Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.329
Filter
1.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 24: 1-14, 18 jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1367722

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as evidências científicas da literatura sobre a inserção de máscara laríngea por enfermeiros. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura, realizada em novembro de 2020, cuja busca ocorreu nas bases de dados Cumulattive Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane, Excerpta Médica Database, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, US National Library of Medicine National Institutes Database Search of Healthe Web of Sciencepor meio do programa Rayyan para seleção dos estudos. Resultados: Identificaram-se 1.156 estudos, do quais oito atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Os estudos foram categorizados em dispositivos de primeira e segunda geração. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o uso de máscara laríngea de primeira e segunda geração por enfermeiros é uma alternativa recomendada por sua rapidez, sucesso e eficácia em garantir a via aérea avançada, em especial, em situações de parada cardiorrespiratória em adultos, porém, recomenda-se verificar os efeitos adversos de seu uso.


Objective: To identify evidence-based literature on the laryngeal mask airway insertion by nurses. Method: Integrative literature review conducted in November 2020, searched in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane, Excerpta Medica Database, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, US National Library of Medicine National Institutes Database Search of Health and Web of Science through the Rayyan Study Selection Program. Results: Eight out of the 1,156 studies identified met the inclusion criteria. Studies were categorized into first and second-generation devices. Conclusion: The use of a first and second-generation laryngeal mask airway by nurses is a recommended alternative for its speed, success and effectiveness in ensuring the advanced airway, especially in situations of cardiopulmonary arrest in adults. However, adverse effects of its use should be evaluated.


Subject(s)
Intubation, Intratracheal , Airway Management , Primary Care Nursing
2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 43-48, 20211217. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355292

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La causa más común de estenosis laringotraqueal benigna es iatrogénica, secundaria a intubación orotraqueal. El manejo quirúrgico sigue siendo la alternativa que ha mostrado mejores resultados a largo plazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la experiencia en el manejo quirúrgico de la estenosis laringotraqueal durante 15 años en un hospital de alta complejidad en Colombia.Métodos. En este estudio se revisaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes tratados con reconstrucción de estenosis traqueal benigna, entre los años 2005 y 2020. Para el análisis estadístico se usaron métodos de estadística descriptiva, con análisis de frecuencias y medidas de tendencia central o de dispersión.Resultados. Se identificaron 38 pacientes con estenosis laringotraqueal, con un grado variable de estenosis. La nasofibrolaringoscopia fue bien tolerada y segura para determinar el grado y la longitud de la estenosis. El uso de tomografía sirvió para determinar la extensión y las características anatómicas. Los resultados del presente estudio son similares a los de la literatura en cuanto a complicaciones, mortalidad y falla de la anastomosis. Las complicaciones más frecuentemente reportadas son reestenosis, infección del sitio operatorio, lesión nerviosa y fístula, que en general se presentan en un tercio de los pacientes. Conclusiones. La experiencia de manejo quirúrgico de estenosis laringotraqueal en este hospital permite concluir que la reconstrucción traqueal es una opción segura en nuestro medio. Las tasas de éxito y de falla del tratamiento son equiparables a las reportadas en la literatura.


Introduction. The most common cause of benign laryngotracheal stenosis is iatrogenic, secondary to orotracheal intubation. Surgical management continues to be the alternative that has shown better long-term results. The objective of this study was to analyze the experience in the surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis for 15 years in a high-level complexity hospital in Colombia.Methods. Medical records of patients treated with reconstruction of benign tracheal stenosis between 2005 and 2020 were reviewed. Descriptive statistical methods were used, with frequency analysis and measures of central tendency or dispersion.Results. Thirthy-eight patients with laryngotracheal stenosis were identified, with a variable degree of stenosis. Nasofibrolaryngoscopy was well tolerated and safe to determine the degree and length of the stenosis. The use of tomography served to determine the extension and anatomical characteristics. The results of the present study are similar to those of the literature in terms of complications, mortality and failure of the anastomosis. The most frequently reported complications are restenosis, surgical site infection, nerve injury, and fistula, which generally occur in one third of patients.Conclusions. The experience of surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis in our hospital allows us to conclude that tracheal reconstruction is a safe option in our environment. Treatment success and failure rates are comparable to those reported in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tracheal Stenosis , Thoracic Surgery , Trachea , Intubation, Intratracheal
3.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(3): e764, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1351979

