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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901105, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054679

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of Dexmedetomidine (Dex) on spinal pathology and inflammatory factor in a rat model of Diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP). Methods: The rats were divided into 3 groups (eight in each group): normal group (N group), diabetic neuropathic pain model group (DNP group), and DNP model with dexmedetomidine (Dex group). The rat model of diabetes was established with intraperitoneal streptozotocin (STZ) injections. Nerve cell ultrastructure was evaluated with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) tests documented that DNP rat model was characterized by a decreased pain threshold and nerve conduction velocity. Results: Dex restored the phenotype of neurocytes, reduced the extent of demyelination and improved MWT and MNCV of DNP-treated rats (P=0.01, P=0.038, respectively). The expression of three pain-and inflammation-associated factors (P2X4, NLRP3, and IL-IP) was significantly upregulated at the protein level in DNP rats, and this change was reversed by Dex administration (P=0.0022, P=0.0092, P=0.0028, respectively). Conclusion: The P2X4/NLRP3 signaling pathway is implicated in the development and presence of DNP in vivo, and Dex protects from this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Spine/drug effects , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Receptors, Purinergic P2X4/analysis , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/analysis , Sural Nerve/drug effects , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Pain Threshold , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Diabetic Neuropathies/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Neural Conduction/drug effects
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180713, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1040234

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vitamin D has been known to have important regulatory functions in inflammation and immune response and shows inhibitory effects on experimental periodontitis in animal models. However, the potential mechanism has yet to be clarified. Recent studies have highlighted Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and its downstream signaling as a crucial regulator of immune homeostasis and inflammatory regulation. Objective: This study aimed to clarify the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) on experimental periodontitis and AhR/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)/NLR pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway in the gingival epithelium in a murine model. Methodology: We induced periodontitis in male C57BL/6 wild-type mice by oral inoculation of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), and subsequently gave intraperitoneal VD3 injection to the mice every other day for 8 weeks. Afterwards, we examined the alveolar bone using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and detected the gingival epithelial protein using western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining. Results: SEM images demonstrated that alveolar bone loss was reduced in the periodontitis mouse model after VD3 supplementation. Western blot analyses and immunohistochemical staining of the gingival epithelium showed that the expression of vitamin D receptor, AhR and its downstream cytochrome P450 1A1 were enhanced upon VD3 application. Additionally, VD3 decreased NF-κB p65 phosphorylation, and NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein, caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 protein expression. Conclusions: These results implicate the alleviation of periodontitis and the alteration of AhR/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway by VD3 in the mouse model. The attenuation of this periodontal disease may correlate with the regulation of AhR/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway by VD3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/metabolism , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Calcitriol/pharmacology , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Calcitriol/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss , NF-kappa B/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/analysis , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/drug effects , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Caspase 1/analysis , Bone Density Conservation Agents/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/analysis , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/metabolism , Gingiva/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180211, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984568

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of gliclazide on oxidative stress, inflammation, and bone loss in an experimental periodontal disease model. Material and Methods Male albino Wistar rats were divided into no ligature, ligature, and ligature with 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg gliclazide groups. Maxillae were fixed and scanned using micro-computed tomography to quantify linear and bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) and volumetric bone loss. Histopathological, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence analyses were conducted to examine matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), cathepsin K, members of the receptor activator of the nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β (RANK), osteoprotegerin (OPG) pathway, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1), glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1), NFKB p 50 (Cytoplasm), NFKB p50 NLS (nuclear localization signal), PI3 kinase and AKT staining. Myeloperoxidase activity, malondialdehyde and glutathione levels, while interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were evaluated by spectroscopic ultraviolet-visible analysis. A quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to quantify the gene expression of the nuclear factor kappa B p50 subunit (NF-κB p50), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3k), protein kinase B (AKT), and F4/80. Results Micro-computed tomography showed that the 1 mg/kg gliclazide treatment reduced linear bone loss compared to the ligature, 5 mg/kg gliclazide, and 10 mg/kg gliclazide treatments. All concentrations of gliclazide increased bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) compared to the ligature group. Treatment with 1 mg/kg gliclazide reduced myeloperoxidase activity, malondialdehyde, IL-1β, and TNF-α levels (p≤0.05), and resulted in weak staining for COX-2, cathepsin k, MMP-2, RANK, RANKL, SOD-1, GPx-1,MIF and PI3k. In addition, down-regulation of NF-κB p50, PI3k, AKT, and F4/80 were observed, and OPG staining was strong after the 1 mg/kg gliclazide treatment. Conclusions This treatment decreased neutrophil and macrophage migration, decreased the inflammatory response, and decreased bone loss in rats with ligature-induced periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Alveolar Bone Loss/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Gliclazide/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Periodontitis/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/pathology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Peroxidase/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , RANK Ligand/analysis , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography , Cathepsin K/analysis , Gingiva/pathology , Gingiva/chemistry , Gliclazide/therapeutic use , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Neutrophils/drug effects , Antioxidants/therapeutic use
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e117, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132651

