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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211654, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254524

ABSTRACT

Grade C periodontitis in youngers is characterized by a severe form of periodontitis, and IL10 rs6667202 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been described as an important feature in this disease etiology. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate, in vivo, the functionality of IL10 rs6667202 SNP on IL-10 gingival fluid levels. Methods: Thirty patients with Perio4C were selected, 15 with the IL10 AA genotype (rs6667202) and 15 with AC/CC genotypes. The gingival fluid was collected from two sites with probing depth ≥ 7 mm and bleeding on probing, and two healthy sites. The IL-10 concentration was determined by Luminex/MAGpix platform. Results: In deep pockets, the IL10 AA genotype presented a lower concentration of IL-10 when compared with AC or CC genotypes (p<0.05). In shallow pockets, no difference between groups was seen (p>0.05). Conclusion: IL10 rs6667202 SNP decreases the production of IL-10 in crevicular fluid, potentially affecting this disease progression


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aggressive Periodontitis , Interleukin-10 , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 427-434, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056458

ABSTRACT

Granulosa cells (GCs) are essential components of follicles and play a role in regulating follicle development. The aim of this study was to investigate certain cellular components involved in the proliferation, differentiation and functional characteristics of granulosa cells in the success of fertilization of human oocytes during invitro fertilization (IVF) via immunohistochemical techniques. In this study, 30 patients who were diagnosed as primary or secondary infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome in the IVF center of Memorial Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology were included. The amount of Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH) in blood and granulosa cell diameter and cell core diameter were measured in 20 cells collected from each patient. In addition, degeneration scoring and BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 expressions in granulosa cells were evaluated (p <0.01). It was thought that apoptosis induced by human GCs might be an indicator of egg quality. Moderate expression of ADAMTS-1 was thought to be related to failure of ovulation, deterioration of oocyte quality and decreased fertilization rate. This decrease in AMH levels may be associated with defects in granulosa cells. Therefore, significantly lower AMH secretion and increase in IL10 expression levels in healthy people can be explained by the increase of granulocyte cells.


Las células de la granulosa (GC) son componentes esenciales de los folículos y tienen un papel en la regulación del desarrollo de éste. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar ciertos componentes celulares involucrados en la proliferación, diferenciación y características funcionales de las células de la granulosa en el éxito de la fertilización de los ovocitos humanos durante la fertilización in vitro (FIV) a través de técnicas inmunohistoquímicas. En este estudio, se incluyeron 30 pacientes diagnosticados con infertilidad primaria o secundaria, síndrome de ovario poliquístico en el centro de FIV del Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología del Hospital Memorial. La cantidad de Hormona Anti Mülleriana (AMH) en la sangre, el diámetro de las células de la granulosa y el diámetro del núcleo celular se midieron en 20 células obtenidas de cada paciente. Además, se evaluó la puntuación de degeneración y las expresiones BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 en células de granulosa (p <0,01). Se estimó que la apoptosis inducida por los GC humanos podría ser un indicador de la calidad del huevo. Se estimó que la expresión moderada de ADAMTS-1 estaba relacionada con el fracaso de la ovulación, el deterioro de la calidad de los ovocitos y la disminución de la tasa de fertilización. La disminución en los niveles de AMH puede estar asociada con defectos en las células de la granulosa. Por lo tanto, el aumento de las células de granulocitos puede explicar la disminución significativa de la secreción de AMH y el aumento de los niveles de expresión de IL10 en personas sanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Interleukin-10/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , ADAMTS1 Protein/metabolism , Granulosa Cells/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the incidence rate of non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) in critically ill children with or without sepsis and the association of NTIS with interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 97 children with sepsis (sepsis group) and 80 non-sepsis children with bacterial infection (non-sepsis group). The correlations of IL-6 and IL-10 with the thyroid function parameters triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in age and sex between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups (P>0.05). Compared with the non-sepsis group, the sepsis group had a significantly higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, a significantly longer length of hospital stay, and a significantly higher rate of use of ventilator (P0.05), but the pooled analysis of the two groups showed that IL-6 level was negatively correlated with T3 and T4 levels (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with sepsis have a higher incidence rate of NTIS than those without sepsis. The high level of IL-6 may be associated with the development of NTIS.