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A finales del año 2019 se reportaron casos de neumonía atípica en Wuhan provocados por un nuevo coronavirus. La intubación endotraqueal puede causar contaminación del personal de salud. Las pautas recientes prefieren la videolaringoscopia porque aumenta las posibilidades de intubación y evita del contacto cercano con el paciente. Objetivos: Describir el abordaje de la vía aérea con videolaringoscopia en pacientes con COVID-19 e identificar las principales complicaciones aparecidas durante la intubación endotraqueal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, en el periodo de diciembre de 2020 a febrero de 2021, en el Centro Médico Naval de la Ciudad de México. El universo estuvo conformado por 178 pacientes con COVID-19 que requirieron intubación endotraqueal. Se tomó una muestra de 103 pacientes los cuales fueron atendidos por los médicos cubanos. Resultados: Los pacientes mayores de 60 años representaron el 63,1 por ciento de los casos y el sexo masculino el 65 por ciento El 42,1 por ciento tuvieron un predictor de vía aérea difícil y el 30,1 por ciento, dos o más predictores. Se visualizó completamente la glotis en el 39,8 por ciento de los casos y, parcialmente, en un 57,3 por ciento. La intubación al primer intento se logró en el 73,8 por ciento. Las principales complicaciones encontradas fueron la desaturación (33 por ciento) y la hipotensión arterial (37,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: La videolaringoscopia podría mejorar la visualización de la apertura glótica y la intubación endotraqueal al primer intento. La desaturación y la hipotensión arterial fueron complicaciones que podrían esperarse en los pacientes con la COVID-19 durante este procedimiento(AU)


Introduction: At the end of 2019, cases of atypical pneumonia were reported in Wuhan caused by a new coronavirus. Endotracheal intubation may cause contamination of healthcare personnel. According to recent guidelines, videolaryngoscopy is preferred, because it increases the chances of intubation and avoids close contact with the patient. Objectives: To describe airway management with videolaryngoscopy in patients with COVID-19 and to identify the main complications that appeared during endotracheal intubation. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out, in the period from December 2020 to February 2021, at the Naval Medical Center in Mexico City. The universe consisted of 178 patients with COVID-19 who required endotracheal intubation. A sample of 103 patients was taken, who were cared for by Cuban doctors. Results: Patients older than 60 years represented 63.1 percent of the cases, while the male sex represented 65 percent. 42.1 percent had one predictor of difficult airway and 30.1 percent had two or more predictors. The glottis was visualized fully in 39.8 percent of cases and partially in 57.3 percent. Intubation on the first attempt was achieved in 73.8 percent. The main complications found were desaturation (33 percent) and arterial hypotension (37.9 percent). Conclusions: Videolaryngoscopy could improve visualization of the glottic opening and endotracheal intubation on the first attempt. Desaturation and hypotension were complications that could be expected in COVID-19 patients during this procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Delivery of Health Care , Capsule Endoscopes/standards , Airway Management/methods , COVID-19 , Intubation, Intratracheal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Guidelines as Topic
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 251-257, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344244

ABSTRACT

asistencia ventilatoria cuando la vía aérea y la consciencia están comprometidas. Los elementos utilizados en este procedimiento se encuentran en contacto directo con estructuras dentofaciales, causando diversos tipos de lesiones, principalmente bucales. Aunque existen cuidados clínicos durante procesos de intubación, hay poca información, particularmente de la zona norte del país donde se hayan evaluado las posibles asociaciones entre los motivos de consulta más frecuentes y las diversas características, tanto clínicas como no clínicas de pacientes que han sido intubados. Objetivo: Identificar las alteraciones bucodentales más frecuentes en pacientes intubados, así como explorar las posibles asociaciones de acuerdo con los motivos de intubación más frecuentes. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y comparativo en el cual se evaluaron alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas de pacientes intubados. Los grupos de estudio se desarrollaron de acuerdo con el motivo de intubación y la determinación de las asociaciones fue con cada una de las alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas. Resultados: El motivo de intubación más frecuente fue el evento cerebral vascular (EVC) y las alteraciones dentofaciales más prevalentes fueron caries, lengua saburral y cálculo dental, entre otras. Además, se encontraron diferencias significativas entre pacientes con EVC, mostrando una mayor frecuencia en tabaquismo, hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, así como en la presencia de gingivitis y úlceras. Pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) tuvieron mayor frecuencia en la presencia de periodontitis. Conclusión: El motivo de hospitalización y las condiciones sistémicas preexistentes pueden ser un factor de riesgo para desarrollar lesiones bucales específicas antes y durante el periodo de intubación (AU)


Introduction: Intubation is a procedure that allows ventilatory assistance when the airway and consciousness are compromised. The elements used in this procedure are in direct contact with dentofacial structures causing various types of injuries, mainly oral. Although there is clinical care during intubation processes, there is little information, particularly from the northern part of the country where the possible associations between the most frequent reasons for consultation and the various clinical and non-clinical characteristics of patients who have been intubated have been evaluated. Objective: The objectives of the present study were to identify the most frequent oral alterations in intubated patients, as well as to explore possible associations according to the most frequent reasons for intubation. Material and methods: An observational, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out in which oral and systemic alterations of intubated patients were evaluated. The study groups were formed according to the reason for intubation and the association was determined with each of the oral and systemic disorders. Results: The most frequent reason for intubation was the vascular cerebral event (CVA) and the most prevalent dentofacial alterations were caries, coated tongue, and dental calculus, among others. In addition, significant differences were found between patients with CVA, showing a higher frequency in smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, as well as in the presence of gingivitis and ulcers. Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) had a higher frequency in the presence of periodontitis. Conclusion: The reason for hospitalization and pre-existing systemic conditions can be a risk factor for developing specific oral lesions before and during the intubation period (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Hospitalization , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Tooth Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke , Diabetes Mellitus , Observational Study , Brain Contusion , Hypertension , Mexico
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 270-273, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280932

ABSTRACT

En pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV-2 la intubación endotraqueal es un procedimiento con riesgo elevado de contagio. La videolaringoscopia complementa la protección del profesional, pero los videolaringoscopios comerciales son caros y no siempre están disponibles en las terapias intensivas pediátricas argentinas. El objetivo fue describir la práctica de intubación en un modelo de cabeza de simulación de lactante con un videolaringoscopio artesanal de bajo costo.Quince pediatras sin experiencia previa con el dispositivo participaron de una práctica de intubación en una cabeza de simulación con un videolaringoscopio artesanal. El tiempo promedio del primer intento fue de 116,4 segundos (intervalo de confianza del 95 % [IC95 %]: 84,8-148,0) y, el del siguiente fue de 44,2 segundos (IC95 %: 27,7­60,6). El tiempo disminuyó de forma significativa en el segundo intento (p : 0,0001). El dispositivo permitió la intubación exitosa en todos los intentos acortando la duración del procedimiento en la segunda práctica


In patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection, endotracheal intubation is a procedure with a high risk for transmission. A videolaryngoscopy is a supplementary level of health care provider protection, but commercial videolaryngoscopes are expensive and not always available in pediatric intensive care units in Argentina. Our objective was to describe intubation practice using an infant head mannequin with a low-cost, handcrafted videolaryngoscope.Fifteen pediatricians with no prior experience using the device participated in an intubation practice in a head mannequin with a handcrafted videolaryngoscope. The average time for the first attempt was 116.4 seconds (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 84.8-148.0) and, for the second one, 44.2 seconds (95 % CI: 27.7-60.6). Time decreased significantly for the second attempt (p: 0.0001).A successful intubation was achieved with the device in all attempts, and the procedure duration decreased with the second practice


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pediatrics/education , Laryngoscopes/economics , Simulation Training/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngoscopy/economics , Pediatrics/economics , Time Factors , Video Recording , Health Care Costs , Clinical Competence/statistics & numerical data , Education, Medical, Continuing/methods , Learning Curve , COVID-19/transmission , Internship and Residency/methods , Intubation, Intratracheal/economics , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Laryngoscopy/education , Laryngoscopy/instrumentation , Laryngoscopy/methods , Manikins
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e345-e348, agosto 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281782

ABSTRACT

El talco, un silicato de magnesio hidratado, formó parte durante décadas del cuidado tradicional de lactantes y niños pequeños. Si bien en los niños su inhalación aguda, que suele ser accidental durante el cambio de pañales, no es frecuente, es una condición potencialmente peligrosa, que puede provocar dificultad respiratoria grave e incluso cuadros mortales. Se describe el grave compromiso respiratorio por neumonitis química asociado con la inhalación accidental de talco en un lactante de 14 meses. El niño presentó un cuadro de dificultad respiratoria con requerimiento de asistencia respiratoria mecánica (ARM) durante una semana. En cuanto al tratamiento, no existe un estándar, se utilizaron antibióticos y corticoides sistémicos y aerosolterapia. No presentó complicaciones en otros órganos o sistemas. Su evolución fue favorable, se pudo externar al décimo día de internación y presentó posteriormente episodios aislados de hiperreactividad bronquial.


Talc is a hydrated magnesium silicate. It was part of traditional infant and young child care for decades. In children, its acute inhalation, generally accidental during diaper changes, although not frequent, is a potentially dangerous condition, and can cause severe respiratory distress and even death. We describe the case of a 14-month child who had an accidental inhalation of talc, chemical pneumonitis and severe respiratory compromise. The patient had acute respiratory distress syndrome requiring mechanical ventilation for one week. There is no standard treatment, we used systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids and aerosol therapy. He did not have complications in other organs or systems. He was hospitalized for ten days. In the follow up, he had isolated episodes of bronchial hyperresponsiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Pneumonia/chemically induced , Respiratory Insufficiency/chemically induced , Talc/adverse effects , Pneumonia/therapy , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Accidents, Home , Inhalation , Intubation, Intratracheal
8.
s.l; s.n; [mar. 2021].
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1248120
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e45-e48, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147260

ABSTRACT

Cuando los recién nacidos presentan obstrucción de la vía aérea, requieren un manejo urgente y experto para evitar la mortalidad y la morbilidad. La definición de vía aérea difícil se relaciona con problemas en la intubación endotraqueal o en la ventilación a presión positiva con bolsa y máscara o reanimador de pieza en T. El manejo debe basarse en la comprensión del mecanismo fisiopatológico responsable de la vía aérea difícil. Las causas en el recién nacido pueden ser congénitas y/o adquiridas.Se presenta el caso de una recién nacida con síndrome de Treacher-Collins tipo 1 [OMIM #154500] con una disostosis mandibulofacial, micrognatia, hipoplasia malar, paladar hendido, sin cardiopatía congénita, asociado con intubación extremadamente difícil


f newborns have an airway obstruction, they require urgent and expert management to avoid mortality and morbidity. The definition of difficult airway includes problems in endotracheal intubation or positive pressure ventilation with bag and mask or T-piece resuscitator. Management should be based on an understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for difficult airway. The causes of difficult airway in the newborn can be congenital or acquired.We present the case of a newborn with Treacher-Collins syndrome Type 1 [OMIM # 154500] with a mandibulofacial dysostosis, micrognathia, malar hypoplasia, cleft palate, without congenital heart disease, associated with extremely difficult intubation


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Airway Management , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Congenital Abnormalities , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Airway Obstruction , Intubation, Intratracheal
10.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 48-67, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289052

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Proponer estrategias agile para este abordaje integral de la analgesia, sedación, delirium, implementación de movilidad temprana e inclusión familiar del paciente con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda por COVID-19, considerando el alto riesgo de infección que existe entre los trabajadores de salud, el tratamiento humanitario que debemos brindar al paciente y su familia, en un contexto de falta estrategias terapéuticas específicas contra el virus globalmente disponibles a la fecha y una potencial falta de recursos sanitarios. Metodos: Se llevó a cabo una revision no sistemática de la evidencia científica en las principales bases de datos bibliográficos, sumada a la experiencia y juicio clínico nacional e internacional. Finalmente, se realizó un consenso de recomendaciones entre los integrantes del Comité de Analgesia, Sedación y Delirium de la Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Resultados: Se acordaron recomendaciones y se desarrollaron herramientas para asegurar un abordaje integral de analgesia, sedación, delirium, implementación de movilidad temprana e inclusión familiar del paciente adulto con síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda por COVID-19. Discusión: Ante el nuevo orden generado en las terapias intensivas por la progresión de la pandemia de COVID-19, proponemos no dejar atrás las buenas prácticas habituales, sino adaptarlas al contexto particular generado. Nuestro consenso está respaldado en la evidencia científica, la experiencia nacional e internacional, y será una herramienta de consulta atractiva en las terapias intensivas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To propose agile strategies for a comprehensive approach to analgesia, sedation, delirium, early mobility and family engagement for patients with COVID-19-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome, considering the high risk of infection among health workers, the humanitarian treatment that we must provide to patients and the inclusion of patients' families, in a context lacking specific therapeutic strategies against the virus globally available to date and a potential lack of health resources. Methods: A nonsystematic review of the scientific evidence in the main bibliographic databases was carried out, together with national and international clinical experience and judgment. Finally, a consensus of recommendations was made among the members of the Committee for Analgesia, Sedation and Delirium of the Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva. Results: Recommendations were agreed upon, and tools were developed to ensure a comprehensive approach to analgesia, sedation, delirium, early mobility and family engagement for adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to COVID-19. Discussion: Given the new order generated in intensive therapies due to the advancing COVID-19 pandemic, we propose to not leave aside the usual good practices but to adapt them to the particular context generated. Our consensus is supported by scientific evidence and national and international experience and will be an attractive consultation tool in intensive therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Delirium/therapy , Consensus , Pain Management/standards , COVID-19/complications , Analgesia/standards , Psychomotor Agitation/therapy , Neuromuscular Blockade/methods , Delirium/diagnosis , Early Ambulation , Checklist , Pain Management/methods , COVID-19/drug therapy , Analgesia/methods , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods
11.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 68-74, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289049

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar se as modificações na atenção médica em razão da aplicação dos protocolos para COVID-19 afetaram os desfechos clínicos de pacientes sem a doença durante a pandemia. Métodos: Este foi um estudo observacional de coorte retrospectiva conduzido em uma unidade de terapia intensiva clínica e cirúrgica com 38 leitos, localizada em hospital privado de alta complexidade na cidade de Buenos Aires, Argentina, e envolveu os pacientes com insuficiência respiratória admitidos à unidade de terapia intensiva no período compreendido entre março e abril de 2020 em comparação com o mesmo período no ano de 2019. Compararam-se as intervenções e os desfechos dos pacientes sem COVID-19 tratados durante a pandemia em 2020 e os pacientes admitidos em 2019. As principais variáveis avaliadas foram os cuidados respiratórios na unidade de terapia intensiva, o número de exames de tomografia computadorizada do tórax e lavados broncoalveolares, complicações na unidade de terapia intensiva e condições quando da alta hospitalar. Resultados: Observou-se, em 2020, uma redução significante do uso de cânula nasal de alto fluxo: 14 (42%), em 2019, em comparação com 1 (3%), em 2020. Além disso, em 2020, observou-se aumento significante no número de pacientes sob ventilação mecânica admitidos à unidade de terapia intensiva a partir do pronto-socorro, de 23 (69%) em comparação com 11 (31%) em 2019. Contudo, o número de pacientes com ventilação mecânica 5 dias após a admissão foi semelhante em ambos os anos: 24 (69%), em 2019, e 26 (79%) em 2020. Conclusão: Os protocolos para unidades de terapia intensiva com base em recomendações internacionais para a pandemia de COVID-19 modificaram o manejo de pacientes sem COVID-19. Observamos redução do uso da cânula nasal de alto fluxo e aumento no número de intubações traqueais no pronto-socorro. Entretanto, não se identificaram alterações na percentagem de pacientes intubados na unidade de terapia intensiva, número de dias sob ventilação mecânica ou número de dias na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Abstract Objective: To analyze whether changes in medical care due to the application of COVID-19 protocols affected clinical outcomes in patients without COVID-19 during the pandemic. Methods: This was a retrospective, observational cohort study carried out in a thirty-eight-bed surgical and medical intensive care unit of a high complexity private hospital. Patients with respiratory failure admitted to the intensive care unit during March and April 2020 and the same months in 2019 were selected. We compared interventions and outcomes of patients without COVID-19 during the pandemic with patients admitted in 2019. The main variables analyzed were intensive care unit respiratory management, number of chest tomography scans and bronchoalveolar lavages, intensive care unit complications, and status at hospital discharge. Results: In 2020, a significant reduction in the use of a high-flow nasal cannula was observed: 14 (42%) in 2019 compared to 1 (3%) in 2020. Additionally, in 2020, a significant increase was observed in the number of patients under mechanical ventilation admitted to the intensive care unit from the emergency department, 23 (69%) compared to 11 (31%) in 2019. Nevertheless, the number of patients with mechanical ventilation after 5 days of admission was similar in both years: 24 (69%) in 2019 and 26 (79%) in 2020. Conclusion: Intensive care unit protocols based on international recommendations for the COVID-19 pandemic have produced a change in non-COVID-19 patient management. We observed a reduction in the use of a high-flow nasal cannula and an increased number of tracheal intubations in the emergency department. However, no changes in the percentage of intubated patients in the intensive care unit, the number of mechanical ventilation days or the length of stay in intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Critical Illness/therapy , Disease Management , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Bronchoalveolar Lavage/statistics & numerical data , Health Care Surveys , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/statistics & numerical data
12.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 34-43, Ene-Jun 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147878

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una investigación experimental tipo ensayo clínico controlado simple ciego con el fin de evaluar la relajación muscular y los predictores de vía aérea difícil en pacientes programados para cirugía general en el Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda. La muestra estuvo conformada por 100 pacientes distribuidos aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos de 25 pacientes cada uno. En los grupos Experimental-1 (E-1) y Control-1 (C-1) se utilizó una dosis del bloqueante neuromuscular Bromuro de Rocuronio de 0,6 mg/kg y en los grupos Experimental-2 (E-2) y Control-2 (C-2) de 1 mg/kg. La edad promedio de los pacientes fue de 34,8 ± 9,8 años; en los grupos E-1 y E-2, los predictores de vía aérea difícil predominantes fueron distancia esternomentoniana (32% y 42%), distancia tiromentoniana (24% y 40%), distancia interincisivos clase I (88% y 92 %), circunferencia de cuello  40 cm (16% y 8 %), Mallampati (88% y 40%), extensión atlanto-occipital (28% y 20%) y protrusión mandibular (28% y 20%). En el 72% y 80% de los pacientes de los grupos experimentales y control no hubo intento adicional de intubación orotraqueal (IOT); el tiempo invertido para alcanzar la IOT fue < 1 minuto en el grupo C-2 (64%) y E-2 (72%). Existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el número de intentos para alcanzar la IOT, la presencia de predictores de vía aérea difícil y la dosis de bloqueante neuromuscular utilizada lo que evidencia de que a medida que se aumenta la dosis del medicamento hay mayor posibilidad de éxitos en la IOT, aun cuando estén presentes predictores de vía aérea difícil(AU)


An experimental simple blind controlled clinical trial was carried out to evaluate muscle relaxation and predictors of difficult airway in patients scheduled for general surgery at the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda. The sample consisted of 100 patients randomly distributed into four groups of 25 patients each. Patients from the Experimental-1 (E-1) and Control-1 (C-1) groups received 0.6 mg/kg of the neuromuscular blocking agent Rocuronium Bromide while Experimetal-2 (E-2) and Control-2 (C-2) patients received a dosage of 1 mg/kg. Average age of participants was 34.8 ± 9.8 years. Predictors of difficult airway in E-1 and E-2 were sternomental distance (32% and 42%, thyromental distance (24% and 40%), interincisive distance class 1 (88% and 92%), neck circumference  40 cm (16% and 8%), Mallampati (88% and 40%), atlanto-occipital extension (28% and 20%) and mandibular protrusion (28% and 20%). In 72% and 80% of patients from the E and C groups there was not an additional attempt of orotracheal intubation (OTI); the time invested to reach the OTI was less than one minute in 64% of patients from the C-2 and 72% of the E-2. There are statistically significant differences between the number of attempts to reach the OTI, presence of predictors of difficult airway and the dose of Rocuronium Bromide which means that as the drug dosage increases, there is a greater possibility of success in the OTI, even when predictors of difficult airway are present(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Airway Management , Intubation, Intratracheal/mortality , Hypoxia , Muscle Relaxation/drug effects , General Surgery , Central Nervous System , Anesthesia, Endotracheal
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202914, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287891

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: interstitial lung disease comprises a group of lung diseases with wide pathophysiological varieties. This paper aims to report the video thoracoscopic surgical biopsy in patients with interstitial lung disease through a single minimal chest incision, without orotracheal intubation, without chest drainage, and without the use of neuromuscular blockers. Methods: this study is a series of 14 cases evaluated retrospectively, descriptively, where patients underwent a pulmonary surgical biopsy from January 2019 to January 2020. The patients included in the study had diffuse interstitial lung disease without a defined etiological diagnosis. Results: none of the patients had transoperative complications, there was no need for chest drainage in the postoperative period, and the patients pain, assessed using the verbal scale, had a mode of 2 (minimum value of 1 and maximum of 4) in the post immediate surgery and 1 (minimum value of 1 and maximum of 3) at the time of hospital discharge. The length of hospital stay was up to 24 hours, with 12 patients being discharged on the same day of hospitalization. Conclusion: therefore, it is concluded in this series of cases that the performance of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery procedures to perform lung biopsies, without orotracheal intubation, without chest drainage, and without the use of neuromuscular blockers, bring benefits to the patient without compromising his safety. Further larger studies are necessary to confirm the safety and efficiency of this method.


RESUMO Objetivo: a doença pulmonar intersticial compreende um grupo de doenças pulmonares com grandes variedades fisiopatológicas. Este trabalho objetiva relatar a biópsia cirúrgica videotoracoscópica em pacientes com doença pulmonar intersticial por meio de incisão torácica mínima única, sem intubação orotraqueal, sem drenagem torácica e sem uso de bloqueadores neuromusculares. Métodos: este estudo é uma série de 14 casos avaliados de forma retrospectiva, descritiva, onde no qual os pacientes foram submetidos a biópsia cirúrgica pulmonar no período de janeiro de 2019 a janeiro de 2020. Os pacientes incluídos na pesquisa, apresentavam doença pulmonar intersticial difusa sem diagnóstico etiológico definido. Resultados: nenhum dos pacientes apresentou complicações transoperatórias, não houve necessidade de drenagem torácica no período pós-operatório e a dor dos pacientes, avaliada por meio da escala verbal, teve moda de 2 (valores mínimos de 1 e máximo de 4) no período de pós-operatório imediato e 1 (valores mínimos de 1 e máximos de 3) no momento da alta hospitalar. O tempo de permanência hospitalar foi de até 24 horas, sendo que 12 pacientes receberam alta no mesmo dia da internação. Conclusão: conclui-se, assim, que nesta série de casos, a realização de procedimentos de cirurgia toracoscópica videoassistida uniportais para realização de biópsias pulmonares, sem intubação orotraqueal, sem drenagem torácica e sem uso de bloqueadores neuromusculares trazem benefícios para o paciente sem comprometer sua segurança. Estudos maiores são necessários para comprovar tanto a segurança quanto à eficácia deste método.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Biopsy , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Intubation, Intratracheal
14.
In. Machado Rodríguez, Fernando; Cluzet, Óscar; Liñares Divenuto, Norberto Jorge; Gorrasi Delgado, José Antonio. La pandemia por COVID-19: una mirada integral desde la emergencia del hospital universitario. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.121-159, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1344075
15.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(3): e136, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279846

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: the coronavirus pandemic disclosed the need for safe orotracheal intubation not only for the patient, but also for the professionals involved in the procedure. Therefore, training and technique reviews became necessary. Objective: this article aims to propose the application of the Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice (RCDP) strategy for the training of anesthesiologists in orotracheal intubation in people with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 and to present a guide for the application of this strategy in this situation. Method: This is a methodological study presenting the theoretical and operational aspects for the Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice application and a guide constructed from the search for evidence published in journals and official recommendations published by the institutions linked to the Brazilian and international health area. Results: the main theoretical aspects reported are related to the three principles on which Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice is based: maximizing time in deliberate practice, targeted feedback, and explicit psychological security. As for the operational aspects, it is highlighted that the training must be carried out with a maximum of six people. An error must be interrupted, prescriptive feedback must be given, and the task must be performed again until the participant reaches mastery. As for the procedure technical specificity, a guide to the application of the rapid cycle deliberate practice is presented with the sequence for the adequate airway management of hypoxemic patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection. Conclusion: it is concluded that the assessed instructional strategy showed to be promising for the training with mastery learning in all professionals who will perform the procedure of orotracheal intubation while facing the severe forms of COVID-19, minimizing the risk of contamination.


Resumo: Introdução: A pandemia por coronavírus revelou a necessidade de intubação orotraqueal de forma segura não apenas para o paciente, mas igualmente para os profissionais envolvidos no procedimento. Para isso, treinamentos e revisões de técnicas se tornam necessários. Objetivo: Este artigo tem por objetivos propor a aplicação da estratégia de Prática Deliberada em Ciclos Rápidos (PDCR) para treinamento de anestesiologistas na intubação orotraqueal em pessoas confirmadas ou suspeitas com Covid-19 e apresentar um guia para aplicação dessa estratégia nessa conjuntura. Método: Trata-se de estudo metodológico que apresenta aspectos teóricos e operacionais para a aplicação da PDCR e um guia de aplicação construído a partir da busca de evidências publicadas em periódicos e recomendações oficiais divulgadas pelos órgãos vinculados à área da saúde brasileira e internacional. Resultado: Os principais aspectos teóricos relatados são concernentes aos três princípios que baseiam a PDCR: maximização do tempo em prática deliberada, feedback direcionado e segurança psicológica explícita. Quanto aos aspectos operacionais, destaca-se que o treinamento deve ser realizado com o máximo de seis pessoas. Deve-se interromper o erro, fornecer um feedback prescritivo e pedir que a tarefa seja realizada novamente até atingir a maestria. Quanto às especificidades técnicas do procedimento, apresenta-se um guia de aplicação da PDCR com a sequência para o adequado manuseio de vias aéreas de pacientes hipoxêmicos suspeitos e positivos para Covid-19. Conclusão: A estratégia instrucional estudada mostra ser propícia a treinar com maestria os profissionais que realizarão o procedimento de intubação orotraqueal no enfrentamento das formas graves da Covid-19, visando minimizar o risco de contaminação.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/therapy , Intubation, Intratracheal , Anesthesiology/education , Patient Simulation
16.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31102, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291246

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A consulta pré-anestésica é de extrema importância para o médico anestesiologista no planejamento do manejo das vias aéreas de pacientes sob o efeito de anestesia geral com intubação orotraqueal (IOT). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo/negativo (VPP/VPN) de testes de predição de IOT difícil (Escore de Wilson - EW, e Teste de Mallampati modificado - TMM), em pacientes submetidos à anestesia geral, em hospital filantrópico do interior de Minas Gerais. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo transversal, por meio de fichas pré-anestésicas e transoperatórias, de pacientes submetidos à anestesia geral com IOT, entre os meses de janeiro (2019) e março (2020). RESULTADOS: Dos 440 pacientes, 56,1% necessitaram de IOT: média de idade de 49,9 anos (desvio padrão 18,6). A maioria foi classificada: TMM classe I e II; pontuação 0 a 2 no EW; distância esternomentoniana >12,5 cm, sugerindo IOT fácil. Apenas o TMM apresentou correlação com IOT difícil (p=0,045). Sensibilidade e especificidade dos testes respectivamente: TMM (54,6%;75,9%); EW (36,4% e 79,7%); baixo VPP (TMM: 9,5%; EW: 7,7%) e alto VPN (TMM: 97,3%; EW: 96,4%). Curva ROC: área sob a curva foi de TMM = 0,68; EW = 0,60. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do TMM apresentar correlação significativa com a IOT difícil, não foi possível definir o melhor teste preditor. Ressaltamos que a sensibilidade e o VPP, de ambas as avaliações, ficaram abaixo daquilo que seria considerado adequado para um teste de rastreio e predição.


Introduction: A pre-anesthetic appointment is extremely important for the anesthesiologist when planning the management of the airways of patients under the effect of general anesthesia with orotracheal intubation (OTI). Objective: To evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive/ negative predictive value (PPV/NPV) of difficult OTI prediction tests (Wilson risk-sum ­ WRS, and Modified Mallampati Test - MMT) in patients undergoing general anesthesia in a philanthropic hospital in the countryside of the state of Minas Gerais. Materials and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study using pre-anesthetic and transoperative records of patients submitted to general anesthesia with OTI between the months of January (2019) and March (2020). Results: Of the 440 patients, 56.1% required OTI: average age of 49.9 years (standard deviation 18.6). Most classified: MMT class I and II; score 0 to 2 on the WRS; sternomental distance greater than 12.5 cm, suggesting easy OTI. Only MMT showed statistical significance with difficult OTI (p=0.045). Sensitivity and specificity of the tests respectively: MMT (54.6%; 75.9%) WRS (36.4% and 79.7%) low PPV (MMT: 9.5%; WRS: 7.7%) and high NPV (MMT: 97.3%; WRS: 96.4%). ROC Curve: area under the curve was MMT = 0,68; WRS = 0,60. Conclusion: Although the MMT has a significant correlation with the difficult OTI, it was not possible to define the best predictor test. We emphasize that the sensitivity and PPV of both evaluations were below what would be considered adequate for a screening and prediction test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sensitivity and Specificity , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngoscopy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Anesthesia, General/methods
17.
CoDAS ; 33(2): e20190246, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249604

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose to verify the efficacy of speech therapy in the early return of oral intake in patients with post-orotracheal intubation dysphagia. Methods It was a double-blinded randomized controlled trial for two years with patients of intensive care units of a hospital. Study inclusion criteria were orotracheal intubation>48hours, age≥18 years old, clinical stability, and dysphagia. Exclusion criteria were tracheotomy, score 4 to 7 in the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), neurological disorders. Patients were randomized into speech treatment or control group (ten days of follow-up). The treated group (TG) received guidance, therapeutic techniques, airway protection and maneuvers, orofacial myofunctional and vocal exercises, diet introduction; the control group (CG) received SHAM treatment. Primary outcomes were oral intake progression, dysphagia severity, and tube feeding permanence. Results In the initial period of study, 240 patients were assessed and 40 (16.6%) had dysphagia. Of this, 32 patients met the inclusion criteria, and 17 (53%) received speech therapy. Tube feeding permanence was shorter in TG (median of 3 days) compared to CG (median of 10 days) (p=0.004). The size effect of the intervention on tube feeding permanence was statistically significant between groups (Cohen's d=1.21). TG showed progress on FOIS scores compared to CG (p=0.005). TG also had a progression in severity levels of Dysphagia protocol (from moderate to mild dysphagia) (p<0.001). Conclusion Speech therapy favors an early progression of oral intake in post-intubation patients with dysphagia. Clinical Trial Registration: RBR-9829jk.


RESUMO Objetivo verificar a eficácia da fonoterapia no retorno precoce da via oral em pacientes com disfagia pós-intubação orotraqueal. Métodos Ensaio clínico controlado, randomizado, duplo-cego, realizado por dois anos com pacientes de Unidades de Terapia Intensiva de um hospital. Os critérios de inclusão foram intubação orotraqueal>48 horas, idade ≥18 anos, estabilidade clínica e disfagia. Foram excluídos pacientes com traqueotomia, 4 a 7 pontos na Escala Funcional de Ingestão Oral (FOIS), distúrbios neurológicos. Os pacientes foram randomizados para grupo tratado (GT) ou grupo controle (GC) (dez dias de acompanhamento). O GT recebeu orientações, técnicas e manobras terapêuticas, exercícios vocais e miofuncionais orofaciais, introdução da dieta por via oral; o GC recebeu tratamento SHAM. Os desfechos foram progressão da ingestão oral, gravidade da disfagia e via alternativa de alimentação. Resultados Inicialmente foram avaliados 240 pacientes, desses 40 (16,6%) apresentaram disfagia. Trinta e dois pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão e 17 (53%) receberam terapia fonoaudiológica. A permanência da alimentação por sonda foi menor no GT (mediana de 3 dias) em comparação ao GC (mediana de 10 dias) (p=0.004). O tamanho do efeito da intervenção sobre o tempo de permanência com sonda nasoentéroica foi estatisticametne significativo entre os grupos (Cohen's d=1.21). O GT apresentou progresso nos escores FOIS em comparação ao GC (p=0.005). O GT também teve uma progressão nos níveis de gravidade do PARD (de disfagia moderada a leve) (p<0.001). Conclusão A terapia fonoaudiológica favorece uma progressão precoce da ingestão oral em pacientes pós-intubação com disfagia. Registro de Ensaio Clínico: RBR-9829jk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Speech Therapy , Enteral Nutrition , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In order to further decrease and reduce the serious adverse events of silicone rubber endotracheal intubation in clinical use, especially in anesthesia and intensive care.@*METHODS@#Through the first stage analysis on the registration and certification of endotracheal intubation products in China, adverse events of products in recent five years in Zhejiang province, domestic and foreign literature of adverse events of products, retrieval of product citation standards, content integrity of product instructions, and expert seminar on serious adverse events, combined with the air leakage of endotracheal intubation products in recent two years, product material and clinical application with normative aspects.@*RESULTS@#Silicone rubber endotracheal intubation products in clinical intensive care have certain clinical safety risks, especially for long-term use of critically ill patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to the four cases of serious adverse events of silicone rubber endotracheal intubation in the clinical intensive care unit, we put forward some suggestions for the manufacturers, clinical users and regulatory agencies to further decrease and reduce the serious adverse events of silicone rubber endotracheal intubation.


Subject(s)
China , Critical Care , Critical Illness , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL