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1.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 19-25, jul.-set. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372011

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a cronologia de erupção do primeiro molar permanente em crianças de ambos os sexos, residentes na zona urbana e rural do munícipio de Santa Helena - PR, Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 154 crianças da zona rural e 300 crianças da área urbana de 04 a 07 anos (48 a 84 meses). Os primeiros molares avaliados foram considerados irrompidos quando qualquer porção de sua coroa estivesse clinicamente visível. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente se mostrou de 72 a 83 meses. Destes, o grupo da zona rural apresentou uma média para idade de erupção mais precoce. Contudo, verificou-se um resultado considerável em crianças na faixa de 48 a 59 meses (4 anos), mostrando mais uma vez a erupção precoce nas crianças da zona rural. Este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula, irrompendo primeiro nas meninas do que nos meninos, e o dente 46 foi o que mais se mostrou presente. A média de idade para erupção do primeiro molar permanente correspondeu àquela descrita pela literatura aos seis anos, mas não correspondeu ao atraso na erupção das crianças residentes em zona rural. Bem como este dente irrompeu primeiro na mandíbula... (AU)


The objective of this study was to compare the chronology of eruption of the first permanent molar in children of both sexes, living in the urban and rural areas of the city of Santa Helena-PR, Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 154 children from the rural area and 300 children from the urban area from 4 to 7 years old (48 to 84 months). The first molars evaluated were considered erupted when any portion of their crown was clinically visible. The average age for eruption of the first permanent molar was 72 to 83 months. Of these, the rural group had an earlier average age for eruption than the urban group. However, a considerable result was found in children 48-59 months showing once again the early eruption in rural children. This tooth erupted first in the jaw, erupting first in girls rather than boys, and tooth 46 was most present. The mean age of eruption of the first permanent molar corresponded to that described in the literature at age six, but did not correspond to the delayed eruption of children living in rural areas. Just like this tooth erupted in the jaw first... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Tooth/embryology , Tooth Eruption , Child , Dental Care for Children , Molar/embryology , Dentition, Permanent , Jaw , Molar
2.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 88-92, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372537

ABSTRACT

Os defeitos ósseos nos maxilares podem ser causados por patologias como ameloblastoma, carcinoma de células escamosas e sarcomas, bem como, por traumatismos faciais que vão desde acidentes de trânsito a agressões por arma de fogo. As reconstruções de tais defeitos ósseos não deverão apenas devolver a anatomia e contorno da região, mas também, restabelecer a estética e função. A escolha do melhor tipo de enxerto para reconstrução mandibular deverá ser feita de acordo com a característica do defeito e, principalmente, a observação do seu tamanho. O presente trabalho relata o caso clínico de um paciente que procurou o serviço de CTBMF do Hospital da Restauração, queixando-se de deformidade em terço inferior de face após agressão por projétil de arma de fogo (PAF) há, aproximadamente, 2 anos. Ao exame físico apresentava perda de continuidade óssea em região de parassínfise mandibular direita, oclusão pouco funcional e com prometimento funcional. Para o caso foi proposta cirurgia para reconstrução do defeito mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca. Diante disso, um diagnóstico preciso, planejamento minucioso e boa execução da técnica de reconstrução mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca proporcionam resultados estéticos satisfatórios, contorno e volume ósseos adequados possibilitando um restabelecimento funcional da área receptora... (AU)


Bone defects in the jaws can be caused by pathologies such as ameloblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and sarcomas, as well as facial trauma ranging from traffic accidents to gunshot wounds. Reconstructions of such bone defects should not only restore the anatomy and contour of the region, but also restore aesthetics and function. The choice of the best graft type for mandibular reconstruction should be made according to the characteristic of the defect and, especially, the observation of its size. The present study reports the clinical case of a patient who sought the CTBMF service of the Hospital da Restauração, complaining of deformity in the lower third of the face after aggression by FAP for approximately 2 years. Physical examination showed loss of bone segment in a region of right mandibular paresis, malocclusion and functional impairment. For the case, surgery was proposed to reconstruct the mandibular defect with free iliac crest graft. Therefore, a precise diagnosis, careful planning and good execution of the mandibular reconstruction technique with free iliac crest graft provide satisfactory aesthetic results, adequate bone contour and volume allowing a functional reestablishment of the receiver area... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Facial Injuries , Mandibular Reconstruction , Ilium , Jaw , Malocclusion , Physical Examination , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Bone and Bones
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 79-84, abr.-maio 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369198

