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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(4): 1482-1486, Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840912

ABSTRACT

ICAM-1 which is expressed by endothelial cells and leukocytes are observed as first markers in diseases such as transplant rejection, diabetes and atherosclerosis and in infections caused by various pathogens. In the present study, it is aimed to reveal the age-related changes in the expression of ICAM-1 on rats. Therefore, a total of 30 albino rats were taken at the age of 6, 18 and 24 months without gender discrimination. Rats were fed with standard pellet feed during the study. Afterwards, rats were sacrificed and tissue samples were collected from their rats, and the samples were evaluated under the light microscope by staining with immnunohistochemical method. It was determined that the expression of both aortic endothelial cells and endothelial cells in the media layer had been significantly increased based on the age.


ICAM-1, que se expresa en las células endoteliales y los leucocitos, se observan como primeros marcadores de enfermedades como el rechazo de trasplante, la diabetes y la aterosclerosis y en las infecciones causadas por diversos patógenos. En el presente estudio, se pretende revelar los cambios relacionados con la edad en la expresión de ICAM-1 en ratas. Un total de 30 ratas albinas fueron seleccionadas con edades de 6, 18 y 24 meses, sin discriminación de sexo. Durante el estudio se administró a las ratas alimentación estándar de pellets. Posteriormente, los animales fueron sacrificados y se recogieron muestras de sus tejidos, los cuales fueron teñidos para inmunohistoquímica y se evaluaron a través de microscopio óptico. Se determinó que la expresión tanto de células endoteliales aórticas como de células endoteliales de la capa media se incrementó significativamente en función de la edad.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aorta/cytology , Endothelium, Vascular , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Age Factors , Rats, Wistar
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(6): 476-485, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750695

ABSTRACT

Background: Circulatory power (CP) and ventilatory power (VP) are indices that have been used for the clinical evaluation of patients with heart failure; however, no study has evaluated these indices in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) without heart failure. Objective: To characterize both indices in patients with CAD compared with healthy controls. Methods: Eighty-seven men [CAD group = 42 subjects and healthy control group (CG) = 45 subjects] aged 40–65 years were included. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed on a treadmill and the following parameters were measured: 1) peak oxygen consumption (VO2), 2) peak heart rate (HR), 3) peak blood pressure (BP), 4) peak rate-pressure product (peak systolic HR x peak BP), 5) peak oxygen pulse (peak VO2/peak HR), 6) oxygen uptake efficiency (OUES), 7) carbon dioxide production efficiency (minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production slope), 8) CP (peak VO2 x peak systolic BP) and 9) VP (peak systolic BP/carbon dioxide production efficiency). Results: The CAD group had significantly lower values for peak VO2 (p < 0.001), peak HR (p < 0.001), peak systolic BP (p < 0.001), peak rate-pressure product (p < 0.001), peak oxygen pulse (p = 0.008), OUES (p < 0.001), CP (p < 0.001), and VP (p < 0.001) and significantly higher values for peak diastolic BP (p = 0.004) and carbon dioxide production efficiency (p < 0.001) compared with CG. Stepwise regression analysis showed that CP was influenced by group (R2 = 0.44, p < 0.001) and VP was influenced by both group and number of vessels with stenosis after treatment (interaction effects: R2 = 0.46, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The indices CP and VP were lower in men with CAD than healthy controls. .


