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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 58-66, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153106

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The United States of America has the highest gun ownership rate of all high-income nations, and firearms have been identified as a leading cause of ocular trauma and visual impairment. The purpose of this study was to characterize firearm-associated ocular injury and identify at-risk groups. Methods: Patients admitted with firearm-associated ocular injury were identified from the National Trauma Data Bank (2008-2014) using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnostic codes and E-codes for external causes. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 24 software. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Of the 235,254 patients, 8,715 (3.7%) admitted with firearm-associated trauma had ocular injuries. Mean (standard deviation) age was 33.8 (16.9) years. Most were males (85.7%), White (46.6%), and from the South (42.9%). Black patients comprised 35% of cases. Common injuries were orbital fractures (38.6%) and open globe injuries (34.7%). Frequent locations of injury were at home (43.8%) and on the street (21.4%). Black patients had the highest risk of experiencing assault (odds ratio [OR]: 9.0; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.02-10.11; p<0.001) and street location of injury (OR: 3.05; 95% CI: 2.74-3.39; p<0.001), while White patients had the highest risk of self-­inflicted injury (OR: 10.53; 95% CI: 9.39-11.81; p<0.001) and home location of injury (OR: 3.64; 95% CI: 3.33-3.98; p<0.001). There was a steadily increasing risk of self-inflicted injuries with age peaking in those >80 years (OR: 12.01; 95% CI: 7.49-19.23; p<0.001). Mean (standard deviation) Glasgow Coma Scale and injury severity scores were 10 (5.5) and 18.6 (13.0), respectively. Most injuries (53.1%) were classified as severe or very severe injury, 64.6% had traumatic brain injury, and mortality occurred in 16% of cases. Conclusion: Most firearm-associated ocular injuries occurred in young, male, White, and Southern patients. Blacks were disproportionally affected. Most firearm-associated ocular injuries were sight-­threatening and associated with traumatic brain injury. The majority survived, with potential long-term disabilities. The demographic differences identified in this study may represent potential targets for prevention.


RESUMO Objetivo: Os Estados Unidos têm a maior taxa de posse de armas de fogo de todos os países de alta renda e essas armas foram identificados como uma das maiores causas de trauma ocular e deficiência visual. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as lesões oculares associadas a armas de fogo e identificar grupos de risco. Métodos: Foram identificados pacientes hospitalizados com lesões oculares associadas a armas de fogo no período de 2008 a 2014, a partir do Banco de Dados Nacional de Trauma (National Trauma Data Bank), usando os códigos de diagnósticos da CID9MC e códigos "E" para causas externas. A análise estatística foi efetuada usando o programa SPSS. O nível de significância considerado foi de p<0,05. Resultados: De um total de 235.254 pacientes hospitalizados com trauma associado a armas de fogo, 8.715 (3,7%) tinham lesões oculares. A média de idade foi de 33,8 (DP 16,9) anos. A maioria foi de homens (85,7%), brancos (46,6%) e da região Sul (42,9%); 35% dos pacientes eram negros. As lesões mais comuns foram fraturas de órbita (38,6%) e lesões de globo aberto (34,7%). Os locais mais frequentes foram a residência (43,8%) e a rua (21,4%). Pacientes negros tiveram maior probabilidade de sofrer agressões (RP=9,0, IC 95%=8,02-10,11; p<0,001) e da ocorrência ser na rua (RP=3,05, IC 95%=2,74-3,39; p<0,001), enquanto pacientes brancos tiveram maior probabilidade de lesões autoprovocadas (RP=10,53, IC 95%=9,39-11,81; p<0,001) e da ocorrência ser na residência (RP=3,64, IC 95%=3,33-3,98; p<0,001). A probabilidade de lesões autoprovocadas aumentou com a idade de forma consistente, atingindo o máximo em pacientes com mais de 80 anos (RP=12,01, IC 95%=7,49-19,23; p<0,001). A pontuação média na escala de coma de Glasgow foi 10 (DP 5,5) e na escala de severidade da lesão foi 18,6 (DP 13,0). A maioria das lesões (53,1%) foi classificada como severa ou muito severa. Dentre os pacientes, 64,6% tiveram lesão cerebral traumática e 16% evoluíram a óbito. Conclusão: A maior parte das lesões oculares relacionadas a armas de fogo ocorreu em pacientes jovens, do sexo masculino, brancos e sulistas. Negros foram afetados desproporcionalmente. A maior parte das lesões oculares relacionadas a armas de fogo apresentou riscos à visão e foi associada a lesões cerebrais traumáticas. A maioria dos pacientes sobreviveu, mas com potencial para invalidez no longo prazo. As diferenças demográficas identificadas podem ser potencialmente alvos de ações preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Firearms , Eye Injuries/etiology , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Databases, Factual , European Continental Ancestry Group , United States/epidemiology , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202777, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250709

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The spleen is one of the most frequently affected organs in blunt abdominal trauma. Since Upadhyaya, the treatment of splenic trauma has undergone important changes. Currently, the consensus is that every splenic trauma presenting with hemodynamic stability should be initially treated nonoperatively, provided that the hospital has adequate structure and the patient does not present other conditions that indicate abdominal exploration. However, several topics regarding the nonoperative management (NOM) of splenic trauma are still controversial. Splenic angioembolization is a very useful tool for NOM, but there is no consensus on its precise indications. There is no definition in the literature as to how NOM should be conducted, neither about the periodicity of hematimetric control, the transfusion threshold that defines NOM failure, when to start venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, the need for control imaging, the duration of bed rest, and when it is safe to discharge the patient. The aim of this review is to make a critical analysis of the most recent literature on this topic, exposing the state of the art in the NOM of splenic trauma.


