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1.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 343-350, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138630

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Actualmente la cirugía laparoscópica es el gold standard de la mayoría de las cirugías ginecológicas benignas. Se estima una tasa de complicaciones en cirugía ginecológica por laparoscopía de 3.2 por 1000 pacientes, donde alrededor del 50% ocurren al momento de la primera entrada. Existen numerosas clasificaciones de las complicaciones quirúrgicas, entre ellas, la clasificación Clavien-Dindo se centra en el tratamiento postquirúrgico y tiene como objetivo unificar criterios y hacerlas comparables entre distintos centros. OBJETIVO: Describir las complicaciones en cirugía laparoscópica ginecológica en el Hospital Padre Hurtado, destacando el subgrupo de primera entrada y su clasificación Clavien-Dindo. METODOLOGÍA: Cohorte retrospectiva que incluyó a todas las pacientes operadas por laparoscopía en el pabellón de ginecología del Hospital Padre Hurtado desde el año 2014 al 2017. Se utilizó el software SPSS statistics v25, con prueba X2 para el análisis de las variables no paramétricas y t de Student para las variables paramétrica, considerando una significación estadística con p<0,05. RESULTADOS: De las 513 cirugías laparoscópicas ginecológicas realizadas en el período evaluado, sólo el 4,3% del total de las pacientes tuvieron complicaciones. De éstas, un 9% fueron de primera entrada, y en todos los casos fueron complicaciones menores o Clavien-Dindo I y II. Hubo 2 complicaciones Clavien-Dindo >III B, lo que correspondió a un 0,39%. CONCLUSIÓN: En nuestro grupo hubo una baja incidencia de complicaciones quirúrgicas y de primera entrada lo que es comparable con otras series publicadas.


INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery is currently the gold standard of most benign gynecological surgeries. A complication rate in gynecological laparoscopy is 3.2 per 1000 patients, where around 50% occur at the time of the first entry. There are numerous classifications of surgical complications, among them, Clavien-Dindo classification focuses on post-surgical treatment and aims to unify criteria and lets compare between different centers. OBJECTIVE: To describe the complications in gynecological laparoscopic surgery at the Padre Hurtado Hospital, highlighting the first entry subgroup and Clavien-Dindo classification. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective cohort that included all gynecological laparoscopy patients in Padre Hurtado Hospital from 2014 to 2017. The SPSS statistics v25 software was used, with X2 test for the analysis of non-parametric variables and t Student for the parametric variables, considering a statistical significance with p <0.05. RESULTS: 513 gynecological laparoscopic surgeries was performed in the evaluated period, only 4.3% of the total patients had complications. Of these, 9% were first entry, and in all cases were minor complications or Clavien-Dindo I and II. There were 2 patients with Clavien-Dindo complications > III B, which corresponded to 0.39%. CONCLUSION: In our group there was a low incidence of surgical complications and first entry which is comparable with other published series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Genital Diseases, Female/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Intraoperative Complications/classification , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 256-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To observe the effects of preoperative right stellate ganglion block on perioperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing lung lobectomy. Methods: Two hundred patients who underwent a scheduled lobectomy were randomly divided into the S and C groups. The S group was injected with 4 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance, and the C group did not receive stellate ganglion block. The patients underwent continuous ECG monitoring, and the incidences of atrial fibrillation and other types of arrhythmias were recorded from the start of surgery to 24 hours after surgery. Results: The respective incidences of atrial fibrillation in the S group and the C group were 3% and 10% (p = 0.045); other atrial arrhythmias were 20% and 38% (p = 0.005); and ventricular arrhythmia were 28% and 39% (p = 0.09). Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that preoperative right stellate ganglion block can effectively reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation.


Resumo Objetivo: Observar os efeitos do bloqueio do gânglio estrelado na fibrilação atrial no período perioperatório em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia pulmonar. Método: Duzentos pacientes programados para lobectomia foram divididos aleatoriamente nos grupos S e C. O grupo S recebeu infusão de 4 mL de ropivacaína a 0,2% orientada por ultrassom e o grupo C não foi submetido a bloqueio do gânglio estrelado. Os pacientes foram submetidos à monitoração contínua de ECG, e as incidências de fibrilação atrial e outros tipos de arritmias foram registradas do início da cirurgia até 24 horas depois da cirurgia. Resultados: As incidências de fibrilação atrial no grupo S e no grupo C foram 3% e 10%, respectivamente (p = 0,045); as de outras arritmias atriais foram 20% e 38% (p = 0,005); e de arritmias ventriculares, 28% e 39% (p = 0,09). Conclusões: Os resultados do estudo indicaram que o bloqueio do gânglio estrelado no pré-operatório pode ser efetivo na redução da incidência de fibrilação atrial nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Autonomic Nerve Block/methods , Stellate Ganglion , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Incidence , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Electrocardiography , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Middle Aged
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 495-500, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038698

