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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 49-54, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156108

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction It has been suggested that visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is associated with several non-communicable chronic diseases, but measuring it is difficult. Thus, anthropometry could be used because is easily applied in clinical practice. Objectives The present study aimed to develop and validate VAT estimation equations (Eq) in military men. Methods The sample consisted of 409 (mean age, 36.5 ± 6.7 years) military men in the Brazilian Army (BA) divided into an equation group (EG) ( n = 270; mean age, 37.0 ± 6.3 years) and a validation group (VG) ( n =139; mean age, 36.0 ± 7.2 years). Anthropometric, hemodynamic and DXA body composition evaluations ( GE iLunar ) were performed. The Student's t test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise general linear regression were applied. Bland-Altman graphics were used to assess the concordance between VAT by Eq and by DXA. The level of significance was 95% ( p < 0.05). Results Age, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference and body mass index presented the main significant positive correlations with the VAT-DXA. Four Eq were created Eq1 ( r 2 = 0.793), Eq2 ( r 2 = 0.810), Eq3 ( r 2 = 0.817), and Eq 4 ( r 2 = 0.823) ( p < 0.05). No differences were observed between VAT by DXA and VAT by Eq ( p = 0.982, p = 0.970, p = 0.495 and p = 0.698). Bland-Altman analysis also presented good concordance as the bias was close to zero and was not statistically significant. Conclusion Eq2 (age*13.0 + WC*60.0 - 4975,.5) was more suitable because it is easier to apply, has a higher predictive power (81.0%), less bias (1.86) and validation yielded average VAT values close to those found in DXA. It may still be considered a valuable tool for other extensive epidemiological studies in military men in the BA and can be used in adult men. Evidence Level I: Development of diagnostic criteria on consecutive patients (with universally applied reference ''gold'' standard).


RESUMO Introdução A literatura científica tem sugerido que o tecido adiposo visceral (TAV) está associado a doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, mas é difícil fazer sua mensuração. Assim, a antropometria pode ser empregada por ser de fácil aplicação na prática clínica. Objetivos Este estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver e validar equações de estimativa (Eq) do TAV em militares. Métodos A amostra consistiu em 409 (média de idade 36,5 ± 6,7 anos) militares do Exército Brasileiro (EB) divididos em Grupo equação (GE) (n = 270; média de idade 37,0 ± 6,3 anos) e Grupo validação (GV) (n = 139; média de idade 36,0 ± 7,2 anos). Foram realizadas avaliações antropométricas, hemodinâmicas e de composição corporal por DXA (GE iLunar). O teste t de Student, a correlação de Pearson e a regressão linear geral Stepwise foram aplicados. Os gráficos de Bland-Altman foram usados para avaliar a concordância entre os resultados de TAV pela Eq e por DXA. O nível de significância adotado foi de 95% (p <0,05). Resultados Idade, circunferência da cintura (CC), circunferência do quadril e o índice de massa corporal apresentaram as principais correlações positivas e significativas com TAV-DXA. Foram criadas quatro equações: Eq1 (r2 = 0,793), Eq2 (r2 = 0,810), Eq3 (r2 = 0,817) e Eq 4 (r2 = 0,823), p < 0,05. Não foram observadas diferenças entre o TAV por DXA pelas Eq (p = 0,982, p = 0,970, p = 0,495 e p = 0,698). A análise de Bland-Altman também apresentou boa concordância, porque o viés foi próximo de zero e não estatisticamente significativo. Conclusões A Eq2 (idade*13,0 + CC*60,0 - 4975,5) foi mais adequada, porque é mais fácil de aplicar, tem maior poder preditivo (81,0%), menor viés (1,86) e a validação forneceu valores médios de TAV próximos aos encontrados no DXA. Além disso, pode ser considerada uma ferramenta valiosa para outros estudos epidemiológicos extensos em militares do EB e pode ser usada em homens adultos. Nível de Evidência I; Teste de critérios diagnósticos desenvolvidos anteriormente em pacientes consecutivos (com padrão de referência "ouro" aplicado).


