Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 103
Filter
1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 206-211, Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365345

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A multicentric, cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence and risk factors for Coronavirus disease 2019 in medical students and residents from four universities and affiliated hospitals in Brazil. METHODS: A survey about contamination risk and symptoms was sent to all participants through email and WhatsApp. Prevalence was measured by the self-report of positive polymerase chain reaction or serological test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed, and odds ratio and 95% confidence interval were calculated. RESULTS: Prevalence of infection by Sars-CoV-2 was 14.9% (151/1011). The disease was more prevalent in residents and interns than in undergraduate students. Contact with an infected relative outside the hospital or with colleagues without using personal protective equipment was associated with higher contamination. Contact with patients without wearing goggles and higher weekly frequency of contact were the two factors independently associated with the infection by Coronavirus disease 2019 in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Medical students, interns, and residents have a higher prevalence of Coronavirus disease 2019 than the general population, in which the last two groups are significantly at higher risk. Contacting patients at a higher weekly frequency increases the risk for infection. The use of goggles should be reinforced when contacting patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/etiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Academic Medical Centers/statistics & numerical data , Personal Protective Equipment , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(2): 61-70, jun. 2021. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254381

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el ejercicio de la docencia universitaria por parte de estudiantes de Medicina ofrecería múltiples beneficios. Sin embargo, no hay evidencia de que mejore el desempeño en los exámenes estandarizados en el posgrado. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la diferencia de los puntajes en el examen de residencias médicas municipales entre ayudantes y no ayudantes, y evaluar la autopercepción del efecto de ser ayudante sobre el desempeño en dicho examen y sobre las habilidades académicas. Métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con un muestreo por conveniencia de médicos participantes del examen de residencias médicas municipales de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA) de 2018, a partir del listado oficial. Se excluyeron aquellos a quienes fue imposible contactar, que se negaran a participar o cuya identidad discrepara con la de la persona seleccionada para incluir en el estudio. Resultados: de los 3579 médicos que concursaron en el examen de residencias médicas básicas municipales de CABA 2018, se tomó una muestra aleatoria de 300 sujetos, de los cuales se contactó a 87. De ellos, 20 sujetos cumplían con criterios de exclusión; por lo tanto fueron 67 sujetos los que finalmente participaron del estudio. La proporción de respuestas con respecto a los sujetos que pudieron ser contactados mediante redes sociales fue 77%. El puntaje de examen entre los ayudantes fue de 32,3 ± 5,7 puntos mientras que entre los no ayudantes fue 29,5 ± 6,1 puntos. Entre los ayudantes, el 68% informó percibir que el hecho de haber realizado una ayudantía en el pregrado tuvo un efecto de levemente a muy positivo sobre su desempeño en el examen, un 76% refirió la profundización de conocimientos específicos, el 73% informó una mejoría en sus habilidades comunicacionales y el 59% una mayor capacidad para jerarquizar contenidos. Conclusión: el desarrollo de una actividad docente en el pregrado sería percibida por quienes la desarrollan como una actividad promotora de habilidades comunicacionales y de jerarquización de contenidos y, ulteriormente, como una influencia positiva en el desempeño académico en el examen de residencias médicas municipales. Estas conclusiones deben confirmarse con estudios futuros. (AU)


Introduction: medical students could benefit from teaching university courses. However, there is no evidence showing that this activity improves academic performance on standardized tests in graduate school. The objective of this study was to describe the differences in scores on the municipal medical residency exam between physicians who were teaching assistants and those who weren't, and to evaluate the self-perception of the effect of being a teaching assistant on the performance on this exam and on academic skills in general. Methods: this is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with a convenience sample of physicians participating in the 2018 municipal medical residency exam of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA) based on official lists. Those who could not be contacted, refused to participate, or whose identity diverged from the person selected to include in the study, were excluded. Results: of the 3,579 physicians who participated in the basic municipal medical residency exam in CABA 2018, a random sample of 300 subjects was taken, of which 87 were contacted. Of those, 20 subjects met the exclusion criteria, having 67 subjects finally participating in the study. The proportion of subjects who could be contacted through social networks was 77%. The exam score among physicians who were teaching assistants was 32.3 ± 5.7 points while among the non-teaching assistants it was 29.5 ± 6.1 points. Among the teaching assistants, 68% perceived that the fact of having been a teaching assistant as an undergraduate had a slight to very positive effect on their performance in the exam, 76% referred the deepening of their specific knowledge on the subject they taught, 73% reported an improvement in their communication skills, and 59% referred a greater ability to rank content. Conclusions: undergraduate teaching would be perceived as an activity that promotes communication skills and ability to rank content and, therefore, as a positive influence on academic performance in the municipal medical residency exam. These conclusions need to be confirmed with future studies. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Academic Performance/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Professional Competence , Self Concept , Teaching , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Learning
3.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 10-18, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279067

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las experiencias adversas en la infancia (EAI) se han relacionado con la adquisición de conductas de riesgo y el desarrollo de enfermedades crónicas y mentales, desde la adolescencia y en la vida adulta. Objetivo: Identificar el conocimiento y la frecuencia con la que médicos residentes de pediatría interrogan sobre las EAI. Métodos: Mediante una encuesta en línea enviada a todos los médicos residentes del año académico 2017-2018 de un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel, se recabaron variables demográficas, del conocimiento, uso, entrenamiento y barreras para interrogar sobre EAI. Resultados: 21 % de los residentes respondió la encuesta, la mayoría fue del sexo femenino (70 %), menos de 5 % de los participantes estaba familiarizado con las EAI, 31 % interrogaba sobre ellas a los padres e hijos y 71 % consideró que tiene alguna barrera para interrogarlas. Conclusiones: Los participantes de este estudio mostraron un conocimiento limitado sobre las EAI, lo que repercutió en la frecuencia con la que preguntaban al respecto a sus pacientes y padres; al menos la mitad tuvo la percepción que identificarlas está fuera del alcance del pediatra.