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To assess the relationship between pseudoexfoliation syndrome and incidence of complications and related clinical factors in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 503 of 551 patients who underwent phacoemulsification surgery over 2 years in a health care district in Northwest Spain. In total, 120 of 681 eyes undergoing the procedure had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Data on the surgical procedure and associated complications were extracted from the medical record. Complications included any combination of posterior capsular rupture, vitreous loss, zonular dialysis, and nuclear or lens luxation. Results: We found a significant association between pseudoexfoliation syndrome and zonular dialysis (odds ratio [OR], 6.89; 95% CI, 2.27-20.93), intraoperative miosis (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.10-4.22), and lens luxation >1.5 mm (OR, 9.49; 95% CI, 0.85-105.54). However, when adjusting for the overall risk of complications in pseudoexfoliation syndrome patients in consideration of myopia, use of anticoagulants or α-agonists, previous mydriasis, and anterior chamber length, the OR decreased to 1.02 (95% CI, 0.47-2.21) and was therefore not significant. Conclusion: Zonular dialysis and intraoperative miosis were intraoperative complications in cataract surgery patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome when compared to controls.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre a síndrome de pseudoexfoliação e a prevalência de complicações e fatores clínicos relacionados em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo de coorte de 503 de 551 pacientes que se submeteram à cirurgia de facoemulsificação durante 2 anos em um distrito de saúde no noroeste da Espanha. No total, 120 dos 681 olhos submetidos ao procedimento apresentavam síndrome de pseudoexfoliação. Dados sobre o procedimento cirúrgico e complicações associadas foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. As complicações incluíram qualquer combinação de ruptura da cápsula posterior, perda de humor vítreo, diálise zonular e luxação do núcleo ou do cristalino. Resultados: Encontramos uma associação significativa entre síndrome de pseudoexfoliação e diálise zonular (razão de probabilidade [RP]: 6,89; IC 95%, 2,27-20,93), a miose perioperatória (RP: 2,15; IC 95%, 1,10-4,22) e luxação do cristalino >1,5 mm (RP: 9,49; IC 95%, 0,85-105,54). Porém, ao ajustar para o risco global de complicações em pacientes com síndrome de pseudoexfolição em consideração à miopia, uso de anticoagulantes ou α-agonistas, midríase prévia e comprimento da câmara anterior, a RP diminuiu para 1,02 (IC 95%, 0,47-2,21) e não foi, portanto, significativo. Conclusão: A diálise zonular e a miose intraoperatória foram complicações intraoperatórias em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata com síndrome de pseudoexfoliação quando comparados aos controles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cataract/complications , Exfoliation Syndrome/complications , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology , Time Factors , Cataract/physiopathology , Cataract/epidemiology , Visual Acuity , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Exfoliation Syndrome/physiopathology , Exfoliation Syndrome/epidemiology , Statistics, Nonparametric
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 390-395, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Left double-lumen endotracheal tubes have been widely used in thoracic, esophageal, vascular, and mediastinal procedures to provide lung separation. Lacking clear objective guidelines, anesthesiologists usually select appropriately sized double-lumen endotracheal tubes based on their experience with 35 and 37 Fr double-lumen endotracheal tubes, which are the most commonly used. We hypothesized the patients with a left main bronchus of shorter length (<40 mm) had a greater chance of experiencing desaturation during one lung ventilation, due to obstruction in the orifice of the left upper lobe with the bronchial tube. Methods We included 360 patients with a left double-lumen intubated between September 2014 and August 2015. The patient's age, sex, height, weight, and underlying disease were recorded along with type of surgical procedure and the desaturation episodes. In addition, the width of the trachea and the width and length of the left bronchus were measured using computed tomography. Result Patients with a left main bronchus length of less than 40 mm who underwent intubation with a left double-lumen endotracheal tubes had significantly higher incidence of desaturation (Odds Ratio (OR: 8.087)) during one-lung ventilation. Other related factors of patients identified to be at risk of developing hypoxia were diabetes mellitus (OR: 5.368), right side collapse surgery (OR: 4.933), and BMI (OR: 1.105). Conclusions We identified that patients with a left main bronchus length of less than 40 mm have a great chance of desaturation, especially if other desaturation risk factors are present.


Resumo Justificativa Os tubos endotraqueais de duplo lúmen (Double-lumen tubes - DLTs) para intubação seletiva esquerda têm sido amplamente utilizados em procedimentos torácicos, esofágicos, vasculares e mediastinais para proporcionar a separação dos pulmões. Com a falta de diretrizes claras, os anestesiologistas geralmente selecionam os tubos com base em sua experiência com os tubos endotraqueais de duplo lúmen de 35 e 37 Fr, os mais comumente usados. Nossa hipótese foi que os pacientes com um brônquio principal esquerdo de menor comprimento (< 40 mm) apresentavam uma chance maior de sofrer dessaturação durante a ventilação monopulmonar, devido à obstrução do orifício do lobo superior esquerdo com o tubo brônquico. Métodos No total, 360 pacientes submetidos à intubação seletiva esquerda mediante o uso de tubo de duplo lúmen foram incluídos no estudo entre setembro de 2014 e agosto de 2015. Idade, sexo, altura, peso e doença de base foram registrados, junto do tipo de procedimento cirúrgico e os episódios de dessaturação. Além disso, a largura da traqueia e a largura e comprimento do brônquio esquerdo foram medidos por meio de tomografia computadorizada. Resultados Os pacientes com comprimento do brônquio principal esquerdo inferior a 40 mm, submetidos à intubação seletiva esquerda com tubos endotraqueais de duplo lúmen, tiveram incidência significativamente maior de dessaturação (Odds Ratio - OR: 8,087) durante a ventilação monopulmonar. Outros fatores relacionados aos pacientes e identificados como risco de desenvolver hipoxemia foram diabetes mellitus (OR: 5,368), cirurgia de colapso direito (OR: 4,933) e IMC (OR: 1,105). Conclusões Identificamos que os pacientes com comprimento do brônquio principal esquerdo inferior a 40 mm apresentam grande chance de dessaturação, principalmente se outros fatores de risco para dessaturação estiverem presentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Bronchi/anatomy & histology , One-Lung Ventilation/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Hypoxia/epidemiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Middle Aged
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(4): 739-746, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019870