Fundamento: Os índices da Potência Circulatória (PC) e Potência Ventilatória (PV) têm sido utilizados para avaliação clínica de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca, mas nenhum estudo avaliou esses índices em pacientes com Doença Arterial Coronariana (DAC). Objetivo: Caracterizar ambos os índices em pacientes com DAC comparados a indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: Oitenta e sete homens [grupo DAC = 42 sujeitos e, grupo controle (GC) = 45 sujeitos] com idade entre 45 e 65 anos foram incluídos. Um Teste de Exercício Cardiopulmonar (TECP) foi realizado em esteira e as seguintes variáveis foram obtidas: 1) consumo de oxigênio (VO2) pico; 2) Frequência Cardíaca (FC) pico; 3) Pressão Arterial (PA) pico; 4) duplo produto pico (PA sistólica pico x FC pico); 5) pulso de oxigênio pico (VO2 pico dividido pela FC pico); 6) eficiência ventilatória para o consumo de oxigênio (OUES); 7) eficiência ventilatória para a produção de dióxido de carbono (VE/VCO2 slope); 8) PC (VO2 pico x PA sistólica pico); e 9) PV (PA sistólica pico dividido pelo VE/VCO2 slope). Resultados: O grupo DAC apresentou valores significativamente menores das seguintes variáveis no pico do exercício: VO2 (p < 0,001), FC (p < 0,001), PA sistólica (p < 0,001), duplo produto (p < 0,001), pulso de oxigênio (p = 0,008), OUES (p < 0,001), PC (p < 0,001) e PV (p < 0,001), e valores significativamente maiores de PA diastólica (p = 0,004) e VE/VCO2 slope (p < 0,001) em relação ao GC. Uma análise de regressão pelo método stepwise mostrou que a PC foi influenciada pelo grupo (R2 = 0,44, p < 0,001) e a PV tanto pelo grupo quanto pelo número de vasos com estenose pós tratamento (efeito de interação: R2 = 0,46, p < 0,001). Conclusion: Os índices da PC e PV foram menores em homens com DAC comparados ao GC, podendo dessa forma ser utilizados na caracterização dessa população. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Aluminum Oxide/toxicity , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles/toxicity , Cells, Cultured , Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , E-Selectin/genetics , E-Selectin/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/ultrastructure , Gene Expression/drug effects , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods , Monocytes/drug effects , Monocytes/metabolism , Monocytes/ultrastructure , Particle Size , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Swine , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism
3.
Clinics ; 70(6): 446-452, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Brain death is typically followed by autonomic changes that lead to hemodynamic instability, which is likely associated with microcirculatory dysfunction and inflammation. We evaluated the role of the microcirculation in the hemodynamic and inflammatory events that occur after brain death and the effects of autonomic storm inhibition via thoracic epidural blockade on mesenteric microcirculatory changes and inflammatory responses. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated. Brain death was induced via intracranial balloon inflation. Bupivacaine (brain death-thoracic epidural blockade group) or saline (brain death group) infusion via an epidural catheter was initiated immediately before brain death induction. Sham-operated animals were used as controls (SH group). The mesenteric microcirculation was analyzed via intravital microscopy, and the expression of adhesion molecules was evaluated via immunohistochemistry 180 min after brain death induction. RESULTS: A significant difference in mean arterial pressure behavior was observed between the brain death-thoracic epidural blockade group and the other groups, indicating that the former group experienced autonomic storm inhibition. However, the proportion of perfused small vessels in the brain death-thoracic epidural blockade group was similar to or lower than that in the brain death and SH groups, respectively. The expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 was similar between the brain death-thoracic epidural blockade and brain death groups but was significantly lower in the SH group than in the other two groups. The number of migrating leukocytes in the perivascular tissue followed the same trend for all groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although thoracic epidural blockade effectively inhibited the autonomic storm, it did not affect mesenteric hypoperfusion or inflammation induced by brain death. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autonomic Nervous System/blood supply , Brain Death , Hemodynamics/physiology , Microcirculation/physiology , Splanchnic Circulation/physiology , Anesthesia, Epidural , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Corticosterone/blood , Cytokines/blood , Inflammation/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 73(4): 210-215, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-730583

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a expressão da molécula de adesão intercelular-1 (ICAM-1) na esclera e coroide de coelhos hipercolesterolêmicos. Métodos: Coelhos New Zealand foram organizados em dois grupos: GN (grupo dieta normal), composto por 8 coelhos (8 olhos), recebeu ração padrão para coelhos, durante 4 semanas; GH (grupo hipercolesterolêmico), composto por 13 coelhos (13 olhos), recebeu dieta rica em colesterol a 1% por 8 semanas. Foi realizada a dosagem sérica de colesterol total, triglicerídeos, HDL colesterol, glicemia de jejum no início do experimento e no momento da eutanásia. Ao final da 4ª semana para o GN e 8ª semana para o GH foi realizada a eutanásia dos animais. Os olhos foram corados com hematoxilina-eosina e submetidos à análise histológica, histomorfométrica e imunohistoquímica com o anticorpo ICAM-1. Resultados: Observou-se significativo aumento do colesterol total e triglicerídeos do GH em relação ao GN (p<0,001). A avaliação histológica com hematoxilina eosina revelou grande quantidade de macrófagos no complexo esclero-coroidal do GH. No GH constatou-se significativo aumento da espessura da esclera e coroide em relação ao GN (p<0,001). Houve significativo aumento da expressão da ICAM-1 na esclera e coroide dos animais do GH em relação ao GN (p<0,001). Conclusão: Este estudo demonstra que a dieta hipercolesterolêmica induz ao aumento da expressão da ICAM-1 na esclera e coroide de coelhos. .


Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in the sclera and choroid of hypercholesterolemic rabbits Methods: New Zealand rabbits were divided into two groups: the normal diet group (NG), with 8 rabbits (8 eyes), was fed a standard rabbit diet for 4 weeks; the hypercholesterolemic group (HG), with 13 rabbits (13 eyes), was fed a 1% cholesterol- enriched diet for 8 weeks. Total serum cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol and fasting blood glucose exams were performed at the start of the experiment and at the euthanasia time. HG and NG animals were euthanized after 8th week and 4th week, respectively. Their eyes were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and underwent histological, histomorphometric and immunohistochemical analyses with ICAM-1 antibody. Results: The diet has induced a significant increase in total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in HG when compared with NG (p<0.001). The histological analysis with hematoxylin-eosin revealed a large number of macrophages in the HG sclera-choroid complex. Moreover, a significant increase in the HG sclera and choroid thickness was observed in relation to NG (p<0.001). There was a significant increase in the ICAM-1 expression in HG sclera and choroid in relation to NG Conclusion: This study has revealed that the hypercholesterolemic diet induces an increase in the ICAM-1 expression in the rabbits’ sclera and choroid. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Sclera/metabolism , Cholesterol, Dietary , Choroid/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Diet, Atherogenic , Hypercholesterolemia/physiopathology , Rabbits , Retina/metabolism , Sclera/anatomy & histology , Immunohistochemistry , Retinal Neovascularization/metabolism , Cholesterol/blood , Choroid/anatomy & histology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Macrophages/metabolism , Macular Degeneration/physiopathology
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(5): 287-291, 05/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709234

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of exogenous normal lymph (ENL) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats. METHODS: ALI was induced by the jugular vein injection of LPS (iv, 15 mg/kg) in rats of the LPS and LPS+ENL groups within 15 min, then, ENL without cell components (5 ml/kg) was infused at the speed of 0.5 ml per minute in the LPS+ENL group, the same amount of saline was administered in the LPS group. The rats in the sham group received the same surgical procedure and saline. The histomorphology and the levels of P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), myeloperoxidase (MPO) in pulmonary tissue were assessed. RESULTS: LPS induced pulmonary injury as well as increased the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) and the levels of P-selectin, ICAM-1, and MPO in pulmonary tissues. These deleterious effects of LPS were significantly ameliorated by ENL treatment. CONCLUSION: Exogenous normal lymph could markedly alleviate the acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide, and its effects might be related to lessening the adhesion molecules. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lymph/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Lung/pathology , P-Selectin/analysis , Peroxidase/analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(2): 128-134, 2/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-699777

ABSTRACT

The liver is one of the target organs damaged by septic shock, wherein the spread of endotoxins begins. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exogenous normal lymph (ENL) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham, LPS, and LPS+ENL groups. LPS (15 mg/kg) was administered intravenously via the left jugular vein to the LPS and LPS+ENL groups. At 15 min after the LPS injection, saline or ENL without cell components (5 mL/kg) was administered to the LPS and LPS+ENL groups, respectively, at a rate of 0.5 mL/min. Hepatocellular injury indices and hepatic histomorphology, as well as levels of P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and Na+-K+-ATPase, were assessed in hepatic tissues. Liver tissue damage occurred after LPS injection. All levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in plasma as well as the wet/dry weight ratio of hepatic tissue in plasma increased. Similarly, P-selectin, ICAM-1, and MPO levels in hepatic tissues were elevated, whereas Na+-K+-ATPase activity in hepatocytes decreased. ENL treatment lessened hepatic tissue damage and decreased levels of AST, ALT, ICAM-1, and MPO. Meanwhile, the treatment increased the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase. These results indicated that ENL could alleviate LPS-induced liver injury, thereby suggesting an alternative therapeutic strategy for the treatment of liver injury accompanied by severe infection or sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/therapy , Lymph , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats, Wistar , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms
7.
Biol. Res ; 46(3): 275-280, 2013. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-692194

