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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10687, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249315

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induces an intense inflammatory response, mediated by proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6 and its membrane receptor (IL-6R), which activates important signaling pathways in the development of gastric disease and cancer. We investigated the gene and protein expression of IL-6 and IL-6R and the influence of polymorphisms rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 on its gene expression together with H. pylori infection. Furthermore, an in-silico analysis was performed to support our results. Gastric biopsies were obtained from patients with gastric symptoms and patients with gastric cancer (GC) and were divided into groups (Control, Gastritis, and Cancer). H. pylori was detected by PCR. Real-time-qPCR was employed to determine gene expression, and western blot assay was used to analyze protein expression levels. PCR-RFLP was used to characterize IL-6 polymorphisms. Bioinformatics analyses were performed using the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and GEO2R to screen out differentially expressed genes (DEGs). H. pylori was detected in 43.3% of the samples. Statistically significant differences were found for IL-6 (P=0.0001) and IL-6R (P=0.0005) genes among the three groups, regardless of the presence of H. pylori. Among patients with H. pylori infection, the IL-6 and IL-6R gene and protein expressions were significantly increased, highlighting IL-6 gene overexpression in patients with GC. No statistically significant differences were found for the rs1800795, rs1800796, and rs1800797 polymorphisms compared to IL-6 gene expression. The results indicated that the IL-6 polymorphisms do not influence its expression, but IL-6 and IL-6R expression seems to be altered by the presence of H. pylori.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Gastritis/genetics , Interleukin-8 , Gastric Mucosa
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878893

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the potential mechanism of curcumin in mediating interleukin-6(IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway to repair intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemotherapy for colon cancer. SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) 5-FU for 4 days to establish a model of intestinal mucosal injury. Then the rats were randomly divided into model group(equal volume of normal saline), curcumin low, medium and high dose groups(50, 100, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and normal SD rats were used as control group(equal volume of normal saline). Each group received gavage administration for 4 consecutive days, and the changes of body weight and feces were recorded every day. After administration, blood was collected from the heart, and jejunum tissues were collected. The levels of serum interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, and at the same time, the concentration of Evans blue(EB) in jejunum was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological state of jejunum, and the length of jejunum villi and the depth of crypt were measured. The positive expression levels of claudin, occludin and ZO-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues. The results showed that, curcumin significantly increased body weight and fecal weight(P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased fecal score, EB concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α levels(P<0.05 or P<0.01) in rats. In addition, curcumin maintained the integrity of mucosal surface and villi structure of jejunum to a large extent, and reduced pathological changes in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, curcumin could increase the positive expression of occludin, claudin and ZO-1(P<0.05 or P<0.01), repair intestinal barrier function, downregulate the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and upregulate the protein expression of E-cadherin(P<0.05). Therefore, curcumin could repair the intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-FU chemotherapy for colon cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signal and the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Interleukin-6/genetics , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 268-272, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088864

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Periodontitis and coronary artery disease (CAD) share an inflammatory etiology; there is a recent concern regarding the investigation of an association between these two conditions. Current theories indicate that cytokines and proteins have an important role in this process. C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 are inflammatory derivatives produced in the presence of periodontitis and in the pathophysiology of coronary disease. The polymorphisms of CRP + 1444 C > T and IL6-174 G > C are recognized in the literature as being related to CAD. Objective: This study investigates the association between periodontitis and coronary artery disease, through the presence of PCR and IL-6 polymorphisms. Methods: We selected 80 patients who underwent diagnostic catheterization in the HU of UFSM. The presence of periodontitis was determined by the Community Periodontal Index, whereas the CAD was established by the medical report. DNA was collected from a saliva sample and the presence of polymorphism was determined by PCR and restriction enzymes. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: The mean age of all participants (p = 0.035, OR 2.65; 95%CI: (1.02-6.87) male gender (p = 0.012, OR 3.37; 95% CI: (1.28- (p = 0.013, OR 3.66; 95% CI: (1.27-10.5)), PCR polymorphism + 1444C > T (p = 0.001, OR 6.37; 95% CI:, (2.25-17.9)) and IL6 -174 G > C polymorphism (p = 0.025, OR 2.87, 95% CI: (1.09-7.55)) were statistically associated with the presence of CAD. Age > 60 years and presence of the PCR +1444 C > T polymorphism remained independently associated with CAD after adjustment by logistic regression. Conclusions: The presence of the PCR + 1444 C > T polymorphism in this study was independently associated with the presence of coronary artery disease.