RESUMO O baço é um dos órgãos mais frequentemente afetados no trauma abdominal contuso. Desde os trabalhos de Upadhyaya, o tratamento do trauma esplênico vem sofrendo importantes modificações. Atualmente, é consenso que todo trauma esplênico que se apresenta com estabilidade hemodinâmica pode ser tratado inicialmente de forma não operatória, desde que o serviço possua estrutura adequada e o paciente não apresente outras condições que indiquem exploração da cavidade abdominal. Entretanto, vários tópicos permanecem controversos no que diz respeito ao tratamento não operatório (TNO) do trauma esplênico. A angioembolização esplênica é uma ferramenta de grande auxílio no TNO, porém não há consenso sobre suas indicações precisas. Não há uma definição na literatura a respeito da forma como o TNO deve ser conduzido, tampouco a respeito da periodicidade do controle hematimétrico, do limiar de transfusão que define falha do TNO, de quando iniciar a profilaxia contra tromboembolismo venoso, da necessidade de exames de imagem de controle, do período de repouso no leito, e de quando é seguro indicar alta hospitalar. O objetivo desta revisão é analisar de forma crítica a literatura a respeito desse tema, expondo o estado da arte no TNO do trauma esplênico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Abdominal Injuries , Spleen/injuries , Blood Transfusion , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hemodynamics
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202784, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: the aim of this study was to identify associated factors with the increased length of hospital stay for patients undergoing surgical treatment for liver trauma, and predictors of mortality as well as the epidemiology of this trauma. Methods: retrospective study of 191 patients admitted to the Cajuru University Hospital, a reference in the treatment of multiple trauma patients, between 2010 and 2017, with epidemiological, clinicopathological and therapeutic variables analyzed using the STATA version 15.0 program. Results: most of the included patients were men with a mean age of 29 years. Firearm injury represents the most common trauma mechanism. The right hepatic lobe was injured in 51.2% of the cases, and hepatorraphy was the most commonly used surgical correction. The length of hospital stay was an average of 11 (0-78) days and the length of stay in the intensive care unit was 5 (0-52) days. Predictors for longer hospital stay were the mechanisms of trauma, hemodynamic instability at admission, number of associated injuries, degree of liver damage and affected lobe, used surgical technique, presence of complications, need for reoperation and other surgical procedures. Mortality rate was 22.7%. Conclusions: the study corroborated the epidemiology reported by the literature. Greater severity of liver trauma and associated injuries characterize patients undergoing surgical treatment, who have increased hospital stay due to the penetrating trauma, hemodynamic instability, hepatic packaging, complications and reoperations.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar fatores associados ao aumento do tempo de hospitalização de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico por trauma hepático e descrever preditores de mortalidade, assim como a epidemiologia desse trauma. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de 191 pacientes admitidos no Hospital Universitário Cajuru, referência no atendimento de politraumatizados, no período entre 2010 e 2017, com variáveis epidemiológicas, clinicopatológicas, terapêuticas analisadas por meio do programa STATA versão 15.0. Resultados: maioria dos pacientes incluídos eram homens com média de idade de 29 anos. Ferimento por arma de fogo representou o mecanismo de trauma mais comum. O lobo hepático direito foi lesado em 51,2% dos casos e hepatorrafia foi a correção cirúrgica mais empregada. O tempo de internamento hospitalar foi em média de 11(0-78) dias e o tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva de 5 (0-52) dias. Preditores de maior tempo de hospitalização foram mecanismo de trauma, instabilidade hemodinâmica à admissão, número de lesões associadas, grau da lesão hepática e lobo acometido, técnica cirúrgica empregada, presença de complicações, necessidade de reoperação e outros procedimentos cirúrgicos. Taxa de mortalidade foi de 22,7%. Conclusões: o estudo corroborou a epidemiologia descrita na literatura. Maior gravidade do trauma hepático e das lesões associadas caracterizam os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico, que apresentam aumento de tempo de hospitalização devido a trauma penetrante, instabilidade hemodinâmica, tamponamento hepático, complicações e reoperações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Firearms , Trauma Centers , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202769, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155366

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to analyze the relation between Trauma Quality Indicators (QI) and death, as well as clinical adverse events in severe trauma patients. Methods: analysis of data collected in the Trauma Register between 2014-2015, including patients with Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 16, reviewing the QI: (F1) Acute subdural hematoma drainage > 4 hours with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) <9; (F2) emergency room transference without definitive airway and GCS <9; (F3) Re-intubation within 48 hours; (F4) Admission-laparotomy time greater than 60 min in hemodynamically instable patients with abdominal bleeding; (F5) Unprogrammed reoperation; (F6) Laparotomy after 4 hours; (F7) Unfixed femur diaphyseal fracture; (F8) Non-operative treatment for abdominal gunshot; (F9) Admission-tibial exposure fracture treatment time > 6 hours; (F10) Surgery > 24 hours. T the chi-squared and Fisher tests were used to calculate statistical relevance, considering p<0.05 as relevant. Results: 127 patients were included, whose ISS ranged from 17 to 75 (28.8 + 11.5). There were adverse events in 80 cases (63%) and 29 died (22.8%). Twenty-six patients had some QI compromised (20.6%). From the 101 patients with no QI, 22% died, and 7 of 26 patients with compromised QI (26.9%) (p=0.595). From the patients with no compromised QI, 62% presented some adverse event. From the patients with any compromised QI, 18 (65.4%) had some adverse event on clinical evolution (p=0.751). Conclusion: the QI should not be used as death or adverse events predictors in severe trauma patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar relação entre comprometimento de Filtros de Qualidade (FQ) com complicações e mortalidade entre vítimas de trauma grave. Métodos: análise dos dados coletados para o Registro de Trauma entre 2014 e 2015, sendo incluídos os traumatizados com Injury Severity Score (ISS) > 16 e analisados os FQ: (F1) drenagem de Hematoma Subdural Agudo (HSA) > 4 horas com Escala de Coma de Glasgow (ECG) <9, (F2) transferência da sala de emergência sem via aérea definitiva e com ECG<9, (F3) reintubação traqueal em até 48 horas, (F4) tempo entre admissão e laparotomia exploradora maior que 60 minutos em pacientes instáveis com foco abdominal, (F5) reoperação não programada, (F6) laparotomia > 4 horas, (F7) fratura de diáfise de fêmur não fixada, (F8) tratamento não operatório em Ferimento por Arma de Fogo (FAF) abdominal, (F9) tempo entre admissão e tratamento de fraturas expostas de tíbia > 6 horas, (F10) operação > 24 horas. Testes de Chi quadrado e Fisher para a análise estatística, considerando significativo p<0,05, foram usados. Resultado: foram incluídos 127 pacientes com ISS entre 17 a 75 (28,8 + 11,5). As complicações ocorreram em 80 casos (63%) e 29 morreram (22,8%). Vinte e seis pacientes apresentaram algum FQ comprometido (20,6%). Dos 101 doentes sem FQ comprometido, 22% faleceram, o que ocorreu em 7 dos 26 doentes com comprometimento dos FQ (26,9%) (p=0,595). Dos doentes sem FQ comprometido, 62% tiveram alguma complicação. Entre os pacientes com FQ comprometido, 18 (65,4%) tiveram complicações (p=0,751). Conclusão: os FQs não devem ser utilizados como preditor de mortes ou complicações evitáveis nas vítimas de traumas graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Hemorrhage , Glasgow Coma Scale , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
5.
Med. infant ; 27(2): 120-124, Diciembre 2020. ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1148111

