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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928348


Atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) is a kind of life-threatening atlantoaxial structural instability and a series of neurological dysfunction caused by common multidisciplinary diseases. The operation risk is extremely high because it is adjacent to the medulla oblongata and the location is deep. With the increase of the number of operations in the upper cervical region, postoperative complications such as failure of internal fixation, non fusion of bone graft and poor prognosis gradually increase.Incomplete primary operation, non fusion of bone graft, infection and congenital malformation are the potential causes. In addition, considering the objective factors such as previous graft, scar formation and anatomical marks changes, revision surgery is further difficult. However, there is currently no standard or single effective revision surgery method. Simple anterior surgery is an ideal choice in theory, but it has high risk and high empirical requirements for the operator;simple posterior surgery has some defects, such as insufficient reduction and decompression;anterior decompression combined with posterior fixation fusion is a more reasonable surgical procedure, but many problems such as posterior structural integrity and multilevel fusion need to be considered.This article reviews the causes and strategies of AAD revision surgery.

Atlanto-Axial Joint/surgery , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Reoperation/adverse effects , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928301


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical skills and clinical curative results of arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2020, 13 patients with ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 3 females with age of (40.0±15.1) years old. The course of disease was(44.1±33.2) months. All patients had history of ankle sprain. MRI showed the injury of anterior talofibular ligament. All patients had anteromedial pain and pressing pain when ankle dorsiflexion. All patients were treated with ankle debridement and Brostr?m-Gould surgery under ankle arthroscopic. Postoperative results were evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale) and AOFAS-AH(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale, AOFAS-AH).@*RESULTS@#All 13 patients completed the surgery successfully with an operative time of 60 to 90 minutes. All the surgical incisions healed by first intention, and no complications such as incision infection, skin necrosis and neurovascular injury. Follow-up time was (18.1±4.7) months. At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.2±1.1, which was significantly lower than the preoperative score 4.8±1.5 (P<0.05);the AOFAS-AH score 94.2±5.1 was significantly higher than the preoperative score 65.5±11.5 (P<0.05). The AOFAS-AH score at the final follow-up ranged from 84 to 100. All patients walked with normal gait without ankle instability or impingement recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#Ankle anteromedial impingement syndrome combined with ankle instability is easy to be ignored clinically. Such kind of anteromedial impingement syndrome is mostly related to osteophyte at dorsal medial talar neck. Arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome has satisfactory curative effect with safety and minimal injury.

Adult , Ankle , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928300


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, 17 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder who underwent arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting were selected, including 12 males and 5 females, ranging in age from 17 to 55 years old, with a mean of (32.88±12.33) years old. Rowes rating system for Bankart repair(Rowe), Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) were compared before operation, 6 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. OSIS and SST used to evaluate shoulder function were recorded before surgery and at the latest follow-up. The shoulder mobility and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 17 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 7 to 25 months, with a mean of (18.4±5.4) months. During the follow-up period, there was no re-dislocation, no vascular or nerve injury. Rowe score increased from 26.2±6.0 before operation to 74.4±4.0 and 82.4±3.1 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in Rowe score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The OSIS increased from 37.0±3.6 before operation to 47.4±2.6 and 52.7±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in OSIS between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The SST score increased from 6.8±0.7 before operation to 9.8±0.8, 11.6±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in SST score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). At the latest follow-up, the lateral external rotation and abduction external rotation activities of the patient were significantly improved compared with those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides preliminary evidence that arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting can achieve satisfactory early clinical outcomes and stability in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid fracture and defect less than <20%, which is a reliable and effective procedure.

Adolescent , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928290


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of reconstruction the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament with autologous peroneus brevis tendon for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 42 patients with chronic lateral ankle instability treated by anatomical reconstruction of anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligament with autologous peroneus brevis tendon from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 30 males and 12 females, age ranged from 25 to 46 years old with an average of (37.6±12.4) years. There were 15 cases of left foot and 27 cases of right foot, the time from injury to operation was 3 to 12 months with a mean of (7.4±2.8) months. And 14 patients had tenderness in lateral collateral ligament area, 28 patients complained of multiple ankle sprains while walking on the flat ground. At 12 months after operation, the talar tilt angle and visual analogue scale(VAS)were observed, ankle joint varus stress and anterior drawer test were performed to check the mechanical stability of the ankle joint, American Orhopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS) was used to score the ankle and hindfoot functions and evaluate the curative effect.@*RESULTS@#Forty patients were followed up for 12 to 48 months with an average of (28.3±10.0) months, 2 cases were lost. The VAS decreased from(4.50±0.93) scores before surgery to (1.10±0.30) scores at 12 months after surgery;the talar tilt angle was reduced from (12.26±1.13)° before operation to (4.60±0.45)° at 12 months after operation;the AOFAS score increased from (65.10±7.50)scores before surgery to (84.40±3.95) scores at 12 months after surgery;all the differences were statically significant(P<0.05). According to the AOFAS score, 27 cases got excellent results, 7 good, 5 fair, and 1 poor. One patient had the symptoms of sural nerve injury after operation, and the symptoms were relieved after oral Mecobalamin for 3 months. The remaining patients had no complications such as nerve injury, infection, and skin necrosis. There was no instability of ankle joint, and both ankle varus stress test and drawer test were negative.@*CONCLUSION@#Autologous peroneal brevis tendon with double bone channel pass through the tendon (modified Chrisman-Snook operation) can anatomically reconstruct the anterior talofibular ligament and the calcaneofibular ligament, restore the stability of the patient's ankle joint, reduce postoperative complications, and restore ankle joint function well.

