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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 353-359, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358932

ABSTRACT

Se analiza una de las complicaciones de la lipoaspiración abdominal: la perforación intestinal intra-operatoria por la cánula (instrumental). Se describe la relación entre la cánula, la pared abdominal y el intestino delgado: los tres componentes de esta complicación. Se detallaron las características de las cánulas generalmente empleadas y la técnica quirúrgica de la lipoaspiración abdominal, así como el cuadro clínico ocasionado y cómo tratarlo


One of the complications of abdominal liposuction is analyzed: intra-operative intestinal perforation by the cannula (instrumental). The relationship between the cannula, the abdominal wall and the small intestine is described: the three components of this complication. The characteristics of the cannulas generally used and the surgical technique of abdominal liposuction were detailed, as well as the clinical picture caused and how to treat it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipectomy/methods , Medical Errors , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Cannula/adverse effects , Intestinal Perforation/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control
2.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 229-231, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339755

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to conduct a survey of the different complications of partial, total or extended sacrectomy for the treatment of spinal tumors. Method This study is a descriptive analysis of medical records from a series of 18 patients who underwent sacrectomy between 2010 and 2019 at a tertiary center specializing in spinal tumor surgeries. The variables analyzed were sex, age, hospitalization time, oncologic diagnosis, posterior fixation pattern, rate of complications, and Frankel, ASA and ECOG scales. Results Of the 18 patients, 10 (55.5%) were male and 8 (44.5%) were female, and the mean age was 48 years. The mean hospitalization time was 23 days. Of the 18 patients, 8 (44.5%) contracted postoperative infections requiring surgery. Perioperative complications included liquoric fistula (22.25%), hemodynamic instability requiring vasoactive drugs in the immediate postoperative period (22.25%), wound dehiscence (11.1%), acute obstructive abdomen (11.1%), occlusion of the left external iliac artery (11.1%), immediate postoperative death due to acute myocardial infarction (11.1%), and intraoperative death due to hemodynamic instability (11.1%). Conclusions Partial, total or extended sacrectomy is a complex procedure with high morbidity and mortality, even in centers specializing in the treatment of spinal tumors. Level of evidence IV; case series study.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é fazer um levantamento das diferentes complicações da sacrectomia parcial, total ou estendida para tratamento de tumores da coluna vertebral. Métodos O estudo é uma análise descritiva de prontuários de uma série de 18 pacientes submetidos à sacrectomia entre 2010 e 2019 em um centro terciário especializado em cirurgias de neoplasia na coluna. As variáveis analisadas foram sexo, idade, tempo de internação, diagnóstico oncológico, padrão de fixação posterior, taxa de complicações e escalas de Frankel, ASA e ECOG. Resultados Dos 18 pacientes, 10 (55,5%) eram homens e 8 (44,5%) mulheres com média de idade de 48 anos. O tempo médio de internação foi de 23 dias. Dos 18 pacientes, 8 (44,5%) contraíram infecções pós-operatórias com necessidade de cirurgia. As complicações perioperatórias incluíram fistula liquórica (22,25%), instabilidade hemodinâmica com necessidade de medicação vasoativa no pós-operatório imediato (22,25%), deiscência da ferida operatória (11,1%), abdome obstrutivo agudo (11,1%), oclusão da artéria ilíaca externa esquerda (11,1%), óbito pós-operatório imediato por infarto agudo do miocárdio (11,1%) e óbito intraoperatório por instabilidade hemodinâmica (11,1%). Conclusões A sacrectomia parcial, total ou estendida é um procedimento complexo com alta taxa de mortalidade e morbidade, mesmo em centros especializados no tratamento de tumores na coluna. Nível de evidência IV; Série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar las diferentes complicaciones de la sacrectomía parcial, total o extendida para el tratamiento de tumores vertebrales. Métodos El estudio es un análisis descriptivo de las historias clínicas de 18 pacientes sometidos a sacrectomía entre 2010 y 2019 en un centro terciario especializado en cirugías de neoplasia de columna. Las variables analizadas fueron sexo, edad, estancia hospitalaria, diagnóstico de cáncer, patrón de fijación posterior, tasa de complicaciones, escalas de Frankel, ASA y ECOG. Resultados De los 18 pacientes, 10 (55,5%) eran hombres y 8 (44,5%) mujeres con una edad promedio de 48 años. La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 23 días. De los 18 pacientes, 8 (44,5%) contrajeron infecciones posoperatorias que requirieron cirugía. Las complicaciones perioperatorias incluyeron fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo (22,25%), inestabilidad hemodinámica que requirió medicación vasoactiva en el posoperatorio inmediato (22,25%), dehiscencia de la herida quirúrgica (11,1%), abdomen obstructivo agudo (11,1%), oclusión de la arteria ilíaca externa izquierda (11,1%), muerte posoperatoria inmediata por infarto agudo de miocardio (11,1%) y muerte intraoperatoria por inestabilidad hemodinámica (11,1%). Conclusiones La sacrectomía parcial, total o extendida es un procedimiento complejo con una alta tasa de mortalidad y morbilidad, incluso en centros especializados en el tratamiento de tumores de la columna. Nivel de evidencia IV; Series de casos


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Sacrum , Spinal Neoplasms , Intraoperative Complications
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e200, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251497