Subject(s)
Child , Critical Illness , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes , Humans , Interleukin-10/blood , Interleukin-6/blood , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180734, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fibromyalgia (FM) is a nonarticular rheumatic syndrome that leads to diffuse myalgia, sleep disturbances and morning stiffness. Balneotherapy has been shown an effective strategy to improve the health conditions of patients; however, the treatment follow-up is based on patient report due to the lack of biomarkers. Thus, this study evaluated the application of cytokines and phosphoglycerate mutase I (PGAM-I) to monitoring FM patient underwent to balneotherapy treatment. Eleven healthy and eleven women with FM were submitted to daily sessions of balneotherapy during 10 days. Clinical and quality of life parameters were assessed through a FIQ questionnaire. Blood levels of TNF-(, interleukins (IL-1, IL-2 and IL-10) and PGAM-I expression in patients' saliva were also evaluated. Patients with FM showed significant improvements in their clinical status after treatment. Also, FM patients has IL-10 levels lower than healthy women and the balneotherapy increased the expression of this cytokine in both groups, concomitantly to pain relief. Although inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-2 and TNF-() were more expressed in FM patients than healthy patients their levels did not reduce after treatment. A slight increase of PGAM-I expression was observed. In conclusion, IL-10 levels could be a useful biomarker to balneotherapy follow-up of FM patients. However, these findings must be analyzed in a larger number of patients in order to validate IL-10 as an effective biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Interleukin-10/blood , Quality of Life , Saliva , Balneology , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Interleukin-1/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Phosphoglycerate Mutase/blood
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e030, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089389

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The abnormal increase in proliferation rate of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) is considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, a disease in which the IL-10-mediated anti-inflammatory pathway plays a critical role. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of microRNA-466l in periodontitis and to explore the possible interaction between IL-10 and microRNA-466l. PDLSCs were obtained from periodontitis-affected teeth and healthy control teeth. The expression of microRNA-466l and IL-10 mRNA was measured in PDLSCs using RT-qPCR. The proliferation ability of PDLSCs was analyzed using CCK-8 assays. Overexpression of microRNA-466l in a PDLSC cell line was established using two different types of PDLSCs, and the effect of microRNA-466l overexpression on IL-10 expression and cell proliferation were detected by western blot and CCK-8 assays, respectively. We found that expression levels of microRNA-466l and IL-10 mRNA were significantly lower (P < 0.05) in PDLSCs derived from periodontitis-affected teeth compared to those derived from healthy teeth. However, the cell proliferation ability was significantly higher in the PDLSCs derived from periodontitis-affected teeth. Meanwhile microRNA-466l overexpression decreased cell proliferation rates of both types of PDLSCs and upregulated IL-10 expression. Together, these data suggest that microRNA-466l can upregulate IL-10 and reduce the proliferation rate of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Periodontitis/genetics , Stem Cells/metabolism , Up-Regulation , Interleukin-10/therapeutic use , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Periodontitis/metabolism , Periodontitis/therapy , Cell Differentiation , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-10/metabolism
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 637-646, May 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012952

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Aplastic anemia (AA) is an immune-mediated disease that destroys hematopoietic cells through activated T lymphocytes. B lymphocyte-mediated humoral immunity also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AA. Regulatory B cell (Breg) subpopulation, which is defined as "B10", secretes interleukin 10 (IL-10). The objective of our experiment was to investigate whether the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in AA patients may play a key role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 38 AA patients (14 SAA patients and 24 NSAA patients) and 20 healthy control subjects were included. All subjects did not suffer from autoimmune diseases or any other diseases affecting the immune system, such as infectious diseases. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and analyzed by Flow cytometry (FCM) and Immunofluorescence double-labeling assay. The relationship between the relative proportions of B10 and ProB10 and their associations to AA, as well as disease severity, were assessed by common clinical indicators and then examined. RESULTS: Our analyses revealed AA patients had significantly lower proportions of peripheral B10 and B10pro compared to healthy controls. SAA patients had a substantially lower percentage of B10 cells and B10pro cells compared to NSAA patients. In addition, B10 cells and B10pro cells were negatively correlated with absolute neutrophil counts, hemoglobin levels and platelet, and absolute reticulocyte counts in AA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study attempted to elucidate the potential role of the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in the pathogenesis of AA.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: A anemia aplástica (AA) é uma doença imunomediada que destrói células hematopoiéticas por meio dos linfócitos T ativados. A imunidade humoral mediada por linfócitos B também desempenha um papel importante na patogênese da AA. A subpopulação de células B reguladoras (Breg), que é definida como "B10", secreta interleucina 10 (IL-10). No experimento, investigou-se se a proporção reduzida de células B10 nos pacientes de AA pode desempenhar um papel-chave na patogênese. MÉTODOS: Um total de 38 pacientes de AA (14 pacientes de anemia aplástica grave e 24 pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave) e 20 indivíduos de controle saudáveis foram incluídos. Todos os indivíduos não sofriam de doenças autoimunes ou de quaisquer outras doenças que afetam o sistema imunológico, tais como doenças contagiosas. As células mononucleares da medula óssea (PBMCs) eram isoladas e analisadas por citometria de fluxo (FCM) e ensaio de dupla marcação por imunofluorescência. A relação entre as proporções relativas de células B10 e as células ProB10 e as suas associações à AA, assim como a gravidade da doença avaliada por indicadores clínicos comuns, foram examinadas. RESULTADOS: Nossas análises revelaram que os pacientes de AA têm proporções significativamente menores de células B10 e células ProB10 periféricas em comparação com indivíduos de controle saudáveis. Os pacientes de anemia aplástica grave tiveram uma percentagem substancialmente menor de células B10 e células B10pro em comparação com pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave. Além disso, as células B10 e B10pro foram negativamente correlacionadas com contagens absolutas de neutrófilos, níveis de hemoglobina e plaquetas e contagem de reticulócitos absolutos nos pacientes de AA. CONCLUSÕES: Além disso, o estudo presente tentou elucidar o papel imunorregulatório potencial das células B10 na patogênese da AA e fornecer uma nova estratégia para a aplicação de imunoterapia baseada na célula B para tratar a AA no futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Anemia, Aplastic/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Case-Control Studies , Cells, Cultured , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Reticulocyte Count , Antigens, CD19/analysis , Antigens, CD19/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Anemia, Aplastic/blood , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728018

