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1.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 38-46, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The clinical relevance of the anatomy and variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is outstanding, considering its role as a landmark in endoscopic surgery, its importance in the therapy of epistaxis, and the high risks related to iatrogenic injuries. Objective To provide an anatomical description of the course and relationships of the AEA, based on direct computed-tomography (CT)-based 3D volume rendering. Methods Direct volume rendering was performed on 18 subjects who underwent (CT) with contrast medium for suspected cerebral aneurism. Results The topographical location of 36 AEAs was assessed as shown: 10 dehiscent (27.8%), 20 intracanal (55.5%), 6 incomplete canals (16.7%). Distances from important topographic landmarks are reported. Conclusion This work demonstrates that direct 3D volume rendering is a valid imaging technique for a detailed description of the anterior ethmoidal artery thus representing a useful tool for head pre-operatory assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ethmoid Sinus/blood supply , Ethmoid Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/anatomy & histology , Skull Base/blood supply , Skull Base/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880610

ABSTRACT

The traditional classification, diagnosis, and treatment of intracranial aneurysms are based on the characteristics of their vascular lumen. However, in the past few years, some advances in MRI technology with high-resolution imaging can assess the pathology of intracranial vascular walls. Compared with traditional methods of computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiograhpy, and digital subtraction angiography, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging technology can help us to newly understand the disease by directly evaluating the characteristics of vascular wall, such as aneurysm wall thickness, inflammation, enhancement, permeability and hemodynamics. At present, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly used in clinic to assess the rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms, which is of great significance for guiding the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Risk Assessment , Technology
3.
Clinics ; 75: e1973, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the incidence and epidemiological, angiographic, and surgical aspects associated with incomplete clipping of brain aneurysms in a cohort of patients undergoing microsurgical treatment. METHODS: The medical record data of patients who underwent microsurgery for cerebral aneurysm treatment and postoperative digital subtraction angiography, treated at the same teaching hospital between 2014 and 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The studied variables involved epidemiological and clinical data, as well as neurological status and findings on neuroimaging. The time elapsed between hemorrhage and microsurgical treatment, data on the neurosurgical procedure employed for aneurysm occlusion, and factors associated with the treated aneurysm, specifically location and size, were also evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred and seventeen patients were submitted to 139 neurosurgical procedures, in which 167 aneurysms were clipped. The overall rate of residual injury was 23%. Smoking (odds ratio [OR]: 3.38, 95% confidence interval [CI95%]: 1.372-8.300, p=0.008), lesion size >10 mm (OR: 5.136, CI95%: 2.240-11.779, p<0.001) and surgery duration >6 h (OR: 8.667, CI95%: 2.713-27.681, p<0.001) were found to significantly impact incomplete aneurysm occlusion in the univariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Incomplete microsurgical aneurysm occlusion is associated with aneurysm size, complexity, and current smoking status. Currently, there is no consensus on postoperative assessment of clipped aneurysms, hindering the correct assessment of treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neurosurgical Procedures , Microsurgery
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(5): 300-309, Jun. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Large multicenter studies have shown that small intracranial aneurysms are associated with a minimal risk of bleeding. Nevertheless, other large series have shown that most ruptured aneurysms are, in fact, the smaller ones. In the present study, we questioned whether small aneurysms are indeed not dangerous. Methods: We enrolled 290 patients with newly-diagnosed aneurysms at our institution over a six-year period (43.7% ruptured). We performed multivariate analyses addressing epidemiological issues, cardiovascular diseases, and three angiographic parameters (largest aneurysm diameter, neck diameter and diameter of the nutrition vessel). Risk estimates were calculated using a logistic regression model. Aneurysm size parameters were stratified according to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Finally, we calculated odds ratios for rupture based on the ROC analysis. Results: The mean largest diameter for the ruptured versus unruptured groups was 13.3 ± 1.7 mm versus 22.2 ± 2.2 mm (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed a positive correlation between rupture and arterial hypertension (p < 0.001) and an inverse correlation with all three angiographic measurements (all p < 0.01). Aneurysms from the anterior cerebral artery bled more often (p < 0.05). According to the ROC curves, at the largest diameter of 15 mm, the sensitivity and specificity to predict rupture were 83% and 36%, respectively. Based on this stratification, we calculated the chance of rupture for aneurysms smaller than 15 mm as 46%, which dropped to 25% for larger aneurysms. Conclusion: In the population studied at our institution, small aneurysms were more prone to bleeding. Therefore, the need for intervention for small aneurysms should not be overlooked.


