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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 3335-3344, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285978

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to estimate cost and compatibility with public financial incentives of two technologies for treating the edentulous mandible: lower complete dentures (CD) and overdentures retained by two dental implants (OD). This study consisted of a partial economic evaluation, with a micro-costing bottom-up approach for the calculation of direct costs. The estimates involved the number of consultations, proportion of materials, equipment, instruments' lifetime, and human resources, described in the price panel website of the Ministry of Economy in Brazil. Complementary information was obtained from a panel of experts. A sensitivity analysis was based on 20% variation. The estimated cost of a CD was R$ 189.89 (base scenario), and this varied between R$ 151.91 and R$ 227.89 according to sensibility analysis. The cost of an OD was R$ 663.05 (ranging from R$ 795.66 to R$ 530.44 - 1US=R$ 3.80/July 2019). The Ministry of Health covers appropriately the costs of the CD and OD. Both technologies showed costs that are within the limits of financial public incentives obtained by municipalities. The technologies are economically viable and should be induced through public policies due to their positive impacts on several functional domains of health.


Resumo Estimar os custos e a compatibilidade dos incentivos públicos de duas tecnologias para o tratamento da mandíbula edêntula: prótese total convencional (PTC) e overdenture retida por dois implantes (OD). Este estudo consistiu em uma avaliação econômica parcial, com abordagem "bottom-up" para o cálculo dos custos diretos. As estimativas levaram em consideração o número de consultas, proporção de materiais, equipamentos, vida útil dos instrumentais e recursos humanos. Os custos foram baseados no painel de preços do Ministério da Economia do Brasil e informações complementares foram obtidas de um painel de especialistas. Uma análise de sensibilidade foi baseada na variação de 20% dos custos. Os custos da PTC foram estimados em R$ 189,89 (cenário base) com variação entre R$ 151,91 e R$ 227,89 na análise de sensibilidade. Os custos da OD foram R$ 663,05 (variando de R$ 795,66 a R$ 530,44). O Ministério da Saúde cobre apropriadamente os custos de ambas as tecnologias nos cenários base e mais otimista. Ambas as tecnologias apresentaram custos dentro dos limites dos incentivos públicos recebidos. As tecnologias são economicamente viáveis e devem ser induzidas por políticas públicas diante do impacto positivo em vários domínios funcionais da saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Denture, Overlay , Brazil , Patient Satisfaction , Denture, Complete, Lower , Health Services , Mandible
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 42-46, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283885

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Por sua posição na face, a mandíbula é frequentemente atingida pelos traumas, surgindo em algumas estatísticas como o osso fraturado com maior incidência em face. Em fraturas de mandíbulas atróficas o tratamento conservador, com fixação intermaxilar não costuma ser uma opção viável pela falta de dentes e pequena área de contato ósseo existente. Dessa forma, a redução aberta e fixação interna estável tem sido o tratamento de escolha sempre que a condição do paciente permitir. Objetivo: relatar um caso de osteossíntese de fratura de mandíbula atrófica por acesso extraoral. Relato de caso: Paciente 64 anos, faioderma, sexo feminino, procurou o serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial da Universidade Federal da Bahia apresentando traumatismo facial por queda da própria altura, referindo severas queixas álgicas espontâneas em região mandibular. Ao exame físico notou-se edentulismo total em ambas as arcadas, edema, hematoma e degrau ósseo á palpação em região de corpo de mandíbula a direita, alémde mobilidade atípica a manipulação da mandíbula. Ao exame de imagem notou-se sinais de fratura em corpo mandibular direito e côndilo esquerdo. O tratamento instituído foiconservador para a fratura de côndilo e cirúrgico para a fratura de corpo, o acesso foi extraoral ea fixação rígida foi realizada com placa e parafusos dos dispositivos Load-Bearing. Considerações finais: A paciente não apresentou quaisquer déficits funcionais pós-procedimento cirúrgico, sendo o tratamento abertocom fixação interna estável bastante promissor por restabelecer a união de focos fraturados e deslocados, proporcionando estabilidade da fratura e conforto imediato para a paciente(AU)


