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1.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(3): 179-189, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1407207

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este trabajo es caracterizar los aspectos tomográficos relevantes en el síndrome de heterotaxia, mediante cuatro pacientes que ejemplifican los hallazgos más frecuentes en esta patología. Situs solitus es la disposición habitual de los órganos y vasos sanguíneos y situs inversus se refiere a la imagen en espejo del situs solitus. Cuando la disposición de los órganos es indeterminada e impredecible y no se corresponde con el situs solitus ni el situs inversus, estamos frente al situs ambiguus o síndrome de heterotaxia, espectro de anomalías poco frecuente en las relaciones de los órganos toracoabdominales. Puede acompañarse de isomerismo derecho o isomerismo izquierdo. Clasificarlo en dos subgrupos es habitualmente difícil, ya que ninguno de estos tiene hallazgos únicos y patognomónicos, sino que existe amplia superposición. Ambos son de mal pronóstico, en los casos de isomerismo izquierdo un 5-10% llegan a la edad adulta, siendo de peor pronóstico los casos de isomerismo derecho, debido a que presentan inmunodepresión secundaria a la asplenia y cardiopatías congénitas más severas. Se debe analizar cada caso de forma individualizada y detallada para establecer el diagnóstico, determinar la asociación lesional y establecer aquellos pacientes que presenten mayor riesgo de complicaciones.


Abstract The objective of this brief communication is to characterize the relevant tomographic aspects in the heterotaxy syndrome, by means of 4 patients that exemplify the most frequent findings in this pathology. Situs solitus is the usual arrangement of organs and blood vessels and situs inversus refers to the mirror image of situs solitus. When the arrangement of the organs is indeterminate and unpredictable and does not correspond to situs solitus or the situs inversus, we are facing the situs ambiguus or heterotaxy syndrome, abnormal spectrum of anomalies in the relations of the thoracoabdominal organs. It may be accompanied by right isomerism or left isomerism. Attempts to classify it into two subgroups are usually difficult since none of these has unique and pathognomonic findings, but rather there is broad overlap. Both are of poor prognosis, in the cases of left isomerism 5-10% reach adulthood, with a worse prognosis being the cases of right isomerism due to the fact that they have immunodepression secondary to asplenia and more severe congenital cardiopathies. Each case should be analyzed in an individualized and detailed manner to establish the diagnosis, determine the lesional association and establish those patients that present a higher risk of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Heterotaxy Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Embryonic Development , Isomerism
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 34: 37-42, july. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045997

ABSTRACT

Background: Astaxanthin from natural sources is typically esterified with fatty acids; hence, it must be hydrolyzed to remove esters before identification and quantification by conventional HPLC. Alkaline-catalyzed saponification and enzyme-catalyzed enzymolysis are the most commonly used de-esterification methods. However, information on the efficiency and isomerization during de-esterification of natural astaxanthin esters by these two methods remains scarce. Therefore, we conducted two HPLC-based experiments to determine which method is better for hydrolyzing astaxanthin esters. Results: To assess the effect of enzymolysis (0.67 U/mL cholesterol esterase, at 37°C) and saponification (0.021 M NaOH, at 5°C) conditions on free astaxanthin recovery and destruction or structural transformation of astaxanthin, we varied the total treatment time across a range of 195 min. The results showed that enzymolysis and saponification were complete in 60 min and 90 min, respectively. After complete hydrolysis, the maximum free astaxanthin recovery obtained by enzymolysis was 42.6% more than that obtained by saponification. The identification of by-products, semi-astacene and astacene, during the process of saponification also indicated that a more severe degradation of astaxanthin occurred during saponification. Moreover, the composition of astaxanthin isomers during saponification was similar to that of the isomers during enzymolysis between 30 min and 75 min (all-trans:9-cis:13-cis = 21:3:1, approximately) but dramatically changed after 90 min, whereas the composition in the enzymolysis treatment remained relatively stable throughout. Conclusion: Compared with saponification, enzymolysis with cholesterol esterase was recommended as a more accurate method for de-esterification of natural astaxanthin esters for further qualitative and quantitative HPLC analysis.


