psicanalítico com grupos, famílias, casais e instituições". XII Congresso Brasileiro de Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares. y X Encontro Paulista de Saúde Mental, (Links in times of helplessness. Possibility of Psychoanalytical work with groups, families, couples and institutions ” XII Brazilian Congress on Psychoanalysis of Bonds Configurations and X Paulista Mental Health Meeting) held in Serra Negra, San Pablo from May 23-26, 2019, we were invited by our colleagues from NESME, Núcleo de Estudos em Saúde Mental e Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares (Centre for Studies on Mental Health and Psychoanalysis on Configurational Bonds, to cooperate in the organization of welcoming spaces for participants in the Congress through photolanguage sessions, coordinated by Brazilian-Uruguayan working in pairs. It is also our first opportunity to present the new folders of Uruguayan photos in Brazil. As members of the Photolanguage Department of the Uruguayan Childhood and Adolescent Psychopathology and Psychiatry Association (APPIA), we are engaged and committed to the goals and proposals of the Congress, with reference to our work in the mental health field, and in providing integral health attention to people, based on our strength of intervention with the group mediation device: Photolanguage.


Durante o Congresso Internacional "Vínculos em tempos de desamparo. Possibilidades de trabalho psicanalítico com grupos, famílias, casais e institutos". XII Congresso Brasileiro de Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares e X encontro Paulista de Saúde Mental, realizado de 23 a 26 de maio de 2019 em Serra Negra, São Paulo; fomos convidadas por nossos colegas do NESME, Núcleo de Estudos em Saúde Mental e Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares, para colaborar na organização de espaços de acolhimento para participantes do congresso através de seções fotolinguagem, coordenadas por duplas de brasileiros e uruguaios. Também representou a oportunidade de apresentar, pela primeira vez no Brasil, as novas pranchas fotográficas uruguaias. Como membros do Departamento de Fotolinguagem da Associação de Psiquiatria e Psicopatologia da Criança e do Adolescente (APPIA) do Uruguai, participamos, comprometidos e identificados com os objetivos e propostas do Congresso, em termos de nosso trabalho: trabalhar no campo da saúde mental, no cuidado da saúde integral das pessoas, contando com a força da intervenção com o dispositivo de mediação do grupo: Linguagem fotográfica.


Subject(s)
Psychotherapy, Group , Mental Health , Information Seeking Behavior , Holistic Health
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213961, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254644

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate where Brazilian dental students seek information about COVID-19 by a self-administered web-based questionnaire. Methods: A social network campaign on Instagram was raised to approach the target population. The dental students responded to a multiple-response question asking where or with whom they get information about COVID-19. The possible answers were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, TV Programs, professors, social media, scientific articles, health professionals, and family members. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the frequency distributions of responses were evaluated by gender, age, type of institution, and year of enrollment. Results: A total of 833 valid responses were received. The main source of information used by the dental students were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, which were reported by 739 (88.7%) participants. In the sequence, 477 (57.3%) participants chose health professionals while 468 (56.2%) chose scientific articles as information sources. The use of social media was reported by 451 (54.1%) students, while TV programs were information sources used by 332 (39.9%) students. The least used information sources were professors, reported by 317 (38.1%) students, and family members, chosen only by 65 (7.8%) participants. Conclusion: Brazilian dental students rely on multiple information sources to stay informed about COVID-19, mainly focusing their information-seeking behavior on governmental and health professional's websites


Subject(s)
Schools, Dental , Students, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Seeking Behavior , Social Media , COVID-19
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(5): 989-996, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286811

