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Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 18-23, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288641


Summary Cervical and root pain due to herniated disc is one a common cause of a visit to an orthopedic surgeon. It is important to know how to diagnose, treat and initially. What are the best options to treat a herniated disc nowadays? The present article reviews the literature and updates on the clinical and surgical treatment of cervical disc herniation.

Resumo A dor cervical e radicular devido à hérnia de disco é uma causa comum de uma visita a um cirurgião ortopédico. É importante saber diagnosticar, tratar e inicialmente. Quais são as melhores opções para tratar a hérnia de disco hoje em dia? Este artigo faz uma revisão da literatura e atualização sobre o tratamento clínico e cirúrgico da herniação do disco cervical.

Humans , Cervical Vertebrae , Conservative Treatment , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888357


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field on patients with lumbar disc herniation and the influence on serum IL-1β and TNF-α.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to March 2019, 58 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study, which were randomly divided into observation group and control group by digital table method. Observation group of 29 cases, including 16 males and 13 females, aged (38.03±11.29) years old, were treated with lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field. The 29 cases in control group, including 17 males and 12 females, aged (38.21±9.16) years old, were treated with pulsed electric field. Both groups of patients were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 3 times as a course of treatment. After 2 courses of treatment, the two groups of patients were scored before and after treatment by the numeric rating scales (NRS);at the same time, the serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α were measured before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#The NRS scores of observation group and control group were 4.21±1.76, 4.66±1.61 before treatment, and 1.28±0.84, 2.10±1.35 after treatment, respectively. The NRS scores of the observation group after treatment was significantly lower than that of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#The lever positioning manipulation combined with pulsed electric field has a good analgesic effect on patients with lumbar disc herniation, and it has a significant impact on the patient's serum IL-1β and TNF-α concentration, which can be used as a clinical guide. However, the synergistic effect of lever positioning technique combined with pulsed electric field and guidelines for clinical treatment need further research.

Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877665


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with different multifidus fatty infiltration rates.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 eligible LDH patients received MRI test before treatment and the multifidus fatty infiltration rate (FI) was measured. According to theresults, they were divided to group A (FI20%), 36 cases in each one. EA was provided in all of the groups. The selected acupoints were Jiaji (EX-B 2) from L@*RESULTS@#Compared with before treatment, ODI score was reduced (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture relieves pain and improves physical and psychological health of LDH patients. Multifidus fatty infiltration rate is probably one of the factors to influence the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture.

Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Paraspinal Muscles
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877627


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and its promotion and application in community medical institutions.@*METHODS@#This research adopted a three-level promotion model, and used multi-center collaboration topics as a platform. A total of 240 patients with LIDH were divided into a group A (top three hospital, 80 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a group B (secondary hospital, 80 cases, 8 cases dropped off), and a group C (community health center, 80 cases, 7 cases dropped off). All groups were treated with EA at a single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] under the guidance of a unified experimental protocol. The EA was given 60 min each time and performed 3 times a week for a total of 2 weeks. The changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of three groups before and after each treatment were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before each treatment, the VAS scores of three groups after each treatment decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The single acupoint EA therapy has a significant effect in the treatment of LIDH, can quickly relieve the pain symptoms, and has the characteristics of simple operation and easy control, suitable for promotion and application in primary hospitals.

Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879411


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of lever positioning manipulation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its effect on Cobb angle.@*METHODS@#From December 2017 to November 2018, 67 patients with lumbar disc herniation were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group by digital table method. There were 34 cases in the treatment group, including 20 males and 14 females, with an average age of (36.09±8.26) years old and a course of (13.79±15.50) months. Treatment group was treated with lever positioning manipulation. There were 33 cases in the control group, including 18 males and 15 females, with an average age of(36.48±7.81) years old and a course of (12.82±15.68) months. Control group was treated with lumbar slanting manipulation. Two groups were treated 3 times a week, once every other day, 6 times for a course of treatment, after 2 courses of treatment, the changes of Cobb angle before and after treatment were compared between two groups by imaging. The symptoms and signs were scored with reference to clinical evaluation standard;overall efficacy was evaluated with reference to "Diagnostic Efficacy Criteria of Traditional Chinese Medicine Syndrome" issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine for lumbar disc herniation.@*RESULTS@#One patient in each group dropped out. The symptom and sign scores of treatment group and control group before treatment were 18.56± 4.81, 18.61±3.72, while after treatment were 9.41±5.19, 13.55±3.68;treatment group was significantly lower than control group after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Both the lever positioning manipulation and the lumbar slanting manipulation methods are effective for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation, but clinical effect of lever positioning method on lumbar disc herniation is more significant, and the effect on Cobb angle is more obvious. It is worthy of promotion.

Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 396-403, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223800


Los cuadros de lumbociática secundarios a hernia del disco intervertebral (hdi) son frecuentes y causantes de importante morbilidad. En esta revisión narrativa, nos enfocaremos en los aspectos clínicos y de manejo de esta frecuente patología. Se tiene que mantener un algo grado de sospecha, pues no siempre los cuadros clínicos son similares a lo descrito clásicamente. Los signos radiculares irritativos y un examen neurológico exhaustivo son fundamentales, asimismo la correlación entre este cuadro y las imágenes. El curso natural de la hdi es en general hacia la resolución y, por lo tanto, el tratamiento de elección es inicialmente conservador. La cirugía tiene un rol generalmente en pacientes que han fracasado con el manejo conservador. Esta tiene mejores resultados en el corto plazo que el tratamiento conservador continuo, pero en el largo plazo son equivalentes. Es fundamental discutir estos aspectos con el paciente, para lograr una elección informada del tratamiento, de acuerdo a sus preferencias

Sciatic pain caused by a herniated disk (ldh) is frequent and cause of significant morbidity. In this narrative review, we will discuss the clinical aspects and management of ldh diagnosis and management. High suspicion for ldh diagnosis must be kept, since its clinical picture is not always classical. Tension signs and neurological examination are key, along with correlation with images. Ldh natural history is generally towards resolution and therefore, conservative treatment is the first choice. Surgery has its role for patients who have failed conservative treatment. Surgery achieves a faster pain alleviation than conservative treatment, but on the long-term results tend to become equivalent. Ample and detailed discussion of these aspects with the patient are clue for an informed consent and satisfactory results.

Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/physiopathology
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(2): e62, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093814


Introducción: el ozono es un gas médico descrito desde el siglo XIX que ha tenido su evolución hasta a la fecha en cuanto a sus aplicaciones y su utilidad en diversas enfermedades por su actuación a nivel molecular y en disímiles enfermedades asociadas a procesos dolorosos de origen inflamatorio como los presentes en las hernia discales de la columna vertebral. Método: estudio retrospectivo con 20 pacientes atendidos en la consulta externa de Neurocirugía del Hospital Miguel Enríquez desde de Diciembre 2016 hasta Abril 2017 con el diagnostico de una radiculopatía cervical por hernia discal. Se le aplicó 10 ML de ozono con una concentración 22 mg/litro tres veces en la semana durante 10 semanas solamente se utilizó este tipo de terapia; obteniendo mejoría en 15 pacientes. Resultados: predominando los mayores de 51 años para un 50 por ciento, en nuestra serie predominó el sexo femenino para un 80 por ciento. En cuanto al cuadro clínico prevaleció la disminución de la fuerza muscular para un 60 por ciento en 12 pacientes, seguidos del dolor cervical y el interescapular para un 75 por ciento y 55 por ciento respectivamente. Se halló mejoría en 15 pacientes para un 75 por ciento y en los otros 5, en tres pacientes no continuaron el tratamiento y en dos no se obtuvo mejoría. Conclusiones: tenemos otra alternativa en la aplicación del ozono por el espacio interescalénico como tratamiento analgésicos y antiinflamatorio en las radiculopatía por hernia discales cervicales(AU)

Introduction: Ozone is a medical gas described since the nineteenth century that has had its evolution up to date in terms of its applications and its usefulness in various diseases for its performance at the molecular level and dissimilar diseases associated with painful processes of inflammatory origin such as those present in herniated discs of the spine. Method: Retrospective study with 20 patients assisted in the outpatient consultation of the Miguel Enríquez Hospital from December 2016 to April 2017 with the diagnosis of a cervical radiculopathy by herniated disc. 10 ML of ozone applied with a concentration of 22 mg/liter three times in the week for 10 weeks only this type of therapy used getting improvement in 15 patients. Results: predominating the older than 51 years for 50 percent, in our series predominated the female sex for 80 percent .As for the clinical picture, decreased muscle strength was prevailed for 60 percent in 12 patients, followed by cervical pain and interescapular for 75 percent and 55 percent respectively. We found improvement in 15 patients for 75 percent and in the other 5, in 3 patients did not continue the treatment and in two, no improvement obtained. Conclusions: We have another alternative in the application of ozone by the intercalenic space as analgesic and anti-inflammatory treatment in cervical herniated discus radiculopathy(AU)

Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Outpatients , Referral and Consultation , Neck Pain , Muscle Strength/physiology , Gases/therapeutic use , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Retrospective Studies
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(4): 170-175, jul.-ago. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837781