Resumo Fundamento: A periodontite e a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) compartilham uma etiologia inflamatória. Existe preocupação na investigação de associação entre essas duas condições. Há citocinas e proteínas com papel importante neste processo, como a proteína C-reativa (PCR) e a interleucina 6 (IL-6), que são derivados inflamatórios produzidos na presença da periodontite e na fisiopatologia da DAC. Os polimorfismos da PCR+1444 C > T e da IL-6 -174 G > C são reconhecidos na literatura como relacionados à DAC. Objetivo: Este estudo objetiva comprovar a associação entre periodontite e DAC, através da presença dos polimorfismos da PCR e da IL-6. Métodos: Foram selecionados 80 pacientes que se submeteram ao cateterismo diagnóstico no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). A periodontite foi determinada pelo índice periodontal comunitário; a DAC, pelo laudo médico. Foi coletado o ácido desoxirribonucleico (DNA) pela saliva e estabelecido o polimorfismo pela avaliação da PCR/RFLP. Foi adotado um nível de significância estatística de 5%. Resultados: A idade mediana de todos os participantes (p = 0,035; OR 2,65; IC 95% [1,02-6,87]), gênero masculino (p = 0,012; OR 3,37; IC 95% [1,28-8,9]), periodontite (p = 0,013; OR 3,66; IC 95% [1,27-10,5]), polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T (p = 0,001; OR 6,37; IC 95% [2,25-17,9]) e polimorfismo da IL-6 -174G > C (p = 0,025; OR 2,87; IC 95% [1,09-7,55]) foram estatisticamente relacionados à DAC. Após ajuste com a regressão logística, mantiveram-se independentemente associadas à DAC a idade maior que 60 anos e o polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T. Conclusões: O polimorfismo da PCR +1444 C > T, neste estudo, esteve independentemente relacionado à DAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontitis/complications , Periodontitis/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Brazil , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/analysis , Alleles
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 323-328, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038720

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There has been little evidence to suggest that the IL-6 -174G>C and IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphisms are significantly associated with susceptibility to celiac disease. Thus, we performed the present meta-analysis to explore the potential association between these polymorphisms and celiac disease risk. METHODS: Eligible studies were searched in PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and CNKI database up to April 20, 2019. Odds ratios with 95% confidence interval were calculated to assess the potential associations. Moreover, we performed the heterogeneity, sensitivity, and publication bias tests to clarify and validate the pooled results. RESULTS: Overall, nine case-control studies involving five studies with 737 cases and 1,338 control on IL-6 -174G>C polymorphism and four studies with 923 cases and 864 controls on IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphism were selected. The pooled ORs showed that the IL-6 -174G>C and IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphisms were not significantly associated with increased risk of celiac disease under all five genetic models. There was no publication bias. CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first meta-analysis summarizing all of the available studies on the association of IL-6 -174G>C and IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphisms with celiac disease. Our results suggest that the IL-6 -174G>C and IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphisms may not be associated with increased risk of celiac disease. Moreover, large and well-designed studies are needed to fully describe the association of IL-6 -174G>C and IL-10 -1082A>G polymorphisms with celiac disease.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Há poucas evidências para sugerir que os IL-6 -174G>C e IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismos são significativamente associados com susceptibilidade para doença celíaca. Assim, foi realizada a presente meta-análise para explorar a potencial associação entre estes polimorfismos com o risco de doença celíaca. MÉTODOS: Foram pesquisados estudos elegíveis no Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science e CNKI Database até abril de 2019. Razões de probabilidades com 95% de intervalo de confiança foram calculados para avaliar as potenciais associações. Além disso, observou-se a heterogeneidade, a sensibilidade e o viés de publicação para esclarecer e validar os resultados agrupados. RESULTADOS: No total, nove estudos caso-controle envolvendo cinco estudos com 737 casos e 1.338 controle em IL-6 -174G>C polimorfismo e quatro estudos com 923 casos e 864 controles em IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismo foram selecionados. As razões de probabilidade mostraram que o IL-6 -174G>C e IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismos não estavam significativamente associados com aumento risco de doença celíaca nos cinco modelos genéticos. Não foi detectado viés de publicação. CONCLUSÃO: Pelo nosso conhecimento esta é a primeira meta-análise resumindo todos estudos disponíveis para associação de IL-6 -174G>C e IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismos com doença celíaca. Estes resultados sugerem que os IL-6 -174G>C e IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismos podem não ser associados com aumento risco de doença celíaca. Além disso, maiores estudos e mais bem desenhados são necessários para descrever totalmente a associação de IL-6 -174G>C e IL-10 -1082A>G polimorfismos com doença celíaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymorphism, Genetic , Celiac Disease/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Case-Control Studies , Odds Ratio , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Genotype
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e11, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889463