Abstract Introduction: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with the acquisition of risk behaviors and development of chronic and mental diseases since adolescence and in adult life. Objective: To identify the knowledge and the frequency pediatrics residents ask about ACEs with. Methods: Through an online survey sent to all resident physicians of the 2017-2018 academic year of a tertiary care children’s hospital, demographic variables, knowledge, use, training and barriers to interrogate and search for ACEs were collected. Results: 21% of residents answered the survey; the majority were women (70 %), less than 5 % of participants were familiar with ACEs, 31 % enquired about them in parents and their children, and 71 % considered having some barrier to interrogate about them. Conclusions: Participants in this study showed limited knowledge about ACEs, which had an impact on the frequency they enquired about them with in their patients and their parents; at least half had the perception that it is beyond the reach of the pediatrician to identify them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Pediatrics , Child Abuse/diagnosis , Clinical Competence , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Parents , Child Abuse, Sexual/diagnosis , Child of Impaired Parents , Domestic Violence , Health Care Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Physical Abuse , Emotional Abuse , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Mexico
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353996

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo primario fue conocer la actual aplicación de instrumentos de evaluación de competencias quirúrgicas en las residencias acreditadas por la AAOT (Asociación Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatología). Como objetivos secundarios, se describieron los tipos de herramientas utilizadas, el conocimiento de los diferentes instrumentos de evaluación y qué tipo de evaluación se utiliza para la promoción de año. Se analizó si existen diferencias en las características entre las residencias que evalúan las competencias quirúrgicas y las que no. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, para lo cual se diseñó una encuesta enfocada en mostrar cuántas residencias evalúan las competencias quirúrgicas con una herramienta formal. Además, a través de ella, se logró responder a los objetivos secundarios. La encuesta se envió a los responsables docentes de las 123 residencias acreditadas por la AAOT. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 105 (85,4%) respuestas, el 59% utiliza algún tipo de herramienta para evaluar las competencias quirúrgicas. Solo el 12,9% de las herramientas utilizadas evalúan las competencias quirúrgicas en forma específica y el resto lo hace con un puntaje general. Un 61% conoce las herramientas disponibles. Para la promoción de año, la mayoría utiliza evaluaciones periódicas múltiples para competencias clínicas y quirúrgicas (63,8% y 67,6%, respectivamente). No hubo diferencias significativas en las características de las residencias que evalúan las competencias quirúrgicas y las que no. Conclusión: El 59% de las residencias implementa algún puntaje o formulario para evaluar las competencias quirúrgicas, solo el 12,9% las evalúa en forma específica, y el resto lo hace con un puntaje subjetivo global. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: The primary objective was to evaluate the current application of surgical competency (SC) assessment tools in residences accredited by the AAOT (Argentine Association of Orthopaedic and Traumatology). There was also interest in knowing the types of assessment tools used, the knowledge of the different evaluation instruments and what type of evaluation they use for the promotion of the year. We analyzed whether there were differences in the characteristics between the residences that evaluate the SCs and those that do not. Materials and methods: A descriptive study was carried out, for which a survey was developed focused on assessing how many residences evaluate the SCs with a formal tool. In addition, through the survey it was possible to answer the secondary objectives. It was sent to the chief of residency of the 123 accredited residencies. Results: 105 (85.4%) responses were obtained, 59% (62) used some type of tool for the evaluation of the SC. Only 12.9% (8/62) of the tools used evaluate the SC in a specific way but the majority assed them with a general score. 61% (64/105) know the tools available. for the promotion of the year, the majority use multiple periodic evaluations for clinical and surgical competencies (63.8% and 67.6% respectively). No significant differences were found in the characteristics of the residences that evaluate SC and those that do not. Conclusions: 59% of the residences implement some score or tool for the evaluation of SC, the majority perform the evaluation with a subjective global score. Only the 12.9% evaluate the SC specifically. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Orthopedics/education , Competency-Based Education , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/education , Educational Measurement , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 616-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922365

ABSTRACT

Adoption of the prostatic urethral lift (PUL) as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia highlights the importance of training residents with novel technology without compromising patient care. This study examines the effect of resident involvement during PUL on patient and procedural outcomes. Retrospective chart review was conducted on all consecutive PUL cases performed by a single academic urologist between October 2017 and November 2019. Trainees in post-graduate year (PGY) 1-3 are considered junior residents, while those in PGY 4-6 are senior residents. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QOL) scores were used to measure outcomes. Simple and mixed-effects linear regression models were used to compare differences. There were 110 patients with a median age of 66.4 years. Residents were involved in 73 cases (66.4%), and senior residents were involved in 31 of those cases. Resident involvement was not associated with adverse perioperative outcomes with respect to the number of implants fired, the percentage of implants successfully placed, or the postoperative catheterization rate. After adjustment for confounding factors, junior residents were associated with significantly longer case length compared to the attending alone (+12.6 min, P = 0.003) but senior residents were not (+2.4 min, P = 0.59). IPSS and QOL scores were not significantly affected by resident involvement (P = 0.12 and P = 0.21, respectively). The presence of surgeons-in-training, particularly those in the early stages, prolongs PUL case length but does not appear to have an adverse impact on patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life/psychology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteroscopy/statistics & numerical data
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 127-131, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129089

