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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921645


The present study investigated the effects of chikusetsu saponin Ⅳa(CHS Ⅳa) on isoproterenol(ISO)-induced myocardial hypertrophy in rats and explored the underlying molecular mechanism. ISO was applied to establish a rat model of myocardial hypertrophy, and CHS Ⅳa(5 and 15 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) was used for intervention. The tail artery blood pressure was measured. Cardiac ultrasound examination was performed. The ratio of heart weight to body weight(HW/BW) was calculated. Morphological changes in the myocardial tissue were observed by HE staining. Collagen deposition in the myocardial tissue was observed by Masson staining. The mRNA expression of myocardial hypertrophy indicators(ANP and BNP), autophagy-related genes(Atg5, P62 and beclin1), and miR199 a-5 p was detected by qRT-PCR. Atg5 protein expression was detected by Western blot. The results showed that the model group exhibited increased tail artery blood pressure and HW/BW ratio, thickened left ventricular myocardium, enlarged myocardial cells, disordered myocardial fibers with widened interstitium, and a large amount of collagen aggregating around the extracellular matrix and blood vessels. ANP and BNP were largely expressed. Moreover, P62 expression was up-regulated, while beclin1 expression was down-regulated. After intervention by CHS Ⅳa at different doses, myocardial hypertrophy was ameliorated and autophagy activity in the myocardial tissue was enhanced. Meanwhile, miR199 a-5 p expression declined and Atg5 expression increased. As predicted by bioinformatics, Atg5 was a target gene of miR199 a-5 p. CHS Ⅳa was capable of preventing myocardial hypertrophy by regulating autophagy of myocardial cells through the miR-199 a-5 p/Atg5 signaling pathway.

Animals , Cardiomegaly/genetics , Isoproterenol , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oleanolic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Rats , Saponins/pharmacology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878930


The present study is to investigate the absorption characteristics of the main components in Polygonum orientale extract in normal and isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemia model rats with everted intestinal sac models. Intestinal sac fluid samples were collected in different part of intestine(duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon) at different time after administration of different concentration of P. orientale extract(5.0,10.0, 20.0 mg·mL~(-1)). An UPLC-TQD method was employed for the determination of six components including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, protocatechuic acid, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside and quercitrin in the intestinal sac samples. The absorption rate and cumulative absorption were calculated to analyze the intestinal absorption characteristics of six components in normal and myocardial ischemia model rats. The P-glycoprotein(P-gp) inhibitor was applied to investigate influence of intestinal absorption of six components in P. orientale extract. The results showed that the main absorption sites were concentrated on the duodenum at low concentration, while they were the colon at the medium concentration and the ileum at high concentration in control groups. In the condition of myocardial ischemia model, the main absorption sites focus on the ileum and jejunum at low concentration; the main absorption sites were in the ileum at the medium concentration and main absorption sites were the duodenum and ileum at high concentration. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of the six components significantly decreased in the model group. P-gp inhibitor markedly increased the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of six components in the model group, inferring that the 6 components may be the substrates of P-gp, and the mechanism needs further study. In this study, it is revealed that the six components of P. orientale extract can be absorbed into the intestinal sac, and it is an effective method to assess the intestinal absorption characteristics of P. orientale extract through everted intestinal sac model, providing data support for the clinical application and further development of P. orientale.

Animals , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Isoproterenol , Myocardial Ischemia/chemically induced , Polygonum , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 459-470, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887681


Cardiac hypertrophy is a common pathological process of various cardiovascular diseases and eventually develops into heart failure. This paper was aimed to study the different pathological characteristics exhibited by different mouse strains after hypertrophy stimulation. Two mouse strains, A/J and FVB/nJ, were treated with isoproterenol (ISO) by osmotic pump to induce cardiac hypertrophy. Echocardiography was performed to monitor heart morphology and function. Mitochondria were isolated from hearts in each group, and oxidative phosphorylation function was assayed in vitro. The results showed that both strains showed a compensatory enhancement of heart contractile function after 1-week ISO treatment. The A/J mice, but not the FVB/nJ mice, developed significant cardiac hypertrophy after 3-week ISO treatment as evidenced by increases in left ventricular posterior wall thickness, heart weight/body weight ratio, cross sectional area of cardiomyocytes and cardiac hypertrophic markers. Interestingly, the heart from A/J mice contained higher mitochondrial DNA copy number compared with that from FVB/nJ mice. Functionally, the mitochondria from A/J mice displayed faster O

Animals , Cardiomegaly/chemically induced , Heart Failure , Isoproterenol/toxicity , Mice , Mitochondria , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 163-172, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131026


