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1.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408251

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal y anal es una enfermedad de elevada incidencia y la oclusión intestinal es su complicación más frecuente. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia y la mortalidad de los pacientes con cáncer colorrectal y anal y oclusión intestinal mecánica por esa causa. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de serie de casos que incluyó a los pacientes con diagnóstico de oclusión intestinal por cáncer colorrectal en Sancti Spíritus, Cuba, desde el 1ro de enero de 2014 hasta el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Se estudiaron pacientes vivos y fallecidos. Resultados: La incidencia de cáncer colorrectal y anal tuvo la mayor tasa en el 2016 con 28,73 por 100 000 habitantes. El mayor número de pacientes ocluidos fue en 2017 con 52. Conclusiones: La incidencia de cáncer colorrectal y anal y de oclusión por esa causa se encuentra por encima de los reportes cubanos, similar a los que ocurre en países de la región. La mortalidad por oclusión está por encima de investigaciones internacionales(AU)


Introduction: Colorectal and anal cancer is a disease with high incidence and intestinal obstruction is its most frequent complication. Objective: To describe the incidence and mortality of patients with colorectal and anal cancer and mechanical intestinal occlusion due to this cause. Methods: A descriptive case series revision was carried out including patients diagnosed with intestinal occlusion due to colorectal cancer in Sancti Spíritus, Cuba, from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. Living patients and deceased were studied. Results: The incidence of colorectal and anal cancer had the highest rate in 2016, that is, 28.73 per 100,000 inhabitants. The highest number of occluded patients was in 2017 with 52. Conclusions: The incidence of colorectal and anal cancer and occlusion because of this reason is above Cuban reports, similar to what occurs in countries in the region. Mortality due to occlusion is above international investigations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Research Report
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(1): 67-72, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360704

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the ability of the biomarkers to predict the surgery treatment and mortality in patients above 18 years of age who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of bowel obstruction from the emergency department. METHODS: This is a 2-year retrospective study. The patients' demographic data, laboratory parameters on admission to emergency department, treatment modalities, and the length of hospital stay were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups: conservative and surgical treatment. Statistical analysis was performed to investigate the value of biomarkers in predicting mortality and the need for surgery. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 179 patients were included in this study. Of these, 105 (58.7%) patients were treated conservative and 74 (41.3%) were treated operatively. The elevated procalcitonin (PCT) level, C-reactive protein, blood urea nitrogen-to-albumin ratio, and lactate-to-albumin ratio were significantly correlated with surgical treatment, length of hospital stay, and mortality. procalcitonin threshold value of 0.13 ng/mL was able to predict the need for surgical treatment, with a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 70.3%. Procalcitonin threshold value of 0.65 ng/mL was able to predict the mortality rate of the patients, with a sensitivity of 92.9% and a specificity of 78.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers, especially procalcitonin, may be useful in bowel obstruction treatment management and may predict mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Procalcitonin , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies
3.
Dolor ; 31(74): 26-34, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362804

ABSTRACT

El paciente oncológico de cuidados paliativos puede presentar una variedad importante de condiciones clínicas que producen sufrimiento y disminución en la calidad de vida; esto se presenta como un reto para el clínico en la identificación y correcto abordaje de los pacientes. El dolor se ha considerado por años como el síntoma cardinal a tratar en el paciente oncológico, donde se deben considerar sus condicionantes fisiopatológicos, la farmacología de las intervenciones, los posibles efectos secundarios y los condicionantes familiares, sociales y personales del dolor, pero a pesar de su relevancia, no es el único síntoma, estando acompañado de un abanico de patologías, como las afectaciones gastrointestinales, pulmonares, vasculares, hematológicas y neurológicas, que favorecen la pérdida de capacidad del paciente y, en muchas ocasiones, la muerte. Se realizó una revisión actualizada en bases de datos como EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO, además de la revisión de guías de asociaciones internacionales con el objetivo de acercar a todos los médicos, sin distinguir su especialidad o área de trabajo, al abordaje y manejo del paciente oncológico en cuidado paliativo, favoreciendo la sensibilización con estas patologías y la importancia en el curso de vida de los pacientes.


