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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 394-405, jul. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352427

ABSTRACT

In this study, it was aimed to determine the antioxidant and anticancer activities of Sideritis perfoliata methanolic extract (SPE) on cervical cancer cells (HeLa). Different doses (25, 50,100 and 200 µg/mL) of SPE were used to determine proliferation of HeLa cells by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) staining method. Induction of apoptosis was determined by Annexine-V and propidium iodide staining method. Interleukin (IL) 6-8 levels were measured by ELISA method. Antioxidant activities of SPE were determined by DPPH, DNA (plasmid pBR322) protecting and cellular antioxidant activity tests. Some phytochemicals of SPE were also screened by LC-MS-MS. It was determined that SPE reduced the proliferation of HeLa cells and also induced apoptosis. IL6-8 levels importantly decreased at 200 µg/mL. SPE exhibited moderately antioxidant activities in tests used. Among the phenolics identified, vanillic acid had the highest amount. As a result, it was determined to have the anticancer activity of SPE by decreasing cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis and decreasing IL6-8 in HeLa cells.


En este estudio, se tuvo como objetivo determinar las actividades antioxidantes y anticancerígenas del extracto metanólico de Sideritis perfoliata (SPE) en las células de cáncer de cuello uterino (HeLa). Se utilizaron diferentes dosis (25, 50, 100 y 200 µg/mL) de SPE para determinar la proliferación de células HeLa mediante el método de tinción con bromuro de 3-[4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il] -2,5-difenil-tetrazolio (MTT). La inducción de apoptosis se determinó mediante el método de tinción con anexina-V y yoduro de propidio. Los niveles de interleucina (IL) 6-8 se midieron mediante el método ELISA. Las actividades antioxidantes de SPE se determinaron mediante pruebas de DPPH, protección de ADN (plásmido pBR322) y actividad antioxidante celular. Algunos fitoquímicos de SPE también se analizaron mediante LC-MS-MS. Se determinó que SPE redujo la proliferación de células HeLa y también indujo apoptosis. Los niveles de IL6-8 disminuyeron de manera importante a 200 µg/mL. SPE mostró actividades moderadamente antioxidantes en las pruebas utilizadas. Entre los fenólicos identificados, el ácido vainílico tuvo la mayor cantidad. Como resultado, se determinó que tenía la actividad anticancerígena de SPE al disminuir la proliferación celular, inducir apoptosis y disminuir la IL6-8 en las células HeLa.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Sideritis/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Phenols/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Cell Survival , Interleukin-8/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Apoptosis/drug effects , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Antineoplastic Agents , Antioxidants/chemistry
2.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 166-183, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353093

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más prevalente en el mundo, asociada a factores genéticos del hospedero y externos, como infección por Helicobacter pylori. La patogénesis incluye inflamación crónica mediada por citocinas del microambiente tumoral, detectables sistémicamente. Estudios previos reportan niveles séricos de citocinas y su contribución al diagnóstico de CG. El presente estudio analiza el perfil de citocinas del tipo de Th1(IFNγ), Th2(IL-4 e IL-10), Th17(Th-17A) y otras pro inflamatorias: IL-1ß, IL-6 y TNF-α, en plasma de 70 casos de pacientes con CG comparándolos con 132 sujetos sanos equiparables en edad y sexo. Los casos provinieron del Hospital Roosevelt e Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Guatemala (Incan) y formaron parte de un estudio previo. Se analizó la base de datos clínicos, patológicos y epidemiológicos. Se midieron los niveles de citocinas utilizando el sistema "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". La edad promedio de los casos fue 59.5 años, (DE 13.0), 51%, eran positivos para IgG anti H. pylori. Un 71% presentó adenocarcinoma grado III (Borrman), según clasificación de Lauren 55% tenían tipo intestinal. Las siete citocinas cuantificadas se encontraron significativamente elevadas (p < .05) en el plasma de los casos respecto a sus controles. Los casos de CG tipo difuso presentaron niveles de IFNγ significativa-mente elevados. Por regresión logística, las citocinas IL-6 e IL-10, están asociadas significativamente a CG (p < .05) independientemente del estatus de infección por H. pylori. Se destacan la IL-6 e IL-10 como las principales citocinas asociadas a la presencia de CG.


Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, associated with host and external genetic factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. The pathogenesis includes chronic inflammation mediated by cytokines of the tumor microenvironment, systemically detectable. Previous studies report serum levels of cyto-kines and their contribution to the diagnosis of GC. The present study analyzes the profile of cytokines of the type Th1 (IFNγ), Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10), Th17 (Th-17A) and other pro-inflammatory: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in plasma of 70 cases of patients with GC compared with 132 healthy subjects comparable in age and sex. The cases came from the Roosevelt Hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Guatemala -Incan- and were part of a previous study. The clinical, pathological and epidemiological databases were analyzed. Cytokine levels were measured using the "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". The average age of the cases was 59.5 years, (SD 13.0), 51% were positive for IgG anti H. pylori, 71% had grade III adenocarcinoma (Borrman), according to Laurenís classification, 55% had intestinal type. The seven cytokines quantified were found to be significantly elevated (p < .05) in the plasma of the cases compared to their controls. The diffuse GC cases presented significantly elevated IFNγ levels. By logistic regression, the cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 are significantly associated with GC (p < .05) regardless of the H. pylori infection status. IL-6 and IL-10 stand out as the main cytokines associated with the presence of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Plasma/chemistry , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Th2 Cells , Th17 Cells , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Th1 Cells , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasms/complications
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 268-272, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088864

