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1.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 272-277, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982731

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare PLGA nanoparticles loaded with Der f 1/IGF-1(Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs) and investigate their role in promoting the formation of Treg cells. Methods:NPs coated with Der f 1/IGF-1 were prepared by double emulsion method and their physicochemical properties and cumulative release rate in vitro were analyzed. After pretreatment, BMDC was divided into Saline group, Blank NPs group, Der f 1/IGF-1 group and Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group. Determination of the expression of IL-10 and TGF-β in BMDC by ELISA. The number of Treg cells was detected by flow cytometry. Results:The results showed that Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs were spherical structures, with good dispersion, particle size less than 200 nm, negative charge and stable slow-release effect of Zeta potential. After BMDC pretreatment, the expression levels of TGF-β and IL-10 in BMDC cells in the Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group were significantly increased compared with the Blank NPs group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.001). After co-culture with CD4+ T cells, the proportion of Treg cells produced in the Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs group was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.001). Conclusion:Der f 1/IGF-1 NPs can induce Treg cell generation in vitro. This study provides a new and more effective method for the reconstruction of immune tolerance dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Particle Size , Drug Carriers/chemistry
2.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 303-310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA binding protein 2 (IGF2BP2) on the proliferation, migration and tumor immune microenvironment of colorectal cancer cells and its possible molecular mechanism. Methods The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was used to analyze the expression levels of IGF2BP2 and MYC in colorectal cancer and adjacent tissues. The expression of IGF2BP2 in HCT-116 and SW480 human colorectal cancer cells was silenced by RNA interference (RNAi), and the silencing effect was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. After knocking down IGF2BP2, colony formation assay, CCK-8 assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay were employed to detect cell colony formation and proliferation ability. TranswellTM assay was used to detect cell migration ability. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of IGF2BP2, MYC, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). The protein expression of IGF2BP2 and MYC was detected by western blot. The binding ability of IGF2BP2 and MYC in HCT-116 cells was detected by quantitative real-time PCR after RNA immunoprecipitation. Results The results of TCGA database showed that the expression of IGF2BP2 and MYC in colorectal cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissues, and the survival time of colorectal cancer patients with high expression of IGF2BP2 was shorter. After silencing IGF2BP2, the viability, proliferation and migration of HCT-116 and SW480 cells were decreased. The mRNA expression of MYC, TGF-β and IL-10 in IGF2BP2 knockdown group was significantly decreased, while the expression of TNF-α mRNA was increased. The expression of MYC protein and the stability of MYC mRNA were significantly decreased. RIP-qPCR results showed that IGF2BP2 could bind to MYC mRNA. Conclusion Knockdown of IGF2BP2 inhibits colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration and promotes tumor immunity by down-regulating MYC expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Interleukin-10/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 390-396, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935878