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Patient reported outcomes establish the patient's own perception about his/her health and enable the development of policies designed to improve health/disease processes. These are particularly helpful in the case of diseases with a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Objective To compare the quality of life scores assessed using the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire in patients undergoing cephalic duodenopancreatectomy (Whipple procedure) and laparoscopic cholecystectomies in the same hospital. Methodology Retrospective cohort trial between July 2018 and February 2020. Patients programmed for cephalic duodenopancreatectomy were included, regardless of the type of pathology, and over 18 years old. Patients with carcinomatosis or vascular infiltration were excluded. The EQ-5D-5L was administered following Whipple surgery and compared against a control group (laparoscopic cholecystectomy). The demographic characteristics, the diagnosis, hospital stay and 60-day mortality were assessed. Results A total of 68 patients were included. The most frequent diagnosis was pancreatic cancer (30 %) in the Whipple group and lithiasis (100 %) in the control group. In the five dimensions assessed, there were no differences in terms of mobility (OR: 0.41, 95 % CI [0.30-0.57], p = 0.103) and in terms of personal care (OR: 0.42, 95 % CI [0.32-0.58], p = 0.254). There was a difference in daily life activities (OR: 0.38, 95 % CI [0.27-0.54], p = 0.017), pain/malaise (OR: 2.33, 95 % CI [0.99-5.48]), p = 0.013 and anxiety/depression (OR: 0.39, 95 % CI [0.28-0.55], p = 0.019). The overall health perception was 80 points for Whipple (IQR 60-90) vs. 100 points for the control group (IQR 90-100). Conclusions Patients undergoing a Whipple procedure experience a health perception slightly lower than patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This difference may be associated with increased pain, anxiety/depression and a reduction in their activities of daily life. The administration of the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire to measure quality of life is a friendly tool that used be used routinely to plan activities aimed at improving medical care.


Resumen Introducción Los desenlaces informados por el paciente permiten establecer cuál es la percepción que tiene de su salud y crear políticas que mejoren procesos en salud/enfermedad. Son particularmente útiles en enfermedad que afectan la calidad de vida de forma importante. Objetivo Comparar las puntuaciones de calidad de vida evaluadas mediante el cuestionario EQ-5D-5L en pacientes sometidos a duodenopancreatectomía cefálica (procedimiento de Whipple) y colecistectomías laparoscópicas en el mismo centro hospitalario. Metodología Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo entre julio de 2018 y febrero de 2020. Se incluyeron pacientes programados para duodenopancreatectomía cefálica independientemente del tipo de patología y mayor de 18 años de edad; se excluyeron pacientes con carcinomatosis o infiltración vascular. Se aplicó el cuestionario EQ-5D-5L después de cirugía Whipple y se comparó con un grupo control (colecistectomía laparoscópica). Se evaluaron características demográficas, diagnóstico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad a 60 días. Resultados Se incluyeron 68 pacientes. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue cáncer de páncreas (30 %) en el grupo Whipple y litiasis (100 %) en el grupo control. En las 5 dimensiones evaluadas no hubo diferencias en movilidad (OR: 0,41, IC 95 % [0,30-0,57], p = 0,103) y en cuidado personal (OR: 0,42, IC 95 % [0,32-0,58], p = 0,254). Se encontró diferencia en actividades cotidianas (OR: 0,38, IC 95 % [0,270,54], p = 0,017), dolor/malestar (OR: 2,33, IC 95 % [0,99-5,48]), p = 0,013 y angustia/depresión (OR: 0,39, IC 95 % [0,28-0,55], p = 0,019). La percepción general de salud fue 80 puntos para Whipple (RIQ60-90) vs. 100 puntos para el grupo control (RIC 90-100). Conclusiones Los pacientes sometidos a Whipple presentan una percepción de salud ligeramente menor que los pacientes de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta diferencia puede estar relacionada con el aumento en dolor, angustia/depresión y disminución en actividades cotidianas. La aplicación del cuestionario EQ-5D-5L para medición de calidad de vida es una herramienta fácil de aplicar que debería realizarse rutinariamente para planear intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la atención médica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Intraoperative Complications , Morbidity Surveys , Surveys and Questionnaires , Morbidity
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 462-470, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colecistectomía es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más realizados a nivel mundial, por lo que su aprendizaje es cada vez más necesario para los médicos residentes en entrenamiento, pero sin comprometer la seguridad de los pacientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la participación de los médicos residentes en los principales desenlaces clínicos de la colecistectomía. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio prospectivo de cohortes, donde se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a colecistectomía laparoscópica, desde junio de 2019 hasta julio de 2020. Se llevó a cabo el análisis estadístico para describir medidas de frecuencia, tendencia central, dispersión y análisis bivariados para los desenlaces de interés. Resultados. Se incluyeron 482 pacientes a quienes se les practicó colecistectomía, 475 de ellas por vía laparoscópica. El 62,5 % fueron mujeres y el 76,2 % se realizaron de carácter urgente. En el 96 % de los procedimientos se contó con la participación de un residente. En el análisis bivariado no se encontró una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la participación del residente y un impacto negativo en los desenlaces clínicos de las variables relevantes. Discusión. No hay evidencia de que la participación de médicos residentes en la colecistectomía laparoscópica se asocie con desenlaces adversos en los pacientes, lo que sugiere estar en relación con una introducción temprana y responsable a este procedimiento por parte de los docentes, permitiendo que la colecistectomía sea un procedimiento seguro


Introduction. Cholecystectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures worldwide, so its learning is increasingly necessary for resident physicians in training, but without compromising the safety of patients. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the participation of resident physicians on the main clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy. Methods. A prospective cohort study was performed, which included patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecys-tectomy from June 2019 to July 2020. Statistical analysis was carried out to describe measures of frequency, central tendency, dispersion, and bivariate analysis for outcomes of interest. Results. 482 patients who underwent cholecystectomy were included, 475 of them laparoscopically; 62.5% were women and 76.2% were performed urgently, and 96% of the procedures involved the participation of a resident. In the bivariate analysis, no statistically significant difference was found between resident participation and a negative impact on the clinical outcomes of the relevant variables. Discussion. There is no evidence that the participation of resident physicians in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients, which suggests being related to an early and responsible introduction to this procedure by teachers, allowing cholecystectomy to be a safe procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Education, Medical , Cholelithiasis , Health Postgraduate Programs , Intraoperative Complications
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 471-480, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254297