The palliative care cancer patient can present a significant variety of clinical conditions that produce suffering and a decrease in the quality of life. This is a challenge for the clinician in the identification and correct approach of patients. Pain has been considered for years as the cardinal symptom to be treated in cancer patients, where its pathophysiological factors, the pharmacology of the interventions, possible side effects and the family, social and personal conditions of pain must be considered, but despite its relevance is not the onset of symptoms and is accompanied by a range of pathologies such as gastrointestinal, pulmonary, vascular, hematological and neurological affectations that favor the loss of capacity of the patient and in many cases death. An updated review was carried out in databases such as EMBASE, PUBMED, SCIELO in addition to the revision of guides from international associations with the aim of bringing all doctors without distinguishing their specialty or area of work to the approach and management of cancer patients in palliative care favoring awareness of these pathologies and their importance in the life course of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care/methods , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/diagnosis , Tumor Lysis Syndrome/diagnosis , Emergencies , Venous Thromboembolism/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Morphine/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/complications
5.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(6): 732-740, Set.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143191

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the demographics, genotype, and clinical presentation of pediatric patients presenting with distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS), and factors associated with DIOS recurrence. Methods: Case series of ten patients (median age 13.2 years), followed-up in a reference center, retrospectively assessed. Data analyzed included age, gender, cystic fibrosis genotype, meconium ileus at birth, hydration status, pulmonary exacerbation, Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization, pancreatic insufficiency (PI), body mass index (BMI) at the episodes, clinical manifestations of DIOS, imaging studies performed, acute management of DIOS, maintenance therapy, and recurrence on follow-up. Results: All patients had two positive sweat chloride tests, and nine of ten also had genotype study. The most common genotype identified was homozygosis for the delta F508 mutation. In seven cases, a previous history of meconium ileus was reported. All patients had pancreatic insufficiency. Diagnosis of DIOS was based on clinical and imaging findings. Of the total number of episodes, 85% were successfully managed with oral osmotic laxatives and/or rectal therapy (glycerin enema or saline irrigation). Recurrence was observed in five of ten patients. Conclusion In this first report of pediatric DIOS in South America, the presence of two risk factors for DIOS occurrence was universal: pancreatic insufficiency and severe genotype. Medical history of meconium ileus at birth was present in most patients, as well as in the subgroup with DIOS recurrence. The diagnosis relied mainly on the clinical presentation and on abdominal imaging. The practices in the management of episodes varied, likely reflecting changes in the management of this syndrome throughout time.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar os dados demográficos, o genótipo e o quadro clínico de pacientes pediátricos que apresentam síndrome da obstrução intestinal distal (DIOS) e os fatores associados à recidiva da DIOS. Métodos: Casuística de 10 pacientes (média de 13,2 anos) monitorados em um centro de referência e avaliados de forma retroativa. Os dados analisados incluíram idade, sexo, genótipo da fibrose cística, íleo meconial no nascimento, estado de hidratação, exacerbação pulmonar, colonização por Pseudomonas aeruginosa, insuficiência pancreática (IP), IMC nos episódios, manifestações clínicas da DIOS, estudos de diagnóstico por imagem realizados, manejo agudo da DIOS, terapia de manutenção e recidiva no acompanhamento. Resultados: Todos os pacientes apresentaram dois exames de cloreto no suor positivos e 09/10 também apresentaram estudo do genótipo. O genótipo mais comum identificado foi a homozigose da mutação delta F508. Em sete casos foi mencionado um histórico de íleo meconial. Todos os pacientes apresentaram insuficiência pancreática. O diagnóstico da DIOS teve como base achados clínicos e de imagem; 85% do número total de episódios foram tratados com sucesso com laxantes osmóticos orais e/ou terapia retal (enema de glicerina ou irrigação salina). A recidiva foi observada em 5 de 10 pacientes. Conclusão: Neste primeiro relatório da DIOS pediátrica na América do Sul, a presença de dois fatores de risco na ocorrência da DIOS foi universal: insuficiência pancreática e genótipo associado a doença grave. O histórico de íleo meconial no nascimento esteve presente na maioria dos pacientes, bem como no subgrupo com recidiva da DIOS. O diagnóstico dependeu principalmente do quadro clínico e do diagnóstico por imagem abdominal. As práticas de manejo de episódios variaram, provavelmente refletiram as mudanças no tratamento dessa síndrome ao longo do tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/diagnosis , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/etiology , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/therapy , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Cystic Fibrosis/diagnosis , Cystic Fibrosis/genetics , South America , Retrospective Studies , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy
6.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e912, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144441

