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1.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 85-90, 17-feb-2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el cáncer escamocelular (CEC) representa el 90-95% de todos los tipos de cáncer. En México, la frecuencia de CEC bucal (CECB) se ha incrementado y presenta una incidencia entre el 1 y el 5%. El CECB se asocia con sujetos en la quinta y séptima década de la vida, el sexo masculino, positivos a tabaquismo, alcoholismo, factores genéticos, inmunosupresión, infección por virus del papiloma humano (VPH) y estilos de vida poco saludables, entre otros. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar un caso clínico como ejemplo de las características emergentes en un paciente con CECB. Caso clínico: mujer de 38 años, con úlcera indurada, parcialmente adherida a planos profundos y dolorosa, asociada con un aumento de volumen, ubicada en vientre y borde lateral de lengua. Se realizó biopsia y con el diagnóstico histopatológico de carcinoma escamocelular invasor bien diferenciado, se procedió a determinar la presencia delVPH y resultó positivo a VPH 16. Se realizó tratamiento oncológico combinado (quirúrgico-radiación-quimioterapia), con buenos resultados para la paciente respecto a la estética y función. Conclusiones: se analizaron varios estudios que evalúan la presencia del VPH en lesiones de CECB, como un factor de riesgo que involucra con mayor frecuencia casos de pacientes jóvenes, la localización en lengua y antecedentes negativospara tabaquismo y alcoholismo frente a casos de CECB no asociados al VPH. Se requieren datos que contribuyan a dilucidar diversos aspectos aún desconocidos sobre la infección bucal por VPH y su relación con el CECB.


Background: Squamous cell cancer (SCC) represents 90-95% of all types of cancer. In Mexico, the frequency of oral SCC (OSCC) has increased, with an incidence between 1 and 5%. OSCC is associated with subjects in the 5 and 7th decade of life, males, positive for smoking, alcoholism, genetic factors, immunosuppression, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and unhealthy lifestyles, among others. Theobjectiveof thisworkwas to presenta clinical case as an example of the emerging characteristics in a patient with OSCC. Clinical case: 38-year-old female patient, with indurated ulcer, partially adhered to deep planes and painful, associated with an increase in volume, located on the belly and lateral edge of the tongue. A biopsy was performed and with the histopathological diagnosis of well differentiated invasive squamous cell carcinoma, the presence of HPV was determined, resulting positive for HPV-16. Combined cancer treatment was performed (surgical radiation-chemotherapy), with good results for the patient regarding aesthetics and function. Conclusions: We analyzed several studies evaluating the presence of HPV in lesions of OSCC, as a risk factor that involves more frequently cases of young patients, with location in tongue, and negative antecedents for smoking and alcoholism compared to cases of OSCC not associated with HPV. Data are required to help elucidate various still unknown aspects of oral HPV infection and its relationship with OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Neoplasms, Squamous Cell , Alphapapillomavirus , Intraoperative Care , Risk Factors , Cancer Pain , Social Factors , Life Style
3.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 103-115, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368456

ABSTRACT

1. INTRODUCCIÓN. La obesidad mórbida es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial asociada a complicaciones físicas y psicológicas que empeoran la calidad de vida de los pacientes y disminuyen su esperanza de vida; es un problema sanitario de primera magnitud debido al incremento de esta patología en Ecuador y a las dificultades que entraña su prevención y tratamiento. La cirugía de la obesidad es compleja, no exenta de complicaciones, cuyo objetivo es reducir de manera significativa las comorbilidades asociadas y mejorar el bienestar de los pacientes, cuya técnica quirúrgica sea fácil de reproducir, con porcentajes de revisión bajos y que constituya un tratamiento eficaz y seguro para la obesidad clínicamente grave, con evidencia que demuestra reducción de la mortalidad por todas las causas, mejoría en la expectativa y calidad de vida de los pacientes1.


1. INTRODUCTION. Morbid obesity is a multifactorial chronic disease associated with physical and psychological complications that worsen the quality of life of patients and decrease their life expectancy; it is a health problem of the first magnitude due to the increase of this pathology in Ecuador and the difficulties involved in its prevention and treatment. Obesity surgery is complex, not exempt of complications, whose objective is to significantly reduce associated comorbidities and improve the well-being of patients, whose surgical technique is easy to reproduce, with low revision percentages and that constitutes an effective and safe treatment for clinically severe obesity, with evidence that shows a reduction in all-cause mortality, improvement in life expectancy and quality of life of patients1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Obesity, Morbid , Body Mass Index , Bariatric Surgery , Metabolism , Obesity/diagnosis , Preoperative Care , Comorbidity , Metabolic Syndrome , Diagnosis , Overweight , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Surgical Wound , Internal Medicine , Intraoperative Care
4.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 107-115, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283863

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar o conhecimento científico produzido sobre os cuidados de enfermagem relacionados ao uso da eletrocirurgia no período intraoperatório. Método: Revisão integrativa, realizada nas bases de dados Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) e na biblioteca virtual Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), por meio dos descritores "eletrocirurgia", "cuidados de enfermagem" e "recuperação pós-cirúrgica melhorada", correlacionados pelo operador booleano and, nos idiomas português, inglês, espanhol e francês. Dos 213 estudos encontrados, sete compuseram a amostra. Utilizou-se o software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), por meio dos métodos de análise lexical e de similitude. Para a análise da qualidade metodológica, aplicou-se o nível de evidência científica, segundo recomendações da Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Resultados: Destacam-se publicações entre 2010 e 2012, com nível de evidência V, indexadas nas bases de dados LILACS e CINAHL. Verificaram-se, na nuvem de palavras, termos com maior frequência relativa: "paciente" (n=14); "risco cirúrgico" (n=12); "eletrocirurgia" (n=10); "enfermeiro" (n=8); "conhecimento" (n=6), "cuidado" (n=6) e "prevenção" (n=5). Feita a análise de similitude, identifica-se um leque semântico de palavras mais frequentes. Conclusão: Evidencia-se escassez de estudos, na literatura, com informações significativas para agregação de conhecimentos e construção de novos trabalhos.


