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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 32: e4056, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530196

ABSTRACT

Objective: to verify the relationship between symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress and smartphone addiction in COVID-19 nursing students. Method: this was a descriptive-analytical study of 206 nursing students. A sociodemographic characterization and smartphone use instrument adapted from the literature and the following scales Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale and Smartphone Addiction Inventory were used for data collection. Sociodemographic data and smartphone use were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the relationship between symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress and smartphone addiction was analyzed using multiple logistic regression. Results: the prevalence of smartphone addiction among nursing students was 129 (62.6%) and there was a relationship between symptoms of moderate depression (p=0.049), severe/very severe depression (p=0.005) and mild anxiety (p=0.028) and severe/very severe anxiety (p=0.019) and smartphone addiction. Conclusion: the data show that the construction and implementation of smartphone use policies in the academic and hospital context to prevent smartphone addiction and control associated risk factors is necessary.


Objetivo: verificar la relación entre síntomas de depresión, ansiedad, estrés y dependencia del smartphone en estudiantes de enfermería durante la COVID-19. Método: estudio descriptivo-analítico realizado con 206 estudiantes de enfermería. Para la recogida de datos se utilizaron un instrumento de caracterización sociodemográfica y uso del smartphone adaptado de la literatura y las siguientes escalas: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale y Smartphone Addiction Inventory. Los datos sociodemográficos y el uso del smartphone se analizaron mediante estadísticas descriptivas y la relación entre síntomas de depresión, ansiedad, estrés y dependencia del smartphone se analizó mediante la regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: la prevalencia de dependencia del smartphone en estudiantes de enfermería fue de 129 (62,6%) y hubo relación entre síntomas de depresión moderada (p=0,049), grave/muy grave (p=0,005) y ansiedad leve (p=0,028) y grave/muy grave (p=0,019) y dependencia del smartphone. Conclusión: los datos revelan que la construcción e implementación de políticas de uso del smartphone en el contexto académico y hospitalario para la prevención de la dependencia del smartphone y el control de los factores de riesgo asociados son necesarias.


Objetivo: verificar a relação entre sintomas de depressão, ansiedade, estresse e dependência de smartphone em estudantes de enfermagem na COVID-19. Método: estudo descritivo-analítico realizado com 206 estudantes de enfermagem. Para coleta de dados foram utilizados um instrumento de caracterização sociodemográfica e uso do smartphone adaptado da literatura e as seguintes escalas: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale e Smartphone Addiction Inventory. Os dados sociodemográficos e o uso do smartphone foram analisados por meio de estatísticas descritivas e a relação entre sintomas de depressão, ansiedade, estresse e dependência de smartphone foi analisada a partir de regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: a prevalência de dependência de smartphone em estudantes de enfermagem foi de 129 (62,6%) e houve relação entre sintomas de depressão moderada (p=0,049), grave/muito grave (p=0,005) e ansiedade leve (p=0,028) e grave/muito grave (p=0,019) e dependência de smartphone. Conclusão: os dados revelam que a construção e a implementação de políticas de uso do smartphone no contexto acadêmico e hospitalar para prevenção da dependência de smartphone e controle dos fatores de risco associados são necessárias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety/epidemiology , Students, Nursing , Depression/epidemiology , Internet Addiction Disorder , COVID-19
2.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 41: e220032, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1550254

ABSTRACT

Objective Impulsivity has been robustly linked to various addictions, including behavioral addictions. This systematic review aimed to investigate possible relationships between impulsivity and gaming disorder. Method A total of 1,710 empirical studies, without date or language restrictions, were retrieved from Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, PsycNET, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. In total, 16 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included for extraction, quantitative analysis, and integrative synthesis. Results Overall, a positive association was observed between gaming disorder and both self-reported measures of impulsivity and behavioral measures of impulsivity. Gaming disorder was associated with the presence of high-risk trends, high sensitivity to rewards, reduced inhibitory control, and low self-control among video game players. Conclusion The present systematic review provides preliminary support for the robust association between impulsivity and gaming disorder. However, given the methodological heterogeneity in assessment instruments and statistical procedures, the identified association should be interpreted cautiously.


Objetivo A impulsividade tem estado fortemente ligada a vários tipos de dependência, incluindo as dependências comportamentais. Esta revisão sistemática visou investigar possíveis relações entre a impulsividade e o transtorno por jogos eletrônicos. Método Um total de 1.710 estudos empíricos, sem restrições de data ou linguagem, foram recuperados das bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, PsycNET, Scopus, e Web of Science. No total, 16 estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos para extração, análise quantitativa, e síntese integrativa. Resultados Observou-se uma associação positiva entre o transtorno por jogos eletrônicos e as medidas de impulsividade e de comportamento de impulsividade autorrelatadas. O transtorno por jogos eletrônicos foi associado à presença de tendências de alto risco, alta sensibilidade às recompensas, controle inibitório reduzido, e baixo autocontrole entre os jogadores. Conclusão A presente revisão fornece apoio preliminar para uma associação robusta entre a impulsividade e o transtorno por jogos eletrônicos. Contudo, dada a heterogeneidade metodológica nos instrumentos de avaliação e procedimentos estatísticos, esta associação deve ser interpretada com cautela.


Subject(s)
Video Games , Systematic Review , Internet Addiction Disorder , Impulsive Behavior
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2024. 164 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537133

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Internet está cada vez mais acessível e já é parte integrante da vida cotidiana das pessoas. Um dos grupos mais fortemente influenciados, tanto positiva quanto negativamente pelos efeitos do seu uso, são os adolescentes e adultos jovens e aí incluem-se, principalmente, os estudantes de ensino médio e universitário. O ingresso na universidade, junto às transformações fisiológicas, neurológicas e psicológicas próprios da transição entre a adolescência e a fase adulta, pode gerar um período de crise e favorecer o surgimento dos distúrbios mentais, incluindo o comportamento suicida. Objetivo: Investigar o papel da Internet na saúde mental de jovens universitários, com ênfase na ideação suicida. Metodologia: Estudo transversal, com abordagem quanti-qualitativa. A 1ª etapa foi realizada com 503 estudantes da área da saúde de uma universidade federal do estado de Alagoas. A coleta dos dados ocorreu de forma remota, através do envio de um formulário criado no Google Forms, dividido em 5 partes: (1) questionário semiestruturado contemplando as variáveis sociodemográficas e dados complementares; (2) Escala de Dependência de Internet; (3) Escala de Depressão do Centro de Estudos Epidemiológicos; (4) Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado; e (5) Questionário de Ideação Suicida. Para análise dos dados foi utilizado o software STATA versão 14. Onze estudantes participaram da 2ª etapa, a partir de critérios estabelecidos com bases nos escores da Escala de Dependência de Internet e do Questionário de Ideação Suicida. Como instrumento metodológico para a produção dos dados qualitativos foi utilizada a entrevista semiestruturada. As entrevistas aconteceram pela plataforma Google Meet e para a análise dos dados foi utilizada a técnica de Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Dos 503 participantes, 69,2% eram do sexo feminino, 43,5% se autodeclararam de raça/cor parda, 88,5% eram solteiros e 66,2% tinham idade entre 20 e 24 anos. 98,8% deles possuíam smartphone, 73,2% faziam a conexão à Internet por meio de rede wi-fi e rede móvel e 99,2% possuíam rede wi-fi na residência. 42,3% foram classificados como grau leve, 8,2% como grau moderado e 0,4% como grau grave de dependência em relação ao uso de Internet. A prevalência de ideação suicida foi de 12,5%. Dependência de Internet, sintomas depressivos, ansiedade traço e estado estiveram associados à presença de ideação suicida (p<0,001). No modelo de regressão logística, dependência leve, moderada ou grave de Internet e nível de ansiedade (traço) alto (OR=4,02; IC95%=2,17-7,46) se mantiveram associadas à ideação suicida, independente das demais variáveis (OR=2,00; IC95%=1,02-3,93). A análise do material obtido a partir das transcrições das entrevistas originou três categorias temáticas: (1) O uso da Internet e suas implicações na saúde mental dos universitários; (2) A ideação suicida em estudantes com sinais de dependência de Internet; (3) Contexto de vida como potencial facilitador para a ideação suicida entre os estudantes com sinais de dependência de Internet. Conclusão: Os resultados apresentados reforçam ainda mais a preocupação sobre o papel da Internet na saúde mental dos jovens universitários. O comportamento suicida é um fenômeno multidimensional e multicausal e pode estar sendo potencializado pelos efeitos do uso descontrolado e desadaptativo da Internet. Os achados desta pesquisa constituem um diagnóstico situacional que poderá fornecer importantes subsídios para a elaboração de propostas de assistência psicológica e acompanhamento psicopedagógico, como parte de um programa de atenção à saúde mental dos estudantes universitários.


