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J. bras. nefrol ; 37(1): 106-114, Jan-Mar/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744436


Resveratrol (RESV) is a polyphenolic compound found in various plants, including grapes, berries and peanuts, and its processed foods as red wine. RESV possesses a variety of bioactivities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, antidiabetic, anticancer, chemopreventive, neuroprotective, renal lipotoxicity preventative, and renal protective effects. Numerous studies have demonstrated that polyphenols promote cardiovascular health. Furthermore, RESV can ameliorate several types of renal injury in animal models, including diabetic nephropathy, hyperuricemic, drug-induced injury, aldosterone-induced injury, ischemia-reperfusion injury, sepsis-related injury, and endothelial dysfunction. In addition, RESV can prevent the increase in vasoconstrictors, such as angiotensin II (AII) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), as well as intracellular calcium, in mesangial cells. Together, these findings suggest a potential role for RESV as a supplemental therapy for the prevention of renal injury.

Resveratrol (RESV) é um composto fenólico encontrado em várias plantas, como a uva e amendoim, e seus produtos derivados, como o vinho tinto. RESV possui uma variedade de bioatividades, incluindo antioxidantes, anti-inflamatória, cardioprotetoras, antidiabetes, anticancerígeno, quimiopreventivo, neuroprotetor, lipotoxicidade renal, e efeitos protetores renais. Numerosos estudos demonstraram que os polifenois promovem a saúde cardiovascular e podem reparar vários tipos de lesões renais em modelos animais, incluindo a nefropatia diabética, hiperuricemia, lesão induzida por droga, lesão induzida pela aldosterona, lesão de isquemia-reperfusão, lesões relacionadas com sepsis, e disfunção endotelial. Além disso, RESV pode prevenir o aumento de vasoconstritores, tais como angiotensina II (AII) e endotelina-1 (ET-1), bem como o cálcio intracelular, em células mesangiais. Em conjunto, estes resultados sugerem um importante papel para o RESV como uma terapia complementar na prevenção de lesões renais.

Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Stilbenes/therapeutic use , Ion Transport/drug effects , Nitric Oxide , Stilbenes/pharmacology
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 28(1): 53-56, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742746


BACKGROUND: In traditional laparoscopic cholecistectomy, the cystic duct and artery are commonly closed by metallic clips just before their division. Although the placement of these clips for occluding cystic artery and duct can be considered safe, biliary leaks and bleeding may occur especially by its dislodgement. AIM: To report a prospective case-series in total clipless cholecystectomy by means of harmonic shears for closure and division of the artery and cystic duct as well removal of the gallbladder from the liver. METHODS: Was evaluate a series of 125 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy where the sealing and division of cystic artery and duct was carried out only by harmonic shears. The intact extracted gallbladder was submitted to a reverse pressure test for assessment of the technique safety by means of CO2 insuflation. RESULTS: The most common indication for surgery was gallstones. The mean operative time was 26 min and all gallbladders were dissected intact from the liver bed. There was no mortality and the overall morbidity rate was 0.8% with no hemorrhage or leaks. The reverse pressure test showed that all specimens support at least 36-mmHg of pressure without leaking. CONCLUSION: The harmonic shears is effective and safe in laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a sole instrument for sealing and division of the artery and cystic duct. The main advantages could be related to the safety and decreased operative time. .

RACIONAL: A colecistectomia laparoscópica na técnica tradicional oclui o ducto cístico e a artéria cística por clipes cirúrgicos, que podem se deslocar ou desprender no pós-operatório, possibilitando a ocorrência de fístula biliar ou hemorragia. OBJETIVO: Relato prospectivo de série de casos de colecistectomias laparoscópicas sem uso de clipe cirúrgico, sendo que a ligadura e secção da artéria cística e do ducto cístico foram realizadas por meio de bisturi ultrassônico. MÉTODO: Foram incluídos 125 pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica sem utilização de clipe cirúrgico metálico, onde a ligadura da artéria e do ducto cístico e também a remoção da vesícula biliar de seu leito hepático foram realizadas por meio de tesoura ultrassônica. Realizou-se teste de pressão reversa na vesícula biliar removida intacta do leito hepático para verificar a segurança da técnica. RESULTADOS: A principal indicação cirúrgica foi a colelitíase. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi de 26 min e todas as vesículas biliares foram retiradas intactas do leito hepático. Não houve mortalidade e a taxa global de morbidade foi de 0,8%, sem hemorragias ou fístulas. O teste de pressão reversa mostrou que o ducto cístico ocluído pelo bisturi harmônico suportou ao pelo menos 36 mmHg de pressão sem que ocorresse nenhum vazamento. CONCLUSÃO: O bisturi harmônico é eficaz e seguro em colecistectomias laparoscópicas eletivas como um instrumento único para ocluir e seccionar tanto a artéria cística quanto o ducto cístico. Vantagens podem ser apontadas ao método com relação a sua segurança e diminuição do tempo cirúrgico. .

Animals , Humans , Drosophila Proteins/metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster/drug effects , Drosophila melanogaster/physiology , Sodium Chloride/pharmacology , Stress, Physiological/drug effects , Symporters/metabolism , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Carbohydrate Metabolism/drug effects , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster/cytology , Drosophila melanogaster/genetics , Feeding Behavior/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Genes, Insect , Ion Transport/drug effects , Luminescent Proteins/metabolism , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Organ Specificity/drug effects , Phylogeny , RNA Interference/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/pharmacology , Survival Analysis , Time Factors
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 317-324, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-117227


Hyperoxic ventilation induces detrimental effects on the respiratory system, and ambient oxygen may be harmful unless compensated by physiological anti-oxidants, such as vitamin C. Here we investigate the changes in electrolyte transport of airway epithelium in mice exposed to normobaric hyperoxia and in gulonolacton oxidase knock-out (gulo[-/-]) mice without vitamin C (Vit-C) supplementation. Short-circuit current (Isc) of tracheal epithelium was measured using Ussing chamber technique. After confirming amiloride-sensitive Na+ absorption (DeltaIsc,amil), cAMP-dependent Cl- secretion (DeltaIsc,forsk) was induced by forskolin. To evaluate Ca2+-dependent Cl- secretion, ATP was applied to the luminal side (DeltaIsc,ATP). In mice exposed to 98% PO2 for 36 hr, DeltaIsc,forsk decreased, DeltaIsc,amil and DeltaIsc,ATP was not affected. In gulo(-/-) mice, both DeltaIsc,forsk and DeltaIsc,ATP decreased from three weeks after Vit-C deprivation, while both were unchanged with Vit-C supplementation. At the fourth week, tissue resistance and all electrolyte transport activities were decreased. An immunofluorescence study showed that the expression of cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) was decreased in gulo(-/-) mice, whereas the expression of KCNQ1 K+ channel was preserved. Taken together, the CFTR-mediated Cl- secretion of airway epithelium is susceptible to oxidative stress, which suggests that supplementation of the antioxidant might be beneficial for the maintenance of airway surface liquid.

Animals , Mice , Ascorbic Acid Deficiency/metabolism , Biological Transport/drug effects , Chlorides/metabolism , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/antagonists & inhibitors , Colforsin/pharmacology , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Hyperoxia/physiopathology , Ion Transport/drug effects , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mice, Knockout/metabolism , Mice, Transgenic , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen/adverse effects , Potassium Channels/metabolism , Respiratory Mucosa/drug effects , Sodium , Sugar Acids/metabolism
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2004 Aug; 42(8): 844-6
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-57064


Nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs) at 4-10 microM concentrations were found to inhibit the rates of collagen-induced in vitro mineralization and ion exchange reactions. The sequential removal of the terminal phosphate groups caused a step-wise decrease in their inhibitory potency. The results suggest that NTPs inhibit the rates of ion uptake and exchange reactions at concentrations much lower than their intracellular physiological concentrations. Thus NTPs may be involved in the control of biological mineralization and the tissues which mineralize under physiological conditions develop a system to locally convert NTPs to NDPs and NMPs.

