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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922570

ABSTRACT

Convergence of principles of palliative care and integrative medicine has led to the introduction of the new practice of integrative palliative care in which integrative therapies (including mind-body modalities, traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, and dietary supplements) are used to provide symptom management for patients who are dying or experiencing the sequelae of serious illness and its treatment. We propose an East-West Integrative palliative care model using non-drug therapies, such as acupuncture, diet, exercise, and stress management that shift the paradigm from suppressing the symptoms of illness to addressing both the root cause of the symptoms and the imbalance and declining homeostatic reserve that perpetuate these symptoms. This whole-person model expands the reach of palliative care, prolonging a better quality of life and allowing the patient to maintain as many activities as possible by preventing symptoms and improving function. Through this approach we reframe the dialogue such that patients are "living better" rather than "dying better" when faced with serious illness or death. In this article, we provide an overview of the principles of palliative care, integrative medicine, and the novel area of integrative palliative care, and propose an East-West integrative palliative care model that incorporates and broadens the scope of these existing approaches.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Palliative Care , Quality of Life
2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 291-294, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888762

ABSTRACT

Cancer immunotherapy has led to a new era of cancer treatment strategies, and transforming healthcare for cancer patients. Meanwhile, reports of immune-related adverse events have been increasing, greatly hindering the use of cancer immunotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has been widely used in Asian countries for thousands of years, is known to play a complementary role in the treatment of cancer. Taken in combined with conventional modern therapies, such as resection, ablation and radiotherapy, TCM exerts its main anti-cancer effects in two ways: health-strengthening (Fu-Zheng) and pathogen-eliminating (Qu-Xie). Theoretically, pathogen-eliminating TCM can promote the release of tumor-related antigens and should be able to increase the effect of immunotherapy, while health-strengthening TCM may have immune-enhancing mechanisms that overlap with immunotherapy. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, it is important to balance the use of TCM and immunotherapy, with the goal of enhancing immune efficacy and antagonizing immune toxicity. In this article, we discuss this issue by considering the mechanism of tumor immunotherapy, alongside the theoretical basis of TCM treatment of tumors, with the aim of bringing new insights to future research in this field.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Immunotherapy , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/therapy
3.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e48, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251988

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Every day there is criticism about lack of evidence on traditional, complementary, and integrative medicine (TCIM). But is this narrative evidence-based? Are we really missing research about TCIM? Or are we just not looking correctly at the evidence? Evidence maps are a useful method with the dual function of synthesizing available evidence on a specific topic and identifying knowledge gaps. This article presents a six-step evidence map methodology along with recently published TCIM evidence maps, including one related to COVID-19. TCIM evidence maps are useful instruments to inform decision-making for policymakers, health practitioners, and patients.


RESUMEN Es habitual que se critique la falta de evidencia con respecto a las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas. Sin embargo, ¿se basa en la evidencia este discurso? ¿Falta realmente investigación sobre las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas o es que simplemente no estamos analizando la evidencia de forma adecuada? Los mapas de evidencia son un método útil que tiene una función doble: sintetizar la evidencia disponible por temas específicos y determinar si hay alguna laguna en el conocimiento. En este artículo se presenta una metodología de elaboración de mapas de la evidencia en seis pasos, junto con los mapas de la evidencia de las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas publicados recientemente, incluido un mapa sobre la COVID-19. Los mapas de la evidencia de las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas son instrumentos útiles para fundamentar la toma de decisiones por parte de los encargados de las políticas, el personal de salud y los pacientes.


RESUMO A crítica é diária de que faltam evidências em medicinas tradicionais, complementares e integrativas (MTCI). Mas será que esta narrativa se baseia em evidências? Realmente faltam pesquisas em MTCI? Ou será que simplesmente não estamos atentando corretamente às evidências? Os mapas de evidências consistem em uma metodologia útil de dupla função: sintetizar as evidências existentes em um determinado tópico e identificar as lacunas de conhecimento. Neste artigo é apresentada uma metodologia de mapa de evidências de seis passos junto com mapas de evidências de MTCI recém-publicados, incluindo um relacionado à COVID-19. Os mapas de evidências de MTCI são instrumentos úteis para subsidiar a tomada de decisão dos responsáveis por políticas, profissionais da saúde e pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies , Evidence-Based Medicine , Integrative Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 395-405, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055806