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aspirantes a las residencias en salud pertenecen a una generación que suele preferir instituciones flexibles y poco estructuradas para avanzar en su desarrollo profesional. Objetivo: Nos propusimos explorar cuáles son las motivaciones de los aspirantes en la elección de la institución en donde llevarán a cabo su residencia. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal a través de una encuesta anónima a todos los aspirantes a las residencias médicas. Se evaluaron edad, sexo, universidad de procedencia, especialidad elegida, preferencia de tipo de gestión y la descripción de las tres condiciones que consideran más importantes para elegir una institución en orden de importancia. Resultados: Se analizaron 1113 encuestas y el 59% correspondieron a mujeres. Las primeras tres condiciones elegidas fueron: 1.°) calidad académica (65,4%), prestigio institucional (16%) y caudal y complejidad de pacientes (5,9%); 2.°) clima de aprendizaje (21,6%), calidad académica (20%) y prestigio institucional (18,8%) y 3.°) clima de aprendizaje (16,1%), condiciones laborales (16,1%) y calidad académica (14,5%). No se encontró asociación entre las motivaciones para elegir una institución y sexo, universidad de origen, tipo de especialidad o preferencia de gestión. Conclusión: Los aspirantes a las residencias valoran en primer lugar los aspectos vinculados con su formación académica. Por otra parte, es relevante la importancia adjudicada al clima de aprendizaje y las condiciones laborales. (AU)


Introduction: Applicants to health care residences belong to a generation that often prefers flexible and unstructured institutions to develop their professional development. Objective: We set out to explore what the applicants' motivations are in choosing the institution where they will carry out their residence. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through an anonymous survey of all applicants to medical residences. Age, sex, university of origin, chosen specialty, management type preference and the description of the three conditions that they consider most important to choose an institution in order of importance were evaluated. Results: 1,113 surveys were analyzed and 59% were women. The first three conditions chosen were: 1st) academic quality (65.4%), institutional prestige (16%) and wealth and complexity of patients (5.9%); 2nd) learning climate (21.6%), academic quality (20%) and institutional prestige (18.8%) and 3rd) learning climate (16.1%), conditions labor (16.1%) and academic quality (14.5%). No association was found between the motivations for choosing an institution and sex, home university, type of specialty or management preference. Conclusion: Applicants to residences value first the aspects related to their academic training. On the other hand, the importance attached to the climate of learning and working conditions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/trends , Argentina , Physicians/trends , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Workplace/statistics & numerical data , Working Conditions , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Professional Training , Burnout, Psychological , Health Facility Environment/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Job Satisfaction
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(3): 219-228, jun. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125073

ABSTRACT

Se observa un proceso de feminización de la profesión médica, sin embargo, el acceso masivo de las mujeres se asocia a nuevas desigualdades de género, denominadas segregación horizontal y vertical. La segregación horizontal se manifiesta en la desigual distribución de hombres y mujeres en ciertas especialidades médicas y la segregación vertical, en la escasa representación de las mujeres en la mayoría de los altos cargos profesionales. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar cómo se distribuyen hombres y mujeres en las distintas instancias del proceso que implica el ingreso al sistema de residencias médicas de un hospital universitario de Buenos Aires, Argentina y analizar la segregación horizontal y vertical de género en el proceso de ingreso a las residencias médicas. A partir de datos de postulantes a un hospital universitario, en el período 2015-2017, se realizó un análisis de regresión logística múltiple para ajustar el odds ratio de ser hombre o mujer con potenciales confundidores. No se observó asociación entre ser hombre o mujer y la realización del examen, su aprobación y el ingreso a entrevista. El odds ratio ajustado para el ingreso a la residencia de los hombres con respecto a las mujeres fue 2.03 (1.44-2.85). Para las residencias quirúrgicas fue 2.75 (1.54-4.92) y para las clínicas fue 1.89 (1.17-3.00). En la inscripción, las mujeres optaron mayormente por residencias clínicas, y los hombres por quirúrgicas. Se observó segregación horizontal y vertical en el proceso de ingreso a la residencia. Visibilizar la segregación de género permitirá generar una sociedad equitativa.


A process of feminization of the medical profession is observed, however, the massive access of women is associated with new gender inequalities named horizontal and vertical segregation. Horizontal segregation manifests itself in the unequal distribution of men and women in certain medical specialties and vertical segregation, in the limited representation of women in most high professional positions. The objective of this study was to determine how men and women are distributed in the different stages of the process that involves entering the medical residency system of an universitary hospital from Buenos Aires, Argentina, and to analyze the horizontal and vertical segregation of gender in the process of admission to medical residencies. Based on data from applicants to an universitary hospital, in the 2015-2017 period, a multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to adjust the odds ratio of being male or female with potential confounders. There was no association between being man or woman and the performance of the exam, its approval and the admission to the interview. The adjusted odds ratio for the admission to the residency of men with respect to women was 2.03 (1.44-2.85). For the surgical residencies it was 2.75 (1.54-4.92) and for clinical it was 1.89 (1.17-3.00). In the inscription, women opted mainly for clinical residencies, and men for surgical purposes. Horizontal and vertical segregation was observed in the process of the residency. Making gender segregation visible will allow generating an equitable society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Medical Staff, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 287-293, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132600

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Targeted needs assessment which includes identifying the needs of learners is a key step of program development. However, this step is commonly underestimated in postgraduate medical education programs, including otolaryngology residency training. Determining the needs of otolaryngologists may help educators to design more purposeful continuing medical education training programs. Furthermore, needs of specialists may provide a clearer insight about effectiveness of the residency programs in that specialty. Objective: To determine training needs of otolaryngology specialists and to identify deficiencies in otolaryngology residency training programs. Methods: Seventy-eight otolaryngology specialists, who completed all data gathering forms properly, were included in this descriptive, cross-sectional study. Demographic data of the participants were collected. Training needs of the participants were determined in seven basic areas of otolaryngology via two-round Delphi method. The basic areas were otology-neurotology, rhinology, laryngology, head and neck surgery, pediatric otolaryngology, sleep disorders and facial plastic surgery. Additionally, we asked an open-ended question to investigate the reasons why the participants perceived themselves incompetent and undereducated, or why they needed further training in some of the basic otolaryngology areas. Results: Facial plastic surgery, otology-neurotology and head and neck surgery were the most cited training areas in the needs assessment. Training needs differed according to experience and place of work. Financial expectations, deficiencies in residency training, regression in knowledge and skills, and special interest were effective determinants on decisions of the participants while determining their training needs. Conclusion: Otolaryngologists need further training in some areas of their field due to different reasons. Determining these areas and reasons will help in designing more effective continuous medical education activities and residency training programs in otolaryngology.


