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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 139-141, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357600

ABSTRACT

La apendicitis aguda es una de las patologías más comunes en el ámbito hospitalario. Las formas complicadas pueden ser causadas por objetos puntigudos, afilados, delgados o alargados, ingeridos de forma accidental, y representan una causa inusual con una prevalencia del 0,0005 %


Acute appendicitis is one of the most common pathologies in the hospital setting. The complicated forms can be caused by pointed, sharp, thin or elongated objects, accidentally ingested, and represent an unusual cause with a prevalence of 0.0005%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Foreign Bodies , Laparoscopy , Abdomen, Acute , Intestinal Perforation
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 579-584, 01-dic-2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sarcoma fibromixoide de bajo grado (LGFMS) se considera un tumor de tejidos blandos raro, que tiene tendencia a surgir del tronco y de las extremidades inferiores, su localización en el área intraabdominal se considera poco común. Objetivo: describir un caso de LGFMS primario de colon transverso perforado con metástasis hepática. Caso clínico: describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 57 años con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito; en la cirugía se encontró un tumor con absceso y perforación en el colon transverso que infiltraba hasta la raíz del mesenterio. Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda extendida con colostomía de colon ascendente. Más tarde, en una exploración posoperatoria, se encontró que tenía enfermedad hepática metastásica. Conclusiones: este caso es único en términos de ubicación y presentación. Es un recordatorio del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal agudo. Hasta donde sabemos, es el primer caso de LGFMS del colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica.


Background: Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is considered a rare soft tissue tumor and has a tendency to arise from deep soft tissue of the trunk and lower extremities, the intraabdominal area is considered a rare location. Objective: To describe the first case of a LGFMS arising from the transverse colon with liver metastasis Clinical case: We describe a 57-years-old male patient with abdominal pain of sudden onset; at surgery he was found to have an abscessed tumor in the transverse colon that infiltrated to mesentery root. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed with ascending colon colostomy. Later on, a postoperative scan he was found to have metastatic liver disease Conclusions: This case is unique in terms of the location and presentation. It's a reminder of differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. To our knowledge is the first case of a LGFMS of the colon with synchronous liver metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Neoplasms , Intestinal Perforation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma , Tertiary Healthcare , Colostomy , Abdominal Pain , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Liver Diseases
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 353-359, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358932

ABSTRACT

Se analiza una de las complicaciones de la lipoaspiración abdominal: la perforación intestinal intra-operatoria por la cánula (instrumental). Se describe la relación entre la cánula, la pared abdominal y el intestino delgado: los tres componentes de esta complicación. Se detallaron las características de las cánulas generalmente empleadas y la técnica quirúrgica de la lipoaspiración abdominal, así como el cuadro clínico ocasionado y cómo tratarlo


One of the complications of abdominal liposuction is analyzed: intra-operative intestinal perforation by the cannula (instrumental). The relationship between the cannula, the abdominal wall and the small intestine is described: the three components of this complication. The characteristics of the cannulas generally used and the surgical technique of abdominal liposuction were detailed, as well as the clinical picture caused and how to treat it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipectomy/methods , Medical Errors , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Cannula/adverse effects , Intestinal Perforation/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control
4.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1160, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascariasis es una enteroparasitosis con alta prevalencia en la población pediátrica tercermundista, la cual puede asociarse a otras enfermedades intestinales y tener graves complicaciones que requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Informar el caso de un infante operado por coinfección de ascariasis intestinal y fiebre tifoidea complicadas. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 9 años de edad asistido y operado en el hospital provincial N´gola Kimbanda de la provincia Namibe, Angola, por presentar evidencia clínica de peritonitis aguda generalizada por perforación intestinal de causa tifoidea y por cuyo orificio salían además áscaris lumbricoides vivos. Su evolución no fue satisfactoria y falleció 24 horas después de la operación. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno de la coinfección letal de ascariasis y fiebre tifoidea complicadas permitirá disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad por esta prevalente asociación(AU)


