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1.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1160, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347543

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascariasis es una enteroparasitosis con alta prevalencia en la población pediátrica tercermundista, la cual puede asociarse a otras enfermedades intestinales y tener graves complicaciones que requieren tratamiento quirúrgico. Objetivo: Informar el caso de un infante operado por coinfección de ascariasis intestinal y fiebre tifoidea complicadas. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 9 años de edad asistido y operado en el hospital provincial N´gola Kimbanda de la provincia Namibe, Angola, por presentar evidencia clínica de peritonitis aguda generalizada por perforación intestinal de causa tifoidea y por cuyo orificio salían además áscaris lumbricoides vivos. Su evolución no fue satisfactoria y falleció 24 horas después de la operación. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico y tratamiento quirúrgico oportuno de la coinfección letal de ascariasis y fiebre tifoidea complicadas permitirá disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad por esta prevalente asociación(AU)


Introduction: Ascariasis is an enteroparasitosis with high prevalence in the third-world pediatric population, which can be associated with other bowel diseases and have serious complications that require surgical treatment. Objective: Report the case of an infant operated by the co-infection of complicated intestinal ascariasis and typhoid fever. Case presentation: 9-year-old male patient attended and operated at N'gola Kimbanda Provincial Hospital in Namibe Province, Angola, after presenting clinical evidence of generalized acute peritonitis due to intestinal perforation of typhoid-causing and through which live ascaris lumbricoide also came out. His evolution was unsatisfactory and he died 24 hours after the operation. Conclusions: The timely diagnosis and surgical treatment of lethal co-infection of complicated ascariasis and typhoid fever will reduce morbidity and mortality from this prevalent association(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Peritonitis/etiology , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Ascaris lumbricoides/parasitology , Intestinal Diseases/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Research Report , Coinfection/mortality
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1212-1216, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134427

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La ingestión de mondadientes (IM) constituye un evento poco frecuente (se han publicado alrededor de 157 casos a nivel mundial), pero puede causar perforaciones intestinales (PI), con peritonitis, sepsis e incluso muerte. Este hecho, determina la necesidad de intervenir quirúrgicamente a la mayoría de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue informar resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de 3 casos de PI por IM. Caso 1: hombre de 52 años, con perforación duodenal y de la vesícula biliar. Caso 2: Mujer de 54 años con perforación cecal. Caso 3: hombre de 72 años, con perforación de colon izquierdo y lesión esplénica. Todos fueron hospitalizados por dolor abdominal y fiebre. En dos casos el diagnóstico se verificó por tomografía y en uno por ecotomografía. Los tres casos fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente a través de laparotomía. Intervenciones: Caso 1: se realizó colecistectomía y sutura duodenal. Caso 2: se realizó hemicolectomía derecha e ileotransverso anastomosis. Caso 3: se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda y esplenectomía. En todos los casos se encontró el mondadientes. Todos los pacientes evolucionaron de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones postoperatorias. La IPD es una emergencia quirúrgica. Las PI son comunes y la peritonitis asociada es frecuente. El pronóstico depende de un diagnóstico precoz y un tratamiento oportuno.


