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1.
Medisur ; 19(1): 188-192,
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180844

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Una gran parte de la búsqueda y consumo de información digital hoy depende de los motores de búsqueda. Muchos usuarios lo utilizan como el primer paso o punto de acceso para comenzar su consulta de información. Por ello, la optimización y al mismo tiempo la visibilidad en estos buscadores, pasa a ser asunto de prioridad para elaboradores o productores de recursos de información. La optimización para los motores de búsqueda (SEO, por sus siglas en inglés) se refiere al proceso por el cual una página web obtiene y mantiene posiciones notables en las páginas de resultados naturales de los buscadores, también llamados resultados orgánicos o algorítmicos. Este trabajo aborda la importancia que esto reviste para lograr una mejor visualización de la información que se genera en las revistas médicas y en el mundo de la documentación en general.


ABSTRACT A great part of the search and consumption of digital information today depends on search engines. Many users use it as the first step or access point to begin their information inquiry. For this reason, optimization and, at the same time, visibility in these search engines, becomes a matter of priority for developers or producers of information resources. Search engine optimization (SEO) refers to the process by which a web page obtains and maintains notable positions on the pages of natural search engine results, also called organic or algorithmic results. This work comprises the importance of this to achieve a better visualization of the information generated in medical journals and in the documentation world in general.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodicals as Topic , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Search Engine/trends , Internet Access/trends , Evaluation Study
2.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210011, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156024

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To develop a linkage algorithm to match anonymous death records of cancer of the larynx (ICD-10 C32X), retrieved from the Mortality Information System (SIM) and the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SIH-SUS) in Brazil. Methodology: Death records containing ICD-10 C32X codes were retrieved from SIM and SIH-SUS, limited to individuals aged 30 years and over, between 2002 and 2012, in the state of São Paulo. The databases were linked using a unique key identifier developed with sociodemographic data shared by both systems. Linkage performance was ascertained by applying the same procedure to similar non-anonymous databases. True pairs were those having the same identification variables. Results: A total of 14,311 eligible death records were found. Most records, 10,674 (74.6%), were exclusive to SIM. Only 1,853 (12.9%) deaths were registered in both systems, representing true pairs. A total of 1,784 (12.5%) cases of laryngeal cancer in the SIH-SUS database were tracked in SIM with different causes of death. The linkage failed to match 167 (9.4%) records due to inconsistencies in the key identifier. Conclusion: The authors found that linking anonymous data from mortality and hospital records is a feasible measure to track missing records and may improve cancer statistics.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Desenvolver um algoritmo de vinculação de registros para parear registros de óbito por câncer de laringe (CID-10 C32X), recuperados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM) e do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH-SUS) do Brasil. Métodos: Foram filtrados registros de óbitos contendo códigos CID-10 C32X do SIM e do SIH-SUS, de indivíduos de mais de 30 anos, entre 2002 e 2012, no Estado de São Paulo. As bases de dados foram vinculadas por meio de um identificador único e de variáveis sociodemográficas comuns a ambos os sistemas. O desempenho da vinculação de dados foi aferido aplicando-se o mesmo procedimento em bancos de dados nominais. Os pares verdadeiros apresentavam os mesmos valores nas variáveis de identificação. Resultados: Ao todo, 14.311 registros elegíveis de óbito foram encontrados. A maioria dos registros, 10.674 (74.6%), era exclusiva do SIM. Apenas 1.853 (12.9%) óbitos foram registrados em ambos os sistemas, representando pares verdadeiros. Um total de 1.784 (12.5%) casos de câncer de laringe presentes no SIH-SUS constavam com diferentes causas de óbito no SIM. Houve falha na vinculação em 167 (9.4%) registros, devido a inconsistências na chave de identificação. Conclusão: Constatou-se que a vinculação de dados anônimos de registros hospitalares e registros de óbito é viável e pode auxiliar na melhoria de estatísticas de câncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Algorithms , Brazil/epidemiology , Information Systems , Death Certificates , Feasibility Studies , Databases, Factual , Hospital Information Systems
4.
Femina ; 48(4): 218-221, 20200530. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096079

ABSTRACT

O Logbook pode ser definido como um recurso por meio do qual os residentes documentam as experiências clínicas durante seus estágios.(1) O registro dos atendimentos e procedimentos pode ser efetuado tanto em papel quanto no formato eletrônico. Em muitos países onde foi implementado o Logbook eletrônico (e-logbook), os residentes recebem acesso individual ao sistema no qual devem registrar a sua experiência cirúrgica ao longo de todo o treinamento. Anual ou semestralmente, o Logbook é avaliado pelo supervisor, sendo esse um dos critérios para a progressão do residente no programa.


