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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(9): e360901, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the protective effect of parecoxib against lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) in rats and the mechanism. Methods: Thirty rats were divided into sham-operated, LIRI and LIRI+parecoxib groups. LIRI model (ischemia for 60 min, followed by reperfusion for 120 min) was constructed in LIRI and LIRI+parecoxib groups. In LIRI+parecoxib group, 10 mg/kg parecoxib was given via femoral vein 15 min before ischemia beginning. At the end of the reperfusion, blood gas analysis, lung wet to dry mass ratio measurement, lung tissue biochemical determination and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expression determination were performed. Results: Compared with LIRI group, in LIRI+parecoxib group the oxygenation index was significantly increased, the alveolar-arterial oxygen partial pressure difference was significantly decreased, the lung wet to dry mass ratio was significantly decreased, the lung tissue malondialdehyde content was significantly decreased, the lung tissue superoxide dismutase and myeloperoxidase activities were significantly increased, the lung tissue tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1β levels were significantly decreased, and the lung tissue HO-1 protein expression level was significantly increased (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: Parecoxib pretreatment can mitigate the LIRI in rats by reducing oxidative stress, inhibiting inflammatory response and up-regulating HO-1 expression in lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Lung Injury , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Inflammation , Isoxazoles , Lung
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(9): e360902, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345027

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate experimentally the effects of Tropifexor, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, on liver injury in rats with obstructive jaundice. Methods: Forty healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided randomly in selected groups. These groups were the sham group, control group, vehicle solution group, Ursodeoxycholic acid group and Tropifexor group. Experimental obstructive jaundice was created in all groups, except the sham one. In the blood samples obtained, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin and direct bilirubin levels were established and recorded. Additionally, liver malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase and catalase enzyme activity in the tissue samples were studied. Histopathological analysis was also performed. Results: No statistical difference was found between the control group and the Tropifexor group when AST, ALT and ALP values were compared. However, it was found that the Tropifexor group had statistically significant decreases in the values of GGT, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin (p < 0.05). Additionally, Tropifexor decreased the median values of malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase, but this difference was not statistically significant compared to the control group. Finally, the Tropifexor group was statistically significant in recurring histopathological liver damage indicators (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Tropifexor reduced liver damage due to obstructive jaundice.


Subject(s)
Jaundice, Obstructive/drug therapy , Liver Diseases , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Rats, Wistar , Alanine Transaminase , Benzothiazoles , Isoxazoles , Liver
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of parecoxib sodium preemptive analgesia on pain and stress response after surgery in elderly hip fracture patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 70 elderly patients with hip fracture treated in our hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were prospectively analyzed. According to different analgesic patterns, 35 cases were randomly divided into experimental group, aged 65 to 86(78.5±9.1) years, 21 males and 14 females, including 18 femoral neck fractures and 17 femoral intertrochanteric fractures. There were 35 cases in control group, aged 66 to 88 (80.6±8.1) years, 18 males, and 17 females, including 20 cases of femoral neck fractures and 15 cases of intertrochantericfractures. The visual analogue scale (VAS) at 4 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after surgery, the incidence of delirium and stress indicators of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), cortisol (COR), and epinephrise (E) postoperatively in the two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#At 4 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h after surgery, the VAS score of experimental group was lower than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The advanced analgesic application of parecoxib sodium can significantly reduce the postoperative stress response of elderly hip fracture patients, enhance the postoperative analgesic effect, reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium, and improve the quality of rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Analgesia , Female , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Isoxazoles , Male , Pain , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(4): 760-763, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058003

