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1.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 6(1): 71-83, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400106

ABSTRACT

A alergia alimentar caracteriza-se por uma reação adversa a um determinado alimento, envolvendo um mecanismo imunológico. Uma das alergias mais comuns encontradas atualmente é a alergia a frutos do mar, a qual se baseia em uma hipersensibilidade a animais desse grupo. O objetivo desta pesquisa é identificar os desafios expostos na alimentação de alérgicos a frutos do mar e formular soluções para essa população baseadas em alimentos nutricionalmente substitutos. Sendo realizado em três etapas: investigação inicial, construção de conceitos e planejamento de uma ação com orientações nutricionais. De acordo com as dificuldades encontradas na alimentação dessa parcela populacional, realizaram-se diferentes preparações, com nutrientes como ômega-3, proteínas, vitaminas do complexo B, zinco, ferro, potássio, magnésio, iodo e selênio, os quais também são encontrados nos frutos do mar, a fim de evitar possíveis contaminações cruzadas e garantir seu aporte nutricional em alimentos substitutos. Foi possível concluir que os alérgicos aos frutos do mar não apresentam uma interferência significativa em sua qualidade de vida, tendo um impacto nutricional pequeno, visto que por meio da alimentação existem outras fontes, necessitando somente de alguns cuidados no dia a dia em virtude das consequências de uma possível contaminação.


Food allergy is characterized by an adverse reaction to a given food, involving an immunological mechanism. One of the most common allergies currently found is seafood allergy, which is based on hypersensitivity to animals in this group. The objective of this research is to identify the challenges exposed in the feeding of seafood allergies and formulate solutions for this population based on nutritionally substitute foods. Being carried out in 3 stages, initial investigation, construction of concepts and planning of an action with nutritional guidance. According to the difficulties encountered in feeding this portion of the population, different preparations were carried out, with nutrients such as: ômega-3, proteins, B vitamins, zinc, iron, potassium, magnesium, iodine and selenium. Which are also found in seafood. In order to avoid possible cross-contamination and ensure their nutritional intake in substitute foods. It was possible to conclude that seafood allergies do not present a significant interference in their quality of life, having a small nutritional impact, since through food there are other sources, requiring only some care on a daily basis due to the consequences of possible contamination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shellfish , Food Hypersensitivity , Potassium , Quality of Life , Selenium , Vitamin B Complex , Vitamins , Zinc , Allergens , Nutrients , Diet , Eating , Iodine , Iron , Magnesium
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of co-expression of sodium iodide symporter (NIS) reporter gene on the proliferation and cytotoxic activity of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells in vitro.@*METHODS@#T cells expressing CD19 CAR (CAR-T cells), NIS reporter gene (NIS-T cells), and both (NIS-CAR-T cells) were prepared by lentiviral infection. The transfection rates of NIS and CAR were determined by flow cytometry, and the cell proliferation rate was assessed using CCK-8 assay at 24, 48 and 72 h of routine cell culture. The T cells were co-cultured with Nalm6 tumor cells at the effector-target ratios of 1∶2, 1∶1, 2∶1 and 4∶1 for 24, 48 and 72 h, and the cytotoxicity of CAR-T cells to the tumor cells was evaluated using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay. ELISA was used to detect the release of IFN-γ and TNF-β in the co-culture supernatant, and the function of NIS was detected with iodine uptake test.@*RESULTS@#The CAR transfection rate was 91.91% in CAR-T cells and 99.41% in NIS-CAR-T cells; the NIS transfection rate was 47.83% in NIS-T cells and 50.24% in NIS- CAR-T cells. No significant difference in the proliferation rate was observed between CAR-T and NIS-CAR-T cells cultured for 24, 48 or 72 h (P> 0.05). In the co-cultures with different effector-target ratios, the tumor cell killing rate was significantly higher in CAR-T group than in NIS-CAR-T group at 24 h (P < 0.05), but no significant difference was observed between the two groups at 48 h or 72 h (P>0.05). Higher IFN-γ and TNF-β release levels were detected in both CAR-T and NIS-CAR-T groups than in the control group (P < 0.05). NIS-T cells and NIS-CAR-T cells showed similar capacity of specific iodine uptake (P>0.05), which was significantly higher than that in the control T cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The co-expression of the NIS reporter gene does not affect CAR expression, proliferation or tumor cell-killing ability of CAR-T cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Iodine , Lymphotoxin-alpha , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Symporters , T-Lymphocytes
3.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(4): 1035-1043, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360722

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the nutritional status of iodine in pregnant adolescents, taking into account the increase in the demand for iodine during pregnancy and the absence of iodization strategies for this population. Methods: cross-sectional study conducted with 62 pregnant and 71 non-pregnant adolescents assisted in primary care. The nutritional status of iodine was determined by urinary samples. The iodine concentration in the consumed culinary salt was also evaluated. For the comparative analyses of categorical variables, the Chi-square test was used and for the continuous variables, the Kruskal-Wallis test, considering a 95% confidence interval (CI) and significance level of 5%. Results: the mean iodine concentration in household salt was 25.1 mg/kg (CI95%= 11.1-67.5 mg/kg), with higher mean content in culinary salt in the group of pregnant women (p<0.028). Regarding the nutritional status of iodine, 71% of pregnant adolescents were deficient and 29% iodine-sufficient, with significant difference when compared to 38% of deficiency and 62% of sufficiency in the control group (p<0.001). Conclusions: there was an iodic deficiency among pregnant adolescents, even in the face of higher concentrations of iode in household salt, exposing a paradox between higher consumption and lower sufficiency in this group. Thus, it is suggested to consider iodine supplementation during pregnancy, seeking to minimize the effects of this deficiency on maternal and child health.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o estado nutricional de iodo em adolescentes gestantes, levando-se em consideração o aumento na demanda de iodo na gestação e a ausência de estratégias de iodização para essa população. Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com 62 adolescentes gestantes e 71 não gestantes assistidas na atenção primária. O estado nutricional de iodo foi determinado pela concentração de iodo em amostras urinárias. O teor de iodo no sal culinário também foi avaliado. Para as análises comparativas das variáveis categóricas utilizou-se o teste de qui-quadrado e para as variáveis contínuas o teste Kruskal-Wallis, considerando intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95% e nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: a média da concentração de iodo no sal domiciliar foi de 25,1 mg/kg (IC95%= 11,1-67,5 mg/kg), com maior teor médio no sal culinário de gestantes (p<0,028). Em relação ao estado nutricional de iodo, 71% das adolescentes gestantes mostraram-se deficientes e 29% iodo-suficientes, com diferença significativa quando comparadas aos 38% de deficiência e 62% de suficiência no grupo controle (p<0,001). Conclusões: observou-se deficiência iódica entre adolescentes gestantes, mesmo diante de maiores concentrações de iodo no sal domiciliar, expondo um paradoxo entre maior consumo e menor suficiência neste grupo. Assim, sugere-se considerar a suplementação de iodo na gestação, buscando-se minimizar os efeitos desta carência sobre a saúde maternoinfantil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Iodine Deficiency , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine/analysis , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Maternal and Child Health , Dietary Supplements
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(supl.3): 4859-4870, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345769

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar as potencialidades dos indicadores do estado nutricional de iodo em indivíduos ou populações. A revisão foi baseada no PRISMA. A busca pelos artigos ocorreu em janeiro de 2019, nas bases Pubmed, Scopus e LILACS, utilizando a combinação "indicadores AND estado nutricional AND iodo". A seleção seguiu as etapas de exclusão dos duplicados, leitura de títulos e resumos e análise na íntegra. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada pelo instrumento de Downs e Black. Foram identificados 178 estudos e 20 foram incluídos. A Concentração Urinária de Iodo (CUI) foi analisada em 65% dos estudos e foi considerado o melhor indicador para avaliar o estado nutricional de iodo populacional. A tiroglobulina foi determinada em 20% dos estudos e refletiu o estado de iodo pregresso. O hormônio estimulante da tireoide foi verificado em 45% dos artigos e mostrou-se sensível para a vigilância de deficiência de iodo em recém-nascidos. Apenas um estudo avaliou o iodo no cabelo, útil para analisar a ingestão dietética em longo prazo. Na avaliação da qualidade metodológica, a menor pontuação foi 12, e a maior 16, em 17 pontos possíveis. Para diagnóstico de deficiência e excesso de iodo na população, recomenda-se a CUI.


Abstract The scope of this article is to evaluate the potentialities of indicators of the nutritional status of iodine in individuals or populations. The review was based on PRISMA. The search for articles occurred in January 2019, in the Pubmed, Scopus and LILACS databases, using the key words: indicators AND nutritional status AND iodine. The selection followed the stages of excluding the duplicates, reading the titles, abstracts and analyses in full. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated by the Downs and Black instrument. A total of 178 studies were identified and 20 were included. Urinary Iodine Concentration (UIC) was analyzed in 65% of the studies and was considered the best indicator to evaluate the nutritional status of iodine in the population. Thyroglobulin was determined in 20% of the studies and reflected the pre-existing state of iodine. Thyroid stimulating hormone was verified in 45% of the articles and was important for the surveillance of iodine deficiency among newborns. Only one study evaluated capillary iodine, useful for analyzing long-term dietary intake. In the evaluation of methodological quality, the lowest score was 12 and the highest 16, in 17 possible points. The use of UIC is recommended for the diagnosis of deficiency and excess of iodine in the population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Malnutrition , Iodine , Thyroglobulin , Nutritional Status , Eating
5.
SOBECC ; 26(3): 147-155, 30-09-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de campos adesivos impregnados com iodo (CAII) na prevenção de infecção de sítio cirúrgico (ISC) de coluna vertebral. Método: Coorte retrospectiva que comparou desfecho de ISC em pacientes que utilizaram CAII com os que não usaram, de 2015 a 2019. Resultados: A frequência geral de ISC foi de 16,7%, com a taxa de ISC para os que utilizaram CAII de 40% e, entre os que não usaram, de 60%; p = 0,728; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%) 0,19­3,11. A normotermia foi o único fator protetor independente para ISC (p = 0,043). O tratamento de complicações infecciosas acarretou o incremento de custo hospitalar de 83,6% a cada dia de atendimento. Os pacientes que utilizaram CAII tiveram 10 (± 4,9) dias a menos de permanência hospitalar. Conclusões: Os resultados sugerem que o uso de CAII não foi associado a menor risco de ISC. Esses dados podem ser úteis para o planejamento cirúrgico e a segurança do paciente.


Objective: To evaluate the impact of iodine-impregnated incision drapes (IIIDs) to prevent surgical site infection (SSI) in the spine. Method: Retrospective cohort study comparing SSI outcome in patients in which IIIDs were and were not used, from 2015 to 2019. Results: The overall frequency of SSI was 16.7%, with SSI rate among patients using and not using IIIDs of 40% and 60%, respectively; p = 0.728; 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 0.19­3.11. Normothermia was the only independent protective factor for SSI (p = 0.043). The treatment of infectious complications resulted in hospital costs increase of 83.6% each day of care. Patients who were treated with IIIDs stayed 10 days less (± 4.9) in hospital. Conclusions: The results suggest that the use of IIIDs was not associated with a lower risk of SSI. These data can be useful for surgical planning and patient safety.


Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de las paños quirúrgicos adhesivos impregnados de yodo (IIIDS) en la prevención de la infección del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ) de la columna. Método: Cohorte retrospectiva que comparó el resultado de ISQ en pacientes que usaron IIIDS con los que no lo hicieron, de 2015 a 2019. Resultados: La frecuencia general de ISQ fue del 16.7%, con una tasa de ISQ para los que usaron IIIDS del 40% y, entre los que no lo usaron, 60%; p = 0,728; Intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC 95%) 0,19­3,11. La normotermia fue el único factor protector independiente para la ISQ (p = 0,043). El tratamiento de las complicaciones infecciosas supuso un aumento de los costes hospitalarios del 83,6% por día de atención. Los pacientes que utilizaron IIIDS tuvieron 10 (± 4,9) días menos de estancia hospitalaria. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que el uso de IIIDS no se asoció con un menor riesgo de ISQ. Estos datos pueden ser útiles para la planificación quirúrgica y la seguridad del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Surgical Wound Infection , Surgicenters , Products with Antimicrobial Action , Iodine
6.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 33-37, jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284253

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el tiroides exhibe una gran avidez por el yodo radioactivo (I131) que al ser fijado por ésta glándula puede determinarse, desde afuera, aprovechando el hecho de que las radiaciones gamma atraviesan los tejidos blandos del cuello y pueden registrarse (Gammagrafía) a distancias apreciables. Desde 1962 Bolivia cuenta con esta tecnología, sin embargo, no cuenta con trabajos similares desde la declaración de país libre de enfermedades secundarias a la deficiencia de Yodo en 1997. El objetivo fue determinar valores de la captación tiroidea de I131 a las 24 horas en adultos jóvenes eutiroideos, residentes de gran altitud. MÉTODO: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en 76 sujetos obtenidos por intención y seleccionados mediante una entrevista clínica, examen físico dirigido y un consentimiento informado. El procedimiento fue ejecutado por personal calificado en el INAMEN siguiendo las recomendaciones de la OIEA. RESULTADOS: el valor de la captación tiroidea de I131 en 24 horas fue de 18,23 + 5,79% (rango 7,70 ­ 39,70). DISCUSIÓN: los expertos recomiendan establecer valores de referencia actualizados en cada región. Se han descrito variaciones de los valores normales influenciados por el sexo y edad; esta última, aparentemente por una hipofunción tiroidea inversamente proporcional con la edad. CONCLUSIÓN: el valor referencial encontrado en nuestro estudio es concordante con los establecidos en el extranjero, sin embargo, con una tendencia incrementada. Podría deberse a la secuencia cronológica de los estudios comparados en países que ya habían establecido políticas de yodación más tempranamente.


INTRODUCTION: the thyroid exhibits a great avidity for radioactive iodine (I131) which, when fixed by this gland, can be determined from the outside, taking advantage of the fact that gamma radiation passes through the soft tissues of the neck and can be registered (scintigraphy) at appreciable distances. Since 1962, Bolivia has had this technology, however, it does not have similar studies since the declaration of a country free of diseases secondary to iodine deficiency in 1997. The objective was to determine values of the thyroid uptake of I131 at 24 hours in euthyroid young adults, high altitude residents. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 76 subjects obtained by intention and selected by means of a clinical interview, directed physical examination and informed consent. The procedure was carried out by qualified personnel at INAMEN, following IAEA recommendations. RESULTS: the value of the thyroid uptake of I131 in 24 hours was 18.23 + 5.79% (range 7.70 - 39.70). DISCUSSION: experts recommend establishing up-to-date reference values in each region. Variations in normal values influenced by sex and age have been described; the latter, apparently due to a thyroid hypofunction inversely proportional to age. CONCLUSION: the reference value found in our study is consistent with those established abroad, however, with an increased trend. It could be due to the chronological sequence of comparative studies in countries that had already established iodination policies earlier.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iodine , Thyroid Gland , Gamma Rays , Informed Consent
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(3): 352-367, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285162

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effect of iodine supplementation during gestation on the neurocognitive development of children in areas where iodine deficiency is common. Materials and methods: Based on the PRISMA methodology, we conducted the search for articles in the PubMed, LILACS and Scopus databases, between March and April 2020, without limitation of dates. We used descriptors in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, without filters. Four clinical trials and four cohort articles were included in the review. Results: The maximum supplementation was 300 μg of potassium iodide per day. The Bayley scale and Children's Communication Checklist-Short were used to assess neurodevelopment in children. There was no significant improvement in the children's mental development index and behavioural development index in the supplemented group; however, the psychomotor development index (PDI) showed improvement in the poorer gross motor skills. We found differences in the response time to sound in the supplemented group living in mild deficiency areas. Conclusion: Daily supplementation with iodine can improve poor psychomotor development of children living in mild to moderate iodine deficiency areas. Thus, it is necessary to perform further studies to assess the effect of supplementation on neurodevelopment before, during and after gestation in mild to moderate iodine deficiency areas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Pregnancy Complications , Iodine , Dietary Supplements
8.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 28(2): 1-9, 2021-05-18. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363202

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the high reactivity of the platinum electrode, the iodine-coated platinum electrode shows obvious inertness toward adsorption and surface processes. For that, iodine-coated platinum electrodes accommodate themselves to interesting voltammetric applications. Objectives: This study reports using the modified iodine-coated polycrystalline platinum electrode as a voltammetric sensor for ascorbic acid determination in pharmaceutical formulations. Methods: The developed voltammetric method based on recording cyclic voltammograms of ascorbic acid at iodine-coated electrode The optimized experimental parameters for the determination of ascorbic acid were using 0.1 M KCl as a supporting electrolyte with a scan rate of 50mV/s. Results: The anodic peak related to ascorbic acid oxidation was centered at nearly 0.28V. An excellent and extended linear dependence of the oxidative peak current on the concentration of ascorbic acid was observed in the range 2.84x10-3 - 5.68 mM. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) were 1.0 µM and 3.01 µM, respectively, attesting to the method's sensitivity. The investigation for the effect of potential interference from multivitamin tablet ingredients (vitamins B1, B6, B12, folic acid, citric acid, sucrose, glucose, and zinc) indicated specific selectivity toward ascorbic acid and the absence of any electrochemical response toward these components. Recovery results in the range 98.93±2.78 - 99.98±5.20 for spiked standard ascorbic acid in pharmaceutical formulations further confirmed the potential applicability of the developed method for the determination of ascorbic acid in real samples. Conclusions: The developed method was successfully applied to the analysis of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), and the obtained results were in good agreement with the labeled values; besides, the statistical tests indicated no significant difference at p=0.05 with a 95% confidence level


Antecedentes: A pesar de su alta reactividad, el electrodo de platino recubierto de yodo muestra una inercia evidente hacia la adsorción y los procesos superficiales. Por ello, los electrodos de platino recubiertos de yodo se adaptan a interesantes aplicaciones voltamétricas. Objetivos: Este estudio informa sobre el uso del electrodo de platino policristalino recubierto de yodo modificado como sensor voltamétrico para la determinación del ácido ascórbico en formulaciones farmacéuticas. Métodos: El método voltamétrico desarrollado se basa en el registro de voltamperogramas cíclicos del ácido ascórbico en el electrodo recubierto de yodo Los parámetros experimentales optimizados para la determinación del ácido ascórbico fueron utilizando KCl 0,1 M como electrolito de soporte con una velocidad de barrido de 50mV/s. Resultados: El pico anódico relacionado con la oxidación del ácido ascórbico se centró en casi 0,28V. Se observó una excelente y extendida dependencia lineal de la corriente del pico oxidativo con respecto a la concentración de ácido ascórbico en el rango 2,84x10-3 - 5,68 mM. El límite de detección (LOD) y el límite de cuantificación (LOQ) fueron 1,0 µM y 3,01 µM, respectivamente, lo que demuestra la sensibilidad del método. La investigación del efecto de la interferencia potencial de los ingredientes de las tabletas multivitamínicas (vitaminas B1, B6, B12, ácido fólico, ácido cítrico, sacarosa, glucosa y zinc) indicó una selectividad específica hacia el ácido ascórbico y la ausencia de cualquier respuesta electroquímica hacia estos componentes. Los resultados de recuperación en el rango de 98,93±2,78 - 99,98±5,20 para el ácido ascórbico estándar adicionado en formulaciones farmacéuticas confirmaron además la potencial aplicabilidad del método desarrollado para la determinación del ácido ascórbico en muestras reales. Conclusiones: El método desarrollado se aplicó con éxito al análisis de ácido ascórbico (vitamina C), y los resultados obtenidos coincidieron con los valores etiquetados; además, las pruebas estadísticas no indicaron diferencias significativas a p=0,05 con un nivel de confianza del 95%


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Compounding , Cisplatin , Electrodes , Iodine
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 317-322, Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280043

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fetal thyroid complications in pregnancy are uncommon, and are commonly related to the passage of substances through the placenta. The excessive iodine intake during the pregnancy is a well-known mechanism of fetal thyroid enlargement or goiter, and invasive procedures have been proposed for the treatment of fetal thyroid pathologies. In the present report, we demonstrate two cases from different centers of prenatal diagnosis of fetal thyroid enlargement and/or goiter in three fetuses (one pair of twins, wherein both fetuses were affected, and one singleton pregnancy). The anamnesis revealed the ingestion of iodine by the patients, prescribed from inadequate vitamin supplementation. In both cases, the cessation of iodine supplement intake resulted in a marked reduction of the volume of the fetal thyroid glands, demonstrating that conservative treatmentmay be an option in those cases. Also, clinicians must be aware that patients may be exposed to harmful dosages or substances during pregnancy.


