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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 551-557, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345130

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a hair disease that causes hair loss without scarring. The etiopathogenesis of AA has not been fully understood yet. Objective: To determine serum interleukin levels (IL-2, IL-4, IL-15, and IL-17) in patients diagnosed with alopecia areata and to investigate the relationship of IL levels with the duration and severity of alopecia areata and the response to tofacitinib therapy. Methods: Patients (≥16 years old) diagnosed with alopecia areata and healthy individuals as a control group was enrolled. Baseline serum interleukin levels of the patients and controls were measured. In the patient group receiving tofacitinib therapy, serum interleukin levels were measured again after 6 months. Disease severity for alopecia areata was assessed using the Severity of Alopecia Tool. Results: Sixty-one AA patients and 30 healthy individuals were included; they were comparable regarding age and sex. The mean disease duration for AA was 7 ± 6 years and the baseline mean Severity of Alopecia Tool score was 71 ± 30 (range, 20-100). Baseline IL-2, IL-4 and IL-15 levels were significantly higher in the patient group than those in the control group (p < 0.001 for each). No significant correlation was found between the baseline interleukin levels and either disease duration or disease severity (baseline Severity of Alopecia Tool score). Among the patients receiving tofacitinib (n = 22), all interleukin levels significantly decreased after treatment. However, no significant relationship between the change in interleukin levels and the change in the Severity of Alopecia Tool scores was observed after tofacitinib treatment. Study limitations: This is a monocentric study conducted in a single university hospital. Conclusion: High interleukin levels in alopecia areata patients and the significant decrease with treatment support the idea that interleukins have a role in pathogenesis. Nevertheless, no relationship could be demonstrated between IL levels and disease duration or severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Interleukin-2 , Alopecia Areata/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index , Interleukins , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-15 , Interleukin-17
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
3.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180734, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fibromyalgia (FM) is a nonarticular rheumatic syndrome that leads to diffuse myalgia, sleep disturbances and morning stiffness. Balneotherapy has been shown an effective strategy to improve the health conditions of patients; however, the treatment follow-up is based on patient report due to the lack of biomarkers. Thus, this study evaluated the application of cytokines and phosphoglycerate mutase I (PGAM-I) to monitoring FM patient underwent to balneotherapy treatment. Eleven healthy and eleven women with FM were submitted to daily sessions of balneotherapy during 10 days. Clinical and quality of life parameters were assessed through a FIQ questionnaire. Blood levels of TNF-(, interleukins (IL-1, IL-2 and IL-10) and PGAM-I expression in patients' saliva were also evaluated. Patients with FM showed significant improvements in their clinical status after treatment. Also, FM patients has IL-10 levels lower than healthy women and the balneotherapy increased the expression of this cytokine in both groups, concomitantly to pain relief. Although inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-2 and TNF-() were more expressed in FM patients than healthy patients their levels did not reduce after treatment. A slight increase of PGAM-I expression was observed. In conclusion, IL-10 levels could be a useful biomarker to balneotherapy follow-up of FM patients. However, these findings must be analyzed in a larger number of patients in order to validate IL-10 as an effective biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Interleukin-10/blood , Quality of Life , Saliva , Balneology , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Interleukin-1/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Phosphoglycerate Mutase/blood
4.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200080, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Thrombocytopenia in malaria involves platelet destruction and consumption; however, the cellular response underlying this phenomenon has still not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE To find associations between platelet indices and unbalanced Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines as a response to thrombocytopenia in Plasmodium vivax infected (Pv-MAL) patients. METHODS Platelet counts and quantification of Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokine levels were compared in 77 patients with uncomplicated P. vivax malaria and 37 healthy donors from the same area (endemic control group - ENCG). FINDINGS Thrombocytopenia was the main manifestation in 55 patients, but was not associated with parasitaemia. The Pv-MAL patients showed increases in the mean platelet volume (MPV), which may be consistent with larger or megaplatelets. Contrary to the findings regarding the endemic control group, MPV and platelet distribution width (PDW) did not show an inverse correlation, due the increase in the heterogeneity of platelet width. In addition, the Pv-MAL patients presented increased IL-1β and reduced IL-12p70 and IL-2 serum concentrations. Furthermore, the reduction of these cytokines was associated with PDW values. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate that an increase in MPV and the association between reductions of IL-2 and IL-12 and PDW values may be an immune response to thrombocytopenia in uncomplicated P. vivax malaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmodium vivax/immunology , Thrombocytopenia/pathology , Thrombocytopenia/blood , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Malaria, Vivax/immunology , Malaria, Vivax/pathology , Thrombocytopenia/parasitology , Interleukin-2/blood , Malaria, Vivax/parasitology , Malaria, Vivax/blood , Interleukin-12/blood
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e032, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001608