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The big data provided by Google Trends may reveal patterns in health information-seeking behavior on population from Brazil and United States (US). Our objective was to explore and compare patterns of stone disease online information-seeking behaviors in both nations. Materials and Methods: To compare Relative Search Volume (RSV) among different urologic key words we chose "US" and "Brazil" as country and "01/01/2009 - 31/12/2018" as time-range. The final selection included 12 key words in each language. We defined "ureteroscopy" as a reference and compared RSV against it for each term. RSV was adjusted by the reference and normalized in a scale from 0-100. Trend presence was evaluated by Mann Kendall Test and magnitude by Sen's Slope (SS) Estimator. Results: We found an upward trend (p <0.01) in most of the researched terms in both countries. Higher temporal trends were seen for "Kidney Stone" (SS=0.36), "Kidney Pain" (SS=0.39) and "Tamsulosin" (SS=0.21) in the US. Technical treatment terms had little search volumes and no increasing trend. "Kidney Stent" and "Double J" had a significant increase in search trend over time and had a relevant search volume overall in 2018. In Brazil, "Calculo Renal", "Colica Renal", "Dor no Rim" and "Pedra no Rim" had a significant increase in RSV (p <0.001). More common and popular terms as "Kidney Stent" and "Tamsulosin" were highly correlated with "Kidney Pain" and "Kidney Stone" in both countries. Conclusions: In the last decade, there was a significant increase in online search for medical information related to stone-disease. Population from both countries tend to look more for generic terms related to symptoms, the disease, medical management and kidney stent, than for technical treatment vocabulary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Calculi , Search Engine , United States/epidemiology , Ureteroscopy , Information Seeking Behavior , Language
5.
Rev. cub. inf. cienc. salud ; 32(2): e1649, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341370

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo describir el diseño, la validación y la implementación de un entorno virtual de enseñanza-aprendizaje como recurso didáctico de la alfabetización informacional. Se realizó una investigación aplicada, de innovación tecnológica, y con un estudio descriptivo en el Hospital Provincial General Docente Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola, de Ciego de Ávila. Se utilizó el soporte tecnológico de la plataforma Moodle. La investigación se realizó en tres fases (facto perceptible, construcción de los aportes y validación y aplicación de los aportes); se validó por criterios de expertos el entorno virtual de aprendizaje y se aplicó en 55 participantes. El diseño del EVEA-salud posibilitó la autogestión y el aprendizaje desarrollador de los participantes en calidad de estudiantes. La validación por criterio de expertos no solo permitió evaluar la factibilidad y la pertinencia científico-metodológica del entorno virtual de enseñanza aprendizaje, sino también su enriquecimiento. El alto porcentaje de aprobados con calificación de bien y excelente demostró que los participantes desarrollaron competencias informacionales en torno al adecuado manejo de las fuentes de información y el uso de la información científica. Esta investigación aporta un conocimiento nuevo sobre la utilidad de la implementación de un entorno virtual de enseñanza aprendizaje como recurso didáctico de la alfabetización informacional para el desarrollo de competencias informacionales en salud(AU)


The purpose of the study was to describe the design, validation and implementation of a virtual teaching-learning environment as a didactic resource for information literacy training. An applied descriptive technological innovation analysis was conducted at Dr. Antonio Luaces Iraola Provincial General University Hospital in Ciego de Avila. Use was made of the technological support in the Moodle platform. The research developed along three stages: facto-perceptible, development and validation of contributions, and application of contributions). The virtual learning environment was validated by expert criteria and applied to 55 participants. The EVEA-health design fostered self-management and skill-developing learning among student participants. Validation by expert criteria not only made it possible to evaluate the feasibility and scientific-methodological relevance of the virtual teaching-learning environment, but also its enrichment. The high percentage of good and excellent scores showed that participants developed information competencies related to the appropriate management of information sources and the use of scientific data. The study contributes new knowledge about the usefulness of implementing a virtual teaching-learning environment as a didactic resource for information literacy training and the development of health information competencies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Education, Distance/methods , Information Seeking Behavior , Information Literacy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Virtual Reality
6.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 23: 1-8, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1177740

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se identificar tendência das pesquisas sobre coronavírus no Brasil por meio da ferramenta Google Trends e verificar a correlação entre o volume de pesquisa relativo e o número de casos confirmados. Estudo transversal, quantitativo, desenvolvido com base em consulta ao Google Trends sobre as buscas realizadas pela população brasileira relacionada à pandemia do coronavírus. As buscas pelo termo "coronavírus" iniciaram-se no final de janeiro de 2020, com volume de pesquisa relativo variando de um a seis. O volume máximo (VPR = 100) foi obtido nos dias 21 e 22 de março. O aumento no número de casos confirmados coincidiu com a elevação do volume de pesquisa relativo para "coronavírus". A correlação entre o volume de pesquisa relativo e o número de casos confirmados foi de r = 0,753 (p<0,01). Houve correlação positiva e forte entre o aumento de buscas pelo termo "coronavírus" e o número de casos confirmados da COVID-19.