SUMMARY: Toothpick ingestion (TPI) is a rare event, but can cause intestinal perforation (IP), peritonitis, sepsis, and even death (approximately 157 cases have been published worldwide). This fact determines the need for surgical intervention in most of these patients. The aim of this manuscript was to report the results of the surgical treatment in 3 cases of IP by TPI. The report involves the following: Case 1: A 52-year-old man, with duodenal and gallbladder perforation. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman with cecal perforation. Case 3: A 72-year-old man, with perforation of the left colon and splenic rupture. All were hospitalized for abdominal pain and fever. In two of the cases the diagnosis was verified by tomography and in one by ultrasound. All three patients underwent laparotomy. In the first case (1), cholecystectomy and duodenal suture were performed; in the second case (2) right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed, and in the third case (3), Left hemicolectomy and splenectomy were performed. Toothpick was found in all cases. The patients in this report all evolved satisfactorily without postoperative complications. In conclusion, TPI is a surgical emergency. IP are common and the associated peritonitis is high. Prognosis depends on early diagnosis and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Cholecystectomy , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Colectomy , Foreign Bodies/complications , Intestinal Perforation/etiology
4.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 97-103, sept. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La sigmoidectomía por diverticulitis perforada es una cirugía de urgencia comúnmente realizada por cirujanos generales. Está descripta la correlación positiva entre el volumen del cirujano y los mejores resultados postoperatorios. Sin embargo, existe escasa evidencia de la influencia de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal sobre los resultados de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la especialización en cirugía colorrectal en los resultados postoperatorios de la sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis Hinchey III. Diseño: Estudio retrospectivo sobre una base de datos cargada de forma prospectiva. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes sometidos a sigmoidectomía laparoscópica por diverticulitis perforada Hinchey III. La muestra fue dividida en dos grupos: pacientes operados por un cirujano colorrectal (CC) y aquellos operados por un cirujano general (CG). Las variables demográficas, operatorias y postoperatorias fueron comparadas entre los grupos. El objetivo primario fue determinar si existían diferencias en la proporción de anastomosis primaria, morbilidad y mortalidad a 30 días entre los grupos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 101 pacientes en el análisis; 58 operados por CC y 43 por CG. Los pacientes operados por CC presentaron una mayor proporción de anastomosis primaria (CC: 98,3% vs. CG: 67,4%, p<0,001). Los CG realizaron más estomas (CC: 13,8% vs. CG: 46,5%, p<0,001), presentaron un mayor índice de conversión (CC: 20,6% vs. CG: 39,5%, p=0,03) y una mayor estadía hospitalaria (CC: 6,2 vs. CG: 10,8 días, p<0,001). La morbilidad global (CC: 34,4% vs. CG: 46,5%, p=0.22), dehiscencia anastomótica (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) y la mortalidad (CC: 1,7% vs. CG: 9,3 %, p=0,08) fueron similares entre ambos grupos. Conclusión: La sigmoidectomía laparoscópica de urgencia realizada por CG presenta similar morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria que la realizada por CC. Sin embargo, la participación del especialista se asoció a una mayor frecuencia de anastomosis primarias, menos estomas y una estadía hospitalaria más corta.


Background: Sigmoid resection for perforated diverticulitis is one of the most common emergency surgeries and often performed by general surgeons. Relationship between high-volume surgeons and improved postoperative outcomes is well established. However, the influence of colorectal specialization on outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for perforated diverticulitis is not well described. Aim: Evaluate the impact of colorectal surgery training on the outcomes after emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection for Hinchey III diverticulitis. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected database.Method: Patients undergoing emergent laparoscopic sigmoid resection for perforated (Hinchey III) diverticulitis were identified and stratified by involvement of colorectal or general surgeon. This study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 at a teaching hospital. Primary outcome measures were primary anastomosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.Results: A total of 101 patients were identified; 58 by colorectal and 43 by general surgeons. Patients in the colorectal surgeon group had higher rates of primary anastomosis (CS: 98, 2% vs. GS: 67, 4%, p<0.001). General surgeons performed more ostomies (CS: 13, 8% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p<0.001), had a higher conversion rate (CS: 20, 6% vs. GS: 39, 5%, p=0.03) and longer mean length of hospital stay (CS: 6, 2 vs. GS: 10, 8 days, p<0.001). Overall morbidity (CS: 34, 4% vs. GS: 46, 5%, p=0.22), anastomotic leak rate (CC: 3,5% vs. CG: 6,8%, p=0.48) and mortality (CS: 1, 7% vs. GS: 9,3 %, p=0.08) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Emergency laparoscopic sigmoid resection by general surgeons wasn ́t associated with higher rates of postoperative morbidity, anastomotic leakage or mortality. However, patients operated by colorectal surgeons had higher rates of primary anastomosis, lower rates of ostomy, conversion and shorter length of hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laparoscopy/methods , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Peritonitis/complications , Postoperative Complications , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Preoperative Care , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
5.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(3): 104-109, sept. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128571

ABSTRACT

Contexto y Antecedentes: LADIES TRIAL es uno de los ensayos más importantes referidos a peritonitis diverticular. A pesar de este y otros ensayos publicados, aún se debate cuáles son los procedimientos adecuados para cada escenario de peritonitis diverticular, haciendo necesaria una revisión profunda de la metodología empleada en los ensayos para validar u objetar sus conclusiones. Objetivos: Analizar la metodología empleada en el diseño, aplicación, análisis de resultados y conclusiones de sus publicaciones. Secundariamente, colaborar en el mejoramiento de la investigación de la peritonitis diverticular y facilitar el análisis del tema por parte de los lectores. Métodos: Se analizaron las partes centrales de toda investigación, desde la pregunta de investigación, elaboración de hipótesis, operacionalización de variables y diseño del ensayo, análisis estadístico de resultados y conclusiones. Se buscaron errores, sesgos y debilidades que pudiesen objetar los hallazgos del estudio. Resultados: LADIES se trató de un estudio randomizado, abierto con análisis de superioridad según intención de tratar modificada en aquellos casos de incumplimiento de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Su diseño fue en general correcto, aunque en su aplicación se detectaron errores, debilidades y sesgos. En cuanto a resultados LOLA mostró que en Hinchey III el lavado laparoscópico tiene mayor morbimortalidad temprana que la sigmoidectomía, con un tiempo operatorio menor. Por su parte, DIVA mostró que en Hinchey III y IV la anastomosis primaria tiene mayor sobrevida libre de ostomía con menor morbilidad, combinando la cirugía inicial y cierre ostomía, respecto de la operación de Hartmann. Conclusiones: El no haber llegado al tamaño de muestra calculado hizo que solo grandes diferencias consiguieran significancia estadística. Las bajas frecuencias de eventos adversos acentuaron este problema metodológico. La especialización de los centros y cirujanos intervinientes, como la exclusión de pacientes hemodinámicamente inestables o bajo corticoterapia comprometieron su validación externa.