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effects of astragaloside IV (AsIV) on inflammation and immunity in rats with experimental periodontitis. Periodontitis was established in 48 Wistar rats, which were then randomly divided into model and 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg AsIV groups, with 12 rats in each group. The latter 3 groups were treated with AsIV at doses of 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg, respectively. The control group (12 rats, without periodontitis) and model group were given the same amount of 5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. The treatment was performed once per day for 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, the tooth mobility scores of the rats were determined. After treatment, the salivary occult blood index (SOBI), plaque index (PLI), peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets, and serum inflammatory factor and immunoglobulin levels were determined. The results showed that, after treatment, compared with that in model group, in 40 mg/kg AsIV group, the general state of rats was improved, while the tooth mobility score, SOBI and PLI were significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the peripheral blood CD4+ T cell percentage and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were significantly increased (p < 0.05), while the CD8+ T cell percentage was significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-2 levels were significantly decreased (p < 0.05); the serum immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin G levels were significantly decreased (p < 0.05). In conclusion, AsIV can alleviate inflammation and enhance immunity in rats with experimental periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology , Immune System/drug effects , Periodontitis/immunology , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Tooth Mobility , Immunoglobulins/blood , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Interleukin-2/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Interleukin-1beta/blood
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813043

ABSTRACT

To analyze the components of tumor infiltrating T lymphocyte (TIL) cells in malignant pleural effusion of lung adenocarcinoma, and evaluate their killing activities to autologous tumor cells. 
 Methods: Malignant pleural effusions were collected from 17 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Mononuclear cells were isolated by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation and flow cytometer was used to analyze TIL cell components. TIL and tumor cells were separated through adherent culture. The tumor cells were identified via intramuscular injection of adherent cells into nude mice and the killing effect of cultured lymphocytes on autologous tumor cells was studied.
 Results: Of the TIL in malignant pleural effusions, T cells accounted for 60.6%-79.3%, while T helper cells were significantly higher than T killer cells (36.63%±1.90% vs 24.64%±2.32%, P<0.001). There were also natural killer (NK) cells and NK T cells in the effusions. Tumor cells were successfully isolated and cultured. The killing activity of cultured TIL to autologous tumor cells was 39.14%±12.04%, and the killing activity of TIL with high proliferation rate to autologous tumor cells was higher than that of low proliferation group (50.51%±3.80% vs 29.04%±5.77%, P<0.001).
 Conclusion: T lymphocytes are the major components of TIL in malignant pleural effusions derived from lung adenocarcinoma, and T helper cells are more than T killer cells. The killing activity of TIL with strong proliferation ability to autologous tumor cells is higher than that of TIL with weak proliferation ability. Therefore, cells from malignant pleural effusions could be used for cellular immunotherapy against tumor.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Animals , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Lung Neoplasms , Mice , Mice, Nude , Pleural Effusion, Malignant , T-Lymphocytes
7.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 317-325, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786428