RESUMEN Introducción La literatura científica ha sugerido que el tejido adiposo visceral (TAV) está asociado a enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, pero es difícil hacer su medición. Así, la antropometría puede ser empleada por ser de fácil aplicación en la práctica clínica. Objetivos Este estudio tuvo como objetivo desarrollar y validar ecuaciones de estimativa (Ec) del TAV en militares. Métodos La muestra consistió en 409 (promedio de edad 36,5 ± 6,7 años) militares del Ejército Brasileño (EB) divididos en Grupo de ecuación (GE) (n = 270; promedio de edad 37,0 ± 6,3 años) y Grupo validación (GV) (n = 139; promedio de edad 36,0 ± 7,2 años). Fueron realizados análisis antropométricos, hemodinámicos y de composición corporal por DXA (GE iLunar). Fueron aplicados el teste t de Student, la correlación de Pearson y la regresión linear general Stepwise. Los gráficos de Bland-Altman fueron usados para evaluar la concordancia entre los resultados de TAV por la Ec y por DXA. El nivel de significancia fue de 95% (p <0,05). Resultados Edad, circunferencia de cintura (CC), circunferencia de la cadera y el índice de masa corporal presentaron las principales correlaciones positivas y significativas con TAV-DXA. Fueron creadas cuatro ecuaciones: Ec1 (r2 = 0,793), Ec2 (r2 = 0,810), Ec3 (r2 = 0,817) y Ec4 (r2 = 0,823), p <0,05. No fueron observadas diferencias entre el TAV por DXA por las Ec (p = 0,982, p = 0,970, p = 0,495 y p = 0,698). El análisis de Bland-Altman también presentó buena concordancia, porque el sesgo fue próximo de cero y no estadísticamente significativo. Conclusiones La Ec2 (edad*13,0 + CC*60,0 - 4975.5) fue más adecuada, porque que es más fácil de aplicar, tiene mayor poder predictivo (81,0%), menor sesgo (1,86) y la validación suministró valores promedio de TAV próximos a los encontrados en el DXA. Además, puede ser considerada una herramienta valiosa para otros estudios epidemiológicos extensos en militares del EB y puede ser usada en hombres adultos. Nivel de Evidencia I: Test de criterios diagnósticos desarrollados anteriormente en pacientes consecutivos (con patrón de referencia "oro" aplicado).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Military Personnel , Models, Biological , Absorptiometry, Photon , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist Circumference
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 88-93, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287778

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluated calcification of the coronary arteries and its association with visceral fat and 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) serum levels. METHODS: A cross sectional study involving 140 individuals without any previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. A biochemical analysis of vitamin D serum levels was carried out, as well as computed tomography to measure coronary artery calcium score and visceral adipose tissue. RESULTS: The mean age of the individuals was 55.9 (±12.4). Coronary artery calcium was observed in 40.7% of the population. Vitamin D presented median serum levels of 30.4 ng/ml (IQ24.5-39.1), with 14,1 and 33.7% of the individuals presenting deficiency and insufficiency, respectively. In the univariate analysis, the calcium score was more prevalent in aged patients (p<0.01), in hypertensive individuals (p<0.01), in diabetics (p=0.02), and in those with a higher concentration of VAT (p=0.02). In the adjusted analysis, it was found that the highest concentration of VAT (OR: 4.0; 95%CI 1.4-11.7), hypertension (OR: 4.8; 95%CI 1.5-15.3), and age (OR: 10.4; 95%CI 3.9-27.6) were predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis, regardless of body mass index, diabetes, and 25OHD. CONCLUSIONS: Excess visceral fat was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis, regardless of other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Serum levels of 25OHD were not associated with CAD in its early stages.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Vitamin D , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880353

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Body mass-independent parameters might be more appropriate for assessing cardiometabolic abnormalities than weight-dependent indices in Asians who have relatively high visceral adiposity but low body fat. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-measured trunk-to-peripheral fat ratio is one such body mass-independent index. However, there are no reports on relationships between DXA-measured regional fat ratio and cardiometabolic risk factors targeting elderly Asian men.@*METHODS@#We analyzed cross-sectional data of 597 elderly men who participated in the baseline survey of the Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study, a community-based single-center prospective cohort study conducted in Japan. Whole-body fat and regional fat were measured with a DXA scanner. Trunk-to-appendicular fat ratio (TAR) was calculated as trunk fat divided by appendicular fat (sum of arm and leg fat), and trunk-to-leg fat ratio (TLR) as trunk fat divided by leg fat.@*RESULTS@#Both TAR and TLR in the group of men who used ≥ 1 medication for hypertension, dyslipidemia, or diabetes ("user group"; N = 347) were significantly larger than those who did not use such medication ("non-user group"; N = 250) (P < 0.05). After adjusting for potential confounding factors including whole-body fat, both TAR and TLR were significantly associated with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, fasting serum insulin, and the insulin resistance index in the non-user group and non-overweight men in the non-user group (N = 199).@*CONCLUSION@#The trunk-to-peripheral fat ratio was associated with cardiometabolic risk factors independently of whole-body fat mass. Parameters of the fat ratio may be useful for assessing cardiometabolic risk factors, particularly in underweight to normal-weight populations.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adiposity/physiology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Japan , Male , Osteoporosis/etiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Thorax/diagnostic imaging
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 246-250, 2021. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153363

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to verify the correlation between murine measurements and retroperitoneal adipose tissue in rats exposed to the high-fat diet. Material and methods: Wistar male adult rats, descendants of mothers who consumed a high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation and fed the same diet after weaning were used. At 60 days of life, body weight, longitudinal axis and waist circumference (WC) were measured. The Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Lee Index were calculated for a posterior analysis of the correlation with the amount of retroperitoneal adipose tissue dissected on the same day. For analysis of the data, the Pearson correlation test was used, considering statistical significance for p<0.05. Results: Body weight had a weak correlation (r= 0.31; p= 0.38) with retroperitoneal adipose tissue. While the longitudinal correlated moderately and negative (r= -0.40; p= 0.25). Abdominal circumference (r= 0.62; p= 0.05), body mass index (r= 0.61; p= 0.03) and Lee (r= 0.69; p= 0.03) correlated moderately and positively with adipose tissue. Conclusion: Among the measured murine measurements, weight and longitudinal axis were not good indicators to represent accumulation of retroperitoneal adipose tissue in rats. However, Lee's index seems to be the best murine marker to diagnose the accumulation of retroperitoneal fat. BMI, CA and Lee index were murine parameters with higher correlation.