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Brazilian propolis on the cell viability, mineralization, anti-inflammatory ability, and migration of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The cell viability was evaluated with CCK-8 kit after 1, 5, 7, and 9 days. The deposition of calcified matrix and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were evaluated by Alizarin Red staining and real-time PCR after incubation in osteogenic medium for 21 days. The expression of inflammation-related genes in cells was determined after exposure to 1 μg/mL LPS for 3 h. Finally, the numbers of cells that migrated through the permeable membranes were compared during 15 h. Propolis and MTA significantly increased the viability of hDPCscompared to the control group on days 7 and 9. In the propolis group, significant enhancement of osteogenic potential and suppressed expression of IL-1β and IL-6 was observed after LPS exposure compared to the MTA and control groups. The number of migration cells in the propolis group was similar to that of the control group, while MTA significantly promoted cell migration. Propolis showed comparable cell viability to that of MTA and exhibited significantly higher anti-inflammatory and mineralization promotion effects on hDPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Propolis/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Anthraquinones , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Odontoblasts/drug effects
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901205, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054687

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effects of huperzine A (HupA) on hippocampal inflammatory response and neurotrophic factors in aged rats after anesthesia. Methods Thirty-six Sprague Dawley rats (20-22 months old) were randomly divided into control, isofluran, and isoflurane+HupA groups; 12 rats in each group. The isoflurane+HupA group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 mg/kg of HupA. After 30 min, isoflurane inhalation anesthesia was performed in the isoflurane and isoflurane+HupA groups. After 24 h from anesthesia, Morris water maze experiment and open-field test were performed. Hippocampal inflammatory and neurotrophic factors were determined. Results Compared with isoflurane group, in isofluran+HupA group the escape latency of rats was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), the original platform quadrant residence time and traversing times were significantly increased (P < 0.05), the central area residence time was significantly increased (P < 0.05), the hippocampal tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6 and interleukin 1β levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the hippocampal nerve growth factor, brain derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 levels were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion HupA may alleviate the cognitive impairment in rats after isoflurane anesthesia by decreasing inflammatory factors and increasing hippocampal neurotrophic factors in hippocampus tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Hippocampus/drug effects , Nerve Growth Factors/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Maze Learning , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Hippocampus/metabolism , Isoflurane/adverse effects , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Nerve Growth Factors/analysis
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e033, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011662