Introduction: Ascariasis is an enteroparasitosis with high prevalence in the third-world pediatric population, which can be associated with other bowel diseases and have serious complications that require surgical treatment. Objective: Report the case of an infant operated by the co-infection of complicated intestinal ascariasis and typhoid fever. Case presentation: 9-year-old male patient attended and operated at N'gola Kimbanda Provincial Hospital in Namibe Province, Angola, after presenting clinical evidence of generalized acute peritonitis due to intestinal perforation of typhoid-causing and through which live ascaris lumbricoide also came out. His evolution was unsatisfactory and he died 24 hours after the operation. Conclusions: The timely diagnosis and surgical treatment of lethal co-infection of complicated ascariasis and typhoid fever will reduce morbidity and mortality from this prevalent association(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Peritonitis/etiology , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Ascaris lumbricoides/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Research Report , Coinfection/mortality
5.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(3): 513-521, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340199

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La ingestión de cuerpos extraños (en su mayoría espinas de pescado y huesos de pollo) durante la alimentación es frecuente. En gran parte de los casos ocurre accidentalmente, de manera inadvertida, habitualmente silente, en personas alcohólicas, con enfermedad mental o que usan prótesis dental. Generalmente pasan a través del tubo digestivo sin causar daño, y son expulsadas cerca de los siete días después de la ingestión. En cambio, en algunos pacientes puede ocasionar oclusión o perforación del tubo digestivo. Entre las zonas más afectadas están: la región ileocecal y la rectosigmoidea, por su angulación. Se presenta un paciente de 54 años de edad, bebedor habitual y fumador, con perforación del recto por espina de pescado, la cual fue ingerida de forma inadvertida días anteriores. Se le realizó una transversostomía para descompresión; posteriormente desarrolló una gangrena de Fornier en la región genital, y se le realizó una necrectomía y orquiectomía derecha.


ABSTRACT Foreign body ingestion (mostly fish bones and chicken bones) during feeding is common. In most cases, it occurs accidentally, inadvertently, usually silently, in people who are alcoholics, mentally ill, or who wear dental prostheses. They generally pass through the digestive tract without causing damage, and are expelled about seven days after ingestion. On the other hand, in some patients it can cause occlusion or perforation of the digestive tract. The ileocecal and rectosigmoid regions are the most affected areas, due to their angulation. We present a 54-year-old male patient, a habitual drinker and smoker, with a rectal perforation caused by a fish bone, which was inadvertently ingested days before. A decompressing transversostomy was performed; later he developed Fornier's gangrene in the genital region, and a necrosectomy and right orchiectomy were performed.


Subject(s)
Fournier Gangrene , Foreign Bodies , Intestinal Perforation
6.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 210-214, June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286996

ABSTRACT

Abstract Jejunal adenocarcinoma is a rare type of primary small bowelmalignancy. It is generally diagnosed at late stages and as a surgical finding, with abdominal pain or discomfort being the main associated symptom. Cases presenting with perforation are even rarer, especially without disseminated disease. The relationship between cancer and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still being studied, as well as the postsurgical evolution of COVID-19 patients and its possible causality of intestinal perforation. We present the case of a perforated jejunal adenocarcinoma in a COVID-19-positive patient, in whom the symptomatology secondary to the perforation led to an early diagnosis, treatment and adequate postsurgical evolution, despite the concomitant condition.


Resumo O adenocarcinoma jejunal é um tipo raro de malignidade primária do intestino delgado, o qual geralmente é diagnosticado em estágios tardios e como achado cirúrgico, sendo a dor ou o desconforto abdominal o principal sintoma associado. Casos que apresentam perfuração são ainda mais raros, principalmente sem doença disseminada. A relação entre câncer e a cornonavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) ainda está sendo estudada, assim como a evolução pós-cirúrgica de pacientes com covid-19 e sua possível causalidade de perfuração intestinal. Apresentamos o caso de um adenocarcinoma jejunal perfurado em um paciente positivo para covid-19, em que a sintomatologia secundária à perfuração levou a um diagnóstico precoce, tratamento e evolução pós-cirúrgica adequada, apesar da condição concomitante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , COVID-19 , Intestinal Perforation , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Intestinal Neoplasms
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 514-519, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El linfoma puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal de manera primaria o secundaria, y representa hasta el 2 % de todas las neoplasias malignas del intestino delgado y colon. El tracto gastrointestinal es la ubicación extraganglionar primaria más común en el linfoma no Hodgkin. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos académicas, con revisión de textos publicados sobre el tema en los últimos 5 años. Discusión. La presentación clínica del linfoma con compromiso gastrointestinal es inespecífica y, hasta en la mitad de los pacientes, se puede presentar de manera inicial con complicaciones que requieran manejo quirúrgico. Entre las principales se encuentran la perforación intestinal, el sangrado digestivo y la obstrucción intestinal