Abstract Syncope in pediatrics represents an important cause of visits to the emergency units. For this reason, excluding a cardiac or malignant origin is essential at the time of the initial approach to determine what is the next step in management, or if they need to be referred to a pediatric cardiologist and/or electrophysiologist. Vasovagal syncope is the most frequent cause of syncope in pediatrics, in which a detailed clinical history is enough to make the diagnosis. If no diagnosis is concluded by the history, or if it is necessary to define the hemodynamic response of the patients, the head-up-tilt-test is indicated; this will trigger syncope due to an orthostatic stress caused by the angulated table (passive phase). If a negative response remains, it can be followed by a pharmacologic challenge to trigger the hemodynamic response, which is still controversial in pediatrics. The pharmacologic challenge increases the sensitivity with a slight reduction in test specificity. Although there is not a specific drug for the challenge in pediatric patients yet, the most commonly drugs used are nitrates and isoproterenol, the latter related to a great number of adverse effects. Sublingual administration of nitrates in the challenge has been proven to be ideal, effective, and safe in this specific age group. The aim of this article is to make a literature search to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of the pharmacologic challenge during the head-up-tilt-test in pediatrics, emphasizing a study conducted at the National Institute of Cardiology with isosorbide dinitrate.

Resumen El síncope en edades pediátricas representa una causa importante en las visitas a unidades de urgencias, por lo que excluir un origen cardíaco o maligno es fundamental al momento del abordaje inicial para determinar la conducta a seguir o la necesidad de derivar al cardiólogo pediatra o electrofisiólogo. El síncope vasovagal (SVV) es la causa más frecuente de síncope en pediatría, para cuyo diagnóstico basta una historia clínica detallada. Cuando ésta no es suficiente para determinar el diagnóstico de síncope reflejo o es necesario definir el tipo de respuesta que lo origina, está indicada una prueba de mesa inclinada que produce un estrés ortostático por la angulación y ello desencadena un síncope (fase pasiva). En pruebas no concluyentes está indicado un reto farmacológico para precipitar la respuesta hemodinámica, pero aún es un tema de controversia en edades pediátricas. El reto farmacológico incrementa la sensibilidad de la prueba, con una ligera reducción de la especificidad. Si bien no existe todavía un medicamento específico para la población pediátrica, los más empleados son los nitratos y el isoproterenol, este último relacionado con un mayor número de efectos adversos. La administración sublingual de los nitratos utilizados ha demostrado ser ideal, efectiva y segura en los pacientes pediátricos. El objetivo del artículo es realizar una revisión de las publicaciones médicas que demuestran la efectividad y seguridad del reto farmacológico durante la prueba de mesa inclinada en pacientes pediátricos, con énfasis en un estudio conducido en el Instituto Nacional de Cardiología con dinitrato de isosorbida (DNIS).

Humans , Child , Syncope/diagnosis , Tilt-Table Test/methods , Syncope, Vasovagal/diagnosis , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Tilt-Table Test/adverse effects , Isoproterenol/adverse effects , Isoproterenol/pharmacology , Nitrates/adverse effects , Nitrates/pharmacology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e8793, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055493


Aliskiren (ALS) is well known for its antihypertensive properties. However, the potential underlying the molecular mechanism and the anti-hypertrophic effect of ALS have not yet been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of ALS in mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and apoptosis signaling using in vivo and in vitro models of cardiac hypertrophy. A rat model of cardiac hypertrophy was induced by isoproterenol treatment (5 mg·kg-1·day-1) for 4 weeks, with or without ALS treatment at 20 mg·kg-1·day-1. The expression of hypertrophic, fibrotic, and apoptotic markers was determined by RT-qPCR. The protein expression of apoptotic markers mTOR and p-mTOR was assessed by western blot analysis. The proliferation of H9C2 cells was monitored using the MTS assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometry. In vivo, isoproterenol-treated rats exhibited worse cardiac function, whereas ALS treatment reversed these dysfunctions, which were associated with changes in p-mTOR, Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 expression, as well as the number of apoptotic cells. In vitro, H9C2 cardiomyocyte viability was significantly inhibited and cardiac hypertrophy was induced by Ang II administration, but ALS reversed Ang II-induced H9C2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and death. Furthermore, Ang II triggered the activation of the mTOR and apoptosis pathways in hypertrophic cardiomyocytes that were inhibited by ALS treatment. These results indicated that ALS alleviated cardiac hypertrophy through inhibition of the mTOR and apoptosis pathways in cardiomyocytes.

Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cardiomegaly/prevention & control , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fumarates/administration & dosage , Amides/administration & dosage , Fibrosis/chemically induced , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cardiomegaly/chemically induced , Cardiomegaly/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Disease Models, Animal , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/drug effects , Flow Cytometry , Isoproterenol/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761783


The present study was designed to examine the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction by cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) on the cardiac functions and morphology, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, myocardial antioxidants (superoxide dismutase [SOD] and glutathione [GSH]), and expression of heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 and connexin 43 (Cx-43) in myocardial muscles in isoproterenol (ISO) induced myocardial infarction (MI). Thirty two adult male Sprague Dawely rats were divided into 4 groups (each 8 rats): normal control (NC) group, ISO group: received ISO at dose of 150 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 2 successive days; ISO + Trizma group: received (ISO) and Trizma (solvent of CoPP) at dose of 5 mg/kg i.p. injection 2 days before injection of ISO, with ISO at day 0 and at day 2 after ISO injections; and ISO + CoPP group: received ISO and CoPP at a dose of 5 mg/kg dissolved in Trizma i.p. injection as Trizma. We found that, administration of ISO caused significant increase in heart rate, corrected QT interval, ST segment, cardiac enzymes (lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase-muscle/brain), cardiac HO-1, Hsp70 with significant attenuation in myocardial GSH, SOD, and Cx-43. On the other hand, administration of CoPP caused significant improvement in ECG parameters, cardiac enzymes, cardiac morphology; antioxidants induced by ISO with significant increase in HO-1, Cx-43, and Hsp70 expression in myocardium. In conclusions, we concluded that induction of HO-1 by CoPP ameliorates ISO-induced myocardial injury, which might be due to up-regulation of Hsp70 and gap junction protein (Cx-43).

Adult , Animals , Antioxidants , Body Weight , Cobalt , Connexin 43 , Connexins , Creatine , Electrocardiography , Glutathione , Hand , Heart Rate , Heat-Shock Proteins , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Heme , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Humans , Isoproterenol , Male , Muscles , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Oxidoreductases , Rats , Tromethamine , Up-Regulation
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775058


OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes and significance of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) in left ventricular remodeling in FVB/N mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 54 FVB/N mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: 0 d group with 8 mice, 7 d group with 10 mice, 14 d group with 16 mice, and 21 d group with 20 mice. A model of cardiac remodeling was established by intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol (ISO) at a daily dose of 30 mg/kg, and the 7 d, 14 d, and 21 d groups were injected for 7, 14, and 21 consecutive days respectively. The 0 d group was given intraperitoneal injection of an equal volume of normal saline. Echocardiography was used to measure left ventricular posterior wall thickness at end diastole (dLVPW) and the ratio of heart weight to tibia length (HW/TL) was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to measure left ventricular myocardial fiber diameter. Picric-Sirius red staining was used to measure myocardial collagen deposition area in the left ventricle. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of ASK1, type I collagen (collagen I), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). The mortality rate was observed for each group.@*RESULTS@#There were gradual increases in HW/TL, myocardial fiber diameter, and dLVPW after 0, 7, and 14 days of ISO injection (P0.05), while there was a significant reduction in myocardial fiber diameter (P0.05). There were significant increases in myocardial collagen deposition area and the mRNA expression of collagen I, ASK1, and BNP after 0, 7, 14, and 21 days of ISO injection, which reached the peaks on day 21 (P<0.01). The mRNA expression of ASK1 was positively correlated with myocardial collagen deposition area and the mRNA expression of collagen I and BNP and had a weak correlation with HW/TL, myocardial fiber diameter, and dLVPW. There was a significant increase in the mortality rate of the mice over the time of ISO injection.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of ASK1 in the myocardium is closely associated with left ventricular remodeling. The increase of ASK1 expression may lead to the aggravation of left ventricular remodeling, and the mechanism of which needs further study.

Animals , Isoproterenol , MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 5 , Mice , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Ventricular Remodeling
Araçatuba; s.n; 2019. 86 p. graf, ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1381415


Introdução: O remodelamento ósseo é um processo complexo que depende do balanço entre formação e reabsorção óssea, mecanismo regulado pelas células ósseas e fatores sistêmicos, como o Sistema Nervoso Simpático (SNS). Os mediadores deste sistema são capazes de regular o metabolismo ósseo através dos receptores adrenérgicos expressos na superfície dos osteoblastos. Entretanto, o papel dos receptores ß-adrenérgicos ainda não está totalmente elucidado no processo de diferenciação osteogênica. Objetivos: avaliar o papel dos receptores ß-adrenérgicos na diferenciação osteoblástica de células tronco mesenquimais da medula óssea de ratos normotensos e espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR). Métodos: Ratos machos Wistar e SHR (10 semanas) foram utilizados para a coleta da medula óssea a partir do fêmur, as quais foram plaqueadas em garrafas de cultivo celular e depois em placas de 24 poços, onde receberam o meio osteogênico (MO: MEM, mais 50 µg/mL de ácido ascórbico, 10 mM de ß-glicerofosfato e 10-8 M de dexametasona), e o tratamento com Isoprenalina (0,01 µM), Carvedilol (1 µM), antagonista adrenérgico não seletivo, ou Nebivolol (0,1 µM), antagonista ß1-adrenérgico. O ensaio de proliferação celular (MTT) e a atividade de fosfatase alcalina (Fal) foram realizados nos dias 7, 10 e 14. A mineralização foi avaliada no dia 14 através do vermelho de Alizarina. A expressão gênica dos marcadores osteogênicos e dos receptores ß1 e ß2 adrenérgicos foi avaliada no dia 7 por RT-PCR em tempo real. A atividade proteolítica da metaloproteinase de matriz (MMP-2) foi avaliada no mesmo período utilizando zimografia. As vias da MAPK também foram avaliadas ao final de 7 dias. Resultados: A Isoprenalina reduz a fosfatase alcalina na linhagem de células Wistar nos dois primeiros períodos, e ao final de 14 dias apresenta um aumento significativo. A adição dos -bloqueadores reverte tal resposta. Em SHR a Isoprenalina proporciona aumento da atividade de fosfatase alcalina no período intermediário. O Nebivolol inibe essa resposta no mesmo período e, em 7 dias, é capaz de reverter a redução causada pelo agonista. A Isoprenalina aumentou a expressão de todos os fatores de transcrição e o bloqueio dos receptores reverteu essa condição A Isoprenalina aumenta a expressão de Opn, Ocn e BSP nas células de animais Wistar, e em SHR aumenta apenas Ocn e o tratamento com Carvedilol corrige. A atividade de MMP-2 também foi reduzida pelo Nebivolol apenas no grupo Wistar. Além disso, o Nebivolol reduziu a expressão gênica do receptor ß1-adrenérgico. O ensaio de mineralização mostrou menor deposição mineral em Wistar. O Nebivolol também mediou a redução da fosforilação das vias da MAPK neste mesmo grupo de células. Conclusão: Nossos dados sugerem que o receptor ß1-adrenérgico pode estar envolvido na diferenciação osteogênica de células de ratos Wistar mas não em células de ratos SHR(AU)