Resumo: Introdução: A avaliação de necessidades específicas, que inclui a identificação das necessidades dos alunos, é um passo fundamental no desenvolvimento de programas educacionais. No entanto, essa etapa costuma ser subestimada em programas de pós-graduação em educação médica, inclusive na residência em otorrinolaringologia. Determinar as necessidades dos otorrinolaringologistas pode ajudar os educadores a projetar programas mais direcionados de treinamento em educação médica continuada. Além disso, a análise das necessidades dos especialistas pode oferecer uma visão clara sobre a eficácia dos programas de residência nessa especialidade. Objetivo: Determinar as necessidades de treinamento de especialistas em otorrinolaringologia e identificar deficiências nos programas de residência em otorrinolaringologia. Método: Este estudo descritivo e transversal incluiu 78 especialistas em otorrinolaringologia que preencheram todos os formulários de coleta de dados adequadamente. Os dados demográficos dos participantes foram coletados. As necessidades de treinamento dos participantes foram determinadas em sete áreas básicas da otorrinolaringologia com o método Delphi em duas rodadas. As áreas básicas foram otologia/neurotologia, rinologia, laringologia, cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço, otorrinolaringologia pediátrica, distúrbios do sono e cirurgia plástica facial. Além disso, uma pergunta aberta foi usada para investigar os motivos pelos quais os participantes consideravam ter pouco conhecimento ou ser incapazes de atuar nessa área, ou por que precisavam de mais treinamento em algumas dessas áreas básicas. Resultados: Na avaliação das necessidades, cirurgia plástica facial, otologia-neurotologia e cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço foram as áreas de treinamento mais relatadas. As necessidades de treinamento variaram de acordo com a experiência e o local de trabalho. Expectativas financeiras, deficiências no treinamento durante a residência, regressão do conhecimento e habilidades, além de interesse especial, foram determinantes efetivos nas decisões dos participantes ao identificar suas necessidades de treinamento. Conclusão: Por diferentes motivos, os otorrinolaringologistas precisam de mais treinamento em algumas áreas. A determinação dessas áreas e motivos ajudará a planejar atividades de educação médica continuada e programas de treinamento em residência em otorrinolaringologia mais eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Otolaryngology/education , Needs Assessment/statistics & numerical data , Otolaryngologists/education , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Otolaryngologists/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 812-817, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136290

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Assess the impact of COVID-19 on medical students' internships in public and private institutions in Brasil, in addition to estimating the quality of the measures taken by their respective Universities in the face of the problem and the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE). METHODS A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative analysis study carried out with 317 students undergoing medical internship from March 31, 2020, to April 12, 2020. The survey was conducted through an online questionnaire using the SurveyMonkey tool with 20 questions. Interns from the fourth to the sixth year of medical schools in the country were randomly included in the study through a survey sent by Whatsapp application. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-Square, considering p <0.05 as significant. RESULTS Four main topics were identified in the research: student demographic data; how classes and courses are being taught; the use and ease of access to personal protective equipment and the students' fears and perspectives for the future. CONCLUSION The study clarified that although half of the students still have some degree of content and, in their majority, they are satisfied, there is still a lot of difficulty in obtaining personal protective equipment, which prevents students from returning safely to their internships.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar o impacto da Covid-19 durante o internato dos alunos de medicina em escolas públicas e particulares no Brasil, além de estimar a qualidade das medidas tomadas pelas respectivas universidades diante do agravo e da disponibilização de equipamento de proteção individual. MÉTODO Um estudo de análise quantitativa transversal, com caráter descritivo, foi realizado com 317 alunos cursando o internato médico durante o período de 31 de março de 2020 a 12 de abril de 2020. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de um questionário on-line com 20 perguntas pela ferramenta SurveyMonkey. Os internos do 4o ao 6o ano das faculdades de medicina do País foram incluídos no estudo de forma randômica ao receberem a pesquisa pelo aplicativo WhatsApp. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do Qui-quadrado, considerando p<0,05 como significante. RESULTADOS Quatro temas principais foram identificados na pesquisa: dados demográficos dos alunos; como as aulas e estágios do curso estão sendo ministrados; a utilização e facilidade de aquisição do equipamento de proteção individual e medos e perspectivas futuras dos estudantes. CONCLUSÕES O estudo mostrou que apesar de metade dos alunos continuarem tendo algum grau de conteúdo e, na maioria, estarem satisfeitos, ainda há muita dificuldade em se obter equipamento de proteção individual, o que impede que os alunos retornem com segurança aos seus campos de estágio, além de causar medo de contaminação e de continuar atendendo os pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Students, Medical , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Research/trends , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus
11.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 30-42, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125779

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: las cirujanas en la Argentina experimentan barreras en el ámbito laboral y personal tratando de lograr sus objetivos profesionales. El objetivo de esta investigación fue explorar las barreras que enfrentan las cirujanas en su carrera laboral en las tres principales ciudades de la República Argentina. Material y métodos: estudio exploratorio transversal. Se utilizaron encuestas anónimas a cirujanas durante un período de 6 meses. Resultados: un 59% de las cirujanas son solteras y no viven en pareja. Aquellas con hijos son las principales encargadas de la crianza. Los esposos o convivientes aparecen en tercer lugar, con un muy bajo porcentaje de responsabilidad en la tarea. En la mayoría de los espacios laborales no existe un sistema que facilite el cuidado de hijos en su trabajo. El 65% afirma haber dejado de presentar trabajos científicos luego de la maternidad. Solo un 26% de los pacientes ha rechazado sus servicios en favor de ser intervenido por un cirujano hombre. Por el contrario, un 42% de los jefes ha rechazado ser acompañado en cirugías por cirujanas. Casi un 85% de las cirujanas ha recibido comentarios alusivos a su sexualidad durante su trabajo. Conclusión: las estructuras organizacionales quirúrgicas operan como un marco normativo estructurador de prácticas y discursos que han construido, en el nivel simbólico, subjetivo e institucional, las desigualdades entre mujeres y varones en el ámbito de la actuación médica. La feminización del sector en los últimos tiempos y la salida de la mujer al ámbito laboral no implican necesariamente la equidad de género.