Introduction. Lymphoma can affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily or secondarily, and accounts for up to 2% of all malignant neoplasms of the small intestine and colon. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal location in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods. A literature search performed in the main academic databases, with a review of texts published on the subject in the last 5 years.Discussion. The clinical presentation of lymphoma with gastrointestinal involvement is nonspecific and, in up to half of the patients, it can present initially with complications that require surgical management. Among the main ones are intestinal perforation, digestive bleeding and intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Intussusception
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 358-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247573

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma colorrectal es la tercera causa de muerte por cáncer en mujeres y la cuarta en hombres a nivel mundial. Se diagnostica en su mayoría en pacientes mayores a los 50 años, siendo la edad media al momento del diagnóstico los 72 años. A pesar eso, se estima que en los próximos años aumentará la incidencia en personas jóvenes y de mediana edad. Debido a esta proyección y considerando que la ausencia de signos y síntomas específicos no permite un diagnóstico oportuno, se hacen necesarias la sensibilización clínica y un alto índice de sospecha en las presentaciones atípicas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente joven que consulta por un cuadro de un mes de síntomas respiratorios quien, después de tratamiento antibiótico, antiviral e inmunomodulador sistémico, presenta sepsis de origen abdominal por peritonitis de cuatro cuadrantes secundaria a perforación de colon sigmoide debida a adenocarcinoma bien diferenciado, metastásico a pulmón, que la llevó a la muerte


Colorectal adenocarcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer death in women and the fourth in men worldwide. It is diagnosed mostly in patients older than 50 years, being 72 years the mean age at diagnosis. Despite this, it is estimated that the incidence in young and middle-aged people will increase in the coming years. Due to this projection and considering that the absence of specific signs and symptoms does not allow a timely diagnosis, clinical sensitization and a high index of suspicion are necessary in atypical presentations. We present the case of a young female patient who consulted for a one-month history of respiratory symptoms who, after treatment with antibio-tic, antiviral and systemic immunomodulatory agents, presented sepsis of abdominal origin due to four-quadrant peritonitis secondary to perforation of the sigmoid colon due to adenocarcinoma well differentiated, metastatic to the lung, which led to her death


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis , Peritonitis , Colonic Neoplasms , Young Adult , Intestinal Perforation
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3400, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150010

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze in the scientific literature the evidence on nasogastric/nasoenteric tube related adverse events in adult patients. Method: integrative literature review through the search of publications in journals indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, EMBASE and Scopus, and hand searching, was undertaken up to April 2017. Results: the sample consisted of 69 primary studies, mainly in English and published in the USA and UK. They were divided in two main categories and subcategories: the first category refers to Mechanical Adverse Events (respiratory complications; esophageal or pharyngeal complications; tube obstruction; intestinal perforation; intracranial perforation and unplanned tube removal) and the second alludes to Others (pressure injury related to fixation and misconnections). Death was reported in 16 articles. Conclusion: nasogastric/nasoenteric tube related adverse events are relatively common and the majority involved respiratory harm that resulted in increased hospitalization and/or death. The results may contribute to healthcare professionals, especially nurses, to develop an evidence-based guideline for insertion and correct positioning of bedside enteral tubes in adult patients.


Objetivo: analisar na literatura científica as evidências sobre eventos adversos relacionados à sonda nasogástrica/nasoentérica em pacientes adultos. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada em abril de 2017 por meio da busca de publicações em periódicos indexados no PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, EMBASE e Scopus, e de buscas manuais. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 69 estudos primários, principalmente em inglês e publicados nos EUA e Reino Unido. Eles foram divididos em duas categorias e subcategorias principais: A primeira categoria refere-se aos Eventos Adversos Mecânicos - complicações respiratórias; complicações esofágicas ou faríngeas; obstrução da sonda; perfuração intestinal; perfuração intracraniana e remoção acidental da sonda e a segunda, alude a Outros - lesão por pressão relacionada à fixação e conexão incorreta. A morte foi relatada em 16 artigos. Conclusão: os eventos adversos relacionados à sonda nasogástrica/nasoentérica são relativamente comuns e a maioria envolveu eventos adversos respiratórios que resultaram em hospitalização prolongada e/ou morte. Os resultados podem contribuir para que os profissionais de saúde, especialmente enfermeiros, desenvolvam diretrizes baseadas em evidências para a inserção e posicionamento correto de sondas enterais à beira do leito em pacientes adultos.


