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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766040

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors has been modified to incorporate the IDH mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion in the diagnosis of diffuse gliomas. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and prognostic significance of the revised 2016 WHO classification of CNS tumors in Mongolian patients with diffuse gliomas. METHODS: A total of 124 cases of diffuse gliomas were collected, and tissue microarray blocks were made. IDH1 mutation was tested using immunohistochemistry, and 1p/19q co-deletion status was examined using fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis. RESULTS: According to the 2016 WHO classification, 124 cases of diffuse brain glioma were reclassified as follows: 10 oligodendroglioma, IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted; three anaplastic oligodendroglioma, IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted; 35 diffuse astrocytoma, IDHmut, 11 diffuse astrocytoma, IDHwt, not otherwise specified (NOS); 22 anaplastic astrocytoma, IDHmut, eight anaplastic astrocytoma, IDHwt, NOS; and 35 glioblastoma, IDHwt, NOS, respectively. The 2016 WHO classification presented better prognostic value for overall survival in patients with grade II tumors than traditional histological classification. Among patients with grade II tumors, those with oligodendroglioma IDHmut and 1p/19q co-deleted and diffuse astrocytoma IDHmut showed significantly higher survival than those with diffuse astrocytoma IDHwt, NOS (p<.01). CONCLUSIONS: Mongolian diffuse gliomas could be reclassified according to the new 2016 WHO classification. Reclassification revealed substantial changes in diagnosis of both oligodendroglial and astrocytic entities. We have confirmed that the revised 2016 WHO CNS tumor classification has prognostic significance in Mongolian patients with diffuse gliomas, especially those with grade II tumors.


Subject(s)
Astrocytoma , Brain , Central Nervous System , Chromosome Deletion , Classification , Diagnosis , Fluorescence , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Global Health , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Nervous System Neoplasms , Nervous System , Oligodendroglioma , World Health Organization
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763112

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There was no practical guideline for the management of patients with central nervous system tumor in Korea in the past. Thus, the Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO), a multidisciplinary academic society, developed the guideline for glioblastoma successfully and published it in Brain Tumor Research and Treatment, the official journal of KSNO, in April 2019. Recently, the KSNO guideline for World Health Organization (WHO) grade III cerebral glioma in adults has been established. METHODS: The Working Group was composed of 35 multidisciplinary medical experts in Korea. References were identified by searches in PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases using specific and sensitive keywords as well as combinations of keywords. Scope of the disease was confined to cerebral anaplastic astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma in adults. RESULTS: Whenever radiological feature suggests high grade glioma, maximal safe resection if feasible is globally recommended. After molecular and histological examinations, patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant should be primary treated by standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy whereas those with anaplastic astrocytoma, NOS, and anaplastic astrocytoma, IDH-wildtype should be treated following the protocol for glioblastomas. In terms of anaplastic oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant and 1p19q-codeletion, and anaplastic oligodendroglioma, NOS should be primary treated by standard brain radiotherapy and neoadjuvant or adjuvant PCV (procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine) combination chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: The KSNO's guideline recommends that WHO grade III cerebral glioma of adults should be treated by maximal safe resection if feasible, followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy according to molecular and histological features of tumors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Brain , Brain Neoplasms , Central Nervous System , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Korea , Lomustine , Oligodendroglioma , Radiotherapy , World Health Organization
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There was no practical guideline for the management of patients with central nervous system tumor in Korea for many years. Thus, the Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO), a multidisciplinary academic society, has developed the guideline for glioblastoma. Subsequently, the KSNO guideline for World Health Organization (WHO) grade II cerebral glioma in adults is established. METHODS: The Working Group was composed of 35 multidisciplinary medical experts in Korea. References were identified by searching PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases using specific and sensitive keywords as well as combinations of keywords regarding diffuse astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma of brain in adults. RESULTS: Whenever radiological feature suggests lower grade glioma, the maximal safe resection if feasible is recommended globally. After molecular and histological examinations, patients with diffuse astrocytoma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wildtype without molecular feature of glioblastoma should be primarily treated by standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide chemotherapy (Level III) while those with molecular feature of glioblastoma should be treated following the protocol for glioblastomas. In terms of patients with diffuse astrocytoma, IDH-mutant and oligodendroglioma (IDH-mutant and 1p19q codeletion), standard brain radiotherapy and adjuvant PCV (procarbazine+lomustine+vincristine) combination chemotherapy should be considered primarily for the high-risk group while observation with regular follow up should be considered for the low-risk group. CONCLUSION: The KSNO's guideline recommends that WHO grade II gliomas should be treated by maximal safe resection, if feasible, followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy according to molecular and histological features of tumors and clinical characteristics of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Brain , Central Nervous System , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Follow-Up Studies , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Korea , Oligodendroglioma , Radiotherapy , World Health Organization
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1077-1082, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771836