Background: Women surgeons in Argentina face barriers in the workplace and in their personal life when trying to achieve their professional goals. The aim of this investigation was to explore the career barriers women surgeons face in the three main cities of Argentina. Material and methods: We conducted an exploratory cross-sectional study. Anonymous surveys were administrated to women surgeons during a six-month period. Results: Among survey respondents, 59% were single and did not live with a partner. Those with children are the primary carers. Spouses or partners appear in third place, with a very low percentage of responsibility as carers. Most workplaces where female surgeons work do not have childcare facilities. Sixty-five percent of the survey respondents had not presented scientific papers after having children. Only 26 percent of patients had rejected their services in favor of a male surgeon and 42% of head surgeons had refused to be assisted by female surgeons. Almost 85% of women surgeons have received comments about their sexuality during their work. Conclusions: The organizational structures of surgery departments work as a structured regulatory framework of practices and speeches that have constructed the inequalities between women and men in the field of medical action at the symbolic, subjective and institutional level. The recent feminization of the surgical field and the entrance of women in the workplace do not necessarily imply gender equality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Surgery Department, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Women, Working/psychology , Gender Inequality , Gender Role , Surgery Department, Hospital/trends , Women, Working/statistics & numerical data , Breast Feeding , Pregnancy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sexual Harassment/statistics & numerical data , Harassment, Non-Sexual/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 203-213, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090574

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives To evaluate the familiarity of Brazilian urology residents with laparoscopy, methods of training and perspectives. Material and methods a questionnaire with 23 questions was sent by e-mail to all urological residents of 86 Urology Residence Programs certified by the Brazilian Society of Urology (BSU). Results 225 valid answers (85% of all residents) responded. Most residences belong to academic hospitals mainly in the Southeast region of Brazil. Women account for 5% of residents and 82% of programs perform less than 100 procedures per year. Residents have access to LESS, RAL and 98% to surgical laparoscopy and 87% of these participate actively at the surgery, but 84.9% do not have access to RAL. The most common laparoscopic procedure is radical nephrectomy (73.2%), but only 28.8% of residents acted as surgeons, and third year residents (R3) are those that mainly performed this procedure (statistical significance, p <0.05). 61% of residents do not participate in hands-on courses or fellowship in laparoscopy, among those who attended these fellowships, 23.47% were sponsored by BSU in equal regions of the country. Although there are several opportunities of training in laparoscopy, 42% of residents do not have access to any kind of preparation and 52% have no structured specific program. R3 perception of laparoscopy experience is significantly higher than R2 and R1 residents. Almost 30% of them affirms that they are prepared for professional life regarding urologic laparoscopy. Conclusion Brazilian urologic residents have access to laparoscopy and actively participate in the learning process. Robotic surgery is expanding in the country, although still very far from residents. Brazilian resident, at the end of medical residency, is motivated to perform laparoscopic procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures/education , Clinical Competence , Laparoscopy/education , Robotic Surgical Procedures/education , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 35-44, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055080

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: A significant reduction in the morbidity and mortality related to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been achieved with the development of reperfusion therapies. Early diagnosis and correct initial management are important to ensure this benefit. In Brazil, recent graduates in medicine are responsible for a large part of the initial care provided for these patients. Objective: To assess the clinical competence in the diagnosis and initial treatment of STEMI by newly graduated physicians applying for a medical residency program. Methods: We assessed the performance of 771 applicants for the direct entry selection process of the FMRP-USP Clinical Hospital Medicine Residency Program, performed in a simulated setting of STEMI, with professional actors and medical evaluators, using a standardized checklist following the recommendations of the Brazilian Guidelines for the management of this disease. Results: The general performance score presented a median of 7 and an interquartile range of 5.5-8.0. In relation to the items assessed: 83% required ECG monitoring, 57% requested the insertion of a peripheral venous access catheter, 95% administered acetylsalicylic acid, 80% administered a second antiplatelet agent (p2y12 inhibitor), 66% administered nitrate, 71% administered morphine, 69% recognized the diagnosis of STEMI, 71% assessed the pain duration, 63% recognized the need for immediate transfer, 34% showed adequate communication skills and only 25% insisted on the transfer even in case of non-availability of beds. Conclusions: The initial diagnosis and management of STEMI need to be improved in medical undergraduate courses and inserted into the reality of the hierarchical network structure of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS).