Objective: To identify the scientific knowledge produced under the care of nursing related to the use of electrosurgery in the intraoperative period. Method: Integrative review based on the databases: Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and in the virtual library Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), using the descriptors "electrosurgery", "nursing care" and "enhanced recovery after surgery", correlated by the Boolean operator and, in Portuguese, English, Spanish and French. Of the 213 studies we found, seven composed the sample. We used the Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ) software, through methods of lexical analysis and similitude. For the analysis of methodological quality, we applied the scientific level of evidence, according to recommendations from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Results: The publications of 2010 to 2012 stand out, with level of evidence V, indexed in LILACS and CINAHL. In the word cloud, we observed the following terms had higher relative frequency: "patient"(n=14); "surgical risk" (n=12); "electrosurgery" (n=10); "nurse" (n=8); "knowledge" (n=6); "care" (n=6); and "prevention" (n=5). After the similitude analysis, we identified the semantic range of more frequent words. Conclusion: There are a few studies in the literature with significant information to aggregate knowledge and build new analyses.


Objetivo: Identificar el conocimiento científico producido sobre la atención de enfermería relacionada con el uso de electrocirugía en el período intraoperatorio. Método: Revisión integradora, realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL y en la biblioteca virtual SciELO, a través de los descriptores Electrocirugía, Atención de enfermería y Recuperación posquirúrgica mejorada, correlacionados por el operador booleano and, en portugués, inglés, español y francés. Siete de los 213 estudios encontrados compusieron la muestra. Se utilizó el software IRAMUTEQ, mediante los métodos de análisis léxico y de similitud. Para el análisis de la calidad metodológica se aplicó el nivel de evidencia científica, según las recomendaciones de la Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Resultados: Destacan las publicaciones entre 2010 y 2012, con nivel de evidencia V, indexadas en las bases de datos LILACS y CINAHL. En la nube de palabras se encontró términos con mayor frecuencia relativa: Paciente (n=14); Riesgo quirúrgico (n=12); Electrocirugía (n=10); Enfermero (N=08); Conocimiento (N=6), Atención (N=6) y Prevención (n=5). Se identifica un rango semántico de palabras más frecuentes a partir del análisis de similitud. Conclusión: Se demostró la escasez de estudios en la literatura, con información significativa para la agregación del conocimiento y la construcción de nuevas obras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electrosurgery , Intraoperative Care , Nursing Care , Disease Prevention , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Nurses
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 20-27, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280773

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar y describir los requerimientos de atención quirúrgica bucomaxilofacial de urgencia en el Servicio de Urgencias Odontológicas y Orientación de Pacientes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires durante el aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio por la pandemia de COVID-19. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de análisis retrospectivo durante el período de aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio inicial de 93 días, comprendido entre el 20 de marzo y el 20 de junio de 2020. Se evaluó la totalidad de historias clínicas de los pacientes que acudieron al Servicio de Urgencias Odontológicas y Orientación de Pacientes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y se caracterizó a aquellos que requerían distintos tipos de tratamiento quirúrgico bucal y maxilofacial. Resultados: Durante el período estudiado, se atendieron 4564 pacientes, de los cuales 1337 (29,3%) requirieron tratamientos quirúrgicos como terapéutica para la resolución de la urgencia. De estos, el 93,2% fueron exodoncias de piezas erupcionadas o retenidas; el 1,7%, biopsias quirúrgicas; el 2,4%, tratamientos agudos de infecciones que involucran espacios anatómicos vecinos; el 0,8%, resolución de traumatismos en los maxilares, y el 1,9%, tratamientos de complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Conclusión: Los resultados ponen de relieve la necesidad de disponer de servicios de guardia odontológica en el ámbito del AMBA que cuenten con recursos humanos calificados y entrenados para resolver urgencias de tipo quirúrgico


Aim: The objective of this study was to analyze and describe the requirements for the emergency care of oral and maxillofacial surgical treatment in the emergency dental department of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires during the Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a descriptive observational study during the initial period of 93 days of Preventive and Compulsory Social Isolation, from March 20, 2020 to June 20, 2020. All the medical records of the patients who attended the emergency dental department of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires were evaluated and those who required different types of oral and maxillofacial surgical treatment were characterized. Results: A total of 4564 patients were attended during the period studied, of which 1337 (29.3%) required surgical treatment as a therapy for the resolution of their emergencies. Of these, 93.2% were exodontia of erupted or retained teeth, 1.7% surgical biopsies, 2.4% acute treatment of infections involving neighboring anatomical spaces, 0.8% resolution of maxillary alveolar trauma and 1.9% treatment of post-surgical complications. Conclusion: The results highlight the need to have dental emergency services in the AMBA area that have qualified and trained human resources to solve the surgical type emergencies that may arise (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Emergency Medical Services , COVID-19 , Health Services Needs and Demand , Argentina/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction/statistics & numerical data , Biopsy , Clinical Protocols , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Focal Infection, Dental/epidemiology , Intraoperative Care , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology
6.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(1): 60-67, 31-03-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223950