Introduction: Due to its position on the face, the jaw is frequently affected by trauma, appearing in some statistics as the fractured bone with a higher incidence in the face. In fractures of atrophic jaws, conservative treatment, with intermaxillary fixation, is not usually a viable option due to the lack of teeth and small area of existing bone contact. Thus, open reduction and stable internal fixation have been the treatment of choice whenever the patient's condition permits. Objective: to report a case of osteosynthesis of atrophic mandible fracture through extraoral access. Case report: Patient 64-year-old, female, sought the service of Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology at the Federal University of Bahia presenting facial trauma due to falling from his own height, referring to severe spontaneous pain complaints in the mandibular region. On physical examination, total edentulism was noted in both arches, edema, hematoma and bone step on palpation in the right jaw body region, in addition to atypical mobility in the jaw manipulation. On imaging examination, signs of fracture were noted in the right mandibular body and left condyle. The treatment instituted was conservative for condyle fracture and surgical for body fracture, access was extraoral and rigid fixation was performed with plate and screws of the Load-Bearing devices. Final considerations: The patient did not presente any functional deficits after the surgical procedure, and the open treatment with stable internal fixation is very promising for restoring the union of fractured and displaced foci, providing fracture stability and immediate comfort for the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures , Atrophy , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible/surgery
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748

ABSTRACT

The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of anterior and pterygoid implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy.@*METHODS@#Given a minimum follow-up of 1 year, 25 patients with fixed maxillary rehabilitation over anterior and pterygoid implants were enrolled in this retrospective study. The implant survival rates, peri-implant soft tissue status (including probing depth, modified sulcus bleeding index, and plaque index), marginal bone loss, and patient satisfaction were measured.@*RESULTS@#The survival rates for anterior and pterygoid implants at 1-year follow-up were 96.5% and 97.8%, respectively (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy, full-arch fixed prostheses supported by anterior and pterygoid implants has an acceptable short-term clinical outcome and excellent patient satisfaction. It may be considered as a predictable and feasible method for maxillary rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Atrophy/pathology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878437

ABSTRACT

When design an implant restoration for edentulous patients, many doctors ignore the sufficiency of the interarch distance (vertical distance) or horizontal distance of the patient to accommodate the superstructure and restoration before designing the implant plan. However, the connotation of measuring the interarch distance or horizontal distance has not been clarified in clinical practice. It is often based on visual estimation after operation, and the decision-making path of implant restoration is inverted, resulting in many mistakes regarding the restoration after implantation. The main reason is the lack of standardized paths and practical methods to use before surgery. This article recommended initially establishing a maxillo-mandibular relationship based on natural teeth, old dentures, or new ones and then using the height and horizontal distance or angle of the target restorative space, which was easier to grasp as the measured index. The minimum vertical distance (including the height of the gingival surface and the bone surface) and the horizontal distance (or the angle from the bone or gingival surface to the proposed occlusal plane) should be measured before operation. A decision tree of edentulous jaw restoration guided by the values of the repair space was established based on the measured values. This article clarified the measuring points and planes and thus provided a quantitative relationship basis for the design of implant restoration.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible , Mouth, Edentulous
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811260

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and degree of lingual concavities in the first molar region of the mandible to reduce the risk of perforating the lingual cortical bone during dental implant insertion.METHODS: A total of 163 suitable cross-sectional cone-beam computed tomography images of edentulous mandibular first molar regions were evaluated. The mandibular morphology was classified as a U-configuration (undercut), a P-configuration (parallel), or a C-configuration (convex), depending on the shape of the alveolar ridge. The characteristics of lingual concavities, including their depth, angle, vertical location, and additional parameters, were measured.RESULTS: Lingual undercuts had a prevalence of 32.5% in the first molar region. The mean concavity angle was 63.34°±8.26°, and the mean linear concavity depth (LCD) was 3.03±0.99 mm. The mean vertical distances of point P from the alveolar crest (Vc) and from the inferior mandibular border were 9.39±3.39 and 16.25±2.44, respectively. Men displayed a larger vertical height from the alveolar crest to 2 mm coronal to the inferior alveolar nerve (Vcb) and a wider LCD than women (P<0.05). Negative correlations were found between age and buccolingual width at 2 mm apical to the alveolar crest, between age and Vcb, between age and Vc, and between age and LCD (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The prevalence of lingual concavities was 32.5% in this study. Age and gender had statistically significant effects on the lingual morphology. The risk of lingual perforation was higher in young men than in the other groups analyzed.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Process , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Female , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Mandible , Mandibular Nerve , Molar , Prevalence
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786593