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta revisão narrativa tem por objetivo analisar a produção científica sobre as Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PIC) no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) visando compreender as potencialidades e fragilidades do processo de implantação da Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PNPIC). Após busca nas bases de dados, 25 artigos foram selecionados e os seus resultados analisados criticamente. Da análise do material emergiram cinco temas principais que explicitaram potencialidades e fragilidades de implantação da política: 1) Formação profissional em PIC para o SUS; 2) Estruturação da oferta em PIC, acesso e promoção da saúde; 3) Conhecimento, acesso e aceitação de usuários em relação às PIC; 4) Conhecimento de profissionais e gestores em relação à PNPIC; e 5) Escopo, monitoramento e avaliação da PNPIC. Os resultados se alinham aos relatórios de gestão da PNPIC aprofundando o conhecimento acerca da implantação da política e reforçando a necessidade de empoderamento dos atores do SUS para o enfrentamento de seus desafios.


Abstract This narrative review examines the literature on complementary and integrative practices (CIPs) and their incorporation into Brazil's national health system (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS) in an attempt to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the implementation of the National Policy on Complementary and Integrative Practices in the SUS (PNPIC, acronym in Portuguese). A search was conducted of the MEDLINE, LILACS, and SciELO databases, resulting in final sample of 25 articles. Our analysis identified five key themes in the literature related to the strengths and weaknesses of policy implementation: 1) Professional training in CIPs in the SUS; 2) structuring the provision of CIPs, access, and health promotion; 3) knowledge, access, and acceptance of service users in relation to CIPs; 4) knowledge of SUS professional staff and managers in relation to the PNPIC; and 5) scope and monitoring and evaluation of the PNPIC. In consonance with the conclusions of the PNPIC management reports, the findings provide a deeper insight into policy implementation problems and reinforce the need to empower the actors involved in this process to tackle these challenges.


Subject(s)
Humans , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Health Policy , National Health Programs , Complementary Therapies/organization & administration , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Delivery of Health Care/legislation & jurisprudence , Integrative Medicine/organization & administration , Health Promotion/organization & administration , Health Services Accessibility , National Health Programs/legislation & jurisprudence
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To develop a new Chinese medicine (CM)-based drug and to evaluate its safety and effect for suppressing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#A putative ARDS-suppressing drug Keguan-1 was first developed and then evaluated by a randomized, controlled two-arm trial. The two arms of the trial consist of a control therapy (alpha interferon inhalation, 50 µg twice daily; and lopinavir/ritonavir, 400 and 100 mg twice daily, respectively) and a testing therapy (control therapy plus Keguan-1 19.4 g twice daily) by random number table at 1:1 ratio with 24 cases each group. After 2-week treatment, adverse events, time to fever resolution, ARDS development, and lung injury on newly diagnosed COVID-19 patients were assessed.@*RESULTS@#An analysis of the data from the first 30 participants showed that the control arm and the testing arm did not exhibit any significant differences in terms of adverse events. Based on this result, the study was expanded to include a total of 48 participants (24 cases each arm). The results show that compared with the control arm, the testing arm exhibited a significant improvement in time to fever resolution (P=0.035), and a significant reduction in the development of ARDS (P=0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Keguan-1-based integrative therapy was safe and superior to the standard therapy in suppressing the development of ARDS in COVID-19 patients. (Trial registration No. NCT04251871 at www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Adult , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Interferon-alpha , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 145, 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the costs of a specialized service in Traditional Complementary and Integrative Medicines (TCIM) in Northeast Brazil to provide data on the cost linked to the implementation and maintenance of services of this nature and to identify the average cost per user for the Unified Health System. METHODS This is a partial, descriptive, quantitative economic assessment, which used secondary data, later grouped in Microsoft Excel spreadsheets. The method used to analyze such costs was absorption costing, from which the service was divided into three costing centers: productive, administrative and auxiliary. RESULTS After analyzing the data, the total cost of the service in 2014 was estimated at R$ 1,270,015.70, with a proportion of 79.69% of direct costs. The average cost per user in this period was R$ 36.79, considering the total of 34,521 users in individual and collective practices. CONCLUSIONS The service has a cost per user compatible with a specialized service; however, TCIM offers a comprehensive and holistic approach, which can have a positive impact on quality of life.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar os custos de um serviço especializado em Medicinas Tradicionais Complementares e Integrativas (MTCI) no Nordeste brasileiro, com o intuito de fornecer dados sobre o custo atrelado à implantação e manutenção de serviços dessa natureza e identificar o custo médio por usuário para o Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS Trata-se de uma avaliação econômica do tipo parcial, com caráter descritivo, de natureza quantitativa, que utilizou dados secundários, posteriormente agrupados em planilhas do Microsoft Excel. O método utilizado para analisar tais custos foi o de custeio por absorção, a partir do qual o serviço foi dividido em três centros de custeio: produtivo, administrativo e auxiliar. RESULTADOS Após a análise dos dados, o custo total do serviço em 2014 foi estimado em R$ 1.270.015,70, com proporção de 79,69% de custos diretos. O custo médio por usuário neste período foi R$ 36,79, considerando o total de 34.521 usuários em práticas individuais e coletivas. CONCLUSÕES O serviço apresenta um custo por usuário compatível com um serviço especializado, contudo, as MTCI oferecem abordagem compreensiva e holística, as quais podem impactar de forma positiva a qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies/economics , Integrative Medicine/economics , Hospital Units/economics , Medicine, Traditional/economics , Brazil , Costs and Cost Analysis
8.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 30(2): e300222, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125350