Subject(s)
Educational Measurement/methods , Gynecology/education , Internship and Residency/methods , Obstetrics/education , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Diaries as Topic
5.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1229-1238, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058589

ABSTRACT

Background: Free-text imposes a challenge in health data analysis since the lack of structure makes the extraction and integration of information difficult, particularly in the case of massive data. An appropriate machine-interpretation of electronic health records in Chile can unleash knowledge contained in large volumes of clinical texts, expanding clinical management and national research capabilities. Aim: To illustrate the use of a weighted frequency algorithm to find keywords. This finding was carried out in the diagnostic suspicion field of the Chilean specialty consultation waiting list, for diseases not covered by the Chilean Explicit Health Guarantees plan. Material and Methods: The waiting lists for a first specialty consultation for the period 2008-2018 were obtained from 17 out of 29 Chilean health services, and total of 2,592,925 diagnostic suspicions were identified. A natural language processing technique called Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency was used for the retrieval of diagnostic suspicion keywords. Results: For each specialty, four key words with the highest weighted frequency were determined. Word clouds showing words weighted by their importance were created to obtain a visual representation. These are available at cimt.uchile.cl/lechile/. Conclusions: The algorithm allowed to summarize unstructured clinical free-text data, improving its usefulness and accessibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Natural Language Processing , Electronic Data Processing/methods , Medical Records , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Data Mining/methods , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Medical Informatics Computing , Chile , Reproducibility of Results , Medicine
6.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180142, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1043034

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Analisar a produção científica sobre o Método Tracer na área da enfermagem. MÉTODO Revisão integrativa, realizada com 22 artigos localizados nas bases de dados: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências e Saúde (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online(Medline/PubMed); Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO); Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) eWeb of Science. As estratégias de busca incluíram descritores e palavras-chave: Método Tracer, Método traçador, Método rastreador, Método de avaliação, Usuário Guia e Enfermagem correlacionados e combinados com operadores booleanos. RESULTADOS Organizaram-se os dados segundo os cenários de aplicação do método, a saber: agravos à saúde como condição traçadora para avaliar a qualidade dos cuidados, conformidades e não conformidades em relação aos protocolos institucionais, reflexão e capacitação para a acreditação. CONCLUSÃO O Método Tracer é utilizado para avaliação e melhoria da qualidade da assistência.


Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar la literatura científica sobre el Método Tracer en el área de enfermería. MÉTODO Revisión integrativa de la literatura, conducida con 22 artículos en las bases de datos: Literatura Latinoamericana y Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online(Medline/PubMed); Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) y Web of Science. La búsqueda incluyeron las palabras clave: trazador, método de evaluación, guía del usuario y enfermería relacionados y combinados con operadores booleanos. RESULTADOS Los datos se organizaron según los escenarios de aplicación del método: condición de salud estampados plotter para evaluar la calidad de atención, cumplimiento y no cumplimiento de protocolos, reflexión y formación para la acreditación. CONCLUSIÓN El Método Tracer se utiliza para mejorar la calidad de la atención.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze the scientific literature about the Tracer Method in the area of nursing. METHOD Integrative literature review with 22 articles from the following databases: Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online(Medline/PubMed); Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) and Web of Science. The search strategy included descriptors and keywords, as follows: Método Tracer, Método Traçador, Método Rastreador, Método de Avaliação, Usuário Guia amd Enfermagem correlated and combined with Boolean operators. RESULTS Data was organized according to the scenarios where the method was applied, namely: health condition as a tracer condition for assessing the quality of care, compliance and non-compliance regarding the institutional protocols, reflection and training for accreditation. CONCLUSION The Tracer Methodology is used for evaluating and improving the quality of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Nursing Process/standards , United States , Brazil , Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations , Quality Improvement , Patient Safety , Health Services Needs and Demand , Accreditation
7.
Medwave ; 19(2): e7603, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987301