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single dose of oral afoxolaner in controlling fleas in cats. Fourteen cats were used. The cats were given identification numbers, housed individually, artificially infested with Ctenocephalides felis felis, and treated (or not) with afoxolaner. Were divided into a treatment group and a control group (n = 7/group), on the basis of the fleas count hours after an infestation applied on Day (one-by-one allocation after ordering by count). At the start of the experimental protocol (designated day 0), the treated group received afoxolaner in a single dose of 2.5 mg/kg and the control group animals received a placebo. All animals were infested with 100 C. felis felis fleas two days before day 0, as well as on days 5, 12, 19, 26, 33, 40, 47, 54, and 63, parasite loads being evaluated at 48 h after each infestation. The efficacy of afoxolaner was 100% on day 2 and remained above 98% until day 42, decreasing to 95.3% by day 63. The findings confirm that a single dose of oral afoxolaner was effective in controlling C. felis felis in cats, and there were no observed adverse events.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de uma dose única de afoxolaner oral no controle de pulgas em gatos. Foram utilizados 14 gatos. Os animais foram identificados, alojados individualmente, infestados artificialmente com C. felis felis e tratados (ou não) com afoxolaner. Foram divididos em um grupo de tratamento e um grupo controle (n = 7/ grupo), com base na contagem de pulgas, horas após a infestação aplicada no dia (alocação de um por um após o período por contagem). No início do protocolo experimental (dia 0), o grupo tratado recebeu afoxolaner em dose inicial de 2,5 mg / kg e os animais do grupo controle receberam um placebo. Todos os animais foram infestados com 100 pulgas C. felis felis dois dias antes do dia 0, assim como nos dias 5, 12, 19, 26, 33, 40, 47, 54 e 63, sendo avaliadas as cargas parasitárias às 48 h após cada infestação. A eficácia do afoxolaner foi de 100% no dia 2 e permaneceu acima de 98% até o dia 42, diminuindo para 95,3% no dia 63. Os resultados confirmam que uma dose única de afoxolaner oral foi eficaz no controle de C. felis felis em gatos, e não houve eventos adversos observados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Cats , Cat Diseases/parasitology , Flea Infestations/veterinary , Isoxazoles/administration & dosage , Naphthalenes/administration & dosage , Antiparasitic Agents/administration & dosage , Cat Diseases/drug therapy , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome , Flea Infestations/drug therapy , Parasite Load , Siphonaptera
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe and evaluate the clinical effect of intra-articular injection of parecoxib in patients with early knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to August 2017, 107 patients with early knee osteoarthritis were treated, including 50 males and 57 females, aged 45 to 64 (51.9±4.2) years. They were divided into basic therapy+oral glucosamine group(group A) 36 cases, oral celecoxib+basic therapy+oral glucosamine group(group B) 36 cases, intra-articular injection of parecoxib+basic therapy+oral glucosamine group(group C) 35 cases. There was no significant difference in gender, age, BMI and clinical stage(Kellgren-Lawrence classification) between the three groups before treatment. VAS score, HSS score and patient satisfaction were compared before and after treatment in the three groups. The levels of inflammatory cytokines in synovial fluid were measured before and after treatment in the three groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for(15.2±2.6) months on average. The VAS score and HSS score of each group were improved after treatment(<0.001). There were significant differences in VAS and HSS scores among the three groups after treatment(<0.001). The clinical efficacy of group C was better than that of group A and B(<0.001), group B was better than that of group A(<0.001), and group C had the highest satisfaction(<0.001). After treatment, the concentration of proinflammatory factor TNF-α and IL-6 in the synovial fluid of each group decreased(<0.001) and the concentration of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 increased(<0.001). After treatment, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in the synovial fluid of the three groups were significantly different(<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with early knee osteoarthritis, intra-articular injection of parecoxib can significantly improve clinical symptoms and avoid adverse reactions of long-term oral NSAIDs, which is an effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Drug Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of local infiltration of ropivacaine combined with multimodal analgesia with parecoxib for perioperative pain management in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy.@*METHODS@#This randomized controlled trial was conducted among 98 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy in the Department of Biliary Surgery of West China Hospital between March, 2017 and August, 2018. The patients were randomized to receive perioperative analgesia with local infiltration anesthesia with ropivacaine combined with multimodal analgesia with parecoxib (experimental group, =50) or postoperative analgesia with dizosin (control group, =48). The regimens for intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative pain relief were identical in the two groups. The differences in NRS pain score, use of pain relief agents, the incidences of adverse reactions to analgesia and wound infection, and the time to first ambulation and first flatus passage after the operation were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#At 12, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 7 days after the operation, the patients in the experimental group had significantly lower NRS scores ( < 0.05) than those in the control group. The rate of use of rescue analgesics was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (32% 66.67%, < 0.05); the rate of tramadol hydrochloride use was also significantly lower in the experimental group ( < 0.05). Compared with those in the control group, the patients in the experimental group showed a significantly lower total incidence of adverse reactions (22% 54.17%, < 0.05) as well as a lower incidence of nausea and vomiting ( < 0.05), an earlier time of first ambulation and first flatus passage after the operation ( < 0.05), and a shorter postoperative hospital stay ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy, local infiltration of ropivacaine combined with multimodal analgesia with ropivacaine can effectively relieve perioperative pain, reduce the use of relief analgesics, lower the incidence of adverse reactions, and promote the recovery after the surgery.


Subject(s)
Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Analgesics, Opioid , Anesthetics, Local , China , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Isoxazoles , Pain Management , Pain Measurement , Pain, Postoperative , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Ropivacaine
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(9): e201900905, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054693

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate efficacy of combined use of parecoxib and dexmedetomidine on postoperative pain and early cognitive dysfunction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for elderly patients. Methods: The present prospective randomized controlled study included a total of 80 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery during January 2016 to November 2017 in our hospital. All patients were randomly divided into 4 groups, the parecoxib group, the dexmedetomidine group, the parecoxib and dexmedetomidine combined group, and the control group. Demographic data and clinical data were collected. Indexes of heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), levels of jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2) and jugular venous oxygen pressure (PjvO2) were recorded at different time points before and during the surgery. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, Ramsay score and Visual Analogue Score (VAS) were measured. Results: Levels of both SjvO2 and PjvO2 were significantly higher in parecoxib group, dexmedetomidine group and the combined group than the control group. Meanwhile, levels of both SjvO2 and PjvO2 in the combined group were the highest. VAS scores were significantly lower in the combined group than all other groups, and total patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) pressing times within 48 h after surgery were the lowest in the combined group. Both Ramsay and MMSE scores were the highest in the combined group compared with other groups, while were the lowest in the control group. Conclusion: The combined use of parecoxib and dexmedetomidine could reduce the postoperative pain and improve the postoperative sedation and cognitive conditions of patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/administration & dosage , Isoxazoles/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Drug Therapy, Combination , Arterial Pressure/drug effects , Heart Rate/drug effects
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the postoperative analgesia efficacy, rehabilitation parameters and complication between multimodal analgesia and traditional analgesia after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in our hospital from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective study. According to the non-randomized method, patients were assigned to multimodal analgesia group(n=32) and traditional analgesia group(n=33) in gastric cancer treatment team A and B in Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The treatment measures of group A were as follows: (1) The ratio of 1/1 diluted ropivacaine (100 mg, 10 ml) was infiltrated around the incision before abdomen closure, with incision sutured layer by layer. (2) Parecoxib sodium (40 mg) was injected intravenously every 12 hours after operation for 5 days. (3) Oxycodone-acetaminophen tablet was given orally on the first day or the second day after operation, 50 mg twice a day. (4) Patient-controlled analgesia was not used after operation. Patients in group B received direct suture of incision and patient-controlled analgesia. The pain score, postoperative rehabilitation and 30-day postoperative complications were collected and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multimodal analgesia group had lower pain scores at 1 d (4.8±0.9), 2 d (4.3±1.0), 3 d (2.9±0.8), 4 d (2.4±0.7) and 5 d (1.7±0.7) after surgery, as compared to traditional analgesia group (5.9±0.9, P=0.000), (5.1±0.7, P=0.001), (3.9±0.8, P=0.000), (3.0±0.6, P=0.000), (2.6±0.7, P=0.000), with significant difference. Postoperative hospital stay [(8.2±1.6) days vs. (10.6±2.2) days, P=0.000], time to ambulation [(47.5±13.8) days vs. (66.2±16.8) days, P=0.000], time to first flatus [(76.4±25.2) days vs. (120.0±29.9) days, P=0.000], time to first defecate [(117.3±42.2) days vs. (159.7±30.7) days, P=0.000] and time to first fluid diet [(83.8±21.6) days vs. (141.9±33.9) days, P=0.000] in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly shorter than those in the traditional analgesia group. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to 30-day postoperative complication rate(9.4% vs. 9.1%, P=1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multimodal analgesia can significantly reduce the postoperative pain and is beneficial to rehabilitation, meanwhile it does not increase the risk of postoperative complications. Multimodal analgesia is safe and effective for gastric cancer patients undergoing radical gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Therapeutic Uses , Amides , Therapeutic Uses , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Drug Combinations , Eating , Flatulence , Gastrectomy , Rehabilitation , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Length of Stay , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Methods , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Walking
9.
Santiago; Chile. Ministerio de Salud; 2017. tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-882314

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) suele presentarse en cerca del 80% de los casos a través de episodios recurrentes y remitentes, los cuales con el tiempo podrán desarrollar a una forma progresiva y persistente. Un 10 a 15% de los casos, evidencia un cuadro sin remisiones desde su inicio. Durante el año 2010, se incorporó bajo modalidad Garantía Explícita en Salud la Esclerosis Múltiple Remitente Recurrente (EMRR), garantizando en su tratamiento fármacos inmunomoduladores de primera línea, Interferones intramusculares, subcutáneos y el Acetato de Glatiramer. Además, cuentan con cobertura a través de la Ley Ricarte Soto desde el año 2015 aquellos pacientes refractarios a la terapia habitual. TECNOLOGÍAS SANITARIAS ANALIZADAS: Alemtuzumab, Ocrelizumab, Fampridina, Teriflunomida, Dimetilfumarato. EFICACIA DE LOS TRATAMIENTOS: Se extrajo la evidencia de 2 revisiones sistemáticas que reportan 3 Ensayos Controlados Aleatorizados (ECA) para teriflunomida y dimetilfumarato. Adicionalmente, se incluyó información de 1 y 5 ECAs para el tratamiento de alemtuzumab y ocrelizumab, respectivamente. Teriflunomida logra un mayor número de pacientes con ausencia de brotes a los 12 meses. En cuanto a la progresión de la discapacidad asociada a la enfermedad, teriflunomida probablemente no es mejor que placebo para disminuir el número de pacientes libres de progresión de la discapacidad a 2 años. Alemtuzumab probablemente logra un menor número de pacientes con brotes a los 2 años, en comparación a Interferón B, mientras que los pacientes que reciben dimetilfumarato tienen una menor probabilidad de tener brotes que los pacientes tratados con placebo. Ocrelizumab para la Esclerosis Múltiple Primaria Progresiva (EMPP), se compara contra placebo y no se encuentran efectos relevantes en la mayor parte de outcomes (pacientes con confirmación de progresión, SF-36), salvo en indicadores específicos como el número de lesiones activas en T2 ó el volumen cerebral. Para pacientes con EMRR al compararse con Interferón beta-1, se evidencia una reducción de la progresión confirmada a la semana 12, 24 y 96, y reduce la tasa anualizada de brotes a la semana 96. Finalmente, en pacientes con EMRR al comparar ocrelizumab versus placebo, éste podría reducir el número de pacientes con brotes a la semana 24. EVALUACIÓN ECONÓMICA: En cuanto a la discordancia de los estudios revisados se logra establecer que dependiendo de la perspectiva tomada en cuenta para el dimetilfumarato, se establece la efectividad o no del tratamiento, dependiendo ésto también de los tratamientos que se les compare. Donde sí existe consenso es que comparando el dimetilfumarato con acetato de glatiramer, el primero es costoefectivo. En cuanto a ocrelizumab, ambas investigaciones encontradas, desde la perspectiva del pagador, consideran que este tratamiento es costo-efectivo. Por último, teriflunomida fue costoefectivo para una investigación realizada en Finlandia desde la perspectiva del pagador. En cuanto a las recomendaciones de agencias, se aprecia que: alemtuzumab y dimetilfumarato tienden a ser recomendados, no así teriflunomide. Ocrelizumab al momento se encuentra en análisis por las agencias. En cuanto al análisis presupuestal, se encontró que los costos de los mismos para la esclerosis múltiple remitente recurrente, en 1ª línea, serían de un nivel muy alto en relación al fondo disponible. En cuando a la esclerosis múltiple primaria progresiva, el impacto de ocrelizumab para el año 2018 es de MM$4.440. Además, se realizó una comparación de cuál sería el impacto diferencial en esclerosis múltiple remitente recurrente en 2ª línea, en comparación por lo ya cubierto por la ley, de incluir Ocrelizumab o Alemtuzumab. CONCLUSIÓN: Para dar cumplimiento al artículo 28° del Reglamento que establece el proceso destinado a determinar los diagnósticos y tratamientos de alto costo con Sistema de Protección Financiera, según lo establecido en los artículos 7° y 8° de la ley N°20.850, aprobado por el decreto N° 13 del Ministerio de Salud, se concluye que el presente informe de evaluación se considera favorable, de acuerdo a lo establecido en el Título III, de las Evaluaciones Favorables de la Norma Técnica N° 0192 de este mismo Ministerio.


Subject(s)
Humans , 4-Aminopyridine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Dimethyl Fumarate/therapeutic use , Isoxazoles/therapeutic use , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy , Health Evaluation/economics , Technology Assessment, Biomedical/economics
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1894-1903, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The efficacy and safety of telmisartan combined with clopidogrel, leflunomide, or both drugs for immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) are unclear. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of telmisartan combined with clopidogrel, leflunomide, or both drugs for IgAN.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>It is a multicenter, prospective, double-dummy randomized controlled trial. Primary IgAN patients were recruited in 13 renal units across Beijing, China, from July 2010 to June 2012. After a 4-week telmisartan (80 mg/d) wash-in, 400 patients continuing on 80 mg/d telmisartan were randomly assigned to additionally receive placebo (Group A), 50 mg/d clopidogrel (Group B), 20 mg/d leflunomide (Group C), or 50 mg/d clopidogrel and 20 mg/d leflunomide (Group D). The 24-week intervention was completed by 360 patients. The primary endpoint was change in 24-h proteinuria at 24 weeks. A linear mixed-effect model was used to analyze the changes at 4, 12, and 24 weeks. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate changes in hematuria grade. This trial was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effects of telmisartan combined with leflunomide on changes in proteinuria (0.36 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.18-0.55] g/d, P < 0.001), in serum uric acid (76.96 [95% CI 57.44-96.49] μmol/L, P < 0.001), in serum creatinine (9.49 [95% CI 6.54-12.44] μmol/L, P < 0.001), and in estimated glomerular filtration rate (-6.72 [95% CI-9.46 to -3.98] ml·min-1·1.73 m-2, P < 0.001) were statistically significant, whereas they were not statistically significant on changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and weight (P > 0.05). Telmisartan combined with clopidogrel had no statistical effect on any outcome, and there was no interaction between the interventions. No obvious adverse reactions were observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Telmisartan combined with leflunomide, not clopidogrel, is safe and effective for decreasing proteinuria in certain IgAN patients.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR-TRC-10000776; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=8760.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Benzimidazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Benzoates , Therapeutic Uses , Blood Pressure , China , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Blood , Drug Therapy , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney Function Tests , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Uric Acid , Blood , Young Adult
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 641-644, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the effect and safety of phloroglucinol combined with parecoxib on cystospasm after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a prospective randomized case-control study on 98 patients treated by TURP. After operation, the patients were randomly assigned to a treatment (n=50) and a control group (n=48), the former treated by intravenous injection of 80 mg phloroglucinol qd plus 40 mg parecoxib bid while the latter given 80 mg phloroglucinol only, both for 3 successive days. Then we recorded the frequency and duration of cystospasm, visual analogue scales (VAS), adverse reactions, post-operative bladder irrigation