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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9880, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132558

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are inflammatory diseases with different bone remodeling patterns. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are cells involved in the transition from an acute and reparable phase to a chronic and persistent stage in these diseases. The distinction of joint phenotypes involves inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-22 directly or through key signaling pathways such as Wnt. To evaluate the role of FLS as the source of Wnt antagonists (sFRP3/FRZB and Dkk1) in the synovia, levels of TNF- α, IL-17, IL-22, Dkk1, and sFRP3 were measured by ELISA directly in the synovial fluid of patients with RA, PsA, or AS. Dkk1 and sFRP3 were also measured in the FLS culture supernatants after different inflammatory stimulus. sFRP3 and Dkk1 are constitutively expressed by FLS. IL-22 and sFRP3 were positively correlated (r=0.76; P<0.01) in synovial fluid. The stimulation of FLS with IL-22, but not TNF-alpha and IL-17, increased the production of sFRP3. No stimulus altered the basal expression of Dkk1. These results showed, for the first time, the ability of IL-22 to increase the expression of sFRP3/FRZB by human FLS in both in vitro and ex vivo models. This finding linked IL-22 to local inhibition of Wnt signaling and possibly to blockade of osteogenesis. Furthermore, FLS presented as a source of this inhibitor in synovial fluid, assigning to this cell a bone injury mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Interleukins/metabolism , Synoviocytes , Synovial Membrane , Cells, Cultured , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Fibroblasts
3.
Rev. mex. cardiol ; 29(2): 74-82, Apr.-Jun. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020704

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Obesity is considered as a valid risk factor for cardiovascular disease, due to the fact that the risk of morbidity and mortality from various causes in obese people is significantly higher. Exact mechanisms of metabolic disorders in hypertension with obesity is still discussible. The aim of the study - to determine the peculiarities of carbohydrate, lipid metabolism changes and activity of adipokines and interleukin-22, in patients with hypertension according to nutritional status. Methods: 80 patients (37 males and 43 females) with essential hypertension (EH) of average age 60.17 years were examined. Carbohydrate, lipid profiles, apolipoprotein B (apo B), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), adiponectin, interleukin-22 (IL-22) were estimated. Results: In patients with EH and obesity was found carbohydrates metabolism abnormalities, that was manifested as hyperinsulinemia, glucose and HbA1c levels elevation and insulin resistance (according to HOMA index). Lipid metabolism disorders were observed as valid increasing of triglycerides and apo B. Body mass index elevation was associated with progressive increasing of TNF-α and PAI-1 concentration with reducing of adiponectin level in the patients with EH. Positive relationships between TNF- and HbA1c, apo B; PAI-1 with glucose levels: negative correlation adiponectin with body mass and waist to hip ratio were detected in the patients with obesity associated (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) EH. Positive significant correlations between apo B and insulin levels, HOMA index, and TNF-α concentration were defined. IL-22 in overweigh and obese patients was significantly higher, correlates negatively with HDL-C. Conclusion: In patients with EH and obesity the adipokine dysfunction was revealed, that correlates with carbohydrate and lipid parameters that indicate increased proinflammatory and prothrombogenic processes.(AU)


Resumen: La obesidad se considera un factor de riesgo válido para las enfermedades cardiovasculares, debido a que el riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad por diversas causas en personas obesas es significativamente mayor. Los mecanismos exactos de los trastornos metabólicos en la hipertensión con obesidad todavía son discutibles. El objetivo del estudio - determinar las peculiaridades de los carbohidratos, los cambios en el metabolismo de los lípidos y la actividad de las adipoquinas y la interleucina 22, en pacientes con hipertensión según el estado nutricional. Métodos: Se examinaron 80 pacientes (37 hombres y 43 mujeres) con hipertensión esencial (HE) de edad promedio de 60.17 años. Se estimaron los perfiles de carbohidratos, lípidos, apolipoproteína B (apo B), factor de necrosis tumoral-α (TNF-α), inhibidor activador del plasminógeno-1 (PAI-1), adiponectina, interleucina-22 (IL-22). Resultados: En pacientes con HE y obesidad se encontraron anomalías en el metabolismo de los carbohidratos, que se manifestaron como hiperinsulinemia, elevación de los niveles de glucosa y HbA1c y resistencia a la insulina (según el índice HOMA). Se observaron trastornos del metabolismo de los lípidos como aumento válido de triglicéridos y apo B. La elevación del índice de masa corporal se asoció con el aumento progresivo de la concentración de TNF-α y PAI-1 con la reducción del nivel de adiponectina en los pacientes con HE. Relaciones positivas entre TNF- y HbA1c, apo B; PAI-1 con niveles de glucosa: se detectaron correlaciones negativas de adiponectina con masa corporal y relación cintura-cadera en los pacientes con obesidad (IMC ≥ kg/m2) asociada con HE. Se definieron correlaciones positivas significativas entre los niveles de apo B e insulina, el índice HOMA y la concentración de TNF-α. La IL-22 en pacientes con sobrepeso y obesos fue significativamente mayor, se correlaciona negativamente con HDL-C. Conclusión: En pacientes con HE y obesidad se reveló la disfunción de la adipoquina, que se correlaciona con parámetros de carbohidratos y lípidos que indican un aumento de los procesos proinflamatorios y protrombogénicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutritional Status , Interleukins/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism Disorders/diagnosis , Adipokines/metabolism , Hypertension/physiopathology , Obesity/complications
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(8): e7334, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951739