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Los ensayos clínicos se consideran la regla de oro para evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de las intervenciones. De manera independiente, pueden no ser suficientes para generalizar resultados, pero constituyen la base de revisiones sistemáticas que sintetizan sus resultados y suelen aportar evidencias de mayor calidad. Pero una vez publicados, la pobre descripción del método científico y el uso insuficiente de palabras clave, dificultan su recuperación por búsqueda electrónica y se requiere de la búsqueda manual. OBJETIVOS Comparar la capacidad de recuperación entre la búsqueda manual y estrategias múltiples de búsqueda electrónica para localizar ensayos clínicos en revistas médicas cubanas, y determinar la terminología utilizada para describir el ensayo clínico. Métodos Se combinó la búsqueda electrónica en la biblioteca virtual Scientific Electronic Library Online de Cuba (SciELO Cuba), y la base de datos de bibliografía médica cubana Cumed con la búsqueda manual utilizando la guía de búsqueda de Cochrane, para localizar los ensayos en tres revistas cubanas en el período 2000 a 2012. Se identificaron los términos significativos incluidos en título, resumen, palabras clave y métodos de cada artículo según la guía Cochrane, CONSORT y el tesauro de ciencias de la salud. RESULTADOS Se identificaron 50 ensayos en la búsqueda manual, de ellos cuatro coincidieron en la búsqueda electrónica; todos a través de SciELO Cuba (8%) y ninguno en Cumed. Las secciones menos descriptivas fueron el título y las palabras clave. Se utilizaron más palabras clave que descriptores autorizados; los únicos conceptos empleados en más de la mitad de los estudios fueron: "controlado" (60%) y "grupos de estudio" (52%); "aleatorizado" fue usado en el 50% de los artículos. Aunque son más específicos, no fueron muy usados los términos "ensayo clínico", "fase" y "código del ensayo". CONCLUSIONES La búsqueda electrónica es insuficiente para la identificación de ensayos clínicos respecto de la búsqueda manual. Por lo tanto, se precisa la combinación de ambos métodos para lograr un mayor índice de recobrado. La terminología usada para describir los ensayos clínicos en las revistas seleccionadas fue deficiente, debido a la subutilización del tesauro de ciencias de la salud.


INTRODUCTION Clinical trials are the gold standard for testing the efficacy and safety of interventions. On their own they may not be enough to reach definitive conclusions, but they are the basis for systematic reviews that synthesize the results of several studies. However, once clinical trials have been published, a poor description of the study design and lack of specific key words and descriptors make it difficult to retrieve them by electronic searches, thus requiring hand searching. OBJECTIVES To compare the retrieving capacity between hand search and the multiple strategies of electronic searches for identifying clinical trials in Cuban medical journals, and to determine the terminology used for describing these studies. METHODS We combined electronic searches in the Scientific Electronic Library Online of Cuba (SciELO Cuba) and Cuban database Cumed with hand search using the Cochrane guide to locate trials in three Cuban journals in the period 2000-2012. We identified the significant terms included in the title, summary, keywords and methods of each article according to Cochrane, CONSORT, and the health sciences thesaurus. RESULTS We identified 50 trials by hand search; four of them were retrieved by electronic search through SciELO Cuba (8%) while none was found through Cumed. The less descriptive sections were the title and the keywords. More keywords than authorized descriptors were used; the only specific concepts used in over half of the retrieved trials were "controlled" (60%), and "study groups" (52%); "randomized" was used in 50% of the retrieved documents. While more specific, the terms "clinical trial", "phase", and "clinical trial registration" were not used. CONCLUSIONS Compared to hand searching, electronic searches are insufficient to identify clinical trials. Therefore, the combination of the two meth-ods is necessary to reach higher retrieval rates. The terminology used to describe clinical trials in the selected journals was deficient due to underutilization of the health sciences thesaurus.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Abstracting and Indexing/methods , Terminology as Topic , Bibliometrics , Information Storage and Retrieval/statistics & numerical data , Cuba , Abstracting and Indexing/statistics & numerical data
8.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 34(4): e1557, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126467