RESUMO Grandes estudos multicêntricos demostram que aneurismas intracranianos pequenos são associados a risco de sangramento mínimo. Outras grandes séries têm evidenciado que aneurismas rotos são em sua maioria os pequenos. Neste estudo questionamos até que ponto os aneurismas pequenos não são perigosos. Métodos: Avaliamos 290 novos casos de aneurismas tratados em nossa instituição durante 6 anos (43,7% rotos). Realizamos análises multivariadas com aspectos epidemiológicos dos pacientes, doenças cardiovasculares e três parâmetros angiográficos: maior diâmetro, diâmetro do colo e diâmetro do vaso nutridor do aneurisma. Estimativas de risco foram calculadas utilizando-se modelo de regressão logística. Parâmetros do tamanho aneurismático foram estratificados de acordo com curvas ROC. Também calculamos a razão de chances (odds ratios) de ruptura baseadas nas análises das curvas ROC. Resultados: O maior diâmetro médio para os grupos de aneurismas rotos e não-rotos foi 13.3 ± 1.7mm e 22.2 ± 2.2 (p < 0.001). Análises multivariadas revelaram uma correlação positiva entre ruptura aneurismática e hipertensão arterial (p < 0.001) e uma correlação inversa entre ruptura e as três medidas angiográficas (p < 0.01). Aneurismas da artéria cerebral anterior foram os que mais sangraram (p < 0.05). Análises das curvas ROC demonstram que no maior diâmetro de 15mm, a sensibilidade e especificidade para se predizer ruptura são de 83% e 36%. Baseando-se nessas estratificações, calculamos uma chance de ruptura para aneurismas menores de 15mm de 46% e de 25% para aneurismas maiores. Conclusão: Na população estudada, aneurismas pequenos são mais propensos a romper. Desta forma, a necessidade de intervenção para aneurismas pequenos não deve ser relevada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Aneurysm, Ruptured/complications , Intracranial Hemorrhages/etiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cerebral Angiography , Logistic Models , Intracranial Aneurysm/pathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Aneurysm, Ruptured/pathology , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Risk Assessment/methods , Intracranial Hemorrhages/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/complications , Neck/pathology
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 92-95, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004738

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Presence of an arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured intracystic brain aneurysm is extremely rare. The aim of this paper was to describe a case of a patient with an arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured aneurysm inside it. Clinical, surgical and radiological data were analyzed and the literature was reviewed. CASE REPORT: A patient complained of chronic headache. She was diagnosed as having a temporal arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm inside it. Surgery was performed to clip the aneurysm and fenestrate the cyst. CONCLUSIONS: This report raises awareness about the importance of intracranial vascular investigation in patients with arachnoid cysts and brain hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Arachnoid Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Arachnoid Cysts/surgery , Middle Cerebral Artery/surgery
6.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 24(2): 55-62, jul. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959577

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El tratamiento de aneurismas intracraneanos rotos y no rotos incluye opciones quirúrgicas (clips vasculares) y endovasculares. Existen varios dispositivos y técnicas de manejo endovascular (coils, stents, diversores de flujo), cuyo conocimiento permite elegir e interpretar adecuadamente las técnicas de imágenes para el seguimiento no invasivo. Mediante una revisión pictográfica del control de aneurismas intracraneanos tratados quirúrgicamente y vía endovascular, se muestran las diferencias en la capacidad de caracterización en el seguimiento con angio TC, angio RM sin contraste (con técnica de "tiempo de vuelo" o "TOF" por sus siglas en inglés), angio RM con gadolinio endovenoso (C+) y angiografía por sustracción digital (ASD). Adicionalmente se entregan recomendaciones para el seguimiento de aneurismas según modalidad y dispositivo de tratamiento.