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. A decreased number of regulatory T (Treg) cells is associated with the pathogenesis of PIH. The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway is critical to normal pregnancy (NP) by promoting Treg cell development. However, the relationship between PD-1/PD-L1 and Treg differentiation in PIH has not been fully elucidated. In this study, venous blood was obtained from 20 NP and 58 PIH patients. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from venous blood. The levels of Treg-related cytokines (TGF-β, IL-10, and IL-35) in serum and PBMCs were measured by ELISA. The percentage of Treg cells in PBMCs was assessed by flow cytometry. The mRNA levels of Treg-specific transcription factor Foxp3 in PBMCs, and PD-1 and PD-L1 in Treg cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The protein levels of PD-1 and PD-L1 in Treg cells were evaluated by western blot. The serum levels of TGF-β, IL-10, IL-35, and Foxp3 mRNA expression and CD4+CD25+ Treg cell percentage in PBMCs were decreased in PIH. Furthermore, a significant increase of PD-1 in Treg cells was found in PIH compared with NP. In addition, PD-L1 Fc, an activator of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway, increased Treg cell percentage, enhanced Foxp3 mRNA expression, and elevated levels of TGF-β, IL-10, and IL-35 in PBMCs. However, anti-PD-L1 mAb exerted a reverse effect. These findings revealed that PD-L1 Fc had a favorable effect on Treg cell differentiation, indicating a potential therapeutic value of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway for PIH treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/chemistry , Interleukins/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Apoptosis , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Blotting, Western , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(5): 376-387, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837712

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether modulating GSK-3β could attenuate myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) induced acute lung injury (ALI) and analyze the underlying mechanism. Methods: Male SD rats were subjected to MIRI with or without myocardial ischemic post-conditioning in the presence or absence of GSK-3β inhibitor. GSK-3β inhibitor was injected peritoneally 10min before MIRI. Lung W/D weight ratio, MPO, PMNs, histopathological changes, TUNEL, Bax, Bcl-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, GSK-3β, and caspase-3 were evaluated in the lung tissues of all rats. Results: After MIRI, lung injury was significantly increased manifested as significant morphological changes and increased leukocytes in the interstitial capillaries, Lung W/D ratio, MPO, and PMN in BALF, which was associated with enhanced inflammation evidenced by increased expressions of IL-6, IL-8 and reduced expression of IL-10. MIRI significantly increased cell apoptosis in the lung as increased levels of apoptotosis, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and reduced expression of Bcl-2 was observed, which was concomitant with reduced p-GSK-3β. All these changes were reversed/prevented by ischemic post-conditioning, while these beneficial effects of ischemic post-conditioning were abolished by GSK-3β inhibition. Conclusion: Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury induces acute lung injury by induction of inflammation and cell apoptosis. Ischemic post-conditioning protects the lung from ALI following MIRI by increasing p-GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Protective Agents/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Ischemic Postconditioning/methods , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Random Allocation , Down-Regulation , Interleukins/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis/drug effects , Peroxidase/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Protective Agents/pharmacology , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Models, Animal , Enzyme Activation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/enzymology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/pharmacology , Inflammation/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Neutrophils/enzymology
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(1): 42-50, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Three decades after HIV recognition and its association with AIDS development, many advances have emerged – especially related to prevention and treatment. Undoubtedly, the development of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) dramatically changed the future of the syndrome that we know today. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on macrophage function and its relevance to HIV pathogenesis. Methods: PBMCs were isolated from blood samples and monocytes (CD14+ cells) were purified. Monocyte-Derived Macrophages (MDMs) were activated on classical (MGM-CSF+IFN-γ) or alternative (MIL-4+IL13) patterns using human recombinant cytokines for six days. After this period, Monocyte-Derived Macrophages were stimulated with TLR2/Dectin-1 or TLR4 agonists and we evaluated the influence of HIV-1 infection and Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on the release of cytokines/chemokines by macrophages. Results: The data were obtained using Monocyte-Derived Macrophages derived from HIV naïve or from patients on regular Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. Classically Monocyte-Derived Macrophages obtained from HIV-1 infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy released higher levels of IL-6 and IL-12 even without PAMPs stimuli when compared to control group. On the other hand, alternative Monocyte-Derived Macrophages derived from HIV-1 infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy released lower levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IP-10 and RANTES after LPS stimuli when compared to control group. Furthermore, healthy individuals have a complex network of cytokines/chemokines released by Monocyte-Derived Macrophages after PAMP stimuli, which was deeply affected in MDMs obtained from naïve HIV-1 infected patients and only partially restored in MDMs derived from HIV-1 infected patients even on regular Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. Conclusion: Our therapy protocols were not effective in restoring the functional alterations induced by HIV, especially those found on macrophages. These findings indicate that we still need to develop new approaches and improve the current therapy protocols, focusing on the reestablishment of cellular functions and prevention/treatment of opportunistic infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1/drug effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Macrophages/drug effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/blood , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Interleukins/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Treatment Outcome , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Statistics, Nonparametric , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Chemokine CCL5/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/drug effects , Viral Load/drug effects , Chemokine CXCL10/metabolism
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(11): 762-769, Nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767600

