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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 55-60, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365742

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the correlation between radiologic changes (Pfirrmann and Modic) and radicular pain intensity in patients who underwent transforaminal endoscopic surgery for lumbar disc herniation. Methods Series of cases with 39 patients, 50 intervertebral discs in preoperative evaluation from January 29, 2018 to August 28, 2019 in an endoscopic spine surgery service. Demographic data, surgical indication, operative details and complications were obtained from medical records. The patients were divided into three groups based on the Modic classification (Modic absence, Modic 1 and Modic 2) and into two groups considering the Pfirrmann classification (Pfirrmann IV and Pfirrmann V). Data were processed in IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA), with a significance level of p< 0,05. Results There was no difference between genders; age: 50,36 ± 15,05 years old; disease level: L2-L3 1 (2%), L3-L4 2 (4%), L4-L5 9 (18%), L5-S1 8 (16%), L3-L4 + L4-L5 4 (8%), and L4-L5 + L5-S1 26 (52%); location: right foraminal 7 (14%), left foraminal 15 (30%), central 9 (18%) and diffuse 19 (38%); radicular pain: left 25 (50%), right 11 (22%), and bilateral 14 (28%); preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS): 9,5 ± 0,91, postoperative: 2,5 ± 1,79; surgery duration: 100 ± 31,36 minutes; and follow-up: 8,4 ± 6,7 months. Less postoperative sciatica was registered in the Modic 2 versus Modic 1 group (p< 0,05). There was no difference in the postoperative radicular pain between the Pfirrmann groups (IV versus V). Conclusion Although there is no clinical difference between the groups, in advanced stages of disc degeneration, endoscopic transforaminal discectomy proved to be effective in diminishing radicular pain in patients with lumbar disc herniation.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar a correlação entre as alterações radiológicas (Pfirrmann e Modic) e a intensidade da dor radicular em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia endoscópica transforaminal para hérnia de disco lombar. Métodos Uma sequência de casos com 39 pacientes, 50 discos intervertebrais em avaliação pré-operatória, no período de 29 de janeiro de 2018 a 28 de agosto de 2019, no serviço de cirurgia endoscópica da coluna vertebral. Os dados demográficos, indicação cirúrgica, detalhes operatórios e complicações foram todos obtidos junto aos prontuários clínicos. Os pacientes foram divididos em três grupos, com base na classificação Modic (ausência de Modic, Modic 1 e Modic 2) e em dois grupos, considerando a classificação de Pfirrmann (Pfirrmann IV e Pfirrmann V). Os dados foram processados no software IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, versão 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EUA), com nível de significância de p <0,05. Resultados Não houve diferença entre os gêneros; idade: 50,36 ± 15,05 anos; nível da doença: L2-L3 1 (2%), L3-L4 2 (4%), L4-L5 9 (18%), L5-S1 8 (16%), L3-L4 + L4-L5 4 (8%), e L4-L5 + L5-S1 26 (52%); localização: foraminal direito em 7 pacientes (14%), foraminal esquerdo em 15 pacientes (30%), central em 9 pacientes (18%), e difuso em 19 pacientes (38%); dor radicular: esquerda em 25 pacientes (50%), direita em 11 pacientes (22%), e bilateral em 14 pacientes (28%); escala visual analógica (EVA) pré-operatório: 9,5 ± 0,91, pós-operatório: 2,5 ± 1,79; tempo cirúrgico: 100 ± 31,36 minutos; e acompanhamento de 8,4 ± 6,7 meses. Foi registrada menos dor ciática pós-operatória nos grupos Modic 2 versus Modic 1 (p< 0,05). Não houve diferença na dor radicular pós-operatória entre os grupos Pfirrmann (IV versus V). Conclusão Embora não exista diferença clínica entre os grupos, em estágios avançados da degeneração discal, a discectomia transforaminal endoscópica mostrou-se eficaz na redução da dor radicular em pacientes com hérnia de disco lombar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sciatica , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbosacral Region
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 761-765, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357148

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To show the accuracy of the most used maneuvers in the clinical diagnosis of lumbosciatalgia, the slump test and the Laségue sign. Methods In order to perform the present study, 101 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) discopathy (gold standard) were selected and had their medical records reviewed to identify which had the positive maneuvers on the initial physical examination. Results The sensitivity found for the slump test and the Laségue sign in the diagnosis of disc herniation was 55.3% and 18.1%, respectively. Nonetheless, when they were compared with each other for the diagnosis of disc bulging, the sensitivity obtained was of 85.7% for the slump test and of 28.6% for the Laségue sign. Conclusion Comparing both clinical exams with MRI, it was found that the slump test presents superior sensitivity compared with the Laségue sign for both the diagnosis of hernia and disc bulging, and should be more present in clinical practice.