Resumo Fundamento: Houve importante redução da morbimortalidade do infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnível do segmento ST (IAMCSST) com o desenvolvimento das terapias de reperfusão. Para garantir este benefício é importante o diagnóstico precoce e manejo inicial correto. No Brasil, recém-formados do curso de medicina são responsáveis por grande parte dos atendimentos iniciais a estes pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar a competência clínica no reconhecimento e manejo inicial do IAMCSST por médico recém-formado candidato à residência médica. Métodos: Realizada análise do desempenho de 771 candidatos do concurso de acesso direto para residência médica do Hospital das Clínicas da FMRP-USP em estação prática de simulação de atendimento de paciente com IAMCSST com atores profissionais e avaliadores médicos com uma lista de checagem padronizada de acordo com recomendações da diretriz brasileira para manejo desta patologia. Resultados: O escore de desempenho geral apresentou mediana de 7 e intervalo interquartil de 5,5-8,0. Em relação aos itens avaliados: 83% solicitou monitorização eletrocardiográfica, 57% solicitou inserção de um acesso venoso periférico, 95% administrou ácido acetilsalicílico, 80% administrou segundo antiagregante (inibidor do P2Y12), 66% administrou nitrato, 71% administrou morfina, 69% reconheceu o diagnóstico de IAMCSST, 71% avaliou o tempo de duração da dor, 63% reconheceu a necessidade de transferência imediata, 34% apresentou habilidade de comunicação adequada e somente 25% insistiu na transferência mesmo na ausência de vaga. Conclusões: O reconhecimento e gerenciamento inicial do IAMCSST precisa ser aprimorado na graduação médica e inserido dentro da realidade da estrutura de rede hierarquizada do sistema de saúde público brasileiro.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Checklist , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(11): 1362-1367, Nov. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057078

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: We intend to estimate the Burnout Syndrome prevalence and its associated factors among medical internship students at a public university in northeastern Brasil, besides investigating the Balint Group (BG) contribution in its prevention. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in February/2018 with Medical Internship Students at the University researched. We applied a structured questionnaire developed by the authors about socio-demographic data, educational process with BG participation, and current psycho-emotional experiences, in addition to the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey (MBI-SS), for Burnout Syndrome screening. We performed descriptive data analysis, logistic regression, and cluster analysis. RESULTS: A total of 184 students (98%) participated in the study, with a mean age of 25.9±3.9 years, of which 54.9% were men. The prevalence of Burnout Syndrome was 10.3% based on the three-dimensional criterion and 35.9% on two-dimensional criterion (Exhaustion and Cynicism); it was higher in those who thought about quitting the program (OR=2.14), were dissatisfied with the teaching strategies (OR=2.67) and their performance (OR=2.64) and made use of licit drugs (OR=2.37). The variables associated with Burnout Syndrome allowed individuals to be discriminated, classifying them into three subgroups. Burnout Syndrome prevalence decreased, and vulnerability factors were attenuated when there was a higher frequency of students participating in BG. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of two-dimensional Burnout Syndrome was high, with factors associated with the educational process. Participation in BG was associated with a lower Burnout rate prevalence. Longitudinal studies should be conducted.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência de Síndrome de Burnout (SB) e fatores associados entre os internos de medicina de uma universidade pública no Nordeste do Brasil, além de investigar a contribuição do Grupo Balint (GB) na sua prevenção. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal em fevereiro/2018 com os internos de medicina da universidade pesquisada. Aplicou-se um questionário estruturado elaborado pelos autores sobre características sociodemográficas, processo educacional com participação do GB e vivências psicoemocionais atuais, além do Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey (MBI-SS) para triagem de SB. Realizaram-se análise descritiva, regressão logística e análise de agrupamentos. RESULTADOS: Participaram 184 estudantes (98%), com idade média de 25,9±3,9 anos, sendo 54,9% do sexo masculino. A prevalência de SB foi 10,3% pelo critério tridimensional e 35,9% pelo bidimensional (Exaustão e Descrença), sendo maior naqueles que pensaram em abandonar o curso (OR=2,14), estavam insatisfeitos com as estratégias de ensino (OR=2,67) e com seu desempenho acadêmico (OR=2,64) e faziam uso de drogas lícitas (OR=2,37). As variáveis associadas à SB permitiram discriminar os indivíduos classificando-os em três subgrupos. A prevalência de SB diminuiu e fatores de vulnerabilidade foram atenuados quando houve maior frequência de estudantes participantes do GB. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de SB pelo critério bidimensional foi alta, com fatores associados ao processo educacional. A participação no GB foi associada à menor prevalência de SB. Estudos longitudinais devem ser realizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical/psychology , Burnout, Psychological/epidemiology , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
16.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(5): 637-647, sep.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127327

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to compare the performance in the National Assessment for Applicants for Medical Residency (ENARM in spanish) of private versus public medical schools, geographic regions and socioeconomic levels by using three different statistical methods (summary measurements, the rate of change and the area under the receiver operator characteristics [AUROC]). These methods have not been previously used for the ENARM; however, some variations of the summary measurements have been reported in some USA assessments of medical school graduates. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study based on historical data (2001-2017). We use summary measures and colour-filled map. The statistical analysis included Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation coefficient (Rs), and linear regression. Results: A total of 113 medical schools were included in our analysis; 60 were public and 53 private. We found difference in the median of total scores for type of schools, MD= 54.07 vs. MD= 57.36,p= 0.011. There were also significant differences among geographic and socioeconomic regions (p<0.05). Conclusions: Differences exist in the total scores and percentage of selected test-takers between type of schools, geographic and socioeconomic regions. Higher scores are prevalent in the Northeast and Norwest regions. Additional research is required to identify factors that contribute to these differences. Unsuspected differences in examination scores can be unveiled using summary measures.


