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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e158-e162, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152049

ABSTRACT

La dilatación segmentaria intestinal es una entidad congénita extremadamente rara, caracterizada por la dilatación local del intestino que no se debe a la obstrucción distal ni a la ausencia de células ganglionares. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente en el período neonatal con la presentación típicamente descrita en esta enfermedad en ausencia de comorbilidades, forma clínica poco descrita en la bibliografía. Se desarrolla también la resolución quirúrgica con resección segmentaria y los hallazgos anatomopatológicos.


Segmental dilatation of the intestine is an extremely rare congenital entity characterized by a local dilation of the intestine without distal obstruction or the absence of ganglion cells. We present the case of a patient in the neonatal period with typical clinical features in absence of other comorbidities, shortly published in the bibliography. We also describe the surgical resolution and the pathological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Colectomy , Dilatation
2.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154855

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 37 años de edad, que acudió al Servicio de Emergencia del Hospital General Docente de Riobamba, en Ecuador, con manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas que permitieron diagnosticarle un abdomen agudo obstructivo por hernia diafragmática crónica postraumática, por lo que el tratamiento fue quirúrgico. Teniendo en cuenta la evolución satisfactoria del paciente se le dio el alta hospitalaria 10 días después de la operación. Se mantuvo con seguimiento durante 3 meses sin presentar complicaciones.


The case report of a 37 years patient that went to the Emergency Service of the Teaching General Hospital of Riobamba, in Ecuador, is described. He presented clinical and imaging signs that led to the diagnosis of an obstructive acute abdomen due to postraumatic chronic diaphragmatic hernia, reason why the treatment was surgical. Taking into account the patient's favorable clinical course he was discharged from the hospital 10 days after the surgery and received follow-up care during 3 months without presenting complications.


Subject(s)
Thoracotomy , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/diagnostic imaging , Abdomen, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 468-471, oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138741

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El íleo biliar es una causa poco frecuente de obstrucción intestinal mecánica, siendo más frecuente en pacientes mayores de 65 años y sexo femenino. Casos Clínicos: Se exponen cuatro casos clínicos diagnosticados de íleo biliar, intervenidos en nuestro centro. Discusión: El íleo biliar es una enfermedad que se produce a consecuencia del paso de un cálculo al lumen intestinal. Esto se produce por la presencia de una fístula entre la vesícula y el intestino, localizada mayormente a nivel duodenal. Se manifiesta con una clínica muy inespecífica, lo que condiciona un retraso en su diagnóstico. La tomografía computarizada es actualmente el examen de elección. El tratamiento consiste en la enterotomía con extracción del cálculo, realizándose la reparación de la fístula en un primer o segundo tiempo. Tiene un mal pronóstico debido a comorbilidad de los pacientes y la demora diagnóstica y terapéutica.


Introduction: Gallstone ileus is a rare cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction, being more frequent in patients over 65 years and females. Clinical Cases: Four clinical cases diagnosed with gallstone ileus, operated on in our center, are reported. Discussion: Gallstone ileus frequently occurs as a result of a fistula that communicates the digestive tract with the gallbladder. Their clinic is very unspecific, which determines a delay in its diagnosis. Computed tomography is currently the gold standard. The treatment is enterolithotomy and fistula repair in a first or second stage. Prognosis is poor due to patient comorbidities and diagnostic and therapeutic delay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gallstones/diagnostic imaging , Ileal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Biliary Fistula
4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(5): 566-569, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287213

ABSTRACT

Resumen La endometriosis se define como la presencia de tejido endometrial fuera de la cavidad uterina. Ocurre en aproximadamente 5 a 10% de las mujeres en edad fértil. Cuando afecta al intestino tiende a confundirse clínicamente con una gran variedad de afecciones por lo cual en algunas oportunidades se le ha llamado también "la gran simuladora". La revisión de la literatura muestra que la localización intestinal es poco frecuente y que la obstrucción secundaria a esta causa es aún más inusual, siendo el diagnóstico preoperatorio un desafío para los cirujanos. Con el propósito de resaltar características clínicas y de estudio por imágenes que ayuden a la sospecha preoperatoria de esta entidad tan infrecuente en la práctica habitual, se presentan dos casos de mujeres operadas de urgencia, sin diagnóstico previo de endometriosis y con oclusión intestinal como primera manifestación de la enfermedad. El tratamiento consiste en la resección intestinal del sector afectado y anastomosis primaria. El diagnóstico se basa en un alto índice de sospecha y debería ser considerado en mujeres en edad fértil, sin antecedentes patológicos y con historia de menstruaciones dolorosas.