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Periodontitis and coronary artery disease (CAD) share an inflammatory etiology; there is a recent concern regarding the investigation of an association between these two conditions. Current theories indicate that cytokines and proteins have an important role in this process. C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 are inflammatory derivatives produced in the presence of periodontitis and in the pathophysiology of coronary disease. The polymorphisms of CRP + 1444 C > T and IL6-174 G > C are recognized in the literature as being related to CAD. Objective: This study investigates the association between periodontitis and coronary artery disease, through the presence of PCR and IL-6 polymorphisms. Methods: We selected 80 patients who underwent diagnostic catheterization in the HU of UFSM. The presence of periodontitis was determined by the Community Periodontal Index, whereas the CAD was established by the medical report. DNA was collected from a saliva sample and the presence of polymorphism was determined by PCR and restriction enzymes. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: The mean age of all participants (p = 0.035, OR 2.65; 95%CI: (1.02-6.87) male gender (p = 0.012, OR 3.37; 95% CI: (1.28- (p = 0.013, OR 3.66; 95% CI: (1.27-10.5)), PCR polymorphism + 1444C > T (p = 0.001, OR 6.37; 95% CI:, (2.25-17.9)) and IL6 -174 G > C polymorphism (p = 0.025, OR 2.87, 95% CI: (1.09-7.55)) were statistically associated with the presence of CAD. Age > 60 years and presence of the PCR +1444 C > T polymorphism remained independently associated with CAD after adjustment by logistic regression. Conclusions: The presence of the PCR + 1444 C > T polymorphism in this study was independently associated with the presence of coronary artery disease.


Resumo Fundamento: A periodontite e a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) compartilham uma etiologia inflamatória. Existe preocupação na investigação de associação entre essas duas condições. Há citocinas e proteínas com papel importante neste processo, como a proteína C-reativa (PCR) e a interleucina 6 (IL-6), que são derivados inflamatórios produzidos na presença da periodontite e na fisiopatologia da DAC. Os polimorfismos da PCR+1444 C > T e da IL-6 -174 G > C são reconhecidos na literatura como relacionados à DAC. Objetivo: Este estudo objetiva comprovar a associação entre periodontite e DAC, através da presença dos polimorfismos da PCR e da IL-6. Métodos: Foram selecionados 80 pacientes que se submeteram ao cateterismo diagnóstico no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). A periodontite foi determinada pelo índice periodontal comunitário; a DAC, pelo laudo médico. Foi coletado o ácido desoxirribonucleico (DNA) pela saliva e estabelecido o polimorfismo pela avaliação da PCR/RFLP. Foi adotado um nível de significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: A idade mediana de todos os participantes (p = 0,035; OR 2,65; IC 95% [1,02-6,87]), gênero masculino (p = 0,012; OR 3,37; IC 95% [1,28-8,9]), periodontite (p = 0,013; OR 3,66; IC 95% [1,27-10,5]), polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T (p = 0,001; OR 6,37; IC 95% [2,25-17,9]) e polimorfismo da IL-6 -174G > C (p = 0,025; OR 2,87; IC 95% [1,09-7,55]) foram estatisticamente relacionados à DAC. Após ajuste com a regressão logística, mantiveram-se independentemente associadas à DAC a idade maior que 60 anos e o polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T. Conclusões: O polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T, neste estudo, esteve independentemente relacionado à DAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Brazil , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Alleles
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 596-604, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042043