ABSTRACT

La correcta evaluación de la extensión de las quemaduras influye directamente en la terapéutica inicial instituida y la referencia al centro especializado. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido cuantificar las diferencias de los porcentajes de superficie corporal quemada (%SCQ) estimados entre los hospitales de derivación y la Unidad de Quemados del Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, correspondientes a los niños internados entre los años 2014 y 2019. Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de 221 historias clínicas digitalizadas, siendo que 154 de ellas contaban con estimaciones de %SCQ de los hospitales de derivación. Se compararon dichas estimaciones con las reales de la Unidad de Quemados con un nivel de exactitud del 100% y, además, las diferencias se expresaron como un porcentual del %SCQ real como subestimado (<20%), satisfactorio (<20 a 20%) y sobrestimado (>20%). Las variables secundarias (edad, mortalidad y estancia hospitalaria) fueron evaluadas en cada grupo. De los 154 pacientes estudiados, 36 fueron subestimados, 32 estimados satisfactoriamente y 86 fueron sobrestimados, al considerar un nivel de exactitud del 100%. La relación entre sobrestimación y estimación satisfactoria fue de 2.6:1 mientras que la subestimación y estimación satisfactoria fue 1.1:1. La relación entre sobrestimación y subestimación fue de 2.4:1. Se constató una diferencia global significativa de 5% ±10.87 DS (IC95% 3.06­6.96) entre las estimaciones de los hospitales de derivación y la Unidad de Quemados (p<0.00001), con notable inclinación a la sobrestimación. No hubo diferencias estadísticas entre las variables secundarias según los grupos (AU)


Adequate evaluation of the extent of burn wounds directly influences the initial management of the patient and the referral to a specialized center. The aim of this study was to quantify the differences in the estimated percent total body surface area (%TBSA) affected by the burns between the referring hospitals and the Burn Unit at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan of children admitted between 2014 and 2019. A retrospective review of 221 electronic records was conducted, in 154 of whom %TBSA was estimated at the referring hospitals. These estimates were compared with those performed at the Burn Unit with an accuracy level of 100%. In addition, the differences were expressed as a percentage of the actual %TBSA as underestimated (<20%), satisfactory (<20 to 20%), overestimated (>20%). Secondary variables (age, mortality, and hospital stay) were evaluated in each group. Of the 154 patients, %TBSA was underestimated in 36, estimated satisfactorily in 32, and overestimated in 86, considering a 100% level of accuracy. The ratio of overestimation to satisfactory estimation was 2.6:1, while the ratio of underestimation to satisfactory estimation was 1.1:1. The ratio of overestimation to underestimation was 2.4:1. A significant overall difference of 5% ±10.87 SD (95% CI 3.06­6.96) was found between the estimates of referring hospitals and the Burn Unit (p<0.00001), with a marked proclivity to overestimation. No statistical differences were found in secondary variables between the groups (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Body Surface Area , Burn Units , Burns , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(2): 113-119, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088963

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the characteristics of ocular injuries among elderly patients admitted to an urban level I trauma center because of major trauma from 2008 to 2015. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients aged >65 years admitted with ocular injuries that were identified with ICD-9 codes. Tabulated data were analyzed using the Student's paired t-test, the chi-squared test, and regression analysis using STATA/MP-12 software. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Of a total of 861 patients, 221 (25.7%) admitted for major trauma and ocular injuries were elderly. The mean age of these patients was 80.3 years (median =79.2 years; interquartile range=63.8-94.6 years). Of these patients, 40.7% were males and 59.3% were females. The males were younger than the females (mean age, 77.3 vs. 82.4 years, respectively, p<0.001). Race was documented as white (30.8%), black (13.6%), and "other" (54.3%), with 67.5% of the "other" group (36.7% overall) identified as Hispanic. The most frequent injuries were contusion of the eye/adnexa (68.2%), orbital wall fractures (22.2%), and an open wound of the ocular adnexa (18.1%). Males had a 2.64-fold greater risk of orbital wall fractures (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.38-5.05, p<0.003). Patients with orbital wall fractures had higher injury severity scores than those without (95% CI=14.1-20.9 vs. 6.8-8.6, respectively, p<0.001). The most common injuries were falls (77.8%) and pedestrian/motor vehicle accidents (6.8%). Falls occurred mostly at home (51.7%), on the street (13.9%), and in hospitals/nursing homes (12.2%). Those falling at home were older than those falling at other locations (95% CI=81.8-85.4 vs. 77.0-80.6 years, respectively, p<0.002). Conclusions: Ocular injuries in elderly Bronx patients most commonly occurred in females due to falls in the home/nursing home setting. Public health measures addressing identifiable individual and environmental risks in these common locations would be most beneficial in reducing the incidence of ocular injuries in this population.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as características das lesões oculares de idosos nas internações por grandes traumatismos em um centro urbano de trauma nível I de 2008 a 2015. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes com mais de 65 anos internados com lesões oculares identificados com os códigos CID-9. Os dados tabulados foram analisados com o teste t de Student, teste qui-quadrado e análise de regressão, utilizando o software STATA/MP-12. A significância estatística foi fixada em p<0,05. Resultados: Duzentos e vinte e um (25,7%) pacientes de um total de 861, admitidos por traumatismo craniano importante e lesões oculares, eram idosos. A idade média era de 80,3 anos (mediana=79,2; intervalo interquartil=63,8-94,6). 40,7% eram do sexo masculino e 59,3% do feminino. Os homens eram menos idosos (média=77,3) do que as mulheres (média=82,4), p<0,001. A raça foi documentada como branca (30,8%), negra (13,6%) e "outra" (54,3%); 67,5% dos "outros" (36,7% no geral) identificados como hispânicos. As lesões mais frequentes foram contusão do olho/anexos (68,2%), fraturas da parede orbital (22,2%) e ferida aberta dos anexos oculares (18,1%). Os homens tiveram 2,64 mais chances de fraturas da parede orbital (95% CI=1,38-5,05; p<0,003). Pacientes com fraturas da parede orbital tiveram maiores escores de gravidade da lesão (95% CI=14,1-20,9) do que aqueles sem fraturas (96% IC=6,8-8,6), p<0,001. Os mecanismos comuns foram quedas (77,8%) e acidentes a pé com veículos automotores (6,8%). As quedas ocorreram principal mente em casa (51,7%), na rua (13,9%) e em hospitais/lares de idosos (12,2%). Aqueles que caíram em casa eram mais velhos (IC 95%=81,8-85,4) do que os que tiveram quedas em outros locais (IC 95%=77,0-80,6), p<0,002. Conclusões: Lesões oculares em pacientes idosos de Bronx foram mais comuns no sexo feminino e devido a quedas que ocorreram em casa/lar de idosos. Medidas de saúde pública direcionadas a riscos individuais e ambientais identificáveis nesses locais comuns seriam mais benéficas na redução de lesões oculares nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Eye Injuries/etiology , Eye Injuries/epidemiology , Urban Population , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Injury Severity Score , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , New York City/epidemiology , Medical Records , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
7.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(5): e2020133, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133815