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Susceptible genotypes to periodontal disease are associated with disease onset and progression. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of gene polymorphisms on the risk of further disease progression and the need for further treatment among adults with chronic periodontal disease. Sixty-seven patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis were grouped according to genotype status and risk of further progression of disease and tooth loss. All individuals were clinically evaluated for probing pocket depth, clinical attachment loss and bleeding on probing at baseline and 45 days after treatment. Blood samples were collected at baseline and genotyping of the polymorphisms in IL-6 (rs1800796) and IL-10 (rs1800872) genes were performed by PCR. Following DNA separation and genotyping, 65.7% of the patients were homozygous carriers of the IL-6 −572G and 49.3% were carriers of the IL-10 −592A allele. Individuals at risk of disease progression ranged from 7.5% to 62.7% based on the criteria used. Carriers of the IL-10 −592A allele were significantly associated with BOP ≥ 30% and therefore exhibited a higher risk of further periodontal breakdown (p = 0.018) with an odds ratio of 1.18. None of the other definitions of disease progression were significantly associated with the examined IL-6 and IL-10 genotypes (p > 0.05). IL-10 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of further disease progression and the potential need for further treatment following non-surgical periodontal treatment. Susceptible IL-6 genotypes were not associated with the risk of persisting or recurrent disease activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Disease Progression , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Assessment/methods , Alleles , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170232, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893707

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Anti-inflammatory cytokines play a crucial role in periodontitis by inhibiting synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of interleukin-10 (-597) gene polymorphism and genotype distributions on chronic periodontitis (CP) development and IL-6 and IL-10 levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum before and after non-surgical periodontal treatment. Material and Methods The study population consisted of 55 severe generalized CP patients as CP group and 50 healthy individuals as control group. Plaque index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment level were recorded and GCF and blood samples were taken at both the baseline and the sixth week after non-surgical periodontal treatment. PCR-RFLP procedure was used for gene analyses and cytokine levels were measured via ELISA. Results IL-10 genotype distribution was significantly different between CP and control groups (p=0.000, OR:7, 95%CI, 2.83-60.25). Clinical measurements significantly improved in the CP group after periodontal treatment (p<0.05). Periodontal treatment significantly decreased GCF IL-6 and IL-10 levels. No significant difference was found in clinical parameters between IL-10 AA and AC+CC genotypes at both the baseline and the sixth week (p>0.05). Sixth week GCF IL-10 levels were significantly lower in patients carrying IL-10 AC+CC genotype compared to the patients carrying IL-10 AA genotype (p<0.05). Serum IL-6 and IL-10 levels were lower in patients carrying the IL-10 AA genotype compared to patients with IL-10 AC+CC genotype, but the difference was not significant (p>0.05). Conclusion IL-10 AA genotype carriers had lower IL-6 and IL-6/10 levels in serum; however, GCF IL-6/10 levels were similar in both genotypes. Within the limitations of our study, a possible association between IL-10(-597) gene polymorphism and CP might be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-10/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/genetics , Reference Values , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Gene Frequency , Middle Aged
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(5): 438-446, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887586