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic dissection (AD) has been recognized to be associated with an inflammatory process. Clinical observations demonstrated that patients with AD had an elevated interleukin (IL)-6 level in comparison to hypertensive or healthy controls. Adverse events such as acute lung injury, postimplantation syndrome, and death are associated with an elevated IL-6 level. Thus, circulating IL-6 could be a reliable biomarker for the diagnosis of AD and for the eveluation of the therapeutic outcomes and the prognosis of AD patients. Therapeutic interventions aiming at attenuating the inflammatory status by IL-6 neutralization could effectively decrease the IL-6 level and thus reverse the progression of the disorder of AD patient. Endovascular aortic repair can effectively control the inflammatory cytokines. Selective antegrade cerebral perfusion with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during aortic arch replacement shows better neuroprotectve effect with an improved IL-6 level of the cerebrospinal fluid. These results facilitate the understanding of the etiology of AD and guide the directions for the treatment of acute AD in the future. More effective therapeutic agents developed based on the theories of IL-6 signaling involved in the mechasims of AD are anticipated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Aneurysm/metabolism , Interleukin-6/analysis , Aneurysm, Dissecting/metabolism , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnosis , Aortic Aneurysm/therapy , Prognosis , Reference Values , Time Factors , Predictive Value of Tests , Cytokines/analysis , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnosis , Aneurysm, Dissecting/therapy
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(2): 136-140, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to compare the aqueous humor total oxidant status, total antioxidant capacity, and levels of interleukin-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor between patients with diabetic retinopathy and controls and to correlate these levels with the DR status. Methods: Patients who underwent cataract surgery were enrolled. The first group (control group) comprised patients without diabetes; the second group comprised diabetic patients without retinopathy; the third group comprised patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy; and the fourth group comprised patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. All patients underwent full ophthalmologic examination before cataract surgery. Prior to surgery, samples of aqueous humor sampling were obtained and stored at -80 °C. Total antioxidant capacity, total oxidant status, and levels interleukin-6 and vascular endothelial growth factor were investigated in these samples and correlated with diabetic retinopathy status. Results: This study analyzed 86 pairs of eyes of 86 patients. All groups were statistically similar in age and sex, but the total antioxidant capacity was lowest in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Moreover, the total oxidant status and levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin-6 were found to slightly increase according to the retinopathy status. Conclusion: Oxidative stress, interleukin-6, and vascular endothelial growth factor in the aqueous humor seem to play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, especially in the proliferative type.


RESUMO Objetivo: Procurou-se comparar o humor aquoso estado oxidante total, a capacidade antioxidante total, e os níveis de interleucina-6 e do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular entre pacientes com retinopatia diabética e em indivíduos controles, e correlacionar esses níveis com o status da retinopatia diabética. Métodos: Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata foram incluídos. O primeiro grupo (grupo controle) foi composto por pacientes sem diabetes; o segundo grupo inclui pacientes dia béticos sem retinopatia; o terceiro grupo inclui pacientes com retinopatia diabética não proliferativa; e o quarto grupo inclui pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico completo antes da cirurgia de catarata. Antes da cirurgia, amostras de humor aquoso foram obtidas e armazenadas a -80oC. A capacidade antioxidante total, o estado oxidante total e os níveis de interleucina-6 e fator de crescimento endotelial vascular foram investigados nessas amostras e correlacionados com o status da retinopatia diabética. Resultados: Este estudo analisou 86 pares de olhos de 86 pacientes. Todos os grupos foram estatisticamente semelhantes em idade e sexo, mas a capacidade antioxidante total foi menor em pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa. Além disso, o estado oxidante total e os níveis de fator de crescimento endotelial vascular e interleucina-6 estavam ligeiramente aumentados de acordo com o status da retinopatia. Conclusão: O estresse oxidativo, a interleucina-6 e o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular no humor aquoso parecem desempenhar papel importante na patogênese da retinopatia diabética, especialmente no tipo proliferativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aqueous Humor/metabolism , Interleukin-6/analysis , Oxidative Stress , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Diabetic Retinopathy/metabolism , Antioxidants/analysis , Reference Values , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Statistics, Nonparametric , Antioxidants/metabolism
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 183-190, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990327

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) is a medicinal plant extract used topically as a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant agent. Its cytoprotective effect mainly depends on its pleiotropic properties by modulating inflammatory mediators such as IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α. This study aims to test the possible therapeutic effect of ABS in the treatment of erosive and inflammatory conditions occurring in the uterine cervix. METHODS: Twenty-four female Wistar Albino rats were used in the present study. Trichloracetic acid was applied intravaginally to establish an experimental rat model of cervicitis. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: group I (injury), group II (injury+isotoinc saline), and group III (injury+ABS). After 3 estrous cycles of ABS and isotonic saline treatment, the amount of inflammation, vascular congestion and erosion were evaluated in the cervical tissues by using a modified semi-quantitative scale of 0-3. Immunohistochemical staining with monoclonal antibodies against IL-1β was also performed. RESULTS: Compared with group I and II, the ABS group showed the least inflammatory cell infiltration, vascular congestion and cervical erosion, compared with the ABS group prominent IL-1β staining observed in group I and group II. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that ABS is a highly effective alternative to induce normal cervical epithelium and can be used safely in the treatment of cervical inflammation with or without cervical erosion.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Ankaferd Blood Stopper (ABS) é um extrato de plantas medicinais utilizado topicamente como um agente hemostático, anti-inflamatório e antioxidante. O seu efeito citoproteico depende principalmente das suas propriedades pleiotrópicas por meio da modulação de mediadores inflamatórios tais como IL-1β, IL-6 e TNF-a. O objetivo deste estudo é testar o possível efeito terapêutico do ABS no tratamento de condições erosivas e inflamatórias que ocorrem no colo uterino. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro ratas Wistar Albino foram utilizadas no presente estudo. O ácido tricloroacético foi aplicado intravaginalmente para estabelecer um modelo experimental de cervicite em ratos. Os ratos foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo I (lesão), grupo II (lesão + fisiológico sérico) e grupo III (lesão + ABS). Após três ciclos estrais de ABS e tratamento fisiológico sérico, as quantidades de inflamação, congestionamento vascular e erosão foram avaliadas nos tecidos cervicais usando uma escala semiquantitativa modificada de 0-3. Coloração imuno-histoquímica com anticorpos monoclonais contra IL-1β também foi realizada. RESULTADOS: Em comparação com os grupos I e II, o grupo ABS mostrou menos infiltração de células inflamatórias, congestionamento vascular e erosão cervical. Além disso, em comparação com o grupo ABS, observou-se uma coloração proeminente de IL-1β no grupo I e no grupo II. CONCLUSÃO: Nossos dados sugerem que o ABS é uma alternativa altamente eficaz para induzir o epitélio cervical normal e pode ser utilizado com segurança no tratamento da inflamação cervical com ou sem erosão cervical.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Uterine Cervicitis/drug therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Uterine Cervicitis/pathology , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180550, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012512