Introduction: The Internet is becoming increasingly accessible and is already an integral part of people's everyday lives. One of the groups most strongly influenced, both positively and negatively, by the effects of its use, are teenagers and young adults, including mainly high school and college students. The transition to university, alongside physiological, neurological, and psychological transformations typical of the transition from adolescence to adulthood, can generate a period of crisis and favor the emergence of mental disorders, including suicidal behavior. Objective: To investigate the role of the Internet in the mental health of young university students, with an emphasis on suicidal ideation. Methodology: Cross-sectional study with a quantitative-qualitative approach. The first stage was conducted with 503 health area students from a federal university in the state of Alagoas. Data collection took place remotely through the submission of a form created on Google Forms, divided into 5 parts: (1) semi-structured questionnaire covering sociodemographic variables and complementary data; (2) Internet Dependency Scale; (3) Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale; (4) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; and (5) Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire. STATA version 14 software was used for data analysis. Eleven students participated in the second stage, based on criteria established using scores from the Internet Dependency Scale and the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire. A semi-structured interview was used as a methodological tool for the production of qualitative data. Interviews took place via the Google Meet platform, and Content Analysis technique was used for data analysis. Results: Of the 503 participants, 69.2% were female, 43.5% self-identified as brown race/color, 88.5% were single, and 66.2% were aged between 20 and 24 years. 98.8% of them owned smartphones, 73.2% connected to the Internet through wi-fi and mobile networks, and 99.2% had wi-fi at home. 42.3% were classified as mild, 8.2% as moderate, and 0.4% as severe in terms of Internet dependence. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 12.5%. Internet dependency, depressive symptoms, trait and state anxiety were associated with the presence of suicidal ideation (p <0.001). In the logistic regression model, mild, moderate, or severe Internet dependency and high state anxiety level (OR=4.02; 95% CI=2.17-7.46) remained associated with suicidal ideation, independent of other variables (OR=2.00; 95% CI=1.02-3.93). The analysis of the material obtained from the interview transcriptions generated three thematic categories: (1) The use of the Internet and its implications on the mental health of university students; (2) Suicidal ideation in students with signs of Internet dependency; (3) Life context as a potential facilitator for suicidal ideation among students with signs of Internet dependency. Conclusion: The results presented further reinforce concerns about the role of the Internet in the mental health of young university students. Suicidal behavior is a multidimensional and multicausal phenomenon and may be exacerbated by the effects of uncontrolled and maladaptive Internet use. The findings of this research constitute a situational diagnosis that may provide important inputs for the development of proposals for psychological assistance and psychopedagogical support, as part of a program for the mental health care of university students.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students , Internet , Suicidal Ideation , Internet Addiction Disorder , Anxiety , Depression
4.
Vínculo ; 20(2): 156-164, 20230000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532554

ABSTRACT

ntrodução: Os jogos eletrônicos são agora reconhecidos como um problema de saúde mental, especialmente entre a comunidade LGBTQIA+. Objetivo: explorar os efeitos do transtorno de jogo (gaming disorder) na população LGBTQIA+. Método: A revisão narrativa abordou hábitos de jogo e gaming disorder em minorias sexuais e de gênero, usando PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase e Web of Science. Das 1640 pesquisas, apenas 3 abordaram gaming disorder nessa população. Resultado: consumidores LGBTQ+ gastam mais em jogos digitais. Jogadores LGBTQIA+ consomem mais jogos de exploração de identidade, possivelmente relacionados ao estresse de minoria. Discussão: minorias sexuais têm maior risco de gaming disorder. Para indivíduos LGBTQIA+, os jogos podem servir como escape e plataforma de apoio, mas o uso problemático pode estar associado a desfechos psiquiátricos negativos. Conclusão: Os jogos online têm o potencial de serem ferramentas de apoio para minorias, no entanto, as evidências são limitadas. É necessária mais pesquisa para compreender melhor a relação entre o uso de jogos e a saúde mental da população LGBTQIA+.


ntroduction: Electronic games are now recognized as a mental health issue, especially within the LGBTQIA+ community. Objective: To explore the effects of gaming disorder in the LGBTQIA+ population. Method: The narrative review addressed gaming habits and gaming disorder in sexual and gender minorities, utilizing PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science. Out of 1640 studies, only 3 focused on gaming disorder in this population. Result: LGBTQ+ consumers spend more on digital games. LGBTQIA+ players engage more in identity exploration games, possibly linked to minority stress. Discussion: Sexual minorities face a higher risk of gaming disorder. For LGBTQIA+ individuals, games can serve as an escape and support platform, but problematic use may be associated with negative psychiatric outcomes. Conclusion: Online games have the potential as support tools for minorities, but evidence is limited. Further research is needed to better understand the relationship between game use and mental health in the LGBTQIA+ population.


Introducción: Los videojuegos electrónicos son reconocidos actualmente como un problema de salud mental, especialmente dentro de la comunidad LGBTQIA+. Objetivo: Explorar los efectos del trastorno de juego (gaming disorder) en la población LGBTQIA+. Método: La revisión narrativa abordó los hábitos de juego y el gaming disorder en minorías sexuales y de género, utilizando PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase y Web of Science. De las 1640 investigaciones, solo 3 se centraron en el gaming disorder en esta población. Resultado: Los consumidores LGBTQ+ gastan más en juegos digitales. Los jugadores LGBTQIA+ consumen más juegos de exploración de identidad, posiblemente relacionados con el estrés de minoría. Discusión: Las minorías sexuales enfrentan un mayor riesgo de gaming disorder. Para los individuos LGBTQIA+, los juegos pueden servir como un escape y plataforma de apoyo, pero el uso problemático puede estar asociado con resultados psiquiátricos negativos. Conclusión: Los juegos en línea tienen el potencial como herramientas de apoyo para las minorías, pero la evidencia es limitada. Se requiere más investigación para comprender mejor la relación entre el uso de juegos y la salud mental en la población LGBTQIA+.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Harm , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Internet Addiction Disorder , Technology Addiction
5.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023208, 14 fev. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438238

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays a considerable population in the world uses the internet. Unfortunately, despite many interests and its specific advances in communication, the Internet is sentenced to have serious side effects. OBJECTIVE: To detect the percentage of internet addiction and its effect on academic performance among Medical and Paramedical students in some Iraqi universities. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 806 medical and paramedical students who were subjected to the online survey which includes demographic information associated with internet usage, and Young's Internet Addiction Test (YIAT) was applied to survey the grade of internet addiction. RESULTS: Results reveal a moderate level of addiction among students without significant variations between genders, high significant relationship (p<0.01) between students concerning their housing area, and strong significant variations (p<0.01) in the time of using the internet, besides strong significant differences (p<0.01) between internet addiction and academic performance. CONCLUSION: Medical and paramedical students practice the internet for diverse activities including learning despite their moderate grade of addiction there are no significant differences between genders. They employ it over 5 h/day, which affects negative tasks on their academic performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical , Academic Performance , Internet Addiction Disorder , Internet Use , Paramedicine , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iraq
6.
Health Sciences Journal ; : 1-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984387

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The Philippines tops globally for time spent on social media. This study aimed to explore the association between social media addiction, body image, and social comparison among young adult Filipino women aged 18-25 years old in Metro Manila.@*METHODS@#The Social Media Addiction Scale (SMAS), Body Image Questionnaire (BIQ), and Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure (INCOM) were used to assess social media addiction, body image, and social comparison, respectively. PRR (CI 95%) assessed the association between SMA and BI, and SMA and SC.@*RESULTS@#Majority of participants had social media addiction (91.11%), while most reported a neutral body image (87.64%). Additionally, more than half of the participants exhibited a high tendency towards social comparison (53.15%). The study found a positive association between social media addiction and negative body image, as well as a significant positive association between social media addiction and social comparison. Obesity showed a significant positive association with negative body image perception, while being overweight was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of having a positive body image. Spending at least 4 hours per day on social media was significantly associated with a higher tendency towards social comparison.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggest the presence of social media addiction among young adult Filipino women and its association with body image and social comparison. Awareness of these associations can contribute to the development of targeted interventions and educational programs to promote healthier social media use and positive body image among young adults.


Subject(s)
Internet Addiction Disorder , Body Image , Social Comparison
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250370, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440796

ABSTRACT

A atuação em situações de emergências e desastres apresentam-se como um dos grandes desafios na atuação dos profissionais da Psicologia, demandando intervenções singulares, desde o primeiro contato com as vítimas e o com entorno afetado pelo ocorrido, passando pelo trabalho interdisciplinar e interinstitucional junto aos órgãos públicos de segurança, justiça, assistência e saúde. O presente artigo tem como objetivo apresentar, por meio da experiência na assistência às vítimas na Escola Estadual Raul Brasil, as particularidades e adversidades enfrentadas durante o primeiro semestre de intervenções emergenciais que antecederam a contratação de psicólogos por parte do poder público municipal para continuidade das ações. Por meio de relatos de experiência em intervenções psicológicas, obtidos em diferentes instituições para a assistência às vítimas, este trabalho também visa apresentar alternativas que possam servir de referências para a intervenção do psicólogo e da psicóloga em situações de emergências e desastres, especialmente ocorridas na comunidade escolar. Observou-se que a realização do trabalho interdisciplinar e interinstitucional somado à participação da direção da escola no planejamento das ações e a realização de plantões psicológicos e rodas de conversa junto à comunidade escolar foram fundamentais para a assistência às vítimas do ocorrido.(AU)


Timely response to emergency and disaster situations is a major challenge for Psychology professionals and require particular interventions, from initial contact with the victims and the affected environment to interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaboration with public security, justice, assistance and health agencies. Based on the experience of providing assistance to the victims of the State School Raul Brasil, this paper presents the adversities and specificities faced during the first semester of emergency interventions implemented before psychologists were hired by municipal officials for the continuity of care. By analyzing experience reports on psychological interventions obtained from different institutions for victim assistance, this paper proposes alternatives to be used as reference for psychological intervention in emergency and disaster situations, especially those experienced by the school community. Interdisciplinary and interinstitutional collaboration with the school board for planning actions and offering psychological services and conversation circles for the school community was fundamental to assist the victims.(AU)


La actuación en situaciones de emergencias es uno de los grandes desafíos a los profesionales de la psicología, pues demanda intervenciones singulares desde el primer contacto con las víctimas y con el contexto afectado por lo ocurrido, pasando por la interdisciplinaridad e interinstitucionalidad junto a los organismos públicos de seguridad, justicia, asistencia y salud. Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar, por medio de la experiencia de la asistencia a las víctimas del colegio estadual Raul Brasil (en São Paulo, Brasil), las particularidades y adversidades enfrentadas durante el primer semestre de las intervenciones de emergencia que antecedieron la contratación de psicólogos por parte del municipio para continuidad de las acciones. Por medio de reportes de experiencia en intervenciones psicológicas, obtenidos en diferentes instituciones para la asistencia a las víctimas, este estudio también pretende presentar alternativas que puedan servir de referencia en la intervención de psicólogos y psicólogas en situaciones de emergencia y desastres, especialmente ocurridas en la comunidad escolar. Se verificó que la realización del trabajo interdisciplinar e interinstitucional, la participación de la dirección del colegio en la implementación de acciones y la realización de guardias psicológicas y círculos de conversación con la comunidad escolar fueron fundamentales para una asistencia a las víctimas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychology , Schools , Emergencies , Anxiety , Panic , Parent-Child Relations , Politics , Prisons , Psychiatry , Psychology, Educational , Psychology, Social , Psychopathology , Punishment , Reality Therapy , Religion , School Health Services , Self Mutilation , Social Change , Social Problems , Socialization , Stereotyping , Violence , Social Control Policies , Bipolar Disorder , Alcohol Drinking , Bereavement , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Attitude , Child , Child Abuse , Child Rearing , Residence Characteristics , Adolescent , Police , Panic Disorder , Domestic Violence , Rescue Work , Life , Crime Victims , Eulogy , Substance-Related Disorders , Internet , Crime , Criminal Law , Crisis Intervention , Terrorist Assault , Terrorism , Death , Defense Mechanisms , Delivery of Health Care , Information Dissemination , Law Enforcement , Friends , Minors , Aggression , Depression , Disaster Planning , Emergency Medical Technicians , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Mass Casualty Incidents , Fear , Bullying , Apathy , Emergency Shelter , Fires , Emotional Adjustment , Peer Influence , Harassment, Non-Sexual , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Survivorship , Academic Failure , Ethnocentrism , Extremism , Cyberbullying , Frustration , Gun Violence , Respect , Psychological Distress , School Mental Health Services , Internet Addiction Disorder , Disinformation , Family Support , Suicide Prevention , Group Processes , Guilt , Homicide , Hostility , Human Rights , Jurisprudence , Anger , Life Change Events , Mass Media , Mental Disorders , Motivation , Neurotic Disorders , Antisocial Personality Disorder
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253741, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448940

ABSTRACT

Apesar das crescentes investigações sobre uso de telas na infância, essa é uma temática complexa e ainda recente, que traz diversos desafios para pesquisadores e cuidadores. Comunidades virtuais em redes sociais são utilizadas por mães e pais para esclarecer dúvidas e receber conselhos acerca da parentalidade e saúde infantil, podendo, simultaneamente, assumir uma função prescritiva e normativa quanto ao seu modo de agir. Sendo assim, este artigo pretende compreender como o uso de telas na infância vem sendo abordado por especialistas em grupos de mães e pais no Facebook. Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo envolvendo 49 postagens de especialistas, sobretudo psicólogos e educadores, extraídas de cinco grupos públicos de mães e pais nessa rede social. Os textos das publicações foram verificados por meio de análise temática e discutidos com base no referencial teórico psicanalítico. Os resultados mostraram que os especialistas destacam os possíveis prejuízos do uso de telas na infância, além de fornecer orientações aos pais sobre como lidar com sua presença no cotidiano das crianças e de suas famílias. Concluiu-se que apesar dos grupos de cuidadores no Facebook serem uma ferramenta de divulgação de informações acerca do uso de telas na infância, cabe não naturalizar a presença de especialistas nesses espaços virtuais criados por pais e mães, interpondo-se nos saberes e nas trocas horizontalizadas entre os cuidadores.(AU)


Although investigations on the use of screens in childhood are increasing, this is a complex and recent topic, which poses several challenges for researchers and caregivers. Virtual communities in social networks are used by mothers and fathers to clarify doubts and receive advice regarding parenting and child health, at times, simultaneously, assuming a prescriptive and normative role on their way of acting. Therefore, this study aimed to understand how the use of screens in childhood has been approached by experts in groups of mothers and fathers on Facebook. A qualitative study was carried out involving 49 posts from specialists, mainly psychologists and educators, extracted from five public groups of mothers and fathers in this social network. The publications' texts were verified via thematic analysis and discussed based on the psychoanalytical theoretical framework. The results showed that experts highlight the possible damage of the use of screens in childhood, in addition to providing guidance to parents on how to deal with the presence of digital technology in the daily lives of children and families. It was concluded that, although caregivers' groups on Facebook are a tool for disseminating information about the use of screens in childhood, it is important not to naturalize the presence of specialists in these virtual spaces created by fathers and mothers, interposing in the horizontally interchanges that occur between the caregivers.(AU)


A pesar de las crecientes investigaciones sobre el uso de pantallas en la infancia, este es un tema complejo y aún reciente, que plantea varios desafíos para investigadores y cuidadores. Las comunidades virtuales en las redes sociales son utilizadas por madres y padres para aclarar dudas y recibir consejos sobre educación y salud infantil, pudiendo, al mismo tiempo, asumir un rol prescriptivo y normativo sobre su forma de actuar. Por lo tanto, este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender cómo el uso de las pantallas en la infancia ha sido abordado por especialistas en grupos de madres y padres en Facebook. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo a partir de 49 publicaciones de especialistas, principalmente de psicólogos y educadores, extraídas de cinco grupos públicos de madres y padres en esta red social. Se realizó en los textos de las publicaciones un análisis temático y se utilizó el marco teórico psicoanalítico. Los resultados mostraron que los expertos destacan posibles daños que provoca el uso de pantallas en la infancia, además de orientar a los padres sobre cómo afrontar esta presencia de la tecnología digital en el día a día de los niños y sus familias. Se concluyó que, a pesar de que los grupos de cuidadores en Facebook son una herramienta de difusión de información sobre el uso de pantallas en la infancia, es importante no naturalizar la presencia de especialistas en estos espacios virtuales creados por padres y madres que se interpone entre los saberes e intercambios horizontales de los cuidadores.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychoanalysis , Child , Social Networking , Anxiety , Parent-Child Relations , Pediatrics , Personality Development , Personality Disorders , Play and Playthings , Psychology , Psychology, Educational , Aspirations, Psychological , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Schools , Autistic Disorder , Sleep , Achievement , Social Change , Social Isolation , Socialization , Sports , Stress, Physiological , Technology , Television , Thinking , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Behavior Therapy , Books, Illustrated , Neurosciences , Bereavement , Exercise , Child Behavior , Child Care , Child Development , Child Guidance , Child Health Services , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Child Health , Parenting , Negotiating , Caregivers , Health Personnel , Cognition , Communication , Early Intervention, Educational , Video Games , Internet , Creativity , Affect , Threshold Limit Values , Cultural Characteristics , Cybernetics , Metabolic Syndrome , Moral Development , Cell Phone , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus , Educational Status , Emotions , User Embracement , Population Studies in Public Health , Overweight , Child Nutrition , Failure to Thrive , Fantasy , Sunbathing , Emotional Intelligence , Sedentary Behavior , Video-Audio Media , Pediatric Obesity , Mobile Applications , Social Skills , Courage , Sociological Factors , Emotional Adjustment , Literacy , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder , Games, Recreational , Cell Phone Use , Frustration , Internet Addiction Disorder , Social Interaction , COVID-19 , Technology Addiction , Happiness , Helplessness, Learned , Hobbies , Hospitals, Maternity , Hypertension , Imagination , Individuality , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Language Development Disorders , Learning , Learning Disabilities , Leisure Activities , Life Style , Mother-Child Relations , Motor Activity , Nonverbal Communication
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521285

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the level of internet addiction and its impact on the academic performance of undergraduate dental students of Bhubaneswar. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was steered among 814 undergraduate dental students (representing first year through internship) in Bhubaneswar, India. Internet addiction was assessed with the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) developed by Young, which consisted of 20 items rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Google Forms were used to collect the data. Statistical tests like Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to analyze the qualitative and quantitative variables, respectively, with the significance level set at p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of Internet Addiction was found to be 27.5%. Interns showed the highest mean Internet Addiction (57.91±10.71) score. The proportion of addicted students was higher in males, 74 (31.4%), than in females, 150 (26%). The mean scores for individual domains were overuse (16.31±3.64), non-restraints (7.77±2.66), inhibiting the flow of life (9.52±3.05), emotional state (11.25±2.86), and dependence (10.47±2.53). A correlation coefficient (Spearman's rho value of -.167) indicates a negative correlation between internet addiction and academic scores, which was statistically significant (p=0.001). Conclusion: This study revealed that internet use for varying purposes eventually leads to addiction and affects students' academic performance. The affected students need early intervention and control over internet usage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students, Dental , Academic Performance/psychology , Internet Addiction Disorder , Internet Use , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , India/epidemiology
10.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 40: e210010, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440121

ABSTRACT

Objetivo Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a prevalência de dependência de internet, seus principais preditores e a associação com problemas emocionais em estudantes de psicologia (n = 1.916) e psicólogos (n = 4.359). Método Os indivíduos preencheram um questionário sociodemográfico e outros instrumentos específicos. Observou-se que 9,3% dos estudantes e 4,0% dos psicólogos foram detectados com uso excessivo de internet. Resultados Todos os participantes com uso excessivo de internet apresentaram uma frequência significativamente maior de sintomas de depressão, ansiedade e estresse, e estes problemas foram preditores para a dependência de internet somente entre os psicólogos. Conclusão Compreender o padrão de dependência de internet pode ajudar no desenvolvimento de políticas públicas específicas para esses indivíduos.


Objective This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Internet Addiction, its main predictors, and associations with psychological problems in psychology students (n = 1,916) and psychologists (n = 4,359). Method Participants completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and measures of interest. It was observed that 9.3% of the students and 4.0% of the psychologists screened positive for internet addiction. Results All participants with internet addiction presented a significantly higher frequency of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, however, these problems were predictors for internet addiction only among the professionals. Conclusion Understanding the pattern of internet addiction can help to support the development of specific public policies for these individuals.


Subject(s)
Adult , Internet , Smartphone , Internet Addiction Disorder
11.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255629, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529219

ABSTRACT

Sobreviventes ao suicídio são pessoas que têm suas vidas profundamente afetadas e apresentam sofrimento psicológico, físico ou social após serem expostas a esse fato. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a experiência de sobreviventes ao suicídio de jovens, a partir do luto. Participaram sete sobreviventes entre familiares, amigos e parceiros amorosos de jovens que cometeram suicídio. A análise de conteúdo de entrevistas narrativas apontou que os participantes utilizam explicações racionalizadas ou dissociadas, criando uma distância entre o evento e eles mesmos. Como formas de lidar com o sofrimento podem buscar o isolamento, apoio entre amigos, prática religiosa e/ou a dedicação ao trabalho. Reafirma-se a dimensão do luto diante dessa experiência, além da importância da prevenção ao suicídio e da posvenção aos sobreviventes.(AU)


Suicide survivors are people who have their lives deeply affected; they experience psychological, physical, and social suffering following the occurrence. The aim of this study is to analyze the experience of survivors of youth suicide attempts, based on grief. Seven survivors participated among family, friends, and romantic partners of young people who committed suicide. The content analysis of narrative interviews showed that the participants use rationalized or dissociated explanations, creating a distance between the event and themselves. As ways to deal with suffering, they seek isolation, support among friends, religious practice, and/or dedication to work. The dimension of grief in the face of this experience is reaffirmed, as well as the importance of suicide prevention and postvention for survivors.(AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar la construcción metodológica desarrollada en una investigación de maestría, en la que sostenemos la escritura de escenas como método de investigación de la escucha clínica. Las escenas del trabajo en cuestión se recogieron a lo largo del tiempo desde la experiencia en un proyecto de extensión universitario de atención a la niñez y adolescencia en situación de vulnerabilidad social aplicado en una comunidad periférica. En este texto, presentamos los interrogantes que se elaboraron en torno a la elección por el trabajo con escenas y compartimos el rescate histórico de las mismas como un método de escribir la clínica y la reanudación del análisis a partir de la tradición psicoanalítica. Amparadas en el psicoanálisis y en lecturas y contribuciones del filósofo francés Jacques Derrida, nos basaremos en la noción de que la escena se constituye como un lugar de producción, engendrando la configuración particular de elementos significantes en los procesos de subjetivación y de construcción social. La escena no es aquí una representación de lo que pasa en la clínica, sino un modo de producir escucha y sus procesos de investigación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Suicide , Bereavement , Adolescent , Survivors , Anxiety , Personal Satisfaction , Professional-Family Relations , Professional-Patient Relations , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Psychotropic Drugs , Religion , Self Care , Self Concept , Self Mutilation , Social Isolation , Social Support , Societies , Stress, Psychological , Suicide, Attempted , Therapeutics , Violence , Women , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Humans , Child , Mental Health , Child Health , Self-Injurious Behavior , Intergenerational Relations , Suicide, Assisted , Crime Victims , Adolescent Health , Death , Trust , Qualitative Research , Vulnerable Populations , Aggression , Depression , Developing Countries , Empathy , User Embracement , Family Conflict , Family Relations , Mental Fatigue , Wandering Behavior , Bullying , Suicidal Ideation , Apathy , Forgiveness , Hope , Protective Factors , Help-Seeking Behavior , Psychological Trauma , Physical Abuse , Burnout, Psychological , Frustration , Emotional Regulation , Social Integration , Suicide, Completed , Internet Addiction Disorder , Emotional Abuse , Social Interaction , Family Support , Psychological Well-Being , Suicide Prevention , Guilt , Health Promotion , Interpersonal Relations , Life Cycle Stages , Loneliness , Antidepressive Agents , Negativism , Antisocial Personality Disorder
12.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 36: e36110, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430330

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Smartphone use has become a popular social communication phenomenon worldwide. Its excessive use can compromise daily routines and habits, which is associated with sleep disorders, stress, anxiety and pain. Therefore, the university student stands out, as they has a lifestyle in which it is necessary to reconcile daily activities with curriculum activities, aggravating psychosocial factors. Objective: To investigate whether smartphone addiction influences sleep quality, anxiety, depression and pain in university students. Methods: We carried out an analytical cross-sectional study. For data collection, the following self-administered questionnaires were used: Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI-BR), to assess smartphone dependence; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), to evaluate sleep quality; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, to assess anxiety and depression (HADS), where it was subdivided into HADS-A for anxiety and HADS-D for depression; and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) to determine physical pain intensity. The sample consisted of 301 university students studying physiotherapy and physical education at the State University of Northern Paraná (UENP). They were divided according to the score obtained in the SPAI-BR between the "regular" group (up to 6 points) and "predisposed" to smartphone dependence (7 or more points). Results: The comparisons were statistically significant in favor of the regular group: the predisposed group obtained a higher score for the questionnaires used with an average NRS of 2.37 points, average HADS-D of 9.05 points and average HADS-A of 6.01 points. Differences between groups were statistically significant: NRS, p = 0.018; HADS-A, p = 0.001; HADS-D p = 0.001; and PSQI, p = 0.001. Conclusion: The university students analyzed in this study classified as predisposed were more prone to being addicted to their smartphone, and they were more likely to have anxiety, with a worse quality of sleep and with a greater intensity of pain.


Resumo Introdução: O uso de smartphones se tornou um fenômeno social mundialmente popular de comunicação. Seu uso excessivo pode comprometer as rotinas e hábitos diários, que estão associados aos distúrbios do sono, estresse, ansiedade, algias; logo, destaca-se o universitário, que apresenta um estilo de vida em que é preciso conciliar as atividades diárias com as curriculares, agravando fatores psicossociais. Objetivo: Investigar se a dependência do uso de smartphone influencia a qualidade de sono e os níveis de ansiedade, depressão e dor em universitários. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico. Para a coleta dos dados foram utilizados os questionários autoaplicáveis Inventário de Dependências do Smartphone (SPAI-BR), Escala de Pittsburgh (PSQI), Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão (HADS), sendo este subdividido em HADS-A (ansiedade) e HADS-D (depressão), e Escala Numérica da Dor (END). A amostra foi composta por 301 universitários da Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná, dos cursos de fisioterapia e educação física. Os estudantes foram divididos de acordo com o escore obtido no SPAI-BR entre grupo regular (até 6 pontos) e pré-disposto à dependência do uso de smartphone (7 ou mais pontos). Resultados: As comparações foram estatisticamente significativas a favor do grupo regular; sendo assim, o grupo pré-disposto obteve uma pontuação pior nos questionários utilizados, sendo a média END de 2,37 pontos, a média HADS-D de 9,05 e a média HADS-A de 6,01. Os valores de intensidade de dor entre os grupos foram de p = 0,018; HADS-A: p = 0,001; HADS-D: p = 0,001; PSQI: p= 0,001. Conclusão: Os universitários classificados como pré- dispostos apresentaram uma maior propensão à dependência do smartphone, além de maior chance de terem ansiedade com uma pior qualidade de sono e maior intensidade de dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety Disorders , Depression , Smartphone , Internet Addiction Disorder , Pain
13.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 38(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441552

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Internet es un recurso indispensable para las personas, permite acceder a contenidos académicos, comunicacionales, sociales y otros; sin embargo, su uso indiscriminado genera conductas antisociales, bajo rendimiento académico, inadecuadas relaciones interpersonales y costo social. Los adolescentes se encuentran en riesgo por estar en el proceso de madurez y desarrollo psicoemocional. Objetivo: Describir la relación entre la adicción a Internet y la madurez psicológica en adolescentes del Perú. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, diseño descriptivo correlacional, transversal en colegios de Lima, Cusco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, San Martin, Tacna y Tumbes, Lima-Perú, en el año 2019. Muestra de 1707 estudiantes de tercer, cuarto y quinto de secundaria. Se usó como técnica la encuesta y como instrumentos válidos y confiables el Test de Adicción a Internet y el Cuestionario de Madurez Psicológica. Los datos fueron procesados mediante programa Excel y SPSS versión 25. Para el análisis de datos se usó la estadística descriptiva e inferencial: Coeficiente de correlación de Pearson y U de Mann Whitney. Resultados: El nivel de adicción a Internet según dimensiones alcanzó nivel promedio en Costa, Sierra y Selva: tolerancia (57,67 por ciento, 56,08 por ciento, 38,78 por ciento), uso excesivo (58,20 por ciento, 42,91 por ciento, 44,27 por ciento), retirada (58,86 por ciento, 52,03 por ciento, 40,92 por ciento) y consecuencias negativas (59,13 por ciento, 52,71 por ciento, 49,31 por ciento); igualmente para madurez psicológica: orientación al trabajo (53,44 por ciento, 37,04 por ciento, 51,59 por ciento), autonomía (43,58, 34,46 por ciento, 45,95 por ciento) e identidad (65,50 por ciento, 53,74 por ciento, 57,25 por ciento). Conclusiones: Existe relación significativa e inversa entre la adicción a Internet y la madurez psicológica de los adolescentes, al igual que en todas sus dimensiones(AU)


Introduction: The Internet is an indispensable resource for people, since it allows access to academic, communicational, social and other contents. However, its indiscriminate use leads to antisocial behavior, poor academic performance and inadequate interpersonal relationships, as well as it has social costs. Adolescents are at risk because they are in the process of maturity and psychoemotional development. Objective: To describe the relationship between Internet addiction and psychological maturity in adolescents in Peru. Methods: Quantitative study, with a descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional design, carried out in 2019 in schools from Lima, Cusco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, San Martin, Tacna and Tumbes, Lima-Peru. The sample was made up of 1707 students in their third, fourth or fifth high school years. The survey was used as a technique, while the Internet Addiction Test and the Psychological Maturity Questionnaire were used as valid and reliable tools. The data were processed using Excel and the SPSS (version 25). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis: Pearson's correlation coefficient and Mann-Whitney U. Results: Internet addiction, according to the analyzed dimensions, reached the average level in Costa, Sierra and Selva: tolerance (57.67 percent, 56.08 percent, 38.78 percent), excessive use (58.20 percent, 42.91 percent, 44.27 percent), withdrawal (58.86 percent, 52.03 percent, 40.92 percent) and negative consequences (59.13 percent, 52.71 percent, 49.31 percent). The same phenomenon manifested for psychological maturity: work orientation (53.44 percent, 37.04 percent, 51.59 percent), autonomy (43.58, 34.46 percent, 45.95 percent) and identity (65.50 percent, 53.74 percent, 57.25 percent). Conclusions: There is a significant and inverse relationship between Internet addiction and psychological maturity in adolescents, as well as in all its dimensions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Psychology, Adolescent/trends , Information Technology , Internet Addiction Disorder/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Problem Behavior/psychology
14.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 20(3): 1-26, sep.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427733

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por covid-19 repercutió en las prácticas educativas y convirtió a las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación ­sobre todo Internet­ en medios indispensables para continuar con las actividades académicas; pero a la par incrementaron el riesgo de que los estudiantes usen mal estas herramientas y con ello aparezcan fenómenos como la procrastinación. Por tanto, el objetivo fue analizar la relación entre el estrés académico, el uso problemático de Internet, la adicción a las redes sociales y la procrastinación académica. Materiales y métodos: estudio cuantitativo, no experimental, de corte transversal. Se utilizó el inventario sisco de estrés académico, el cupo para uso problemático de Internet, la smas-sf de adicción a redes sociales y la Escala de Procrastinación Académica. La muestra la conformaron 448 estudiantes universitarios mexicanos entre los 17 y los 34 años. Resultados: se hallaron diferencias significativas por sexo, en cuanto a las reacciones ante el estrés académico, y en la categoría de la autorregulación, donde los hombres indicaron una baja autorregulación. Por su parte, en la sub-muestra de mujeres se encontró una relación positiva y significativa entre el uso de las redes sociales y la procrastinación académica; mientras que, en los hombres, entre los problemas por el uso de las redes sociales y las reacciones psicológicas ante el estrés. Conclusión: el cambio de modalidad de estudio (de presencial a virtual) ha generado consecuencias en los universitarios, como estrés académico, procras-tinación y usos inadecuados de Internet.


The covid-19 pandemic has affected educational practices, turning the information and communication technologies and the Internet into essential means to continue academic activities while increasing the risk of students misusing these tools, favoring phenomena such as procrastination. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between academic stress, problematic Internet use, social media addiction, and academic procrastination. Materials and methods: In this quantitative, non-experimen-tal, and cross-sectional study, the sisco inventory for academic stress, cupi for problematic Internet use, smas-sf for addiction to social networks, and academic procrastination scale were used. The sample was made up of 448 Mexican university students aged 17­34 years. Results: Significant differences were found by sex in terms of reactions to academic stress and in the category of self-regulation, where men indicated low self-regulation. Moreover, a positive and significant relationship was found between the use of social networks and academic procrastination in women and the problems due to the use of social networks and psychological reactions to stress in men. Conclusion: The change from face-to-face to virtual modality has led to consequences such as academic stress, procrastination, and inappropriate use of the Internet among university students.


a pandemia do covid-19 impactou as práticas educacionais, tornando as Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação (tic) e principalmente a Internet meios indispensáveis para a continuidade das atividades acadêmicas; mas ao mesmo tempo aumenta o risco de que os alunos façam mau uso dessas ferramentas e com isso apareçam fenômenos como a procrastinação. Portanto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a relação entre estresse acadêmico, uso problemático da Internet, vício em redes sociais e procrastinação acadêmica. Materiais e métodos: estudo quantitativo, não experimental e transversal. Foram utilizados o Inventário sisco de estresse acadêmico, o cupi para uso problemático da Internet, o smas-sf para vício em redes sociais e a escala de procrastinação acadêmica (epa). A amostra foi composta por 448 estudantes universitários mexicanos com idades entre 17 e 34 anos. Resultados: foram encontradas diferenças significativas em função do sexo nas reações ao estresse acadêmico e na catego-ria de auto-regulamentação, onde os homens indicaram baixa auto-regulamentação. Por outro lado, foi encontrada uma relação positiva e significativa, na subamostra de mulheres, entre o uso de redes sociais e procrastinação acadêmica, enquanto que para os homens houve relação positiva e significativa entre problemas devido ao uso de redes sociais e reações psicológicas ao estresse. Conclusão: a mudança da modalidade presencial para a virtual gerou consequências em universitários como estresse acadêmico, procrastinação e uso inadequado da Internet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Technology , Communication , Internet , Information Technology , Procrastination , Internet Addiction Disorder , Internet Use , COVID-19
15.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 1264-1284, set. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1428743

ABSTRACT

The Internet has changed our relationship with time and also transformed experiences, developing new forms of subjectivation. In contemporary society, individuals are increasingly connected, which can lead to addictions such as Internet gaming disorder. This is related to one of the dimensions that underlies human existence: time. This work aims to understand, from the view of Merleau-Ponty's philosophical phenomenology, the experience of the lived time of Pedro, a young man dependent on Internet gaming. We use the single case study as a method, and we understand Pedro's addiction to Internet gaming as a phenomenon linked to the relationships established between him and the contemporary world, whether in the individual or collective sphere. These relationships are inseparable from the elements that make up Pedro's Lebenswelt (lifeworld), such as temporality. The time of the clock influenced the internal time and vice versa, denoting the indivisibility of the phenomenon inwhich there is only a sense of time because man is time itself.


A Internet mudou a nossa relação com o tempo e também transformou nossas experiências, fomentando novas formas de subjetivação. Na sociedade contemporânea, os indivíduos estão cada vez mais conectados, o que pode ocasionar em adoecimentos, tais como o transtorno do jogo pela Internet. Este se relaciona com uma das dimensões que fundamenta a existência humana, a saber: o tempo. Este trabalho tem o objetivo de compreender, sob o olhar da fenomenologia filosófica de Merleau-Ponty, a experiência do tempo vivido de Pedro, jovem dependente do jogo pela Internet. Utilizamos como método o estudo de caso único, e compreendemos a dependência do jogo pela Internet de Pedro como um fenômeno ligado às relações estabelecidas entre ele e o mundo contemporâneo, seja em âmbito individual ou coletivo. Relações que são inseparáveis dos elementos que constituem o Lebenswelt (mundo vivido) de Pedro, como a temporalidade. O tempo do relógio influenciou o tempo interior e vice-versa, denotando a indivisibilidade do fenômeno para o qual só há sentido do tempo porque o homem é o próprio tempo.


La internet há cambiado nuestra relación con el tiempo y también ha transformado nuestras experiencias, fomentando nuevas formas de subjetivación. En la sociedad contemporánea, los individuos están cada vez más conectados, lo que puede ocasionar en enfermedades, tales como el trastorno del juego por Internet. Este se relaciona con una de las dimensiones que fundamenta la existencia humana, a saber: el tiempo. Este trabajo tiene el objetivo de comprender, bajo la mirada de la fenomenología filosófica de Merleau-Ponty, la experiencia del tiempo vivido de Pedro, joven dependiente del juego por Internet. Utilizamos como método el estudio de caso único, y comprendemos la dependencia del juego por Internet de Pedro como un fenómeno ligado a las relaciones establecidas entre él y el mundo contemporáneo, sea en ámbito individual o colectivo. Relaciones que son inseparables de los elementos que constituyen el Lebenswelt (mundo vivido) de Pedro, como la temporalidad. El tiempo del reloj influyó en el tiempo interior y viceversa, denotando la indivisibilidad del fenómeno para el cual sólo existe un sentido del tiempo porque el hombre es el tiempo mismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Video Games , Internet Addiction Disorder
16.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 16(3): 4-14, 20220819.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391291

ABSTRACT

El abuso del uso de las redes sociales genera dificultades en los individuos para las relaciones interpersonales, laborales y académicas. Se desarrolló una investigación con el objetivo de determinar la relación entre adicción a redes sociales y la procrastinación académica en estudiantes de una universidad privada de la selva peruana, durante el segundo período académico de 2021. El diseño metodológico fue no experimental con alcance correlacional y corte transversal. La población estuvo compuesta por universitarios matriculados en el período académico 2021-II, a partir de la cual se seleccionaron 304 alumnos mediante muestreo no probabilístico por sujetos voluntarios. Los instrumentos aplicados fueron: el Cuestionario de Adicción a Redes Sociales y la Escala de Procrastinación Académica. El 78,6% de la muestra tenía edades entre 18 y 26 años y el 62,2% correspondió al sexo femenino. La mayoría estaba matriculada en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud (50%) y el 27,6% cursaban el cuarto año. La distribución de los datos no resultó normal (p<0,05). Los valores globales de adicción a redes sociales y procrastinación académica no se correlacionaron estadísticamente (p>0,05). En las dos variables: adicción a las redes sociales y procrastinación, además de sus correspondientes dimensiones, la mayoría de los estudiantes involucrados se catalogaron en el nivel medio. No existió correlación estadística entre las dos variables principales del estudio; sin embargo, sí existió en lo referente a la adicción a las redes sociales en relación con la autorregulación académica y la postergación de actividades


The abuse of the use of social networks generates difficulties in people for interpersonal, work, and academic relationships. This research aimed to determine the relationship between addiction to social networks and academic procrastination in students at a private university from the Peruvian jungle, during the second academic period of 2021. The methodological design was non-experimental with a correlational scope, and cross-sectional. The population was constitu-ted by university students enrolled in the academic period 2021-II. 304 students were selected through non-probabilistic sampling by volunteer subjects. The instruments applied were the Social Network Addiction Questionnaire and the Academic Procrastination Scale. 78.6% of the sample were between 18 and 26 years of age and 62.2% were female. Most of them were enro-lled in the Faculty of Health Sciences (50%) and 27.6% were in their fourth year. The data distri-bution was not normal (p<0.05). The global values of addiction to social networks and academic procrastination were not statistically correlated (p>0.05). In the two variables (addiction to social networks and procrastination), most of the students involved were classified in the medium level. There was no statistical correlation between the two main variables of the study; however, it did exist in relation to addiction to social networks in relation to academic self-regu-lation and the postponement of activities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Universities , Procrastination , Internet Addiction Disorder , Students , Faculty , Social Networking
17.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 68-76, 18-jul-2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379527

ABSTRACT

Introducción: uno de los efectos nocivos de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) es su uso sin control, lo que ha generado una adicción hacia ellas. Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia de tecnoadicción de las TIC en estudiantes universitarios de nivel superior, posgrado y profesionistas de diferentes áreas. Metodología: estudio descriptivo cuya población fueron universitarios de nivel superior, posgrado y profesionistas de diferentes áreas de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) y del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN) durante el ciclo escolar 2020-2. El muestreo fue no probabilístico. Resultados: al analizar los datos de la Escala de adicción de internet, el 49% respondió que permanece en internet más tiempo del que desea y el 38.2% mencionó que intenta reducir la cantidad de tiempo que pasa en línea. En cuanto al uso compulsivo, el 32.8% mencionó que sigue usando internet a pesar de que su intención es reducir su uso; el 30.5% dice que está corto de sueño debido al uso de internet. Conclusiones: existe tecnoadicción entre profesionistas y estudiantes universitarios de nivel superior y posgrado de la UNAM y del IPN. El personal de salud debe establecer estrategias de prevención del uso del internet para evitar trastornos de salud mental como depresión y aislamiento, entre otros.