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to share a single institute experience of 4,380 procedures about in-traoperative serious complications of laparoscopic urological surgeries. From January 2005 to December 2013, 4,380 cases of laparoscopic urological surgeries were recruited in our department. The distribution, incidence, and characteristics of intraoperative serious complications were retrospectively sorted out and analyzed. The surgeries were divided into three groups: very difficult (VD), difficult (D), and easy (E). The com¬plication at Satava class II was defined to be serious. One hundred thirty one cases with intraoperative serious complications were found (3.0%). The incidence of these complications was significantly increased along with the difficulty of the surgeries (P<0.05). The highest morbidity of serious complication belonged to total cystectomy with a ratio of about 17% as compared with other surgeries (P<0.05). The types of these complications included small vascular injury demanding blood transfusion (101 cases, 77.1%), large vascular (venous and artery) injury (16 cases), hypercapnia & acidosis (8 cases), and organ injury (6 cases). The cases of conversion to open surgery were 37 (≤1%). There was no significant difference in the rates of conversion to open surgery among the three groups (P>0.05). The overall tendency of the intraoperative serious complications was decreasing with the time from 2005 to 2013. In conclusion, through standardized training including improving the surgical technique, being familiar with the anatomic relationship, and constantly summarizing the experience and lessons, laparoscopic surgery could be safe and effective with not only minimal invasion but also few complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Urologic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Conversion to Open Surgery/adverse effects , Conversion to Open Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
7.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 161-165, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013280

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate how symptoms vary according to the appendiceal position in pediatric patients and to demonstrate that the laparoscopic approach is safe and effective in any appendiceal location by comparing each location to another. Methods: The medical records of 1,736 children aged 14 or younger who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy over a period of 14 years were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided according to the position of the appendiceal tip into four groups: anterior, pelvic, retrocecal and subhepatic. The Kruskal-Wallis and chi-square tests were used with the Bonferroni correction, with a significant p<0.05. Results: The appendiceal location was anterior in 1,366 cases, retrocecal in 248 cases, pelvic in 66 cases and subhepatic in 56 cases. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of patient age and gender. Abdominal pain was the only symptom with statistically significant differences between the groups. The rate of perforated appendicitis was higher in the subhepatic and pelvic positions. Intraoperative complications and conversions were not statistically significant. Technical difficulties and operative time were higher in subhepatic position. The rate of postoperative complications was similar between the different locations, except for bowel obstruction, which was higher in pelvic appendicitis. Conclusions: The clinical symptoms of appendicitis hardly ever change with the position of the appendix. The laparoscopic approach is safe and effective, regardless the appendiceal location.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar como os sintomas variam de acordo com a posição do apêndice em pacientes pediátricos e demonstrar que a laparoscopia é segura e eficaz em qualquer posição do apêndice, comparando-as. Métodos: Os prontuários de 1.736 pacientes pediátricos com idade ≤14 anos submetidos à apendicectomia laparoscópica em um período de 14 anos foram analisados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes foram divididos de acordo com a posição do apêndice: anterior, pélvica, retrocecal e sub-hepático. Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis e do qui-quadrado foram usados com a correção de Bonferroni, sendo significante p<0,05. Resultados: A posição do apêndice era anterior em 1.366 casos, retrocecal em 248 casos, pélvica em 66 casos e sub-hepática em 56 casos. Não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos quanto às variáveis idade e sexo. A dor abdominal foi a única variável com diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos. A taxa de apêndice perfurado foi superior nas posições sub-hepática e pélvica. As complicações intraoperatórias e a taxa de conversão não foram estatisticamente significativas. As dificuldades técnicas e o tempo cirúrgico foram superiores em posição sub-hepática. A taxa de complicações pós-operatórias foi semelhante entre as diferentes posições, exceto a obstrução intestinal, que foi superior em posição pélvica. Conclusões: Os sintomas da apendicite dificilmente variam com a posição do apêndice. A laparoscopia é segura e eficaz, independentemente da posição do apêndice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/surgery , Appendix/pathology , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Appendectomy/methods , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/physiopathology , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology , Abdominal Pain/diagnosis , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Operative Time , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(4): 458-464, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014247

ABSTRACT

Background: Placing central venous lines under ultrasonographic guidance reduces the complications of the procedure. Aim: To compare prevalences of complications of central venous line placements with or without ultrasonographic guidance. Material and Methods: Descriptive study that contemplated the comparison of two groups of patients subjected to a central venous line placement at a nephrology service for renal replacement therapy. In one group of 100 patients, the line was placed without ultrasonographic guidance between 2008 and 2012. Between 2015 and 2017 the line was placed in 138 patients using ultrasonographic guidance. The prevalences of complications with both types of procedures were recorded. Results: The frequency of complications of procedures with and without ultrasonographic guidance was 0.7 and 18% respectively (prevalence ratio 0.04, 95% confidence interval 0-0.3). Ninety five percent of recorded complications were arterial puncture, followed by hematomas in 10% and pneumothorax in 5%. The higher prevalence of complications was observed in emergency line placement without ultrasonographic guidance. There was a direct association between the number of line placement attempts in a single procedure and the prevalence of complications. Conclusions: Ultrasonographic guidance is associated with a reduction in the prevalence of central venous line complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Renal Dialysis/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Sex Distribution , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/epidemiology
9.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 34(78): 13-18, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116062