Subject(s)
Xanthophylls/chemistry , Esters/chemistry , Carotenoids , Xanthophylls/metabolism , Alkalies , Enzymes/metabolism , Esters/metabolism , Hydrolysis , Isomerism
3.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 150-160, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773630

ABSTRACT

Sesquiterpene lactones are considered as the major active compounds in Kudiezi injection in virtue of their special structures and activities. Herein, an analytical method was developed for rapid screening and identification of sesquiterpene lactones in Kudiezi injection using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) in negative ion mode. First, two sesquiterpene lactone reference standards were analyzed to obtain their characteristic ESI-MS/MS fragmentation patterns. Second, based on extracted ion chromatography (EIC) data-mining method and characteristic fragmentation pathways analysis, sesquiterpene lactones in Kudiezi injection were rapidly screened and identified. Finally, an important parameter Clog P was adopted to discriminate the isomers of sesquiterpene lactones. As a result, 50 sesquiterpene lactones were characterized, including 9 sesquiterpene lactone aglycones, 39 sesquiterpene lactone glycosides, and 2 amino acid-sesquiterpene lactone conjugates. Among them, 13 compounds were tentatively identified as new compounds. The results demonstrated that the established method would be a rapid, effective analytical tool for screening and identification of sesquiterpene lactones in the complex system of natural medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Isomerism , Lactones , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 354-357, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773606

ABSTRACT

In the present study, three compounds were isolated from Argyreia acuta, among them, compounds 1 and 2 were new and Compounds 1 and 3 were isomers. They were separated by several types of columns, such as normal phase, RP, size exclusion and preparative HPLC, and their structures were elucidated by several spectroscopic methods, such as 1D- and 2D-NMR and HR-TOF-MS.


Subject(s)
Convolvulaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glycosides , Chemistry , Isomerism , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Resins, Plant , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry
5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 150-160, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812420

ABSTRACT

Sesquiterpene lactones are considered as the major active compounds in Kudiezi injection in virtue of their special structures and activities. Herein, an analytical method was developed for rapid screening and identification of sesquiterpene lactones in Kudiezi injection using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometry (HPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap) in negative ion mode. First, two sesquiterpene lactone reference standards were analyzed to obtain their characteristic ESI-MS/MS fragmentation patterns. Second, based on extracted ion chromatography (EIC) data-mining method and characteristic fragmentation pathways analysis, sesquiterpene lactones in Kudiezi injection were rapidly screened and identified. Finally, an important parameter Clog P was adopted to discriminate the isomers of sesquiterpene lactones. As a result, 50 sesquiterpene lactones were characterized, including 9 sesquiterpene lactone aglycones, 39 sesquiterpene lactone glycosides, and 2 amino acid-sesquiterpene lactone conjugates. Among them, 13 compounds were tentatively identified as new compounds. The results demonstrated that the established method would be a rapid, effective analytical tool for screening and identification of sesquiterpene lactones in the complex system of natural medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Isomerism , Lactones , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 354-357, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812395

ABSTRACT

In the present study, three compounds were isolated from Argyreia acuta, among them, compounds 1 and 2 were new and Compounds 1 and 3 were isomers. They were separated by several types of columns, such as normal phase, RP, size exclusion and preparative HPLC, and their structures were elucidated by several spectroscopic methods, such as 1D- and 2D-NMR and HR-TOF-MS.


Subject(s)
Convolvulaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glycosides , Chemistry , Isomerism , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Resins, Plant , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry
7.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 18(2): 14-16, diciembre 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-996587

ABSTRACT

El Síndrome de Ivemark se clasifica como un trastorno de Heterotaxia o un trastorno de lateralidad de baja incidencia, que debuta con manifestaciones clínicas caracterizados por latidos cardiacos a la derecha y asplenia entre otras malformaciones, se puede asociar a un patrón de herencia autosómico recesivo que es el más frecuente. Se destaca que entre las malformaciones más frecuentes del aparato digestivo se encuentra la mal rotación intestinal la cual fue descartada y los signos de distensión abdominal y mala tolerancia alimentaria se debió a la descompensación gradual del paciente. El diagnóstico prenatal mediante la ecocardiografía es pieza clave en el manejo posterior del paciente, debido que permite programar su nacimiento en centros de III nivel, por su alta complejidad y requerimiento de cirugía cardiotorácica, el manejo terapéutico de asplenia determina el pronóstico del paciente.


The Ivemark Syndrome is classified as a Heterotaxia disorder or a low incidence laterality disorder, which debuts with the clinical characteristics for right heartbeats and asplenia among other malformations, it can be associated with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern that is the most frequent It is emphasized that the most frequent, malformations of the digestive system are in the phase of abdominal rotation that the discarded and the signs of abdominal distension and food intolerance were due to the gradual decompensation of the patient. Prenatal diagnosis through echocardiography is the key to the management of the birth of the patient, which allows to schedule its birth in the centers of III level, for its high complexity and requirement of cardiothoracic surgery, the therapeutic management of Asplenia determines the prognosis of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Congenital Abnormalities , Heterotaxy Syndrome , Isomerism , Thrombocytosis , Heredity
8.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 16(5): 471-485, sept. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-912584

ABSTRACT

Some known flavonols from the outer bark polar fraction of the native species Croton polycarpus Benth. (Euphorbiaceae) were isolated and quercetin, quercitrin and rutin were identified as the most abundant constituents. From this sample, a clean TLC non polar sub- fraction (A-1) obtained by CC, afforded several isomeric compounds, which were characterized by GC-MS/EI and its results conduct to a group of eighteen sesquiterpenoids with a unique Rf value in TLC; among them, one sesquiterpene hydrocarbon with molecular weight (MW) of 200 g/mol (C15H20), two with MW 202 g/mol,(C15H22), thirteen with a MW of 204 g/mol (C15H24) and two sesquiterpenols with MW 220 g/mol (C15H24O) were determined. From its fresh leaves essential oil obtained by two methods, hydro-distillation and supercritical CO2 extraction, other terpenoids were identified, where the first one process was more efficient (1.5% DM yield) than the last one, and it was selected for a pilot study. This is the first report about chemical composition of the native species C. polycarpus, and the analysis of sesquiterpene isomerism is very important to recognize its structural diversity and similar chemical behavior.


De la fracción polar de la corteza de la especie nativa Croton polycarpus, (Euphorbiaceae) se separaron algunos flavonoles y quercetina, quercitrina y rutina se identificaron como los constituyentes más abundantes. Desde una fracción apolar de esta muestra, se obtuvo por CC una fracción limpia en CCD (C-2), cuyo fraccionamiento por análisis por CGAR-EM/IE permitió determinar un grupo de 18 sesquiterpenoides mayoritarios los cuales presentan un valor único de Rf; entre estos se detectó un hidrocarburo de PM 200 (C15H20), dos derivados de PM 202 (C15H22), trece son hidrocarburos isómeros con PM 204 g/mol (C15H24) y dos terpenoles de PM 220 uma (C15H24O). De igual forma, de las hojas frescas se extrajo el aceite esencial, por dos métodos: hidrodestilación y extracción con CO2 supercrítico (SFE), y el primero de ellos fue el más eficiente (1,5% rendimiento en peso seco) por lo cual se seleccionó para el desarrollo de experimentos a escala de planta piloto. Este informe es la primera contribución al conocimiento de la composición química y la bioactividad de las hojas y corteza de la especie arbórea nativa Croton polycarpus (Euphorbiaceae) y el análisis de mezclas de sesquiterpenos isómericos es muy importante para reconocer la diversidad estructural y su similitud en polaridad y comportamiento químico.


Subject(s)
Sesquiterpenes/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Croton/chemistry , Plant Bark/chemistry , Isomerism , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 501-508, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We studied the results of patient management for left isomerism (LI) and sought to determine factors that may influence survival and prognosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 76 patients who were compatible with LI criteria between 1982 and 2014. RESULTS: Of the total study population, 29 patients (38.1%) had functional univentricular heart disease, 43 patients (56.5%) had cardiac anomalies suitable for biventricular hearts, and four patients (5.2%) had normal heart structure. Extracardiac anomalies were noted in 38.1% of the study population, including biliary atresia in 7.8% of all patients. Of the 25 patients who underwent Kawashima procedures, 24.0% developed pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (PAVFs). During the median follow-up period of 11.4 years (range: 1 day to 32 years), 14 patients died. The 10-year, 20-year, and 30-year survival rates were 87%, 84%, and 76%, respectively. Preoperative dysrhythmia and uncorrected atrioventricular valve regurgitation were significantly associated with late death. There was no significant difference in the number of surgical procedures and in survival expectancy between patients in the functional single-ventricle group and in the biventricular group. However, late mortality was higher in functional single-ventricle patients after 18 years of age. CONCLUSION: Patients with LI need to be carefully followed, not only for late cardiovascular problems such as dysrhythmia, valve regurgitation, and the development of PAVFs, but also for noncardiac systemic manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arteriovenous Fistula , Biliary Atresia , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Diseases , Heterotaxy Syndrome , Isomerism , Medical Records , Mortality , Prognosis , Survival Rate
10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 625-630, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812074

ABSTRACT

The kaurenoic acid-type diterpenoids in Acanthopanacis Cortex have been reported to be the major active components. However, the diterpenoids are present as position isomers that exacerbate the challenges in obtaining standards compounds. Little work has been done on the quantitative analysis of the diterpenoids in the herb. In the present study, two diterpenoid isomers ent-16βH,17-isovalerate-kauran-19-oic acid (1) and ent-16βH,17-methyl butanoate-kauran-19-oic acid (2) with high purity were separated by analytical HPLC, followed by recrystallization in acetone. Furthermore, an HPLC-ELSD method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of 1 and 2 in 9 batches of Acanthopanacis Cortex samples. The HPLC separation and quantification was achieved in 40 min using an Agela Promosil C column eluted with a gradient of water and acetonitrile. The calibration curves showed good linearity (r ≥ 0.999 9) within the test ranges. The LOD ranged from 0.407 2 to 0.518 0 μg and LOQ ranged from 1.018 0 to 1.295 0 μg. The precisions (%RSD) were within 1.47% for the two isomers. The recovery of the assay was in the range of 98.78%-99.11% with RSD values less than 2.76%. It is the first time to establish a quantitative HPLC method for the analysis of the bioactive kaurenoic acid isomers in the herb.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Eleutherococcus , Chemistry , Isomerism , Plant Roots , Chemistry
11.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 77(2): 163-166, abr.-jun. 2016. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-834259

ABSTRACT

Se comunica la ablación de un flúter auricular con una longitud de ciclo de 260 ms en un paciente de 28 años con isomerismoizquierdo y vena cava inferior izquierda interrumpida. Mediante encarrilamiento, demostramos la participación del istmo suprahepáticotricuspídeoen el circuito de macroreentrada. Realizamos líneas de ablación con radiofrecuencia que detuvieron la arritmia primaria yculminó en ritmo de escape noda.


We report the ablation of an atrial flutter with a 260 ms cycle length in a 28-year-old patient with left isomerism and interrupted leftinferior vena cava. We showed the participation of the suprahepatic – tricuspid isthmus in the macro reentry circuit by the entrainmentmaneuver.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Atrial Flutter , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Isomerism , Vena Cava, Inferior/pathology , Case Reports
12.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(4): 874-884, 04/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744859

ABSTRACT

Investigamos relações entre configuração familiar (arranjo de moradia, chefia familiar e contribuição financeira para o sustento da família), idade, sexo e condições de saúde física (capacidade funcional, número de doenças e de sinais e sintomas, e envolvimento social) e saúde psicológica (depressão e ansiedade) em idosos, conforme autorrelato. A amostra probabilística tinha 134 idosos sem déficit cognitivo e os dados foram coletados por entrevista domiciliar. Foi feita análise de conglomerados mediante o método da partição (três agrupamentos). As variáveis que mais contribuíram para a formação dos grupos foram as atividades básicas (R2 = 0,732) e instrumentais da vida diária (R2 = 0,487), o número de doenças (R2 = 0,241) e a idade (R2 = 0,225). A configuração familiar predominante foi corresidência com os descendentes, sendo os idosos provedores e chefes de família. Foram encontradas relações entre configuração familiar, condições de saúde física e saúde psicológica. As mulheres apresentaram maior ônus financeiro e pior saúde física e psicológica do que os homens.