Background: LADIES TRIAL is considered one of the most important trials related to diverticular peritonitis. Its protocol and results were published in 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2019. Despite this one and other published trials, the proper procedures for each diverticular peritonitis scenario are still being debated, a thorough review of the methodology used in this trial is necessary to validate or reject their conclusions. Aim: To analyze the methodology used in the design, application, analysis of results, and conclusions of all LADIES TRIAL publications. Secondly, to collaborate in the improvement of the research about diverticular peritonitis and to facilitate its analysis by the readers. Methods: The central parts of a research trial were analyzed, from the research question, hypothesis development, operationalization of variables and trial design, statistical analysis of results, to conclusions. Errors, biases and weaknesses were searched for to try and challenge the trial's findings. Results: LADIES was a randomized, open-label, superiority trial analyzed according to intention to treat modified in cases of non-compliance with the inclusion-exclusion criteria. Its design was generally correct, although errors, weaknesses, and biases were detected in its application. Regarding results, LOLA showed that, in Hinchey 3, laparoscopic lavage has a higher rate in early morbidity and mortality than sigmoidectomy, but with a shorter operative time. For its part, DIVA showed that, in Hinchey 3 and 4, the primary anastomosis has higher ostomy-free survival with less morbidity, combining the initial surgery and ostomy closure, compared to the Hartmann procedure. Conclusions: Not having reached the sample size calculated in its design implies that only large effect differences achieved statistical significance. The low frequencies of adverse events accentuated this methodological problem. The specialization of the intervening centers and surgeons, the exclusion of hemodynamically unstable patients or patients undergoing steroid therapy, compromised the external validation of their findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Multicenter Studies as Topic/methods , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Multicenter Studies as Topic/statistics & numerical data
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(1): 29-31, 20200000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1370101

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones traumáticas duodenales son infrecuentes pero producen una tasa de morbi-mortalidad significativa. Se debe tener presente la elevada frecuencia de lesiones asociadas, siendo las de uréter superior las más frecuentes. Masculino de 50 años ingresa por HAF paravertebral derecha. Al ingreso OTE, lucido, vigil, con dolor y defensa abdominal generalizada. En la TC toracobdominal con cte EV y VO se objetiva extravasación de contraste oral a nivel duodenal y en fase excretora renal derecha.Se decide Laparotomía de urgencia objetivando lesión transfixiante de 2da porción de duodeno de < 50% de su circunferencia y sección de uréter derecho proximal. Se realiza rafia en dos planos de duodeno, colocación de pig tail y anastomosis T-T de uréter derecho mas drenaje. Buena evolución postquirúrgica con control tomográfico a las 72 hs sin objetivar fuga. Alta hospitalaria al 6to día. El traumatismo duodenal es una patología rara que se asocia con una tasa considerable de morbimortalidad, su localización retroperitoneal puede hacer que los clásicos signos de peritonismo no estén presentes en el momento de la evaluación, por lo que se recomienda la realización de exámenes clínicos seriados y de estudios complementarios con contraste VO y EV. Las lesiones ureterales asociadas son las más frecuentes. La mayoría tienen una pérdida mínima de tejido, siendo usualmente reparadas mediante desbridación y anastomosis.