Resumo Objetivo Mostrar a acurácia das manobras mais usadas no diagnóstico clínico da lombociatalgia, a manobra de slump ea de Laségue. Métodos Para a realização do presente estudo, foram selecionados 101 pacientes com discopatia na ressonância magnética (RM) (padrão ouro), sendo posteriormente realizada a revisão dos prontuários para identificar quais tiveram as manobras positivas no exame físico inicial. Resultados A sensibilidade encontrada para as manobras de slump e Laségue no diagnóstico de hérnia discal foi respectivamente 55,3% e 18,1%. Já quando comparamos as manobras para o diagnóstico de abaulamento discal, a sensibilidade obtida foi de 85,7% para a manobra de slump e de 28,6% para a manobra de Laségue. Conclusão Foi constatado que a manobra de slump apresenta sensibilidade superior à da manobra de Laségue tanto para o diagnóstico de hérnia quanto para o de abaulamento discal quando comparadas a RM, e deveria estar mais presente na prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Radiculopathy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Clinical Diagnosis , Medical Records , Sensitivity and Specificity , Low Back Pain , Hernia , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 811-815, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346896

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the value of magnetic resonance combined with dual-source spectral computed tomography in improving the clinical diagnosis and treatment efficiency of lumbar disk herniation. METHODS: Two hundred patients with lumbar disk herniation were enrolled. Magnetic resonance and dual-source spectral computed tomography were used to perform the diagnosis. The treatment efficiency and effectiveness of different diagnostic methods were determined. Results: Eighty cases of lumbar disk herniation, 40 cases of prolapse, 33 cases of bulge, 27 cases of sequestration, and 20 cases of nodules were diagnosed based on pathologic evaluation. magnetic resonance detected lumbar disk herniation in 172 cases, with a detection rate of 86.00%. Dual-source spectral computed tomography detected 171 cases, with a detection rate of 85.50%. Magnetic resonance combined with dual-source spectral computed tomography detected 195 cases, with a detection rate of 97.50%. There was no significant difference between magnetic resonance and dual-source spectral computed tomography (p>0.05), but compared with the combined detection, there was a significant difference (p<0.05). One hundred and two cases of calcification, 83 cases of spinal cord deformity, 70 cases of intervertebral disk degeneration, 121 cases of intervertebral disk gas, 85 cases of dural sac compression, and 78 cases of nerve root compression were surgically demonstrated. The detection rate of diagnostic signs based on imaging by magnetic resonance or dual-source spectral computed tomography alone was lower than that of combined detection (p<0.05). Conclusion: Magnetic resonance combined with dual-source spectral computed tomography can improve the diagnosis and treatment efficiency and effectiveness of lumbar disk herniation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 243-247, Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287825

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcome among patients who are surgically treated for lumbar disc herniation by transforaminal and interlaminar endoscopy techniques. METHODS: For the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, 31 patients were assigned to undergo the interlaminar technique and 24 patients the transforaminal technique. They were evaluated using visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index in the preoperative period, in the first postoperative period, and in the 12th month after the procedure. The clinical results between the two techniques were then compared. RESULTS: Overall, 89.1% of the patients obtained good results, with 12.5% complications in the transforaminal technique and 9.6% in the interlaminar technique. CONCLUSION: Although both the endoscopic techniques, compared in this study, are safe and effective for the surgical treatment of lumbar herniated disc, the interlaminar technique presented significantly better results and lower rates of complications than the transforaminal technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 18-23, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288641

ABSTRACT

Summary Cervical and root pain due to herniated disc is one a common cause of a visit to an orthopedic surgeon. It is important to know how to diagnose, treat and initially. What are the best options to treat a herniated disc nowadays? The present article reviews the literature and updates on the clinical and surgical treatment of cervical disc herniation.