ABSTRACT

Here, we designed to examine the anti-inflammatory effects on RAW264.7 cells and the immunosuppressive effects by evaluating interleukin-2 (IL-2) production in Jurkat T cells using a MeOH extract of Panax notoginseng roots. The results showed that the MeOH extract inhibited the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) in a dose-dependent manner (IC₅₀ value of 7.08 µg/mL) and displayed effects on T cell activation at a concentration of 400 µg/mL. In efforts to identify the potent compounds, bioactivity-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract and chemical investigation of its active CH₂Cl₂-, EtOAc-, and butanol-soluble fractions led to the successful isolation and identification of eleven compounds, including two polyacetylenes (1, 2), a steroid saponin (3), seven dammarane-type ginsenosides (4 – 10), and an oleanane-type ginsenoside (11). Among them, compound 11 was isolated from this plant for the first time. Compound 2 exhibited potent inhibitory effects on NO synthesis and an immunosuppressive effect with IC₅₀ values of 2.28 and 65.57 µM, respectively.


Subject(s)
Ginsenosides , Interleukin-2 , Nitric Oxide , Panax notoginseng , Panax , Plants , Polyacetylene Polymer , Saponins , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762150

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to systemically review literature relating to factors that could potentially predict a favorable response to cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment for chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). METHODS: A systematic literature review was done according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis recommendations. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies (404 patients with CSU and 200 healthy patients) were included. There were only 1 randomized controlled trial (RCT) and 12 non-RCTs. Our systematic review showed that positive autologous serum skin test results, positive baseline basophil histamine release assays, positive baseline basophil activation test responses, elevated baseline plasma D-dimer levels, elevated baseline serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-5, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels, and low baseline serum IgE levels might assist in predicting favorable CsA responses in CSU patients. Decreased plasma D-dimer levels; and decreased serum IL-2, IL-5, and TNF-α levels were reported to be correlated with clinical improvement after CsA treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Since most positive results were from non-RCT articles and some data were still inconsistent, this systematic review identified no reliable practical biomarker for predicting CsA treatment response in patients with CSU. There were no positive predictors with good consistency and mechanical plausibility.


Subject(s)
Basophils , Cyclosporine , Histamine Release , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-5 , Interleukins , Plasma , Skin Tests , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Urticaria
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 500-508, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762086

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Lung adenocarcinoma (LA) is one of the major types of lung cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in regulating responses of natural killer (NK) cells to cancer malignancy. However, the mechanism of miR-218-5p involved in the killing effect of NK cells to LA cells remains poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-218-5p was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Serine hydroxymethyl transferase 1 (SHMT1) level was detected by qRT-PCR or western blots. Cytokines production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The killing effect of NK cells to LA cells was investigated using lactate dehydrogenase cytotoxicity assay kit. The interaction of miR-218-5p and SHMT1 was probed by luciferase activity assay. Xenograft model was established to investigate the killing effect of NK cells in vivo. RESULTS: miR-218-5p was enhanced and SHMT1 was inhibited in NK cells of LA patients, whereas stimulation of interleukin-2 (IL-2) reversed their abundances. Addition of miR-218-5p reduced IL-2-induced cytokines expression and cytotoxicity in NK-92 against LA cells. Moreover, SHMT1 was negatively regulated by miR-218-5p and attenuated miR-218-5p-mediated effect on cytotoxicity, IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion in IL-2-activated NK cells. In addition, miR-218-5p exhaustion inhibited tumor growth by promoting killing effect of NK cells. CONCLUSION: miR-218-5p suppresses the killing effect of NK cells to LA cells by targeting SHMT1, providing a potential target for LA treatment by ameliorating NK cells function.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Heterografts , Homicide , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Killer Cells, Natural , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Luciferases , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , MicroRNAs , Necrosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serine , Transferases
10.
Immune Network ; : e25-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764021