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar fatores associados à mortalidade por lesões traumáticas entre motociclistas. Métodos: Coorte prospectiva, conduzida no Hospital Municipal de São José dos Campos, Brasil, 2015. Foram incluídos motociclistas com lesões traumáticas, ≥14 anos de idade, hospitalizados. Analisaram-se as variáveis sociodemográficas do acidente e da hospitalização, por modelo de regressão de Poisson, apresentando-se risco relativo (RR) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Entre 190 motociclistas, 161 (84,7%), jovens do sexo masculino, revelaram 422 (41,8%) lesões em extremidades inferiores e superiores. A incidência de óbito foi maior na medida do aumento da gravidade do trauma, fisiológica (RR=9,67 [IC95% 1,46;64,26]; e RR=4,71 [IC95% 1,36;16,26]) e anatômica (RR=31,49 [IC95% 3,72;266,38]); e mostrou-se menor em até uma semana de internação (RR=0,39 [IC95% 0,15;0,98]). Conclusão: A gravidade do trauma e o tempo de internação associaram-se ao óbito de motociclistas, mas novos estudos devem ser conduzidos para confirmar esses achados e analisar essas relações mais detalhadamente.


Objetivo: Analizar los factores asociados con la mortalidad por lesiones traumáticas entre motociclistas. Métodos: Cohorte prospectiva realizada en el Hospital Municipal de São José dos Campos en 2015. Se incluyó a motociclistas con lesiones traumáticas, ≥14 años, hospitalizados. Se analizaron vVariables sociodemográficas, del accidente y de la hospitalización se analizaron utilizando la regresión de Poisson y y fueran presentarondos en riesgco relativo (RR) ey intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Entre 190 motociclistas, 161 (84,7%) hombres jóvenes de sexo masculino revelaron 422 (41,8%) lesiones en extremidades inferiores y superiores. La incidencia de muerte fue mayor aumentando según lacon aumento en severidad del trauma fisiológico (RR=9,67 [IC95% 1,46; 64,26]; y RR=4,71 [IC95% 1,36; 16,26]) y anatómico (RR=31,49 [IC95% 3,72; 266,38]), pero fue menor con hasta hasta una semana de hospitalización (RR=0,39 [IC95% 0,15; 0,98]). Conclusión: La Ggravedad del trauma y la estadía hospitalaria se asociaron con la muerte de motociclistas. Otros estudios deben efectuarse para confirmar estos hallazgos y analizar las relaciones con mayor detalle.


Objective: To analyze factors associated with mortality from traumatic injuries among motorcyclists. Methods: This was a prospective cohort conducted at the Municipal Hospital of São José dos Campos, Brazil, in 2015. Motorcyclists with traumatic injuries, ≥14 years old and hospitalized were included. Sociodemographic, accident and hospitalization variables were analyzed by applying a Poisson regression model showing relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Among 190 motorcyclists, 161 (84.7%) young men were found to have 422 (41.8%) injuries to the lower and upper extremities. Incidence of death increased as physiological injury severity (RR=9.67 [95%CI 1.46;64.26] and RR=4.71 [95%CI 1.36;16.26]), and anatomical injury severity (RR=31.49 [95%CI 3.72;266.38]) increased, but was lower within up to one week of hospitalization (RR=0.39 [95%CI 0.15;0.98]). Conclusion: Injury severity and length of hospital stay were associated with motorcyclist deaths. Further studies should be conducted to confirm these findings and to analyze the relationships in greater detail.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Accidents, Traffic/mortality , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Automobile Driving , Motorcycles , Brazil , Injury Severity Score , Mortality/trends
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 363-366, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879653

ABSTRACT

The treatment of severe trauma, especially multiple injuries, requires multidisciplinary collaboration. The current study aims to highlight the challenges of consultation mode for severe trauma in general hospitals and emphasizes the need to create a new temporary-sustainable team. It suggests developing an information consultation mode and enforcing the fine management to improve the quality and safety of the medical treatment. The management mode of a temporary-sustainable team will reduce the cost and improve the treatment efficiency. Overall, a temporary-sustainable team has significant advantages over a traditional multidisciplinary team for severe trauma treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Intersectoral Collaboration , Male , Multiple Trauma/therapy , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Quality of Health Care , Referral and Consultation , Safety , Trauma Severity Indices , Traumatology/organization & administration , Treatment Outcome
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202523, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136537

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The nonoperative treatment of anterior abdominal gunshot wounds remains controversial. This article presents a narrative review of the literature after the selection of studies in electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and Lilacs), with the intention of evaluating the clinical and diagnostic tools that should be part of conservative selective approach of these lesions. It was observed that a nonoperative selective treatment can be effectively and safely used, when performed by a trained interdisciplinary team, working in adequate trauma centers. The selective nonoperative treatment is associated with a decrease in negative and nontherapeutic laparotomies, reducing the incidence of complications. It also contributes to the reduction of hospital costs.