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on the salivary cytokine levels and clinical parameters of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) with gingivitis. A non-randomized, clinical trial was conducted in individuals diagnosed with spastic CP. Thirty-eight individuals were enrolled in the study and were categorized according to gingival index scores between 0-1 or 2-3, assigned to groups G2 or G1, respectively. Periodontal treatment comprised oral hygiene instructions, conventional mechanical treatment and 0.12% chlorhexidine applied as an adjunct. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected at baseline and at the 15-day follow-up visit. Bleeding on probing and periodontal screening and recording were determined. Non-stimulated saliva samples were obtained, and the salivary flow rate, the osmolality and the levels of cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IL-12p70 were evaluated by a cytometric bead array. The Wilcoxon test, the Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation analysis, Poisson regression analysis and an adjusted analysis were performed (α = 0.05). The groups differed significantly in periodontal clinical parameters at baseline and at follow-up. Salivary flow rate and osmolality were similar in both groups at both timepoints. However, TNF-α and IL-1β levels were higher in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Mechanical treatment resulted in improved clinical parameters for both groups. Furthermore, mechanical treatment resulted in a significant reduction in salivary IL-1β and IL-8 levels for both groups after treatment. Periodontal treatment performed in individuals with CP and gingivitis reduces the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Periodontitis/therapy , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Gingivitis/complications , Gingivitis/rehabilitation , Osmolar Concentration , Saliva/immunology , Saliva/microbiology , Poisson Distribution , Periodontal Index , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10 , Dental Prophylaxis/methods , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Gingivitis/microbiology
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(5): 41-46, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975013

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The search for more aesthetic and comfortable orthodontic devices has led to an increase in the use of clear aligners. Objective: To increase knowledge on biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement using Invisalign aligners. Methods: This study included 11 patients with a mean age of 23.6 ± 4.8 years. Cases planning included alignment and leveling of lower incisors using Invisalign aligners. Gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected from the lower incisors on the day of delivery of aligner number 1 (T0) and after 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d), and 21 (T21d) days. During the observation period of the study, the patients used only the aligner number 1. Levels of nine cytokines were quantified using Luminex's multi-analysis technology. Non-parametric tests were used for comparisons between cytokine expression levels over time. Results: Cytokine expression levels remained constant after 21 days of orthodontic activation, except those of MIP-1β, which presented a statistical difference between T24h and T21d with a decrease in the concentration levels. IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β, and TNF-α showed the highest concentrations over time. Conclusions: The different behavior in the levels of the investigated cytokines indicates a role of these biomarkers in the tissue remodeling induced by Invisalign.


RESUMO Introdução: a busca por dispositivos ortodônticos mais estéticos e confortáveis gerou um aumento no uso de alinhadores transparentes. Objetivo: ampliar o conhecimento sobre os mecanismos biológicos associados ao movimento dentário ortodôntico promovido por alinhadores Invisalign®. Métodos: a amostra foi constituída por 11 pacientes, com idade média de 23,6 ± 4,8 anos. O planejamento dos casos incluiu alinhamento e nivelamento de incisivos inferiores usando os alinhadores. O fluido gengival crevicular foi coletado na superfície vestibular de incisivos inferiores no dia da entrega do alinhador número 1 (T0) e após 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d) e 21 (T21d) dias. Durante o período de observação do estudo, os pacientes utilizaram apenas o alinhador número 1. Os níveis de nove citocinas foram quantificados por meio do sistema Luminex de multianálise. Testes não paramétricos foram realizados para comparações entre os níveis de expressão de citocinas ao longo do tempo. Resultados: a concentração das citocinas manteve-se constante após 21 dias de ativação ortodôntica, exceto a MIP-1β, que apresentou uma redução estatisticamente significativa entre os tempos T24h e T21d. As IL-8, GM-CSF, IL-1β, MIP-1β e TNF-α apresentaram as maiores concentrações ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: a constância na expressão dos níveis das citocinas parece estar compatível com o estímulo mecânico induzido por alinhadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Tooth Movement Techniques , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/analysis , Interleukin-8/analysis , Colony-Stimulating Factors/analysis , Interleukin-7/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Chemokine CCL2/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Chemokine CCL4/analysis , Incisor
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 362-374, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886283

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the prophylactic and therapeutical effects of sildenafil in a model of acute radiation proctitis (ARP). Methods: All experimental procedures of this study was examined by histopathological, immunohistochemical and transmission electron microscopic analysis. Results: Our histopathological evaluations indicated significant increases in lesion severity, cryptic apsis, cryptitis, cryptic distortion, reactive atypia and infiltration depth of the control (proctitis) group. While the prophylaxis group and the treatment group had significantly lower scores. High-dose group showed similar results as prophylaxis group. Histopathological findings of the prophylaxis group was more significant than the treatment group. Immunoreactivities of IL-1β, FGF-2, TNF- α and HIF-1α increased in the control group especially in the epithelial and cryptic regions. On the contrary, sildenafil application caused significant decreases of inflammatory markers in all treatment groups, specifically better results in the prophylaxis group. Conclusion: The sildenafil has anti-inflammatory effects on ARP, as well as protective effects against ARP and the protective effect of sildenafil surpasses its therapeutic effect histopathologically.


