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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 631-638, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1278371

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine changes on intraocular pressure (IOP) and pupil diameter (PD) in healthy cats anesthetized with isoflurane, and premedicated with acepromazine alone or in combination with tramadol. Thirty cats were allocated in two groups (n=15/each) and were treated with acepromazine (AG) or acepromazine/tramadol (ATG). PD and IOP were assessed before and following 30 (PM1), and 40 minutes (PM2) of treatments. Anesthesia was induced with propofol, and IOP and DP were recorded (A10) at 10 minute intervals until the end of anesthesia (A40). IOP decreased in AG and ATG, when comparing baseline with PM1. IOP decreased only in AG, in comparisons between baseline and PM2. During anesthesia, IOP did not change within and between groups. Comparisons between baseline with those recorded at PM1 and 2 showed that PD increased in the ATG. During anesthesia, PD decreased significantly in AG and ATG. Both protocols maintained the IOP within the reference range to perform corneal or intraocular surgery in healthy cats but did not sustain pre-anesthetic pupil dilation observed in ATG.(AU)


O objetivo do presente artigo é determinar possíveis alterações na pressão intraocular (PIO) e no diâmetro pupilar (DP) em gatos saudáveis anestesiados com isoflurano e pré-medicados com acepromazina isolada ou em combinação com acepromazina/tramadol. Trinta gatos saudáveis foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos (n=15/cada) e tratados com acepromazina (GA) ou acepromazina/tramadol (GAT). DP e PIO foram avaliadas antes (basal) e após 30 (PM1) e 40 minutos (PM2) dos tratamentos. A anestesia foi induzida com propofol, e a PIO e o DP foram registrados (A10) a cada 10 minutos até o final da anestesia com isoflurano (A40). Ao se compararem os valores obtidos no basal com PM1, a PIO diminuiu em GA e GAT; com PM2, a PIO reduziu apenas no GA. Durante a anestesia, a PIO não diferiu dentro e entre os grupos. Comparações entre os valores basais e os registrados em PM1 e em PM2 mostraram que a DP aumentou significativamente no GAT. Durante a anestesia, o DP diminuiu significativamente em GA e GAT. Ambos os protocolos mantêm a PIO dentro dos valores de referência para realizar cirurgias corneanas ou intraoculares em gatos saudáveis, mas não sustentam a dilatação pupilar pré-anestésica observada em GAT.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Tramadol/administration & dosage , Mydriasis/veterinary , Pupil/drug effects , Intraocular Pressure , Isoflurane/adverse effects , Acepromazine/administration & dosage , Tonometry, Ocular/veterinary , Anesthetics, General/administration & dosage
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate accuracy of the currently used strategies for intraocular pressure measurements for reflecting actual 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuations.@*METHODS@#From September, 2018 to January, 2019, the patients with a suspected diagnosis of primary open angle glaucoma at our hospital were prospectively enrolled to receive 24-hour intraocular pressure monitoring using a Goldmann tonometer. With the intraocular pressure measurements at 0:00, 2:00, 5:00, 7:00, 8:00, 10:00, 11:00, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00, 20:00, and 22:00 as the gold standard (strategy 1), we compared the measurements taken at 5:00, 7:00, 10:00, 14:00, 18:00, and 22:00 (strategy 2) and at 8:00, 11:00, 14:00, and 16:00 (strategy 3) for their accuracy in reflecting 24-h intraocular pressure fluctuations.@*RESULTS@#A total of 41 patients (82 eyes) were enrolled in this study. The peak intraocular pressures measured using the 3 strategies were 21.09±4.15 mmHg, 20.54±4.10 mmHg, and 19.91±4.38 mmHg, respectively, showing significant differences among them (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For suspected cases of glaucoma, intraocular pressure measurements at 4 and 6 time points of a day can not precisely reflect the actual range of intraocular pressure fluctuations, and may lead to a missed diagnosis of glaucoma.


Subject(s)
Glaucoma/diagnosis , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Intraocular Pressure , Prospective Studies , Tonometry, Ocular
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1087-1092, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a less pressure-dependent type of glaucoma with characteristic optic neuropathy. Recently, the biomechanical mechanism has been thought to account for glaucomatous optic neuropathy to some degree. We intended to compare dynamic corneal response parameters (DCRs) among patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with normal tension or hypertension and controls. The correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma were also analyzed.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, 49 NTG subjects, 45 hypertension glaucoma (HTG) subjects, and 50 control subjects were enrolled. We compared the differences in DCRs using corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology among the NTG, HTG, and control groups. We also analyzed the correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma (eg, central corneal thickness [CCT], intraocular pressure [IOP], etc).@*RESULTS@#The maximum inverse concave radius (NTG: 0.18 [0.17, 0.20] mm-1; control: 0.17 [0.16, 0.18] mm-1; P = 0.033), deformation amplitude ratio of 2 mm (DAR 2 mm, NTG: 4.87 [4.33, 5.39]; control: 4.37 [4.07, 4.88]; P  0.05). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, some of the DCRs, such as IR, were negatively correlated with CCT and IOP, whereas SP-A1 was positively correlated with CCT and IOP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cornea was more deformable in NTG than in HTG or controls. There were no significant differences in corneal deformability between HTG and controls. The cornea was more deformable with the thinner cornea and lower IOP.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cornea , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Hypertension , Intraocular Pressure , Low Tension Glaucoma
4.
Rev inf cient ; 100(5): 1-8, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348800

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La opacificación de la cápsula posterior continúa siendo la complicación posoperatoria tardía más frecuente tras la cirugía de catarata. Objetivo: Determinar los resultados visuales en la realización de la capsulotomía posterior con el equipo NIDEK YAG C-1800 a 75 pacientes que desarrollaron opacidad de la cápsula posterior (150 ojos); los cuales asistieron al Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto", provincia Guantánamo, en el período comprendido entre abril de 2015 a abril de 2019. Método: Se efectuó un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo y descriptivo en pacientes diagnosticados con opacidad de la cápsula posterior, a los cuales se les realizó capsulotomía posterior en dicho centro antes mencionado. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, agudeza visual corregida con cristales (AV.cc) a los tres meses posteriores a la cirugía y complicaciones encontradas. Resultados: El 57,3 % presentó una edad mayor a los 75 años, el sexo femenino quedó representado en un 62 %. La metaplasia fibrosa con un 57,3 % fue la opacidad de cápsula posterior más frecuente después de la aplicación del láser y el 74,7 % de los pacientes evolucionó con una buena agudeza visual, mayor o igual a 0,6. La complicación más frecuente fue la elevación transitoria de la tensión ocular con un 32,7 %. Conclusiones: La capsulotomía posterior con NIDEK YAG C-1800 demuestra ser un procedimiento quirúrgico efectivo en los pacientes diagnosticados con opacidad de la cápsula posterior, la mayoría de los pacientes alcanzó una agudeza visual mayor a 0,5. Existieron pocas complicaciones relacionadas con el proceder.


Introduction: The opacification of the posterior capsule remains the most frequent late postoperative complication following cataract surgery. Objective: To determine the visual outcomes obtained in the performance of posterior capsulotomy with the NIDEK YAG C-1800 equipment in 75 patients with opacification of the posterior capsule (150 eyes) who were attended in the Ophthalmology Center setted at the Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" in Guantánamo, from April 2015 to April 2019. Method: A longitudinal, prospective and descriptive study was carried out in patients diagnosed with posterior capsule opacity, who underwent posterior capsulotomy in the aforementioned center. Variables studied were as follow: age, sex, visual acuity corrected with glasses (VA.cc) (3 months after surgery), and complications encountered. Results: The 57.3% of the total were over 75 years of age, and 62% were female. Fibrous metaplasia was the most frequent posterior capsule opacity found after laser application (57.3%) and the 74.7% of patients evolved with good visual acuity (≥0,6). The most frequent complication was transient elevation of ocular pressure (32.7%). Conclusions: Posterior capsulotomy with NIDEK YAG C-1800 proved to be effective, as surgical procedure, in patients diagnosed with posterior capsule opacity, most patients achieved visual acuity over 0.5. There were minimum complications related to the procedure.


Introdução: A opacificação da cápsula posterior continua sendo a complicação pós-operatória tardia mais frequente após a cirurgia de catarata. Objetivo: Determinar os resultados visuais na realização da capsulotomia posterior com o equipamento NIDEK YAG C-1800 em 75 pacientes que desenvolveram opacidade da cápsula posterior (150 olhos); que frequentaram o Centro Oftalmológico do Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto", província de Guantánamo, no período de abril de 2015 a abril de 2019. Método: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal, prospectivo e descritivo em pacientes com diagnóstico de opacidade da cápsula posterior, submetidos à capsulotomia posterior no referido centro. As variáveis estudadas foram: idade, sexo, acuidade visual corrigida por cristal (AV.cc) três meses após a cirurgia e complicações encontradas. Resultados: 57,3% tinham mais de 75 anos, o sexo feminino estava representado em 62%. Metaplasia fibrosa com 57,3% foi a opacidade da cápsula posterior mais frequente após a aplicação do laser e 74,7% dos pacientes evoluíram com boa acuidade visual, maior ou igual a 0,6. A complicação mais frequente foi a elevação temporária da tensão ocular com 32,7%. Conclusões: A capsulotomia posterior com NIDEK YAG C-1800 se mostra um procedimento cirúrgico eficaz em pacientes com diagnóstico de opacidade da cápsula posterior, a maioria dos pacientes alcançou acuidade visual maior que 0,5. Houve poucas complicações relacionadas ao procedimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Corneal Opacity/diagnosis , Posterior Capsulotomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Intraocular Pressure
5.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31103, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291249

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O glaucoma é uma neuropatia óptica progressiva que pode acarretar defeitos progressivos do campo visual e perda da visão. É a principal causa de cegueira irreversível no mundo, sendo o aumento da pressão intraocular (PIO) o principal fator de risco. Objetivos: Identificar o perfil dos usuários do SUS no Estado de Minas Gerais, especificamente do Departamento de Glaucoma do Instituto de Olhos Ciências Médicas (IOCM). Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo clínico observacional, transversal e de caráter retrospectivo com 1484 pacientes. Foram incluídos pacientes do sexo feminino e masculino, acima de 18 anos de idade, encaminhados ao setor de glaucoma do IOCM para o primeiro atendimento, com suspeita ou doença confirmada. Os diagnósticos considerados foram: suspeita de glaucoma; hipertenso ocular; glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto; glaucoma primário de ângulo fechado; glaucoma de pressão normal; glaucoma congênito; glaucoma secundário; glaucoma neovascular e glaucoma maligno. Resultados: Houve predomínio do sexo feminino e o diagnóstico mais frequente foi "glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto". Os fatores de risco mais prevalentes foram idade avançada e hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Conclusões: O perfil clínico demográfico dos pacientes em tratamento de glaucoma em Minas Gerais são semelhantes ao encontrado em alguns trabalhos realizados em outros países do mundo.