ABSTRACT

Resumen El siguiente artículo intenta reflexionar acerca de la relación que se construye entre las mujeres latinas migrantes y las prácticas terapéuticas, atendiendo a los roles designados o asumidos por ellas en los procesos de salud/enfermedad/atención. Se realizó una investigación etnográfica con mujeres caribeñas establecidas en España, con el fin de indagar acerca de determinadas actividades curativas y de cuidado ejercidas por ellas, tanto al interior del hogar como hacia afuera. Además del componente descriptivo, se trabajó con las narrativas y significados específicos elaborados en torno a dichas ocupaciones. Su análisis permitió identificar facetas contradictorias y conflictivas en el desarrollo de la identidad y la experiencia migratoria femenina. Por un lado, las actividades de cuidado como principal alternativa laboral evidencian la desigualdad de oportunidades y ámbitos de incidencia social accesibles a las latinoamericanas. Al mismo tiempo reflejan mecanismos de reproducción de esquemas esencialistas, que naturalizan la división del trabajo en función de "cualidades" étnicas y de género. Por otro lado, el manejo de conocimientos específicos sobre curación, tratamiento y asistencia supone para las mujeres la posesión de un papel distintivo y potencialmente empoderador al interior de la comunidad como continuadoras de determinados saberes tradicionales.


Abstract The article attempts to reflect on the relationship between Latin American immigrant women and therapeutic practices, according to the roles designated or assumed by them in healthcare processes. An ethnographic research was carried out with Caribbean women settled in Spain, in order to inquire about certain curative and care activities exercised by them, both inside and outside their homes. In addition to the descriptive component, we worked specifically with the narratives and meanings elaborated around these occupations. Their analysis allowed us to identify conflicting facets in the development of female identity and migratory experience. Being a caregiver as their main job alternative evidence the inequality of opportunities and social impact areas accessible to Latin women; at the same time, they reproduce essentialist schemes, which naturalize the division of labour according to ethnic and gender "qualities". On the other hand, the management of specific knowledge about healing, treatment and assistance allow women to possess a distinctive and potentially empowering role within the community as continuators of certain traditional knowledge.