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En el paciente con pancreatitis aguda severa, la presencia de necrosis infectada y falla multiorgánica se asocian con una mortalidad del 20-40 %. La tomografía computarizada con contraste intravenoso y la clasificación del Consenso de Atlanta 2012 son importantes herramientas de diagnóstico para el tratamiento oportuno. En esta investigación, se analizó la relación del índice de severidad tomográfico y los cambios morfológicos locales según dicha clasificación, con la estancia hospitalaria, intervención, infección y mortalidad de los pacientes. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva realizado entre los años 2015 y 2019, donde se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 15 años con pancreatitis aguda severa diagnosticado por tomografía computarizada con contraste, y se evaluó el índice de severidad tomográfico y los cambios morfológicos según la clasificación de Atlanta 2012, en relación con los desenlaces clínicos de los pacientes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 56 pacientes, en el 82,1 % (n=46) de los casos la causa fue litiásica. La falla orgánica fue principalmente pulmonar 53,6 % (n=30) y cardiovascular 55,4 % (n=31). Según la tomografía, se clasificó como severa (7-10 puntos) en el 91,1 % (n=51) de los pacientes. En pacientes con necrosis amurallada infectada la estancia hospitalaria media fue mayor (78,5 días); en todos los pacientes con pancreatitis severa se encontró infección y fueron sometidos a algún tipo de intervención. La mortalidad fue menor del 10 % (n=5).Discusión. El índice de severidad tomográfica para la categorización de severo se correlacionó en un 90 % con pancreatitis aguda severa. Una tomografía de control a la cuarta semana podría identificar complicaciones tardías para un manejo precoz


Introduction. In patients with severe acute pancreatitis, the presence of infected necrosis and multiple organ failure are associated with a mortality of 20-40%. Computed tomography with intravenous contrast and the 2012 Atlanta Consensus classification are important diagnostic tools for timely treatment. In this research, the relationship between the tomographic severity index and the local morphological changes according to that classification, with the hospital stay, intervention, infection and mortality of the patients was analyzed.Methods. Retrospective cohort study carried out between the years 2015 and 2019, which included patients older than 15 years with severe acute pancreatitis diagnosed by contrast computed tomography, the tomographic severity index and morphological changes according to the Atlanta 2012 classification were evaluated, in relationship with the clinical outcomes of the patients. Results. Fifty-six patients were included, in 82.1% (n=46) of the cases the cause was lithiasis. Organ failure was mainly pulmonary 53.6% (n=30) and cardiovascular 55.4% (n=31). According to the tomography, it was classified as severe (7-10) in 91.1% (n=51) of the patients. In patients with infected walled necrosis, the mean hospital stay was longer (78.5 days); infection was found in all patients with severe pancreatitis and they underwent some type of intervention. Mortality was less than 10% (n=5).Discussion. The tomographic severity index for the categorization of severity is 90% correlated with severe acute pancreatitis. A control tomography at the fourth week could identify late complications for early management


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , Severity of Illness Index , Infections , Tomography , Mortality , Intraoperative Complications , Necrosis
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3061-3073, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251926

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la propia asistencia médica provoca, en determinadas situaciones, problemas de salud que pueden llegar a ser importantes para el enfermo. El análisis de la mortalidad es uno de los parámetros utilizados para investigar la seguridad en la realización de procederes de cirugía mayor. Objetivo: determinar los factores asociados a la mortalidad operatoria en cirugías mayores. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo, de los pacientes que fallecieron tras la realización de una cirugía mayor, en el Hospital Militar Docente Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, de Matanzas, en el período comprendido de enero de 2011 a diciembre de 2019. Resultados: la tercera edad aportó 77,3 % de los fallecidos. La hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus y cardiopatía isquémica fueron las principales comorbilidades. El abdomen agudo fue el diagnóstico operatorio más frecuente con 98 (58,3 %). Las complicaciones aportaron el 11,9 % de los fallecidos; los eventos adversos, 29,7 %, y por el curso natural de la enfermedad, murió un 58,3 %. El síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos y el shock séptico resultaron las principales causas de muerte (62 %). Conclusiones: la mortalidad operatoria estuvo asociada a factores de riesgo como edad avanzada, enfermedades crónicas y cirugía de urgencia. Los eventos adversos elevan la incidencia de mortalidad en cirugía mayor. Las infecciones son la principal causa de mortalidad operatoria (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: medical care itself causes, in certain situations, health problems that could be very important for the patient. The mortality analysis is one of the parameters used to study safety performing procedures of major surgery. Objective: to determine the factors associated to operatory mortality in major surgeries. Materials and methods: a retrospective, descriptive and observational study was carried out of the patients who passed away after undergoing a major surgery in the Military Hospital Dr. Mario Munoz Monroy in the period between January 2011 and December 2019. Results: 77.3 % of the deceased were elder people. The main co-morbidities were arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease. The most frequent surgery diagnosis was acute abdomen with 98 patients (58.3 %). Complications yielded 11.9 % of the deceases, adverse events 29.7 % and 58.3 % died due to the natural course of the disease. The organs multiple dysfunction syndrome and septic shock were the main causes of dead (62 %). Conclusions: operatory mortality was associated to risk factors like advanced age, chronic diseases and emergency surgery. The adverse events increase mortality incidence in major surgery. Infections are the main causes of operatory mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative/mortality , Hospital Mortality/trends , Operating Rooms/methods , General Surgery/methods , Surgery Department, Hospital/standards , Surgery Department, Hospital/trends , Inpatients , Intraoperative Complications/surgery
7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 446-456, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254249

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico en nuestro país es una de las neoplasias más comunes y su diagnóstico generalmente se realiza en estadios avanzados. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características sociodemográficas y clínicas, la experiencia quirúrgica, y las complicaciones en los pacientes con cáncer gástrico.Métodos. Se presenta una serie de casos en la que se revisaron las historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de adenocarcinoma gástrico, a quienes se les practicó gastrectomía mínimamente invasiva en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Bogotá D.C., Colombia, entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2018.Resultados. Se realizó gastrectomía por laparoscopia convencional en 31 pacientes (75,6 %) y por laparoscopia asistida por robot en 10 pacientes (24,4 %). Los estadios clínicos fueron IA en 20 pacientes (48,7 %), IB en tres (7,3 %), IIA en nueve (21,9%), IIB en cinco (12,2 %) y IIIA en cuatro pacientes (9,7 %). Se realizaron 24 gastrectomías totales (58,5 %) y 17 distales (41,4 %). No hubo muertes intraoperatorias ni posoperatorias a 30 días. La disección ganglionar predominante fue D2 en el 92,6 % (n=38) de los casos. Se presentaron complicaciones posoperatorias en el 17,1 % (n=7).Discusión. La gastrectomía por cáncer gástrico realizada por vía laparoscópica convencional y la asistida por robot, parecen ser procedimientos seguros y factibles. La determinación de supervivencia libre de enfermedad y mortalidad asociada a cáncer será necesaria para establecer la seguridad oncológica de este tipo de procedimientos en nuestro medio