Introduction: Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy that can lead to progressive visual field defects and loss of vision. It is the main cause of irreversible blindness in the world, with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) being the main risk factor. Objectives: Identify the profile of the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS) users, specifically in the Department of Glaucoma at the Instituto de Olhos Ciencias Medicas (IOCM), State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, retrospective study enrolled 1484 patients. Were inclueded female and male patients, over 18 years of age, referred to the glaucoma sector of the IOCM for the first visit, with suspected or confirmed disease. The diagnoses considered were: suspected glaucoma; ocular hypertension; primary open-angle glaucoma; primary closedangle glaucoma; normal-pressure glaucoma; congenital glaucoma; secondary glaucoma; neovascular glaucoma. Results: There was a predominance of females and the most frequent diagnosis was "Primary Open-angle Glaucoma". The most prevalent risk factors were advanced age and hypertension. Conclusions: The demographics and clinical profile of patients undergoing glaucoma treatment at IOCM are similar to those found in some studies performed in other countries.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Profile , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Optic Nerve Diseases , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Ocular Hypertension , Blindness , Intraocular Pressure
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1707-1711, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143673

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between intraocular pressure (IOP) and premature atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (PACAD) by comparing central corneal thicknesses (CCTs) measurements. METHODS: One hundred-eighty-six subjects were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, 100 in the PACAD group and 86 in the control group. All participants underwent a physical examination and routine biochemical tests. Ophthalmological examinations, including IOP and CCTs measurements, were performed for each subject. Additionally, pulse wave velocity measurements were obtained and recorded. RESULTS: Participants with PACAD showed significantly higher IOP values than those without atherosclerosis (p = 0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of CCT (p = 0.343). Also, pulse wave velocity (PWV) values were statistically significantly higher in the PACAD group (p = 0.001). High IOP was not significantly associated with metabolic syndrome parameters (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A relationship was found between PACAD and IOP, but CCTs were not associated with PACAD. The IOP measurement is affected by CCT; therefore, CCT is used to correct IOP values. To our knowledge, this is the first study to report a positive relationship between PACAD and IOP based on CCTs measurements.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a associação entre a pressão intra-ocular (PIO) e a doença aterosclerótica arterial coronariana prematura (DAACP) compar ando as medidas das espessuras corneanas centrais (ECCs). MÉTODOS: Cento e oitenta e seis indivíduos foram incluídos no presente estudo transversal, 100 no grupo DAACP e 86 no grupo de controle. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a um exame físico e exames bioquímicos de rotina. Exames oftalmológicos, incluindo PIO e medições das ECCs, foram realizados em cada participante. Além disso, medições de velocidade da onda de pulso foram obtidas e registradas. RESULTADOS: Os participantes com DAACP apresentaram valores de PIO significativamente maiores do que os daqueles sem aterosclerose (p = 0,001) e não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos em relação ECC (p = 0,343). Além disso, os valores das velocidades da onda de pulso (VOP) foram estatisticamente significativamente maiores no grupo DAACP (p = 0,001). Um valor elevado de PIO não estava significativamente associado com os parâmetros de síndrome metabólica (p > 0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Encontramos uma relação entre DAACP e PIO, mas as ECCs não estavam associadas com DAACP. A medição da PIO é afetada pela ECC; portanto, a ECC é utilizada para corrigir os valores da PIO. Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro estudo a relatar uma relação positiva entre DAACP e a PIO com base em medições da ECC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cornea , Pulse Wave Analysis , Intraocular Pressure
7.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e918, oct.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156577

ABSTRACT

El glaucoma, considerado el ladrón silencioso de la visión, es la segunda causa de ceguera irreversible en el mundo. A pesar de los avances científicos y tecnológicos no se ha encontrado una cura definitiva para esta enfermedad. Lo más evidente ha sido el control adecuado de los valores de presión intraocular para evitar la progresión del daño del nervio óptico y sus consecuencias en el campo visual, así como la ceguera irreversible. En muchas ocasiones logramos tener la presión intraocular en valores óptimos y aun así la enfermedad avanza, por lo que nos preguntamos qué falló y por qué sucede. No podemos olvidar que el nervio óptico no es lo único que se altera en esta patología; existe evidencia de que se extiende de las células ganglionares de la retina al cuerpo geniculado lateral y a la corteza visual en los hemisferios cerebrales. Ante fenómenos de espasmo, isquemia o bajo flujo, se desencadenan reacciones bioquímicas, estrés oxidativo y otras situaciones que contribuyen al desarrollo de esta neuropatía. Con el objetivo de evaluar con mayor profundidad a los pacientes glaucomatosos, se realizó una revisión sobre la influencia de las más frecuentes enfermedades sistémicas en la neuropatía óptica glaucomatosa(AU)


Glaucoma, also known as the "silent thief of sight", is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Despite the scientific and technological advances achieved in the field, a definitive cure has not been found for this disease. The most evident achievement so far has been the adequate control of intraocular pressure values to prevent the progress of optic nerve damage and its effects on the visual field, as well as irreversible blindness. On many occasions it has been possible to maintain intraocular pressure at optimal values, and even then the disease continues to advance, making us wonder what went wrong and why this happens. It should not be forgotten that the optic nerve is not the only organ affected by this condition. There is evidence that damage extends from retinal ganglion cells to the lateral geniculate body and the visual cortex in cerebral hemispheres. Spasm, ischemia or low flow phenomena trigger biochemical reactions, oxidative stress and other processes contributing to the development of this neuropathy. With the purpose of evaluating glaucoma patients in greater depth, a review was conducted about the influence of a number of very common systemic diseases on glaucomatous optic neuropathy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinal Ganglion Cells/pathology , Optic Nerve Diseases/etiology , Glaucoma/epidemiology , Intraocular Pressure , Review Literature as Topic
8.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e914, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156584