Resumen: Objetivo: Comparar el desempeño en el Examen Nacional de Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM) de escuelas de medicina privadas y públicas, regiones geográficas y niveles socioeconómicos mediante el uso de tres métodos estadísticos diferentes (medidas de resumen, tasa de cambio y el área bajo las características del operador receptor [AUROC en inglés]). Estos métodos no han sido utilizados previamente para el ENARM; sin embargo, se han informado algunas variaciones de las mediciones de resumen en algunas evaluaciones de graduados de medicina de Estados Unidos. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal basado en datos históricos (2001-2017). Se usaron medidas de resumen y un mapa lleno de color. El análisis estadístico incluyó Mann Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis y coeficiente de correlación de Spearman (Rs). Resultados: Se incluyeron 113 escuelas de medicina en el análisis; 60 eran públicas y 53 privadas. Se encontraron diferencias en la mediana de las puntuaciones totales para el tipo de escuelas, MD= 54.07 vs. MD= 57.36,p= 0.011. También hubo diferencias significativas entre las regiones geográficas y socioeconómicas (p<0.05). Conclusiones: Existen diferencias en los puntajes totales y el porcentaje de examinados seleccionados entre el tipo de escuelas, regiones geográficas y socioeconómicas. Las puntuaciones más altas prevalecen en las regiones noreste y noroeste. Se requieren investigaciones adicionales para identificar los factores que contribuyen a estas diferencias. Las diferencias insospechadas en los puntajes de los exámenes se pueden revelar usando medidas de resumen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Public Sector/statistics & numerical data , Private Sector/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Medical/supply & distribution , Socioeconomic Factors , ROC Curve , Statistics, Nonparametric , Area Under Curve , Mexico
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(5): 384-390, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056735

ABSTRACT

Según la Asociación Americana de Facultades de Medicina existen 13 actividades profesionales confiables que los graduados de medicina deberían poder realizar en su primer día de residencia sin supervisión directa. Esas actividades no están claramente definidas en nuestro país. Además, no existen datos locales sobre la necesidad de su supervisión. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la opinión de residentes y docentes acerca del nivel de supervisión que requieren los médicos ingresantes al sistema de residencias para realizar esas actividades. Se efectuó un estudio de corte transversal. Se incluyeron residentes de primer año de especialidades clínicas y quirúrgicas y sus docentes. Se enviaron encuestas electrónicas o en papel, con participación voluntaria y anónima. Se investigó la estimación sobre el nivel de supervisión que requerían los médicos ingresantes durante el primer mes de formación para 13 actividades. Se observaron diferencias significativas entre la evaluación hecha por residentes (n = 71) y los docentes (n = 39) en 11 de 13 de esas actividades. Más de la mitad de los docentes consideró que los residentes requerían supervisión directa para realizarlas, con las excepciones de formular interrogatorios clínicos y buscar evidencia. La mayoría de los residentes consideró que se requería supervisión directa solo en seis de ellas. En conclusión, los residentes estimaron requerir menor supervisión que sus docentes, quienes pensaban que los ingresantes al sistema de residencia no eran capaces de realizar la mayoría de las competencias clínicas de manera autónoma. Sería importante mejorar esta evaluación en los recién graduados, para definir con mayor precisión los niveles de supervisión.


According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, there are thirteen core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) that medical graduates should be able to perform in their first day of residency, without direct supervision. In Argentina EPAs are not clearly defined. Moreover, there is no local data about the need of supervision regarding these activities. The aim of this study was to assess residents' and teaching physicians' estimations about the level of supervision that physicians in their first month of residency needed in order to perform EPAs. A cross-section study was conducted. First-year medical residents and teaching physicians were included. Electronic or paper surveys were sent, asking the level of supervision the participants estimated that residents needed to perform the 13 core EPAs, during their first month of residency. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. There were significant differences between the opinion of residents (n = 71) and teaching physicians (n = 39), for 11 out of 13 EPAs. More than half of the teaching physicians considered that residents needed direct supervision when performing EPAs, except for asking clinical questions and looking for evidence. Most residents thought that they required direct supervision in 6 EPAs. In conclusion, medical residents perceived the need of lower levels of supervision when compared to teaching physicians, who considered that medical graduates were not capable of performing most EPAs without direct supervision upon entering residency. Thus, it would be important to improve the procedures to evaluate the competences of medical graduates in order to establish more accurate supervision levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Faculty, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/organization & administration , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Medical Staff, Hospital/organization & administration , Medical Staff, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Reference Values , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement/statistics & numerical data
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(8): 1048-1054, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041050

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Medical Residency is a recognized form of professional qualification, but there are criticisms regarding the overload of work activities. Given the length of the daily and weekly workdays, residents develop practices that enable them to reconcile the Residency with their personal life. AIM To describe time management strategies in the daily routine of Internal Medicine Medical Residents of a university hospital in São Paulo, Brasil. METHODS Eight interviews were conducted with resident physicians of the second year, addressing aspects of personal and family life, theoretical study, practical activities, and work bonds. Content analysis was carried out using the MaxQDA software. RESULTS Six thematic categories emerged from the reports: work organization at the Medical Residency; learning and/or professional activities; housing, financial planning, and household activities; time for leisure and interpersonal relationship; family planning/children; rest/sleep. DISCUSSION Several strategies are adopted for time management: residing near the hospital, domestic activities helped by housekeepers, postponement of maternity leave, and social support centered on interacting with other residents. There are paid activities not associated with the Residency, which lead to reduced time for rest, study, and leisure, with a greater loss during work at night shifts. CONCLUSIONS Residents experience a period of intense learning, which requires a high workload and complex work. The evaluation of the work organization of medical residents should include not only time for rest but also time management strategies for daily activities, which can reduce the negative outcomes associated with long working hours.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO A Residência Médica é uma forma reconhecida de capacitação profissional, mas há críticas em relação à sobrecarga de trabalho. Dada a extensão das jornadas de trabalho diária e semanal, os residentes desenvolvem práticas para poder conciliar a Residência com sua vida pessoal. OBJETIVOS Descrever estratégias de gestão do tempo no cotidiano de médicos residentes de Clínica Médica em hospital universitário de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS Realizadas oito entrevistas com médicos residentes do 2o ano, abordando aspectos da vida pessoal, familiar, estudo teórico, atividades práticas e vínculos de trabalho. Realizada análise de conteúdo com auxílio do programa MaxQDA. RESULTADOS Seis categorias temáticas emergiram dos relatos: organização do trabalho na Residência Médica; atividade para aprendizado ou atividade profissional?; moradia, planejamento financeiro e atividades domésticas; tempo para lazer e relacionamentos interpessoais; planejamento familiar∕filhos; repouso∕sono. DISCUSSÃO Diversas estratégias são adotadas para gestão do tempo: residir próximo ao hospital, auxílio das atividades domésticas por diaristas, adiamento da maternidade e apoio social centrado no convívio com outros residentes. Há realização de atividades remuneradas não vinculadas à Residência, o que leva à redução do tempo previsto para repouso, estudo e lazer, com maior prejuízo nos períodos de plantões noturnos. CONCLUSÕES Os residentes vivenciam um período de aprendizado intenso, mas que exige uma carga horária elevada e trabalho complexo. A avaliação da organização do trabalho de médicos residentes deve incluir não somente tempo para repouso, mas também estratégias de gestão do tempo para atividades cotidianas. Estas podem reduzir o prejuízo associado às longas jornadas de trabalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Workload/statistics & numerical data , Time Management , Internal Medicine/education , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Interviews as Topic , Workload/psychology , Qualitative Research , Hospitals, University , Internal Medicine/statistics & numerical data
19.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(2): 125-135, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058965