Introduction. In our country, gastric cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and its diagnosis is generally made in advanced stages. The objective of this study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, surgical experience, and complications in patients with gastric cancer. In our country, gastric cancer is one of the most common neoplasms and its diagnosis is generally made in advanced stages. The objective of this study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, surgical experience, and complications in patients with gastric cancer.Methods. A series of cases is presented in which the medical records of patients with a histological diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma, who underwent minimally invasive gastrectomy at the National Cancer Institute of Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2012 and December 2018. Results. Conventional laparoscopic gastrectomy was performed in 31 patients (75.6%) and by robot-assisted laparoscopy in 10 patients (24.4%). The clinical stages were IA in 20 patients (48.7%), IB in three (7.3%), IIA in nine (21.9%), IIB in five (12.2%), and IIIA in four patients (9.7%). Twenty-four total gastrectomies (58.5%) and 17 distal gastrectomies (41.4%) were performed. There were no intraoperative or postoperative deaths at 30 days. The predominant lymph node dissection was D2 in 92.6% (n = 38) of the cases. Postoperative complications occurred in 17.1% (n=7). Discussion. Gastrectomy due to gastric cancer, performed by conventional laparoscopic and robot-assisted approaches, appear to be safe and feasible procedures. The determination of disease-free survival and cancer-associated mortality will be necessary to establish the oncological safety of this type of procedure in our environment


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Robotics , Mortality , Intraoperative Complications
8.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e300, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hip fracture is one of the major public healthcare problems in elderly patients around the world, mainly because of the risk of falls and osteoporosis which are typical during this stage of life, and may be the cause for up to 36% of deaths among those affected. Its management in principle is surgical and the best results are achieved with patients undergoing surgery during the first 24 to 72 hours after the fracture. Any delays in surgery are mostly associated with decompensated personal pathological factors, delays in perioperative assessment, or in presurgical complementary tests; sometimes, the delays are the result of administrative formalities of the healthcare providers. These determining factors may affect both morbidity and mortality, and contribute to functional decline, disability, and reduced quality of life of these patients. A third party intervention is then necessary to improve the preventable factors that delay the osteosynthesis in these types of fractures, in addition to ensuring education, infrastructure, inputs, skilled human resources, and prompt referral of patients from the first level of care. Investigating this scenario and assessing the quality of life impact on these patients should be a priority.


Resumen La fractura de cadera representa uno de los problemas de salud pública más grandes en los pacientes ancianos en todo el mundo, principalmente, por el riesgo de caídas y la osteoporosis típicos en esta etapa de la vida, que puede causar la muerte de hasta el 36 % de los afectados; su manejo es en principio quirúrgico y los mejores resultados se presentan cuando se interviene en las primeras 24 a 72 horas después de la fractura. El retraso en la corrección quirúrgica está asociado principalmente a factores patológicos personales no compensados, demora en la valoración perioperatoria o en los estudios complementarios prequirúrgicos, o por trámites administrativos de las empresas prestadoras de servicios de salud. Estos determinantes pueden afectar la morbimortalidad y contribuir a un deterioro funcional, incapacidad y pérdida de la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. Se hace necesaria una intervención por parte de terceros para mejorar los factores prevenibles que retrasan la osteosíntesis de este tipo de fracturas; además, asegurar educación, infraestructura, insumos, talento humano capacitado y remisión rápida de pacientes desde el primer nivel de atención. Investigar en este escenario y evaluar los efectos en la calidad de vida de estos pacientes debería ser una prioridad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Time-to-Treatment , Hip Fractures , Quality of Life , Mortality , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Intraoperative Complications
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 324-333, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223998

ABSTRACT

La colecistectomía laparoscópica es uno de los procedimientos más realizados a nivel mundial. La técnica laparoscópica se considera el estándar de oro para la resolución de la patología de la vesícula biliar secundaria a litiasis, y aunque es un procedimiento seguro, no se encuentra exenta de complicaciones. La complicación más grave es la lesión de la vía biliar, que, aunque es poco frecuente, con una incidencia de 0,2 a 0,4%, conduce a una disminución en la calidad de vida y contribuye a un aumento en la morbi-mortalidad. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar nuestra técnica quirúrgica, enfatizando los principios del programa de cultura para una colecistectomía segura, propuesta y descrita por the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), para minimizar los riesgos y obtener un resultado quirúrgico satisfactorio


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most performed procedures worldwide. The laparoscopic technique is considered the gold standard for the resolution of gallbladder pathology secondary to lithiasis, and although it is a safe procedure, it is not without complications. The most serious complication is the injury to the bile duct, which, although rare, with an incidence of 0.2% to 0.4%, leads to a decrease in quality of life and contributes to an increase in morbidity and mortality. The objective of this article is to report our surgical technique, emphaszing the principles of the program for a safe cholecystectomy, proposed and described by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), to minimize the risks and obtain a satisfactory surgical result


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Common Bile Duct , Patient Safety , Intraoperative Complications
11.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3493, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347606

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate evidence on effectiveness support surfaces for pressure injury prevention in the intraoperative period. Method: systematic review. The search for primary studies was conducted in seven databases. The sample consisted of 10 studies. The synthesis of the results was carried out descriptively and through meta-analysis. Results: when comparing low-tech support surfaces with regular care (standard surgical table mattress), the meta-analysis showed that there is no statistically significant difference between the investigated interventions (Relative Risk = 0.88; 95%CI: 0.30-2.39). The Higgins inconsistency test indicated considerable heterogeneity between studies (I2 = 83%). The assessment of the certainty of the evidence was very low. When comparing high-tech and low-tech support surfaces, the meta-analysis showed that there is a statistically significant difference between the interventions studied, with high-tech being the most effective (Relative Risk = 0.17; 95%CI: 0.05-0.53). Heterogeneity can be classified as not important (I2 = 0%). The assessment of certainty of evidence was moderate. Conclusion: the use of high-tech support surfaces is an effective measure to prevent pressure injuries in the intraoperative period.