Resumo A dor cervical e radicular devido à hérnia de disco é uma causa comum de uma visita a um cirurgião ortopédico. É importante saber diagnosticar, tratar e inicialmente. Quais são as melhores opções para tratar a hérnia de disco hoje em dia? Este artigo faz uma revisão da literatura e atualização sobre o tratamento clínico e cirúrgico da herniação do disco cervical.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cervical Vertebrae , Conservative Treatment , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field on patients with lumbar disc herniation and the influence on serum IL-1β and TNF-α.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to March 2019, 58 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study, which were randomly divided into observation group and control group by digital table method. Observation group of 29 cases, including 16 males and 13 females, aged (38.03±11.29) years old, were treated with lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field. The 29 cases in control group, including 17 males and 12 females, aged (38.21±9.16) years old, were treated with pulsed electric field. Both groups of patients were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 3 times as a course of treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the two groups of patients were scored before and after treatment by the numeric rating scales (NRS);at the same time, the serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were measured before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The NRS scores of observation group and control group were 4.21±1.76, 4.66±1.61 before treatment, and 1.28±0.84, 2.10±1.35 after treatment, respectively. The NRS scores of the observation group after treatment was significantly lower than that of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field has a good analgesic effect on patients with lumbar disc herniation, and it has a significant impact on the patient's serum IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, which can be used as a clinical guide. However, the synergistic effect of lever positioning technique combined with pulsed electric field and guidelines for clinical treatment need further research.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Qiang Jin exercises on the muscle strength and activity of lumbar spine in patients with lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to September 2017, at the Department of Orthopaedics, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, a total of 110 subjects were enrolled, and 98 eligible subjects were screened. The subjects were randomized by stratified randomization and divided into experimental group and control group, 49 cases in each group, 25 males and 24 females in the experimental group, 25 males and 24 females in the control group. The experimental group exercised with Qiang Jin exercises, one time each morning and evening, each time10 sets were made;the control group used classic rehabilitation training, training twice a week, and three months was a course of treatment. After 12 weeks of training, the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine were evaluated and compared with the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine before training.@*RESULTS@#The experimental group and the control group had different muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine before and after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Qiang Jin exercises can effectively improve the muscle strength and activity of the lumbar spine and improve the daily living ability of patients.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Treatment Outcome
8.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1018-1027, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921841