Resumo As complicações fetais da tireoide na gravidez são incomuns e são comumente relacionadas à passagem de substâncias pela placenta. A ingestão excessiva de iodo durante a gravidez é um mecanismo bem conhecido de aumento da tireoide ou bócio fetal, e procedimentos invasivos foram propostos para o tratamento de patologias da tireoide fetal. No presente relato de caso, demonstramos dois casos de diferentes centros de diagnóstico pré-natal de aumento da tireoide fetal e/ou bócio em três fetos (um par de gêmeos, em que ambos os fetos foram afetados, e uma gravidez única). A anamnese revelou a ingestão de iodo pelos pacientes prescrita por suplementação inadequada de vitaminas. Nos dois casos, a interrupção da ingestão de suplemento de iodo resultou em uma redução acentuada do volume das glândulas tireoides fetais, demonstrando que o tratamento conservador pode ser uma opção nestes casos. Além disso, os médicos devem estar cientes de que as pacientes podem ser expostas a doses ou substâncias nocivas durante a gravidez.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care/methods , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Goiter/etiology , Iodine/adverse effects , Self Care/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Diseases in Twins/etiology , Diseases in Twins/diagnostic imaging , Fetal Diseases/etiology , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Goiter/diagnostic imaging , Iodine/administration & dosage
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(4): 1381-1390, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285908

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é identificar os fatores sociodemográficos e alimentares associados ao estado nutricional de iodo do grupo materno-infantil. A revisão foi baseada no método PRISMA. As bases consultadas foram: Medline (PubMed), Scopus e Lilacs. A busca ocorreu em dezembro de 2018, utilizando os descritores estado nutricional, iodo, lactente, gestante e lactante. A seleção seguiu as etapas de exclusão dos duplicados, leitura dos títulos, resumos e análise na íntegra. Foram identificados 1.500 estudos e 26 contemplaram os critérios de inclusão. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada pelo questionário proposto por Downs e Black. Houve associação entre os fatores sociodemográficos renda, escolaridade, idade materna e gestacional, paridade e local de residência rural ou urbano com o estado nutricional de iodo. Já em relação aos fatores alimentares, o consumo de suplementos, sal iodado e alimentos fontes de iodo, em especial os produtos lácteos, exercem papel protetor contra a deficiência. É preciso criar estratégias mais específicas, efetivas e que contemplem todos esses fatores que afetam o estado nutricional de iodo para evitar as desordens provocadas pela deficiência.


Abstract This article sets out to identify the socio-demographic and nutritional factors associated with the nutritional status of iodine in the maternal-infant group. The review was based on the Prisma method and the Medline (PubMed), Scopus and Lilacs databases were consulted. The search was conducted in December 2018, using the key words nutritional status, iodine, infant, pregnant and lactating. The selection followed the stages of excluding duplicated articles, reading the titles, abstracts and texts in full. A total of 1,500 studies were identified and 26 met the inclusion criteria. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using the questionnaire proposed by Downs and Black. There was an association between the sociodemographic factors of income, education, maternal and gestational age, uniformity and place of residence in rural or urban areas with the nutritional state of iodine. In relation to dietary factors, the consumption of supplements, iodized salt and dietary sources of iodine, especially dairy products, play a protective role to avoid the deficiency. It is necessary to create more specific and effective strategies that address all the factors that affect the nutritional state of iodine to avoid the disorders resulting from the deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Nutritional Status , Iodine , Lactation , Sodium Chloride, Dietary , Dietary Supplements , Diet
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): S1-S7, feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147352

ABSTRACT

El hipertiroidismo es el cuadro clínico resultante del exceso de hormonas tiroideas debido a hiperfunción glandular. Es una enfermedad rara en niños y adolescentes, pero con una alta morbilidad. La causa más frecuente es la enfermedad de Graves. El objetivo de esta publicación es realizar una revisión y actualización del hipertiroidismo infantojuvenil para guiar su detección y derivación temprana al endocrinólogo pediatra. Debe ser considerado cuando el niño o adolescente presente síntomas asociados a esta patología y bocio de grado variable. Se confirma con el perfil bioquímico característico.El tratamiento consiste, inicialmente, en bloquear los efectos del exceso de hormonas tiroideas con betabloqueantes y, además, disminuir su producción con drogas antitiroideas como primera elección. Ante efectos secundarios a su administración, recidivas o ausencia de remisión de la enfermedad, se optará por el tratamiento definitivo: yodo radioactivo o cirugía con el objetivo de lograr el hipotiroidismo o eutiroidismo


Hyperthyroidism is a serious and rare disorder in childhood characterized by the overproduction of thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland. Graves disease is the most common cause. The objective of this paper is to review and update hyperthyroidism in children and adolescents aiming to guide its early detection and referral to the pediatric endocrinologist. The disease should be suspected if typical symptoms and goiter are present and has to be confirmed with the characteristic biochemical profile. Initially, treatment to block the effect of the thyroid excess is needed. Antithyroid drugs are the recommended first-line treatment to diminish hormone production. Alternative treatments, such us radioactive iodine or thyroidectomy, are considered in cases of adverse effects to drugs, relapse or non-remission of the disease, in order to achieve hypothyroidism or euthyroidism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Hyperthyroidism/diagnosis , Hyperthyroidism/drug therapy , Antithyroid Agents/therapeutic use , Graves Disease , Hyperthyroidism/etiology , Hyperthyroidism/therapy , Iodine/therapeutic use
12.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 7-14, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380258

ABSTRACT

Las metástasis del carcinoma papilar de tiroides (CPT) generalmente son a nivel locorregional, la diseminación a distancia es poco habitual, sin embargo la invasión de tejidos blandos aunque inusual puede ocurrir, y afecta negativamente la supervivencia. El presente estudio describe una serie de casos de Metástasis Musculares de CPT. Se realizó un estudio transversal de un solo centro que evaluó diez pacientes con CPT con metástasis en músculo. La edad de los pacientes fue entre 46 a 77 años, siendo la edad promedio de 60 años, 7 de los cuales fueron de sexo masculino que corresponde al 70%, todos con antecedente de CPT con respuesta estructural incompleta, además de las metástasis en músculo presentaron afectación de tres o más órganos, con necesidad de varios tratamientos, cada paciente registró entre 1 a 8 cirugías, recibieron entre 100 a 780mCi de I131 (yodo radiactivo), ocho ameritaron radioterapia, todos tuvieron indicación de tratamiento con ITK, sin embargo solo cuatro pacientes tuvieron acceso a dicho medicamento. La mayoría de las metástasis del CPT en músculo fueron diagnosticadas en los estudios de imagen PET/ CT, después de la tiroidectomía el tiempo de su presentación fue muy variable entre 1 a 18 años, el número de músculos comprometidos se reporta entre uno a cuatro, siendo el glúteo (4 casos) el músculo metastásico más frecuente. La presencia de metástasis musculares empeora el pronóstico en nuestra serie de pacientes.


Metastases of thyroid papillary carcinoma (CPT) are generally at the locoregional level, the dissemination from a distance is unusual, however the invasion of soft tissues, although rare can occur, and it negatively affects survival. The present study describes several Muscular Metastases of CPT cases. A transversal study in one only center was performed and assessed ten patients CPT metastases in muscles.The patients age ranged from 46 to 77, being the average age of 60, and 7 of them were male, corresponding to the 70%, everyone with CPT records with an incomplete structural response. Besides muscular metastases they also presented issues with three or more organs, needing many treatments. Each patient registered between 1 to 8 surgeries, they received between 100 to 780mCi of I131. Eight required radiotherapies, everyone required treatment with ITK, however, just four patients had access to that medication. Most of the CPT metastases in muscles were diagnosed in PET/CT image studies, after the thyroidectomy, the time for its presentation was very variable between 1 to 18 years, the number of compromised muscles is reported between one to four, being the buttock (4 cases) the most frequently muscle with metastases. The presence of muscular metastases aggravates the prognosis in our series of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary/secondary , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neck Muscles , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/blood , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/blood , Iodine , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis
13.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 44-49, Ene-Jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147879

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de describir las recidivas de carcinoma papilar de tiroides (CPT) en pacientes tiroidectomizados atendidos en el Servicio Autónomo Oncológico del estado Lara, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de recolección retrospectiva de datos de 140 historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de CPT registrados durante el lapso 2006-2017. Los pacientes incluidos se caracterizaron por un promedio de edad de 46,67 ± 13,94 años, siendo los más afectados los grupos de 41-50 años y 51-60 años; se observó un predominio del sexo femenino (86,33%). La intervención quirúrgica más realizada en estos pacientes fue la tiroidectomía total (44,29%) y tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento ganglionar (41,43%); 35,71% de los pacientes recibieron Iodo-131 como tratamiento adyuvante. El porcentaje de recidivas fue de 4,29%, siendo las recidivas más frecuentes la local y regional (33,33%, respectivamente); 66,67% de los casos de recidiva aparecieron en los primeros 5 años. De los pacientes con recidivas, 50% se les practicó tiroidectomía total y recibieron Iodo-131. Con estos resultados se aporta información epidemiológica actual sobre el CPT en nuestro centro con el fin de contribuir en la preparación de los servicios de cirugía y oncología para la atención de este grupo de pacientes(AU)


With the aim of describing the recurrences of papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroidectomized patients treated at the Autonomous Oncology Service of Lara State, a cross-sectional descriptive retrospective study was conducted examining 140 medical records of patients with a diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma registered during the period 2006-2017. Patients had an average age of 46.67 ± 13.94 years, being the most affected the 41-50 years and 51-60 years groups (26.43%, respectively); a predominance of females was observed (86.33%). The most performed surgical intervention was total thyroidectomy (44.29%) and total thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection (41.43%). Likewise, 35.71% received Iodine-131 as adjuvant treatment. The percentage of recurrences was 4.29%, being the most frequent local and regional with a prevalence of 33.33%, respectively; in addition, 66.67% of recurrences appeared during the first 5 years; 50% of these patients underwent total thyroidectomy and received Iodine-131. With these results, current information is provided in order to contribute to the preparation of surgical and oncological services for the care of cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma. It is important to maintain oncological follow-up in order to evaluate the evolution and prognosis of the different types of recurrences according to the place of appearance(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Iodine/therapeutic use , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878699

