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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 619-628, July 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the role of CX3CL1 and NF-κB in the lumbar disc herniation induced neuropathic pain. Methods: After LDH induced by implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) on the left L5 nerve root was established, mechanical thresholds and thermal hyperalgesia were tested at relevant time points during an observation period of 28 days. Expression of CX3CL1 and NF-κBin the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) were performed by using Western blotting and RT-PCR. Results: Implantation of autologous nucleus pulposus (NP) induced neuropathic pain, associated with increased mRNA and protein expression of CX3CL1 in the DRG. Moreover, intrathecal injection of neutralizing antibody against CX3CL1 could attenuates LDH-induced persistent pain hypersensitivity. Interestingly, NF-κB activation in the DRGs were found in LDH-induced neuropathic pain. Furthermore, NF-κB downregulation by p65 inhibitor PDTC markedly alleviated LDH-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in rat. Importantly, CX3CL1 neutralizing antibody (10 μg/10 μl, i.t.) reduces p-p65 protein level in DRG Conclusions: CX3XL1 could regulate LDH-induced neuropathic pain through NF-κB pathway. Targeting CX3CL1 and NF-κB may represent a potential treatment for neuropathic pain caused by LDH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Chemokine CX3CL1/metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/metabolism , Neuralgia/etiology , Neuralgia/metabolism , Time Factors , Behavior, Animal , Down-Regulation , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Chemokine CX3CL1/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hyperalgesia/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/complications
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56482

ABSTRACT

Lumbar disc herniation is commonly encountered in clinical practice and can induce sciatica due to mechanical and/or chemical irritation and the release of proinflammatory cytokines. However, symptoms are not confined to the affected spinal cord segment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether multisegmental molecular changes exist between adjacent lumbar spinal segments using a rat model of lumbar disc herniation. Twenty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either a sham-operated group (n=10) or a nucleus pulposus (NP)-exposed group (n=19). Rats in the NP-exposed group were further subdivided into a significant pain subgroup (n=12) and a no significant pain subgroup (n=7) using mechanical pain thresholds determined von Frey filaments. Immunohistochemical stainings of microglia (ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1; Iba1), astrocytes (glial fibrillary acidic protein; GFAP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) was performed in spinal dorsal horns and dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) at 10 days after surgery. It was found immunoreactivity for Iba1-positive microglia was higher in the L5 (P=0.004) dorsal horn and in the ipsilateral L4 (P=0.009), L6 (P=0.002), and S1 (P=0.002) dorsal horns in the NP-exposed group than in the sham-operated group. The expression of CGRP was also significantly higher in ipsilateral L3, L4, L6, and S1 segments and in L5 DRGs at 10 days after surgery in the NP-exposed group than in the sham-operated group (P<0.001). Our results indicate that lumbar disc herniation upregulates microglial activity and CGRP expression in many adjacent and ipsilateral lumbar spinal segments.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astrocytes/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/metabolism , Lumbar Vertebrae/metabolism , Male , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Neuralgia/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn/metabolism , Up-Regulation
3.
Clinics ; 68(2): 225-230, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-668811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Herniated discs and degenerative disc disease are major health problems worldwide. However, their pathogenesis remains obscure. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of these ailments and to identify underlying therapeutic targets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the GSE23130 microarray datasets downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, differentially co-expressed genes and links were identified using the differentially co-expressed gene and link method with a false discovery rate ,0.25 as a significant threshold. Subsequently, the underlying molecular mechanisms of the differential co-expression of these genes were investigated using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis. In addition, the transcriptional regulatory relationship was also investigated. RESULTS: Through the analysis of the gene expression profiles of different specimens from patients with these diseases, 539 differentially co-expressed genes were identified for these ailments. The ten most significant signaling pathways involving the differentially co-expressed genes were identified by enrichment analysis. Among these pathways, apoptosis and extracellular matrix-receptor interaction pathways have been reported to be related to these diseases. A total of 62 pairs of regulatory relationships between transcription factors and their target genes were identified as critical for the pathogenesis of these diseases. CONCLUSION: The results of our study will help to identify the mechanisms responsible for herniated discs and degenerative disc disease and provides a theoretical basis for further therapeutic study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/genetics , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/genetics , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/metabolism , Protein Array Analysis , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factors/analysis
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