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of metoclopramide on metalloproteinases (MMP) and interleukins (IL) gene expression in colonic anastomoses in rats. METHODS : Eighty rats were divided into two groups for euthanasia on the 3rd or 7th postoperative day (POD), then into two subgroups for sepsis induction or not, and then into subgroups to receive either metoclopramide or saline solution. Left colonic anastomosis were performed and then analyzed. RESULTS : On the 3rd POD, metoclopramide was associated with increased expression of MMP-1a, MMP-13, and TNF-α. On the 7th POD, the transcripts of all MMPs, TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ, and IL-10 of the treated animals became negatively modulated. In the presence of sepsis, metoclopramide did not change MMPs and decreased IL-6, IL-1β, IFN-γ and IL-10 gene expression on the 3rd POD. On the 7th POD, increased expression of all MMPs, IFN-γ and IL-10 and negative modulated TNF-α and IL-6 gene expression. CONCLUSION : Administration of metoclopramide increased metalloproteinases and interleukins gene expression on the 3rd postoperative day and negatively modulated them on the 7th POD. In the presence of abdominal sepsis, metoclopramide did not change MMPs and decreased ILs gene expression on the 3rd POD. On the 7th POD, the drug increased expression of all MMPs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Antiemetics/pharmacology , Colon/surgery , Gene Expression/drug effects , Interleukins/metabolism , Metalloproteases/drug effects , Metoclopramide/pharmacology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Disease Models, Animal , Intraabdominal Infections/etiology , Metalloproteases/metabolism , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sepsis/etiology , Wound Healing/drug effects
8.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 19(2): 132-140, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-746517

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether interleukin-28A (IL-28A) plays a role in murine myocarditis induced by coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), and to explore its possible mechanism involved. Methods: Male BALB/c mice both infected and not infected by CVB3 were randomly divided into four groups (n = 40), untreated or treated with different doses of IL-28A for 4 days, and then sacrificed on days 4 and 7 post-infection. The heart samples were collected for histopathologic examination. Cardiac viral load was determined by a plaque assay. Additionally, immunoblot analysis, TUNEL assay, and immunohistochemistry were performed to examine the expression of signal transducer, activator of transcription 1 and 2 (STAT1 and STAT2), CVB3-induced apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2, BAX and Caspase-3. Results: Compared to uninfected mice, the CVB3 infected mice exhibited higher mortality rate (p < 0.001), apparent inflammation and myocardial lesion (p < 0.01), and higher cardiac viral load (p < 0.01). After CVB3 infection, IL-28A treated mice presented no death (p < 0.001), reduced inflammation and myocardial lesion (p < 0.01), and lower viral load (p < 0.01) compared to untreated mice. Besides, treatment with IL-28A markedly increased the expressions of STAT1 and STAT2, and inhibited CVB3-induced apoptosis in myocardial cells with increased ratio of Bcl-2/BAX. Conclusion: The antiviral and myocyte protective effects of IL-28A in CVB3-inducedmyocarditis are regulated by STAT1 and STAT2. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Coxsackievirus Infections , Interleukins/metabolism , Myocarditis/virology , Apoptosis , /immunology , /metabolism , Coxsackievirus Infections/drug therapy , Coxsackievirus Infections/immunology , Coxsackievirus Infections/metabolism , Immunoblotting , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukins/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Myocarditis/immunology , Myocarditis/metabolism , /immunology , /metabolism , STAT1 Transcription Factor/immunology , STAT1 Transcription Factor/metabolism , /immunology , /metabolism , Viral Load , /immunology , /metabolism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157208