RESUMO O tratamento não operatório de ferimentos abdominais causados por projéteis de armas de fogo ocorridos na região anterior do abdome permanece controverso. Este artigo apresenta revisão narrativa da literatura após a seleção de estudos levantados em bancos de dados eletrônicos (PubMed, Cochrane Library e Lilacs), com a intenção de avaliar os parâmetros clínicos e exames de diagnóstico que deverão fazer parte do da abordagem conservadora seletiva dessas lesões. Avaliando os estudos selecionados, foi verificado que conduta não operatória seletiva pode ser empregada de forma eficaz e segura, quando realizada por equipe interdisciplinar treinada, atuando em Centros de Traumas adequados para a realização deste tipo de atendimento. O tratamento não operatório seletivo está associado à diminuição de laparotomias negativas e não terapêuticas, reduzindo a incidência de complicações, além de colaborar para a diminuição dos custos hospitalares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Gunshot , Abdominal Injuries/diagnosis , Abdominal Injuries/therapy , Injury Severity Score , Abdomen , Conservative Treatment , Laparotomy
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the epidemiological profile of patients undergoing exploratory trauma laparotomy based on severity and prognosis criteria, and to determine the predictive accuracy of trauma scoring systems in terms of morbidity and mortality. Methods: retrospective cohort study and review of medical records of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for blunt or penetrating trauma at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre, from November 2015 to November 2019. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, physiological (RTS and Shock Index), anatomical (ISS, NISS and ATI) and combined (TRISS and NTRISS) trauma scores, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, length of stay and outcomes. Results: 506 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 31 ± 13 years, with the majority being males (91.3%). Penetrating trauma was the most common mechanism of injury (86.2%), predominantly by firearms. The average RTS at hospital admission was 7.5 ± 0.7. The mean ISS and NISS was 16.5 ± 10.1 and 22.3 ± 13.6, respectively. The probability of survival estimated by TRISS was 95.5%, and by NTRISS 93%. The incidence of postoperative complications was 39.7% and the overall mortality was 12.8%. The most accurate score for predicting mortality was the NTRISS (88.5%), followed by TRISS, NISS and ISS. Conclusion: the study confirms the applicability of trauma scores in the studied population. The NTRISS seems to be the best predictor of morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma com base em critérios de gravidade e prognóstico, e determinar a acurácia preditiva dos escores de trauma em termos de morbimortalidade. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectiva e revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma contuso ou penetrante no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre no período de novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, mecanismo do trauma, lesões associadas, índices fisiológicos (RTS e Shock Index), anatômicos (ISS, NISS e ATI) e mistos (TRISS e NTRISS), achados intraoperatórios, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de internação e desfecho. Resultados: foram incluídos 506 pacientes na análise. A idade média foi de 31 ± 13 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (91,3%). O trauma penetrante foi o mecanismo de lesão mais comum (86,2%), sendo a maioria por arma de fogo. A média do RTS na admissão hospitalar foi 7,5 ± 0,7. A média do ISS e do NISS foi 16,5 ± 10,1 e 22,3 ± 13,6, respectivamente. A probabilidade de sobrevida estimada pelo TRISS foi de 95,5%, e pelo NTRISS de 93%. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 39,7% e a mortalidade geral de 12,8%. O escore com melhor acurácia preditiva foi o NTRISS (88,5%), seguido pelo TRISS, NISS e ISS. Conclusões: o estudo confirma a aplicabilidade dos escores de trauma na população em questão. O NTRISS parece ser o sistema com melhor acurácia preditiva de morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Predictive Value of Tests , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202506, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136541

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: a violência civil é responsável por 2,5% da mortalidade mundial, matou mais pessoas no século XXI do que o somatório de todas as guerras deste período. Este estudo descreve as vítimas de violência admitidas em um hospital de referência em trauma em Salvador - Bahia, Brasil e analisa o impacto dos diferentes tipos de violência interpessoal. Métodos: foram incluídos vítimas de violência interpessoal admitidas entre julho de 2015 e julho de 2017. 1296 pacientes (média de idade foi 30,3 anos, 90% do sexo masculino) foram divididos em três grupos de acordo com o mecanismo de violência interpessoal: espancamento, ferimentos por projétil de arma de fogo (FPAF), ferimentos por arma branca (FAB). Os grupos foram comparados de acordo com as seguintes variáveis: idade, sexo, mecanismo de trauma, Revised Trauma Score (RTS) na admissão, necessidade de internamento em unidade de tratamento intensivo (UTI), tempo de internamento, necessidade de transfusão de hemocomponentes e morte. Resultados: FPAF foram o principal mecanismo de injúria (59%), seguido por agressão (24%) e FAB (17%). As vítimas de FPAF apresentaram a menor média de RTS na admissão, maior necessidade de uso de hemocomponentes e de internamento em UTI. Vítimas de espancamento tiveram a maior média de duração de internação hospitalar (11,6±19,6 dias). Os FPAF causaram 77,4% das mortes. Conclusão: vítimas de FPAF são mais críticas, requerendo maior tempo de tratamento em UTI, mais hemocomponentes e maior mortalidade comparativamente às vítimas de FAB e espancamento.