The aim of this study was to identify the search trends for coronavirus in Brazil using Google Trends and verify the correlation between the relative volume of searches and the number of confirmed cases. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study based on Google Trends on the searches performed by the Brazilian population related to the coronavirus pandemic. Searches for the term "coronavirus" began at the end of January 2020, with relative search volume (RSV) ranging from one to six. The maximum volume (RSV = 100) was obtained on March 21 and 22. The increase in the number of confirmed cases coincided with the rise in the relative search volume for "coronavirus". The correlation between the relative search volume and the number of confirmed cases was r = 0.753 (p<0.01). There was a positive and strong correlation between the increase in searches for the term "coronavirus" and the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19


Subject(s)
Information Seeking Behavior , Coronavirus Infections , Internet Access
8.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 30(2): 40-44, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293347

ABSTRACT

La búsqueda de información es un tema fundamental en la metodología Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP), sin embargo, la bibliografía que lo aborda es escasa. El propósito de este trabajo fue describir las diferentes fuentes bibliográficas a las que acceden los estudiantes de la carrera de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina, bajo la modalidad de ABP y analizar si existe algún patrón de búsqueda. Estudio analítico transversal descriptivo. Para clasificar los diferentes tipos de fuentes bibliográficas se definieron las siguientes categorías: libros ciencias básicas; libros área clínica; artículos de investigación; guías de práctica clínica; artículos de revisión; Web oficial; Web no oficial; UptoDate; apuntes de cátedra y otros. El análisis de las búsquedas realizadas por los estudiantes bajo la modalidad ABP demostró que los libros de ciencia básica se utilizaron en mayor medida al comienzo de las unidades de aprendizaje, mientras que los artículos de revisión y guías de práctica clínica se emplearon de manera uniforme a lo largo de toda la unidad. Los estudiantes demostraron habilidades en la búsqueda bibliográfica, utilizando fuentes científicas y sitios web de rigurosa calidad.


The search for information is a fundamental issue in the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) methodology, however, the bibliography that addresses it is scarce. The purpose of this paper was to describe the different bibliographic sources accessed by students of the Medical School of the Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina, under the ABP modality and to analyze if there is any search pattern. Descriptive crosssectional analytical study. In order to classify the different types of bibliographic sources, the following categories were defined: basic science books, clinical area books, research articles, clinical practice guidelines, review articles, official website, unofficial website, UptoDate, lecture notes and others. Analysis of the student searches conducted under the ABP mode showed that basic science books were used most at the beginning of the learning units, while review articles and clinical practice guidelines were used consistently throughout the unit. Students demonstrated skills in literature searching, using scientific sources and rigorous quality websites.


Subject(s)
Information Seeking Behavior , Problem-Based Learning , Education, Medical
9.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(3): e2020191, 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101141

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever os perfis de interesse de busca de informações na internet sobre termos relacionados à epidemia da Covid-19 no Brasil. Métodos realizou-se uma pesquisa quantitativa exploratória usando o Google Health Trends; foram analisados dados diários de interesse, definido como probabilidade de consulta (Pr), sobre 23 termos nas buscas realizadas por usuários conectados no Brasil no período de 1º de janeiro a 9 de abril de 2020. Resultados o pico de interesse (Pr=0,0651) pelo tema coronavirus ocorreu em 21 de março; o interesse pelos temas uso de máscaras (Pr=0,0041), distanciamento social (Pr=0,0043) e higienização das mãos com álcool em gel (Pr=0,0037) foi superior ao interesse pelos temas etiqueta respiratória (Pr=0,0010) e higienização das mãos com água e sabão (Pr=0,0005). Conclusão a diferença de interesse pelos temas relacionados ao combate à Covid-19 foi expressiva e pode orientar novas estratégias de divulgação de informações em saúde.(AU)