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A tuberculose é uma doença infecciosa considerada um grave problema de saúde pública no Brasil, com elevadas prevalências nas regiões Norte, Nordeste e Centro-oeste. Objetivo: Analisar a tendência temporal e descrever as características clínico-epidemiológicas dos casos de tuberculose no município de Lagarto/SE, Nordeste do Brasil. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de série temporal, por meio de dados secundários dos casos de tuberculose notificados entre o período de 2002 e 2012. As fontes de dados utilizadas foram as fichas de investigação do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN). Analisaram-se as tendências temporais por sexo e faixa etária através de regressão linear, considerando-se p< 0,05. Resultados: Foram notificados 315 casos de tuberculose, sendo a taxa média de incidênciade 30,15 casos para cada 100 mil habitantes. Houve um decréscimo (31 porcento) da taxa de incidência, variando de 31,51(2002) para 21,74(2012). Observou-se predomínio do sexo masculino (65,4 porcento), adultos jovens (61 porcento), casos novos (84,1 porcento), forma pulmonar (84,4 porcento), bacilíferos (66,98 porcento) e ocorrência de 05 casos (1,59 porcento) de coinfecção TB/HIV. No tocante a tendência, foi observada uma redução significativa para o sexo feminino (p=0,015) e em idosos (p=0,04). Conclusões: Apesar das variações anuais nas taxas, foi perceptível uma tendência decrescente da incidência de casos de tuberculose no município de Lagarto/SE. Torna-se importante manter e intensificar as intervenções de controle, com prioridades estratégicas focadas na busca ativa de sintomáticos respiratórios, sobretudo em localidades de difícil acesso aos serviços de saúde(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: La tuberculosis es una enfermedad infecciosa considerada un problema grave de salud pública en Brasil, con una alta prevalencia en el norte, noreste y medio oeste. Objetivo: Analizar las tendencias en el tiempo y describir las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los casos de tuberculosis en la ciudad de Lagarto/SE, noreste de Brasil. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y series de tiempo, el uso de datos secundarios de los casos de tuberculosis notificados entre el período 2002 y 2012. Las fuentes de datos utilizadas fueron los registros Sistema de Información de Enfermedades de Declaración Obligatoria (SINAN). Las tendencias temporales se analizaron por sexo y grupo de edad por regresión lineal, considerando p <0,05. Resultados: Se reportaron 315 casos de tuberculosis, y la tasa media de incidencia de 30,15 casos por cada 100 mil habitantes. Hubo una disminución (31 por ciento) se la tasa de incidencia que oscila entre 31,51 (2002) a 21,74 (2012). Hubo un predominio del sexo masculino (65,4 por ciento), adultos jóvenes (61 por ciento), nuevos casos (84,1 por ciento), forma pulmonar (84,4 por ciento), la tuberculosis activa (66,98 por ciento) y la ocurrencia de 05 casos (1,59 por ciento) con coinfección con el TB/HIV. En cuanto a la tendencia se observada reducción significativa para las mujeres (p = 0,015) y mayores (p = 0,04). Conclusiones: A pesar de las variaciones anuales de las tasas, fue notable una tendencia a la baja en la incidencia de casos de tuberculosis en la ciudad de Lagarto / SE. Es importante mantener e intensificar las intervenciones de control con las prioridades estratégicas centradas en la búsqueda activa de sintomáticos respiratorios, especialmente en lugares de difícil acceso a los lugares de servicios de salud(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease considered a serious public health problem in Brazil, with high prevalence in the North, Northeast and Midwest. Objective: To analyze time trends and describe the clinical and epidemiological features of tuberculosis cases in the city of Lagarto/SE, Northeast Brazil. Methods: We conducted a descriptive, retrospective and time series study, using secondary data of tuberculosis cases notified entre the period 2002 and 2012. The data sources used were the investigation chips of Information System of Notification of Diseases (SINAN). Temporal trends were analyzed by sex and age group by linear regression, considering p <0.05. Results: 315 cases of tuberculosis were reported, and the average incidence rate of 30.15 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants. There was a decrease (31 percent) the incidence rate ranging from 31.51 (2002) to 21.74 (2012). There was a predominance of males (65.4 percent), young adults (61 percent) new cases (84.1 percent), pulmonary form (84.4 percent), active tuberculosis (66.98 percent) and the occurrence of 05 cases (1.59 percent) coinfection with TB/HIV. Regarding the trend was observed a significant reduction for females (p = 0.015) and older (p = 0.04). Conclusions: Despite annual variations in rates, a downward trend in the incidence of tuberculosis cases in the city of Lagarto/SE was noticeable. It is important to maintain and intensify control interventions with strategic priorities focused on active search for respiratory symptoms, especially in difficult to access to health services locations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Disease Notification/standards , Coinfection/prevention & control , Health Information Systems/trends , Time Series Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(1): 96-103, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883644

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Com a globalização e melhora dos meios digitais e, consequentemente, a crescente utilização de fotografias digitais, faz-se necessária a criação de métodos de mensuração confiáveis. Na prática clínica, a medida direta utilizando-se fita métrica, régua e compasso é mais comumente utilizada. Porém, existem fatores intrínsecos (relevos corporais) e extrínsecos (colaboração do paciente ou movimentos respiratórios) que podem influenciar nos dados obtidos. A fotografia e os softwares gráficos podem ser uma alternativa precisa, mais cômoda e reprodutível à medida direta. O objetivo é demonstrar a forma de medir as mamas pelo software Adobe Photoshop. Métodos: Foram descritas a posição das voluntárias, a captação das imagens, calibração do software até a obtenção mensuração final das mamas. Em 40 mulheres voluntárias, com idade entre 18 e 60 anos, foram demarcados pontos sobre a região mamária e braços em posição frontal. A união destes pontos em cada hemicorpo formou 7 segmentos lineares, 1 angular e 1 segmento mediano comum a ambos os hemicorpos. Essas fotografias foram avaliadas no arquivo RAW, por 3 observadores, com auxílio do software Adobe Photoshop CS6®. Resultados: O Photoshop CS6® demonstrou ser eficaz na mensuração das mamas no arquivo RAW. Conclusão: O Photoshop® apresentou precisão nas medidas e ser factível para mensuração das mamas.