Collagen/pharmacology , Ion Transport/drug effects , Kinetics , Minerals/metabolism , Nucleotides/pharmacology
Biocell ; 24(3): 233-237, Dec. 2000.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-335894


In red cells from umbilical cord blood it has been referred the existence of lithium fluxes (contralateral sodium dependent) asymmetry. On account of the relevancy of this transport system in some pathologies it is pertinent the study of its kinetics to relate normal with pathological states in which it is affected. Lithium fluxes--contralateral sodium dependent were determined in N-ethylmaleimide treated neonatal red blood cells. Experimental data were fitted by simple Michaelis-Menten kinetics, finding Km and Vmax variables. It was shown the persistency of asymmetry. The independence of sulfhydryl groups (or the occultation of the groups involved to this inhibitor) could explain asymmetry persistence.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cell Membrane , Erythrocytes , Lithium , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Ion Transport/physiology , Amiloride , Cell Membrane , Culture Media , Erythrocytes , Ethylmaleimide , Fetal Blood , Hematopoiesis , Kinetics , Sodium , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Ion Transport/drug effects
J Biosci ; 2000 Sep; 25(3): 243-52
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111177


Aggregating Dictyostelium cells release protons when stimulated with cAMP. To find out whether the protons are generated by acidic vesicles or in the cytosol, we permeabilized the cells and found that this did not alter the cAMP-response. Proton efflux in intact cells was inhibited by preincubation with the V-type H(+) ATPase inhibitor concanamycin A and with the plasma membrane H(+) ATPase blocker miconazole. Surprisingly, miconazole also inhibited efflux in permeabilized cells, indicating that this type of H(+) ATPase is present on intracellular vesicles as well. Vesicular acidification was inhibited by miconazole and by concanamycin A, suggesting that the acidic vesicles contain both V-type and P-type H(+) ATPases. Moreover, concanamycin A and miconazole acted in concert, both in intact cells and in vesicles. The mechanism of cAMP-induced Ca2(+)-fluxes involves phospholipase A2 activity. Fatty acids circumvent the plasma membrane and stimulate vesicular Ca2(+)-efflux. Here we show that arachidonic acid elicited H(+)-efflux not only from intact cells but also from acidic vesicles. The target of regulation by arachidonic acid seemed to be the vesicular Ca2(+)-release channel.

4-Chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan/pharmacology , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Arachidonic Acid/pharmacology , Calcium Signaling/drug effects , Cyclic AMP/physiology , Dictyostelium/cytology , Fatty Acids/physiology , Filipin/pharmacology , Hydrogen/metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ion Transport/drug effects , Macrolides , Membrane Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Miconazole/pharmacology , Models, Biological , Organelles/drug effects , Phospholipases A/physiology , Phospholipases A2 , Proton-Translocating ATPases/antagonists & inhibitors , Protons
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 30(2): 257-67, Feb. 1997. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-188436


We tested the hypothesis that cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ -ATPase, increases intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in aortic myocytes and that the increase in [Ca2+]i is higher in aortic cells from deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 250-300 g, underwent uninephrectomy, received a silastic implant containing DOCA (200 mg/kg) and had free access to water supplemented with 1.0 per cent NaCl and 0.2 per cent KCl. Control rats were also uninephrectomized, received normal tap water, but no implant. Intracellular Ca2+ measurements were performed in aortic myocytes isolated from normotensive (Systolic blood pressure = 120 + 3 mmHg; body weight = 478 ñ 7 g, N = 7) and DOCA-hypertensive rats (195 ñ 1O mmHg; 358 ñ 16 g, N = 7). The effects of CPA on resting [Ca2+]i and on caffeine-induced increase in [Ca2+]i after [Ca2+]i depletion and reloading were compared in aortic cells from DOCA and normotensive rats. The phasic increase in [Ca2+]i induced by 20 mM caffeine in Ca2+ -free buffer was significantly higher in DOCA aortic cells (329 ñ 36 nM, N = 5) compared to that in normotensive cells (249 ñ 16 nM, N = 7, P<0.05). CPA (3 muM) inhibited caffeine-induced increases in [Ca2+]i in both groups. When the cells were placed in normal buffer (1.6 mM Ca2+, loading period), after treatment with Ca2+ -free buffer (depletion period), an increase in [Ca2+]i was observed in DOCA aortic cells (45 ñ 11 nM, N = 5) while no changes were observed in normotensive cells. CPA (3 muM) potentiated the increase in [Ca2+]i (l22 ñ 3O nM, N = 5) observed in DOCA cells during the loading period while only a modest increase in [Ca2+]i, (23 ñ 10 nM, N = 5) was observed in normotensive cells. CPA-induced increase in [Ca2+]i did not occur in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ or in the presence of nifedipine. These data show that CPA induces Ca2+ influx in aorta from both normotensive and DOCA-hypertensive rats. However, the increase in [Ca2+]i is higher in DOCA aortic cells possibly due to an impairment in the mechanisms that control [Ca2+]i. The large increase in [Ca2+]i in response to caffeine in DOCA cells probably reflects a greater storage of Ca2+ in the SR.

Rats , Animals , Male , Caffeine/pharmacology , Calcium/metabolism , Desoxycorticosterone/pharmacology , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Hypertension/chemically induced , Indoles/pharmacology , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/drug effects , Nifedipine/pharmacology , Ion Transport/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 30(1): 35-9, Jan. 1997. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-187331


In view of the importance of the intestine in the osmoregulation of freshwater fishes, we determined the effects of oxytocin, urotensin II (UII), and aldosterone added to the serosal side of the isolated posterior intestine of the freshwater-adapted teleost Anguilla anguilla on electrophysiological parameters. Oxytocin decreased the short-ciruit current (SCC) and transepithelial potential difference (TPD) at a centrations of 1 and 10 mU/ml (to 50 per cent and 42 per cent of control values, respectively), but did not alter these parameters at a concentration of 0.1 mU/ml. UII reduced SCC and TPD at concentrations of 10 nM, 50nM and 100 nM (to 85 per cent of control values), but increased these parameters at the concentration of 500 nM (to 115 per cent of control values). Aldosterone did not alter SCC or TPD at the concentrations tested (10 nM and 100 nM). Oxytocin may open Na+ channels in the apical membrane, allowing the flow of Na+ to the serosa, reduced SCC and TPD. Should this hypothesis be correct, oxytocin would be important for freshwater adaptation, since it would increase absorption. The reduction of SCC and TPD in the posterior intestine A. anguilla induced by UII is evidence that this neurohormone is also important for freshwater adaptation in teleosts. Aldosterone did not show this effect probaly due to the lack of receptors in this organ.

Animals , Aldosterone/pharmacology , Anguilla/physiology , In Vitro Techniques , Intestines/drug effects , Membrane Potentials/drug effects , Oxytocin/pharmacology , Urotensins/pharmacology , Electrophysiology , Ion Transport/drug effects , Water-Electrolyte Balance/drug effects
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1996 Oct; 33(5): 414-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-26294


Microsomes isolated from bovine pulmonary artery smooth muscle tissue treated with the oxidant t-buOOH stimulated Ca2+ ATPase activity dose-dependently as also protease activity when tested with a synthetic substrate N-benzoyl-DL-arginine p-nitroanilide. At 300 microM, t-buOOH optimally stimulated these activities. Treatment of the microsomes with t-buOOH stimulated ATP dependent Ca2+ uptake while Na+ dependent Ca2+ uptake was inhibited by t-buOOH. Pretreatment of the microsomes with vitamin E (1 mM) and aprotinin (1 mg/ml) prevented t-buOOH caused stimulation of protease activity and Ca2+ ATPase activity, and also stimulation of ATP dependent Ca2+ uptake while t-buOOH caused inhibition of Na+ dependent Ca2+ uptake was reversed by vitamin E and aprotinin. Treatment of the microsomes with trypsin (1 microgram/ml) stimulated Ca2+ ATPase and ATP dependent Ca2+ uptake while Na+ dependent Ca2+ uptake was inhibited. Pretreatment of the microsomes with aprotinin prevented trypsin caused stimulation of Ca2+ ATPase and ATP dependent Ca2+ uptake, while trypsin caused inhibition of Na+ dependent Ca2+ uptake was reversed by aprotinin.

Animals , Calcium/metabolism , Calcium-Transporting ATPases/metabolism , Cattle , Endopeptidases/metabolism , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Ion Transport/drug effects , Lung/metabolism , Microsomes/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth/metabolism , Peroxides/pharmacology , tert-Butylhydroperoxide