Resumen Objetivos describir los perfiles de las consultas de búsqueda basadas en la Internet sobre términos relacionados a la epidemia del Covid-19 en Brasil. Métodos Se realizó una investigación cuantitativa y exploratoria usando Google Health Trends. Analizamos datos diarios de interés, definidos como probabilidad de consulta (Pr), en 23 términos en búsquedas realizadas por usuarios conectados en Brasil del 1º de enero de 2020 al 9 de abril 2020. Resultados el mayor interés (Pr = 0,0651) en el coronavirus ocurrió el 21 de marzo. El interés en los temas uso de máscaras (Pr = 0,0041), distancia social (Pr = 0,0043) e higiene de las manos con alcohol gel (Pr = 0,0037) es superior al interés en etiqueta respiratoria (Pr = 0,0010) e higiene de las manos con agua y jabón (Pr = 0,0005). Conclusión la diferencia de interés en los temas relacionados con la lucha contra el Covid-19 es sustancial y puede orientar nuevas estrategias de divulgación de información en salud.(AU)


Abstract Objective to describe profiles of interest of web search queries related to the Covid-19 epidemic in Brazil. Methods this was a quantitative and exploratory study using Google Health Trends. We analyzed daily data of interest, defined as search probability (Pr), in 23 terms in searches performed by users connected in Brazil from January 1 to April 9, 2020. Results the peak in interest (Pr=0.0651) on the theme of coronavirus occurred on March 21. Interest in use of face masks (Pr=0.0041), social distancing (Pr=0.0043) and hand hygiene with alcohol gel (Pr=0.0037) was greater than interest in respiratory etiquette (Pr=0.0010) and hand hygiene with soap and water (Pr=0.0005). Conclusion the difference in interest in issues related to combating Covid-19 was substantial and can guide new strategies for disseminating health information.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Information Seeking Behavior , Health Communication , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Medwave ; 20(5): e7921, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116878

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Pese a la creciente cantidad y disponibilidad de evidencia, así como de fuentes de información, no existe claridad respecto a las fuentes de información de preferencia utilizadas por los médicos para dar respuesta a sus preguntas clínicas. OBJETIVO: Resumir la evidencia disponible acerca de las fuentes de información que prefieren los médicos para dar respuesta a las interrogantes surgidas de la práctica médica, además de las barreras y facilitadores percibidos sobre su uso. MÉTODOS: Realizaremos una revisión panorámica de revisiones sistemáticas, de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA. Buscaremos en Epistemonikos desde el inicio hasta marzo de 2019. También utilizaremos PROSPERO y efectuaremos una búsqueda de citas en Scopus. Los criterios de inclusión considerarán revisiones sistemáticas (métodos cualitativos, cuantitativos o mixtos) centrados en las preferencias de los médicos sobre las fuentes de información, así como las barreras y facilitadores percibidos. Dos autores examinarán y seleccionarán de forma independiente los estudios para su inclusión. Evaluaremos la calidad de las revisiones sistemáticas incluidas utilizando la lista de verificación del Instituto Joanna Briggs y la superposición de los estudios primarios, de acuerdo con la fórmula del área cubierta corregida. Realizaremos una síntesis narrativa de datos cuantitativos y un análisis temático de hallazgos cualitativos. DISCUSIÓN: Esperamos que nuestros hallazgos contribuyan a mejorar la práctica médica basada en la evidencia, mediante la identificación de las perspectivas médicas sobre las diversas fuentes de información médicas disponibles.


INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing availability of evidence and sources of information, it is not clear what are the physicians' preferences for filling gaps in their medical knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the available evidence about physicians' preferences and perceived barriers and facilitators about sources of information. METHODS: We will undertake an overview of systematic reviews according to PRISMA guidelines. We will search Epistemonikos from inception until March 2019. We will also search PROSPERO, and we will perform a forward citation search in Scopus. Inclusion criteria will consider systematic reviews (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods) focusing on physicians' preferences about sources of information, as well as perceived barriers and facilitators. Two authors will independently screen and select records for inclusion. We will appraise the quality of included systematic reviews using the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist, and the overlap of primary studies according to the corrected covered area formula. We will conduct a narrative synthesis of quantitative data and a thematic analysis of qualitative findings. DISCUSSION: We expect that our findings will contribute to improving the evidence-based general practice by identifying physicians' perspectives about different sources of medical information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians/psychology , Attitude of Health Personnel , Information Seeking Behavior , Research Design , Databases, Factual , Qualitative Research , Systematic Reviews as Topic
12.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 23(4): 368-385, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091063

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la competencia y desempeño de los futuros egresados de la carrera de Medicina en el uso de la información científica en cualquier tipo de soporte, tiene relación con la presencia del componente informacional en el currículo de la carrera. Objetivos: diagnosticar qué niveles de representatividad tiene el componente informacional en el currículo de la carrera de Medicina, y en qué medida prepara a los estudiantes en el proceso de su formación para ser competentes informacionalmente. Métodos: se emplearon métodos del nivel empírico y del nivel teórico para diagnosticar en qué medida los contenidos de información científica presentes en el currículo de la carrera de Medicina contribuyen a formar estudiantes competentes informacionalmente. Resultados: se obtuvo un diagnóstico del nivel de competencia informacional de los estudiantes de 2do a 5to año de la carrera de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara. Se realizó una evaluación interna de la presencia del componente informacional en el currículo de la carrera de Medicina. Conclusiones: el diagnóstico realizado reveló que son insuficientes los contenidos y actividades docentes incluidos en el currículo de Medicina dirigidos a formar un estudiante competente informacionalmente, y que los estudiantes alcanzan una deficiente preparación en el uso de los recursos informativos especializados en ciencias de la salud en el transcurso de su carrera.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the competence and performance of future medical graduates in the use of scientific information in any type of material media is related to the presence of the informational component in the study programme. Objective: to diagnose what levels of representativeness do the informational component has in the medicine programme and to what extent does it prepare students in their training process to be informationally competent. Methods: empirical and theoretical methods were used to diagnose to what extent the contents of scientific information included in the medicine programme contribute to the formation of competent students from the informational point of view. Results: a diagnosis of the level of informational competence of 2nd to 5th year medicine students at the University of Medical Sciences in Villa Clara was obtained. An internal evaluation of the presence of the informational component in the study programme of the Medicine career was conducted. Conclusions: the diagnosis showed that contents and teaching activities included in the study programme aimed at training a competent student informationally are insufficient and students achieve poor preparation in the use of specialized health science information resources throughout their careers.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , Programs of Study , Information Seeking Behavior , Information Literacy
13.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 60(1): 88-94, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1006902

ABSTRACT

Las competencias digitales son habilidades, destrezas aquellas que desarrolla el profesor universitario en su labor docente y el estudiante en su proceso de aprendizaje. Por otro lado, las nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación han generado diferentes programas computaciones, herramientas tecnológicas gratuitas y de pago, el objetivo del presente trabajo es describir las competencias digitales existentes vinculadas con las nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación, además, pretende identificar los ambientes flexibles, colaborativos, científicos, participativos y personalizados que se presentan con la integración de herramientas digitales. La integración y aplicabilidad de las competencias digitales integradas con las herramientas tecnológicas son determinantes en el desarrollo educativo, investigativo, profesional y otros


The digital competences are skills, skills that are developed by the university professor in his teaching work and the student in his learning process. On the other hand, the new information and communication technologies have generated different computer programs, free and paid technological tools, the objective of this work is to describe the existing digital competences linked to the new information and communication technologies, in addition, it aims to identify the flexible, collaborative, scientific, participative and personalized environments that are presented with the integration of digital tools. The integration and applicability of integrated digital competencies with the tools of technology are determining factors in educational, research, professional and other development