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on the polarization of human monocyte-derived macrophages stimulated by Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: Macrophages derived from human myeloid leukemia mononuclear cells were stimulated by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) and by Pg-LPS (5 mg/L) after 24 h-transfection of miR-126 mimic or negative control RNA for 48 h, respectively. Real-time quantitative-PCR (qRT-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blotting were conducted to detect the changes in miR-126, pro-inflammatory factor tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), anti-inflammatory factors interleukin-10 (IL-10), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase-1 (Arg-1) and M1 polarization-related pathways such as nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Results: Compared with non-LPS stimulation group (TNF-α: 1.000±0.020, iNOS: 1.125±0.064, miR-126: 1.004±0.113, IL-10: 1.003±0.053, Arg-1: 1.130±0.061), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (3.105±0.278) and iNOS (4.296±0.003) increased significantly (t=6.53, P=0.003; t=42.63, P<0.001, respectively), while miR-126, IL-10 and Arg-1 expressions (0.451±0.038, 0.545±0.004 and 0.253±0.017) decreased significantly (t=7.95, P=0.001; t=7.36, P=0.002; t=11.94, P<0.001, respectively) after Pg-LPS stimulated by human-derived macrophages for 48 h. The protein expression of iNOS, TNF-α, Arg-1 and IL-10 were consistent at mRNA levels. Meanwhile, the expressions of phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-p65), phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and phospho-p38 MAPK (p-p38) increased significantly, while the expression of Arg-1 decreased significantly. Compared with the negative controls (scramble RNA) (TNF-α: 1.141±0.197, iNOS: 1.173±0.115, IL-10: 1.032±0.138, Arg-1: 0.933±0.044), the mRNA levels of TNF-α (0.342±0.022) and iNOS (0.588±0.085) expressions significantly decreased (t=5.35, P=0.006; t=5.05, P=0.007), while IL-10 (1.786±0.221) and Arg-1 expressions (2.152±0.229) significantly increased (t=3.71, P=0.021; t=6.21, P=0.003) after Pg-LPS stimulation with miR-126 mimic transfection. The relative protein expressions of iNOS, p-p65, p-ERK and p-p38 significantly decreased (t=13.00, P<0.001; t=6.98, P=0.002; t=10.86, P<0.001; t=8.32, P=0.001), while the protein level of Arg-1 significantly increased (t=12.08, P<0.001). Conclusions: Pg-LPS could promote M1 polarization of macrophages. miR-126 might inhibit the effect of Pg-LPS on the M1 polarization of macrophages through down-regulating NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Polarity , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages/drug effects , MicroRNAs/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Porphyromonas gingivalis , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 183-193, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and joint destruction. Both inflammatory response and oxidative stress contribute to the pathogenesis of RA. Oxidative damage can induce and aggravate the imbalance of immune inflammation and promote cell and tissue damage. In this study, the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00638 in peripheral blood of patients with RA damp-heat arthralgia syndrome was observed, and the correlation between LINC00638 and disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress indicator was investigated. Subsequently, the mechanisms for LINC00638 in regulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in RA fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) under the condition of overexpression and interference were further explored.@*METHODS@#In this study, 48 RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome and 27 normal healthy subjects, who came from Department of Rheumatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, were included; and they were divided into a RA group and a control group. The expression of LINC00638 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the subjects was detected by real-time PCR. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) expression. Spearman method was used to study the relationship between LINC00638 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), and to observe the relation between LINC00638 and the Disease Activity Score of 28 Joint (DAS28), Quantitative Score of Damp Heat Syndrome, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). RA-FLS was induced by RA-PBMC, and the RA in vitro cell experimental model was established. LINC00638 overexpression plasmid and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS. The cell experiments were divided into 4 groups: a pcDNA3. 1- control group, a pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group, a siRNA-control group, and a siRNA-LINC00638 group. The transfection efficiency of overexpression plasmid and siRNA was detected by real-time PCR, the expression of TNF-α and IL-10 was detected by ELISA, and the expression of antioxidant proteins HO-1 and SOD2 was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of LINC00638 in the RA group was lower (P<0.01). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of LINC00638 was 0.9271. The DAS28 in RA group was 5.70 (5.40-6.50), the Quantitative Score of Damp-heat Syndrome was 20.0 (17.0-23.0), and the VAS score was 7.0 (6.3-8.0). Compared with the control group, the ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, SAS and SDS scores in the RA group were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that: LINC00638 was negatively correlated with ESR (r=-0.532, P<0.01), CRP (r=-0.367, P<0.05), TNF-α (r=-0.375, P<0.01), MDA (r= -0.295, P<0.05), DAS28 (r=-0.450, P<0.01), and which was positively correlated with SOD2 (r=0.370, P<0.05). After the induction of RA-FLS, the expression level of LINC00638 was significantly decreased (P<0.01), indicating that the stimulation of PBMC could effectively reduce the expression of LINC00638 in RA-FLS, so the experimental model of RA-FLS-induced by PBMC was utilized. Compared with the pcDNA3.1-control group, the expressions of LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2, and HO-1 in the pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the expression of TNF-α was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with siRNA-control group, LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2 and HO-1 in the siRNA-LINC00638 group were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), and TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC00638 is down-regulated in the peripheral blood of RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome, which is correlated with disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress. Overexpression of LINC00638 can down-regulate pro-inflammatory factors, up-regulate anti-inflammatory factors, and increase antioxidant enzyme activity, thereby improving inflammation and oxidative stress in RA. LINC00638 is the differential lncRNA obtained by the research group's previous high-throughput sequencing of the whole transcriptome of peripheral blood PBMCs in RA patients and validation of clinical samples. In order to deepen the molecular biology research of this gene, the microRNA and mRNA targeted by LINC00638 can be further studied from the perspective of competing endogenous RNAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/metabolism , Antioxidants , Arthralgia/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , C-Reactive Protein , Hot Temperature , Inflammation/genetics , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 102-108, feb. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385283

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Acute pancreatitis is a frequent life-threatening inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by severe abdominal pain that lasts for days to weeks. We sought to determine whether the antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory drug, metformin can substantially protect against acute pancreatitis in an animal model of L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, and whether this is associated with the augmentation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) and inhibition of the enzyme that promotes tissue damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO). Rats were either injected with two doses of the amino acid L-arginine (2.5 gm/kg; i.p., at one-hour intervals) before being sacrificed after 48 hours (model group) or were pretreated with metformin (50 mg/kg) daily for two weeks prior to L- arginine injections and continued receiving metformin until the end of the experiment (protective group). Using microscopic examination of the pancreas and blood chemistry, we observed that L-arginine induced acute pancreatic injury. This is demonstrated by an enlarged pancreas with patchy areas of haemorrhage, vacuolated cytoplasm and pyknotic nuclei in the acini, disorganized lobular architecture with infiltration of inflammatory cells within the interlobular connective tissue (CT) septa, and the presence of congested blood vessels that were substantially ameliorated by metformin. Metformin also significantly (p<0.05) inhibited L-arginine-induced MPO, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the inflammatory biomarker tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Whereas, metformin significantly (p<0.05) increased IL-10 levels that were inhibited by pancreatitis induction. We further demonstrated a significant (p<0.001) correlation between the scoring of the degree of pancreatic lobules damage tissue damage and the blood levels of TNF-α, IL-10, LDH, and MPO. Thus, metformin effectively protects against L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, which is associated with the inhibition of MPO and augmentation of IL-10.