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the inflammatory cells, vascular density and IL-6 immunolabeled cells present in the pulp after pulpotomy with white MTA versus 15.5% ferric sulfate (FS). Methodology Forty-eight mandibular first molars from 24 Wistar rats were divided into MTA or FS groups and subdivided according to the period after pulpotomy procedure (24, 48 and 72 hours). Four teeth (sound and untreated) were used as controls. Histological sections were obtained and assessed through the descriptive analysis of morphological aspects of pulp tissue and the quantification of inflammatory cells, vascular density and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression. Data were statistically analyzed (p<0.05). Results The number of inflammatory cells was similar in both groups, being predominantly localized at the cervical radicular third. In the MTA group, increased inflammation was observed at 48 hours. Vascular density was similar in both groups and over time, being predominant in the medium radicular third. No correlation was found between the number of inflammatory cells and the vascular density. Pulp tissue was more organized in MTA-treated teeth. In both groups, a weak to moderate IL-6 expression was detected in odontoblasts and inflammatory cells. Comparing both groups, there was a greater IL-6 expression in the cervical radicular third of teeth treated with MTA at 24 hours and in the medium and apical thirds at 72 hours, while in the FS group a greater IL-6 expression was found in the apical third at 24 hours. Conclusion The MTA group presented better histological features and greater IL-6 expression than the FS group. However, no difference was observed between the groups regarding the inflammatory status and vascularization, suggesting the usefulness of FS as a low-cost alternative to MTA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Pulpotomy/adverse effects , Ferric Compounds/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/analysis , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Inflammation/immunology , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dental Pulp/pathology , Drug Combinations
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180365, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012506

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Visfatin is an adipokine that plays an important role in immune functions as a growth factor, enzyme, and pro-inflammatory mediator. We aimed to determine the levels of visfatin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in both obese/non-obese patients, with/without generalized chronic periodontitis (GCP). Methodology Patients were categorized as obese (O) (n=31) or non-obese (nO) (n=19). Groups were divided into four subgroups according to periodontal conditions: (1) periodontally healthy without obesity (nO-Ctrl); (2) GCP without obesity (nO-CP); (3) periodontally healthy with obesity (O-Ctrl); and (4) GCP with obesity (O-CP). Demographic variables, anthropometric and laboratory data were recorded. Periodontal parameters were measured at baseline and 3rd months after either non-surgical periodontal treatment or calorie -restricted diet therapy. At the same time, GCF samples were taken from patients to analyze TNF-alpha, IL-6,and visfatin levels. Results Periodontal parameters were significantly higher in the O group than in the nO group (P<0.05). IL-6 levels were higher in the O group than in the nO group (P<0.001). The visfatin levels of the obese patients were reduceddecreased following the treatments (P<0.05). Cholesterol levels were higher in the O group than in the nO groups (P<0.05). IL-6 levels were higher in O-CP and O-Ctrl groups than in the nO-Ctrl group (P<0.05). Compared to the other groups, visfatin levels were significantly higher in the O-CP group but decreased following treatment (P<0.05). Conclusions Our findings suggest that visfatin and IL-6 levels in GCF are associated with the pathogenesis of obesity and periodontitis. Within the limits of this study, we considered that there might be an association between the lipid profile and periodontitis on systemically healthy individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Periodontitis/metabolism , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/analysis , Obesity/metabolism , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Reference Values , Radiography, Panoramic , Biomarkers/analysis , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Cytokines/physiology , Interleukin-6/physiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/physiology , Middle Aged
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e033, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011662

