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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887733

ABSTRACT

Pathogens like bacteria and protozoa, which affect human and animal health worldwide, can be transmitted by vectors like ticks. To investigate the epidemiology and genetic diversity of bacteria and protozoans carried by ticks in Chengmai county of Hainan province, China, 285 adult hard ticks belonging to two species [


Subject(s)
Anaplasmataceae/isolation & purification , Animals , Chaperonin 60/genetics , China , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , Coccidia/isolation & purification , Coxiellaceae/isolation & purification , Insect Vectors/microbiology , Islands , Ixodidae/microbiology , Phylogeny , Piroplasmia/isolation & purification , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S/genetics
2.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(1): e022419, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092691

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of diseases transmitted by Amblyomma ovale in 61 dogs monitored for three years through collections of ticks and blood, interviews, telemetry and camera traps in three areas of Serra do Mar State Park, Brazil. Blood samples were used to investigate infection by Rangelia vitalii by real-time TaqMan PCR and Rickettsia parkeri by IIFA. The collected ticks were submitted to conventional PCR to investigate the presence of R. parkeri . These data were compared with the monitoring results and interviews with the owners. Dogs considered as companion presented a risk of infection by R. parkeri strain Mata Atlantica 5.4 times higher than those not considered as companion (p = 0.009). Dogs that had at least one A. ovale collected during the campaigns had a 10 times higher risk of infection by R. parkeri strain Mata Atlantica than those who did not (p = 0.009). One dog positive for R. vitalii by real-time TaqMan PCR was parasitized by A. ovale frequently during monitoring. Sequenced ompaA - positive DNA samples had 100% identity of R. parkeri strain Mata Atlantica clone As106. From the findings, it is urgent to control domestic dogs around rainforests to reduce zoonoses transmission.


Resumo A ocorrência de doenças transmitidas por Amblyomma ovale em 61 cães monitorados por três anos através de coletas de carrapatos, sangue, entrevistas, telemetria e armadilhas fotográficas foi avaliada em três áreas do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar - SP. Amostras de sangue foram utilizadas para investigação de Rangelia vitalii através de PCR TaqMan em tempo real e Rickettsia parkeri através da RIFI. Carrapatos coletados foram submetidos à PCR convencional para investigação de R. parkeri . Estes dados foram comparados considerando os resultados do monitoramento e entrevistas. Cães de companhia apresentaram risco de infecção pela R. parkeri cepa Mata Atlântica 5,4 vezes maior que os não considerados como de companhia (p = 0,009). Cães que tiveram pelo menos um A. ovale coletado apresentaram risco de infecção por R. parkeri cepa Mata Atlântica 10 vezes maior do que aqueles que não tiveram (p = 0,009). Um cão positivo para R. vitalii através de PCR TaqMan em tempo real foi parasitado por A. ovale durante o monitoramento. Amostras positivas para o gene ompaA possuíam 100% de identidade do clone As106 de R. parkeri cepa de Mata Atlântica. Assim, é urgente o controle de cães na Mata Atlântica para redução dos riscos de zoonoses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Rickettsia Infections/veterinary , Ixodidae/microbiology , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Rickettsia/classification , Rickettsia/genetics , Rickettsia Infections/diagnosis , Rickettsia Infections/epidemiology , Telemetry , Brazil/epidemiology , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Dog Diseases/diagnosis , Dog Diseases/microbiology , Rainforest
3.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(4): 671-676, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ticks of the Amblyomma cajennense complex present high infestation rates. These ticks transmit the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii, which causes Brazilian Spotted Fever. For this reason, an integrated tick control system was adopted on a farm in the municipality of Itu, state of São Paulo. On this farm, which borders the Tietê river, domestic animals are in contact with populations of capybaras. Six locations were monitored and evaluated between the years of 2015 and 2017. During this work 1271 nymphs and adult ticks were caught, all of them from the Amblyomma sculptum species, except for a single individual from the Amblyomma dubitatum species. The integrated tick management reduced the overall infestation levels to zero. Adult tick population dropped in the first year of the study, while larvae population dropped in the second year. Nymph population dropped in both years, decreasing in higher numbers in the first year. The estimated mean infestation levels for all of the tick's life cycle forms in the six monitored spots did not reach one individual in the end of the study. Estimated mean infestation levels for nymphs in these places equaled zero.


Resumo Em virtude de alta infestação por carrapatos do complexo Amblyomma cajennense, parasitos que transmitem a bactéria Rickettsia rickettsii, causadora da Febre Maculosa Brasileira, adotou-se um sistema de controle integrado dos carrapatos numa propriedade rural localizada no munícipio de Itu - SP. Na propriedade, que margeia o rio Tietê, os animais domésticos mantinham contato com populações de capivaras. Seis locais foram avaliados e monitorados nos anos de 2015 a 2017. Dentre os 1271 espécimes capturados (adultos e ninfas) um foi identificado como Amblyomma dubitatum e os demais com Amblyomma sculptum. De um modo geral, houve controle da infestação de carrapatos visto que todos os estágios ao final de 2017 apresentaram níveis próximos ou igual a zero. A população de adultos teve queda no primeiro ano e a de larvas no segundo. As ninfas apresentaram queda nos dois anos, sendo mais acentuada no primeiro ano. A média da estimativa do nível de infestação para cada estágio do carrapato nos seis locais monitorados não chegou a 1 indivíduo ao final do experimento, sendo que a média da estimativa para as ninfas foi de zero em todos esses locais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rodentia/parasitology , Tick Control/methods , Ixodidae/microbiology , Horses/parasitology , Rural Population , Brazil , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/transmission , Endemic Diseases , Farms
4.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 25(4): 418-422, Sept.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830044

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aims of the present study were to serosurvey dogs, horses, and humans highly exposed to tick bites for anti-Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. antibodies, identify tick species present, and determine risk factors associated with seropositivity in a rural settlement of Paraná State, southern Brazil. Eighty-seven residents were sampled, along with their 83 dogs and 18 horses, and individual questionnaires were administered. Immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was performed on serum samples and positive samples were subjected to western blot (WB) analysis. Anti-B. burgdorferi antibodies were found in 4/87 (4.6%) humans, 26/83 (31.3%) dogs, and 7/18 (38.9%) horses by IFAT, with 4/4 humans also positive by WB. Ticks identified were mostly from dogs and included 45/67 Rhipicephalus sanguineus, 21/67 Amblyomma ovale, and 1/67 A. cajennense sensu lato. All (34/34) horse ticks were identified as A. cajennense s.l.. No significant association was found when age, gender, or presence of ticks was correlated to seropositivity to Borrelia sp. In conclusion, although anti-Borrelia antibodies have been found in dogs, horses and their owners from the rural settlement, the lack of isolation, molecular characterization, absence of competent vectors and the low specificity of the commercial WB kit used herein may have impaired risk factor analysis.


Resumo Os objetivos do presente estudo foram realizar um levantamento sorológico de cães, cavalos e humanos altamente expostos a picadas de carrapatos para anticorpos anti-B. burgdorferi s.l., identificar as espécies de carrapatos presentes, e determinar os fatores de risco associados a soropositividade em um assentamento rural do Estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil. Oitenta e sete residentes foram amostrados junto com seus respectivos 83 cães e 118 cavalos e questionários individuais foram aplicados. O teste de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI) foi realizado nas amostras sorológicas e as positivas foram submetidas a análise por western blot (WB). Anticorpos anti-B. burgdorferi foram detectados em 4/87 (4,6%) humanos, 26/83 (31,3%) cães e 7/18 (38,9%) cavalos pela IFI, com 4/4 humanos também positivos pelo WB. Os carrapatos identificados foram em sua maioria de cães e incluíram 45/67 Rhipicephalus sanguineus, 21/67 Amblyomma ovale e 1/67 A. cajennense sensu lato. Todos (34/34) carrapatos dos cavalos foram identificados como A. cajennense s.l.. Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas entre idade, sexo ou presença de carrapatos e soropositividade para Borrelia sp. Em conclusão, embora anticorpos anti-Borrelia tenham sido encontrados em cães, equinos e seus proprietários do assentamento rural, a ausência de isolamento, caracterização molecular, ausência de vetores competentes e baixa especificidade do kit comercial de WB utilizado podem ter limitado a análise de fatores de risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Dogs , Ticks/microbiology , Borrelia burgdorferi Group/immunology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Brazil , Rural Health , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rhipicephalus sanguineus/microbiology , Horses
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(5): 317-320, Oct. 2016. mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841601