ABSTRACT

La extracción dental es una operación delicada que requiere de odontólogos capacitados y entrenados para ejecutarla adecuadamente. El tercer molar inferior es una pieza dentaria que suma dificultades para su exodoncia debido a una serie de particularidades: puede encontrarse con diferentes niveles de erupción y posiciones; presenta el mayor porcentaje de desviaciones linguales o bucales; su atipia radicular es frecuente; se encuentra ubicado en la posición más posterior de la arcada, a veces con carrillos o lenguas que dificultan su visibilidad y maniobras; presenta un hueso reforzado de máxima resistencia y muy poca elasticidad; se encuentra muy cercano a reparos anatómicos de cuidado como el conducto mandibular y la zona de hueso lingual. A mayor dificultad de la cirugía, mayores posibilidades de complicaciones. Se detalla un trabajo que describe las complicaciones quirúrgicas intra y posoperatorias durante la práctica de exodoncias, entre el tercer molar inferior y el resto de las piezas dentarias, hecha en la Clínica de Grado de la Cátedra de Cirugía I, FOUBA (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Students, Dental/psychology , Tooth Extraction , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Molar, Third/surgery , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Age Distribution
10.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 34-40, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991370

ABSTRACT

Background: Perioperative cardiac arrest (PCA) is a rare but important event in the operating room. Aim: To describe PCA events at a Clinical Hospital in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods: Registry of PCA that occurred in the operating room (OR) and during procedures not carried out in the OR between September 2006 and November 2017. Precipitating events, type of anesthesia and results of resuscitation maneuvers were described. Results: Eighty events (five outside of the OR) during 170,431 surgical procedures were recorded, resulting in an incidence of 4.4 events per 10,000 interventions. Hypotension/hypoperfusion was the most frequently found preexisting condition (42.5%). The main cause was the presence of preoperative complications (57.5%). Nineteen cases (23.8%) were attributable to anesthesia, with an incidence of 1.11 per 10,000 anesthetic procedures. Survival rate at hospital discharge was 52.5%. The figure for PCA caused by anesthesia was 84.2%. Conclusions: The incidence of PCA and its survival is similar to that reported abroad. In general, PCA has a better prognosis than other types of cardiac arrest, especially if it has an anesthetic cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Heart Arrest/epidemiology , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Time Factors , Chile/epidemiology , Incidence , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , Hospital Mortality , Heart Arrest/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Anesthesia/statistics & numerical data
11.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(3): 318-325, set. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978820

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las indicaciones de traqueostomía en niños han cambiado considerablemente en los últimos años, así como el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes y la morbimortalidad de este procedimiento. Las complicaciones de este procedimiento pueden ser clasificadas en intraoperatorias, inmediatas y tardías. La mortalidad global en pacientes pediátricos llevados a traqueostomía oscila entre el 13% y 19%. Sin embargo, menos del 5% es directamente atribuible a la cirugía. La presente revisión abarcará las complicaciones más frecuentes asociadas a traqueostomía pediátrica con recomendaciones en su prevención y manejo.


ABSTRACT Indications of tracheostomy in children have changed considerably in recent years, as well as the epidemiological profile of patients, and morbidity and mortality related to this procedure. Complications of pediatric tracheostomy can be classified into intraoperative, immediate and late. Overall mortality in pediatric patients with tracheostomy ranges from 13% to 19%. However, less than 5% is directly attributable to tracheostomy. This review will cover the most frequent complications associated with pediatric tracheostomy with recommendations for its prevention and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Tracheostomy/mortality , Tracheostomy/adverse effects , Hospital Mortality , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
12.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 203-207, July-Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Laryngotracheal stenosis is a difficult problem with varied etiology and various treatment options. The holmium laser represents another tool for the treatment of benign tracheal stenosis. Objectives To determine the utility of holmium laser treatment for benign tracheal stenosis with regards to safety and efficacy. Methods This was a retrospective case study examining patients with benign tracheal stenosis from 1998-2016 who underwent holmium laser treatment. Determining the safety of this procedure was the primary goal, and complications were monitored as a surrogate of safety. Results A total of 123 patients who underwent holmium laser treatment for benign tracheal stenosis were identified. In total, 123 patients underwent 476 procedures, with follow-up ranging from 1 month to 14 years. No intraoperative or post-operative complications were identified as a direct result of the use of this particular laser. Conclusions The holmium laser is an effective and safe laser to use for tracheal stenosis treatment. It is a contact laser with a short acting distance, which reduces the risk of injury to distal airway structures. Given the favorable experience reported here, the holmium laser should be considered when tracheal surgery is attempted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tracheal Stenosis/surgery , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Bronchoscopy/methods , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/surgery , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Granulation Tissue/surgery , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Laryngoscopy/methods
13.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(2): 98-104, abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887454

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. Durante una esofagoscopía en niños, pueden ocurrir complicaciones durante la dilatación. Identificamos alteraciones cardiorrespiratorias durante la esofagoscopía con o sin dilatación con globo y las complicaciones posoperatorias, en niños con anestesia. Métodos. Estudio prospectivo, observacional de procedimientos endoscópicos en niños de 0-16 años. Se dividieron en dos grupos: con endoscopía-dilatación (Grupo ED) y dilatación con globo por estenosis esofágica, y con endoscopía sin dilatación (Grupo E): endoscopía diagnóstica, esofagoscopía de control o escleroterapia. Registramos parámetros hemodinámicos y ventilatorios y las complicaciones durante la endoscopía, la dilatación y el seguimiento de dos horas en la sala de recuperación. Resultados. Incluimos 102 procedimientos en 60 pacientes. La presión inspiratoria máxima (PIM) aumentó significativamente en ambos grupos (p < 0,001) y aumentó significativamente durante el procedimiento en el grupo ED (p < 0,001). La diferencia en la PIM antes y después de la endoscopía se correlacionó negativamente en ambos grupos. Al subdividir los grupos según el punto de corte de 2 años para comparar la diferencia en la PIM antes y después de la endoscopía, la PIM aumentó de manera estadísticamente significativa en ambos grupos en los menores de 2 años. En el grupo ED, la frecuencia cardíaca aumentó estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,001). Conclusión. Durante la endoscopía, la PIM aumentó en niños con o sin dilatación con globo, especialmente en el grupo ED, y fue mayor en los niños más pequeños. Es necesario observar y tratar atentamente las complicaciones cardiorrespiratorias graves durante la dilatación con globo y con anestesia general.