ABSTRACT

CD80 is mainly expressed on Ag-presenting cells (APCs) as a costimulatory molecule but is also detected on T cells. However, the origin and physiological role of CD80 on CD8⁺ T cells remain unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that effector and memory CD8⁺ T cells, but not naïve CD8⁺ T cells, displayed CD80 molecules on their surfaces after acute lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. Using adoptive transfer of CD80-knockout (KO) CD8⁺ T cells into a wild type or CD80-KO recipient, we demonstrated that the effector CD8⁺ T cells displayed CD80 by both intrinsic expression and extrinsic acquisition, while memory CD8⁺ T cells displayed CD80 only by extrinsic acquisition. Interestingly, the extrinsic acquisition of CD80 by CD8⁺ T cells was observed only in the lymphoid organs but not in the periphery, indicating the trogocytosis of CD80 molecules via interaction between CD8⁺ T cells and APCs. We compared the recall immune responses by memory CD8⁺ T cells that either extrinsically acquired CD80 or were deficient in CD80, and found that CD80, presented by memory CD8⁺ T cells, played a role in limiting their expansion and IL-2 production upon exposure to secondary challenge. Our study presents the in vivo dynamics of the extrinsic acquisition of CD80 by Ag-specific CD8⁺ T cells and its role in the regulation of recall immune responses in memory CD8+ T cells.


Subject(s)
Adoptive Transfer , B7-1 Antigen , Interleukin-2 , Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus , Memory , T-Lymphocytes
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1093-1102, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762049

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) has been well-documented to induce liver injury. miRNA-222-3p (miR-222-3p) was implicated in SEB-induced lung injury and several liver injuries. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-222-3p in SEB-induced liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of miR-222-3p and suppressors of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) was detected using real-time quantitative PCR and western blot. Liver injury was determined by levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and inflammatory cytokines, numbers of infiltrating mononuclear cells using AST/ALT assay kit, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and hematoxylin-eosin staining, respectively. Target binding between miR-222-3p and SOCS1 was predicted on targetScan software, and confirmed by luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: SEB induced liver injury in D-galactosamine (D-gal)-sensitized mice, as demonstrated by increased serum levels of AST and ALT, elevated release of interferon-gamma (INF-γ), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-2, and promoted infiltrating immune cells into liver. Expression of miR-222-3p was dramatically upregulated, and SOCS1 was downregulated in SEB-induced liver injury both in mice and splenocytes. Moreover, miR-222-3p knockout (KO) mice exhibited alleviated liver injury accompanied with SOCS1 upregulation. Besides, splenocytes under SEB challenge released less INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-2 during miR-222-3p knockdown. Mechanically, SOCS1 was targeted and downregulated by miR-222-3p. Upregulation of SOCS1 attenuated INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-2 release in SEB-induced splenocytes; downregulation of SOCS1 could block the suppressive role of miR-222-3p knockdown in SEB-induced splenocytes. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of miR-222-3p relieves SEB-induced liver inflammatory injury by upregulating SOCS1, thereby providing the first evidence of miR-222-3p in SEB-induced liver injury.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Down-Regulation , Enterotoxins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-6 , Liver , Luciferases , Lung Injury , Mice , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719450

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to determine the regulatory role of N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), an antioxidant, in interleukin 17 (IL-17)-induced osteoclast differentiation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: After RA synovial fibroblasts were stimulated by IL-17, the expression and production of receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL) was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Osteoclastogenesis was also determined after co-cultures of IL-17-stimulated RA synovial fibroblasts, Th17 cells and various concentrations of NAC with monocytes. After human peripheral CD4⁺ T cells were cultured with NAC under Th17 condition, IL-17, interferon γ, IL-4, Foxp3, RANKL, and IL-2 expression and production was determined by flow cytometry or ELISA. RESULTS: When RA synovial fibroblasts were stimulated by IL-17, IL-17 stimulated the production of RANKL, and NAC reduced the IL-17-induced RANKL production in a dose-dependent manner. NAC decreased IL-17-activated phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and inhibitor of κB. When human peripheral blood CD14⁺ monocytes were cultured with macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-17 or RANKL, osteoclasts were differentiated, and NAC reduced the osteoclastogenesis. After human peripheral CD4⁺ T cells were co-cultured with IL-17-pretreated RA synovial fibroblasts or Th17 cells, NAC reduced their osteoclastogenesis. Under Th17 polarizing condition, NAC decreased Th17 cell differentiation and IL-17 and RANKL production. CONCLUSIONS: NAC inhibits the IL-17-induced RANKL production in RA synovial fibroblasts and IL-17-induced osteoclast differentiation. NAC also reduced Th17 polarization. NAC could be a supplementary therapeutic option for inflammatory and bony destructive processes in RA.