Resumo O presente trabalho procura refletir sobre a relação que se constrói entre as mulheres latinas migrantes e as práticas terapêuticas, de acordo com os papéis designados ou assumidos por elas nos processos de saúde/doença/cuidado. Uma pesquisa etnográfica foi realizada com mulheres caribenhas instaladas na Espanha, a fim de indagar sobre certas atividades curativas e cuidados exercidos por elas, tanto dentro como fora de casa. Além do componente descritivo, trabalhamos com narrativas e significados específicos elaborados em torno dessas ocupações. Sua análise permitiu identificar facetas conflitantes no desenvolvimento da identidade feminina e da experiência de migração. As atividades de cuidado como principal alternativa de trabalho evidenciam a desigualdade de oportunidades e áreas de impacto social acessíveis aos latino-americanos; ao mesmo tempo, refletem mecanismos de reprodução de esquemas essencialistas, que naturalizam a divisão do trabalho de acordo com "qualidades" étnicas e de gênero. Por outro lado, a gestão de conhecimentos específicos sobre cura, tratamento e assistência supõe para as mulheres a posse de um papel distintivo e potencialmente empoderador dentro da comunidade como continuadores de certos conhecimentos tradicionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Plants, Medicinal , Women , Health-Disease Process , Caregivers , Emigrants and Immigrants , Integrative Medicine , Interpersonal Relations , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional , Spain , Latin America/ethnology
9.
J. Health NPEPS ; 4(1): 302-318, jan.-jun. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-999705

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar os benefícios das práticas integrativas e complementares no cuidado de enfermagem. Método: revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados Scielo, Lilacs, PudMed e BVS. Os descritores de busca foram terapias complementares, cuidados em enfermagem, enfermagem holística, toque terapêutico, acupuntura, fitoterapia, aromaterapia, homeopatia. Encontrou-se 4421 artigos disponíveis nos idiomas Português, Espanhol e Inglês; publicados entre os anos 2006 e 2018. Destes foram selecionados 21 artigos. Resultados: entre os benefícios das práticas integrativas foi evidenciado o relaxamento e bem estar, alívio da dor e da ansiedade, diminuição de sinais e sintomas de doenças, estimula o contato profissional-paciente, redução do uso de medicamentos, fortalecimento do sistema imunológico, melhoria da qualidade de vida e diminuição de reações adversas. Considerações finais: É preciso protagonismo empoderamento e preparo da enfermagem para a implementação das PICs em sua prática diária qualificando as práticas assistenciais e reduzindo os custos hospitalares. (AU)


Objective: to characterize the benefits of integrative and complementary practices in nursing care. Method: integrative review in the SciELO, Lilacs, PudMed and Virtual Health Library databases. The search descriptors were Complementary Therapies, Nursing Care, Holistic Nursing, Therapeutic Touch, Acupuncture, Phytotherapy, Aromatherapy and Homeopathy. There were 4421 articles available in Portuguese, Spanish and English published between the years 2006 and 2018. Of these, 21 articles were selected. Results: the benefits of integrative practices showed relaxation and well-being, relief of pain and anxiety, reduction of signs and symptoms of diseases, stimulation of professional-patient contact, reduction of medication use, strengthening of the immune system, quality of life and reduction of adverse reactions. Final considerations: it is necessary to lead, empower and prepare nursing for the implementation of ICPs in their daily practice, qualifying care practices and reducing hospital costs.(AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar los beneficios de las prácticas integrativas y complementarias en el cuidado de enfermería. Método: revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados SciELO, Lilacs, PudMed y BVS. Los descriptores de búsqueda fueron Terapias Complementarias, Cuidados en Enfermería, Enfermería Holística, Toque Terapéutico, Acupuntura, Fitoterapia, Aromaterapia, Homeopatía. Se encontró 4421 artículos disponibles en portugués, español e Inglés; publicados entre los años 2006 y 2018. De ellos se seleccionaron 21 artículos. Resultados: los beneficios de las prácticas integrativas fueron evidenciados por la relajación y el bienestar, alivio del dolor y la ansiedad, disminución de signos y síntomas de enfermedades, estimula el contacto profesional-paciente, reducción del uso de medicamentos, fortalecimiento del sistema inmunológico, calidad de vida y disminución de las reacciones adversas. Consideraciones finales: Es necesario protagonismo, empoderamiento y preparación de la enfermería para la implementación de las PICs en su práctica diaria calificando las prácticas asistenciales y reduciendo los costos hospitalarios.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies/instrumentation , Holistic Nursing , Integrative Medicine/instrumentation , Nursing Care/methods
10.
Diagn. tratamento ; 24(1): [25-36], jan -mar 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1005094