Abstract Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It affects ~5-10% of women in their reproductive years. When it affects the intestine, it tends to be confused clinically with a wide variety of affections, which is why it has sometimes been called "the great simulator". A review of the literature shows that intestinal localization is rare and that obstruction secondary to this cause is even more unusual, with preoperative diagnosis being a challenge for surgeons. With the purpose of highlighting clinical and diagnostic imaging characteristics that help the preoperative suspicion of this entity, so rare in routine practice, we present two cases of women who underwent emergency surgery, without a previous diagnosis of endometriosis and with intestinal occlusion as the first manifestation of the disease. Treatment of intestinal occlusion by endometriosis consists of intestinal resection of the affected sector and primary anastomosis. Diagnosis of intestinal occlusion secondary to ileal endometriosis is based on a high index of suspicion and should be considered in women of childbearing age, without a history of disease and with a history of painful menstruation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Endometriosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 25(4): 141-145, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058214

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Presentamos un caso un hombre de 53 años con antecedentes de reflujo gastroesofágico y pirosis con varias visitas al servicio de urgencias por vómitos, con antecedentes de consumo crónico de alcohol. La TC sin y con contraste endovenoso mostró a nivel del píloro una lesion ovoidea de paredes gruesas con captación similar al tejido pancreático, con un gran componente quístico bien delimitado que condiciona una obstrucción intestinal. La ecografía confirma la presencia de una lesión quística con ecos móviles en su interior. Tras la realización de antrectomía, el estudio histológico revela un pseudoquiste pancreático sobre páncreas ectópico, siendo esta presentación muy infrecuente, con pocos casos descritos hasta la fecha. Conclusión: Los hallazgos clínico-radiológicos con TC y US de páncreas ectópico pueden orientar el diagnóstico, aunque no son concluyentes. El diagnóstico definitivo se realiza mediante estudio histológico.


Abstract: A 53 year-old male with a past history of chronic alcohol intake, presents with an intestinal obstruction. A CT scan shows an ovoid tumor in pylorus with a great cystic component, thick wall and delimited rim, causing gastric retention. Its walls have similar enhancing pattern as the pancreatic tissue. Ultrasound revealed the presence of a cystic tumor with mobile echoes inside. After antrectomy the histological study reports pancreatic pseudocyst hosted in ectopic pancreas. This is an unusual presentation and only a few cases have been reported. Conclusion: The clinical and radiographic findings of ectopic pancreas are non-specific. Definitive diagnostic requires histological study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas , Choristoma/complications , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/complications , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/diagnostic imaging , Pylorus , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 330-334, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058280

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los bezoares son una etiología infrecuente de obstrucción intestinal (OI) posterior a un bypass gástrico laparoscópico en Y de Roux (BGLYR). OBJETIVO: Describir un caso clínico de OI debido a un fitobezoar en un sitio infrecuente, en una paciente 2 años después de un BGLYR. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de sexo femenino con antecedente de BGLYR hace 2 años y cuadro de obstrucción intestinal causado por fitobezoar. DISCUSIÓN: Se discuten los factores que pueden contribuir a la formación del bezoar en este caso y estrategias para su prevención. Se destaca la importancia del estudio imagenológico y de la exploración quirúrgica oportuna.


BACKGROUND: Bezoars are an infrequent aetiology of bowel obstruction after a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical case of bowel obstruction due to a phytobezoar in an uncommon site, in a patient 2 years after a LRYGB. CASE REPORT: A female patient with a history of LRYGB 2 years ago and bowel obstruction due to phytobezoar. DISCUSSION: Factors that can contribute to the formation of bezoar in this case and strategies for its prevention are discussed. The importance of the imaging study and timely surgical exploration is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Bezoars/surgery , Bezoars/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 173-177, abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058252