ABSTRACT

The study is to investigate effects of andrographolide on experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Lewis rats were immunized on day 0 with porcine cardiac myosin to establish EAM. The EAM rats were treated with either andrographolide (25, 50, 100 mg/kg/day) or vehicle for 21 days. An antigen-specific splenocytes proliferation assay was performed by using the cells from control rats immunized with cardiac myosin. Survival rates, myocardial pathology and myocardial functional parameters (left ventricle end-diastolic pressure, ± dP/dt and left ventricular internal dimension) of EAM rats received andrographolide were significantly improved. Andrographolide treatment caused an decrease in the infiltration of CD3⁺ and CD14⁺ positive cells in myocardial tissue. Moreover, andrographolide treatment caused a reduction in the plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-17 (IL-17) and myosin-antibody, and an increase in the level of IL-10 in EAM rats. Oral administration of andrographolide resulted in the decreased expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt without any change of PI3K and Akt. Further results indicate andrographolide significantly inhibited myosin-induced proliferation in splenocytes, and this effect was inhibited by co-treatment of SC79 (Akt activator). Our data indicate andrographolide inhibits development of EAM, and this beneficial effect may be due to powerful anti-inflammatory activity and inhibitory effect on PI3K/Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Cardiac Myosins , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Models, Animal , Myocarditis , Pathology , Plasma , Rats , Survival Rate , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic neuropathic pain (CNP) have a higher incidence to develop depression. However, its pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. Here we aimed to investigate the role of inflammatory cytokines in CNP-related anhedonia, which is a core symptom of depression, and to explore the effects of ketamine and parecoxib on pain and anhedonia. METHODS: A rat model of spared nerve injury (SNI) was constructed to mimic CNP. Hierarchical cluster analysis of sucrose preference test (SPT) was applied to classify the SNI rats into anhedonia susceptible and unsusceptible. Inflammatory cytokines in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of brain, serum and L2–5 spinal cord were measured. Moreover, effects of ketamine or parecoxib on mechanical withdrawal test (MWT) and SPT in anhedonia susceptible rats were detected. RESULTS: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was increased in mPFC, serum and and spinal cord of anhedonia susceptible rats. Furthermore, anhedonia susceptible and unsusceptible rats both increased the interleukin (IL)-1β level in mPFC, serum and spinal cord. IL-6 was altered in serum and spinal cord, but not in mPFC. IL-10 was significantly altered in mPFC and serum, but not in spinal cord. Additionally, ketamine treatment significantly attenuated the decreased results of MWT and SPT in anhedonia susceptible rats, and that parecoxib significantly improved the MWT score, but failed to alter the result of SPT. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that abnormalities in inflammatory cytokines confer susceptible to anhedonia in a rat model of SNI. Ketamine, a fast-acting antidepressant, has pharmacological benefits to alleviate pain and anhedonia symptoms.