Background. Complications can occur during esophagoscopy as a result of applied procedure in children, especially during dilation techic. Our aim was to identify cardio-respiratory alterations during esophagoscopy with or without baloon dilation under anesthesia in children, and to investigate the postoperative complications. Methods. Prospective, observational study of endoscopic procedures in patients 0-16 years. The patients were divided into two groups: the endoscopy-dilation group (Group ED: endoscopy and balloon dilation due to esophageal stricture) and endoscopy without dilation (Group E: endoscopy for diagnostic reasons, control esophagoscopy or sclerotherapy). Hemodynamic and ventilatory parameters alterations and complications during endoscopy, dilation and two-hours follow-up time in the postoperative recovery room were recorded. Results. 102 procedures in 60 patients were included. Peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) values significantly increased after endoscopy in both groups (p<0.001). There was a significant increase in mean PIP values in the dilation group during the procedure (p<0,001). The difference in PIP values before and after the endoscopy was negatively correlated with age in both groups. When the groups were subdivided taking two years of age as a cut-off point in comparing PIP difference before-after endoscopy, PIP increase was statistically significant in both groups under two-years old. In the dilation group, statistically significant increase of HR was detected during the procedure (p<0,001). Conclusion. During endoscopy PIP increased in patients with or without baloon dilation especially in the dilation group. PIP increase was higher in younger children. Severe respiratory and cardiovascular complications during balloon dilation under general anesthesia should be carefully observed and managed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Esophagoscopy/adverse effects , Dilatation/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Anesthesia, General , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Respiratory Tract Diseases/diagnosis , Respiratory Tract Diseases/etiology , Respiratory Tract Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Esophagoscopy/instrumentation , Esophagoscopy/methods , Dilatation/instrumentation , Dilatation/methods , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
14.
Clinics ; 73: e287, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of intra-operative immediate hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo, Brazil, from January to December 2010. We developed a specific questionnaire to be completed by anesthesiologists. This tool included questions about hypersensitivity reactions during anesthesia and provided treatments. We included patients with clinical signs compatible with immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Hhypersensitivity reactions were categorized according to severity (grades I-V). American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification (ASA 1-6) was analyzed and associated with the severity of hypersensitivity reactions. RESULTS: In 2010, 21,464 surgeries were performed under general anesthesia. Anesthesiologists answered questionnaires on 5,414 procedures (25.2%). Sixty cases of intra-operative hypersensitivity reactions were reported. The majority patients (45, 75%) had hypersensitivity reactions grade I reactions (incidence of 27.9:10,000). Fifteen patients (25%) had grade II, III or IV reactions (intra-operative anaphylaxis) (incidence of 7:10,000). No patients had grade V reactions. Thirty patients (50%) were classified as ASA 1. The frequency of cardiovascular shock was higher in patients classified as ASA 3 than in patients classified as ASA 1 or ASA 2. Epinephrine was administered in 20% of patients with grade III hypersensitivity reactions and in 50% of patients with grade II hypersensitivity reactions. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients had hypersensitivity reactions grade I reactions; however, the incidence of intra-operative anaphylaxis was higher than that previously reported in the literature. Patients with ASA 3 had more severe anaphylaxis; however, the use of epinephrine was not prescribed in all of these cases. Allergists and anesthesiologists should implement preventive measures to reduce the occurrence of anaphylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Drug Hypersensitivity/epidemiology , Anaphylaxis/epidemiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Epinephrine/therapeutic use , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Drug Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Anesthesiologists/statistics & numerical data , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis
15.
Coronel Oviedo; s.n; 2018; 2018. 57 p.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1021633

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cesárea tiene por objetivo la extracción del feto a través de la incisión de las paredes del abdomen y del útero. La tasa ideal de cesárea debe oscilar entre el 10% y el 15% según la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Las complicaciones en las pacientes que habían tenido más cesáreas demostraron una morbilidad mucho mayor que las que habían tenido menos cirugías. Gran parte de esta morbilidad se concentró con placenta previa o acreta y las múltiples adherencias. Objetivos: Determinar las características clínicas en gestantes cesareadas y hallazgos transoperatorios más frecuentes en el servicio de ginecología y obstetricia, del Hospital Regional de Coronel Oviedo, 2017. Materiales y método: Estudio observacional descriptivo, con muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por gestantes cesareadas de distintas edades del servicio de ginecología y obstetricia del Hospital Regional de Coronel Oviedo. Resultados: La población base estuvo conformado por 224 cesareadas, de los cuales, la mediana de edad fue de 26 años, el rango etario más frecuente fue entre 20 a 24 años; de unión libre, de procedencia urbana, con estudios primarios, edad gestacional de termino, nulíparas , que presentaron controles prenatales la mayoría, con diagnóstico preoperatorio ecográfico más frecuentes de desproporción cefalopélvica, con antecedente quirúrgico obstétrico de cesárea por primera vez, y con hallazgos transoperatorios más frecuentes de circular ceñido de cordón, líquido meconial y múltiples adherencias en orden de frecuencia. Conclusión: Como antecedentes quirúrgicos obstétricos se encontró la cesárea por primera vez con mayor frecuencia en el rango de edad de 20-24 años, con hallazgos transoperatorios más frecuentes, de circular ceñido de cordón, liquido meconial y múltiples adherencias en orden de frecuencia


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Cesarean Section , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Paraguay/epidemiology , Parity , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis , Socioeconomic Factors , Serologic Tests , Tissue Adhesions , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Gestational Age , Marital Status , Age Distribution , Educational Status , Nuchal Cord , Meconium
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(6): 627-632, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889330

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Children may require tracheostomy due to many different health conditions. Over the last 40 years, indications of tracheostomy have endorsed substantial modifications. Objective: To evaluate pediatric patients warranted tracheostomy at our Hospital, in regard to their indications, associated comorbidities, complications and decannulation rates. Methods: Retrospective study concerning patients under 18 years of age undergoing tracheostomy in a tertiary health care center, from January 2006 to November 2015. Results: 123 children required a tracheostomy after ENT evaluation during the study period. A proportion of 63% was male, and 56% was under one year of age. Glossoptosis was the most common indication (30%), followed by subglottic stenosis (16%) and pharyngomalacia (11%). The mortality rate was 31%. By the end of this review, 35 children (28.4%) had been decannulated, and the fewer the number of comorbidities, the greater the decannulation rate (0.77 ± 0.84 vs. 1.7 ± 1.00 comorbidities; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Tracheostomy in children is a relatively frequent procedure at our hospital. The most common indications are glossoptosis and subglottic stenosis. A high mortality rate was found, potentially substantiated by the high number of critical care patients with chronic neurological conditions in this cohort. Our decannulation rate is slightly below other series, probably because of the greater amount of patients with comorbidities.


Resumo Introdução: As crianças podem necessitar de traqueostomia devido a diferentes problemas de saúde. Ao longo dos últimos 40 anos, as indicações de traqueostomia passaram por mudanças substanciais. Objetivo: Avaliar pacientes pediátricos com traqueostomia no nosso hospital, no que diz respeito às suas indicações, comorbidades associadas, complicações e taxas de decanulação. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com menos de 18 anos submetidos a traqueostomia em um centro de saúde terciário, de janeiro de 2006 a novembro de 2015. Resultados: 123 crianças precisaram de uma traqueostomia após avaliação otorrinolaringológica durante o período do estudo. Do total, 63% eram do sexo masculino e 56% menores de um ano. Glossoptose foi a indicação mais comum (30%), seguida por estenose subglótica (16%) e faringomalácia (11%). A taxa de mortalidade foi de 31%. Até o fim deste artigo, 35 crianças (28,4%) haviam sido decanuladas e quanto menor o número de comorbidades, maior foi a taxa de decanulação (0,77 ± 0,84 vs. 1,7 ± 1,00 comorbidades; p < 0,001). Conclusão: A traqueostomia em crianças é um procedimento relativamente frequente em nosso hospital. As indicações mais comuns são glossoptose e estenose subglótica. Uma alta taxa de mortalidade foi encontrada, potencialmente comprovada pelo elevado número de pacientes críticos com condições neurológicas crônicas nessa coorte. Nossa taxa de decanulação está ligeiramente abaixo de outras séries, provavelmente por causa da maior quantidade de pacientes com comorbidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Tracheostomy/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Tracheostomy/adverse effects , Comorbidity , Laryngostenosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Age Distribution , Device Removal/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers , Glossoptosis/surgery , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(4): 388-394, July-aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897737

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: It was aimed to investigate the relationship between preoperative anxiety and vasovagal symptoms observed during the administration of spinal anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery in the perianal and inguinal regions. Methods: The study included patients with planned surgery for inguinal hernia repair, anal fissure, hemorrhoid and pilonidal sinus excision. The study included a total of 210 patients of ASA I-II, aged 18-65 years. Patients were evaluated in respect of demographic characteristics, smoking and alcohol consumption, ASA grade and educational level. Correlations were evaluated between the number of attempts at spinal anesthesia and anesthesia history with vasovagal symptoms and educational level, gender, smoking and alcohol consumption and anesthesia history with anxiety scores. The instant (transient) state anxiety inventory part of the Transient State/Trait Anxiety Inventory (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - STAI) was used to determine the anxiety levels of the participants. Clinical findings of peripheral vasodilation, hypotension, bradycardia and asystole observed during the administration of spinal anesthesia were recorded. Results: Vasovagal incidences during the administration of spinal anesthesia were seen to increase in cases of high anxiety score, male gender, and an absence of anesthesia history. Educational level and the number of spinal needle punctures were not found to have any effect on vasovagal incidents. Conclusion: The determination of causes triggering vasovagal incidents seen during the application of spinal anesthesia, better patient information of regional anesthesia implementations and anxiety relief with preoperative anxiolytic treatment will help to eliminate potential vasovagal incidents.