Subject(s)
Acetylcysteine , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Coculture Techniques , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibroblasts , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interferons , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-4 , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Monocytes , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Phosphorylation , RANK Ligand , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sirolimus , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells
13.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(4): 385-389, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983841

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Gastric adenocarcinoma is the fourth most common cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the immunological status of patients with gastric cancer before surgery and circulating cytokines as potential diagnostic biomarkers for gastric cancer. METHODS: We included 90 healthy controls and 95 patients with distal Gastric adenocarcinoma in Mazandaran, Sari, Iran. We measured serum IL-2, IL-10 and IL-12 Levels by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using the IBL international GMBH kit. RESULTS: The serum IL-10 levels in the patients with Gastric adenocarcinoma were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls (P=0.02). There were no significant differences in serum IL-2 and IL-12 levels between patients with gastric cancer and healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Increased levels of IL-10 might be useful as diagnostic biomarkers for Gastric adenocarcinoma; however, this needs to be confirmed with larger number of patients and with control groups other than blood donors, properly age paired. These results suggest that positive expression of IL-10 may be useful as a molecular marker to distinguish stage of gastric cancers which can be more readily controlled.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O adenocarcinoma gástrico é a quarta causa mais comum de morte relacionada ao câncer em todo o mundo. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o status imunológico dos pacientes com câncer gástrico antes da cirurgia e as citocinas circulantes como potenciais biomarcadores diagnósticos para câncer gástrico. MÉTODOS: Incluímos 90 indivíduos controles saudáveis e 95 pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico distal em Mazandaran, Sari, Iran. Os níveis de soro Il-2, IL-10 e Il-12 foram medidos por um ensaio de imunoabsorção enzimática pela técnica de sanduíche usando o kit IBL International GmbH. RESULTADOS: Os níveis séricos IL-10 nos pacientes com adenocarcinoma gástrico foram significativamente superiores aos dos controles saudáveis (P=0,2). Não houve diferenças significativas nos níveis de soro IL-2 e IL-12 entre pacientes com câncer gástrico e controles saudáveis. CONCLUSÃO: Níveis aumentados de IL-10 podem ser úteis como biomarcadores diagnósticos para adenocarcinoma gástrico; no entanto, isso precisa ser confirmado com maior número de pacientes e com grupos de controle que não sejam doadores de sangue, adequadamente emparelhado por idade. Estes resultados sugerem que a expressão positiva do IL-10 pode ser útil como um marcador molecular para distinguir a fase de câncer gástrico que pode ser mais facilmente controlada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/blood , Adenocarcinoma/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Interleukin-12/blood , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Case-Control Studies , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 47(3): 177-186, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-978319