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on the salivary cytokine levels and clinical parameters of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) with gingivitis. A non-randomized, clinical trial was conducted in individuals diagnosed with spastic CP. Thirty-eight individuals were enrolled in the study and were categorized according to gingival index scores between 0-1 or 2-3, assigned to groups G2 or G1, respectively. Periodontal treatment comprised oral hygiene instructions, conventional mechanical treatment and 0.12% chlorhexidine applied as an adjunct. Clinical parameters and saliva samples were collected at baseline and at the 15-day follow-up visit. Bleeding on probing and periodontal screening and recording were determined. Non-stimulated saliva samples were obtained, and the salivary flow rate, the osmolality and the levels of cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α and IL-12p70 were evaluated by a cytometric bead array. The Wilcoxon test, the Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation analysis, Poisson regression analysis and an adjusted analysis were performed (α = 0.05). The groups differed significantly in periodontal clinical parameters at baseline and at follow-up. Salivary flow rate and osmolality were similar in both groups at both timepoints. However, TNF-α and IL-1β levels were higher in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Mechanical treatment resulted in improved clinical parameters for both groups. Furthermore, mechanical treatment resulted in a significant reduction in salivary IL-1β and IL-8 levels for both groups after treatment. Periodontal treatment performed in individuals with CP and gingivitis reduces the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Periodontitis/therapy , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Gingivitis/complications , Gingivitis/rehabilitation , Osmolar Concentration , Saliva/immunology , Saliva/microbiology , Poisson Distribution , Periodontal Index , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10 , Dental Prophylaxis/methods , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Gingivitis/microbiology
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e117, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132651

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Brazilian propolis on the cell viability, mineralization, anti-inflammatory ability, and migration of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The cell viability was evaluated with CCK-8 kit after 1, 5, 7, and 9 days. The deposition of calcified matrix and the expression of osteogenesis-related genes were evaluated by Alizarin Red staining and real-time PCR after incubation in osteogenic medium for 21 days. The expression of inflammation-related genes in cells was determined after exposure to 1 μg/mL LPS for 3 h. Finally, the numbers of cells that migrated through the permeable membranes were compared during 15 h. Propolis and MTA significantly increased the viability of hDPCscompared to the control group on days 7 and 9. In the propolis group, significant enhancement of osteogenic potential and suppressed expression of IL-1β and IL-6 was observed after LPS exposure compared to the MTA and control groups. The number of migration cells in the propolis group was similar to that of the control group, while MTA significantly promoted cell migration. Propolis showed comparable cell viability to that of MTA and exhibited significantly higher anti-inflammatory and mineralization promotion effects on hDPCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Propolis/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Anthraquinones , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Odontoblasts/drug effects
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(12): e201901205, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054687

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effects of huperzine A (HupA) on hippocampal inflammatory response and neurotrophic factors in aged rats after anesthesia. Methods Thirty-six Sprague Dawley rats (20-22 months old) were randomly divided into control, isofluran, and isoflurane+HupA groups; 12 rats in each group. The isoflurane+HupA group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 mg/kg of HupA. After 30 min, isoflurane inhalation anesthesia was performed in the isoflurane and isoflurane+HupA groups. After 24 h from anesthesia, Morris water maze experiment and open-field test were performed. Hippocampal inflammatory and neurotrophic factors were determined. Results Compared with isoflurane group, in isofluran+HupA group the escape latency of rats was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), the original platform quadrant residence time and traversing times were significantly increased (P < 0.05), the central area residence time was significantly increased (P < 0.05), the hippocampal tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin 6 and interleukin 1β levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the hippocampal nerve growth factor, brain derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 levels were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion HupA may alleviate the cognitive impairment in rats after isoflurane anesthesia by decreasing inflammatory factors and increasing hippocampal neurotrophic factors in hippocampus tissue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Hippocampus/drug effects , Nerve Growth Factors/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Maze Learning , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Hippocampus/metabolism , Isoflurane/adverse effects , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Nerve Growth Factors/analysis
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180713, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1040234

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vitamin D has been known to have important regulatory functions in inflammation and immune response and shows inhibitory effects on experimental periodontitis in animal models. However, the potential mechanism has yet to be clarified. Recent studies have highlighted Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and its downstream signaling as a crucial regulator of immune homeostasis and inflammatory regulation. Objective: This study aimed to clarify the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3) on experimental periodontitis and AhR/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)/NLR pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway in the gingival epithelium in a murine model. Methodology: We induced periodontitis in male C57BL/6 wild-type mice by oral inoculation of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), and subsequently gave intraperitoneal VD3 injection to the mice every other day for 8 weeks. Afterwards, we examined the alveolar bone using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and detected the gingival epithelial protein using western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining. Results: SEM images demonstrated that alveolar bone loss was reduced in the periodontitis mouse model after VD3 supplementation. Western blot analyses and immunohistochemical staining of the gingival epithelium showed that the expression of vitamin D receptor, AhR and its downstream cytochrome P450 1A1 were enhanced upon VD3 application. Additionally, VD3 decreased NF-κB p65 phosphorylation, and NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein, caspase-1, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 protein expression. Conclusions: These results implicate the alleviation of periodontitis and the alteration of AhR/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway by VD3 in the mouse model. The attenuation of this periodontal disease may correlate with the regulation of AhR/NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway by VD3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/metabolism , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Calcitriol/pharmacology , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Periodontitis/pathology , Reference Values , Calcitriol/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss , NF-kappa B/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/analysis , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/drug effects , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Caspase 1/analysis , Bone Density Conservation Agents/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/analysis , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/metabolism , Gingiva/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180371, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990443