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El íleo biliar representa el 4 por ciento de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en la población general. Objetivo: Mostrar un paciente con cuadro de oclusión intestinal por íleo biliar que fue diagnosticado y tratado en el transoperatorio. Caso clínico: Paciente de 78 años de edad con un cuadro oclusivo por un íleo biliar, al cual se le realizó enterolitotomía como tratamiento definitivo. Conclusiones: El íleo biliar es una causa de oclusión intestinal que todo cirujano general debe tener presente ante un anciano con elementos clínicos e imaginológicos de oclusión y sin intervenciones quirúrgicas previas o hernias de la pared abdominal(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gallstone ileus represents 4 percent of the causes of intestinal obstruction in the general population. Objective: To present a patient with intestinal obstruction due to gallstone ileus and who was diagnosed and treated during the intraoperative period. Clinical case: The is presented of a 78-year-old patient with an occlusive condition due to gallstone ileus, who underwent enterolithotomy as definitive management procedure. Conclusions: Gallstone ileus is a cause of intestinal occlusion that every general surgeon should be aware of in the presence of an elderly with clinical and imaging elements of occlusion and without previous surgical interventions or hernias of the abdominal wall(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Cholelithiasis/complications , Gallstones/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis
7.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.121-130.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1342993
8.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Liñares, Norberto; Gorrasi, José; Terra Collares, Eduardo Daniel. Manejo del paciente en la emergencia: patología y cirugía de urgencia para emergencistas. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2020. p.139-154, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1342996
9.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(3): 217-224, jun. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020639

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El dolor abdominal en gestantes supone un diagnóstico complejo por el múltiple diagnóstico diferencial que existe. Es necesaria la realización de un diagnóstico precoz para reducir el número de complicaciones. Para ello, nos apoyamos no sólo en criterios clínicos si no en pruebas de imagen como la resonanacia magnética nuclear. Nuestro objetivo es la realización de una revisión bibliográfica sobre el dolor abdominal en gestantes, centrándonos en la obstrucción intestinal, a propósito de un caso de una gestante con dolor abdominal agudo a la que se le diagnosticó de isquemia intestinal secundaria a obstrucción intestinal por brida postquirúrgica. La obstrucción intestinal es una causa infrecuente y potencialmente grave de dolor abdominal agudo en gestantes, que cursa con clínica insidiosa y que precisa cirugía como tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Abdominal pain in the pregnant woman is complex to diagnose because of the multiple differential diagnosis that exists. It is necessary to perform an early diagnosis to reduce the number of complications. For this, we rely not only on clinical criteria but on imaging tests such as nuclear magnetic resonance. Our objective is to review the literature on abdominal pain in pregnant women, focusing on intestinal obstruction, and with regard to the case of a pregnant woman with acute abdominal pain who was diagnosed of intestinal ischemia due to intestinal obstruction by post-surgical bridle. Intestinal obstruction is an infrequent and potentially serious cause of acute abdominal pain in the pregnant woman, which is insidious and requires surgery as a treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Abdominal Pain/diagnostic imaging , Laparoscopy , Postpartum Period
10.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Tratado de perineología: disfunciones del piso pélvico. Montevideo, Academia Nacional de Medicina, 2019. p.229-240.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1348331
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(5): 1133-1142, set.-oct. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902229

ABSTRACT

Los cuerpos extraños olvidados en el abdomen después de una operación quirúrgica, también denominados textilomas tienen una incidencia de 1 por cada 1500 laparotomías, aunque resulta muy difícil evaluar la real estadística por los escasos reportes debido a las posibles implicaciones médico-legales que en muchos países traen aparejadas. En el presente trabajo se realiza la presentación de un interesante caso intervenido en el Hospital Universitario "Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy" del municipio Colón. Se trata de una paciente femenina de 47 años de edad operada inicialmente de Histerectomía Total Abdominal que dos meses después regresa con una Oclusión Intestinal Completa y es llevada al quirófano donde se encuentra un "Plastrón Abscedado". La Evolución clínica post-operatoria fue excelente. El estudio de la pieza anatómica demostró la presencia de una compresa totalmente "enrollada" dentro de la luz del intestino por lo que se deduce que el cuerpo extraño "provocó" una fístula peritoneo-entérica, con el paso total de la compresa hacia la luz del intestino, causando un cuadro oclusivo. Cada uno de los médicos especializados en ramas quirúrgicas está expuesto a la ocurrencia de dicha contingencia que es multicausal y completamente ajena a la voluntad del equipo a cargo del paciente. Por tal motivo resulta vital la exploración cuidadosa de todos los medios usados en cada una de las laparotomías (AU).


Foreign bodies left in the abdomen after surgery, also called gossypibomas have an incidence ranging between 1 in 1500 laparotomy, although it is very difficult to assess the actual statistics for scarce reports due to possible medico-legal implications in They rigged bring many countries. In this paper presenting an interesting case involved the University Hospital "Dr. is done Mario Muñoz Monroy "Columbus Township. This is a female patient of 47 years initially operated total abdominal hysterectomy two months later he returns with a complete intestinal occlusion and is taken to the operating room where there is a "Plastron abscessed". The postoperative clinical evolution was excellent. The study of the anatomical specimen showed a pad completely "wrapped" into the lumen of the intestine so it follows that the foreign body "caused" a fistula peritoneal-enteral, with the full bore of the pad into the light bowel, causing occlusive condition. Each specialized doctors in surgical branches exposed to the occurrence of such a contingency that has multiple causes and completely beyond the control of the team in charge of the patient. Therefore it is vital careful examination of all the media used in each of the laparotomy (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Abdominal Cavity/surgery , Foreign Bodies , Peritoneovenous Shunt/methods , Medical Records , Intraabdominal Infections , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Hysterectomy/methods , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis
12.
Med. Afr. noire (En ligne) ; 64(05): 251-254, 2017. ilus
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1266248

ABSTRACT

Introduction : La survenue d'une occlusion intestinale pendant la grossesse est une situation rare qui met en jeu rapidement le pronostic materno-fœtal.Observation : Nous rapportons un cas d'occlusion intestinale diagnostiquée à la 33ème semaine de grossesse chez une patiente de 23 ans, ayant un antécédent de salpingectomie. Le diagnostic a été posé tardivement, sur des arguments cliniques. Le traitement qui a consisté à réaliser en urgence une césarienne première suivi d'une iléostomie proximale, a permis de sauver l'enfant et la mère.Discussion : Cette observation nous permet de discuter les mécanismes physiopathologiques, et les difficultés de la prise en charge de l'occlusion intestinale aiguë au cours de la grossesse dans nos pays tropicaux à plateau technique limité


Subject(s)
Cote d'Ivoire , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnant Women , Prognosis , Salpingectomy
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 55(3): 254-258, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-830460

ABSTRACT

La oclusión intestinal es una entidad del abdomen agudo quirúrgico que a diario se atienden en el servicio de urgencias del hospital general "Calixto García". Las causas mecánicas son las más habituales, dentro de ellas el fitobezoar no ocupa un lugar importante, aunque tampoco es rara verla. En los pacientes que han sufrido alguna enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal u operación es probable que ocurra un episodio de oclusión por obstrucción de su luz. El fitobezoar generalmente requiere tratamiento quirúrgico cualquiera que sea su localización. Se citan trabajos que refieren resultados positivos con tratamiento médico a base de celulosa(AU)


Intestinal intussusception, defined as penetration of an intestinal segment into an adjacent, is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in adults. The aim of this paper is to present the case of an adult patient with ileocolic intussusception as presenting a non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the small intestine. This patient has a rare cause of intestinal intussusception. Because of its non-specific clinical, etiologic diagnosis is usually intraoperative, requiring resection of the culprit lesion and, in the case of our patient, adjuvant chemotherapy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bezoars/surgery , Diverticulitis, Colonic/therapy , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 55(3): 259-264, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-830461

ABSTRACT

La hernia de Littré se define como la presencia de un divertículo de Meckel en el interior de cualquier orificio herniario. Se reportan muy pocos casos en la literatura por lo infrecuente de la patología, con una incidencia de aproximadamente un 2 por ciento de la población general. Presentamos un paciente de 70 años de edad que acudió al servicio de urgencia por presentar una obstrucción intestinal debido a una hernia inguinoescrotal derecha incarcerada. Con este diagnóstico se intervino de forma urgente. Se abordó por vía preperitoneal inguinal derecha y se encontró en el interior del saco herniario un divertículo de Meckel gangrenado y perforado. Se realizó resección intestinal, cierre del cabo distal del íleon terminal cerca de la válvula, anastomosis íleocolon ascendente latero-lateral y reparación del defecto herniario con una malla de polipropileno. El paciente evoluciona bien y es dado de alta a los 7 días(AU)


Littré hernia is defined as the presence of a Meckel's diverticulum inside any hernial orifice. Very few cases are reported in literature because its rarity, with an incidence of approximately 2 percent of the general population. We report a 70-year-old man who came to the emergency department for filing an intestinal obstruction due to an incarcerated right inguinal scrotal hernia. He urgently underwent surgery because of this diagnosis. Surgery was addressed by right preperitoneal inguinal via. A gangrenous and perforated Meckel's diverticulum was found inside the hernia sac. Intestinal resection was performed. The distal end of the terminal ileum was closed near the valve, the íleocolon latero-side up anastomosis was performed and the hernia defect was repaired with a polypropylene mesh. The patient did well and was discharged 7 days later(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgical Mesh/statistics & numerical data , Anastomosis, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Meckel Diverticulum/pathology
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348585