ABSTRACT

Spinal fusion is a standard operation for treating moderate and severe intervertebral disc diseases. In recent years, the proportion of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage in spinal fusion surgery has gradually increased. In this paper, the research progress of molding technology and materials used in three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage at present is summarized. Then, according to structure layout, three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cages are classified into five types: solid-porous-solid (SPS) type, solid-porous-frame (SPF) type, frame-porous-frame (FPF) type, whole porous cage (WPC) type and others. The optimization process of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage and the advantages and disadvantages of each type are analyzed and summarized in depth. The clinical application of various types of 3D printed interbody fusion cage was introduced and summarized later. Lastly, combined with the latest research progress and achievements, the future research direction of three-dimensional printing interbody fusion cage in molding technology, application materials and coating materials is prospected in order to provide some reference for scholars engaged in interbody fusion cage research and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Porosity , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of receptor interacting protein serine-threonine kinases 1 (RIPK1) in the nucleus pulposus of patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH).@*METHODS@#Nucleus pulposus tissue specimens of 40 patients with LDH patients underwent surgical treatment from January 2016 to January 2018 as the case group, and nucleus pulposus tissue specimens of 30 patients with lumbar spine fracture underwent surgical treatment at the same time as the control group. The expression of RIPK1 mRNA and protein of receptor interaction were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot, respectively. The expression of RIPK1 protein in the nucleus pulposus were detected by immunohistochemical staining. The concentrations of RIPK1 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in nucleus pulposus were detected by ELISA method. The relationship between the concentrations of RIPK1, TNF-α in nucleus pulposus and the Pearce grade of LDH patients was analyzed by one-way ANOVA. The correlation between RIPK1 and TNF-α was analyzed by Pearson.@*RESULTS@#RIPK1 was weakly positively expressed in nucleus pulposus of control group, and RIPK1 protein was positively or strongly positively expressed in case group. The expression of RIPK1 mRNA in nucleus pulposus of case group was higher than that of control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The expression levels of RIPK1 mRNA and protein in the intervertebral disc tissues of LDH patients are higher than those of normal intervertebral disc tissues, and increased with the increase of Pearce grade, which may be an important factor involved in LDH inflammatory disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/genetics , Nucleus Pulposus , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window in the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to February 2018, 35 patients with single-segment prolapse and displaced lumbar disc herniation were treated by the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window under general anesthesia. Among them, there were 21 males and 14 females;aged (42±17) years;27 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful and the operation time was 30 to 60 min with an average of 40 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10 to 30 ml with an average of 20 ml. All the patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 1.2 years. Thirty-five patients with low back pain and lower limb symptoms were significantly relieved or disappeared. According to modified Macnab standard, 29 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, and 1 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Applying the concept of minimally invasive operation, small incision interlaminar window and simple nucleus pulposus removal for the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation has the advantages of short operation time, definite curative effect, and less trauma. And it is a safe and effective surgical method under the premise of strict control of the indications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleus Pulposus , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion by muscle-splitting approach treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated from June 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 19 females, aged 34 to 64 years with an average of (51.11± 7.28) years. Lesions invoved L@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in operation time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Muscle-splitting approach is feasible for thetreatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation with pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion. Compared with the median incision approach, the muscle-splitting approach has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery. Also it can protect multifidus and do not increase the incidence of serious complications. Thus, it can be used as a choice for fixation and fusion of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Muscles , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of lever positioning manipulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its effect on Cobb angle.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to November 2018, 67 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group by digital table method. There were 34 cases in the treatment group, including 20 males and 14 females, with an average age of (36.09±8.26) years old and a course of (13.79±15.50) months. Treatment group was treated with lever positioning manipulation. There were 33 cases in the control group, including 18 males and 15 females, with an average age of(36.48±7.81) years old and a course of (12.82±15.68) months. Control group was treated with lumbar slanting manipulation. Two groups were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 6 times for a course of treatment, after 2 courses of treatment, the changes of Cobb angle before and after treatment were compared between two groups by imaging. The symptoms and signs were scored with reference to clinical evaluation standard;overall efficacy was evaluated with reference to "Diagnostic Efficacy Criteria of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome" issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for lumbar disc herniation.@*RESULTS@#One patient in each group dropped out. The symptom and sign scores of treatment group and control group before treatment were 18.56± 4.81, 18.61±3.72, while after treatment were 9.41±5.19, 13.55±3.68;treatment group was significantly lower than control group after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the lever positioning manipulation and the lumbar slanting manipulation methods are effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, but clinical effect of lever positioning method on lumbar disc herniation is more significant, and the effect on Cobb angle is more obvious. It is worthy of promotion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of hydraulic perfusion pump and traditional water fhushing in percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2018, 72 patients with lumbar disc herniation failed to conservative treatment were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into hydraulic perfusion pump group and traditional water flushing group, 36 cases in each group. There were no significant differences in gender, age, prominent segment, clinical classification, preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score between two groups (@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 (15.7±5.1) months. Compared with the traditional water flushing group, the operation time of the hydraulic perfusion pump group was shorter [(65.5±21.3) min vs (74.8±19.9) min, @*CONCLUSION@#Both hydraulic perfusion pump and traditional water flushing assisted percutaneous endoscopic lumbar disc herniation can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the former has shorter operation time, clearer intraoperative vision, less bleeding, and fewer intraoperative and postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Humans , Infusion Pumps , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Water
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and security of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) in the treatment of single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification.@*METHODS@#Twenty three patients with single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification were treated by posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy between August 2017 and July 2019. There were 16 males and 7 females, aged from 29 to 74 years old with an average of (50±13) years.The disease duration were 3 to 120 months with a median of 6 months. There were 9 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, 6 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and 8 cases of mixed cervical spondylopathy. According to the characteristics of ossification, 17 cases were osteophytes on the posterior edge of the vertebral body;3 cases were protrusion ossification;3 cases were posterior longitudinal ligament ossification. According to the position of ossification in spinal canal, 14 cases were medial and lateral type, 5 cases were central type, and 4 cases were mixed type. Posterior percutaneous cervical endoscopic cervical discectomy in patients performed by the same surgeon. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared separately before and after operation. At 3 months after operation, clinical effect was assessed according to modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful. The operative time was 30 to 155 (69.1±27.2) min. The bedridden time was 2 to 3(3.0±0.9) h, length of postoperative hospitalization was 2 to 7(4.1± 1.5) d. Three dimensional CT reconstruction of the cervical spine at 3 days after operation showed that ossified tissue of 13 cases were completely removed, and 10 cases were left after operation, and the residual was located at the posterior edge and/or center of the upper vertebral body. VAS score at discharge from hospital was significantly lower than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For an experienced surgeon, percutaneous posterior cervical endoscopic discectomy is safe and reliable in treating single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification, and can obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with different multifidus fatty infiltration rates.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 eligible LDH patients received MRI test before treatment and the multifidus fatty infiltration rate (FI) was measured. According to theresults, they were divided to group A (FI20%), 36 cases in each one. EA was provided in all of the groups. The selected acupoints were Jiaji (EX-B 2) from L@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, ODI score was reduced (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture relieves pain and improves physical and psychological health of LDH patients. Multifidus fatty infiltration rate is probably one of the factors to influence the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Paraspinal Muscles
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and its promotion and application in community medical institutions.@*METHODS@#This research adopted a three-level promotion model, and used multi-center collaboration topics as a platform. A total of 240 patients with LIDH were divided into a group A (top three hospital, 80 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a group B (secondary hospital, 80 cases, 8 cases dropped off), and a group C (community health center, 80 cases, 7 cases dropped off). All groups were treated with EA at a single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] under the guidance of a unified experimental protocol. The EA was given 60 min each time and performed 3 times a week for a total of 2 weeks. The changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of three groups before and after each treatment were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before each treatment, the VAS scores of three groups after each treatment decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The single acupoint EA therapy has a significant effect in the treatment of LIDH, can quickly relieve the pain symptoms, and has the characteristics of simple operation and easy control, suitable for promotion and application in primary hospitals.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1664-1670, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1293229