RESUMEN: La pancreatitis aguda es una enfermedad inflamatoria del páncreas que amenaza la vida y se caracteriza por un dolor abdominal intenso que dura de días a semanas. Buscamos determinar si la metformina, fármaco antidiabético y antiinflamatorio, puede proteger contra la pancreatitis aguda en un modelo animal de pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina. Además se estudió la asociación con el aumento de la citocina antiinflamatoria interleucina-10. (IL-10) e inhibición de la enzima que promueve el daño tisular, mieloperoxidasa (MPO). Las ratas se inyectaron con dos dosis del aminoácido L-arginina (2,5 g / kg; ip, a intervalos de una hora) antes de ser sacrificadas des- pués de 48 horas (grupo modelo) o se pre trataron con metformina (50 mg / kg) durante dos semanas antes del tratamiento de L- arginina y continuaron recibiendo metformina hasta el final del experimento (grupo protector). Mediante el examen microscópico del páncreas y la química sanguínea, se observó que la L- arginina inducía una lesión pancreática aguda. Se observó un aumento significativo de tamaño del páncreas con áreas hemorrágicas, citoplasma vacuolado y núcleos picnóticos en los acinos, arquitectura desorganizada con infiltración de células inflamatorias dentro de los tabiques del tejido conjuntivo interlobulillar (TC) y la presencia de vasos sanguíneos congestionados mejorados por metformina. Se observó que la metformina inhibió significativamente (p <0,05) la MPO inducida por L- arginina, la lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH) y el factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α). Además, demostramos una correlación significativa (p <0,001) entre la puntuación del grado de daño tisular de los lóbulos pancreáticos y los niveles sanguíneos de TNF-α, IL-10, LDH y MPO. Por tanto, la metformina protege eficazmente contra la pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina, que se asocia con la inhibición de MPO y el aumento de IL-10.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arginine/toxicity , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Peroxidase/antagonists & inhibitors , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/drug therapy , Metformin/administration & dosage , Pancreas/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-10 , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents , Disease Models, Animal , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/antagonists & inhibitors
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 427-434, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056458

ABSTRACT

Granulosa cells (GCs) are essential components of follicles and play a role in regulating follicle development. The aim of this study was to investigate certain cellular components involved in the proliferation, differentiation and functional characteristics of granulosa cells in the success of fertilization of human oocytes during invitro fertilization (IVF) via immunohistochemical techniques. In this study, 30 patients who were diagnosed as primary or secondary infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome in the IVF center of Memorial Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology were included. The amount of Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH) in blood and granulosa cell diameter and cell core diameter were measured in 20 cells collected from each patient. In addition, degeneration scoring and BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 expressions in granulosa cells were evaluated (p <0.01). It was thought that apoptosis induced by human GCs might be an indicator of egg quality. Moderate expression of ADAMTS-1 was thought to be related to failure of ovulation, deterioration of oocyte quality and decreased fertilization rate. This decrease in AMH levels may be associated with defects in granulosa cells. Therefore, significantly lower AMH secretion and increase in IL10 expression levels in healthy people can be explained by the increase of granulocyte cells.


Las células de la granulosa (GC) son componentes esenciales de los folículos y tienen un papel en la regulación del desarrollo de éste. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar ciertos componentes celulares involucrados en la proliferación, diferenciación y características funcionales de las células de la granulosa en el éxito de la fertilización de los ovocitos humanos durante la fertilización in vitro (FIV) a través de técnicas inmunohistoquímicas. En este estudio, se incluyeron 30 pacientes diagnosticados con infertilidad primaria o secundaria, síndrome de ovario poliquístico en el centro de FIV del Departamento de Obstetricia y Ginecología del Hospital Memorial. La cantidad de Hormona Anti Mülleriana (AMH) en la sangre, el diámetro de las células de la granulosa y el diámetro del núcleo celular se midieron en 20 células obtenidas de cada paciente. Además, se evaluó la puntuación de degeneración y las expresiones BAX, ADAMTS-1, IL-10 en células de granulosa (p <0,01). Se estimó que la apoptosis inducida por los GC humanos podría ser un indicador de la calidad del huevo. Se estimó que la expresión moderada de ADAMTS-1 estaba relacionada con el fracaso de la ovulación, el deterioro de la calidad de los ovocitos y la disminución de la tasa de fertilización. La disminución en los niveles de AMH puede estar asociada con defectos en las células de la granulosa. Por lo tanto, el aumento de las células de granulocitos puede explicar la disminución significativa de la secreción de AMH y el aumento de los niveles de expresión de IL10 en personas sanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/methods , Interleukin-10/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , ADAMTS1 Protein/metabolism , Granulosa Cells/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e030, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089389