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento del glaucoma se realiza con el objetivo de disminuir los niveles de presión intraocular, único factor tratable hasta el momento, y debe ser individualizado. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 54 años de edad, de piel mestiza, intelectual, con antecedentes de aparente salud y diagnóstico de glaucoma desde hace 10 años. Se realizó trabeculectomía con antimetabolito (mitomicina C) en el ojo izquierdo en el año 2012 por daño glaucomatoso avanzado. En el año 2016 acudió a nuestra consulta y refirió mala visión y descontrol de la presión intraocular de ambos ojos. Se constataron cifras muy elevadas de presión intraocular en ambos ojos, superiores a 30 mmHg; en el ojo derecho la unidad de visión con su mejor corrección y un daño campimétrico muy avanzado limitado a una isla de visión central con caída hasta los 5° centrales, y el ojo izquierdo no alcanzaba la percepción luminosa. Después de combinar 3 líneas farmacológicas con la dosis máxima, los valores de la presión intraocular no eran protectores. Surgió la disyuntiva entre realizar una cirugía filtrante, temiendo al riesgo quirúrgico elevado y tratándose de un ojo único, o no practicar cirugía alguna y solo continuar con el tratamiento farmacológico a pesar de no conseguirse valores de presión intraocular meta. Se decidió realizar esclerectomía profunda no penetrante con antimetabolito (mitomicina C al 0,02 por ciento). No se presentaron complicaciones asociadas y se consiguió el descenso de la presión intraocular a 24 mmHg, por lo que al mes de la cirugía se realizó goniopuntura. Se obtuvo la presión intraocular objetivo, sin progresión del daño glaucomatoso y hubo conservación de la agudeza visual(AU)


Treatment for glaucoma is aimed at reducing the levels of intraocular pressure. This is the only factor that may be treated so far, and it should be individualized. A case is presented of a male 54-year-old mulatto patient, intellectual, with a history of apparently good health who was diagnosed with glaucoma ten years ago. Trabeculectomy with antimetabolite (mitomycin C) was performed on the patient's left eye in the year 2012 due to advanced glaucomatous damage. In the year 2016 the patient attended our service and reported poor vision and uncontrolled intraocular pressure in both eyes. Very high intraocular pressure values above 30 mmHg were confirmed in both eyes. In the right eye the vision unit with its best correction, and very advanced campimetric damage limited to a central vision island with a fall to 5° central, whereas the left eye did not achieve light perception. After combining 3 drug lines at their maximum dosage, intraocular pressure values were not protective. The dilemma arose whether to perform filtration surgery, fearing the high surgical risk, being as it was a single eye, or not to perform any surgery and just go on with the drug treatment despite not having achieved target intraocular pressure values. It was decided to perform non-penetrating deep sclerectomy with antimetabolite (0.02 percent mitomycin C). No associated complications occurred and intraocular pressured fell to 24 mmHg. Therefore, goniopuncture was performed one month after surgery. The target intraocular pressure was obtained without glaucomatous damage progression and visual acuity was preserved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Trabeculectomy/methods , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Glaucoma/therapy
9.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e981, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156581

ABSTRACT

La cirugía filtrante es una opción de tratamiento encaminada a disminuir la presión intraocular una vez que no hay respuesta a las alternativas no quirúrgicas. En los últimos años ha experimentado una evolución sorprendente. Aparecen nuevos dispositivos que buscan obtener un control tensional con las mínimas complicaciones; entre estos, el implante Ex-PRESS ha demostrado una efectividad similar a la trabeculectomía, mientras que la variante técnica para su implantación, descrita por Richard Hoffmann, posibilita excelentes resultados con menos dificultades. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 51 años de edad, de raza blanca, con antecedente de glaucoma, con agudeza visual mejor corregida de 100 VAR y presión intraocular de 32 mmHg. Se realizó implante de dispositivo Ex-PRESS (modelo P-50) mediante la técnica modificada de Richard Hoffmann, asociada al uso de mitomicina C al 0,2 por ciento en el transoperatorio. A los dos años se lograron tensiones oculares de 17 mmHg y agudeza visual mejor corregida de 100 VAR(AU)


Filtration surgery is a therapeutic option aimed at reducing intraocular pressure when there is no response to non-surgical alternatives. Filtration surgery has developed remarkably in recent years. New devices have emerged geared to achieving pressure control with minimum complications. Among them, Ex-PRESS implantation has shown to be as effective as trabeculectomy, and the technique described by Richard Hoffman provides excellent results with fewer difficulties. A case is presented of a male white 51-year-old patient with a history of glaucoma, best corrected visual acuity 100 VAR, and intraocular pressure 32 mmHg. Implantation was performed of an Ex-PRESS (model P-50) device by modified Richard Hoffman's technique associated to 0.2 percent mitomycin C in the perioperative period. Two years after surgery, ocular tensions of 17 mmHg and a best corrected visual acuity of 100 VAR had been achieved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Trabeculectomy/methods , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Mitomycin/adverse effects , Filtering Surgery/adverse effects , Intraocular Pressure
10.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e951, oct.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156579

ABSTRACT

La presión intraocular es considerada el único factor causal potencialmente modificable con el propósito de prevenir la ceguera por glaucoma. Esta es una enfermedad multifactorial y, aunque es el factor de riesgo más importante en su desarrollo, la reducción de sus valores no garantiza el cese de la progresión del daño glaucomatoso. El glaucoma primario de ángulo abierto y el glaucoma de presión normal comparten factores de riesgo similares en la patogénesis y se pueden clasificar en categorías mecánicas y vasculares. La evidencia científica actual ha logrado demostrar que existe una importante asociación entre las enfermedades sistémicas con compromiso vascular, como la migraña, la apnea obstructiva del sueño, la hipotensión arterial de diferentes causas, la hipertensión arterial, la enfermedad cerebrovascular, la cardiopatía isquémica y la diabetes mellitus con los hallazgos a nivel ocular en pacientes con neuropatía óptica glaucomatosa. Esta correlación orienta a considerar estas enfermedades en conjunto para que cada profesional dedicado a la salud visual considere siempre imprescindible la evaluación de los aspectos que vinculan estas enfermedades para actuar en consecuencia. Se realiza una búsqueda sobre el glaucoma y las enfermedades sistémicas con compromiso vascular(AU)