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to investigate the association of plasma TNF-α, IL-6, and lL-10 levels and cytokine gene polymorphisms [TNF-α (-308 G→A), IL-6 (-174 C→G) and IL-10 (-1082 A→G, -819 T→C and -592 A→C)] in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obese patients. Subjects and methods One hundred and two T2DM patients and 62 controls were included in this study. Cytokine plasma levels were measured by the Cytometric Bead Array method. Genotyping was carried out by the polymerase chain reaction. Results IL-6 levels were significantly different between T2DM patients and controls. Interestingly, IL-6 levels were higher in T2DM patients with BMI > 30 kg/m2 compared with other patients and obese controls. The genotype and allele frequencies were similar between patients and controls. In the T2DM group, the SNP IL-10 -819 T/C showed a difference between the cytokine level and genotypes: IL-10 level in the TT genotype was significantly higher when compared to CC genotype. Conclusions These results suggest an association between IL-6 levels and obesity, and IL-10 levels and the SNP -819 T/C in T2DM. Knowledge of these variants in T2DM might contribute to a better understanding of the role of inflammation in the etiology and progression of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Interleukin-6/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Obesity/blood , Polymorphism, Genetic , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Obesity/genetics
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e12, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Genetic variations observed in cytokines affect periodontitis susceptibility. The aim of this study was to investigate interleukin(IL)-6(-174) and IL-10(-597) gene polymorphisms in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) patients. Also, we aimed to evaluate the effects of IL-6 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms on the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy and cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid(GCF) and serum. Fifty-three patients with GAgP and 50 periodontally healthy individuals were included in this study. Clinical parameters, GCF and blood samples were collected at baseline and at 6-week. Non-surgical periodontal therapy was performed in patients with GAgP. Gene analysis were determined by PCR-RFLP(polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism) and cytokine levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).GAgP patients showed significant improvement on clinical parameters after periodontal therapy(p<0.05). In the GAgP group, IL-6 GG genotype and G allele frequency were higher than in the control group. GCF IL-6 level was also significantly lower at 6-week in the GAgP group. Higher GCF IL-10 levelswere observed in patients carrying the IL-6 GG genotype than in those carrying the GC+CC genotype at baseline. In conclusion, IL-6(-174) and IL-10(-597) gene polymorphisms were found to be associated with GAgP and genotype distribution did not affect the outcome of non-surgical periodontal therapy, while patients with IL-6(-174) GG genotype had higher levels of GCF IL-10 levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Interleukin-10/analysis , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Aggressive Periodontitis/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Dental Plaque Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Logistic Models , Periodontal Index , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , Time Factors
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(11): 663-669, Nov. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829247

ABSTRACT

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are strongly associated with the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasias and invasive cervical cancer. Polymorphisms in cytokine-encoding genes and behavioural cofactors could play an important role in protecting an individual against viral infections and cancer. Here, we investigated whether IL-6 -174 G>C, IL-8 +396 G>T, and TGF-β1 +869 G>C and +915 G>C polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to HPV infection in women from north-east (Pernambuco) Brazil. We analysed 108 healthy uninfected women (HC) and 108 HPV-positive women with cervical lesions. Genetic polymorphisms were assessed using Sanger sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Comparison of the distribution of the genotypic and allelic frequencies of the IL-18 +396 T>G polymorphism between HPV infected woman an uninfected controls showed that the GG genotype and G allele were both more frequent in the HC group, and were associated with protection from HPV infection (p = 0.0015; OR = 0.29 CI95% = 0.13-0.61; p = 0.0005; OR = 0.45 CI95% 0.29-0.7, respectively). Individuals from the control group could have previously had HPV infection that was spontaneously eliminated; however, it was undetectable at the time of sample collection. Based on our findings, we hypothesize that the IL-8 +396 G>T polymorphism could interfere with susceptibility to HPV infection, by modulating the ability of immune system to fight the virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Alleles , Base Sequence , Brazil , Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , DNA, Viral/analysis , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Papillomavirus Infections/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(2): 131-136, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794563