ABSTRACT

Galectin-8 belongs to a family of mammalian lectins that recognize glycoconjugates present on different cell surface components and modulate a variety of cellular processes. A role of Gal-8 in the immune system has been proposed based on its effects in immune cells, including T and B lymphocytes, as well as the presence of anti-Gal-8 autoantibodies in the prototypic autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We have previously described that Gal-8 induces apoptosis in activated T cells interacting with certain β1 integrins and this effect is counteracted by the anti-Gal-8 autoantibodies. Given that Gal-8 can potentially interact with several glycoproteins, here we analyzed the β2 integrin Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 (LFA-1), which is involved in leukocyte cell adhesion and immunological synapses. We show by GST-pull down assays that Gal-8 interacts with LFA-1 and this interaction is inhibited by anti-Gal-8 autoantibodies isolated from SLE patients. In cell adhesion assays, Gal-8 precluded the interaction of LFA-1 with its ligand Intracellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1). These results suggest that Gal-8 can exert immunosuppressive action not only by inducing apoptosis in activated T cells but also by negatively modulating the crucial function of LFA-1 in the immune system, while function-blocking autoantibodies counteract these effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Galectins/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/metabolism , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/metabolism , Autoantibodies/immunology , Autoantibodies/metabolism , Cell Adhesion
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(9): 645-649, Sept. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-646732

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare gene expression of the chemokines RANTES and eotaxin-2, its receptor, CCR-3, adhesion molecule ICAM-1 and its receptor LFA-1 in eosinophilic polyps and in control normal nasal mucosa. METHODS: Gene expression was quantified by Real Time PCR in polyps (n=35) and in healthy nasal mucosa (n=15). RESULTS: Eosinophilic polyps showed a higher expression of eotaxin-2 and RANTES, but not of CCR-3, ICAM-1 or LFA-1 compared to control nasal mucosa. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic polyps present greater expression of eotaxin-2 and RANTES, but not of CCR-3, ICAM-1 or LFA-1 compared to control nasal mucosa.


OBJETIVO: Comparar a expressão gênica das quimiocinas RANTES e eotaxina-2, do seu receptor CCR-3, da molécula de adesão ICAM-1 e do seu receptor LFA-1 entre pólipos nasais eosinofílicos (PE) (n=35) e mucosa nasal controle (n=15). MÉTODOS: Quantificou-se a expressão gênica dos mediadores citados pela técnica de PCR em tempo real em PEs e em mucosas de concha média de pacientes sem doenças nasais ou alteração endoscópica. RESULTADOS: Pólipos eosinofílicos apresentam maior expressão de eotaxina-2 e RANTES, mas não de CCR-3, ICAM-1 e LFA-1, quando comparados as mucosas nasais controles. CONCLUSÃO: Pólipos eosinofícios apresentaram maior expressão de eotaxin-2 and RANTES, mas não de CCR-3, ICAM-1 ou LFA-1,comparada à mucosa nasal controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nasal Polyps/metabolism , Rhinitis/metabolism , Sinusitis/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , /genetics , /metabolism , /genetics , /metabolism , Gene Expression , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/genetics , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/metabolism , Nasal Mucosa , Nasal Polyps/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction , /genetics , /metabolism , Rhinitis/complications , Sinusitis/complications
9.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144663

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Nutritional compounds which display anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects have specific applications in preventing oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. In this study we evaluated the effect of Lisosan G (powder of Triticum sativum grains) on human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) exposed to oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Methods: The protective effects of Lisosan G were evaluated on human microvascular endothelial cells exposed to ox-LDL. Intercellular adhesion molecular-1 (ICAM-1), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations and the expression of the respective genes were evaluated in response to incubation with ox-LDL, after co-incubation with ox-LDL and Lisosan G or exposed to Lisosan G alone. The analysis of LOX-1 gene was performed with RT-PCR semi quantitative method. The degree of oxidation induced in relation to control, was established by measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA) production. Results: The incubation with ox-LDL induced a significant increase in ICAM-1, IL-6 and ET-1 levels compared to the basal condition (P<0.01, P<0.05, and P<0.01, respectively), while in presence of Lisosan G, ICAM-1 levels showed a significant reduction both compared to the cultures treated with ox-LDL and control (P<0.01). IL-6 levels did not show any difference; ET-1 levels showed a partial reduction after co-treatment with Lisosan G, and also with Lisosan G alone, reduced the concentration below control (P<0.01). The modulation of these markers was confirmed by RT-PCR analysis. An association between MDA formation and the three markers production was observed. Semi-quantitative analysis of LOX-1 gene expression showed a significant up-regulation only after ox-LDL exposure. Interpretation & conclusions: The results demonstrate that Lisosan G may have an important role in the prevention of microcirculatory dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cell Line , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Endothelin-1/metabolism , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism , Microcirculation/drug effects , Microcirculation/physiology , Microvessels/cytology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Scavenger Receptors, Class E/metabolism
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 29(4): 1351-1356, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-627014