Intraocular pressure is considered to be the only potentially modifiable causative factor to prevent glaucoma blindness. However, glaucoma is a multifactorial disease, and true as it is that its main risk factor is intraocular pressure, its reduction does not ensure cessation of the progress of glaucomatous damage. Primary open angle glaucoma and normal pressure glaucoma share similar pathogenetic risk factors, and may be classified as mechanical or vascular. According to current scientific evidence, an important association exists between systemic diseases with vascular involvement, such as migraine, obstructive sleep apnea, arterial hypotension of various causes, arterial hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus, and ocular findings in patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy. In view of this correlation, these diseases should be considered jointly, so that visual health professionals always bear in mind the evaluation of their common characteristics and act in consequence. A search was carried out on glaucoma and systemic diseases with vascular compromise(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Intraocular Pressure , Review Literature as Topic , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Hypertension/etiology
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e979, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156576

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de la hipertensión ocular asociada al desprendimiento de la retina regmatógeno. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte longitudinal retrospectivo de una serie de casos atendidos en la consulta de Vítreo-Retina del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" en el período comprendido de mayo del año 2016 a diciembre de 2019. Se estudiaron 7 ojos de 7 pacientes. Se utilizaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, antecedentes patológicos oculares, tiempo de evolución de la disminución de la visión, tensión ocular, tipo de rotura retinal, cirugía de retina realizada y tratamiento antihipertensivo ocular. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, con un promedio de edad de 27,2 años. La mayoría de los pacientes tuvieron rotura retinal en el cuadrante nasal superior y todos en extrema periferia. Todos los pacientes tuvieron la presión intraocular antes de la cirugía por encima de 30 mmHg. A todos se le indicó tratamiento hipotensor tópico y se les realizó cirugía convencional. Con diferentes fluctuaciones de la presión intraocular posterior a la cirugía, todos los pacientes normalizaron la tensión ocular y mantuvieron la retina aplicada. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico correcto de este síndrome puede ofrecer dificultad porque los signos de una condición pueden enmascarar los de otra. El reconocimiento de la entidad puede ser más fácil si el oftalmólogo tiene en mente que estas entidades pueden aparecer juntas. De esta forma, se hace un diagnóstico y un tratamiento certero que evite la discapacidad visual por esta causa(AU)


Objective: Describe the behavior of ocular hypertension associated to rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Methods: An observational retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted of 7 eyes of 7 patients attending the Vitreous-Retina Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from May 2016 to December 2019. The variables considered were age, sex, ocular pathological antecedents, time of evolution of vision reduction, ocular tension, type of retinal tear, retinal surgery performed and ocular hypertension treatment. Results: A predominance was found of the male sex, with a mean age of 27.2 years. Most of the patients had retinal tear in the upper nasal quadrant, and all in the extreme periphery. In all cases, intraocular pressure was above 30 mmHg before surgery. All patients were indicated topical hypotensive treatment and underwent conventional surgery. With different intraocular pressure fluctuations after surgery, all patients normalized their ocular tension and retained the retina applied. Conclusions: Correct diagnosis of this syndrome may be difficult to achieve, since the signs of one condition may mask those of another. Identification may be easier if the ophthalmologist bears in mind that these diseases may occur together. An accurate diagnosis may thus be made and an effective treatment indicated which will prevent visual disability due to this cause(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinal Perforations , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Intraocular Pressure/drug effects , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
12.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e955, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156574

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas y epidemiológicas del síndrome pseudoexfoliativo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de 109 ojos correspondientes a 55 pacientes atendidos en el Centro de Microcirugía Ocular y en el Servicio de Glaucoma del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" entre julio del año 2016 y septiembre de 2017. Para su caracterización se realizaron determinaciones a través de la gonioscopia, la tonometría, la paquimetría, la microscopia endotelial, el fondo de ojo y la medición de la agudeza visual. Resultados: El promedio de edad fue de 74,6 años, con predominio del sexo masculino (60 por ciento) y la piel blanca (78,2 por ciento), con antecedentes frecuentes de enfermedad vascular, particularmente hipertensión arterial (65,5 por ciento). El 92,7 por ciento presentaba catarata bilateral con predominio nuclear. Todos los pacientes tenían ángulo camerular abierto y la presión intraocular era alta en el 36,4 por ciento de los casos. La presencia de glaucoma fue del 56,4 por ciento, más frecuente el unilateral (38,2 por ciento). En relación con el endotelio corneal, la celularidad estaba disminuida en el 40 por ciento, con polimegatismo (58,2 por ciento) y pleomorfismo (72,7 por ciento). Conclusión: No se encuentra relación entre las alteraciones corneales, la edad, la presión intraocular y la presencia de material pseudoexfoliativo(AU)


Objective: Determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Methods: A study was conducted of 109 eyes of 55 patients attending the Ocular Microsurgery Center and Glaucoma Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from July 2016 to September 2017. Characterization was based on determinations made by gonioscopy, tonometry, pachymetry, endothelial microscopy, funduscopy and visual acuity measurement. Results: Mean age was 74.6 years, with a predominance of the male sex (60 percent), white skin (78.2 percent) and frequent antecedents of vascular disease, particularly arterial hypertension (65.5 percent). All the patients had cataract, which was predominantly bilateral and nuclear in 92.7 percent. In all cases the chamber angle was open, whereas intraocular pressure was high in 36.4 percent. 56.4 percent of the patients had glaucoma, which was more commonly unilateral (38.2 percent). Regarding the corneal endothelium, cellularity was reduced in 40 percent, with polymegethism (58.2 percent) and pleomorphism (72.7 percent). Conclusion: No relationship was found between corneal alterations, age and intraocular pressure, and the presence of pseudoexfoliative material(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Visual Acuity , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Exfoliation Syndrome/epidemiology , Gonioscopy/methods , Intraocular Pressure , Microscopy/methods
13.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e961, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156573