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD), and IL-6 expression has associated with reduced DNA methylation of its gene promoter. However, there are no data on IL-6 promoter methylation and the risk of CHD. Objective: To examine whether IL-6 promoter methylation measured in blood leukocyte DNA is associated with CHD risk. Methods: A total of 212 cases with CHD and 218 controls were enrolled. Methylation at two CpG sites in IL-6 promoter was measured by bisulfite pyrosequencing, and the mean IL-6 methylation was calculated by averaging the methylation measures of the two CpGs. Results: Mean methylation level in IL-6 promoter in CHD cases was significantly lower than that in controls (p = 0.023). Logistic regression analysis showed that IL-6 methylation was inversely associated with the risk of CHD. The odds ratios (ORs) of CHD for subjects in the second and first (lowest) tertile of IL-6 methylation were 1.87 (95% CI = 1.10‑3.20) and 2.01 (95% CI = 1.19-3.38) (ptrend = 0.013), respectively, compared to subjects in the third (highest) tertile. The IL-6 hypomethylation-related risk estimates tended to be stronger for acute myocardial infarction (ptrend = 0.006). CpG position-specific analysis showed that hypomethylation of position 1 conferred a more pronounced increase in CHD risk than that of position 2. Conclusion: These findings suggest that DNA hypomethylation of IL-6 promoter is associated with the increased risk for CHD, especially for acute myocardial infarction. The two distinct CpGs in IL-6 may contribute differently to the development of CHD.


Resumo Fundamento: Interleucina-6 (IL-6) está implicada na patogênese de doença arterial coronariana (DAC), sendo sua expressão associada com redução da metilação de DNA do promotor do seu gene. Entretanto, não há dados sobre metilação do promotor de IL-6 e risco de DAC. Objetivo: Verificar se a metilação do promotor de IL-6 medida no DNA de leucócitos sanguíneos acha-se associada com risco de DAC. Métodos: este estudo arrolou 212 casos com DAC e 218 controles. Metilação em dois sítios de CpG no promotor de IL-6 foi medida por pirosequenciamento de bissulfito, sendo a metilação média de IL-6 calculada pela média das medidas de metilação dos dois CpGs. Resultados: A média do nível de metilação no promotor de IL-6 nos casos de DAC foi significativamente mais baixa do que nos controles (p = 0,023). Análise de regressão logística mostrou associação inversa entre metilação de IL-6 e risco de DAC. As razões de chance (OR) de DAC para indivíduos no segundo e no primeiro (mais baixo) tercis de metilação de IL-6 foram 1,87 (IC 95%: 1,10-3,20) e 2,01 (IC 95%: 1,19-3,38) (ptrend = 0,013), respectivamente, comparadas à de indivíduos no terceiro (mais alto) tercil. As estimativas de risco relacionado à hipometilação de IL-6 tenderam a ser mais fortes para infarto agudo do miocárdio (ptrend = 0,006). Análise com especificidade de posição de CpG mostrou que hipometilação na posição 1 conferiu maior elevação no risco de DAC do que na posição 2. Conclusão: Tais achados sugerem que a hipometilação de DNA do promotor de IL-6 está associada com elevado risco de DAC, especialmente para infarto agudo do miocárdio. Os dois CpGs distintos no promotor de IL-6 podem contribuir de modo diferente para o desenvolvimento de DAC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Interleukin-6/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Coronary Disease/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Angina, Unstable/genetics , Myocardial Infarction/genetics
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228160

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA), two common types of arthritis, affect the joints mainly by targeting the synovium and cartilage. Increasing evidence indicates that a significant network connects synovitis and cartilage destruction during the progression of arthritis. We recently demonstrated that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2alpha causes RA and OA by regulating the expression of catabolic factors in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) or chondrocytes. To address the reciprocal influences of HIF-2alpha on FLS and chondrocytes, we applied an in vitro co-culture system using a transwell apparatus. When co-cultured with HIF-2alpha-overexpressing chondrocytes, FLS exhibited increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases and inflammatory mediators, similar to the effects induced by tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha treatment of FLS. Moreover, chondrocytes co-cultured with HIF-2alpha-overexpressing FLS exhibited upregulation of Mmp3 and Mmp13, which is similar to the effects induced by interleukin (IL)-6 treatment of chondrocytes. We confirmed these differential HIF-2alpha-induced effects via distinct secretory mediators using Il6-knockout cells and a TNF-alpha-blocking antibody. The FLS-co-culture-induced gene expression changes in chondrocytes were significantly abrogated by IL-6 deficiency, whereas TNF-alpha neutralization blocked the alterations in gene expression associated with co-culture of FLS with chondrocytes. Our results further suggested that the observed changes might reflect the HIF-2alpha-induced upregulation of specific receptors for TNF-alpha (in FLS) and IL-6 (in chondrocytes). This study broadens our understanding of the possible regulatory mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between the synovium and cartilage in the presence of HIF-2alpha, and may suggest potential new anti-arthritis therapies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/immunology , Coculture Techniques , Fibroblasts/immunology , Gene Expression Regulation , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Osteoarthritis/genetics , Synovial Membrane/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Up-Regulation
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1274-1287, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185893