ABSTRACT Purpose: Civil violence is responsible for 2.5% of deaths worldwide; it killed more people in the 21st century than the sum of all wars. This study describes violence victims treated at a trauma reference hospital in Salvador, Brazil and analyzes the impact of different types of interpersonal violence. Methods: Interpersonal violence victims admitted between July 2015 and July 2017 were included. The 1,296 patients (mean age: 30.3 years; 90% male) were divided into three groups according to the mechanism of interpersonal violence: 1) beating, 2) firearm injury and 3) stab wound (STW) injury. The groups were compared for the following variables: age, gender, trauma mechanism, Revised Trauma Score (RTS) at admission, need for intensive care unit (ICU) attention, length of hospital stay, need for transfusion of blood products and death. Results: Gunshot wounds (GSW) were the primary mechanism of injury (59%), followed by beating (24%) and STW (17%). Gunshot wound victims had a lower mean RTS upon admission, increased need for blood products and more Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions. Beating victims had the longest mean hospital stay (11.6 ± 19.6 days). The GSW group accounted for 77.4% of all deaths. The in-hospital mortality rate was significantly higher in the GSW group (12.7%) than in the beating group (5.4%) and in the STW group (4.9%). Conclusions: Gunshot wound victims are more critical: they require longer ICU stays, more transfusions of blood products and exhibit increased mortality compared with STW and beating victims.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Trauma Centers/statistics & numerical data , Violence/statistics & numerical data , Crime Victims/statistics & numerical data , Wounds, Gunshot/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202408, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136571

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma atendidas em um hospital de referência no município de Curitiba (PR), bem como investigar os mecanismos do trauma, além de avaliar os escores de gravidade. Métodos: estudo descritivo observacional transversal, cujos dados foram obtidos através da aplicação de questionário em vítimas atendidas na sala de emergência, entre dezembro de 2016 e fevereiro de 2018. Resultados: foram incluídos no estudo 1354 vítimas de trauma, das quais 60% tiveram como transporte pré-hospitalar o Serviço Integrado de Atendimento ao Trauma em Emergência (SIATE), e 40%, o Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência (SAMU). Quanto ao sexo, 70% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade foi de 39,48 anos. Sobre o horário e dia dos atendimentos, a maior proporção se concentrou no período noturno na sexta-feira. Quanto ao mecanismo do trauma, nos pacientes atendidos pelo SIATE, o mais frequente em homens foi a colisão de motocicleta (34,3%), enquanto que em mulheres foi a queda de mesmo nível (21,42%). Já no SAMU, o mecanismo mais frequente independentemente do sexo foi queda de mesmo nível (20,06% e 40,66%, respectivamente). Analisando-se os escores de gravidade, observou-se que 95,5% dos pacientes eram classificados como leves pela escala de coma de Glasgow. Conclusões: o perfil das vítimas analisadas neste grande estudo muito se assemelha a outros estudos nacionais menores: homens, jovens, vítimas de acidentes de trânsito. A população economicamente ativa, portanto, é a mais afetada, refletindo em alto custo para a sociedade.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the epidemiological profile of trauma patients admitted to a referral hospital in Curitiba (PR). Also, to investigate trauma mechanisms and to evaluate trauma severity scores. Methods: descriptive observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected by applying a questionnaire to victims admitted in the emergency room from December 2016 to February 2018. Results: a total of 1354 trauma victims were included in the study, of which 60% were transported by SIATE and 40% by SAMU. Regarding gender, 70% of the patients were male. The mean age was 39.48 years. About the time and day of the calls, the largest proportion was concentrated on Friday night. In relation to the mechanism of trauma, in patients transported by SIATE, the most frequent in men was motorcycle collision (34.3%), while in women was same-level fall (21.42%). In SAMU, the most frequent mechanism regardless of gender was same-level fall (20.06% and 40.66%, respectively). Analyzing the severity scores, it was observed that 95.5% of the patients were classified as mild by the Glasgow Coma Scale. Conclusion: the profile of trauma victims analyzed in this large study is quite similar to what other national smaller studies have already described: young men victims of traffic accidents. Therefore, the economically active population is the most affected, reflecting in high cost to society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds and Injuries/etiology , Injury Severity Score , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810968

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study described and analysed the features of powered mobility device (PMD)-related injuries and compared elderly and younger adult injuries.METHODS: Data from Korea Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance (EDIIS) database involving eight emergency departments in 2011–2016 were analysed. The inclusion criteria were injuries sustained during the use of PMDs. The variables were compared between adults aged ≥ 65 years and younger adults. Primary and secondary outcomes were severe trauma and poor clinical course accordingly. The logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for study outcomes.RESULTS: A total of 231 adults were enrolled, of whom 150 were ≥ 65 years of age. The total number of PMD-related injuries and the proportion of elderly injured patients increased annually, and most injuries occurred on the roadway and did not involve crash opponents. By multivariate analysis, patients aged ≥ 65 years had a higher injury severity score (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50–5.40) and had a higher incidence of intensive care unit admissions, surgery, and death (AOR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.16–5.28).CONCLUSION: Given the higher number and severity of injuries sustained among elderly adults ≥ 65 years of age shown in this study, we recommend that safety educations, such as the use of protective equipment and the safe driving on the roadway, are considered for PMD users ≥ 65 years of age.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Injury Severity Score , Intensive Care Units , Korea , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors , Wheelchairs
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1256-1265, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058592

ABSTRACT

Background: Trauma is the main cause of death among people aged 5 to 44 years. Aim: To describe features, treatment and evolution of trauma patients admitted to an emergency room. Material and Methods: Adult patients admitted in the emergency department of a public hospital due to severe trauma were studied and followed during their hospital stay. Results: We included 114 patients aged 40 ± 17 years (78%men) with an injury severity score of 21 ± 11. Trauma was penetrating in 43%. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was the most common diagnosis in 46%. In the emergency room, 8% had hypotension, 5% required vasopressors and 23% required mechanical ventilation. The initial lactate was 3.6 ± 2.9 mmol/L. Sixty-five patients (57%) required emergency surgery. The intraoperative lactate was 3 ± 1.7 mmol/L and 20% required vasopressors. Sixty-four patients (56%) were admitted to the ICU, with APACHEII and SOFA scores of 16 ± 8 and 5 ± 3, respectively. ICU lactate was 3.2±1.5 mmol/L. In the ICU 40% required vasopressors and 63% mechanical ventilation. Thirty two percent had coagulopathy, 43% received transfusions and 10% required massive transfusions. The hospital stay was 13 (6-32) days, being significantly longer in patients with TBI. ICU and hospital mortalities were 12.5 and 18.4% respectively. The only predictor for mortality was the APACHEII score (Hazard Ratio 1.18, 95% confidence intervals 1.03-1.36). Conclusions: APACHE score was a predictor of mortality in this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, General/statistics & numerical data , Injury Severity Score , Chile/epidemiology , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , APACHE , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay
15.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(7): 405-409, agosto 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1022186