ABSTRACT

Contexto: O Ministério da Saúde do Brasil anunciou, em março de 2018, uma expansão das políticas para práticas integrativas em saúde dentro do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), incorporando 10 novos tipos de práticas integrativas à lista de procedimentos disponíveis no sistema público de saúde brasileiro. Objetivo: Identificar, sintetizar e avaliar criticamente evidências de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane sobre as novas práticas de medicina integrativa inseridas no SUS. Métodos: Revisão de revisões sistemáticas conduzida pela Disciplina de Medicina Baseada em Evidências, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), sobre as seguintes intervenções: apiterapia, aromaterapia, bioenergética, constelação familiar, terapia de florais, cromoterapia, geoterapia, hipnoterapia, imposição de mãos e ozonioterapia. Resultados: Foram incluídas 16 revisões sistemáticas: 4 sobre apiterapia, 4 sobre aromaterapia, 6 sobre hipnoterapia e 2 sobre ozonioterapia. Não foram encontradas revisões sistemáticas Cochrane referentes aos temas bioenergética, constelação familiar, cromoterapia, geoterapia, terapia de florais ou imposição de mãos. A única evidência de alta qualidade encontrada nessas revisões foi sobre o potencial benefício da apiterapia, especificamente para o uso de curativos de mel para cura parcial de feridas por queimadura, para redução de tosse entre crianças com tosse aguda e para prevenção de reações alérgicas a picadas de insetos. Conclusão: Exceto por alguns usos específicos da apiterapia (mel para lesões por queimadura e para tosse aguda e do veneno de abelhas para reações alérgicas às picadas de insetos), o uso das 10 práticas integrativas recentemente incorporadas ao SUS não é embasado por evidências de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane.


Subject(s)
Review , Evidence-Based Medicine , Evidence-Based Practice , Integrative Medicine , Clinical Decision-Making
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771430

ABSTRACT

This article reviews the available published data on optimizing clopidogrel and aspirin therapy using translational and integrative medicine. Translational and evidence-based medical studies show that the CYP2C19 gene mutation (CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3) could affect > 50% of the Chinese population, and that this mutation is closely associated with clopidogrel resistance and an increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, particularly stent thrombosis in patients following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Adjusted-dose warfarin and aspirin reduce stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), and warfarin is substantially more efficacious than aspirin. However, a poor compliance is a big problem in warfarin use especially in China. The genetic variants of vitamin K expoxide reductase might account for the universally lower warfarin dosage used in Chinese population. The available evidence indicates that the integrating mainstream treatments (e.g., clopidogrel, CYP2C19 genotyping) and non-mainstream medicines [e.g., Chinese medicines, Naoxintong Capsule (, NXT)] to treat CYP2C19 gene mutation patients following PCI can be effective. Aspirin combined NXT and the adjusted-dose warfarin was equally effective in elderly patients with non-valvular AF in prevention of ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Therapeutic Uses , Clopidogrel , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Translational Medical Research
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777127

ABSTRACT

The history of medical development shows that oriental medicine, or traditional medicine, was born through medical practice during the times when science and technology were immature and underdeveloped, whereas with the development of science and technology, Western medicine, or modern medicine, was born through experimental analysis and research. With the development of medicine, the pros and cons of both medical systems become increasingly evident. How to integrate them and learn from each other will be the direction of future development of medicine. The formation and development of integrated medicine will, inevitably, usher in a new era for medicine.


Subject(s)
Human Body , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Theoretical
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness of integrative medicine (IM) on patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and investigate the prognostic factors of CAD in a real-world setting.@*METHODS@#A total of 1,087 hospitalized patients with CAD from four hospitals in Beijing, China were consecutively selected between August 2011 and February 2012. The patients were assigned to two groups based on the treatment: Chinese medicine (CM) plus conventional treatment, i.e., IM therapy (IM group); or conventional treatment alone (CT group). The endpoint was major adverse cardiac events [MACE; including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and revascularization].@*RESULTS@#A total of 1,040 patients finished the 2-year follow-up. Of them, 49.4% (514/1,040) received IM therapy. During the 2-year follow-up, the total incidence of MACE was 11.3%. Most of the events involved revascularization (9.3%). Cardiac death/MI occurred in 3.0% of cases. For revascularization, logistic stepwise regression analysis revealed that age ⩾ 65 years [odds ratio (OR), 2.224], MI (OR, 2.561), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.650), multi-vessel lesions (OR, 2.554), baseline high sensitivity C-reactive protein level ⩾ 3 mg/L (OR, 1.678), and moderate or severe anxiety/depression (OR, 1.849) were negative predictors (P<0.05); while anti-platelet agents (OR, 0.422), β-blockers (OR, 0.626), statins (OR, 0.318), and IM therapy (OR, 0.583) were protective predictors (P<0.05). For cardiac death/MI, age ⩾ 65 years (OR, 6.389) and heart failure (OR, 7.969) were negative predictors (P<0.05), while statin use (OR, 0.323) was a protective predictor (P<0.05) and IM therapy showed a beneficial tendency (OR, 0.587), although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.218).@*CONCLUSION@#In a real-world setting, for patients with CAD, IM therapy was associated with a decreased incidence of revascularization and showed a potential benefit in reducing the incidence of cardiac death or MI.


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Logistic Models , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Prognosis
14.
Medellín; s.n; 2019. 31 p.
Thesis in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1026470

ABSTRACT

El presente ensayo tiene como objetivo plantear una reflexión entre la Medicina Tradicional y Complementaria y la Medicina convencional mediada por la Bioética Global, en la cual el paciente, su salud y el restablecimiento será el eje central; dicha deliberación facilitará un diálogo entre ambas corrientes, porque aún no se ha dado un acuerdo visible, más allá de la polarización y defensa unilateral de cada una de ellas por parte de sus defensores y detractores


Subject(s)
Humans , Bioethics , Ethics, Clinical , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Traditional
15.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 30(55): 227-247, Set. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965470

ABSTRACT

Este artigo investigou o conteúdo de produções científicas sobre práticas corporais relacionadas às perspectivas integrativas e complementares em saúde, visando compreender seu potencial terapêutico. Mediante busca por 13 palavras-chave no Portal de Periódicos da CAPES, foram encontrados 228 artigos e analisados os que enfocaram alguma prática corporal, totalizando oito. A maioria dos estudos avaliou propostas de intervenção ­ com yoga, técnicas corporais, RIME, massagem e calatonia; outros foram validação de questionário sobre mindfulness, ensaio teórico sobre reiki e relato de experiência sobre curso de toque terapêutico. Os artigos indicaram que as práticas corporais têm potencialidades para a saúde, expressas em sensações de relaxamento, alívio de dores, aumento do bem-estar, diminuição da ansiedade e estresse, melhora do sono, impactos sobre sintomas de doenças, além de contribuições para os processos de autocuidado e ressignificação das formas de conceber e lidar com os processos saúde-doença, levando em consideração dimensões materiais e imateriais do corpo.


This article looked into the content of scientific works on bodily practices within the integrative and complementary perspectives in health, aiming to analyze its therapeutic potential. Articles were selected through a search on the CAPES Portal of Journals using 13 keywords. We found 228 articles and we analyzed eight of them, focused on bodily practices. Five studies evaluated intervention proposals using yoga, body techniques, RIME, massage and calatonia. Other works included validation of a questionnaire on mindfulness, an essay on reiki, and an experience report on a course on therapeutic touch. The articles indicated that bodily practices have potential for health benefits, expressed with sensations of relaxation, pain relief, increased well-being, reduced anxiety and stress and improved sleep, impacts on disease symptoms, as well as contributions to the processes of self-care and re-signification of the ways of conceiving and dealing with health-disease processes, considering the material and immaterial dimensions of the body.