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The abnormal increase in proliferation rate of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) is considered to be involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, a disease in which the IL-10-mediated anti-inflammatory pathway plays a critical role. This study aimed to investigate the involvement of microRNA-466l in periodontitis and to explore the possible interaction between IL-10 and microRNA-466l. PDLSCs were obtained from periodontitis-affected teeth and healthy control teeth. The expression of microRNA-466l and IL-10 mRNA was measured in PDLSCs using RT-qPCR. The proliferation ability of PDLSCs was analyzed using CCK-8 assays. Overexpression of microRNA-466l in a PDLSC cell line was established using two different types of PDLSCs, and the effect of microRNA-466l overexpression on IL-10 expression and cell proliferation were detected by western blot and CCK-8 assays, respectively. We found that expression levels of microRNA-466l and IL-10 mRNA were significantly lower (P < 0.05) in PDLSCs derived from periodontitis-affected teeth compared to those derived from healthy teeth. However, the cell proliferation ability was significantly higher in the PDLSCs derived from periodontitis-affected teeth. Meanwhile microRNA-466l overexpression decreased cell proliferation rates of both types of PDLSCs and upregulated IL-10 expression. Together, these data suggest that microRNA-466l can upregulate IL-10 and reduce the proliferation rate of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Periodontitis/genetics , Stem Cells/metabolism , Up-Regulation , Interleukin-10/therapeutic use , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Periodontitis/metabolism , Periodontitis/therapy , Cell Differentiation , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-10/metabolism
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(5): 637-646, May 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012952

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Aplastic anemia (AA) is an immune-mediated disease that destroys hematopoietic cells through activated T lymphocytes. B lymphocyte-mediated humoral immunity also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AA. Regulatory B cell (Breg) subpopulation, which is defined as "B10", secretes interleukin 10 (IL-10). The objective of our experiment was to investigate whether the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in AA patients may play a key role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 38 AA patients (14 SAA patients and 24 NSAA patients) and 20 healthy control subjects were included. All subjects did not suffer from autoimmune diseases or any other diseases affecting the immune system, such as infectious diseases. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated and analyzed by Flow cytometry (FCM) and Immunofluorescence double-labeling assay. The relationship between the relative proportions of B10 and ProB10 and their associations to AA, as well as disease severity, were assessed by common clinical indicators and then examined. RESULTS: Our analyses revealed AA patients had significantly lower proportions of peripheral B10 and B10pro compared to healthy controls. SAA patients had a substantially lower percentage of B10 cells and B10pro cells compared to NSAA patients. In addition, B10 cells and B10pro cells were negatively correlated with absolute neutrophil counts, hemoglobin levels and platelet, and absolute reticulocyte counts in AA patients. CONCLUSIONS: The present study attempted to elucidate the potential role of the scale-down proportion of B10 cells in the pathogenesis of AA.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: A anemia aplástica (AA) é uma doença imunomediada que destrói células hematopoiéticas por meio dos linfócitos T ativados. A imunidade humoral mediada por linfócitos B também desempenha um papel importante na patogênese da AA. A subpopulação de células B reguladoras (Breg), que é definida como "B10", secreta interleucina 10 (IL-10). No experimento, investigou-se se a proporção reduzida de células B10 nos pacientes de AA pode desempenhar um papel-chave na patogênese. MÉTODOS: Um total de 38 pacientes de AA (14 pacientes de anemia aplástica grave e 24 pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave) e 20 indivíduos de controle saudáveis foram incluídos. Todos os indivíduos não sofriam de doenças autoimunes ou de quaisquer outras doenças que afetam o sistema imunológico, tais como doenças contagiosas. As células mononucleares da medula óssea (PBMCs) eram isoladas e analisadas por citometria de fluxo (FCM) e ensaio de dupla marcação por imunofluorescência. A relação entre as proporções relativas de células B10 e as células ProB10 e as suas associações à AA, assim como a gravidade da doença avaliada por indicadores clínicos comuns, foram examinadas. RESULTADOS: Nossas análises revelaram que os pacientes de AA têm proporções significativamente menores de células B10 e células ProB10 periféricas em comparação com indivíduos de controle saudáveis. Os pacientes de anemia aplástica grave tiveram uma percentagem substancialmente menor de células B10 e células B10pro em comparação com pacientes de anemia aplástica não grave. Além disso, as células B10 e B10pro foram negativamente correlacionadas com contagens absolutas de neutrófilos, níveis de hemoglobina e plaquetas e contagem de reticulócitos absolutos nos pacientes de AA. CONCLUSÕES: Além disso, o estudo presente tentou elucidar o papel imunorregulatório potencial das células B10 na patogênese da AA e fornecer uma nova estratégia para a aplicação de imunoterapia baseada na célula B para tratar a AA no futuro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Anemia, Aplastic/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Case-Control Studies , Cells, Cultured , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Reticulocyte Count , Antigens, CD19/analysis , Antigens, CD19/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Anemia, Aplastic/blood , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e040, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001596