Resumen: Introducción: La nucleotomía percutánea es una técnica de descompresión discal aprobada por la FDA que ha mostrado ser útil para mejorar el dolor causado por hernia discal. No obstante, su práctica se encuentra en discusión debido a que los beneficios de la técnica son controversiales. Objetivos: Describir los resultados de la evolución clínica de los pacientes con hernia discal lumbar baja (L4-L5, L5-S1) tratada mediante cirugía percutánea a un año de operados y mostrar que es una opción quirúrgica útil para el alivio de la sintomatología causada por esta entidad patológica. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohorte; presentamos la evolución clínica de 21 individuos con hernia discal lumbar tratados con nucleotomía percutánea manual durante Marzo 2011-Noviembre 2013. La evaluación fue hecha antes de la cirugía y a los cuatro, 30, 180 y 365 días después de operados mediante la escala numérica del dolor (END), índice de discapacidad funcional de Oswestry (IDO) y criterios de MacNab. Utilizamos estadística inferencial no paramétrica (Wilcoxon) para diferencias. Resultados: n = 21: seis (28.57%) hombres, 15 (71.42%) mujeres; edad promedio: 37.95 años (14-56), ± 10.60; el nivel vertebral más afectado: L4-L5, en 12 (57.14%) sujetos. La END preoperatoria promedio: 7.75 (5-9) ± 1.12; a los 365 días: promedio 2.14 (0-7) ± 2.37. El IDO preoperatorio promedio: 37% (28-40%) ± 3.06 y a los 365 días: 9.52% (0-40%) ± 13.92. El pronóstico (IDO) en el prequirúrgico fue bueno en cero (0%) personas y en 15 (71.42%) a los 365 días, regular en cinco (23.80%) y malo en una (4.78%) (p = 0.000 IC 95% 0.00-0.13, Wilcoxon); de acuerdo con los criterios de MacNab, en 15 (71.42%) casos fueron excelentes y buenos, pobres en cuatro (19.04%) y malos en dos (9.52%) (p = 0.00). Conclusiones: La nucleotomía percutánea ofrece buenos resultados para el tratamiento de las hernias discales lumbares (L4-L5, L5-S1) a los 365 días de operados los pacientes.

Abstract: Introduction: Percutaneous discectomy is a disc decompression technique approved by the FDA that is useful to improve pain caused by a herniated disc. However, its practice is under discussion because the benefits of the technique are controversial. Objectives: To describe the clinical course of patients with low lumbar disc herniation (L4-L5, L5-S1) treated by percutaneous surgery within one year of surgery and prove that it is a useful surgical option for the relief of symptoms caused by this pathological entity. Material and methods: Cohort study; the clinical course of 21 patients with lumbar disc herniation treated with percutaneous discectomy manually during March 2011-November 2013, is presented. The evaluation was made before surgery and at four, 30, 180 and 365 days after surgery by numerical pain scale (NPS), Oswestry (IDO) and MacNab criteria. We used nonparametric inferential statistics (Wilcoxon) for differences in proportions. Results: n = 21, six (28.57%) men, 15 (71.42%) women; average age: 37.95, (14-56) ± 10.60 years; the most affected vertebral level was L4-L5 in 57.14% of the patients; the NPS preoperative average was 7.75 (5-9) ± 1.12; at 365 days: average 2.14 (0-7) ± 2.37. The IDO preoperative average was 37% (28-40%) ± 3.06, and at 365 days: 9.52% (0-40%) ± 13.92. The prognosis (IDO) in the presurgical was good to zero (0%) patients and in 15 (71.42%) at 365 days, regular in five (23.80%) and poor in one (4.78%) (p = 0.00, CI 95% 0.00 to 0.13, Wilcoxon); according to MacNab criteria, in 15 (71.42%) patients were excellent and good, poor in four (19.04%) and bad in two (9.52%) (p = 0.00). Conclusions: Percutaneous discectomy provides good results for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (L4-L5, L5-S1) at 365 days after surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lumbar Vertebrae , Middle Aged
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 30(1): 27-39, ene.-jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-794179


INTRODUCCIÓN: la radiculopatía por hernia de disco lumbar es la mayor causa de morbilidad que enfrentan los cirujanos espinales. Existen múltiples estrategias de tratamiento para esta afección, sin consenso actual entre secuestrectomía y discectomía, y sobre la necesidad de fusionar el segmento. OBJETIVO: mostrar nuestros resultados a los 4 años de seguimiento, en el tratamiento quirúrgico de la hernia discal lumbar mediante discectomía foraminal. MÉTODO: estudio descriptivo prospectivo en pacientes diagnosticados con hernias discales lumbares y tratados quirúrgicamente mediante discectomía foraminal simple y evaluados 4 años después RESULTADOS: muestra constituida por 67 pacientes, la mayoría (62,69 %) del sexo masculino; edad media cercana a los 40 años en ambos sexos. Se confirmó el diagnóstico en el 85,3 % de los casos mediante IRM. Predominó la localización L5-S1 y L4-L5, con 16 % de más de un segmento. El índice de Oswestry y la Escala Visual Analógica del dolor mostraron significativa mejoría a los 4 años de operados. CONCLUSIONES: el tratamiento quirúrgico de las hernias de disco mediante discectomía foraminal simple, según nuestra experiencia, produce buenos resultados; a los 4 años de efectuada la operación se constató disminución del dolor y mejoría de la función.

INTRODUCTION: Radiculopathy by lumbar disc herniation is a major cause of morbidity faced by spinal surgeons. There are many treatment strategies for this condition, and no current consensus among sequestrectomy and discectomy, and the need to merge the segment. OBJECTIVE: Show our results at 4 years of follow-up in the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation by foraminal discectomy. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted in patients diagnosed with lumbar disc herniation and foraminal surgically treated by simple discectomy and assessed four years later. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 67 patients, the majority (62.69%) was male; average age of nearly 40 years in both sexes. The diagnosis was confirmed in 85.3% of cases by MRI. L5-S1 and L4-L5 locations predominated, with 16% of more than one segment. Oswestry index and the Visual Analog Scale for pain showed significant improvement after four years of surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The surgical treatment of herniated discs by simple foraminal discectomy, in our experience, has good results; at four years of operation pain decrease and improvement in function was found

INTRODUCTION: La radiculopathie par hernie discale lombaire est la cause de morbidité la plus souvent traitée par les chirurgiens spécialisés en moelle épinière. Il y a plusieurs stratégies de traitement pour cette affection, mais aujourd'hui il n'y a pas de consensus ni entre la séquestrectomie et la discectomie ni sur la nécessité de fusionner le segment. OBJECTIF: Le but de ce travail est de montrer, après 4 ans de suivi, nos résultats à propos du traitement chirurgical d'une hernie discale lombaire par décompression foraminale. MÉTHODE: Une étude descriptive et prospective de patients diagnostiqués de hernie discale lombaire, traités chirurgicalement par décompression foraminale simple et évalués quatre ans après, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS: Dans un échantillon de 67 patients, dont la plupart étaient du sexe masculin (62,69 %) et avaient un moyen d'âge de 40 ans environ chez tous les deux sexes, on a confirmé le diagnostic par IRM dans 85,3 % des cas. Les hernies ont été souvent localisées aux niveaux L5-S1 et L4-L5, dont 16 % correspondait à plus d'un segment. Quatre ans après l'opération, l'indice d'Oswestry et l'échelle visuelle analogique de douleur ont montré une amélioration significative. CONCLUSIONS: D'après notre expérience, le traitement chirurgical des hernies discales lombaires par décompression foraminale simple a montré de très bons résultats. Quatre ans après l'opération, on a constaté une diminution de la douleur et une amélioration de la fonction.

Humans , Male , Female , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine/methods , Radiculopathy/diagnosis , Diskectomy/methods , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
Bol. Asoc. Argent. Odontol. Niños ; 44(3): 18-24, ene.-abr. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794308


Actualmente, es frecuente la consulta por trastornos temporomandibulares (TTM) en la clínica odontopediátrica, siendo reconocida la múltiple causalidad de los mismos. Se presenta la resolución de una situación clínica de una paciente de 13 años de edad que acudió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Niños (OIN), presentando dolor muscular y articular del lado derecho, limitando la apertura bucal a 25 mm confortable y a 28 mm forzada, con desvío de la mandíbula hacia la izquierda. Refería haber sido atendida en una guardia médica el día anterior con bloqueo en apertura, luego de 8 meses de evolución, con síntomas de chasquido y doloir, sin haber realizado consulta alguna. Se indicó tratamiento sintomático y se solicitaron estudios complementarios. El diagnóstico fue de luxación discal sin reducción. Con la evaluación integral, se hallaron factores concomitantes, tales como maloclusión, hiperlaxitud, respiración bucal y parafunciones. En el abordaje terapéutico, se colocó un intermediario oclusal para reposicionamiento mandibular, se realizó tratamiento fonoaudiológico miofuncional y reeducación postural global (RPG). La paciente evolucionó favorablemente; a los 6 meses resolvió el ruido articular y al año estaba asintomática, con 37 mm de apertura, comenzando su tratamiento de ortodoncia y manteniendo controles durante 4 años. El compromiso de la familia y la participación de un equipo de trabajo, permitió la resolución integral del caso. El odontopediatra tiene la responsabilidad de alertar a padres y pacientes sobre factores de riesgo, diagnosticar TTM y orientar los tratamientos, involucrándose cuando corresponde su intervención, o derivando en forma oportuna...

Humans , Adolescent , Female , Dental Care for Children/methods , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/injuries , Ferula , Pediatric Dentistry/trends , Argentina , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Schools, Dental , Malocclusion/diagnosis , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Patient Care Team , Posture/physiology , Mouth Breathing/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome , Myofunctional Therapy/methods
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 35(1): 70-73, Mar. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-832980


Disc herniation is a common condition in the population and has a direct impact on the quality of life in patients, also causing functional limitations in the work place. Treatment protocols include conservative management and/or various surgical interventions. This paper reports on a case of symptomatic large extruded disc herniation, together with spontaneous clinical regression and total re-absorption. We show here conservative management, and a literature review of the main pathophysiological hypotheses for such an unusual evolution.

Hérnia discal é condição comum na população e tem impacto direto na qualidade de vida dos pacientes, assim como causa limitações funcionais em seu ambiente de trabalho. Protocolos de tratamento incluem manejo conservador e/ou diversos tipos de intervenção cirúrgica. Este artigo relata o caso de uma extensa hérnia extrusa sintomática, juntamente a sua regressão clínica espontânea e sua total reabsorção. Descrevemos também seu manejo conservador e uma revisão da literatura para a principal hipótese diagnóstica nesta evolução incomum.

Humans , Male , Adult , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56502


Thirty-four dogs with no deep pain perception due to acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disc disease underwent decompression surgery within 1 week of diagnosis. All dogs underwent hemilaminectomy. Adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) were transplanted into the injured spinal cord parenchyma for the AD-MSCs transplant dogs. Long-term outcome was evaluated at the end of the follow-up period (> 6 months). AD-MSCs combination treatment showed better recovery outcomes compared to decompression surgery alone. These results indicate that this stem cell therapy is a potential therapeutic strategy to overcome the limitations of treatment for spinal cord injury in clinical medicine.

Acute Disease , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Animals , Decompression, Surgical/veterinary , Dog Diseases/therapy , Dogs , Female , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/therapy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/veterinary , Pain Perception , Treatment Outcome
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: lil-776008


Se realizó un ensayo clínico controlado, prospectivo, no cegado y no randomizado en pacientes deportistas con hernia de disco lumbar (HDL) con o sin irradiación, tratados con medicación y con el Método de Reeducación postural MTE, Método Tres Escuadras. Objetivo: Determinar la existencia y magnitud de la diferencia entre el VAS final e inicial, la flexibilidad lumbar final e inicial y la funcionalidad final e inicial en cada uno de los grupos. Material y Método: Este estudio fue realizado desde abril de 2009 hasta abril de 2014, en pacientes deportistas que presentaban hernia de disco lumbar diagnosticada por resonancia magnética nuclear. La N inicial fue de 126 pacientes, de los cuáles 26 fueron eliminados, N final: 100 pacientes; con un grupo etario de 18 a 65 años. Todos los pacientes realizaban deporte. Se subdividieron en tres grupos según edad, deporte y nivel de competencia. Las variables analizadas fueron el VAS, el Schoeber lumbar, el Schoeber total y el test de Owestry. Se evaluaron en la sesión 1 y en la 10. Los pacientes fueron atendidos con 1 sesión semanal con el Método Tres Escuadras. Resultados: Se evidenció una disminución en el VAS del 83,33% post intervención con respecto al valor basal. Se evidenció un aumento en la maniobra de Schoeber lumbar del 3,57% con respecto al valor basal. Se evidenció un aumento en la maniobra de Schoeber total del 28,57% con respecto al valor basal. Se determinó una disminución en el Owestry del 20% con respecto al valor inicial. Conclusión: Hay una diferencia estadísticamente significativa para el VAS, Schoeber lumbar, Schoeber total y test de Owestry, pre y post-intervención (valor p= <0,001)...

Adult , Young Adult , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/rehabilitation , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Spinal Diseases , Rehabilitation , Athletic Injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology , Prospective Studies , Posture
Sciences de la santé ; 1(1): 16-19, 2013.
Article in French | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271862


Objectif : Decrire les caracteristiques epidemiologiques; cliniques; radiologiques et therapeutiques des hernies discales lombaires vues en hospitalisation rhumatologique a Abidjan.Patients et methode : Etude retrospective descriptive sur 7 ans menee au service de Rhumatologie (unite d'hospitalisation) du CHU de Cocody portant sur 39 dossiers. Ont ete inclus tous les dossiers de patients ayant une hernie discale lombaire de diagnostic scannographique. Une fiche d'enquete a permis de recueillir les donnees epidemiologiques; cliniques; radiologiques et therapeutiques. Resultats : La frequence hospitaliere de la hernie discale lombaire etait de 4;1 par rapport a l'ensemble des pathologies lombaires (948 cas). Elle predominait chez l'adulte masculin (56;4) ages de 49 ans en moyenne. Les patients provenant du secteur informel (commercants; ouvriers; cultivateurs.) predominaient (30;8). Ils rapportaient des antecedents douloureux lombaires (82;1). La hernie discale lombaire se manifestait par une lombosciatalgie (82;1) hyperalgique de trajet monoradiculaire L5 (38;9) ou S1 (30;6). La radiographie standard montrait un pincement discal (56;4). Elle etait normale dans 15;4 des cas. La tomodensitometrie lombaire revelait la predominance des formes posteromedianes (30;8) et posterolaterales (25;6). La strategie therapeutique etait basee sur le traitement medicamenteux (89;7) et physique. La neurochirurgie etait indiquee dans 10;3 des cas. Conclusion : La hernie discale lombaire est peu frequente en hospitalisation rhumatologique a Abidjan. Elle s'exprime par un syndrome lomboradiculaire hyperalgique et est dominee par les formes postero-medianes et postero-laterales. Le traitement conservateur est le plus souvent indique. La lutte contre la baisse de productivite passe par la prevention par l'ecole du dos

Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/epidemiology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Fisioter. Bras ; 13(1): 13-19, Jan.-Fev. 2012. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-745560


A Mobilização Neural é um recurso terapêutico para as diversas disfunções do tecido neural e do sistema musculoesquelético. No entanto, é uma técnica ainda pouco conhecida e explorada pelos profissionais da área da saúde no Brasil. Diante disto resolveu-se realizar este estudo com intuito de avaliar sua eficiência na hérnia de disco lombar em relação à fisioterapia convencional. Participaram do estudo 30 indivíduos com hérnia de disco lombar unilateral,voluntários, selecionados por conveniência, independente de sexo,idade, tempo de acometimento, etnia e atividade profissional, desde que preenchessem os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, que foram divididos em grupo experimental (EXP) e controle (CONT), com15 participantes em cada, que receberam tratamentos distintos. O grupo CONT recebeu tratamento fisioterápico convencional enquanto o grupo EXP foi submetido ao tratamento de Mobilização Neural. A duração do programa foi de quatro semanas, com três sessões semanais. Ao se avaliar o efeito terapêutico em relação à dor ea incapacidade funcional, não se observou diferença estatisticamente significativa no grupo controle (CONT) na comparação intra-grupo(pré x pós). Já no grupo experimental (EXP), esta mesma comparação,pré e pós-tratamento, mostrou diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação à dor e a capacidade funcional, pelo teste de Kruskal Wallis (p = 0,0001). Quando se realizou a comparação inter-grupos ( pós-EXP x pós-CONT), encontrou-se um intervalo de confiança (IC) favorável ao grupo EXP (IC: -46,48/-5,79). Os resultados deste estudo evidenciaram resposta terapêutica satisfatória para regressão da sintomatologia dolorosa e incapacidade funcional,utilizando-se a técnica de Mobilização Neural na hérnia de disco lombar, unilateral, póstero-lateral, subaguda em curto período de tempo.

The Neural Mobilization is a therapeutic resource in many neural tissue and musculoskeletal system dysfunctions. Nevertheless, this technique remains underexploited by the health professionals in Brazil. Thirty individuals with unilateral lumbar disc herniation were selected by convenience, regardless of gender, age, duration of symptoms, ethnical group and professional activity, since they satisfy the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This sample was divided into two groups: experimental (EXP) and control (CONT), with15 participants each group, who received different treatments. The group CONT received conventional physical therapy treatment while the EXP group was submitted to the neural mobilization treatment. The individuals were treated for 4 weeks, with 3 weekly sessions. The control group (CONT), after using the conventional physical therapy techniques, did not show a statistically significant difference in comparison to the intragroup (pretreatment x post--treatment). On the other hand, the experimental group (EXP)showed a statistically significant difference in relation to pain and the functional capacity using the Kruskal Wallis test (p = 0.0001).When the results in the pre and post-treatment were compared intragroup post-EXP x post-CONT, the confidence interval (IC)was in favor of group EXP (IC: -46.48/-5.79). The results, in this study, showed a good therapeutic response, with regression of the painful symptomatology and functional incapacity, using Neural Mobilization technique, in individuals with unilateral, posterolateral,subacute lumbar disc herniation, in a short period.

Humans , Male , Female , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Low Back Pain/therapy , Pain/diagnosis , Physical Therapy Modalities/methods , Disabled Persons
Pediatr. mod ; 47(6)nov.-dez. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-609155


Introdução: A hérnia discal na infância é rara. Apresenta etiologia controversa. As principais manifestações clínicas são dor e dificuldade na deambulação. A ressonância magnética tem sido considerada exame de eleição no diagnóstico e conduta. O tratamento inicial é conservador e, em caso de cirurgia, usar técnica minimamente invasiva. Metodologia: Artigo de revisão realizado com levantamento em base de dados Medline/Pubmed, SciELO e LILACS, incluindo um período de 1946 a 2010, com prioridade para artigos com maior relevância. Resultados: Foram analisados artigos relacionados à hérnia discal na infância, dos quais 39, revisados, resultaram no presente trabalho. Conclusões: Deve-se pensar na possibilidade de hérnia discal quando as crianças apresentam lombalgia ou restrição à deambulação, principalmente se houver história recente de trauma. Ressonância magnética é o exame de eleição no diagnóstico e conduta. O tratamento cirúrgico, através de técnicas minimamente invasivas, apresenta resultados satisfatórios.

Introduction: Disc herniation in childhood is a rare disease, and its etiology is still controversial. The main clinical features are back pain and walking difficulty. Magnetic resonance is considered the method of choice for diagnosis and therapeutic decision. Initial treatment is conservative and in surgical cases, minimally invasive techniques should be used. Method: Review article of a survey conducted in the Medline/PubMed, SciELO and LILACS databases, including a period from 1946 to 2010, giving priority to the most relevant articles. Results: We reviewed articles related to disc herniation in childhood, of which 39 have been revised and resulted in this work. Conclusions: Due to its low prevalence in the pediatric group, the hernia is often misdiagnosed. However, the presence of low back pain and restriction in walking, especially if there is a recent history of trauma associated, should alert health professionals to this etiologic possibility. MRI is the method of choice for diagnosis and management. Surgical treatment using minimally invasive techniques provides satisfactory results.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnosis , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/etiology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Low Back Pain/etiology , Low Back Pain/therapy
Rev. chil. radiol ; 17(3): 128-133, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-608815


This study documents the efficacy of chemonucleolysis with radiopaque gelified ethanol in the treatment of cervical and lumbar disc herniation and discogenic pain. Ten patients underwent this procedure between April 1 and June 30, 2010. Satisfactory results were obtained in 100 percent of patients. There were no adverse events reported during or post-procedure and a significant reduction in pain and analgesic intake after intradiscal injection was registered. This technique, simple and safe to perform, yielded satisfactory results; thus, it appears to be a good alternative in the treatment of herniated discs and discogenic pain.

Este estudio reporta el resultado de quimionucleolisis usando etanol gelificado radiopaco en el tratamiento de hernias discales o dolor discogénico en columna cervical y lumbar. La muestra de pacientes fue relativamente pequeña y corresponde al periodo del 1º de abril al 30 de junio de 2011. Los resultados fueron satisfactorios en el 100 por ciento de los pacientes. No hubo eventos adversos durante y luego del procedimiento. Se observó significativa reducción de analgésicos y dolor después del procedimiento. Esta técnica fue relativamente simple de realizar y segura en su aplicación mostrando buenos resultados. Promete ser una buena alternativa en el tratamiento de hernias discales o dolor discogénico.

Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/pathology , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Intervertebral Disc Chemolysis/methods , Cervical Vertebrae , Contrast Media , Neck Pain/etiology , Neck Pain/physiopathology , Low Back Pain/etiology , Low Back Pain/therapy , Gels/therapeutic use , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 29(3): 91-94, set. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-583104


Objetivo: Demonstrar o valor da resposta dolorosa à realização da manobra de Valsalva na escolhado tratamento adequado da hérnia discal lombar. Casuística e método: Estudo prospectivo de 2.200pacientes de ambos os gêneros, de diversas faixas etárias, atendidos e acompanhados no HospitalAntônio Targino e na Clínica de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia Domício Holanda, na cidade de CampinaGrande, PB, com diagnóstico de hérnia discal, no período de janeiro de 1993 a outubro de 2008. Ospacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: um grupo de 2.000 pacientes com lombociatalgia decorrentesde hérnias lombares que apresentavam dor durante a manobra de Valsalva e outro grupo de 200 pacientes que tinham as mesmas características clínicas do primeiro grupo, porém não apresentavam exacerbação da dor durante manobra de Valsalva. Resultado: Os 2.000 pacientes que apresentaram dor com a execução da manobra e foram submetidos à cirurgia tiveram boa resposta, enquanto os outros200 pacientes que não referiram a mesma dor e que foram seguidos de maneira ambulatorial tiveramuma diminuição dessa dor, porém não precisaram de tratamento cirúrgico. Conclusão: A dor provocada pela manobra de Valsalva é sinal extremamente útil no que se refere à triagem desses pacientes.

Valsalva maneuver as a predictor of herniated lumbar disc surgical treatment resultsObjective: Demonstrate the value of pain response to the Valsalva maneuver in choosing the appropriate treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Patients and methods: Prospective study of 2,200 patients of both genders in various age groups, treated and followed at Hospital Antônio Targino and Clínica de Neurologia e Neurocirurgia Domício Holanda, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil with disc herniation in theperiod from January 1993 to and in October 2008. Patients were divided into two groups: one group of2,000 patients with herniated lumbar disc with radicular pain that presented pain to maneuver Valsalvaand another group of 200 patients who had similar clinical characteristics of the first group, but showed no exacerbation of pain during maneuver of Valsalva. Results: The 2,000 patients from the first group (Valsalva-positive) underwent surgery and had a good response, while the other 200 Valsalva-negativepatients were followed in outpatient settings, had the pain decreased but did not require surgical treatment. Conclusion: The pain caused by the Valsalva maneuver is extremely useful signal with regard to triage these patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Low Back Pain , Valsalva Maneuver
Rev. bras. ortop ; 45(6): 569-576, 2010. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-574822


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito de drogas anti-inflamatórias (dexametasona, indometacina, atenolol, indometacina e atenolol) e analgésica (morfina) sobre a hiperalgesia experimentalmente induzida pelo núcleo pulposo em contato com o gânglio da raiz dorsal de L5. MÉTODOS: Trinta ratos Wistar machos com peso de 220 a 250g foram utilizados no estudo. A indução da hiperalgesia foi realizada por meio do contato de fragmento de núcleo pulposo retirado da região sacrococcígea e colocado sobre o gânglio da raiz dorsal de L5. Os 30 animais foram divididos em grupos experimentais de acordo com a droga utilizada. As drogas foram administradas durante duas semanas a partir da realização do procedimento cirúrgico para a indução da hiperalgesia. A hiperalgesia mecânica e térmica foram avaliadas por meio do teste da pressão constante da pata, von Frey eletrônico e Hargraves por um período de sete semanas. RESULTADOS: A maior redução da hiperalgesia foi observada no grupo de animais tratados pela morfina, seguido pela dexametasona, indometacina e atenolol. A redução da hiperalgesia foi observada após a interrupção da administração das drogas, com exceção do grupo de animais tratados com morfina, nos quais ocorreu aumento da hiperalgesia após a interrupção do tratamento. CONCLUSÕES: A hiperalgesia induzida pelo contato do núcleo pulposo com o gânglio da raiz dorsal pode ser reduzida com a administração de anti-inflamatórios e analgésicos, tendo sido observado a maior redução da hiperalgesia com a administração da morfina e dexametasona.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of antiinflammatory (dexamethasone, indomethacin, atenolol, indomethacin and atenolol) and analgesic drugs (morphine) on hyperalgesia experimentally induced by nucleus pulposus (NP) contact with the L5- dorsal root ganglion (DRG). METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats with weights ranging from 220 to 250 g were used in the study. The hyperalgesia was induced by contact of a fragment of NP removed from the sacrococcygeal region and placed on the dorsal root ganglion of L5. The 30 animals were divided into experimental groups according to the drug administered. The drugs were administered during the two weeks after the surgical procedure to induce hyperalgesia. Mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia was evaluated by the paw pressure test, von Frey electronic test, and the Hargraves test, for a period of seven weeks. RESULTS: The greatest reduction of hyperalgesia was observed in animals treated by morphine and dexamethasone, followed by dexamethasone, indomethacin, and atenolol. The reduction of hyperalgesia was observed after drug administration ceased, except for animals treated with morphine, in which there was an increased hyperalgesia after cessation of treatment. CONCLUSION: Hyperalgesia induced by NP contact with L5-DRG can be reduced by administration of antiinflammatory and analgesic drugs, but there was a greater reduction observed with the administration of dexamethasone and indometacin.

Animals , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/drug therapy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Low Back Pain/therapy , Hyperalgesia/therapy , Rats, Wistar