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The association of interleukin-10 (IL-10) polymorphisms (-1082G/A, -819C/T, -592A/C) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) poly-morphisms (-174G/C) with tuberculosis (TB) risk has been widely reported. However, the results are controversial. To clarify the role of these polymorphisms in TB, we performed a meta-analysis of all available and relevant published studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on comprehensive searches of the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct and Cochrane Library database, we identified outcome data from all articles estimating the association between IL-10 and IL-6 polymorphisms and TB risk. RESULTS: The results indicated significant association of the allele model, heterozygous model and dominant model of IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism with decreased risk of TB. In the stratified analysis by ethnicity, significantly increased risk was observed for IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism in Europeans under recessive model, for IL-10 -819C/T polymorphism in Asians under heterozygous model and dominant model and IL-10 -592A/C polymorphism in Asians under Allele model, homozygous model and recessive model. Moreover, significantly decreased risk of TB was associated with Asians for IL-6 -174C/G polymorphism in allele model, heterozygous model and dominant model. We also performed the analyses by sample types in IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism, and observed significantly increased TB risk in mixed group under homozygous model. CONCLUSION: The results suggested that the IL-10 -1082G/A polymorphism is associated with increased TB risk in Europeans, while IL-10 -819C/T and IL-10 -592A/C polymorphisms in Asians. However, IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism might be a genetic risk factor that decreases TB susceptibility in Asians.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Case-Control Studies , European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis/ethnology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223789

ABSTRACT

Eupatilin is the main active component of DA-9601, an extract from Artemisia. Recently, eupatilin was reported to have anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the anti-arthritic effect of eupatilin in a murine arthritis model and human rheumatoid synoviocytes. DA-9601 was injected into collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Arthritis score was regularly evaluated. Mouse monocytes were differentiated into osteoclasts when eupatilin was added simultaneously. Osteoclasts were stained with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and then manually counted. Rheumatoid synoviocytes were stimulated with TNF-alpha and then treated with eupatilin, and the levels of IL-6 and IL-1beta mRNA expression in synoviocytes were measured by RT-PCR. Intraperitoneal injection of DA-9601 reduced arthritis scores in CIA mice. TNF-alpha treatment of synoviocytes increased the expression of IL-6 and IL-1beta mRNAs, which was inhibited by eupatilin. Eupatilin decreased the number of osteoclasts in a concentration dependent manner. These findings, showing that eupatilin and DA-9601 inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the differentiation of osteoclasts, suggest that eupatilin and DA-9601 is a candidate anti-inflammatory agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type II , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Humans , Inflammation/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Lymph Nodes/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Monocytes/cytology , Osteoclasts/cytology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , Synovial Membrane/cytology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165767

ABSTRACT

IL-6 is an inflammatory cytokine and its overexpression plays an important role in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. Expression of IL-6 is regulated post-transcriptionally by MCPIP1. The 3' untranslated region (UTR) of MCPIP1 mRNA harbors a miR-139 'seed sequence', therefore we examined the post-transcriptional regulation of MCPIP1 by miR-139 and its impact on IL-6 expression in OA chondrocytes. Expression of miR-139 was found to be high in the damaged portion of the OA cartilage compared with unaffected cartilage from the same patient and was also induced by IL-1beta in OA chondrocytes. Inhibition of miR-139 decreased the expression of IL-6 mRNA by 38% and of secreted IL-6 protein by 40%. However, overexpression of miR-139 increased the expression of IL-6 mRNA by 36% and of secreted IL-6 protein by 56%. These data correlated with altered expression profile of MCPIP1 in transfected chondrocytes. Studies with a luciferase reporter construct confirmed the interactions of miR-139 with the 'seed sequence' located in the 3' UTR of MCPIP mRNA. Furthermore, miR-139 overexpression increased the catabolic gene expression but expression of anabolic markers remained unchanged. Overexpression of miR-139 also induced apoptosis in OA chondrocytes. Importantly, we also discovered that IL-6 is a potent inducer of miR-139 expression in OA chondrocytes. These findings indicate that miR-139 functions as a post-transcriptional regulator of MCPIP1 expression and enhances IL-6 expression, which further upregulates miR-139 expression in OA chondrocytes. These results support our hypothesis that miR-139-mediated downregulation of MCPIP1 promotes IL-6 expression in OA. Therefore, targeting miR-139 could be therapeutically beneficial in the management of OA.