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To highlight the inflammatory and immunological mechanisms involved in depression and psoriasis. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed in various databases, in total 145 studies were selected. Results: Depression and psoriasis have an association. Immune mechanisms -the actions of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-2, IL-10, IL-22, IL-17, interferon-7, IL-1ß, prostaglandin E2, C-reactive protein, IL-6, and IL-8 etc.-, and some genetic changes are involved. Conclusions: A possible bidirectional relationship of psoriasis and major depression exists; i.e. the depression leads to psoriasis, and psoriasis leads to depression. We recommend more studies in the future to get a deeper and better understanding about this relationship.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Poner de relieve los mecanismos inflamatorios e inmunológicos involucrados en la depresión y la psoriasis. Métodos: Se realizó en varias bases de datos una búsqueda bibliográfica completa; en total se incluyeron 145 estudios. Resultados: Hay asociación entre depresión y psoriasis y están involucrados mecanismos inmunitarios -las acciones del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa, las interleucinas (IL) 1, 2, 10, 22 y 17, el interferón gamma, la IL-1ß, la prostaglandina E2, la proteína C reactiva, la IL-6 y la IL-8, etc. - y algunos cambios genéticos. Conclusiones: Hay una posible relación bidireccional entre psoriasis y depresión, es decir, la depresión lleva a psoriasis y la psoriasis lleva a depresión. Se recomiendan más estudios en el futuro para obtener una comprensión más profunda y mejor sobre esta relación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biomarkers , Cytokines , Genetics , Protein C , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Depression , Immune System
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 799-805, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973496

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate if Moringa oleifera leaf aqueous extract (ME) influences the healing of skin wounds of diabetic rats. Methods: Wistar rats were used (6 rats/group). Group 1 received normal saline (NS) v.o. Group 2 received moringa extract (100mg/kg v.o) for 3 weeks. Groups 3 and 4: Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetes. Group 3 received NS; Group 4 received aqueous ME (100mg/kg) v.o.The wounds of groups 1 and 3 rats were topically treated with NS; wounds of groups 2 and 4 treated with 200µL of 10% ME. After anesthesia, all rats had skin square excision wounds 1.5cm2. Wound percent contractions were measured. On 10th day, blood glucose and serum cytokines were measured. Histometry of wounds was studied using ImagePro6.0 software. Results: Glycemia was significantly reduced in ME treated rats. These rats had higher percent contraction of the wounds on 2nd, 5th and 10th days, then controls (p<0.05). Diabetic rats treated with NS had TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 expression higher than in rats receiving ME. The histopathological score of ME treated diabetic rats (198±13.7) was significantly higher than treatment with NS (145±10.5). Conclusion: ME extract positively influenced healing of wounds in diabetic rats after systemic and topical treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Moringa oleifera/chemistry , Administration, Topical , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(4): 546-549, July-Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041472

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated IL-10, IL-2 and regulatory T cells (Treg), in response to ovalbumin (OA), in offspring from schistosomotic mouse mothers. METHODS: We used animals born (BIM) or suckled (SIM) from infected mothers; and mice born/suckled from infected (BSIM) or non-infected mothers (CONTROL). After OA+adjuvant immunization, spleen cells were cultured, with or without OA, and doubly marked for cytometry. RESULTS: BIM showed fewer CD4+/IL-2+ and more B220+/IL-10+ cells, whereas the SIM group showed increased Treg frequency. BSIM had fewer B220+/IL-10+ and Treg cells. CONCLUSIONS: Separately, gestation or nursing induced immunosuppressive cells in infected mothers, but improved anti-OA immunity when combined.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Schistosomiasis mansoni/immunology , Antibodies, Helminth/immunology , Interleukin-2/immunology , Interleukin-10/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Animals, Suckling/immunology , Ovalbumin/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Animals, Suckling/parasitology , Mice
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812421

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is one of the major bioactive ginsenosides in Panax ginseng. However, the oral bioavailability of Rh2 is low, with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and CYP3A4 being reported to be the main factors. The purpose of the present study was to determine the enhancing effect of piperine on the oral bioavailability as well as bioactivity of Rh2. The inhibitory effect of piperine on P-gp and CYP3A4 was determined using a Caco-2 monolayer model and a recombinant CYP3A4 metabolic system, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of oral Rh2 (10 mg·kg) administered alone or in combination with piperine (10 and 20 mg·kg) was performed in rats. The immune boosting effect of Rh2 was assessed in rats by measuring IL-12 level after treated by Rh2 alone or co-administered with piperine. The results indicated that piperine significantly increased the permeability of Rh2 and inhibited the metabolism of Rh2. The pharmacokinetic study results showed that the AUC of Rh2 was significantly increased in combination with piperine at high dose (20 mg·kg) when compared to the control group, with relative bioavailability of 196.8%. The increase of Rh2 exposure led to increased serum levels of IL-12. In conclusion, piperine may be used as a bioenhancer to improve pharmacological effect of Rh2 when given orally.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids , Animals , Benzodioxoles , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Piperidines , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773631