Objetivo: analizar en la literatura científica la evidencia con respecto a eventos adversos relacionados con sondas nasogástricas y/o nasoenterales en pacientes adultos. Método: una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada por medio de una búsqueda de artículos en publicaciones indexadas en PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, EMBASE y Scopus, al igual que por medio de búsquedas manuales, llevadas a cabo hasta el mes de abril de 2017. Resultados: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 69 artículos primarios, principalmente redactados en inglés y publicados en EE. UU. y en el Reino Unido. Se los dividió en dos categorías principales y subcategorías: la primera categoría se refiere a los eventos adversos mecánicos: complicaciones respiratorias; complicaciones esofágicas o faríngeas; obstrucción de la sonda; perforación intestinal; perforación intracraneal y extracción accidental de la sonda y el segundo, alude a Otro - lesión por presión relacionada con la fijación y conexión incorrecta. Se informaron fallecimientos en 16 artículos. Conclusión: los eventos adversos relacionados con sondas nasogástricas y/o nasoenterales son relativamente comunes y la mayoría implicó daños respiratorios que derivaron en internaciones prolongadas y/o en fallecimientos. Los resultados pueden contribuir al trabajo de los profesionales de la salud, especialmente los de Enfermería, en el desarrollo de una directriz basada en evidencias para la inserción y el correcto posicionamiento de los tubos enterales al lado de la cama en pacientes adultos.


Subject(s)
Nursing , Enteral Nutrition , Health Personnel , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Patient Safety , Patient Harm , Intestinal Perforation , Intubation, Gastrointestinal
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021255, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153189

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is rare and one of the most aggressive human malignancies. The tumor is usually voluminous and fast-growing and mostly affects older women. The most common sites of distant metastases are the lungs, brain, and bones. Herein, we describe the case of a 66-year-old woman with a history of bilateral breast carcinoma and ATC, who presented with an acute abdomen and subsequently died. At autopsy, an isolated metastasis of ATC in the small intestine leading to bowel perforation was found. Moreover, there was adenocarcinoma in the descending colon. The review of extra-abdominal malignancies metastasizing to bowel and coincidence of breast and thyroid carcinoma is included.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Autopsy , Fatal Outcome , Intestine, Small/injuries
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): 405-415, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146069

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Investigar la frecuencia de la enterocolitis necrosante (ECN) en prematuros y evaluar los factores de riesgo asociados con su aparición y progresión a perforación intestinal.Métodos. Cohorte retrospectiva de prematuros hospitalizados entre 2015 y 2018. Las características perinatales, clínicas, nutricionales y de laboratorio se analizaron con SPSS-23, y los factores de riesgo mediante una regresión logística.Resultados. En 1428 neonatos, la tasa de ECN fue del 18,28 %. La concepción por reproducción asistida, la cesárea y los corticoesteroides posnatales se asociaron con ECN (OR: 4,056; IC del 95 %: 2,810-5,854; OR: 1,961; IC del 95 %: 1,321-2,910; OR: 6,422; IC del 95 %: 4,327-9,530). El momento de la primera alimentación enteral se asoció con ECN, pero no con perforación intestinal (p < 0,001; p = 0,604). De 261 pacientes con ECN, 47 (18 %) tuvieron perforación intestinal. El momento de la primera alimentación enteral y el ductus persistente con repercusión hemodinámica fueron factores predisponentes para ECN, y el puntaje de Apgar bajo al minuto 5 para perforación intestinal. (OR: 6,515; IC del 95 %: 5,011-8,470; OR: 4,715; IC del 95 %: 2,717-8,183; OR: 2,748; IC del 95 %: 1,100-6,866). La mortalidad fue del 9 %. La ECN aumentó el riesgo de mortalidad 2,192 veces (IC del 95 %: 1,469-3,271); en perforación intestinal, el riesgo aumentó 11,527 veces (IC del 95 %: 6,293-21,115).Conclusión. El conducto arterial persistente y el retraso en la primera nutrición enteral fueron factores predisponentes para ECN, y el puntaje de Apgar bajo al minuto 5 para perforación intestinal.