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease continues to be a significant cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality throughout the world. A number of diagnostic and prognostic models have been developed in the management of this condition, although specific roles for liver biopsy still remain particularly in the setting of alcoholic hepatitis. Despite a large number of recent treatment trials, the ideal pharmacotherapy approach remains undefined. Most essential is the supportive care and focus on abstinence and nutrition. Owing in part to a great deal of attention from governmental funding sources, a number of new treatment approaches are undergoing rigorous evaluation, hopefully providing future treatment options in this very severe condition.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Biomarkers/analysis , Humans , Interleukins/metabolism , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/diagnosis , Liver Transplantation , Pentoxifylline/therapeutic use , Prognosis
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 911-916, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722166

ABSTRACT

Anastomotic dehiscence is the most severe complication of colorectal surgery. Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and interleukins (ILs) can be used to analyze the healing process of anastomosis. To evaluate the effects of bromopride on MMP and cytokine gene expression in left colonic anastomoses in rats with or without induced abdominal sepsis, 80 rats were divided into two groups for euthanasia on the third or seventh postoperative day (POD). They were then divided into subgroups of 20 rats for sepsis induction or not, and then into subgroups of 10 rats for administration of bromopride or saline. Left colonic anastomosis was performed and abdominal sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. A colonic segment containing the anastomosis was removed for analysis of gene expression of MMP-1α, MMP-8, MMP-13, IL-β, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). On the third POD, bromopride was associated with increased MMP-1α, MMP-13, IL-6, IFN-γ, and IL-10 gene expression. On the seventh POD, all MMP transcripts became negatively modulated and all IL transcripts became positively modulated. In the presence of sepsis, bromopride administration increased MMP-8 and IFN-γ gene expression and decreased MMP-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10 gene expression on the third POD. On the seventh POD, we observed increased expression of MMP-13 and all cytokines, except for TNF-α. In conclusion, bromopride interferes with MMP and IL gene expression during anastomotic healing. Further studies are needed to correlate these changes with the healing process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Antiemetics/pharmacology , Colon, Descending/surgery , Gene Expression/drug effects , Interleukins/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Metoclopramide/analogs & derivatives , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cecum/surgery , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Interleukins/genetics , Ligation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinases/genetics , Metoclopramide/pharmacology , Punctures , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sepsis/etiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Wound Healing/drug effects
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 29(3): 456-466, jul.-sep. 2014.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-748

ABSTRACT

A lipoaspiração permanece como um dos procedimentos mais realizados pelos cirurgiões plásticos (1-3). O aumento da segurança no ambiente cirúrgico, o refinamento da técnica e a satisfação das pacientes contribuem para a popularidade desta intervenção idealizada por Ilouz, em 1979 (4). Tem-se observado, ainda, tanto no ambiente médico quanto na mídia, uma crescente preocupação não apenas com a nova forma dos pacientes, mas também com a segurança. O tecido adiposo atua como um verdadeiro órgão endócrino e é o principal depósito de triglicerídeos, que têm uma relação clássica com doença aterosclerótica e resistência insulínica (6, 7). Estudos recentes ligaram ainda o metabolismo lipídico dos adipócitos à manutenção de um estado inflamatório sistêmico de baixo grau, através de vários mediadores (8-10). Há evidências científicas (11) que mostram o aumento do percentual de obesos em nosso país e uma importante taxa de pessoas, com sobrepeso. Este estudo também relaciona a prevalência de diabetes e de hipertensão. A clássica inter-relação entre a quantidade de gordura corporal e as chamadas doenças metabólicas tem suscitado a investigação dos elementos envolvidos neste processo e de tratamentos para o controle dos mesmos. A descoberta da leptina na década de 1990 (12) chamou a atenção para a propriedade reguladora do tecido adiposo. Estudos posteriores (5, 13) relacionaram ainda a síntese de outros fatores. Decidimos fazer uma revisão da literatura para esclarecer o estágio atual das pesquisas, tentando ordená-las de forma didática para melhor compreensão e auxílio para uma conduta mais segura e eficiente nos pacientes submetidos à lipoaspiração.