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a ocorrência e os fatores de risco determinantes para o desenvolvimento do diagnóstico de enfermagem risco de hipotermia perioperatória. Método: Revisão integrativa, usando o acrônimo PIO (pacientes, intervenção, outcomes/desfecho), em que P=pacientes adultos e idosos; I=cirurgias eletivas; O=fatores de risco associados à hipotermia perioperatória. A revisão foi conduzida e reportada com base no Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), seguindo-se as sete etapas propostas pelo método PRISMA. Resultados: A busca gerou 854 artigos, sendo retirados os duplicados e os sem relevância. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 13 artigos foram submetidos à análise final. Índice de massa corporal baixo, idade avançada e tempo cirúrgico prolongado foram os fatores mais relacionados ao desenvolvimento de hipotermia nos pacientes cirúrgicos. O manejo da hipotermia colabora para diminuição dos riscos de eventos adversos cardíacos, complicações infecciosas, sangramentos e traz maior conforto para o paciente. Conclusão: O enfermeiro precisa agir antes do quadro hipotérmico se instalar, reconhecendo os fatores de risco inerentes ao paciente e identificando quais tecnologias do cuidado aplicar.


Objective: To identify the occurrence and the risk factors that determine the development of the nursing diagnosis 'risk for perioperative hypothermia'. Method: Integrative review, using the acronym PIO (patients, intervention, outcomes), in which P=adult and older adults; I=elective surgeries; O=risk factors associated with perioperative hypothermia. The review was conducted and reported based on the Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA), following the seven steps proposed by the PRISMA method. Results: The search generated 854 articles, excluding duplicates and non-relevant titles. After applying the exclusion criteria, 13 articles were submitted to the final analysis. Low body mass index, advanced age and prolonged surgical time were the factors most related to the development of hypothermia in surgical patients. The management of hypothermia helps to reduce the risk of adverse cardiac events, infectious complications, and bleeding, besides bringing greater comfort to patients. Conclusion: Nurses need to act before the hypothermic condition sets in, recognizing the risk factors inherent to each patient and identifying which care technologies to apply.


Objetivo: Identificar la ocurrencia y los factores de riesgo que determinan el desarrollo del Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria. Método: Revisión integrativa, utilizando el acrónimo PIO (Pacientes, Intervención, Outcomes/Resultado), donde P=pacientes adultos y ancianos; I=cirugías electivas; O=factores de riesgo asociados a hipotermia perioperatoria. La revisión se llevó a cabo y se informó utilizando los elementos de informe preferidos de la lista de verificación para revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis (Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ­ PRISMA), siguiendo los siete pasos propuestos por el método PRISMA. Resultados: La búsqueda generó 854 artículos, eliminando los duplicados y los no relevantes. Tras aplicar los criterios de exclusión, se sometieron 13 artículos al análisis final. El bajo índice de masa corporal, la edad avanzada y el tiempo quirúrgico prolongado fueron los factores más relacionados con el desarrollo de hipotermia en los pacientes quirúrgicos. El manejo de la hipotermia ayuda a reducir los riesgos de eventos cardíacos adversos, complicaciones infecciosas, hemorragias y brinda mayor comodidad al paciente. Conclusión: La enfermera debe actuar antes de que se presente la condición hipotérmica, reconociendo los factores de riesgo inherentes al paciente e identificando qué tecnologías de atención aplicar.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Perioperative Nursing , Hypothermia , Diagnosis , Infections , Intraoperative Care
7.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(3): e631, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138884

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El aumento de la expectativa de vida determina un incremento en la incidencia de enfermedades con indicación quirúrgica. El avance en las técnicas quirúrgicas, los cuidados intensivos y el conocimiento más profundo del proceso de envejecimiento tiende a favorecer la disminución de la morbimortalidad perioperatoria del paciente geriátrico. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes geriátricos durante la cirugía abdominal mayor electiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal a 373 pacientes geriátricos programados para intervención quirúrgica abdominal mayor desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019 en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Dr. Miguel Enríquez. Se registró la incidencia de complicaciones perioperatorias relacionándolas con las variables de estudio. Resultados: Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las cardiovasculares. La mortalidad fue escasa. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones perioperatorias detectadas en los pacientes geriátricos estudiados, se relacionan con las enfermedades previas, el tipo y la envergadura de la cirugía y con el tiempo quirúrgico(AU)


Introduction: The increase in life expectancy determines an increase in the incidence of diseases with surgical indication. Advances in surgical techniques, intensive care and deeper understanding of the aging process tend to favor the reduction of perioperative morbidity and mortality among geriatric patients. Objective: To determine the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications among geriatric patients during elective major abdominal surgery. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out with 373 geriatric patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery from January 2017 to December 2019 at Dr. Miguel Enríquez Clinical-Surgical Hospital. The incidence of perioperative complications was recorded, relating them to the study variables. Results: The most frequent complications were the cardiovascular ones. Mortality was low. Conclusions: The perioperative complications identified among the geriatric patients studied are related with previous diseases, with the type and extent of surgery, and with the surgical time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Perioperative Care/methods , Abdomen/surgery , Intraoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
8.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 36(1): 14-18, jul.2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1119375