Subject(s)
Information Technology , Information Systems , Education, Higher , Information Seeking Behavior
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764739

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore uncertainty, depression, and anxiety in isolated inpatients and to identify associations between them, with specific focus on state anxiety. METHODS: Data were collected using structured questionnaires and semi-structured interviews, administered to isolated inpatients at an acute care hospital (N=92). The structured questionnaires consisted of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Multiple linear regression and content analysis were conducted. RESULTS: Isolated inpatients showed significant differences in uncertainty, depression, trait anxiety, and state anxiety according to gender, perception of sufficient information about isolation, and the type of isolation. State anxiety scores increased when sufficient information about isolation was not provided (β=.23, p=.005), with higher levels of depression (β=.24, p=.020) and trait anxiety (β=.49, p<.001). Through the content analysis, three themes were identified regarding patient's information needs about isolation specifically for disease, explanation, and environment. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings, it is crucial to improve the awareness of emotional responses of isolated patients experiencing uncertainty, depression, and anxiety. Our study findings are expected to support the development of nursing interventions to provide proper information and mental health support when caring for isolated inpatients.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Information Seeking Behavior , Inpatients , Linear Models , Mental Health , Nursing , Patient Isolation , Uncertainty
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776021

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the demand for scientific information among cervical cancer patients and to evaluate the quality of the relevant information available for these patients.Methods The demand for medical science information among patients with cervical cancer was investigated via questionnaire.The Discernn scoring system was used to score the cervical cancer science articles retrieved by Baidu and Sogou.A model was established to analyse the reading difficulty of these articles.Results Nearly half(53.6%)of the respondents searched for online science information at least weekly.The main target readings were the etiology and risk factors of diseases,symptoms,treatment options,adverse reactions of treatments,and prognosis.Most respondents(96.4%)thought that the network science information was reliable.Of the 104 search results included in the sample bank,13(12.5%)met the inclusion criteria,91(87.5%)were not selected,including 32 duplicates(30.8%),6 non-text webpages(5.8%),18 short texts(less than 300 Chinese characters)(17.3%),7 advertisements(6.7%),3 news articles(2.9%),22 forum posts(21.2%),and 3 academic articles(2.9%).According to the Discern scoring system,the reliability(=0.728, <0.001),the quality of treatment-related information(=0.431, <0.001),and the overall scores(=0.559,<0.001)of the enrolled 13 publications were consistent,as evaluated by two professional physicians.The mean overall score was 3.A lower score(less than 3)in the reliability assessment was due to the source of the content,generation methods,sponsors,citations,and the undefined parts.During the evaluation of treatment information,the average score was below 3 for each item.Analysis of the reading difficulty showed that,among these 13 articles,4 were at postgraduate thesis level(level 5),4 at undergraduate thesis level(level 4),0 at high school textbook level(level 3),and 8 was higher than middle school level(≥level 3).Eight articles(61.5%)were suitable for readers with an education background of higher middle school and only 5 articles(38.5%)were suitable for readers with an education background of middle school or lower(≤ level 2).Conclusions The vast majority of patients with cervical cancer search for clinical information through the Internet and trust their reliability.Chinese search engines have lower detection rates for high-quality medical science articles.The currently available high-quality medical science articles are small in number and difficult to read.More physicians are urged to write easy-to-read high-quality articles for these patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Health Services Needs and Demand , Humans , Information Seeking Behavior , Internet , Reproducibility of Results , Search Engine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
16.
Rwanda med. j. (Online) ; 76(1): 1-6, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1269656