Introduction: With the globalization and improvement of digital media and, consequently, the increasing use of digital photography, it is necessary to create reliable measurement methods. In clinical practice, direct measurement using tape measure, ruler, and compass, is most commonly used. However, there are intrinsic (body contour) and extrinsic (patient collaboration or respiratory movements) factors that may influence the data obtained. Photography and graphics software can be an accurate, comfortable, and reproducible alternative to direct measurement. The objective is to demonstrate how to perform breast measurement using Adobe Photoshop software. Methods: Participants were described the position to assume. Imaging capturing techniques and software calibration were performed in order to obtain the final breast measurement. Markers were placed on the breast and arms of 40 women volunteers aged 18 to 60 years using an anterior view. The union of these markers in each hemibody resulted in seven linear segments, one angle and one transverse segment common to both hemibodies. These photographs were evaluated as a RAW file, by 3 evaluators, assisted by Adobe Photoshop CS6® software. Results: Photoshop CS6® proved effective in the breast measurement using RAW files. Conclusion: Photoshop® showed precision and effectiveness for breast measurement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Body Weights and Measures , Computer Graphics , Software , Breast , Photogrammetry , Anthropometry , Information Storage and Retrieval , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Body Weights and Measures/instrumentation , Body Weights and Measures/methods , Computer Graphics/instrumentation , Photogrammetry/instrumentation , Photogrammetry/methods , Anthropometry/instrumentation , Anthropometry/methods , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods
10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(2): 103-108, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904147

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: A high-quality electronic search is essential for ensuring accuracy and comprehensiveness among the records retrieved when conducting systematic reviews. Therefore, we aimed to identify the most efficient method for searching in both MEDLINE (through PubMed) and EMBASE, covering search terms with variant spellings, direct and indirect orders, and associations with MeSH and EMTREE terms (or lack thereof). DESIGN AND SETTING: Experimental study. UNESP, Brazil. METHODS: We selected and analyzed 37 search strategies that had specifically been developed for the field of anesthesiology. These search strategies were adapted in order to cover all potentially relevant search terms, with regard to variant spellings and direct and indirect orders, in the most efficient manner. RESULTS: When the strategies included variant spellings and direct and indirect orders, these adapted versions of the search strategies selected retrieved the same number of search results in MEDLINE (mean of 61.3%) and a higher number in EMBASE (mean of 63.9%) in the sample analyzed. The numbers of results retrieved through the searches analyzed here were not identical with and without associated use of MeSH and EMTREE terms. However, association of these terms from both controlled vocabularies retrieved a larger number of records than did the use of either one of them. CONCLUSIONS: In view of these results, we recommend that the search terms used should include both preferred and non-preferred terms (i.e. variant spellings and direct/indirect order of the same term) and associated MeSH and EMTREE terms, in order to develop highly-sensitive search strategies for systematic reviews.


Subject(s)
Humans , Subject Headings , Review Literature as Topic , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Search Engine/methods , Anesthesiology , MEDLINE
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(12): 1610-1618, dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902487

ABSTRACT

Developing skills to search the medical literature has potential benefits on patient care and allow physicians to better orient their efforts when answering daily clinical questions. The objective of this paper is to share useful tools for optimizing medical literature retrieval in MEDLINE using PubMed including MeSH terms, filters and connectors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Guidelines as Topic , PubMed , Periodicals as Topic , Information Storage and Retrieval/standards , MEDLINE , Medical Subject Headings
12.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 27(53): 27-35, mayo 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869518

ABSTRACT

MEDLINE/PubMed es una de las bases de datos de bibliografía biomédica más grandes e importantes y el principal componente de PUbMed que cubre las áreas de medicina, enfermería, odontología, veterinaria, sistemas de salud y ciencias preclínicas. La interfaz de PubMed permite realizar búsquedas, no solamente en Medline, sino también en otras 35 bases de datos del NCBI (Centro Nacional para la Información Biotecnológica). Medline fue desarrollado por la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los Estados Unidos (NLM), que forma parte del Instituto Nacional de Salud (NIH). En esta sexta entrega de educación continua se describen la estructura, el funcionamiento y las características de los principales componentes de Medline/PubMed que permitirán al usuario realizar una búsqueda bibliográfica más eficiente.