ABSTRACT

La Pica es un síndrome caracterizado por la ingestión persistente de más de un mes de sustancias no nutritivas, se presenta en pacientes con alteración de la salud mental de cualquier causa con padecimientos de orden metabólico, enfermedad celíaca, drepanocitosis, déficit de nutrientes y embarazadas, entre otros. Las complicaciones asociadas a la Pica varían según el tipo de sustancia consumida, manifestándose como obstrucción intestinal -siendo esta la más frecuente- infecciones y desnutrición. Asimismo, observamos que el 75% de los pacientes atendidos necesita cirugía, el 30% sufre complicaciones y hasta el 11% fallece a consecuencia de la Pica o complicaciones postoperatorias. Por ser un síndrome de etiología no bien clarificada, multifactorial y recidivante, los pacientes debe ser evaluados y tratados por un equipo de salud multidisciplinario. En el presente estudio se presentan tres casos de pacientes pediátricos autóctonos de la provincia de Corrientes y una breve revisión y actualización clínica del tema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Syndrome , Pica , Abdomen, Acute/pathology , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Pediatrics , Postoperative Complications , Malnutrition , Anatomy , Infections
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159383

ABSTRACT

Ileosigmoid knotting also known as compound volvulus or double volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Here, we present a case of acute intestinal obstruction in shock. The patient was resuscitated taken up for an emergency exploratory laparotomy, which revealed a large volume of hemorrhagic fluid and dilated gangrenous loops of ileum and sigmoid. A loop of ileum had encircled the base of sigmoid to form a knot resulting in gangrene of both the ileum and the sigmoid colon. Resection of gangrenous ileum and sigmoid colon with ileo-ileal and colorectal anastomosis with a temporary diversion colostomy was done.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Ileal Diseases/diagnosis , Ileal Diseases/epidemiology , Ileal Diseases/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/epidemiology , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Volvulus/diagnosis , Intestinal Volvulus/epidemiology , Intestinal Volvulus/surgery , Male , Sigmoid Diseases/diagnosis , Sigmoid Diseases/epidemiology , Sigmoid Diseases/surgery
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157692

ABSTRACT

Abdominal Cocoon or idiopathic encapsulating peritonitis is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. It more commonly occurs in young adolescent girls and the diagnosis is usually made at laparotomy. Recent case reports suggest that it is not uncommon in males and pre-operative diagnosis is possible by radiological investigations. We present a case of abdominal cocoon in an adult male, pre-operatively diagnosed by ultrasound and computerized tomography.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy , Male , Peritoneum/pathology , Peritoneum/surgery , Peritonitis/etiology , Peritonitis/surgery , Preoperative Period , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 53(2): 188-195, abr.-jun. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-740898

ABSTRACT

El divertículo de Meckel es la anomalía más frecuente del aparato gastrointestinal y, aunque ocurre igualmente en ambos sexos, la presentación de síntomas y complicaciones es más frecuente en el sexo masculino. La obstrucción intestinal es la complicación más común en el adulto. Se reporta el caso clínico de un paciente de 41 años que se presenta con dolor abdominal y vómitos de 12 h de evolución, al cual se le diagnostica una obstrucción intestinal mecánica. La radiografía de abdomen demostró niveles hidroaéreos compatibles con el diagnóstico de obstrucción intestinal. Los hallazgos de la cirugía fueron asas de yeyuno e íleon muy dilatadas, con gran cantidad de líquido en su interior y edema, lo cual fue provocado por un fitobezoar -mayormente de fibras de mango- que ocupaba la luz de un divertículo de Meckel de base ancha. Se resecó un segmento intestinal de 6 cm, donde estaba la base del divertículo, y se practicó una anastomosis primaria en dos planos con sutura discontinua de ácido poliglicólico. El paciente se recuperó sin complicaciones en el posoperatorio(AU)


Meckel's diverticulum is considered the most frequent gastrointestinal anomaly, it occurs equally in both sexes; however, the onset of symptoms and complications are more frequent in male patients Intestinal obstruction is the most common complication in adults. This is the report of a 41-years old patient, who presented with abdominal pain and vomiting for 12 hours; he was diagnosed as mechanical intestinal obstruction. The abdominal X-ray showed fluid levels compatible with the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction. The findings at surgery were dilated jejunum and ileum loops, with lots of liquid inside and edema caused by a phytobezoar (from mango fibers mainly) that occupied the broad-base Meckel diverticulum lumen. A 6 cm intestinal portion was excised from the diverticulum basis, and it was necessary to perform primary anastomosis with polyglycol acid discontinuous suture. The patient recovered without further complications postoperatively(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/complications , Radiography, Abdominal/statistics & numerical data
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