Subject(s)
Anhedonia , Animals , Brain , Cytokines , Depression , Humans , Incidence , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Ketamine , Models, Animal , Neuralgia , Neurogenic Inflammation , Prefrontal Cortex , Rats , Spinal Cord , Sucrose , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
9.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(3): 349-357, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1009013

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate local and systemic levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10), IL-33, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in Thalassemia major (TM) in the presence of gingival inflammation. Material and Methods: 58 patients (TM, n=29 and systemically healthy controls, n=29) were included to the study. IL-10, IL-33, and TNF-α levels were evaluated in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), saliva and serum. Clinical periodontal measurements were recorded. Results: GCF IL-33 total amounts in TM and gingivitis group were elevated compared to systemically and periodontally healthy group (p=0.01). GCF IL-10, IL33 and TNF-α concentrations were higher in TM and periodontally healthy group than the systemically healthy and gingivitis group (p=0.02, p=0.008, p=0.003). Serum IL-10 levels were elevated in TM and gingivitis compared to the systemically healthy and gingivitis (p=0.0009) and systemically and periodontally healthy (p=0.0007) groups. Serum IL-10 and TNF-α levels in TM and periodontally healthy group were higher than systemically and periodontally healthy group (p=0.01 and p=0.02). Conclusion: TM may potentially alter circulating levels of IL-33 and IL-10 and therefore, may affect the degree of periodontal inflammation locally or vice versa. Yet, the underlying mechanism linking the hematologic condition is not clear and deserves further investigation. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar os níveis locais e sistêmicos de interleucina-10 (IL-10), IL-33 e fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α) na Talassemia Major (TM) na presença de inflamação gengival. Material e Métodos: 58 pacientes (TM, n = 29 e controles sistemicamente saudáveis, n = 29) foram incluídos no estudo. Os níveis de IL-10, IL-33 e TNF-α foram avaliados em fluido crevicular gengival (FCG), saliva e soro. As medições periodontais clínicas foram registradas. Resultados: As quantidades totais de IL-33 no FCG do grupo de TM e gengivite foram elevadas em comparação com o grupo sistemicamente e periodontalmente saudável (p = 0,01). As concentrações de IL-10 , IL-33 e TNF-α do FCG foram maiores no grupo TM e periodontalmente saudáveis do que no grupo sistemicamente saudável e gengivite (p = 0,02, p = 0,008, p = 0,003). Os níveis séricos de IL-10 estavam elevados na TM e gengivite em comparação com os grupos sistemicamente saudável e gengivite (p = 0,0009) e sistemicamente e periodontalmente saudáveis (p = 0,0007). Os níveis séricos de IL-10 e TNF-α no grupo TM e periodontalmente saudáveis foram maiores do que os grupos sistemicamente e periodontalmente saudáveis (p = 0,01 ep = 0,02). Conclusão: A TM pode alterar potencialmente os níveis circulantes de IL-33 e IL-10 e, portanto, pode afetar o grau de inflamação periodontal localmente ou vice-versa. No entanto, o mecanismo subjacente que liga a condição hematológica não é claro e merece uma investigação mais aprofundada. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Interleukin-10 , beta-Thalassemia , Interleukin-33 , Gingivitis
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180481, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041511

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated inflammatory diseases are not well understood; however, their clinical manifestations may be influenced by the host genetic background. METHODS We genotyped 298 individuals with HTLV-1 and 380 controls for interleukin-10 (IL10) gene variants-rs3024496, rs1800871, rs1800896-and used logistic regression analysis to determine their association with clinical phenotypes. RESULTS No association with HTLV-1 infection was observed. However, allele A of rs1800896 (1082bp upstream) was associated with protection against neurological impairment, specifically overactive bladder (OR=0.447, 95% CI 0.28-0.70, p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS Our data suggests that IL10 regulation ameliorates neurological damage in HTLV-1 infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , HTLV-I Infections/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/genetics , Phenotype , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , HTLV-I Infections/complications , Case-Control Studies , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/etiology , Genotype , Middle Aged
11.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; ilus; 2019. xviii, 63 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128697