ABSTRACT

In patients with fully edentulous jaw, treatment of complete dentures should be carried out in many stages when following the conventional methods. Therefore there were disadvantages such as multiple visits to dental clinic is inevitable. In addition, errors caused by polymerization shrinkage, which happens during the fabrication of denture, and difficulties in reproduction of damaged or lost denture were considered as disadvantages. But nowadays, computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system is widely used in dentistry and it has begun to expand its spectrum in manufacturing complete dentures. Using CAD/CAM system to fabricate complete dentures can reduce the number of patient's visit and clinical chair time, since taking impression, recording jaw relation, and selection of artificial teeth are performed at the same time during the first visit, and delivering of dentures during the second visit is possible. In addition, because 3D-Printing technology is used, errors by polymerization shrinkage can be reduced. Among the companies that fabricate complete dentures using CAD/CAM system, DENTCA CAD/CAM denture (DENTCA Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA) is the most commercialized company. In this case, we treated patients of complete dentures using conventional complete denture method and DENTCA CAD/CAM denture system in the same patient. We would like to report this case because we have achieved good results not only in functional aspects of pronunciation, chewing, and swallowing but also in aesthetic aspects.


Subject(s)
Computer-Aided Design , Deglutition , Dental Clinics , Dentistry , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Mastication , Methods , Polymerization , Polymers , Reproduction , Tooth, Artificial
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the relationships among tooth loss, denture wearing, nutrition intake, and nutritional status. Material and Methods: This observational cohort study was conducted on 26 patients (≥ 45 years old) at the Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Indonesia. Tooth loss was classified according to the Eichner Index. The Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire was used to measure nutritional intake (kcal). Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and Handgrip Strength (HGS) assessments were employed to measure the nutritional status at baseline (before denture insertion), 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after denture use. Results: Significant differences in nutritional intake (p<0.05) between the Eichner B and C groups were noted at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after using dentures. Significant increases in nutritional intake were noted after wearing the dentures (p<0.05) when compared with the baseline values. The nutritional status was considered normal in 65.4% of the patients at 12 months and 38.5% at baseline. Furthermore, the nutritional status 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after wearing denture was significantly improved compared with the baseline values (p<0.05). Significant differences in HGS (p<0.05) were observed between the Eichner B and C groups at 6, 9, and 12 months after using the denture. However, no significant differences in HGS were noted before and after wearing the denture (p<0.05). Conclusion: Denture wearing can improve the nutritional intake and status of pre-elderly and elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged/psychology , Nutritional Status , Dentures , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Jaw/diagnostic imaging , Nutrition Assessment , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Indonesia/epidemiology
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e209272, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177196

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of concern with dental appearance (DA) and associated factors among the elderly of two southern Brazilian cities. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the cities of Cruz Alta and Veranópolis, Brazil. Oral health examination and a structured questionnaire were applied. Questions from the PCATool-SB Brasil tool and the Questionnaire about Teeth Appearance, both validated to Brazilian samples, were used. The collected independent variables were: sex, age, ethnicity, education level, marital status, retirement, health problem, use of medication, smoking exposure, alcohol exposure, access to the dentist, toothbrushing frequency, use of dental floss, edentulism, use of and need for dental prosthesis. Concern with DA was dichotomized into yes/no. Associations between dependent and independent variables were assessed by Chi-square or Mann-Whitney tests. Moreover, uni- and multivariate analyses were conducted by Poisson regression with robust variance. Level of significance was established as p<0.05. Results: The prevalence of concern with DA was 18.8% (n=107). The prevalence ratio (PR) of concern with DA decreased 5.8% for each year increase (PR:0.942; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]:0.911­0.973). Elderly without access to the dentist in the last 12 months presented 62.5% (p=0.006) higher PR of concern with DA when compared to those with access to dental care. Dentate elderly showed 219% higher PR for concern with DA (PR:2.197; 95%CI:1.364­3.539) in comparison to edentulous individuals. Conclusion: Prevalence of concern with DA was low and associated with demographics, access to dental care and edentulism


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Self Concept , Dental Care for Aged , Jaw, Edentulous , Esthetics, Dental
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-6, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1117372

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The treatment of atrophic jaw fractures requires extensive knowledge by the maxillofacial surgeon. The correct diagnosis and planning optimize the possibility of oral rehabilitation towards many possible alternatives. The difficulty in repairing these fractures makes the treatment complex, in which normally invasive techniques are used. However; which give us satisfactory and predictable aesthetic-functional results. Objective: The objective of this work is to report an atrophic jaw fracture and posterior dental implants re-habilitation. Case report: A 53 years old female patient, victim of in face aggression referred to the emergency care. At the clinical examination, the patient had laceration in the upper lip region and the left side of the mandibular area, with bilateral mobility and paresis. In the oral examination, total lower and partial upper edentulism. After tomographic evaluation, a bilateral fracture of the mandibular body was confirmed, with significant bone fragments uneven. Surgery was performed with total transcervical access and use of reconstruction plate. After 90 days of follow-up, the oral rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants was performed. Conclusion: Complex atrophic mandible fractures in total edentulous patients can be treated with open reduction and stable fixation, allowing a faster return to normal function, improve of quality of life and assists in increasing safety for implant installation (AU)


Introdução: O tratamento de fraturas em mandíbula atrófica requer amplo conhecimento por parte da cirurgião bucomaxilofacial. O correto diagnóstico e planejamento otimizam a possibilidade de reabilitação, diante das muitas alternativas possíveis. A dificuldade em reparar essas fraturas torna o tratamento complexo, no qual normalmente técnicas invasivas são usadas. Entretanto, é possível alcançar resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios e previsíveis. Objetivo: O objetivo de este trabalho é relatar uma fratura em mandíbula atrófica seguida de reabilitação com implantes dentários em região posterior. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 53 anos, vítima de agressão em face buscou o serviço de emergência. No exame clínico, observou-se laceração na região do lábio superior esquerdo com mobilidade bilateral e paralisia em região mandibular. No exame intra-oral, edentulismo total inferior e parcial superior. Após avaliação tomográfica, a fratura bilateral do corpo mandibular foi confirmada, com presença de significativos fragmentos ósseos. A cirurgia foi realizada com acesso transcervical total e uso de placa de reconstrução. Após 90 dias de acompanhamento foi iniciada a etapa de reabilitação oral com implantes osseointegrados. Conclusão: Fraturas atróficas complexas da mandíbula em pacientes desdentados totais podem ser tratados com redução e fixação estável, permitindo um rápido retorno da função, melhora da qualidade de vida, além de auxiliar no aumento da segurança no momento da instalação dos implantes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Implants , Jaw, Edentulous , Jaw Fixation Techniques
11.
Odontol. vital ; (31): 19-22, jul.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091423

ABSTRACT

Resumen Esta investigación se realizó con el objetivo de determinar los principales factores sistémicos que provocan edentulismo en los pacientes que asisten a la Clínica de Odontología, con el fin de educar y concientizarlos sobre la relación entre la pérdida de piezas dentales y la salud en general, así como las causas y consecuencias del edentulismo. Para el estudio se tomó una muestra de 954 expedientes del último cuatrimestre de 2017. Estos registros se evaluaron para obtener un número de 108 pacientes edéntulos con factores sistémicos, total utilizado para este trabajo.


Abstract This research was carried out with the aim to determine the main systemic factors that cause edentulism in patients attending the Dental Clinic, in order to enhance patient education concerning the relationship between toothloss and with general health, as well as the causes and consequences of edentulism. For this study, a sample of 954 records was acquired from the last four months of the year 2017. These records were evaluated to obtain a number of 108 patients with systemic factors, the overall participants for this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoporosis , Jaw, Edentulous/diagnostic imaging , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
12.
Rev. clín. periodoncia implantol. rehabil. oral (Impr.) ; 12(3): 135-139, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058327