Resumo Justificativa: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a relação entre a ansiedade no período pré-operatório e os sintomas vasovagais observados durante a administração de raquianestesia a pacientes submetidos à cirurgia nas regiões perianal e inguinal. Métodos: O estudo incluiu pacientes com cirurgias agendadas para correção de hérnia inguinal, fissura anal, hemorroidas e excisão de fístula pilonidal. Foram incluídos 210 pacientes entre 18-65 anos e estado físico ASA I-II. A avaliação dos pacientes compreendeu história de tabagismo e consumo de álcool, classificação ASA e nível de escolaridade. As correlações foram avaliadas entre o número de tentativas de aplicação da raquianestesia e história de anestesia com sintoma vasovagal, nível de escolaridade, sexo, tabagismo e consumo de álcool, história anestésica e escores de ansiedade. O inventário do estado (transitório) de ansiedade, parte do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (State Trait Anxiety Inventory - IDATE), foi usado para determinar os níveis de ansiedade dos participantes. Achados clínicos de vasodilatação periférica, hipotensão, bradicardia e assistolia observados durante a administração da raquianestesia foram registrados. Resultados: Observamos aumento dos incidentes vasovagais durante a administração da raquianestesia em casos com escores elevados de ansiedade, pacientes do sexo masculino e pacientes sem história anestésica. O nível de escolaridade e o número de punções com agulha espinhal não mostraram ter qualquer efeito sobre os incidentes vasovagais. Conclusão: Determinar as causas que desencadearam os incidentes vasovagais observados durante a aplicação da raquianestesia, fornecer boa informação ao paciente sobre a anestesia regional e promover alívio da ansiedade com tratamento ansiolítico no pré-operatório contribuirão para eliminar possíveis incidentes vasovagais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/complications , Syncope, Vasovagal/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Anesthesia, Spinal , Anxiety/diagnosis , Bradycardia/etiology , Bradycardia/epidemiology , Syncope, Vasovagal/epidemiology , Preoperative Period , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 87(5): 366-372, oct. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-830165

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante los últimos años múltiples pacientes con diagnóstico de corazón univentricular han sido tratados quirúrgicamente en nuestra institución mediante una anastomosis cavopulmonar total, de acuerdo al protocolo de corrección quirúrgica por etapas. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados postoperatorios y la sobrevida de pacientes con síndrome de hipoplasia de corazón izquierdo (SHCI) sometidos a la operación de Fontan en comparación con pacientes con otras formas de corazón univentricular. Pacientes y método: Ciento dos pacientes fueron sometidos a la operación de Fontan entre abril de 1996 y marzo de 2014, 25 con SHCI (grupo I) y 77 con otras formas de corazón univentricular (grupo II). Se analizó la sobrevida, variables demográficas, estudio hemodinámico, morbimortalidad quirúrgica, ventilación mecánica, uso de drenajes, estancia postoperatoria, score de isótropos, necesidad de marcapasos y necesidad de revertir el Fontan take down. Resultados: La mortalidad perioperatoria fue del 4% (n = 1) para el grupo I y del 7,8% (n = 6) para el grupo II (p = 0,451). La única diferencia encontrada fue la estancia hospitalaria, siendo de 17 días (6-47) para el grupo I y 12 (5-103) para el grupo II(p = 0,017). El seguimiento promedio fue de 4,24 ± 2,08 años para el grupo I y de 8,7 ± 4,67 para el grupo II. La sobrevida a 8 años para ambos grupos fue de 88% y de 81% a 10 años para el grupo II. Conclusiones: La cirugía de Fontan tuvo una mortalidad similar en pacientes con SHCI en comparación con aquellos con otras formas de corazón univentricular, mientras que el primer grupo tuvo una mayor estancia hospitalaria. La sobrevida a largo plazo fue similar para ambos grupos.


Introduction: During the last few years, numerous patients with univentricular heart disease have been treated surgically with total cavopulmonary anastomosis according to a staged surgery protocol in our institution. Objective: To evaluate the perioperative outcomes and survival of patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) after the Fontan procedure and compare them with other types of univentricular heart disease. Patients and method: A total of 102 patients underwent a Fontan procedure between April 1996 and March 2014, 25 with HLHS (group I), and 77 patients with other types of univentricular heart disease (group II). Groups survival, demographics, hemodinamic studies, morbimortality, mechanical ventilation, surgical drains, post-operative stay, isotopes score, pacemaker use, and requiriment of Fontan takedown were analyzed. Results: Intraoperative mortality was 4% (n = 1) for group I, and 7.8% (n = 6) for group II (P = .451). A difference was only found in hospital length of stay (LOS), being 17 days (6-47) for group I and 12 days (5-103) for group II (P = .017). Mean follow-up was 4.24 ± 2.08 years for group I, and 8.7 ± 4.67 for group II. Survival rate at 8 years for both groups was 88%, and 81% at 10 years for group II. Conclusions: The Fontan procedure had similar mortality, but longer LOS, in patients with HLHS compared to those with another types of single ventricle anatomy. Long term survival was comparable between both groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome/surgery , Fontan Procedure/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Time Factors , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome/mortality , Heart Defects, Congenital/physiopathology , Heart Defects, Congenital/mortality , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 66(5): 492-498, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794801

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The incidence of perioperative respiratory complications and postoperative care unit recovery time investigated in patients with passive tobacco smoke exposure according to the degree of exposure. Methods: Total 270 patients ranging in age from 18 to 60 years with the ASA physical status I or II exposed and not exposed to passive tobacco smoke received general anesthesia for various elective surgical operations evaluated for the study. Patients divided into two groups as exposed and non-exposed to passive tobacco smoke, those exposed to passive smoke are also divided into two groups according to the degree of exposure. Patients taken to the postoperative care unit (PACU) at the end of the operation and monitorized until Modified Aldrete's Scores became 9 and more. Respiratory complications evaluated and recorded in intraoperative and postoperative period. Results: A total of 251 patients were enrolled; 63 (25.1%) patients had airway complications, 11 (4.4%) had complications intraoperatively and 52 (20.7%) patients had complications postoperatively. There has been found significant relation with passive tobacco smoke exposure and high incidences of perioperative and postoperative respiratory complications. The risk of cough, desaturation and hypersecretion complications were found to be increased depending on the degree of exposure. There was significant relation between the degree of passive smoke exposure and the duration of PACU stay. Conclusion: Passive tobacco smoke exposed general anesthesia receiving patients also regarding to the degree of exposure having high rates of perioperative respiratory complications and prolongation of PACU stays when compared with unexposed patients.


Resumo Justificativa: A incidência de complicações respiratórias no perioperatório e o tempo em sala de recuperação pós-anestesia no pós-operatório em pacientes com exposição passiva à fumaça de tabaco foram avaliados de acordo com o grau de exposição. Métodos: Foram avaliados 270 pacientes entre 18-60 anos, estado físico ASA I ou II, passivamente expostos e não expostos à fumaça de tabaco, submetidos à anestesia geral para vários procedimentos cirúrgicos eletivos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: passivamente expostos e não expostos à fumaça de tabaco. Aqueles com exposição passiva à fumaça também foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com o grau de exposição. Os pacientes enviados à sala de recuperação pós-anestesia (SRPA) no fim da cirurgia foram monitorados até atingir 9 ou mais no escore modificado de Aldrete. As complicações respiratórias foram avaliadas e registradas nos períodos intraoperatório e pós-operatório. Resultados: Foram incluídos 251 pacientes, dos quais 63 (25,1%) apresentaram complicações respiratórias, 11 (4,4%) complicações no intraoperatório e 52 (20,7%) complicações no pós-operatório. Houve relação significativa entre a exposição passiva à fumaça de tabaco e a alta incidência de complicações respiratórias no perioperatório e pós-operatório. O risco de complicação como tosse, dessaturação e hipersecreção aumentou de acordo com o grau de exposição. Houve relação significativa entre o grau de exposição passiva à fumaça e o tempo de permanência em SRPA. Conclusão: Os pacientes com exposição passiva à fumaça de tabaco apresentaram altas taxas de complicações respiratórias no perioperatório e prolongamento da permanência em SRPA, em comparação com os pacientes não expostos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Respiration Disorders/epidemiology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/chemically induced , Respiration Disorders/chemically induced , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Intraoperative Complications/chemically induced , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 69(4): 712-717, jul.-ago. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-789036

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a ocorrência de complicações intraoperatórias e pós-operatórias em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos de urgência e emergência entre janeiro e dezembro de 2012, com tempo de jejum inferior a oito horas. Método: conduziu-se um estudo quantitativo, tipo coorte retrospectivo, por meio da análise de prontuários médicos. Resultados: foram incluídos 181 prontuários de pacientes submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos com duração média de 59,4 minutos, destacando-se a cirurgia de correção de fraturas em 32% dos casos. Foram observadas complicações em 36 (19,9%) dos pacientes, destacando-se o vômito (47,2%); seguido de náuseas (16,7%); necessidade de transfusão sanguínea (13,9%); infecção do sítio cirúrgico (11,1%); e óbito (11,1%). O tempo médio de jejum foi de 133,5 minutos. O tempo de jejum não apresentou correlação estatisticamente significante com as complicações investigadas. Conclusão: as complicações intraoperatórias e pós-operatórias estiveram associadas às condições clínicas dos pacientes e não ao tempo de jejum.


RESUMEN Objetivo: verificar la ocurrencia de complicaciones intra y posoperatorias en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos de urgencia y emergencia, entre enero y diciembre de 2012, con tiempo de ayuno inferior a ocho horas. Método: estudio cuantitativo, de tipo corte retrospectivo, utilizando fichas médicas para análisis. Resultados: se incluyeron 181 fichas de pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos con promedio de duración de 59,4 minutos, el 32% de los casos fueron de cirugía de corrección de fracturas. Se observaron complicaciones en 36 pacientes (19,9%), destacando en primer lugar el vómito (47,2%); después las náuseas (16,7%); la necesidad de transfusión sanguínea (13,9%); la infección del centro quirúrgico (11,1%); y fallecimiento (11,1%). El promedio del tiempo de ayuno fue de 133,5 minutos. El promedio de ayuno no presentó correlación estadísticamente significativa con las complicaciones evaluadas. Conclusión: las complicaciones intra y posoperatorias no estuvieron asociadas al tiempo de ayuno de los pacientes, sino a las condiciones clínicas de ellos.


ABSTRACT Objective: to verify the occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications in patients undergoing urgent and emergency surgical procedures between January and December 2012, with fasting time of less than 8 hours. Method: a quantitative study was conducted, of the retrospective cohort type, through the analysis of medical records. Results: we included 181 records of patients undergoing surgical procedures with average duration of 59.4 minutes. Fractures correction surgeries stood out, totalling 32% of cases. We observed complications in 36 patients (19.9%), vomiting being the most prevalent (47.2%); followed by nausea (16.7%); need for blood transfusion (13.9%); surgical site infection (11.1%); and death (11.1%). The average fasting time was 133.5 minutes. The fasting time showed no statistically significant correlation with the complications investigated. Conclusion: intraoperative and postoperative complications were associated with the clinical conditions of the patients and not with the fasting time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Fasting , Emergency Treatment , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged
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