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Se presentan 3 casos de obstrucción intestinal por hernia obturatriz atascada, su manejo y una breve revisión de la literatura. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOSles y Métodos: Discusión del cuadro clínico, imágenes y manejo. Todos los casos fueron operados dentro del mismo día del diagnóstico y se confirmó la presencia de hernia obturatriz. El manejo de la hernia y su contenido fue ajustado a la situación de cada paciente. RESULTADOS: Los tres casos de hernia obturatriz aquí discutidos tienen la presentación clásica del cuadro, cuando se los revisa en forma retrospectiva y con imagenología compatible. Los tres pacientes evolucionaron en forma satisfactoria con alta precoz y control posoperatorio sin incidentes. Discusión: Nuestros 3 casos se condicen tanto en hallazgos clínicos, imagenológicos y en manejo con lo descrito en la literatura internacional. CONCLUSIÓN: La hernia del agujero obturatriz siendo infrecuente, se presenta en un tipo particular de pacientes y con sintomatología clásica. La tomografía axial computada es de gran ayuda y suele hacer el diagnóstico preciso en el preoperatorio. Es importante recordar este diagnóstico diferencial al momento de estudiar pacientes con obstrucción intestinal.


OBJECTIVE: 3 cases of intestinal obstruction that resulted in diagnosis of obturator hernia, their management and a brief international literature review are presented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Discussion of the presentation, images, and management. In all cases surgery was performed the same day from the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction and confirmation of obturator hernia. The management of the hernia and it's content was adjusted to each patient's situation. RESULTS: Our 3 patients, when reviewed retrospectively, had the classic presentations and images of obturator hernia. All of them had a favourable evolution with an early discharge and no complications on follow up. DISCUSSION: Our 3 cases had clinical presentations and imaging studies that correlated well with international literature. CONCLUSION: Obturator hernia is an infrequent pathology, but appears in a particular type of patient and with classic presentation. Axial computed tomography is an important tool and usually makes the diagnosis previously to surgical exploration. It is important to consider this diagnosis when being faced with patients with intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hernia, Obturator/surgery , Hernia, Obturator/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Hernia, Obturator/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(1): e641, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985601

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Dentro del espectro de las malformaciones congénitas con las cuales debe lidiar un cirujano pediatra, los tumores y malformaciones vasculares representan un grupo especial de entidades que continúan actualmente en estudio. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicoquirúrgicas de una serie de dos casos con malformaciones de origen linfático. Presentacion de casos: Dos pacientes con edades pediátricas, 12 y 4 años, respectivamente, ingresaron en servicio de urgencia con signos de oclusión intestinal y lesiones tumorales quísticas abdominales que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico con modalidades de técnicas quirúrgicas diferentes. La evolución final fue satisfactoria. Conclusión: Los linfagiomas intestinales forman parte de la gama de presentaciones clínicas de las malformaciones de origen linfático, con una incidencia baja pero que, dada su localización y síntomas, pueden requerir tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencia. Su evolución y resolución es satisfactoria, debido al bajo índice de recidiva tras la exéresis completa(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Within the range of congenital malfomations that surgeons have to deal with, vascular tumors and malformations represent an special group of entities that are still under study. Objective: To determine the clinical-surgical characteristics of a series of two cases with congenital malformations of lymphatic origin. Cases presentation: Two patients of 12 and 4 years old respectively that were admitted in the Emergencies services in the Clinical-Surgical Hospital of Guayaquil, Ecuador, with manifestations of intestinal obstruction and abdominal cystic tumoral lesions that required surgical treatments with different techniques. Final evolution was satisfactory. Conclusion: Intestinal lymphoangiomas are part of the kinds of clinical presentations of lymphatic origin´s malformations. These have a low incidence but due to their localization and symptoms can require emergency surgical treatment. Their evolution and resolution is satisfactory due to the low index of recidive after complete exeresis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Diseases/complications , Abdominal Neoplasms/pathology , Case Reports , Lymphangioma/complications
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(1): 89-93, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904128

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: To study the previously discovered clinical entity of adult intestinal duplication and its treatment, and propose an extension to its existing classification. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an adult male with abdominal pain, constipation and vomiting. This patient underwent surgical separation of adhesions, reduction of torsion and intestinal decompression. Postoperative pathological findings confirmed the rare diagnosis of intestinal duplication. CONCLUSION: Adult intestinal duplication is quite rare. Its clinical manifestations are nonspecific. From this finding of intestinal duplication originating at the opposite side of the mesenteric margin, a further extension of the existing anatomical classification is proposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small/abnormalities , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestine, Small/surgery , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(3): 273-276, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959382