Subject(s)
Animals , Proctitis/etiology , Proctitis/drug therapy , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/drug therapy , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis/methods , Sildenafil Citrate/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Proctitis/pathology , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/pathology , Rectum/pathology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170630, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of nonsurgical periodontal therapy considering the salivary stress-related hormone and cytokine levels in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) on pregnant and nonpregnant women. Material and Methods Thirty non-pregnant (control group) and 30 pregnant women (test group) that met the study inclusion criteria were chosen. Only participants with gingivitis were included. Clinical data and samples of GCF and saliva were collected at baseline and after periodontal therapy. The levels of interleukin-1 beta (Κ-1β) and IL-10, and concentration of salivary chromogranin A (CgA) hormone were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The repeated measures analysis of variance was used for intragroup and intergroup analyses. Results A major decrease in the gingival inflammation was observed in both groups after periodontal therapy (p<0.05). Periodontal treatment decreased the level of IL-1β in GCF (p<0.05) in control group, but no statistical difference was determined for GCF IL-1β in the test group. However, after periodontal therapy, the CgA hormone concentration was reduced in both groups (p<0.05). However, there was no difference in salivary CgA concentration, GCF IL-10 levels, and perceived stress scale (PSS)-10 between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusions Within the limitations of this study, periodontal therapy significantly improved the periodontal status and stress level. In addition, the severity of the gingival inflammation during pregnancy was related to stress. However, further studies will be needed to substantiate these early findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/metabolism , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Saliva/chemistry , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Chromogranin A/analysis , Gingivitis/therapy , Oral Hygiene/methods , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/analysis , Periodontal Index , Analysis of Variance , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/metabolism , Dental Scaling/methods , Treatment Outcome , Gingivitis/metabolism
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(9): e7602, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951757

ABSTRACT

The NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is the most frequently studied in the central nervous system and has been linked to neuropathic pain. In this study, a post-translational mechanism of microRNA (miR)-186 via regulating the expression of NLRP3 in the complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-treated mice was investigated. The injection of CFA was used to induce trigeminal neuropathic pain in mice. miRs microarray chip assay was performed in trigeminal ganglions (TGs). CFA treatment significantly increased the mRNA expression of NLRP3, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-18 in TGs compared to the control group. Moreover, 26 miRs were differentially expressed in TGs from trigeminal neuropathic pain mice, and the expression of miR-186 showed the lowest level of all the miRs. Further examination revealed that NLRP3 was a candidate target gene of miR-186. We delivered miR-186 mimics to CFA-treated mice. The head withdrawal thresholds of the CFA-treated mice were significantly increased by miR-186 mimics injection compared with CFA single treatment. The mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 in TGs from trigeminal neuropathic pain mice were significantly inhibited by miR-186 mimics treatment compared to the CFA group. miR-186 was able to suppress the neuropathic pain via regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Trigeminal Neuralgia/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/pharmacology , Inflammasomes/physiology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Freund's Adjuvant , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-18/analysis , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Microarray Analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Genetic Association Studies , Inflammasomes/analysis , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/analysis , Luciferases , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 538-542, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Cytokines produced by various cells are strong local mediators of inflammation. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and C-reactive protein (CRP) play essential roles in the development and progression of diabetes mellitus (DM). Thus periodontal diseases could be related to DM via the same mediators of inflammation. To evaluate plasma and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of IL-1β and CRP in adolescents with DM to further investigate whether DM has an impact on the levels of inflammation factors at an early stage, and to analyze the risk of developing periodontal diseases in adolescents with DM.@*METHODS@#A total of 121 adolescents aged from ten to sixteen years were enrolled, 41 adolescents diagnosed with diabetes mellitus were collected in the DM group, and 80 nondiabetic adolescents as the control group. The periodontal indices of each individual were recorded, including plaque index (PLI), modified bleeding index (mBI), probing depth (PD) and attachment loss (AL). GCF and intravenous blood samples were collected, and CRP and IL-1β levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#(1) PLI of DM group and control group were 1.23±0.05 and 0.95±0.04 separately, with significant difference (P=0.001). DM group and control group had mBI of 0.80±0.08 and 0.51±0.06 separately, with significant difference (P=0.003). Attachment loss was found in none of the subjects. PDs of DM group and control group were (2.37±0.51) mm and (2.31±0.05) mm separately, and there was no significant difference. (2) CRP in GCF was only detectable in partial of the individuals, with a detectable rate of 22.9% (11/48) in total. The detectable rate of CRP in GCF was significantly higher in DM group (38.5%) than that in control group (4.5%, P=0.006). The plasma level of CRP in DM group [0.23 (0.15, 1.89) mg/L] was higher than that in control group [0.19 (0.12, 4.18) mg/L], but without significance (P=0.776). (3) The plasma levels of IL-1β in DM group and control group were (14.11±0.57) ng/L and (14.71±0.50) ng/L separately, but there was no significance (P=0.456). GCF levels of IL-1β in DM group and control group were (12.91±1.95) μg/L and (17.68±3.07) μg/L, without significant difference (P=0.185).@*CONCLUSION@#Periodontitis was not observed in adolescents with DM at an early stage. However, the rising levels of periodontal indices and CRP in GCF, might indicate that adolescents with DM have a higher risk of developing periodontal diseases in the future.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Dental Plaque Index , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Disease Progression , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Periodontitis , Plasma
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5714, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839285

