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1.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(1): 27-37, 13/04/2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911358

ABSTRACT

Posterior circulation aneurysms represent 10­15% of intracranial aneurysms. The diagnosis is usually secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage due to its initial asymptomatic presentation and higher risk of rupture compared with aneurysms in the anterior circulation. The surgical treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms is complex and challenging for neurosurgeons because of the particular anatomy of the posterior circulation with its close relation to the brainstem and cranial nerves and also because of the depth and narrowness of the surgical approach. Aneurysms from different locations have specific anatomical relationships and surgical approaches for better visualization and dissection. Therefore, a detailed anatomy knowledge of the posterior circulation is mandatory for an individualized preoperative planning and good neurological and angiographic outcomes.We selected the main aneurysm sites on the posterior circulation, such as: posterior inferior cerebellar artery, basilar trunk, basilar bifurcation, posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and superior cerebellar artery for a detailed description of the relevant anatomy related to aneurysm, and the main surgical approaches for its surgical treatment. Furthermore, we performed a literature review with the most recent outcomes regarding to the surgical treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms.


Aneurismas de circulação posterior representam de 10­15% dos aneurismas intracranianos. O diagnóstico, frequentemente, é secundário a hemorragia subaracnoide devido à apresentação assintomática na maioria dos casos e ao alto risco de sangramento comparado com aneurismas da circulação anterior. O tratamento cirúrgico de aneurismas de circulação posterior é complexo e desafiador para os neurocirurgiões devido à anatomia particular da região, profundidade do acesso cirúrgico, e relação intima com o tronco encefálico e os nervos cranianos. Aneurismas de diferentes localizações têm diferentes relações anatômicas e, portanto, acessos cirúrgicos específicos para melhor dissecção e visibilização de estruturas. Logo, um conhecimento detalhado de anatomia é mandatório para planejamento operatório individualizado e bons resultados clinico-radiológicos. Foram selecionadas as principais localizações de aneurismas de circulação posterior: Artéria cerebelar póstero-inferior; tronco de artéria basilar, bifurcação de artéria basilar, artéria cerebral posterior, e artéria cerebelar superior para detalhamento anatômico da anatomia relevante. O estudo objetiva realizar uma revisão da literatura dos principais resultados sobre tratamento cirúrgico de aneurismas de circulação posterior, além de descrever os principais pontos anatômicos relevantes à técnica microcirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(8): 1081-1084, ago. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762675

ABSTRACT

We report a 61 years old male presenting with a right cerebral infarction, along with a type I persistent left proatlantal artery (PA), which is a form of primitive carotid-basilar anastomosis. The patient had an absence of the ipsilateral vertebral artery (VA) and hypoplasia of the contralateral VA, while the basilar artery was supplied by the PA. Other vascular anomalies present were a fusiform aneurysm of the right subclavian artery, and an A1 segment aplasia of the hypoplastic anterior right cerebral artery, which originated from the anterior communicating artery. To our knowledge these anomalies were not described previously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Vertebral Artery/abnormalities , Brain Ischemia/complications , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Fatal Outcome , Stroke/complications
4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157693

ABSTRACT

Anaesthesia for aneurysm surgeries is highly specialized and unique. Vasospasm is the most important determinant for morbidity and mortality in intracranial aneurysms. For prevention and management of vasospasm Triple-H therapy (Hypertension, Hypervolemia and Haemodilution) is recommended. Triple-H therapy is gold standard in neuroanaesthesia in intracranial aneurysm surgeries in order to increase cerebral blood flow in areas affected by vasospasm and avoid damage caused by ischemia. First patient was 52 years old female with Right vertebral artery posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm of size 1cm, operated successfully who became unconscious 22 hours after surgery and treated with Triple-H therapy for vasospasm. Second case was 48 years old male patient of right anterior cerebral artery aneurysm of 9mm size operated successfully after intraoperative rupture of aneurysm and subsequent vasospasm. Third case was 35 years pregnant female patient of anterior communicating artery aneurysm of 5mm size treated with triple H therapy for vasospasm.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Hemodilution , Humans , Hypertension , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Vasospasm, Intracranial/etiology , Vasospasm, Intracranial/therapy
6.
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 40(2): 111-116, 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-997446

ABSTRACT

Aneurismas cerebrales son una enfermedad grave, a pesar del alto grado de conocimiento respecto su fisiopatología y patogenia. La letalidad de ruptura de un aneurisma cerebral es todavía alrededor de 50%, allá de altas tasas de morbilidad. El tratamiento endovascular ha evolucionado en las últimas décadas para mejorar los resultados. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con síntomas neurológicos graves secundarios a la hemorragia subaracnoidea, cuya investigación mostró múltiples aneurismas. Varios dispositivos fueron utilizados en modalidades terapéuticas endovasculares consecutivas, incluyendo la embolización con remodelación, colocación de stents y desviador de flujo, con buen resultado clínico y angiográfico.


Cerebral aneurysms are a serious illness, despite the high degree of knowledge about its pathophysiology and pathogenesis. The lethality of cerebral aneurysm´s rupture is still about 50% beyond high morbidity. Endovascular treatment has evolved in recent decades to improve outcomes. It is reported the case of a patient with severe neurological symptoms secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage, whose examination showed multiple aneurysms. Several devices were used on consecutive endovascular therapeutic modalities, including remodeling embolization, stenting and flow diverter, with good clinical and angiographic outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/mortality , Anterior Cerebral Artery/injuries , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228620

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess patient radiation doses during cerebral angiography and embolization of intracranial aneurysms in a large sample size from a single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a sample of 439 diagnostic and 149 therapeutic procedures for intracranial aneurysms in 480 patients (331 females, 149 males; median age, 57 years; range, 21-88 years), which were performed in 2012 with a biplane unit. Parameters including fluoroscopic time, dose-area product (DAP), and total angiographic image frames were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: Mean fluoroscopic time, total mean DAP, and total image frames were 12.6 minutes, 136.6 +/- 44.8 Gy-cm2, and 251 +/- 49 frames for diagnostic procedures, 52.9 minutes, 226.0 +/- 129.2 Gy-cm2, and 241 frames for therapeutic procedures, and 52.2 minutes, 334.5 +/- 184.6 Gy-cm2, and 408 frames for when both procedures were performed during the same session. The third quartiles for diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) were 14.0, 61.1, and 66.1 minutes for fluoroscopy time, 154.2, 272.8, and 393.8 Gy-cm2 for DAP, and 272, 276, and 535 for numbers of image frames in diagnostic, therapeutic, and both procedures in the same session, respectively. The proportions of fluoroscopy in DAP for the procedures were 11.4%, 50.5%, and 36.1%, respectively, for the three groups. The mean DAP for each 3-dimensional rotational angiographic acquisition was 19.2 +/- 3.2 Gy-cm2. On average, rotational angiography was used 1.4 +/- 0.6 times/session (range, 1-4; n = 580). CONCLUSION: Radiation dose in our study as measured by DAP, fluoroscopy time and image frames did not differ significantly from other reported DRL studies for cerebral angiography, and DAP was lower with fewer angiographic image frames for embolization. A national registry of radiation-dose data is a necessary next step to refine the dose reference level.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebral Angiography , Databases, Factual , Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Radiation Dosage , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184378

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the interobserver and intermodality agreement in the interpretation of time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) for the follow-up of coiled intracranial aneurysms with the Enterprise stent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two experienced neurointerventionists independently reviewed the follow-up MRA studies of 40 consecutive patients with 44 coiled aneurysms. All aneurysms were treated with assistance from the Enterprise stent and the radiologic follow-up intervals were greater than 6 months after the endovascular therapy. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) served as the reference standard. The degree of aneurysm occlusion was determined by an evaluation of the maximal intensity projection (MIP) and source images (SI) of the TOF MRA. The capability of the TOF MRA to depict the residual flow within the coiled aneurysms and the stented parent arteries was compared with that of the DSA. RESULTS: DSA showed stable occlusions in 25 aneurysms, minor recanalization in 8, and major recanalization in 11. Comparisons between the TOF MRA and conventional angiography showed that the MIP plus SI had almost perfect agreement (kappa = 0.892, range 0.767 to 1.000) and had better agreement than with the MIP images only (kappa = 0.598, range 0.370 to 0.826). In-stent stenosis of more than 33% was observed in 5 cases. Both MIP and SI of the MRA showed poor depiction of in-stent stenosis compared with the DSA. CONCLUSION: TOF MRA seemed to be reliable in screening for aneurysm recurrence after coil embolization with Enterprise stent assistance, especially in the evaluation of the SI, in addition to MIP images in the TOF MRA.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Observer Variation , Recurrence , Reference Standards , Stents
9.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 32(4)dez. 2013.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-721636

ABSTRACT

Blood blister-like aneurysms (BBA) originate at non-branching sites of the internal carotid artery (ICA), these vascular lesions are rare and constitute approximately 1% of all intracranial aneurysms. They are small, with extremely fragile walls and a poorly defined broad-based neck. BBA tend to have a precipitous clinical course, enlarging rapidly, these have been associated with significant morbidity and mortality including rebleeding, regrowth, and ischemic complications; therefore their diagnosis is essential for proper management and depends of its high suspicion and careful evaluation of computed tomography angiogram (CTA) and digital substraction angiography (DSA). Various surgical and endovascular strategies have been attempted for these lesions, but the definitive treatment is controversial even. This paper attempts to describe the clinicopathological features as well as elements important for diagnosis and treatment.


Os aneurismas das porções não ramificadas da artéria carótida interna (BBA, da sigla em inglês) são lesões vasculares raras e constituem cerca de 1% de todos os aneurismas intracranianos. Eles são pequenos, com paredes extremamente frágeis e um colo mal definido com base ampla. Os BBA tendem a ter curso clínico rápido e têm sido associados com morbidade e mortalidade significativas, incluindo ressangramento e complicações isquêmicas, por isso seu diagnóstico é essencial para o bom tratamento e depende de elevada suspeição e cuidadosa análise da angiografia por tomografia computadorizada e por subtração digital. Várias estratégias cirúrgicas e endovasculares têm sido tentadas para essas lesões, mas o tratamento definitivo é controverso. Este artigo tenta descrever as características clinicopatológicas, bem como elementos importantes para o diagnóstico e tratamento dessa entidade patológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Carotid Artery Diseases , Carotid Artery, Internal , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Endovascular Procedures
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 12(1): 40-44, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-670386

ABSTRACT

Os aneurismas de artéria carótida interna (ACI) extracraniana são raros. Há poucos relatos na literatura médica quanto à sua etiologia, relacionando-os à doença aterosclerótica, às arterites e alterações decorrentes do trauma ou após procedimento cirúrgico. A história natural da doença ainda não está bem estabelecida. Entretanto, o potencial risco de embolia originário do aneurisma ou mesmo de sua ruptura indica necessidade de intervenção. Apresentamos o relato de caso de uma mulher de 71 anos diagnosticada com aneurisma de 3 cm de diâmetro da ACI extracraniana direita com queixas de cefaleia pulsátil. Após tentativa sem sucesso de tratamento endovascular, optou-se pelo tratamento cirúrgico com aneurismectomia e anastomose primária término-terminal próximo à base do crânio.


Aneurysms of the extracranial internalcarotid artery are rare. There are few reports in the medical literature about the etiology of this disease, relating it to atherosclerosis, arteritis and alterations due to trauma or after a surgical procedure. The natural history of this disease has not been defined. However, the potential risk of embolism or rupture creates a need for intervention. We will present the case of a 71 year old woman with pulsatile headaches who was diagnosed a 3 cm aneurysm of the right extracranial internal carotid artery. After an unsuccessful attempt at endovascular treatment, we performed an aneurysmectomy and primary arterial anastomosis near the cranium base.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm , Carotid Artery, Internal/ultrastructure , Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Heparin/classification , Stents , Tomography, Emission-Computed
13.
Medisan ; 17(1): 140-147, ene. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-665624

ABSTRACT

Se describen 3 casos clínicos de pacientes ingresados en el Hospital General Docente Dr Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba por sospecharse la presencia de aneurismas cerebrales, teniendo en cuenta las manifestaciones neurológicas que presentaban. Mediante los estudios de resonancia magnética y angiorresonancia realizados, se observaron las imágenes de la lesión vascular, las cuales fueron confirmadas por angiografía carotídea


Three clinical cases of patients admitted in Dr Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba due to the suspicious presence of cerebral aneurysms are described, keeping in mind the neurological manifestations they presented. By means of the studies of magnetic resonance and angiographic resonance carried out, the images of the vascular lesion were observed, which were confirmed by carotid angiography


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods
14.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (3): 869-871
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-127359

ABSTRACT

The stump of an occluded middle cerebral artery [MCA] is a rare but important aneurysm mimic. A 57-year-old male was admitted due to recurrent onset of transient ischemic attack. Computed tomography angiography [CTA] and digital subtraction angiography [DSA] showed a total obstruction in the right MCA with moyamoya phenomenon at distal trunks and a protruding lesion in the left MCA bifurcation. The patient was diagnosed with left MCA bifurcation aneurysm. Intraoperatively, the lesion was found to be an occluded right MCA stump. Encephalomyoarteriosynangiosis was performed, and the patient remained symptom-free at the 6-month follow-up. The possibility of a vascular stump should be considered when an aneurismal lesion is present at the MCA bifurcation with moyamoya phenomenon at distal trunks


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Angiography, Digital Subtraction
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A new double-lumen balloon catheter was being developed for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. The purpose of this study is to report our initial experience of a double-lumen balloon catheter for the treatment of wide-necked aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (mean age, 63 years; range, 45-80 years) with wide-necked, with or without a branch-incorporated aneurysms, (10 ruptured and 9 unruptured) were treated with balloon-assisted coil embolization using a double-lumen balloon catheter (Scepter C(TM) or Scepter XC(TM)) for 7 months after being introduced to our country. Locations of the aneurysms were posterior communicating artery (n = 7), anterior communicating artery or A2 (n = 7), middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation (n = 3), basilar artery tip (n = 1) and anterior choroidal artery (n = 1). The initial clinical and angiographic outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Coil embolization was successfully completed in all 19 aneurysms, resulting in complete occlusions (n = 18) or residual neck (n = 1). In one procedure, a thrombus formation was detected at the neck portion of the ruptured MCA bifurcation aneurysm near to the end of the procedure. It was completely resolved with an intra-arterial infusion of Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (Tirofiban, 1.0 mg) without any clinical sequela. There were no treatment-related events in the remaining 18 aneurysms. At discharge, functional neurological state improved in 11 patients (10 patients with ruptured aneurysm and 1 with unruptured aneurysm presenting with mass symptoms) and 6 patients with unruptured aneurysms had no newly developed symptoms. CONCLUSION: In this preliminary case series, the newly developed double-lumen Scepter balloon appears to be a safe and convenient device for coil embolization of wide-necked aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnosis , Balloon Occlusion/instrumentation , Catheters , Cerebral Angiography , Equipment Design , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A small branch-incorporated aneurysm is an aneurysm with a small branch incorporated into the sac or the neck. It is one of the most difficult aneurysms to treat with coil embolization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the coil-protected embolization technique for small-branch incorporated aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen aneurysms (2 ruptured and 12 unruptured) in 12 patients (mean age, 56 years, range, 40-73 years; 6 men and 6 women) were treated with the coil-protected embolization technique during the period between February 2007 and October 2011. Clinical and angiographic outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: All aneurysms were successfully treated without any complications during the procedure. Immediate post-treatment angiographies demonstrated complete or near complete occlusion in 12 and incomplete occlusion in 2 patients. Two patients had a delayed small embolic infarction in the relevant posterior circulation territory and middle cerebral artery territory 10 days and 14 days later, respectively, but both recovered completely or almost completely (modified Rankin scale score [mRS score], 0 and 1, respectively). During the clinical follow-up period (mean, 21 months; range: 2-58 months), all patients reported an mRS score of 0 (n = 10) or 1 (n = 2). Vascular imaging follow-up (catheter angiography: n = 3 and MR angiography: n = 8) was available in 11 aneurysms at 6-12 months. All 11 aneurysms showed complete occlusion except for 1 minor neck recurrence that did not require further treatment. CONCLUSION: In this series of cases, the coil-protected embolization technique seems to be feasible and effective in the treatment of small-branch incorporated aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnosis , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 31(4)dez. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668433

ABSTRACT

Aneurismas da junção vertebrobasilar são raros e frequentemente associados com fenestração da artéria basilar. Estudos mostram que tal entidade representa entre 3% e 9% dos aneurismas infratentoriais e 7,4% dos aneurismas da circulação posterior, excluindo-se os aneurismas da bifurcação da basilar. A sua localização profunda, anterior ao tronco cerebral, e sua íntima relação com as artérias perfurantes tornam o tratamento cirúrgico um grande desafio. A fenestração foi mais comumente encontrada na metade inferior da basilar, situando-se na porção média quando as artérias vertebrais apresentam as mesmas dimensões ou encontradas do lado correspondente à artéria vertebral de maior calibre. Outras classificações para a fenestração da basilar foram propostas. De acordo com a mais utilizada, a fenestração pode ser considerada do tipo A quando apresentar dois pontos de bifurcação proximais, com uma artéria ponte associada e do tipo B quando apresentar bifurcação simples proximal ao sítio da fenestração. Tais aneurismas são de difícil caracterização pela angiografia digital convencional por apresentarem anatomia peculiar, sendo a angiografia em 3D o exame de escolha para a classificação da doença. As modernas técnicas endovasculares disponíveis na atualidade permitem o tratamento seguro mesmo de lesões altamente complexas.


Aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar junction are rare and often associated with fenestration of the basilar artery. Studies show that such entity represents between 3% and 9% of infratentorial aneurysms and 7.4% of aneurysms of the posterior circulation excluding basilar bifurcation aneurysms. Its location deep, anterior to the brainstem and its intimate relationship with the perforating arteries, becomes surgical treatment a challenge. The fenestration was more commonly found in the lower half of the basilar, standing in the middle portion when the vertebral arteries have the same dimensions and found the corresponding side of the vertebral artery of larger caliber. Other ratings for fenestration of the basilar were proposed. According to these most used, the fenestration can be regarded as type A, when present two bifurcation points with a proximal artery associated bridge, and the type B when presenting simple bifurcation proximal to the site of fenestration. Such aneurysms are difficult to characterize by conventional digital angiography for presenting peculiar anatomy, 3D angiography is the exam of choice for disease classification. Modern endovascular techniques currently available allow for the safe treatment of even highly complex lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Cerebral Angiography , Basilar Artery , Vertebral Artery
18.
IJMS-Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012; 37 (3): 205-207
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-146147

ABSTRACT

A 22-year-old female patient presented to the Emergency Department of a tertiary care hospital with symptoms of headache and nausea. She has been on a regular follow-up for the preceding three and a half years after being diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE]. She had been treated earlier for SLE nephritis in the same institution, and had two relapses of nephrotic syndrome in the last three and a half years for which she had been treated and had achieved complete remission. All possibilities of headaches in background of SLE were considered. CNS examination was inconclusive. There was no nuchal rigidity or no cranial nerve deficits. Fundoscopy and Plain CT scan of brain were normal. The possibility of CNS-lupus was considered considering the high values of antiphospholipid antibodies [APLA]. Treatment was initiated accordingly; however, there was no improvement in her symptoms. Although being rare in a patient with SLE, the possibility of an aneurysm was considered. Four vessel digital substraction angiography revealed two unruptured aneurysms of 7.2 mm and 3.9 mm in the left middle cerebral artery [MCA] territory. Craniotomy and aneurysmal clipping was done successfully, and the patient was relieved of her symptoms. A high degree of suspicion towards a rarer cause clinched the diagnosis of a left MCA territory stem artery aneurysm. This rationale of strong suspicion and discussion of differential diagnosis brought a change in the management of the patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Cerebral Arterial Diseases/complications , Middle Cerebral Artery/injuries , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Rupture, Spontaneous , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/etiology
19.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 50(4): 541-547, oct.-dic. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-614986

ABSTRACT

Se presenta una paciente que fue investigada y operada en el Hospital Universitario Gral Calixto García, portadora de una malformación arteriovenosa cerebral, que desapareció espontáneamente después de un cuadro neurológico de intensa gravedad. Arteriográficamente se comprobó que estaba asociada a un aneurisma arterial en su mismo sistema vascular cerebral. La paciente había sufrido 3 eventos neurológicos en orden ascendente de gravedad, y fue el último motivo de ingreso en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva, con un nivel de 5 en la escala de Glasgow para el coma y sin signos meníngeos evidenciables. La lesión valorada como malformación arteriovenosa cerebral en las tomografías axiales cumputarizadas previas, no se evidenció en la panangiografía cerebral realizada en la fase de mejoría clínica relativa después de su etapa más crítica. Dicha angiografía demostró un aneurisma arterial homolateral a la malformación arteriovenosa ya desaparecida, el cual fue excluido de la circulación por presillamiento de su cuello sin eventos transoperatorios ni posoperatorios relevantes. Se realiza una revisión de la literatura al respecto(AU)


Authors present the case of a patient researched and operated on in the General Calixto García University Hospital presenting with a cerebral arteriovenous malformation disappeared spontaneously after a neurologic picture of intense severity. From the arteriographic point of view it was verified that it was associated with an arterial aneurysm present in her same cerebral vascular system. The patient has had three neurological events in rising order of severity which was the last reason for admission in the Intensive Therapy Unit (ITU) with a level of 5 in the Glasgow scale for the coma and without obvious meningeal signs. The injury classified as a cerebral arteriovenous malformation according to the previous computerized axial tomographies was not evidenced in the cerebral panangiograpy carried out in the clinical phase improvement after its more critical stage. Such angiography demonstrated the presence of a arterial aneurysm homolateral to the already disappeared arteriovenous malformation, which was excluded of the circulation by means of stitching of neck without transoperative and postoperative significant events. In this respect, author made a literature review(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Glasgow Coma Scale , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnosis , Remission, Spontaneous , Review Literature as Topic
20.
Rev. chil. neurocir ; 37: 29-36, jul. 2011. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-708073

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas cerebrales son una entidad bastante conocida, cuya innovación médica va dirigida al pronto reconocimiento mediante escaneo cerebral con imágenes hasta el tratamiento cada vez menos invasivo, en orden de reducir morbi-mortalidad y permanencia hospitalaria. El tratamiento precoz para los aneurismas cerebrales incluyen la microcirugía con clipping del aneurisma o coiling vía endovascular. Estudios realizados como lo son el ISAT y el ISUIA, exponen estadística que apoya el uso de la terapia endovascular, ante un evidente número de pacientes con bajo porcentaje de morbi-mortalidad que se evidencia en las estadísticas obtenidas. El manejo de los aneurismas intracraneales de cuello ancho bajo esta técnica sigue siendo controversial pues pocos son los trabajos que demuestren oclusión satisfactoria de los mismos. Fue seleccionado de manera retrospectiva de 16 pacientes, con aneurisma de cuello ancho a quienes se realizo embolización con coiling en un periodo de 24 meses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/classification , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/mortality , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures , Diagnostic Imaging , Retrospective Studies
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