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La peritonitis esclerosante encapsulada es una inflamación crónica del peritoneo caracterizada por la formación progresiva de colágeno que produce un engrosamiento peritoneal que encapsula las asas del intestino delgado, produciendo una obstrucción intestinal. Caso clínico Varón de 83 años portador de catéter de derivación ventriculoperitoneal de baja presión desde hacía 8 años. Acude a Urgencias por clínica de obstrucción intestinal, con hallazgos radiológicos en relación con obstrucción de intestino delgado en probable relación con catéter de derivación ventriculoperitoneal, por lo que se decide realizar intervención quirúrgica urgente. Se confirmó la obstrucción intestinal y un cambio de calibre del íleon terminal. El intestino delgado estaba dilatado formando un ovillo, englobado por una pequeña cápsula fibrosa. Se realizó adhesiólisis y hemicolectomía derecha con resección del segmento intestinal afectado. La anatomía patológica fue compatible con peritonitis esclerosante encapsulada. Conclusiones La peritonitis esclerosante encapsulada es una causa poco frecuente y potencialmente grave de obstrucción intestinal y su forma secundaria está habitualmente asociada a la diálisis peritoneal crónica. Su diagnóstico radiológico es difícil y el tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico. Debemos considerarla en casos de obstrucción intestinal en pacientes portadores de derivación ventriculoperitoneal.


Introduction Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis is a chronic inflammation of the peritoneum characterized by the progressive accumulation of collagen. This leads to a thickening of the peritoneum, encapsulating loops of small bowel and causing intestinal obstruction. Case report 83 year old male, carrying a ventriculoperitoneal low pressure shunt for 8 years. The patient was admitted for emergency surgery after presentation for possible intestinal obstruction with radiological findings consistent with small bowel obstruction, probably related to the catheter of the ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Surgery confirmed bowel obstruction and a change of gauge of the terminal ileum. The small bowel was dilated into a ball, encased by a small fibrous capsule. Adhesiolysis and right hemicolectomy was performed with resection of the affected bowel segment. The pathology was consistent with sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis. Conclusions Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis is a rare and potentially serious cause of bowel obstruction and its secondary form is usually associated with chronic peritoneal dialysis. The radiological diagnosis is difficult and the treatment of choice is surgical. We must consider it in cases of intestinal obstruction in patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunt.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt/adverse effects , Peritoneal Fibrosis/surgery , Peritoneal Fibrosis/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Peritoneal Fibrosis/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small
13.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 9(2): 91-102, 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-884666

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar es una rara complicación de la colelitiasis, que se caracteriza por presentar clínicamente una obstrucción intestinal mecánica intraluminal, secundaria a la impactación de un cálculo biliar en el tubo digestivo, debido a la existencia de una fístula bilio-entérica. El diagnóstico preoperatorio es difícil, ya que presenta síntomas y signos de obstrucción intestinal, los cuales son muy inespecíficos para sospechar un íleo biliar. El tratamiento de elección en el manejo del íleo biliar es el quirúrgico. Habitualmente se realiza una cirugía en dos tiempos, enterolitotomía como único gesto, sin embargo no hay una técnica quirúrgica definitiva estandarizada. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años que acude al Departamento de Urgencias con el diagnóstico clínico de obstrucción intestinal mecánica baja, de cuatro días de evolución, como consecuencia de un cálculo impactado en colon sigmoides.


Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis, which is characterized by clinically presenting as an intraluminal mechanical intestinal obstruction secondary to the impaction of a gallstone in the digestive tract, due to the existence of a biliary-enteric fistula. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult, since it presents symptoms and signs of intestinal obstruction, which are very unspecific to suspect a Biliary Ileus. The treatment of choice in the management of gallstone ileus is surgery; usually is performed in two stages, whole lithotomy as the only gesture, however there is no standardized definitive surgical technique. We present the case of a 70-year-old patient, who attended the emergency department with the clinical diagnosis of low mechanical bowel obstruction, four days of evolution, as a result of a stone impacted in the sigmoid colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sigmoid Diseases/etiology , Gallstones/complications , Ileal Diseases/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Sigmoid Diseases/surgery , Sigmoid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Gallstones/surgery , Gallstones/diagnostic imaging , Ileal Diseases/surgery , Ileal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
14.
Rev. chil. cir ; 68(3): 227-232, jun. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-787078