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el efecto de la extracción del cristalino transparente en la presión intraocular de pacientes con glaucoma por cierre angular primario. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal prospectivo en la provincia de Pinar del Río, entre enero del año 2013 y diciembre de 2019, que incluyó a 54 ojos de 54 pacientes con glaucoma por cierre angular primario y cristalino transparente, tratados con facoaspiración. El análisis estadístico se realizó a través del programa SPSS. Resultados: Hubo diferencias muy significativas (p< 0,001) en los valores de presión intraocular media entre el preoperatorio y el posoperatorio. El número de medicamentos no mostró diferencias significativas (p= 0,317) y el porcentaje de reducción promedio de la presión intraocular fue de 33,9 ± 4,3. Al final del período de seguimiento el 68,5 por ciento manifestó valores de 18 mmHg o más. El estadio glaucomatoso, la existencia o no de sinequias anteriores periféricas, el valor medio de la presión intraocular preoperatoria y del número de medicamentos mostraron diferencias significativas (p= 0,006; p= 0,001; p= 0,001 y p= 0,045 respectivamente) entre las categorías de control de la presión intraocular. Conclusión: La extracción del cristalino transparente reduce la presión intraocular en pacientes con glaucoma por cierre angular primario, lo que se corrobora a mediano plazo; aunque la mayoría de los ojos tratados no alcanzan un control total y mantienen el número de medicamentos sin variación(AU)


Objective: Describe the effect of clear lens extraction on intraocular pressure in patients with primary angle closure glaucoma. Methods: A prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted in the Province of Pinar del Río from January 2013 to December 2019. The study included 54 eyes of 54 patients with primary angle closure glaucoma and clear lens treated with phacoaspiration. Statistical analysis was based on SPSS software. Results: Very significant differences were found (p< 0.001) between preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure values. Significant differences were not observed in the number of drugs indicated (p= 0.317). Average intraocular pressure reduction percentage was 33.9 ± 4.3. By the end of the follow-up period, 68.5 percent displayed values of 18 mmHg or higher. Significant differences were found between the intraocular pressure control categories with respect to the stage of the disease, the existence or non-existence of previous peripheral synechiae, the mean preoperative intraocular pressure value, and the number of drugs (p= 0.006; p= 0.001; p= 0.001 and p= 0.045, respectively). Conclusion: Clear lens extraction reduces intraocular pressure in patients with primary angle closure glaucoma, a fact corroborated in the medium term, though most of the eyes treated do not achieve total control and the number of drugs remains unaltered(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Glaucoma, Angle-Closure/diagnosis , Phacoemulsification/methods , Lens, Crystalline/surgery , Statistical Analysis , Intraocular Pressure
14.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e827, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156572

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los cambios que sufre la presión intraocular en sujetos aparentemente sanos tras la realización de ejercicios físicos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo en el Centro Deportivo "Jesús Menéndez", del municipio de Marianao, provincia La Habana, conducido por especialistas del Servicio de Glaucoma del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" entre mayo y agosto del año 2016. Se seleccionó una muestra de sujetos aparentemente sanos, quienes estuvieron de acuerdo con participar en el estudio. Se conformaron dos grupos según el tipo de ejercicio físico: ejercicios de fuerza y ejercicios aerobios. A todos se les midió la presión intraocular basal y después de los ejercicios (inmediatamente, a los 15 y 30 minutos) con tonómetro de Perkins. Resultados: Ambos grupos estuvieron formados por 20 sujetos cada uno, del sexo masculino (grupo fuerza) y del femenino (grupo aerobio). La edad media fue 32,9 y 34,6 años respectivamente. En el grupo fuerza, la presión intraocular media basal fue 15,93 mmHg, la cual se incrementó a 3,71 mmHg inmediatamente después del ejercicio, y descendió a los 30 minutos hasta alcanzar cifras semejantes a la basal. En el grupo aerobio la presión intraocular media basal fue 15,73 mmHg; descendió a 5,13 mmHg inmediatamente después del ejercicio y se incrementó a los 30 minutos hasta alcanzar cifras semejantes a la basal. Conclusiones: La presión intraocular aumenta o disminuye en sujetos sanos en correspondencia con el tipo de ejercicio (de fuerza y aeróbicos respectivamente) y retorna a valores cercanos a los basales a los 30 minutos, como se demostró en ambos grupos(AU)


Objective: Determine the changes undergone by intraocular pressure in seemingly healthy subjects after the practice of physical exercise. Methods: A descriptive prospective study was conducted at Jesús Menéndez Sports Center in the municipality of Marianao, province of Havana from May to August 2016. The study was managed by specialists from the Glaucoma Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. A sample was selected of seemingly healthy subjects, who agreed to participate in the study. Two groups were formed according to the type of physical exercise: strength training or aerobics. Intraocular pressure was measured at baseline and after the exercises (immediately, at 15 minutes and at 30 minutes) with a Perkins tonometer. Results: The groups were composed of 20 subjects each: male (strength group) and female (aerobics group). Mean age was 32.9 and 34.6 years, respectively. In the strength group, the mean baseline intraocular pressure of 15.93 mmHg rose to 3.71 mmHg immediately after the exercise, and fell at 30 minutes to reach values similar to the baseline. In the aerobics group, the mean baseline intraocular pressure of 15.73 mmHg fell to 5.13 mmHg immediately after the exercise, and rose at 30 minutes to reach values similar to the baseline. Conclusions: Intraocular pressure rises or falls in healthy subjects in keeping with the type of exercise (strength or aerobics, respectively), and returns to values similar to the baseline at 30 minutes in both groups(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Exercise/physiology , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Intraocular Pressure , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Healthy Volunteers
15.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e988, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156571