Liposuction is one of the most frequently performed procedures by plastic surgeons. The increased safety associated with the surgical settings, technical refinements, and level of patient satisfaction have contributed to the popularity gained by this intervention since it was first introduced by Ilouz in 1979 (4). Moreover, among medical communities and the media, concerns have risen regarding not only the drastic changes in patients' appearance but also the safety of the procedure. Fat tissue is known to act as a legitimate endocrine organ (5), being the primary depository for triglycerides, which classically relate to atherosclerosis and insulin resistance (6, 7). Recent work has linked lipid metabolism in adipocytes to the maintenance of low levels of systemic inflammation through a series of mediators (8-10). Scientific evidence (11) revealed an increase in the percentage of obese people in our country, as well as a considerable proportion of overweight people. This study also investigates the relationship between the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension. The classic association between body mass index and common metabolic diseases has led to investigations focused on several factors involved in this relationship, along with research work directed at the treatments available. The discovery of leptin in the 1990s (12) highlights the regulatory properties of the adipose tissue, whereas recent studies (5, 13) have established a link with the synthesis of other factors. In this study, we aimed to perform a review of literatures that discuss the current state-of-the-art of scientific research, in which we organized published works in a didactic manner in order to facilitate better understanding, and promote the safety and efficacy of liposuction.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 21st Century , Surgery, Plastic , Triglycerides , Lipectomy , Adipose Tissue , Cholesterol , Risk Factors , Interleukins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Review , Leptin , Evaluation Study , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Triglycerides/analysis , Triglycerides/metabolism , Lipectomy/methods , Lipectomy/statistics & numerical data , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/pathology , Cholesterol/metabolism , Interleukins/analysis , Interleukins/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Leptin/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Hypertension/prevention & control
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 26(3): 277-286, Jul-Sep/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-723282

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar o papel de duas diferentes soluções salinas nos mecanismos de lesão após isquemia intestinal: estresse oxidativo e respostas inflamatórias. Métodos: Ratos Wistar foram submetidos a oclusão transitória da artéria mesentérica superior e estudados durante as 6 horas seguintes à reperfusão. Após randomização, os animais foram divididos em quatro grupos: Falso; Solução Hipertônica, os quais receberam infusão de solução salina hipertônica a 7,5% (4mL/kg de peso corpóreo); Solução Fisiológica, os quais receberam infusão de solução salina a 0,9% (33mL/kg); e Sem Tratamento. A infusão foi realizada imediatamente antes da reperfusão. Foram realizadas dosagens sequenciais de interleucina 6 e interleucina 10 no plasma. Foram coletadas amostras de tecidos (pulmão, fígado e intestino) para medir malondialdeído, mieloperoxidase e interleucina. Resultados: Em comparação ao Grupo Sem Tratamento, os animais que receberam volume (Grupos Solução Hipertônica e Solução Fisiológica) mostraram níveis tissulares mais baixos de malondialdeído, mieloperoxidase, interleucina 6 e interleucina 10. As concentrações plasmáticas de interleucina 6 e interleucina 10 foram mais altas nos animais tratados com solução hipertônica do que nos tratados com solução fisiológica e nos sem tratamento. Conclusão: Neste modelo de isquemia intestinal transitória, a manutenção adequada de volume intravascular diminuiu o estresse oxidativo e a síntese de marcadores de inflamação. Tanto a solução hipertônica quanto a fisiológica atenuaram os efeitos deletérios observados após isquemia intestinal. .