Adult , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tendons
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 46-56, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342673


El manejo de la inestabilidad patelofemoral se basa en una adecuada evaluación de alteraciones anatómicas predisponentes. Patela alta es una de las causas más importantes de inestabilidad objetiva. La alteración biomecánica que ésta produce puede conducir a luxación patelar recurrente, dolor y cambios degenerativos focales. El examen físico es fundamental en la toma de decisiones. La evaluación imagenológica ha evolucionado desde métodos basados en radiografía hacia mediciones en resonancia magnética, que permiten una orientación más acabada de la relación existente entre la rótula y la tróclea femoral. El tratamiento se fundamenta en la corrección selectiva de los factores causales, donde la osteotomía de descenso de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia y la reconstrucción del ligamento patelofemoral medial son herramientas que deben considerarse racionalmente. Este artículo realiza una revisión de la literatura, otorgando los fundamentos quirúrgicos que explican la importancia del tratamiento específico de patela alta en inestabilidad rotuliana.

Patellofemoral instability management is based on a thorough evaluation of predisposing anatomical factors. Patella alta is one of the utmost causes of objective instability. As a result, biomechanical disturbance can lead to recurrent patellar instability, pain, and focal degenerative changes. Physical examination is paramount in decision making. Imaging evaluation has evolved from X-rays based methods to magnetic resonance measurements, which allows a more accurate assessment of the patellotrochlear relationship. Treatment is based on a selective risk factors correction, where tibial tubercle distalization osteotomy and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction must be considered altogether. This article reviews the surgical rationale of patella alta treatment in patellofemoral instability.

Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Patellar Dislocation/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Osteotomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Care , Biomechanical Phenomena , Patellar Ligament/surgery , Knee Dislocation/diagnostic imaging , Patellofemoral Joint/diagnostic imaging , Joint Instability/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.

Adult , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921922


The incidence of posterior instability of shoulder joint was significantly lower than that of anterior instability, but the clinical diagnosis and treatment was difficult, and the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis rate were high. Its etiology, clinical manifestation and treatment strategy are totally different from the anterior instability. Therefore, the deep understanding of the anatomical structure around the shoulder joint, the mastery of the examination method, and the classification of the shoulder instability based on the anatomy and injury mode are of great importance to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. CT three-dimensional reconstruction is helpful to evaluate the defect of humeral head and glenoid bone, and MRA is helpful for the accurate diagnosis of posterior glenoid lip and joint capsule. The treatment was divided into conservative treatment and surgical treatment. Conservative treatment is recommended for muscular instability. Surgical treatment is recommended for traumatic and dysplastic instability. Different operative methods should be performed according to the injury of glenoid side or humeral head side. According to the condition of bone defect, soft tissue operation, bone grafting or osteotomy were performed to reconstruct the posterior stable structure of the glenoid injury; according to the area of the anterior bone defect, bone grafting or subscapular muscle packing were performed to the head of humerus defect. The former has the advantages of short learning curve and firm fixation, while the latter has the advantages of minimally invasive operation and the ability to observe the lesions from multiple angles and accurately control the location of bone masses. This paper summarizes the above problems.

Humans , Humeral Head , Joint Instability/surgery , Scapula , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879386


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of single-tunnel pullout structure fixation and anatomical reconstruction of lateral ligament complex in treating chronic lateral ankle instability.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2018, clinical data of 23 patients with chronic lateral malleolus instability who underwent anatomical reconstruction of lateral malleolus ligament complex with single-tunnel pullout structure fixation, were retrospectively studied. Among them, including 7 males and 16 females, aged from 17 to 33 years old with an avergae of (26.0±4.3) years old;16 patients classified to grage 0, and 7 patients classified to gradeⅠaccording to Kellgren-Lawrence(K-L) grading;the time of sprain ranged form 2 to 15 with an average of (5.7±2.9) times;the time from injury to operation ranged to 4 to 18 months with an average of (9.0±3.3) months. The range of movement of operative and uninjured ankle joints were measured at 24 months after opertaion, visual analogue scale (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) were used to evaluate ankle joint function and improvement of pain, K-L grading and MRI scoring of osteoarthritis of ankle (MSOA) were used to evaluate degree of cartilage degeneration of ankle joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 24 to 48 months with an average of (33.4±6.7) months. All the anterior talofibular ligaments and calcaneofibular ligaments were dissected and reconstructed by single-tunnel pullout structure fixation. The range of motion of dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, varus, and valgus on the operative side of ankle joint were smaller than those on the healthy side. There were no statistically differences in dorsiflexion and eversion between operative side and healthy side of ankle joint (@*CONCLUSION@#Treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability with reconstruction of lateral ligament complex with single-tunnel pullout structure fixation could provide better tendon and bone healing conditions, improve surgical safety and could achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes.

Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Female , Humans , Infant , Joint Instability/surgery , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879260


The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction mostly relies on the experience of surgeons. To improve the effectiveness and adaptability of the tension after ACL reconstruction in knee joint rehabilitation, this paper establishes a lateral force measurement model with relaxation characteristics and designs an on-line stiffness measurement system of ACL. In this paper, we selected 20 sheep knee joints as experimental material for the knee joint stability test before the ACL reconstruction operation, which were divided into two groups for a comparative test of single-bundle ACL reconstruction through the anterolateral approach. The first group of surgeons carried out intraoperative detection with routine procedures. The second group used ACL on-line stiffness measurement system for intraoperative detection. After that, the above two groups were tested for postoperative stability. The study results show that the tension accuracy is (- 2.3 ± 0.04)%, and the displacement error is (1.5 ± 1.8)%. The forward stability, internal rotation stability, and external rotation stability of the two groups were better than those before operation (

Animals , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotation , Sheep
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(3): 91-96, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146627


El Síndrome de Menisco Hipermóvil, caracterizado por bloqueos mecánicos dolorosos de la rodilla, tiene un sustento anatómico basado en los fascículos poplíteo meniscales anteroinferior y posterosuperior, responsables de la estabilidad primaria de la esquina posterolateral meniscal. Con un cuadro clínico característico, usualmente con Resonancia Magnética sin hallazgos sugerentes de patología, la artroscopía juega un rol esencial en casos de alta sospecha, comprobando el diagnóstico al presentar hipermobilidad del cuerno posterior del menisco lateral. MÉTODO: Se presentan 9 casos resueltos, con hiperlaxitud posterolateral meniscal, y presentación clínica caracterizada por bloqueo articular de rodilla sin causa aparente. En todos los casos se realizó reparación de los fascículos poplíteo meniscales con suturas meniscales, con resolución completa de la sintomatología y sin complicaciones post quirúrgicas. CONCLUSIÓN: El manejo del cuadro de menisco hipermóvil está basado por la sospecha clínica y el descarte de otras patologías como causa subyacente de la sintomatología. El manejo quirúrgico con suturas meniscales ha demostrado restaurar la biomecánica normal del compartimento posterolateral de la rodilla, logrando la resolución completa de los síntomas. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: IV.

Hypermobile Meniscus Syndrome, characterized by painful mechanical blockages of the knee, has an anatomical support based on the anteroinferior and posterosuperior poplíteomeniscal fascicles, responsible for the primary stability of the posterolateral meniscal corner. With a characteristic clinical presentation, usually with Magnetic Resonance without suggestive findings of pathology, arthroscopy plays an essential role in cases of high suspicion, checking the diagnosis by presenting hypermobility of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. METHOD: We present 9 resolved cases, with posterolateral meniscal hypermobility, and clinical presentation characterized by knee articular block without apparent cause. In all cases, poplíteomeniscal fascicles were repaired with meniscal sutures, with complete resolution of the symptoms and without post-surgical complications. CONCLUSION: The management of the hypermobile meniscus syndrome is based on clinical suspicion and the discarding of other pathologies as the underlying cause of the symptomatology. Surgical management with meniscal sutures has been shown to restore the normal biomechanics of the posterolateral compartment of the knee, achieving complete resolution of symptoms. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case series IV.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/pathology , Joint Instability/surgery , Joint Instability/diagnosis , Arthroscopy , Sutures , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Joint/pathology
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(6): 370-375, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345063


Resumen: Introducción: Las lesiones del LCA se encuentran dentro de las lesiones ligamentarias más frecuentes. Esto ha llevado al desarrollo de diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas para recuperar la estabilidad de la rodilla. Material y métodos: Estudio clínico, aleatorizado, ciego comparando técnicas de reconstrucción de LCA con Un Haz y «U-Dos¼ mediante escalas clínicas y artrometría con KT-1000 y Pivot Shift Meter. Resultados: De 36 pacientes, 52.94% fue sorteado para la técnica de Un Haz y 47.06% para «U-Dos¼. En 11.76% de los pacientes se presentó un desplazamiento mayor a 11 mm en la rodilla afectada con KT-1000. En 8.82% se mostró un desplazamiento anterior igual en ambas rodillas. Un paciente presentó un desplazamiento anterior mayor posterior a la cirugía de reconstrucción con la técnica de Un Haz, pero con mejoría en las escalas clínicas. En las mediciones de Pivot Shift se encontró una diferencia en el desplazamiento mayor a los 4,000 m/s en el eje de las X tras la técnica de Un Haz en comparación con la rodilla sana calculando integrales, mientras que con U-Dos la diferencia fue menor de 600 m/s. En el eje de «Y¼ se encontró una diferencia > 3,500 m/s entre la pierna sana y la lesionada, la cual disminuye a menos de 2,000 m/s tras la reconstrucción mediante técnica de U-Dos. Conclusiones: A lo largo del estudio se han encontrado diferencias en la evolución de los pacientes que indican que la reparación mediante la técnica de U-Dos tiene mejores resultados al lograr recuperar la estabilidad anteroposterior y rotacional del miembro afectado.