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de determinar la eficacia del ácido tranexámico (AT) en la disminución del sangrado intraoperatorio en pacientes sometidas a cesárea segmentaria que ingresaron al Servicio de Emergencias Obstétricas del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda, se realizó un estudio tipo ensayo clínico controlado, simple ciego, con una muestra de 30 pacientes distribuidas aleatoriamente en dos grupos: grupo A recibió AT 30 minutos previos a la intervención quirúrgica y el grupo B recibió cristaloides. En el grupo B se observó una discreta disminución en el valor promedio de la hemoglobina post-cesárea comparado con el valor basal. Los efectos adversos del AT fueron nauseas 53,3%, taquicardia (33,3%) y edema facial (6,6%). Ninguna paciente requirió la administración de hemoderivados durante el transoperatorio. El valor promedio de pérdidas sanguíneas observadas en los grupos con y sin AT fue de 390 ± 160,5 cc y 773,3 ± 174,9 cc, respectivamente (p = 0,000). Se concluye que la administración de AT disminuye las pérdidas sanguíneas observadas en pacientes sometidas a cesárea segmentaria(AU)


In order to determine the effectiveness of tranexamic acid (TA) in the reduction of intraoperative bleeding in patients undergoing cesarean section (C-section) admitted to the Obstetric Emergency Service of the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio Maria Pineda we performed a controlled, single blind, clinical trial with 30 patients who were randomly assigned in two groups: group A received TA and group B received crystalloids, 30 minutes before surgery. Lower mean hemoglobin post-surgery values compared to baseline were observed in the group that did not receive TA. Adverse effects of TA were nausea (53.3%), tachycardia (33.3%) and facial edema (6.6%). No patient required the administration of blood products during the transoperative period. Average observed blood losses in the AT and control groups were 390 ± 160.5 cc to 773.3 ±174.9 cc, respectively (p = 0.000). We conclude that tranexamic acid decreases observed blood losses in patients undergoing C-section(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Labor, Obstetric , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Intraoperative Care , Uterine Hemorrhage , Cesarean Section , Obstetrics
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 194-201, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137179

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: Kidney transplantation is the gold-standard treatment for end stage renal disease. Although different hemodynamic variables, like central venous pressure and mean arterial pressure, have been used to guide volume replacement during surgery, the best strategy still ought to be determined. Respiratory arterial Pulse Pressure Variation (PPV) is recognized to be a good predictor of fluid responsiveness for perioperative hemodynamic optimization in operating room settings. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a PPV guided fluid management strategy is better than a liberal fluid strategy during kidney transplantation surgeries. Identification of differences in urine output in the first postoperative hour was the main objective of this study. Methods: We conducted a prospective, single blind, randomized controlled trial. We enrolled 40 patients who underwent kidney transplantation from deceased donors. Patients randomized in the "PPV" group received fluids whenever PPV was higher than 12%, patients in the "free fluid" group received fluids following our institutional standard care protocol for kidney transplantations (10 mL.kg-1. h-1). Results: Urinary output was similar at every time-point between the two groups, urea was statistically different from the third postoperative day with a peak at the fourth postoperative day and creatinine showed a similar trend, being statistically different from the second postoperative day. Urea, creatinine and urine output were not different at the hospital discharge. Conclusion: PPV guided fluid therapy during kidney transplantation significantly improves urea and creatinine levels in the first week after kidney transplantation surgery.


Resumo Objetivo: Transplante renal é o tratamento padrão-ouro na doença renal em estágio terminal. Embora diferentes variáveis hemodinâmicas, tais como pressão venosa central e pressão arterial média, têm sido usadas para orientar a estratégia de reposição volêmica durante a cirurgia, a melhor estratégia ainda não foi determinada. A Variação da Pressão de Pulso (VPP) durante o ciclo respiratório é reconhecida como um bom preditor da resposta à infusão de volume para otimização hemodinâmica perioperatória no centro cirúrgico. O objetivo do estudo foi estudar se a estratégia de reposição de volume orientada por VPP é melhor do que a estratégia liberal de reposição de volume durante cirurgia de transplante renal. O principal objetivo do estudo foi identificar diferença no débito urinário na primeira hora do pós-operatório. Método: Realizamos estudo prospectivo, unicego, randomizado, controlado. Incluímos 40 pacientes submetidos a transplante renal de doador cadáver. Pacientes randomizados para o Grupo VPP receberam volume quando a VPP estava acima de 12%, e os pacientes no Grupo Reposição Liberal receberam volume de acordo com o nosso protocolo institucional padrão de assistência para transplante renal (10 mL.kg-1.h-1). Resultados: O débito urinário foi semelhante em todos os tempos nos dois grupos, a ureia foi estatisticamente diferente a partir do terceiro dia do pós-operatório com pico no quarto dia do pós-operatório e a creatinina apresentou tendência semelhante, tornando-se estatisticamente diferente a partir do segundo dia do pós-operatório. Ureia, creatinina e débito urinário não estavam diferentes na alta hospitalar. Conclusões: A terapia orientada por VPP durante transplante renal melhorou de forma significativa os níveis de ureia e creatinina na primeira semana pós-transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Pressure , Kidney Transplantation , Fluid Therapy/methods , Intraoperative Care/methods , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Single-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Middle Aged
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 62-67, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090549