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the intra-and inter-observer reproducibility of iodine concentrations of abdominal parenchymal organs based on spectral CT.Methods The water-free iodine images of the venous phase were retrospectively obtained from 50 patients with abdominal dynamic spectral CT scans.The iodine concentrations were measured in the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas and bilateral kidneys.Intraclass correlation coefficient(ICC)and Bland-Altman plot were employed to analyze the intra-and inter-observer reproducibility.Results The intra-observer ICCs of the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas,and left and right kidneys were 0.938(0.894,0.965),0.932(0.884,0.961),0.939(0.895,0.965),0.947(0.909,0.970),0.912(0.851,0.949),0.946(0.906,0.969)and 0.907(0.842,0.946),which indicated good intra-observer reproducibility.The inter-observer ICCs of the left,right and caudate lobes of liver,spleen,pancreas,and left and right kidneys were 0.947(0.909,0.970),0.927(0.875,0.958),0.943(0.902,0.968),0.956(0.924,0.975),0.934(0.887,0.962),0.927(0.875,0.958)and 0.892(0.818,0.937),which indicated good inter-observer reproducibility.Bland-Altman plots presented that more than 95% points of the intra-observer differences located within 95% CI of limits of agreement for the caudate lobe of liver,spleen,pancreas and bilateral kidneys,which was same as inter-observer differences of the caudate lobe of liver,spleen and right kidney.Conclusion The iodine concentration measurement based on the spectral CT presented good intra-and inter-observer reproducibility for the caudate lobe of liver and spleen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an animal model with malignant tumor in the skull base-infratemporal region, and to explore the role of iodine staining technique in identifying tumor tissues with Micro-CT data.@*METHODS@#Sedation anesthesia was carried out on 12 BABL/c nude mice using inhaled isoflurane, and then WSU-HN6 cells that cultured and immortalized from human tongue squamous cell carcinoma were injected into the right infratemporal fossa via the submandibular area. The procedure was carried out under ultrasonographic guidance. The nude mice were sacrificed after 3 weeks observation. The head specimens were fixed and scanned by Micro-CT, and repeated scans were performed after staining with 3.75% compound iodine solution. Following decalcification in 20% EDTA for 2-4 weeks, the head specimens were embedded and sectioned. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and Pan-Keratin immunohistochemical staining were carried out. Bright-field microscopy and stereomicroscopy were used to visualize. The Micro-CT data were analyzed using iPlan software (Brainlab).@*RESULTS@#Non-traumatic ultrasonography was used to guide HN-6 cells injection and confirm skull-base tumor formation in all the animals. Ultrasonographic guidance reduced the risk of cervical vessel injury when transferring tumor cells into the skull base space. An obvious asymmetrical appearance was detected via ultrasonography 3 weeks after tumor cell injection. The Micro-CT analysis showed that the bone was obviously damaged on the right side of the skull base, but the soft tissue image was unrecognizable. After four days staining with compound iodine solution, the morphology of the tumor and surrounding soft tissue could be clearly identified. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the tumor formation of the right infratemporal fossa region accompanied by bone destruction. Human keratin immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor tissue originated from human squamous cell carcinoma, and the polynuclear osteoclasts could be seen at the margin of the skull base bone resorption.@*CONCLUSION@#The animal model with malignant tumor in the skull base-infratemporal region could be successfully established via submandibular injection under ultrasound-guidance. Bone changes of the skull were easily observed on Micro-CT, but the tumor counter was not able to be distinguished from surrounding soft tissue. The 3.75% compound iodine staining of the head specimen could help discern the tumor and surrounding soft tissue in more details.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Infratemporal Fossa , Iodine , Mice , Mice, Nude , Skull Base , Staining and Labeling , Tongue Neoplasms , X-Ray Microtomography
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(5): 507-513, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131122

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT As pregnant women are susceptible to changes in iodine, which can cause miscarriage, goiter, thyroid nodules, hypothyroidism, in addition to fetal neurological impairment or development. The aim of this study was to verify the implications of the iodine alteration in each gestational trimester and its consequences of physiological justification. The review was based on PRISMA. Searching for articles that took place in March 2020 without delimiting data. As bases consulted were the Clinical Trials, Cochrane Library, Lilacs and Medline (PubMed). The descriptors were combined as follows: "pregnancy" AND "iodine deficiency". Articles that addressed iodine deficiency and its implications were included. The selection followed the steps of reading the titles, abstracts and full articles. To assess the methodological quality of the studies, the STROBE Instruction instrument was used. The research resulted in 1,266 studies and 11 were included. In assessing methodological quality, the lowest score was and the maximum 20. According to studies, the fourth most affected by iodine loss are the second and third, it is possible to increase the volume and pneumatic nodules, subclinical hypothyroidism, pre-eclampsia, among others. The damages caused by iodine deficiency in the first or second trimester are still reversible, therefore, they need to be diagnosed early, to guarantee an iodic homeostasis and prevent damage to the health of the mother-child binomial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Child , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Goiter , Hypothyroidism/etiology , Iodine , Pregnancy Trimesters
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(4): 383-389, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131104

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a worldwide health problem, and medical nutrition therapy is essential for improving the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes. Salt restriction may lead to iodine deficiency in these patients. Moreover, type 2 diabetes can be an indirect reason for thyroid disorders. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between dietary iodine intake, urinary iodine excretion and thyroid functions in people with T2DM. Materials and methods Iodine nutritional status was determined by a one day 24-h dietary recall and food-frequency questionnaire. Iodine status was detemined by urinary iodine excretion with morning urine sample. Results Iodine intake according to one day 24-h dietary recall was lower in T2DM patients [94.8 (76.0-112.0) μg] than people in control group [137.1 (123.1-165.4) μg] (p < 0.05). Iodine intake determined by food-frequency questionnaire rich in iodine was lower in T2DM patients [93.1 (84.4-113.9) μg] than people in control group [140.2 (125.1-166.1) μg] (p < 0.05). Mild iodine deficiency was found in %38.8 of diabetic and %55.1 of healthy individuals (p < 0.05). No significant relationship was found between urinary iodine excretion and thyroid function tests in groups (p > 0.05). However, the relationship between dietary iodine excretion and urinary iodine intake in the diabetic group was lower than in the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion With this respect, the results showed that while planning medical nutrition therapy for diabetic individuals, the risk of iodine deficiency should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Quality of Life , Thyroid Gland , Nutritional Status , Iodine
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(2): 95-99, abril/jun 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361449

ABSTRACT

A paralisia periódica hipocalêmica tireotóxica é uma complicação inusitada do hipertireoidismo, porém é considerada urgência endocrinológica e ainda frequentemente subdiagnosticada. Sua apresentação clínica consiste na tríade de défice de potássio, tireotoxicose e fraqueza muscular ­ sendo esse último sintoma comum em diversas patologias. Realizamos uma revisão bibliográfica e destacamos, por meio do relato de caso, a importância do diagnóstico precoce dessa doença, possibilitando uma evolução favorável ao paciente, independente de sua etnia, sexo ou região geográfica. Atentamos ainda ao tratamento da doença, que, apesar de sua simplicidade, acarreta muitos equívocos.


The thyrotoxic hypokalemic periodic paralysis is a rare complication of hyperthyroidism, but is considered an endocrinological urgency, and yet frequently underdiagnosed. Its clinical presentation consists of potassium deficit, thyrotoxicosis, and muscular weakness, with the latter symptom being very common in several pathologies. We performed a bibliographic review and highlight, through a case report, the importance of the early diagnosis of this disease to allow favorable progression to the patient, regardless of ethnicity, sex, or geographical region. We also reinforce the importance of the disease treatment which, despite its simplicity, leads to many mistakes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Thyrotoxicosis/diagnosis , Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis/diagnosis , Potassium Chloride/therapeutic use , Tachycardia/diagnosis , Tachycardia/drug therapy , Antithyroid Agents/therapeutic use , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Thyrotoxicosis/drug therapy , Thyrotoxicosis/blood , Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis/drug therapy , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Iodine/adverse effects , Iodine/therapeutic use , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 79: 1-4, 31 mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1342958

ABSTRACT

Foi realizada reavaliação sobre o estado de preservação de ovos de helmintos e cistos de protozoários mantidos por cerca de 40 anos em solução de iodo­mercurato de potássio a 0,2%. Foi observado que ovos de Schistosoma mansoni, Ancylostomidae e Trichuris trichiura e oocistos de Isospora belli mantiveram­se em condições adequadas para a sua identificação ao microscópio ótico comum. No material examinado, foi possível verificar a presença de miracídio em ovo de Schistosoma mansoni, forma larvada em ovo de T. trichiura e esporozoitos em oocistos de I. belli. (AU)


A reassessment was carried out on the preservation status of helminth eggs and protozoan cysts maintained for about 40 years in 0.2% potassium iodine­mercurate solution. It was observed that Schistosoma mansoni, Ancylostomidae and Trichiuris trichiura eggs and Isospora belli oocysts were kept in conditions suitable for their identification under a common light microscope. In the examined material, it was possible to verify the presence of miracidium in S. mansoni egg, larvae in T. trichiuraegg and sporozoites in I. belli oocysts. (AU)


Subject(s)
Mercury Compounds , Oocysts , Helminths , Iodine , Potassium
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816634

ABSTRACT

In 2017, the first Korean nationwide data on serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, serum free thyroxine (fT4) levels, and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) were published based on a population of 7,061 Koreans who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI. The mean TSH level was 2.16 mIU/L, with a reference interval of 0.59 to 7.03 mIU/L (men 2.09 mIU/L, women 2.24 mIU/L, P<0.001). A U-shaped association was found between serum TSH levels and age. The mean fT4 level was 1.25 ng/dL, and its reference interval was 0.92 to 1.60 ng/dL (men 1.29 ng/dL, women 1.20 ng/dL, P<0.0001). Serum fT4 levels decreased with age (P for trend <0.0001). Serum thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) was detected in 7.30% of participants (men 4.33%, women 10.62%). TPOAb titers tended to increase with age, and were higher in women than in men. The median UIC was 294 µg/L, and UIC showed a U-shaped relationship with age. According to the World Health Organization recommendations, only 23% of participants were in the adequate range of iodine intake, while 65% were in the above requirements or excessive, and 12% in insufficient. The prevalence of overt hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism in Koreans was 0.34% to 0.54% and 0.73% to 1.43%, respectively.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hyperthyroidism , Hypothyroidism , Iodide Peroxidase , Iodine , Korea , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Prevalence , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , World Health Organization
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