ABSTRACT

A interleucina-10 (IL-10) possui papel chave no controle das respostas inflamatórias. A atividade biológica da IL-10 é mediada pela ligação da IL-10 com o receptor heterodimérico composto pelas cadeias IL-10R1 e IL-10R2. Estudos anteriores demonstram que neutrófilos circulantes de doadores sadios expressam constitutivamente a cadeia IL-10R2, porém não expressam IL-10R1, e dessa forma não respondem a IL-10 in vitro. A expressão das duas cadeias é essencial para a responsividade a IL-10. Neutrófilos circulantes de pacientes sépticos expressam o receptor IL-10R1 e essa expressão é corroborada com a responsividade à IL-10. O eritema nodoso hansênico (ENH) é uma complicação imunológica grave da hanseníase multibacilar que apresenta aspectos semelhantes à sepse, como leucocitose neutrofílica, febre, mal-estar e inflamação sistêmica. O ENH altera o curso crônico da hanseníase, pois acelera os danos nos nervos periféricos, resultando em incapacidades físicas permanentes. Um dos aspectos marcantes desta reação é a presença de neutrófilos na derme profunda e no tecido subcutâneo nas lesões. Dessa forma, o ENH tem sido caracterizado como uma condição imunomediada por neutrófilos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o potencial da via da IL-10 na regulação da produção de citocinas produzidas por neutrófilos durante o episódio de ENH.


Nesse estudo, reportamos que neutrófilos de sangue periférico de pacientes acometidos pelo ENH expressam altos níveis de IL-10R1. Além disso, demonstramos que esses mesmos pacientes, quando tratados com a talidomida, possuem níveis ainda mais elevados de IL-10R1 na superfície de neutrófilos circulantes. Observamos também que neutrófilos presentes nas lesões de pele de pacientes acometidos pelo ENH expressam IL-10R1. Ensaios ex vivo revelaram que a IL-10 foi capaz de inibir a produção espontânea de TNF de neutrófilos de pacientes com ENH, e induzir a produção de TGF-1. Por outro lado, neutrófilos de pacientes controle não-reacionais não produzem espontanêamete TNF, porém, assim como neutrófilos de pacientes com ENH, produzem TGF-ß1. Em seguida, demonstramos que o M. leprae foi capaz de induzir a produção de IL-8, IL-1ß, IL-6, MIP-1/CCL4, TGF- e IL-1RA em neutrófilos de doadores sadios in vitro, e que a adição de IL-10 reduziu a produção dessas citocinas, com exceção de TGF-1 que aumentou. Nossas conclusões demonstraram a capacidade do M. leprae em induzir a expressão de IL-10R1 na superfície de neutrófilos sadios. Coletivamente, nossos dados confirmam que neutrófilos participam da inflamação sistêmica associada ao ENH por meio da produção de citocinas. Esses resultados contribuem para o melhor entendimento dos mecanismos patogênicos e apontam para a via da IL-10 como alvo molecular terapêutico e diagnóstico. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leprosy, Lepromatous , Interleukin-10 , Erythema Nodosum , Neutrophils
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900402, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001091

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effect of amniotic fluid in liver preservation in organ transplantation, and compare it with standard preservation solutions. Methods: The groups consisted of Group 1: Ringer Lactate (RL) group, Group 2: HTK group, Group 3: UW group, Group 4: AF group. The livers of rats from Group 1, 2, 3, and 4 were perfused and placed into falcon tubes containing RL, HTK, UW, and AF solutions at +4‎°C, respectively. The tubes were stored for 12 hours in the refrigerator at +4°C. Tissue samples were taken at the 6th and 12th hours for histopathological examinations of the perfused livers, and storage solutions for biochemical analyzes at 6th and 12th hours. Results: AF was shown to maintain organ viability by reducing the number of cells undergoing apoptosis. Histopathological changes such as sinusoidal dilatation, hydropic degeneration, and focal necrosis were found to be similar to the groups in which the standard organ preservation solutions were used. Additionally, the results of INOS, IL-10, and TNF-α,which were evaluated immunohistochemically, have been shown to be similar to the UW and HTK groups. Conclusions: AF provided conservation similar to UW and HTK in the 12-hour liver SCS process. The fact that apoptosis values are comparable to standard preservation solutions supports the success of AF in the cold storage of the liver.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cryopreservation/methods , Organ Preservation Solutions/pharmacology , Amniotic Fluid , Liver/blood supply , Liver/pathology , Organ Preservation/methods , Potassium Chloride/pharmacology , Procaine/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Tissue Survival , Immunohistochemistry , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Rats, Wistar , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/analysis , Ringer's Solution/pharmacology , Glucose/pharmacology , Mannitol/pharmacology
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e033, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011662