Abstract: Introduction: ACL injuries are found within the most common ligament injuries. This has led to the development of different surgical techniques to restore knee stability. Material y Methods: Clinical study, randomized, blind comparing ACL reconstruction techniques with One Band and «U-Two¼ using clinical scales and arthrometria with KT-1000 and Pivot Shift Meter. Results: Of 36 patients, 52.94% was drawn for the One Band technique and 47.06% for «U-Two¼. 11.76% of patients had a displacement greater than 11mm in the affected knee with KT-1000. 8.82% showed an equal anterior displacement on both knees. One patient had a major previous displacement after reconstruction surgery with the one band technique, but with improvement on clinical scales. Pivot Shift measurements found a difference in displacement greater than 4,000 m/s on the X axis following the One Band technique compared to the healthy knee calculating integrals, while with U-Two the difference was less than 600 m/s. On the Y axis a difference of > 3,500 m/s was found between the healthy and the injured leg, which decreases to less than 2,000 m/s after reconstruction using U-Two technique. Conclusions: Differences have been found throughout the study in patient evolution, indicating that repair using the U-Dos technique has better results in recovering the anteroposterior and rotational stability of the affected limb.

Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Range of Motion, Articular , Knee Joint/surgery
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(5): 292-296, sep.-oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284959


Resumen: Introducción: La lesión de la sindesmosis tibioperonea se presenta por lo regular acompañada de la fractura de los maléolos ya sea medial o lateral, muy rara vez la sindesmosis puede lesionarse sin que exista una fractura de alguna de las estructuras óseas que conforman el tobillo, representa alrededor de 1% de todas las lesiones. Al ser muy raras, no se diagnostican en el evento agudo y suelen tratarse como un simple esguince de tobillo. Material y métodos: Serie de casos con lesión de la sindesmosis sin fractura de tobillo, tratadas con colocación de doble tornillo situacional, apoyo diferido y retiro de los implantes a los dos meses. Posteriormente, a los seis meses de la cirugía inicial se aplica el test de inestabilidad de tobillo de Cumberland (CAIT), el cual cuenta con nueve reactivos donde se mide el grado de inestabilidad del tobillo. Resultados: Durante un año se detectaron cuatro casos de lesión de la sindesmosis sin fractura de un total de 349 casos quirúrgicos tratados en el hospital, exclusivamente en pacientes masculinos, todos ellos menores de 40 años. Seis meses después de la cirugía se aplicó el CAIT encontrando una inestabilidad residual en 100% de los casos tratados, algunos en mayor medida que los demás. Discusión: Este resultado es poco alentador y nos hace reconsiderar el tratamiento establecido para mejorar la estabilidad final del tobillo.

Abstract: Introduction: The lesion of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis is commonly accompanied by the fracture of the maleollus either medial or lateral, rarely, the syndesmosis can be injured without there being a fracture of any of the bone structures that make up the ankle, accounting for about 1% of all injuries. Being very rare, they are not diagnosed at the acute event, and are usually treated as a simple sprained ankle. Material and methods: Series of cases with ankle fractureless syndesmosis lesion, treated with situational double screw placement, deferred support and implant removal at two months. After six months of initial surgery, the Cumberland ankle instability (CAIT) test is applied which measures the degree of ankle instability. Results: For one year, 4 cases of fractureless synosmosis lesions were found out of a total of 349 surgical cases treated in the hospital, exclusively in male patients, all under the age of 40. Six months after surgery, CAIT was applied, encountering residual instability in 100% of treated cases. Discussion: This result is unencouraging and makes us reconsider the treatment established to improve the final stability of the ankle.

Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Screws , Fractures, Bone , Joint Instability/surgery , Ankle Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ankle
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 370-374, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003029


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to report the results of arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint in eight patients with Sinus Tarsi Syndrome (STS) refractory to conservative treatment. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of eight patients with STS who underwent subtalar arthroscopy for debridement of the sinus tarsi between January 2015 and January 2017 after six months of conservative treatment. All patients answered an epidemiological questionnaire and underwent functional evaluation with the Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS) and the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) in the preoperative and in the last evaluation (average of 12 months - 6-24 months). RESULTS: All patients showed severe synovitis in the region. Seven patients had remnants of the talocalcaneal ligaments and six of the cervical ligament. AOFAS increased by 30 points on average (51.75 in the preoperative period to 82.62 in the last follow-up) and the VAS decreased on average by 5 points (7.37 preoperatively to 2.12 in the last follow-up). These results were statistically significant with p = 0.043 and p = 0.032 respectively. Six patients described the result as excellent and two as good. No complications were reported. All patients returned to sports after six months of follow-up. CONCLUSION: The arthroscopic debridement of the subtalar joint is an effective and safe alternative in the treatment of STS refractory to conservative treatment. More studies, with a prospective methodology, are necessary to prove the results of this technique.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é relatar os resultados do desbridamento artroscópico da subtalar em oito pacientes portadores da Síndrome do Seio do Tarso (SST) refratária ao tratamento conservador. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo retrospectivo com oito pacientes com diagnóstico de STT que foram submetidos à artroscopia subtalar para desbridamento do seio do tarso entre janeiro de 2015 e janeiro de 2017, após seis meses de tratamento conservador. Todos os pacientes responderam questionário epidemiológico e foram submetidos à avaliação funcional com a Escala Visual Analógica de dor (EVA) e o American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Score (Aofas) no pré-operatório e na última avaliação, em uma média de 12 meses (6-24 meses). RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes exibiram intensa sinovite na região. Sete pacientes tinham resquícios de ligamentos talocalcaneanos e seis do ligamento cervical. O Aofas aumentou 30 pontos em média (51,75 no pré-operatório para 82,62 no último seguimento) e a EVA diminuiu em média 5 pontos (7,37 no pré-operatório para 2,12 no último seguimento). Esses resultados foram estatisticamente significativos com p = 0,043 e p = 0,032, respectivamente. Seis pacientes descreveram o resultado como excelente e dois como bom. Nenhuma complicação foi relatada. Todos os pacientes retornaram ao esporte após seis meses de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÃO: O desbridamento artroscópico da subtalar é uma alternativa eficaz e segura no tratamento da SST refratária ao tratamento conservador. Mais estudos, com metodologia prospectiva, são necessários para comprovar os resultados da técnica.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Subtalar Joint/surgery , Debridement/methods , Foot Diseases/surgery , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Foot Diseases/physiopathology , Joint Instability/surgery , Ankle/surgery , Ankle/physiopathology , Ankle Joint/surgery , Ankle Joint/physiopathology , Middle Aged
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941841


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mid-to-long-term efficacy of patients with chronic ankle instability combined with posterior impingement syndrome after 3-9 years of follow-up, and to analyze the influencing factors.@*METHODS@#From February 2010 to December 2015, 46 patients underwent concurrent lateral ankle ligament repair with posterior ankle arthroscopic surgery at the Institute of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital. The patient was first placed in a prone position and underwent arthroscopic debridement for the posterior impingement. After finishing the posterior arthroscopy, the surgeon and assistants first translated the patient to the affected side, then turned to the healthy side, and changed the position to the supine position. During the turning over, another assistant held the arthroscope and the instrument to ensure that it was sterile and could be used without replacement. The anterior ankle arthroscopy was operated if necessary and the lateral ankle ligament repair was anatomic repaired with anchors. The 42 patients were followed up, including 26 males and 16 females. The average age was (28.9±10.0) years. The patient's clinical symptoms, joint stability, mobility and motor function were compared by questionnaire and physical examination. The preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, Tegner scores were compared, and the clinical scores and the patient age, gender, height and weight were compared. The correlations between body mass index (BMI), preoperative duration, surgery duration, and cartilage injury were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The mean follow-up time was (71.8±22.8) months. The postoperative VAS scores (1.0 vs. 5.0, P<0.001), AOFAS scores (92 vs. 80, P<0.001), and Tegner scores (6.5 vs. 2, P<0.001) were significantly superior to the preoperative levels. The excellent and good rate was 97.6%. The postoperative VAS score (t=2.719, P=0.10), AOFAS score (t=-2.853, P=0.10), Tegner score (t=-3.443, P=0.001) and time to return exercise (t=2.814, P=0.008) were negatively correlated with the patient age, and the postoperative VAS score was negatively correlated with cartilage injury (Z=-2.195, P=0.028).@*CONCLUSION@#The mid-to-long-term clinical outcomes of the chronic ankle ligament instability combined with the posterior impingement were good. The age of the patients was negatively correlated with the clinical outcome. The combined cartilage injury could aggravate the postoperative pain.

Adolescent , Adult , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/surgery , Male , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(2): e2151, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003092


RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever, em cadáver, a técnica de transferência do tendão longo do bíceps para o tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro. Nesta técnica, o tendão longo do bíceps braquial é desinserido do tubérculo supraglenoidal e transferido para a borda anterior da cavidade glenoidal, através da tenotomia do subescapular, reproduzindo o efeito tirante e aumentando o batente anterior. A técnica é de fácil execução, minimizando os riscos da transferência do processo coracoide e pode ser uma opção para o tratamento da instabilidade glenoumeral.

ABSTRACT Our objective is to describe the long biceps tendon transfer technique for the treatment of shoulder anterior instability. In this procedure, the long tendon of the biceps brachii is detached from the supraglenoid tubercle and transferred to the anterior edge of the glenoid cavity through a subscapularis tenotomy, reproducing the sling effect and increasing the anterior block. The technique is easy to perform and minimizes the risks of the coracoid process transfer. In conclusion, the transfer of the long tendon of the biceps brachii is an option for the treatment of glenohumeral instability.

Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer/methods , Tendons/surgery , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tenotomy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Medical Illustration
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003005


Introducción: La osteotomía de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia (O-TAT) es una técnica quirúrgica que permite restablecer la alineación distal de la rótula en pacientes esqueléticamente maduros. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron evaluar los resultados funcionales y analizar factores que influyeron en el desarrollo de complicaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente pacientes con O-TAT tratados entre 2008 y 2016. Se documentaron datos demográficos y clínicos. Los resultados fueron evaluados según las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm, y las complicaciones, con una adaptación de la clasificación de Clavien- Dindo. Resultados: Se analizaron 33 O-TAT en 29 pacientes (17 mujeres). Mediana de la edad: 18 años (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 14-39). Mediana de seguimiento: 49 meses (RIC 2, mín.-máx. 12-115). Mejoría en las escalas de Kujala y Tegner-Lysholm de 61 y 61,5 a 94 y 92,3, respectivamente (p = 0,001). La mediana de tiempo de consolidación fue de 8 semanas. Hubo 9 complicaciones (27%): 1 grado II (infección superficial) y 8 grado III (artrofibrosis, fracturas de tibia y fracturas de TAT, n = 2). La tasa de complicaciones fue más alta en los pacientes sometidos a desinserción de la TAT (51,5% vs. 11,1%, p = 0,029). Conclusiones: La O-TAT representa una técnica eficaz para tratar diversas patologías de la articulación patelofemoral en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Hubo complicaciones en un alto porcentaje de los procedimientos, sin que esto afectara el resultado final. El riesgo de complicaciones fue mayor en las osteotomías que requirieron desinserción de la TAT y la reconstrucción ligamentaria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) is a surgical approach that allows for the restoration of distal patellar alignment in skeletally mature patients. The objectives of this study were to evaluate functional results and to analyze the risk factors associated with complications. Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of patients subjected to a TTO between 2008 and 2016 and documented demographic and clinical data. Results were evaluated according to Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale and Tegner-Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale. Complications were evaluated with a modified Clavien-Dindo classification of Surgical Complications. Results: We evaluated 33 TTOs in 29 patients (17 women) with a median age of 18 years (IQR 2, range 14-39) and a median follow-up time of 49 months (IQR 2, range 12-115). The Kujala and the Tegner-Lysholm scoring improved from 61 and 61.5 to 94 and 92.3, respectively (p=0.001). Union was achieved at a median of 8 weeks. There were 9 complications (27%): a grade II complication (superficial infection) and 8 grade III complications (arthrofibrosis, tibial fractures, and anterior tibial tubercle fractures). Osteotomies in which tibial tubercle was completely detached had a significantly higher rate of complications (51.5% vs. 11.1%, p=0.029). Conclusions: TTO represents an effective approach for the treatment of several conditions of the patellofemoral joint in adolescents and young adults. In our series, a high percentage of the procedures presented complications, although they did not affect the final result. Osteotomies that involve complete detachment of the tubercle and those associated with ligament reconstruction have an increased risk of complications. Level of Evidence: IV

Adolescent , Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Tibia/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 26(4): 118-122, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118210


Introducción: La osteotomía de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia es un procedimiento efectivo y seguro para el tratamiento de la inestabilidad patelofemoral. El objetivo del presente trabajo es desarrollar las indicaciones y evaluar las complicaciones de dicho procedimiento realizado en un grupo de pacientes intervenidos por nuestro equipo. Material y método: Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva las historias clínicas de 77 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por inestabilidad patelofemoral a quienes se les realizó una osteotomía de la TAT, y en quienes se utilizó la misma técnica quirúrgica. Se registró edad, sexo, actividad deportiva y número de intervenciones, y se analizaron las indicaciones quirúrgicas de cada caso. Por último, se cuantifico el número de complicaciones (menores y mayores) y se evaluó el grado de satisfacción postquirúrgica de los pacientes con el score de kujala. Resultados: En la mayoría de los casos los pacientes presentaban un aumento de la distancia ST-TAT de más de 20 mm con un ángulo Q aumentado, asociado a episodios de luxación recidivante de rotula y dolor anterior de rodilla. La complicación más frecuente fue la recidiva del dolor (de menor intensidad y frecuencia que el presentado previo a la cirugía). Registramos dos casos de aflojamiento de material que requirió una segunda cirugía y un caso de secreción persistente de herida quirúrgica que no requirió re intervención. Conclusión: La osteotomía de la TAT es una procedimiento eficaz y con bajo índice de complicaciones postoperatorias para tratar la luxación recidivante de rotula, permitiendo al paciente retornar a sus actividades deportivas con un bajo porcentaje de morbilidad postoperatoria. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV

Introduction: Tibial anterior tuberosity osteotomy is an effective and safe procedure for the treatment of patello-femoral instability. The objective of the present paper is to talk about the indications and to evaluate the complications of the mentioned procedure performed in a group of patients who underwent surgery with our team. Material and method: The clinical histories of 77 patients operated due to patello-femoral instability, who underwent TT osteotomy and in whom the same surgical technique was performed, were analyzed retrospectively. Age, gender, sports activity and number of surgeries were registered and surgery indications in each case were analyzed. Lastly, the number of (minor and major) complications was quantified and patients postop satisfaction was evaluated with the Kujala score. Results: In most of cases patients presented a ST-TT distance increase of over 20 mm with an augmented Q angle associated to patellar recurrent luxation episodes and to anterior knee pain. The most frequent complication was pain recurrence (of lower intensity and frequency than that presented prior to surgery). Two cases of loosening material which required a second surgery and one case of persistent secretion from the surgical wound which did not require a new surgery were registered. Conclusion: The TT osteotomy is an effective procedure and with a low postop complications rate to treat patellar recurrent luxation, which allows the patient to resume sports activities with a low rate of postop morbidity. Type study: Case series. Level of evidence: IV

Adult , Osteotomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/injuries , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(2): 93-97, mar.-abr. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019337


Resumen: Antecedentes: La secuela más frecuente del esguince de tobillo es la inestabilidad del complejo ligamentario lateral; los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico no han sido evaluados con varias escalas simultáneamente. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar los resultados clínicos y funcionales con tres escalas en pacientes con inestabilidad lateral de tobillo sometidos a plastía de Broström-Gould, utilizando para su fijación anclas con sutura al peroné distal. Material y métodos: El diseño del estudio fue transversal y descriptivo; se incluyeron pacientes con inestabilidad lateral de tobillo y ruptura parcial o completa del ligamento PAA y/o PC, sometidos a reparación con plastía de Broström-Gould. Se realizó resonancia magnética nuclear para confirmar el diagnóstico; los resultados clínicos y funcionales se determinaron con tres escalas: EVA, SF-36 y AOFAS. Los pacientes fueron evaluados a los seis meses o más posteriores al procedimiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Se incluyeron 13 pacientes; la calidad de vida (cuestionario SF-36) arrojó un resultado bueno con promedio de 90; 10 (77%) pacientes mostraron resultados excelentes en la función, ausencia de dolor y alineación del tobillo (AOFAS 90-100). Asimismo, se observó mejoría importante en el dolor (EVA prequirúrgico: 6, comparado con 1 en el período postquirúrgico). Conclusiones: El procedimiento quirúrgico demostró excelentes resultados en el corto plazo con resolución del dolor y estabilidad del tobillo.

Abstract: Background: The most frequent sequel to the ankle sprain is the instability of the lateral ligament complex; the results of surgical treatment have not been evaluated with multiple scales simultaneously. The objective of the study was to assess the clinical and functional results with three scales in patients with lateral instability of ankle undergoing Broström-Gould technique, using for fixation, anchors with suture to distal fibula. Material and methods: The design of the study was cross-sectional and descriptive; we included patients with lateral instability of ankle and partial or complete rupture of the APA or CP ligament subject to repair with Broström-Gould technique. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed to confirm the diagnosis; clinical and functional outcomes were determined with three scales: EVA, SF-36 and AOFAS. Patients were evaluated at six months, or more, after the surgical procedure. Results: We included 13 patients; quality of life (SF-36 questionnaire) showed a good result with average score of 90; 10 (77%) patients showed excellent results in function, absence of pain and alignment of the ankle (AOFAS 90-100). Also found significant improvement in pain (presurgical EVA: 6, compared with 1 in the postoperative period). Conclusions: The surgical procedure showed excellent results, in the short term with resolution of pain and ankle stability.

Humans , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Ankle Injuries/complications , Ankle Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Lateral Ligament, Ankle , Joint Instability/surgery , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ankle Joint
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(1): 3-9, mar. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910110


OJETIVO: Reportar la experiencia, después de 1 año de seguimiento, de una serie de 30 pacientes sometidos a reconstrucción de la esquina posteromedial (EPM) con la técnica descrita por La Prade. MÉTODO: Cohorte retrospectiva de 30 pacientes con lesión de EPM operados por el mismo equipo quirúrgico. Criterios de inclusión: diagnóstico clínico, radiografía con estrés y resonancia magnética compatibles con lesión de EPM, inestabilidad grado III luego de 3 meses de tratamiento ortopédico, técnica de reconstrucción de La Prade, al menos 12 meses de seguimiento. Criterios de exclusión: discordancia entre clínica e imagenología, inestabilidad grado I o II, y otra técnica quirúrgica. Evaluación con IKDC y Lysholm antes de la cirugía, a los 6 y 12 meses de seguimiento postcirugía. RESULTADOS: 30 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Promedio de edad 43 años (24­69). Veintiocho pacientes presentaron lesiones de alta energía, 20 pacientes fueron diagnosticados en agudo, mientras que 10 fueron diagnosticados luego de malos resultados en reconstrucción de otros ligamentos. Veintiocho presentaron lesiones asociadas: 11 casos asociados a lesión de ligamento cruzado anterior, 3 casos asociados a lesión de ligamento cruzado posterior, 3 casos en asociación con lesiones meniscales, 9 casos con lesión asociada de ligamento cruzado anterior y posterior, y 2 casos en asociación con ligamento cruzado anterior, posterior y ligamento colateral lateral. Promedio de tiempo hasta la reconstrucción de EPM fue de 5 meses (rango 2­32). Puntuación en Lysholm e IKDC (preoperatorio 18,2 y 24,3 respectivamente), mejoraron a 76,7 y 70,7 después de 1 año de seguimiento. Al fin del seguimiento, el rango articular promedio era 113° (90­140), la mayoría de los pacientes (24) tuvieron estabilidad tipo A según IKDC. CONCLUSIÓN: La reconstrucción de lesiones de EPM mejora los resultados clínicos en pacientes con inestabilidad crónica posteromedial de rodilla. Se observó mejoría en la estabilidad y scores funcionales de todos los pacientes.