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La obstrucción intestinal (OI) es una causa frecuente de consulta en los servicios de urgencia. Los avances en los métodos de diagnósticos y la implementación de unidades de paciente crítico han logrado disminuir la morbimortalidad de esta afección. El proceso diagnóstico incluye desde la anamnesis y examen físico al uso de exámenes de laboratorio e imagenológicos para definir el mejor tratamiento en cada caso, ya sea médico o quirúrgico. Objetivo: Describir la respuesta al tratamiento médico o quirúrgico en pacientes con diagnóstico de OI alta en nuestro hospital.Materiales y métodos: Serie de casos retrospectiva de todos los casos egresados con diagnóstico de OI alta (parcial o completa) como diagnóstico primario, atendidos en el hospital desde enero de 2012 hasta mayo de 2014. Resultados: Hubo 134 casos incluidos, con 101 OI completas, 81 de ellas se resolvieron de forma quirúrgica. En las 20 restantes se decidió tratamiento médico, sin presentar este subgrupo mayor morbimortalidad asociada; sin embargo dada la evolución de estos pacientes se requirió en un 75% de los casos cirugía definitiva. Todas las OI parciales (33 casos), se resolvieron de forma conservadora, sin requerir cirugía. Conclusión: El tratamiento conservador de la OI no presentó mayores complicaciones que el tratamiento quirúrgico, por lo que se mantiene como una posibilidad válida de tratamiento teniendo en cuenta que es necesaria una vigilancia estricta para evitar mayor morbimortalidad. Sin embargo, esto no significa que operar o no operar sea lo mismo, siendo importante considerar la etiología de la OI.


Background: Small bowel intestinal obstruction (IO) is a frequent problem presenting in emergency rooms. Advances in diagnostic methods and the creation of intensive case units have diminished the morbidity and mortality of this disease. The diagnostic tool includes a careful clinical examination, the use of laboratory tests plus radiological procedures, which together allow to define the best treatment option for each patient wit IO. Aim: To report the response to medical or surgical treatment of patients with a small bowel IO. Material and methods: Review of a retrospective case series of 134 patients discharged from a clinical hospital with the primary diagnosis of small bowel intestinal obstruction between 2012 and 2014. Results: One hundred and one patients had a complete obstruction and 81 of these were treated surgically. In the remaining 20, a medical treatment was chosen, without observing a higher frequency of complications. However, 75% of these patients required surgery during their evolution. All partial obstructions were treated conservatively, without requiring surgery. Conclusion: Conservative treatment of intestinal obstruction is not associated with a higher rate of complications but requires a close clinical follow up. The etiology of the obstruction must be taken in consideration for decision making.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Intestinal Obstruction/therapy , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestine, Small/pathology
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157692

ABSTRACT

Abdominal Cocoon or idiopathic encapsulating peritonitis is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. It more commonly occurs in young adolescent girls and the diagnosis is usually made at laparotomy. Recent case reports suggest that it is not uncommon in males and pre-operative diagnosis is possible by radiological investigations. We present a case of abdominal cocoon in an adult male, pre-operatively diagnosed by ultrasound and computerized tomography.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy , Male , Peritoneum/pathology , Peritoneum/surgery , Peritonitis/etiology , Peritonitis/surgery , Preoperative Period , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 32(3): 308-311, July-Sept. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660619

ABSTRACT

Bezoar is a cluster of swallowed and undigested material in the gastrointestinal tract which can cause intestinal obstruction. It has multiple subtypes and the phytobezoar (composed of vegetable fiber) is the most common. We report a patient admitted with intestinal obstruction caused by impaction of multiples seeds of jaboticaba in the rectum. The treatment included multiple enemas, laxatives and digital maneuvers and it was effective after four days. Only one similar report was found in the literature. (AU)