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la principal causa de muerte a nivel mundial. Entre ellas tienen gran relevancia las de tipo isquémicas, en donde el desarrollo de placas ateroscleróticas es el proceso fisiopatológico central. El estudio de la aterosclerosis es fundamental para comprender como se inicia este proceso patológico y los factores que influyen en su desarrollo. Distintas metodologías de laboratorio, entre otras la inmunohistoquímica, permiten reconocer las células y moléculas que participan en el proceso ateromatoso y que van interactuando según la progresión de la lesión. Un marcador de disfunción endotelial es la mayor expresión de la molécula de adhesión intercelular ICAM-1. En este trabajo se realizó la estandarización de inmunohistoquímica para la molécula de adhesión ICAM-1, y se estudió su expresión en arterias humanas sanas y con placa ateromatosa. En las muestras de arterias humanas con patología aterosclerótica, la expresión de ICAM-1 se observó aumentada, pero fue de difícil reconocimiento. Esto principalmente porque el tejido empleado como control en la estandarización fue una amígdala con hiperplasia y proceso inflamatorio que aumenta notablemente la expresión de ICAM-1. La implementación del método de inmunohistoquímica para ICAM-1 en arterias humanas permitirá conocer estados de disfunción endotelial y el desarrollo futuro del diseño e implementación de métodos de diagnóstico en aquellos procesos ateroclerótico en estado incipiente.


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in the world. Among them the ischemic type are of great importance, where the development of atherosclerotic plaques is the central pathophysiological process. The study of atherosclerosis is critical to understand how this disease process begins and factors influencing its development. Various laboratory methods, including immunohistochemistry, allow the recognition of cells and molecules involved in the atheromatous process that are interacting according to the progression of the lesion. A marker of endothelial dysfunction is the increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule ICAM-1. In this paper, an immunohistochemistry method was standardized for the adhesion molecule ICAM-1, and its expression was studied in healthy human arteries with atheromatous plaque. In samples of human arteries with atherosclerotic disease, the expression of ICAM-1 was observed to be increased, but was hardly recognizable. This mainly because the tissue used as a control for standardization was a tonsil with an inflammatory process and hyperplasia, which significantly increases the expression of ICAM-1. The implementation of the immunohistochemistry method for ICAM-1 in human arteries will reveal endothelial dysfunction states that will enable a future design and implementation of methods of diagnosis in atherosclerotic processes in the early stages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Time Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188468

ABSTRACT

A large reservoir of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is available in the colon and this could promote colon cancer metastasis by enhancing tumor cell adhesion, intravasation, and extravasation. Furthermore, adhesion molecules like ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin play important roles in the adhesion of tumor cells to endothelium. This study was designed to determine whether morphine can attenuate the expressions of adhesion molecules up-regulated by the supernatant of LPS-stimulated HCT 116 colon cancer cells (LPS-Sup). In this study, we divided to three groups by cell-growth medium of human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs): the control group was incubated in growth factor-free endothelial medium, the Sup group was incubated in the supernatant of HCT 116 cells (Sup), and the LPS-Sup group was incubated in LPS-Sup. To observe effect of morphine to the adhesion molecules expressions in the LPS-Sup group, we co-treated morphine with LPS or added it to LPS-Sup. Adhesion molecule expressions on HUVECs in all three groups were measured during incubation period. Consquentially, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and E-selectin expressions on HUVECs were significantly lower when morphine was co-treated with LPS than not co-treated. Thus, we suggest that morphine affects the expressions of adhesion molecules primarily by attenuating LPS stimuli on tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , E-Selectin/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Morphine/pharmacology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136585