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The study characterizes dental implant surfaces treated with phosphoric acid to assess the effects of acid treatment on blood cells and correlate them with cytokine levels. The implant surfaces examined were divided into untreated metal surface (US; n = 50), metal surface treated with phosphoric acid (ATS; n = 50) and cement surface (CS; n = 50) groups. The samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and rheometry. The implants were incubated with human blood mononuclear cells for 24 h, with surface rinsing in the ATS treatment. Cell viability was determined by colorimetric methods and cytokines in the culture supernatant were quantified using flow cytometry. In the ATS group, the surface porosity and contact surface were increased and plaques were observed on the surface. The blood flow and viscosity curves were similar among the treatments, and the high cell viability rates indicate the biocompatibility of the materials used. An increase in the levels of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α was observed in the ATS and CS groups. There were positive correlations between IL-10 and IL-2 levels and between IL-10 and IL-4 levels in the culture supernatant of the ATS group. The results suggest that implant surface treatment with phosphoric acid activates the production of inflammatory cytokines. The increased cytokine levels can modulate the immune response, thereby improving biofunctional processes and promoting the success of dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phosphoric Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Dental Implants , Cytokines/analysis , Dental Materials/pharmacology , Rheology , Surface Properties , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cell Survival , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Dental Cements , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 32: 63-68, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022642

ABSTRACT

Background: Although immunosuppressive therapies have made organ transplantation a common medical procedure worldwide, chronic toxicity has a major issue for long-term treatment. One method to improve therapies and methods is the application of immunomodulatory agents from parasites such as Hypoderma lineatum. Hypodermin A (HA) is a serine esterase secreted by the larvae of Hypoderma lineatum, several studies demonstrated its immunosuppressive mechanism in vitro, and recently we discovered that HA inhibits the expression of interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-2 and activates IL-10 expression. Therefore, we hypothesized that it might be a potential agent used to block allograft rejections. However, most studies of the immunosuppressive mechanisms associated with HA were undertaken at the cellular level. In order to augment these studies, we evaluated the immunosuppressive effects of HA in vivo using an HA transgenic mouse model. Result: Our results revealed similar findings to those reported by in vitro studies, specifically that HA induced prostaglandin E2 expression, downregulated IFN-γ and IL-2 expression, and promoted IL-10 secretion via E-type prostanoid receptor 4. Additionally, we observed that HA overexpression inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced TLR4 activation. These findings provide insight into a new potential agent capable of blocking graft rejection. Conclusion: Our founding suggested that HA-related treatment could be a promising option to improve the viability of grafts in human.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Serine Endopeptidases/immunology , Diptera/enzymology , Diptera/immunology , Graft Rejection/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Immunosuppression Therapy , Interleukins/antagonists & inhibitors , Interferons/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Graft Rejection/enzymology , Graft Rejection/prevention & control
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e7334, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951739

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. A decreased number of regulatory T (Treg) cells is associated with the pathogenesis of PIH. The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is critical to normal pregnancy (NP) by promoting Treg cell development. However, the relationship between PD-1/PD-L1 and Treg differentiation in PIH has not been fully elucidated. In this study, venous blood was obtained from 20 NP and 58 PIH patients. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from venous blood. The levels of Treg-related cytokines (TGF-β, IL-10, and IL-35) in serum and PBMCs were measured by ELISA. The percentage of Treg cells in PBMCs was assessed by flow cytometry. The mRNA levels of Treg-specific transcription factor Foxp3 in PBMCs, and PD-1 and PD-L1 in Treg cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein levels of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Treg cells were evaluated by western blot. The serum levels of TGF-β, IL-10, IL-35, and Foxp3 mRNA expression and CD4+CD25+ Treg cell percentage in PBMCs were decreased in PIH. Furthermore, a significant increase of PD-1 in Treg cells was found in PIH compared with NP. In addition, PD-L1 Fc, an activator of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway, increased Treg cell percentage, enhanced Foxp3 mRNA expression, and elevated levels of TGF-β, IL-10, and IL-35 in PBMCs. However, anti-PD-L1 mAb exerted a reverse effect. These findings revealed that PD-L1 Fc had a favorable effect on Treg cell differentiation, indicating a potential therapeutic value of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway for PIH treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/chemistry , Interleukins/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Apoptosis , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Blotting, Western , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (1): 24-31
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185664

ABSTRACT

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells [MSCs] are important candidates for MSC-based cellular therapy. Current paradigm states that MSCs support local progenitor cells in damaged tissue through paracrine signaling. Therefore, the study of paracrine effects and secretome of MSCs could lead to the appreciation of mechanisms and molecules associated with the therapeutic effects of these cells. This study analyzed anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory effects of MSC secretomes derived from embryonic stem cells [ESCs] and bone marrow cells after hypoxia and normoxia preconditioning