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as produções científicas sobre hérnia de disco na pessoa idosa. Método: protocolo de scoping review segundo o método do Joanna Briggs Institute com artigos das bases de dados CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, MEDLINE e ScienceDirect. Analisaram-se 10 artigos cujos critérios de inclusão foram investigações primárias e/ou secundárias, qualitativas e quantitativas escritos em inglês, português e espanhol, formando 3 categorias temáticas. O recorte do estudo foi delimitado a partir da observação na prática profissional dos pesquisadores sobre o aumento de casos de idosos com hérnia de disco. Resultados: a cirurgia representa constante indicação médica para o tratamento da hérnia de disco. Conclusão:a lombalgia decorrente da hérnia de disco é uma frequente causa de incapacidade nos adultos e idosos com protocolos cirúrgicos constantes, principalmente quando há compressão neural. No entanto, estudos mostram a possibilidade de regressão quando os pacientes são submetidos aos tratamentos conservadores


Objective: to identify scientific productions about herniated discs in the elderly. Method: scoping review protocol according to the Joanna Briggs Institute method with articles from the CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, MEDLINE and ScienceDirect databases. Were analyzed 10 articles whose inclusion criteria were primary and / or secondary, qualitative and quantitative investigations written in English, Portuguese and Spanish, forming 3 thematic categories. The study was delimited based on the observation in the professional practice of researchers about the increase in cases of elderly people with herniated discs. Results:surgery is a constant medical indication for the treatment of herniated discs. Conclusion: low back pain due to herniated discs is a frequent cause of disability in adults and the elderly with constant surgical protocols, especially when there is neural compression. However, studies show the possibility of regression when patients are submitted to conservative treatments