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Posttonsillectomy pain results in significant morbidity to the patients. There is a disagreement in the literature regarding the use of local anesthetics during tonsillectomy. The aim of this placebo-controlled, double-blind study is to evaluate the effect of peritonsillar administration of local anesthetics. Objective To evaluate the role of intraoperative use of analgesics in tonsillar fossa and postoperative evaluation with visual analogue scale (VAS) scores in achieving pain relief after tonsillectomy procedure Methods In this study, 180 patients were randomized to 1 of the 6 groups: bupivacaine infiltration, lidocaine infiltration, normal saline infiltration, bupivacaine packing, lidocaine packing, and normal saline packing. Pain caused by speaking, swallowing, and on rest was assessed using VAS at 4, 8, 12, 16 hours, and at discharge. Results Significant analgesia was obtained in patients who received bupivacaine infiltration and packing compared with placebo (p < 0.05). The majority of the study subjects had no postoperative complications, and patients receiving bupivacaine infiltration required less additional analgesics in the first 24 hours after surgery. Conclusion We advocate the use of bupivacaine infiltration or packing immediately following the procedure to achieve adequate postoperative analgesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Tonsillectomy , Analgesia , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Intraoperative Care , Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pakistan , Placebos/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications , Pain Measurement/methods , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Bupivacaine/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Injections, Intravenous , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
11.
Clinics ; 75: e1639, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol recommends prevention of intraoperative hypothermia. However, the beneficial effect of maintaining normothermia after radical cystectomy has not been evaluated. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of fluid warming nursing in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 108 patients with bladder cancer scheduled to undergo DaVinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy were recruited and randomly divided into the control group (n=55), which received a warming blanket (43°C) during the intraoperative period and the warming group (n=53), in which all intraoperative fluids were administered via a fluid warmer (41°C). The surgical data, body temperature, coagulation function indexes, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the warming group had significantly less intraoperative transfusion (p=0.028) and shorter hospitalization days (p<0.05). During the entire intraoperative period (from 1 to 6h), body temperature was significantly higher in the warming group than in the control group. There were significant differences in preoperative fibrinogen level, white blood cell count, total bilirubin level, intraoperative lactose level, postoperative thrombin time (TT), and platelet count between the control and warming groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrated that TT was the only significant factor, suggesting that the warming group had a lower TT than the control group. CONCLUSION: Fluid warming nursing can effectively reduce transfusion requirement and hospitalization days, maintain intraoperative normothermia, and promote postoperative coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing Da Vinci robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Body Temperature/physiology , Cystectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Intraoperative Care/methods , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Shivering/physiology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Intraoperative Period
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(11): 673-678, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057880

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate whether the use of intraoperative ultrasound leads to more conservative surgeries for benign ovarian tumors. Methods Women who underwent surgery between 2007 and 2017 for benign ovarian tumors were retrospectively analyzed. The women were classified into two groups: those who underwent intraoperative ultrasound (group A) and those who did not (group B). In group A, minimally-invasive surgery was performed for most patients (a specific laparoscopic ultrasound probe was used), and four patients were submitted to laparotomy (a linear ultrasound probe was used). The primary endpoint was ovarian sparing surgery (oophoroplasty). Results Among the 82 cases identified, only 36 met the inclusion criteria for the present study. Out of these cases, 25 underwent intraoperative ultrasound, and 11 did not. There were no significant differences in arterial hypertension, diabetes, smoking history, and body mass index for the two groups (p=0.450). Tumor diameter was also similar for both groups, ranging from 1 cm to 11 cm in group A and from 1.3 cm to 10 cm in group B (p=0.594). Tumor histology confirmed mature teratomas for all of the cases in group B and for 68.0% of the cases in group A. When the intraoperative ultrasound was performed, a more conservative surgery was performed (p<0.001). Conclusion The use of intraoperative ultrasound resulted in more conservative surgeries for the resection of benign ovarian tumors at our center.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar se o uso do ultrassom intraoperatório leva a cirurgias mais conservadoras para tumores ovarianos benignos. Métodos Mulheres que foram submetidas a cirurgia entre 2007 e 2017 por tumores ovarianos benignos foram analisadas retrospectivamente. As mulheres foram classificadas em dois grupos: aquelas que foram submetidas ao ultrassom intraoperatório (grupo A), e aquelas que não o foram (grupo B). No grupo A, foi realizada cirurgia minimamente invasiva na maioria das pacientes (foi usada sonda ultrassonográfica laparoscópica específica), e quatro pacientes foram submetidas a laparotomia (foi usada sonda ultrassonográfica linear). O desfecho primário foi a cirurgia preservadora do ovário (ooforoplastia). Resultados Entre os 82 casos identificados, somente 36 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão para este estudo. Destes, 25 pacientes foram submetidas ao ultrassom intraoperatório, e 11 não o foram. Não houve diferenças significantes em relação à pressão arterial, diabetes, tabagismo e índice de massa corporal entre os dois grupos (p=0.450). O diâmetro do tumor também foi similar entre os dois grupos, variando de 1cm a 11cm no grupo A, e de 1,3cma 10cm no grupo B (p=0.594). A histologia dos tumores confirmou teratoma maduro para todos os casos do grupo B, e para 68,0% dos casos do grupo A. Mais cirurgias conservadoras foram realizadas quando o ultrassom intraoperatório foi realizado (p<0.001). Conclusão O uso do ultrassom intraoperatório resultou em mais cirurgias conservadoras na ressecção de tumores benignos do ovário em nossa instituição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Intraoperative Care/methods , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Laparoscopy , Organ Sparing Treatments , Conservative Treatment
13.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 680-686, May.-Jun. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013561