Duodenal traumatic injuries are rare but produce a significant morbidity and mortality rate. The high frequency of associated lesions should be kept in mind, with those of the upper ureter being the most frequent. 50-year-old male enters for right paravertebral HAF. At hospital admission, lucid patient and vigil. Thoracoabdominal CT with intravenous and oral contrast show extravasation of oral contrast at the duodenal level and in the right renal excretory phase. Emergency laparotomy is decided by objectifying transfixing lesion of the 2nd portion of the duodenum of <50% of its circumference and proximal right ureter section. Raffia is performed in two planes of the duodenum, placement of pig tail and TT anastomosis of the right ureter plus drainage. Good post-surgical evolution with tomographic control at 72 hours without objectifying leakage. Hospital discharge on the 6th day. Duodenal trauma is a rare pathology that is associated with a considerable morbidity and mortality rate, its retroperitoneal location may make the classic signs of peritonism not present at the time of the evaluation, so clinical exams are recommended series and complementary studies with VO and EV contrast. Associated ureteral lesions are the most frequent, Most have minimal tissue loss, usually repaired by debridement and anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ureter/injuries , Firearms , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Emergency Medical Services , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
7.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1546, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152618

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The Hartmann procedure remains the treatment of choice for most surgeons for the urgent surgical treatment of perforated diverticulitis; however, it is associated with high rates of ostomy non-reversion and postoperative morbidity. Aim: To study the results after the Hartmann vs. resection with primary anastomosis, with or without ileostomy, for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis with purulent or fecal peritonitis (Hinchey grade III or IV), and to compare the advantages between the two forms of treatment. Method: Systematic search in the literature of observational and randomized articles comparing resection with primary anastomosis vs. Hartmann's procedure in the emergency treatment of perforated diverticulitis. Analyze as primary outcomes the mortality after the emergency operation and the general morbidity after it. As secondary outcomes, severe morbidity after emergency surgery, rates of non-reversion of the ostomy, general and severe morbidity after reversion. Results: There were no significant differences between surgical procedures for mortality, general morbidity and severe morbidity. However, the differences were statistically significant, favoring primary anastomosis in comparison with the Hartmann procedure in the outcome rates of stoma non-reversion, general morbidity and severe morbidity after reversion. Conclusion: Primary anastomosis is a good alternative to the Hartmann procedure, with no increase in mortality and morbidity, and with better results in the operation for intestinal transit reconstruction.


RESUMO Racional: O procedimento a Hartmann permanece sendo o tratamento de escolha da maioria dos cirurgiões para o tratamento cirúrgico de urgência da diverticulite perfurada, entretanto está associado com altas taxas de não reversão da ostomia e de morbidade pós-operatória. Objetivo: Estudar os resultados após o procedimento de Hartmann vs. ressecção com anastomose primária, com ou sem ileostomia, para o tratamento da diverticulite perfurada com peritonite purulenta ou fecal (grau de Hinchey III ou IV), e comparar as vantagens entre as duas formas de tratamento. Método: Busca sistemática na literatura de artigos observacionais e randomizados comparando ressecção com anastomose primária vs. procedimento de Hartmann no tratamento de urgência da diverticulite perfurada. Analisar como desfechos primários a mortalidade após a operação de urgência e a morbidade geral após ela; como desfechos secundários, a morbidade severa após a operação de urgência, as taxas de não reversão da ostomia, a morbidade geral e severa após a reversão. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas entre os procedimentos cirúrgicos para mortalidade, morbidade geral e morbidade severa. Contudo, as diferenças foram significativas estatisticamente favorecendo anastomose primária na comparação com procedimento de Hartmann nos desfechos taxas de não reversão do estoma, morbidade geral e morbidade severa após reversão. Conclusão: A anastomose primária apresenta-se como boa alternativa ao procedimento de Hartmann, sem aumento de mortalidade e morbidade, e com melhores resultados na operação de reconstrução do trânsito intestinal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/etiology , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Diverticulitis/surgery , Diverticulitis/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Peritonitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colostomy/adverse effects , Ileostomy/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Diverticulitis/pathology , Intestinal Perforation/pathology
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(4): e679, oct.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126396

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de reconstitución inmune se produce debido a un aumento de la inmunocompetencia en pacientes previamente inmunocomprometidos. La situación es frecuente tras iniciar un tratamiento antirretroviral de alta eficacia, en pacientes con infección por el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana. En determinados casos, puede conllevar un empeoramiento paradójico de una infección previa. El citomegalovirus, es un germen oportunista que, en el seno de un síndrome de reconstitución inmune, puede dar lugar a perforación intestinal multifocal y peritonitis secundaria de difícil tratamiento. Es más frecuente en pacientes con recuento de linfocitos cooperadores inferior a 50 células/mm3 al iniciar el tratamiento antirretroviral. El objetivo es comunicar dicha situación a través, de un caso clínico para facilitar su sospecha lo más pronto posible, y realizar un tratamiento adecuado. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con virus de inmunideficiencia humana de reciente diagnóstico, en tratamiento con terapia antirretroviral de alta eficacia, que acude a urgencias con abdomen agudo secundario a perforación por citomegalovirus. La infección conlleva importante morbimortalidad, siendo imprescindible un diagnóstico temprano e iniciar precozmente el tratamiento antiviral intravenoso, asociado generalmente a tratamiento quirúrgico(AU)


ABSTRACT Immune reconstitution syndrome occurs due to increased immunocompetence in previously immunocompetent patients. The condition is frequent in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection who have started a highly active antiretroviral therapy. In certain cases, the syndrome can lead to a paradoxical worsening of a previous infection. Cytomegalovirus is an opportunistic germ that, during an immune reconstitution syndrome, can lead to multifocal intestinal perforation and secondary peritonitis, in cases that are difficult to treat. The syndrome is more frequent in patients with CD4 lymphocyte count below 50/mm3 at the time of starting antiretroviral treatment. The objective is to communicate this situation through a clinical case presentation in order to facilitate suspicion as soon as possible, and to carry out appropriate treatment. We present the case of a patient with a recently diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus, under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy, who attended the emergency department with an acute abdomen secondary to perforation due to cytomegalovirus. Infection carries significant morbidity and mortality, and early diagnosis is essential and intravenous antiviral treatment should be started early, generally associated with surgical treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , HIV , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/adverse effects , Cytomegalovirus/pathogenicity , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/epidemiology , Intestinal Perforation/surgery
9.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 34(1): 61-66, Ene-Jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1121156

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de determinar la utilidad del índice de Flint como predictor de complicaciones postoperatorias en trauma de colon en pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal que incluyó 77 pacientes cuya edad promedio fue de 28,2 ± 10,8 años con predominio del sexo masculino (98,7%). Los resultados indican que el mecanismo de producción del trauma más frecuente fue por arma de fuego carga única (67,5%); el segmento más afectado fue colon sigmoide (32,4%) y transverso (31,1%); 74% de los pacientes presentaron una única lesión en colon y los órganos con lesiones asociadas más comunes fueron intestino delgado (59,7%), hígado (19,4%) y riñón (12,9%). Se encontró perforación en el 54,5% de los casos, contaminación moderada (42,8%), presencia de lesiones asociadas (85,7%), situación hemodinámica discreta (59,7%) y retardo en el tratamiento < 6 horas (45,4%). Según el índice de Flint, 51,9% de los pacientes mostraron una gravedad grado III, 40,2% grado II y 7,7% grado I. El tratamiento fue quirúrgico en 88,3% de los casos y la técnica quirúrgica más utilizada fue rafia primaria (55,8%), seguida de resección/anastomosis (27,9%) y resección/colostomía (25%). En conclusión, la escala de Flint es una herramienta de predicción para complicaciones postoperatorias en los pacientes con traumatismo de colon(AU)


In order to determine the usefulness of the Flint Index as a predictor of postoperative complications in colon trauma in patients admitted to the Servicio de Cirugía General of the Hospital Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda, we conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study with 77 patients with an average age of 28.2 ± 10.8 years and predominance of male sex (98.7%). The most frequent mechanism of trauma was by single shot firearm (67.5%); the most affected segment was sigmoid colon (32.4%) and transverse (31.1%); 74% of patients had only one lesion in colon and the most common associated lesions were localized in small intestine (59.7%), liver (19.4%) and kidney (12.9%). According to the severity of trauma, perforation was found in 54.5% of cases, moderate contamination (42.8%), presence of associated lesions (85.7%), discrete hemodynamic situation (59.7%) and delay in treatment of less than 6 hours (45.4%). According to the Flint index, 51.9% of patients had a severity grade III, 40.2% grade II and 7.7% grade I. The treatment was surgical in 88.3% of cases and the most used surgical technique was primary raffia (55.8%), followed by resection/anastomosis (27.9%) and resection/colostomy (25%). In conclusion, the Flint scale is a predictive tool for postoperative complications in patients with colonic trauma(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Surgery , Colonic Diseases , Abdominal Injuries/classification , Postoperative Complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery
10.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(1): 92-95, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990835

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El consumo de cocaína es un problema mayor a nivel mundial; los usuarios crónicos presentan complicaciones médicas graves que afectan el aparato vascular, los cuales puedenderivar en accidentes isquémicos serios. A continuación presentamos un caso de perforación intestinal secundaria a colitis isquémica por uso de cocaína. Caso clínico: Un hombre de 21 anos de edad con antecedente de uso de cocaína inició su pade cimiento 5 días antes de su ingreso con dolor abdominal, náuseas y vómitos. Con el diagnóstico de perforación de víscera hueca se realizó una laparotomía exploradora, en la cual se encontró una perforación en la cara anterior del ciego. Se realizó una hemicolectomía derecha con una ileostomía y una fístula mucocutánea de colon transverso. Discusión: La causa de las perforaciones es la isquemia local en la mucosa y la necrosis parietal. En este paciente obtuvimos una prueba de orina positiva para cocaína; además, con el ante cedente de uso intenso de esta sustancia y el resultado en el reporte histopatológico pudimos llegar a este diagnóstico. Conclusión: La colitis isquémica asociada a uso de cocaína debe ser considerada como diagnós tico diferencial en pacientes jóvenes con dolor abdominal agudo y/o sangrado rectal.


Introduction: Cocaine use is a major problem worldwide. Chronic users have serious medical complications that affect the vascular system, which can lead to serious ischemic events. We describe a case of intestinal perforation secondary to ischemic colitis caused by cocaine. Case report: A 21-year-old man with a history of cocaine started 5 days before with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. With a diagnosis of a perforated intestine, a exploratory laparo tomy was performed, in which a perforation of the anterior wall of the cecum was found. A right hemicolectomy with ileostomy and a mucocutaneous fistula of the transverse colon were carried out. Discussion: Perforations are caused by local ischemia of the mucosa and parietal necrosis. In this patient, a urine test for cocaine was positive, in addition to the history of intensive use of this substance and a pathology report. Conclusion: Ischemic colitis associated with cocaine use should be considered as a differential diagnosis in young patients with acute abdominal pain and/or rectal bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Colitis, Ischemic/chemically induced , Cocaine-Related Disorders/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Cecum , Colitis, Ischemic/surgery , Colectomy , Intestinal Perforation/diagnostic imaging
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 70(6): 1296-1300, Nov.-Dec. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-898315

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To report a case of neonatal appendicitis in a children's hospital in southern Brazil, demonstrating the impact on neonatal survival. Method: Case study with data collection from medical records, approved by the Institution and Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings. Results: The clinical picture is initially characterized by food intolerance, evolving to hypoactivity, alteration of vital signs and septicemia due to intestinal perforation. Management is exclusively surgical, since no case described in the literature was diagnosed preoperatively and the findings usually point to acute abdomen. Conclusion: A focused clinical surveillance should be established when the infant presents peritoneal irritation. Follow-up of the evolution and the worsening of the symptoms by nurses, as part of the care team in partnership with the medical team, enables an early surgical intervention, thereby avoiding complications such as septicemia and death.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Divulgar un caso de apendicitis neonatal ocurrido en un hospital infantil del Sur de Brasil, evidenciando el impacto en la sobrevida del neonato. Método: Estudio de caso con coleta de datos en prontuario, aprobado por la Institución y por El Comité de Ética en Pesquisa con Seres Humanos. Resultados: El cuadro clínico es caracterizado inicialmente por intolerancia alimentar, evolucionando para hipoactividad, alteración de señales vitales y septicemia por perforación intestinal. La conducta es exclusivamente quirúrgica, pues ningún caso descrito en la literatura fue diagnosticado en el preoperatorio y los allazgos normalmente se vuelven hacia el abdomen agudo. Conclusión: Se debe establecer una vigilancia clínica enfocada cuando el recién nacido presenta cuadro de irritación peritoneal. El acompañamiento de la evolución y la empeora de los síntomas por la enfermería, como parte del equipo de cuidado y asociación del equipo médico, propicia intervención quirúrgica precoz, evitando complicaciones como septicemia y óbito.


RESUMO Objetivo: Divulgar um caso de apendicite neonatal ocorrido em um hospital infantil do Sul do Brasil, evidenciando o impacto na sobrevida do neonato. Método: Estudo de caso com coleta de dados em prontuário, aprovado pela Instituição e pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados: O quadro clínico é caracterizado inicialmente por intolerância alimentar, evoluindo para hipoatividade, alteração de sinais vitais e septicemia por perfuração intestinal. A conduta é exclusivamente cirúrgica, pois nenhum caso descrito na literatura foi diagnosticado no pré-operatório e os achados normalmente voltam-se para abdome agudo. Conclusão: Deve-se estabelecer uma vigilância clínica enfocada quando o recém-nascido apresenta quadro de irritação peritoneal. O acompanhamento da evolução e a piora dos sintomas pela enfermagem, como parte da equipe de cuidado e parceira da equipe médica, propicia intervenção cirúrgica precoce, evitando complicações como septicemia e óbito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Appendicitis/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Adaptation, Psychological , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/organization & administration , Qualitative Research
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194204

ABSTRACT

A 66-year-old male with dyspepsia and weight loss was referred to our hospital for evaluation. On laboratory examination, anti-saccharomyces cerevisiae (ASCA)-IgA was positive and iron deficiency anemia was present. PET/CT and abdominal CT scan images showed multiple small bowel segmental wall thickening and inflammation. Capsule endoscopy images showed multiple small bowel ulcerative lesions with exudates. Based on laboratory test results and imaging studies, the patient was diagnosed with Crohn's disease and treated with prednisolone and 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). However, the patient underwent second operation due to small bowel perforation within 2 month after initiation of treatment. Pathology report of the resected specimen was compatible to primary small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma and pertinent treatment was given to the patient after recovery. Herein, we describe a case of primary small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma that was mistaken for Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies/blood , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Capsule Endoscopy , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Humans , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnosis , Male , Mesalamine/therapeutic use , Positron-Emission Tomography , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/immunology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159979

ABSTRACT

Summary: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is more common than pulmonary TB in immuno-suppressed renal transplant recipients. Atypical presentation of TB and disseminated TB is known in transplant recipients. Usually intestinal TB presents with pain abdomen, intermittent subacute intestinal obstruction, diarrhoea and/or constitutional symptoms like fever and weight loss. Here we report a case of renal allograft recipient on regular hospital follow up, presented with acute abdomen with no previous symptoms of fever, weight loss or abdominal symptoms and was diagnosed to have tubercular ileal perforation on exploratory laporatomy and confirmed by histopathological examination. This patient succumbed to the illness due to sepsis despite timely surgery, broad spectrum antibiotics and antitubercular therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Intestinal Perforation/mortality , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Kidney Transplantation/mortality , Male , Sepsis/mortality , Tuberculosis/complications , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Tuberculosis/mortality , Tuberculosis/surgery
15.
Rev. chil. cir ; 65(4): 346-350, ago. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-684357

ABSTRACT

Background: biliary stents are devices that are used to widen narrowed bile ducts, especially in malignant obstructions, although at present its use in benign biliopancreatic diseases is progressively increasing. Endoscopic placement of biliary stents is a well established procedure that is performed daily. Despite its frequency, has a complication rate of 5-10 percent, the most common are cholangitis and stent obstruction and there are others more rare and serious like pancreatitis, gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal perforation and biliary stent migration. Case report: we report a 70-years-old male with a history of plastic biliary stent placement after open cholecystectomy because of choledocholithiasis, who arrived at the Emergency Department with symptoms of intestinal obstruction. After performing imaging studies, there was significant intestinal dilation and a biliary stent in the sigmoid colon. He underwent urgent surgical intervention, having the plastic biliary stent located in a sigmoid diverticulum. We performed removal of the stent and simple suture of the sigmoid diverticular perforation. Conclusion: sigmoid diverticular perforation secondary to migration of a plastic biliary stent is a rare complication that can occur after placement of a stent in the bile duct. It must be suspected in all acute abdomens accompanied of radiological images demonstrating biliary stent migration because these patients often show atypical symptoms.


Introducción: las endoprótesis biliares son dispositivos que se emplean para ampliar las vías biliares estenosadas, especialmente en las obstrucciones malignas, aunque actualmente su uso está aumentando progresivamente en las enfermedades benignas biliopancreáticas. La colocación endoscópica de las endopró-tesis biliares es un procedimiento bien establecido que se realiza diariamente, aunque presenta una tasa de complicaciones de 5-10 por ciento, siendo las más frecuentes la colangitis y la obstrucción de la propia endoprótesis, existiendo otras más raras y graves como la pancreatitis, la hemorragia digestiva, la perforación intestinal y la migración de la endoprótesis biliar. Caso clínico: varón de 70 años de edad con antecedentes de colocación de endoprótesis biliar plástica tras presentar coledocolitiasis posterior a colecistectomía, que acudió al Servicio de Urgencias con clínica de obstrucción intestinal. Después de realizar radiología simple y ecografía abdominal, se observó importante dilatación intestinal y una endoprótesis biliar en sigma. Se practicó intervención quirúrgica urgente, hallándose endoprótesis biliar plástica enclavada en un divertículo sigmoideo. Se realizó extracción de la endoprótesis y sutura simple de la perforación diverticular sigmoidea. Conclusión: la perforación diverticular sigmoidea secundaria a la migración de una endoprótesis biliar plástica es una complicación poco frecuente que puede aparecer tras la colocación de una endoprótesis en la vía biliar. Dicha perforación debe sospecharse ante todo cuadro de abdomen agudo que se acompaña de imágenes radiológicas que demuestren la migración de la endoprótesis biliar, ya que estos pacientes no suelen presentar una sintomatología típica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Foreign-Body Migration/complications , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Stents/adverse effects , Diverticulum , Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
17.
Medical Forum Monthly. 2013; 24 (6): 34-38
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-127263

ABSTRACT

Terminal ileum perforation is quite common in developing countries carrying high morbidity and mortality. Retrospective case study. This study was carried out at the Department of General Surgery, Allama Iqbal Memorial Hospital, Sialkot from March 2007 to March 2013. The study was aimed to find aetiological factors of Terminal ileum perforation and different treatment modalities for such perforation. There were 34 typhoid, 6 tuberculous, 14 non-specific and 2 others of foreign body and ascariasis. Various surgical procedures like Covering ileostomy, Closure with exteriorization, Ileostomy alone, Resection of perforation with covering ileostomy and Right hemicolectomy were done depending upon the severity of disease and clinical status of the patient. Treatment of Terminal ileal perforation is always surgical regardless of the techniques. Operation must be done as soon as possible and should be associated with aggressive resuscitation before operation. This results in remarkable decrease in morbidity and mortality of the patients. Response of treatment modalities varies from patient to patient depending upon the aetiological factors. The outcome is very encouraging in those who present earlier


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Ileum/injuries , Ileal Diseases , Ileostomy , Rupture, Spontaneous , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 23(2): 168-173, 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022628

ABSTRACT

Sigmoid diverticular disease is common in the occidental world and it is responsible for a great number of hospitalizations. The prevalence of diverticular disease increases with age and only in few cases it is manifest as diverticulitis. Diverticulitis produces variable clinical manifestations, ranging from simple inflammation that only requires medical management, to a life threatening condition, due to a free perforation that requires urgent surgical management. Surgical management is recommended after the first attack of complicated diverticulitis, due to the elevated rate of recurrence after successful medical treatment. In this article we present a clinical case of complicated diverticulitis with free perforation treated with laparoscopic peritoneal lavage, and we make a review of the different surgical alternatives, such as Hartmann's operation, resection with primary anastomosis and laparoscopic peritoneal lavage (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Diverticulitis, Colonic/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Laparoscopy , Diverticulitis, Colonic/therapy
19.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2012; 22 (7): 455-457
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-144302

ABSTRACT

A 62-year-old diabetic bed ridden woman, presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of peritonitis. She had been taking oral laxatives and enemas to relieve her chronic constipation for last 6 years. Hard impacted stools and pelvic tenderness were found on digital rectal examination. Her X-ray abdomen showed soft tissue shadows in the colon but there was no gas under the diaphragm on chest X-ray. Sonography found free fluid in pelvis. She was resuscitated, and her hyperglycemia was controlled by use of regular insulin as per sliding scale. Operative findings revealed free fluid in pelvis and very hard faecalomas lying free in peritoneal cavity. There was a 2 x 3 cm perforation at the anterior wall of the recto-sigmoid junction. Peritoneal toilet was carried out followed by Hartmann's procedure. Histopathology of perforation side showed no evidence of malignancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Sigmoid Diseases/etiology , Sigmoid Diseases/surgery , Constipation/complications , Colostomy , Laparotomy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28739

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with uncertain etiopathogenesis. CD can involve any site of gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to anus and is associated with serious complications such as bowel strictures, perforations, and fistula formation. The incidence and prevalence rates of CD in Korea are still lower than those of Western countries, but have been rapidly increasing during the past decades. Although there are no definitive curative modalities for CD, various medical and surgical therapies are currently applied for diverse clinical situations of CD. However, a lot of decisions on the management of CD are made depending on the personal experiences and personal dicision of physicians. To suggest preferable approaches to diverse problems of CD and to minimize the variations according to physicians, guidelines for the management of CD are needed. Therefore, IBD Study Group of the Korean Association for the Study of the Intestinal Diseases has set out to develop the guidelines for the management of CD in Korea. These guidelines were developed using the adaptation methods and encompass the treatment of inflammatory disease, stricturing disease, and penetrating disease. The guidelines also cover the indication of surgery, prevention of recurrence after surgery, and CD in pregnancy and lactation. These are the first Korean guidelines for the management of CD and the update with further scientific data and evidences is needed.


Subject(s)
Mercaptopurine/analogs & derivatives , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/therapeutic use , Budesonide/therapeutic use , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Databases, Factual , Female , Fistula/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Male , Mesalamine/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Pregnancy , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Sulfasalazine/therapeutic use
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