Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 302
Filter
1.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e186005, fev. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363195

ABSTRACT

Pythiosis is caused by an aquatic fungus-like organism (Pythium insidiosum). It is considered an important public health issue as it can affect both animals and humans. This paper reports a case of gastrointestinal pythiosis in a dog. The patient was hospitalized for four days, during which the animal received supportive and symptomatic treatment. But the applied treatment was unsuccessful and the dog's clinical condition worsened, culminating in death. Complementary imaging tests such as radiography and ultrasonography, as well as hematological tests, were performed during the hospitalization period. The definitive diagnosis was reached in the postmortem as macroscopic and microscopic characteristics suggested the presence of intestinal granuloma and accentuated multifocal suppurative necrotic enteritis. Additionally, the histological evaluation revealed morphological structures compatible with P. insidiosum. Also, the results of nested PCR performed showed partial amplification (105 bp) of the ITS1 region of the ribosomal gene of P. insidiosum.(AU)


A pitiose é causada por um organismo aquático semelhante a um fungo (Pythium insidiosum) e considerada um importante problema de saúde pública, pois pode afetar animais e humanos. Este artigo relata um caso de pitiose gastrointestinal em um cão. O paciente ficou internado por quatro dias, período em que o animal recebeu tratamento de suporte e sintomático. No entanto, o tratamento aplicado não teve sucesso e o quadro clínico do cão piorou, culminando com a morte. Exames de imagem complementares, como radiografia e ultrassonografia, bem como exames hematológicos, foram realizados durante o período de internação. O diagnóstico definitivo foi feito na autópsia, pois as características macroscópicas e microscópicas sugeriam a presença de granuloma intestinal e acentuada enterite necrótica multifocal supurativa. Além disso, a avaliação histológica revelou estruturas morfológicas compatíveis com P. insidiosum. Além disso, a nested PCR foi realizada e mostrou amplificação parcial (105 pb) da região ITS1 do gene ribossomal de P. insidiosum.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Pythiosis/diagnosis , Granuloma/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Pythium/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Granuloma/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
2.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20210099, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1375813

ABSTRACT

Background: The intrinsic sensitivity limitations of basic parasitological methods, along with the particular biological characteristics of parasites, make these methods ineffective to differentiate morphologically indistinguishable species. Molecular detection and characterization techniques could be used to overcome these problems. The purpose of this work was to standardize molecular polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques, described in the literature, for the detection and molecular characterization of intestinal protozoa and other pathogens in humans. Methods: DNA was extracted from human or animal feces, previously washed or cultured in Boeck Drbohlav's Modified Medium. DNA extraction was performed with Machery-Nagel extraction kits. The standardization of the PCR, nested-PCR or RFLP techniques was carried out according to the literature. For each molecular technique performed, the sensitivity of the test was determined based on the minimun quantity required of DNA (sensitivity A) and the minimum quantity of life forms that the test detected (sensitivity B). Results: Sensitivity A was 10 fg for G. duodenalis, 12.5 pg for Entamoeba histolytica or Entamoeba dispar, 50 fg for Cryptosporidium spp., 225 pg for Cyclospora spp. and 800 fg or 8 fg for Blastocystis spp. after performing a 1780 bp PCR or 310 bp nested PCR, respectively. The sensitivity B was 100 cysts for G. duodenalis, 500 cysts for E. histolytica or E. dispar, 1000 oocysts for Cyclospora spp. and 3600 or four vegetatives forms for PCR or nested PCR of Blastocystis spp., respectively. Conclusions: The molecular detection of protozoa and chromist was achieved and the molecular characterization allowed the genotyping of some of the parasites such as Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp., and Blastocystis spp. This study summarizes the molecular techniques for epidemiological studies in humans and animals, and helps in the investigation of their transmission sources in countries where intestinal parasites are a public health problem.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Polymerase Chain Reaction/standards , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestines/parasitology , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Epidemiologic Studies , Giardia lamblia , Blastocystis , Cryptosporidium
3.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 30(1): e022320, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251365

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to identify the intestinal parasites with the highest prevalence in anatids that were reared extensively in the city of São Paulo, through coproparasitological examinations. Fecal samples (n=108) were collected at two times, with an interval of two months between them, during the year 2018. The samples were constituted from a pool of feces, and one sample was collected from each enclosure. The samples were identified as belonging to 13 species of anatids (Aix galericulata, Aix sponsa, Anser abyssinia, Chenonetta jubata, Chloephaga melanoptera, Chloephaga picta, Lophodytes cucullatus, Tadorna cana, Tadorna ferrugínea, Tadorna radjah, Tadorna tadorna, Tadorna tadornoide and Tadorna variegata). Samples of birds with or without clinical symptoms of endoparasitosis were then collected. The Coproplus® test was used to make the coproparasitological diagnosis and subsequently the material was examined individually, at Santo Amaro University in São Paulo. It was observed that 48.14% of the enclosures had birds infected by one or more endoparasites. Parasites of the order Coccidia presented the highest prevalence (22.22%), followed by those of the orders Trichuroidea (10.18%) and Ascaridia (4.63%). Moreover, Balantidium sp. was found, the cycle and relevance of these ciliates in birds is uncertain.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar os parasitos intestinais de maior prevalência em anatídeos provenientes de uma criação extensiva no município de São Paulo, por meio da realização de exame coproparasitológico. Foram coletadas 108 amostras fecais em dois momentos, com intervalo de dois meses entre eles, durante o ano de 2018. As amostras foram constituídas de um pool de fezes, e coletada uma amostra para cada recinto por coleta. Foi realizada a identificação das espécies e estas pertenciam a 13 espécies de anatídeos (Aix galericulata, Aix sponsa, Anser abyssinia, Chenonetta jubata, Chloephaga melanoptera, Chloephaga picta, Lophodytes cucullatus, Tadorna cana, Tadorna ferrugínea, Tadorna radjah, Tadorna tadorna, Tadorna tadornoide e Tadorna variegata). Em seguida foram coletadas as amostras de aves com sintomatologia clínica ou não de endoparasitoses. Para o diagnóstico coproparasitológico e coleta foi utilizado o teste Coproplus® e posteriormente, o material foi examinado individualmente na Universidade Santo Amaro. Observou-se que 48,14% dos recintos possuíam animais infectados por um ou mais endoparasitos. Houve maior prevalência para parasitos da ordem Coccidia (22,22%), seguido pela ordem Trichuroidea (10,18%) e Ascaridia (4,63%) e como achado o Balantidium sp. que possui ciclo e relevância incerta em aves.