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los resultados visuales e hipotensores de la trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada y determinar sus complicaciones. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico de 30 ojos; 15 de ellos (15 pacientes) recibieron trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada (grupo caso) y 15 ojos (15 pacientes) recibieron trabeculectomía con mitomicina C (control histórico). Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes masculinos. La edad promedio del grupo con trabeculectomía fue 64,2 ± 7,3 años; mientras la del grupo con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada fue 69,9 ± 4,8 años. La agudeza visual mejor corregida media preoperatoria fue menor en el grupo con trabeculectomía (95 VAR/100-80 vs. 97 VAR/100-90) y la presión intraocular media fue 26,0 mmHg/24,5-30,0) y 25,0 mmHg/22,5-27,0 respectivamente. Todos los pacientes con trabeculectomía recibieron 3 colirios hipotensores en el preoperatorio, mientras el 53,3 por ciento de los tratados con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada requirieron 3 colirios hipotensores. Al año, la agudeza visual mejor corregida media disminuyó en el grupo con trabeculectomía (90VAR/100-75), y se mantuvo en el grupo con trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada (97VAR/100-90). En ambos grupos se produjo una caída significativa de la PIO promedio y más del 85 por ciento de los casos requirió uno o ningún colirio para su control. Conclusiones: El resultado visual, el poder hipotensor y las complicaciones quirúrgicas al año muestran la trabeculotomía gonioasistida modificada como una técnica útil y segura. Se requieren estudios a largo plazo para evaluar su efectividad futura(AU)


Objective: Describe results one year after modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy. Methods: An analytical study was conducted of 30 eyes, 15 of which (15 patients) underwent modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy (GATTm) (case group), and 15 trabeculotomy with mitomycin C (TBT) (historical control). Results: Male patients prevailed. Mean age was 64.2 ± 7.3 years for the TBT group and 69.9 ± 4.8 years for the GATTm group. In the TBT group mean preoperative best corrected visual acuity was lower (95 VAR/100-80 vs. 97VAR/100-90), whereas mean intraocular pressure was 26.0 mmHg/24.5-30.0 and 25.0 mmHg/22.5-27.0, respectively. All TBT patients received 3 hypotensive collyriums preoperative, while 53.3 percent of the GATTm patients required 3 hypotensive collyriums. At one year, mean best corrected visual acuity was lower in the TBT group (90VAR/100-75) and remained the same in the GATTm group (97VAR/100-90). A significant mean intraocular pressure reduction was observed in both groups and more than 85 percent of the cases required either one or no collyrium for their control. Conclusions: Visual result, hypotensive effect and surgical complications at one year are evidence that modified gonioscopy-assisted trabeculotomy is a safe, useful technique. Long-term studies are required to evaluate its future effectiveness(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Mitomycin/therapeutic use , Intraocular Pressure , Trabeculectomy/methods
16.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(6): 413-415, nov.-dez. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156158

ABSTRACT

Resumo Descrevemos o caso de um paciente portador de glaucoma secundário que evoluiu com cisto de tenon após implante de válvula de Ahmed. A despeito da conduta expectante inicial e das intervenções cirúrgicas posteriores, apenas com a utilização da ciclofotocoagulação transescleral com laser micropulsado a pressão intraocular atingiu valores aceitáveis.


Abstract We describe the case of a patient with secondary glaucoma who developed tenon cyst after Ahmed valve implantation. Despite the initial expectant management and subsequent surgical interventions, only with the micropulse transecleral cyclophotocoagulation did the intraocular pressure reach acceptable values.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Glaucoma/surgery , Filtering Surgery , Glaucoma Drainage Implants/adverse effects , Cysts , Tenon Capsule , Intraocular Pressure
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(9): 707-716, Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1143422

ABSTRACT

The field related to the visual system of wild animals is deeply scarce. Settling anatomical and physiological parameters for these animals is still a descriptive vision for Bradypus variegatus (Schinz, 1825). Thus, our research aimed to determine patterns of normal eye for this species. For this purpose, eight eye bulbs were dissected from the carcasses obtained by natural death, and then performed an overview of ocular anatomical. Rebound tonometry (RBT) and ocular B-mode ultrasonography were also applied for eight eyes in four animals from "Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos", situated in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco (PE), to estimate the intraocular pressure and ocular ecobiometry. The ocular morphology of sloth is similar as described for other species, however, with some peculiarities. They present a third eyelid emerging in the nasal region of the inferior conjunctival sac and retina and also contain little differentiated blood vessels. Medium the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 4.25mmHg with no difference for both eyes. Ultrasonography of ocular anatomy is also similar regarding other species. Ecobiometric patterns were evaluated to determine the anterior chamber depth, lens width, vitreous chamber depth, and axial length (AL) of ocular globe and the averaged as shown 0.63±1.11mm, 3.73±0.24mm, 6.15±0.41mm, 3.70±0.27mm, and 8.48±0.22mm, respectively. There was no difference between the right and left eyes. The RBT and ocular B-mode ultrasonography are fast exams and easy for animal testing. This study contributed to the characterization of ocular anatomy as well as settling medium values of IOP and intraocular measures; however, further research on physiology and histology is necessary to better understand the visual function of the species.(AU)