Aim. To investigate NEC frequency in premature infants and assess risk factors associated with disease-onset and progression to intestinal perforation.Methods. Retrospective cohort in preterm neonates hospitalized between 2015 and 2018. Perinatal characteristics, clinical features, nutritional data and laboratory outcome were analyzed using SPSS-23 statistical package. Logistic regression was performed to analyze associated risk factors.Results. In 1428 neonates, the rate of developing NEC was 18.28 %. Conception with assisted reproductive technology, cesearean section and postnatal-steroids were associated with NEC (OR: 4.056, 95 % CI: 2.810-5.854, OR: 1.961, 95 % CI: 1.321-2.910, OR: 6.422; 95 % CI: 4.327-9.530).Timing of first enteral feeding was associated to developing NEC, but not to intestinal perforation (p < 0.001, p = 0.604). Forty-seven of 261 NEC patients (18 %) have developed intestinal perforation. Antenatal steroids showed to reduce severe consequences (p = 0.001). Timing of first enteral feeding and hemodynamically significant PDA were predisposing factors for NEC and low 5-minutes Apgar score for intestinal perforation. (OR: 6.515; 95 % CI: 5.011-8.470; OR: 4.715; 95 % CI: 2.717-8.183; OR: 2.748; 95 % CI: 1.100-6.866).Mortality was 9 %. Developing NEC increased risk of mortality by 2.192 times (95 % CI: 1.469-3.271); in intestinal perforation, mortality risk increased to 11.527 (95 % CI: 6.293-21.115).Conclusion. NEC frequency was 18.28 %. Intestinal perforation occurred in 18 % of NEC patients. PDA and delay in first enteral nutrition were predisposing factors for acquiring NEC and low 5-minutes Apgar scores for intestinal perforation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Intestinal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Apgar Score , Turkey , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gestational Age , Enteral Nutrition
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1212-1216, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión de mondadientes (IM) constituye un evento poco frecuente (se han publicado alrededor de 157 casos a nivel mundial), pero puede causar perforaciones intestinales (PI), con peritonitis, sepsis e incluso muerte. Este hecho, determina la necesidad de intervenir quirúrgicamente a la mayoría de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue informar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de 3 casos de PI por IM. Caso 1: hombre de 52 años, con perforación duodenal y de la vesícula biliar. Caso 2: Mujer de 54 años con perforación cecal. Caso 3: hombre de 72 años, con perforación de colon izquierdo y lesión esplénica. Todos fueron hospitalizados por dolor abdominal y fiebre. En dos casos el diagnóstico se verificó por tomografía y en uno por ecotomografía. Los tres casos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente a través de laparotomía. Intervenciones: Caso 1: se realizó colecistectomía y sutura duodenal. Caso 2: se realizó hemicolectomía derecha e ileotransverso anastomosis. Caso 3: se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda y esplenectomía. En todos los casos se encontró el mondadientes. Todos los pacientes evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones postoperatorias. La IPD es una emergencia quirúrgica. Las PI son comunes y la peritonitis asociada es frecuente. El pronóstico depende de un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento oportuno.


SUMMARY: Toothpick ingestion (TPI) is a rare event, but can cause intestinal perforation (IP), peritonitis, sepsis, and even death (approximately 157 cases have been published worldwide). This fact determines the need for surgical intervention in most of these patients. The aim of this manuscript was to report the results of the surgical treatment in 3 cases of IP by TPI. The report involves the following: Case 1: A 52-year-old man, with duodenal and gallbladder perforation. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman with cecal perforation. Case 3: A 72-year-old man, with perforation of the left colon and splenic rupture. All were hospitalized for abdominal pain and fever. In two of the cases the diagnosis was verified by tomography and in one by ultrasound. All three patients underwent laparotomy. In the first case (1), cholecystectomy and duodenal suture were performed; in the second case (2) right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed, and in the third case (3), Left hemicolectomy and splenectomy were performed. Toothpick was found in all cases. The patients in this report all evolved satisfactorily without postoperative complications. In conclusion, TPI is a surgical emergency. IP are common and the associated peritonitis is high. Prognosis depends on early diagnosis and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Cholecystectomy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy , Foreign Bodies/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology
15.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
16.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 104-109, sept. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128571