ABSTRACT

The basic route and mechanism for diapedesis has not yet to be fully defined. Here we present evidence that "cell-cell separation" between endothelial cells (ECs) may provide a route for leukocyte diapedesis. We unexpectedly found that extensive interaction between peripheral blood leukocytes and ECs that were activated by TNF-alpha induced the opening of EC contacts and, surprisingly, resulted in cell-cell separation. This event was specific to the intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1)/leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 interaction, as demonstrated by the following: (1) ICAM-1 expression correlated with increased EC contraction; and (2) the blocking of ICAM-1 selectively inhibited EC separation. Thus, we suggest that "cell-cell separation" could be a mechanism for diapedesis in situations that may require massive leukocyte infiltration.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Leukocytes/cytology , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/metabolism
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136584

ABSTRACT

The basic route and mechanism for diapedesis has not yet to be fully defined. Here we present evidence that "cell-cell separation" between endothelial cells (ECs) may provide a route for leukocyte diapedesis. We unexpectedly found that extensive interaction between peripheral blood leukocytes and ECs that were activated by TNF-alpha induced the opening of EC contacts and, surprisingly, resulted in cell-cell separation. This event was specific to the intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1)/leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 interaction, as demonstrated by the following: (1) ICAM-1 expression correlated with increased EC contraction; and (2) the blocking of ICAM-1 selectively inhibited EC separation. Thus, we suggest that "cell-cell separation" could be a mechanism for diapedesis in situations that may require massive leukocyte infiltration.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Leukocytes/cytology , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/metabolism
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 antibody-conjugated gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA-anti-ICAM-1) as a targeted contrast agent for the molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of mice were used: non-arthritic normal, CIA mice in both the early inflammatory and chronic destructive phases. The MR images of knee joints were obtained before and after injection of Gd-DTPA-anti-ICAM-1, Gd-DTPA, and Gd-DTPA-Immunoglobulin G (Ig G) and were analyzed quantitatively. The patterns of enhancement on the MR images were compared with the histological and immunohistochemical ICAM-1 staining. RESULTS: The images obtained after injection of Gd-DTPA-anti-ICAM-1 displayed gradually increasing signal enhancement from the moment following injection (mean +/- standard deviation [SD]: 424.3 +/- 35.2, n = 3) to 24 hours (532 +/- 11.3), rather than on pre-enhanced images (293 +/- 37.6) in the early inflammatory phase of CIA mice. However, signal enhancement by Gd-DTPA and Gd-DTPA-IgG disappeared after 80 minutes and 24 hours, respectively. In addition, no significant enhancement was seen in the chronic destructive phase of CIA mice, even though they also showed inflammatory changes on T2-weighted MR images. ICAM-1 expression was demonstrated in the endothelium and proliferating synovium of the early inflammatory phase of CIA mice, but not in the chronic destructive phase. CONCLUSION: Molecular MRI with Gd-DTPA-anti-ICAM-1 displays specific images targeted to ICAM-1 that is expressed in the inflamed synovium of CIA. This novel tool may be useful for the early diagnosis and differentiation of the various stages of rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Collagen , Contrast Media , Disease Models, Animal , Gadolinium DTPA , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Knee Joint/metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Mice , Synovial Membrane/metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205424

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a crucial role in acute lung injury. Tissue inflammation, the increased vascular permeability, and plasma exudation are cardinal features of acute lung injury. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) has potential therapeutic applications in preventing vascular leakage and also has beneficial effects in several inflammatory disorders. Recently developed COMP-Ang1 is more potent than native Ang1 in phosphorylating tyrosine kinase with immunoglobulin and EGF homology domain 2 receptor in endothelial cells. However, there are no data on effects and related molecular mechanisms of COMP- Ang1 on ROS-induced acute lung injury. We used hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-inhaled mice to evaluate the effect of COMP-Ang1 on pulmonary inflammation, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and vascular leakage in acute lung injury. The results have revealed that VEGF expression, the levels of IL-4, TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in lungs, the levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1 alpha) and NF-kappa B in nuclear protein extracts, phosphorylation of Akt, and vascular permeability were increased after inhalation of H2O2 and that the administration of COMP-Ang1 markedly reduced airway hyper-responsiveness, pulmonary inflammation, plasma extravasation, and the increases of cytokines, adhesion molecules, and VEGF in lungs treated with H2O2. We have also found that the activation of HIF-1a and NF-kappa B and the increase of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activity in lung tissues after H2O2 inhalation were decreased by the administration of COMP-Ang1. These results suggest that COMP-Ang1 ameliorates ROS-induced acute lung injury through attenuating vascular leakage and modulating inflammatory mediators.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Administration, Inhalation , Airway Resistance/drug effects , Animals , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/drug therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Capillary Permeability/drug effects , Cytokines/antagonists & inhibitors , Female , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/antagonists & inhibitors , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/administration & dosage , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167144