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on the salivary cytokine levels and clinical parameters of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) with gingivitis. A non-randomized, clinical trial was conducted in individuals diagnosed with spastic CP. Thirty-eight individuals were enrolled in the study and were categorized according to gingival index scores between 0-1 or 2-3, assigned to groups G2 or G1, respectively. Periodontal treatment comprised oral hygiene instructions, conventional mechanical treatment and 0.12% chlorhexidine applied as an adjunct. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected at baseline and at the 15-day follow-up visit. Bleeding on probing and periodontal screening and recording were determined. Non-stimulated saliva samples were obtained, and the salivary flow rate, the osmolality and the levels of cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IL-12p70 were evaluated by a cytometric bead array. The Wilcoxon test, the Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation analysis, Poisson regression analysis and an adjusted analysis were performed (α = 0.05). The groups differed significantly in periodontal clinical parameters at baseline and at follow-up. Salivary flow rate and osmolality were similar in both groups at both timepoints. However, TNF-α and IL-1β levels were higher in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Mechanical treatment resulted in improved clinical parameters for both groups. Furthermore, mechanical treatment resulted in a significant reduction in salivary IL-1β and IL-8 levels for both groups after treatment. Periodontal treatment performed in individuals with CP and gingivitis reduces the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Periodontitis/therapy , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Gingivitis/complications , Gingivitis/rehabilitation , Osmolar Concentration , Saliva/immunology , Saliva/microbiology , Poisson Distribution , Periodontal Index , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10 , Dental Prophylaxis/methods , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Gingivitis/microbiology
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e040, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001596

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The study characterizes dental implant surfaces treated with phosphoric acid to assess the effects of acid treatment on blood cells and correlate them with cytokine levels. The implant surfaces examined were divided into untreated metal surface (US; n = 50), metal surface treated with phosphoric acid (ATS; n = 50) and cement surface (CS; n = 50) groups. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and rheometry. The implants were incubated with human blood mononuclear cells for 24 h, with surface rinsing in the ATS treatment. Cell viability was determined by colorimetric methods and cytokines in the culture supernatant were quantified using flow cytometry. In the ATS group, the surface porosity and contact surface were increased and plaques were observed on the surface. The blood flow and viscosity curves were similar among the treatments, and the high cell viability rates indicate the biocompatibility of the materials used. An increase in the levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α was observed in the ATS and CS groups. There were positive correlations between IL-10 and IL-2 levels and between IL-10 and IL-4 levels in the culture supernatant of the ATS group. The results suggest that implant surface treatment with phosphoric acid activates the production of inflammatory cytokines. The increased cytokine levels can modulate the immune response, thereby improving biofunctional processes and promoting the success of dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphoric Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Dental Implants , Cytokines/analysis , Dental Materials/pharmacology , Rheology , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Dental Cements , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1415, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973380

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A series of studies have evaluated the association between -592A>C and -819T>C polymorphisms in the promoter regions of Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and gastric cancer (GC) risk. However, the results remain inconclusive. Objective: To better understand the association of the polymorphisms with GC risk, we performed a comprehensive meta-analysis. Method: An electronic search was performed of several databases to identify relevant studies up to April 2018. Results: A total of 44 case-control studies, including 26 studies on IL-10 -592A>C (5,332 cases and 8,272 controls) and 18 studies on IL-10 -819T>C (3,431 cases and 6,109 controls) were selected. Overall, -592A>C polymorphism was associated with the risk of GC under the heterozygote model (OR=1.153, 95% CI=1.020-1.305, p=0.023), but not -819T>C polymorphism. When stratified by ethnicity, significant association was only observed in the Asians under the allele model (OR=1.153, 95% CI=1.007-1.320, p=0.040) and the heterozygote model (OR=1.218, 95% CI=1.076-1.379, p=0.002) for -592A>C. Conclusion: The current meta-analysis results inconsistent with previous meta-analyses; showed that the IL-10 -592A>C polymorphism, but not -819T>C polymorphism, may be contributed to the susceptibility of GC in overall and Asian populations.


RESUMO Introdução: Uma série de estudos avaliou a associação entre os polimorfismos -592A>C e -819T>C nas regiões promotoras do risco de interleucina-10 (IL-10) e câncer gástrico (GC). No entanto, os resultados permanecem inconclusivos. Objetivo: Para entender melhor a associação dos polimorfismos com o risco de GC, realizamos uma meta-análise abrangente. Método: Foi realizada busca eletrônica de vários bancos de dados para identificar estudos relevantes até abril de 2018. Resultados: Um total de 44 estudos caso-controle, incluindo 26 estudos sobre IL-10 -592A>C (5.332 casos e 8.272 controles) e 18 estudos sobre IL-10 -819T>C (3.431 casos e 6.109 controles) foram selecionados. No geral, o polimorfismo -592A> C foi associado ao risco de GC sob o modelo heterozigoto (OR=1,153, 95% IC=1,020-1,305, p=0,023), mas não polimorfismo -819T>C. Quando estratificada por etnia, associação significativa foi observada apenas nos asiáticos sob o modelo alelo (OR=1,153, IC 95%=1,007-1,320, p=0,040) e o modelo heterozigoto (OR=1,218, IC 95%=1,076-1,379, p=0,002) para -592A>C. Conclusão: Os atuais resultados são inconsistentes com metanálises anteriores; mostrou que o polimorfismo IL-10 -592A> C, mas não o polimorfismo -819T>C, pode ter contribuído para a suscetibilidade de GC em populações globais e asiáticas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Risk Assessment/methods , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Genetic Association Studies
16.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e9-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750165

