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Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 384-391, ago. 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407940


Resumen Objetivo: Describir la experiencia en cirugía electiva de condilomas anales en pacientes mayores de 15 años en un hospital terciario de la Región Metropolitana. Material y Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo y descriptivo, en el cual se analizan las intervenciones quirúrgicas electivas realizadas entre 2008 a 2021. Resultados: Dentro del período analizado se obtuvo 165 cirugías de condilomas anales, lo que corresponde a 137 pacientes en total. El 85% de los pacientes son de sexo masculino, el 68% de los pacientes son VIH positivo, un 87% de los pacientes MSM (hombres que tienen sexo con otros hombres) son VIH positivo, el 34% de los pacientes tiene antecedente de ETS, el 46% de los pacientes recibió terapia tópica como tratamiento preoperatorio o posoperatorio. Un 25% de los pacientes presenta recidiva en su historia personal, un 21% de los pacientes presenta lesiones anales intraepiteliales de alto grado, un 6% presenta carcinoma escamoso infiltrante. No hubo mortalidad descrita. Discusión: El presente estudio, describe la experiencia en cirugía de condilomas de un hospital terciario de la Región Metropolitana de Chile, cuya población corresponde a un estrato socioeconómico medio y bajo. Se logra describir a la población que es intervenida de condilomas acuminados, además de sus resultados quirúrgicos precoces y a largo plazo. Conclusión: El presente estudio, presenta una población de 137 pacientes operados de condilomas anales, a partir de los hallazgos de la cirugía. Se cumple el objetivo del estudio de caracterizar en un período de 12 años los resultados quirúrgicos de dicha serie, algo no reportado previamente en la literatura chilena.

Objective: To describe the experience in elective surgery for anal condylomas in patients over 15 years of age in a tertiary hospital in the Metropolitan Region. Materials and Method: Retrospective and descriptive observational study about elective surgical interventions performed between 2008 to 2021. Results: Within the analyzed period, 165 anal warts surgeries were obtained, corresponding to 137 patients. 85% of the patients are male, 68% are HIV positive, 87% of the MSM patients are HIV positive, 34% of the patients have a history of STDs, 46% of the patients received topical therapy as preoperative or postoperative treatment. 25% present recurrence in their personal history, 21% present high-grade anal intraepithelial lesions, 6% present infiltrating squamous carcinoma. There was no reported mortality. Discussion: The present study describes the experience in condyloma surgery in a tertiary hospital in the Metropolitan Region of Chile, whose population corresponds to a medium and low socioeconomic stratum. It is possible to describe the population that undergoes surgery for this reason, in addition to its early and long-term surgical results. Conclusion: The present study presents a population of 137 patients operated on for anal condylomas, based on the findings of the surgery. The objective of the study to characterize the surgical results of this series over a 12-year period is fulfilled, something not previously reported in the Chilean literature.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anus Diseases/therapy , Condylomata Acuminata/therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Anus Diseases/surgery , Anus Diseases/drug therapy , Papillomaviridae , Condylomata Acuminata/surgery , Condylomata Acuminata/drug therapy , Demography , Retrospective Studies , Papillomavirus Infections/therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Aminoquinolines/therapeutic use
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 170-175, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365349


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: A growing volume of literature has suggested long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as important players in tumor progression. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression and prognostic value of lncRNA LINC00173 (LINC00173) in melanoma. METHODS: LINC00173 expression was measured in 163 paired cancerous and noncancerous specimen samples by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The correlations between LINC00173 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis were analyzed by chi-square test, log-rank test, and multivariate survival analysis. Receiver-operating characteristic curves were used for the assessment of the diagnostic value of LINC00173 for melanoma patients. RESULTS: The expression level of LINC00173 in melanoma specimens was distinctly higher than that in adjacent non-neoplasm specimens (p<0.01). Besides, LINC00173 was expressed more frequently in patients with advanced melanoma than in patients with early melanoma. Multivariate assays confirmed that LINC00173 expression level was an independent prognostic predictor of melanoma patients (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our data indicated that LINC00173 expression could serve as an unfavorable prognostic biomarker for melanoma patients.

Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Melanoma/diagnosis , Melanoma/genetics , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929056


Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), as the most common type (>90%) of head and neck cancer, includes various epithelial malignancies that arise in the nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx. In 2020, approximately 878 ‍ 000 new cases and 444 000 deaths linked to HNSCC occurred worldwide (Sung et al., 2021). Due to the associated frequent recurrence and metastasis, HNSCC patients have poor prognosis with a five-year survival rate of 40%-50% (Jou and Hess, 2017). Therefore, novel prognostic biomarkers need to be developed to identify high-risk HNSCC patients and improve their disease outcomes.

Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928684


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expressions of CD33 and CD13 in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients and its relationship with prognosis.@*METHODS@#It was retrospectively observed that the expression of CD33 and CD13 in 121 MM patients who were newly diagnosed from January 2014 to January 2020, and the relationship between the expressions of CD33 and CD13 and patients prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 121 newly diagnosed MM patients, there were 30 patients (24.8%) in the CD33+ group and 12 patients (9.9%) in the CD13+ group. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that, compared with the CD33- group, the progression-free survival (PFS) time and overall survival (OS) time were significantly shortened in MM patients in CD33+ group (PFS 17.5 vs 23 months, P=0.000; OS 18.5 vs 25 months, P=0.000); and the PFS time and OS time of MM patients in the CD13+ group were also significantly shortened than those in CD13- group (PFS 21 vs 22 months, P=0.012; OS 25 vs 26 months, P=0.006). Cox regression analysis showed that CD33 and CD13 were independent adverse prognostic factors in MM patients (CD33: P=0.000;CD13: P=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#CD33 and CD13 are prognostic risk factors in patients with MM.

CD13 Antigens , Cell Count , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936340


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and gene function of methyltransferase-like protein 27 (METTL27) in colon cancer, its association with immune infiltration and its prognostic significance.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the expression levels of METTL27 in 33 cancers using R language and identified METTL27 as a differential gene in colon cancer. The related signaling pathways of METTL27 were analyzed by gene functional annotation and enrichment. SsGSEA algorithm was used to analyze immune infiltration, and logistic analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between METTL27 expression and clinicopathological features of the patients. Kaplan-meier analysis, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to construct a nomogram for evaluating the correlation between METTL27 expression and clinical prognosis. The expression level of METTL27 was further verified in colorectal cancer cell lines and 16 clinical specimens of colorectal cancer tissues using qPCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#METTL27 was highly expressed in 21 cancers, and its expression was significantly higher in colon cancer than in adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). METTL27-related genes were identified by differential analysis, and functional annotation revealed that METTL27 was significantly enriched in transmembrane transport and lipid metabolism, and 5 related signaling pathways were identified by GSEA. METTL27 expression was negatively correlated with different T helper cells and central memory T cells (P < 0.001). The patients with a high METTL27 mRNA expression had a poor survival outcome. Cox regression analysis showed that METTL27 expression was an independent prognostic factor of the overall survival. The expression level of METTL27 was significantly higher in the colorectal cancer cell line than in normal cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#METTL27 is overexpressed in colon cancer and is associated with a poor prognosis of the patients. A high expression of METTL27 showed is associated less T cell immune infiltration, suggesting the potential of METTL27 as a prognostic marker of colon cancer.

Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(6): 489-496, June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285365


Abstract Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases affecting the central nervous system in young adults. Objective: To investigate demographic and clinical factors that are effective in the development of irreversible disability from the onset of MS, and to identify factors that affect the transformation from the relapse-remitting MS (RRMS) phase to the progressive MS (PMS) phase. Methods: Retrospective study on 741 patients who were diagnosed with RRMS and PMS according to the McDonald criteria, and were enrolled into the Turkish MS database of the Department of Neurology MS Polyclinic, at the Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, in Trabzon, Turkey. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the time taken to reach EDSS 4 and EDSS 6 from the onset of disease, and the time taken between EDSS 4 and EDSS 6. Results: Age of onset >40 years; having polysymptomatic-type onset, pyramidal or bladder-intestinal system-related first episode; ≥7 episodes in the first 5 years; and <2 years between the first two episodes were found to be effective for MS patients to reach EDSS 4 and EDSS 6. The demographic and clinical parameters that were effective for progression from EDSS 4 to EDSS 6 were: pyramidal or bladder-intestinal system-related first episode; 4‒6 episodes in the first 5 years; >2 years until start of first treatment; and smoking. Conclusions: Our findings reveal important characteristics of MS patients in our region. However, the associations between these parameters and MS pathophysiology remain to be elucidated.