Background: One of the harmful effects of the information and communication technologies (ICTs) is their uncontrolled use, which has generated an addiction to them. Objective: To know the prevalence of technology addiction of ICTs in university students of higher level, postgraduate and professionals from different areas. Methodology: Descriptive study whose population was university students of higher level, postgraduate degrees and professionals from different areas of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) during the 2020-2 school year. The sampling was non-probabilistic. Results: When analyzing the data of the Internet addiction scale, 49% responded that they stay on the internet much more time than what they want to, and 38.2% mentioned that they try to reduce the amount of time they spend online. As for compulsive use, 32.8% mentioned that they continue to use the internet despite the fact that their intention is to use it less; 30.5% say they are short of sleep due to internet use. Conclusions: There is technology addiction among professionals and university students of higher and postgraduate levels of UNAM and IPN. Health personnel must establish prevention strategies for the use of internet, in orded to avoid mental health disorders such as depression, isolation, among others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Internet Addiction Disorder/epidemiology , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Technology/statistics & numerical data
18.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 160-177, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392170

ABSTRACT

El internet ha revolucionado la vida de las personas, ha trasformado las relaciones familiares, personales, laborales y sociales; el uso indiscriminado podría tener efectos negativos principalmente en los adolescentes. Objetivo: Estimar la asociación entre la adicción a internet con los trastornos de depresión, insomnio y autoestima en estudiantes de secundaria de la unidad educativa municipal "Quitumbe" y Colegio fiscomisional "María Augusta Urrutia" de fe y Alegría, del distrito metropolitano de Quito, en el año lectivo 2017-2018. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio no experimental de corte transversal a 336 estudiantes; se realizó el cálculo de la muestra con una prevalencia de adición a internet reportada en otros estudios del 26 %, con intervalo confianza del 95 % y probabilidad de error del 5 %, de forma aleatoria simple; los participantes fueron seleccionados al azar dentro de cada clase usando una tabla de números aleatorios para asegurar la representatividad de la muestra. Resultados: Las prevalencias del riesgo de adicción a internet, depresión, insomnio y baja autoestima fueron del 46%, 62 %, 42% y 76% respectivamente. Se estimó que el riesgo de adicción a internet constituyó un factor de riesgo para la presencia de depresión e insomnio (OR = 3.82, IC 95 %: 2.36 ­ 6.18; p < ,000) y (OR = 2.59, IC 95 %: 1.66 ­ 4.04; p < ,000) Conclusiones: El presente estudio encontró que el riesgo de adicción a internet se asoció con síntomas depresivos y con insomnio en cualquiera de sus grados en los adolescentes estudiados(AU)


The internet has revolutionized people's lives, has transformed relationships family, personal, work and social; indiscriminate use could have negative effects mainly in adolescents. Objective: To estimate the association between Internet addiction with depression, insomnia and self-esteem disorders in high school students from the unit "Quitumbe" municipal educational institution and "María Augusta Urrutia" fiscomisional College of Fe y Alegría, of the Metropolitan District of Quito, in the 2017-2018 school year. Material and method: A non-experimental cross-sectional study of 336 students; the sample calculation was performed with a prevalence of Internet addiction reported in other studies of 26%, with interval 95% confidence and 5% probability of error, simple random; participants were randomly selected within each class using a table of random numbers to ensure the representativeness of the sample. Results: Prevalences of addiction risk internet, depression, insomnia and low self-esteem were 46%, 62%, 42% and 76% respectively. It was estimated that the risk of Internet addiction constituted a risk factor for the presence of depression and insomnia (OR = 3.82, 95% CI: 2.36 ­ 6.18; p < .000) and (OR = 2.59, CI 95%: 1.66 ­ 4.04; p < ,000) Conclusions: The present study found that the risk of addiction Internet access was associated with depressive symptoms and with insomnia in any of its degrees in the studied adolescents(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Self Concept , Depression , Internet Use , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Students , Education, Primary and Secondary , Internet Addiction Disorder
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 222-226, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365353

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the suboptimal health status or subhealth status and their relationship with mental health and smartphone addiction among Chinese medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Wannan Medical College of China in Wuhu. RESULTS: A total of 2,741 students were surveyed in October 2020. Of 2,741 Chinese medical students who completed the survey, 904 (33%) participants reported to have had subhealth status. Anxiety status (p<0.001), depression status (p<0.001), and smartphone addiction status (p<0.001) have strong association with subhealth status. CONCLUSION: This survey shows that the detection rate of subhealth status in Chinese medical students was 33%. Anxiety, depression, and smartphone addiction students had a higher detection rate of subhealth status. The anxiety, depression, and smartphone addiction of Chinese medical students are associated with subhealth status.


Subject(s)
Students, Medical , China/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Internet Addiction Disorder
20.
Poiesis ; 43(Jul. - Dic.): 31-36, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1427832

ABSTRACT

El presente texto busca resaltar la relevancia que tiene para el psicólogo educativo los problemas y trastornos sociales, psicopedagógicos y de salud ocasionados por el uso de las TIC, y la manera cómo pueden ser detectados e intervenidos para evitar el desarrollo de adicciones y demás trastornos físicos, psicológicos y emocionales que pueden derivarse de los mismos. Al tener mayor claridad sobre los trastornos sociales genera-dos por las TIC, entenderemos mejor todos los fenómenos sociales y psicólogos educativos, comprendiendo que el concepto de trastorno se refiere a una entidad clínica, médica o psicosocial establecida por las ciencias de la salud y psicopatología. Nuestro papel es encontrar un punto medio entre la necesidad de mantenernos conectados e informados en estos tiempos de aislamiento social y el abuso desmedido que genera una adicción con todas sus consecuencias para la salud física, mental y emocional


This text seeks to highlight the relevance that social, psychopedagogical and health problems and disorders caused using ICT have for the educational psychologist, and the way in which they can be detected and intervened to avoid the development of addictions and other physical disorders, psychological and emotional that can be derived from them. By having greater clarity of the social disorders generated by ICT, we will better comprehend all social phenomena as educational psychologists, understanding very well the concept of disorder that refers to a clinical, medical, or psychosocial entity established by the health sciences and psychopathology. Our role is to find a middle ground between the need to stay connected and informed in these times of social isolation and the excessive abuse that an addiction generates with all its consequences for physical, mental, and emotional health


Subject(s)
Humans , Internet Addiction Disorder/psychology , Psychology, Educational , COVID-19/psychology , Mental Disorders/psychology
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