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: To assess the assumption of 'equity' of Mexico's resident-selection assessment tool, the Examen Nacional para Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM). Materials and methods: Official ENARM-2016 and -2017 databases were analyzed. Differences in the absolute number of correct answers (multivariable linear regression) and the number of applicants reaching their specialty minimum score (SMS) per test day (odds ratio [OR]) were calculated. Applicants affected by test-day inequity were estimated. Results: There were 36 114 applicants in 2016, and 38 380 in 2017. In 2016, day-2 applicants had significantly higher scores and more reached the SMS than on days 1-3-4 (OR 1.55), and 5 (OR 3.8); 3 565 non-passing applicants were affected by inequity (equivalent to 44.64% of those selected). In 2017, day-1 and -2 applicants had significantly higher scores and more reached the SMS than on days 3-4 (OR 1.85), and 5 (OR 4.04); 3,155 non-passing applicants were affected by inequity (37.2% of those selected). Conclusion: Analysis of official ENARM databases does not support the official attribution of equity, suggesting the test should be redesigned.


Resumen_ Objetivo: Evaluar el atributo de "equidad" asignado al Examen Nacional para Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM). Material y métodos: Se analizaron las bases de datos oficiales del ENARM 2016 y 2017. Se compararon las diferencias inter-día de respuestas correctas (regresión linear multivariable) y de sustentantes que alcanzaron el puntaje mínimo de su especialidad (PME) (razón de momios [RM]). Se estimó a los afectados por la inequidad. Resultados: Hubo 36 114 sustentantes en 2016 y 38 380 en 2017. Los días 2 (ENARM-2016) y 1-2 (ENARM-2017) registraron puntajes significativamente más altos, y más sustentantes alcanzaron el PME que en los días 1-3-4 (RM 1.55) y 5 (RM 3.8) en 2016, y los días 3-4 (RM 1.85) y 5 (RM 4.04) en 2017. Se estimó que cuatro de cada diez sustentantes que aprobaron el ENARM no lo hubieran hecho si el examen fuera equitativo. Conclusión: Los resultados sugieren que el atributo de equidad del ENARM está en duda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Personnel Selection/standards , Educational Measurement/standards , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Linear Models , Odds Ratio , Databases, Factual , Academic Performance/standards , Mexico
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 348-354, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003044

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Residency programs, especially in surgery, have been undergoing constant changes. The profile of residents in surgical fields is changing too since residents are now part of the Generation Y (Millenials). This change in profile mandates a re-evaluation to adapt surgical residency programs. Six years ago, we carried out a study evaluating attitudes and experiences during training, and the professional expectations of residents. This study aims to survey surgical residents to evaluate current attitudes, experiences, and expectations. METHODS: We surveyed 50 residents to determine professional satisfaction, residency-program satisfaction, future expectations, financial expectations, and correct attitude towards patients. RESULTS: Our results show that half of the residents are satisfied with the residency program. However, dissatisfaction reaches 40% on surgical volume and 80% on mentorship; 62% of the residents are not confident to perform operations after the residency, the majority believes a specialization is necessary; most residents believe financial compensation will decrease with time, but concerns with reimbursement are low; and most residents are worried about injuring patients, but only two thirds are satisfied working with patients. CONCLUSIONS: Current residents present lower job satisfaction and more criticism of teaching techniques. These changes compared to previous results match the profile of Generation Y, who is more iconoclastic when compared to previous generations.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Os programas de residência, especialmente em cirurgia, estão em constante mudança. O perfil dos residentes nos campos cirúrgicos também vem mudando, dado que atuais residentes fazem parte da Geração Y (Millennials). Essa mudança de perfil demanda uma reavaliação para adaptar os programas de residência. Este estudo tem como objetivo entrevistar os residentes de áreas cirúrgicas para avaliar suas atuais atitudes, experiência e expectativas. MÉTODOS: Entrevistamos 50 residentes para determinar satisfação profissional, expectativas em relação ao futuro, expectativas financeiras e atitude correta em relação aos pacientes. RESULTADOS: A insatisfação com o volume cirúrgico chega a 40% e a 80% com a preceptoria; 62% dos residentes não se sentem confiantes para realizar procedimentos sozinhos após o fim do programa e a maioria acredita que uma especialização cirúrgica é necessária; a maioria dos residentes acredita que os ganhos monetários diminuirão com o tempo. CONCLUSÃO: Os atuais residentes apresentam menor satisfação com o trabalho quando comparados com os antigos, e são mais críticos quanto ao ambiente de ensino. Essas mudanças seguem as premissas da Geração Y, cujos participantes são mais iconoclastas quando comparados a gerações passadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , General Surgery/education , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Job Satisfaction , Medical Staff, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Attitude of Health Personnel , Surveys and Questionnaires , Internship and Residency/methods , Motivation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL