Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 277
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 345-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986140


Ferroptosis is a type of regulated cell death driven by iron-dependent lipid peroxidation that has received extensive attention in recent years. A growing body of evidence suggests that ferroptosis contributes to the progression of drug-induced liver injury. Therefore, the role and mechanism of ferroptosis in the process of drug-induced liver injury deserve further extensive and in-depth exploration, which will aid in the discovery of novel biomarkers as well as the identification of potential approches of targeting ferroptosis to intervene in drug-induced liver injury.

Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Ferroptosis , Iron/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology
Protein & Cell ; (12): 448-458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982526


The adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, IrtAB, plays a vital role in the replication and viability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), where its function is to import iron-loaded siderophores. Unusually, it adopts the canonical type IV exporter fold. Herein, we report the structure of unliganded Mtb IrtAB and its structure in complex with ATP, ADP, or ATP analogue (AMP-PNP) at resolutions ranging from 2.8 to 3.5 Å. The structure of IrtAB bound ATP-Mg2+ shows a "head-to-tail" dimer of nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs), a closed amphipathic cavity within the transmembrane domains (TMDs), and a metal ion liganded to three histidine residues of IrtA in the cavity. Cryo-electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) structures and ATP hydrolysis assays show that the NBD of IrtA has a higher affinity for nucleotides and increased ATPase activity compared with IrtB. Moreover, the metal ion located in the TM region of IrtA is critical for the stabilization of the conformation of IrtAB during the transport cycle. This study provides a structural basis to explain the ATP-driven conformational changes that occur in IrtAB.

Siderophores/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/metabolism , Cryoelectron Microscopy , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 886-898, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980847


Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent cell death pathway that is different from apoptosis, pyroptosis, and necrosis. The main characteristics of ferroptosis are the Fenton reaction mediated by intracellular free divalent iron ions, lipid peroxidation of cell membrane lipids, and inhibition of the anti-lipid peroxidation activity of intracellular glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis can be involved in the pathological processes of many disorders, such as ischemia-reperfusion injury, nervous system diseases, and blood diseases. However, the specific mechanisms by which ferroptosis participates in the occurrence and development of acute leukemia still need to be more fully and deeply studied. This article reviews the characteristics of ferroptosis and the regulatory mechanisms promoting or inhibiting ferroptosis. More importantly, it further discusses the role of ferroptosis in acute leukemia and predicts a change in treatment strategy brought about by increased knowledge of the role of ferroptosis in acute leukemia.

Humans , Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Ferroptosis , Cell Death , Iron/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 937-943, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941024


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism by which berberine inhibits ferroptosis of mouse hippocampal neuronal cells (HT22).@*METHODS@#Cultured HT22 cells were pretreated with 30 or 60 μmol/L berberine for 2 h before exposure to 0.5 μmol/L erastin for 8 h, and the cell proliferation, intracellular ferric iron level, changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell apoptosis were detected using CCK-8, Fe2+ fluorescent probe, fluorescent dye (DAPI) and fluorescent probe (H2DCFH-DA). RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells. We further tested the effects of treatments with 2 μmol/L ML385 (a Nrf2 inhibitor), 60 μmol/L berberine and erastin in the cells to explore the protective mechanism of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis in the neuronal cells.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 0.5 μmol/L erastin significantly lowered the viability of HT22 cells (P < 0.05) and increased the production of ROS, cell apoptosis rate and ferric iron level (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 30 and 60 μmol/L berberine both significantly increased the vitality of erastin-exposed cells (P < 0.05) and lowered the levels of intracellular ROS and ferric iron content (P < 0.05). RT-qPCR and Western blotting showed that berberine obviously promoted the expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells (P < 0.05), and treatment with ML385 significantly inhibited the Nrf2-HO-1/GPX4 pathway, increased intracellular ROS and ferric iron contents and mitigated the protective effect of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Berberine can inhibit erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT22 cells possibly by activating the Nrf2-HO-1/ GPX4 pathway.

Animals , Mice , Berberine/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Fluorescent Dyes , Hippocampus/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Piperazines , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 286-299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929059


Breast cancer is one of the most malignant tumors and is associated with high mortality rates among women. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is an extract from the fruits of the traditional Chinese herb, L. barbarum. LBP is a promising anticancer drug, due to its high activity and low toxicity. Although it has anticancer properties, its mechanisms of action have not been fully established. Ferroptosis, which is a novel anticancer strategy, is a cell death mechanism that relies on iron-dependent lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. In this study, human breast cancer cells (Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) and MD Anderson-Metastatic Breast-231 (MDA-MB-231)) were treated with LBP. LBP inhibited their viability and proliferation in association with high levels of ferroptosis. Therefore, we aimed to ascertain whether LBP reduced cell viability through ferroptosis. We found that the structure and function of mitochondria, lipid peroxidation, and expression of solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11, also known as xCT, the light-chain subunit of cystine/glutamate antiporter system Xc-) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were altered by LBP. Moreover, the ferroptosis inhibitor, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), rescued LBP-induced ferroptosis-associated events including reduced cell viability and glutathione (GSH) production, accumulation of intracellular free divalent iron ions and malondialdehyde (MDA), and down-regulation of the expression of xCT and GPX4. Erastin (xCT inhibitor) and RSL3 (GPX4 inhibitor) inhibited the expression of xCT and GPX4, respectively, which was lower after the co-treatment of LBP with Erastin and RSL3. These results suggest that LBP effectively prevents breast cancer cell proliferation and promotes ferroptosis via the xCT/GPX4 pathway. Therefore, LBP exhibits novel anticancer properties by triggering ferroptosis, and may be a potential therapeutic option for breast cancer.

Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Glutathione/metabolism , Iron/metabolism
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 45-51, July. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283499


BACKGROUND: Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a facultative anaerobe that depends on ferrous ion oxidation as well as reduced sulfur oxidation to obtain energy and is widely applied in metallurgy, environmental protection, and soil remediation. With the accumulation of experimental data, metabolic mechanisms, kinetic models, and several databases have been established. However, scattered data are not conducive to understanding A. ferrooxidans that necessitates updated information informed by systems biology. RESULTS: Here, we constructed a knowledgebase of iron metabolism of A. ferrooxidans (KIMAf) system by integrating public databases and reviewing the literature, including the database of bioleaching substrates (DBS), the database of bioleaching metallic ion-related proteins (MIRP), the A. ferrooxidans bioinformation database (Af-info), and the database for dynamics model of bioleaching (DDMB). The DBS and MIRP incorporate common bioleaching substrates and metal ion-related proteins. Af-info and DDMB integrate nucleotide, gene, protein, and kinetic model information. Statistical analysis was performed to elucidate the distribution of isolated A. ferrooxidans strains, evolutionary and metabolic advances, and the development of bioleaching models. CONCLUSIONS: This comprehensive system provides researchers with a platform of available iron metabolism-related resources of A. ferrooxidans and facilitates its application.

Acidithiobacillus/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , Kinetics , Knowledge Bases
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 213-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880056


OBJECTIVE@#To detect serum hepcidin and erythroferrone levels in child-bearing women with iron deficiency anemia (IDA), and to investigate the association between them and iron status parameters.@*METHODS@#The study consisted of 65 child-bearing women (35 with iron deficiency anemia and 30 age-matched healthy women). The levels of serum iron were detected by using automated chemistry analyzer, the contents of serum ferritin were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, and the levels of serum erythroferrone and hepcidin were detected by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. The quantitative variables between two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS22.0 software. Spearman correlation was used to detect correlation between the parameters.@*RESULTS@#The levels of Hb, serum iron, ferritin and transferrin saturation were significantly decreased in IDA patients as compared with in control group (P0.05). In IDA patients, serum hepcidin concentrations were positively correlated with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (r=0.448, r=0.496, r=0.754, r=0.491). But, serum erythroferrone concentrations showed no correlation with hemoglobin concentration, serum iron, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation and hepcidin (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum hepcidin levels were significantly decreased in child-bearing women with IDA, but the serum erythroferrone levels were not obviously different between two groups, suggesting that serum erythroferrone may be not involved in the regulation of iron metabolism in child-bearing women with mild and moderate IDA.

Child , Female , Humans , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Ferritins , Hepcidins , Iron/metabolism
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 27-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879516


β-thalassemia is a type of inherited hemolytic anemia caused by decreased globin production due to defect of the HBB gene. The pathogenesis of the disease is imbalance of α/β globin chains. The excess of α-globin chains will form hemichromes which can damage red blood cell membranes and lead to hemolysis, ineffective erythropoiesis, and secondary iron overload. Iron overload in turn can cause complications such as growth retardation, liver cirrhosis, cardiac insufficiency, and aggravate the disease phenotype. In recent decades, genes participating in iron metabolism have been discovered, and the mechanism of iron metabolism in the development of thalassemia has gradually been elucidated. Subsequently, by manipulating the expression of key genes in iron metabolism such as hepcidin and transferrin receptor, researchers have revealed that iron restriction can improve ineffective hematopoiesis and iron overload, which may provide a potential approach for the treatment of thalassemia. This article reviews the progress of research on iron metabolism-related genes and related pathways in β-thalassemia.

Humans , Iron/metabolism , Iron Overload/genetics , Phenotype , Research/trends , beta-Thalassemia/physiopathology
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 244-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878253


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of polarization program on the ability of macrophages to regulate iron metabolism. M1 and M2 macrophages were propagated in vitro from porcine alveolar macrophages 3D4/2 and polarized by cytokines. The 3D4/2 macrophages were treated with 20 ng/mL interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and 10 ng/mL interleukin-4 (IL-4) combined with 10 ng/mL macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) to induce polarization to M1 and M2, respectively. After incubation for 24 h, the expression levels of inflammatory factors and iron-metabolism genes were determined using real-time qPCR, Western bot and immunofluorescence. The M1/M2 macrophages culture media supernatant was collected and used to treat porcine intestinal epithelial cells IPEC-J2. The proliferation ability of IPEC-J2 was detected using CCK-8 assay kit. Following exogenous addition of ammonium ferric citrate (FAC) to M1/M2 macrophages, the phagocytic function of macrophages was detected using fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (FITC-dextran) and flow cytometry. The results showed that, compared with control, M1 macrophages had higher mRNA levels of iron storage proteins (ferritin heavy and light polypeptide, i.e. FtH and FtL), hepcidin and lipocalin-2, as well as iron content. Moreover, iron enhanced the ability of M1 macrophages to phagocytize FITC-dextran. There was no significant change in these mRNA expression levels in M2 macrophages, but the mRNA expression levels of ferroportin and transferrin receptor were up-regulated. In addition, the conditioned media supernatant from M2 macrophages promoted cell proliferation of IPEC-J2. These findings indicate that M1 macrophages tend to lock iron in the cell and reduce extracellular iron content, thereby inhibiting the proliferation of extracellular bacteria. While M2 macrophages tend to excrete iron, which contributes to the proliferation of surrounding cells and thus promotes tissue repair.

Animals , Cytokines , Ferritins , Iron/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism , Swine
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 40-46, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974339


Abstract Bacterial endophytes are considered to have a beneficial effect on host plants, improving their growth by different mechanisms. The objective of this study was to investigate the capacity of four endophytic Bacillus strains to solubilize iron phosphate (Fe-P), produce siderophores and indole-acetic acid (IAA) in vitro, and to evaluate their plant growth promotion ability in greenhouse conditions by inoculation into pearl millet cultivated in a P-deficient soils without P fertilization, with Araxá rock phosphate or soluble triple superphosphate. All strains solubilized Fe-P and three of them produced carboxylate-type siderophores and high levels of IAA in the presence of tryptophan. Positive effect of inoculation of some of these strains on shoot and root dry weight and the N P K content of plants cultivated in soil with no P fertilization might result from the synergistic combination of multiple plant growth promoting (PGP) traits. Specifically, while B1923 enhanced shoot and root dry weight and root N P content of plants cultivated with no P added, B2084 and B2088 strains showed positive performance on biomass production and accumulation of N P K in the shoot, indicating that they have higher potential to be microbial biofertilizer candidates for commercial applications in the absence of fertilization.

Bacillus/metabolism , Food/metabolism , Pennisetum/growth & development , Pennisetum/microbiology , Endophytes/metabolism , Indoleacetic Acids/metabolism , Phosphates/analysis , Phosphates/metabolism , Bacillus/genetics , Siderophores/metabolism , Plant Roots/growth & development , Plant Roots/metabolism , Plant Roots/microbiology , Pennisetum/metabolism , Endophytes/genetics , Iron/metabolism
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 269-275, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974344


ABSTRACT Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici is a phytopathogenic fungus that causes vascular wilt in tomato plants. In this work we analyze the influence of metal salts such as iron and copper sulphate, as well as that of bathophenanthrolinedisulfonic acid (iron chelator) and bathocuproinedisulfonic acid (copper chelator) on the activity of laccases in the intra (IF) and extracellular fractions (EF) of the wild-type and the non-pathogenic mutant strain (rho1::hyg) of F. oxysporum. The results show that laccase activity in the IF fraction of the wild and mutant strain increased with the addition of iron chelator (53.4 and 114.32%; respectively). With copper, it is observed that there is an inhibition of the activity with the addition of CuSO4 for the EF of the wild and mutant strain (reduction of 82 and 62.6%; respectively) and for the IF of the mutant strain (54.8%). With the copper chelator a less laccase activity in the IF of the mutant strain was observed (reduction of 53.9%). The results obtained suggest a different regulation of intracellular laccases in the mutant strain compared with the wild type in presence of CuSO4 and copper chelator which may be due to the mutation in the rho gene.

Fungal Proteins/metabolism , Copper/metabolism , Laccase/metabolism , Fusarium/enzymology , Iron/metabolism , Plant Diseases/microbiology , Fungal Proteins/genetics , Fungal Proteins/chemistry , Solanum lycopersicum/microbiology , Laccase/genetics , Laccase/chemistry , Fusarium/genetics , Fusarium/chemistry
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 34(4): 690-698, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043257


La anemia por deficiencia de hierro continúa siendo la deficiencia nutricional más abundante en el mundo, y son los lactantes, preescolares, mujeres en edad fértil y embarazadas los grupos de mayor susceptibilidad. Debido a esto es que se hace necesario el conocer los mecanismos de regulación de captación, transporte y absorción del metal a nivel celular, principalmente a nivel del enterocito y, una vez que el hierro entra a la circulación, conocer cuáles son los biomarcadores que permiten realizar un seguimiento del estatus del hierro corporal. En esta revisión mostramos, en primer lugar, cómo se regula la entrada de hierro a nivel de la célula del epitelio intestinal, mostrando las principales proteínas involucradas (transportadores de entrada y salida de hierro, oxido-reductasas, proteína de almacenamiento) y, para finalizar, hacemos un recuento de los principales biomarcadores del metabolismo de hierro una vez que este ha entrado y circula por el organismo.

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide, and the most susceptible groups are infants, preschoolers, women of childbearing age, and pregnant women. It is therefore essential to understand the mechanisms of regulation of iron uptake, transport, and absorption at the cellular level, particularly in enterocytes, and to identify blood biomarkers that allow the evaluation of iron status. This review describes how iron absorption is regulated by intestinal epithelial cells, the main proteins involved (iron transporters, oxidoreductases, storage proteins), and the main blood biomarkers of iron metabolism.

Humans , Iron/metabolism , Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Biomarkers/blood , Inflammation/metabolism , Iron/blood
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 656-670, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889178


ABSTRACT This study aimed to explore the effects of two siderophore-producing bacterial strains on iron absorption and plant growth of peanut in calcareous soil. Two siderophore-producing bacterial strains, namely, YZ29 and DZ13, isolated from the rhizosphere soil of peanut, were identified as Paenibacillus illinoisensis and Bacillus sp., respectively. In potted experiments, YZ29 and DZ13 enhanced root activity, chlorophyll and active iron content in leaves, total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium accumulation of plants and increased the quality of peanut kernels and plant biomass over control. In the field trial, the inoculated treatments performed better than the controls, and the pod yields of the three treatments inoculated with YZ29, DZ13, and YZ29 + DZ13 (1:1) increased by 37.05%, 13.80% and 13.57%, respectively, compared with the control. Based on terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, YZ29 and DZ13 improved the bacterial community richness and species diversity of soil surrounding the peanut roots. Therefore, YZ29 and DZ13 can be used as candidate bacterial strains to relieve chlorosis of peanut and promote peanut growth. The present study is the first to explore the effect of siderophores produced by P. illinoisensis on iron absorption.

Arachis/growth & development , Arachis/microbiology , Bacillus/metabolism , Paenibacillus/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , Arachis/metabolism , Arachis/chemistry , Seeds/growth & development , Seeds/metabolism , Seeds/microbiology , Seeds/chemistry , Soil/chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Bacillus/isolation & purification , Bacillus/classification , Bacillus/genetics , Biological Transport , Siderophores/metabolism , Plant Roots/microbiology , Paenibacillus/isolation & purification , Paenibacillus/classification , Paenibacillus/genetics , Rhizosphere , Agricultural Inoculants/metabolism
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(3): 375-378, set. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886132


En las últimas décadas se ha avanzado en el conocimiento de la regulación del metabolismo del Hierro (Fe). La Hepcidina (Hp), producida por los hepatocitos, regula la absorción de hierro desde el tubo digestivo y la liberación desde los depósitos del sistema macrofágico y del hígado. En caso de deficiencia de Fe, la Hp está disminuida entregando Fe a la transferrina (Tf). El aumento de Fe y de las citoquinas de la inflamación estimulan la producción de Hp. El ejecutor de la Hp es la Ferroportina (FP), único exportador de Fe. Hay reguladores naturales de la Hp, como la Matriptasa 2. Las mutaciones que limitan su expresión inducen dificultades en la disponibilidad de Fe (IRIDA, sobrecarga de Fe). En los últimos años se ha identificado la Eritroferrona, producida por los eritroblastos activos en la eritropoyesis. Inhibe la síntesis de Hp, permitiendo la liberación del hierro de los depósitos y su absorción por el tubo digestivo, para facilitar la disponibilidad de Fe para la eritropoyesis. Aún no está definido cómo se podrán utilizar estos elementos en el campo diagnóstico, su estandarización y su aplicación terapéutica, pero es probable que resulten de gran utilidad.

In the last decades, a lot of progress has been made on the knowledge of iron (Fe) metabolism regulation. Hepcidin (Hp) is produced by hepatocytes and it regulates the iron absorption from the duodenum and the liberation from macrophages and from the liver. When there is iron deficiency, Hp, which delivers iron to transferrin (Tf), is low. Iron overload and inflammation cytokines stimulate Hp production. The Hp natural executor is Ferroportin (FP), which is the only iron exporter from the cells. One of the natural regulators of Hp is Matriptasa 2, which down regulates Hp. Mutations that limit their expression induce iron overload and anemia (IRIDA). In the last few years, Erythroferrone (ERFE) was discovered. ERFE is produced by active erythroblasts: it inhibits Hp synthesis, allowing the iron liberation from deposits and its duodenal absorption, and also the iron release from macrophages facilitating the erythroid production. The erythroblastic activity, even ineffective, acts as a stimulus of ERFE synthesis. Until now, it has not been defined yethow these different variables could be used for diagnosis, its standardization, or for therapeutic applications, but it is highly probable that they will improve our knowledge and managements kills in this field.

Nas últimas décadas háavanços no conhecimento da regulação do metabolismo do Ferro (Fe). A Hepcidina (Hp), produzida pelos hepatócitos, regula a absorção do ferro desde o tubo digestivo e a liberação desde os depósitos do sistema macrofágico e do fígado. Em caso de deficiência de Fe, a Hp está diminuída entregando Fe à transferrina (Tf). O aumento de Fe e as citoquinas da inflamação estimulam a produção de Hp. O executor da Hp é a Ferroportina (Fp), único exportador de Fe. Há reguladores naturais da Hp, como a Matriptase 2. As mutações que limitam sua expressão induzem dificultades na disponibilidade de Fe (IRIDA, sobrecarga de Fe). Nos últimos anos se identificou que a Eritroferrona, produzida pelos eritroblastosativos na eritropoiese inibe a síntese de Hp, permitindo a liberação de ferro dos depósitos e a absorção pelo tubo digestivo, para facilitar a disponibilidade de Fe para a eritropoiese. Ain da não sedefiniu como poderãoser utilizadosestes elementos no campo diagnóstico, sua padronização e sua aplicação terapêutica, mas é provável que sejam de grande utilidade.

Humans , Iron Metabolism Disorders/diagnosis , Hepcidins , Iron/metabolism , Anemia , Iron
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(6): 598-602, jun. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895458


Chronic anaemia is one of the most severe complications of chronic kidney disease, contributing to morbidity and mortality caused by the disease; therefore, bone marrow cytological evaluation is needed to monitor the progression of anaemia. This study aimed to correlate the anaemia in dogs at different stages of chronic kidney disease with their serum biochemistry, myelogram results and serum erythropoietin findings. Sixty-three dogs were grouped according to International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) classification in stages 1, 2, 3 and 4. Haematologic, serum and urinary biochemistry and serum erythropoietin were performed for comparison with the findings of bone marrow cytology obtained by aspiration of the manubrium. Cytological findings for erythroid hypoplasia were described in 93.65% of dogs, and the anaemia was observed in 84.1% of them. The haematological findings were correlated with azotaemia (p<0.05). It was concluded that the erythroid hypoplasia has correlation with persistent anaemia in dogs at all stages of chronic kidney disease, with iron deficiency in dogs in the early stages and with peripheral destruction of erythrocytes caused by azotaemia.(AU)

A anemia crônica é umas das complicações mais graves da doença renal crônica, contribuindo para a morbidade e mortalidade causada pela doença; Portanto, a avaliação citológica da medula óssea é necessária para monitorar a progressão da anemia. Assim, esse estudo objetivou correlacionar a anemia em cães em diferentes estágios da doença renal crônica aos achados de bioquímica sérica, mielograma e concentração sérica de eritropoietina. Sessenta e três cães foram agrupados de acordo com a classificação da International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) em estágios 1, 2, 3 e 4. Foram realizadas análises hematológicas, bioquímicas séricas e urinárias, e dosagem sérica de eritropoetina para comparação com os achados medulares obtidos por citologia aspirativa do manúbrio. Os achados citológicos de hipoplasia eritróide foram descritos em 93,65% dos cães, e a anemia foi observada em 84,1% dos cães. Os resultados hematológicos foram correlacionados com azotemia (p<0,05). Concluiu-se que a hipoplasia eritróide teve associação com a anemia persistente em cães em todas as fases de doença renal crônica, com deficiência de ferro em cães em fases iniciais e com a destruição periférica dos eritrócitos causada pela azotemia.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Bone Marrow , Erythropoietin/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/veterinary , Anemia/complications , Myeloid Cells , Erythrocytes , Iron/metabolism
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 25: 50-57, ene. 2017. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008584


Background: Traditional methods of obtaining arsenic have disadvantages such as high cost and high energy consumption. Realgar is one of the most abundant arsenic sulphide minerals and usually treated as waste in industry. The aim of the present study was to screen an arsenic tolerant bacterium used for bioleaching arsenic from realgar. Results: An acidophilic iron-oxidizing bacterium BYQ-12 was isolated from Wudalianchi volcanic lake in northeast China. BYQ-12 was a motile, rod-shaped gram-negative bacterium with an optimum growth at 30°C and pH 2.5. 16S rDNA phylogeny showed that BYQ-12 was a new strain of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. The inhibitory concentrations (ICs) of arsenite and arsenate were 32 and 64 mM, respectively. A significant second-order model was established using a Box­Behnken design of response surface methodology (BBD-RSM) and it estimated that a maximum arsenic bioleaching rate (73.97%) could be obtained when the pulp concentration, pH and initial ferrous ion concentration were set at optimized values of 0.95% w/v, 1.74 and 3.68 g/L, respectively. SEM, EDS and XRD analyses also revealed that there was direct bioleaching besides indirect electrochemical leaching in the arsenic bioleaching system. Conclusion: From this work we were successful in isolating an acidophilic, arsenic tolerant ferrous iron-oxidizing bacterium. The BBD-RSM analysis showed that maximum arsenic bioleaching rate obtained under optimum conditions, and the most effective factor for arsenic leaching was initial ferrous ion concentration. These revealed that BYQ-12 could be used for bioleaching of arsenic from arsenical minerals.

Arsenic/metabolism , Arsenic/chemistry , Acidithiobacillus/isolation & purification , Oxidation-Reduction , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Iron/metabolism
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 48(4): 342-346, dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041771


Arthrobacter agilis UMCV2 es una bacteria rizosférica que promueve el crecimiento vegetal de plantas leguminosas proveyéndoles hierro soluble. Un segundo mecanismo de promoción se da a través de la producción de compuestos volátiles que estimulan los mecanismos de absorción de hierro. Adicionalmente, A. agilis UMCV2 tiene la capacidad de inhibir el crecimiento de organismos fitopatógenos. En el presente trabajo se emplea una combinación de las técnicas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa cuantitativa e hibridación in situ con fluorescencia para detectar y cuantificar la presencia de la bacteria en los tejidos internos de la planta leguminosa Medicago truncatula. Nuestros resultados demuestran que A. agilis UMCV2 se comporta como una bacteria endófita de M. truncatula especialmente en medios donde el hierro está disponible.

Arthrobacter agilis UMCV2 is a rhizosphere bacterium that promotes legume growth by solubilization of iron, which is supplied to the plant. A second growth promotion mechanism produces volatile compounds that stimulate iron uptake activities. Additionally, A. agilis UMCV2 is capable of inhibiting the growth of phytopathogens. A combination of quantitative polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques were used here to detect and quantify the presence of the bacterium in the internal tissues of the legume Medicago truncatula. Our results demonstrate that A. agilis UMCV2 behaves as an endophytic bacterium of M. truncatula, particularly in environments where iron is available.

Arthrobacter/growth & development , Medicago truncatula/growth & development , Medicago truncatula/microbiology , Iron/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , In Situ Hybridization/methods , Rhizosphere , Endophytes/growth & development
J. bras. nefrol ; 38(3): 351-355, July-Sept. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-796207


Abstract Anemia is a common complication and its impact on morbimortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known. The discovery of hepcidin and its functions has contributed to a better understanding of iron metabolism disorders in CKD anemia. Hepcidin is a peptide mainly produced by hepatocytes and, through a connection with ferroportin, it regulates iron absorption in the duodenum and its release of stock cells. High hepcidin concentrations described in patients with CKD, especially in more advanced stages are attributed to decreased renal excretion and increased production. The elevation of hepcidin has been associated with infection, inflammation, atherosclerosis, insulin resistance and oxidative stress. Some strategies were tested to reduce the effects of hepcidin in patients with CKD, however more studies are necessary to assess the impact of its modulation in the management of anemia in this population.

Resumo Anemia é uma complicação frequente e seu impacto na morbimortalidade é bem conhecido em pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). A descoberta da hepcidina e de suas funções contribuíram para melhor compreensão dos distúrbios do metabolismo de ferro na anemia da DRC. Hepcidina é um peptídeo produzido principalmente pelos hepatócitos, e através de sua ligação com a ferroportina, regula a absorção de ferro no duodeno e sua liberação das células de estoque. Altas concentrações de hepcidina descritas em pacientes com DRC, principalmente em estádios mais avançados, são atribuídas à diminuição da excreção renal e ao aumento de sua produção. Elevação de hepcidina tem sido associada à ocorrência de infecção, inflamação, aterosclerose, resistência à insulina e estresse oxidativo. Algumas estratégias foram testadas para diminuir os efeitos da hepcidina em pacientes com DRC, entretanto, serão necessários mais estudos para avaliar o impacto de sua modulação no manejo da anemia nessa população.

Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/metabolism , Hepcidins/physiology , Iron/metabolism
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 32(1): 4-14, ene.-mar. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794142


La existencia humana está indisolublemente unida al hierro, que es parte de una amplia variedad de enzimas claves como catalasas, aconitasas, ribonucleótido reductasa, peroxidasas y citocromos, que explotan la flexibilidad de su química redox para ejecutar un elevado número de reacciones esenciales para la vida. El cuerpo humano ha evolucionado para conservar el hierro en diferentes formas, incluido su reciclaje después de la ruptura de los eritrocitos y la retención en ausencia de un mecanismo de excreción. El metabolismo del hierro está balanceado por dos sistemas regulatorios: uno sistémico basado en la hormona hepcidina y la proteína exportadora ferroportina, y el otro que controla el metabolismo celular través de las proteínas reguladoras de hierro (IRP) que se unen a los elementos de respuesta al hierro (IRE) de los ARNm regulados. Estos sistemas funcionan de modo coordinado lo que evita, tanto la deficiencia como el exceso del mineral(AU)

Human existence is indissolubly linked to iron, which is part of a wide variety of key enzymes such as catalase, aconitases, ribonucleotide reductase, peroxidases and cytochromes, exploiting the flexibility of its redox chemistry to run a large number of reactions essential for life. Human body has evolved to keep iron in different forms, including recycling after rupture of erythrocytes and the retention without excretion mechanism. Iron metabolism is balanced by two regulatory systems: one based on systemic hormone hepcidin protein export and ferroportin, and the other, which controls cell metabolism through the iron regulatory protein (IRP) binding to the mRNAs regulated iron regulatory elements (IRE). These systems work in a coordinated manner avoiding both deficiency and excess(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Iron/metabolism , Heme , Hepcidins/metabolism