ABSTRACT

Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is an important event in the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). The aim of this study is to determine the effects of ginsenoside Rb1 on liver injury induced by intestinal I/R in rats. Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: (1) a control, sham-operated group (sham group); (2) an intestinal I/R group subjected to 1 h intestinal ischemia and 2 h reperfusion (I/R group); (3) a group treated with 20 mg/kg ginsenoside Rb1 before reperfusion (Rb1-20 group); and (4) a group treated with 40 mg/kg ginsenoside Rb1 before reperfusion (Rb1-40 group). Liver and intestinal histology was observed. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level in serum and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in intestinal tissues were measured. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), TNF-alpha, MDA level and immunohistochemical expression of NF-kappa B and intracellular adhesion molecale-1 (ICAM-1) in liver tissues was assayed. In addition, a western blot analysis of liver NF-kappa B expression was performed. Results indicated intestinal I/R induced intestinal and liver injury, which was characterized by increase of AST and ALT in serum, MDA level in intestine, MPO, TNF-alpha and MDA level and ICAM-1 and NF-kappa B expression in the liver tissues. Ginsenoside Rb1 (20, 40 mg/kg) ameliorated liver injury, decreased MPO, TNF-alpha and MDA level, NF-kappa B and ICAM-1 expression in liver tissues. In conclusion, ginsenoside Rb1 ablated liver injury induced by intestinal I/R by inhibiting NF-kappaB activation.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase/blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Biomarkers/metabolism , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Intestines/blood supply , Ischemia/metabolism , Liver/enzymology , Liver Diseases/etiology , Male , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , Peroxidase/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
17.
Biocell ; 31(1): 1-12, abr. 2007. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-491532

ABSTRACT

Congenital obstructive nephropathy is the primary cause of end-stage renal disease in children. Rapid diagnosis and initiation of the treatment are vital to preserve function and/or to slow down renal injury. Obstructive uropathy effects -decline in the plasmatic renal flow and glomerular filtration rate, interstitial infiltrate of leukocytes, significant decrease of the urine concentration, loss of the capacity to concentrate urine as well as fibrosis and apoptosis- are a consequence of a variety of factors that work in complex ways and are still not fully understood. Mediators as angiotensin II, transforming growth factor-beta(TGF-beta) and nitric oxide (NO) have been implicated in congenital obstructive nephropathy. The renin-angiotensin system is regulated in different ways, affecting both renal structure and function, and that it in turn depends upon the duration of the obstruction. On the other hand, the role of nitric oxide in renal injury remains somewhat controversial due to the fact that it can exert opposite effects such as cytoprotective and prooxidant / proapoptotic efects as well as proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, reactive oxidative species (ROS) might contribute to the progression of renal disease. During unilateral ureteral obstruction induced uncoordinated and aberrant growth may lead to the loss of cellular phenotype and apoptosis. Promoting inflammatory responses, the oxidizers can regulate the adherence of certain molecules and proinflammatory mediators, transcription factors and fibrogenic cytokines, that are clearly involved in the progression of renal disease. The congenital obstructive nephropathy is characterized by tubular atrophy, cellular proliferation, apoptosis and fibrosis; immature kidney is more susceptible than adult kidney to showing the above mentioned alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Child , Adult , Angiotensin II/metabolism , Angiotensin II/urine , Kidney Failure, Chronic/metabolism , Kidney Failure, Chronic/pathology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/urine , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/urine , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/urine , Apoptosis , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/urine , Biomarkers/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Ureteral Obstruction/physiopathology , Ureteral Obstruction/metabolism , Ureteral Obstruction/urine
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176606