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a correlação entre medidas murinométricas e tecido adiposo retroperitoneal em ratos expostos à dieta hiperlipídica. Material e métodos: Foram utilizados ratos Wistar machos adultos, descendentes de mães que consumiram dieta hiperlipídica durante a gestação e lactação e alimentados com a mesma dieta após o desmame. Aos 60 dias de vida, foram medidos o peso corporal, o eixo longitudinal e a circunferência da cintura (CC). O Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) e o Índice de Lee foram calculados para posterior análise da correlação com a quantidade de tecido adiposo retroperitoneal dissecado no mesmo dia. Para análise dos dados, utilizou se o teste de correlação de Pearson, considerando significância estatística para p<0.05. Resultados: O peso corporal apresentou uma correlação fraca (r= 0,31; p= 0,38) com o tecido adiposo retroperitoneal. Enquanto o longitudinal correlacionou moderadamente e negativo (r= -0,40; p= 0,25). A circunferência abdominal (r = 0,62; p = 0,05), índice de massa corporal (r= 0,61; p= 0,03) e Lee (r= 0,69; p= 0,03) correlacionaram-se moderada e positivamente com o tecido adiposo. Conclusão: Entre as medidas murinométricas, o peso e o eixo longitudinal não foram bons indicadores para representar o acúmulo de tecido adiposo retroperitoneal em ratos. No entanto, o índice de Lee parece ser o melhor indicador murinométrico para diagnosticar o acúmulo de gordura retroperitoneal. O IMC, índice de Lee e CA foram parâmetros murinométricos com maior correlação.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Intra-Abdominal Fat/anatomy & histology , Diet, High-Fat/veterinary , Body Mass Index , Rats, Wistar/anatomy & histology , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference
5.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200263, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of low to moderate aerobic exercise and ovariectomy on body composition and food consumption in female rats. Methods Forty adult Wistar female rats (age: 23 weeks; body weight: 275.2±3.6g; mean±SEM) were divided into 4 groups (n=10): laparotomy-sedentary; laparotomy-exercised; ovariectomy-sedentary; and ovariectomy-exercised. The exercised groups were submitted to a treadmill running program (16m/min; 30min/day, 5 days/week), for 8 weeks. Body weight and food consumption were monitored during the experiment. Visceral fat and carcass water, protein, ash, fat and carbohydrate fractions were analyzed. Two-way ANOVA plus the Tukey's post hoc test was used for comparisons and p<0.05 was considered significant. Results The ovariectomized (ovariectomy-sedentary+ovariectomy-exercised) and sedentary (laparotomy-sedentary+ovariectomy-sedentary) animals showed higher (p<0.05) weight gain, food consumption, food efficiency ratio and weight gain/body weight ratio than laparotomy animals (laparotomy-sedentary+laparotomy-exercised) and exercised (exercised laparotomy+exercised ovariectomy), respectively. The ovariectomized and sedentary animals showed higher (p<0.05) carcass weight, fat percentage and visceral fat than laparotomy and exercised rats, respectively. Conclusion Ovariectomy and physical inactivity increase obesogenic indicators, whereas regular aerobic exercise of low to moderate intensity attenuates these unfavorable effects in female rats.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto do exercício aeróbico de intensidade baixa a moderada e da ovariectomia na composição corporal e no consumo alimentar em ratas. Métodos Quarenta ratas Wistar adultas (idade: 23 semanas; peso corporal: 275, 2±3, 6g; média±EPM) foram divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): laparotomia-sedentária, laparotomia-exercitada, ovariectomia-sedentária e ovariectomia-exercitada. Os grupos laparotomia-exercitada e ovariectomia-exercitada foram submetidos a um programa de corrida em esteira (16m/mim; 30min/dia, 5 dias/semana) durante 8 semanas. Foram monitorados o peso corporal e o consumo alimentar das ratas durante o experimento. Analisaram-se as frações de água, proteínas, cinzas, gordura e carboidrato da carcaça, bem como a gordura visceral. Empregou-se ANOVA Two-Way, seguida do teste post hoc de Tukey para as análises estatísticas. Adotou-se o nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultados As ratas ovariectomizadas (ovariectomia-sedentária+ovariectomia-exercitada) e sedentárias (laparotomia-sedentária+ ovariectomia-sedentária) exibiram maior (p<0,05) ganho de peso, consumo alimentar, coeficiente de eficácia alimentar e taxa de ganho de peso/peso corporal do que as ratas laparotomizadas (laparotomia-sedentária+laparotomia-exercitada) e exercitadas (laparotomia-exercitada+ovariectomia-exercitada), respectivamente. A carcaça das ratas ovariectomizadas e sedentárias apresentaram maior (p<0,05) peso, percentual de gordura e gordura visceral do que as ratas laparotomizadas e exercitadas, respectivamente. Conclusão A ovariectomia e o sedentarismo elevam indicadores obesogênicos, enquanto que o exercício aeróbico regular de intensidade baixa a moderada atenua esses efeitos desfavoráveis em ratas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Body Composition/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Intra-Abdominal Fat/physiology
6.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(3): e1591, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355519

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Abdominal obesity or android obesity, that is, the increase in adipose tissue in the abdominal region, is considered a risk factor for several morbidities. Different ways of quantifying it have been proposed, one method is the measurement of the abdominal fat area by computed tomography. Aim: To establish correspondence between the groups defined by degree of obesity in relation to the total, subcutaneous and visceral fat area. Methods: Cross-sectional observational study carried out through the analysis of tomographic examinations. Horos v3.3.5 medical image visualization software was used, with abdominal tomography in a single cut including the L4 vertebral body and the umbilical scar, to obtain the areas of total, visceral and subcutaneous fat. Results: Of the 40 patients, 10 had grade II obesity, 23 grade III and 7 superobese. The amount of total fat showed an increase in relation to the degree of obesity. Visceral fat did not show significant differences between the degrees of obesity, but the data showed a lower average in the group of obesity grade II. The area of subcutaneous fat, as well as total fat, showed an increase in its measurements, according to the progression of the patients' BMI, but there was no statistical significance in this difference between the groups of grade II and super-obese individuals. Conclusion: The area of total and subcutaneous fat showed an increase in its measurements according to the progression of the BMI groups, which did not happen with visceral fat.


RESUMO Racional: A obesidade abdominal ou a obesidade androide, isto é, o aumento de tecido adiposo na região abdominal, é considerada fator de risco para diversas morbidades. Diferentes formas de quantificá-la foram propostas, sendo um dos métodos a medida da área da gordura abdominal pela tomografia computadorizada. Objetivo: Estabelecer correspondência entre os grupos definidos por grau de obesidade em relação a área de gordura total, subcutânea e visceral. Métodos: Estudo observacional analítico transversal realizado através da análise de exames tomográficos. Utilizou-se software de visualização de imagens médicas Horos v3.3.5, com tomografia abdominal em um único corte incluindo corpo vertebral de L4 e a cicatriz umbilical, para obter as áreas de gordura total, visceral e subcutânea. Resultados: Dos 40 pacientes 10 apresentavam obesidade grau II, 23 grau III e 7 superobesos. A quantidade de gordura total demonstrou aumento com relação ao grau de obesidade. A gordura visceral não apresentou diferenças significativas entre os graus de obesidade, porém os dados demonstraram média menor no grupo de obesidade grau II. A área de gordura subcutânea, assim como a gordura total, apresentou aumento de suas medidas, conforme a progressão do IMC dos pacientes, porém não houve significância estatística nesta diferença entre os grupos de obesos grau II e superobesos. Conclusão: A área de gordura total e subcutânea apresentaram aumento de suas medidas conforme a progressão dos grupos de IMC, o que não aconteceu com a gordura visceral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Obesity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging
7.
Medisan ; 24(6) graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1143267

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existen parámetros antropométricos predictivos del riesgo de padecer diabetes mellitus que pueden correlacionarse, tal como el índice de masa corporal, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral. Objetivo: Establecer el riesgo potencial de padecer diabetes mellitus de tipo 2 mediante la correlación de indicadores y medidas antropométricas aplicables a la población local. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico, transversal, observacional y analítico de 118 individuos jóvenes, en la Universidad Católica de Córdoba, en Córdoba, Argentina, durante el mes de septiembre de 2019, en el cual se aplicó el FINnish Diabetes Risk Score, tomando además como indicadores los porcentajes de grasa corporal y de grasa visceral. En el análisis estadístico de las variables cuantitativas y cualitativas se utilizaron el promedio y la desviación estándar como medidas descriptivas; asimismo, se aplicaron las pruebas de normalidad de Shapiro-Wilk y de Kolmogorow-Smirnov y el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman para probar las hipótesis estadísticas planteadas. Resultados: Se encontró que la mayoría de la población era de bajo riesgo y la correlación entre el índice de masa corporal y la grasa corporal que se ajustaba era Y=1,18X+4,06; donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa corporal y X el índice de masa corporal. Para correlacionar el perímetro de la cintura y el porcentaje de grasa visceral se ajustaban Y=0,21X-10,21 para hombres y Y=0,17X-7,84 para mujeres, donde Y fue el porcentaje de grasa visceral y X el perímetro de la cintura. Conclusiones: El conocimiento del estado de salud de una población lleva a la capacitación y asistencia para el autocuidado y la adquisición de hábitos saludables, que contribuyan a una adultez con calidad de vida.


Introduction: There are risk anthropometric predictors parameters of suffering from diabetes mellitus that can be correlated, such as the body mass index, body fat percentage, waist perimeter and visceral fat percentage. Objective: To establish the potential risk of suffering from type2 diabetes mellitus by means of the correlation of indicators and anthropometric measures applicable to a local population. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-sectional, observational and analytic study of 118 young individuals was carried out in the Catholic University of Córdoba, in Córdoba, Argentina, during the month of September, 2019, in which the FINnish Diabetes Risk Score was implemented, the body fat and visceral fat percentages were also taken as warning signs. In the statistical analysis of the quantitative and qualitative variables the average and the standard deviation were used as descriptive measures; also, the Shapiro-Wilks and Kolmogorow-Smirnov normality tests and the Spearman correlation test were implemented to prove the outlined statistical hypotheses. Results: It was found that it was a low risk population and the correlation between the body mass index and the body fat that was adjusted was Y=1.18X+4.06; where Y was the body fat percentage and X the body mass index. To correlate the waist perimeter and the visceral fat percentage Y=0,21X-10,21 for men and Y=0,17X-7,84 for women were adjusted, where Y was the visceral fat percentage and X the waist perimeter. Conclusions: The knowledge of the population health condition leads to the training and assistance for the selfcare and to the acquisition of healthy habits that contribute to an adulthood with life quality.


Subject(s)
Body Weights and Measures , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Obesity, Abdominal
8.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(3): 189-195, 30-09-2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To correlate anthropometric measurements, lipid profile, cardiorespiratory fitness, and visceral adiposity index (VAI) in sedentary obese older women. METHODS: Twenty-seven insufficiently active and overweight older women were included in this cross-sectional study. We evaluated their anthropometric profile (body weight and stature, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences) and body composition (fat mass, body fat percentage, and musculoskeletal mass). Venous blood samples were analyzed for high and low-density lipoproteins (HDL-c and LDL-c), triglycerides (TG), and the LDL/HDL ratio. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) was measured using an adapted Bruce test using direct spirometry. We tested data normality and applied Pearson's correlation, assuming a p < 0.05. RESULS: The following correlations were observed: VAI and HDL (r = -0.53); VAI and LDL (r = 0.35); VAI and TG (r = 0.86); VAI and TG/HDL (r = 0.99) and VAI and VO2 peak (r = -0.55), with p ≤ 0.01 for all analyses. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that VAI may be used as a tool to assess cardiometabolic risk in obese older women. Future studies should evaluate the applicability of VAI as a cardiometabolic risk factor indicator in older adults.


OBJETIVO: Correlacionar medidas antropométricas, perfil lipídico, aptidão cardiorrespiratória e índice de adiposidade visceral (IAV) em idosas obesas sedentárias. METODOLOGIA: Vinte e sete idosas insuficientemente ativas e com sobrepeso foram incluídas neste estudo transversal. Foram avaliados o perfil antropométrico (peso corporal e estatura, índice de massa corporal, circunferências da cintura e quadril) e composição corporal (massa gorda, percentual de gordura corporal e massa musculoesquelética). Amostras de sangue venoso foram analisadas para lipoproteínas de alta e baixa densidade (HDL-c e LDLc), triglicerídeos (TG) e a relação LDL/HDL. O consumo de oxigênio de pico (VO2 pico) foi medido usando um teste de Bruce adaptado usando espirometria direta. Testamos a normalidade dos dados e aplicamos a correlação de Pearson, assumindo um p ≤ 0,05. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas as seguintes correlações: IAV e HDL (r = -0,53); IAV e LDL (r = 0,35); IAV e TG (r = 0,86); IAV e TG/HDL (r = 0,99); e IAV e VO2 pico (r = -0,55), com p <0,01 para todas as análises. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados sugerem que o IAV pode ser utilizado como ferramenta para avaliar o risco cardiometabólico em idosas obesas. Estudos futuros devem avaliar a aplicabilidade do IAV como indicador de fator de risco cardiometabólico em idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Weights and Measures , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Sedentary Behavior , Obesity/epidemiology , Brazil , Geriatric Assessment , Health of the Elderly , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Heart Disease Risk Factors
9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 24-29, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088778

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective A large number of studies have used abdominal computed tomography (CT) to quantify body composition, and different software programmes have been used to perform these analyses. Thus, this comparison is important to enable researchers to know the performance of more accessible software. Subjects and methods Fifty-four abdominal CT scans of obese (BMI 30 to 39.9 kg/m2), sedentary adults (24-41 years) patients from a Brazilian single center were selected. Two software programs were compared: Slice-O-Matic (Tomovision, Canada) version 5.0 and OsiriX version 5.8.5. The body composition analysis were segmented using standard Hounsfield unit (HU) (adipose tissue: -190 to +30 and skeletal muscle: -29 to +150) and measured at the mid third lumbar vertebra (L3) level on a slice showing both transversal processes. Bland-Altman limits of agreement analyses were used to assess the level of agreement between Slice-O-Matic and OsiriX. Results A total of fifty-four participants were evaluated, with majority women (69%), mean of age 31.3 (SD 6.5) years and obesity grade I most prevalent (74.1%). The agreement, in Bland-Altman analysis, between Slice-O-Matic and OsiriX analisys for the muscle mass tissue, visceral adipose tissue and subcutaneous adipose tissue were excellent (≥ 0.954) with P-values < 0.001. Conclusion These findings show that Slice-O-Matic and OsiriX softwares agreement in measurements of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue and sarcopenia diagnosis in obese patients, suggesting good applicability in studies with body composition in this population and clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Body Composition , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Fat/diagnostic imaging , Obesity/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Sedentary Behavior
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811194

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of skeletal muscle depletion measured on computed tomography (CT) in patients with non-metastatic invasive breast cancer.METHODS: This retrospective study included 577 consecutive women (mean age ± standard deviation: 48.9 ± 10.2 years with breast cancer who underwent a preoperative positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT scan and curative surgery between January 2012 and August 2014. The total abdominal muscle area (TAMA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and visceral fat area (VFA) were measured on CT images at the L3 vertebral level. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional-hazard regression analyses were performed to evaluate whether there was an association between sarcopenia and overall survival (OS) outcome.RESULTS: Of the 577 women, 49 (8.5%) died after a mean of 46 months. The best TAMA threshold for predicting OS was 83.7 cm². The multivariate Cox proportional-hazard analysis revealed that sarcopenia (TAMA ≤ 83.70 cm²) was a strong prognostic biomarker (hazard ratio [HR], 1.951; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.061–3.586), along with large tumor size, axillary lymph node metastasis, high nuclear grade, estrogen receptor status, and adjuvant radiation therapy. In the subgroup analysis of patients aged ≥ 50 years, TAMA (≤ 77.14 cm²) was a significant independent factor (HR, 2.856; 95% CI, 1.218–6.695).CONCLUSION: Skeletal muscle depletion measured on CT was associated with worse OS outcome in patients with non-metastatic breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Lymph Nodes , Muscle, Skeletal , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia , Subcutaneous Fat
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of high-fat (HF) diet and exercise on the expressions of asprosin and CTRP6 in adipose tissues in different regions of rats during mid-gestation.@*METHODS@#Pregnant SD rats were fed on a standard chow diet or a high-fat (60% fat content) diet for 14 days starting on gestation day (GD) 1. Starting from GD3, the rats fed either on normal or high-fat diet in the exercise groups (CH-RW and HF-RW groups) were allowed access to the running wheels for voluntary running, and those in sedentary groups (CH-SD and HF-SD groups) remained sedentary. At the end of the 14 days, adipose tissues were sampled from different regions of the rats for detecting the mRNA and protein expressions of asprosin and CTRP6 using RT-qPCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA expression of asprosin in retroperitoneal adipose tissues was significantly higher in HF-RW group than in the other 3 groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-fat diet and exercise during mid-gedtation can affect the expression levels of asprosin and CTRP6 in adipose tissues of rats in a site-specific manner.


Subject(s)
Adipokines , Animals , Blood Glucose , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Female , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 379-394, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816679

ABSTRACT

It is now recognized that the heart can behave as a true endocrine organ, which can modulate the function of other tissues. Emerging evidence has shown that visceral fat is one such distant organ the heart communicates with. In fact, it appears that bi-directional crosstalk between adipose tissue and the myocardium is crucial to maintenance of normal function in both organs. In particular, factors secreted from the heart are now known to influence the metabolic activity of adipose tissue and other organs, as well as modulate the release of metabolic substrates and signaling molecules from the periphery. This review summarizes current knowledge regarding primary cardiokines and adipokines involved in heart-fat crosstalk, as well as implications of their dysregulation for cardiovascular health.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipokines , Adipose Tissue , Heart , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis degree based on noninvasive serum fibrosis markers in the general population with NAFLD.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in 7,465 Korean adults who underwent health screening examinations. NAFLD was defined as fatty liver detected on ultrasonography, and visceral and subcutaneous abdominal fat was measured using computed tomography. We predicted fibrosis based on the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and categorized the risk for advanced fibrosis as low, indeterminate, or high.RESULTS: The multivariable-adjusted prevalence ratios for indeterminate to high risk of advanced fibrosis based on FIB-4, determined by comparing the second, third, and fourth quartiles with the first quartile of VSR, were 3.38 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64 to 17.97), 9.41 (95% CI, 1.97 to 45.01), and 19.34 (95% CI, 4.06 to 92.18), respectively. The multivariable-adjusted prevalence ratios for intermediate to high degree of fibrosis according to APRI also increased across VSR quartiles (5.04 [95% CI, 2.65 to 9.59], 7.51 [95% CI, 3.91 to 14.42], and 19.55 [95% CI, 9.97 to 38.34], respectively). High VSR was more strongly associated with the prevalence of NAFLD in nonobese subjects than in obese subjects, and the associations between VSR and intermediate to high probability of advanced fibrosis in NAFLD were stronger in obese subjects than in nonobese subjects.CONCLUSION: High VSR values predicted increased NAFLD risk and advanced fibrosis risk with NAFLD, and the predictive value of VSR for indeterminate to high risk of advanced fibrosis was higher in obese subjects than in nonobese subjects.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Adult , Aspartic Acid , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fatty Liver , Fibrosis , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Liver Cirrhosis , Mass Screening , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Prevalence , Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal , Ultrasonography
16.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(3): e155, sept.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126439

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El perímetro de cuello en la actualidad es una medida útil asociada de manera significativa a la resistencia a la insulina y al riesgo cardiometabólico. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el perímetro de cuello y los factores de riesgo cardiometabólico en mujeres de 45 a 60 años de edad. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio en 270 mujeres aparentemente sanas, de 45 a 60 años de edad. Se tomaron medidas antropométricas como peso corporal, índice de masa corporal, perímetro de cintura, perímetro de cuello y el tejido adiposo visceral por bioimpedancia. Se determinaron niveles séricos de glucosa, perfil lipídico (colesterol, triglicéridos, HDL-colesterol, LDL-colesterol), HbA1c, insulina y proteína C reactiva. Resultados: El índice de masa corporal de las participantes fue de 28,2 ± 4,2. Se encontró que 38,1 por ciento de las mujeres presentaban síndrome metabólico y mayor perímetro de cuello, en comparación con las participantes sin síndrome (36,8 + 2,1 vs 35,1 + 1,6 cm, respectivamente, p< 0,0001). El perímetro de cuello se asoció positivamente con índice de masa corporal (r= 0,690, p= 0,0001), tejido adiposo visceral (r= 0,548, p= 0,0001), circunferencia de Cintura (r= 0,640, p< 0,0001), glucosa (r= 0,251, p= 0,0001), triglicéridos (r= 0,143, p= 0,019), HbA1c (r= 0,160, p= 0,010) y proteína C reactiva (r= 0,342, p= 0,001). Conclusiones: Las mujeres con incremento en el perímetro de cuello presentan un perfil de riesgo cardiometabólico aumentado. La medición del perímetro de cuello representa un método útil y práctico en la predicción del riesgo cardiometabólico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Neck´s perimeter is nowadays a useful measure significantly associated to insulin resistance and to cardiometabolic risk. Objective: To determine the relation between the neck´s perimeter and the cardiometabolic risk factors in women from 45 to 60 years old. Methods: A study was performed in 270 apparently healthy women, aging 45 to 60 years old. Anthropometric measurements were taken such as weight, body mass index, waist circumference, neck´s perimeter and visceral adipose tissue by bioelectrical impedance analysis. There were identified serum levels of glucose, lipid profile (cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol), HbA1c, insulin and C-reactive protein. Results: The body mass index of the participants was 28.2 ± 4.2. It was found that 38.1 percent of the women had a metabolic syndrome and a higher perimeter of neck, in comparison with participants without the syndrome (36.8 + 2.1 vs 35.1 + 1.6 cm, respectively, p< 0.0001). The neck´s perimeter was positively associated with body mass index (r = 0.690, p= 0.0001), visceral adipose tissue (r = 0.548, p= 0.0001), waist circumference (r = 0.640, p< 0.0001), glucose (r = 0.251, p= 0.0001), triglycerides (r = 0.143, p = 0.019), HbA1c (r = 0.160, p = 0.010) and C-reactive protein (r = 0.342, p = 0.001). Conclusions: Women with an increase in the neck´s perimeter have a profile of increased cardiometabolic risk. The measurement of neck´s perimeter represents a useful and practical method for the prediction of cardiometabolic risk(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Waist Circumference , Neck/growth & development , Body Mass Index , Intra-Abdominal Fat
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 417-426, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019352

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the associations among visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), body fat percentage (%), and android/gynoid ratio (A/G ratio) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and verify if the parameters representative of visceral obesity correlate with and exhibit the same frequency as body composition variables; anthropometric indices; and metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory parameters. Subjects and methods This was a cross-sectional study that included 94 women with PCOS. Hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters were analyzed in all women. Free androgen index (FAI) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), as well as LAP, VAI, and anthropometric indices, were calculated. The regions of interest (ROIs) in body composition and body composition indices were evaluated using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Overall, 32 variables were selected as markers of body fat distribution. Results Among the 32 markers evaluated, 29 correlated with LAP, whereas 25 correlated with VAI, 19 with body fat (%), and 30 with A/G ratio. Additionally, some markers correlated with the four adiposity indices evaluated: ROIs, except for total mass and leg fat (%); body composition (body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference) indices; fasting insulin; and C-reactive protein. Conclusion LAP and VAI may be sensitive measures for screening and preventing metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in PCOS, with LAP being more sensitive than VAI, and the A/G ratio may be more sensitive than body fat percentage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/blood , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Body Fat Distribution , Testosterone/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Composition , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Overweight/blood , Lipid Accumulation Product , Insulin/blood
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(3): 342-349, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012613

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To associate intra-abdominal fat thickness measured by ultrasonography to the factors related to metabolic syndrome and to determine cutoff points of intra-abdominal fat measurement associated with a greater chance of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, with 423 adolescents from public schools. Intra-abdominal fat was measured by ultrasonography. Anthropometric data were collected, and biochemical analyses were performed. Results: Intra-abdominal fat was measured by ultrasonography, showing a statistically significant association with the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (p = 0.037), body mass index (p < 0.001), elevated triglyceride levels (p = 0.012), decreased plasma HDL levels (p = 0.034), and increased systemic blood pressure values (p = 0.023). Cutoff values of intra-abdominal fat thickness measurements were calculated by ultrasound to estimate the individuals most likely to develop metabolic syndrome. In the logistic regression models, the cutoff values that showed the highest association with metabolic syndrome in males were 4.50, 5.35, 5.46, 6.24, and 6.50 cm for the ages of 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18/19 years, respectively. In the female gender, the cutoff values defined for the same age groups were 4.46, 4.55, 4.45, 4.90, and 6.46 cm. In an overall analysis using the ROC curve, without gender and age stratification, the cut-off of 3.67 cm showed good sensitivity, but low specificity. Conclusion: Ultrasonography is a useful method to estimate intra-abdominal adipose tissue in adolescents, which is associated with the main factors related to obesity and metabolic syndrome.


Resumo Objetivo: Relacionar a espessura da gordura intra-abdominal medida pela ultrassonografia aos fatores ligados à síndrome metabólica. Determinar pontos de corte da medida da gordura intra-abdominal associados a uma maior chance de síndrome metabólica em adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo seccional, com 423 adolescentes de escolas públicas. A gordura intra-abdominal foi medida pela ultrassonografia. Foram coletados dados antropométricos e feitas análises bioquímicas. Resultados: As medidas da gordura intra-abdominal por ultrassonografia apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o diagnóstico de síndrome metabólica (p = 0,037), índice de massa corporal (p < 0,001), níveis elevados de triglicerídeos (p = 0,012), redução dos níveis plasmáticos de HDL (p = 0,034) e aumento da pressão arterial sistêmica (p = 0,023). Calcularam-se pontos de corte da medida da espessura da gordura intra-abdominal por ultrassom, para estimar os indivíduos com mais chance para o desenvolvimento de síndrome metabólica. Em modelos de regressão logística, os pontos de corte que apresentaram maior associação com a síndrome metabólica no sexo masculino foram de 4,50, 5,35, 5,46, 6,24 e 6,50 cm para as idades de 14, 15, 16, 17 e 18/19 anos, respectivamente. No sexo feminino, os pontos de corte definidos para as mesmas faixas etárias foram de 4,46, 4,55, 4,45, 4,90 e 6,46 cm. Em análise global por meio da curva ROC, sem estratificações por sexo e idade, o ponto de corte de 3,67 cm teve boa sensibilidade, porém apresentou baixa especificidade. Conclusão: A ultrassonografia é um método útil para a estimativa do tecido adiposo intra-abdominal em adolescentes, está associada com os principais fatores relacionados à obesidade e à síndrome metabólica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Obesity/diagnostic imaging , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Adipose Tissue , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Ultrasonography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Obesity/complications
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719500

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for metabolic abnormalities. We investigated the relationship of adiponectin levels and visceral adiposity with insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1,347 participants (501 men and 846 women aged 30–64 years) at the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center. Serum adiponectin levels and visceral fat were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, respectively. Insulin resistance was evaluated using the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and Matsuda insulin sensitivity index. β-cell dysfunction was evaluated using the homeostatic model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β), insulinogenic index, and disposition index. RESULTS: Regarding insulin resistance, compared with individuals with the highest adiponectin levels and visceral fat mass < 75th percentile, the fully adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for HOMA-IR ≥ 2.5 and Matsuda index < 25th percentile were 13.79 (95% confidence interval, 7.65–24.83) and 8.34 (4.66–14.93), respectively, for individuals with the lowest adiponectin levels and visceral fat ≥ 75th percentile. Regarding β-cell dysfunction, the corresponding ORs for HOMA-β< 25th percentile, insulinogenic index < 25th percentile, and disposition index < 25th percentile were 1.20 (0.71–2.02), 1.01 (0.61–1.66), and 1.87 (1.15–3.04), respectively. CONCLUSION: Low adiponectin levels and high visceral adiposity might affect insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adiponectin , Adiposity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Male , Metabolic Diseases , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors
20.
Gut and Liver ; : 1-2, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719263

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Esophagitis , Intra-Abdominal Fat
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