Methods: ESCs differentiated into MSCs and characterized by flow cytometry as well as by differentiation into adipocytes and osteoblasts. The experimental groups were consisted of individual groups of ESC-MSCs and BM-MSCs [bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells], which were preconditioned with either hypoxia or normoxia for 24, 48 and 72 h. After collecting the cell-free medium from each treatment, secretomes were concentrated by centrifugal filters. Using a peripheral blood mononuclear cell [PBMC] assay and ELISA, IL-10 concentration in PBMCs was evaluated after their incubation with different secretomes from preconditioned and non-preconditioned MSCs


Results: A significant difference was observed between ESC-MSC normoxia and ESC-MSC hypoxia in IL-10 concentration, and normoxia secretomes increased IL-10 secretion from PBMCs. Moreover, the strongest IL-10 secretion from PBMCs could be detected after the stimulation by ESC-MSC conditioned secretomes, but not BM-MSC conditioned medium


Conclusions: Human hypoxia preconditioned ESC-MSC secretome indicated stronger immune-modulatory effects compared to BMMSC conditioned medium. It could be suggested that induced MSCs confer less immune-modulatory effects but produce more inflammatory molecules such as tumor necrosis factor alpha, which needs further investigation


Subject(s)
Humans , Human Embryonic Stem Cells , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia/physiology , Blood Cells , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/physiology , Interleukin-10/metabolism
13.
Biol. Res ; 50: 4, 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838961

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Macrophages are a functionally heterogeneous cell population and depending on microenvironments they polarize in two main groups: M1 and M2. Glutamic acid and glutamate receptors may participate in the regulation of macrophage plasticity. To investigate the role of glutamatergic systems in macrophages physiology, we performed the transfection of mGluR5 cDNAs into RAW-264.7 cells. Results Comparative analysis of modified (RAW-mGluR5 macrophages) and non-modified macrophages (RAW-macrophages) has shown that the RAW-mGluR5 macrophages absorbed more glutamate than control cells and the amount of intracellular glutamate correlated with the expression of excitatory amino acid transporters -2 (EAAT-2). Besides, our results have shown that RAW-mGluR5 macrophages expressed a higher level of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) and secreted more IL-10, high mobility group box 1 proteins (HMGB1) and Galectin-3 than control RAW-macrophages. Conclusions We propose that elevation of intracellular glutamate and expression of mGluR5 may initiate the metabolic rearrangement in macrophages that could contribute to the formation of an immunosuppressive phenotype.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5/physiology , Cell Plasticity/physiology , Macrophages/physiology , Phenotype , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Transfection/methods , Cells, Cultured , Lipopolysaccharides , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Glutamic Acid/analysis , Glutamic Acid/metabolism , HMGB1 Protein/analysis , HMGB1 Protein/metabolism , Galectin 3/analysis , Galectin 3/metabolism , PPAR alpha/analysis , PPAR alpha/metabolism , RAW 264.7 Cells , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
14.
Biol. Res ; 50: 42, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950888

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration may increase the risk of nosocomial infections in parallel with the development of immune modulation. This could be driven by soluble mediators, possibly influencing the in vitro activation of human U937 monocyte cells, in a manner dependent on the age of the donors. METHODS: FFP donors were stratified into groups of 19-30 years, 31-40 years or 41-50 years, and U937 cells were cultured with FFP (alone or plus lipopolysaccharide-LPS) for 24 h. Both in FFP and supernatants, TNF, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 levels were measured by ELISA. Additionally, CD11B, TLR2, and CASP3 gene expression were measured by qtPCR in U937 cells. Total phagocytic activity was also assayed. RESULTS: Elevated IL-10, but low TNF and IL-1ß levels were measured in FFP from individuals aged 19-40 years, whereas in individuals aged 41-50 years FFP were characterized by equalized TNF and IL-10 levels. Elevated IL-6 levels were found in all FFP samples, especially in those from the oldest individuals. FFP stimulation was associated with striking modifications in cytokine production in an age-dependent way. Exposure to FFP attenuates the response to LPS. TLR2 and CD11B expression were enhanced regardless of the age of plasma donors, although CASP3 expression was increased only when FFP from individuals aged 19-40 years were tested. Phagocytosis decreased after exposure to FFP regardless of donor age. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that soluble mediators in FFP may modulate the functioning of monocytes. Interestingly, this effect appears to be partially influenced by the age of donors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Plasma/immunology , Blood Donors , Monocytes/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , U937 Cells/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Monocytes/physiology , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e63, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952122