Subject(s)
3' Untranslated Regions , Aged , Apoptosis , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , MicroRNAs/genetics , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Ribonucleases/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Up-Regulation
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 411-416, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142461

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the pancreases of rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and any changes upon treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), as well as to determine the relationship between TLR4 and NF-kappaB in ANP pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 72 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely, the control (sham-operation), ANP, and ANP with PDTC pretreatment groups. The PDTC-pretreated group was intraperitoneally injected with PDTC at a dose of 100 mg/kg 1 hour before the induction of ANP. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB in pancreatic tissue were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The mRNA levels of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine (NF-kappaB target) genes in the pancreatic tissue increased more significantly in the ANP groups than in the sham-operation group at 3, 6, and 12 hours. Pretreatment with PDTC alleviated the inflammatory activation in the pancreas with ANP, causing a significant decrease in the expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine genes in the pancreatic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB were increased in the pancreases of rats with ANP. PDTC not only inhibits NF-kappaB but also suppresses the expression of TLR4 and downregulates the expression of the related cytokine genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pyrrolidines/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 411-416, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142460

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the pancreases of rats with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and any changes upon treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), as well as to determine the relationship between TLR4 and NF-kappaB in ANP pathogenesis. METHODS: A total of 72 SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely, the control (sham-operation), ANP, and ANP with PDTC pretreatment groups. The PDTC-pretreated group was intraperitoneally injected with PDTC at a dose of 100 mg/kg 1 hour before the induction of ANP. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB in pancreatic tissue were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The mRNA levels of cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine (NF-kappaB target) genes in the pancreatic tissue increased more significantly in the ANP groups than in the sham-operation group at 3, 6, and 12 hours. Pretreatment with PDTC alleviated the inflammatory activation in the pancreas with ANP, causing a significant decrease in the expressions of TLR4, NF-kappaB, and cytokine genes in the pancreatic tissue. CONCLUSIONS: The expressions of TLR4 and NF-kappaB were increased in the pancreases of rats with ANP. PDTC not only inhibits NF-kappaB but also suppresses the expression of TLR4 and downregulates the expression of the related cytokine genes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pyrrolidines/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thiocarbamates/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
17.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Aug; 51(4): 282-292
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154246

ABSTRACT

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) polymorphism has been associated with the genetic susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) and also with the lipid profile in different populations. The present work aimed at studying the association, if any between the IL-6 (174) G/C and IL-10 (1082) G/A genes with hypertension or hyperlipidimia in Egyptian patients with CAD and the association of the IL-6 -174 G/C polymorphism with serum IL-6 levels. 108 Egyptian patients with CAD and 143 unrelated healthy subjects were included in the study. The different genotypes of IL-6 and IL-10 were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Serum levels of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and IL-6 were estimated in the patients, as well as in the healthy subjects. Increased frequency of G allele, GG and GC genotypes in IL-6, as well as decreased frequency of C allele and CC genotype were found in CAD patients, compared to healthy subjects [P = < 0.0001, OR = 3.95, 95% CI (2.16–7.22) for GG and GC vs CC genotype], [P = < 0.0001, OR = 3.44, 95% CI (2.26–5.23) for G allele]. There was an increased frequency of G allele vs A allele in IL-10 genotype in CAD patients, compared to healthy subjects [P = 0.005, OR = 1.866, 95% CI (1.2–2.9]. Higher levels of both Lp(a) and IL-6 were observed in CAD patients, compared to control subjects (P = 0.0012, P = 0.0346, respectively). Increased frequency of IL-6 -174 G-allele was implicated in a greater cardiovascular risk and the presence of G allele or homozygosity for G allele of IL-10 G/A (1082) was associated with an increased prevalence of CAD. The GC genotype and G allele in IL-6 had significant correlation with hyperlipidimic CAD patients; however, G allele in IL-6 and IL-10 showed significant association with hypertension. Thus, G allele in IL-6 and IL-10 was considered as an independent risk factor in hypertensive CAD patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Base Sequence , Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/genetics , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , DNA Primers , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Interleukin-10/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154594