MEDLINE / PubMed is one of the largest and most important biomedical bibliographic databases and the main component of PUbMed that covers the areas of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary, health systems and preclinical sciences. The PubMed interface allows searching not only of Medline, but also of another 35 NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) databases. Medline was developed by the National Library of Medicine of the United States (NLM), which is part of the National Institute of Health (NIH). This sixth edition of continuing education describes the structure, operation and characteristics of the main components of Medline / PubMed that will allow the user to perform a more efficient bibliographic search.


Subject(s)
Databases as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , MEDLINE , PubMed , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Databases, Factual
13.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(1): e00113216, 2017. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039358

ABSTRACT

Após a criação do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), o Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS) foi estabelecido em 1991, objetivando a organização de sistemas de informação e bases de dados em saúde. O acesso e visualização dos dados são realizados de forma gratuita e aberta pela Internet, por meio de tabelas e gráficos de dados agregados ou acesso a dados brutos. A presente forma de acesso aos dados não atende completamente a demanda dos gestores e outros usuários por uma ferramenta flexível e de fácil uso, que permita lidar com diferentes aspectos da saúde que sejam relevantes na busca de conhecimento e no processo de decisão. Nós propomos um sistema auxiliar capaz de gerar relatórios mensais sintéticos de maneira automatizada, que sejam facilmente acessados e também de fácil compreensão, com ênfase na visualização de informações valendo-se de gráficos e mapas.


Following the creation of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS), the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) was established in 1991, aimed at organizing information systems and databases in health. Online data access and viewing is free and open, using tables and graphs of aggregate data and access to raw data. However, the current form of data access does not fully meet the demands by health system administrators and other users for a flexible, user-friendly tool that allows dealing with various relevant health issues in the knowledge search and decision-making. We propose an ancillary system capable of generating monthly summary reports that are easy to access and understand, with an emphasis on viewing information through graphs and maps.


Tras la creación del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) en Brasil, se estableció en 1991 el Departamento de Informática del SUS (DATASUS), con el objetivo de organizar sistemas de información y bases de datos en salud. El acceso y visualización de los datos se realizan de forma gratuita y abierta, vía Internet, mediante tablas y gráficos de datos agregados o de acceso a datos brutos. La presente forma de acceso a los datos no atiende completamente la demanda de los gestores y otros usuarios de una herramienta flexible y de fácil uso, que permita enfrentarse a diferentes aspectos de la salud que sean relevantes en la búsqueda de conocimiento y en el proceso de decisión. Nosotros proponemos un sistema auxiliar capaz de generar informes mensuales sintéticos, de manera automatizada, que sean de fácil acceso y también de fácil comprensión, con énfasis en la visualización de información, valiéndose de gráficos y mapas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Informatics/instrumentation , User-Computer Interface , Information Systems/instrumentation , Systems Integration , Brazil , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Internet , Decision Making
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 10(3): 1-19, jul.-set. 2016. ilus, graf, mapas
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-831209

ABSTRACT

A gestão, a disponibilização e a preservação dos dados de pesquisas são preocupações cada vez mais centrais para os pesquisadores, as instituições de pesquisas e também para as agências de fomento e revistas cientificas. Todos esses têm o objetivo de desenvolver boas práticas de pesquisa que permitam a verificação e a reutilização dos dados, a valorização dos trabalhos de construção de conjuntos de dados e o desenvolvimento de novas maneiras de pesquisar utilizando dados já produzidos. Este artigo apresenta as diferentes etapas do ciclo de vida dos dados e mostra as iniciativas internacionais e nacionais tomadas para desenvolver esse campo que tem grande interesse para a área da saúde.


Increasingly, the management, availability and preservation of research data concern researchers, research institutions as well as research funding agencies and scientific journals. All of them aim to develop good research practices allowing the data confirmation and their reuse, the improvement of the datas et buildingand the development of new ways of searching through the use of data already produced. This paper presents the different stages of the data life cycle and shows the international and national initiatives to develop these important issues to the health field


La gestión, la disponibilidad y conservación de datos procedentes de la investigación constituyen preocupaciones cada vez mayores para los investigadores, instituciones de investigación, organismos definanciación y revistas científicas. Todos tienen el objetivo de desarrollar buenas prácticas de investigación, permitiendo la verificación y la reutilización de los datos, la valorización de los trabajos de construccióndel conjunto de datos y el desarrollo de nuevas maneras de hacer investigaciones utilizando datos ya producidos. Este artículo presenta las diferentes etapas del ciclo de vida de los datos y muestra las iniciativas internacionales y nacionales para el desarrollo de este campo que tiene gran utilidad para la área de la salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Access to Information , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Research , Database Management Systems , Internet , Periodicals as Topic
15.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(1): 27-37, mar. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-843151