Bezoar trata-se de um aglomerado de material deglutido e não digerido no trato gastrointestinal que pode causar quadro de obstrução intestinal. Existem múltiplos subtipos, sendo o mais comum o fitobezoar (composto por fibras vegetais). Foi relatado o caso de uma paciente admitida com quadro de suboclusão intestinal causada por impactação de múltiplos caroços de jabuticaba em reto. O tratamento instituído foi conservador com múltiplos enteroclimas, laxativos e quebra digital, efetivos após quatro dias. Somente um caso semelhante foi encontrado na literatura. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Seeds , Bezoars/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We wanted to report on our experience with modified radiology-guided percutaneous gastrostomy (MRPG) without endoscopic or nasogastric access for treating patients with complete obstruction of the upper digestive tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen oncology patients (13 had hypopharyngeal cancer and 1 had upper esophageal cancer) with complete obstruction of the upper digestive tract were recruited. Conventional percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and radiologic (fluoroscopy-guided) percutaneous gastrostomy (RPG) were not feasible in all the patients. An MRPG technique (with a combination of ultrasound, an air enema and fluoroscopic guidance) was performed in these patients. RESULTS: We achieved successfully percutaneous gastrostomy using the modified technique in all patients without any major or minor complications after the procedure. CONCLUSION: A modified radiology-guided percutaneous gastrostomy technique can be safely performed in patients who failed to receive conventional PEG or RPG due to the absence of nasogastric access in the completely obstructed upper digestive tract.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Conscious Sedation , Contrast Media , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Female , Gastrostomy/methods , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Iothalamate Meglumine , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography, Interventional , Retrospective Studies , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract/diagnostic imaging
18.
Oman Medical Journal. 2011; 26 (6): 454-456
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-122937

ABSTRACT

Adhesive small bowel obstruction [SBO] is a common surgical emergency. It is estimated that at least 60% of SBO are due to post-operative adhesions. Water soluble contrast agents [gastrografin] have been used to identify patients who might be treated non-operatively. This study aims to determine the role of gastrografin in adhesive intestinal obstruction patients. In this prospective study, 27 patients admitted between 1[st] August 2004 and 1[st] July 2006 with clinical signs suggestive of postoperative adhesive SBO met the inclusion criteria. After intravenous hydration, nasogastric tube insertion and complete suctioning of the gastric fluid, 100 ml of gastrograsfin was given and plain abdominal radiography was taken 6 hours and 24 hours if the contrast is not seen in the colon. Those in whom the contrast reached the colon in 24 hours were considered to have partial SBO and started oral intake. If gastrografin failed to reach the colon in 24 hours and the patient did not improve in the following 24 hours, laparotomy was performed. Conservative treatment was successful in 31 cases [91%] and 3 [9%] required operation. Patients treated conservatively had short hospital stay [mean=4 days] and tolerated oral feeding with no morbidity or mortality. Oral gastrografin helps in the management of patients with postoperative adhesive SBO


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Diatrizoate Meglumine , Diatrizoate Meglumine , Laparotomy , Contrast Media , Contrast Media , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging
20.
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2010; 10 (3): 354-360
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143781

ABSTRACT

This study is a single institution retrospective evaluation of imaging findings of small bowel obstruction [SBO] after retrocolic antegastric Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. The radiological database of 490 patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity from January 2001-2005 at the Royal Victoria Hospital McGill University Health Center was searched for SBO complications related to the procedure. There were 22 cases of small bowel obstruction related to the procedure. Ten patients had abdominal and pelvic computed tomography [CT] scans, 12 patients had upper gastrointestinal [UGI] and small bowel follow through [SBFT]. Among 22 cases of SBO, 14 cases were due to anastomotic stenosis or adhesion, 7 due to internal hernia and one to jejuno-jejunal intussusception. Among the 14 patients with SBO related to adhesion and anastomotic narrowing, 11 patients were managed medically and 3 cases managed surgically. CT scans correctly diagnosed 4 out of 5 cases including the 3 patients managed surgically and UGI and SBFT examinations diagnosed the remaining 9 cases that were managed medically. Among the 7 patients with internal hernias, CT scans correctly diagnosed 2 out of 4 cases, while UGI and SBFT examinations correctly diagnosed 1 out of 3. The jejuno-jejunal intussusception was correctly diagnosed by CT scan. The most frequent cause of SBO is anastomotic narrowing or adhesion. CT scan remains the most appropriate imaging modality in diagnosing acute presentation of SBO caused by internal hernia or adhesion/anastomotic narrowing. UGI and SBFT appear more appropriate for diagnosing the subacute insidious presentation of adhesive partial SBO


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small , Retrospective Studies , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnosis , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y
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