Este artículo investigó el contenido de producciones científicas sobre prácticas corporales relacionadas a la perspectiva integradora y complementaria en salud analizando su potencial terapéutico. Las publicaciones fueron seleccionadas mediante 13 palabras claves en el Portal de Periódicos­CAPES donde se hallaron 228 artículos y se analizaron ocho enfocados en algún tipo de práctica corporal. Cinco estudios evaluaron propuestas de intervención con el yoga, técnicas corporales, RIME, masajes y calatonia. Otros están relacionados con la validación de cuestionario sobre mindfulness; ensayo teórico sobre el reiki y relato de experiencia acerca del curso de toque terapéutico. Los artículos indicaron que las prácticas corporales evidencian un potencial para la salud, con sensaciones de relajación, alivio de dolor, aumento del bienestar, disminución de la ansiedad y el estrés y mejoría en el sueño, impactos sobre síntomas de enfermedades, además de contribuciones en el proceso de autocuidado y resignificación de las formas de concebir y lidiar con los procesos salud-enfermedad, teniendo en cuenta dimensiones materiales e inmateriales del cuerpo.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Complementary Therapies , Exercise , Integrative Medicine , Health Promotion
16.
Rev. ABENO ; 18(2): 114-123, maio 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-908783

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visa discutir a inserção de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PIC) nos modelos flexneriano e giesiano, e seus reflexos na formação superior em Odontologia. Para tal, foi realizado um estudo reflexivo baseado em revisão de literatura. Foram consultadas publicações indexadas nas bases de dados Scientific Electronic Library Online e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Documentos oficiais e periódicos não indexados foram investigados por meio de busca ativa. Os descritores aplicados foram: práticas integrativas e complementares, complementary and integrative practices, relatório flexner, flexner report, relatório gies, gies report, Odontologia de mercado, market dentistry, modelo assistencial em saúde. Observou-se que as características e concepções inseridas nos modelos provenientes dos relatórios Flexner e Gies, de 1910 e 1926 respectivamente, privilegiam a prática dita tecnológica, com a exclusão das práticas tradicionais. As PIC, apesar de seu potencial terapêutico, enfrentam, ainda, resistências de ordem científica, econômica e cultural para sua plena adoção. Nessa lógica, discutem-se os atuais desafios, bem como possibilidades e potencialidades da inserção de PIC na atenção odontológica (AU).


The present study aims to discuss the inclusion of complementary and integrative practices (CIP) in the Flexnerian and Giesian models and their effects on higher education in dentistry. Thus, a reflexive study based on a literature review was carried out. Indexed publications were consulted in the databases Scientific Electronic Library Online and Virtual Health Library. Official documents and non-indexed journals were searched. The descriptors applied were as follows: práticas integrativas e complementares, complementary and integrative practices, relatório flexner, flexner report, relatório gies, gies report, Odontologia de mercado, market dentistry, modelo assistencial em saúde. It was observed that the features and concepts embedded in the models from the Flexner and Gies reports, dated 1910 and 1926, respectively, favor technological practices and exclude traditional practices. Despite their therapeutic potential, CIP also face scientific, economic and cultural resistance to their full adoption. By this logic, the current challenges as well as the possibilities and potential of CIP in dental care are discussed (AU).


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Education, Dental , Health Services , Integrative Medicine , Brazil
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(3): 251-261, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962722

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: This study identified and summarized all Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) on the effects of ten integrative practices that were recently added to the Brazilian public healthcare system (SUS). DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp). METHODS: Review of Cochrane SRs on the following interventions were identified, summarized and critically assessed: apitherapy, aromatherapy, bioenergetics, family constellation, flower therapy, chromotherapy, geotherapy, hypnotherapy, hand imposition or ozone therapy. RESULTS: We included a total of 16 SRs: 4 on apitherapy, 4 on aromatherapy, 6 on hypnotherapy and 2 on ozone therapy. No Cochrane SR was found regarding bioenergetics, family constellation, chromotherapy, clay therapy, flower therapy or hand imposition. The only high-quality evidence was in relation to the potential benefit of apitherapy, specifically regarding some benefits from honey dressings for partial healing of burn wounds, for reduction of coughing among children with acute coughs and for preventing allergic reactions to insect stings. CONCLUSION: Except for some specific uses of apitherapy (honey for burn wounds and for acute coughs and bee venom for allergic reactions to insect stings), the use of ten integrative practices that have recently been incorporated into SUS does not seem to be supported by evidence from Cochrane SRs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Review Literature as Topic , Integrative Medicine/methods , Ozone/therapeutic use , Aromatherapy/methods , Evidence-Based Medicine/standards , Apitherapy/methods , Hypnosis/methods
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687911