ABSTRACT

O mixoma odontogênico é um tumor benigno que acomete os maxilares, de rara ocorrência que tem origem a partir do componente ectomesenquimatoso de um germe dentário, seja ao nível da papila dentária, ao nível do folículo ou ainda ao nível do ligamento periodontal. Tem predileção pelo sexo feminino, podendo comprometer com mais significância a faixa etária da segunda à quarta década de vida. O tratamento dos mixomas odontogênicos pode ser conservador ou radical. Com relação à escolha do tratamento, deve o cirurgião levar em consideração principalmente a extensão do envolvimento da lesão. O tratamento conservador pode ser considerado como primeira escolha, evitando efeitos associados a morbidade, comprometimento de estruturas anatômicas nobres e diminuição da qualidade de vida. Por se tratar de lesão recidivante, métodos complementares de tratamento têm sido empregados, tais como osteotomia periférica, uso do nitrogênio líquido e a solução de Carnoy. Este trabalho teve como objetivo relatar um caso de mixoma odontogênico em corpo mandibular de paciente do sexo feminino, leucoderma, 25 anos, solteira, natural de Recife-PE- Brasil, tratado de forma conservadora através de curetagem, osteotomia periférica e uso de solução de Carnoy, que até o presente momento não ocorreu sinais de recidiva... (AU)


Odontogenic myxoma is a rare benign tumor that affects the jaws. It´s originates from the ectomesenchymatous component of a dental germ, either at the level of the dental papilla, at the level of the follicle or at the level of the periodontal ligament. It has a predilection for the female sex, being able to compromise with more significance the age group from the 2nd to the 4th. decade of life. The treatment of odontogenic myxomas can be conservative or radical. Regarding the choice of treatment, the surgeon must take into account mainly the extent of the lesion's involvement. Conservative treatment can be considered as the first choice, avoiding effects associated with morbidity, impairment of noble anatomical structures and decreased quality of life. As it is a recurrent lesion, complementary treatment methods have been used, such as peripheral osteotomy, use of liquid nitrogen and Carnoy's solution. This study aimed to report a case of odontogenic myxoma in the mandibular body of a female patient, leucoderma, 25 years old, single, born in Recife-PE- Brazil, treated conservatively through curettage, peripheral osteotomy and use of a solution of Carnoy, that until now there have been no signs of recurrence... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Osteotomy , Jaw Neoplasms , Mandible , Myxoma , Conservative Treatment , Jaw , Neoplasms
4.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 83-86, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286972

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst of the jaws. It is a less aggressive intraosseous cyst identified by an orthokeratinized epithelium. Case Report A 50-year-old male patient with the chief complaint of swelling in the anterior part of his face, and, intraorally, there was diffuse swelling in the palatal cortex. On panoramic radiography, there was a well-defined unilocular radiolucency on the right side of the maxilla and palatal cortical expansion, and thinning of the buccal and palatal cortexes was observed. The histopathological examination revealed a pathologic cyst that was lined by a thick orthokeratinized epithelium. Therefore, the diagnosis was orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst. Conclusion The orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst displays characteristic clinical, histopathological, and biological features that differ significantly from those of keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT), but it has a better prognosis and lower recurrence rate. Thus, other radiolucent lesions of the jaws, including keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT), must be considered in the differential diagnosis.


Resumo Objetivo O cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado é um raro cisto odontogênico maxilar. É um cisto intraósseo menos agressivo, identificado por um epitélio ortoceratinizado. Relato de caso Um paciente do sexo masculino, de 50 anos de idade, com queixa principal de edema na parte anterior da face, e, intraoralmente, havia edema difuso no córtex palatal. Na radiografia panorâmica, havia uma radioluminescência unilocular bem definida no lado direito da maxila e expansão cortical palatina, e desbastamento dos córtex vestibular e palatino. O exame histopatológico revelou cisto patológico revestido por espesso epitélio ortoceratinizado. Logo, o dignóstico foi de cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado. Conclusão O cisto odontogênico ortoceratinizado apresenta características clínicas, histopatológicas e biológicas que diferem significativamente das do tumor odontogênico ceratocístico (TOC), mas tem melhor prognóstico e menor taxa de recorrência. Portanto, outras lesões radiolúcidas dos maxilares, incluindo TOC, devem ser consideradas no diagnóstico diferencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnosis , Odontogenic Cysts/physiopathology , Jaw/injuries , Mandibular Diseases/diagnosis , Maxillary Diseases/diagnosis
5.
Actual. osteol ; 17(1): [35-44], 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292117