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The levels of the full-length form of the (pro)renin receptor (PRR), a component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), may be reduced in the membranes of kidneys in renal diseases. This study aimed to investigate the RAS components in the kidneys of mice submitted to a combination of a high-fat diet and Schistosoma mansoni infection. METHODS: Female BALB/c mice were maintained on a control or high-fat diet from 3 weeks of age. After 10 weeks on the designated diets, half the mice in each group were infected with S. mansoni cercariae. The blood and kidneys were harvested 8 weeks after infection. RESULTS: The high-fat diet increased the number of eggs in the feces and the number of adult worms in the mesenteric bed. Schistosoma mansoni infection reduced the plasma levels of glucose, triglycerides, and HDL cholesterol in the control and high-fat diet groups. In mice on the control diet, S. mansoni infection resulted in increased expression of IL-6 in the kidneys; however, in mice on the high-fat diet, the levels of IL-6 were reduced and those of superoxide anions were increased. The RAS components evaluated were ACE2, renin, PRR, AT1R, and AT2R, and the levels of PRR were found to be reduced in the kidneys of infected mice on the high-fat diet. CONCLUSIONS: The finding regarding PRR is not yet clear. However, combining a high-fat diet and S. mansoni infection resulted in increased oxidative stress in the kidney that can aggravate hypertension as well as its associated complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Renin-Angiotensin System/physiology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Schistosomiasis mansoni/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Kidney/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight/physiology , Schistosomiasis mansoni/physiopathology , Random Allocation , Cholesterol/blood , Actins/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Kidney/physiopathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Obesity/physiopathology
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 555-561, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bleaching gel containing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) cause damages in pulp tissue. This study investigated the action of a topical anti-inflammatory, the Otosporin®, in rats' bleached teeth with the null hypothesis of which the Otosporin® is no able to minimize the pulp inflammation that bleaching gel generates. The rat's molars were divided into groups: BLE: bleached (35% H2O2 concentration /single application of 30 min); BLE-O: bleached followed by Otosporin® (10 min); and control: placebo gel. In the second day after dental bleaching, the rats were killed, and the jaws were processed for hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry analysis for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17. The data collected were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests with at a 5% level of significance (p<0.05). The BLE group had moderate to strong inflammation in the occlusal third of the coronary pulp, with necrotic areas; and BLE-O, mild inflammation (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in the occlusal and middle thirds of the coronary pulp between the BLE with BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05). There was no difference in the cervical third (p>0.05). The BLE group had a high immunoexpression of TNF-α than BLE-O and control groups (p<0.05), with moderate and mild immunoexpression, respectively. Regarding IL-6 and IL-17, the BLE group had higher immunoexpression than control (p<0.05); the BLE-O was similar to the control (p>0.05). The topical anti-inflammatory Otosporin® can reduce pulp inflammation after dental bleaching in the rat teeth.


Resumo O gel clareador à base de peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2) causa danos ao tecido pulpar. Este estudo investigou a ação de um anti-inflamatório tópico, o Otosporin®, nos dentes de ratos clareados com a hipótese nula de que o Otosporin® não é capaz de minimizar a inflamação da polpa gerada pelo gel clareador. Os molares dos ratos foram divididos em grupos: ClA: clareado (H2O2 a 35% / aplicação única de 30 min); CLA-O: clareado seguido do Otosporin® (10 min); e controle: gel placebo. No segundo dia após a clareação dentária, os ratos foram mortos e suas maxilas foram processadas para análise de hematoxilina-eosina e imunohistoquímica para o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-a), interleucina (IL)-6 e IL-17. Os dados coletados foram submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn com um nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou inflamação moderada à severa no terço oclusal da polpa coronária, com áreas necróticas; e CLA-O, inflamação leve (p<0,05). Houve diferença significativa nos terços oclusal e médio da polpa coronária entre o grupo CLA com os grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no terço cervical (p>0,05). O grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão para TNF-a comparado aos grupos CLA-O e controle (p<0,05), com imunoexpressão moderada e leve, respectivamente. Em relação a IL-6 e IL-17, o grupo CLA apresentou maior imunoexpressão comparado ao controle (p<0,05); o CLA-O foi semelhante ao controle (p>0,05). O anti-inflamatório tópico Otosporin® pode reduzir a inflamação pulpar após clareação em dentes de ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polymyxin B/pharmacology , Pulpitis/chemically induced , Pulpitis/prevention & control , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Hydrocortisone/pharmacology , Neomycin/pharmacology , Hydrocortisone/administration & dosage , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/analysis , Administration, Topical , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-17/analysis , Drug Combinations , Hydrogen Peroxide/adverse effects
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 983-990, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973479