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to develop a software that allows the nurse of the surgical center to plan intraoperative nursing care through electronic access to the work routines of his/her team. Method: the methodological course was carried out according to systems development theory, which guides five basic activities: communication, planning, modeling, developing and delivery of the product. Results: the activities and functions of the software were arranged in five modules, containing information regarding the inputs and the step-by-step involving the assembly, circulation and disassembly of the operating room to perform the various anesthetic and surgical procedures. Final considerations: The developed software will allow the surgical center's nursing team to access its intraoperative routines in a fast and systematic way, since this allowed to concentrate all the routines of assembly, circulation and disassembly of operating room in a safe space and accessible


RESUMEN Objetivo: desarrollar un software que posibilite al enfermero del centro quirúrgico planear la atención de enfermería intraoperatoria mediante el acceso electrónico a las rutinas de trabajo de su equipo. Método: el recorrido metodológico se realizó según la teoría del desarrollo de sistemas, que orienta cinco actividades básicas: comunicación, planeación, modelado, construcción y despliegue del producto. Resultados: las actividades y funciones del software se dispusieron en cinco módulos con informaciones referentes a los insumos y al paso a paso del equipamiento, la circulación y el desmantelamiento del quirófano para la realización de los diversos procedimientos anestésicos y quirúrgicos. Consideraciones finales: se espera que este software, por su capacidad de concentrar todas las rutinas de equipamiento, circulación y desmantelamiento del quirófano en un espacio seguro y accesible, facilite el acceso al equipo de enfermería del centro quirúrgico a sus rutinas intraoperatorias de manera rápida y sistemática.


RESUMO Objetivo: desenvolver um software que possibilite, ao enfermeiro do centro cirúrgico, planejar a assistência de enfermagem intraoperatória por meio do acesso eletrônico às rotinas de trabalho de sua equipe. Método: o percurso metodológico foi realizado de acordo com a teoria de desenvolvimento de sistemas, que orienta cinco atividades básicas: comunicação, planejamento, modelagem, construção e entrega do produto. Resultados: as atividades e funções do software foram dispostas em cinco módulos, contendo informações referentes aos insumos e o passo-a-passo envolvendo a montagem, circulação e desmontagem da sala operatória para realização dos diversos procedimentos anestésicos e cirúrgicos. Considerações finais: acredita-se que o software desenvolvido permitirá que a equipe de enfermagem do centro cirúrgico possa acessar suas rotinas intraoperatórias de forma rápida e sistemática, uma vez que este permitiu concentrar todas as rotinas de montagem, circulação e desmontagem de sala operatória em um espaço seguro e acessível.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Team/trends , Software Design , Intraoperative Care/standards , Systems Theory , User-Computer Interface , Communication , Continuity of Patient Care/standards , Intraoperative Care/trends
14.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 139-141, Junio 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015939

ABSTRACT

El control ecocardiográfico al momento de la reparación de las cardiopatías congénitas es una estrategia cardiológica para mejorar los resultados quirúrgicos de nuestros pacientes. En este artículo les contamos cómo es el método, qué información nos brinda y cómo influye en la toma de decisiones en el quirófano y en el manejo posoperatorio (AU)


Echocardiographic monitoring at the time of congenital heart defects repair is a strategy to improve the surgical outcomes of our patients. In this article we discuss the method, what information it provides, and how it influences decision-making in the operating room and postoperative management (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/adverse effects , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Extracorporeal Circulation , Intraoperative Care
15.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 19(33): 49-54, jun.2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1008169

ABSTRACT

La reconstrucción mamaria es parte fundamental del tratamiento de la mujer mastectomizada por cáncer de mama. Tras comprobarse que la reconstrucción no influye negativamente sobre la enfermedad neoplásica, sino que es trascendental para la rehabilitación física y psicológica de la paciente, su desarrollo se ha visto favorecido. Este trabajo monográfco muestra el trababjo en equipo dentro del quirófano y el rol del isntrumentador(AU)


Mammary reconstruction is a fundamental part of the treatment of women mastectomized for breast cancer. After confrming that the reconstruction does not negatively influence the neoplastic disease, but is transcendental for the physical and psychological rehabilitation of the patient, its development has been favored. Tis monographic work shows teamwork within the operating room and the role of the isntrumentor(AU)


A reconstrução mamária é parte fundamental do tratamento de mulheres mastectomizadas para câncer de mama. Após confrmar que a reconstrução não influencia negativamente a doença neoplásica, mas é transcendental para a reabilitação física e psicológica do paciente, seu desenvolvimento tem sido favorecido. Este trabalho monográfco mostra o trabalho em equipe dentro da sala de cirurgia e o papel do instrumental(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/instrumentation , Mastectomy/methods , Postoperative Care , Preoperative Care , Intraoperative Care
16.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 200-203, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003410