ABSTRACT

Contexto y Antecedentes: LADIES TRIAL es uno de los ensayos más importantes referidos a peritonitis diverticular. A pesar de este y otros ensayos publicados, aún se debate cuáles son los procedimientos adecuados para cada escenario de peritonitis diverticular, haciendo necesaria una revisión profunda de la metodología empleada en los ensayos para validar u objetar sus conclusiones. Objetivos: Analizar la metodología empleada en el diseño, aplicación, análisis de resultados y conclusiones de sus publicaciones. Secundariamente, colaborar en el mejoramiento de la investigación de la peritonitis diverticular y facilitar el análisis del tema por parte de los lectores. Métodos: Se analizaron las partes centrales de toda investigación, desde la pregunta de investigación, elaboración de hipótesis, operacionalización de variables y diseño del ensayo, análisis estadístico de resultados y conclusiones. Se buscaron errores, sesgos y debilidades que pudiesen objetar los hallazgos del estudio. Resultados: LADIES se trató de un estudio randomizado, abierto con análisis de superioridad según intención de tratar modificada en aquellos casos de incumplimiento de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Su diseño fue en general correcto, aunque en su aplicación se detectaron errores, debilidades y sesgos. En cuanto a resultados LOLA mostró que en Hinchey III el lavado laparoscópico tiene mayor morbimortalidad temprana que la sigmoidectomía, con un tiempo operatorio menor. Por su parte, DIVA mostró que en Hinchey III y IV la anastomosis primaria tiene mayor sobrevida libre de ostomía con menor morbilidad, combinando la cirugía inicial y cierre ostomía, respecto de la operación de Hartmann. Conclusiones: El no haber llegado al tamaño de muestra calculado hizo que solo grandes diferencias consiguieran significancia estadística. Las bajas frecuencias de eventos adversos acentuaron este problema metodológico. La especialización de los centros y cirujanos intervinientes, como la exclusión de pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables o bajo corticoterapia comprometieron su validación externa.


Background: LADIES TRIAL is considered one of the most important trials related to diverticular peritonitis. Its protocol and results were published in 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2019. Despite this one and other published trials, the proper procedures for each diverticular peritonitis scenario are still being debated, a thorough review of the methodology used in this trial is necessary to validate or reject their conclusions. Aim: To analyze the methodology used in the design, application, analysis of results, and conclusions of all LADIES TRIAL publications. Secondly, to collaborate in the improvement of the research about diverticular peritonitis and to facilitate its analysis by the readers. Methods: The central parts of a research trial were analyzed, from the research question, hypothesis development, operationalization of variables and trial design, statistical analysis of results, to conclusions. Errors, biases and weaknesses were searched for to try and challenge the trial's findings. Results: LADIES was a randomized, open-label, superiority trial analyzed according to intention to treat modified in cases of non-compliance with the inclusion-exclusion criteria. Its design was generally correct, although errors, weaknesses, and biases were detected in its application. Regarding results, LOLA showed that, in Hinchey 3, laparoscopic lavage has a higher rate in early morbidity and mortality than sigmoidectomy, but with a shorter operative time. For its part, DIVA showed that, in Hinchey 3 and 4, the primary anastomosis has higher ostomy-free survival with less morbidity, combining the initial surgery and ostomy closure, compared to the Hartmann procedure. Conclusions: Not having reached the sample size calculated in its design implies that only large effect differences achieved statistical significance. The low frequencies of adverse events accentuated this methodological problem. The specialization of the intervening centers and surgeons, the exclusion of hemodynamically unstable patients or patients undergoing steroid therapy, compromised the external validation of their findings.