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mechanism of desensitization in hypersensitivity drug reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of drug desensitization on some cytokine levels in patients desensitized for drug hypersensitivity reactions. METHODS: Patients with a hypersensitivity reaction to any drug for whom desensitization was planned with the culprit drug, patients who could tolerate the same drugs and healthy subjects who were not exposed to these drugs were enrolled. Bead-based Milliplex MAP multiplex technology was used to determine interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, interferon-γ and IL-10 levels in the sera of the subjects as a baseline and 24 hours after desensitization had been completed in the patients. RESULTS: A total of 26 patients (16 female [61.5%]; mean age 48.46 ± 15.97 years old), 10 control patients (5 female [50%]; mean age 47.4 ± 15.4 years old) and 5 healthy subjects (3 female [60%]; mean age 34.2 ± 5.6 years old) were enrolled. Four of the 26 patients did not tolerate the procedure and were grouped as the ‘unsuccessful desensitization group’ whereas 22 patients successfully completed the procedure and formed the ‘successful desensitization group.’ Baseline cytokine levels in the 3 groups were not statistically different. Postdesensitization IL-10 levels in the successful desensitization group were significantly higher than their initial levels (p = 0.005) whereas none of the cytokine levels significantly changed in the unsuccessful desensitization group. The rise in IL-10 levels was greater in chemotherapeutic desensitizations when compared to other drugs (p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Successful desensitization independent of the hypersensitivity reaction type seems to be related to the increase of IL-10.


Subject(s)
Drug Hypersensitivity , Female , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-5 , Interleukins
17.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 114-123, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786396

ABSTRACT

In our efforts to understand the systemic features of tumors, the importance of animal models is increasing due to the recent growth in the development of immunotherapy and targeted therapies. This has resulted in increased attention towards tumor animal models using C57BL/6N, which are mainly used in immunological studies. In this study, the C57BL/6NKorl stock and two other commercial stocks (C57BL/6NA and C57BL/N6B) are evaluated by comparing the occurrence of tumors using the syngeneic model; furthermore, we compare the response to anti-cancer drugs in the syngeneic model by evaluating survival, growth of tumors, proliferation and molecular biology analysis. In the syngeneic model using LLC (Lewis lung carcinoma) cells, the survival of mice and growth of the tumor showed a better response in the C57BL/6NKorl stock, and was dependent on the cell concentration of the dosing tumor, as compared to the other C57BL/6N stocks. However, the Ki-67 staining showed only little difference in cell proliferation within the tumor tissue each mouse stocks. Comparing the sensitivity to anti-cancer drug by examining changes in growth, volume and weight revealed that cisplatin treatment for tumor-bearing C57BL/6NKorl was more dependent on concentration. The Ki-67 staining, however, showed no difference among the C57BL/6N stocks after cisplatin treatment. The expressions of p27 and p53 tumor suppressor proteins, caspase-3 and Bax showed dose-dependent increase after exposure to cisplatin, whereas the expression of Bcl-2 was reduced in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the expressions of MMP-2 and VEGF involved in metastasis, as well as inflammatory genes IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10, showed dose-dependent decrease in tumor tissue after cisplatin exposure. Differences observed among the C57BL/6N stocks were not significant. Taken together, our studies reveal that C57BL/6NKorl has the potential of being a useful biological resource established in Korea, as it does not differ from the two commercially available C57BL/6N stocks when considering response to tumor generation and sensitivity to anti-cancer drugs using the syngeneic tumor model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caspase 3 , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Korea , Lung , Mice , Models, Animal , Molecular Biology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 511-518, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786305