ABSTRACT

El manejo clínico y epidemiológico de los pacientes con fibrosis quística (FQ) con exacerbaciones pulmonares agudas o infecciones pulmonares crónicas demanda una actualización permanente de procedimientos médicos y microbiológicos, estos se asocian con la constante evolución de los agentes patógenos durante la colonización de su hospedador. Para poder monitorear la dinámica de estos procesos es fundamental disponer de sistemas expertos que permitan almacenar, extraer y utilizar la información generada a partir de estudios realizados sobre el paciente y los microorganismos aislados de aquel. En este trabajo hemos diseñado y desarrollado una base de datos on-line basada en un sistema informático que permite el almacenamiento, el manejo y la visualización de la información proveniente de estudios clínicos y de análisis microbiológicos de bacterias obtenidas del tracto respiratorio del paciente con FQ. Este sistema informático fue designado como Cystic Fibrosis Cloud database (CFC database) y está disponible en el sitio http://servoy.infocomsa.com/cfc_database. Está compuesto por una base de datos principal y una interfaz on-line, la cual emplea la arquitectura de productos Servoy basada en tecnología Java. Si bien el sistema CFC database puede ser implementado como un programa local de uso privado en los centros de asistencia a pacientes con FQ, admite también la posibilidad de ser empleado, actualizado y compartido por diferentes usuarios, quienes pueden acceder a la información almacenada de manera ordenada, práctica y segura. La implementación del CFC database podría tener una gran impacto en la monitorización de las infecciones respiratorias, la prevención de exacerbaciones, la detección de organismos emergentes y la adecuación de las estrategias de control de infecciones pulmonares en pacientes con FQ


The epidemiological and clinical management of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients suffering from acute pulmonary exacerbations or chronic lung infections demands continuous updating of medical and microbiological processes associated with the constant evolution of pathogens during host colonization. In order to monitor the dynamics of these processes, it is essential to have expert systems capable of storing and subsequently extracting the information generated from different studies of the patients and microorganisms isolated from them. In this work we have designed and developed an on-line database based on an information system that allows to store, manage and visualize data from clinical studies and microbiological analysis of bacteria obtained from the respiratory tract of patients suffering from cystic fibrosis. The information system, named Cystic Fibrosis Cloud database is available on the http://servoy.infocomsa.com/cfc_database site and is composed of a main database and a web-based interface, which uses Servoy's product architecture based on Java technology. Although the CFC database system can be implemented as a local program for private use in CF centers, it can also be used, updated and shared by different users who can access the stored information in a systematic, practical and safe manner. The implementation of the CFC database could have a significant impact on the monitoring of respiratory infections, the prevention of exacerbations, the detection of emerging organisms, and the adequacy of control strategies for lung infections in CF patients


Subject(s)
Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Cystic Fibrosis/microbiology , Data Visualization , Database , Data Management/organization & administration , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods
16.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 89-93, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160157

ABSTRACT

As evidence-based practice has become an important issue in healthcare settings, the educational needs for knowledge and skills for the generation and utilization of healthcare evidence are increasing. Systematic review (SR), a way of evidence generation, is a synthesis of primary scientific evidence, which summarizes the best evidence on a specific clinical question using a transparent, a priori protocol driven approach. SR methodology requires a critical appraisal of primary studies, data extraction in a reliable and repeatable way, and examination for validity of the results. SRs are considered hierarchically as the highest form of evidence as they are a systematic search, identification, and summarization of the available evidence to answer a focused clinical question with particular attention to the methodological quality of studies or the credibility of opinion and text. The purpose of this paper is to introduce an overview of the fundamental knowledge, principals and processes in SR. The focus of this paper is on SR especially for the synthesis of quantitative data from primary research studies that examines the effectiveness of healthcare interventions. To activate evidence-based nursing care in various healthcare settings, the best and available scientific evidence are essential components. This paper will include some examples to promote understandings.


