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2.
Hepatología ; 4(1): 75-89, 2023. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1415978

ABSTRACT

La interrupción de la simbiosis que existe entre el cuerpo humano y su microbioma puede resultar en una disbiosis, un desequilibrio en la interacción huésped-microbiota, que puede asociarse al desarrollo de diversas enfermedades como el síndrome de intestino irritable, hígado graso no alco-hólico, enfermedad hepática alcohólica y cirrosis, entre otras. En ciertas condiciones patológicas y por múltiples factores de riesgo, la capacidad de autorregulación del intestino se puede alterar, contribuyendo al incremento de la permeabilidad con inflamación intestinal crónica. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento, así como la relación entre la permeabilidad intestinal, la disbiosis y las patologías gastrointestinales y hepatobiliares, todavía no tienen estudios clínicos validados o con el soporte científico adecuado, por lo que se realiza una revisión de la literatura con la finalidad de aportar conceptos que puedan orientar con respecto a la importancia del estudio del microbioma humano en estas enfermedades.


Disruption of the symbiosis that exists between the human body and its microbiome can result in dys-biosis, an imbalance in the host-microbiota interaction, which may be associated with the develop-ment of various diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease and cirrhosis, among others. In certain pathological conditions and due to multiple risk factors, the self-regulating capacity of the intestine may be lost, contributing to increased permeability with chronic intestinal inflammation. Its diagnosis and treatment as well as the relationship between intestinal permeability, dysbiosis and gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary pathologies have not been validated in clinical studies or have adequate scientific support, so a review of the literature is carried out in order to provide concepts that can guide with respect to the importance of the study of the human microbiome in these diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Permeability , Dysbiosis , Microbiota , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Risk Factors , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Fatty Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic
3.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 377-384, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982268

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common refractory disease. Chinese medicine (CM) has remarkable efficacy and advantages on the treatment of IBS. This review summarized the articles focusing on the treatment of IBS with CM to sum up the latest treatment methods for IBS and the underlying mechanisms. Literature analysis showed that prescriptions, acupuncture, and moxibustion are the primary methods of CM treatment for IBS. The potential mechanism centers on the regulation of the enteric nervous system, the alleviation of visceral hypersensitivity, the stability of intestinal flora, and the regulation of the immune system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1116-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970583

ABSTRACT

To provide proof of the evidence-based medicine and decision-making information for the clinical decision of functional gastrointestinal disorders(FGIDs), this study evaluated and compared the efficacy, safety, and economy of four oral Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) in the treatment of FGIDs using the method of rapid health technology assessment. The literature was systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov from the establishment of the databases to May 1, 2022. Two evaluators screened out the literature, extracted data, evaluated the quality of the literature, and descriptively analyzed the results according to the prepared standard. Eventually, 16 studies were included, all of which was rando-mized controlled trial(RCT). The results showed that Renshen Jianpi Tablets, Renshen Jianpi Pills, Shenling Baizhu Granules, and Buzhong Yiqi Granules all had certain effects on the treatment of FGIDs. Renshen Jianpi Tablets treated FGIDs and persistent diarrhea. Shenling Baizhu Granules treated diarrhea with irritable bowel syndrome and FGIDs. Buzhong Yiqi Granules treated diarrhea with irritable bowel syndrome, FGIDs, and chronic diarrhea in children. Renshen Jianpi Pills treated chronic diarrhea. The four oral CPMs all have certain effects on the treatment of FGIDs and have specific advantages for specific patients. Compared with other CPMs, Renshen Jianpi Tablets have higher clinical universality. However, there are problems such as insufficient clinical research evidence, generally low quality of evidence, lack of comparative analysis among medicines, and lack of academic evaluation. More high-quality clinical research and the economic research should be carried out in the future, so as to provide more evidence for the evaluation of the four CPMs.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Diarrhea
5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 262-270, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the application value of the likelihood ratio (LR) method and identity by state (IBS) method in the identification involving half sibling relationships, and to provide a reference for the setting of relevant standards for identification of half sibling relationship.@*METHODS@#(1) Based on the same genetic marker combinations, the reliability of computer simulation method was verified by comparing the distributions of cumulated identity by state score (CIBS) and combined full sibling index in actual cases with the distributions in simulated cases. (2) In different numbers of three genetic marker combinations, the simulation of full sibling, half sibling and unrelated individual pairs, each 1 million pairs, was obtained; the CIBS, as well as the corresponding types of cumulative LR parameters, were calculated. (3) The application value of LR method was compared with that of IBS method, by comparing the best system efficiency provided by LR method and IBS method when genetic markers in different amounts and of different types and accuracy were applied to distinguish the above three relational individual pairs. (4) According to the existing simulation data, the minimum number of genetic markers required to distinguish half siblings from the other two relationships using different types of genetic markers was estimated by curve fitting.@*RESULTS@#(1) After the rank sum test, under the premise that the real relationship and the genetic marker combination tested were the same, there was no significant difference between the simulation method and the results obtained in the actual case. (2) In most cases, under the same conditions, the system effectiveness obtained by LR method was greater than that by IBS method. (3) According to the existing data, the number of genetic markers required for full-half siblings and half sibling identification could be obtained by curve fitting when the system effectiveness reached 0.95 or 0.99.@*CONCLUSIONS@#When distinguishing half sibling from full sibling pairs or unrelated pairs, it is recommended to give preference to the LR method, and estimate the required number of markers according to the identification types and the population data, to ensure the identification effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Siblings , Genetic Markers , Computer Simulation , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Genotype
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 840-847, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980869

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cholecystectomy is a standard surgery for patients suffering from gallbladder diseases, while the causal effects of cholecystectomy on colorectal cancer (CRC) and other complications are still unknown.@*METHODS@#We obtained genetic variants associated with cholecystectomy at a genome-wide significant level ( P value <5 × 10 -8 ) as instrumental variables (IVs) and performed Mendelian randomization (MR) to identify the complications of cholecystectomy. Furthermore, the cholelithiasis was also treated as the exposure to compare its causal effects to those of cholecystectomy, and multivariable MR analysis was carried out to judge whether the effect of cholecystectomy was independent of cholelithiasis. The study was reported based on Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Using Mendelian Randomization guidelines.@*RESULTS@#The selected IVs explained 1.76% variance of cholecystectomy. Our MR analysis suggested that cholecystectomy cannot elevate the risk of CRC (odds ratio [OR] =1.543, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.607-3.924). Also, it was not significant in either colon or rectum cancer. Intriguingly, cholecystectomy might decrease the risk of Crohn's disease (OR = 0.078, 95% CI: 0.016-0.368) and coronary heart disease (OR = 0.352, 95% CI: 0.164-0.756). However, it might increase the risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (OR = 7.573, 95% CI: 1.096-52.318). Cholelithiasis could increase the risk of CRC in the largest population (OR = 1.041, 95% CI: 1.010-1.073). The multivariable MR analysis suggested that genetic liability to cholelithiasis could increase the risk of CRC in the largest population (OR = 1.061, 95% CI: 1.002-1.125) after adjustment of cholecystectomy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The study indicated that cholecystectomy might not increase the risk of CRC, but such a conclusion needs further proving by clinical equivalence. Additionally, it might increase the risk of IBS, which should be paid attention to in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Cholelithiasis/complications , Cholecystectomy/adverse effects , Genome-Wide Association Study , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 617-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980769

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between herbal-moxa plaster and moxa-box moxibustion for diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen and kidney yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#Eighty patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into a herbal-moxa plaster group and a moxa-box moxibustion group, 40 cases in each group. The patients in the two groups were treated with conventional acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Yinlingquan (SP 9), and Taixi (KI 3), etc. In addition, the patients in the herbal-moxa plaster group were treated with herbal-moxa plaster (Wenyang Fuzheng ointment, composed of prepared monkshood, prepared evodia rutaecarpa, dried ginger, cinnamon, etc.) at Shenque (CV 8), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Shenshu (BL 23) and Shangjuxu (ST 37); the patients in the moxa-box moxibustion group were treated with moxa-box moxibustion at the same acupoints as the herbal-moxa plaster group. The acupuncture-moxibustion treatment was provided once every other day for 4 weeks (14 treatments). Before and after treatment, the scores of clinical symptom of TCM, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptom severity scale (IBS-SSS) and IBS quality of life scale (IBS-QOL) were compared between the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, each item scores and total scores of clinical symptom of TCM, and IBS-SSS scores in the two groups were reduced after treatment (P<0.05). The abdominal bloating score, stool frequency score and total score of clinical symptom of TCM as well as IBS-SSS score in the herbal-moxa plaster group were lower than those in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05). Compared with those before treatment, the IBS-QOL scores in the two groups were increased after treatment (P<0.05), and the IBS-QOL score in the herbal-moxa plaster group was higher than that in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 92.5% (37/40) in the herbal-moxa plaster group, which was higher than 85.0% (34/40) in the moxa-box moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional acupuncture treatment, herbal-moxa plaster could effectively improve the clinical symptoms and quality of life in IBS-D patients of spleen and kidney yang deficiency, and its efficacy is superior to that of moxa-box moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spleen , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Kidney , Diarrhea
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 177-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion on the stem cell factor (SCF)/tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit) signaling pathway and immune function in rats with diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Among 52 young rats born from 6 healthy pregnant SPF rats, 12 rats were randomly selected into the normal group, and the remaining 40 rats were treated with the three-factor combination method of maternal separation, acetic acid enema and chronic restraint stress to establish the IBS-D rat model. Thirty-six rats with successful IBS-D model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, and a medication group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspension moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37); the rats in the medication group were treated with intragastric administration of rifaximin suspension (150 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 7 consecutive days. The body mass, loose stool rate (LSR), the minimum volume threshold when abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scored 3 were measured before acetic acid enema (35 days old), after modeling (45 days old), and after intervention (53 days old). After intervention (53 days old), HE staining was used to observe the morphology of colon tissue, and spleen and thymus coefficients were measured; ELISA method was used to detect serum inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor a [TNF-a], interleukin [IL]-10, IL-8), T-lymphocyte subsets (CD+4, CD+8, CD+45), value of CD+4/CD+8 and immune globulin (IgA, IgG, IgM); real-time PCR method and Western blot method was used to detect the expression of SCF, c-kit mRNA and protein in colon tissue; immunofluorescence staining method were used to detect positive expression of SCF and c-kit.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, in the model group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were decreased (P<0.01), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were increased (P<0.01), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were decreased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group and the medication group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+8, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were increased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, in the moxibustion group, the level of serum CD+4 was decreased (P<0.05), the value of CD+4/CD+8 was increased (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference in other indexes (P>0.05). The expression of SCF and c-kit mRNA was positively correlated with the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with remaining indexes (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce visceral hypersensitivity, improve symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D rats, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway and improvement of IBS-D immune function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-8 , Maternal Deprivation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Diarrhea , Signal Transduction , Homeostasis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5356-5364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008733

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the mechanism of Linderae Radix water extract(LRWE) in the prevention and treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) based on serum metabolomics. Eighteen 2-week-old male SD rats were randomized into control, IBS-D model, and LRWE groups. The rats in other groups except the control group received gavage of senna concentrate combined with restraint stress for the modeling of IBS-D. The rats in the LRWE group were administrated with LRWE(5.4 g·kg~(-1)) by gavage, and those in the control and IBS-D model groups with an equal volume of distilled water for a total of 14 days. The visceral sensitivity was evaluated by the abdominal withdrawal reflex(AWR) score, and the degree of diarrhea was assessed by the fecal water content(FWC). The morphological changes of the colon and the morphology and number of goblet cells were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and periodic acid-schiff(PAS) staining, respectively. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) was used for the screening of the potential biomarkers in the rat serum and their related metabolic pathways. The results showed that LRWE reduced the AWR score, decreased FWC, and alleviated visceral sensitivity and diarrhea symptoms in IBS-D rats. HE and PAS staining showed that LRWE mitigated low-grade intestinal inflammation and increased the number of mature secretory goblet cells in the colonic epithelium of IBS-D rats. A total of 25 potential biomarkers of LRWE in treating IBS-D were screened out in this study, which were mainly involved in riboflavin, tryptophan, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, and cysteine and methionine metabolism. The regulatory effects were the most significant on the riboflavin and tryptophan metabolism pathways. LRWE may alleviate the visceral hypersensitivity by promoting energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism, enhancing intestinal barrier function, and improving intestinal immune function in IBS-D rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/metabolism , Water , Chromatography, Liquid , Tryptophan , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Biomarkers , Riboflavin
10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 459-480, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982717

ABSTRACT

Chang-Kang-Fang (CKF) formula, a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) prescription, has been widely used for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, its potential material basis and underlying mechanism remain elusive. Therefore, this study employed an integrated approach that combined ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS) with network pharmacology to systematically characterize the phytochemical components and metabolites of CKF, as well as elucidating its underlying mechanism. Through this comprehensive analysis, a total of 150 components were identified or tentatively characterized within the CKF formula. Notably, six N-acetyldopamine oligomers from CicadaePeriostracum and eight resin glycosides from Cuscutae Semen were characterized in this formula for the first time. Meanwhile, 149 xenobiotics (58 prototypes and 91 metabolites) were detected in plasma, urine, feces, brain, and intestinal contents, and the in vivo metabolic pathways of resin glycosides were elaborated for the first time. Furthermore, network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses revealed that alkaloids, flavonoids, chromones, monoterpenes, N-acetyldopamine dimers, p-hydroxycinnamic acid, and Cus-3/isomer might be responsible for the beneficial effects of CKF in treating IBS, and CASP8, MARK14, PIK3C, PIK3R1, TLR4, and TNF may be its potential targets. These discoveries offer a comprehensive understanding of the potential material basis and clarify the underlying mechanism of the CKF formula in treating IBS, facilitating the broader application of CKF in the field of medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Molecular Docking Simulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Glycosides , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
12.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 26(4): e007069, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, UNISALUD, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526537

ABSTRACT

A partir del caso de una paciente con síndrome de intestino irritable a predominio de estreñimiento cuyos síntomas mejoraron con el consumo regular de kiwi, el médico de familia se planteó la pregunta de si el kiwi podría mejorar los síntomas asociados a constipación crónica en comparación con el tratamiento habitual. Tras realizar una búsqueda de estudios que analizaran los efectos del consumo de kiwi sobre el hábito intestinal, fueron seleccionados tres artículos que permiten concluir que el consumo de esta fruta tiene una eficacia superior al placebo y comparable al psyllium y las pasas de ciruela para mejorar los síntomas de personas con estreñimiento crónico. (AU)


Based on the case of a patient with constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome whose symptoms improved with regular consumption of kiwi, the family doctor wondered if kiwi could improve symptoms associated with chronic constipation compared to usual treatment. After conducting a search for studies that analyzed the effects of kiwi consumption on intestinal habit, three articles were selected that allow us to conclude that the consumption of this fruit has an efficacy superior to placebo and comparable to psyllium and plum raisins to improve the symptoms of people with chronic constipation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Constipation/diet therapy , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diet therapy , Fruit , Psyllium/therapeutic use , Abdominal Pain/diet therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Constipation/diagnosis , Actinidia , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Feces , Systematic Reviews as Topic
13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 726-742, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010774

ABSTRACT

Abnormal brain-gut interaction is considered the core pathological mechanism behind the disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI), in which the intestinal microbiota plays an important role. Microglia are the "sentinels" of the central nervous system (CNS), which participate in tissue damage caused by traumatic brain injury, resist central infection and participate in neurogenesis, and are involved in the occurrence of various neurological diseases. With in-depth research on DGBI, we could find an interaction between the intestinal microbiota and microglia and that they are jointly involved in the occurrence of DGBI, especially in individuals with comorbidities of mental disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This bidirectional regulation of microbiota and microglia provides a new direction for the treatment of DGBI. In this review, we focus on the role and underlying mechanism of the interaction between gut microbiota and microglia in DGBI, especially IBS, and the corresponding clinical application prospects and highlight its potential to treat DGBI in individuals with psychiatric comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Microglia , Brain Diseases , Brain
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1411-1421, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007502

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on intestinal flora in the rats with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) based on 16S rDNA technique.@*METHODS@#Ten rats were randomized from 58 SPF-grade male SD rats to be the blank group. The remained 48 rats were prepared to be IBS-D models by the modified method of acetic acid enema combined with binding tail-clip stress. Forty successfully-modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, an acupuncture group, a moxibustion group and a western medication group, with 10 rats in each one. In the acupuncture group, the needle was inserted at bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) and remained for 15 min in each rat. In the moxibustion group, the suspending moxibustion was delivered at bilateral "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 15 min. The rats in the western medication group were given pinaverium bromide suspension (10 mL/kg) by intragastric administration. The above interventions were performed once daily for consecutive 14 days. The body mass and the score of fecal trait were compared before and after modeling, as well as after intervention in each group. Fecal water content, diarrhea index and colon transit time (CTT) were measured after modeling and intervention in the rats of each group separately. After intervention, the colonic morphology of rats in each group was observed, and using 16S rDNA technique, the intestinal flora was detected.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, compared with the blank group, the body mass and CTT were reduced (P<0.01); fecal trait scores, fecal water contents and diarrhea index increased (P<0.01) in the other 4 groups. After intervention, the body mass and CTT of the rats decreased (P<0.01), and fecal trait score, fecal water content and diarrhea index increased (P<0.01) in the model group compared with those in the blank group. In the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group, when compared with the model group, the body mass and CTT were elevated (P<0.01), while fecal trait scores, fecal water contents and diarrhea index declined (P<0.01). Compared with the western medication group, fecal water content decreased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05), while CTT increased in the acupuncture group (P<0.01), the body mass increased and fecal trait score was dropped in the moxibustion group (P<0.05). The colonic mucosa structure was clear and complete, and there was no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration in the blank group. The mild interstitial edema of intestinal mucosa was presented with the infiltration of few inflammatory cells in the model group. There was the infiltration of few inflammatory cells in the mucosa of the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group. Compared with the blank group, the indexes of Richness, Chao1, ACE and Shannon decreased in the model group (P<0.05). Indexes of Richness, Chao1 and ACE increased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05), and the Richness index in the western medication group increased (P<0.05) when compared with those in the model group. The relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Prevotella increased (P<0.05), and that of Firmicutes and Muribaculaceae decreased (P<0.05) in the model group compared with those in the blank group. When compared with the model group, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Prevotella was reduced (P<0.05), while that of Firmicutes and Muribaculaceae increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group; and that of Actinobacteria and Bifidobacterium increased in the acupuncture group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the relative abundance of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis was elevated (P<0.05), and that of folate biosynthesis, lipoic acid metabolism, zeatin biosynthesis, ubiquinone and other terpenoid quinone biosynthesis decreased (P<0.05) in the model group. The relative abundance of LPS biosynthesis was dropped (P<0.05), and that of folate biosynthesis, lipoic acid metabolism, zeatin biosynthesis, ubiquinone and other terpenoid quinone biosynthesis increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group, the moxibustion group and the western medication group compared with those of the model group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Either acupuncture or moxibustion can relieve the symptoms of IBS-D and protect intestinal mucosa, which may be associated with regulating the structure of intestinal flora and promoting nutrient metabolism and biosynthesis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lipopolysaccharides , Thioctic Acid , Ubiquinone , Zeatin , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Terpenes , Water , Folic Acid , Acupuncture Points
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1139-1147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects on the heart rate variability (HRV) and the expression of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the model rats of irritable bowel syndrome with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D) rats complicated with anxiety between moxibustion of "biaoben acupoint combination" and that of "conventional acupoint combination".@*METHODS@#Of 50 healthy SPF female SD rats, aged 3 months, 8 rats were selected randomly as a blank group, and the rest rats were prepared to be the model of IBS-D complicated with anxiety. Twenty-four rats after successfully modeled were randomized into a model group, a conventional acupoint combination group (convention group) and a biaoben acupoint combination group (biaoben group), 8 rats in each one. In the convention group, moxibustion was delivered at "Tianshu" (ST 25), "Zusanli"(ST 36) and "Shangjuxu"(ST 37); and in the biaoben group, moxibustion was applied to "Neiguan" (PC 6), "Zusanli" (ST 36), and "Guanyuan" (CV 4). One session of moxibustion took 20 min, once daily, for 14 days in total. Before and after intervention, the body mass and fecal moisture content were compared in the rats of each group; using abdominal wall withdrawal reflex, the visceral hypersensitivity was evaluated; with elevated plus maze (EPM) and light-dark box (LDB), the anxiety conditions were assessed. After intervention, HRV was compared among groups, the ultrastructure of intestinal mucosa was observed under the transmission electron microscope in the rats of each group, and ANP expression in the myocardial tissue was detected using Western blot method and immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Before the intervention, compared with the blank group, the body mass and visceral pain threshold of rats were reduced in the model group, the convention group and the biaoben group (P<0.05), fecal moisture content and AWR scores (at the dilatation pressure of 40, 60 and 80 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg ≈ 0.133 kPa) were elevated (P<0.05); and time in the open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were decreased (P<0.05). After the intervention, compared with the blank group, in the model group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, standard diviation of NN intervals (SDNN) and root mean square of successive RR interval differences (RMSSD) were dropped (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR scores (the dilation pressures of 40, 60 and 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were increased (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were decreased (P<0.05). When compared with the model group, in the convention group and the biaoben group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, SDNN and RMSSD were increased (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR scores (the dilation pressures of 60 and 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were dropped (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were increased (P<0.05). In the biaoben group, compared with the convention group, the body mass, visceral pain threshold, SDNN and RMSSD were elevated (P<0.05), fecal moisture content, AWR score (the dilation pressure of 80 mm Hg), LF/HF and ANP expression were decreased (P<0.05), the time in open arm, the open arm entry number and the total movement distance (EPM), the time spent in the light compartment, the number of dark to light transitions and the total transition distance (LDB) were increased (P<0.05). The epithelial cells of the intestinal mucosa showed a normal morphology in the blank group, the tight junction of the cells was disrupted and the junction was loose in the model group; the tight junction was imperfect in the convention group, but it was intact in the biaoben group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the conventional acupoint combination, moxibustion of biaoben acupoint combination is more effective on the symptoms of IBS-D complicated with anxiety in the model rats. The effect mechanism may be related to attenuating anxiety-like negative emotions, positively regulating HRV, stabilizing IBS-D intestinal mucosal barrier and down-regulating the expression of ANP in myocardium.


Subject(s)
Rats , Female , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Moxibustion/methods , Heart Rate , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1028-1032, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007438

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between Hunyuan moxibustion and oral western medication on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D)of spleen and kidney yang deficiency.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney yang deficiency were randomly divided into a Hunyuan moxibustion group and a western medication group, 30 cases each group. The Hunyuan moxibustion group was treated with Hunyuan moxibustion at Guanyuan(CV 4),40 min each time, once a day; in the western medication group,loperamide hydrochloride capsules (2 mg each time, 3 times a day) and bacillus licheniformis live capsules (0.5 g each time, 3 times a day) were given orally.Both groups were treated for 20 days. The scores of irritable bowel syndrome(IBS)symptom severity scale(IBS-SSS), IBS quality of life scale (IBS-QOL) and TCM symptom grading quantitative were observed before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment,each item scores and total scores of IBS-SSS in the two groups were lower than those before treatment(P<0.05), and the total scores of IBS-QOL were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05);each item score and total score of IBS-SSS in the Hunyuan moxibustion group were lower than those in the western medication group (P<0.05), and the total score of IBS-QOL in the Hunyuan moxibustion group was higher than that in the western medication group (P<0.05).After treatment, each item score and total score of TCM symptom grading quantitative in the Hunyuan moxibustion group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), the abdominal pain, diarrhea, lack of appetite scores and total score in the western medication group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05);and the abdominal pain, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, fear to cold and cold limbs scores and total score in the Hunyuan moxibustion group were lower than those in the western medication group (P<0.05).The total effective rate was 90.0%(27/30)in the Hunyuan moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3%(22/30)in the western medication group (P<0.05). No adverse reactions occurred in both groups during treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Hunyuan moxibustion can effectively improve the symptom severity and quality of life in patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney yang deficiency, especially in improving the symptoms of abdominal pain, soreness and weakness of waist and knees, fear to cold and cold limbs.Its therapeutic effect is superior to western medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spleen , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Capsules , Moxibustion , Yang Deficiency/therapy , Kidney , Abdominal Pain/therapy , Diarrhea/therapy
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 949-963, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399512

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O intestino é um órgão vital, entretanto, seu mau funcionamento pode gerar alguns distúrbios como por exemplo, "A síndrome do intestino irritável". O quadro desses pacientes são dores na barriga, inchaço abdominal e alteração na frequência das evacuações e na consistência das fezes. A fisioterapia tem apresentado meios que favorecem analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) e do Ultrassom (US) nos sintomas da síndrome do intestino irritável. Método: Foi utilizado o TENS na região abdominal, durante 15 minutos. O Ultrassom foi usado durante 3 minutos em cada região abdominal, somando 12 minutos ao total. O tratamento foi realizado durante um mês, com 9 sessões. Utilizou-se a Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) e o questionário Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Resultados: Nos sintomas intestinais obteve-se progresso de 5 pontos no questionário IBDQ e nos sintomas emocionais houve uma evolução de 9 pontos, sendo este, estatisticamente significante. Na escala EVA a média de escore diminui de 5,6 para 3,6 ao final da intervenção. Conclusão: A intervenção fisioterapêutica surtiu efeitos positivos e contribuiu para a diminuição da dor e os outros sintomas como: inchaço abdominal e diminuição na quantidade de evacuações e essa evolução auxiliou na qualidade de vida do voluntário.


Introduction: The intestine is a vital organ, however, due to its malfunction, some disorders appear, for example, "The irritable bowel syndrome", patients with this syndrome experience pain in the belly, abdominal swelling, changes in the frequency of bowel movements and stool consistency. Physiotherapy uses means that help to cause analgesia. Objective: To verify the effects of TENS and Ultrasound on the symptoms of the individual with irritable bowel syndrome, contributing to the quality of life. Method: TENS was used in the abdominal region in Burst mode with a frequency of 150Hz with amplitude until it caused a slight contraction, for 15 minutes. Ultrasound was used in continuous mode with a frequency of 1MHZ, with a dose of 0.5w / cm2, for 3 minutes in each abdominal region, adding 12 minutes to the total. The treatment was carried out for one month, with 9 sessions. The EVA scale and the IBDQ questionnaire were used. Results: In the intestinal symptoms there was an improvement of 5 points in the IBDQ questionnaire and in the emotional aspect there was an improvement of 9 points and in the emotional aspect it was statistically significant, passing through the Wilcoxon test, P (est.) = 0.031 P (exact) ) = 0.031. On the EVA scale, the mean score before the intervention was 5.6 and at the end 3.6. Conclusion: The physical therapy intervention had positive effects, helping to reduce pain and other symptoms such as:abdominal swelling, decrease in the amount of bowel movements and this improvement helped the individual's emotional state, however a study on the subject is still necessary.


Introducción: El intestino es un órgano vital, sin embargo, su mal funcionamiento puede generar algunos trastornos como el "síndrome del intestino irritable". Los síntomas de estos pacientes son dolor de estómago, hinchazón abdominal y alteración de la frecuencia de las deposiciones y de la consistencia de las heces. La fisioterapia ha presentado medios que favorecen la analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar los efectos de la Estimulación Nerviosa Eléctrica Transcutánea (TENS) y el Ultrasonido (US) en los síntomas del síndrome del intestino irritable. Método: Se utilizó TENS en la región abdominal durante 15 minutos. Los ultrasonidos se utilizaron durante 3 minutos en cada región abdominal, sumando 12 minutos en total. El tratamiento se llevó a cabo durante un mes, con 9 sesiones. Se utilizaron la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) y el Cuestionario de Enfermedad Inflamatoria Intestinal (IBDQ). Resultados: En los síntomas intestinales hubo una progresión de 5 puntos en el cuestionario IBDQ y en los síntomas emocionales hubo una evolución de 9 puntos, siendo esto, estadísticamente significativo. En la escala VAS, la puntuación media disminuyó de 5,6 a 3,6 al final de la intervención. Conclusión: La intervención fisioterapéutica tuvo efectos positivos y contribuyó a la reducción del dolor y de otros síntomas como: hinchazón abdominal y disminución de la cantidad de deposiciones y esta evolución ayudó a la calidad de vida del voluntario.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ultrasonics/instrumentation , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/instrumentation , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life/psychology , Physical Therapy Modalities/instrumentation , Abdomen , Feces , Analgesia/instrumentation
18.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 20-24, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375757

ABSTRACT

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder. Celiac disease (CD), a treatable autoimmune enteropathy, with varied presentations, may simulate clinically symptoms of IBS. The aim of the present study is to screen for CD in patients with IBS diagnosed based on the Rome III criteria. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a secondary care gastrointestinal unit in Al-Salam General Hospital in Mosul city, Iraq, from November 2015 to October 2016. All patients fulfilling the Rome III criteria for IBS were screened for CD using antitissue transglutaminase IgA antibodies (anti-tTG). Patients who tested positive were subjected to endoscopic duodenal biopsy to confirm the diagnosis of CD. Results: A total of 100 patients were included in the present study (58 female and 42 male), the mean age of the participants was 40.8 years old (standard deviation [SD]±11.57). Ten patients (10/100, 10%) tested positive for anti-tTG antibodies. Five of the seropositive patients (5/10, 50%) showed positive biopsy results according to the Marsh classification, 3 of whom having diarrhea, and 2 with constipation. Conclusion: Positive serology and biopsy results suggestive of CDare common among patients with IBS. Screening patients with IBS for CD is justified. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Autoantibodies/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 33(2): 77-81, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524334

ABSTRACT

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a more frequent disorder in the brain-gut axis interaction in the world. COVID-19 has affected the population's mental health, and its impact on clinical severity in patients with IBS is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the effect of psychosocial stress produced by the pandemic on the severity of gastrointestinal symptoms. Methodology: 54 women and three men with IBS were interviewed by telephone. Factors associated with quality of life, comorbidities, IBS subtype, and COVID-19 diagnosis were asked. Calls were developed between June 2020 to January 2021. Results: 75% had Diarrheal IBS (IBS-D), 67% had comorbidities, 47% with busy work, and 70% in person, five patients (9%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. Of the total, 88% referred to change in gastrointestinal symptoms, 56% increased abdominal pain, and 95% bloating. Abdominal pain was negatively associated with quality of life (p < 0.036), and the incomplete evacuation's sensation positively with difficulty sleeping (p < 0.034). Conclusion: In this study, IBS patients interviewed by telephone reported higher abdominal pain and subjective bloating associated with the pandemic by SARS-CoV-2. Keywords: Irritable


El Síndrome de Intestino Irritable (SII) es uno de los trastornos en la interacción cerebrointestino más frecuentes en el mundo. La pandemia COVID-19 ha afectado la salud mental de la población, siendo desconocido su impacto en la severidad clínica en pacientes con SII. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del estrés psicosocial producido por la pandemia en la severidad de síntomas gastrointestinales de pacientes con SII. Metodología: 54 mujeres y 3 hombres con SII fueron entrevistados vía telefónica. Se preguntó por factores asociados a calidad de vida, comorbilidades, subtipo de SII y diagnóstico de COVID-19. Las llamadas se realizaron entre junio de 2020 hasta enero de 2021. Resultados: Un 75% presentó SII Diarreico (SII-D), el 67% comorbilidades, el 47% con trabajo activo y 70% presencial, 5 pacientes (9%) diagnosticados COVID-19. Del total, 88% refirió cambio en síntomas gastrointestinales, 56% aumentó el dolor abdominal y 95% la distensión abdominal. El dolor abdominal se asoció negativamente con la calidad de vida (p < 0,036), y la sensación de evacuación incompleta positivamente con la dificultad para dormir (p < 0,034). Conclusión: En este estudio, los pacientes con SII entrevistados vía telefónica reportaron mayor dolor y distensión abdominal subjetiva asociado a la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/complications , COVID-19/complications , Quality of Life , Abdominal Pain/epidemiology , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/epidemiology , Pandemics , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome
20.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 16(2): 116-122, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525499

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de intestino irritable es un trastorno digestivo funcional recientemente reconocido como una alteración en el nivel intestino-cerebral que no se explica por alteraciones morfológicas, metabólicas o neurológicas demostrables por las técnicas diagnósticas habituales, caracterizándose por la presencia de dolor y distensión abdominal recurrente asociado a alteraciones del ritmo deposicional, ya sea en forma de constipación, diarrea o ambas. La prevalencia oscila entre los 6-11% dependiendo de los criterios diagnósticos utilizados y la zona geográfica, en Chile no hay datos actuales. Su fisiopatología es multifactorial, donde ninguno explica por si solo el síndrome. El diagnóstico es positivo basado en los criterios de Roma IV establecidos en el año 2016, a su vez es imperante establecer un subtipo de SII para realizar el manejo adecuado, es así como podemos tener un SII con predominio de constipación, diarrea, mixto o indeterminado. El manejo consta de la educación al paciente, una buena relación médico-paciente, dieta adecuada, actividad física aeróbica y otros tratamientos no farmacológicos, sumado a antiespasmódicos, antidiarreicos y fibra soluble, dependiendo del síntoma predominante.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional digestive disorder recently recognized as an alteration in the gut-brain axis which can´t be explained by morphological, metabolic or neurological alterations demonstrable by the usual diagnostic techniques, characterized by the presence of recurrent abdominal pain and distention associated with alterations in the stool rhythm, either in the form of constipation, diarrhea or both. The prevalence ranges between 6-11% according to the diagnostic criteria used and the geographical area, in Chile there's no current data. Its pathophysiology is multifactorial, where any of them explains the syndrome itself. The diagnosis is positive based on the Rome IV criteria established in 2016, it is imperative to establish a subtype of IBS to carry out the appropriate management, This is how we can have IBS with a predominance of constipation, diarrhea, mixed or indeterminate Management consists of patient education, a good doctor-patient relationship, adequate diet, aerobic physical activity and other non-pharmacological treatments, added to antispasmodics, antidiarrheals and soluble fiber, depending on the predominant symptom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/diagnosis , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Pain Management/methods , Primary Health Care , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/physiopathology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis
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