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El uso de medios auxiliares como es el caso de los adhesivos dentales permitirá que la adhesión entre la prótesis y la mucosa sea mejor y se logre una mejor retención, estabilidad y eficiencia masticatoria. Se realizó una búsqueda en internet en las siguientes bases de datos, Pubmed, EBSCO, BEIC, Cochrane y Epistemonikos. Para la búsqueda electrónica se utilizaron las palabras "denture adhesive", "dental adhesive", "complete denture wearers", "retention", "support", "stability", "masticatory performance", "Candida albicans" y "quality of life" relacionadas con el operador booleano AND. Al aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión terminando con 14 artículos. Finalmente, quedaron 5 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, 3 ensayos clínicos no aleatorizados, 2 estudios observacionales de cohorte prospectivos, 3 artículos in vivo y 1 estudio in vitro. Los adhesivos dentales han demostrado un mejoramiento en la retención, adhesión, estabilidad y eficiencia masticatoria en los portadores de prótesis totales, independiente de su presentación, sea en forma de polvo, crema, tiras o almohadillas. Por medio de su uso, se ha demostrado que los portadores de prótesis totales han podido mejorar su calidad de vida, tanto en la seguridad del manejo de su aparato protésico como en el aspecto nutricional, pues permite que se alimenten de mejor forma, esto incluso es posible observar cuando se prescriben en aquellos pacientes con prótesis recién instaladas.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: When performing the oral rehabilitation of edentulous patients using total prostheses, in some cases, a slight maladjustment of the prosthetic device within the oral cavity can compromise the chewing, swallowing and phonation functions. With the use of ancillary means such as dental adhesives, which allow the adhesion between the prosthesis and the mucosa, a better retention, stability and masticatory efficiency is achieved, and therefore, an increase in the quality of life of the patient. Main objective: To perform a narrative review to describe the contribution of the use of dental adhesives in patients with total dentures. Method: We searched the following databases, Pubmed, EBSCO, BEIC, Cochrane and Epistemonikos. The words "denture adhesive", "dental adhesive", "complete denture wearers", "retention", "support", "stability", "masticatory performance", "Candida albicans" and "quality of life " were searched electronically with the Boolean operator AND. Results: As a result, 394 articles were obtained, 85 of which were selected by title, of which the repeated articles were eliminated, leaving 32; then, the abstracts were read, leaving 22 articles. The remaining articles were read completely, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, ending with 14 articles. Finally, 5 randomized clinical trials, 3 non-randomized clinical trials, 2 prospective cohort observational studies, 3 in vivo articles and 1 in vitro study were included. Conclusion: Dental adhesives have showed an increase in retention, stability, ability and masticatory efficiency in patients with total prostheses, regardless of their presentation. Through its use, it has been demonstrated that total denture wearers have been able to improve their quality of life, even patients with recently installed prostheses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adhesives , Jaw, Edentulous , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Cements , Mastication
13.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(3): 236-243, jul. 31, 2019. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145341

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Edentulism is an irreversible chronic condition that seriously affects the stomatognathic system. Consequently, determining its prevalence may contribute to prioritize preventive and rehabilitative oral health interventions. Objective: To determine the prevalence of partial edentulism according to the Kennedy and Applegate classification in patients attending the Dental Clinic at Universidad San Martín de Porres - Lambayeque Campus, Peru, in the years 2016 and 2017. Materials and methods: A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study was designed. The study comprised 321 clinical records that previously underwent a quality control stage, which included a calibration process (k=0.86). The criteria and rules proposed by Kennedy and Applegate were applied to estimate the prevalence of edentulism in each jaw according to sex; tables of frequency distribution containing percentage results were used. Results: The highest prevalence of partial edentulism in the upper jaw corresponded to Class III (42.4%), followed by Class I (34.6%), and Class II (16.5%). In the lower jaw, the most prevalent were Class I (42.4%), Class III (36.4%), and Class II (15.6%). According to sex, Class III and Class I were the most prevalent in both females and males. Conclusion: Class III and I were the most prevalent in the upper jaw in both females and males; while in the lower jaw, Classes I and III were the most prevalent for both sexes.


El edentulismo se presenta como una alteración irreversible y crónica, que genera consecuencias en el sistema estomatognático, por lo cual es necesario conocer su prevalencia para priorizar intervenciones de salud bucal preventivas y de rehabilitación. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de edentulismo parcial según la clasificación de Kennedy y Applegate en pacientes atendidos en la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad San Martín de Porres - Filial Lambayeque, en los años 2016 y 2017. Material y Método: Se diseñó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal, con 321 historias clínicas que pasaron previamente por un control de calidad que incluyó un proceso de calibración (k=0.86). Para estimar la prevalencia de edentulismo en cada maxilar y de acuerdo al género, fueron aplicados los criterios y reglas de kennedy y Applegate, utilizando tablas de distribución de frecuencias con resultados porcentuales. Resultados: La mayor prevalencia de edentulismo parcial para maxilar superior corresponde a la Clase III con 42,4%, siguiendo en orden descendente la Clase I con 34.6% y la Clase II con 16.5%. En el maxilar inferior, la más prevalente fue la Clase I con 42,4%, continuando la Clase III con 36.4% y la Clase II con 15.6%. De acuerdo a género, resultaron más prevalentes la Clase III y la Clase I tanto para mujeres como para hombres. Conclusiones: Las clases III y I fueron las más prevalentes en el maxilar superior, tanto para género masculino como femenino; mientras que en el maxilar inferior, fueron las clases I y III las más prevalentes también para ambos géneros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/prevention & control , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Peru/epidemiology , Oral Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Jaw, Edentulous/prevention & control , Jaw, Edentulous/rehabilitation
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 452-458, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002242

ABSTRACT

The aim of this report was to endoscopically evaluate bone quality in vivo in the immediate installation of temporary small-diameter implants, and again after 6 months of function, through an attachments system for overdenture, in the atrophic mandible of a patient. We also histologically evaluated bone-implant interaction in these temporary small-diameter implants, once the success of the osseointegration of the submerged implants was guaranteed. A patient received a total of 6 implants in the atrophic mandible, two of which were immediately loaded with a provisional prosthesis, and four were left to heal in a submerged way. Further, an immersion endoscopic evaluation was performed during bone drilling, and this showed a compact bone structure with limited vascularization and predominantly cortical structure.This immediate loading protocol involving an overdenture retained by two small-diameter implants of 2.9 mm in the atrophic mandible proved to be successful after 6 months of loading. Clinical and histologic osseointegration was consistently achieved for both of the retrieved immediately loaded implants. This modality allows the patient to be restored with a stable, functional, and aesthetic prosthesis during the osseointegration period of submerged implants and soft-tissue healing, before the removal of the provisional implants. The histological evaluation of bone-implant contact found that the space between the implant threads closer to the surface was filled with woven bone and lamellar bone, but the tissue in contact with the cervical portion of the implants was compatible with cortical bone organization. Also, the newly formed bone has a regular cell distribution and characteristics of advanced maturation after 6 months of function in the atrophic mandible. Anchored overdentures in 2 to 4 small-diameter implants (2.9 mm) for edentulous patients with severe atrophy of the mandible with cortical bone would be a minimally invasive alternative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Dental Implants , Jaw, Edentulous/rehabilitation , Denture, Overlay , Endoscopy/methods , Osseointegration , Jaw, Edentulous/pathology
15.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(2): 22-26, maio/ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1006534

ABSTRACT

Na reabilitação de pacientes edêntulos com próteses totais convencionais envolve a expectativa no momento da instalação das próteses, tornando-se indispensáveis o acompanhamento e orientações de uso. Este trabalho tem como objetivo descrever os principais fatores envolvidos na etapa de instalação de novas próteses totais. Vários temas importantes para a odontologia foram abordados, como ajustes das próteses, adaptação do paciente, orientações, manejo, tempo de uso, mudanças na alimentação, dicção, higiene, cuidados necessários e o acompanhamento do paciente após a instalação de novas próteses totais(AU)


In the rehabilitation of edentulous patients with conventional total dentures, it is expected that the prostheses will be installed, making it necessary to follow up and use guidelines. This study aims to describe the main factors involved in the installation of new total dentures. Several important themes for dentistry were addressed, such as adjustments of the prosthesis, patient adaptation, guidelines, management, time of use, changes in feeding, diction, hygiene, necessary care and patient follow-up after the installation of new dentures(AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw, Edentulous , Prosthesis Fitting
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742097

ABSTRACT

At the department of prosthodontics, the elderly patients with severely atrophied alveolar ridge who have been wearing complete dentures for a long period frequently visit the clinic. In general, the open-mouth impression technique for manufacturing a mandibular complete denture to secure primary support on buccal shelf area has been prevalent. In addition, for securing retention and stability of mandibular denture, we should consider diagnosis, oral function, denture border, occlusal plane, teeth arrangement, and patient training, etc.. But in edentulous patients with severe alveolar bone atrophy, it may hardly secure retention and stability of mandibular complete denture. To promote these, some of clinicians are making an attempt manufacturing the mandibular complete dentures using closed-mouth impression technique based on several reports that compare various impression techniques including open-mouth and closed-mouth impression technique. This case report suggests closed-mouth impression technique may promote retention and stability of mandibular complete denture and compares between the two impression techniques clinically.


Subject(s)
Aged , Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Dental Occlusion , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Diagnosis, Oral , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Prosthodontics , Tooth
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772633

ABSTRACT

The aging society of the global population has led to an increase in the number of patients with edentulous jaw, a common multiple disease. Given the developments in implant techniques, the method of implant denture has received a positive and good response in terms of the quality of life and psychological well-being of patients. Implant-supported overdenture in mandible has two main advantages. 1) It has better retention and chewing efficiency than those of mandibular conventional denture. The required implant site of implant-supported overdenture is less than that of fixed implant-supported denture and can repair more defect tissues to help restore beauty and pronunciation. The price of the former is more acceptable than that of the latter. Therefore, this article aimed to systemically analyze and further discuss the clinical effect of implant-supported overdenture in elderly patients; combine existing related studies on the selection of number, site, and upper restoration of implants; and illustrate the advantages of removable implant-supported protheses in the repair of toothless mandible.


Subject(s)
Aged , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Denture Retention , Denture, Overlay , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible , Patient Satisfaction , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766109

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the maxillary sinus anatomy over edentulous ridges in the bilateral posterior maxillary area in Taiwanese patients using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: In total, 101 anatomical sites from 61 patients, including 32 premolar and 69 molar regions, were analyzed using CBCT. Measurements were made of the width and height of edentulous ridges, the thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus, and the presence of a sinus septum and the posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA). A statistical analysis of the measurements was performed, and correlations among the measurements were assessed. RESULTS: The average ridge width was 10.26±3.16 mm, with a significantly greater ridge width in the second molar region than in the premolar region. The mean residual ridge height was 8.55±4.09 mm, and ridge height showed an opposite trend from ridge width for the premolar and molar regions. A sinus septum was present at 5.9% of the sites, and the PSAA was observed in 24.5%. The average thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus was 2.08±0.94 mm, with no significant difference between the tooth position and lateral wall thickness. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents the anatomical features of the maxillary sinus, which should be considered in sinus lift procedures for implant placement, in the Taiwanese population. The use of CBCT is recommended to avoid intraoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bicuspid , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Jaw, Edentulous , Maxillary Sinus , Molar , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tooth
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761443

ABSTRACT

This report is a case of 76-year old male patient who had difficulty in swallowing, pronunciation and suffered regurgitation of food. The patient lacks uvula and both tonsils, had short palatoglossal arch and soft palate, as well as defective left palatopharyngeal arch. The height and width of the soft palate defect were measured by reconstructing the Computed Tomography (CT) image in three dimensions. Phonation and soft palate obstructing ability were examined by nasometry and nasal endoscopy. Evaluations on phonetics and swallowing were done and improvements were shown. The patient was satisfied with the results of treatment.


Subject(s)
Deglutition , Endoscopy , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Palate, Soft , Palatine Tonsil , Phonation , Phonetics , Rehabilitation , Uvula
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare two novel impression methods and a conventional impression method for edentulous jaws using 3-dimensional (3D) analysis software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five edentulous patients (four men and one woman; mean age: 62.7 years) were included. Three impression techniques were used: conventional impression method (CI; control), simple modified closed-mouth impression method with a novel tray (SI), and digital impression method using an intraoral scanner (DI). Subsequently, a gypsum model was made, scanned, and superimposed using 3D analysis software. Mean area displacement was measured using CI method to evaluate differences in the impression surfaces as compared to those values obtained using SI and DI methods. The values were confirmed at two to five areas to determine the differences. CI and SI were compared at all areas, while CI and DI were compared at the supporting areas. Kruskal-Wallis test was performed for all data. Statistical significance was considered at P value .05); the difference was .05). CONCLUSION: The CI, SI, and DI methods were effective in making impressions of the supporting areas in edentulous patients. The SI method showed clinically applicability.


Subject(s)
Calcium Sulfate , Female , Humans , Jaw , Jaw, Edentulous , Male , Maxilla , Methods
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