Objetivo: evaluar las evidencias sobre superficies de apoyo efectivas para la prevención de lesión por presión durante el período intraoperatorio. Método: revisión sistemática. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en siete bases de datos. La muestra estuvo formada por 10 investigaciones. La síntesis de los resultados se realizó de forma descriptiva y mediante metaanálisis. Resultados: al comparar las superficies de apoyo de baja tecnología con la atención habitual (colchón de mesa quirúrgica estándar), el metaanálisis demostró que no hay diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las intervenciones investigadas (Riesgo Relativo = 0,88; IC95%: 0,30-2,39). La prueba de inconsistencia de Higgins indicó una heterogeneidad considerable entre los estudios (I2= 83%). La valoración de la certeza de la evidencia fue muy baja. Al comparar las superficies de apoyo de alta y baja tecnología, el metaanálisis mostró que existe una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las intervenciones estudiadas, siendo las de alta tecnología las más efectivas (Riesgo Relativo = 0,17; IC95%: 0,05-0,53). La heterogeneidad se puede clasificar como no importante (I2 = 0%). La evaluación de la certeza de la evidencia fue moderada. Conclusión: el uso de una superficie de apoyo de alta tecnología es una medida eficaz para prevenir lesiones por presión en el período intraoperatorio.


Objetivo: avaliar as evidências sobre superfícies de suporte efetivas para prevenção de lesão por pressão no período intraoperatório. Método: revisão sistemática. A busca dos estudos primários foi conduzida em sete bases de dados. A amostra foi composta por 10 pesquisas. A síntese dos resultados foi realizada na forma descritiva e por meio de metanálise. Resultados: na comparação de superfícies de suporte de baixa tecnologia com o cuidado usual (colchão padrão de mesa cirúrgica), a metanálise demonstrou que não existe diferença estatisticamente significante entre as intervenções investigadas (Risco Relativo = 0,88; IC95%: 0,30-2,39). O teste de inconsistência de Higgins indicou heterogeneidade considerável entre os estudos (I2 = 83%). A avaliação da certeza da evidência foi muito baixa. Na comparação de superfícies de suporte de alta tecnologia com as de baixa tecnologia, a metanálise evidenciou que existe diferença estatisticamente significante entre as intervenções estudadas, sendo as de alta tecnologia as mais efetivas (Risco Relativo = 0,17; IC95%: 0,05-0,53). A heterogeneidade pode ser classificada como não importante (I2 = 0%). A avaliação da certeza da evidência foi moderada. Conclusão: o uso de superfície de suporte de alta tecnologia é a medida efetiva para prevenção de lesão por pressão no período intraoperatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beds , Wounds and Injuries , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control
12.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 8-12, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248117

ABSTRACT

Un cuerpo extraño es un objeto o una estructura que se incluye accidental o intencionalmente en la intimidad de los tejidos orgánicos de un individuo. Puede desencadenar importantes procesos inflamatorios/ infecciosos, dependiendo de su naturaleza, requiriendo en la mayoría de los casos su extracción quirúrgica, con el fin de evitar daños al paciente. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo informar un caso de cuerpo extraño (fragmento de amalgama) incluido iatrogénicamente en la exodoncia de un molar inferior derecho en un paciente que, después de 8 años, optó por hacerse un implante en el área y descubrió la inclusión de este material, siendo necesaria su extracción quirúrgica para la posterior colocación del implante dental en la región. Los autores destacan la necesidad de realizar una minuciosa inspección y toilette de la caja alveolar en el acto de la exodoncia, para evitar incluir cuerpos extraños en el sitio quirúrgico y evitar así, una nueva intervención en el área (AU)


Foreign body is an object or structure included accidentally or intentionally in the intimacy of the organic tissues of individuals. They can trigger important inflammatory / infectious processes, depending on its nature, requiring its surgical removal in most cases, to prevent damage to the patient. This study aimed to report a case of a foreign body (fragment of amalgam) iatrogenically included in extraction of a right lower molar in a patient who, after 8 years, opted to have an implant in the area and discovered the inclusion of this material, requiring its surgical removal for subsequent placement of a dental implant in the region. The authors highlight the need to perform a thorough inspection and toilet of the alveolar box in the act of extraction, to avoid including foreign bodies in the surgical site, avoiding further intervention in the area (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Amalgam/adverse effects , Foreign Bodies , Iatrogenic Disease , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Radiography, Panoramic , Intraoperative Complications , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Molar/surgery
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 343-350, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138630

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Actualmente la cirugía laparoscópica es el gold standard de la mayoría de las cirugías ginecológicas benignas. Se estima una tasa de complicaciones en cirugía ginecológica por laparoscopía de 3.2 por 1000 pacientes, donde alrededor del 50% ocurren al momento de la primera entrada. Existen numerosas clasificaciones de las complicaciones quirúrgicas, entre ellas, la clasificación Clavien-Dindo se centra en el tratamiento postquirúrgico y tiene como objetivo unificar criterios y hacerlas comparables entre distintos centros. OBJETIVO: Describir las complicaciones en cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica en el Hospital Padre Hurtado, destacando el subgrupo de primera entrada y su clasificación Clavien-Dindo. METODOLOGÍA: Cohorte retrospectiva que incluyó a todas las pacientes operadas por laparoscopía en el pabellón de ginecología del Hospital Padre Hurtado desde el año 2014 al 2017. Se utilizó el software SPSS statistics v25, con prueba X2 para el análisis de las variables no paramétricas y t de Student para las variables paramétrica, considerando una significación estadística con p<0,05. RESULTADOS: De las 513 cirugías laparoscópicas ginecológicas realizadas en el período evaluado, sólo el 4,3% del total de las pacientes tuvieron complicaciones. De éstas, un 9% fueron de primera entrada, y en todos los casos fueron complicaciones menores o Clavien-Dindo I y II. Hubo 2 complicaciones Clavien-Dindo >III B, lo que correspondió a un 0,39%. CONCLUSIÓN: En nuestro grupo hubo una baja incidencia de complicaciones quirúrgicas y de primera entrada lo que es comparable con otras series publicadas.


INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery is currently the gold standard of most benign gynecological surgeries. A complication rate in gynecological laparoscopy is 3.2 per 1000 patients, where around 50% occur at the time of the first entry. There are numerous classifications of surgical complications, among them, Clavien-Dindo classification focuses on post-surgical treatment and aims to unify criteria and lets compare between different centers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the complications in gynecological laparoscopic surgery at the Padre Hurtado Hospital, highlighting the first entry subgroup and Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective cohort that included all gynecological laparoscopy patients in Padre Hurtado Hospital from 2014 to 2017. The SPSS statistics v25 software was used, with X2 test for the analysis of non-parametric variables and t Student for the parametric variables, considering a statistical significance with p <0.05. RESULTS: 513 gynecological laparoscopic surgeries was performed in the evaluated period, only 4.3% of the total patients had complications. Of these, 9% were first entry, and in all cases were minor complications or Clavien-Dindo I and II. There were 2 patients with Clavien-Dindo complications > III B, which corresponded to 0.39%. CONCLUSION: In our group there was a low incidence of surgical complications and first entry which is comparable with other published series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Genital Diseases, Female/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Intraoperative Complications/classification , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 343-348, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137196

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to investigate factors associated with postoperative Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) focusing on intraoperative hypotension and blood loss volume. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pancreas surgery between January 2013 and December 2018. The primary outcome was AKI within 7 days after surgery and the secondary outcome was the length of hospital stay. Multivariate analysis was used to determine explanatory factors associated with AKI; the interaction between the integrated value of hypotension and blood loss volume was evaluated. The differences in length of hospital stay were compared using the Mann-WhitneyU-test. Results: Of 274 patients, 22 patients had experienced AKI. The cube root of the area under intraoperative mean arterial pressure of < 65 mmHg (Odds Ratio = 1.21; 95% Confidence Interval 1.01-1.45; p = 0.038) and blood loss volume of > 500 mL (Odds Ratio = 3.81; 95% Confidence Interval 1.51-9.58; p = 0.005) were independently associated with acute kidney injury. The interaction between mean arterial hypotension and the blood loss volume in relation to acute kidney injury indicated that the model was significant (p < 0.0001) with an interaction effect (p = 0.0003). AKI was not significantly related with the length of hospital stay (19 vs. 28 days, p = 0.09). Conclusion: The area under intraoperative hypotension and blood loss volume of > 500 mL was associated with postoperative AKI. However, if the mean arterial pressure is maintained even in patients with large blood loss volume, the risk of developing postoperative AKI is comparable with that in patients with small blood loss volume.


Resumo Justificativa: O presente estudo teve como objetivo examinar os fatores associados à Lesão Renal Aguda (LRA) no pós-operatório, centrando-se na hipotensão e perda de sangue intraoperatórias. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de pâncreas entre Janeiro de 2013 e Dezembro de 2018. O desfecho primário foi ocorrência de LRA em até 7 dias após a cirurgia e o secundário, o tempo de hospitalização. A análise multivariada foi usada para determinar os fatores explicativos associados à LRA; a interação entre o valor integrado da hipotensão e volume de perda de sangue foi avaliada. As diferenças no tempo de hospitalização foram comparadas pelo teste U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Dos 274 pacientes, 22 pacientes apresentaram LRA. A raiz cúbica da área sob a pressão arterial média intraoperatória < 65 mmHg (Odds Ratio = 1,21; Intervalo de Confiança de 95% 1,01-1,45; p = 0,038) e volume de perda sanguínea > 500 mL (Odds Ratio = 3,81; Intervalo de Confiança de 95% 1,51-9,58; p = 0,005) estavam independentemente associados à lesão renal aguda. A interação entre hipotensão arterial média e volume de perda sanguínea em relação à lesão renal aguda apontou o modelo como significante (p < 0,0001) com efeito de interação (p = 0,0003). A LRA não apresentou relação significante com o tempo de hospitalização (19 vs. 28 dias, p = 0,09). Conclusões: A área sob hipotensão arterial e o volume de perda sanguínea > 500 mL no intraoperatório apresentaram associação com LRA no pós-operatório. Entretanto, se a pressão arterial média se mantém, mesmo em pacientes com grande volume de perda sanguínea, o risco de desenvolver LRA no pós-operatório é comparável ao risco dos pacientes com pequeno volume de perda sanguínea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Blood Loss, Surgical , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Hypotension/complications , Pancreatectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Arterial Pressure , Intraoperative Complications/physiopathology , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
16.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e025-e025, mayo-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119390

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El posicionamiento de implantes dentales simultáneo a la elevación del seno maxilar en rebordes con reabsorción ósea severa (≤4 mm) es una técnica quirúrgica que disminuye los tiempos operatorios. Sin embargo, es considerada sensible por ser dependiente del operador y, en el caso que no se dé un manejo adecuado, puede presentar complicaciones. En este estudio se realiza una revisión de la literatura sobre la supervivencia de los implantes dentales y las complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en procedimientos de elevación del seno maxilar con la colocación simultánea de implante dental en rebordes con reabsorción ósea severa. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de la literatura publicada en los últimos 10 años, durante el periodo de mayo y junio del 2019, en las bases de datos Medline­PubMed, EBSCOhost y Scopus. Esta se complementó con una búsqueda manual en revistas especializadas en periodoncia y cirugía oral Q1, posicionadas en el top 5 del 2018 en www.scimagojr.com. Se incluyeron ensayos clínicos y estudios prospectivos y retrospectivos. Se identificó 2562 artículos científicos. Tras el análisis de los títulos, la lectura de los resúmenes y los textos completos, se seleccionaron 6 artículos para el análisis de la técnica quirúrgica y 35 para complementar la información. Conclusiones: La colocación simultánea de implantes dentales a la elevación del seno maxilar es una de las técnicas utilizadas para restituir la función en el maxilar posterior. La complicación intraoperatoria más frecuente es la perforación de la membrana sinusal y la posoperatoria es la infección asociada con perforación de la membrana, o la migración del implante al seno maxilar. La supervivencia promedio del implante observada en los estudios es mayor al 94%. (AU)


Aim: The positioning of dental implants simultaneous to the elevation of the maxillary sinus in ridges with severe bone resorption (≤4mm) is a surgical technique that reduces operative times. However, it is considered sensitive, being dependent on the operator, and in the absence of appropriate handling, complications can occur. This study aimed to provide a review of the literature on the survival of dental implants and intra- and post-operative complications in maxillary sinus lift procedures with the simultaneous placement of a dental implant in ridges with severe bone resorption. Materials and methods: A bibliographic search of the literature published in the last 10 years in the Medline-Pubmed, EBSCO HOST and SCOPUS databases was carried out from May to June 2019. This was complemented with a manual search in journals specialized in Periodontology and Oral Surgery Q1, positioned in the Top 5 of the year 2018 at www.scimagojr.com. Prospective, retrospective and clinical trials were included 2562. A total of 2562 prospective, retrospective and clinical trials were included. After analyzing the titles and reading the abstracts and full texts, 6 articles were selected for analysis of the surgical technique and 35 to complement information. Conclusions: The placement of dental implants simultaneously with maxillary sinus elevation is one of the techniques used to restore function in the posterior maxilla. The most frequent intra-operative complication is perforation of the sinus membrane, and the most common post-operative complication is infection associated with perforation of the membrane, or migration of the implant to the maxillary sinus. The average implant survival reported is greater than 94%. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Dental Implants , Intraoperative Complications , Maxillary Sinus , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Trial
17.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 209-214, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To describe costs and outcomes of phacoemulsification for cataracts performed by ophthalmology residents. Methods: We obtained medical records from patients operated on in 2011 by third year residents (R3) using phacoemulsification (n=576). Our expenses estimation included professionals' and hospital costs (fees, materials, medications, and equipment). The study outcomes included spectacle-corrected visual acuities before and six months after the operation, rate of intraoperative complications, and total number of postoperative visits. We compared outcome variables with those from extracapsular cataract extraction procedures (n=274) performed by R3 residents in 1997. Results: The mean total cost for phacoemulsification was US$ 416, while an overall estimation indicated the extracapsular cataract extraction cost at US$ 284 (as of December 30, 2011). The mean preoperative spectacle-corrected visual acuity was worse for eyes scheduled for extracapsular cataract extraction (1.73 ± 0.62), than for eyes scheduled for phacoemulsification (0.74 ± 0.54 logMAR) (p<0.01); the mean postoperative visual acuity was better for phacoemulsification (0.21 ± 0.36 logMAR), than for extracapsular cataract extraction (0.63 ± 0.63 logMAR) (p<0.01). Most patients undergoing phacoemulsification (85%) achieved postoperative spectacle-corrected visual acuities ≥0.30 logMAR, while only 45% of those undergoing extracapsular cataract extractions achieved the same postoperative visual acuity (p<0.01). The rate of intraoperative complications was significantly higher after extracapsular cataract extractions (21%) than it was after phacoemulsifications (7.6%) (p<0.01), and the mean number of postoperative visits was also higher after extracapsular cataract extractions (5.6 ± 2.3) than after phacoemulsifications (4.5 ± 2.4) (p<0.01). Conclusion: These data indicate that cataract surgery performed by in-training ophthalmologists using phacoemulsification is expensive, but compared to extracapsular cataract extraction results, teaching phacoemulsification leads to an approximate three-fold lower complication rate, smaller number of postoperative visits and, most importantly, better visual acuities.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever os custos e resultados da facoemulsificação na cirurgia de catarata realizada por médicos residentes de oftalmologia. Métodos: Foram obtidos prontuários médicos de pacientes operados em 2011 por residentes do terceiro ano (R3) usando facoemulsificação (n=576). Nossa estimativa de despesas incluiu os custos profissionais e hospitalares (taxas, materiais, medicamentos e equipamentos). Os desfechos do estudo incluíram acuidade visual corrigida por óculos pré-operatória e 6 meses após a cirurgia, taxa de complicações intraoperatórias e número total de visitas pós-operatórias. Nós comparamos as variáveis de resultados com procedimentos extracapsulares de extração de catarata (n=274) realizados por residentes R3 em 1997. Resultados: O custo médio da facoemulsificação foi US$ 416, enquanto uma estimativa geral indicou o custo da extração de catarata extracapsular seria de US$ 284 (em 3 de dezembro de 2011). A acuidade visual corrigida por óculos média pré-operatória foi pior na extração de catarata extracapsular (1,73 ± 0,62 logMAR) do que na facoemulsificação (0,74 ± 0,54, p<0,01); a acuidade visual corrigida por óculos média pós-operatória foi melhor na facoemulsificação (0,21 ± 0,36 logMAR) do que na extração de catarata extracapsular (0,63 à facoemulsificação (85%) atingiram acuidade visual corrigida 45% daqueles submetidos à extrações extracapsulares de catarata obtiveram a mesma acuidade visual pós-operatória (p<0,01). A taxa de complicações intraoperatórias foi significativamente maior após extrações de catarata extracapsular (21%) do que após as facoemulsificações (7,6%) (p<0,01) e o número médio de consultas pós-operatórias também foi maior após extração de catarata extracapsular (5,6 ± 2,3) do que após facoemulsificações (4,5 ± 2,4) (p<0,01). Conclusão: Esses dados indicam que a cirurgia de catarata realizada por oftalmologistas em treinamento utilizando facoemulsificação é dispendiosa, mas comparada aos resultados da extração de catarata extracapsular, o ensino da facoemulsificação leva a uma taxa de complicações aproximadamente 3 vezes menor, menor número de consultas pós-operatórias e, mais importante, melhor acuidade visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cataract , Phacoemulsification , Postoperative Complications , Visual Acuity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intraoperative Complications
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 236-238, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131593

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe two adult patients who presented with double lacrimal puncta: one of them was asymptomatic and incidentally diagnosed, and the other complained of epiphora. In both patients, unilaterality, preference for the lower lid, and location medial to the normal punctum were common features of the accessory punctum. In the asymptomatic patient, irrigation revealed no obstruction in the punctum or the nasolacrimal drainage system. By contrast, the other patient's nasolacrimal drainage system exhibited obstruction. Therefore, dacryocystorhinostomy surgery and silicone tube intubation were successfully performed. Double lacrimal puncta may be associated with epiphora or dry eye. These manifestations can easily be missed in a routine examination. This report was written to emphasize that unilateral epiphora of dry eye symptoms may be related to supernumerary punctum or canalicular systems and can easily be diagnosed with lid eversion.