Subject(s)
Animals , Coccidia , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Birds , Brazil , Feces
4.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 15(42): 2157, 20200210.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282619

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As enteroparasitoses são foco de investigações científicas no mundo todo. Urbanorumspp. foi reconhecido como parasita em 1994 no Peru, expandindo-se pela América do Sul. Relatado pela primeira vez no Brasil em 2018, Maranhão. Este relato apresenta o segundo caso no estado do Paraná. Relato de caso: Paciente masculino, 56 anos, 75kg, diabético, habitante de São José dos Pinhais, área urbana. Procura atenção primária por dor ao evacuar, tenesmo e cólica abdominal. Nega diarréia, febre, sangue nas fezes e viagem recente. Exame físico abdominal, hemograma e parcial de urina sem alterações. Parasitológico de fezes: Urbanorum spp. Prescrito Nitazoxanida 500mg 12/12h por 3 dias. Paciente retorna com melhora da sintomatologia e parasitológico de controle negativo. Conclusão: Atualmente a escassez de estudos primários prospectivos dificultam o delineamento clínico-epidemiológico e tratamento da parasitose. A disseminação do parasita entre extremos do país em curto intervalo de tempo, aliada à carência de saneamento básico criam um alerta para seu grande potencial epidêmico. Por isso, as políticas de saúde pública devem priorizar ações informativas e preventivas a fim de evitar surtos e complicações. A atenção primária à saúde é fundamental nesse contexto, justamente pela longitudinalidade e abrangência do cuidado.


Background: Enteroparasitosis are the focus of scientific research worldwide. Urbanorum spp. was recognized as a parasite in Peru in 1994, expanding throughout South America. Reported for the first time in Brazil, state of Maranhão, in 2018. This report presents the second case in the state of Paraná. Case report: Male patient, 56 years old, 75kg, diabetic, inhabitant of São José dos Pinhais, urban area, seeks primary care for pain on bowel movement, tenesmus and abdominal cramps. Denies diarrhea, fever, bloody stools, recent trip. Abdominal examination, blood count and partial urine without changes. Stool parasitology: urbanorum spp. Prescribed Nitazoxanide 500mg 12/12h for 3 days. Patient returns with improvement of symptomatology and parasitological negative control. Conclusion:Currently, the scarcity of prospective studies and meta-analyzes make clinical-epidemiological design and treatment of parasitosis difficult. The spread of the parasite between extremes of the country in a short period of time, coupled with the lack of basic sanitation create a warning for its great epidemic potential. Therefore, public health policies should prioritize informative and preventive actions in order to avoid outbreaks and complications. Primary health care is fundamental in this context, precisely because of the longitudinally and comprehensiveness of care.


Introducción: Las enteroparasitosis el punto de enfoque de investigaciones científicas en todo el mundo. Urbanorum spp fue reconocido cómo parásito en 1994 en el Peru, expandiéndose en América do Sul. Relatado por primera vez en Brasil, Maranhão, 2018. Este informe se encuentra en segundo lugar en el estado de Paraná. Relato del caso: Paciente masculino, 56 años, 75 kg, diabético, habitante de São José dos Pinhais, área urbana. Búsqueda atención primaria por dolor al defecar, tenesmo, y dolor abdominal. Nega diarrea, fiebre, sangre en heces o viaje reciente. Examen físico abdominal, hemograma e tests de orina sin modificaciones. Análisis parasitología: urbanorum spp. Prescripto Nitazoxanide 500mg 12/12h durante 3 días. Paciente volvió con alivio sintomático e materia fecal negativo. Conclusión: En la actualidad la escasez de estudios prospectivos y metanálisis dificultan la delineación clínico-epidemiológica y el tratamiento de la parasitosis. La diseminación del parásito entre los extremos del país en un corto período de tiempo, junto con la falta de saneamiento básico, crea una alerta por su gran potencial epidémico. Por lo tanto, las políticas de salud pública deben priorizar las acciones informativas y preventivas para evitar brotes y complicaciones. La atención primaria de salud es fundamental en este contexto, precisamente por la longitudinalidad y la amplitud de la atención.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Protozoan Infections/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Protozoan Infections/drug therapy , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(3): 148-153, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248276

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Sistemas de inteligência artificial são tecnologias promissoras de assistência em saúde e diagnóstico laboratorial, que podem ser implementados como métodos de suporte para o diagnóstico de parasitoses intestinais. Este estudo objetivou desenvolver um software de IA que auxilia no diagnóstico laboratorial de parasitoses intestinais, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade. Métodos: O software foi desenvolvido utilizando duas redes neurais, Inception e MobileNet. Primeiro imagens de ovos dos parasitas Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichiuris trichiura, Taenia sp, Hymenolepis nana, Schistosoma mansoni e larvas de Strongyloides stercoralis, foram utilizados para treinar o banco de dados. Posteriormente 2.740 imagens cedidas pelo Laboratório de Parasitologia da Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina foram testadas no software. Resultados: O software apresentou sensibilidade de 82,3% (95% intervalo de confiança (IC), 71,9%-89,1%) e especificidade de 95,1% (95% IC, 94,3%-97,8%) para MobileNet e sensibilidade de 72,1% (95% IC, 52,6%-115%) e especificidade de 92,1% (95% IC, 91,7%-97,7%) para Inception. Conclusão: O software apresentou resultados promissores na análise de parasitas intestinais, reforçando que, no futuro, a presença de sistemas de suporte de diagnóstico das parasitoses pode vir a se tornar mais rápido e eficiente. (AU)


Introduction: Artificial intelligence systems are promising technologies for health care and laboratory diagnosis, which can be implemented as support methods for the diagnosis of intestinal parasitoses. This study aimed to develop an artificial intelligence software that assists the laboratory diagnosis of intestinal parasitoses with high sensitivity and specificity. Methods: The software was developed using two neural networks, Inception and MobileNet. First, images of eggs from the parasites Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Taenia sp., Hymenolepis nana, Schistosoma mansoni and Strongyloides stercoralis larvae were used to train the database. Then, 2,740 images provided by the Parasitology Laboratory of the Universidade do Oeste de Santa Catarina were tested in the software. Results: The software had a sensitivity of 82.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 71.9% ­ 89.1%) and a specificity of 95.1% (95% CI, 94.3% ­ 97,8%) for MobileNet and a sensitivity of 72.1% (95% CI, 52.6% ­ 115%) and a specificity of 92.1% (95% CI, 91.7% ­ 97.7%) for Inception. Conclusion: The software showed promising results in the analysis of intestinal parasites, reinforcing that, in the future, the presence of diagnostic support systems for parasitoses may become faster and more efficient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Helminthiasis/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Parasitic Diseases/diagnosis , Software
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190535, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since the early 20th century, the detection of intestinal parasites has improved with the development of several techniques for parasitic structures recovery and identification, which differ in sensitivity, specificity, practicality, cost, and infrastructure demand. This study aims to review, in chronological order, the stool examination techniques and discuss their advantages, limitations, and perspectives, and to provide professionals and specialists in this field with data that lays a foundation for critical analysis on the use of such procedures. The concentration procedures that constitute the main techniques applied in routine research and in parasitological kits are a) spontaneous sedimentation; b) centrifugation-sedimentation with formalin-ethyl acetate; and c) flotation with zinc sulfate solution. While selecting a technique, one should consider the purpose of its application and the technical-operational, biological, and physicochemical factors inherent in the procedures used in stool processing, which may restrict its use. These intrinsic limitations may have undergone procedural changes driven by scientific and technological development and by development of alternative methods, which now contribute to the improvement of diagnostic accuracy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Parasitology/history , Specimen Handling/history , Feces/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Parasitology/methods , Specimen Handling/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(3): 432-442, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042531

ABSTRACT

Abstract A total of thirty Austral thrushes Turdus falcklandii Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (Turdidae) carcasses were brought to the Departamento de Ciencia Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Concepción, to be examined for ecto- and endoparasites. Ectoparasites were found on 20% (6/30) of the thrushes and belonged to species Brueelia magellanica Cichino, 1986 (Phthiraptera), Menacanthus eurysternus Burmeister, 1838 (Phthiraptera) and Tyrannidectes falcklandicus Mironov & González-Acuña, 2011 (Acari). Endoparasites were isolated from 26.6% (8/30) of the birds and identified as Lueheia inscripta Westrumb, 1821 (Acanthocephala), Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus Goeze, 1782 (Acanthocephala), Wardium sp. sensu Mayhew, 1925 (Cestoda), Dilepis undula (Cestoda) Schrank, 1788, and Zonorchis sp. (sensu Travassos, 1944) (Trematoda). To our knowledge, all endoparasites collected in this study are new records in T. falcklandii and expand their distributional range to Chile.


Resumo Um total de trinta carcaças do tordo-austral Turdus falcklandii Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (Turdidae) foi encaminhado ao Departamento de Ciência Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad de Concepción, para ser examinado quanto a presença de parasitas externos e internos. Parasitas externos foram encontrados em 20% (6/30) dos tordos inspecionados e identificados como Brueelia magellanica Cichino, 1986 (Phthiraptera), Menacanthus eurysternus Burmeister, 1838 (Phthiraptera), e Tyrannidectes falcklandicus Mironov & González-Acuña, 2011 (Acari). Parasitas internos foram identificados em 26,6% (8/30) dos espécimes examinados como Lueheia inscripta Westrumb, 1821 (Acanthocephala), Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus Goeze, 1782 (Acanthocephala), Wardium sp. sensu Mayhew, 1925 (Cestoda), Dilepis undula sensu Schrank, 1788 (Cestoda) e Zonorchis sp. (sensu Travassos, 1944) (Trematoda). Tanto quanto é do nosso conhecimento, todos os parasitas internos coletados neste estudo pertencem a novos registros em T. falcklandii e com expansão de sua distribuição para o Chile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bird Diseases/diagnosis , Songbirds/parasitology , Ectoparasitic Infestations/veterinary , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Bird Diseases/pathology , Chile , Ectoparasitic Infestations/diagnosis , Ectoparasitic Infestations/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
9.
Rev. moçamb. ciênc. saúde ; 1: 39-45, Abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | RSDM, AIM | ID: biblio-1381123

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O complexo de infecções intestinais parasitárias é causado por organismos que podem ser biologicamente classificados em protozoários ou helmintos. Os parasitas constituem o maior grupo de organismos responsável por infecções em humanos. A província de Sofala localiza-se na região centro de Moçambique e está dividida em 13 distritos (incluindo a Cidade da Beira). O presente estudo foi realizado com o objectivo de determinar a prevalência de parasitoses intestinais nas escolas primárias dos distritos da província de Sofala. Métodos: O estudo decorreu de Agosto de 2005 a Junho de 2007 em escolas primárias dos distritos da província de Sofala. Tratou-se de um estudo transversal, de amostragem multietápica que teve como alvo crianças em idade escolar. Foram colhidas amostras de fezes e estas foram processadas por técnicas de Ritchie e Kato-Katz. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comité Nacional de Bioética para Saúde de Moçambique e todos os princípios éticos foram seguidos. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o pacote estatístico SPSS na sua versão 15.0 e o software Microsoft Office Excel 2007. Resultados: Foram envolvidos um total de 5.748 alunos. A prevalência global de parasitoses ao nível da província foi de 34,4%. O distrito de Muanza foi a mais prevalente com 59,4% e o distrito de Dondo a menos prevalente com 14,1%. As espécies Entamoeba coli (23,6%), T. trichiura (16,0%), A. duodenale (14,0%) e A. lumbricoides (12,7%) foram as mais prevalentes. Observaram-se diferenças estatisticamente significativas em relação a idade e o nível de escolaridade e à prevalência de parasitas intestinais (p <0,001). Discussão e Conclusões: A prevalência de parasitoses intestinais em crianças nas escolas primárias da província de Sofala foi elevada. A presença Entamoeba coli é um indicativo epidemiológico de ocorrência de contaminação fecal. Há necessidade de se realizar estudos mais detalhados considerando as características e disposições ambientais onde elas vivem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Parasitic Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feces/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Mozambique/epidemiology
10.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1259072

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectif. L'immunodépression induite par le VIH s'accompagne d'infections diverses et certaines parasitoses intestinales (PI) y sont fréquemment associées. Les données relatives à cette co-infection sont fragmentaires en Afrique subsaharienne. La présente étude a évalué l'ampleur des parasitoses intestinales chez les enfants seropositfs pour le VIH (VIH+) suivis dans les hôpitaux de référence de Kinshasa. Méthodes. Une étude transversale multicentrique a été menée dans huit hôpitaux de référence de Kinshasa, incluant 227 enfants séropositifs pour le VIH (VIH+), âgés de 18 mois à 15 ans. Les données sociodémographiques ont été enregistrées, et les échantillons de selles et de sang collectés chez chacun des participants. Les examens parasitologiques sur selles (selles directes et après concentration), ainsi que le Kinyoun (Ziehl modifié, ont été réalisés au laboratoire de parasitologie de la faculté de Médecine, et le taux de lymphocytes T CD4 sanguin déterminé au laboratoire de référence de l'Hôpital Général de Référence de Kinshasa. Résultats. Deux cent vingt sept enfants (sexe ratio H/F : 1,1/1) ont été examinés. Parmi eux, 56 (24,6%, IC 95% :19,0 -30,3%.) étaient infectés par au moins un des parasites intestinaux suivants: Ascaris lumbricoïdes (12,8%), Trichiuris trichiura (11,9%), Schistosoma mansoni (0,4%), Entamoeba coli (5,7%) et Giardia intestinalis (1,8%). Cryptosporidium sp et Isospora belli n'ont pas été détectés. Le niveau bas d'étude des parents a été significativement associé aux PI (p = 0,039). Conclusion. A Kinshasa, un enfant VIH-séropositif sur quatre, surtout issu d'un ménage où le niveau d'instruction des tuteurs était bas, présente une PI. L'éducation sanitaire et les mesures élémentaires d'hygiène sont à promouvoir comme moyen primordial de prévention et de lutte contre ces PI


Subject(s)
Democratic Republic of the Congo , HIV Infections , Health Education , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis
11.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 30(2): 107-112, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103913

ABSTRACT

Intestinal parasitic infections cause a not insignificant number of chronic diarrhea in children, however, with the sociodemographic change that our country has experienced, the number of cases and new parasites (immigration from tropical endemic areas) could increase. We report the case of an immunocompetent patient who presents with chronic diarrhea associated with Strongyloides stercoralis infection. The patient migrated two years ago from an endemic area for this helminth. The diagnosis is challenging, and the chances of a successful outcome depend on the administration of the antiparasitic.


Las infecciones parasitarias intestinales provocan un número no despreciable de causas de diarrea crónica en niños, sin embargo, con el cambio sociodemográfico que ha vivido nuestro país se podría incrementar el número de casos y de nuevos parásitos (inmigración de áreas endémicas tropicales). Reportamos el caso de un paciente inmunocompetente, que presenta cuadro de diarrea crónica asociada a infección por Strongyloides stercoralis. El paciente habría migrado hace dos años desde zona endémica para este helminto. El diagnóstico es desafiante y las posibilidades de un resultado exitoso dependen de la administración del antiparasitario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Strongyloidiasis/diagnosis , Strongyloidiasis/drug therapy , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy , Strongyloidiasis/parasitology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Strongyloides stercoralis/isolation & purification , Diarrhea/etiology , Immunocompetence , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(5): 1380-1398, set.-oct. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978679

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la prevalencia de las infecciones parasitarias intestinales en niños no ha variado mucho en Cuba en los últimos años. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de las infecciones parasitarias intestinales e identificar los factores asociados en los círculos infantiles de un Consejo popular de Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio analítico, transversal, entre octubre de 2014 y abril de 2015 en el cual se incluyeron niños que asistían a esos círculos infantiles. Se utilizó un muestreo sistemático para la selección. La información se recogió a través de una entrevista estructurada y sé colectaron dos muestras fecales, en días alternos. Cada muestra fue procesada con dos métodos coproparasitológicos. Se estudiaron variables sociodemográficas y factores higiénicos sanitarios. En el procesamiento estadístico se calcularon las frecuencias absolutas, relativas y el Odds Ratio. Se realizó un análisis bivariado y se controlaron los posibles factores de confusión utilizando la regresión logística del programa SPSS. Resultados: 93 niños estaban infectados por algún parásito o comensal. Blastocystis sp., Giardia lamblia y E. histolytica/ E. dispar resultaron los parásitos más frecuentes. La calidad del agua de consumo, comerse las uñas o chuparse el dedo, así como el no lavado de las manos fueron identificados como factores asociados al parasitismo, el resto de los factores resultaron de confusión. Conclusiones: la mitad de los niños se encontraban parasitados, lo que demuestra que las condiciones higiénicas y la educación sanitaria en estas instituciones están aún por debajo del nivel deseado por el sistema nacional de salud (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children has not changed in Cuba in the last years in spite of the efforts made by the National Public Health System. Objective: to determine the prevalence of the intestinal parasitic infections and to identify the factors associated to them in the day care centers of the Popular Council Matanzas. Material and methods: a cross-sectional, analytical study was carried out in the period from October 2014 till April 2015 in children assisting those day care centers. The sample was chosen by a systematic sampling. Information was gathered through a structured interview and two stool samples were collected after a day. Each stool sample was processed using two different stool parasitological methods. Socio-demographic variables and hygienic-sanitary factors were studied. Odds ratio, relative and absolute frequencies were calculated during statistic processing. A bivariate analysis was made and the main possible confusion variants were controlled using the SPSS program logistic regression. Results: 93 children were infected by any parasite or commensal, predominating monoparasitism. Blastocystis sp., Giardia lamblia and E. histolytica /E. dispar were the most frequent parasites. Drinking water quality, nails biting or fingers sucking, as well as no hand washing were identified as factors associated to parasitism; the rest of the factors were confusing. Conclusions: half of the patients were found parasite carriers, showing that hygienic conditions and sanitary education in these institutions are still under the level desired by the National Health System (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/prevention & control , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/drug therapy , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology
13.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 41(1): 10-13, jun. 2018. ilus, graf, map, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-953630

ABSTRACT

Las poblaciones de indígenas Waraos del Bajo Delta, adolecen de servicios sanitarios óptimos que le permitan diagnosticar y prevenir las enteroparasitosis. Objetivo: determinar la Prevalencia de Parasitosis Intestinal (PPI), frecuencia y diversidad de especies de los enteroparásitos presentes, con énfasis en los flagelados comensales. Métodos: se estudiaron 51 pacientes de la Etnia Warao (21 del sexo femenino y 30 masculino) con edades comprendidas entre los 2 meses y los 68 años, a los cuales se le realizaron exámenes coproparasitológicos, con las técnicas de la solución salina 0,85%, lugol y la técnica de Kato. Resultados: se obtuvo un PPI del 100%, donde los protozoarios diagnosticados fueron: Endolimax nana (58,8% de las muestras analizadas), Blastocystis sp. (56,9%), Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar (41,2%), Entamoeba coli (29,4%), Iodamoeba butschlii (25,5%), Pentatrichomonas hominis/Trichomonas hominis (17,6%), Giardia lamblia /Giardia intestinalis (15,7%), Chilomastix mesnili (11,8%), Balantidium coli (2%) y Entamoeba hartmani (2%). Los helmintos encontrados fueron: Ascaris lumbricoides (25,5%), Trichuris trichiura (5,9%) y Uncinarias sp. (2%). Conclusiones: la PPI y la frecuencia de Pentatrichomonas hominis y Chilomastix mesnili son de las más altas reportadas para Venezuela en los últimos años, indicadores de la difícil situación sanitaria de esta etnia.


The Waraos indigenous populations of the Lower Delta suffer from lack of optimal health services that allow them to diagnose and prevent enteroparasitosis. Objetive: to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites (PPI), frequency and diversity of species, with emphasis on commensal flagellates. Methods: we studied 51 patients of the Warao ethnic group (21 females and 30 males) aged between 2 months and 68 years, who underwent coproparasitological examinations, with the techniques of 0.85% saline solution, Lugol and Kato's technique. Results: a 100% PPI was obtained, where the diagnosed protozoa were: Endolimax nana (58.8% of the samples analyzed), Blastocystis sp. (56.9%), Entamoeba histolytica / Entamoeba dispar (41.2%), Entamoeba coli (29.4%), Iodamoeba butschlii (25.5%), Pentatrichomonas hominis /Trichomonas hominis (17.6%), Giardia lamblia /Giardia intestinalis (15.7%), Chilomastix mesnili (11.8%), Balantidium coli (2%) and Entamoeba hartmani (2%). The helminths found were: Ascaris lumbricoides (25.5%), Trichuris trichiura (5.9%) and Uncinarias sp. (2%). Conclusion: the PPI and the frequency of Pentatrichomonas hominis and Chilomastix mesnili are among the highest reported for Venezuela in recent years, indicators of the difficult health situation of this ethnic group.


Subject(s)
Infant , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Retortamonadidae
14.
Acta méd. costarric ; 60(2): 19-29, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886409

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Actualizar la información sobre la prevalencia de parasitosis en niños en Costa Rica y la relación de esta con factores socioeconómicos. Metodología: se realizó un estudio para determinar la prevalencia de parásitos y comensales intestinales en niños de 1-7 años, de 13 centros que cuentan con dos modalidades de programas de alimentación. A los padres se les administró un cuestionario estructurado (n=2514; 96,8% de los padres invitados a participar accedieron). Se recolectaron muestras de heces de los niños (n=1368, 54,0%), que fueron analizadas por frotis directo y montaje de Kato. Se corrieron pruebas de chi cuadrado, se calcularon las razones de probabilidades (OR) y se realizó un modelo de regresión logística binaria para examinar las asociaciones entre las características socioeconómicas de las familias de los niños y su probabilidad de desarrollar parasitosis. Resultados: la prevalencia de protozoarios comensales, protozoarios patógenos, helmintos o una combinación de los anteriores (CPH) fue del 24,1% (IC 95%: 21,9-26,4). La prevalencia de parásitos patógenos y la de helmintiasis fue del 8,5% (IC 95%: 7,5-10,5) y 0,7% (IC 95%: 0,1-1,5), respectivamente. El protozoario patógeno más frecuente fue Giardia intestinalis (8,0%), el comensal fue Endolimax nana (7,7%) y el helminto fue Ascaris lumbricoides (0,4%). No se observaron diferencias significativas en la prevalencia de CPH o parasitosis según sexo o programa de alimentación. Las prevalencias más altas de CPH y parasitosis se observaron en La Uruca (46,9% y 17,2%, respectivamente) y las más bajas en Paso Ancho (7,7% y 0%, respectivamente). Tener una edad >5 años, vivir en una casa con paredes construidas con material de desecho o zinc, habitar en una vivienda no adecuada (i.e., vivienda indígena, cuarto en cuartería, tugurio, casa móvil, pensión o convento) y tener una familia con más de 4 miembros, fueron identificados como posibles factores de riesgo para CPH. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de comensales, patógenos, helmintos encontrada en este estudio fue menor a la observada en la última Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición de Costa Rica (32,6%), realizada en 2008-2009. Sin embargo, el estudio muestra que existen condiciones permisivas para la trasmisión de enteroparásitos, y que resulta necesario darle seguimiento a las medidas preventivas y de tratamiento de las parasitosis.


Abstract Objective: to determine the prevalence of parasitosis in children in Costa Rica and its association with socioeconomic factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites and commensals in children aged 1-7 years old, from 13 centers with two types of food distribution programs. We administered a structured questionnaire, which included some questions from the 2014 Costa Rican National Home Survey, to most of the parents who consented for their children to participate in the study (n=2435 out of 2514). We collected stool samples from children (n=1368; 54,0%) and then analyzed them using a direct smear and Kato assembly. Odds ratios (OR) and chi-square tests were calculated and a binary logistic regression model was fitted to assess the associations between socioeconomic characteristics of the children's families and the probability of having an intestinal parasitic infection. Results: The prevalence of commensal protozoans, pathogenic protozoans, helminthes, or a combination of them (referred to henceforth as CPH) was 24.1% (95% CI: 21.9-26.4), whereas prevalences of pathogenic parasites and helmithiasis were 8.5% (95% CI: 7.5-10.5) and 0.7% (95% CI: 0.1-1.5), respectively. The most prevalent pathogenic parasite was Giardia intestinalis (8.0%), the most frequent commensal protozoan was Endolimax nana (7.7%), and the most prevalent helminth was Ascaris lumbricoides (0.4%). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of CPH or parasitosis by sex or nutritional program. The highest prevalences of CPH and parasitosis were observed in La Uruca (46.9% and 17.2%, respectively) and the lowest in Paso Ancho (7.7% and 0%, respectively). Being 5 years old or above, living in a house with walls made up of waste material or zinc, having a non-suitable house (i.e., indigenous housing, living in a small room inside a quartery house, slums, mobile housing, pension, or convent), and having more than 4 family members were identified as risk factors for having a CPH. Conclusions: The CPH prevalence found in this study was lower than the one observed in the Costa Rican National Nutritional Survey 2008-2009 (32.6%). However, this study shows that there are several permissive conditions that allow the transmission of intestinal parasites and that it is necessary to improve the preventive and treatment measures of intestinal parasites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Parasitic Diseases/complications , Helminths/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Child Day Care Centers , Costa Rica
15.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 27(1): 94-97, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042466

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cats are carriers of zoonotic agents to humans, including intestinal parasites. The purpose of this study was to analyze the accuracy of different laboratory methods for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites. Fecal samples were processed by the Willis, Sheather, Faust and Hoffman-Janer-Pons-Lutz (HJPL) methods. Accuracy analysis was performed determining the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value and Kappa. A total of 149 fecal samples were collected, 65 from stray cats and 84 from domiciled cats. The prevalence of intestinal parasites in stray cats was 60% while in domiciled cats it was 17%. In the analysis of accuracy, the techniques that showed the greatest accuracy for Ancylostomids were Willis and Faust, for Cystoisospora spp. Sheather with Faust or HPJL, and Toxoplasma gondii/Hammondia hammondi the association between Willis and Faust. Therefore, for a reliable evaluation of the prevalence of intestinal parasites, at least two different techniques should be used in parasitological exams of feces.


Resumo Gatos são veiculadores de agentes zoonóticos para o homem, entre eles os parasitos intestinais. O objetivo foi analisar a acurácia de diferentes métodos laboratoriais para o diagnóstico de parasitos entéricos. As amostras de fezes foram processadas pelos métodos de Willis, Sheather, Faust e Hoffman-Janer-Pons-Lutz (HJPL). A análise de acurácia foi realizada determinando a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e negativo e índice Kappa. Foram coletadas 65 amostras de fezes de gatos errantes e 84 amostras de gatos domiciliados, total de 149 amostras. A prevalência de parasitos entéricos nos errantes foi 60% e nos domiciliados 17%. Na análise de acurácia as técnicas que associadas apresentaram maior acurácia para Ancilostomídeos foram Willis e Faust, para Cystoisospora spp. Sheather com Faust ou HPJL, e para Toxoplasma gondii/Hammondia hammondi a associação entre Willis e Faust. Portanto, para uma avaliação fidedigna da prevalência de parasitos entéricos, deve-se usar no mínimo duas técnicas diferentes ao realizar os exames parasitológicos de fezes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , Cat Diseases/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Brazil , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Feces/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Animals, Domestic , Animals, Wild
16.
Hosp. Aeronáut. Cent ; 13(2): 79-83, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1021159

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Strongyloidiasis es una parasitosis intestinal producida por un nematodo de distribución mundial, es endémica en zonas tropicales. Los métodos convencionales de diagnósticos suelen no ser lo suficientemente sensibles ni específicos. La endoscopia ha aumentado la sensibilidad de realizar mejores diagnósticos. Así es como la biopsia gástrica y/o duodenal juegan un rol importantísimo y se considera que los hallazgos endoscópicos son útiles como marcadores de severidad de la infección y obtención del agente etiológico. Objetivos: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre la fisiopatogénesis y signo sintomatología del Strongyloides Stercoralis. Demostrar la utilidad de la endoscopía para evaluar inmenidad o daño de la mucosa duodenal como signo directo de organicidad y como método de obtención de muestras con el fin de realizar la observación directa del agente patógeno causal. Material y Método: Estudio observacional. Transversal. Retrospectivo. Se tuvieron en cuenta las endoscopías realizadas en el Servicio de Endoscopía del Hospital Español de Buenos Aires desde junio de 2016 a junio 2018. Resultados: Se realizaron 5286 estudios endoscópicos que constituyeron el 100% de la muestra. El 0,0189% (1 una endoscopía) de las endoscopías realizadas correspondieron a duodenitis inespecífica asociada a estudio anatomopatológico que confirma parasitosis intestinal por Strongiloidesis stercolaris. Discusión: Los principales síntomas clínicos de presentación de este nematodosis son náuseas, vómitos, anorexia, diarrea, pérdida de peso, y dolor abdominal, que frecuentemente confunden la etiología e imitan los síntomas de otras enfermedades, como en el caso de nuestro paciente. Tener en cuenta signosintomatologia atípica como refiere la World Gastroenterology Organization en su Practice Guidelines aumenta la sospecha diagnóstica Conclusión: La endoscopia digestiva alta es una herramienta diagnostica muy útil cuando la signo sintomatología no es muy clara. Una de las principales claves para hacer el diagnostico es tener un indicio de sospecha.


ntroduction: Strongyloidiasis is an intestinal parasitosis produced by a nematode of worldwide distribution, endemic in tropical areas., The conventional methods of diagnosis are usually not sensitive or specific enough. Endoscopy has increased the sensibility of making better diagnoses, as well as gastric and / or duodenal biopsy; plays a very important role and it is considered that the endoscopic findings are useful as markers of infection severity and in obtaining the etiological agent. Objectives: Carrying out a bibliographic review on the pathogenesis and signosyntomathology of Strongyloides Stercorali symptomatology. To demonstrate the usefulness of endoscopy to evaluate indemnity or damage of the duodenal mucosa as a direct sign of organicity and as a simple obtaining method in order to perform direct observation of the causative pathogen. Materials and Methods: Observational study. Cross. Retrospective. Endoscopies performed at the Endoscopy Service of the Hospital Español de Buenos Aires from June 2016 to June 2018 were taken into account. Results: There were 5286 endoscopic studies that constituted 100% of the sample. The 0.0189% (1 endoscopy) of the endoscopies performed corresponded to nonspecific duodenitis associated with an anatomopathological study that confirmed intestinal parasites by Strongiloidesis stercolaris. Discussion: The main clinical symptoms of this nematode are nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, weight loss, and abdominal pain that frequently confuse the etiology and mimic the symptoms of other diseases, as in the case of our patient. Taking into account atypical signs and symptoms as the World Gastroenterology Organization refers in its Practice Guidelines increases diagnostic suspicion Conclusion: Upper digestive endoscopy is a very useful diagnostic tool when the signs and symptoms are not very clear. One of the main keys to make the diagnosis is to have an indication of diagnostic suspicion


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Endoscopy , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis
17.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(4): 681-686, dic. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886151

ABSTRACT

Se evaluaron en forma retrospectiva los resultados obtenidos del procesamiento de muestras fecales y escobillados anales, remitidos para su estudio al laboratorio de la Sección Parasitología del Hospital de Enfermedades Infecciosas "Dr. Francisco Javier Muñiz" de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, durante el período comprendido entre enero y diciembre de 2016. Se tuvieron en cuenta los resultados de 1253 estudios parasitológicos de materia fecal y de 268 escobillados anales, correspondientes a 1207 pacientes. No fueron considerados los resultados de las muestras de 432 pacientes, de los cuales no se poseía alguno de los datos evaluados. Las muestras fecales resultaron positivas en 288 (22,98%) casos, mientras que en 33 (12,31%) escobillados anales, fueron positivas para la presencia de huevos de Enterobius vermicularis. La presencia de Blastocystis sp. fue detectada en 194 (17,1%) pacientes, seguida en orden de frecuencia por Entamoeba coli (51; 4,5%), Giardia lamblia (47; 4,1%) y Endolimax nana (32; 2,8%). El hallazgo de coccidios arrojó una prevalencia de 1,2% (n=14) para Cryptosporidium sp. y de 1,3% (n=15) para Cystoisospora belli. Cuando se evaluó la incidencia de parasitosis de acuerdo con la edad de los pacientes, se observó la existencia de significancia de diferencias entre proporciones de pacientes parasitados con edades menores o iguales a 15 años y mayores a esta edad. Por otro lado, no se encontró significancia de diferencias entre las proporciones de mujeres y varones con estudios coproparasitológicos positivos. El presente estudio, realizado con una metodología simple, al alcance de laboratorios de baja complejidad, ha puesto en evidencia que el número de géneros y especies encontrados en las muestras analizadas presenta heterogeneidad espacial, con los valores más altos representados por Blastocystis sp., seguido por protozoarios intestinales (Giardia lamblia y amebas no patógenas), así como una prevalencia importante de coccidios en las muestras fecales de la población estudiada, asociada a pacientes con SIDA. Estudios posteriores y más completos, que incluyan una mayor cantidad de datos de los pacientes evaluados, posibilitarán un mejor conocimiento de las coproparasitosis presentes en la población asistida en el Hospital Muñiz.


The results obtained during the period between January and December 2016 of the fecal samples and anal sclerosis, were submitted retrospectively to the laboratory of the Parasitology Section of the Hospital of Infectious Diseases "Francisco Javier Muñiz" of the City of Buenos Aires. The results of 1253 parasitological studies of fecal matter and of 268 gauzes anal swabbing, corresponding to 1207 patients, were taken into account. The results of the samples from 432 patients were left out, and none of their data was evaluated. Fecal samples were positive in 288 (22.98%) cases, while 33 (12.31%) were positive for the presence of Enterobius vermicularis eggs. The presence of Blastocystis sp. was detected in 194 (17.1%) patients, followed in order of frequency by Entamoeba coli (51. 4.5%), Giardia lamblia (47. 4.1%) and Endolimax nana (32. 2.8%). The finding of coccidiosis showed a prevalence of 1.2% (n = 14) for Cryptosporidium sp. and 1.3% (n = 15) for Cystoisospora belli. When the incidence of parasitosis was evaluated according to the age of the patients, the existence of significant differences between proportions of parasitized patients with ages less than or equal to 15 years and older was observed. On the other hand, no significant differences were found between the proportions of women and men with positive coproparasitological studies. The present study, performed with a simple methodology, within the reach of low complexity laboratories, has shown that the number of genera and species found in the analyzed samples presents spatial heterogeneity, with the highest values represented by Blastocystis sp., followed by Giardia lamblia and non-pathogenic amoebae, as well as an important prevalence of coccidia in fecal samples of the population studied, associated with AIDS patients. Further and more complete studies, including a greater amount of data of the evaluated patients, will facilitate a better knowledge of the coproparasitosis present in the assisted population in the Muñiz Hospital.


Foram avaliados os resultados em forma retrospectiva para o processamento de amostras fecais e swabs anais, enviados para sua consideração ao laboratório da Seção de Parasitologia do Hospital de Doenças Infecciosas "Dr. Francisco Javier Muñiz" da cidade de Buenos Aires. Foram considerados os resultados de 1253 estudos parasitológico das fezes e 268 de swab anal, correspondentes a 1207 pacientes. Não foram considerados os resultados de amostras de 432 pacientes, dos quais não existía algum dos dados avaliados. As amostras fecais resultaram positivas em 288 (22,98%) casos, enquanto que em 33 (12,31%) swabs anais foram positivas para a presença de ovos de Enterobius vermicularis. A presença de Blastocystis sp. foi detectada em 194 (17,1%) pacientes, seguida em ordem de frequência por Entamoeba coli (51, 4,5%), Giardia lamblia (47, 4,1%) e Endolimax nana (32, 2,8%). O achado de coccídios mostrou uma prevalência de 1,2% (n = 14) para o Cryptosporidium sp. e de 1,3% (n = 15) para Cystoisospora belli. Quando a incidência de parasitoses de acordo com a idade dos pacientes foi avaliada, observou-se a existência de significância de diferenças entre as proporções de pacientes parasitados com idade menor ou igual a 15 anos e com mais de15 anos. Por outro lado, não houve significância de diferenças entre as proporções de mulheres e homens com estudos coproparasitológicos positivos. Este estudo, realizado com uma metodologia simples disponível para laboratórios de baixa complexidade, mostrou que o número de gêneros e espécies encontradas nas amostras analisadas apresenta heterogeneidade espacial, com os mais altos valores representados por Blastocystis sp., seguido por protozoários intestinais (Giardia lamblia e amebas não patogênicas), bem como uma prevalência significativa de coccídios nas amostras fecais da população do estudo, associada com doentes de AIDs. Estudos posteriores e mais abrangentes, incluindo maior número de dados dos pacientes avaliados, permitirá uma melhor compreensão das coproparasitoses presentes na população atendida no Hospital Muñiz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/ethnology , Prevalence , Communicable Diseases , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Parasitology
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(6): 469-474, dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894523

ABSTRACT

In urban populations of South America, dogs with free access to public areas represent a public health concern. The primary consequence of roaming dogs on human health is the transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases mainly through feces contamination. The main diseases likely to be transmitted are hydatidosis or echinococcosis, larva migrans, and giardiasis. In Argentina, hydatidosis ranks among the most prevalent zoonosis. Although it is considered a rural disease, the circulation of this parasite in urban areas has been documented. The aim of this work was to survey intestinal parasites in canine feces from two low-income urban neighborhoods of Bariloche city, Argentina, and to assess their seasonal variation. During 2016, 188 fresh dog feces were collected from sidewalks in 40 randomly selected blocks from the neighborhoods. Each sample was processed by Sheater flotation and tested for a coproantigen (CAg) by ELISA. The percentage of parasitized feces was 65.3% (95% CI: 55.9%-73.8%). Eleven parasite species were found, 3 protozoan, 3 cestodes, and 5 nematodes. Echinococcus sp. was present in 9.3% of the samples (95% CI: 4.7%-16.1%). Canine echinococcosis rates resulted similar to rates found previously in other neighborhoods of the city. The life cycle of Echinococcus sp. is sustained in urban areas by the entry of parasitized livestock, domiciliary slaughtering, and inadequate deposition of offal. The risk of Echinococcus sp. transmission to people in these neighborhoods is very high, due to high density of free-roaming dogs and high percentages of infected feces, similar to percentages observed in rural areas.


En las poblaciones urbanas de América del Sur, los perros con acceso libre a áreas públicas representan un problema de salud pública. La principal consecuencia es la transmisión de enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias a través de la contaminación por heces. Las principales enfermedades que pueden transmitirse son hidatidosis, larva migrans y giardiasis. En Argentina, la hidatidosis es una de las zoonosis más prevalentes y aunque es considerada una enfermedad rural, algunos estudios muestran la circulación de este parásito en zonas urbanas. El objetivo fue registrar los parásitos intestinales en heces caninas de dos barrios de bajos ingresos de la ciudad de Bariloche, Argentina, y evaluar su variación estacional. Durante 2016, se recolectaron 188 heces frescas de perros en 40 manzanas seleccionados aleatoriamente. Las heces se procesaron mediante flotación de Sheater y una prueba ELISA de coproantigeno (CAg). El porcentaje de heces parasitadas fue del 65.3% (IC 95%: 55.9%-73.8%). Se encontraron 11 especies de parásitos, 3 protozoos, 3 cestodes y 5 nematodes. Echinococcus sp. estuvo presente en el 9.3% de las heces (IC 95%: 4.7% -16.1%). La equinococosis canina mostró valores similares a estudios previos en otros barrios de la ciudad. El ciclo de vida Echinococcus sp. se mantiene en las zonas urbanas por entrada de ganado parasitado, faena domiciliaria y deposición inadecuada de vísceras. El riesgo de transmisión de Echinococcus sp. en estos barrios es alto, debido a la alta densidad de perros sueltos y al alto porcentaje de heces infectadas, similar al de las zonas rurales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Protozoan Infections, Animal/parasitology , Cestode Infections/veterinary , Dog Diseases/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Nematode Infections/veterinary , Nematode Infections/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Seasons , Urban Population , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cestode Infections/diagnosis , Cestode Infections/epidemiology , Prevalence , Dog Diseases/diagnosis , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/diagnosis , Echinococcosis/veterinary , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Feces/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis
19.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 84(3/4): 88-91, jul.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-881531

ABSTRACT

Antecedente: Las parasitosis intestinales son un problema de salud pública en nuestro país, actualmente la epidemio - logia no es la adecuada, seguimos utilizando estadística de otros países. Objetivo: Identiicar las características de los exámenes de heces del departamento de Santa Bárbara en el año 2015. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal descriptivo. Se analizó los reportes mensuales de los exámenes de heces en el departamento de Santa Bárbara en Honduras de 6 laboratorios que dependen de la Secretaría de Salud en el período comprendido desde mayo a diciembre del 2015. Resultados: De las 2234 muestras analizadas la frecuencia de parasitosis intestinales fue de 51.2%. Se encontró un porcentaje de infección de A. lumbricoides 15.1%, E. nana 12.1%, T. trichiura 7.7%, E. coli 6.8%, E. histolytica/dispar 5.2% G. lamblia 4.9%, Uncinarias del humano 3.2% y B. hominis 2.7%. Discusión: Información similar se ha encontrado en otras regiones del país, aunque se necesitan más estudios para completar la epidemiologia de los distintos departamentos...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascaris lumbricoides/parasitology , Colimetry , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Parasitic Diseases , Rural Areas
20.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 32(6): 649-657, ilus, graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-773271

ABSTRACT

Background: Official figures of mortality in children under five years of age in the Americas, report that infectious and parasitic diseases caused most of the deaths. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of intestinal parasites in vulnerable children, indigenous and non-indigenous, and their socio-environmental characteristics. Patients and Methods: We evaluated 247 children under five years of age, of both sexes. Descriptive study with an analytical component, transverse cutting. Copro-parasitological examinations were carried out and semi-structured interviews to collect socio-demographic data were conducted. Results: The frequency of intestinal parasitic diseases was 56.1% and 35.5% in indigenous and non-indigenous children, respectively. In both populations, the most common pathogens were Blastocystis hominis and Giardia lamblia. Conclusion: We found a high frequency of parasitism in indigenous children at the expense of protozoa. Non-indigenous children still present the same parasitic species found in previous studies, suggesting the need to implement more control and prevention. The poor conditions in which they live favor the development of these diseases.


Introducción: Cifras oficiales de mortalidad en niños bajo 5 años de edad, en las Américas, refieren que la mayor parte de las defunciones fueron causadas por enfermedades infecciosas incluyendo las parasitarias. Objetivo: Evaluar la frecuencia de enteroparasitosis en población infantil vulnerable, indígenas y no indígenas, y sus características socio-ambientales. Pacientes y Métodos: Se evaluaron 247 niños bajo 5 años de edad, de ambos sexos. Estudio descriptivo con componente analítico, de corte transverso. Se realizaron exámenes copro-parasitológicos y se aplicaron encuestas semi-estructuradas para recoger datos socio-demográficos. Resultados: la frecuencia de enteroparasitosis en los niños indígenas fue de 56,1% y en los niños no indígenas de 35,5%. En ambas poblaciones los patógenos más frecuentes fueron Gardia lamblia y Blastocystis hominis. Conclusión: Encontramos una elevada frecuencia de parasitosis en la población infantil indígena, a expensas de los protozoarios. Los niños no indígenas siguen portando las mismas especies parasitarias encontradas en estudios anteriores, sugiriendo la necesidad de implementar un mayor control y prevención. Existen escasos estudios en nuestro país sobre parasitosis en edades tempranas y no se cuentan con datos en la niñez indígena. Las pobres condiciones en las que viven favorecen el desarrollo de estas enfermedades.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Feces/parasitology , Indians, South American , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/parasitology , Prevalence , Paraguay/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL