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Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 189-192, Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038535


Abstract Changes in iron metabolism in heart failure (HF) have been described as an important prognostic marker. To check if the markers of iron kinetics are related to the morbidity and etiology of chagasic cardiomyopathy. Patients with Chronic Chagasic Cardiomyopathy (CCC, n = 40), with indeterminate form (IND, n = 40), besides non-chagasic cardiomyopathy (NCh, n = 40). The mean age was 50.98 ± 5.88 in CCC, 50% were male, 49.68 ± 5.28 in IND, 52.2% were male, and 49.20 ± 10.09 in NCh, 12.5% were male. Lower levels of iron (FeSe) were observed in the CCC groups (93.15 ± 36.53), when compared to IND (125.30 ± 22.79) and NCh (114.77 ± 18.90) (p = 0.0004), lower IST transferrin saturation index in CCC (29.48 ± 6.59), when compared to IND (30.95 ± 7.06) and in the NCh group (39.70 ± 7.54) p = 0.0001), total binding capacity of the lower CTLF iron in the CCC group (297.30 ± 36.46), when compared to the IND group (196.52 ± 56.95) and the NCh group (275.18 ± 33, 48) (p = 0.0001), lower ferritin in the CCC group (134.55, 1.56-42.36), when compared to the IND group (156,25, 1,72-42,20) and the NCh group (112.95, 2.88-42.66) (p = 0.0004). It was also observed that FeSe (95% CI 1.00-1.04, p = 0.0014), IST (95% CI 1.02-1.22) (p = 0.0012) and gender (95% CI 1.07-14.43 p = 0.0038) were independently associated with the degree of ventricular dysfunction in chagasic cardiomyopathy. CCC patients showed greater change in iron metabolism regarding the indeterminate form and other forms of cariomyopathies.

Resumo A alteração do metabolismo do ferro na insuficiência cardíaca (IC) tem sido descrita como um importante marcador prognóstico. Verificar se os marcadores da cinética do ferro guardam relação com a morbidade e a etiologia da cardiomiopatia chagásica. Pacientes com cardiomiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC, n = 40), com a forma indeterminada (IND, n = 40), além de cardiomiopatia não chagásica (NCh, n = 40). A idade média foi de 50,98 ± 5,88 no CCC, 50% eram do sexo masculino, 49,68 ± 5,28 no IND, 52,2% eram do sexo masculino e 49,20 ±10,09 no NCh, 12,5% eram do sexo masculino. Observaram-se níveis de ferro (FeSe) menores no grupos CCC (93,15 ± 36,53), quando comparados ao IND (125,30 ± 22,79) e NCh (114,77 ± 18,90) (p = 0,0004), índice de saturação de transferrina (IST) menor no CCC (29,48 ± 6,59), quando comparado ao IND (30,95 ± 7,06) e no grupo NCh (39,70 ± 7,54) (p= 0,0001), capacidade total de ligação do ferro CTLF menor no grupo CCC (297,30 ± 36,46), quando comparado ao grupo IND (196,52 ± 56,95) e ao grupo NCh (275,18 ± 33,48) (p = 0,0001), ferritina menor no grupo CCC (134,55, 1,56-42,36), quando comparada ao grupo IND (156,25, 1,72 - 42,20) e ao grupo NCh (112,95, 2,88-42,66) (p = 0.0004). Verificou-se também que o FeSe (IC% 95% 1,00-1,04; p = 0,0014), o IST (IC 95% 1,02-1,22) (p = 0,0012) e o sexo (IC 95% 1,07-14,43 p = 0,0038) associaram-se independentemente ao grau de disfunção ventricular na cardiomiopatia chagásica. Os pacientes com CCC demonstraram maior alteração no metabolismo do ferro em relação a forma indeterminada e outras formas de miocardiopatias.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/metabolism , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/metabolism , Iron Metabolism Disorders/metabolism , Iron/blood , Reference Values , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/physiopathology , Chronic Disease , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Iron Metabolism Disorders/physiopathology , Anemia/physiopathology , Anemia/metabolism
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(3): e1453, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038034


ABSTRACT Background : Bariatric surgery promotes significant weight loss and improvement of associated comorbidities; however, nutrients deficiencies and weight regain may occur in the middle-late postoperative period. Aim: To investigate nutritional status in 10 years follow-up. Methods : Longitudinal retrospective study in which anthropometric, biochemical indicators and nutritional intake were assessed before and after one, two, three, four, five and ten years of Roux-en Y gastric bypass through analysis of medical records. Results : After ten years there was a reduction of 29.2% of initial weight; however, 87.1% of patients had significant weight regain. Moreover, there was an increase of incidence of iron (9.2% to 18.5%), vitamin B12 (4.2% to 11.1%) and magnesium deficiency (14.1% to 14.8%). Folic acid concentrations increased and the percentage of individuals with glucose (40.4% to 3.7%), triglycerides (38% to 7.4%), HDL cholesterol (31 % to 7.4%) and uric acid (70.5% to 11.1%) abnormalities reduced. Also, there is a reduction of food intake at first year postoperative. After 10 years, there was an increase in energy, protein and lipid intake, also a reduction in folid acid intake. Conclusions : Roux-en Y gastric bypass is an effective procedure to promote weight loss and improve comorbidities associated with obesity. However, comparison between postoperative period of five and 10 years showed a high prevalence of minerals deficiency and a significant weight regain, evidencing the need for nutritional follow-up in the postoperative period.

RESUMO Racional: A cirurgia bariátrica promove importante perda ponderal e melhora das comorbidades associadas; entretanto, deficiências nutricionais e reganho de peso podem ocorrer no pós-operatório médio e tardio. Objetivo: Investigar a evolução do estado nutricional de pacientes após cinco e 10 anos de pós-operatório. Método: Estudo retrospectivo longitudinal, no qual indicadores antropométricos, bioquímicos e a ingestão alimentar foram avaliados no período pré-operatório e após um, dois, três, quatro, cinco e dez anos da operação, por meio de revisão de prontuários. Resultados: Após 10 anos observou-se redução de 29,2% do peso inicial; no entanto, 87,1% dos pacientes tiveram reganho significativo de peso. Além disso, houve aumento da incidência de deficiência de ferro (9,2% para 18,5%), vitamina B12 (4,2% para 11,1%) e magnésio (14,1% para 14,8%). As concentrações de ácido fólico aumentaram e a porcentagem de indivíduos com alterações na glicemia (40,4% a 3,7%), triglicérides (38% a 7,4%), colesterol HDL (31% a 7,4%) e ácido úrico (70,5% a 11,1%) diminuiu. Além disso, houve redução na ingestão alimentar no primeiro ano de pós-operatório. Após 10 anos, houve aumento na ingestão de energia, proteína e lipídios, e redução na de ácido fólico. Conclusões: A derivação gástrica em Y-de-Roux é procedimento eficaz para promover perda de peso e melhorar as comorbidades associadas à obesidade. Entretanto, a comparação entre os períodos pós-operatórios de cinco e 10 anos mostrou que uma porcentagem de pacientes apresenta deficiências de vitaminas e minerais e reganho de peso significativo, evidenciando a necessidade do acompanho nutricional no período pós-operatório.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Gastric Bypass/rehabilitation , Nutritional Status/genetics , Obesity/surgery , Postoperative Period , Vitamin B 12/blood , Weight Loss , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Folic Acid/blood , Iron/blood , Nutrition Disorders/etiology , Nutrition Disorders/blood , Obesity/complications
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e055, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019595


Abstract Serum hepcidin levels may increase in response to infection and inflammation. The present study investigated the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on levels of serum hepcidin, inflammatory markers, and iron markers. An interventional study was conducted on 67 patients (age 30-65 years) without other diseases, except for chronic periodontitis (CP). Patients were allocated to either CP or control groups. The CP group received supragingival and subgingival scaling and root planing procedures, whereas the control group received supragingival scaling. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level (CAL), visible plaque index (VPI), serum hepcidin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hematological markers, and iron markers were measured at baseline and at 90 days after NSPT. The CP group had statistically significant lower mean values for mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (p ≤ 0.05). The control group had statistically significant reductions in hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, and MCH (p ≤ 0.05). Serum hepcidin, IL-6, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were significantly decreased in both groups after NSPT. Periodontal markers were more markedly reduced in the CP group compared with the control group (p ≤ 0.05). These findings suggest that NSPT may reduce the serum levels of IL-6, hepcidin, and periodontal parameters.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Hepcidins/blood , Iron/blood , Reference Values , Time Factors , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Dental Plaque Index , Interleukin-6/blood , Treatment Outcome , Root Planing/methods , Periodontal Attachment Loss/pathology , Periodontal Attachment Loss/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Chronic Periodontitis/pathology , Chronic Periodontitis/therapy , Gingiva/pathology , Middle Aged
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(6): 736-743, dic. 2018. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-973688


Introducción.La vitamina D afecta la eritropoyesis.Objetivo: evaluar, en niños de 6 meses a 5 años, la asociación entre concentraciones de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25-OHD) en la madre/niño, ferropenia y anemia ferropénica (AF). Población y métodos. Se incluyeron los niños que asistieron a la consulta entre septiembre de 2014 y enero de 2016. Se excluyeron aquellos con infección aguda/crónica, desnutrición, enfermedades crónicas y prematuros. Se realizó hemograma, hierro sérico, capacidad fijación del hierro, ferritina y 25-OHD. Se investigó suplemento con hierro y vitamina D durante lactancia y embarazo.Resultados. Se incluyeron 117 niños: 67 tenían ferropenia/AF [Grupo 1, edad (años): 2,05 ± 1,24 (0,5-5)] y 50 niños sanos [Grupo 2, edad (años): 1,87 ± 1,12 (0,58-5)]. Más niños y madres tuvieron deficiencia de vitamina D en Grupo 1 que en Grupo 2 (niños, 49,3 % vs 20 %, p = 0,002, y madres: 94 % vs 64 %; p= < 0,001, respectivamente). Hubo correlación positiva entre la hemoglobina en niños y la 25-OHD en madres/niños. Factores independientes de riesgo de AF fueron más tiempo de lactancia (OR: 0,35; IC 95 % [0,155-0,789]; p = 0,011), más breve suplementación con hierro durante la lactancia (OR: 1,69; IC 95 % [1,148-2,508]; p = 0,008) y embarazo (OR: 1,39; IC 95 % [1,070-1,820]; p = 0,014) y concentraciones < 25-OHD en madres (OR: 1,16; IC del 95 % [1,034-1,292]; p = 0,011). Conclusiones. La deficiencia de vitamina D en madres/niños está asociada con ferropenia/AFen los niños.

Introduction. Vitamin D (VitD) affects the erythropoiesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal/child 25-OH VitD (25-OHD) levels and iron deficiency (ID) and anemia (IDA) in children aged 6 months-5 years. Population and methods. Between September 2014 and January 2016 children who were admitted to outpatient clinic were included to study. We excluded the children with acute or chronic infection, malnutrition, chronic disease and preterm birth history. Complete blood count, serum iron, total iron binding capacity, ferritin, 25-OHD levels were examined from children and their mothers. Iron and VitD supplementation during infancy and pregnancy and breastfeeding history were questioned.Results. The study included totally 117 children. There were 67 children with ID/IDA [Group 1, mean age (years):2.05±1.24 (0.5-5)] and 50 normal children [Group 2, mean age (years): 1.87±1.12 (0.58-5)]. There were more VitD deficient children and mothers in Group 1 than in Group 2 (respectively, children 49.3 % vs. 20 % p=0.002; mothers 94 % vs.64 %, p=<0.001). There was a positive correlation between hemoglobin levels of children and maternal/child 25-OHD. The independent risk factors for IDA in children were longer exclusively breastfeeding time (odds ratio [OR], 0.35; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.155-0.789; p=0.011), shorter duration of regular iron supplementation during infancy and pregnancy (infancy: OR,1.69; 95 % CI 1.148-2.508; p=0.008. pregnancy: OR,1.39; 95 % CI,1.070-1.820; p=0.014) and lower maternal 25-OHD level (OR,1.16; 95 % CI,1.034-1.292; p=0.011). Conclusions. Maternal/child VitD deficiency is associated with ID/IDA in children aged 6 months-5 years.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Iron/deficiency , Time Factors , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Hemoglobins/analysis , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Dietary Supplements , Ferritins/blood , Iron/blood
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 144-150, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950213


Abstract Background: Iron metabolism disorders have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the prognostic impact on patients (pts) with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has yet to be clarified. Objective: To determine the prognostic value of serum iron and ferritin levels in pts with ACS in the short and long-term. Methods: Consecutive pts admitted to a coronary care unit with a diagnosis of ACS, for a period of 2 years, were evaluated. The population was divided into tertiles of serum iron and ferritin distribution. The primary adverse events were the occurrence of in-hospital death or heart failure (HF) and death or HF at 1 year of follow-up. Results: We studied 280 pts (73% males; mean age 68 ± 13 years). The mean levels of serum iron and ferritin were 59 ± 34 mcg/dL and 205 ± 185 ng/mL, respectively. Patients included in the 1st tertile of serum iron (≤ 40 mcg/dL) had a higher rate of adverse events, in-hospital and after 1 year. Lower and higher levels of ferritin (1st and 3rd tertiles, ≤ 110; >219 ng/ml, respectively) were associated with a higher incidence of HF during hospitalization and death at 1 year. A ferritin value >316 ng /mL was an independent risk factor for death at 1 year (adjusted OR: 14; 95%CI: 2.6 to 75.9). Conclusion: In this population, iron metabolism alterations were associated with a higher rate of adverse events and higher ferritin levels constituted an independent mortality predictor in the long-term.

Resumo Fundamento: Alterações do metabolismo do ferro têm sido associadas a um aumento do risco de eventos cardiovasculares. No entanto, o impacto prognóstico em doentes (dts) com síndrome coronária aguda (SCA) encontra-se ainda pouco esclarecido. Objetivo: Determinar o valor prognóstico a curto e longo prazo dos níveis séricos do ferro e ferritina em dts com SCA. Métodos: Foram avaliados doentes consecutivos admitidos numa Unidade Coronária com o diagnóstico de SCA no período de 2 anos. A população foi agrupada segundo os tercis de distribuição de ferro e ferritina. Os eventos adversos primários foram a ocorrência de morte intrahospitalar e a 1 ano, bem como, insuficiência cardíaca (IC) intrahospitalar e a 1 ano de follow-up. Resultados: Estudaram-se 280 dts (73% sexo masculino; idade média de 68 ± 13 anos). O nível médio de ferro sérico e de ferritina foi 59 ± 34 mcg/dl e 205 ± 185 ng/ml, respetivamente. Os doentes incluídos no 1º tercil (≤ 40 mcg/dl) de ferro sérico apresentaram maior percentagem de eventos adversos intrahospitalares e a 1 ano. Níveis mais baixos e mais elevados de ferritina (1º e 3º tercil, respetivamente, ≤ 110; > 219 ng/ml) estiveram associados a uma maior ocorrência de IC em internamento e de morte a 1 ano. Um valor de ferritina > 316 ng/mL constituiu fator de risco independente de morte a 1 ano (OR ajustado 14 IC 95% 2,6-75,9). Conclusão: Nesta população alterações do metabolismo do ferro estiveram associadas a uma maior ocorrência de eventos adversos e níveis elevados de ferritina constituíram preditor independente de mortalidade a longo prazo.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/blood , Ferritins/blood , Iron/blood , Prognosis , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7288, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889124


Anemia is an inevitable complication of hemodialysis, and the primary cause is erythropoietin deficiency. After diagnosis, treatment begins with an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA). However, some patients remain anemic even after receiving this medication. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with resistance to recombinant human erythropoietin therapy with epoetin alfa (αEPO). We performed a prospective, longitudinal study of hemodialysis patients receiving treatment with αEPO at our reference hospital from July 2015 to June 2016. Clinical data was collected, and the response to αEPO treatment was evaluated using the erythropoietin resistance index (ERI). The ERI was defined as the weekly weight-adjusted αEPO dose (U/kg per week)/hemoglobin level (g/dL). A longitudinal linear regression model was fitted with random effects to verify the relationships between clinical and laboratory data and ERI. We enrolled 99 patients (average age, 45.7 (±17.6) years; male, 51.5%; 86.8% with hypertension). The ERI showed a significant positive association with serum ferritin and C-reactive protein, percentage interdialytic weight gain, and continuous usage of angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) hypertension medication. The ERI was negatively associated with serum iron and albumin, age, urea reduction ratio, and body mass index. Our findings indicate that resistance to αEPO was related to a low serum iron reserve, an inflammatory state, poor nutritional status, and continuous usage of ARBs.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Anemia/drug therapy , Anemia/etiology , Drug Resistance/drug effects , Epoetin Alfa/therapeutic use , Hematinics/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Body Mass Index , Erythropoiesis/drug effects , Erythropoietin/deficiency , Hemoglobins/analysis , Iron/blood , Linear Models , Longitudinal Studies , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(4): e1916, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-956571


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a evolução ponderal, nutricional e a qualidade de vida de pacientes de baixa renda, após dez anos de derivação gástrica em Y de Roux (DGYR). Métodos: estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo e descritivo, que avaliou a perda do excesso de peso, o reganho de peso, a evolução da hipertensão arterial, do diabetes mellitus tipo 2, da anemia e da hipoalbuminemia em 42 pacientes de classes sociais D e E submetidos à DGYR. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada através do Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS). Resultados: dos 42 pacientes, 68,3% se definiram como não praticantes de atividade física regular, e somente 44,4% e 11,9% tinham acompanhamento médico e nutricional regulares, respectivamente. Foi encontrada média da perda do excesso de peso de 75,6%±12 (IC=71,9-79,4) e perda ponderal insuficiente apenas em um paciente. O reganho ponderal médio foi de 22,3%±16,2 (IC=17,2-27,3), com 64,04% da amostra apresentando reganho maior do que 15% do peso mínimo. 52,3% da amostra apresentou anemia após dez anos de cirurgia e 47,6% deficiência de ferro. Hipoalbuminemia foi encontrada em 16,6% da amostra. Houve remissão da HAS em 66% e do diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em 50%. O BAROS demonstrou melhora na qualidade de vida em 85,8% dos pacientes. Conclusão: pudemos observar, em uma população com diversas limitações socioeconômicas, que a DGYR manteve resultados satisfatórios quanto à perda peso, mas o seguimento ineficiente pode comprometer o resultado final, especialmente no que diz respeito às deficiências nutricionais.

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the weight, nutritional and quality of life of low-income patients after ten years of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Methods: we conducted a longitudinal, retrospective and descriptive study evaluating the excess weight loss, weight regain, arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, anemia and hypoalbuminemia in 42 patients of social classes D and E submitted to RYGB. We assessed quality of life through the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS). Results: of the 42 patients, 68.3% defined themselves as doing non-regular physical activity, and only 44.4% and 11.9% had regular medical and nutritional follow-up, respectively. We found a mean excess weight loss of 75.6%±12 (CI=71.9-79.4), and in only one patient there was insufficient weight loss. The mean weight loss was 22.3%±16.2 (CI=17.2-27.3) with 64.04% of the sample presenting regain greater than 15% of the minimum weight; 52.3% of the sample presented anemia after ten years of surgery and 47.6%, iron deficiency. We found hypoalbuminemia in 16.6% of the sample. There was remission of hypertension in 66%, and of type 2 diabetes mellitus, in 50%. BAROS showed an improvement in the quality of life of 85.8% of the patients. Conclusion: in a population with different socioeconomic limitations, RYGB maintained satisfactory results regarding weight loss, but inefficient follow-up may compromise the final result, especially with regard to nutritional deficiencies.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Poverty/statistics & numerical data , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/statistics & numerical data , Poverty/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Obesity, Morbid/psychology , Remission Induction , Brazil , Hemoglobins/analysis , Serum Albumin/analysis , Gastric Bypass/psychology , Weight Loss , Nutrition Assessment , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hypertension/surgery , Iron/blood , Middle Aged
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(4): 492-495, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891420


ABSTRACT Hereditary hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder associated with mutations in the 5'UTR region of the ferritin light chain gene. These mutations cause the ferritin levels to increase even in the absence of iron overload. Patients also develop bilateral cataract early due to accumulation of ferritin in the lens, and many are misdiagnosed as having hemochromatosis and thus not properly treated. The first cases were described in 1995 and several mutations have already been identified. However, this syndrome is still a poorly understood. We report two cases of unrelated Brazilian families with clinical suspicion of the syndrome, which were treated in our department. For the definitive diagnosis, the affected patients, their parents and siblings were submitted to Sanger sequencing of the 5'UTR region for detection of the ferritin light gene mutation. Single nucleotide polymorphism-like mutations were found in the affected patients, previously described. The test assisted in making the accurate diagnosis of the disease, and its description is important so that the test can be incorporated into clinical practice.

RESUMO A síndrome hereditária hiperferritinemia-catarata é uma doença genética autossômica dominante associada a mutações na região 5'UTR do gene da cadeia leve da ferritina. Estas mutações elevam os níveis de ferritina, mesmo na ausência de sobrecarga de ferro. Os pacientes também desenvolvem catarata bilateral precocemente, devido ao acúmulo de ferritina no cristalino, e muitos são erroneamente diagnosticados como portadores de hemocromatose, sendo tratados de maneira inadequada. Os primeiros casos foram descritos em 1995, e diversas mutações já foram identificadas. Entretanto, essa síndrome ainda é pouco conhecida. Relatamos dois casos de famílias brasileiras, não relacionadas, com suspeita clínica da síndrome, que foram atendidas em nosso serviço. Para o diagnóstico definitivo, os pacientes afetados, seus pais e irmãos foram submetidos à pesquisa de mutação do gene ferritina, por sequenciamento de Sanger da região 5'UTR. Foram encontradas mutações do tipo polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único nos pacientes afetados, já descritas anteriormente. O teste auxiliou no diagnóstico preciso da doença e é importante ser divulgado, para ser incorporado na prática clínica.

Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Apoferritins/blood , Cataract/congenital , Iron Metabolism Disorders/congenital , Iron/blood , Syndrome , Cataract/genetics , Cataract/blood , Brazil , Iron Metabolism Disorders/genetics , Iron Metabolism Disorders/blood , Mutation/genetics
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(6): 458-464, dic. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894521


El consumo excesivo de hierro (Fe) en portadores de mutaciones en el gen HFE puede resultar en sobrecarga. Para evaluar el riesgo de sobrecarga de Fe fueron investigados 166 varones adultos donantes de sangre de la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Se estimó la ingesta diaria de Fe (IFe), de Fe hemínico y de Fe proveniente de harinas enriquecidas con SO4Fe. Se determinó ferritina sérica y porcentaje de saturación de transferrina (criterio de sobrecarga de Fe: ferritina sérica > 300 ng/ml y saturación de transferrina ≥ 50%). Las mutaciones C282Y, H63D y S65C fueron investigadas en sangre mediante PCR-RFLP. Todos los participantes cubrieron ampliamente el requerimiento estimado promedio de Fe (6 mg Fe/día) y 3.0% superó el máximo tolerable (45 mg Fe/día). El Fe hemínico correspondió al 9.4% de la IFe y el de harinas enriquecidas al 47.7%. Se observó una asociación entre el aumento de IFe y el de ferritina sérica (p = 0.0472), y el 2.3% de los donantes presentaron ferritina sérica > 300 ng/ml y saturación de transferrina ≥ 50%. El 29.3% de los donantes eran portadores de los genotipos H63D, S65C o C282Y, asociados a hemocromatosis hereditaria, y tenían valores de saturación de transferrina significativamente mayores a los de los donantes wild type (p = 0.0167). Si bien la incidencia clínica de hemocromatosis hereditaria fue baja en el grupo estudiado (1.2%), el consumo excesivo de Fe plantea un riesgo potencial para la salud de individuos que ignoran sus antecedentes familiares de sobrecarga de Fe.

Excess iron (Fe) intake in subjects carrying certain mutations in the HFE gene may result in Fe overload. To estimate risk of Fe overload, 166 male blood donors (19-65 years) from Buenos Aires city were investigated. Daily Fe intake (FeI), hem Fe intake, and Fe intake from SO4Fe enriched flours were estimated (SARA Computer Program and Food Composition Table, USDA). Serum ferritin and transferrin saturation were determined; criteria for Fe overload was serum ferritin > 300 ng/ml and transferrin saturation ≥ 50%. HFE genotypes C282Y, H63D and S65C were analyzed by PCR-RFLP in blood samples. No participant presented FeI lower than the estimated average requirement (6 mg Fe/day) and 3.0% was over the upper level (45 mg Fe/day). Hem Fe and Fe from flour enrichment were 9.4% and 47.7% of daily Fe intake, respectively. A significant association was observed between the increase in serum ferritin (ng/ml) and the increase in FeI (p = 0.0472); 2.3% of the donors presented serum ferritin > 300 ng/ml and transferrin saturation ≥ 50%. Genotypes associated with hereditary hemochromatosis (H63D, S65C and C282Y) were found in 29.3% of the donors. The percentage of transferrin saturation was higher in subjects carrying mutation than in wild type subjects (p = 0.0167). Although penetrance of hereditary hemochromatosis in the studied group was only 1.2%, an excessive Fe intake could enhance adverse effects in individuals unaware of any family history of Fe overload.

Humans , Male , Adult , Blood Donors/statistics & numerical data , Iron, Dietary/administration & dosage , Ferritins/blood , Hemochromatosis Protein/genetics , Hemochromatosis/genetics , Hemochromatosis/chemically induced , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Transferrin/analysis , Genotype , Iron/blood , Mutation
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(5): 482-489, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894050


Abstract Objective: To analyze the seasonality of blood parameters related to iron homeostasis, inflammation, and allergy in two riverine populations from the Brazilian Amazon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 120 children and adolescents of school age, living in riverine communities of Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil, describing the hematocrit, hemoglobin, ferritin, serum iron, total white blood cell count, lymphocytes, eosinophils, C-reactive protein, and immunoglobulin E levels in the dry and rainy seasons. The chi-squared test and the prevalence ratio were used for the comparison of proportions and mean analysis using paired Student's t-test. Results: Hemoglobin (13.3 g/dL) and hematocrit (40.9%) showed higher average values in the dry season. Anemia prevalence was approximately 4% and 12% in the dry and rainy seasons, respectively. Serum iron was lower in the dry season, with a mean of 68.7 mcg/dL. The prevalence of iron deficiency was 25.8% in the dry season and 9.2% in the rainy season. Serum ferritin did not show abnormal values in both seasons; however, the mean values were higher in the dry season (48.5 ng/mL). The parameters of eosinophils, lymphocytes, global leukocyte count, C-reactive protein and immunoglobulin E showed no seasonal differences. C-reactive protein and immunoglobulin E showed abnormal values in approximately 7% and 60% of the examinations, respectively. Conclusion: Hematological parameters of the red cell series and blood iron homeostasis had seasonal variation, which coincided with the dry season in the region, in which an increase in atmospheric pollutants derived from fires is observed.

Resumo Objetivo: Analisar a sazonalidade climática de parâmetros sanguíneos relacionados à homeostase do ferro, inflamação e alergia em duas populações ribeirinhas da Amazônia brasileira. Método: Fez-se um estudo transversal em 120 crianças e adolescentes em idade escolar, residentes em comunidades ribeirinhas de Porto Velho, Rondônia. Foram analisados hematócrito, hemoglobina, ferritina, ferro sérico, leucometria global, linfócitos, eosinófilos, proteína C-reativa e imunoglobulina E nas estações seca e chuvosa. Usaram-se o teste do qui-quadrado e a razão de prevalência para a comparação das proporções, além do teste t de Student pareado para a análise de médias. Resultados: Hemoglobina (13,3 g/dL) e hematócrito (40,9%) apresentaram maiores valores médios no período de seca. A prevalência de anemia foi de 4% e 12% na seca e na chuva, respectivamente. O ferro sérico foi menor no período de seca com média de 68,7 mcg/dL. A prevalência de deficiência de ferro foi em média 25,8% na seca e 9,2% na chuva. A concentração sérica de ferritina não apresentou valores alterados em ambos os períodos, no entanto os valores médios apresentaram-se mais elevados na seca (48,5 ng/mL). Os parâmetros dos eosinófilos, linfócitos, leucometria global, proteína C-reativa e imunoglobulina E não apresentaram diferenças sazonais. A proteína C-reativa e a imunoglobulina E apresentaram valores alterados em 7% e 60% dos exames feitos, respectivamente. Conclusão: Os parâmetros hematológicos da série vermelha e a homeostasia ferro sanguíneo apresentaram variação sazonal, que coincide com o período de seca na região, no qual se observa aumento dos poluentes atmosféricos derivados das queimadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Seasons , Blood Cell Count , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Hemoglobins/analysis , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Ferritins/blood , Hematocrit , Reference Values , Weather , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iron/blood
Braspen J ; 32(3): 231-234, jul-set. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906151


Introdução: No pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica, o comportamento do ferro e ferritina séricos são pouco estudados. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a evolução dos níveis séricos destas variáveis no pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. Método: Estudo retrospectivo incluindo pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica no período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2013. Foram excluídos pacientes menores de 18 anos, não submetidos à técnica do by-pass gástrico de Fobi-Capella (em Y-de-Roux) e que não possuíam exame laboratorial no acompanhamento ambulatorial. As variáveis registradas foram sexo, idade, data da cirurgia, hemoglobina, ferro e ferritina. Foram comparados resultados com três, seis e 12 meses de pós-operatório. Utilizou-se o teste T pareado para comparação das dosagens laboratoriais ao longo do tempo. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5% (p<0,05). Resultados: Foram analisados dados relativos a 862 pacientes (573 mulheres; 66,5%) com idade mediana de 36 (18-69) anos. Não houve diferença significante ao longo do tempo estudado em relação à hemoglobina (média (DP)=13,1±1,3 g/dl no 3º mês; 13,1±1,5 g/dl no 6º mês; e 13,0±2,0 g/dl no 12º mês; p>0.05). A dosagem de ferro sérico aumentou progressivamente do 3º para o 12º mês de pósoperatório (3º mês: 82,21±26,61 mcg/dl; 6º mês: 91,42±41,00 mcg/dl e 12º mês: 99,79±38,94 mcg/dl; p<0,001). Contrariamente, houve queda da ferritina sérica ao longo do período estudado (3º mês: 234,43±242,86 ng/ml; 6º mês: 208,46±246,64 ng/ml e 12º mês: 155,21±163,08 ng/ ml;p<0.01). Conclusão: Ferro e ferritina séricos têm variações opostas no pós-operatório tardio de cirurgia bariátrica. Entretanto, essas alterações em paciente recebendo atenção nutricional não foram suficientes para determinar anemia no seguimento de até 1 ano de pós-operatório.(AU)

Introduction: The seric changes of iron and ferritin in patients submitted to bariatric procedure are seldom reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the evolution of the levels of iron and ferritin during the late postoperative course of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Method: Retrospective study including patients submitted to bariatric procedure from January 2011 to December 2013 with three months of follow-up. Age less of 18 years-old, procedure other than Fobi-Capella gastric by-pass (Roux-en-Y), previous hematological disorders, and lack of postoperative laboratorial exams were items of exclusion criteria. The following variables were collected: sex, age, date of the surgical procedure, hemoglobin, seric iron and ferritin. The data were collected at 3rd; 6th; and 12th postoperative month. Paired T test were used to compare the evolution of the dosages. A 5% level of significance (p<0.05) was established. Results: We analyzed the data of 862 patients ((573 females; 66.5%) with a median age of 36 (18-69) years-old. There was no difference on the hemoglobin levels along the three-time points (mean (SD)=13.1±1.3 g/dl at 3rd month; 13.1±1.5 g/dl at 6th month; and 13.0±2.0 g/dl at 12th month; p>0.05). The seric iron significantly increased from 3rd to 12th postoperative month (3rd month: 82.21±26.61 mcg/dl; 6th month: 91.42±41.00 mcg/dl and 12th month: 99,79±38,94 mcg/dl; p<0,001). Conversely, there was a fall of the seric ferritin along the study (3rd month: 234.43±242.86 ng/ml; 6th month: 208.46±246.64 ng/ml and 12th month: 155.21±163.08 ng/ml; p<0.01). Conclusion: Serum iron and ferritin have opposite variation during late postoperative of bariatric surgery. However, these alterations in patients receiving nutritional attention were not sufficient to promote anemia in the follow-up of at least one year postoperatively.(AU)

Humans , Postoperative Care/nursing , Bariatric Surgery , Ferritins/blood , Anemia/blood , Iron/blood , Retrospective Studies
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 17(3): 511-518, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013043


Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the neuropsychomotor development and the genomic stability associated to folate and blood iron levels in preschool children. Methods: a cross-sectional study in which evaluated the biochemical exams (complete hemogram, serum ferritin, iron and folate), neuropsychomotor development (Denver II Test) and genotoxicity (micronuclei cytome in buccal mucosa cells) of 55 children aging 36-59 months old. Student´s T test, Kruskal-Wallis and Pearson's or Spearman's correlation tests were applied with a significance level of p<0.05 for data analysis. Results: the prevalence of anemia was 1.8%. The Denver II test classified 32.7% of the children as normal and 67.3% were suspected of having a delay. The children suspected of having a delay presented a slight reduction on hemoglobin and hematocrit (p=0.05 and p=0.14), intermediate reduction on iron and folate (p=0.29 and p=0.23) and a notable reduction on ferritin (p=0.03). Folate and iron were significantly associated to the frequency of cells with DNA damages (p<0.05). The frequency of binucleated cells was positively associated to the Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) (r=0.56; p=0.02) in children without a delay and negatively with folate (r=-0.334; p=0.047) in children with a delay. Conclusions: this study showed a low prevalence of anemia, but a high rate of children suspected of having a neuropsychomotor, possibly associated to low ferritin levels. Additionally, iron and folate were associated to DNA damage which may have contributed to the psychomotor development delay.

Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor e a estabilidade genômica associados ao folato e ferro sanguíneos em pré-escolares. Métodos: estudo transversal, no qual avaliou-se exames bioquímicos (hemograma completo, ferritina sérica, ferro e folato), desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor (Teste Denver II) e genotoxicidade (citoma de micronúcleos em células bucais esfoliadas) de 55 crianças com 36-59 meses de idade. Para a análise dos dados, empregou-se os testes T de Student, Kruskal-Wallis e correlação de Pearson ou Spearman, com nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultados: a prevalência de anemia foi de 1,8%. Pelo teste de Denver II foram classificadas 32,7% das crianças como normais e 67,3% como suspeita de atraso. As crianças com suspeita de atraso apresentaram pequena redução no hematócrito e hemoglobina (p=0,05 e p=0,14), redução intermediária de ferro e folato (p=0,29 e p=0,23) e redução marcante de ferritina (p=0,03). Ferro e folato associaram-se significativamente com a frequência de células com lesões no DNA (p<0,05). A frequência de células binucleadas associou-se positivamente com Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) (r=0,56; p=0,02), nas crianças sem atraso e negativamente com folato (r=-0,33; p=0,05), nas crianças com atraso. Conclusões: este estudo mostrou baixa prevalência de anemia, mas elevada taxa de crianças com suspeita de atraso neuropsicomotor, possivelmente associada com baixos níveis de ferritina. Ademais, observou-se associação entre ferro e folato com dano no DNA, o que pode ter contribuído para o atraso neuropsicomotor.

Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Performance , Child, Preschool , Ferritins/blood , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/blood , Iron/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Genomics , Erythrocyte Indices , Hematocrit , Anemia , Mutagenicity Tests
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(2): 183-194, jun. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886111


El eje hepcidina-ferroportina es determinante en la homeostasis del hierro. Niveles elevados de hepcidina reducen la capacidad de absorción intestinal del hierro, así como su movilización entre tejidos. Una condición que produce valores séricos elevados de hepcidina es la infección. Como la infección con Helicobacter pylori (Hp) predispone a una deficiencia de hierro, en este estudio se evaluaron los niveles séricos de Pro-Hepcidina (PH), un precursor de la hepcidina, en un grupo de escolares asintomáticos, infectados con Hp (80 niños) y se los comparó con un grupo similar de niños sanos (59 niños). Los resultados mostraron que los niños infectados en los que se detectó la presencia de Hp (test de aire espirado) tenían valores de proteína C reactiva (PCR) significativamente más altos que los niños sanos. Ambos grupos presentaron valores similares de: adecuación de la ingesta de hierro, ferritina sérica (Fs), hemoglobina, hematocrito, receptores solubles de transferrina. La prevalencia de anemia y deficiencia subclínica de hierro en el grupo total (infectados + no infectados) fue de 10 y 60%, respectivamente sin diferencias entre los grupos. Sin embargo, en el grupo de niños sanos la PH sérica correlacionó significativamente (r=0,730/p<0,001) con los niveles de Fs, mientras que en los niños infectados, los niveles de PH no correlacionaron con la Fs, pero correlacionaron con la severidad de la infección (r=0,52/p<0,001). Esta tendencia de la PH a aumentar con la severidad de la infección podría explicar la mayor prevalencia de deficiencia de hierro en pacientes infectados con Hp.

The hepcidin-ferroportin axis is crucial in iron homeostasis. High serum hepcidine reduces iron intestinal absorption and tissue iron mobilization. Infection and inflammation increase serum hepcidin, predisposing to iron deficiency. Since Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection has been associated to iron deficiency, the serum levels of prohepcidin PH (a precursor of hepcidin) were evaluated in 80 school children infected with Hp but without gastric symptoms. This was compared with PH levels in a group of 59 non Hp infected children. The results showed that infected children (exhaled air method) had higher levels of protein C reactive protein (CRP) than the non-infected group. Both groups had similar levels of iron consumption, serum ferritin (Fs), hemoglobin, hematocrit, soluble transferrin receptors and PH. The prevalence of anemia and of subclinical iron deficiency in the whole group (infected + non-infected) reached 10 and 60% respectively with no differences between groups. However, in the group of non-infected children, serum PH correlated (r=0.730/ p<0.001) with Fs levels whereas in the infected children, PH did not correlate with Fs but it correlated with the severity of the infection (r = 0.52/p<0.001). The tendency of PH to increase with the severity of infection could explain the higher prevalence of iron deficiency seen in Hp infection.

O eixo hepcidina-ferroportina é determinante na homeostase do ferro. Níveis elevados de hepcidina reduzem a capacidade de absorção intestinal do ferro, bem como sua mobilização entre tecidos. Uma condição que produz valores séricos elevados de hepcidina é a infecção. Como a infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori (Hp) predispõe a uma deficiência de ferro, neste estudo foram avaliados os níveis séricos de Pro-hepcidina (PH), um precursor da hepcidina em um grupo de estudantes assintomáticos infectados com Hp (80 crianças) e foram comparados com um grupo similar de crianças saudáveis (59 crianças). Os resultados mostraram que as crianças infectadas em que se detectou a presença de Hp (método de ar exalado) tinham valores de proteína C-reativa (PCR) significativamente mais elevada do que as crianças saudáveis. Ambos os grupos tiveram valores semelhantes de adequação da ingestão de ferro, ferritina sérica (Fs), hemoglobina, hematócrito, receptores solúveis de transferrina. A prevalência de anemia e deficiência subclínica de ferro no grupo total (infectados + não infectados) foi de 10 e 60%, respectivamente, sem diferenças entre os grupos. No entanto, no grupo de crianças saudáveis a PH sérica correlacionou significativamente (r=0,730/p<0,001) com os níveis de Fs, ao passo que em crianças infectadas, os níveis de PH não correlacionaram com a Fs, mas correlacionaram com a gravidade da infecção (r=0,52/p<0,001). Esta tendência da PH a aumentar com a gravidade da infecção poderia explicar a elevada prevalência de deficiência de ferro em pacientes infectados com Hp.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Hepcidins/analysis , Iron/analysis , Serum , Iron/blood
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(3): 94-101, Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843927


Abstract Introduction Anemia is a very frequent event among pregnant women. There are evidences of differences in the incidence of dental caries between pregnant and nonpregnant women, but the relationship between salivary iron (Fe) and serummarkers of anemia and caries development has not been investigated. Objective To evaluate the correlation between salivary (Fe) and serum iron (Fe, ferritin and hemoglobin) parameters in pregnant women with the development of dental caries. Methods A prospective cohort was conducted with 59 women. The outcome of interest was represented by new dental caries lesions during pregnancy, using the Nyvad criteria. Pregnant women were evaluated at three clinical times: up to the 16th week of gestational age (GA) (T1), in the last trimester of pregnancy (T2), and postpartum (T3), at the Mother and Child Unit ofUniversityHospital of the Universidade Federal doMaranhão.A stimulated saliva sample was collected for biochemical analysis of salivary Fe, and a blood sample was collected early in the morning. The correlation between salivary and serum Fe was evaluated through the Pearson correlation test. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kruskal-Wallis were used to compare the means of anemia parameters at different times. The Student's t and Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare the anemia parameters between the groups of pregnant women (with and without new caries lesions). Results SerumFe concentrationswere higher in the first trimester of pregnancy and lower after delivery (p = 0.036). It was also observed that the ferritin concentrations were higher in the first trimester and lower at the end of gestation (p = 0.011). Therewas no association between the expositions of salivary iron and anemia, and the development of dental caries. There was a positive correlation between serum Fe in T1 and salivary Fe in T2 (p < 0.05). Conclusion The serummarkers of anemiaweremore prevalent in the last trimester of pregnancy.

Resumo Introdução A anemia é um evento muito frequente entre mulhres grávidas. Existem evidências de diferenças na incidência de cárie dentária entre mulheres grávidas e não grávidas,mas a relação entre o íon ferro (Fe) salivar, osmarcadores séricos de anemia e o desenvolvimento de cárie não foi investigada. Objetivo Avaliar a correlação entre os parâmetros salivares (Fe) e séricos (Fe, ferritina e hemoglobina) em gestantes e o desenvolvimento de cárie dentária. Métodos Uma coorte prospectiva foi conduzida com 59 mulheres. O desfecho de interesse foi representado por novas lesões de cárie durante a gravidez, medido pelo critério Nyvad. Mulheres grávidas foram avaliadas em três tempos clínicos: até a 16ª semana de idade gestacional (IG) (T1), no último trimestre de gravidez (T2), e no puerpério (T3), na Unidade Materno-infantil do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão. A amostra de saliva estimulada foi coletada para análise bioquímica de Fe salivar, e a amostra de sangue foi coletada no início da manhã. A correlação entre o Fe salivar e o Fe sérico foi avaliada através do teste de correlação de Pearson. Os testes ANOVA e Kruskal-Wallis foram utilizados para comparar parâmetros de anemia em diferentes momentos. Os testes t de Student e Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para comparar os parâmetros da anemia entre os grupos de gestantes (come sem lesões de cárie). Resultados As concentrações séricas de Fe foram maiores no primeiro trimestre de gestação e menores após o parto (p = 0,036). Observou-se também que as concentrações de ferritina forammaiores no primeiro trimestre emenores no final da gestação (p = 0,011). Não houve associação entre as exposições e o desenvolvimento de cárie dentária. Houve correlação positiva entre o Fe sérico em T1 e o Fe salivar em T2 (p < 0,05). Conclusão Os marcadores séricos de anemia foram mais prevalentes no último trimestre de gestação.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Anemia/blood , Dental Caries/blood , Ferritins/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Iron/analysis , Saliva/chemistry , Biomarkers/blood , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Iron/blood , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Self Report
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 284-289, Mar. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956432


Summary Objective: In liver diseases, hyperferritinemia (HYF) is related to injured cells in acquired and genetic conditions with or without iron overload. It is frequent in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), in which it is necessary to define the mean of HYF to establish the better approach for them. The present study evaluated the significance of elevated ferritin in patients with NAFLD and steatohepatitis (NASH). Method: The review was performed using search instruments of indexed scientific material, including MEDLINE (by PubMed), Web of Science, IBECS and LILACS, to identify articles published in Portuguese, English and Spanish, from 2005 to May, 2016. Studies eligible included place and year of publication, diagnose criteria to NAFLD, specifications of serum ferritin measurements and/or liver histopathologic study. Exclusion criteria included studies with patients with alcohol consumption ≥ 20 g/day and other liver diseases. Results: A total of 11 from 30 articles were selected. It included 3,564 patients and they were cross-sectional, retrospective, case series and case-control. The result's analyses showed in 10 of these studies a relationship between ferritin elevated serum levels and NAFLD/NASH with and without fibrosis and insulin resistance. Conclusion: Hyperferritinemia in patients with NAFLD/NASH is associated more frequently with hepatocellular injury than hemochromatosis. These data suggest the relevance to evaluate carefully HYF in patients with NAFLD/NASH to establish appropriate clinical approach.

Resumo Objetivo: A hiperferritinemia (HPF) está associada à agressão hepatocelular nas doenças do fígado e à sobrecarga de ferro, em doenças genéticas e adquiridas. A HPF é frequente em pacientes com doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA) e é necessário definir seu significado para estabelecer as melhores condutas para esses indivíduos. Esta revisão avaliou o significado da HPF em portadores de DHGNA e esteato-hepatite não alcoólica (EHNA). Método: A busca de artigos foi realizada através do PubMed (Medline), Web of Science e Lilacs, e foram selecionados aqueles publicados em português, inglês e espanhol de 2005 a maio de 2016. Os artigos foram elegíveis quando informavam data e local da publicação, critérios diagnósticos para DHGNA, especificações das dosagens de ferritina sérica e/ou estudo histopatológico. Foram excluídos os artigos cujos pacientes relataram ingestão alcoólica ≥ 20 g/dia ou eram portadores de outras doenças do fígado. Resultados: Foram selecionados 11 de 30 artigos, totalizando 3.564 pacientes. Os artigos eram de corte transversal, retrospectivos, série de casos e caso-controles. Em dez artigos, observou-se correlação entre alteração de ferritina e DHGNA/EHNA com e sem fibrose hepática e resistência à insulina. Conclusão: Hiperferritinemia em pacientes com DHGNA/EHNA se associa com maior frequência à agressão hepatocelular do que com sobrecarga de ferro hepático. Os resultados da revisão sugerem a necessidade de um maior cuidado na interpretação da elevação da ferritina sérica em pacientes com DHGNA/EHNA para o estabelecimento de condutas clínicas apropriadas.

Humans , Iron Overload/etiology , Iron Overload/blood , Ferritins/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Risk Factors , Iron Overload/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Iron/blood
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2017; 23 (6): 404-407
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-187430


The aim of this case.control study was to determine the frequency of pica and its relationship with iron deficiency in children in Zanjan. We selected 872 children and determined the frequency of pica. We selected students who did not have pica of the same age and sex, and in the same class as our cases as a control group. Both groups were evaluated for iron deficiency anaemia. Among the 57 students [6.7%] who had pica, there was no significant relationship with sex [P > 0.05]. The most common types of pica were soil [62.3%] and paper [31.2%]. The frequency of anaemia among cases was greater than in controls, although the difference was not statistically significant. The serum iron/total iron binding capacity ratio . 0.15 did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. We did not find any association between pica and anaemia and/or iron deficiency [P > 0.05]

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Case-Control Studies , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Child , Soil , Paper , Iron/blood
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2017; 23 (10): 678-687
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189098


Toxic metals and deficiency/excess of trace elements can have adverse effects on health. The aim of this study was to quantify toxic metals lead, cadmium and trace elements zinc, copper, aluminium [Al] and Iron [Fe] levels in pregnant women, cord blood and meconium of new-born infants from industrial zones of Karachi, Pakistan. Analytical research was performed from 2011–2012 in low socio-economic pregnant mothers and newborn infants from 20 towns near Sindh Industrial Trading Estates, Federal B industrial area and Korangi industrial areas, Karachi, where environmental pollution was anticipated. Blood samples of pregnant women [n = 416], cord blood [n = 309] and meconium [n = 309] were analyzed quantitatively for metals and trace elements. Results indicated that mothers residing in steel towns were found to have the highest levels of lead. Meconium contained high levels of toxic heavy metals and trace elements compared to cord blood and maternal blood. Maternal blood toxic metals were present in high quantities. Therefore, safety measures should be taken when industrial waste is disposed of in order to prevent population contamination

Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Meconium/chemistry , Infant, Newborn , Lead/blood , Cadmium/blood , Trace Elements/blood , Zinc/blood , Copper/blood , Aluminum/blood , Iron/blood , Pregnant Women , Cross-Sectional Studies
Clinics ; 71(8): 440-448, Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794634


OBJECTIVE: To analyze adherence to the recommended iron, zinc and multivitamin supplementation guidelines for preemies, the factors associated with this adherence, and the influence of adherence on the occurrence of anemia and iron, zinc and vitamin A deficiencies. METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed 58 preemies born in 2014 until they reached six months corrected age. The preemies were followed at a referral secondary health service and represented 63.7% of the preterm infants born that year. Outcomes of interest included high or low adherence to iron, zinc and multivitamin supplementation guidelines; prevalence of anemia; and prevalences of iron, zinc, and vitamin A deficiencies. The prevalence ratios were calculated by Poisson regression. RESULTS: Thirty-eight (65.5%) preemies presented high adherence to micronutrient supplementation guidelines. At six months of corrected age, no preemie had vitamin A deficiency. The prevalences of anemia, iron deficiency and zinc deficiency were higher in the low-adherence group but also concerning in the high-adherence group. Preemies with low adherence to micronutrient supplementation guidelines were 2.5 times more likely to develop anemia and 3.1 times more likely to develop zinc deficiency. Low maternal education level increased the likelihood of nonadherence to all three supplements by 2.2 times. CONCLUSIONS: Low maternal education level was independently associated with low adherence to iron, zinc and vitamin A supplementation guidelines in preemies, which impacted the prevalences of anemia and iron and zinc deficiencies at six months of corrected age.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Anemia, Neonatal/drug therapy , Anemia, Neonatal/epidemiology , Iron/deficiency , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Micronutrients/administration & dosage , Vitamin A Deficiency/epidemiology , Zinc/deficiency , Age Factors , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Dietary Supplements/statistics & numerical data , Infant, Premature , Iron/blood , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin A Deficiency/blood , Zinc/blood
Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases. 2016; 8 (1): 31-38
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-177595


Background: A hypothesis has been presented about the role of serum iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease [NAFLD] and resistance to insulin [metabolic syndrome [MetS]], but there is much controversy. This study aimed at investigating the level of serum iron and demographic characteristics in patients with NAFLD with or without MetS

Methods: A case-control study was conducted on patients with elevated liver enzymes referring to Baqiyatallah clinic, Tehran, Iran during 2010-2011. After ruling out other causes of increased aminotransferases and approving the diagnosis of NAFLD, the patients were divided into two groups of with or without MetS. Then, the individuals' demographic, sonographic, and laboratory characteristics were recorded

Results: This research included 299 patients suffering from NAFLD who were divided into MetS [n=143; 47.8%] and non-MetS [n=156; 52.2%] groups. The age, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, waist/hip ratio, glucose tolerance test, serum insulin, C. peptide, triglyceride, and HB A1c were different between MetS and non-MetS groups [p<0.05]. There was no significant difference in serum iron and ferritin levels between the two groups, however, a significant correlation was found between serum ferritin and alanine transaminase [p=0.005] and also aspartate aminotransferase [p=0.032]

Conclusion: Our findings did not show a significant relationship between iron, in free or storage form, and the presence of MetS among patients with NAFLD, but serum ferritin can correlate with hepatocytes injuries indicated by raised aminotransferases. Nevertheless, to clarify this relationship further molecular, genomic, and histopathological studies are required

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Adult , Iron/blood , Ferritins/blood , Transferrin , Case-Control Studies , Metabolic Syndrome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59845


BACKGROUND: Reference intervals need to be established according to age. We established reference intervals of hematology and chemistry from community-based healthy 1-yr-old children and analyzed their iron status according to the feeding methods during the first six months after birth. METHODS: A total of 887 children who received a medical check-up between 2010 and 2014 at Boramae Hospital (Seoul, Korea) were enrolled. A total of 534 children (247 boys and 287 girls) were enrolled as reference individuals after the exclusion of data obtained from children with suspected iron deficiency. Hematology and clinical chemistry analytes were measured, and the reference value of each analyte was estimated by using parametric (mean±2 SD) or nonparametric methods (2.5-97.5th percentile). Iron, total iron-binding capacity, and ferritin were measured, and transferrin saturation was calculated. RESULTS: As there were no differences in the mean values between boys and girls, we established the reference intervals for 1-yr-old children regardless of sex. The analysis of serum iron status according to feeding methods during the first six months revealed higher iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation levels in children exclusively or mainly fed formula than in children exclusively or mainly fed breast milk. CONCLUSIONS: We established reference intervals of hematology and clinical chemistry analytes from community-based healthy children at one year of age. These reference intervals will be useful for interpreting results of medical check-ups at one year of age.

Breast Feeding , Clinical Chemistry Tests/standards , Female , Hematologic Tests/standards , Humans , Infant , Iron/blood , Male , Reference Values , Republic of Korea