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Cultural practices and beliefs influence and underpin the behavior of women during pregnancy and childbirth; this behavioral change could influence the health-seeking behavior as well as the outcome of pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the behavior modifying myths among pregnant Yoruba women and their sources. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 250 pregnant Yoruba women attending the antenatal clinics of Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso and Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso. A structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire was undertaken. Consent was sought verbally. RESULTS: The age of the respondents ranged from 15-45 years with a mean age of 27 years (±3.5). Most of the women were married n=239 (95.6%) and primarily Christian n=184 (73.6%). 127 (50.8%) of the women had a tertiary education while only 13 (5.2%) had no formal education. 41 (16.3%) of the respondents being primigravida. Six myths were identified with food taboos being the most common. These were being practiced by 61.2% of the respondents. The reasons given for modifying their behavior varied from warding off ghosts to the delivery of a well-formed child. The most frequent source of information were their relatives (42.4%). CONCLUSION: The practice of the myths was neither influenced by educational status nor religion. The majority of these practices do not have a deleterious effect and did not influence health-seeking behavior or outcome of pregnancy based on the reasons adduced for the practice


Subject(s)
Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Culture , Information Seeking Behavior , Nigeria , Pregnant Women , Women
17.
E-Cienc. inf ; 8(2): 159-180, jul.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1089852

ABSTRACT

Resumen El desarrollo de habilidades informacionales es un tema trabajado a escala global. Internacionalmente, han surgido iniciativas en la introducción de estas habilidades informacionales en diferentes niveles de enseñanza, y en este informe se destacan los resultados obtenidos en aspirantes al doctorado. El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un análisis comparativo en propuestas internacionales para la enseñanza y el desarrollo de habilidades informacionales en aspirantes a doctores. Para ello, se analizan los puntos coincidentes en estos proyectos que sirvan de generalización en otros centros educativos. Para alcanzar este objetivo se partió de una revisión bibliográfica que permitió identificar diversas iniciativas prácticas, agrupándolas por países, formas organizativas y características generales. Se identificaron un total de 27 materiales documentales con iniciativas en la formación de aspirantes a doctores en 19 países. De ellos, nueve cursos de posgrado, ocho resultados de proyectos, cinco módulos de programas doctorales, tres servicios de biblioteca, un blog temático y un evento internacional. Se utilizó la estadística descriptiva para presentar el análisis y la comparación de los datos obtenidos a través de gráficos y tablas, y el método bibliométrico para examinar la coincidencia de atributos en cuatro indicadores fundamentales: el uso de las habilidades informacionales que describe la ALA como base de sus propuestas; la aplicación y el desarrollo; la denominación utilizada para cada habilidad, y las habilidades aplicadas en cada institución. Dentro de los resultados más relevantes se pudo encontrar que las habilidades informacionales para la formación de doctores parten del conjunto de habilidades que se proponen en la ALFIN por la ALA, con un mayor nivel de profundidad y práctica. Los análisis realizados demuestran que las habilidades informacionales se encuentran dentro de las habilidades más importantes que debe dominar una persona candidata al doctorado al concluir su formación doctoral y durante su vida como investigador.


Abstract The development of informational skills is a subject widely worked on a global scale. Internationally, there have been initiatives in the introduction of these informational skills in different levels of education, and this report highlights results obtained in doctoral candidates. The aim of this article is to carry out a comparative analysis in international proposals for the teaching and development of informational skills in aspiring doctors. For this, the coinciding points in these projects that serve as a generalization in other educational centers are analyzed. In order to achieve this objective, a bibliographic review was carried out, which allowed identifying various practical initiatives, grouping them by country, organizational forms and general characteristics. A total of 27 documentary materials were identified with initiatives in the training of aspiring doctors in 19 countries. Of these, 9 postgraduate courses, 8 project results, 5 modules of doctoral programs, 3 library services, 1 thematic blog and 1 international event. Descriptive statistics was used to present the analysis and comparison of the data obtained through graphs and tables and the bibliometric method to examine the coincidence of attributes in four fundamental indicators: the use of the informational skills described by the ALA as the basis of your proposals; the application and development; the denomination used for each skill; and the skills applied in each institution. Among the most relevant results it could be found that informational skills for the training of doctors, start from the set of skills proposed in ALFIN by the ALA, with a greater level of depth and practice. The analyzes carried out show that information skills are among the most important skills that a doctor must master at the end of his doctoral training and during his life as a researcher.