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: A prompt and effective management of trauma patient is necessary. The aim of this case report is to highlight the importance of intraoperative echocardiography as a useful tool in patients suffering from refractory hemodynamic instability no otherwise explained. Case report: A 41 year-old woman suffered a car accident. At the emergency department, no abnormalities were found in ECG or chest X-ray. Abdominal ultrasound revealed the presence of abdominal free liquid and the patient was submitted to urgent exploratory laparotomy. Nevertheless, she persisted suffering arterial hypotension and metabolic acidosis. Looking for the reason of her hemodynamic instability, intraoperative transthoracic echocardiography was performed, finding out the presence of pericardial effusion. Once the cardiac surgeon extracted pericardial clots, patient's situation improved clinically and analytically. Conclusion: Every anesthesiologist should be able to use the intraoperative echocardiography as an effective tool in order to establish the appropriate measures to promote the survival of patients suffering severe trauma.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O atendimento rápido e eficaz do paciente de trauma é necessário. O objetivo deste relato de caso foi destacar a importância do ecocardiograma intraoperatório como uma ferramenta útil em pacientes que sofrem de instabilidade hemodinâmica refratária sem explicação aparente. Relato de caso: Uma mulher de 41 anos sofreu um acidente de automóvel. No departamento de emergência, nenhuma anormalidade foi encontrada no ECG ou na radiografia de tórax. Uma ultrassonografia abdominal revelou a presença de líquido livre no abdome, e a paciente foi submetida à laparotomia exploradora de urgência. No entanto, a paciente continuou apresentando hipotensão arterial e acidose metabólica. Na busca pelo motivo de sua instabilidade hemodinâmica, um ecocardiograma transtorácico foi realizado no período intraoperatório e constatou a presenc¸a de derrame pericárdico. Após a remoção dos coágulos pericárdicos pelo cirurgião cardíaco, a condição da paciente melhorou clínica e analiticamente. Conclusão: Todo anestesiologista deve saber utilizar o ecocardiograma intraoperatório como ferramenta eficaz para estabelecer as medidas adequadas para promover a sobrevida de pacientes com traumatismos graves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Hemodynamics , Acidosis/etiology , Accidents, Traffic , Hypotension/etiology , Intraoperative Care/methods
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 197-199, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003409

ABSTRACT

Abstract According to the most recent guidelines, the use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in valvular surgeries is well established, as well as its use in the diagnosis, management, and rescue of perioperative complications. The aim of this case report is to illustrate a condition in which its intraoperative use had a positive influence on the outcome.


Resumo O uso da ecocardiografia transesofágica no intraoperatório em cirurgias valvulares é bem estabelecido de acordo com os guidelines mais recentes, assim como o seu uso no diagnóstico, manuseio e resgate de complicações perioperatórias. O objetivo deste relato de caso é ilustrar uma situação em que o seu uso no intraoperatório influenciou de maneira positiva o seu desfecho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Intraoperative Care/methods , Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Dissecting/etiology , Mitral Valve/surgery
18.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 98-102, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003572

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos: Quantificar a dor dos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de facoemulsificação sob anestesia tópica e anestesia tópica mais dipirona e avaliar se há correlação da dor com o tempo operatório, a graduação da catarta e a Energia Ultrassônica Dissipada Acumulada. Métodos: Cento e quatro olhos de 52 pacientes foram submetidos a cirurgia de catarata por facoemulsificação. Um olho foi submetido a anestesia tópica associado à sedação. O outro olho foi submetido a anestesia anterior acrescida de 1g de dipirona venosa. 15 minutos e 24 horas após a cirurgia, uma Escala Visual de Dor era respondida. Registraram-se a graduação da catarata, tempo cirúrgico, energia ultrassônica. Resultados: Dor no grupo sem dipirona 15 minutos e 24 horas apresentou decréscimo com correlação estatística significativa (p=0,004). Não houve significância estatística na redução da dor no grupo submetido à infusão de dipirona. Pacientes com cataratas de maior graduação apresentaram dor maior no pós-operatório (p=0,046). Conclusão: Ausência de redução significativa da dor com a dipirona apresentou resultados semelhantes a outros estudos. Redução da dor 24 horas após a cirurgia no grupo sem o analgésico pode ser devido à subjetividade da dor. Pacientes com cataratas de grau mais avançados apresentam dor mais intensa.