ABSTRACT

The house dust mite (HDM) is considered to be the most common indoor allergen associated with bronchial asthma. In this study, we investigated whether crude extract of the HDM Dermatophagoides farinae could activate human eosinophilic leukemic cells (EoL-1) to induce upregulation of cell-surface adhesion molecules. When EoL-1 cells were incubated with D. farinae extract, expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) significantly increased on the cell surfaces compared to cells incubated with medium alone. In contrast, surface expression of CD11b and CD49d in EoL-1 cells was not affected by D. farinae extract. In addition, pretreatment of cells with NF- kappaB inhibitor (MG-132) or JNK inhibitor (SP600125) significantly inhibited ICAM-1 expression promoted by HDM extract. However, neither p38 MAP kinase inhibitor nor MEK inhibitor prevented HDM-induced ICAM-1 expression in EoL-1 cells. These results suggest that crude extract of D. farinae induces ICAM-1 expression in EoL-1 cells through signaling pathways involving both NF- kappaB and JNK.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthracenes/pharmacology , CD11b Antigen/biosynthesis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Eosinophils/metabolism , Flow Cytometry/methods , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Integrin alpha4/biosynthesis , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Leukemia/metabolism , Leupeptins/pharmacology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Pyroglyphidae , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53148

ABSTRACT

To elucidate the roles of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (oh8dG), the nucleoside of 8-hydroxyguanine (oh8Gua), we examined the effects of oh8dG upon LPS-induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression and the underlying mechanisms in brain microglial cells. We found that oh8dG reduces LPS-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, STAT3 activation, and ICAM-1 expression. oh8dG also suppresses pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IFN-gamma. Overexpression of dominant negative STAT3 completely diminshed STAT3-mediated ICAM-1 transcriptional activity. Chromatin immunoprecipitation studies revealed that oh8dG inhibited recruitment of STAT3 to the ICAM-1 promoter, followed by a decrease in ICAM-1 expression. Using mice lacking a functional Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), we demonstrated that, while TLR4+/+ microglia were activated by LPS, TLR4-/-microglia exhibited inactivated STAT3 in response to LPS. Evidently, LPS modulates STAT3-dependent ICAM-1 induction through TLR4-mdiated cellular responses. Oh8dG apparently plays a role in anti-inflammatory actions via suppression of ICAM-1 gene expression by blockade of the TLR4-STAT3 signal cascade in inflammation-enhanced brain microglia. Therefore, oh8dG in the cytosol probably functions as an anti-inflammatory molecule and should be considered as a candidate for development of anti-inflammatory agents.


Subject(s)
Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics , STAT3 Transcription Factor/physiology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Microglia/drug effects , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice , Male , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Encephalitis/drug therapy , Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Cell Survival/drug effects , Brain/cytology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Animals
20.
Neurol India ; 2005 Sep; 53(3): 312-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-121432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB), proinflammatory cytokines and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) are frequently upregulated in the injured brain after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the temporal pattern of upregulation is not well defined. AIMS: The current study was undertaken to investigate the temporal profile of the expression of NF-kB, proinflammatory cytokines and ICAM-1 in the injured brain after cortical contusion trauma of the rat brain. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A rat model of cortical contusion was produced by a free-falling weight on the exposed dura of right parietal lobe. The rats were randomly divided into control group and TBI groups at hours 3, 12, 24 and 72, and on day 7. MATERIAL AND METHODS: NF-kB binding activity in the surrounding brain of injured area was studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). The levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were detected using ELISA and ICAM-1 expression studied by immunohistochemistry. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Student-Newman-Keuls post hoc test. Relation between variables was analyzed using bivariate correlation with two-tailed test. RESULTS: Compared with that of control group, NF-kB binding activity in the injured brain was significantly increased through 12 h and 7 days postinjury, with the maximum at 72 h. The concentrations of TNF-alpha and IL-6 in the injured brain were significantly increased from 3 h to 7 days and maximal at 24 h postinjury. The number of ICAM-1 immunostained microvessels was significantly increased in the injured brain from 24 h to 7 days postinjury, with its peak at 72 h. Concomitant upregulation of TNF-alpha, IL-6, ICAM-1 and the cytokine mediators NF-kB in the injured brain was observed in the injured brain after cortical contusion, and there was a highly positive relation among these variables. CONCLUSIONS: Cortical contusion trauma could induce a concomitant and persistent upregulation of NF-kB binding activity, TNF-alpha, IL-6 and ICAM-1 in the injured rat brain which might play a central role in the injury-induced immune response of brain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Injuries/immunology , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Immunohistochemistry , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/metabolism , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
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