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and mechanisms of root tuber of Polygonum ciliinerve (Nakai) ohwi (rPC) which has been used to treat bacterial infection in traditional Chinese medicine. Methods: With the mouse model of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) pneumonia, the phenotype of rPC treated mice, including body weight, mortality, lung slices and bacterial burden were evaluated. Furthermore, inflammatory factors in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were determined by ELISA and the distribution of T cells in lung was assessed by immunofluorescence assay. Results: rPC treatment could dose-dependently reduce weight loss and mortality in S. aureus-infected mice. Upon 10 mg/ml rPC treatment, S. aureus-infected mice showed about 8 grams increase in body weight (P<0.001) and 50% enhancement in mortality. The integrity of lung tissue and bacterial burden were also improved by rPC treatment. Moreover, rPC was found to modulate the immune response in infection. Conclusion: rPC has therapeutic potential for S. aureus infections and pneumonia with immunomodulatory functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pneumonia, Staphylococcal/prevention & control , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Polygonum/chemistry , Immunomodulation/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Pneumonia, Staphylococcal/pathology , Pneumonia, Staphylococcal/drug therapy , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Colony Count, Microbial , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Chemokine CCL2/analysis , Lung/drug effects , Lung/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 219-224, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The influence of cytokine on the progression of chronic periodontitis in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients is still controversial and poorly investigated. This study aimed to analyze and compare IL-6 and IFN-α levels in the gingival crevicular fluid of HIV-1-positive and HIV-1-negative patients with chronic periodontitis and different grades of tissue destruction and inflammation. Samples from the gingival crevicular sulcus were obtained from 35 HIV-1-positive individuals with chronic periodontitis and 35 seronegative patients with chronic periodontitis. Probing depth and clinical attachment level, as well as the results of the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for confirmation of patient diagnostics, were evaluated. Statistical analyses were performed using Student t, Mann-Whitney and Spearman tests. IL-6 levels were significantly lower, while IFN-α levels were significantly higher in HIV-1 patients. Clinical attachment level was directly associated with IFN-α levels in HIV-1 carriers, connected to probing depth in these patients. Clinical data in association with gingival crevicular fluid cytokine levels may reveal a localized immunological response pattern, which may contribute to the understanding of periodontitis pathogenesis in HIV-1 carriers.


RESUMEN: La influencia de la citocina en la progresión de la periodontitis crónica en pacientes con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) sigue siendo controvertida y poco investigada. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar y comparar los niveles de interleuquina-6 (IL6) e interferón-α (IFN-α) en el líquido crevicular gingival de pacientes VIH-1-positivos y VIH-1-negativos con periodontitis crónica y diferentes grados de destrucción e inflamación tisular. Se obtuvieron muestras del surco crevicular gingival de 35 individuos VIH-1 positivos con periodontitis crónica y 35 pacientes seronegativos con periodontitis crónica. Se evaluaron la profundidad de sondeo y el nivel de inserción clínica, así como los resultados del Ensayo Inmunoabsorbente Ligado a Enzimas para la confirmación del diagnóstico del paciente. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron utilizando pruebas t de Student, Mann-Whitney y Spearman. Los niveles de IL-6 fueron significativamente más bajos, mientras que los niveles de IFN-a fueron significativamente más altos en los pacientes con VIH-1. El nivel de inserción clínica se asoció directamente con los niveles de IFN-α en los portadores del VIH1, conectados a la profundidad del sondaje en estos pacientes. Los datos clínicos en asociación con los niveles de citoquinas de los fluidos creviculares gingivales pueden revelar un patrón de respuesta inmunológica localizado, que puede contribuir a la comprensión de la patogénesis de la periodontitis en los portadores del VIH-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , HIV Infections/immunology , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/immunology , Chronic Periodontitis/classification , Brazil , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interferon-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ethics Committees, Research
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170232, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893707

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Anti-inflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in periodontitis by inhibiting synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of interleukin-10 (-597) gene polymorphism and genotype distributions on chronic periodontitis (CP) development and IL-6 and IL-10 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum before and after non-surgical periodontal treatment. Material and Methods The study population consisted of 55 severe generalized CP patients as CP group and 50 healthy individuals as control group. Plaque index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment level were recorded and GCF and blood samples were taken at both the baseline and the sixth week after non-surgical periodontal treatment. PCR-RFLP procedure was used for gene analyses and cytokine levels were measured via ELISA. Results IL-10 genotype distribution was significantly different between CP and control groups (p=0.000, OR:7, 95%CI, 2.83-60.25). Clinical measurements significantly improved in the CP group after periodontal treatment (p<0.05). Periodontal treatment significantly decreased GCF IL-6 and IL-10 levels. No significant difference was found in clinical parameters between IL-10 AA and AC+CC genotypes at both the baseline and the sixth week (p>0.05). Sixth week GCF IL-10 levels were significantly lower in patients carrying IL-10 AC+CC genotype compared to the patients carrying IL-10 AA genotype (p<0.05). Serum IL-6 and IL-10 levels were lower in patients carrying the IL-10 AA genotype compared to patients with IL-10 AC+CC genotype, but the difference was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion IL-10 AA genotype carriers had lower IL-6 and IL-6/10 levels in serum; however, GCF IL-6/10 levels were similar in both genotypes. Within the limitations of our study, a possible association between IL-10(-597) gene polymorphism and CP might be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-10/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Reference Values , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Gene Frequency , Middle Aged
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160594, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893697

ABSTRACT

Abstract Denture adhesives (DA) improve the retention and stability of ill-fitting dentures, especially for older adults. These materials should be biocompatible, i.e., they cannot cause undesired biological responses and be non-cytotoxic to oral tissues. However, in vitro testing of DA biocompatibility employing primary cell culture may possibly be affected by other factors, such as the donor age. Objective To compare the cytotoxicity of three different denture adhesives when assessed in primary gingival fibroblasts from a young donor or from an older donor, as well as the release of the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and the inflammatory response marker interleukin-6 (IL-6). Material and Methods Gingival fibroblasts isolated from a 30- and a 62-year-old donor were assayed for proliferation (1-7 days) and sensitivity to latex (positive control). Fibroblasts were indirectly exposed to Corega Ultra (cream), Corega powder and Fixodent Original for a 24 h period and assayed by XTT and Crystal Violet tests. The release of IL-6 and bFGF by exposed cells was determined by ELISA. Results While cells from the young donor presented higher cell growth after 7 days, the sensitivity to increasing concentrations of latex extracts was very similar between young and older cells. Both XTT and CVDE detected no difference between the DA and the control group. All materials induced higher levels of IL-6 and bFGF compared to control. Cells from the older donor exposed to Corega Ultra released lower levels of cytokine and growth factor. Conclusions All materials were considered non-cytotoxic, but affected cytokine and growth factor release. The biological differences found between fibroblasts from both donors could be due to individual or age-related factors. The authors suggest the use of cells from older donors on studies of dental products aimed at older patients, to better simulate their physiological response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymers/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Gingiva/cytology , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/analysis , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Formazans , Gentian Violet , Gingiva/drug effects , Middle Aged
19.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e78, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952143

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral mucositis is a painful condition that occurs in patients who have undergone haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) and has a huge impact on their quality of life. The objective of this study was to examine the extent to which interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) are associated with oral health quality of life among patients who underwent HSCT. A. C. Camargo Cancer Center patients were evaluated over 20 months at 4 different time-points: a) at patient admission (M1); b) on the day of infusion of HSC (M2); c) 12 and 20 days after the first day of the conditioning regimen for autologous and allogeneic transplantation, respectively (M3); and d) 30 days after the first day of the conditioning regimen (M4). Mucositis clinical evaluations were performed using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Oral health quality of life was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile short form (OHIP-14), Oral Mucositis Quality of Life (OMQoL) and Patient-Reported Oral Mucositis Symptom (PROMS) scales. Correlations between clinical data and quality of life scores were examined. STATA 11.0 was used to perform the statistical analyses (5% level of significance). Eighty-two patients participated in the study; 62.2% were male, 28.05% had multiple myeloma, and the mean age was 48.49 years (SD 13.76). Higher scores (worse quality of life) were observed as mucositis scores increased, but the results were not significant. The OMQoL had a high correlation with OHIP-14 (0.8377), but the correlation between the PROMS scale and the OHIP-14 was lower (0.6643). Higher concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α were associated with worse quality of life, according to all indices (p < 0.05). Oral mucositis was associated with quality of life scores (p < 0.01).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Stomatitis/etiology , Stomatitis/pathology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Sickness Impact Profile , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Saliva/chemistry , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 130-139, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis can contribute to the development of insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Therefore, periodontitis, when associated with gestational diabetes, could increase the risk for the development of type 2 diabetes after pregnancy. Objective The aim of this study was to verify the incidence on the development of type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestational diabetes with and without periodontitis after a three-year time interval. Material and Methods Initial sample of this follow-up study consisted of 90 women diagnosed with gestational diabetes who underwent periodontal examination. After three years, 49 women were subjected to new periodontal examination and biological, behavioral, and social data of interest were collected. Additionally, the quantification of the C-reactive protein in blood samples was performed. Fasting glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels were requested. Saliva samples were collected for quantification of interleukin 6 and 10, tumor necrosis factor α, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9. Results The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was 18.4% and of periodontitis was 10.2%. There was no significant difference in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among women with and without periodontitis. It was observed impact of C-reactive protein in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, it was not observed impact of periodontitis on the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus among women with previous gestational diabetes. Conclusions It was not observed impact of periodontitis on the development of type 2 diabetes among women with previous gestational diabetes. The impact of C-reactive protein in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus highlights the importance of an inflammatory process in the diabetes pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Saliva/chemistry , Time Factors , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Epidemiologic Methods , Risk Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism
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