ABSTRACT

Background: Shoulder dislocation is the most common form of joint dislocation. With conseguent episodes of dislocation, humeral head, the glenoid, capsule, ligaments and the labrum experiences progressive changes. Objetive of study: To evaluate the results of open surgery that follows the latarjet protocol in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. Patients and methods: Across sectional study included 22 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation conducted in upper extremities of Al-Wasity Teaching Hospital between Ja. 2017 to Nov. 2018. All patients were evaluated preoperatively by complete medical history, physical examination, and imaging modalities that includes: plain X-rays, CT scanning and MRI then operated on by latarjet surgery that followed by physiotherapy and followed up for 9 months. Results: According to the Rowe score, significant excellent autcome was reported with 72.3% as well as the WOSI score was decreased significantly and ROW score was increased significantly post operativey. Recurrent dislocation was reported with 2 cases only (9.1%). Unesplained pain during activity was reported with 13.6% of cases and limitation of the external rotation that not effect on job and daily activity was reported with 18.2% of cases. Conclusion: latarjet surgery for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is effective, as long as indications are used (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Athletic Injuries , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Medical Records , Instability Indexes
16.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(4): 1013-1019, Jul.-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1020531

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the care flow for women victims of Road Traffic Accidents (RTA). Method: a descriptive study with 782 women victims of RAT, classified by the Manchester Triage System (MTS) between 2015 and 2016. The sociodemographic profile and the time between the stages of care were analyzed, as well as care place and outcomes. Results: of the women in the study, 65.47% were young adults, 80.44% lived without a partner and 62.28% lived in the city of Belo Horizonte. Regarding the time between recording and risk classification, the mean was 7.7 minutes (SD: 9.9). The prevalent flowchart was "Great Trauma" (62.92%). 53.07% had "Red/Orange" priority level and the most prevalent outcome was "Discharge after consultation/medication". Conclusion: the study shows that the hospital partially fulfills the times recommended by the MTS. Analyzing the flow of women victims of RAT contributed to optimize the quality and efficiency of care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el flujo de atención de mujeres víctimas de Accidentes de Transporte Terrestre (ATT). Método: estudio descriptivo, con 782 mujeres víctimas de ATT, clasificadas por el Sistema de Triaje de Manchester (STM), entre 2015 y 2016. Se analizó el perfil sociodemográfico y el tiempo entre las etapas de la atención, así como el local de atención y desenlace. Resultados: de las mujeres del estudio, el 65,47% eran adultas jóvenes, el 80,44% vivía sin compañero (a) y el 62,28% residían en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte. En cuanto al tiempo entre el registro y la clasificación de riesgo, se presentó promedio de 7,7 minutos (DE: 9,9). El diagrama de flujo prevalente fue "Gran Traumatismo" (62,92%). El 53,07% obtuvo un nivel de prioridad "Rojo/Naranja" y el resultado más prevalente fue "Alta tras consulta/medicación". Conclusión: el estudio evidencia que el hospital cumple parcialmente los tiempos preconizados por el STM. El análisis del flujo de mujeres víctimas de ATT contribuyó a optimizar la calidad y eficiencia de la asistencia.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o fluxo do atendimento a mulheres vítimas de Acidentes de Transporte Terrestre (ATT). Método: estudo descritivo, com 782 mulheres vítimas de ATT, classificadas pelo Sistema de Triagem de Manchester (STM), entre 2015 a 2016. Analisou-se o perfil sociodemográfico e o tempo entre as etapas do atendimento, bem como o local de atendimento e desfecho. Resultados: das mulheres do estudo, 65,47% eram adultas jovens, 80,44% viviam sem companheiro(a) e 62,28% residiam em Belo Horizonte. Em relação ao tempo entre o registro e a classificação de risco, apresentou-se média de 7,7 minutos (DP:9,9). O fluxograma prevalente foi "Grande Traumatismo" (62,92%). 53,07% obteve nível de prioridade "Vermelho/Laranja" e o desfecho mais prevalente foi "Alta após consulta/medicação". Conclusão: o estudo evidencia que o hospital cumpre parcialmente os tempos preconizados pelo STM. Analisar o fluxo de mulheres vítimas de ATT contribuiu para otimizar a qualidade e eficiência da assistência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Triage/standards , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Injury Severity Score , Triage/methods , Triage/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 172-175, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012543

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze the presentation and management of major grade renal trauma in children. Method: A retrospective study was performed including data collected from the patients who were admitted in Pediatric surgery with major grade renal injury (grade 3 and more) from January 2015 to August 2018. Demography, clinical parameters, management, duration of hospital stay and final outcome were noted. Results: Out of 13 children (9 males and 4 females), with age range 2-12 years (mean of 8 years), reported self-fall was the commonest mode of injury followed by road traffic accident. The majority (10/13, 75%) had a right renal injury. Eight children had a grade IV injury, one had a grade V injury, and four children had grade III injury. Duration of hospital stay varied from 3 to 28 (mean of 11.7) days. Three children required blood transfusion. One child required image guided aspiration twice and two required pigtail insertion for perinephric collection. All the 13 children improved without readmission or need for any other surgical intervention. Conclusion: Children with major grade renal trauma due to blunt injury can be successfully managed without surgical intervention and minimal intervention may only be needed in select situations.


RESUMO Introdução: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a apresentação e tratamento de grande trauma renal em crianças. Método: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo incluindo dados coletados dos pacientes que foram internados na cirurgia pediátrica com lesão renal de grau importante (grau 3 ou mais) de janeiro de 2015 a agosto de 2018. Coletamos dados a respeito de demografia, parâmetros clínicos, manejo, tempo de internação e resultado final. Resultados: Das 13 crianças (9 homens e 4 mulheres) com faixa etária de 2-12 anos (média de 8 anos), a queda auto-relatada foi o modo de lesão mais comum seguido de acidente de trânsito. A maioria (10/13, 75%) apresentou lesão renal direita. Oito crianças tiveram uma lesão grau IV, uma apresentou uma lesão grau V e quatro crianças apresentaram lesão grau III. A duração da internação hospitalar variou de 3 a 28 (média de 11,7) dias. Três crianças necessitaram de transfusão de sangue. Uma criança necessitou de aspiração guiada por imagem duas vezes e duas inserções de dreno pigtail exigidas para coleções perinefréticas. Todas as 13 crianças melhoraram sem re-internação ou necessidade de qualquer outra intervenção cirúrgica. Conclusão: Crianças com trauma renal de alto grau devido a lesão contusa podem ser manejadas com sucesso sem intervenção cirúrgica, e intervenção mínima pode ser necessária apenas em situações selecionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/pathology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Early Medical Intervention , Conservative Treatment , Kidney/injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnostic imaging , Blood Transfusion , Accidental Falls , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospitals, University , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Length of Stay
18.
San Salvador; s.n; abr. 2019. 67 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007162