ABSTRACT

Background: Pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms are potential candidates for susceptibility for both type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic periodontitis (CHP). This study explored the association of interleukin‑1 beta (IL‑1 β) +3954, interleukin‑6 (IL‑6) −597/−174 and tumor necrosis factor‑alpha (TNF‑α) −308 single nucleotide polymorphisms in CHP with and without type 2 DM in Malayalam speaking subjects of Dravidian ethnicity. Materials and Methods: This case control study consisted of 51 chronic periodontitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus (CHPDM) and 51 CHP patients as cases and 51 healthy subjects as controls. Polymorphisms were identified by polymerase chain reaction amplification followed by restriction enzyme digestion and gel electrophoresis. Results: IL‑1 β (+3954) TT genotype and T allele were significantly associated with CHPDM group when compared with CHP (P = 0.001), whereas CC genotype and allele C was higher in CHP subjects (P = 0.001). For IL‑6 (−597) frequency of genotype GA/AA (P = 0.04) and allele A (P = 0.01) was lower in CHPDM group, and for TNF‑α −308 the frequency of genotype GA (P = 0.01) and allele A (P = 0.01) was higher in CHP subjects when compared with controls. Conclusions: In Malayalam speaking Dravidian population, IL‑6 (−597) genotype GA/AA and allele A appears to be protective for CHP with type 2 DM. Allele C of IL‑1 β +3954 and allele A of TNF‑α −308 appears to be risk factors for CHP individuals.


Subject(s)
Cytokines/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Periodontitis/genetics , /genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222036

ABSTRACT

Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) expression has a critical role in tumor development and metastasis. However, the mechanism by which miRNAs control melanoma metastasis is unknown. Here, we report reduced miR-98 expression in melanoma tissues with increasing tumor stage as well as metastasis; its expression is also negatively associated with melanoma patient survival. Furthermore, we demonstrate that miR-98 inhibits melanoma cell migration in vitro as well as metastatic tumor size in vivo. We also found that IL-6 is a target gene of miR-98, and IL-6 represses miR-98 levels via the Stat3-NF-kappaB-lin28B pathway. In an in vivo melanoma model, we demonstrate that miR-98 reduces melanoma metastasis and increases survival in part by reducing IL-6 levels; it also decreases Stat3 and p65 phosphorylation as well as lin28B mRNA levels. These results suggest that miR-98 inhibits melanoma metastasis in part through a novel miR-98-IL-6-negative feedback loop.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , Melanoma/epidemiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Metastasis/genetics , Signal Transduction , Survival Analysis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36641

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to evaluate the contribution of adiponectin to the production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-13 in human endothelial cells and osteoblasts in arthritic joints. Cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) and osteoblasts were stimulated with adiponectin (1 or 10 mug ml-1) or IL-1beta (0.1 ng ml-1) in the presence or absence of hypoxia for 24 h. The protein expression patterns were examined by analyzing culture supernatants using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Adiponectin significantly stimulated the production of VEGF, MMP-1 and MMP-13 in osteoblasts but not in endothelial cells, whereas it significantly stimulated the production of IL-6 and IL-8 in both endothelial cells and osteoblasts. The increase in VEGF production induced by adiponectin was significantly greater than that induced by IL-1beta. The production of IL-6 and IL-8 in adiponectin-stimulated endothelial cells was approximately 10-fold higher than that in IL-1beta-stimulated endothelial cells; in osteoblasts, adiponectin-induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion was approximately twofold higher than that induced by IL-1beta. In addition, IL-8 production in endothelial cells was approximately sevenfold higher than in osteoblasts. However, IL-6 levels were similar between the two cell types, suggesting that adiponectin may be involved in the production of IL-8 in endothelial cells, which may have an important role in neutrophil recruitment to arthritic joints. Furthermore, the increases in protein expression induced by adiponectin were differentially regulated by hypoxia. In conclusion, adiponectin has a more important role than does IL-1beta in the production of mediators that drive synovitis and joint destruction in endothelial cells and osteoblasts at physiological concentrations.


Subject(s)
Adiponectin/pharmacology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics
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