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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353448

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Em todo o mundo, estima-se que aproximadamente 634.897 pessoas são submetidas a procedimentos bariátricos a cada ano, com gastrectomia vertical e by-pass gástrico, representando 53,6% e 30%, respectivamente. Entre pacientes operados, aproximadamente metade são mulheres em idade reprodutiva. Em adultos, a intussuscepção é tipicamente devida a um local patológico no intestino, que pode ser maligno em mais da metade dos casos. A in-tussuscepção intestinal é rara em adultos, representando 1 a 5% das obstruções intestinais mecânicas. A intussus-cepção em gestantes pós by-pass gástrico é uma patologia muito rara de origem desconhecida com alto poder de lesão e injúria de órgãos e sistemas. Suas manifestações clínicas são como abdômen agudo obstrutivo, porém, na paciente gestante dificulta o diagnóstico precoce. Este relato de caso apresenta uma paciente de 38 anos, gestante de 22 semanas, com quadro de dor abdominal de forte intensidade acompanhada de vômitos em grande quantidade há um dia, antecedente de by-pass gástrico há quatro anos. O diagnóstico do quadro de intussuscepção intestinal foi possível após o sétimo dia de internação com auxílio de exame de imagem - RNM, sendo indicado o tratamento cirúrgico para correção do caso. Evoluiu com choque séptico com necessidade de internação prolongada em leito de CTI, recebendo alta após 27 dias de internação. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Worldwide, it is estimated that approximately 634,897 people undergo bariatric procedures each year, with vertical gastrectomy and gastric bypass, representing 53.6% and 30%, respectively. Among operated patients, approxi-mately half are women of reproductive age. In adults, intussusception is typically due to a pathological site in the intestine, which can be malignant in more than half of cases. Intestinal intussusception is rare in adults, repre-senting 1 to 5% of mechanical intestinal obstructions. Intussusception in pregnant women after gastric bypass is a very rare pathology of unknown origin with high power of injury and injury to organs and systems. Its clinical manifestations are like acute obstructive abdomen, but in pregnant women it is difficult to make an early diagnosis. This case report presents a 38-year-old patient, a 22-week pregnant woman, with severe abdominal pain accom-panied by vomiting in large quantities for 1 day, a history of gastric bypass for 4 years. The diagnosis of intestinal intussusception was possible after the seventh day of hospitalization with the aid of an image exam - MRI. Surgical treatment is indicated to correct the case. He developed septic shock requiring prolonged hospitalization in an ICU bed, being discharged after 27 days of hospitalization. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Shock, Septic , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Intussusception
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e061, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254600

ABSTRACT

El diente invaginado (DI) es una alteración en el desarrollo del órgano dentario, el cual se produce a consecuencia de una invaginación del epitelio interno del órgano del esmalte, también conocido con otros nombres, entre ellos dens in dent. Tiene una serie de características clínicas, histológicas e imagenológicas debidamente descritas a través de la literatura. Su variante más extrema presenta una configuración muy compleja y, debido a la magnitud de la invaginación que presenta, se le denomina también odontoma dilatado, término que para algunos profesionales genera confusión.Este término ha sido mencionado como sinónimo tanto de DI como, en algún momento, de una nueva variante de odontomas, si bien existe una diferencia entre ambos tipos: uno es una anomalía del desarrollo y el otro, un crecimiento de aspecto hamartomatoso. Sin embargo, la literatura sigue utilizando ambos términos para definir al DI, por lo que es importante conocer el origen y tener claro que la controversia está basada en referencias históricas y de costumbre. (AU)


The invaginate tooth (IT) is an alteration in the development of the dental organ, which occurs as a consequence of invagination of the internal epithelium of the enamel organ. IT is also known as "dens in dente", among other denominations, and presents a series of clinical, histological and imaging characteristics. The most extreme variant of IT has a very complex configuration, and the magnitude of the intussusception has led to it also being called dilated odontoma, being a term that generates confusion in some professionals.While the term odontoma has been reported as a synonym for both IT as well as a new variant of odontomas, there is a difference betweene the two types: one is a developmental anomaly and the other is a growth with a hamartomatous appearance. However, the literature continues to use both terms to define IT, and thus, it is important to know the origin and be aware that the controversy is based on historical and customary references. (AU)


Subject(s)
Odontoma , Dens in Dente , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Intussusception
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 514-519, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254383

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El linfoma puede afectar el tracto gastrointestinal de manera primaria o secundaria, y representa hasta el 2 % de todas las neoplasias malignas del intestino delgado y colon. El tracto gastrointestinal es la ubicación extraganglionar primaria más común en el linfoma no Hodgkin. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en las principales bases de datos académicas, con revisión de textos publicados sobre el tema en los últimos 5 años. Discusión. La presentación clínica del linfoma con compromiso gastrointestinal es inespecífica y, hasta en la mitad de los pacientes, se puede presentar de manera inicial con complicaciones que requieran manejo quirúrgico. Entre las principales se encuentran la perforación intestinal, el sangrado digestivo y la obstrucción intestinal


Introduction. Lymphoma can affect the gastrointestinal tract, primarily or secondarily, and accounts for up to 2% of all malignant neoplasms of the small intestine and colon. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal location in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Methods. A literature search performed in the main academic databases, with a review of texts published on the subject in the last 5 years.Discussion. The clinical presentation of lymphoma with gastrointestinal involvement is nonspecific and, in up to half of the patients, it can present initially with complications that require surgical management. Among the main ones are intestinal perforation, digestive bleeding and intestinal obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Lymphoma , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestinal Perforation , Intussusception
5.
Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 30(1)ene.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150251

ABSTRACT

Contar con datos confiables de la incidencia de la invaginación intestinal en la población infantil cubana es un paso necesario previo a la introducción de la vacuna contra el rotavirus. Con el objetivo de profundizar en el conocimiento de los hallazgos clínicos y epidemiológicos de la invaginación intestinal en niños menores de 1 año, se realizó un estudio epidemiológico en el servicio de cirugía pediátrica del Hospital Pediátrico Docente Centro Habana entre noviembre de 2017 a abril de 2018. El estudio constituye el precursor de un sistema de vigilancia centinela de base hospitalaria que será parte del proyecto Vacuna contra rotavirus promovido por el Instituto Finlay de Vacunas. Los datos de todos los casos notificados se recolectaron por los cirujanos a través de la Ficha de vigilancia centinela de la invaginación intestina. Se notificaron un total de nueve casos con diagnóstico de invaginación intestinal, principalmente a los 5 meses de edad (44,4 por ciento), todos confirmados por ecografía de abdomen. La incidencia de invaginación intestinal en este período fue estimada de 1,41 por ciento. Los síntomas y signos más frecuentes fueron las deposiciones con sangre (77,8 por ciento), la irritabilidad (66,7 por ciento) y el vómito (55,6 por ciento). La desinvaginación por técnicas no quirúrgicas fue empleada en ocho casos y de ellas, el enema con aire fue la más usada (62,5 por ciento). Los resultados presentados aportan información necesaria para la construcción de la línea base de la invaginación intestinal en niños menores de 1 año de edad, antes de la introducción de la vacunación contra rotavirus en Cuba(AU)


The knowledge of the baseline incidence rates of intussusception among infants in Cuba are necessary to introduce the rotavirus vaccine into the Cuban immunization schedule. With the aim of characterizing the clinical presentation and epidemiology of intussusception a surveillance study was performed in children less than 1 years old with intussusception, in the pediatric surgery service at the Centro Habana Pediatric Hospital in Havana city between November 2017 and April, 2018. This study is the precursor of an active sentinel hospital surveillance for intussusception in children under 1 year of age, as a part of the project Rotavirus vaccine promoted by Instituto Finlay de Vacunas. Data were collected for each notified case by surgeons using a brief study questionnaire (Sentinel surveillance file for intussusception). A total of nine patients were diagnosed with intussusception, most cases presented at 5 months of age (44.4 percent), and all cases were confirmed by abdominal ultrasonography. The incidence of intussusception was 1.41 percent. The most frequent symptoms were rectal bleeding (77.8 percent), irritability (66.7 percent) and vomiting (55.6 percent). Intussusceptions reduction by non-surgical methods was used in eight cases, mainly air enema (62.5 percent). These results are now available to build the body of scientific evidence for baseline rates of intussusception in children less than 1 year of age, prior to the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine in Cuba(AU)


Subject(s)
Rotavirus Vaccines/therapeutic use , Intussusception , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cuba
6.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 22(2): 120-130, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124841

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: La invaginación intestinal como causa de dolor abdominal es un motivo infrecuente de consulta en la edad adulta. Una lesión orgánica es la causante en el 90 % de los casos. Pueden ser lesiones malignas o benignas, y entre estas últimas se mencionan los lipomas de intestino delgado. Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una paciente con invaginación intestinal secundaria a pólipo mesenquimatoso. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 47 años de edad, con antecedentes de dolor abdominal recurrente hacia fosa ilíaca derecha y cambios intermitentes en el hábito intestinal. En los estudios de imagen realizados se le diagnosticó una invaginación de intestino delgado, la cual se corroboró en el acto quirúrgico y mediante anatomía patológica que informó un pólipo mesenquimatoso (fibrolipoma) como causante. Conclusiones: La invaginación intestinal, aunque infrecuente, puede ser la forma de presentación de dolor abdominal recurrente en el adulto.


ABSTRACT Background: Intestinal invagination as a cause of abdominal pain is an infrequent reason for consultation in adulthood. An organic injury is the cause in 90 % of cases. They can be malignant or benign lesions, and among the latter, lipomas of the small intestine are mentioned. Objective: To present the case of a patient with intestinal invagination secondary to a mesenchymal polyp. Case presentation: A 47-year-old female patient with a history of recurrent abdominal pain towards the right iliac fossa and intermittent changes in bowel habit. In the imaging studies, an invagination of the small intestine was diagnosed which was corroborated in the surgical act and by pathological anatomy that reported a mesenchymal polyp (fibrolipoma) as the cause. Conclusion: Intestinal invagination, although infrequent, may be the form of presentation of recurrent abdominal pain in adults.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Intestinal Polyps/pathology , Intussusception/surgery , Adult , Ileal Neoplasms/surgery
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e338-e341, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1117378

ABSTRACT

La invaginación intestinal ocurre cuando un segmento proximal de intestino se repliega dentro de la luz de un segmento distal adyacente y provoca obstrucción intestinal. Es una causa común de abdomen agudo en los dos primeros años de la vida, pero raro en niños mayores. Un varón de 16 años, con diagnóstico de fibrosis quística, se presentó con un cuadro compatible con síndrome de oclusión intestinal distal. Consultó a la clínica con dolor abdominal y una masa palpable en el hipocondrio derecho. Se realizó ecografía abdominal y tomografía de abdomen contrastada, que demostraron invaginación íleo-colónica con signos de isquemia intestinal, necrosis y neumatosis de la pared intestinal. Fue intervenido: se realizó resección del íleon terminal y hemicolon derecho, y se detectó una tumoración en ciego. La invaginación íleo-colónica es una causa rara de abdomen agudo en pacientes adolescentes con fibrosis quística y puede estar asociada a una causa orgánica subyacente.


Intestinal intussusception occurs when a proximal segment of the intestine telescopes into the lumen of an adjacent distal segment, causing intestinal obstruction. It is a common cause of acute abdomen in the first two years of life, but rare in older children. A 16-year-old male with a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis presented with symptoms compatible with distal intestinal occlusion syndrome. He came at the cystic fibrosis clinic with a 5-day evolution of abdominal pain and a palpable mass in the right hypochondrium. Abdominal ultrasound and abdominal contrasted tomography were performed demonstrating ileo-colonic invagination with signs of intestinal ischemia, necrosis and pneumatosis of the intestinal wall. He underwent surgery with resection of the terminal ileum and right hemicolon, ana tumor in the caecum was found. This is a rare cause of acute abdomen in young patients with cystic fibrosis and may be associated with an underlying organic cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Cystic Fibrosis , Intussusception/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Pain , Ileum/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction , Intussusception/surgery
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e188-e190, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100470

ABSTRACT

La invaginación intestinal es la causa más frecuente de obstrucción intestinal entre los 6 y los 36 meses de edad. La mayoría son idiopáticas. Se ha descrito la asociación entre la enfermedad celíaca y la invaginación intestinal en la población pediátrica. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 23 meses ingresado por estancamiento ponderal en cuyo estudio ecográfico se observaron invaginaciones íleo-ileales asintomáticas repetidas.


Intestinal intussusception is the most frequent cause of intestinal obstruction between 6 and 36 months of age, the majority being idiopathic. The association between celiac disease and intestinal intussusception in the pediatric population has been described. We present the case of a 23-month-old male admitted due to a failure to thrive. In his ultrasound study recurrent asymptomatic ileo-ileal invaginations were found


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Intussusception/diagnostic imaging , Celiac Disease/diet therapy , Failure to Thrive , Diet, Gluten-Free , Intussusception/diet therapy
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(4): 242-253, Apr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135616

ABSTRACT

Equine colic is one of the most common cause of death in horses, but few studies have investigated specifically the conditions at the necropsy. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological and pathological features of noninfectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in horses. A retrospective study was conducted in search of cases of these diseases affecting horses from 2005 to 2017. During this period, 114 horses died of noninfectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and the main causes were: primary gastric dilation (27/114), volvulus (27/114), enterolithiasis (20/114), rectal (colonic) perforation (15/114), gastric or cecocolonic impaction (10/114), incarcerations (6/114), intussusception (4/114), and others (5/114). Mixed breeds horses (56/114) and males (69/114) were mostly affected. The horses had a median and mean age of 10 and 10.9-years old, respectively. Primary gastric dilation was characterized by distension of the stomach by moderate to large amounts of content, which in 21 cases caused tearing of the stomach wall at the greater curvature (peritonitis), and the main predisposing factor was alimentary overload (17/27). Intestinal volvulus occurred within the small intestine (14 cases) and within the large intestines (13 cases). Grossly, there was intestinal ischemia with reddened to deep-black serosa and diffusely red mucosae. Enterolithiasis caused partial or complete obstruction of the right dorsal colon (9/20), transverse colon (4/20), small colon and right dorsal colon (3/20), rectum and right dorsal colon (2/20), and small colon (2/20). Viscera perforation and peritonitis occurred in 11 cases. Rectal (colonic) perforation involved the rectum (10/15), rectum/small colon (4/15), and the small colon (1/15). It was characterized by a focally extensive transmural tearing, associated with reddened borders, and retroperitoneal to diffuse peritonitis. Palpation related iatrogenic injuries (11/15) were the main cause. Impactions affected the large colon (7/10), the cecum (2/10), and the stomach (1/10). Incarcerations consisted of inguinoscrotal hernias (2/6), small intestine entrapment by a mesenteric failure (2/6), diaphragmatic hernia, and umbilical eventration. Grossly, the organs were constricted by a hernial ring, with intestinal ischemia and reddened to dark-red serosa. Predisposing factors included previous surgeries (2/6) and patent inguinal ring (1/6). Intussusception involved the small intestine (3/4) and ileocecum (1/4). Foals with lack of colostrum intake and concomitant pneumonia was a characteristic presentation (3/4). Grossly, the intussusceptum slipped into intussuscipiens, with diffuse deep black-red discoloration. Other causes included large colon displacement (2/5), extrinsic and intrinsic obstruction of the small intestine (2/5), and an intestinal adenocarcinoma. Noninfectious gastrointestinal diseases are major causes of death in horses. Epidemiological and gross features of the conditions should be accounted to obtain a final diagnosis of the cause of the colic.(AU)


A cólica em equinos é considerada como a principal causa de morte de cavalos, porém poucos estudos têm investigado especificamente as condições envolvidas através da necropsia. O objetivo desse estudo foi descrever os aspectos epidemiológicos e patológicos de doenças não infecciosas do trato gastrointestinal de equinos. Foi conduzido um estudo retrospectivo em busca de casos dessas doenças envolvendo cavalos de 2005 a 2017. Durante esse período, 114 equinos morreram devido a doenças não infecciosas do trato gastrointestinal, e as principais causas foram: dilatação gástrica (27/114), vólvulos (27/114), enterolitíase (20/114), ruptura retal (colônica) (15/114), compactação gástrica ou cecocolônica (10/114), encarceramentos (6/114), intussuscepções (4/114), e outros (5/114). Animais sem raça definida (56/114) e machos (69/114) foram mais afetados. Os equinos apresentavam uma média e mediana de idade de 10 e 10,9 anos, respectivamente. A dilatação gástrica primária era caracterizada por distensão do estômago por moderada a grande quantidade de conteúdo, que em 21 casos provocava ruptura da parede gástrica na curvatura maior (peritonite), e o principal fator predisponente foi sobrecarga alimentar (17/27). Vólvulo intestinal ocorreu no intestino delgado e no intestino grosso (14 e 13 casos, respectivamente). Macroscopicamente, havia isquemia intestinal com serosa avermelhada a enegrecida e mucosa difusamente avermelhada. A enterolitíase causou obstrução parcial ou completa do cólon dorsal direito (9/20), cólon transverso (4/20), cólon menor e cólon dorsal direito (3/20), cólon menor (2/20), e reto e cólon maior direito (2/20). Perfuração de vísceras e peritonite foram observadas em 11 casos. A ruptura retal (colônica) envolveu o reto (10/15), reto/cólon menor (4/15) e cólon menor (1/15). Essa era caracterizada por ruptura transmural focalmente extensa, com bordos avermelhados e peritonite retroperitoneal a difusa. Traumas relacionados à palpação (11/15) foram a principal causa. Compactações afetaram o cólon maior (7/10), ceco (2/10) e estômago (1/10). Encarceramentos consistiram em hérnias inguinoescrotais (2/6), encarceramento de alças intestinais por falha no mesentério (2/6), hérnia diafragmática e eventração umbilical. Macroscopicamente, os órgãos estavam constritos por um anel hernial, com isquemia intestinal e serosa avermelhada a vermelho-escura. Fatores predisponentes incluíram cirurgias prévias (2/6) e anel inguinal patente (1/6). Intussuscepções envolveram o intestino delgado (3/4) e íleoceco (1/4). A apresentação característica foi em potros com falta de colostro e concomitante pneumonia. Macroscopicamente, o intussuscepto deslizava em direção ao intussuscepiente, exibindo coloração vermelho-enegrecida difusa. Outras causas incluíram deslocamento de cólon maior (2/5), obstrução extrínseca e intrínseca do intestino delgado (2/5), e um caso de adenocarcinoma intestinal. Doenças não infecciosas são importantes causas de morte em equinos. Os aspectos epidemiológicos e macroscópicos das condições devem ser considerados para o que o diagnóstico final da causa da cólica seja obtido.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastric Dilatation , Colic , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Intestinal Volvulus , Horse Diseases/pathology , Horse Diseases/epidemiology , Intussusception , Horses
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787234

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is a medical condition, in which a proximal part of the intestine folds into the distal intestine. Adult intussusceptions are rare and account for approximately 5% of all cases of intussusceptions. The anatomical leading points include tumors, diverticulums, polyps, and strictures in 80-90% of adult intussusceptions, and 65% of colon intussusceptions and 30% of small bowel intussusceptions originate from malignant tumors. Treatments for adult intussusception have not been established, but most cases require surgical treatment. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common extranodal site for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The symptoms are mostly non-specific, but they rarely lead to complications, such as bleeding, perforation, and intussusception. Furthermore, few cases of primary gastrointestinal lymphomas causing intussusception have been reported. This paper reports a case of small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma that caused ileocolic intussusception in a 69-year-old woman with no medical history. She underwent a small bowel resection and received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. Since then, she has been in complete remission.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colon , Constriction, Pathologic , Cyclophosphamide , Diverticulum , Doxorubicin , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intestines , Intussusception , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Polyps , Prednisone , Rituximab , Vincristine
12.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(1): e158398, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1122161

ABSTRACT

Uterine intussusception is a rare condition in bitches. This study aimed to report an unusual case of prolapsed uterine intussusception in a female dog. A 2-year-old American Bully bitch was received with labor history of large fetus requiring manual traction. The animal presented mucosal prolapse through the vulva, unproductive contractions and abdominal discomfort. After partial correction of mucosal prolapse, the dog was referred to ovary-hysterectomy surgery to correct prolapsed mucosa. During the surgical procedure, surgeons observed that the uterine horns were invaginated into the uterine body, rotated, and the tissue was slightly devitalized and congested. As previously described, this condition occurred during the immediate postpartum period. Thus, we suggest that this period can be a facilitator for the establishment of uterine intussusception.(AU)


A intussuscepção uterina é uma condição rara em cadelas. Portanto, este estudo tem por objetivo relatar um caso incomum de intussuscepção uterina prolapsada em fêmea canina. Uma cadela American Bully de dois anos de idade com histórico de parto de feto absoluto grande no qual necessitou de auxílio por tração manual foi apresentada. O animal exibiu um prolapso de mucosa através da vulva, contrações improdutivas e dores abdominais. Após a retração parcial do prolapso de mucosa, a cadela foi encaminhada para a ovário-histerectomia que teve por objetivo, também, corrigir a mucosa prolapsada. Durante o procedimento cirúrgico, foram verificados os cornos uterinos invaginados no corpo uterino, rotacionados, com o tecido levemente desvitalizado e congesto. Assim, como poucos casos encontrados na literatura, esta condição ocorreu durante o puerpério imediato. Dessa forma, sugere-se que este período, embora não seja um fator determinante para o estabelecimento da intussuscepção uterina, pode ser um facilitador no estabelecimento dessa condição.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Uterus/pathology , Uterine Prolapse/veterinary , Postpartum Period , Intussusception/veterinary
13.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 31(1): 5289-5293, mar, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292792

ABSTRACT

Los lipomas constituyen la segunda causa de neoplasias benignas del colon, suelen ser asintomáticos, pero pueden manifestarse con úlceras que llevan a hemorragias o anemia ferropénica; también pueden manifestarse como obstrucción intestinal a través de una invaginación intestinal. Esta última condición rara en adultos, representa el 1 % de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en este grupo de edad; al menos el 90 % son secundarios a una condición que sirve como cabeza de invaginación o punto de partida. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 64 años de edad con dolor abdominal, en quien los estudios de imagen establecieron el diagnóstico de invaginación ileocólica ocasionada por un lipoma colónico. Se le practicó una hemicolectomía y anastomosis ileotransversa. El estudio histopatológico confirmó el hallazgo de un lipoma colónico como punto de inicio de una invaginación.


Lipomas are the second cause of benign neoplasms of the colon. They are usually asymptomatic, but can manifest as cases of ulcers that have hemorrhages or iron deficiency anemia. They can also manifest as bowel obstruction through intussusception. This last condition is rare in adults, representing 1% of the causes of bowel obstruction in this group. Of the cases that occur, at least 90% are secondary to a condition that serves as the head of the intussusception or starting point. We present the case of a 64-year-old man with abdominal pain, in whom imaging studies established the diagnosis of ileocolic intussusception in relation to a possible colonic lipoma. He underwent surgery where a hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed. The histopathological study confirmed the finding of a colonic lipoma as the starting point of the intussusception.


Subject(s)
Lipoma , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Intestine, Large , Intussusception
14.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 92-95, 2019/12/27. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099740

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La gastrostomía endoscópica percutánea, técnica frecuente para proporcionar una vía de nutrición enteral por periodos prolongados viabiliza al uso de sonda Foley, como reemplazo a los tubos de gastrostomía convencional, representó un método fácil y económico, pero se asoció con mayor complicación y son raros los casos que se reportó. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente de sexo masculino, de 18 años de edad, usuario de sonda Foley por 10 meses para nutrición enteral. En enteroscopia, se observó migración de la sonda e intususcepción yeyuno duodeno, que dio paso a procesos diagnósticos emergentes. RESULTADOS. Paciente de código rojo, por imposibilidad de recambio de sonda Foley, abdomen agudo, leucocitos de 15 500/ml, neutrófilos 78,8%, hemoglobina 14,0 g/l, albúmina 3,2 g/dl y proteínas 6,4g/dl. Enteroscopia duodenoyeyunal con invaginación del intestino sobre la sonda, y ero-sión de las paredes. DISCUSIÓN. La evidencia científica reportó que el uso de sonda Foley para nutrición, se utilizó de forma amplia, fue de opción económica, pero existió complicaciones prevenibles, mediante vigilancia periódica y acción emergente como el caso expuesto. CONCLUSIÓN. La vigilancia periódica de la fijación domiciliaria, el diagnóstico y protocolo de tratamiento oportuno en la entidad de salud fueron ac-ciones que permitieron resolver la intususcepción descrita con evolución satisfactoria del paciente por uso de dispositivo alternativo para nutrición.


INTRODUCTION. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, a frequent technique to provide an enteral nutrition route for prolonged periods, makes possible the use of a Foley catheter, as a replacement for conventional gastrostomy tubes, represented an easy and economical method, but it was associated with greater complication and the complications are rare. cases that were reported. CASE REPORT. Male patient, 18 years old, user of Foley catheter for 10 months for enteral nutrition. In enterosco-py, probe migration and jejunal duodenal intussusception was observed, which gave way to emerging diagnostic processes.RESULTS Red code patient, due to inability to replace a Foley catheter, acute abdomen, leukocytes of 15,500 / ml, 78,8% neu-trophils, hemoglobin 14,0 g / l, albumin 3,2 g / dl and protein 6,4g / dl. Duodeno Yeyunal enteroscopy with invagination of the intestine on the catheter, and erosion of the walls. DISCUSSION. Scientific evidence reported that the use of a Foley catheter for nutrition, was used extensively, was an economic option, but there were preven-table complications, through periodic surveillance and emerging action as the case described. CONCLUSION. Periodic monitoring of home fixation, diagnosis and timely treatment protocol in the health entity were actions that allowed solving the intussus-ception described with satisfactory evolution of the patient by use of an alternative nutrition device


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Postoperative Complications , Gastrostomy , Enteral Nutrition , Endoscopy , Intussusception , Deglutition Disorders , Heart Arrest
15.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 114-118, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096800

ABSTRACT

Los lipomas del colon ocupan el tercer lugar en frecuencia de aparición de tumores benignos. Estos tumores están formados por tejido adiposo bien diferenciado con un estroma fibroso. La gran mayoría de estos lipomas es asintomática, algunos en raras ocasiones presentan complicaciones de urgencia. El fin de esta publicación es presentar un caso de obstrucción de colon por lipoma. (AU)


Benign colonic lesions are infrequent and account for a low percentage of all colonic tumors. Among the benign tumors, lipomas are third in frequency. They are composed of mature adipose tissue with fibrous stroma. Most of them are asymptomatic but in rare instances, they may present as surgical emergencies. We present one case of colonic obstruction caused by lipomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/complications , Intussusception/etiology , Intussusception/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/complications , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Intussusception/surgery , Lipoma/surgery
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1531-1534, set.-out. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038683

ABSTRACT

O presente relato descreve uma condição rara de intussuscepção uterina em uma cadela sem raça definida, quatro anos de idade, diagnosticada por meio de celiotomia exploratória e análise anatomopatológica. Foi realizada ovariossalpingo-histerectomia (OSH) como tratamento. Essa patologia geralmente requer manejo cirúrgico porque o diagnóstico inicial pode ser desafiador.(AU)


The present study describes a rare condition of uterine intussusception in a 4 year old crossbred female dog diagnosed by exploratory celiotomy and anatomopathological analysis. As treatment, a ovariohysterectomy (OH) was performed. This pathology usually requires surgical management because the initial diagnosis can be challenging.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Uterus/surgery , Uterus/physiopathology , Intussusception/surgery , Intussusception/diagnosis , Intussusception/veterinary
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(1): 68-71, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-983784

ABSTRACT

Los schwannomas son tumores que se originan de las células de Schwann de los nervios periféricos. Su localización en el colon es extremadamente rara y no se han descrito, en la literatura, casos en niños. Por lo general, estos tumores son asintomáticos, pero pueden producir síntomas inespecíficos y gastrointestinales. La presentación como invaginación intestinal es muy infrecuente. Se expone el caso clínico de una paciente de 11 años de edad con un schwannoma de colon manifestado clínicamente como invaginación intestinal de sigma con dolor abdominal, rectorragia y estreñimiento de 10 días de evolución, que precisó resección intestinal con márgenes quirúrgicos libres, con buena evolución posoperatoria.


Schwannomas are tumours originating in the Schwann cells of the peripheral nerves. The appearance in the colon is extremely rare, and there are no known cases in the literature of schwannomas of the colon and rectum described in children. These tumours are usually asymptomatic, but can produce non-specific and gastrointestinal symptoms. The clinical presentation as intestinal intussusception is infrequent. We present a case of an 11-year-old girl with sigmoid swchannoma presented clinically as a colonic intussusception with abdominal pain, rectal bleeding and constipation of 10 days. An intestinal resection with free surgical margins was performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Colon, Sigmoid , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Intussusception , Neurilemmoma
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(1): 79-86, 20190000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982079

ABSTRACT

La intususcepción en adultos es una condición inusual, que corresponde al 5 % de todos los casos de obstrucción intestinal y carece de síntomas específicos. El diagnóstico preoperatorio sigue siendo un desafío para el cirujano y el tratamiento óptimo de esta condición es controvertido. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de intususcepción con diferente etiología. El primero sufrió una intususcepción colocólica por un adenocarcinoma y, el segundo, una intususcepción ileocólica por un tumor del estroma gastrointestinal (GIST). Los casos fueron diagnosticados preoperatoriamente mediante tomografía axial de abdomen. En ambos casos, se practicó una resección quirúrgica oncológica. El estudio de histopatología confirmó el diagnóstico definitivo. Se describen el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la intususcepción como causa de obstrucción intestinal en los adultos, y se presenta una revisión de la literatura científica


Intestinal intussusception in adults is a rare finding, with non specific symptoms and is responsible for 5% of intestinal obstructions. Pre-operative diagnosis remains a challenge for surgeons and the optimal treatment is still in debate. We present two cases of intestinal intussusception caused by different etiologies; the first is a colon-colonic intussusception caused by an adenocarcinoma, and the second is an ileo-colonic intussusception caused by a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Both cases were diagnostic pre-operatively by abdominal CT. Oncologic surgical resection was performed in both cases. Histopathology report confirmed neoplastic tissues. We describe the diagnosis and treatment of intestinal intussusception as a cause of intestinal obstruction in the adult population


Subject(s)
Humans , Intussusception , Adenocarcinoma , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Intestinal Obstruction
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719558

ABSTRACT

Patients with dysphagia often have difficulty in supplying adequate nutrition orally, and thus they often use gastrostomy for nutrition support. If the nutrition affects the deterioration of the disease, as in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the majority of patients will have a gastrostomy tube for proper nutrition. To prevent complications from gastrostomy tubes, it is important to educate the caregiver or patient about how to properly manage it. If these patients opt for home care because of financial or cultural reasons, it will be difficult for their healthcare team to observe them closely, leading to complications due to lax tube management. In this case, appropriate management education becomes more important. This paper reports an extremely rare case of duodenal intussusception caused by a migrated percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) tube in a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using simultaneous oral and enteral nutrition. The patient was treated successfully with urgent tube removal using the air reduction maneuver. This case highlights the importance of gastrostomy management.


Subject(s)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Caregivers , Deglutition Disorders , Education , Enteral Nutrition , Gastrostomy , Home Care Services , Humans , Intussusception , Motor Neuron Disease , Patient Care Team
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765932

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Current evidence suggests the presence of motility or functional abnormalities in one area of the gastrointestinal tract increases the likelihood of abnormalities in others. However, the relationship of gastroparesis to chronic constipation (slow transit constipation and dyssynergic defecation) has been incompletely evaluated. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with chronic dyspeptic symptoms and constipation who underwent both a solid gastric emptying scintigraphy and a high-resolution anorectal manometry at our institution since January 2012. When available, X-ray defecography and radiopaque marker colonic transit studies were also reviewed. Based on the gastric emptying results, patients were classified as gastroparesis or dyspepsia with normal gastric emptying (control group). Differences in anorectal and colonic findings were then compared between groups. RESULTS: Two hundred and six patients met the inclusion criteria. Patients with gastroparesis had higher prevalence of slow transit constipation by radiopaque marker study compared to those with normal emptying (64.7% vs 28.1%, P = 0.013). Additionally, patients with gastroparesis had higher rates of rectocele (88.9% vs 60.0%, P = 0.008) and intussusception (44.4% vs 12.0%, P = 0.001) compared to patients with normal emptying. There was no difference in the rate of dyssynergic defecation between those with gastroparesis vs normal emptying (41.1% vs 42.1%, P = 0.880), and no differences in anorectal manometry findings. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with gastroparesis had a higher rate of slow transit constipation, but equal rates of dyssynergic defecation compared to patients with normal gastric emptying. These findings argue for investigation of possible delayed colonic transit in patients with gastroparesis and vice versa.


Subject(s)
Colon , Constipation , Defecation , Defecography , Dyspepsia , Gastric Emptying , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gastroparesis , Humans , Intussusception , Manometry , Pelvic Floor Disorders , Prevalence , Radionuclide Imaging , Rectocele , Retrospective Studies
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