Abstract: Treatment of intracranial ruptured and unruptured aneurysms can be performed with surgical (vascular clips) or endovascular procedures (coils, stents, flw diverters). There are several devices and techniques for endovascular treatment. Knowledge of this techniques allows physicians to choose and interpret accurately imaging modalities for non-invasive follow-up. Through a pictorial essay of imaging follow-up of treated intracranial aneurysms we show the differences in characterization with computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography without contrast (time of flght or "TOF" technique), contrast enhanced MR angiography (C+) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Additionally we recommend imaging modalities for each treatment device.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Surgical Instruments , Vascular Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Computed Tomography Angiography
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(8): 523-532, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888311

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Correlate the middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm morphology with the pre-operative and intra-operative risk of rupture. Methods Forty patients with 46 middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysms were treated microsurgically by the same surgeon. Aneurysms were classified according to shape and the Fisher test was applied to analyze the effect of morphology on the pre-operative and intra-operative rupture. Results Pre-operative and intra-operative ruptures were observed in 8/46 patients (17.4%) and 14/46 patients (30.4%) respectively. Thirty-two cases (69.6%) had no symptoms postoperatively, modified Rankin score (MRS) of 0; 6.5% had MRS of 1 (no significant disability); 13% had MRS of 2 (slight disability); 4.3% had moderately severe disability (MRS of 4); and there were 3 deaths (6.5%) post-operatively. The morphology was not directly related to the rupture rate. Conclusion In general, ruptures are not affected by the morphology or the studied variables. Larger series are needed to validate these outcomes.


RESUMO Objetivo Correlacionar a morfologia do aneurisma da bifurcação da artéria cerebral média com o risco de ruptura pré-operatória e intra-operatória. Métodos 40 pacientes com 46 aneurismas de bifurcação da artéria cerebral média receberam tratamento microcirúrgico pelo mesmo cirurgião. Os aneurismas foram classificados de acordo com a morfologia e o teste de Fisher foi aplicado para analisar o efeito da morfologia sobre a ruptura pré-operatória e intra-operatória. Resultados As rupturas pré e intra-operatória foram observadas em 8/46 pacientes (17,4%) e 14/46 (30,4%) respectivamente. Trinta e dois casos (69,6%) não apresentaram sintomas pós-operatórios, pontuação de Rankin modificada (MRS) de 0, 6,5% tinham MRS de 1 (sem incapacidade significativa), 13% tinham MRS de 2 (leve incapacidade), 4,3% moderadamente grave (MRS de 4) e houve 3 óbitos (6,5%) durante o pós-operatório. A morfologia não estava diretamente relacionada à taxa de ruptura pré-operatória ou intra-operatória. Conclusão Em geral, as rupturas não são afetadas pela morfologia ou pelas variáveis estudadas. São necessárias séries maiores para validar esses resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cerebral Angiography , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Middle Cerebral Artery/surgery , Intraoperative Complications/surgery , Preoperative Care , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Aneurysm, Ruptured/etiology , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(9): 713-717, Sept. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796056

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Intracranial aneurysm (IA) rupture is responsible for 80% of spontaneous arachnoid hemorrhages and associated with an extremely high mortality rate. Two possible surgical interventions are endovascular embolization and microsurgical clipping. Three-dimensional (3D) prototyping models help in surgical planning minimizing perioperative risks in both methods and reducing operating time. Methods 3D biomodels were printed with flexible material (elastomer) using angiotomographic DICOM acquired images and compared to 3D digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images. Results 3D biomodels represented the aneurysm angioarchitecture exactly, especially the neck and domus features. Conclusion Elastomers 3D biomodels proved to be a trustworthy representation of the angiotomographic images and could be used to help surgical planning in IA treatment.


RESUMO A ruptura dos aneurismas intracranianos é responsável por 80% das hemorragias subaracnóideas espontâneas e está associada a uma taxa de mortalidade extremamente alta. Duas intervenções cirúrgicas viáveis são embolização endovascular e clipagem microcirúrgica. Os modelos de prototipagem tridimensional (3D) auxiliam no planejamento cirúrgico e na diminuição dos riscos intra-operatórios nos dois procedimentos e redução do tempo da cirurgia. Métodos Foram impressos biomodelos em 3D com material flexível (elastômero) utilizando imagens DICOM de angiotomografia e comparados com imagens de angiografia por subtração digital em 3D (DAS). Resultados Biomodelos em 3D representam com exatidão a angioarquitetura do aneurisma, particularmente os detalhes do colo e domus. Conclusão Biomodelos em 3D com elastômeros mostraram ser uma representação confiável das imagens angiotomográficas, podendo ser utilizados no planejamento cirúrgico no tratamento de IA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Elastomers , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Models, Anatomic , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Simulation Training/methods , Microsurgery/methods
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(1): 85-89, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777441