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have reported that endotoxemia is associated with pathogenesis and complications in cirrhosis. Endotoxin stimulates the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, which contributes to the development of complications. In addition, endotoxin easily invades the gut barrier system because of the increased intestinal permeability due to portal hypertensive enteropathy. In this report, we explored changes in cytokine levels and intestinal permeability and measured the thickness and elasticity of the bowel wall using ultrasonography in cirrhotic patients.METHODS: We enrolled 40 patients with cirrhosis classified as Child-Pugh B or C and 20 healthy volunteers. Abdominal ultrasonography examinations were used to evaluate bowel wall parameters in the ascending colon and terminal ileum. Intestinal permeability was measured using dual sugar absorption tests with lactulose and mannitol. Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-10 were determined from blood samples. We compared these outcomes between cirrhotic patients and healthy controls and between Child-Pugh B and C patients. In addition, we explored the correlation between cytokine levels, intestinal permeability ratio, and bowel wall parameters in cirrhotic patients.RESULTS: In cirrhotic patients, the ascending colon wall elasticity decreased (20.4 vs. 10.9 kPa, p = 0.048) and the terminal ileum wall thickness increased (4.2 vs. 1.9 mm, p < 0.001). The intestinal permeability ratio and levels of the cytokines TNF-α and IL-10 increased (0.219 vs. 0.017, p < 0.001; 22.47 vs. 13.48 pg/mL, p < 0.001; and 14.91 vs. 8.57 pg/mL, p = 0.019, respectively) in cirrhotic patients. However, there were no significant differences between Child-Pugh classes and no significant correlations between bowel wall parameters and intestinal permeability or cytokine levels.CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonography revealed bowel wall thickening and decreases in elasticity; in addition, intestinal permeability and cytokine levels increased in cirrhotic patients compared with healthy controls.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Ascites , Colon, Ascending , Cytokines , Elasticity , Endotoxemia , Fibrosis , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Ileum , Interleukin-10 , Intestines , Lactulose , Liver Cirrhosis , Mannitol , Permeability , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Ultrasonography
19.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 575-580, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777154

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of salidroside (Sal) on inflammatory activation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the co-culture of rat alveolar macrophages (AM) NR 8383 and type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) RLE-6TN. CCK-8 colorimetric method was used to detect cell proliferation percentage. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the content of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the supernatant. Western blot was used to examine the expression levels of phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT) and total AKT protein. The results showed that pretreatment of RLE-6TN cells or co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells with 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal for 1 h, followed by continuous culture for 24 h, significantly increased the cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, 32 and 128 µg/mL Sal pretreatment significantly increased the ratio of p-AKT/AKT in RLE-6TN cells (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of 32 µg/mL Sal not only inhibited the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05), but also enhanced the inhibitory effect of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells co-culture on the secretion of TNF-α and MIP-2 by NR 8383 cells induced by LPS (P < 0.05). In addition, 32 µg/mL Sal pretreatment promoted LPS-induced IL-10 secretion by NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05), and enhanced the promoting effect of co-culture of RLE-6TN and NR 8383 cells on the IL-10 secretion by LPS-induced NR 8383 cells (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Sal may directly inhibit LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM (NR 8383), promote the proliferation of AEC II (RLE-6TN) through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and enhance the regulatory effect of AEC II on LPS-induced inflammatory activation of AM.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells , Metabolism , Animals , Cell Line , Chemokine CXCL2 , Metabolism , Coculture Techniques , Glucosides , Pharmacology , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages, Alveolar , Metabolism , Phenols , Pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771917

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association between IL-10 gene-592(C→A) (rs1800872) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the graft versus host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children.@*METHODS@#Ninety-seven childhood patients and seventy-one donors in the Hematology Oncology Center of Beijing Children's Hospital from Jan 2011 to Jul 2017 were enrolled in this study. The genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood cells and the SNP genotype was analyzed using TaqMan SNP genotyping assay.@*RESULTS@#In malignant patients with AA genotype, the incidence of Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade acute GVHD (aGVHD) was lower than that in patients with AC and CC genotype (9.1% vs 43.5%) (P<0.01), and the gastrointestinal aGVHD rate was also lower (9.1% vs 39.1%) (P<0.05). There's no significant association between patients' genotype and Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD in total patients and non-malignant patients. Also, the genotype in patients did not corelate with chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and 1 year transplantation-related mortality (TRM). In cases who received HSCT of donors with AA genotype, the liver aGVHD rate was higher than that in cases who received HSCT of donors with AC and CC genotype (23.1% vs 0.0%) (P<0.05), but the genotype in donors did not correlate with Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD, cGVHD and 1 year TRM.@*CONCLUSION@#AA genotype in the IL-10 gene-592 (C→A) (rs1800872) single nucleotide polymorphism in patients protects pediatric malignant patients against Ⅱ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD and gastrointestinal aGVHD after allo-HSCT. AA genotype in donors is a risk factor for liver aGVHD after allo-HSCT in non-malignant disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Tissue Donors
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