ABSTRACT

Al quinto día de retirarse del Parque Nacional El Rey, provincia de Salta, Argentina, donde realizó turismo rural, una mujer italiana de 47 años desarrolló un cuadro febril agudo seguido de un exantema petequial y purpúrico que progresó rápidamente a falla multiorgánica y falleció al sexto día de internación. Existieron referencias a mordeduras por garrapatas y se constató una lesión cutánea similar a la denominada tache noire. La autopsia mostró una vasculitis generalizada, ascitis, edema de pulmón, necrosis tubular aguda y necrosis portal centrolobulillar. Se procesó tejido esplénico y hepático con técnica de PCR para Rickettsia spp, basada en la detección del gen gltA. El resultado fue positivo. Los amplicones obtenidos fueron secuenciados y los resultados se compararon con las secuencias preestablecidas en el programa BLAST, coincidiendo en un 99% con R. rickettsii. La baja sensibilidad del sistema de salud en reconocer la enfermedad y la insuficiente información producida desde los medios relacionados con el turismo, son factores que inciden en el retardo de implementar un tratamiento eficaz y las normas de prevención adecuadas.


On the fifth day after leaving the Parque Nacional El Rey, province of Salta, Argentina, where she made rural tourism, a woman of Italian origin, aged 47, developed an acute fever followed by a petechial and purpuric rash that progressed rapidly to multiorgan failure. She died on the sixth day after hospitalization. There were references to tick bites and a skin lesion similar to tache noire was found. The autopsy showed generalized vasculitis, ascites, pulmonary edema, acute tubular necrosis and portal centrilobular necrosis. Spleen and liver tissue were processed for PCR Rickettsia spp, based on the detection of the gltA gene. The result was positive. The amplicons obtained were sequenced and the results were compared with the preset sequences on the BLAST program, 99% coinciding with R. rickettsii. The low sensitivity of the health system to recognize this disease and the insufficient information generated from tourism-related media are factors that affect the delay to implement effective treatment and appropriate prevention standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Middle Aged , Rickettsia rickettsii/isolation & purification , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/microbiology , Argentina , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/complications , Fatal Outcome , Ixodidae/microbiology , Multiple Organ Failure/microbiology
6.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(5): 304-306, Oct. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841597

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente trabajo es comunicar el hallazgo de Amblyomma triste por primera vez en la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, y sumar una nueva localidad para Amblyomma tigrinum en la misma provincia. Ambas especies de garrapatas son reconocidos vectores de Rickettsia parkeri, agente etiológico de la fiebre manchada. Los especímenes fueron colectados durante el mes de agosto de 2014 y diciembre de 2015 a partir de turistas en la Fundación Federico Wildermuth (31° 59'S, 61° 24'O), departamento de San Martín, provincia de Santa Fe. Se colectaron 5 garrapatas adultas que fueron identificadas morfológicamente como A. tigrinum (3 hembras y 1 macho) y A. triste (1 hembra). El presente hallazgo de A. triste y A. tigrinum representa el primero en incluir a ambas especies del complejo Amblyomma maculatum en una misma localidad y permite alertar sobre la presencia de vectores de R. parkeri en la zona. Nuevos estudios que incluyan el muestreo de un mayor número de garrapatas y la detección de R. parkeri permitirán dilucidar más aspectos sobre la situación de esta rickettsia en Santa Fe.


The aim of this communication is to report, for the first time, the occurrence of Amblyomma triste in Santa Fe province, Argentina, and to add a new isolation place for Amblyomma tigrinum. Both species of ticks are vectors of Rickettsia parkeri, a spotted fever group rickettsia. Ticks were recovered from tourists in August 2014 and December 2015 at the Federico Wildermuth Foundation (31° 59'S, 61° 24'O), San Martin Department, Santa Fe province. Five adult ticks were morphologically identified as A. tigrinum (3 females and 1 male) and A. triste (1 female). This is the first finding including both Amblyomma maculatum group species, A. triste and A. tigrinum, together in the same locality in Argentina. This finding suggests that this site might have favorable features for the development of both species of R. parkeri vector. Further studies including sampling of a larger number of ticks and detection of R. parkeri DNA are needed to better document the epidemiology of this rickettsia in Santa Fe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Arachnid Vectors/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/transmission , Ixodidae/microbiology , Argentina , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Ixodidae/classification
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(2): 89-92, abr. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841548