ABSTRACT

Oligo-astheno-teratozoospermia (OAT) which perplexes doctors and patients due to its complicated etiology, atypical symptoms and poor clinical efficacy, is a general term for the three pathological states of abnormal semen. OAT is the main factor of male infertility. It is also a hot and difficult point in present studies. Empiric drug is the most popular treatment of this disease in the modern medicine. Chinese medicine (CM) is one of the main methods for the treatment of this disease, and it has certain clinical effect. The author believes that the use of modern medical technology to make the diagnosis as clear as possible is the key to treat OAT. The combination of syndrome and disease differentiation is the main mode in the treatment of OAT. Microscopic syndrome differentiation and macroscopic evidence embodies the basic principle of "Si Wai Chuai Nei" and broadens the perspective of CM syndrome differentiation. Classification and treatment are basic methods for the treatment of OAT. The treatment should not be limited to the Shen (Kidney), instead it should focus on the whole body condition. At different stages, the treatment should also pay attention to strengthening the Pi (Spleen), nourishing the Gan (Liver) and promoting blood circulation. Complementing Chinese and Western medicine, and highlighting the characteristics and advantages of CM treatment, have a great guiding value for the treatment of OAT.


Subject(s)
Asthenozoospermia , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Combined Modality Therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Methods , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Oligospermia , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Semen Analysis , Western World
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780427

ABSTRACT

@#The use of complementary medicine (CM) is on the rise worldwide. In Malaysia, CM is available as over-the-counter products in community pharmacies and consumers expect pharmacists to be knowledgeable about CM. However, little is known about Malaysian community pharmacists’ attitude and knowledge of CM. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the extent of integration of CM into practice, taking into account community pharmacists’ attitudes towards CM, their role in recommending CM, their knowledge of the evidence-base for commonly used CM, further education and training needs, and knowledge of information sources which can be used by pharmacists for CM information. Ethics approval was obtained and a pilot study was conducted to validate the questionnaire. After amendments were made, community pharmacists were invited to complete a 41-item paper-based or web-based questionnaire. Invitations to complete the survey were sent by either social media, email or face-to-face invitation. A response rate of 27% (453/1662) was achieved providing data from 453 community pharmacists. Most respondents were female (63%), aged 24-72 years. Only 42% of pharmacists always asked their customers presenting with a prescription about concomitant CM use. Forty-two percent (42%) of pharmacists personally recommended CM and slightly more than half (58%) had notified manufacturers of CM products of any suspected adverse drug reactions. On average, pharmacists achieved a score of 54% for knowledge on CM-drug interactions and 71% for knowledge of clinically proven benefits. Most pharmacists (75%) obtained their CM product training through self-directed learning. In addition, most pharmacists (66%) supported CM education at the undergraduate level and almost all (94%) recognised the need for additional CM education for pharmacists. Malaysian registered pharmacists do not routinely ask customers about CM use, or recommend CM products, but have a positive attitude towards their use and were interested in learning more about CM.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Integrative Medicine , Pharmacists
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719148

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was aimed to identify research trends related to complementary and alternative therapy (CAT) in Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from 2000 to 2018 articles in Korean database (KISS, RISS and DBPIA). 295 semantic morphemes were extracted from 123 articles by network analysis program. Co-occurrence matrixes of the morphemes were generated by weighting Jaccard-coefficient and then we did network analysis and visualization. RESULTS: Common morphemes with high centralities were ‘Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)’, ‘CAT’, ‘Aged’, ‘Diet therapy’, ‘Herbal medicine’, ‘Acupuncture’, and ‘Oriental medicine’. Since 2000, studies on complementary and alternative therapies have been actively involved in biological and manipulative therapies, and it has been found that the main target of CAT is the elderly. CONCLUSION: Despite much attention of complementary alternative therapies, the scientific basis is insufficient. Through this study, we could find research trends in complementary alternative therapies and set the direction of future research. It is necessary to expand research on complementary replacement therapy for various diseases and age groups.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Cats , Complementary Therapies , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Korea , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Semantics
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