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prevalence, clinical characteristics and prognostic significance of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 2(IDH2) mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML).@*METHODS@#The bone marrow samples of 223 patients with newly diagnosed AML confirmed by MICM typing from January 2015 to October 2018 were collected. The mutation of exon 4 of IDH2 gene was detected by direct sequancing of PCR product; the incidence and types of IDH2 gene mutation in AML patients were analyzed; the clinical characteristics of AML patients with IDH2 gene mutation were analyzed and the therapeutic efficacy for these patients was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In a cohort of 223 AML patients, mutations were detected in 23(10.31%) patients, among them, 15 with R140Q mutations(65.22%) , 6 with R172K mutations(26.09%) and 2 with R140W mutations(8.70%). The median age in IDH2 mutated group was older than that in non.mutated group(P=0.008). The platelet level at initial diagnosis in IDH2 mutated group was higher than that in non.mutated group(P=0.010). There was no significant statistical difference between IDH2 mutated group and non.mutated group in FAB subtypes of AML(P>0.05). But the rate of IDH2 mutation in M4 and M5 was higher. The rate of IDH2 mutations was higher in AML with normal karyotype and in AML with NPM1 mutations. R140Q mutations associated with NPM1 mutations(χ=8.481,P=0.004), but R172K mutations not associated with NPM1 mutation(P>0.05). IDH2 mutated patients had a lower complete remission rate than non.mutated patients(57.14% vs 80.46%, χ=5.927,P=0.015). The complete remission rate of R140Q mutated patients was not significantly statistically different from non.mutated patients. The complete remission rate of R172K mutated patients was very significantly lower than non.mutated patients(χ=7.734,P=0.005). In the patients without NPM1 mutation, the 2 years overall survival in IDH2 mutated group was lower than in non.mutated group(36.36% vs 66.40%,χ=3.958,P=0.047), the 2 years overall survival of R172K mutated group was significantly lower than non.mutated group(although P>0.05). In all patients, the 2 years overall survival between IDH2 mutated group and non.mutated group was not statistically different(50% vs 66.88%,P>0.05), the 2 years overall survival of R172K mutated group was significantly lower than non.mutated group(although P>0.05). In the patients with normal karyotype or with mutated NPM1, the 2 years overall survival between IDH2 mutated group and non.mutated group was not statistically different(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IDH2 gene mutations are more common in AML patients at older age, higher platelets level and normal karyotype. The rate of IDH2 mutation in M4 and M5 is higher. IDH2 gene mutations associate with NPMl gene mutations, but R172K mutations not associates with NPM1mutation. IDH2 gene mutations associate with prognosis of AML patients, R140Q mutations have no effect on prognosis of patients, but R172K mutations may be the molecular markers for poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Genotype , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Prognosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781656

ABSTRACT

To investigate the clinical value of serum tumor marker isocitrate dehydrogenase 1(IDH1)in the diagnosis of lung cancer. The general data were collected in lung cancer patients and non-lung cancer patients.The serum level of IDH1 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to evaluate its clinical significance in diagnosing lung cancer. The serum IDH1 level was significantly higher in lung cancer patients than in non-lung cancer patients [(7.12±6.98)ng/ml (2.09±1.83)ng/ml,=11.540,<0.001].The serum IDH1 level in patients with adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma was significantly higher than that in patients with small cell lung cancer [(7.91±7.26)ng/ml (2.76±2.27)ng/ml, =6.345,<0.001].The sensitivity of IDH1 in detecting lung cancer,stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ lung cancer,and stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ lung cancer was 47.4%,49.1%,and 46.3%,respectively. Serum IDH1 has high sensitivities and specificities in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer(squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma)and small cell lung cancer as well as the auxiliary diagnosis of stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ lung cancer.It is a valuable marker for the auxiliary diagnosis of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lung Neoplasms
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1339-1343, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775717

ABSTRACT

Abstract   Demethylating agents (HMAs) hold an important status in therapy for elderly acute myeloid leukemia, who are not eligible for intensive chemotherapy (ICT). Beyond the edge of monotherapy, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out a lot of studies on combination strategies, such as HMAs with low-intensity therapy (G-CSF, low-dose cytarabine and aclarubicin, CAG), with targeted therapy (BCL-2 inhibitor), with immunotherapy (immune checkpoint inhibitors, ICI), and with other epigenetic therapys (isocitrate dehydrogenase or histonedeacetylase inhibitor). Some of these researches have obtained positive results and discussed the mechanisms of combination strategies besides. In this review, the combination of HMAs with other drugs are summraized briefly.


Subject(s)
Aclarubicin , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1440-1448, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the coexisting mutations in IDH-mutated acute myeloid leukemia(AML) and its relation with partial clinical parametrs.@*METHODS@#The exon 4 mutation of IDH1/2 gene was screened by using genome DNA-PCR combined with sanger sequencing, 51 targeted gene mutations in the patients with IDH1/2 mutation were detected by using high throughput DNA sequencing combined with sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Among 358 patients, the IDH1/2 mutation was found in 46 cases including IDH1 mutation in 35 cases and IDH2 mutation in 11 cases, 97.87%(45/46) patients with IDH1/2 mutation simultaneously carried other gene mutations including 8(17.8%) cases with mutation of double gene, 17(37.8%) cases with mutation of 3 genes and 20(44.4%) cases with mutation of ≥ 4 genes. The mutation frequency of each patient averaged 3.52 times. In mutation of accompanied genes, the common genes were NPM1(n=29, 63.0%), next DNMT3A(n=25, 54.3%), FLT3-ITD(n=7, 15.2%), TET2(n=5, 10.9%) and NRAS(n=5, 10.9%). The average WBC level of patients with NPM1 mutation in IDH1 mutation group was higher than that of patients in wild type group(P<0.05). The complete remission (CR) rate of patients with DNMT3A mutation was significant lower than that of patients with wild type (30% vs 80%, P<0.01). The presence of ≥ 4 mutations was found to be significantly associated with higher white blood level than that in the patients with double mutations(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#More than 95% AML patients with IDH1/2 mutation commonly show additional mutations. The number and the type of IDH coexisting mutations have certain effect on the clinical features and CR rate.


Subject(s)
Exons , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , Remission Induction
8.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 172-179, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786406

ABSTRACT

Glutamate leads to neuronal cell damage by generating neurotoxicity during brain development. The objective of this study is to identify proteins that differently expressed by glutamate treatment in neonatal cerebral cortex. Sprague-Dawley rat pups (post-natal day 7) were intraperitoneally injected with vehicle or glutamate (10 mg/kg). Brain tissues were isolated 4 h after drug treatment and fixed for morphological study. Moreover, cerebral cortices were collected for protein study. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry were carried out to identify specific proteins. We observed severe histopathological changes in glutamate-exposed cerebral cortex. We identified various proteins that differentially expressed by glutamate exposure. Identified proteins were thioredoxin, peroxiredoxin 5, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1, proteasome subunit alpha proteins, isocitrate dehydrogenase, and heat shock protein 60. Heat shock protein 60 was increased in glutamate exposed condition. However, other proteins were decreased in glutamate-treated animals. These proteins are related to anti-oxidant, protein degradation, metabolism, signal transduction, and anti-apoptotic function. Thus, our findings can suggest that glutamate leads to neonatal cerebral cortex damage by regulation of specific proteins that mediated with various functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Cerebral Cortex , Chaperonin 60 , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Glutamic Acid , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolism , Neurons , Peroxiredoxins , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Proteolysis , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Thioredoxins , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773582