Objective: We investigated the effect of two different saline solutions on the mechanisms of injury after intestinal ischemia: oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Methods: Wistar rats underwent transient superior mesenteric artery occlusion and were studied for 6 hours after reperfusion. After randomization, the animals were divided into four groups: Sham; Hypertonic Saline, in which they received infusion of 4mL/kg body weight of 7.5% hypertonic saline; Saline, in which they received infusion of 33mL/kg body weight of 0.9% saline; and Non Treatment. The infusion was performed immediately prior to the reperfusion. The plasma concentrations of interleukin 6 and interleukin 10 were measured. Tissue samples (lung, liver, and intestine) were collected for malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase, and interleukin measurements. Results: The animals that received infusions (Hypertonic Saline and Saline) showed lower levels of tissue malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase, interleukin 6, and interleukin 10 compared with the Non Treatment group. The plasma concentrations of interleukin 6 and interleukin 10 were higher in the animals treated with 7.5% hypertonic saline compared with Saline and Non Treatment groups. Conclusion: In this model of transient intestinal ischemia, the adequate maintenance of intravascular volume decreased oxidative stress and the synthesis of inflammatory markers. Both 7.5% Hypertonic Saline and Saline attenuated the deleterious effects observed after intestinal ischemia. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ischemia/drug therapy , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Saline Solution, Hypertonic/pharmacology , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation/etiology , Inflammation/prevention & control , Interleukins/metabolism , Intestines/blood supply , Intestines/drug effects , Intestines/pathology , Ischemia/pathology , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Peroxidase/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury/pathology
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(supl.1): 62-68, 2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-720401

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the level of cytokines and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) or Fibroblast Growth Factor 7 (FGF-7) in the culture medium of cultured human dermal fibroblasts from patients with large burn in comparison to small burn. METHODS: Fibroblasts of 10 patients (four large burns, four small burns and two controls) were initiated by the enzymatic method using collagenase. Cytokines and KGF in the supernatant of the culture medium was measured by, respectively, flow cytometry using Cytometric Bead Array Human Inflammation kit (CBA, BD Biosciences, USA) and the enzyme immunoassay method using the Quantikine (r) Human KGF. The experiments were performed in triplicate. RESULTS: The expression of IL-12 protein in patients with large burns showed a tendency to increase. IL- 6, IL- 10, and IL- 1beta were observed no difference. For IL - 8, TNF - alpha and KGF was observed a significant difference between the expression in large and small burned patient. CONCLUSION: That IL-8, TNF-alpha and KGF showed higher expression in cultured fibroblasts of large burned patients. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Burns/metabolism , Culture Media/chemistry , /analysis , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Interleukins/analysis , Skin/injuries , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Burns/pathology , Cells, Cultured , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , /metabolism , Interleukins/metabolism , Skin/pathology , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(7): 601-606, ago. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-682395

ABSTRACT

Interleukin (IL)-33, the most recent member of the IL family of cytokines, signals through the ST2 receptor. IL-33/ST2 signaling mediates antigen challenge-induced mechanical hyperalgesia in the joints and cutaneous tissues of immunized mice. The present study asked whether IL-33/ST2 signaling is relevant to overt pain-like behaviors in mice. Acetic acid and phenyl-p-benzoquinone induced significant writhing responses in wild-type (WT) mice; this overt nociceptive behavior was reduced in ST2-deficient mice. In an antigen-challenge model, ST2-deficient immunized mice had reduced induced flinch and licking overt pain-like behaviors. In the formalin test, ST2-deficient mice also presented reduced flinch and licking responses, compared with WT mice. Naive WT and ST2-deficient mice presented similar responses in the rota-rod, hot plate, and electronic von Frey tests, indicating no impairment of motor function or alteration in basal nociceptive responses. The results demonstrate that IL-33/ST2 signaling is important in the development of overt pain-like behaviors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Hyperalgesia/metabolism , Interleukins/metabolism , Nociceptive Pain/physiopathology , Pain Measurement/methods , Receptors, Interleukin/deficiency , Signal Transduction , Acetic Acid , Benzoquinones , Homozygote , Hot Temperature , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Motor Activity/physiology , Nociception/physiology , Nociceptive Pain/chemically induced , Ovalbumin/immunology , Rotarod Performance Test
15.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 16(4): 3-3, July 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-684018

ABSTRACT

Background: Interleukin-22 (IL-22) plays an important role in the regulation of immune responses. However, little is known about its function or structure in fish. Results: The IL-22 gene was first cloned from So-iny mullet (Liza haematocheila), one of commercially important fish species in China. Then, 3-D structure model of the mullet IL-22 was constructed by comparative modeling method using human IL-22 (1M4R) as template, and a 5 ns molecular dynamics (MD) was studied. The open reading frame (ORF) of mullet IL-22 cDNA was 555 bp, encoding 184 amino acids. The mullet IL-22 shared higher identities with the other fish IL-22 homologs and possessed a conserved IL-10 signature motif at its C-terminal. The mullet IL-22 model possessed six conserved helix structure. PROCHECK, SAVES and Molprobity server analysis confirmed that this model threaded well with human IL-22. Strikingly, analysis with CastP, cons-PPISP server suggested that the cysteines in mullet IL-22 might not be involved in the forming of disulfide bond for structural stabilization, but related to protein-protein interactions. Conclusions: The structure of IL-22 in So-iny mullet (Liza haematocheila) was constructed using comparative modeling method which provide more information for studying the function of fish IL-22.