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Introduction: the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been decreasing patient morbidity and mortality by opportunistic infections and, thus, survival has increased. This new reality has been changing the spectrum of diseases affecting such patients. Objective: to discuss the association between HIV and the emergence of aneurysmal brain injuries. Method: it was performed a literature review using medical database. The following descriptors were searched: "Intracranial Aneurysms and HIV", "Intracranial Aneurysms and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome," "aneurysm and brain and HIV". Results: after performed a literature review, it was observed that the relationship between HIV infection and the formation of aneurysms appears to be real, however, it still lacks data to confirm the pathophysiology of this condition and its best treatment. Conclusion: there are new signs and symptoms that should be studied and researched relating HIV with other changes not previously known.


RESUMO Introdução: o tratamento da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) tem diminuído a morbidade e a mortalidade por infecções oportunistas nesses pacientes e, portanto, aumentado a sobrevida. Essa nova realidade tem mudado o espectro de doenças que afetam esses pacientes. Objetivo: discutir a associação entre HIV e ocorrência de aneurismas cerebrais. Método: foi realizada revisão da literatura utilizando bancos de dados médicos. Foram pesquisados os seguintes descritores: "HIV e aneurismas intracranianos", "aneurismas intracranianos e síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida", aneurismas, cérebro e HIV. Resultados: a relação entre a infecção pelo HIV e a formação de aneurismas parece ser real; porém, ainda faltam dados que confirmem a fisiopatologia dessa condição e seu melhor tratamento. Conclusão: existem novos sinais e sintomas, que devem ser estudados e pesquisados, relacionando o HIV com outras alterações previamente desconhecidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , HIV Infections/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/virology , HIV , Cerebral Angiography , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1178-1184, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34046

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and morphological characteristics in relation to risk of bifurcation intracranial aneurysm rupture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 202 consecutive patients with 219 bifurcation aneurysms (129 ruptured and 90 unruptured) managed at the authors' facility between August 2011 and July 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Based on their clinical records and CT angiographic findings, the ability of risk factors to predict aneurysm rupture was assessed using statistical methods. RESULTS: Age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cerebral atherosclerosis were negatively correlated with aneurysm rupture. Aneurysms located in the middle cerebral artery, daughter artery ratio, lateral angle ratio (LA ratio), and neck width were negatively correlated with rupture. Aneurysms located in the anterior communicating artery, irregularity, with daughter sac, depth, width, maximum size, aspect ratio (AR), depth-to-width ratio, and bottleneck factor were significantly and positively correlated with rupture. Binary logistic regression model revealed that irregular shape [odds ratio (OR) 6.598] and AR (OR 3.507) strongly increased the risk of bifurcation aneurysm rupture, while age (OR 0.434), cerebral atherosclerosis (OR 0.125), neck width (OR 0.771), and LA ratio (OR 0.267) were negatively correlated with rupture (p<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed the threshold values of AR and LA ratio to be 1.18 and 1.50, respectively. CONCLUSION: Age (≥60 yr), cerebral atherosclerosis, and aneurysms with a larger neck width and larger LA ratio are protective factors against bifurcation aneurysm rupture. An aneurysm with an irregular shape and an increased AR reflect the greater likelihood of a rupture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography , Developmental Disabilities , Diabetic Angiopathies/complications , Female , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Arteriosclerosis/complications , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Odds Ratio , Protective Factors , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50483

ABSTRACT

Two angiographic instances of anomalous external carotid artery (ECA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) anastomosis are described, each occurring at the C2-3 level and bearing remnants of proximal ICA. The ICA remnant of one patient (identifiable immediately upon bifurcation of the common carotid artery) was hypoplastic, and that of the other patient was an occluded arterial stump. These features are not typical of non-bifurcating ICA. The occipital artery originated from an anomalous connection in one instance and from the main trunk of the ECA (just past the ECA-ICA connection) in the other.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, External/abnormalities , Carotid Artery, Internal/abnormalities , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72920