ABSTRACT

This work presents records of ticks infesting humans in northern Misiones Province, Argentina. Also, notes on potential transmission of tick-borne pathogens are included. A total of 282 ticks attached to researchers were collected and identified by their morphological characters. Eight tick species were found: Amblyomma brasiliense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma incisum, Amblyomma ovale, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Rhipicephalus microplus. Some of these species as A. dubitatum, A. ovale and R. sanguineus have been found infected with spotted fever group rickettsiae pathogenic to humans in Brazil and Argentina. The potential role as vectors of humans pathogens of the ticks found attached to humans in this study is discussed.


En este trabajo se presentan registros de garrapatas que infestan seres humanos en el norte de la provincia de Misiones, Argentina. Además, se incluyen notas sobre la posible transmisión de patógenos por garrapatas. Se colectó un total de 282 garrapatas adheridas a investigadores, las cuales fueron identificadas por sus caracteres morfológicos. Se encontraron ocho especies de garrapatas: Amblyomma brasiliense, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma incisum, Amblyomma ovale, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Rhipicephalus sanguineus y Rhipicephalus microplus. Algunas de estas especies como A. dubitatum, A. ovale y R. sanguineus han sido halladas infectadas con rickettsias del grupo de las fiebres manchadas patógenas para los seres humanos en Brasil y Argentina. Se discute el papel potencial de las garrapatas encontradas infestando humanos en este estudio como vectores de patógenos de seres humanos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arthropod Vectors/microbiology , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Tick Infestations/epidemiology , Ticks/microbiology , Argentina , Ticks/classification , Cattle , Data Collection , Ixodidae/classification , Ixodidae/microbiology , Horses/parasitology
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(3): 879-883, July-Sept. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755800

ABSTRACT

Studies investigating rickettsial infections in ticks parasitizing wild animals in the Northeast region of Brazil have been confined to the detection of Rickettsia amblyommii in immature stages of Amblyomma longirostre collected from birds in the state of Bahia, and in immatures and females of Amblyomma auriculariumcollected from the striped hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus) and armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) in the state of Pernambuco. The current study extends the distribution of R. amblyommii (strain Aranha), which was detected in A. longirostre collected from the thin-spined porcupine Chaetomys subspinosus and the hairy dwarf porcupine Coendou insidiosus. In addition, we report the first detection of Rickettsia bellii in adults of A. longirostre collected from C. insidiosus in the state of Bahia.

.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/microbiology , Rickettsia/genetics , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Tick Infestations/microbiology , Animals, Wild , Armadillos , Base Sequence , Birds , Brazil , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Mephitidae , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Typing , Porcupines , Periplasmic Proteins/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics
9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(supl.1): 31-37, set. 2013. mapas, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695794

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the middle of last century, cases of rickettsiosis have been found in Panamá when outbreaks of murine typhus and spotted fever were reported. Since then, little information exists about its prevalence in this country, since it is most often is misdiagnosed as another disease. Objectives: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the presence of Rickettsia infections in humans in three locations in Panamá. These locations are agricultural areas, near forested areas or those who work in zoo. Materials and methods: Three locations where chosen for this study: Tortí, El Valle de Antón and workers in the Summit Municipal Park in Panamá City. All volunteers signed an informed consent and answered a questionnaire. The samples were analyzed for the detection of rickettsial spotted fever and typhus group by the indirect immunofluorescence (using commercial kits) and antigens of Rickettsia rickettsii and R. amblyommii. Results: Blood samples were taken from 97 volunteers in Tortí (25), El Valle de Anton (37) and Summit Municipal Park (35). Of these, a total of 38 (39%) samples reacted to one of the two methods: eight (32%) in Tortí, 18 (48%) in El valle and 12 (34%) in Summit Municipal Park. Conclusion: The results show a high prevalence of antibodies to Rickettsia belonging to the spotted fever group in each of the three study areas, in addition to presenting evidence of the typhus group Rickettsia in El Valle de Anton. These areas could be considered endemic for rickettsiosis as there are conditions for maintaining them.