ABSTRACT

Catalpol, a major bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa, which has been used to treat diabetes. The present study was designed to elucidate the anti-diabetic effect and mechanism of action for catalpol in db/db mice. The db/db mice were randomly divided into six groups (10/group) according to their blood glucose levels: db/db control, metformin (positive control), and four dose levels of catalpol treatment (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg), and 10 db/m mice were used as the normal control. All the groups were administered orally for 8 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), random blood glucose (RBG), glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, and glycated serum protein (GSP) and the globe gene expression in liver tissues were analyzed. Our results showed that catalpol treatment obviously reduced water intake and food intake in a dose-dependent manner. Catalpol treatment also remarkably reduce fasting blood glucose (FBG) and random blood glucose (RBG) in a dose-dependent manner. The RBG-lowering effect of catalpol was better than that of metformin. Furthermore, catalpol significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance via increasing insulin sensitivity. Catalpol treatment significantly decreased GSP level. The comparisons of gene expression in liver tissues among normal control mice, db/db mice and catalpol treated mice (200 and 100 mg·kg) indicated that there were significant increases in the expressions of 287 genes, whichwere mainly involved in lipid metabolism, response to stress, energy metabolism, and cellular processes, and significant decreases in the expressions of 520 genes, which were mainly involved in cell growth, death, immune system, and response to stress. Four genes expressed differentially were linked to glucose metabolism or insulin signaling pathways, including Irs1 (insulin receptor substrate 1), Idh2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (NADP), mitochondrial), G6pd2 (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 2), and SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). In conclusion, catalpol ecerted significant hypoglycemic effect and remarkable therapeutic effect in db/db mice via modulating various gene expressions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812371

ABSTRACT

Catalpol, a major bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa, which has been used to treat diabetes. The present study was designed to elucidate the anti-diabetic effect and mechanism of action for catalpol in db/db mice. The db/db mice were randomly divided into six groups (10/group) according to their blood glucose levels: db/db control, metformin (positive control), and four dose levels of catalpol treatment (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg), and 10 db/m mice were used as the normal control. All the groups were administered orally for 8 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), random blood glucose (RBG), glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, and glycated serum protein (GSP) and the globe gene expression in liver tissues were analyzed. Our results showed that catalpol treatment obviously reduced water intake and food intake in a dose-dependent manner. Catalpol treatment also remarkably reduce fasting blood glucose (FBG) and random blood glucose (RBG) in a dose-dependent manner. The RBG-lowering effect of catalpol was better than that of metformin. Furthermore, catalpol significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance via increasing insulin sensitivity. Catalpol treatment significantly decreased GSP level. The comparisons of gene expression in liver tissues among normal control mice, db/db mice and catalpol treated mice (200 and 100 mg·kg) indicated that there were significant increases in the expressions of 287 genes, whichwere mainly involved in lipid metabolism, response to stress, energy metabolism, and cellular processes, and significant decreases in the expressions of 520 genes, which were mainly involved in cell growth, death, immune system, and response to stress. Four genes expressed differentially were linked to glucose metabolism or insulin signaling pathways, including Irs1 (insulin receptor substrate 1), Idh2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (NADP), mitochondrial), G6pd2 (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 2), and SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). In conclusion, catalpol ecerted significant hypoglycemic effect and remarkable therapeutic effect in db/db mice via modulating various gene expressions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360034

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant clonal hematologic disease from hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. The isocitrate dehychogenase 2 (IDH2) gene mutation has been recently found, which may be associated with the course of AML. The incidence of IDH2 gene mutation in the patients with acute myeloid leukemia is high, especially in the AML patients with normal karyotype. Different subtypes of IDH2 mutation, or companing other molecular biology, will make different influence on clinical features and progress of patients with AML. IDH2 mutation is stable, which can be used as the test sign of AML and minimal residual disease (MRD), and for guiding the clinical treatment and predicting the progress. In this article, the research progress of IDH2 mutation in acute myeloid leukemia is reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 464-471, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summary the recent advances in molecular research of glioblastoma (GBM) and current trends in personalized therapy of this disease.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>Data cited in this review were obtained mainly from PubMed in English up to 2015, with keywords "molecular", "genetics", "GBM", "isocitrate dehydrogenase", "telomerase reverse transcriptase", "epidermal growth factor receptor", "PTPRZ1-MET", and "clinical treatment".</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Articles regarding the morphological pathology of GBM, the epidemiology of GBM, genetic alteration of GBM, and the development of treatment for GBM patients were identified, retrieved, and reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There is a large amount of data supporting the view that these recurrent genetic aberrations occur in a specific context of cellular origin, co-oncogenic hits and are present in distinct patient populations. Primary and secondary GBMs are distinct disease entities that affect different age groups of patients and develop through distinct genetic aberrations. These differences are important, especially because they may affect sensitivity to radio- and chemo-therapy and should thus be considered in the identification of targets for novel therapeutic approaches.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This review highlights the molecular and genetic alterations of GBM, indicating that they are of potential value in the diagnosis and treatment for patients with GBM.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Glioblastoma , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Mutation , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Genetics , ErbB Receptors , Genetics , Telomerase , Genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69709

ABSTRACT

Glioblastoma (GBM) can be classified into molecular subgroups, on the basis of biomarker expression. Here, we classified our cohort of 163 adult GBMs into molecular subgroups according to the expression of proteins encoded by genes of alpha thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX), isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and TP53. We focused on the survival rate of molecular subgroups, depending on each and various combination of these biomarkers. ATRX, IDH1 and p53 protein expression were evaluated immunohistochemically and Kaplan-Meier analysis were carried out in each group. A total of 15.3% of enrolled GBMs demonstrated loss of ATRX expression (ATRX-), 10.4% expressed an aberrant IDH1 R132H protein (IDH1+), and 48.4% exhibited p53 overexpression (p53+). Survival differences were statistically significant when single protein expression or different combinations of expression of these proteins were analyzed. In conclusion, in the case of single protein expression, the patients with each IDH1+, or ATRX-, or p53- GBMs showed better survival than patients with counterparts protein expressed GBMs. In the case of double protein pairs, the patients with ATRX-/p53-, ATRX-/IDH1+, and IDH1+/p53- GBMs revealed better survival than the patients with GBMs with the remained pairs. In the case of triple protein combinations, the patients with ATRX-/p53-/IDH+ showed statistically significant survival gain than the patients with remained combination of proteins-expression status. Therefore, these three biomarkers, individually and as a combination, can stratify GBMs into prognostically relevant subgroups and have strong prognostic values in adult GBMs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis , DNA Helicases/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Glioblastoma/diagnosis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99441

ABSTRACT

The diagnostic and prognostic potential of an onco-metabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) as a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) detectable biomarker of the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutated (IDH-MT) gliomas has drawn attention of neuroradiologists recently. However, due to severe spectral overlap with background signals, quantification of 2HG can be very challenging. In this technical review for neuroradiologists, first, the biochemistry of 2HG and its significance in the diagnosis of IDH-MT gliomas are summarized. Secondly, various 1H-MRS methods used in the previous studies are outlined. Finally, wereview previous in vivo studies, and discuss the current status of 1H-MRS in the diagnosis of IDH-MT gliomas.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry , Diagnosis , Glioma , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Protons
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Malignant gliomas with neuronal marker expression (MGwNM) are rare and poorly characterized. Increasingly diverse types of MGwNM have been described and these reported cases underscore the dilemmas in the classification and diagnosis of those tumors. The aim of this study is to provide additional insights into MGwNM and present the clinicopathological features of 18 patients. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 18 patients diagnosed as MGwNM at our institute between January 2006 and December 2012. Macroscopic total resection was performed in 11 patients (61%). We evaluated the methylation status of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and expression of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH-1) in all cases, and deletions of 1p and 19q in available cases. RESULTS: The estimated median overall survival was 21.2 months. The median progression-free survival was 6.3 months. Six patients (33%) had MGMT methylation but IDH1 mutation was found in only one patient (6%). Gene analysis for 1p19q performed in nine patients revealed no deletion in six, 19q deletion only in two, and 1p deletion only in one. The extent of resection was significantly correlated with progression free survival on both univariate analysis and multivariate analysis (p=0.002 and p=0.013, respectively). CONCLUSION: In this study, the overall survival of MGwNM was not superior to glioblastoma. The extent of resection has a significant prognostic impact on progression-free survival. Further studies of the prognostic factors related to chemo-radio therapy, similar to studies with glioblastoma, are mandatory to improve survival.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Glioblastoma , Glioma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Medical Records , Methylation , Multivariate Analysis , Neurons
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(7): 561-568, 07/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752384

ABSTRACT

We studied 36 glioblastoma cases at HC-UNICAMP from 2008 to 2012 and classified the immunohistochemical distribution of the wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mutated forms of p53 protein and isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH-1) and murine double protein 2 (MDM2). Immunostaining findings were correlated with clinical data and response to treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy). About 97% of the tumors were primary, most of them localized in the frontal lobe. Mean time free of clinical or symptomatic disease and free time of radiological disease were 7.56 and 7.14 months, respectively. We observed a significant positive correlation between expressions of p53 and MDM2, EGFR and MDM2. Clinical, radiological and overall survivals also showed a significant positive correlation. p53 staining and clinical survival showed a significant negative correlation. The current series provides clinical and histopathological data that contribute to knowledge on glioblastoma in Brazilians.


Estudamos 36 casos de glioblastoma acompanhados no HC-UNICAMP de 2008 a 2012 e classificamos a marcação imunoistoquímica da forma selvagem do receptor do fator de crescimento epidérmico (EGFR), formas mutantes da proteína p53 e isocitrato desidrogenase-1 (IDH-1) e proteína murina dupla 2 (MDM2). Os resultados de imunoistoquímica foram correlacionados com dados clínicos e resposta ao tratamento (cirurgia, quimioterapia e radioterapia). Cerca de 97% dos tumores foram primários, grande parte localizada no lobo frontal. O tempo médio livre de doença clínica ou sintomática e o tempo livre de doença radiológica foram de 7.56 e 7.14 meses, respectivamente. Observou-se correlação positiva entre a expressão das proteínas p53 e MDM2, EGFR e MDM2. Sobrevivências clínica, radiológica e global também mostraram correlação positiva e significativa. A expressão para p53 e sobrevivência clínica mostrou correlação negativa. O estudo fornece dados clínicos e histopatológicos que contribuem para o conhecimento sobre glioblastoma em brasileiros.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Brain Neoplasms/chemistry , Glioblastoma/chemistry , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/analysis , /analysis , ErbB Receptors/analysis , /analysis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/mortality , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Glioblastoma/mortality , Glioblastoma/pathology , Glioblastoma/therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , /genetics , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Statistics, Nonparametric , /genetics
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1252-1257, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274055

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the incidence rate of IDH1 in acute myeloid leukemia and analyze its effect on clinical characteristics and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mononuclear cells in bone marrow samples were collected from 192 adult patients with newly diagnosed AML. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing were used to amplify exon 4 of IDH1 gene, the gene sequencing was used to analyze the gene mutations, at same time, the detection of NPM1, FLT3-TKD, FLT3-ITD, C-KIT, CEPBA, TET2 and JAK2V617F and MLL mutations were carried out, the follow-up was used to determine its therapeutic efficacy and outcomes of patients. The clinical and laboratory data of these cases were collected, and their clinical characteristics and prognosis were then analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 192 AML patients, 13 cases were detected with IDH1 gene mutation, the mutation rate was 6.77% [95% CI (5.70%-13.38%)]. The sequencing chart of IDH1 gene showed double peaks, the mutations were heterozygous, out of them c.G395A (p.R132H) was found in 8 cases, c.C394T was found in 4 cases (p.R132C), c.C394A (p.R132S) was found in 1 cases, R132H and R132C are common, 13 cases showed missense mutation. The median age in mutation group was 52 years old, the median age in unnutration group was 40 years, there was significant difference between them (P = 0.010). Mutation rate of IDH1 gene in M1 and M2 was significantly higher than that in other FAB subtypes. There were no significant difference in sex, newly diagnosed peripheral white blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet count, peripheral blood and bone marrow original cell proportion of primitive cells between them. Mutation of IDH1 gene had certain correlation with NPM1 gene mutation, but no correlation with FLT3-TKD, FLT3-ITD, C-KIT, TET2 and JAK2V617F and MLL natations was found. In addition, the IDH1 mutation easily occurred in patients with normal karyotype or in patients with middle prognostic risk karyotype, IDH1 mutation occurred in 11 cases with normal karyotype, the mutation rate was 10.28%, IDH1 mutation were observed in 2 cases with abnormal karyotype, the mutation rate was 3.50%, there was significant difference. In AML patients with middle prognostic risk karyotype. The complete remission (CR) and the 3 year survival (OS) rate of IDH1 mut patients were less than that in IDH1 wt, there was significant difference (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The IDH1 mutation more easily occurr in older AML patients and mutations effect of IDH1 on clinical characteristics may represent a molecular marker for poor prognosis in AML.</p>


Subject(s)
Abnormal Karyotype , Adult , Exons , Heterozygote , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Count , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Platelet Count , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Survival Rate
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188224

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to yield alpha-ketoglutarate (alpha-KG) with production of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Dysfunctional IDH leads to reduced production of alpha-KG and NADH and increased production of 2-hydroxyglutarate, an oncometabolite. This results in increased oxidative damage and stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor alpha, causing cells to be prone to tumorigenesis. METHODS: This study investigated IDH mutations in 61 Ewing sarcoma family tumors (ESFTs), using a pentose nucleic acid clamping method and direct sequencing. RESULTS: We identified four cases of ESFTs harboring IDH mutations. The number of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations was equal and the subtype of IDH mutations was variable. Clinicopathologic analysis according to IDH mutation status did not reveal significant results. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to report IDH mutations in ESFTs. The results indicate that ESFTs can harbor IDH mutations in previously known hot-spot regions, although their incidence is rare. Further validation with a larger case-based study would establish more reliable and significant data on prevalence rate and the biological significance of IDH mutations in ESFTs.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Constriction , Decarboxylation , Humans , Incidence , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , NAD , Prevalence , Sarcoma, Ewing
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88087

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate whether volumetric analysis based on T2WI and contrast-enhanced (CE) T1WI can distinguish between isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 mutation-positive (IDH1(P)) and -negative (IDH1(N)) glioblastomas (GBMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 109 patients with histopathologically proven GBMs after surgery or stereotactic biopsy and preoperative MR imaging. We measured the whole-tumor volume in each patient using a semiautomatic segmentation method based on both T2WI and CE T1WI. We compared the tumor volumes between IDH1(P) (n = 12) and IDH1(N) (n = 97) GBMs using an unpaired t-test. In addition, we performed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis for the differentiation of IDH1(P) and IDH1(N) GBMs using the tumor volumes based on T2WI and CE T1WI. RESULTS: The mean tumor volume based on T2WI was larger for IDH1(P) GBMs than IDH1(N) GBMs (108.8 +/- 68.1 and 59.3 +/- 37.3 mm3, respectively, P = 0.0002). In addition, IDH1(P) GBMs had a larger tumor volume on CE T1WI than did IDH1(N) tumors (49.00 +/- 40.14 and 22.53 +/- 17.51 mm3, respectively, P < 0.0001). ROC analysis revealed that the tumor volume based on T2WI could distinguish IDH1(P) from IDH1(N) with a cutoff value of 90.25 (P < 0.05): 7 of 12 IDH1(P) (58.3%) and 79 of 97 IDH1(N) (81.4%). CONCLUSION: Volumetric analysis of T2WI and CE T1WI could enable IDH1(P) GBMs to be distinguished from IDH1(N) GBMs. We assumed that secondary GBMs with IDH1(P) underwent stepwise progression and were more infiltrative than those with IDH1(N), which might have resulted in the differences in tumor volume.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Glioblastoma , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Statistics as Topic , Tumor Burden
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1485-1489, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340473

ABSTRACT

The isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene mutation has been recently found, which may be involved in the occurrence of leukemia. The incidence of IDH gene mutation in the patients with adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is high, especially in the AML patients with normal karyotype. Different subtype and molecular biology of IDH display a different effect on the AML prognosis. This gene mutation is related with treatment response, residual, recurrence of leukemia, and it could be a sign of test and a monitoring tool of minimal residual disease (MRD). The IDH gene mutation may be an index for predicting prognosis and guiding therapy. In this article, the research progress of IDH gene mutation and its correlation with acute myeloid leukemia, especially with the clinical characteristics,are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Mutation , Prognosis
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