ABSTRACT

Wide-necked aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are infrequently encountered in cerebrovascular practice, and endovascular treatment is difficult or impossible even with the use of several neck remodeling techniques. We present the case of a patient with a wide-necked aneurysm of the PICA, which was treated by the retrograde stenting through the contralateral vertebral artery and vertebrobasilar junction with antegrade coil embolization.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic/instrumentation , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123601

ABSTRACT

Primitive trigeminal artery (PTA) and primitive otic artery (POA) is a very rare entity in adult life. We present a case of PTA and POA associated with a giant unruptured cavernous aneurysm in a 54-year-old woman. The PTA and the POA arose from the sac of the aneurysm directly, which greatly complicated endovascular therapy management.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Angiography , Cerebral Arteries/abnormalities , Diagnosis, Differential , Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
15.
Pan Arab Journal of Neurosurgery. 2008; 12 (2): 75-79
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-89732

ABSTRACT

Distal anterior cerebral artery [ACA] aneurysms are rare and compose less than 5% of all intracranial aneurysms. Most of the aneurysms in this location are congenital, saccular ones, but it is also a well-known location for traumatic aneurysm. The mechanism of aneurysm development, clinical scenario and/or surgical difficulty are different between these two groups. Between March 2005 to February 2006, 6 cases of distal ACA aneurysms were treated at the Department of Neurosurgery, Fujita Health University, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The clinical presentations, neurological findings, and treatment were analyzed. Of 6 patients, 2 were male and 4 were female, aged from 66-79 years. Of 6 cases, one was traumatic aneurysm, which occurred 2 months after a fall injury. Of the 5 congenital aneurysms, one was unruptured, the other 4 were all ruptured. One patient had multiple aneurysms. We believe that there are differences between the congenital and traumatic aneurysms in respect to the mechanism of development, aneurysm location, and treatment difficulties


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Intracranial Aneurysm/congenital , Wounds and Injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cerebral Angiography
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to report the outcome of the endovascular treatment of eight patients with eight saccular posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over the last seven years (1999-2006), eight consecutive patients with saccular PICA aneurysms were treated by endovascular methods. Five of the aneurysms were presented with subarachnoid hemorrhaging, whereas three were discovered incidentally. Four of the aneurysms (3 ruptured and 1 incidental) were treated by intrasaccular coiling, whereas the remaining four (1 ruptured and 3 incidental) were treated by vertebral artery (VA) occlusion. RESULTS: Of the four aneurysms treated by intrasaccular coiling, three were completely packed with coils and one was partially packed. In three of four patients who underwent vertebral artery occlusions, follow-up digital subtraction angiographies demonstrated thrombosed aneurysms and PICA. No procedure-related morbidity occurred and no re-bleed was encountered during a follow-up examination (mean; 31 months). CONCLUSION: As a result of this study, we found that the endovascular management of saccular PICA aneurysms should be considered as safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Cerebellum/blood supply , Cerebral Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Female , Humans , Incidental Findings , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The presence of an intracerebral hematoma from a ruptured aneurysm is a negative predictive factor and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates even though clot evacuation followed by the neck clipping is performed. Endovascular coil embolization is a useful alternative procedure to reduce the surgical morbidity and mortality rates. We report here on our experiences with the alternative option of endovascular coil placement followed by craniotomy for clot evacuation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 312 patients who were admitted with intracerebral subarachnoid hemorrhage during the recent three years, 119 cases were treated via the endovascular approach. Nine cases were suspected to show aneurysmal intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) on CT scan and they underwent emergency cerebral angiograms. We performed immediate coil embolization at the same session of angiographic examination, and this was followed by clot evacuation. RESULTS: Seven cases showed to have ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms and two cases had internal carotid artery aneurysms. The clinical status on admission was Hunt-Hess grade (HHG) IV in seven patients and HHG III in two. Surgical evacuation of the clot was done immediately after the endovascular coil placement. The treatment results were a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of good recovery and moderate disability in six patients (66.7%). No mortality was recorded and no procedural morbidity was incurred by both the endovascular and direct craniotomy procedures. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the coil embolization followed by clot evacuation for the patients with aneurysmal ICH may be a less invasive and quite a valuable alternative treatment for this patient group, and this warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Treatment Outcome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged , Male , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Hematoma/diagnostic imaging , Female , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Drainage/methods , Cerebral Angiography , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Adult
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 634-638, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96534

