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An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 574-577, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054870


Abstract The authors report a case of 40-year-old male patient with a five-year history of chromoblastomycosis on his right leg. Diagnosis was performed by direct 40% KOH exam of skin scales, culture with micro- and macromorphologic analysis, and genotypic characterization (sequencing of a fragment of the ITS region and phylogenetic analysis) of the isolated fungus. Rhinocladiella aquaspersa was identified as the etiological agent. Initially, the treatment was with oral itraconazole 200 mg/day for one year. However, the presence of "sclerotic cells" with filaments ("Borelli spiders") resulted in a change of medical treatment: a higher dose of itraconazole (400 mg/day) and surgery, achieving clinical and mycological cure in one year. This is the first report of chromoblastomycosis caused by R. aquaspersa in Guatemala.

Humans , Male , Adult , Ascomycota/isolation & purification , Chromoblastomycosis/microbiology , Ascomycota/ultrastructure , Chromoblastomycosis/pathology , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Guatemala , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 470-472, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038288


Abstract: Paracoccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that occurs in immunocompetent patients and are classified into two forms: the acute-subacute form, predominantly in young patients, and the chronic adult form that may present classic ulcerated lesions to rare sarcoid ones. We present the case of a boy whose infection began with sarcoid lesions but, after being mistakenly diagnosed with cutaneous sarcoidosis and treated (for three years) with prednisone, developed painful ulcerations throughout the body. After the correct diagnosis, with evidence of the fungus in histopathological and mycological examinations, the patient was properly treated with itraconazole for eight months and evolved with total remission of the disease.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Paracoccidioidomycosis/etiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Prednisone/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 819-827, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1011330


In this study, we described the antifungal activity of three Brazilian propolis extracts: brown, green and from jataí bees against Sporothrix brasiliensis. The extracts were obtained from ethanolic extraction and their chemical composition was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The cellular toxicity was measured in MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney) cells and quantified by the MTT assay (3- (4,5 dimethylthiazol-2yl -2,5-diphenyl-2H bromine tetrazolato). For antifungal activity, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined by broth microdilution. The results showed that cell toxicity was not observed at lower concentrations (0.097 to 0.39μg/ml) for all extracts in comparison to cell control. Among the chemical compounds identified, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid and rutin were quantified. In antifungal activity, green and jataí did not exhibit activity against the isolates (MIC and MFC greater than 0.78mg/ml). However, all isolates of S. brasiliensis were sensitive to brown propolis (MIC of 0.09 to 0.78mg/ml), including the standard strain (P<0.001). Among the Brazilian propolis studied, the brown propolis showed activity against the S. brasiliensis isolates and more studies should be undertaken in order to evaluate its promising use in the treatment of sporotrichosis.(AU)

Neste estudo, descreveu-se a atividade antifúngica de três extratos de própolis brasileiras: marrom, verde e de abelhas jataí (Tetragonisca angustula), contra Sporothrix brasiliensis. Os extratos foram obtidos de extração etanólica, e a sua composição química foi determinada por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência, acoplada à espectrometria de massa. A toxicidade celular foi medida em células MDBK (Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney), avaliada por observação microscópica e quantificada pelo ensaio MTT (3- (4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-ilo -2,5-difenil-2H bromo tetrazolato). Para a atividade antifúngica, determinou-se a concentração inibitória mínima (CIM) e a concentração fungicida mínima (CFM) por meio de microdiluição em caldo. Os resultados mostraram que a toxicidade celular não foi observada em concentrações menores (0,097 a 0,39μg/ml). Entre os compostos químicos identificados, foram quantificados o ácido cafeico, ácido p-cumárico, ácido clorogênico, ácido ferúlico e a rutina. Na atividade antifúngica, as própolis verde e jataí não apresentaram atividade contra os isolados (CIM e CFM maior que 0,78mg/ml), porém todos os isolados de S. brasiliensis foram sensíveis à própolis marrom (CIM de 0,09 a 0,78mg/ml), incluindo a cepa padrão (P<0,001). Entre as própolis brasileiras estudadas, a marrom mostrou atividade contra S. brasiliensis, e mais estudos devem ser realizados para avaliar seu uso promissor no tratamento da esporotricose.(AU)