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar la caracterización clínica y epidemiológica de los pacientes pediátricos con mordeduras de perros, Hospital Nacional de Niños Benjamín Bloom, San Salvador, El Salvador, 2016-2017. METODOLOGÍA: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. La información fue obtenida por medio de los sistemas de información del Simmow y Vigepes de los 244 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión en los años 2016-2017, se diseñó un formulario para la recolección de los sistemas de información y se almacenó en una matriz que facilito el análisis del estudio. RESULTADOS: El 44% de los pacientes fueron niños entre los 1-5 años y 39% entre 5-9 años; el 55% fueron del sexo masculino, el 79% eran del área urbana; un 76% de las mordidas ocurrieron en la casa y los meses en los cuales las lesiones fueron más frecuentes febrero y marzo con 14% respectivamente. El 72% de las mordeduras fue catalogado como grave, 59% ocurrió en la cara; el 85% fueron perros conocidos y 72% de éstos no fueron provocados. Un 67% de perros estaban vacunados. 58% recibieron tratamiento con suero antirrábico y vacuna, el 99% fueron referidos a las UCSF para seguir el tratamiento y el 100% egreso vivo del hospital. CONCLUSIONES: La mayoría de pacientes mordidos por perro, fueron niños menores de 9 años, especialmente entre las edades de 1-5 años, el perro era conocido y pertenecía a la casa y la mayoría de las lesiones fueron graves, ya que ocurrieron en la cara y la cabeza


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bites and Stings , Injury Severity Score , Dogs , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Health Administration
19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 129-133, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771614

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To summarize and analyze the early treatment of multiple injuries combined with severe pelvic fractures, especially focus on the hemostasis methods for severe pelvic fractures, so as to improve the successful rate of rescue for the fatal hemorrhagic shock caused by pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted in 68 cases of multiple trauma combined with severe pelvic fractures in recent 10 years (from Jan. 2006 to Dec. 2015). There were 57 males and 11 females. Their age ranged from 19 to 75 years, averaging 42 years. Causes of injury included traffic accidents in 34 cases (2 cases of truck rolling), high falling injuries in 17 cases, crashing injuries in 15 cases, steel cable wound in 1 case, and seat belt traction injury in 1 case. There were 31 cases of head injury, 11 cases of chest injury, 56 cases of abdominal and pelvic injuries, and 37 cases of spinal and limb injuries. Therapeutic methods included early anti-shock measures, surgical hemostasis based on internal iliac artery devasculization for pelvic hemorrhage, and early treatment for combined organ damage and complications included embolization and repair of the liver, spleen and kidney, splenectomy, nephrectomy, intestinal resection, colostomy, bladder ostomy, and urethral repair, etc. Patients in this series received blood transfusion volume of 1200-10,000 mL, with an average volume of 2850 mL. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 6 months to 1.5 years.@*RESULTS@#The average score of ISS in this series was 38.6 points. 49 cases were successfully treated and the total survival rate was 72.1%. Totally 19 patients died (average ISS score 42.4), including 6 cases of hemorrhagic shock, 8 cases of brain injury, 1 case of cardiac injury, 2 cases of pulmonary infection, 1 case of pulmonary embolism, and 1 case of multiple organ failure. Postoperative complications included 1 case of urethral stricture (after secondary repair), 1 case of sexual dysfunction (combined with urethral rupture), 1 case of lower limb amputation (femoral artery thrombosis), and 18 cases of consumptive coagulopathy.@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment of multiple injuries combined with severe pelvic fractures should focus on pelvic hemostasis. Massive bleeding-induced hemorrhagic shock is one of the main causes of poor prognosis. The technique of internal iliac artery devasculization including ligation and embolization can be used as an effective measure to stop or reduce bleeding. Consumptive coagulopathy is difficult to deal with, which should be detected and treated as soon as possible after surgical measures have been performed. The effect of using recombinant factor VII in treating consumptive coagulopathy is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Adult , Embolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Factor VII , Female , Fractures, Bone , Therapeutics , Hemostasis, Surgical , Humans , Iliac Artery , General Surgery , Injury Severity Score , Ligation , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , Therapeutics , Pelvic Bones , Wounds and Injuries , Prognosis , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 134-137, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771613

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) is a non-invasive method to analyze the balance of the autonomic nervous system. The aim of this study was to compare the changes of HRV and base deficit (BD) during the treatment of trauma patients.@*METHODS@#Forty-three trauma patients with a low injury severity scores (ISS < 24) and negative base excess on admission were included in this study. Based on the BD changes, patients were divided into three groups: 'end pointed' group (n = 13), patients' BDs instantly cleared after primary hydration; 'needs further resuscitation' group (n = 21), patients' BDs did not reach the end point and thus required further hydration or packed red blood cells transfusion; and 'hydration minimal change' group (n = 9), patients' BDs lower than 2.5 mmol/L at the onset of admission and thereafter had minimal change (near normal range). The changes in HRV during fluid resuscitation were detected and compared to BD changes in their arterial blood gases. All data were analysed using the SPSS software Version 15.0. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine the changes in HRV, heart rate, blood pressure, and BD among groups.@*RESULTS@#A significant reverse correlation was found between the BD ratio and the HRV ratio (r = -0.562; p = 0.01). The HRV of patients with aggravated BDs after fluid resuscitation was decreased. There was an increase in HRV at the time of BD clearance. A decrease in HRV after primary crystalloid hydration bore a significant connection with the need for an ICU (p = 0.021) and transfusion of packed red blood cells (p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Increase in HRV may be a new non-invasive index for the end point of resuscitation in trauma patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Autonomic Nervous System , Crystalloid Solutions , Fluid Therapy , Heart Rate , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Middle Aged , Resuscitation , Methods , Wounds and Injuries , Diagnosis , Young Adult
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