This study focused on the relations between family configuration (living arrangements, heads of family, and financial contributions to the family's support), age, gender, and physical health (functional capacity, number of diseases and signs and symptoms, and social involvement) and psychological health (depression and anxiety) among the elderly, based on self-reported data. The probabilistic sample included 134 elderly without cognitive deficit, with data collected in home interviews. Cluster analyses were performed using the partitioning method (three groupings). The variables that contributed the most to forming groups were basic activities of daily living (R2 = 0.732) and instrumental activities of daily living (R2 = 0.487), number of diseases (R2 = 0.241), and age (R2 = 0.225). The predominant family configuration was living with children and/or grandchildren, with the elderly as providers and heads of the family. The study showed associations between family configuration and physical and psychological health status. Women showed a higher financial burden and worse psychological health than men.


Hemos investigado las relaciones entre la configuración familiar (arreglo de la vivienda familiar, liderazgo y contribución financiera para la familia), edad, sexo y condiciones de salud física (capacidad funcional, número de signos y síntomas, enfermedades y participación social) y salud psicológica (depresión y ansiedad) de ancianos, según el mismo informe. La muestra probabilística fue 134 personas mayores sin déficit cognitivo y los datos recogidos por entrevista domiciliaria. Se crearon por el método de análisis de conglomerados de partición (tres grupos). Las variables que han contribuido más a la formación de los grupos fueron actividades básicas (R2 = 0,732) y actividades instrumentales de la vida cotidiana (R2 = 0,487), el número de enfermedades (R2 = 0,241) y edad (R2 = 0,225). Predominaron los arreglos con los descendientes, siendo los ancianos proveedores y sostén de la familia. Las relaciones encontradas entre configuración familiar, las condiciones de salud física y psicológica fueron importantes. Las mujeres tuvieron mayor carga financiera y peor salud psicológica y física que los hombres.


Subject(s)
Dextrans/chemistry , Glucans/chemistry , Oligosaccharides/analysis , Carbohydrate Conformation , Isomerism , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(1): 1-5, Feb. 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750503

ABSTRACT

Concomitant tumor resistance (CR) is a phenomenon in which a tumor-bearing host is resistant to the growth of secondary tumor implants and metastasis. While former studies have indicated that T-cell dependent processes mediate CR in hosts bearing immunogenic small tumors, the most universal manifestation of CR induced by immunogenic and non-immunogenic large tumors had been associated with an antitumor serum factor that remained an enigma for many years. In a recent paper, we identified that elusive factor(s) as an equi-molar mixture of meta-tyrosine and ortho-tyrosine, two isomers of tyrosine that are not present in normal proteins and that proved to be responsible for 90% and 10%, respectively, of the total serum anti-tumor activity. In this work, we have extended our previous findings demonstrating that a periodic intravenous administration of meta-tyrosine induced a dramatic reduction of lung and hepatic metastases generated in mice bearing two different metastatic murine tumors and decreased the rate of death from 100% up to 25% in tumor-excised mice that already exhibited established metastases at the time of surgery. These anti-metastatic effects were achieved even at very low concentrations and without displaying any detectable toxic-side effects, suggesting that the use of meta-tyrosine may help to develop new and less harmful means of managing malignant diseases, especially those aimed to control the growth of metastases that is the most serious problem in cancer pathology.


La resistencia concomitante antitumoral (RC) es el fenómeno según el cual un individuo portador de tumor inhibe el crecimiento de implantes tumorales secundarios y metástasis. Si bien desde hace tiempo se sabe que la RC inducida por tumores inmunogénicos de pequeño tamaño es generada por mecanismos inmunológicos dependientes de células T, por otro lado, la manifestación más universal de la RC, generada tanto por tumores inmunogénicos como no-inmunogénicos de gran tamaño, había sido asociada con un (unos) factor sérico antitumoral cuya naturaleza permaneció elusiva por años. En un trabajo reciente, nuestro grupo de trabajo identificó este factor como la mezcla equi-molar de meta-tirosina y orto-tirosina, dos isómeros de tirosina que no están presentes en proteínas normales y que demostraron ser responsables del 90% y 10%, respectivamente, de la actividad antitumoral total del suero. En este trabajo, continuamos nuestras investigaciones demostrando que la administración periódica de meta-tirosina reducía drásticamente el número de metástasis pulmonares y hepáticas en ratones portadores de dos tumores murinos altamente metastásicos y disminuía dramáticamente la mortandad (de 100% a 25%) de ratones con metástasis ya establecidas al momento de la extirpación quirúrgica del tumor. Estos efectos anti-metastásicos se lograron aun con muy bajas concentraciones de meta-tirosina y sin efectos tóxicos perceptibles, lo que sugiere que su uso puede ayudar a diseñar nuevas y menos nocivas estrategias para el tratamiento del cáncer, especialmente aquellas destinadas a controlar el crecimiento metastásico, que es el problema más grave en la enfermedad oncológica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/prevention & control , Liver Neoplasms/prevention & control , Lung Neoplasms/prevention & control , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/pathology , Tyrosine/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/blood , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Isomerism , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Tyrosine/adverse effects , Tyrosine/chemistry
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(2): 147-157, feb. 2015. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-742565

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a gap between the number of patients requiring a renal allograft and the number of potential deceased donors (DD). One alternative is using allografts from non-related living donors (NRLD). Aim: To compare survival and complications of renal allograft recipients from DD, related living donors (RLD) and NRLD. Material and Methods: Observational study of a cohort of renal allograft recipients. Of 253 transplants performed in a Chilean region between 1981 and 2003, 20 patients received and allograft from a NRLD. Graft and patient survival of these patients were compared with those of 93 patients receiving an allograft from a related living donor and 140 receiving it from a DD. Patients were followed for 10 years or until death or dialysis requirement. Results: No significant differences between groups in graft and patient survival, deaths with a functioning graft or return to dialysis were observed. Receptors of DD had more hospital admissions during the first years after receiving the graft, usually due to infections. Also a delayed graft function was more common among them. Glomerular filtration rate ten years after the graft was similar among the three groups. Conclusions: No differences in graft or patient survival was observed between patients receiving a renal allograft from NRLD, RLD or DD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Rats , Analgesics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Niacinamide/analogs & derivatives , Niacinamide/pharmacology , Amides/pharmacology , Carrageenan , Dipyrone/pharmacology , Edema/chemically induced , Edema/drug therapy , Formaldehyde , Hot Temperature , Isomerism , Motor Activity/drug effects , Pain Measurement/drug effects , Picolinic Acids/pharmacology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/antagonists & inhibitors , Postural Balance/drug effects , Rats, Wistar
15.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 277-280, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189935

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a 37-year-old man who suffered from biventricular failure due to left isomerism, inferior vena cava interruption with azygos vein continuation, bilateral superior vena cava, double outlet of right ventricle, complete atrioventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, and isolated dextrocardia. Heart transplantation in patients with systemic venous anomalies often requires the correction and reconstruction of the upper & lower venous drainage. We present a case of heart transplantation in a patient with left isomerism, highlighting technical modifications to the procedure, including the unifocalization of the caval veins and reconstruction with patch augmentation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Azygos Vein , Dextrocardia , Drainage , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Transplantation , Heart Ventricles , Heart , Isomerism , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Veins , Vena Cava, Inferior , Vena Cava, Superior
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 494-501, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732245

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to monitor nonsurgical and surgical root canal treatment (RCT) of teeth with primary and secondary infections and apical periodontitis (AP). This prospective clinical study comprised the treatment of 80 patients with primary and persistent secondary infections and AP. Of this initial sample, forty patients did not return. Periapical index using cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCTPAI) was used to aid diagnosis, planning and to determine the better therapeutic strategy. Twenty patients (26 teeth) diagnosed with primary infection and AP received conventional RCT and were followed up for 10 to 36 months. Twenty patients (31 teeth) diagnosed with persistent secondary infection were submitted to periapical surgical and followed up for 6 to 30 months. The results showed RCT successful in 19/26 cases with complete AP healing (5/26 with partial repair) in 10-36 months of follow up. For the surgically managed cases, effectiveness of surgical therapy was detected in 10/31 cases with complete healing (10/31 cases with partial repair) within 6-30 months follow up. The return of patients for clinical and radiographic follow-up, and obedience to the proposed time period was very short from ideal. The levels of success in both therapeutic protocols were high. RCT failures were detected even with rigorous standard clinical protocols.


O objetivo do estudo foi monitorar tratamentos de canais radiculares (TCR) convencionais e com auxílio de cirurgia periapical. Este estudo prospectivo constituiu de 80 pacientes portadores de infecções primárias e secundárias persistentes e periodontite apical (PA). O índice periapical utilizando tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (CBCTPAI) foi utilizado como auxiliar no diagnóstico, planejamento e para determinar a melhor estratégia terapêutica. Apenas 40 pacientes retornaram para o TCR. Em 20 pacientes (26 dentes) com diagnósticos de infecções primárias e PA foram feitos TCR convencionais e monitoramentos por 10 a 36 meses. Em 20 pacientes (31 dentes) com diagnósticos de infecções secundárias persistentes foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos e acompanhamentos durante 6 a 30 meses. Os resultados mostraram TCR bem sucedidos em 19 de 26 casos, com curas completas das PA (5 de 26 com reparação parcial) em controles de 10 a 36 meses. Para os casos de tratamentos cirúrgicos foram detectadas eficácias das terapêuticas cirúrgicas em 10 de 31 casos com curas completas (10 de 31 casos com reparação parcial) em controles de 6 a 30 meses. O retorno dos pacientes para controle clínico e radiográfico e a obediência ao período de tempo proposto está muito aquém do ideal. Os níveis de sucesso em ambos os protocolos terapêuticos se mostraram elevados. Fracassos no TCR foram detectados mesmo utilizando protocolo clínico com rigoroso padrão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Benzoates/pharmacokinetics , Iodine Radioisotopes/pharmacokinetics , Iodohippuric Acid/pharmacokinetics , Phenylacetates/pharmacokinetics , Isomerism , Mice, Inbred Strains
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 472-478, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732254

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of a fluoride-containing adhesive system submitted to a pH-cycling and storage time regimen for primary outcomes. As secondary outcomes the fluoride released amount was evaluated. Twelve dentin surfaces from sound third molar were divided into 2 groups according to adhesive systems: Clearfil SE Protect (PB) and Clearfil SE Bond (SE). Sticks obtained (1.0 mm2) from teeth were randomly divided into 3 subgroups according to storage regimen model: immediate (24h); 5-month deionized water (W); and pH-cycling model (C). All sticks were tested for µTBS in a universal testing machine. Fluoride concentration was obtained from 1-4 days and 30-day in W and 1-4 days in demineralization (DE)/remineralization (RE) solutions from C, using a fluoride-specific electrode. µTBS and fluoride released data were, respectively, submitted to ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey, and Friedman' tests (a=0.05). There was no significant interaction between adhesive system and storage regimen for µTBS. W showed the lowest µTBS values. There was no significant difference between 24 h and C models for µTBS. There was no significant difference between adhesive systems. Failure mode was predominantly cohesive within composite for the 24 h and W, for the C group it was mixed for SE and cohesive within composite for PB adhesive system. Fluoride concentrations in the DE/RE solutions were less than 0.03125 ppm and not detected in W. In conclusion, the fluoride-containing adhesive system performed similarly to the regular one. Hydrolytic degradation is the main problem with both adhesive systems, regardless of fluoride contents.


O objetivo principal desse estudo foi avaliar a resistência de união à microtração de dois sistemas adesivos (com e sem flúor) após a ciclagem de pH e armazenagem em água deionizada. A quantidade de flúor liberada foi avaliada secundariamente. Doze terceiros molares hígidos foram separados em 2 grupos de acordo com o sistema adesivo: Clearfil SE Protect - com flúor (PB) e Clearfil SE Bond - sem flúor (SE). Os palitos (1 mm2) obtidos do mesmo dente foram aleatoriamente divididos em 3 subgrupos de acordo com o meio de armazenagem: em água deionizada por 24h ou 5 meses e ciclagem de pH. Os palitos foram tracionados em uma máquina de ensaio universal a 0,5 mm/min. A concentração de flúor foi analisada em água deionizada (1-4 dias e 30 dias) e na solução remineralizadora e desmineralizadora (1-4 dias) usando um eletrodo específico. Os dados de resistência de união e liberação de flúor foram, respectivamente, submetidos à Análise de Variância em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Friedman (a=0,05). Não houve nenhuma interação significativa na resistência de união entre os sistemas adesivos e os meios de armazenagem. Os menores valores de resistência de união à microtração foram encontrados para os palitos armazenados em água deionizada. Não houve nenhuma diferença significativa nos valores de resistência de união após 24h e ciclagem de pH. Nenhuma diferença significativa na resistência de união foi observada entre os 2 sistemas adesivos. O modo de falha foi predominantemente coesivo em compósito para os grupos armazenados em água por 24h ou 5 meses para ambos os sistemas adesivos. No grupo submetido à ciclagem, a falha foi mista para o SE e coesiva em compósito para o PB. A concentração de flúor nas soluções DE/RE foi menor que 0,03125 ppm e não detectada em água deionizada. Concluindo, o sistema adesivo com flúor (PB) apresentou performance similar ao sistema adesivo sem flúor (SE). A degradação hidrolítica foi o principal fator para ambos os sistemas adesivos, independente da adição de flúor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Floxuridine/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Evaluation , Drug Tolerance , Floxuridine/toxicity , Isomerism , Neoplasms/drug therapy
19.
Salud pública Méx ; 56(5): 519-527, sep.-oct. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-733325

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Explorar las necesidades de información y consejería de un grupo de mujeres mexicanas al utilizar la prueba de virus de papiloma humano (VPH). Material y métodos. En 2011, se realizaron 24 entrevistas semiestructuradas a mujeres que recibieron el resultado de una prueba de VPH, en dos municipios del estado de Michoacán. El análisis cualitativo de las entrevistas se realizó con las técnicas de la comparación constante. Resultados. Durante el tamizaje, las mujeres recibieron escasa consejería; experimentaron angustia y confusión. Las usuarias de la prueba se mostraron interesadas en recibir información sobre el VPH y el cáncer cervical, el significado de sus resultados, los pasos que habrían de realizar en la atención, apoyo emocional e información vinculada con la transmisión sexual de VPH. Conclusiones. Se requiere diseñar e implementar políticas para impartir educación para la salud y consejería, a la par de la realización de pruebas de VPH.


Objective. To explore the information and counseling needs of a group of Mexican women during use of the HPV test. Materials and methods. In 2011, 24 semistructured interviews were done with women upon receiving HPV test results in two municipalities in the state of Michoacan. Qualitative analysis of the interviews was done using constant comparison techniques. Results. During their use of screening services women received limited counseling; they felt anguish and confusion. Women were interested in receiving information and advice on HPV and cervical cancer, the meaning of test result, next steps to be taken in their healthcare use as well as information and emotional support related to the sexual transmission of HPV. Conclusions. The design and implementation of policies are needed which instigate health education and counseling in conjunction with HPV testing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Floxuridine/toxicity , Intestines/drug effects , Thymidine Phosphorylase/antagonists & inhibitors , Uracil/analogs & derivatives , Administration, Oral , Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Body Weight , Carcinoma, Lewis Lung/drug therapy , Drug Synergism , Floxuridine/administration & dosage , Floxuridine/therapeutic use , Isomerism , Uracil/administration & dosage , Uracil/pharmacology
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