Humans , Animals , Propolis/analysis , Propolis/therapeutic use , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Apitherapy/veterinary , Antifungal Agents/analysis
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018046, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987538


Oral involvement is rarely found in histoplasmosis, except in its disseminated form, which is mostly observed in the severely immunocompromised host. Herein, we presented the case of a 36-year-old female with a previous history of liver transplant, who was hospitalized due to fever, chills, night sweats, diarrhea, and painful oral lesions over the last 3 days. The oral examination revealed the presence of painful shallow ulcers lined by a pseudomembrane in the gingiva and the soft and hard palate. The initial working diagnosis comprised cytomegalovirus reactivation or herpes simplex virus infection. The diagnostic work-up included incisional biopsies of the gingiva and the sigmoid colon. Both biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of histoplasmosis. Intravenous itraconazole was administered with significant improvement after 7 days. Although oral involvement is rare, histoplasmosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of oral lesions, particularly when the patient is immunosuppressed. This study reports a rare presentation of histoplasmosis involving the mucosa of the oral cavity and the colon.

Humans , Female , Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Immunosuppression , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Oral Ulcer/pathology , Histoplasmosis/pathology
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(1): 59-61, jan.-fev. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990800


Resumo A esporotricose humana e animal é uma infecção subaguda a crônica causada pelo fungo dimórfico Sporothrix schenckii. A esporotricose ocular tem ganhado destaque em função da epidemia de esporotricose urbana enfrentada pelo estado do Rio de Janeiro na última década e se apresenta classicamente como conjuntivite granulomatosa, mas formas atípicas podem ocorrer. Este artigo tem por objetivo relatar 2 casos atípicos de esporotricose ocular em pacientes imunocompetentes, ambos apresentando quadro clínico compatível com a síndrome oculoglandular de Parinaud associada à dacriocistite em um caso e presumivelmente à coroidite no outro caso.

Abstract Human and animal sporotrichosis is an infection caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii, which is classified from subacute to chronic. Ocular sporotrichosis has been highlighted due to the epidemic of urban sporotrichosis faced by the state of Rio de Janeiro in the last decade and presents classically as granulomatous conjunctivitis, but atypical forms may occur. This article aims to report two atypical cases of ocular sporotrichosis in immunocompetent patients, both presenting a clinical picture compatible with Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome associated with dacryocystitis in one case and presumably to choroiditis in the other case.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis/etiology , Ocular Motility Disorders/complications , Ocular Motility Disorders/diagnosis , Choroiditis/complications , Choroiditis/diagnosis , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Dacryocystitis/complications , Dacryocystitis/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(6): 902-904, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038284


Abstract: Molecular studies have shown more than one species of the genus Paracoccidioides to be the causal agent of paracoccidioidomycosis. Efforts have been made to correlate the identified species with epidemiological and clinical data of patients, aiming to determine the real meaning and impact of new species. Bearing this objective in mind, the authors report a clinical case of paracoccidioidomycosis, from São Paulo state, Brazil, that manifested as uncommon sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions and was caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis sensu stricto (S1a). The patient was treated with itraconazole 200mg/day for 12 months, with complete clinical remission.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paracoccidioides/classification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioides/isolation & purification , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(4): 377-385, ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978048


Resumen Introducción: Se desconocen los factores asociados a la candidiasis oral en población pediátrica con infección por VIH de los países en desarrollo. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la colonización por Candida, candidiasis oral y la susceptibilidad in vitro a antifúngicos, en niños y adolescentes con infección por VIH institucionalizados en la ciudad de Tijuana, México. Materiales y Métodos: Se examinó la cavidad oral de 30 niños y adolescentes con infección por VIH, se obtuvo una muestra de la mucosa oral para identificar las especies de Candida mediante cultivo y auxonograma. La susceptibilidad a los antifúngicos se determinó de acuerdo al CLSI. Los indicadores del estado inmunológico y falla virológica se clasificaron conforme a la OMS. Resultados: Se identificaron seis especies de Candida, 53% colonizantes y 47% causantes de candidiasis. Los factores asociados a candidiasis fueron alta carga viral (p = 0,001), menor recuento de LTCD4+ (p = 0,002) y esquema TARAA (p ≤ 0,014). La especie prevalente fue C. glabrata (33%); sin embargo, C. albicans (27%) fue más resistente a fluconazol (p = 0,001). Las especies resistentes a itraconazol se identificaron en esquemas que incluyen un INNTR (p = 0,041). Conclusiones: Los niños y adolescentes con infección por VIH institucionalizados mostraron una prevalencia elevada de Candida spp. colonizante y resistencia a los antifúngicos relacionada con los INNTR .

Background: Factors associated with candidiasis and colonization in HIV-positive children and adolescents in developing countries are not well understood. Aim: To identify the factors associated with oral Candida colonization and candidiasis in institutionalized HIV-positive children and adolescents in Tijuana, México, as well as the response of the isolates to antifungals. Materials and Methods: Sample of the oral mucosa of 30 HIV positive children and adolescents were obtained to isolate and identify Candida species by culture and metabolic profile. Antifungal drugs susceptibility was determined according to CLSI. Indicators of immunological and virologic failure were classified in accordance to WHO criteria. Results: Six Candida species were identified from oral mucosa, 53% colonizers and 47% in candidiasis. Factors associated with candidiasis and oral colonization were viral load (p = 0,001), CD4+ counts (p = 0,002) and HAART regimen (p ≤ 0,014). The most prevalent species was C. glabrata (33%), but C. albicans (27%) was more resistant to fluconazole (p = 0,001). Itraconazol resistant species were identified in regimens that include an NNRTI (p = 0,041). Conclusion: HIV-positive children and adolescents living in an orphanage showed high prevalence of colonizing Candida spp. and resistance to antifungals, related to NNRTI.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Candidiasis, Oral/microbiology , HIV Infections/complications , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Mouth Mucosa/microbiology , Candida albicans/classification , Candidiasis, Oral/classification , Candidiasis, Oral/drug therapy , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Viral Load , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Mexico , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(3): 462-464, May-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038269


Abstract: The number of new cases of emerging fungal infections has increased considerably in recent years, mainly due to the large number of immunocompromised individuals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of emerging fungi to fluconazole, itraconazole and amphotericin B by disk diffusion method. In 2015, 82 emerging fungi were evaluated in IPB-LACEN/RS and 13 (15.8%) were resistant: 10/52 were from superficial mycoses and 3/30 from systemic mycoses. The data from the study point to the need for permanent vigilance regarding the careful evaluation in the prescription and clinical and laboratory follow-up of patients affected by fungal infections.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fungi/drug effects , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , HIV Infections/complications , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Fungi/isolation & purification , Mycoses/microbiology , Mycoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 279-281, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887199


Abstract: Lobomycosis or lacaziosis is a chronic granulomatous fungal infection caused by Lacazia loboi. Most cases are restricted to tropical regions. Transmission is believed to occur through traumatic inoculation in the skin, mainly in exposed areas. It is characterized by keloid-like nodules. There are only a few hundred cases reported. The differential diagnoses include many skin conditions, and treatment is difficult. The reported case, initially diagnosed as keloid, proved to be refractory to surgical treatment alone. It was subsequently approached with extensive surgery, cryotherapy every three months and a combination of itraconazole and clofazimine for two years. No signs of clinical and histopathological activity were detected during follow-up.

Humans , Male , Adult , Ear Diseases/pathology , Ear Diseases/therapy , Lobomycosis/pathology , Lobomycosis/therapy , Keloid/pathology , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Clofazimine/therapeutic use , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Cryotherapy/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Ear Diseases/diagnosis , Lobomycosis/diagnosis , Keloid/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(1): 83-87, 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899780


Resumen La esporotricosis es la micosis subcutánea o por implantación más frecuente en México. Se comunica el caso de una esporotricosis cutánea-fija preauricular que simuló una celulitis bacteriana atípica, en una paciente anciana sin antecedente de traumatismo. La biopsia mostró un granuloma supurativo con presencia de levaduras escasas. En el cultivo se identificó Sporothrix schenckii que se confirmó por biología molecular. Se trató con itraconazol obteniéndose una curación clínica y micológica. Se presenta el caso de presentación atípica, proveniente de una zona semidesértica con clima extremo.

Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous or implantation mycosis in Mexico. The case of a preauricular cutaneous-fixed sporotrichosis simulating atypical bacterial cellulitis is reported in an elderly patient with no history of trauma. The biopsy showed a suppurative granuloma with scarce yeast. Sporothrix schenckii was identified in the culture and confirmed by molecular biology. She was treated with itraconazole and a clinical and mycological cure was obtained. The case of atypical presentation is presented, coming from a semi-arid zone with extreme weather.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Sporotrichosis/pathology , Cellulitis/microbiology , Cellulitis/pathology , Ear Diseases/microbiology , Ear Diseases/pathology , Sporotrichosis/drug therapy , Sporothrix/isolation & purification , Biopsy , Treatment Outcome , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Ear Diseases/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 478-483, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886989


Abstract: Background: Histological and mycological changes during itraconazole use have not been totally established in chromoblastomycosis. Objectives: To evaluate tissue modifications in chromoblastomycosis carriers under itraconazole treatment. Methods: A histological retrospective study of 20 cases of chromoblastomycosis seen at the university hospital at the south of Brazil, during itraconazole 400 mg daily treatment. Patients were classified into two groups: plaque or tumor lesions, and underwent periodic evaluations every four months during three years. Hematoxylin-eosin stain was used to analyze epidermal modifications, inflammatory infiltrate and fibrosis, and Fontana-Masson stain for parasite evaluation. Results: Fontana-Masson stain was superior to hematoxylin-eosin stain in fungal count in the epidermis (mean difference=0.14; p<0.05). The most distinct mycosis tissue responses were registered in the dermis. Epidermal thinning, granulomatous infiltrate decrease or disappearance, fibrosis increase and quantitative/morphological changes occurred during treatment. Study limitations: Patients could not be located to have their current skin condition examined. Conclusion: Parasitic and tissue changes verified in this study can reflect the parasite-host dynamics under itraconazole action.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin/pathology , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/microbiology , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Silver Nitrate , Skin/microbiology , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Chromoblastomycosis/microbiology , Chromoblastomycosis/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/pathology , Fungi/physiology , Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology
Rev. chil. infectol ; 34(4): 404-407, ago. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899733


Resumen La cromoblastomicosis es una enfermedad fúngica desatendida de curso crónico, que infecta por inoculación al tejido subcutáneo de personas con riesgo ocupacional. Comunicamos dos casos de adultos procedentes de regiones tropicales del norte del Perú, afectados con lesiones crónicas eritemato-escamosas y puntos negros múltiples, con dolor, prurito y cicatrización en áreas más antiguas de la lesión. El diagnóstico se realizó con el examen directo de escamas dérmicas con presencias de células fumagoides típicas y el aislamiento de hongos dematiáceos Fonsecaea pedrosoi y Fonsecaea sp., en el primer y segundo caso; respectivamente. Los pacientes recibieron tratamiento antifúngico con itraconazol, sin poder observar el resultado final debido al abandono del tratamiento y control médico.

Chromoblastomycosis is a neglected and chronic fungal disease, mainly affects the subcutaneous tissue in limbs of people with occupational risk. Here, we report two cases of adult patients from tropical regions of northern Peru, affected with chronic erythematous scaly lesions and multiple blackheads, pain, itching and scarring in older areas of injury. Direct examination of the dermal scales showed typical of this disease fumagoides cells; Fonsecaea pedrosoi and Fonsecaea sp. were isolated for at first and second case respectively. Patients received antifungal treatment with itraconazole; however, in both cases the final outcome was not observed due to treatment abandonment and medical care.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Chromoblastomycosis/diagnosis , Chromoblastomycosis/microbiology , Chromoblastomycosis/drug therapy , Neglected Diseases/diagnosis , Neglected Diseases/microbiology , Neglected Diseases/drug therapy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 56(1): 15-20, jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869402


Objetivo: un caso clínico de paracoccidioidomicosis restringida a cavidad oral, contribuyendo con el conocimiento de esta patología al odontólogo general. Caso clínico: paciente masculino de 57 años de edad proveniente de la ciudad de Tartagal, Salta, derivado a la Unidad de Estomatología del Hospital Señor del Milagro, por presentar lesiones orales de tres meses de evolución. Clínicamente se observaron lesiones granulomatosas, indoloras, moriformes, en encía vestibulary palatina del sector antero superior derecho con ausencia de lesiones pulmonares. Se realizaron estudios microbiológicos y anatomopatológicos. Posteriormente, el paciente fue derivado al Servicio de infectología, donde recibió tratamiento con itraconasol (200 mg), con repuesta clínica favorable. Conclusión: el conocimiento de las manifestaciones orales puede llevar al diagnóstico clínico de la paracoccidioidomicosis por parte del odontólogo. El diagnóstico precoz es la mejor manera de salvar al paciente de las complicaciones de esta enfermedad.