ABSTRACT

Inflammation of cartilage is a primary symptom for knee-joint osteoarthritis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play an important role in the articular cartilage destruction related to osteoarthritis. Naringenin is a plant-derived flavonoid known for its anti-inflammatory properties. We studied the effect of naringenin on the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of MMP-3 in vivo in the murine monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) osteoarthritis model. The assessment of pain behavior was also performed in the MIA rats. The destruction of knee-joint tissues was analyzed microscopically. Moreover, the effect of naringenin was also studied in vitro in IL-1β activated articular chondrocytes. The transcriptional expression of MMP-3, MMP-1, MMP-13, thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS-4) and ADAMTS-5 was also studied in primary cultured chondrocytes of rats. Naringenin caused significant reduction in pain behavior and showed marked improvement in the tissue morphology of MIA rats. Moreover, a significant inhibition of MMP-3 expression in MIA rats was observed upon treatment with naringenin. In the in vitro tests, naringenin caused a significant reduction in the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of the studied degradative enzymes. The NF-κB pathway was also found to be inhibited upon treatment with naringenin in vitro. Overall, the study suggests that naringenin alleviated pain and regulated the production of matrix-metalloproteinases via regulation of NF-κB pathway. Thus, naringenin could be a potent therapeutic option for the treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthralgia/enzymology , Chondrocytes/enzymology , Flavanones/pharmacology , Knee Joint/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/biosynthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/enzymology , Arthralgia/drug therapy , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Knee Joint/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , NF-kappa B/analysis , NF-kappa B/drug effects , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/analysis , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/drug effects , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e28, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839509