Abstract Objectives: Evaluate the effect of intraoperative endovenous administration of dipyrone on postoperative pain in patients submitted to phacoemulsification by correlating pain scores with duration of surgery and the amount of cumulative dissipated energy (CDE) delivered to the eye. Methods: The sample consisted of 104 eyes from 52 patients submitted to phacoemulsification under topic anesthesia and sedation. In each patient, one eye was treated intraoperatively with 1g dipyrone. Information was collected on cataract grade/type, duration of surgery and CDE. Postoperative pain was scored on a visual analog scale at 15 min and 24 hours. Results: Between 15 min and 24 hours, pain decreased significantly (p=0.004) among patients not treated with dipyrone, but no change was observed in patients receiving dipyrone. Caratact severity was positively associated with postoperative pain (p=0.046). Conclusion: The absence of a measurable effect of dipyrone on pain scores matched the literature. The decrease in pain scores at 24 hours among patients not treated with dipyrone may be explained by the influence of subjective psychological factors on pain perception. Higher grades of cataract were associated with greater postoperative pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain Measurement , Dipyrone/administration & dosage , Phacoemulsification/methods , Anesthesia and Analgesia/methods , Postoperative Care , Administration, Topical , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Pain Management/methods , Administration, Intravenous , Intraoperative Care , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(1): 82-86, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objective: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, which may occur during the perioperative period and lead to hemodynamic instability due to loss of atrial systolic function. During atrial fibrillation management, electrical cardioversion is one of the therapeutic options in the presence of hemodynamic instability; however, it exposes the patient to thromboembolic event risks. Transesophageal echocardiography is a diagnostic tool for thrombi in the left atrium and left atrial appendage with high sensitivity and specificity, allowing early and safe cardioversion. The present case describes the use of transesophageal echocardiography to exclude the presence of thrombi in the left atrium and left atrial appendage in a patient undergoing non-cardiac surgery with atrial fibrillation of unknown duration and hemodynamic instability. Case report: Male patient, 74 years old, hypertensive, with scheduled abdominal surgery, who upon cardiac monitoring in the operating room showed atrial fibrillation undiagnosed in preoperative electrocardiogram, but hemodynamic stable. During surgery, the patient showed hemodynamic instability requiring norepinephrine at increasing doses, with no response to heart rate control. After the end of the surgery, transesophageal echocardiography was performed with a thorough evaluation of the left atrium and left atrial appendage and pulsed Doppler analysis of the left atrial appendage with mean velocity of 45 cm.s-1. Thrombus in the left atrium and left atrial appendage and other cardiac causes for hemodynamic instability were excluded. Therefore, electrical cardioversion was performed safely. After returning to sinus rhythm, the patient showed improvement in blood pressure levels, with noradrenaline discontinuation, extubation in the operating room, and admission to the intensive care unit. Conclusion: In addition to a tool for non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring, perioperative transesophageal echocardiography may be valuable in clinical decision making. In this report, transesophageal echocardiography allowed the performance of early and safely cardioversion, with reversal of hemodynamic instability, and without thromboembolic sequelae.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A fibrilação atrial é a arritmia cardíaca mais comum, pode ocorrer durante todo período perioperatório e gerar instabilidade hemodinâmica devido à perda da função sistólica atrial. No manejo da fibrilação atrial, a cardioversão elétrica é uma das opções terapêuticas quando há instabilidade hemodinâmica, entretanto expõe o paciente a risco de eventos tromboembólicos. A ecocardiografia transesofágica é uma ferramenta que diagnostica trombos no átrio esquerdo e apêndice atrial esquerdo com alta sensibilidade e especificidade e permite a cardioversão precoce e segura. O presente caso descreve o uso da ecocardiografia transesofágica para excluir a presença de trombos no átrio esquerdo e apêndice atrial esquerdo em um paciente submetido à cirurgia não cardíaca com fibrilação atrial de duração desconhecida e instabilidade hemodinâmica. Relato de caso: Paciente, masculino, 74 anos, hipertenso, com cirurgia abdominal programada, que à monitoração cardíaca em sala operatória apresentava ritmo de fibrilação atrial não documentada em eletrocardiograma pré-operatório, porém estável hemodinamicamente. Durante a cirurgia, apresentou instabilidade hemodinâmica com necessidade de noradrenalina em doses crescentes, sem resposta ao controle de frequência cardíaca. Após o término da cirurgia, a ecocardiografia transesofágica foi feita com uma avaliação minuciosa do átrio esquerdo e apêndice atrial esquerdo e análise Doppler pulsado do apêndice atrial esquerdo com velocidade média de 45 cm.s-1. Foram excluídos trombo em átrio esquerdo e apêndice atrial esquerdo e outras causas cardíacas para instabilidade hemodinâmica. Dessa forma, foi feita cardioversão elétrica com segurança. Após retorno ao ritmo sinusal, o paciente apresentou melhoria dos níveis pressóricos com retirada da noradrenalina, extubação em sala operatória e transferência para unidade de terapia intensiva. Conclusão: Além de ferramenta para monitoração hemodinâmica pouco invasiva, a ecocardiografia transesofágica no perioperatório pode ser valiosa na tomada de decisões clínicas. Nesse relato, a ecocardiografia transesofágica permitiu que a cardioversão fosse feita precocemente e com segurança, revertendo o quadro de instabilidade hemodinâmica sem sequelas tromboembólicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Clinical Decision-Making , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hemodynamics , Intraoperative Complications/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Thrombosis/etiology , Electric Countershock , Intraoperative Care/methods , Intraoperative Complications/therapy
20.
Rev. salud bosque ; 9(1): 5-6, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1102846

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo de la profesión de la instrumentación quirúrgica en el país ha estado vinculado con la organización de la prestación de servicios de salud y en particular con la práctica médica quirúrgica. Así mismo, se ha sincronizado con los avances en protección específica, nuevas vacunas, y con las innovaciones en bioseguridad y vigilancia epidemiológica en el entorno hospitalario. Estas nuevas realidades plantean diversas exigencias para la formación del Instrumentador Quirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Allied Health Personnel , Schools, Medical , Colombia , Intraoperative Care
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