time, catheter-indwelling time, and hospital stay and compared them between the two groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the controls, the patients in the treatment group showed a significantly lower frequency of cystospasm ([1.95±0.14] vs [0.70±0.65] times, P<0.01), duration of cystospasm ([0.44±0.21] vs [0.12±0.14] min, P<0.01), and VAS score (2.70±1.80 vs 1.90±1.30, P<0.01) at 48-72 hours after TURP, but no statistically significant differences were found between the control and treatment groups in the post-operative bladder irrigation time ([2.75±0.87] vs [2.64±0.83] d, P>0.05), catheter-indwelling time ([3.52±0.32] vs [3.44±0.42] d, P>0.05), and hospital stay ([5.23±0.81] vs [5.10±0.73] d, P>0.05), and no obvious adverse reactions were observed in either of the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Phloroglucinol combined with parecoxib is more effective and safer than phloroglucinol alone in relieving postoperative cystospasm after TURP.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Drug Therapy, Combination , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Phloroglucinol , Therapeutic Uses , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Spasm , Drug Therapy , Therapeutic Irrigation , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of parecoxib on hippocampal inflammation and short-term memory function after splenectomy in aged rats.
@*METHODS@#A total of 90 aged male SD rats were randomly divided into 9 groups (all n=10): a control group (Group C), an anesthesia day 1 group (A1 group), an operation day 1 group (O1 group), a saline day 1 group (S1 group), a parecoxib day 1 group (P1 group), an anesthesia day 3 group (A3 group), an operation day 3 group (O3 group), a saline day 3 group (S3 group), and a parecoxib day 3 group (P3 group). In the A1 group and A3 group, rats were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital sodium. Under anesthesia condition, rats in the O1 group and O3 group underwent splenectomy. One hour before splenectomy, rats in the P1 group and P3 group received parecoxib injection of 10 mg/kg via tail vein. In the S1 group and S3 group, rats received the same dose of saline. The rats were trained for 5 days in shuttle box before anesthesia, surgery and drug treatment. After shuttle box test, the rats were killed at postoperative 1 and 3 d. The hippocampus was isolated to measure the CD11b expression by immunofluorescent staining, and TNF-α, IL-1 and COX-2 mRNA expression by RT-PCR.
@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Group C, the electric shock time was increased in the O1 and O3 groups, but the active escape time was shortened and the active avoidance reaction (AAR) was decreased (all P<0.01). Compared with the O1 or O3 group, the electric shock time was shortened, the active escape time and AAR was increased in the P1 or P3 group (all P<0.05). There were more CD11b positive cells and TNF-α, IL-1β, COX-2 mRNA expression in hippocampus in the O1, O3, S1 or S3 group compared with the Group C (all P<0.01). Both CD11b positive cells and TNF-α, IL-1β, COX-2 mRNA expression were decreased in the P1 or P3 group compared with that in the O1 or O3 group (all P<0.01). 
@*CONCLUSION@#The parecoxib could reduce hippocampal inflammation and improve short-term memory function through the inhibition of COX-2 expression in aged rats after splenectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Hippocampus , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Isoxazoles , Male , Memory , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Splenectomy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
J. bras. pneumol ; 41(3): 281-284, May-Jun/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751971

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary involvement is one of the extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis and can be due to the disease itself or secondary to the medications used in order to treat it. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and developed multiple pulmonary nodules during treatment with leflunomide.


O comprometimento pulmonar é uma das manifestações extra-articulares da artrite reumatóide e pode ser devido à própria doença ou secundário às medicações utilizadas para seu tratamento. Este trabalho relata um caso de uma paciente de 60 anos de idade com diagnóstico de artrite reumatoide que evoluiu com múltiplos nódulos pulmonares durante o tratamento com leflunomida.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antirheumatic Agents/adverse effects , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Isoxazoles/adverse effects , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/chemically induced , Rheumatoid Nodule/chemically induced , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/pathology , Rheumatoid Nodule/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(4): 270-276, 04/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744283

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of parecoxib (an NSAID) on renal function by measuring plasma NGAL (serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin) levels in an induced-ischemia rat model. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of four groups: Ischemia (I), Ischemia/parecoxib (IP), No-ischemia (NI), and No-ischemia/parecoxib (NIP). Body weight, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, body temperature, NGAL levels, and renal histology were compared across groups. RESULTS: The Ischemia (I) group, which did not receive parecoxib, showed the highest NGAL levels (p=0.001), while the IP group, which received the medication, had NGAL levels similar to those of the non-ischemic (NI and NIP) groups. CONCLUSION: Parecoxib resulted in renal protection in this experimental model. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , /therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Isoxazoles/therapeutic use , Kidney/blood supply , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Acute-Phase Proteins , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Kidney/pathology , Lipocalins/blood , Prospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/blood , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257636

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the differences of the thresholds of pain and analgesic effects of parecoxib sodium among patients with different racial and religious backgrounds.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 48 male patients aged 18 to 38 years who had undergone elective laparoscopic appendectomy under general anesthesia in our centers were enrolled in our study and then divided into 6 groups(n=8 in each group)based on their racial backgrounds(three levels:Mongoloid,Negroid,and Europoid)and religious backgrounds(two levels:without religion background,with religion background).All subjects received the same anesthesia,surgical procedure,and postoperative analgesia with parecoxib sodium. The temperature pain threshold and electrical pain threshold were detected 1h before and after analgesia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The threshold of pain was higher in Europoids than in Negroids and Mongoloids before and after treatment. The temperature pain threshold and electrical pain threshold were not significantly different between subjects with or without religious background(before analgesic therapy:F=251.119,P=0.130,F=275.861,P=0.059;after analgesic therapy:F=308.531,P=0.086,F=180.062,P=0.078). Also,there was no interaction between the racial and religious backgrous in terms of temperature pain threshold and electrical pain threshold(F=13.553,P=0.091,F=22.001,P= 0.089;after analgesic therapy:F=4.624,P=0.089,F=15.935,P=0.094).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The threshold of pain differs among individuals with different racial background:it is highest in Europoids,followed by Negroids and Mongoloids. It shows no obvious difference in people with different religious backgrounds.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Analgesia , Analgesics , Anesthesia, General , Humans , Isoxazoles , Male , Pain Measurement , Pain Threshold , Pain, Postoperative , Religion , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Huayu Tongbi Recipe (HTR) combined methotrexate (MTX) in treating refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RRA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 167 RRA patients were assigned to the treatment group (73 cases) and the control group (94 cases) according to different therapeutic methods. Patients in the treatment group were treated with HTR combined MTX, while those in the control group were treated with leflunomide (LEF) combined MTX. Clinical signs and symptoms, RF, CRP, ESR, disease activity score 28 (DAS28), and safety indicators were compared between the two groups before treatment, at week 12 and 24 after treatment. The efficacy and safety indices were also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 12 after treatment the total effective rate was 82.2% (60/73 cases) in the treatment group and 79.8% (75/94 cases) in the control group, showing no statistical difference between the two groups (chi2 = 0.15, P > 0.05). At week 24 after treatment the total effective rate was 78.1% (57/73 cases) in the treatment group and 755% (71/94 cases) in the control group, showing no statistical difference between the two groups (chi2 = 0.15, P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in the total effective rate between week 24 and week 12 in the control group (chi2 = 0.49, P < 0.05). Clinical signs and symptoms, RF, CRP, ESR, and DAS28 were significantly improved in the two groups after 12- and 24-week treatment (P < 0.01). There was no statistical difference in the improvement at week 12 after treatment between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in time of morning stiffness, tender joint numbers, swollen joint numbers, patient global assessment, RF, CRP, and DAS28 at week 24 after treatment between the two groups (P < 0.05). Besides, adverse reactions occurred less in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy of HTR combined MTX was equivalent to that of LEF (10 mg per day) combined MTX, but with more stable therapeutic effects and less adverse reactions.</p>


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Arthralgia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Isoxazoles , Methotrexate , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the perioperative analgesic effects of parecoxib sodium in patients undergoing nasal endoscopic surgery.@*METHOD@#In the randomized, double blind, controlled study, 120 patients undergoing septoplasty were divided into 3 groups (n = 40): A group received parecoxib at a dose of 40 mg by muscle injection 30 min before the operation followed by saline at the same volume every 24 h for 48 h; B group received parecoxib at a dose of 40 mg by muscle injection 30 min before the operation followed by 40 mg every 24 h for 48 h; C group received an equal volume of 0.9% saline at the same time points. Patients were assessed with respect to pain score (VAS), rescue analgesia requirement and the side effects during the operation as well as at 3, 24, 48 h after the surgery.@*RESULT@#Intra-operative as well as the postoperative pain scores were less in the A group and B group than in the.control group. Compared with group A, group B had significantly lower VAS score at 24 h after the operation, however there were no significant difference on other time points. Fewer participants of both the A and B groups required rescue medication after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Administration of parecoxib can provide ideal analgesic effects without serious adverse side effects at the perioperative period for patients who received nasal endoscopic operation. Intramuscular parecoxib (40 mg 30 min before the operation followed 40 mg qd for 48 h) designed as preoperative analgesia mode resulted in sufficient perioperative analgesia that deserves popularization in the clinical works.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Methods , Double-Blind Method , Endoscopy , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Methods , Pain, Postoperative
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747238

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of different analgesia methods after UPPP.@*METHOD@#Ninety cases of patients uvulopalatopharyngoplasty were divided into 3 groups randomly, and 30 cases in each group. The group A was the blank control group without any analgesia measures. The cases in group B were treated with intramuscular injection of parecoxib sodium 40 mg after surgery immediately, and continued injecting 40 mg after 12 hours, 24 hours and 36 hours respectively. 100 mg tramadol replaced 40 mg parecoxib sodium in group C. The VAS scoring was performed after surgery 12, 24, 36, 48, 72, 96 hours in 3 groups, and we observed adverse reaction such as lethargy, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, skin rash and so on.@*RESULT@#The group B and C reduced the pain significantly compared with blank control group. The pain scores in group B were significantly decreased than that in group C (P<. 05).@*CONCLUSION@#The analgesic effect of parecoxib sodium after UPPP is significant and better than tramadol. It is worthy to use widely in clinical due to its better effect and less side effect.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Methods , Analgesics , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Injections, Intramuscular , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Measurement , Pain, Postoperative , Palate , General Surgery , Pharynx , General Surgery , Tramadol , Therapeutic Uses , Uvula , General Surgery
19.
s.l; s.n; 2015.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-833426

ABSTRACT

El SIS tiene por objetivo la capacitación y gestión de fondos para el aseguramiento de las prestaciones de salud y la cobertura de riesgos de salud de los asegurados, y que con este fin ha establecido como líneas estratégicas de accón: ser garante del asegurado en la oportunidad, continuidad de las prestaciones de saud financiadas, y promover una gerencia moderna, eficiencia del financiamento y nuevos mecanismos de pago de las prestaciones de salud con énfasis en la atención primaria y salud como derecho. Entre los objetivos generales del SIS destacan fomentar la cultura del aseguramiento en salud de la población, fortalecer los mecanismos de control a las IPRESS en la utilización óptima de los recursos trasnferidos por el SIS y contribuir con el control de enfermedades no transmisibles. El medicamento teriflunomida es una alternativa de tratamiento en pacientes con diagnóstico de esclerosis múltiple remitente-recurrente y formas progresivas que presentan recaídas, de acuerdo a prescripción médica.


Subject(s)
Health Planning Guidelines , Healthcare Financing , Isoxazoles/therapeutic use , Multiple Sclerosis/therapy , Technology Assessment, Biomedical
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157602

ABSTRACT

The optimal treatment of schizophrenia poses a challenge to develop more effective treatments and safer drugs, to overcome poor compliance, discontinuation and frequent switching with available antipsychotics. Iloperidone is a new antipsychotic developed to overcome some of the limitations in the drug treatment of schizophrenia. It has been approved by regulating agencies for use in treatment of adult schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antipsychotic Agents/pharmacokinetics , Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Isoxazoles/analogs & derivatives , Isoxazoles/pharmacokinetics , Isoxazoles/therapeutic use , Piperidines/analogs & derivatives , Piperidines/pharmacokinetics , Piperidines/therapeutic use , Schizophrenia/drug therapy
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