Introducción. Desde mediados del siglo pasado, se conocen en Panamá casos de rickettsiosis, cuando fueron reportados brotes de tifus en ratones y de fiebres manchadas. A partir de entonces, poca información se tiene sobre su prevalencia en este país, lo cual se debe principalmente a que son confundidos con otras enfermedades. Objetivos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue demostrar la presencia de rickettsiosis en humanos provenientes de tres localidades de Panamá, que corresponden a zonas agropecuarias, cercanas a bosques, o que trabajaban en zoológicos. Materiales y métodos. Se escogieron tres localidades para este estudio: Tortí (provincia de Panamá), El Valle de Antón (provincia de Coclé) y el Parque Municipal Summit en Ciudad de Panamá. Los voluntarios firmaron un consentimiento informado, además de responder un cuestionario. De cada voluntario se extrajo sangre venosa, la que fue analizada por medio de inmunoflorescencia indirecta, utilizando kits comerciales y láminas sensibilizadas con antígenos cultivados de Rickettsia rickettsii y Rickettsia amblyommii . Resultados. Se tomaron muestras de 97 voluntarios, 25 en Tortí, 37 en El Valle de Antón y 35 en el Parque Municipal Summit. De estos, 38 (39 %) de las muestras fueron positivas en algunas de las dos técnicas practicadas: 8 (32 %) en Tortí, 18 (48 %) en El Valle y 12 (34 %) en el Parque Municipal Summit. Conclusión. Se demuestra una alta prevalencia de anticuerpos contra Rickettsia del grupo de las fiebres manchadas en las tres áreas de estudio, además de presentarse evidencia de títulos para Rickettsia del grupo tifus en El Valle de Antón. Estas zonas podrían considerarse como endémicas por rickettsiosis, ya que existen condiciones que permiten el mantenimiento de las mismas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Rickettsia Infections/epidemiology , Rickettsia/immunology , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/epidemiology , Animals, Zoo/parasitology , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Arachnid Vectors/microbiology , Disease Reservoirs/parasitology , Endemic Diseases , Environmental Exposure , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Forests , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Ixodidae/microbiology , Occupational Exposure , Panama/epidemiology , Pets/parasitology , Rural Population , Rickettsia Infections/immunology , Rickettsia rickettsii/immunology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Species Specificity , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tick Bites/microbiology , Tick Infestations/epidemiology , Tick Infestations/prevention & control , Tick Infestations/veterinary , Urban Population
10.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(3): 131-134, May-June 2012. ilus, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-625272

ABSTRACT

At first Rickettsia conorii was implicated as the causative agent of spotted fever in Uruguay diagnosed by serological assays. Later Rickettsia parkeri was detected in human-biting Amblyomma triste ticks using molecular tests. The natural vector of R. conorii, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, has not been studied for the presence of rickettsial organisms in Uruguay. To address this question, 180 R. sanguineus from dogs and 245 A. triste from vegetation (flagging) collected in three endemic localities were screened for spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiosis in southern Uruguay. Tick extracted DNA pools were subjected to PCR using primers which amplify a fragment of the rickettsial gltA gene. Positive tick DNA pools with these primers were subjected to a second PCR round with primers targeting a fragment of the ompA gene, which is only present in SFG rickettsiae. No rickettsial DNA was detected in R. sanguineus. However, DNA pools of A. triste were found to be positive for a rickettsial organism in two of the three localities, with prevalences of 11.8% to 37.5% positive pools. DNA sequences generated from these PCR-positive ticks corresponded to R. parkeri. These findings, joint with the aggressiveness shown by A. triste towards humans, support previous data on the involvement of A. triste as vector of human infections caused by R. parkeri in Uruguay.