RESUMO Introdução: A esclerose múltipla (EM), uma das doenças neurológicas crônicas mais comuns, afeta o sistema nervoso central em jovens adultos. Objetivo: Investigar fatores demográficos e clínicos que são efetivos no desenvolvimento de deficiência irreversível, desde o início da EM, e identificar fatores que afetam a transformação da fase de EM recorrente-remitente (EMRR) para a fase de EM secundária progressiva (EMSP). Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de 741 pacientes que foram diagnosticados com EMRR e EMSP, de acordo com os critérios de McDonald, e inscritos no banco de dados turco MSBase, do Departamento de Neurologia da MS Polyclinic, da Universidade Técnica de Karadeniz, Turquia. Análise de Kaplan-Meier foi usada para avaliar o tempo para alcançar EDSS 4 e EDSS 6, desde o início da doença e o tempo entre EDSS 4 e EDSS 6. Resultados: Idade de início>40 anos, início do tipo polissintomático, primeiro ataque relacionado ao sistema piramidal ou bexiga-intestinal, ≥7 recaídas nos primeiros 5 anos e <2 anos entre os dois primeiros ataques foram considerados eficazes em pacientes com EM que atingiram EDSS 4 e EDSS 6. Parâmetros demográficos e clínicos que foram efetivos no progresso de EDSS 4 para EDSS 6: primeiro ataque relacionado ao sistema piramidal ou bexiga-intestinal, 4‒6 recaídas nos primeiros 5 anos, >2 anos até o início do primeiro tratamento e tabagismo. Conclusão: Estudo revelou características importantes dos pacientes com EM em nossa região. No entanto, as associações entre esses parâmetros e a fisiopatologia da EM ainda precisam ser elucidadas.

Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Disabled Persons , Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting , Multiple Sclerosis , Retrospective Studies , Disease Progression , Disability Evaluation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(1): 59-70, 29/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362228


Objective The aim of the present study was to describe and evaluate the initial and the long-term clinical outcome of internal neurolysis (IN) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) without neurovascular compression (NVC). Methods A total of 170 patients diagnosed with TN were treated by posterior fossa exploration, during the period between April 2012 and October 2019. The patients were divided into two groups: Group A (50 patients)was treated by IN and Group B (120 patients) received microvascular decompression (MVD). Surgical outcomes and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Pain intensity was assessed by the Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) pain intensity score and BNI facial numbness score. Pain recurrence was statistically evaluated with Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results Pain was completely relieved in 44 patients (88%) who underwent IN (group A); 3 (6%) experienced occasional pain but did not require medication (BNI 2). In group B, 113 (94%) experienced immediate pain relief after MVD. The median duration of follow-ups was 4 years (6 months to 7.5 years). In Group A, there was a meantime recurrence of 27 months in 3 patients (6%). The recurrence in Group B was of 5.8% during the follow-up period. There were no statistically significant differences in the surgical outcomes between the two groups. All patients with IN experienced some degree of numbness, 88% of the cases resolved in 6 months, on average. Conclusion Internal neurolysis is an effective, safe and durable treatment option for trigeminal neuralgia when NVC is absent.

Humans , Male , Female , Trigeminal Neuralgia/surgery , Trigeminal Neuralgia/physiopathology , Nerve Block/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Pain Measurement , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Microvascular Decompression Surgery/methods , Observational Study , Nerve Block/methods , Nerve Compression Syndromes/epidemiology
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 55: 1-10, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352183


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To present the overall survival rate for lung cancer and identify the factors associated with early diagnosis of stage I and II lung cancer. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study including individuals diagnosed with lung cancer, from January 2009 to December 2017, according to the cancer registry at UMass Memorial Medical Center. Five-year overall survival and its associated factors were identified by Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox's proportional hazards model. Factors associated with diagnosing clinical stage I and II lung cancer were identified by bivariate and multivariate backward stepwise logistic regression (Log-likelihood ratio (LR)) at 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS The study was conducted with data on 2730 individuals aged 67.9 years on average, 51.5% of whom female, 92.3% white, and 6.6% never smoked. Five-year overall survival was 21%. Individuals diagnosed with early-stage disease had a 43% five-year survival rate compared to 8% for those diagnosed at late stages. Stage at diagnosis was the main factor associated with overall survival [HR = 4.08 (95%CI: 3.62-4.59)]. Factors associated with early diagnosis included patients older than 68 years [OR = 1.23 (95%CI: 1.04-1.45)], of the female gender [OR = 1.47 (95%CI: 1.24-1.73)], white [OR = 1.63 (95%CI: 1.16-2.30)], and never-smokers [OR = 1.37 (95%CI: 1.01-1.86)]; as well as tumors affecting the upper lobe [OR = 1.46 (95%CI: 1.24-1.73)]; adenocarcinoma [OR = 1.43 (95%CI: 1.21-1.69)]; and diagnosis after 2014 [OR = 1.61 (95%CI: 1.37-1.90)]. CONCLUSIONS Stage at diagnosis was the most decisive predictor for survival. Non-white and male individuals were more likely to be diagnosed at a late stage. Thus, promoting lung cancer early diagnosis by improving access to health care is vital to enhance overall survival for individuals with lung cancer.

Humans , Male , Female , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Brazil , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942444


Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and prognosis of head and neck carcinosarcoma. Methods: The clinical data of 14 patients with head and neck carcinosarcoma treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 3 females, with age range from 30 to 72 years old. Clinicopathological characteristics, treatments and follow-up results of patients were evaluated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the cumulative survival rate. Results: Histopathological examination showed the co-existence of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining of 13 cases showed cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigens were positively expressed in the epithelial areas, whereas vimentin was positive in the malignant mesenchymal tissue area. Among 14 cases, 5 cases were treated with surgery, 3 cases with surgery and radiotherapy, and 6 cases with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The follow-up time was 2-81 months, with a median follow-up time of 22.5 months. Except for one patient who was lost to follow-up in 21 months after treatment, among the remaining 13 patients, 4 patients had recurrence, 8 patients died, and 5 patients had a tumor-free survival. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 1, 3, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of 14 patients with head and neck carcinosarcoma were 64.3%, 57.1%, and 42.9%, respectively. Conclusions: Carcinosarcoma of the head and neck is rare in clinic, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations are important basis for diagnosis, and surgery is a preferred treatment. Carcinosarcoma of the head and neck has a poor prognosis, and patients should be followed up for a long time.

Adult , Aged , Carcinosarcoma/therapy , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880095


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of microRNA-370 (miR-370) and microRNA-203 (miR-203) in the serum of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and to analyze its clinical diagnosis and prognostic significance.@*METHODS@#57 patients with acute myeloid leukemia were enrolled as experimental group, and 21 healthy people were enrolled as control group. The fasting venous blood of the personal in the two groups were collected. The expression of miR-370 and miR-203 of the personal in each groups were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to detected the diagnostic values of serum miR-370, miR-203, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the relationship between expression and overall survival of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy controls, serum miR-370 expression was significantly decreased in AML patients(P<0.05), and serum miR-203 expression was also significantly decreased (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the expression of serum miR-370 and miR-203 could be used to distinguish acute myeloid leukemia and healthy people. The area under the ROC curve of miR-370 was 0.909, and the sensitivity and specificity were 91.46% and 100.00%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve of miR-203 was 0.895, and the sensitivity and specificity were 83.45% and 89.71%, respectively. Serum levels of miR-370 and miR-203 were closely related to overall survival in AML patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-370 and miR-203 is decreased in the serum of patients with AML and may be a new markers for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.

Biomarkers, Tumor , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , ROC Curve
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922385


OBJECTIVES@#To study the value of serum miR-922 and miR-506 expression levels in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 132 children with ALL (ALL group) and 80 healthy children (healthy control group) were prospectively selected in this study. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to analyze the diagnostic value of miR-922 and miR-506 for childhood ALL. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and multivariate COX regression models were used to analyze the risk factors for poor prognosis in children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#The ALL group had significantly higher expression levels of serum miR-922 and miR-506 than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression levels of miR-922 and miR-506 are of good value in the diagnosis and prognostic assessment of childhood ALL.

Biomarkers, Tumor , Child , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , ROC Curve
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150006


Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.

Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.

Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.

Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10612, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249314