Subject(s)
Data Interpretation, Statistical , Evidence-Based Nursing , Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Research Design , Review Literature as Topic
17.
Psicol. soc. (Online) ; 27(1): 131-141, Jan-Apr/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-736089

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visa demonstrar a utilização do diário de campo em pesquisas realizadas em contexto natural sob a perspectiva do modelo bioecológico de Bronfenbrenner. Para efeito de ilustração, são apresentados dados que fizeram parte da pesquisa de mestrado da primeira autora sobre as percepções de uma família com uma criança com deficiência intelectual no contexto ribeirinho amazônico. Após a coleta das informações, os dados foram organizados com base nos conceitos propostos por Bronfenbrenner. O diário de campo permitiu o aprofundamento das análises em que foram contemplados tanto os aspectos contextuais (cultura ribeirinha amazônica), como os pessoais (características biossociopsicológicas da criança/pais) e os processuais (relações, papéis familiares e atividades compartilhadas). Os dados são discutidos considerando a contribuição do diário de campo nas pesquisas que investigam famílias em seu contexto...


Este estudio tiene como objetivo demostrar el uso de un diario de campo en la investigación en el contexto natural desde la perspectiva del modelo bioecológico de Bronfenbrenner. Para ilustración, son presentados datos que fueron parte de la tesis de maestría del primer autor sobre las percepciones de una familia con un niño con discapacidad intelectual en el contexto ribereño. Después de recoger la información, se organizaron los datos en base a los conceptos propuestos por Bronfenbrenner. El diario de campo permitió a la profundización de las análisis que se incluyeron tanto factores contextuales (la cultura ribereña del Amazonas), como personales (de los niños/padres) y de procedimiento (las relaciones, funciones familiares y las actividades compartidas). Los datos se discuten considerando la contribución del diario de campo en la investigación de las familias en contexto...


The present study aims to demonstrate the use of daily field research in the natural context from the perspective of Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model. For purposes of illustration are presented data that were part of the masters research of the first author that investigated the perceptions of a family with a child with intellectual disabilities in the Amazon's river context. After data collection, data were organized based on the concepts proposed by Bronfenbrenner. The field diary allowed the deepening of analyses that were included both contextual factors (Amazon's river culture) and personal (characteristics of the child and parents) and procedural (relationships, family roles and shared activities). The data are discussed considering the contribution of the field diary in research that investigating families in context...


Subject(s)
Humans , Case Reports , Family/psychology , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Intellectual Disability , Environmental Research/ethnology , Records , Rural Population
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(2): 622-626, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1100003

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente experimento foi medir continuamente valores de pH e temperatura em vacas leiteiras usando uma unidade interna de transmissão de dados sem fio. Valores de pH retículo-ruminais foram medidos automaticamente a cada 600 segundos por um período de 50 dias em três vacas leiteiras Holandesas, no pós-parto recente. Valores de pH retículo-ruminais médios diferiram (P<0,05) entre as três vacas (5,69±0,20; 6,10±0,18; 5,99±0,15), assim como o tempo em minutos por dia (332; 23; 18) mantido abaixo de pH 5,5. A variação diurna de pH nas vacas 2 e 3 demonstrou um padrão circadiano e frequente, como consequência dos momentos de fornecimento da alimentação e da ingestão alimentar, respectivamente. Esse padrão diário não pode ser observado no padrão de pH da vaca 1. Os picos e os valores baixos de pH na vaca 1 eram aleatórios, sem relação evidente com os momentos de alimentação, e as amplitudes de pH eram igualmente desordenadas. O valor de pH retículo-ruminal permaneceu anormalmente baixo nesta vaca durante todo o período de observação, caracterizando uma acidose ruminal subaguda. A temperatura retículo-ruminal da vaca 1 foi mais baixa (38.8°C; 39.1°C; 39.0°C) e ela bebeu mais frequentemente por dia (9,5; 6,4; 7,0) quando comparada com as vacas 2 e 3 (P<0,05). O exame clínico revelou um deslocamento de abomaso à esquerda (DAE). Pela literatura consultada, este é o primeiro relato indicando um padrão de pH e temperatura em uma vaca com DAE.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Acidosis/veterinary , Body Temperature , Abomasum/pathology , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Wireless Technology
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154651

ABSTRACT

The prime objective of this article is to introduce the newer methods to access, search and process MEDLINE citations. It also aims to provide a brief overview of each service’s salient features. A targeted search was conducted in MEDLINE through the OVID gateway. This was followed with a search in Google Scholar as well as Google and Bing. Ninety‑two web‑based services that can be used to search MEDLINE were identified. The list was shortened to 24 by applying a set of relevancy criteria to select those services more relevant to general medical and dental users. Salient features of the selected services are outlined and a use case based classification of the system has been proposed to help dental practitioners and researchers select the appropriate service for a given purpose.


Subject(s)
Access to Information , Databases, Bibliographic , Health Information Systems , Information Storage and Retrieval/methods , Information Systems/methods , Internet , Medical Informatics/methods , MEDLINE/statistics & numerical data , Medical Subject Headings , PubMed/statistics & numerical data
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