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the avocado/soybean unsaponifiables (ASU) on the treatment of induced periodontitis in rats. Periodontitis was induced in 84 rats via ligature placement around the second upper molar, which was removed after 7 days, and scaling and root planning (SRP) was performed at this time. Subsequently, the rats were randomly allocated to four groups with 21 animals each: One SRP group in which saline solution was administered (SS), and three groups in which ASU was administered (0.6 g/kg/day), beginning either 7 days before the induction of periodontitis (SRP/ASU-7), on the day of periodontitis induction (SRP/ASU0), or on the day of treatment (SRP/ASU+7). ASU and SS were administered daily by gavage until the sacrifice of the animals (7, 15, and 30 days after SRP). The % bone in the furcation area was evaluated by histomorphometry and micro-CT. The expression of proteins (TRAP, RANKL, and alkaline phosphatase) and mRNA (IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, RANKL, and alkaline phosphatase) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and qPCR. The SRP/ASU+7 group presented a higher percentage of bone fill in the furcation area and higher expression of alkaline phosphatase than in the SRP group (at 7 and 30 days, respectively). The SRP/ASU0 and SRP/ASU+7 groups presented lower expression levels of RANKL mRNA than the SRP and SRP/ASU-7 groups at 15 days. ASU administration on the day of the SRP treatment of the ligature-induced periodontitis promoted subtle beneficial effects on periodontal repair following the treatment of induced periodontitis within the experimental period of 7 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Glycine max/chemistry , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Persea/chemistry , Periodontitis/etiology , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Root Planing/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , RANK Ligand/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase/analysis
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e17, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839523

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis develops as a result of a continuous interaction between host cells and subgingival pathogenic bacteria. The periodontium has a limited capacity for regeneration, probably due to changes in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) phenotype. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lipopolysaccharides from Porphyromonas gingivalis (PgLPS) on mesenchymal phenotype and osteoblast/cementoblast (O/C) potential of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were assessed for Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) expression by immunostaining technique. After, cells were exposed to PgLPS, and the following assays were carried out: (i) cell metabolic activity using MTS; (ii) gene expression for IL-1β, TNF-α and OCT-4 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR); (iii) flow cytometry for STRO-1 and CD105, and (iv) osteogenic differentiation. PDLSCs were positive for TLR2. PgLPS promoted cell proliferation, produced IL-1β and TNF-α, and did not affect the expression of stem cell markers, STRO-1, CD105 and OCT-4. Under osteogenic condition, PDLSCs exposed to PgLPS showed a similar potential to differentiate toward osteoblast/cementoblast phenotype compared to control group as revealed by mineralized matrix deposition and levels of transcripts for RUNX2, ALP and OCN. These results provide evidence that PgLPS induces pro-inflammatory cytokines, but does not change the mesenchymal phenotype and osteoblast/cementoblast differentiation potential of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Time Factors , Gene Expression , Osteocalcin/analysis , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Octamer Transcription Factor-3/analysis , Toll-Like Receptors/analysis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 423-430, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797985

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effect of HRE (Hippophae rhamnoides extract) on oral mucositis induced in rats with MTX. Material and Methods: Experimental animals were divided into groups as healthy (HG), HRE+MTX (HMTX), and control group, which received MTX (MTXC). HMTX group received 50 mg/kg HRE while MTXC and HG groups received equivolume distilled water with gavage once a day. After one hour of HRE and distilled water administration, HMTX and MTXC groups received a single dose of oral MTX 5 mg/ kg. This procedure was repeated for one month. Results: The levels of MDA, IL-1β, and TNF-α were found to be significantly higher in the cheek, lower lip, and tongue tissue of the animals receiving MTX, compared with HG and HMTX groups; however, these parameters were lower in the cheek and low lip tissue, and a milder damage ocurred in these tissues, compared with the tongue tissue in MTXC group. No histopathologic damage was observed in the cheek, lower lip, and tongue tissues of the rats treated with HRE. Conclusion: This findings indicate that HRE as a natural product is an important advantage compared with synthetic drugs for prophylaxis of oral mucositis developed due to MTX.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Stomatitis/chemically induced , Stomatitis/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Hippophae/chemistry , Folic Acid Antagonists/adverse effects , Stomatitis/pathology , Tongue/pathology , Blood Vessels/pathology , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Gene Expression , Cheek/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Treatment Outcome , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Lip/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 327-332, May 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783794