Introduction: Bone remodeling is a complex process that depends on the balance between formation and resorption bone, a process which is regulated by bone cells and systemic factors, like the Sympathetic Nervous system (SNS). The mediators of these system are able to regulate bone metabolism through adrenergic receptors on the surface os the osteoblastos. However, the role of ß-adrenergic receptors is not clear in he osteogenic differentiation process. Thus, in this study we aimed to evaluate the role of B-adrenergic receptor on osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from normotensive and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR). Methods: 70-days-old male Wistar and SHR rats were used for bone marrow collection from femurs, which was placed in cell culture flasks and after in to 24-well plates, where they received osteogenic medium (OM: MEN, plus 50 µg/mL ascorbic acid, 10 mM ß glycerophosphate, and 10-8 M dexamethasone) and the treatment with Isoprenaline (0.01 µM), Carvedilol (1µM), non-selective adrenergic receptor antagonist, or Nebivolol (0,1 µM), ß1-adrenergic receptor antagonist. Cell proliferation (MTT assay) and alkaline phosphatase specific activity (Alp) were analyzed at day 7, 10 and 14. Mineralization was evaluated at day 14, by Alizarin Red S. Gene expression of osteogenic markers and B1 and B2-adrenergic receptor were evaluated at day 7, by real time-RT-PCR. The proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) were evaluated at day 7 using gelatin zymography. The MAPK pathway was evaluated at the same period. Results: Isoprenaline provides increased alkaline phosphatase activity in the intermediate period. The addition of Nebivolol includes this response over this same period and, within 7 days, was able to reverse the reduced agonist reduction. Isoprenaline increased expression of all transcription factors and receptor blockade reversed this condition Isoprenaline increases expression of Opn, Ocn and BSP in Wistar animal cells, and in SHR only increases Ocn and Carvedilol-corrected treatment. MMP-2 was reduced by Nebivolol treatment just at Wistar cells. Besides that, Nebivolol reduced Adrb1 gene expression at day 7 in Wistar group. Mineralization showed that Nebivolol reduced mineral deposition in Wistar. Nebivolol reduced MAPK proteins phosphorylation. Conclusion: Our results suggest that ß1 adrenergic receptor seems to be involved in the osteogenic differentiation of cells from Wistar rats but not in SHR cells(AU)

Animals , Rats , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Hypertension , Osteoblasts , Rats, Inbred SHR , Sympathetic Nervous System , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Bone Resorption , Receptors, Adrenergic , Rats, Wistar , Nebivolol , Isoproterenol
Acta cir. bras ; 34(5): e201900505, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010872


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the cardioprotective response of the pharmacological modulation of β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR) in animal model of cardiac ischemia and reperfusion (CIR), in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive (NWR) rats. Methods: CIR was induced by the occlusion of left anterior descendent coronary artery (10 min) and reperfusion (75 min). The SHR was treated with β-AR antagonist atenolol (AT, 10 mg/kg, IV) 5 min before CIR, and NWR were treated with β-AR agonist isoproterenol (ISO, 0.5 mg/kg, IV) 5 min before CIR. Results: The treatment with AT increased the incidence of VA, AVB and LET in SHR, suggesting that spontaneous cardioprotection in hypertensive animals was abolished by blockade of β-AR. In contrast, the treatment with ISO significantly reduced the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia, atrioventricular blockade and lethality in NWR (30%, 20% and 20%, respectively), suggesting that the activation of β-AR stimulate cardioprotection in normotensive animals. Serum CK-MB were higher in SHR/CIR and NWR/CIR compared to respective SHAM group (not altered by treatment with AT or ISO). Conclusion: The pharmacological modulation of β-AR could be a new cardioprotective strategy for the therapy of myocardial dysfunctions induced by CIR related to cardiac surgery and cardiovascular diseases.

Animals , Male , Atenolol/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/drug effects , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/pharmacology , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Isoproterenol/pharmacology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Time Factors , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Biomarkers/blood , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Heart Function Tests
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(3): 400-409, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973754


Abstract Background: Caloric restriction is known to impair the cardiac function and morphology in hypertrophied hearts of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR); however, the influence of fasting/refeeding (RF) is unknown. Objective: To investigate the fasting/refeeding approach on myocardial remodeling and function. In addition, the current study was designed to bring information regarding the mechanisms underlying the participation of Ca2+ handling and b-adrenergic system. Methods: Sixty-day-old male SHR rats were submitted to food ad libitum (C), 50% food restriction (R50) or RF cycles for 90 days. Cardiac remodeling was assessed by ultrastructure analysis and isolated papillary muscle function. The level of significance considered was 5% (a = 0.05). Results: The RF rats presented lower cardiac atrophy than R50 in relation to C rats. The C rats increased weight gain, R50 maintained their initial body weight and RF rats increased and decreased weight during RF. The RF did not cause functional impairment because the isotonic and isometric parameters showed similar behavior to those of C. The isotonic and isometric cardiac parameters were significantly elevated in RF rats compared to R50 rats. In addition, the R50 rats had cardiac damage in relation to C for isotonic and isometric variables. While the R50 rats showed focal changes in many muscle fibers, the RF rats displayed mild alterations, such as loss or disorganization of myofibrils. Conclusion: Fasting/refeeding promotes cardiac beneficial effects and attenuates myocardial injury caused by caloric restriction in SHR rats, contributing to reduce the cardiovascular risk profile and morphological injuries. Furthermore, RF promotes mild improvement in Ca2+ handling and b-adrenergic system.

Resumo Fundamento: A restrição calórica compromete a função e a morfologia cardíacas em corações hipertrofiados de ratos espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR). No entanto, a influência de ciclo de jejum/Realimentação é desconhecida. Objetivo: Investigar o efeito de ciclos de jejum/realimentação sobre a remodelação e função miocárdica. Além disso, o presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar os mecanismos subjacentes à participação do trânsito de cálcio (Ca+2) e sistema beta-adrenérgico. Métodos: Neste estudo, SHR machos de 60 dias de idade foram submetidos a alimento ad libitum (grupo C), 50% de restrição alimentar (grupo R50) ou ciclos de RF (grupo RF) por 90 dias. A remodelação cardíaca foi avaliada por meio da análise ultraestrutural e função do músculo papilar isolado. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5% (a = 0,05). Resultados: Os ratos do grupo RF apresentaram menor atrofia cardíaca do que os do grupo R50 em relação aos do grupo C. Os ratos do grupo C aumentaram peso corporal, os ratos do grupo R50 mantiveram seu peso corporal inicial e os ratos do grupo RF aumentaram e reduziram seu peso durante o ciclo RF. O ciclo RF não causou comprometimento funcional, pois os parâmetros isotônicos e isométricos apresentaram comportamento similar aos dos ratos do grupo C. Os parâmetros cardíacos isotônicos e isométricos mostraram-se significativamente elevados nos ratos do grupo RF em comparação aos dos ratos do grupo R50. Além disso, os ratos do grupo R50 apresentaram dano cardíaco em comparação aos ratos do grupo C quanto às variáveis isotônicas e isométricas. Os ratos do grupo R50 apresentaram alterações focais em muitas fibras musculares, enquanto os ratos do grupo RF apresentaram leves alterações, como perda ou desorganização de miofibrilas. Conclusão: Ciclos de Jejum/Realimentação promovem efeitos benéficos cardíacos e atenuam o dano miocárdico causado por restrição calórica em SHR, contribuindo para reduzir o risco cardiovascular e os danos morfológicos. Além disso, o ciclo de jejum/realimentação promove leve melhora do trânsito do Ca2+ e do sistema beta-adrenérgico.

Animals , Male , Papillary Muscles/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Fasting/physiology , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Papillary Muscles/pathology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Time Factors , Body Weight/physiology , Calcium/analysis , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Caloric Restriction/adverse effects , Isoproterenol/analysis , Isoproterenol/metabolism , Myocardial Contraction , Cardiomyopathies/pathology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740061


Increased intracellular levels of Ca²⁺ are generally thought to negatively regulate lipolysis in mature adipocytes, whereas store-operated Ca²⁺ entry was recently reported to facilitate lipolysis and attenuate lipotoxicity by inducing lipophagy. Transient receptor potential mucolipin1 (TRPML1), a Ca²⁺-permeable non-selective cation channel, is mainly expressed on the lysosomal membrane and plays key roles in lysosomal homeostasis and membrane trafficking. However, the roles of TRPML1 in lipolysis remains unclear. In this study, we examined whether the channel function of TRPML1 induces lipolysis in mature adipocytes. We found that treatment of mature adipocytes with ML-SA1, a specific agonist of TRPML1, solely upregulated extracellular glycerol release, but not to the same extent as isoproterenol. In addition, knockdown of TRPML1 in mature adipocytes significantly reduced autophagic flux, regardless of ML-SA1 treatment. Our findings demonstrate that the channel function of TRPML1 partially contributes to lipid metabolism and autophagic membrane trafficking, suggesting that TRPML1, particularly the channel function of TRPML1, is as therapeutic target molecule for treating obesity.

Adipocytes , Glycerol , Homeostasis , Isoproterenol , Lipid Metabolism , Lipolysis , Membranes , Obesity
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771665


To study the effect and mechanism of Dendrobium candidum on isoproterenol-induced myocardial hypertrophy in rats, 60 healthy SD rats(30 males and 30 females) were randomly divided into 5 groups(12 in each group): normal group, model group, three D. candidum preventive administration groups(0.09, 0.18, 1.1 g·kg⁻¹). Except for the normal group, rats of other groups were injected back subcutaneously with ISO(5 mg·kg⁻¹) for 10 consecutive days. At the same time, preventive administration groups began to give different doses of the sample for 30 days and model group began to give normal saline. Left ventricular systolic pressure(LVSP) was measured in each group by common carotid artery cannulation, and the left ventricle(LW)/tibia length, heart weight index(HWI) and myocardial hydroxyproline(Hydro) content were calculated. Myocardial tissue HE staining and Masson staining were used to observe the myocardial structure and the degree of myocardial fibrosis respectively. Atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP), brain natriuretic peptide(BNP), and cardiac troponin I(cTN-I) concentration were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the levels of ANP, BNP and cTN-I in plasma were significantly increased in ISO-induced hypertrophic rats; as compared with the model group, D. candidumcan inhibit ISO-induced ventricular pressure and ventricular hypertrophy, reduce myocardial collagen synthesis, improve myocardial fibrosis and ventricular remodeling, and significantly down-regulate ANP, BNP and cTN-I levels in plasma. This study shows that D. candidum has a protective effect on isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy.

Animals , Cardiomegaly , Drug Therapy , Dendrobium , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Isoproterenol , Male , Myocardium , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689598


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol (ISO) to induce cardiac remodeling in FVB/N mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight FVB/N mice were divided into back subcutaneous saline group (subcutaneous saline group), intraperitoneal saline group, back subcutaneous ISO group (subcutaneous ISO group), and intraperitoneal ISO group according to the route of administration of saline or ISO. ISO (30 μg/g body weight/day) was given to the subcutaneous ISO group and the intraperitoneal ISO group, twice daily with an interval of 12 hours, for 14 consecutive days. The subcutaneous saline group and the intraperitoneal saline group were injected with an equal volume of saline. The left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness was measured by echocardiography, and the ratio of heart weight to tibia length was determined. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to determine the myocardial fiber diameter. Picric-sirius red staining was used to determine the myocardial collagen deposition area. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of collagen I.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the subcutaneous ISO, subcutaneous saline, and intraperitoneal saline groups, the intraperitoneal ISO group had increased sizes of the cardiac cavity and the heart. Compared with the subcutaneous saline and intraperitoneal saline groups, the subcutaneous ISO group showed no significant changes in the gross morphology of the cardiac cavity and the heart. The intraperitoneal ISO group showed significant increases in the ratio of heart weight to tibia length, myocardial fiber diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic posterior wall thickness, myocardial collagen area percentage, and the mRNA expression of collagen I compared with the subcutaneous ISO, subcutaneous saline, and intraperitoneal saline groups (P<0.01). There were no significant differences in the above five indices between the subcutaneous ISO group and the subcutaneous saline and intraperitoneal saline groups (P>0.05). No significant difference in the mortality rate was found between the subcutaneous ISO and intraperitoneal ISO groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intraperitoneal injection of ISO can induce cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in FVB/N mice.</p>

Animals , Atrial Remodeling , Cardiovascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Collagen , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Isoproterenol , Male , Mice , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 46(4): 341-344, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-978218


Abstract A case of intraoperative awareness during ablation of pulmonary veins-one of the most widely used techniques in interventional cardiology-is discussed. An infusion of isoproterenol was administered following the ablation of ectopic foci. A few seconds after the infusion the patient experienced increased heart rate and intraoperative awareness manifested as an abrupt patient movement and bispectral index elevation. This has been described in similar procedures, following the administration of isoproterenol. In our opinion, the isoproterenol infusion caused the increased heart rate and subsequent abrupt rise in cardiac output. As an inversely proportional relationship between the propofol concentrations and cardiac output has been described, we believe that this rise in cardiac output could have favored the decline in the concentrations of propofol, leading to an intraoperative awareness episode.

Resumen Presentamos un caso de despertar intraoperatorio durante la ablación de venas pulmonares, una de las técnicas más empleadas por los cardiólogos intervencionistas. Tras la ablación de focos ectópicos se procede a la infusión de isoproterenol. Segundos después de la infusión se produce un aumento de la frecuencia cardíaca seguido de un despertar intraoperatorio traducido como un movimiento brusco del paciente y un aumento en el índice bi-espectral (BIS). Esto ha sido descrito en procedimientos similares tras la administración de isoproterenol. En nuestra opinión, la infusión de isoproterenol provocó un aumento de la frecuencia cardiaca y secundariamente del gasto cardíaco de forma brusca. Dado que se ha descrito una relación inversamente propocional entre las concentraciones de propofol y el gasto cardíaco, pensamos que este aumento del gasto cardíaco pudo condicionar un descenso de las concentraciones de propofol y esto causar el episodio de despertar intraoperatorio.

Humans , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Veins , Cardiac Output , Propofol , Catheter Ablation , Intraoperative Awareness , Isoproterenol , Anesthetics , Cardiology , Ruscus , Cardiologists , Heart Rate
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2017; 19 (1): 84-93
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185795


Objective: Lavender is used in herbal medicine for different therapeutic purposes. Nonetheless, potential therapeutic effects of this plant in ischemic heart disease and its possible mechanisms remain to be investigated

Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, lavender oil at doses of 200, 400 or 800 mg/kg was administered through gastric gavage for 14 days before infarct-like myocardial injury [MI]. The carotid artery and left ventricle were cannulated to record arterial blood pressure [BP] and cardiac function. At the end of experiment, the heart was removed and histopathological alteration, oxidative stress biomarkers as well as tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha] level were evaluated

Results: Induction of M.I caused cardiac dysfunction, increased levels of lipid peroxidation, TNF-alpha and troponin I in heart tissue [P<0.001]. Pretreatment with lavender oil at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly reduced myocardial injury, troponin I and TNF-alpha. In addition, it improved cardiac function and antioxidant enzyme activity [P<0.01]

Conclusion: Our finding showed that lavender oil has cardioprotective effect through inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory pathway in the rat model with infarct-like MI. We suggest that lavender oil may be helpful in prevention or attenuation of heart injury in patients with high risk of myocardial infarction and/or ischemic heart disease

Animals, Laboratory , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Rats, Wistar , Isoproterenol , Oxidative Stress
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30374


This study was performed to investigate the signaling pathway that mediates cyclic AMP (cAMP)-induced inhibition of histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) degradation, and the effect and underlying mechanisms of the resulting increase in HDAC8 expression on cisplatin-induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells. cAMP signaling increased HDAC8 expression via a protein kinase A (PKA)-independent pathway in H1299 non-small cell lung cancer cells. However, treatment with a selective activator of an exchange protein that was activated by cAMP (Epac) increased HDAC8 expression, and Epac2 inhibition abolished the isoproterenol (ISO)-induced increase in HDAC8 expression. ISO and the Epac activator activated Rap1, and Rap1A activation increased HDAC8 expression; moreover, inhibition of Rap1A with a dominant negative Rap1A or by shRNA-mediated knockdown abolished the ISO-induced increase in HDAC8 expression. Activation of cAMP signaling and Rap1A decreased the activating phosphorylation of Akt. Akt inhibition with a pharmacological inhibitor or expression of a dominant negative Akt inhibited the MKK4/JNK pathway and increased HDAC8 expression. The Akt inhibitor-induced increase in HDAC8 expression was abolished by pretreatment with proteasomal or lysosomal inhibitors. The ISO treatment increased cisplatin-induced apoptosis, which was abolished by HDAC8 knockdown. Exogenous HDAC8 expression increased cisplatin-induced apoptosis and decreased TIPRL expression, and the knockdown of TIPRL increased the apoptosis of cisplatin-treated cells. The ISO treatment decreased cisplatin-induced transcription of the TIPRL gene in a HDAC8-dependent manner. In conclusion, the Epac–Rap1–Akt pathway mediates cAMP signaling-induced inhibition of JNK-dependent HDAC8 degradation, and the resulting HDAC8 increase augments cisplatin-induced apoptosis by repressing TIPRL expression in H1299 lung cancer cells.

Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cyclic AMP , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Histone Deacetylases , Histones , Isoproterenol , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Phosphorylation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29541


BACKGROUND: Whartons jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells are a valuable alternative source that possess multipotent properties, easy to obtain and available in large scale compared to BMMSCs. We investigated the possibility of cardiac function improvement post isoproterenol induced cardiac injury in a rat model following human WJMSCs transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MSCs were extracted and cultured from cord WJ, characterized by morphology, Immunophenotyping and differentiation to osteoblast and adipocytes. WJMSCs were labeled with PKH2 linker dye. Wistar rats were divided into control group, ISO group (injected with 2 doses of isoproterenol) to induce myocardial injury and ISO group transplanted with labelled WJMSCs. ECG, electrocardiographic patterns, cardiac marker enzymes, tracing of labeled MSCs and immunohistochemical analysis of myocardial cryosections were studied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: WJ derived MSCs were expanded for more than 14 passages while maintaining their un-differentiated state, were positive for MSC markers and were able to differentiate into adipocyte and osteoblast. We demonstrated that intravenously administered WJMSCs were capable of homing predominently in the ischemic myocardium. Cardiac markers were positively altered in stem cell treated group compared to ISO group. ECG and ECHO changes were improved with higher survival rate. WJMSCs could differentiate into cardiac-like cells (positive for cardiac specific proteins) in vivo. WJMSCs infusion promoted cardiac protection and reduced mortality, emphasizing a promising therapeutic role for myocardial insufficiency.

Adipocytes , Electrocardiography , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Isoproterenol , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Mortality , Myocardium , Osteoblasts , Rats, Wistar , Rodentia , Stem Cells , Survival Rate , Transplantation , Wharton Jelly
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71032


PURPOSE: A combination of β1-adrenergic receptor (β₁-AR) blockade and β₂-AR activation might potentially be the novel therapy for treating heart failure. However, the use of β-AR agonists and/or antagonists in the clinical setting is controversial due to the lack of information on cardiac inotropic or chronotropic regulation by AR signaling. METHODS: In this study, we performed a hemodynamic evaluation by examining the force frequency response (FFR), Frank-Starling relationship, and response to non-selective β-AR agonist (isoproterenol) in the hearts isolated from 6-month-old transgenic (TG) mice overexpressing β₁- and β₂-ARs (β₁- and β₂-AR TG mice, respectively). RESULTS: Cardiac physiologic consequences of β₁- and β₂-AR overexpression resulted in a similar maximal response to that of isoproterenol and faster temporary decline of positive inotropic response in β₂-AR TG mice. β₁-AR TG mice showed a pronounced negative limb of FFR, whereas β2-AR TG mice showed high stimulation frequencies with low contractile depression during FFR. Contrastingly, Frank-Starling relationship was equally enhanced in both β₁- and β₂-AR TG mice. CONCLUSION: Hemodynamic evaluation performed in the present study showed a difference between β₁- and β₂-AR signaling, which may be due to a difference in the desensitization of β₁- and β₂-ARs.

Animals , Depression , Extremities , Heart , Heart Failure , Hemodynamics , Humans , Infant , Isoproterenol , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Receptors, Adrenergic
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 29(1): 19-23, jan.-fev.2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-797108


O infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) é uma situação clínica determinada por processo isquêmicoagudo, que resulta em necrose miocárdica. Os marcadores cardíacos em caso de isquemia reversível, atualmente,apresentam sensibilidade limitada.Objetivo: Verificar a sensibilidade da albumina modificada isquêmica (AMI), como marcador cardíaco. Métodos: Estudo experimental, realizado no Laboratório de Experimentação Animal da Universidade Regional Integrada (URI), Erechim, RS, no período de 2011 a 2013. Após a indução isquêmica do miocárdio em ratos da linhagem Wistar-Tecpar, com idade aproximada entre 60-90 dias, através da administração de isoproterenol hidrocloridrato, o conteúdo da AMI foi avaliado em diferentes tempos. Resultados: Os valores da AMI mantiveram-se diminuídos durante as três horas iniciais, após a indução isquêmica pelo isoproterenol hidrocloridrato. Conclusão: Neste estudo, a albumina modificada pela isquemia foi considerada um marcador sensível,principalmente nas três horas iniciais da isquemia...

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a condition determined by an acute ischemic process resulting in myocardial necrosis. Cardiac markers in reversible ischemia currently have limited sensitivity. Objective: To check the sensitivity of ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as a cardiac marker.Methods: Experimental study held at the Animal Experimentation Laboratory of Universidade Regional Integrada (URI), Erechim, RS, from 2011 to 2013. After myocardial ischemic induction in Wistar-Tecpar rats aged about 60-90 days through administration of isoproterenol hydrochloride, the IMA content was evaluated at different times. Results: The IMA values remained reduced during the three first hours after ischemic induction by isoproterenol hydrochloride.Conclusion: In this study, ischemia modified albumin was considered a sensitive marker, particularly in the first three hours of ischemia...

Animals , Rats , Albumins , Myocardial Ischemia/complications , Myocardial Ischemia/physiopathology , Rats, Wistar , Sensitivity and Specificity , Analysis of Variance , Animal Experimentation , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Isoproterenol/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome , Histological Techniques/methods , Troponin I/administration & dosage