OBJETIVE: Report the experience, after 1-year follow-up, of 30 patients with La Prade's anatomical reconstruction of posteromedial corner (PMC) injuries. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. 30 patients with PMC injuries operated by the same surgical team. Inclusion criteria: clinical presentation, stress radiographs and MRI compatible with PMC injury, grade III chronic instability in spite of at least 3 months of orthopedic treatment, La Prade's anatomical technique reconstruction, 12 months follow-up at least. Exclusion criteria: discordance between clinical and image studies, grade I or II medial instability, any other surgical technique. IKDC and Lysholm at the preoperative evaluation, 6 and 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: Thirty patients met the inclusion criteria. Mean age 43 years (24­69). 28 patients presented high-energy mechanism of injury. Twenty patients were diagnosed in the acute setting, while 10 had a delayed diagnosis after poor results of other ligament reconstruction. Majority (28) had associated injuries: 11 cases PMC + anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, 3 PMC + posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury, 3 PMC + meniscal tears, 9 PMC + ACL + PCL injuries, and 2 PMC + ACL + PCL + lateral collateral ligament injuries. Mean time for PMC reconstruction was 5 months (range 2­32). Preoperative Lysholm and IKDC scores (18,2 and 24,3 respectively) improved to 76,7 and 70,7 after 1-year follow-up. At the end of follow-up, average ROM was 113° (90­140), most patients (24) had type A IKDC stability. CONCLUSION: Acceptable results were achieved following reconstruction of PMC injuries in patients with chronic posteromedial knee instability. We observed instability and functional scores improvement in all patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Joint Instability/surgery , Knee Injuries/surgery , Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Knee/physiology , Lysholm Knee Score , Observational Study , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Range of Motion, Articular , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 25(4): 144-151, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-995191


El ligamento lunopiramidal (LP) es un estabilizador de la articulación lunopiramidal mediante dos haces principales: Dorsal y Palmar. El ligamento LP palmar es más fuerte que el ligamento dorsal. La rotura sintomática del ligamento LP se produce por antecedente traumático o por causas degenerativas. Son responsables de una inestabilidad carpiana disociativa (ICD). Una disociación LP aislada puede ocurrir por una inestabilidad de Mayfiled estadio 3 o por un patrón inverso originado desde el lado cubital de la muñeca, la cual estaría producida por una caída con la mano en extensión y desviación radial o por lesión degenerativa del fibrocartílago. El objetivo es presentar nuestra técnica quirúrgica artroscópica de anclaje óseo para las desinserciones del ligamento LT en lesiones agudas y degenerativas, en donde el ligamento es pasible de anclaje. Las lesiones lunopiramidales son poco estudiadas o poco diagnosticadas, nosotros creemos que esta técnica es útil a tener en cuenta ante una desinserción ligamentaria pasible de reinserción. Tipo de estudio: Técnica Quirúrgica. Nivel de evidencia: V

The lunopiramidal (LP) ligament is an intrinsic ligament responsible for stabilizing the lunopiramidal joint by means of its two main beams: Dorsal and Palmar. It presents a membranous part between the two main beams forming a C. The palmar LP ligament is stronger than the dorsal ligament. The symptomatic rupture of the LP ligament is produced by traumatic antecedent or by degenerative causes. They are responsible for a dissociative carpal instability (ICD). An isolated LP dissociation can occur due to an instability of Mayfiled stage 3 or by an inverse pattern originating from the ulnar side of the wrist, which would be produced by a fall with the hand in extension and radial deviation or degenerative lesion of triangular fibrocartilage complex. The aim is to present our arthroscopic surgical technique of bone anchor for the desinsertions of the LT ligament in acute and degenerative lesions where the ligament is capable of anchoring. The lunopiramidal lesions are little studied or little diagnosed; we believe that this technique is useful to take into account in the case of a ligament de-insertion. Type of Study: Surgical Technique. Level of Evidence: V

Arthroscopy/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Suture Techniques , Suture Anchors , Joint Instability/surgery , Ligaments, Articular/surgery