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was conducted to investigate the roles of different Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)-induced and ligature-induced experimental periodontal bone resorption in mice. Wild-type (WT), TLR2 knockout (KO), TLR4KO, and TLR2&4 KO mice with C57/BL6 background were divided into three groups: control, P. gingivalis infection, and ligation. Live P. gingivalis or silk ligatures were placed in the sulcus around maxillary second molars over a 2-week period. Images were captured by digital stereomicroscopy, and the bone resorption area was measured with ImageJ software. The protein expression level of gingival RANKL was measured by ELISA. The gingival mRNA levels of RANKL, IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected by RT-qPCR. The results showed that P. gingivalis induced significant periodontal bone resorption in WT mice and TLR2 KO mice but not in TLR4 KO mice or TLR2&4 KO mice. For all four types of mice, ligation induced significant bone loss compared with that in control groups, and this bone loss was significantly higher than that in the P. gingivalis infection group. RANKL protein expression was significantly increased in the ligation group compared with that in the control group for all four types of mice, and in the P. gingivalis infection group of WT, TLR2 KO, and TLR4 KO mice. Expression patterns of RANKL, IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-10 mRNA were different in the P. gingivalis infection group and the ligation group in different types of mice. In summary, P. gingivalis-induced periodontal bone resorption is TLR4-dependent, whereas ligation-induced periodontal bone resorption is neither TLR2- nor TLR4-dependent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periodontitis/microbiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/pathogenicity , Disease Models, Animal , Toll-Like Receptor 2/physiology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 4/physiology , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/microbiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Mice, Knockout , Toll-Like Receptor 2/analysis , Toll-Like Receptor 4/analysis , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ligation , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 206-216, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126255

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is a critical factor for vascular stabilization and endothelial survival via inhibition of endothelial permeability and leukocyte- endothelium interactions. Hence, we hypothesized that treatment with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) carrying the Ang1 gene (UCMSCs-Ang1) might be a potential approach for acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: UCMSCs with or without transfection with the human Ang1 gene were delivered intravenously into rats one hour after intra-abdominal instillation of LPS to induce ALI. After the rats were sacrificed at 6 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, 8 days, and 15 days post-injection of LPS, the serum, the lung tissues, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were harvested for analysis, respectively. RESULTS: Administration of fluorescence microscope confirmed the increased presence of UCMSCs in the injured lungs. The evaluation of UCMSCs and UCMSCs-Ang1 actions revealed that Ang1 overexpression further decreased the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β1, and IL-6 and increased the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in the injured lungs. This synergy caused a substantial decrease in lung airspace inflammation and vascular leakage, characterized by significant reductions in wet/dry ratio, differential neutrophil counts, myeloperoxidase activity, and BALF. The rats treated by UCMSCs-Ang1 showed improved survival and lower ALI scores. CONCLUSION: UCMSCs-Ang1 could improve both systemic inflammation and alveolar permeability in ALI. UC-derived MSCs-based Ang1 gene therapy may be developed as a potential novel strategy for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Angiopoietin-1/genetics , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cytokines/metabolism , Endotoxins , Genetic Therapy , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukocyte Count , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Neutrophils/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Umbilical Cord/cytology
17.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 37(3): 143-151, jul. set. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of ethanol exposure in adolescent rats during adulthood by assesssing aggression and anxiety-like behaviors and measuring the levels of inflammatory markers.Methods:Groups of male Wistar rats (mean weight 81.4 g, n = 36) were housed in groups of four until postnatal day (PND) 60. From PNDs 30 to 46, rats received one of three treatments: 3 g/kg of ethanol (15% w/v, orally, n = 16), 1.5 g/kg of ethanol (12.5% w/v, PO, n = 12), or water (n = 12) every 48 hours. Animals were assessed for aggressive behavior (resident x intruder test) and anxiety-like behaviors (elevated plus maze) during adulthood.Results:Animals that received low doses of alcohol showed reduced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus as compared to the control group. No significant difference was found in prefrontal cortex.Conclusions:Intermittent exposure to alcohol during adolescence is associated with lower levels of BDNF in the hippocampus, probably due the episodic administration of alcohol, but alcohol use did not alter the level agression toward a male intruder or anxiety-like behaviors during the adult phase.


Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos da exposição ao etanol em ratos adolescentes durante a idade adulta sobre os comportamentos agressivos e semelhantes à ansiedade, bem como sobre as medidas de níveis de marcadores inflamatórios.Métodos:Os grupos de ratos Wistar machos (peso médio de 81,4 g; n = 36) foram alojados em grupos de quatro até o dia pós-natal (DPN) 60. Entre os DPNs 30 e 46, os ratos receberam um dos três tratamentos: 3 g/kg de etanol (15% w/v, oralmente, n = 16), 1.5 g/kg de etanol (12,5% w/v, oralmente, n = 12), ou água (n = 12) a cada 48 horas. Os comportamentos agressivos (teste residente-intruso) e semelhantes à ansiedade (labirinto em cruz elevado) foram avaliados durante a idade adulta dos animais.Resultados:Os animais que receberam doses menores de álcool mostraram níveis reduzidos de fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF) no hipocampo quando comparados ao grupo controle. Nenhuma diferença significativa foi verificada no córtex pré-frontal.Conclusões:A exposição intermitente ao álcool durante a adolescência é associada com menores níveis de BDNF no hipocampo, provavelmente divido a administração episódica de álcool, mas o uso não alterou o nível de agressão contra o macho intruso ou os comportamentos semelhantes à ansiedade durante a fase adulta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Central Nervous System Depressants/administration & dosage , Ethanol/administration & dosage , Binge Drinking/metabolism , Binge Drinking/psychology , Hippocampus/growth & development , Hippocampus/drug effects , Anxiety/physiopathology , Risk-Taking , Central Nervous System Depressants/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Prefrontal Cortex/growth & development , Prefrontal Cortex/drug effects , Prefrontal Cortex/metabolism , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/metabolism , Aggression/drug effects , Aggression/physiology , Aggression/psychology , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol/adverse effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Interleukin-1alpha/metabolism , Hippocampus/metabolism
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 196-203, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174633