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to directly measure the association between the internal carotid artery (ICA) morphometry and the presence of ICA-posterior communicating artery (PCOM) aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors intraoperatively measured the length of the supraclinoid ICA because it is impossible to radiologically determine the exact location of the anterior clinoid process. We used an image analyzer with a CT angiogram to measure the angle between the skull midline and the terminal segment of the ICA (ICA angle), as well as the diameter of the ICA. The lengths and diameters of the supraclinoid ICA and the ICA angle were compared among PCOM aneurysms, anterior communicating artery (ACOM) aneurysms, and middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation aneurysms (n=27 each). Additionally, the lengths and the diameters of M1 and A1 were compared for each aneurysm. RESULTS: The lengths of the supraclinoid ICA were 11.9+/-2.3mm. The lengths of the supraclinoid ICA in patients with ICA-PCOM aneurysms (9.7+/-2.8mm) were shorter than those of patients with ACOM aneurysms (13.8+/-2.2mm, Student's t-test, p<0.001) and with MCA bifurcation aneurysms (12.2+/-1.9 mm, Student's t-test, p<0.001). The diameters of the supraclinoid ICA and A1 in patients with ACOM aneurysms were larger than those in patients with MCA bifurcation aneurysms (Student's t-test, p<0.05). There were no significant differences in the lengths of M1 and A1, ICA angle, or diameter of M1 for each aneurysm. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the relatively shorter length of the supraclinoid ICA may be a novel risk factor for the development of ICA-PCOM aneurysm with higher hemodynamic stress.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery Diseases/congenital , Carotid Artery, Internal/abnormalities , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors
19.
Neurol India ; 2005 Sep; 53(3): 287-9; discussion 290
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-120353

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Three-dimensional reconstruction of intracranial vessels is of interest for evaluation of aneurysms. This study determined diagnostic difference of three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography (3D-DSA, volume-rendering image) versus 2D-DSA for evaluating ruptured intracranial aneurysms, particularly focusing on the size of aneurysms as depicted in both images. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty-nine patients underwent 3D-DSA and 2D-DSA. The relative size of an aneurysm, which is the ratio of the maximal diameter of an aneurysm to the diameter of a major vessel, was compared between imaging techniques. In addition, relative sizes of smaller aneurysms (< 5 mm) were compared with those of larger aneurysms (>10 mm). Statistical analysis used: For comparison of aneurysm size and location of aneurysm, statistical analysis was performed with the Yates chi square test; statistical significance was set with a P value of less than 0.05. RESULTS: Sixty-three (73.3%) of the 86 total aneurysms were bigger when measured with 3D-DSA versus 2D-DSA. When measured with 3D-DSA, 28 (84.8%) of the 33 smaller aneurysms were bigger, and 50% of the larger aneurysms were bigger versus measurements of 2D-DSA images (P < 0.05). In ACA and ICA territories, which tended to have smaller mean aneurysmal size, relative size of the aneurysm was bigger when measured with 3D-DSA (81.5% and 81.0%, respectively). In MCA, where the mean aneurysmal size was the largest, relative size of aneurysms was bigger when measured with 3D-DSA in 15 cases (53.6%, P < 0.05). In the posterior circulation, aneurysm size was similar between 3D-DSA and 2D-DSA measurements. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-DSA, especially volume-rendering images, tends to depict ruptured intracranial aneurysms bigger than 2D-DSA. This is particularly true with cerebral aneurysms that are < 5 mm in size and are located in the anterior circulation, especially ICA and ACA territories.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Cerebral Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
20.
Neurol India ; 2004 Jun; 52(2): 156-62
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-121429

ABSTRACT

Despite the improvements in increasing popularity of endovascular therapy for intracranial aneurysms, there remain a large number of these lesions that currently are not amenable to endovascular therapy. As endovascular therapy becomes more popular, those aneurysms requiring surgical intervention will become increasingly complex. To manage these challenging lesions, neurosurgeons must use all available innovations and advances, including diagnostic, technical and perioperative adjuncts. In this review article, we discuss limitations of endovascular therapy, the populations of aneurysms that continue to require surgical treatment, the factors that make an aneurysm complex and the multiple adjuncts utilized to successfully treat these challenging lesions.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Intraoperative Complications , Therapeutics/adverse effects
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