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To investigate the antimicrobial, immunological and healing effects of Melipona scutellaris honey on infected wounds of rat skin. METHODS: Twenty four Wistar rats were distributed in four groups (6-each). The uninfected skin wounds of group I rats were treated daily with saline for 7 days. Uninfected wounds (group II) rats were treated with honey. In group III (treated with saline) and group IV (treated with honey) wounds were inoculated with MRSA ATTC43300. The first bacterial culture was performed 24 hours later. In the 7th day new culture was done, and wound biopsies were used for cytokines dosage and histopathology. RESULTS: In group I and III rats the CFU/g count of S. aureus in wounds was zero. In group II rats the CFU/g counts in the wound tissue were significantly higher than in wounds of group IV rats. The density histopathological parameters and the expression of TNF-α, IL1-β, Il-6 were significantly higher on wounds of group IV then in the other groups. CONCLUSION: Honey of Melipona scutellaris was effective in the management of infected wounds, by significant bacterial growth inhibition, enhancement of cytokine expression, and positively influenced the wound repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Staphylococcal Infections/therapy , Wound Healing , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Apitherapy , Honey , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Wound Infection/microbiology , Wound Infection/therapy , Random Allocation , Collagen/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Bacterial Load , Fibroblasts , Leukocytes
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(2): 111-118, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of medical ozone theraphy on the colon anastomosis of peritonitis model in rats. METHODS: Eighteen rats were randomly assigned into three equal groups; control, cecal punctuation and colon anastomosis and ozone theraphy. Sepsis was performed with a cecal punctuation in groups 2 and 3. The medical ozone theraphy was administered intraperitonealy for three weeks in group 3 while the other rats received saline injection. At the twenty second day serum were obtained for TNF-α and IL-1β, the colonic burst pressures were measured and colonic tissue samples were obtained for MDA and MPO levels. Histolopatological examination was evaluated with H&E stain, and Ki-67, IL-1β and the VEGF immunostaining densities were also compared. RESULTS: Intraperitoneal ozone administration reversed TNF-α, IL-1β, MDA and MPO levels and the colonic burst pressures. There was also a significant difference at immunostaining densities of histopathological examination. CONCLUSION: Medical ozone therapy may contribute to tissue healing by affecting the proliferation and the vascularization thus has benefits on colonic anastomosis at peritonitis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ozone/pharmacology , Peritonitis/chemically induced , Wound Healing/drug effects , Colon/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Peroxidase/analysis , Peroxidase/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(1): 8-14, Jan. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771854

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided to sham group, IRI group and Dex group. The SD rats were subjected to 45 min of ischemia followed by eight weeks of reperfusion. Prior to ischemia, rats were either treated with Dex or not. Blood samples were collected for the detection of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) levels. Immunohistochemistry was performed for CD3 T-cell infiltrates. Real-time PCR and western blot were detected for the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, ICAM-1, HMGB1 and TLR4. RESULTS: Compared with sham group, renal IRI significantly increased the serum levels of BUN and Cr. The H&E staining indicated that renal IRI resulted in obvious renal injury and immunohistochemistry found that there were more CD3 T-cell infiltrates in IRI group. Also, renal IRI upregulated the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, ICAM-1, HMGB1 and TLR4. However, all these changes were alleviated by the treatment with Dex. CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine has beneficial effects on long term inflammation induced by renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. Its mechanisms may be achieved through inhibiting the HMGB1/TLR4 pathway to exert protective effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , /pharmacology , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Kidney/blood supply , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Actins/analysis , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Blotting, Western , Creatinine/blood , HMGB1 Protein/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation/etiology , Inflammation/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Kidney/chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , /analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e78, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951984

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to compare potential aspects of periapical lesion formation in hypertensive and normotensive conditions using hypertensive (BPH/2J) and wild-type control (BPN/3J) mice. The mandibular first molars of both strains had their dental pulp exposed. At day 21 the mice were euthanized and right mandibular molars were used to evaluate the size and phenotype of apical periodontitis by microCT. Proteins were extracted from periapical lesion on the left side and the expressions of IL1α, IL1β and TNFα were analyzed by ELISA. Bone marrow stem cells were isolated from adult mice femurs from 2 strains and osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in vitro. The amount of differentiated osteoclastic cells was nearly double in hypertensive mice when compared to the normotensive strain (p < 0.03). Periapical lesion size did not differ between hypertensive and normotensive strains (p > 0.7). IL1α, IL1β and TNFα cytokines expressions were similar for both systemic conditions (p > 0.05). Despite the fact that no differences could be observed in periapical lesion size and cytokines expressions on the systemic conditions tested, hypertension showed an elevated number of osteoclast differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Periapical Diseases/pathology , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , RANK Ligand/analysis , Hypertension/pathology , Periapical Diseases/etiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-1alpha/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography , Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase , Hypertension/complications
20.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 371-375, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768171

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the effects of 1% morphine instillation on clinical parameters, aqueous humor turbidity, and expression levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in rabbits with endotoxin-induced experimental uveitis. Methods: Twenty four New Zealand white rabbits were divided into four groups (n=6 each): control (CG), morphine (MG), naloxone (NG), and morphine-naloxone (MNG) groups. Under dissociative anesthesia, 0.1 mL of solution containing 0.2 µg of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) endotoxin from the Salmonella typhimurium cell wall was injected in the vitreous chamber. Clinical evaluations (conjunctical hyperemia, chemosis blepharospasm, and ocular discharge) and laser flaremetry were performed before (baseline), and 10 and 20 hours after induction of uveitis. Rabbits were subsequently euthanized and eyes were enucleated to quantify expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1 beta, PGE2, and MPO. Results: No significant differences in clinical parameters and flare values were observed between the study groups. TNF-α and IL-1 beta levels increased significantly in the CG, MG, NG, and MNG groups compared to baseline (P<0.05). Significant differences in PGE2 levels were observed between the MG and NMG groups (P<0.05). A trend toward increased MPO activity was observed in response to uveitis induction; however, this trend did not reach statistical significance (P>0.05). Conclusions: Morphine has no effect on clinical parameters, flare, or expression levels of inflammatory mediators in a rabbit model of uveitis induced by intravitreal injection of LPS.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estudaram-se os efeitos da instilação de morfina 1% sobre parâmetros clínicos, turbidez do humor aquoso e expressão de fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-alfa), de interleucina-1 beta (IL-1beta), de prostaglandina E2 (PGE2) e de mieloperoxidase (MPO), em olhos de coelhos com uveíte induzida por endotoxina. Material e Métodos: Vinte e quatro coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia Branco foram distribuídos em quatro grupos (n=6, em cada): grupo controle (GC), morfina (GM), naloxona (GN) e morfina-naloxona (GMN). Sob anestesia dissociativa, injetou-se 0,1 mL de solução contendo 0,2 µg de lipossacarídeo (LPS) endotóxico da parede celular de Salmonella typhimurium na câmara vítrea. Realizou-se avaliação clínica (hiperemia conjuntival, quemose, blefaroespasmo e secreção ocular) e a flaremetria a “laser” antes (basal) e após 10 e 20 horas da indução da uveíte. No final, os coelhos foram submetidos à eutanásia e os olhos com uveíte foram enucleados para a quantificação dos níveis de TNF-alfa, IL-1 beta, PGE2 e MPO. Diferenças foram consideradas significativas quando p<0,05. Resultados: Os grupos da pesquisa não diferiram quanto aos parâmetros clínicos e os valores de “flare”. Observou-se elevação significativa nos níveis de TNF-alfa e de IL-1 beta, comparativamente ao basal, nos grupos GC, GM, GN e GMN (p<0,05). Valores de PGE2 variaram entre os grupos GM e GNM (p<0,05). A atividade de MPO aumentou após a indução da uveíte, porém, sem significância estatística (p>0,05). Conclusões: A morfina não atuou sobre parâmetros clínicos, “flare” e expressão dos mediadores inflamatórios estudados, quando instilada em olhos de coelhos com uveíte induzida por injeção intravítrea de LPS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology , Dinoprostone/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Morphine/pharmacology , Peroxidase/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Uveitis/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Aqueous Humor/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Endotoxins , Instillation, Drug , Morphine/therapeutic use , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Uvea/drug effects , Uvea/pathology , Uveitis/etiology , Uveitis/pathology
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