O campo de estudo relacionado ao sistema visual de animais silvestres é muito escasso. Estabelecer parâmetros anatômicos e fisiológicos para estes animais ainda está restrito a uma visão descritiva, assim ocorre em Bradypus variegatus (Schinz, 1825). Diante deste fato, objetivou-se com este estudo determinar padrões de normalidade oftálmica nesta espécie. Para isto foram dissecados oito bulbos oculares de cadáveres obtidos por morte natural e realizada a descrição anatômica ocular. Além disso, foram realizadas tonometria de rebote (TonoVet®) e ultrassonografia em modo B em oito olhos de quatro animais provenientes do Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, Recife/PE, para avaliação da pressão intraocular e realização da ecobiometria ocular. A anatomia ocular do bicho-preguiça é semelhante à descrita para outras espécies com algumas particularidades. Apresentam uma terceira pálpebra emergindo na região nasal do saco conjuntival inferior e retina com vasos sanguíneos pouco diferenciados. A pressão intraocular média foi de 4,25mmHg não havendo diferença entre os olhos direito e esquerdo. A anatomia ocular ultrassonográfica é semelhante à encontrada para outras espécies. Os padrões ecobiométricos obtidos foram: profundidade da câmara anterior, espessura do cristalino, diâmetro do cristalino, profundidade da câmara vítrea e comprimento axial do bubo ocular com tamanhos médios de 0,63±1,11mm, 3,73±0,24mm, 6,15±0,41mm, 3,70±0,27mm e 8,48±0,22mm, respectivamente. Não houve diferença entre os olhos direito e esquerdo. A tonometria de rebote e a ultrassonografia ocular em modo B são exames de rápida e fácil execução, sendo bem tolerados pelos animais. Este estudo contribuiu para a caracterização anatômica ocular e para o estabelecimento de valores médios da pressão intraocular e das medidas intraoculares, no entanto são necessárias outras pesquisas na área da fisiologia e histologia para melhor compreensão da função visual da espécie.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Sloths/anatomy & histology , Biometry , Eye/anatomy & histology , Eye/diagnostic imaging , Tonometry, Ocular/veterinary , Ultrasonography/veterinary , Intraocular Pressure
20.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 283-288, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131610

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare changes in anterior segment parameters following ExPRESS Mini Glaucoma Shunt surgery vs. trabeculectomy using the Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug camera. Methods: In this prospective, comparative study, 27 patients with glaucoma treated at the Rabin Medical Center from 2009 to 2013 were enrolled in this prospective comparative study: 19 participants (19 eyes) underwent ExPRESS shunt implantation and 12 (13 eyes) underwent trabeculectomy. Changes in anterior chamber parameters at postoperative day 1 and postoperative month 3 were evaluated on Scheimpflug images. Results: Intraocular pressure decreased significantly from baseline in both groups. The decrease in both groups was similar at postoperative month 3 (p=0.82). ExPRESS surgery caused a transient increase in posterior corneal astigmatism (p=0.008) and a transient decrease in anterior chamber depth (p=0.016) and volume (p=0.006) on postoperative day 1. At postoperative month 3, these parameters were no longer statistically significant (p=0.65, p=0.51, and p=0.57 respectively). Trabeculectomy caused a transient increase in anterior and posterior corneal astigmatism on postoperative day 1 (p=0.003 and p=0.005, respectively), which were not evident at postoperative month 3 (p=1.0 and p=1.0, respectively). At postoperative month 3, both ExPRESS and trabeculectomy showed similar changes in anterior chamber parameters. Conclusions: Both ExPRESS mini glaucoma implant and trabeculectomy significantly decreased intraocular pressure and had transient effects on anterior segment parameters, with minor differences between the methods.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar as alterações nos parâmetros do segmento anterior após a cirurgia ExPRESS Mini Glaucoma Shunt vs. trabeculectomia usando a câmera Scheimpflug Pentacam rotativa. Métodos: Neste estudo comparativo prospectivo, 27 pacientes com glaucoma tratados no Centro Médico Rabin de 2009 a 2013 foram incluídos neste estudo comparativo prospectivo: 19 participantes (19 olhos) foram submetidos ao implante de derivação ExPRESS e 12 (13 olhos) foram submetidos à trabeculectomia. Alterações nos parâmetros da câmara anterior no dia 1 e em 3 meses de pós-operatório foram avaliadas pelas imagens de Scheimpflug. Resultados: A pressão intraocular diminuiu significativamente em relação aos valores iniciais nos dois grupos. A diminuição nos dois grupos foi semelhante no 3º mês pós-operatório (p=0,82). A cirurgia com ExPRESS causou um aumento temporário do astigmatismo posterior da córnea (p=0,008) e uma diminuição temporária da profundidade da câmara anterior (p=0,016) e do volume (p=0,006) no primeiro dia do pós-operatório. Ao final de três meses, esses parâmetros não foram mais estatisticamente significativos (p=0,065, p=0,51 e p=0,57, respectivamente). A trabeculectomia causou um aumento temporário do astigmatismo anterior e posterior da córnea no primeiro dia do pós-operatório (p=0,003 e p=0,005, respectivamente), mas isso não foi observado ao final de 3 meses (p=1,0 e p=1,0, respectivamente). Após 3 meses, tanto o EXPRESS quanto a trabeculectomia mostraram alterações semelhantes nos parâmetros da câmara anterior. Conclusões: O implante ExPRESS Mini para glaucoma e a trabeculectomia diminuíram significativamente a pressão intraocular e tiveram efeitos temporários nos parâmetros do segmento anterior, com pequenas diferenças entre os métodos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trabeculectomy , Glaucoma , Postoperative Complications , Tonometry, Ocular , Trabeculectomy/adverse effects , Glaucoma/surgery , Prospective Studies , Intraocular Pressure
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