Objetivo: identificar producciones científicas sobre hernias discales en ancianos. Método: protocolo de revisión del alcance según el método del Instituto Joanna Briggs con artículos de las bases de datos CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, MEDLINE y ScienceDirect. Se analizaron 10 artículos cuyos criterios de inclusión fueron investigaciones primarias y / o secundarias, cualitativas y cuantitativas escritas en inglés, portugués y español, formando 3 categorías temáticas. El estudio se delimitó en función de la observación en la práctica profesional de los investigadores sobre el aumento de casos de personas mayores con discos herniados. Resultados: la cirugía representa una indicación médica constante para el tratamiento de discos herniados. Conclusión:el dolor lumbar debido a discos herniados es una causa frecuente de discapacidad en adultos y ancianos con protocolos quirúrgicos constantes, especialmente cuando hay compresión neural. Sin embargo, los estudios muestran la posibilidad de regresión cuando los pacientes son sometidos a tratamientos conservadores


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Physical Therapy Modalities , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Aged, 80 and over , Postural Balance
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177389

ABSTRACT

Objetive: This study was to compare the effectiveness of arthrocentesis versus the insertion of anterior repositioning splint (ARS) in improving the mandibular range of motion (MRM) for patients with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR). Methods: 36 patients diagnosed as ADDwR were recruited and divided randomly into two groups. The first group (G1) was treated by arthrocentesis, and the second (G2) was treated using ARS. All patients were reexamined after six months. Results: Except that for protrusive movement, there were significant differences between the two groups for the percentage changes of the MRM as measured by the amount of pain free opening, unassisted opening, maximum assisted opening, right lateral and left lateral movements (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Within the context of the current study, the non-invasive, lower cost ARS, provided better results in improving the MRM when managing ADDwR cases. (AU)


Objetivo: O presente estudo comparou a eficácia da Artrocentese em relação à inserção da Placa Reposicionadora Anterior (PRA) na melhoria da Amplitude de Movimento Mandibular (AMM) para pacientes que apresentam Deslocamento de Disco Anterior com Redução (DDAcR) da Articulação Temporomandibular (ATM). Método: 36 pacientes diagnosticados como DDAcR foram recrutados e divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. O primeiro grupo (G1) foi tratado através da Artrocentese e o segundo (G2), tratado com a PRA. Todos os pacientes foram reexaminados após seis meses. Resultados: Com exceção do movimento protrusivo, houve diferenças significativas entre os dois grupos para as mudanças percentuais das medidas de AMM pela quantidade de abertura sem dor, abertura sem assistência, abertura máxima com assistência, movimentos laterais direitos e laterais esquerdos (p < 0,05). Conclusão: Dentro do contexto do estudo atual, a PRA, não invasiva e de menor custo, proporcionou melhores resultados na melhoria da AMM no gerenciamento de casos de DDAcR (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Temporomandibular Joint , Arthrocentesis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement
20.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 396-403, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223800

ABSTRACT

Los cuadros de lumbociática secundarios a hernia del disco intervertebral (hdi) son frecuentes y causantes de importante morbilidad. En esta revisión narrativa, nos enfocaremos en los aspectos clínicos y de manejo de esta frecuente patología. Se tiene que mantener un algo grado de sospecha, pues no siempre los cuadros clínicos son similares a lo descrito clásicamente. Los signos radiculares irritativos y un examen neurológico exhaustivo son fundamentales, asimismo la correlación entre este cuadro y las imágenes. El curso natural de la hdi es en general hacia la resolución y, por lo tanto, el tratamiento de elección es inicialmente conservador. La cirugía tiene un rol generalmente en pacientes que han fracasado con el manejo conservador. Esta tiene mejores resultados en el corto plazo que el tratamiento conservador continuo, pero en el largo plazo son equivalentes. Es fundamental discutir estos aspectos con el paciente, para lograr una elección informada del tratamiento, de acuerdo a sus preferencias


Sciatic pain caused by a herniated disk (ldh) is frequent and cause of significant morbidity. In this narrative review, we will discuss the clinical aspects and management of ldh diagnosis and management. High suspicion for ldh diagnosis must be kept, since its clinical picture is not always classical. Tension signs and neurological examination are key, along with correlation with images. Ldh natural history is generally towards resolution and therefore, conservative treatment is the first choice. Surgery has its role for patients who have failed conservative treatment. Surgery achieves a faster pain alleviation than conservative treatment, but on the long-term results tend to become equivalent. Ample and detailed discussion of these aspects with the patient are clue for an informed consent and satisfactory results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/physiopathology
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