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2) is one of the major bioactive ginsenosides in Panax ginseng. However, the oral bioavailability of Rh2 is low, with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and CYP3A4 being reported to be the main factors. The purpose of the present study was to determine the enhancing effect of piperine on the oral bioavailability as well as bioactivity of Rh2. The inhibitory effect of piperine on P-gp and CYP3A4 was determined using a Caco-2 monolayer model and a recombinant CYP3A4 metabolic system, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of oral Rh2 (10 mg·kg) administered alone or in combination with piperine (10 and 20 mg·kg) was performed in rats. The immune boosting effect of Rh2 was assessed in rats by measuring IL-12 level after treated by Rh2 alone or co-administered with piperine. The results indicated that piperine significantly increased the permeability of Rh2 and inhibited the metabolism of Rh2. The pharmacokinetic study results showed that the AUC of Rh2 was significantly increased in combination with piperine at high dose (20 mg·kg) when compared to the control group, with relative bioavailability of 196.8%. The increase of Rh2 exposure led to increased serum levels of IL-12. In conclusion, piperine may be used as a bioenhancer to improve pharmacological effect of Rh2 when given orally.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids , Animals , Benzodioxoles , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ginsenosides , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Piperidines , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 322-332, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756970

ABSTRACT

Immunosuppressive regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg) expressing the transcription factor Foxp3 play a vital role in the maintenance of tolerance of the immune-system to self and innocuous non-self. Most Treg that are critical for the maintenance of tolerance to self, develop as an independent T-cell lineage from common T cell precursors in the thymus. In this organ, their differentiation requires signals from the T cell receptor for antigen, from co-stimulatory molecules, as well as from cytokine-receptors. Here we focus on the cytokines implicated in thymic development of Treg, with a particular emphasis on the roles of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and IL-15. The more recently appreciated involvement of TGF-β in thymic Treg development is also briefly discussed. Finally, we discuss how cytokine-dependence of Treg development allows for temporal, quantitative, and potentially qualitative modulation of this process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Genetics , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Gene Expression Regulation , Immune Tolerance , Genetics , Interleukin-15 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727570

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out with the hypothesis that combination of canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid may have potential effect on insulin level, insulin resistance, cardiac biomarkers, inflammatory cytokines and histological studies in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Type 2 DM was induced by injecting nicotinamide (120 mg/kg, i.p.) 15 min before STZ (60 mg/kg) injection. Canagliflozin (5 and 10 mg/kg) and omega-3 fatty acid (300 mg/kg) were given for 28 days after confirmation of diabetes. Biochemical estimations revealed elevated levels of glucose, insulin, HOMA-R and inflammatory cytokines in diabetic group. Daily dosing of alone canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid slightly reduced elevated levels of glucose, insulin, HOMA-R and inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-2, and TNFα), whereas canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid combination has reduced these biochemical parameters significantly when compared with diabetic group. Similarly in diabetic group the levels of cardiac biomarkers such as lipid profile, LDH, CKMB and troponin were significantly increased. Elevated levels of cardiac biomarkers were significantly reduced after daily dosing of alone canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid. Canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid combination has offered better improvement in cardiac biomarkers compared to alone canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid. Histopathological analysis also supported the above hypothesis that combination therapy (canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid) offered better protection against degenerative changes in β-cells of pancreas as compared to alone treatment with these drugs. Thus the present study revealed that canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid can be used as potential combination therapy in type 2 DM along with cardiac complication.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Canagliflozin , Cytokines , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Glucose , Hyperinsulinism , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Interleukin-2 , Niacinamide , Pancreas , Rats , Streptozocin , Troponin
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