Subject(s)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Multicenter Studies as Topic/methods , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Peritonitis , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Multicenter Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Diverticulitis, Colonic , Intestinal Perforation
17.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 319-327, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138717

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El tratamiento óptimo de la diverticulitis perforada con aire extraluminal (DPA) es materia de debate. El manejo conservador es controversial; en casos seleccionados puede ofrecer menor morbimortalidad y evitar una ostomía. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, imagenológicas, necesidad de intervención quirúrgica y morbimortalidad de pacientes con DPA tratados con manejo conservador. Materiales y Método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de pacientes hospitalizados con diagnóstico de DPA hemodinámicamente estables sin evidencia de peritonitis entre los años 2009 y 2015. Resultados: Se hospitalizaron 162 pacientes con diagnóstico de diverticulitis aguda (DA), el 53,1% fueron diverticulitis agudas complicadas (DC), de las cuales el 43% (37 casos) eran DPA, la edad promedio fue 59,6 años, la mayoría eran mujeres (54,1%). Las manifestaciones clínicas más comunes fueron dolor abdominal (97,3%), signos peritoneales (59,5%) y fiebre (40,5%). La tomografía axial computada de abdomen y pelvis (TC AP) mostró burbujas extracolónicas en el 78,4% y neumoperitoneo en el 21,6%. El manejo conservador fue exitoso en el 87,8%. Durante el seguimiento de 71,2 meses la recurrencia fue 28,1% y el 31,3% se realizó sigmoidectomía electiva. La falla del tratamiento médico se presentó en 5 casos (12,2%), uno de los cuales fallece. Conclusión: el manejo conservador de la DPA es una alternativa válida de tratamiento con alto porcentaje de éxito en pacientes hospitalizados seleccionados. La decisión de cirugía de urgencia y de sigmoidectomía electiva posterior a una DPA tratada médicamente debe ser individualizada.


Background: The conservative management of perforated diverticulitis with extraluminal air (PDA) is controversial. In selected hospitalized patients may offer less morbidity and mortality and avoid an ostomy. Aim: To describe its clinical and imagenologic characteristics, the need for surgical procedure and morbimortality of patients with perforated diverticulitis with extraluminal air in conservative management. Materials and Methods: Retrospective descriptive study of hemodynamically stable hospitalized patients with a PDA diagnosis without evidence of peritonitis during the years 2009 and 2015. Results: 162 patients were admitted with the diagnosis of acute diverticulitis. 53.1% of cases were acute complicated diverticulitis, 43% (37 cases) were PDA. The average age was 59.6 years and most of them women (54.1%). The most common clinical manifestations were abdominal pain (97.3%), peritoneal signs (59.5%) and fever (40.5%). The abdomen and pelvic computerized axial tomography scan showed extra-colonic bubbles in 78.4% and pneumoperitoneum in 21.6%. The conservative management was successful in 87.8% of cases. After a 71.2-month follow-up, the recurrence was 28.1% and 31.3% had an elective sigmoidectomy. 5 cases did not respond to medical treatment, one of them resulting in death. Conclusion: The conservative management of PDA is a valid treatment option with a high degree of success in the selected sample of hospitalized patients. The decision of having emergency surgery and elective sigmoidectomy post DPA should be evaluated individually.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diverticulitis, Colonic/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Diverticulitis, Colonic/mortality , Diverticulitis, Colonic/therapy , Intestinal Perforation/therapy
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(2): 186-189, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126108

ABSTRACT

Resumen La tuberculosis gastrointestinal es una manifestación extrapulmonar poco frecuente, correspondiendo al 3% de los casos y que compromete principalmente la región ileocecal; la afectación apendicular es poco frecuente. La apendicitis tuberculosa se puede presentar como un cuadro agudo indistinguible de las otras causas de apendicitis y el diagnóstico generalmente se hace por el hallazgo histopatológico, lo que retrasa el tratamiento y puede llevar a complicaciones. El período posparto es de riesgo de una reactivación de una tuberculosis, debido a cambios en el sistema inmunológico que se manifiestan como un síndrome de reconstitución inmune. Se presenta el caso de una paciente puérpera que ingresa por un choque séptico secundario a una apendicitis perforada. La histopatología demostró una inflamación granulomatosa crónica, con posterior confirmación por biología molecular de una tuberculosis pulmonar.