ABSTRACT

The masticatory apparatus is a functional unit of the human body, which is mainly responsible for speech, chewing, and swallowing. It is built of bones, joints, ligaments, teeth, and muscles. In addition, the oral cavity and its hard tissues are the first ones to be exposed to exogenous factors during feeding and breathing. The aim of the work was to review the literature of recent years on the toxicology of metals and their possible negative and sometimes positive effects on the metabolism of bones of the masticatory apparatus. In summary, metals commonly found in the environment affect the bones of the masticatory apparatus to varying degrees. Attention should be paid to the sources of individual metals in the environment and to prevent their excessive, unwanted effects on the bones of the masticatory apparatus. (AU)


El aparato masticatorio constituye una unidad funcional del cuerpo humano especializada en la regulación y coordinación de los procesos del habla, la masticación y la deglución. Está constituida por huesos, ligamentos, articulaciones, músculos y dientes. El tejido óseo de la cavidad bucal es el primero en estar expuesto a factores exógenos durante la alimentación y la respiración. El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar una revisión de lo reportado en la literatura en los últimos años, con respecto a los efectos beneficiosos o nocivos de los metales pesados sobre el metabolismo de los huesos del aparato masticatorio. En resumen, se evidencia que los metales presentes en el medioambiente afectan a estos huesos en diferentes grados. Se debe prestar especial atención a identificar las fuentes de donde provienen estos metales, para prevenir los efectos no deseados sobre el tejido óseo masticatorio generados por una excesiva exposición a ellos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Stomatognathic System/metabolism , Metals, Heavy , Jaw/metabolism , Metals, Heavy/toxicity
6.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(2): e210059, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279483

ABSTRACT

Rioraja agassizii belongs to the monotypic genus Rioraja and differs from the other Riorajini species of the genus Atlantoraja by the shape of anterior nasal flap, squamation, clasper skeleton, body measurements and color pattern. Although R. agassizii is a well-known species, commonly captured in inshore waters of the southwestern Atlantic, its external morphology and internal anatomy have never been fully described and little is known on intraspecific variation within the species. Juvenile and adult, male and female specimens were examined, measured and dissected. Herein, we redescribe the species and present detailed descriptions and illustrations of external morphology, neurocranium, jaws, hyoid and gill arches, and pelvic fin and girdle. Additionally, notes on sexual dimorphism and ontogenetic differences in coloration, body and cranial measurements, and dermal denticles are provided.(AU)


Rioraja agassizii pertence ao gênero monotípico Rioraja e difere das demais espécies da tribo Riorajini classificadas no gênero Atlantoraja pelo formato da aba nasal anterior, escamas, esqueleto do clásper, medidas corpóreas e padrão de coloração. Embora R. agassizii seja uma espécie bem conhecida, comumente capturada em águas costeiras do Atlântico Sul Ocidental, sua morfologia externa e anatomia interna não foram totalmente descritas e pouco se sabe sobre a variação intraespecífica nesta espécie. Espécimes juvenis, adultos, machos e fêmeas foram examinados, medidos e dissecados. Neste estudo, a espécie é redescrita e descrições detalhadas e ilustrações da morfologia externa, neurocrânio, maxilas, arcos hioide e branquiais, nadadeira e cintura pélvicas são apresentadas. Adicionalmente, notas sobre dimorfismo sexual e variação ontogenética na coloração, medidas corpóreas e craniais, e dentículos dérmicos são fornecidas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Skates, Fish/anatomy & histology , Skates, Fish/genetics , Sex Characteristics , Jaw
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen and other approaches for treating the osteoradionecrosis of the jaws (ORNJ) systematically.@*METHODS@#According to the preset inclusion and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials and cohort studies on hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of ORNJ were screened, and foreign language databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library were searched via a computer; Chinese databases such as CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data, and CBM were searched from the established database to September 2020. Relevant books were searched manually to collect all literatures on the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapies in ORNJ treatment. Two researchers were independent and mutually blind, the papers were selected, data were collected, and the bias risk was evaluated. If any difference was detected, it would be decided by discussion or arbitrated by a third party. The data related to the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapy in the treatment of the ORNJ were extracted, and the Revman5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis. In case of large heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis was performed. A funnel chart was used to evaluate possible publication bias qualitatively.@*RESULTS@#Four randomized controlled trials and seven cohort studies were included in Meta-analyses. In ORNJ treatment, no significant differences between the group subjected to hyperbaric oxygen and both surgery and antibiotics and the group that underwent both surgery and antibiotics (RR=1.16, 95%CI: 0.86~1.58, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperbaric oxygen therapy cannot replace surgery and antibiotic therapy. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is not superior to antibiotics and antifibrotic drugs, but the benefits of antifibrotic drugs should be further explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Jaw , Osteoradionecrosis/therapy
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888698

ABSTRACT

Ossifying fibroma (OF) and fibrous dysplasia (FD) are two fibro-osseous lesions with overlapping clinicopathological features, making diagnosis challenging. In this study, we applied a whole-genome shallow sequencing approach to facilitate differential diagnosis via precise profiling of copy number alterations (CNAs) using minute amounts of DNA extracted from morphologically correlated microdissected tissue samples. Freshly frozen tissue specimens from OF (n = 29) and FD (n = 28) patients were obtained for analysis. Lesion fibrous tissues and surrounding normal tissues were obtained by laser capture microdissection (LCM), with ~30-50 cells (5 000-10 000 µm


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma, Ossifying/genetics , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/genetics , Galactosyltransferases , Humans , Jaw , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nuclear Proteins
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878455

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic granuloma, a rare disease, has various clinical manifestations and no specific X-rays features and is thus easily misdiagnosed. This paper reports a case of multifocal eosinophilic granuloma of jaw with long-term follow-up. The patient initially presented with periodontal tissue destruction.The diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of multifocal eosinophilic granuloma of jaw were discussed in combination with the literature to alert this disease in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Eosinophilic Granuloma/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Jaw , Periodontium , Radiography
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878439

ABSTRACT

The morbidity rate of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) increased rapidly in recent years. Thusfar, the mechanism of MRONJ has no consensus. The possible mechanisms may include bone remodeling inhibition theory, angiogenesis inhibition theory, oral microorganism infection theory, immunosuppression theory, cytotoxicity-targeted oral epithelial cells, microcrack formation of maxillary or mandibular bone, and single nucleotide polymorphism. However, the efficacy of prevention and treatment based on a single mechanism is not ideal. Routine oral examination before MRONJ-related drug treatment, treatment of related dental diseases, and regular oral follow-up during drug treatment are of great significance for the prevention of MRONJ. During the treatment of MRONJ, the stage of MRONJ must be determined accurately, treatment must be standardized in accordance with the guidelines, and personalized adjustments must be made considering the specific conditions of patients. This review aimed to combine the latest research and guidelines for MRONJ and the experiences on the treatment of MRONJ in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, and discuss the strategies to improve the clinical process.


Subject(s)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bone Remodeling , China , Humans , Jaw
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878417

ABSTRACT

Speech could be used, because it was a neuromuscular movement without teeth contact. The method was stable, however it was used more in vertical relation deciding. More study was needed in the horizontal relation deciding. This article was to explain why and how to use phonetic method to decide jaws relation, through literature review.


Subject(s)
Denture Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw , Phonetics
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154999

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of linear and curvilinear measurements for the complete assessment of implant sites and jaw pathologies using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Fifty cone-beam computed tomographic images of patients were retrieved from the archives of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. CBCT images taken for implant planning and evaluation of intrabony jaw pathologies (benign cyst/tumor) were included. Two expert oral and maxillofacial radiologists analyzed the images independently and made the measurements. The images for implant planning were analyzed for width, the height of the edentulous site, and the qualitative analysis of bone in the region. Jaw pathologies were assessed for linear dimensions and curvilinear measurements. Results: The inter-observer measurement error for implant site analysis ranged from 0.12 to 0.42 mm with almost perfect agreement (ICC: 0.94 to 1). The inter-observer measurement error for jaw pathology was 0.09 to 0.25 mm (ICC: 0.98-1). Curvilinear measurements showed perfect agreement between the observers. The intraobserver reliability for the various parameters used for the assessment of the implant site and jaw pathologies indicated almost perfect agreement. Conclusion: Reliability between the radiologists is high for various measurements on CBCT images taken for implant planning and jaw pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Oral , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Radiologists , India/epidemiology , Jaw , Mandible/pathology
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021295, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285414

ABSTRACT

Forensic odontology is a specialty of dental sciences that deals with dental evidence in the interest of the justice system. The science of autopsy has been developing from the ancient times even before the popularization of general medicine. The objective of a medico-legal autopsy is to identify significant clues for an ongoing forensic investigation. However, in certain circumstances, it is difficult to conduct an oral examination owing to the anatomic location of the oral cavity. The onset of rigor mortis after death poses further complications. Thus, skillful and sequential dissections of the oral and para-oral structures are required to expose the dentition. Dental autopsy includes incisions and resection of the jaw for the detailed examination of the oral cavity. The procedure involves various modes of examination, including visual and radiographic, which help in human identification in forensic investigation. The present paper provides an overview of the various methods of dental autopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Osteotomy , Autopsy , Jaw
14.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(3): e039, sept.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1253447

ABSTRACT

El osteoma es una lesión osteogénica benigna, derivado de hueso compacto o esponjoso. Se caracteriza por ser de crecimiento lento y aparece con más frecuencia entre los 20 y los 50 años de vida, con una prevalencia mayor en hombres con respecto a las mujeres. Clínicamente asintomáticos, los podemos encontrar en la región craneofacial, particularmente en los senos paranasales y la mandíbula, y pueden presentarse de tres formas: central, periférica y extraósea, siendo más comunes los solitarios, a diferencia de los múltiples que están relacionados con el síndrome de Gardner. El tratamiento de los osteomas es quirúrgico cuando causan complicaciones. Los estudios por imágenes, como la radiografía panorámica y la TCHC, son las modalidades de mayor uso para determinar la ubicación, la extensión y las relaciones anatómicas de la lesión. Las características imagenológicas pueden presentarse como una excrecencia ósea de hueso compacto, esponjoso o mixto. El conocimiento de esta lesión nos permitirá tener mejores propuestas diagnósticas. (AU)


Osteomas are benign osteogenic lesions derived from compact or spongy bone. They are characterized by their slow growth and appear more frequently between 20 and 50 years of age, with a higher prevalence in men than in women. These lesions are clinically asymptomatic and can be found in the craniofacial region, particularly in the paranasal sinuses and the mandible, and may have a central, peripheral or extraosseous presentation. Multiple osteomas are related to Gardner's Syndrome. Treatment of osteoma is surgical when complications develop. Imaging studies such as panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography are the modalities most widely used to determine the location, extent, and anatomical relationships of the lesion. Imaging features may present as a bony excretion of compact, spongy, or mixed bone. Adequate knowledge of these lesions allows adequate diagnosis and better treatment planning. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoma , Osteoma/radiotherapy , Radiography, Panoramic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Review Literature as Topic
15.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 71-75, ago. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134344

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Objetivo: Determinar las dimensiones de la cresta ósea vestibular de los incisivos maxilares con indicación de implantación inmediata. Pacientes y método: Un estudio transversal fue realizado en pacientes con necesidad de colocación de implantes inmediatos unitarios en la zona incisiva superior, durante el periodo de Enero-2015 a Diciembre-2017. Cortes tomográficos sagítales fueron utilizados para determinar la altura y el grosor de la cresta ósea alveolar vestibular. El punto de medición del grosor fue localizado a 4 mm apical a la linea amelocementaria. Un análisis T-student, fue utilizado para comparar las variables según la edad, el género y el grupo dentario, con un intervalo de confianza de 95%. Resultados: 298 imágenes fueron incluidas en la evaluación. El promedio de altura fue 10,68 mm, no hubo diferencias al comparar los grupos. El grosor promedio fue de 0,73 mm, diferencias de grosor, estadísticamente significativas, fueron observadas al comparar la edad y el género, no así en el grupo dentarlo. Conclusiones: La altura del hueso alveolar vestibular de incisivos superiores es suficiente para colocar implantes inmediatos dentro de un marco óseo. No obstante, el grosor observado, se traduciría en la necesidad de complementar la implantación con técnicas de regeneraciónn tisular guiada.