Objective: a clinical case of paracoccidioidomicosis restricted to oral cavity, contributing to the knowledge of this disease to the general dentist. Case report: male patient of 57 years old from Tartagal, Salta referred to the Stomatology Center of Hospital Señor Del Milagro, presenting oral lesions with an evolution of three months. He had painless granulomatory lesions in the buccal and palatal gingiva of the upper right sector and without lungs injury. It performed microbiological and pathological studies. Subsequently, the patient referred to the Service of Infectious Diseases where he was treated with 200mg Itraconasol with a favorable clinical response. Conclusion: knowledge of oral manifestations can lead to clinical diagnosis of paracoccidioidomicosis by general dentist. Early diagnosis is the best way to save the patient from complications of this disease.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oral Manifestations , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Paracoccidioidomycosis/diagnosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/etiology , Argentina , Culture Media , Early Diagnosis , Histological Techniques , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 88(2): 85-90, abr. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-838644


La esporotricosis es la micosis subcutánea más frecuente en Uruguay. Es producida por hongos del complejo Sporothrix. Su reservorio son los restos vegetales y madera en descomposición. En su hábitat natural las condiciones climáticas, temperatura y humedad son variables, pero es inviable a 40°C. Afecta al hombre y animales. Es una enfermedad ocupacional y recreativa, poco frecuente en la edad pediátrica. En nuestro país el modo habitual de adquirirla es a través de arañazos de armadillos (mulitas). La forma clínica clásica y más frecuente de la esporotricosis se caracteriza por un chancro cutáneo de inoculación acompañado de una linfangitis de carácter nodular y troncular. Su evolución tiene un desarrollo subagudo y crónico. A pesar de su signología típica es muchas veces confundida con otras afecciones dermatológicas lo que retarda el diagnóstico. La presentación visceral u osteoarticular es excepcional. El diagnóstico definitivo requiere el aislamiento del hongo en cultivos a partir del sitio de infección. La resolución espontánea es poco común. El tratamiento recomendado es itraconazol administrado durante 3 a 6 meses. También puede utilizarse de manera alternativa yoduro de potasio y la terbinafina. La termoterapia local preconizada por la escuela micológica uruguaya significa muchas veces una valiosa alternativa terapéutica. El objetivo de esta comunicación es la presentación del caso clínico de un niño que cursó una esporotricosis cutáneo-linfática. La misma fue confirmada por estudio micológico y recibió tratamiento con itraconazol y termoterapia local, con buena respuesta.

Sporotrichosis is the most frequent subcutaneous mycosis in Uruguay. It is caused by fungi from the Sporothrix complex. This fungus lives in decaying plant matter, including wood. Climate, temperature and humidity vary in their natural habitat, although they cannot survive when it is hotter than 40°C. It affects both men and animals. Sporotrichosis is an occupational and recreational disease, rather unusual in children. In our country it is usually acquired through armadillo scratches. The classical and most frequent clinical presentation is characterized by a chancre following inoculation, accompanied by nodular and troncular lymphangitis. Evolution of the condition has a subacute and chronic development. In spite of its typical signs, it is often confused with other skin diseases, what delays diagnosis. Visceral or osteoarticular presentation is exceptional. Final diagnosis requires the fungus to be isolated in cultures from the site of the infection. Spontaneous resolution is rather unusual. Itraconazole during 3 to 6 months is the recommended treatment. Alternatively, potassium iodide and terbinafine may be used. Local thermotherapy, recommended by the Uruguayan mycological school often constitutes a valuable therapeutic alternative. This study aims to present the clinical case of a boy with a lymphatic-cutaneous sporotrichosis. The condition was confirmed by mycological studies and he was treated with itraconazole and local thermotherapy, the response being good.