Inicialmente, Rickettsia conorii fue señalada como el agente causal de la fiebre manchada en Uruguay, diagnosticada mediante pruebas serológicas. Posteriormente, Rickettsia parkeri fue detectada mediante técnicas moleculares en garrapatas Amblyomma triste colectadas sobre humanos. El vector natural de R. conorii, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, no ha sido estudiado en cuanto a rickettsias en Uruguay. Para abordar este tema, 180 R. sanguineus fueron colectados sobre perros y 245 A. triste sobre vegetación en tres localidades consideradas endémicas para fiebres manchadas en el sur de Uruguay. El ADN de las garrapatas fue extraído en pools y sometido a una primera PCR utilizando cebadores que amplifican un fragmento del gen gltA, presente en prácticamente todas las especies de Rickettsia. Las muestras positivas fueron sometidas a una segunda PCR con cebadores que amplifican un fragmento del gen ompA, presente sólo en rickettsias del grupo de las fiebres manchadas (GFM). No se detectó ADN rickettsial en R. sanguineus. Sin embargo, muestras de A. triste fueron positivas a rickettsiales en dos de las tres localidades estudiadas, con prevalencias de pools positivos del 11.8 y 37.5% respectivamente. La secuenciación del ADN evidenció la presencia de R. parkeri. Basados en estos resultados junto a los anteriores y la agresividad de A. triste hacia los humanos, se concluye que esta garrapata es vector de rickettsiosis humana por R. parkeri en Uruguay.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Humans , Male , Arthropod Vectors/microbiology , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia/genetics , DNA Primers/analysis , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rhipicephalus sanguineus/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/transmission , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Uruguay
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(8): 926-930, Dec. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-610965

ABSTRACT

During 2006-2008, a total of 260 adult ticks were collected from domestic and wild animals in different regions of the state of Santa Catarina (SC), Brazil, including areas where human cases of Brazilian spotted fever have been reported. Collected ticks belonging to nine species (Amblyomma aureolatum, Amblyomma cajennense, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma longirostre, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma tigrinum, Dermacentor nitens, Rhipicephalus microplus and Rhipicephalus sanguineus) were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rickettsial infection. Overall, eight (3.1 percent) ticks were found to be infected with Rickettsia species. After sequencing the PCR products, we determined that the sequences generated from three A. aureolatum, one A. ovale and one R. sanguineus from the municipality of Blumenau, one A. ovale from the municipality of Águas Mornas and one A. ovale from the municipality of Urussanga were identical to the corresponding partial rickettsial ompA gene sequence of Rickettsia parkeri strain Atlantic rainforest. The sequence generated from one A. longirostre from Blumenau was 100 percent identical to the corresponding partial rickettsial ompA gene sequence of Rickettsia amblyommii strain AL. Because R. parkeri strain Atlantic rainforest was recently shown to have caused two cases of human spotted fever in other states of Brazil, the role of this rickettsial agent as a possible etiological agent of spotted fever in SC is discussed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Insect Vectors/microbiology , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia/classification , Animals, Domestic/parasitology , Animals, Wild/parasitology , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rickettsia/genetics , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/transmission
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 42(3): 351-353, May-June 2009. mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-522271

ABSTRACT

Foi pesquisada a presença de riquétsias em 3.545 carrapatos Amblyomma cajennense e 2.666 Amblyomma dubitatum. Através do teste de hemolinfa, reação em cadeia pela polimerase e isolamento de rickettsia em cultivo celular, todos os Amblyomma cajennense foram negativos, sendo que 634 (23,8 por cento) Amblyomma dubitatum mostraram-se infectados com Rickettsia bellii.


The presence of rickettsial infection was surveyed in 3,545 Amblyomma cajennense ticks and 2,666 Amblyomma dubitatum ticks. Using the hemolymph test, polymerase chain reaction and isolation of Rickettsia in cell cultures, all of the Amblyomma cajennense were negative, whereas 634 (23.8 percent) of the Amblyomma dubitatum ticks were shown to be infected with Rickettsia bellii.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arachnid Vectors/microbiology , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Brazil
13.
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2008; 32 (3): 253-257
in English, Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-88073

ABSTRACT

Query [Q] fever is caused by hard ticks infected by Coxiella burnetii. It belongs to a group of diseases, classified as zoonosis, that are common between human-beings and animals. This study was conducted with the objective of defining the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in humans, animal hosts and hard ticks in the western part of the Mazandaran province. Blood samples were collected from subjects randomly selected from individuals working in professions that brought them in close contact with animals. We also obtained blood samples from randomly selected farm animals, and a limited number of samples from stray dogs in the community. Hard ticks were collected from the bodies of farm animals and also from the shrubs around the farms. The ticks were identified by genus, species and developmental stage. All blood samples were tested by PCR. With the aid of two pairs of primers especially designed 16S rRNA for Coxiella burnetii, PCR and then Nested-PCR was done on each sample. A total of 2417 hard ticks were removed from: animal bodies [1644] and from the shrubbery [773]. The hard tick species were identified as follow: - Ixodes ricinus [72%] - Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum [15%] - Boophilus annulatus [9%] - Haemaphysalis sulcata [3%] - Dermacentor marginatus [1%] No positive case of Coxiella burnetii was observed in 1052 investigated samples in this study [120 humans, 135 sheeps, 102 cows, 60 goats, 20 dogs, 10 hedgehogs and 605 hard ticks]. This study did not find any evidence of contamination with Coxiella burnetii in the samples collected from the rural areas of Western Mazandaran. To define the prevalence of this microorganism in different parts of northern Iran further epidemiological studies are necessary


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Insecta , Q Fever , Prevalence , Ixodidae/microbiology , Sheep/microbiology , Cattle/microbiology , Goats/microbiology , Dogs/microbiology , Hedgehogs/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 39(1): 68-71, jan. -fev. 2006.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-422087

ABSTRACT

O Município de Campinas situa-se em região endêmica para febre maculosa brasileira do Estado de São Paulo, onde vários casos desta doenca vem ocorrendo. Capivaras têm sido associadas ao ciclo dessa riquetsiose por apresentarem sorologia positiva e serem hospedeiras de carrapatos Amblyomma spp principais vetores da doenca. Carrapatos foram coletados no parque urbano do Lago do Café, Campinas, SP, local associado a casos humanos suspeitos de febre maculosa brasileira, sobre a vegetacão e das capivaras ali presentes, e pesquisados quanto à presenca de riquétsias pela reacão em cadeia da polimerase e pelo teste de hemolinfa. Adultos de Amblyomma cajennense e Amblyomma cooperi albergavam Rickettsia bellii, não patogênica, identificada pela análise das seqüências de nucleotídeos do gene gltA, porém, não foram constatadas riquétsias do Grupo da Febre Maculosa. Estes resultados associados à ausência de um isolado de riquétsias do Grupo da Febre Maculosa de capivaras indicam que seu papel, enquanto reservatório, necessita de maior investigacão.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Female , Disease Reservoirs/veterinary , Disease Vectors , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Rodentia/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Endemic Diseases , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rickettsia Infections/epidemiology , Rickettsia Infections/transmission , Rickettsia/classification , Rickettsia/genetics , Urban Population
15.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(8): 841-845, Dec. 2005. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-419949

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated rickettsial infection in Amblyomma spp. ticks collected in a farm in Coronel Pacheco, a Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) endemic area. A total of 78 A. cajennense and 78 A. dubitatum free-living adult ticks were collected and tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting a fragment of the rickettsial gene gltA. Only one pool of three A. cajennense ticks showed the expected product by PCR. This pool was further tested by PCR using sets of primers targeting the rickettsial genes gltA, ompA, and ompB. All reactions yielded the expected bands that by sequencing, showed 100 percent identity to the corresponding sequences of the Rickettsia rickettsii gene fragments gltA (1063-bp), ompA (457-bp), and ompB (720-bp). The minimal infection rate of R. rickettii in the A. cajennense population was 1.28 percent (at least one infected tick within 78 ticks).The present study showed molecular evidence for the presence of R. rickettsii in A. cajennense from a BSF-endemic area in Coronel Pacheco, state of Minas Gerais. Although R. rickettsii has been previously reported infecting A. cajennense ticks in Brazil and other Latin American countries, the present study performed the first molecular characterization of R. rickettsii from the tick A. cajennense.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dogs , Female , Humans , Male , Endemic Diseases , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/microbiology , Rickettsia rickettsii/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Vectors , Horses , Hemolymph/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rickettsia Infections/epidemiology , Rickettsia rickettsii/genetics
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