Subject(s)
Animals , Interleukins/metabolism , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Fishes/metabolism , Software , Sequence Analysis , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
16.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 57(5): 333-338, jul. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-680619

ABSTRACT

Uma nova apresentação da insensibilidade ao hormônio de crescimento (IGH), causada por mutações em homozigose no gene STAT5B (transdutor de sinal e ativador de transcrição tipo 5B), foi caracterizada nos últimos anos. Sua particularidade é a associação com quadros de disfunção imunológica grave, sendo o mais característico a pneumonite intersticial linfocítica. A presença concomitante de doenças crônicas imunológicas pode fazer com que a baixa estatura seja erroneamente considerada uma consequência do quadro clínico, levando ao subdiagnóstico dessa forma de IGH. O objetivo desta revisão é divulgar o conhecimento atual sobre essa rara patologia, facilitando o reconhecimento de pacientes com IGH secundária a mutações no gene STAT5B em ambulatórios de endocrinologia e de outras especialidades.


A new presentation of growth hormone insensitivity (GHI) caused by homozygous mutations in STAT5B (signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B) gene has been characterized in the last years. Its particularity is the association with severe immune dysfunction, especially with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis. This may mislead physicians into considering short stature as secondary to chronic immunological disease and consequently into underdiagnosing this form of GHI. The objective of this review is to propagate current knowledge about this rare pathology, facilitating the diagnosis of patients with GHI due to STAT5B mutations in endocrinology and other specialties clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Human Growth Hormone/genetics , Immune System Diseases/genetics , Laron Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Rare Diseases/genetics , /deficiency , Immune System Diseases/immunology , Interleukins/metabolism , Laron Syndrome/therapy , Rare Diseases/immunology , Signal Transduction , /genetics , /immunology
17.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Mar; 51(3): 256-261
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147590

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of lawsone against L-arginine induced acute pancreatitis was determined at 24 h by determination of serum levels of amylase, lipase and proinflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, C-reactive proteins and interleukin (IL)], pancreatic myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS)], nitrate/nitrite levels, and the wet weight/body weight ratio. Lawsone and methylprednisolone treatments significantly attenuated the L-arginine- induced increases in pancreatic wet weight/body weight ratio, and decreased the serum levels of amylase and lipase, and TNF-α and IL-6 and significantly lowered pancreatic levels of MPO, TBARS, and nitrate/nitrite. The histoimmunological findings further proved the amelioration of pancreatic injury by lawsone and further proved anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent property of lawsone.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/metabolism , Arginine/adverse effects , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukins/metabolism , Male , Naphthoquinones/pharmacology , Neutrophils/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/metabolism , Pancreatitis/chemically induced , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(supl.1): 8-12, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-663885

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of corticosteroids on intestinal and liver interleukin profile in an experimental model of gastroschisis in fetal rats. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats at 19.5 days of gestation had its fetuses operated for the creation of gastroschisis. Two groups of fetuses were studied with and without maternal administration of dexamethasone. Each group was composed of fetuses who underwent gastroschisis (G), control fetuses without manipulation (C) and sham fetuses (S). A dosage of the following interleukins was carried out in fetal intestinal and liver tissues: IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). The differences between the groups and subgroups were tested by ANOVA with Tukey post-test, with significant values of p<0.05. RESULTS: Dexamethasone led to an increase in intestinal and liver IL-6 (p<0.05) and a decrease in intestinal TNF-α (p<0.001) in fetuses with gastroschisis. CONCLUSION: Corticosteroids had an effect on the intestinal interleukin profile and a small effect on the liver interleukin profile due to immunological immaturity of the fetus, and also of fetuses with gastroschisis. The steroid action may not be exclusively anti-inflammatory, but also pro-inflammatory, varying with time of pregnancy.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a ação do corticosteroide no perfil de interleucinas intestinais e hepáticas no modelo experimental de gastrosquise em fetos de ratos. MÉTODOS: Ratas Sprague-Dawley com 19,5 dias de gestação tiveram fetos operados para criação de gastrosquise. Dois grupos de fetos foram estudados: com e sem administração materna de dexametasona. Cada grupo foi composto por fetos submetidos a gastrosquise (G), fetos controles sem manipulação (C) e fetos sham (S). Realizou-se a dosagem das seguintes interleucinas no tecido intestinal e hepático fetal: IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, fator de necrose tumoral-alfa (TNF-α) e interferon-gama (IFN-γ). As diferenças entre os grupos e subgrupos foram testadas pelo teste de ANOVA com pós-teste de Tukey, com valores significativos de p<0,05. RESULTADOS: A dexametasona levou a um aumento da IL-6 intestinal e hepática (p<0,05) e a uma diminuição do TNF-α intestinal (p<0,001) em fetos com gastrosquise. CONCLUSÃO: O corticosteróide apresentou efeito sobre o perfil de IL intestinal e pouco na hepática, devido a imaturidade imunológica dos fetos e também dos fetos com gastrosquise a ação do esteróide pode não ser exclusivamente anti-inflamatória, mas também pró inflamatória.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Cytokines/analysis , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Gastroschisis/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Intestines/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Gastroschisis/embryology , Gastroschisis/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Interleukins/analysis , Interleukins/metabolism , Intestines/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155351

ABSTRACT

To determine alteration of immune responses during visceral larva migrans (VLM) caused by Toxascaris leonina at several time points, we experimentally infected mice with embryonated eggs of T. leonina and measured T-helper (Th) cell-related serial cytokine production after infection. At day 5 post infection (PI), most larvae were detected from the lungs, spleen, intestine, and muscle. Expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and CCL11 (eotaxin) showed a significant increase in most infected organs, except the intestine. However, expression of the CXCL1 (Gro-alpha) gene was most highly enhanced in the intestine at day 14 PI. Th1-related cytokine secretion of splenocytes showed increases at day 28 PI, and the level showed a decrease at day 42 PI. Th2-related cytokine secretion of splenocytes also showed an increase after infection; in particular, IL-5 level showed a significant increase at day 14 PI, and the level showed a decrease at day 28 PI. However, levels of Th17-related cytokines, IL-6 and IL-17A, showed gradual increases until day 42 PI. In conclusion, Th1, Th2, and Th17-related cytokine production might be important in immune responses against T. leonina VLM in experimental mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/parasitology , Cytokines/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Heart/parasitology , Interleukins/metabolism , Intestines/parasitology , Larva Migrans, Visceral/immunology , Liver/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Muscles/parasitology , Spleen/parasitology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Th2 Cells/immunology , Toxascaris/immunology
20.
Clinics ; 67(12): 1463-1468, Dec. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Volume replacement in septic patients improves hemodynamic stability. This effect can reduce the inflammatory response. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 7.5% hypertonic saline solution versus 0.9% normal saline solution for volume replacement during an inflammatory response in endotoxemic rats. METHODS: We measured cytokines (serum and gut), nitrite, and lipid peroxidation (TBARS) as indicators of oxidative stress in the gut. Rats were divided into four groups: control group (C) that did not receive lipopolysaccharide; lipopolysaccharide injection without treatment (LPS); lipopolysaccharide injection with saline treatment (LPS +S); and lipopolysaccharide injection with hypertonic saline treatment (LPS +H). Serum and intestine were collected. Measurements were taken at 1.5, 8, and 24 h after lipopolysaccharide administration. RESULTS: Of the four groups, the LPS +H group had the highest survival rate. Hypertonic saline solution treatment led to lower levels of IL-6, IL-10, nitric oxide, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances compared to 0.9% normal saline. In addition, hypertonic saline treatment resulted in a lower mortality compared to 0.9% normal saline treatment in endotoxemic rats. Volume replacement reduced levels of inflammatory mediators in the plasma and gut. CONCLUSION: Hypertonic saline treatment reduced mortality and lowered levels of inflammatory mediators in endotoxemic rats. Hypertonic saline also has the advantage of requiring less volume replacement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Endotoxemia/metabolism , Interleukins/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Nitrites/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Saline Solution, Hypertonic/pharmacology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Endotoxemia/chemically induced , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/metabolism , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/pathology , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/prevention & control , /metabolism , /metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/administration & dosage , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Survival Analysis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/metabolism
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