Abstract Gastrointestinal tuberculosis is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation, it represents 3% of cases and mainly involves the ileocecal region; appendiceal involvement is rare. Tuberculous appendicitis can present as an acute condition indistinguishable from other causes of appendicitis and the diagnosis is generally made by histopathological finding, which delays treatment and can lead to complications. The postpartum period is at risk of a reactivation of tuberculosis, due to changes in the immune system that manifests as an immune reconstitution syndrome. We present the case of a postpartum patient admitted for septic shock secondary to perforated appendicitis, the pathology reported chronic granulomatous inflammation and subsequent confirmation by molecular technique of pulmonary tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Appendicitis/complications , Appendix , Tuberculosis, Gastrointestinal/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Appendectomy , Postpartum Period
19.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(1): 83-88, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090845

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To review the main acute complications of inflammatory bowel disease in order to present the state of the art of their respective diagnosis and treatment. Methods A bibliographic search was conducted in Medline database using the following keywords: "inflammatory bowel disease", "Colitis Ulcerative", "Crohn Disease", "emergency" among others that had their variation evaluated by the MESH. Articles from the last 10 years conducted with humans, written in Portuguese or English, and published in journals with impact factor greater than 1 were selected. Results After carrying out the search phrase and selecting the filters, 20 articles were selected to be included in the research. The most common acute complications were evaluated, focusing on their current propaedeutic and management aspects. Conclusion Most emergencies related to inflammatory bowel disease should be treated non-operatively firstly, prioritizing patient hemodynamic state. In selected cases of life-threatening complications emergent operative treatment are mandatory. The timing of procedure is the most important aspect. As general rule, in Crohn's Disease, operative treatment should be postponed as much as possible and the resection as small as possible. In case of ulcerative rectocolitis, if the hemodynamic state of the patient allows, proctocolectomy should be expedited with curative intention.


Resumo Objetivo Revisar as principais complicações agudas das doenças inflamatórias intestinais, a fim de apresentar o estado da arte de seus respectivos diagnósticos e tratamentos. Métodos Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica no banco de dados Medline, utilizando as seguintes palavras-chave: "doença inflamatória intestinal", "Colite Ulcerativa", "Doença de Crohn", "emergência" entre outras que tiveram sua variação avaliada pelo MESH. Artigos dos últimos 10 anos realizados com seres humanos, escritos em português ou inglês, e publicados em periódicos com fator de impacto maior que um foram selecionados. Resultados Após a construção da frase de pesquisa e seleção dos filtros, 20 artigos foram selecionados para inclusão no estudo. As complicações agudas mais comuns foram avaliadas, enfocando seus atuais aspectos propedêuticos. Conclusão A maioria das emergências relacionadas à doença inflamatória intestinal deve ser tratada primariamente de forma não cirúrgica, priorizando a hemodinâmica do paciente. Em casos selecionados de complicações potencialmente fatais, tratamento cirúrgico de emergência é mandatório. O momento do procedimento é o aspecto mais importante. Como regra geral, na Doença de Crohn, o tratamento cirúrgico deve ser adiado ao máximo com ressecção menor possível. No caso de retocolite ulcerativa, se o estado hemodinâmico do paciente permitir, a proctocolectomia deve ser realizada com intenção curativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/complications , Emergencies , Peritonitis , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Megacolon, Toxic
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811105

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis and intestinal perforation are the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if peritoneal drainage (PD) is beneficial in extremely low birth weight infants with intestinal perforation.METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of extremely low birth weight infants with a diagnosis of intestinal perforation. They were received primary PD (n = 23, PD group) or laparotomy (n = 13, LAP group). Laboratory and physiologic data were collected and organ failure scores calculated and compared between preprocedure and postprocedures. Data were analyzed using appropriated statistical tests.RESULTS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, 13 infants (male:female = 9:4) received laparotomy. Of 23 infants (male:female = 16:7) received PD, 20 infants received subsequent laparotomy. There were no demographic differences between PD and LAP groups. And there were no differences in total organ score in either group (PD, P = 0.486; LAP, P = 0.115). However, in LAP group, respiratory score was statistically improved between pre- and postprocedure organ failure score (P = 0.02). In physiologic parameter, PD group had a statistically worsening inotropics requirement (P = 0.025). On the other hand, LAP group had a improvement of PaO₂/FiO₂ ratio (P = 0.01).CONCLUSION: PD does not improve clinical status in extremely low birth weight infants with intestinal perforation.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Drainage , Emergencies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Hand , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Intestinal Perforation , Laparotomy , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Retrospective Studies
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