ABSTRACT: Objective : Determine the dimensions of the facial bone ridge of the maxillary incisors with indication of immediate implantation. Patients and method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in patients in need of single immediate implant placement in the upper incisor area, during the period from January-2015 to December-2017. Sagittal tomographic sections were used to determine the height and thickness of the vestibular alveolar bone ridge. The thickness measurement point was located 4 mm apical to the amelocementary junction. A T-student analysis was used to compare the variables according to age, gender, and dental group, with a 95% confidence interval. Results: 298 images were included in the evaluation. The mean height was 10.68 mm, there were no differences when comparing the groups. The mean thickness was 0.73 mm, statistically significant differences in thickness were observed when comparing age and gender, but not in the dental group. Conclusions: The height of the vestibular alveolar bone of the upper incisors could be sufficient to place immediate implants within a bone framework. However, the thickness observed would result in the need to complement the implantation with guided tissue regeneration techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Therapeutics , Facial Bones , Incisor , Jaw , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(2): 25-29, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253480

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O tratamento da assimetria facial causada pela hiperplasia hemimandibularvemsendodebatidohádécadase, ainda assim,existem algumas controvérsias quanto aomelhor manejo dessacondição. Relato de caso:Revisão de literatura acerca das abordagens cirúrgicas descritas, e, apresentação de caso clínico de uma pacientecomassimetriafacial. Foram realizadas a cirurgiadepredictibil idadenoarticuladorsemi-ajustáveleprototipagem dos maxilares feita a partir de tomografia computadorizada. A paciente foi submetida a cirurgia ortognática com nivelamento da basilar mandibular e condilectomia no mesmo tempo cirúrgico. Considerações finais:Após acompanhamento por 48 meses, a paciente não apresenta recidiva e segue com a oclusão estável. Segue, também, sem dor nas articulações temporomandibulares. Dessaforma, foi alcançado um aspecto mais harmonioso da face, uma vez que a paciente se queixava de que a assimetria causava transtornos sociais a ela... (AU)


Introduction: The treatment of facial asymmetry caused by hemimandibular hyperplasia has been debated for decades and, even so, there are some controversies regarding the best management of this condition. Case report: Literature review about the surgical approaches described, and presentation of a clinical case of a patient with facial asymmetry. Predictability surgery was performed on the semi-adjustable articulator and prototyping of the jaws using computed tomography. The patient underwent orthognathic surgery with leveling of the mandibular basilar and condylectomy at the same surgical time. Final considerations: After 48 months of follow-up, the patient has no recurrence and continues with stable occlusion. There is also no pain in the temporomandibular joints. In this way, a more harmonious aspect of the face was achieved, since the patient complained that the asymmetry caused social disorders to her... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pain , Facial Asymmetry , Orthognathic Surgery , Hyperplasia , Jaw , Joints , Mandibular Condyle , Temporomandibular Joint , Tomography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Articulators
17.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 30-33, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253537

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O complexo zigomático é a segunda estrutura mais fraturada do esqueleto facial em acidentes motociclísticos, perdendo em incidência, apenas, para fraturas de mandíbula. Fraturas de zigoma podem causar complicações oculares, parestesias na face, perda de projeção ântero-posterior, levando a defeitos ósseos que causam danos estéticos e funcionais ao paciente, se não forem tratados de forma correta. Relato de caso: A vítima de acidente motociclístico com trauma de face apresentou-se com queixas estéticas e funcionais, com diagnóstico conclusivo de fratura em complexo zigomático. Realizou-se um acesso hemicoronal com extensão endaural, o que permitiu a visualização das fraturas do arco zigomático direito e da região da sutura fronto-zigomática direita, acesso transconjutival para abordagem do rebordo infraorbitário e acesso intraoral para o pilar zigomático maxilar. As fraturas foram reduzidas e fixadas com placas e parafusos do sistema 1.5mm. Somente o pilar zigomático foi fixado com placas e parafusos de 2.0mm. Considerações Finais: Fraturas complexas do osso zigomático podem representar um verdadeiro desafio cirúrgico. Planejamento prévio por meio de exames de imagem adequados é fundamental para se definir o tipo de tratamento e os acessos cirúrgicos adequados... (AU)


Introduction: The zygomatic complex is the second part of the facial skeleton that most fracture incidence after motorcycle accidents, in losing only chip fractures of the mandible bone. Zygoma fractures can cause eye complications, paresthesias in the face, loss of anteroposterior projection, leading to bone defects that cause cosmetic and functional damage to the patient, if not treated properly. Case report: The victim of a motorcycle accident with facial trauma presented with aesthetic and functional complaints, with a conclusive diagnosis of fracture in a zygomatic complex. A hemi-coronal approach with endaural extension was performed, which allowed the visualization of fractures of the right zygomatic arch and right fronto-zygomatic suture region, transconjutival access to approach the infraorbital ridge and intraoral access to the zygomatic pillar. jaw. Fractures were reduced and fixed with 1.5mm system plates and screws. Only the zygomatic abutment was fixed with 2.0mm plates and screws. Final Considerations: Complex zygomatic bone fractures can represent a real surgical challenge. Prior planning through appropriate imaging exams is critical to defining the type of treatment and appropriate surgical access... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Zygoma , Zygomatic Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Jaw , Maxillary Fractures , Sutures , Wounds and Injuries , Bone and Bones , Accidents, Traffic , Mandible
18.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 22-26, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253535

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A luxação da articulação temporomandibular ocorre quando a cabeça da mandíbula se movimenta para fora da fossa articular, fazendo com que a superfície posterior da cabeça da mandíbula fique à frente da eminência articular. Quando ocorrem episódios frequentes, essa condição é referida como luxação recidivante. Embora existam diferentes tratamentos, a eminectomia apresenta-se como uma opção cirúrgica com resultados satisfatórios e prognóstico favorável. Relato de caso: Este trabalho relata o caso de uma paciente com quadro severo de luxações recidivantes associadas à distonia muscular, tratada cirurgicamente por eminectomia. A paciente apresenta acompanhamento de 36 meses, estável, sem sintomatologia ou novos episódios de luxação. A abordagem multidisciplinar apresenta um alto índice de sucesso, e procedimentos cirúrgicos devem ser considerados quando procedimentos clínicos falham. Considerações finais: A eminectomia mostra bons resultados no tratamento da luxação recidivante de ATM, com chances mínimas de recidiva ou danos articulares. Após a cirurgia, os pacientes mostram uma boa função articular... (AU)


Introduction: Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint occurs when the jaw head moves out of the joint fossa causing the posterior surface of the jaw head to be ahead of the joint eminence. When they occur in frequent episodes, this condition is referred like relapsing dislocation. Although there are different treatments, eminectomy presents as a surgical option with satisfactory results and favorable prognosis. Case report: This paper reports the case of a patient with severe recurrent dislocations associated with muscular dystonia, treated through surgical treatment of eminectomy associated with a clinical treatment protocol. The patient has a 36-month followup, stable, without symptoms or new episodes of dislocation. The multidisciplinary approach has a high success rate and surgical procedures should be considered when clinical procedures fail. Final considerations: Eminectomy shows good results in the treatment of recurrent TMJ dislocation, with minimal chances of recurrence or joint damage. After surgery, patients show good joint function... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Recurrence , Temporomandibular Joint , Joint Dislocations , Dystonia , Jaw , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Joints , Mandible
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 622-626, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098297

ABSTRACT

The studies have illustrated odontometric analysis can be used to determine the sexual dimorphism effect on size of the teeth in various populations. The main aim of the study was to identify the inter-cuspal-, bucco-lingual -dimensions and weight of human upper-arch pre-molars in males and females of different South Asian populations. These metrics can distinguish sex which can have application in mass disasters, archaeology of mingled human remains and the in unidentified or several ancestry. The sample size consisted of 60 orthodontically extracted maxillary pre-molars from Pakistani and Saudi Arabian populations respectively. For male and female groups of each population fifteen first and second maxillary premolars were collected respectively, stored in PBS solution. The weight of the individual teeth was recorded. Later, digitally pictures were captured parallel to the occlusal surface to measure maximal bucco-lingual and inter-cuspal dimensions using Image-J software. The dimensions and weights were compared using Students' t-test between males and females respective Pakistani and Saudi Arabian first (P1) and second (P2) maxillary pre-molars. The dimensions for male P1 and P2 were statistically significantly larger than that for females in both populations. Furthermore, wet-weight of pre-molars in males is significantly greater than females in both populations. The findings demonstrate maxillary pre-molars can discriminate between the sexes in various populations.


Las investigaciones han ilustrado que el análisis odontométrico se puede utilizar para determinar el efecto del dimorfismo sexual en el tamaño de los dientes en varias poblaciones. El objetivo principal del estudio fue identificar las dimensiones y el peso entre cúspides, buco-linguales y el peso de los premolares de la arcada superior humana en hombres y mujeres de diferentes poblaciones del sur de Asia. Estas medidas pueden distinguir el sexo y ser importante en desastres masivos, arqueología de restos humanos entremezclados y en ancestros no identificados. El tamaño de la muestra consistió en 60 premolares maxilares extraídos ortodóncicamente de las poblaciones de Pakistán y Arabia Saudita, respectivamente. Para los grupos de hombres y mujeres de cada población, se recogieron quince primeros y segundos premolares superiores respectivamente, almacenados en solución de PBS. Se registró el peso de los dientes individuales. Posteriormente se capturaron imágenes digitales paralelas a la superficie oclusal para medir las dimensiones máximas buco-linguales e intercúspides utilizando software Image-J. Las dimensiones y los pesos se compararon mediante la prueba t de Student entre lo premolares maxilares (P1) y segundos (P2) de hombres y mujeres paquistaníes y saudíes. Las dimensiones para P1 y P2 de los hombres fueron estadísticamente significativos mayores que para las mujeres en ambas poblaciones. Además, el peso húmedo de los premolares en los varones era significativamente mayor que el de las mujeres en ambas poblaciones. Los hallazgos demuestran que los premolares maxilares pueden discriminar entre los sexos en varias poblaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sex Determination Analysis/methods , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Sex Characteristics , Jaw/anatomy & histology , Pakistan , Saudi Arabia , Forensic Medicine
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 205-212, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090676

ABSTRACT

Mapudungun is a language used by Mapuche people in some regions of Chile and Argentina. The aim of this study was to describe the vowel phonemes with regard to the articulatory parameters (position of the tongue with respect to the palate and jaw opening) and acoustic parameters (f0, F1, F2 and F3) in Mapudungun speakers in the Region of La Araucanía. The vocalic phonemes of Mapudungun are six, where the first five are similar to those used in Spanish (/a e i o u/), to which is added a sixth vowel (/ɨ/) with its vocalic allophones (/ɨ/) and [Ә]. Three Mapudungun speakers were evaluated. The tongue movements were collected by Electromagnetic Articulography 3D and the data were processed with MATLAB and PRAAT software. It was possible to describe the trajectory of each third of the tongue during the production of the vowels. It was observed that the sixth vowel /Ә/ had minimal jaw opening during its pronunciation. In addition, the characteristic of /Ә/ as an unrounded mid-central vowel was corroborated. In this study, the tongue of mapudungun speakers was in a more posterior position than the found in other studies.


El Mapudungun es un lenguaje utilizado por los mapuches en algunas regiones de Chile y Argentina. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los fonemas vocálicos respecto a los parámetros articulatorios (posición de la lengua respecto al paladar y apertura mandibular) y los parámetros acústicos (f0, F1, F2 y F3) en hablantes de Mapudungun en la Región de La Araucanía, los fonemas vocálicos de Mapudungun son seis, donde los primeros cinco son similares a los utilizados en español (/a e i o u /), a los que se agrega una sexta vocal (/ɨ/) con sus alófonos vocálicos [ɨ] y [Ә]. Se evaluaron tres hablantes de Mapudungun. Los movimientos de la lengua fueron registrados por Articulografía Electromagnética 3D y los datos fueron procesados con el software MATLAB y PRAAT. Fue posible describir la trayectoria de cada tercio de la lengua durante la producción de las vocales. Se observó que la sexta vocal /Ә/ tenía una apertura mínima de la mandíbula durante su pronunciación. Además, se corroboró la característica de /Ә/ como vocal central media no redondeada. En este estudio, la lengua de los hablantes de mapudungun estaba en una posición más posterior que la encontrada en otros estudios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Speech Production Measurement/instrumentation , Tongue/physiology , Phonetics , Indians, South American , Jaw/physiology , Speech Acoustics , Pilot Projects , Electromagnetic Phenomena
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