Humans , Male , Skin Diseases, Infectious/diagnosis , Sporotrichosis , Sporotrichosis/diagnosis , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Hypothermia, Induced , Armadillos , Skin Ulcer/etiology , Sporotrichosis/complications , Sporotrichosis/transmission , Uruguay , Diagnosis, Differential , Disease Vectors
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842763


ABSTRACT This study reports two cases of chronic paracoccidioidomycosis with sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions. The patients began the treatment in 2013 at Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho (HUCFF) of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). The first case (mild form) was treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (8 mg /kg per day, orally) for three months and, then, with half the dose for nine months; the second (moderate form), with itraconazole (200 mg per day, orally) for 12 months. We point out the rareness of the sarcoid-like cutaneous lesions and the differential diagnoses for other granulomatous diseases.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paracoccidioidomycosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/complications , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Chronic Disease , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Severity of Illness Index , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 107-109, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887086


Abstract This case report describes an uncommon manifestation of histoplasmosis on the soft palate. The importance of appropriate treatment and follow-up in complex cases is emphasized, especially in patients with chronic diseases. Oral lesions may occur as multiple, granular and painful ulcers, as well as verrucous growths. Lesions may also be deep, with infiltrative edges and erythematous or with white areas, accompanied by local lymphadenopathy, resembling a carcinoma on clinical examination. In this sense, a fast and accurate diagnosis is essential to the success of treatment of oral histoplasmosis.

Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Palate, Soft/microbiology , Palate, Soft/pathology , Oral Ulcer/microbiology , Oral Ulcer/pathology , Histoplasmosis/pathology , Biopsy , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Fatal Outcome , Oral Ulcer/drug therapy , Histoplasmosis/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
PAFMJ-Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal. 2017; 67 (3): 458-461
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188578


Objective: To compare the efficacy of single dose of oral itraconazole 400mg with 1% topical clotrimazole in the treatment of pityriasis versicolor

Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Place and Duration of Study: Dermatology department, Military Hospital Rawalpindi, from Jun 2015 to Dec 2015

Material and Methods: A total of 60 patients of pityriasis versicolor fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected from dermatology OPD after written informed consent and approval from the hospital ethical committee

Patients were divided into two treatment groups using random numbers table. Group A received single dose of itraconazole capsule [400mg] and group B received 1% clotrimazole cream twice daily application for 2 weeks

Patient evaluation included detailed history, clinical examination and direct microscopy of skin scrapings for fungal hyphae at the baseline, at the end of 2[nd] and 6[th] week of treatment. Efficacy of treatment was assessed on the basis of clinical and mycological cure

Results: At the end of 2 weeks of treatment, clinical cure was seen in 23 [76.6%] and 29 [96.6%] patients [p=0.05] and mycological cure in 20 [66%] and 26 [86.6%] patients in group A and B respectively [p=0.06]. At follow up [end of 6 week] 21 [70%] and 28 [93.3%] patients were cured clinically [p=0.02] while 18 [60%] and 27 [90%] patients were cured mycologically [p=0.007] in group A and B respectively

Conclusion: Topical clotrimazole [1%] was found more effective than single dose of oral itraconazole in the treatment of pityriasis versicolor

Humans , Female , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Clotrimazole/administration & dosage , Administration, Topical , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Dermatology , Informed Consent
Autops. Case Rep ; 6(4): 27-33, Oct.-Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905080


Histoplasmosis is the most common endemic mycoses among HIV-infected people. Patients with suppressed cell immunity mainly due to HIV are at increased risk of disseminated disease. Dermatological manifestations of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) and cutaneous manifestations of histoplasmosis similar to an IRIS event have been previously described. We report the case of a 43-year-old male who presented with cutaneous disseminated histoplasmosis due to Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum 4 months after the onset of the antiretroviral therapy and some improvement in the immune reconstitution. After 2 weeks of amphotericin B and itraconazole therapy, the scheduled treatment involved fluconazole maintenance therapy, which resulted in an improvement of his skin lesions.

Humans , Male , Adult , Histoplasmosis/drug therapy , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/drug therapy , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Itraconazole/therapeutic use , Skin/injuries