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA)-expressing CD8+T cells have been known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the mechanisms underlying the loss of self-tolerance remain unclear. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a key role in the development of homeostasis in the immune system. We, therefore, hypothesized that a reduced ability of Tregs to inhibit autologous CD8+CLA+T cells might be underlying mechanism in AD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CD8+CLA+T cells and Tregs were obtained from the peripheral blood of AD patients and control volunteers. The frequencies of CD8+CLA+T cells were evaluated. The proliferative responses of CD8+CLA+T cells were assessed by flow cytometry, and the levels of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in culture supernatants were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Our results revealed higher frequency and increased expression of perforin and granzyme-B in peripheral CD8+CLA+T cells in AD, and lower inhibitory ability of Tregs on proliferation of CD8+CLA+T cells in AD. Meanwhile, the levels of TGF-beta1 produced by Tregs were significantly lower in AD, and anti-TGF-beta1 abolished such suppression. CONCLUSION: The attenuated inhibitory ability of Tregs on hyper-activated autologous CD8+CLA+T cells, mediated by TGF-beta1, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of AD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Case-Control Studies , Cell Proliferation , Cell Separation , Dermatitis, Atopic/immunology , Granzymes/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Lymphocyte Count , Perforin/metabolism , Skin/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/drug effects , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/pharmacology
19.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 141-149, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128618

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Therapies involving bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have considerable potential in the management of hepatic disease. BM-MSCs have been investigated in regenerative medicine due to their ability to secrete various growth factors and cytokines that regress hepatic fibrosis and enhance hepatocyte functionality. The aim of this study was to determine the antifibrosis effect of BM-MSCs on activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the mechanism underlying how BM-MSCs modulate the function of activated HSCs. METHODS: We used HSCs in both direct and indirect co-culture systems with BM-MSCs to evaluate the antifibrosis effect of BM-MSCs. The cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by a direct co-culture system of activated HSCs with BM-MSCs. The activations of both HSCs alone and HSCs with BM-MSCs in the direct co-culture system were observed by immunocytochemistry for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA). The levels of growth factors and cytokines were evaluated by an indirect co-culture system of activated HSCs with BM-MSCs. RESULTS: The BM-MSCs in the direct co-culture system significantly decreased the production of alpha-SMA and the viability of activated HSCs, whereas they induced the apoptosis of activated HSCs. The BM-MSCs in the indirect co-culture system decreased the production of transforming growth factor-beta1 and interleukin (IL)-6, whereas they increased the production of hepatocyte growth factor and IL-10. These results confirmed that the juxtacrine and paracrine effects of BM-MSCs can inhibit the proliferative, fibrogenic function of activated HSCs and have the potential to reverse the fibrotic process by inhibiting the production of alpha-SMA and inducing the apoptosis of HSCs. CONCLUSIONS: These results have demonstrated that BM-MSCs may exert an antifibrosis effect by modulating the function of activated HSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Coculture Techniques , Hepatic Stellate Cells/cytology , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/metabolism , Immunophenotyping , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 462-470, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108136

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have proposed nomenclatures of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) (IgG4-related pancreatitis), IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC), IgG4-related cholecystitis, and IgG4-related hepatopathy as IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) in the hepato-bilio-pancreatic system. In IgG4-related hepatopathy, a novel concept of IgG4-related autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) with the same histopathological features as AIH has been proposed. Among organs involved in IgG4-RD, associations with pancreatic and biliary lesions are most frequently observed, supporting the novel concept of "biliary diseases with pancreatic counterparts." Targets of type 1 AIP and IgG4-SC may be periductal glands around the bile and pancreatic ducts. Based on genetic backgrounds, innate and acquired immunity, Th2-dominant immune status, regulatory T (Treg) or B cells, and complement activation via a classical pathway may be involved in the development of IgG4-RD. Although the role of IgG4 remains unclear in IgG4-RD, IgG4-production is upregulated by interleukin 10 from Treg cells and by B cell activating factor from monocytes/basophils with stimulation of toll-like receptors/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors. Based on these findings, we have proposed a hypothesis for the development of IgG4-RD in the hepato-bilio-pancreatic system. Further studies are necessary to clarify the pathogenic mechanism of IgG4-RD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptive Immunity , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , B-Cell Activating Factor/metabolism , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/immunology , Cholecystitis/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Liver Diseases/immunology , Pancreatitis/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
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