RESUMO Neste artigo, descrevemos dois pacientes adultos que apresentaram punção lacrimal dupla: um deles assintomático e diagnosticado incidentalmente, e o outro queixava-se de epífora. Nos dois pacientes, unilateralidade, preferência pela pálpebra inferior e posição medial pelo ponto normal foram características comuns do ponto acessório. No paciente assintomático, a irrigação não revelou obstrução no ponto ou no sistema de drenagem nasolacrimal. No entanto, o sistema de drenagem nasolacrimal do outro paciente exibiu obstrução. Portanto, a cirurgia de dacriocistorrinostomia e a intubação com tubo de silicone foram realizadas com sucesso. O ponto lacrimal duplo pode ser associado à epífora ou ao olho seco. Essas manifestações podem ser facilmente esquecidas em um exame de rotina. Queremos enfatizar que a epífora unilateral dos sintomas de olho seco pode estar relacionada ao sistema de ponto ou canalicular supranumerário e pode ser facilmente diagnosticada com eversão de pálpebra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cataract , Phacoemulsification , Postoperative Complications , Visual Acuity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intraoperative Complications
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 256-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To observe the effects of preoperative right stellate ganglion block on perioperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing lung lobectomy. Methods: Two hundred patients who underwent a scheduled lobectomy were randomly divided into the S and C groups. The S group was injected with 4 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance, and the C group did not receive stellate ganglion block. The patients underwent continuous ECG monitoring, and the incidences of atrial fibrillation and other types of arrhythmias were recorded from the start of surgery to 24 hours after surgery. Results: The respective incidences of atrial fibrillation in the S group and the C group were 3% and 10% (p = 0.045); other atrial arrhythmias were 20% and 38% (p = 0.005); and ventricular arrhythmia were 28% and 39% (p = 0.09). Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that preoperative right stellate ganglion block can effectively reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation.


Resumo Objetivo: Observar os efeitos do bloqueio do gânglio estrelado na fibrilação atrial no período perioperatório em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia pulmonar. Método: Duzentos pacientes programados para lobectomia foram divididos aleatoriamente nos grupos S e C. O grupo S recebeu infusão de 4 mL de ropivacaína a 0,2% orientada por ultrassom e o grupo C não foi submetido a bloqueio do gânglio estrelado. Os pacientes foram submetidos à monitoração contínua de ECG, e as incidências de fibrilação atrial e outros tipos de arritmias foram registradas do início da cirurgia até 24 horas depois da cirurgia. Resultados: As incidências de fibrilação atrial no grupo S e no grupo C foram 3% e 10%, respectivamente (p = 0,045); as de outras arritmias atriais foram 20% e 38% (p = 0,005); e de arritmias ventriculares, 28% e 39% (p = 0,09). Conclusões: Os resultados do estudo indicaram que o bloqueio do gânglio estrelado no pré-operatório pode ser efetivo na redução da incidência de fibrilação atrial nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Autonomic Nerve Block/methods , Stellate Ganglion , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Incidence , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Electrocardiography , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(2): 175-177, Mar.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The Argon Beam Coagulator (ABC) achieves hemostasis but has potential complications in the form of argon gas embolisms. Risk factors for embolisms have been identified and ABC manufacturers have developed guidelines for usage of the device to prevent embolism development. Case report: A 49 year-old male with history of recurrent cholangiocarcinoma status post resection presented for resection of a cutaneous biliary fistula. Shortly after initial use of the ABC, the patient underwent cardiac arrest. After resuscitation, air bubbles were observed in the left ventricle via Transesophageal Echo (TEE). Conclusion: Although argon embolisms have been described more commonly during laparoscopies, this patient most likely experienced an argon gas embolism during an open resection of a cutaneous biliary fistula via the biliary tract or vein with possible transpulmonary passage of the embolism. Consequently, a high degree of suspicion should be maintained for an argon gas embolism during ABC use in laparoscopic, open, and cutaneous surgeries.


Resumo Introdução: A Coagulação por Feixe de Argônio (CFA) promove hemostasia, mas pode levar a complicações na forma de embolia por gás argônio. Os fatores de risco para embolias foram identificados e os fabricantes de aparelhos de CFA desenvolveram diretrizes para o uso do dispositivo para impedir a ocorrência de embolia. Relato de caso: Paciente masculino de 49 anos com história de colangiocarcinoma recorrente pós-ressecção foi submetido à ressecção de fístula cutâneo-biliar. Logo após o início do uso do aparelho de CFA, o paciente apresentou parada cardíaca. Após o retorno da atividade cardíaca, a Eecocardiografia Transesofágica (ETE) detectou bolhas de ar no ventrículo esquerdo. Conclusões: Embora a embolia associada ao argônio seja mais frequentemente descrita durante laparoscopia, este paciente mais provavelmente apresentou embolia provocada pelo argônio durante cirurgia aberta para ressecção de fístula cutâneo-biliar, após o argônio ganhar acesso à circulação sanguínea através das vias biliares ou da veia biliar e possível passagem do êmbolo pela circulação pulmonar. Desta maneira, deve-se suspeitar de embolia por argônio, de forma judiciosa, durante o uso de CFA em procedimento cirúrgico laparoscópico, aberto ou cutâneo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Biliary Fistula/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/surgery , Embolism, Air/etiology , Argon Plasma Coagulation/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Middle Aged
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