Subject(s)
Resource Guide , Information Seeking Behavior , Information Literacy , Social Skills , Academic Success , Aptitude , Teaching Materials , Ethical Analysis , Science and Technology Information Networks
18.
E-Cienc. inf ; 8(2): 146-158, jul.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1089851

ABSTRACT

Resumen El desarrollo de la informática y las Tecnologías de la Información y de la Comunicación (TIC) han transformado de manera preponderante el crecimiento y el acceso a la información, así como las maneras de concebir y realizar la búsqueda y recuperación de la información en la Internet acorde al nuevo contexto. Dicho proceso ha dejado de ser unidireccional y el usuario se ha convertido en ente participativo en la dinámica del proceso, introduciendo un modelo cognitivo y superando el tradicional; de manera que, el presente trabajo analiza los presupuestos teóricos-metodológicos entorno a la representación de la necesidad de información como elemento que define el resultado de una estrategia de búsqueda. Para ello, se adentra en el análisis de diferentes enfoques presentes en la interacción usuario máquina durante la búsqueda y la recuperación de la información. En este sentido, se reconocen los aportes de otras disciplinas que contribuyen a encontrar soluciones para optimizar la recuperación de información en la Internet. Con este empeño se propone el uso de metadatos para lograr una mejor comunicación e interpretación por parte de los Sistemas de Recuperación de Información de los distintos puntos de vista de un usuario determinado.


Abstract Computing, and information and communication technology development has preponderantly transformed the growth and access to information, as well as the ways of conceiving and performing search and retrieval of information on Internet in accordance with the new context. This process has ceased to be unidirectional and the user has become a participative entity in dynamics of the process introducing a cognitive model and surpassing traditional one. Therefore, this paper aims to analyze theoretical-methodological assumptions around the representation of the need for information as an element that defines the result of a search strategy. In order to do this, it delves into the analysis of different approaches present in the user-machine interaction during search and retrieval of information. In this sense, the contributions of other disciplines that contribute to finding solutions to optimize the retrieval of information on the Internet are recognized. With this effort, the use of metadata is proposed to achieve better communication and interpretation by the Information Retrieval Systems of the different points of view of a given user.


Subject(s)
Information Storage and Retrieval , Metadata/trends , Semantic Web , Access to Information , Information Seeking Behavior
19.
E-Cienc. inf ; 8(2): 83-101, jul.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1089849

ABSTRACT

Resumen El artículo tiene como objetivo identificar las posturas teóricas que influyen en los estudios de comportamiento informacional para el contexto universitario cubano. El análisis de contenido fue utilizado para estudiar las teorías que influyen en el estudio comportamiento informacional. Se determina que: 1) los estudios de CHI implican adoptar una visión interdisciplinar para precisar la complejidad de su cuerpo epistemológico, teórico y práctico, 2) Las teorías que con mayor precisión se ajustan a los estudios de CHI en el contexto universitario cubano son: Perspectiva Cognitiva, Principio de Zipf o del Menor Esfuerzo, Teoría General de Sistemas, Usos y Gratificaciones, Sense-Making. Se concluye que la disciplina Comportamiento Informacional se legitima cada vez más dentro de las Ciencias de la Información con un enfoque interdisciplinar.


Abstract The aim of the article is to identify the theoretical positions that influence information behavior studies for the Cuban university context. Content analysis was used to study the theories that influence the study. It was determined that: 1) the CHI studies imply an interdisciplinary vision for the complexity of its epistemological, theoretical and practical body, 2) The theories that more precisely fit the CHI studies in the Cuban university context are: Cognitive Perspective, Zipf Principle or Least Effort, General Theory of Systems, Uses and Gratifications, Sense-Making. It is concluded that the Information Behavior discipline is increasingly legitimized within the Information Sciences with an interdisciplinary approach.


Subject(s)
Technology , Knowledge , Information Management , Access to Information , Information Seeking Behavior , Information Literacy , Learning
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