Genomic studies have provided insights into molecular subgroups and oncogenic drivers of pediatric brain tumors (PBT) that may lead to novel therapeutic strategies. Participants of the cohort Pediatric Brain Tumor Atlas: CBTTC (CBTTC cohort), were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts. In the training cohort, Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox regression model were applied to preliminary screening of prognostic genes. The LASSO Cox regression model was implemented to build a multi-gene signature, which was then validated in the validation and CBTTC cohorts through Kaplan-Meier, Cox, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses. Also, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and immune infiltrating analyses were conducted to understand function annotation and the role of the signature in the tumor microenvironment. An eight-gene signature was built, which was examined by Kaplan-Meier analysis, revealing that a significant overall survival difference was seen, either in the training or validation cohorts. The eight-gene signature was further proven to be independent of other clinic-pathologic parameters via the Cox regression analyses. Moreover, ROC analysis demonstrated that this signature owned a better predictive power of PBT prognosis. Furthermore, GSEA and immune infiltrating analyses showed that the signature had close interactions with immune-related pathways and was closely related to CD8 T cells and monocytes in the tumor environment. Identifying the eight-gene signature (CBX7, JADE2, IGF2BP3, OR2W6P, PRAME, TICRR, KIF4A, and PIMREG) could accurately identify patients' prognosis and the signature had close interactions with the immunodominant tumor environment, which may provide insight into personalized prognosis prediction and new therapies for PBT patients.

Humans , Child , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Cycle Proteins , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tumor Microenvironment , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1
Medwave ; 20(11): e8089, dic. 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146021


Introducción El propósito de este estudio es determinar si los pacientes con artrosis severa intervenidos con artroplastia de rodilla o cadera ponen en riesgo su expectativa de vida. Método Se diseñó un estudio de sobrevida el cual fue aprobado por el comité de ética de nuestra institución. Los pacientes fueron incluidos si fueron intervenidos de artroplastia de rodilla y cadera por artrosis severa y tenían más de 50 años. Los pacientes fueron excluidos si la artroplastia se realizó por fractura, hemofilia o un tumor. Una regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull fue estimada, siendo reportado el hazard ratio. Un bootstrap de 200 repeticiones fue realizada para validación interna. Resultados Un total de 4094 artroplastias fueron incluidos. La curva de Kaplan-Meier estima una mayor sobrevida que la población general hasta los 12 años, luego de lo cual la mediana de sobrevida es menor que la de la población general. La regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull estimó hazard ratios de 1,53 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,27 a 1,84) en mujeres, de 1,09 (1,08 a 1,10) por cada año de edad y de 1,29 (1,07 a 1,53) en artroplastia de cadera. Conclusión La mortalidad después de una intervención de artroplastia de rodilla o cadera sigue un comportamiento bimodal respecto a la población general similar a series reportadas en Estados Unidos y Suecia. Inicialmente la sobrevida es mayor que la población general, pero es menor luego de 12 a 15 años.

Background The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with osteoarthritis that undergo hip or knee arthroplasty jeopardize their life expectancy in Chile. Methods A survival analysis study was designed and approved by our institutional ethics review board. Patients were included if they underwent surgery for hip or knee osteoarthritis and were 50 years or older at the time of surgery. Patients were excluded if arthroplasty was performed for fracture, hemophilia arthropathy, or tumor. A multiparametric Weibull regression was estimated, and the hazard ratio was reported. For internal validity, a bootstrap of 200 repetitions was performed. Results A total of 4 094 arthroplasties were included. The Kaplan-Meier curve estimates a higher survival than the general population up to 12 years, after which the median survival is less than the general population. The bootstrap multiparametric Weibull regression estimated a hazard ratio of 1.53 (95% confidence interval: 1.27 to 1.84) for women, 1.09 (1.08 to 1.10) for every year older, and 1.29 (1.07 to 1.53) for hip arthroplasty patients. Conclusion Mortality after hip and knee arthroplasty in Chile follows a bimodal behavior similar to reports from the United States and Europe. At first, mortality is lower than the general population but worsens after 12 to 15 years of surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis, Hip/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/mortality , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/mortality , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Postoperative Complications , United States , Osteoarthritis, Hip/mortality , Survival Analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1530-1535, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143641


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to exhibit distinct functions on the convoluted processes of tumor developments. Some studies on the biological functions of lncRNA MAFG-AS1 (MAFG-AS1) in cancers revealed that they may serve as an oncogene in some kinds of tumors, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, little is known about the role of MAFG-AS1 in the prognostic of CRC. METHODS: A public dataset was mined for the screening of dysregulated lncRNAs in CRC. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) was used to compare the levels of MAFG-AS1 between paired MAFG-AS1 specimens and normal adjacent tissues. The correlations between MAFG-AS1 and clinic pathological features in CRC were analyzed using the chi-square test. The log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier test were carried out to compare the survival time of patients with high and low expressions of MAFG-AS1. Cox regression was applied for univariate and multivariate assays to validate whether MAFG-AS1 could be an independent factor in the prognosis of CRC. RESULTS: We found that the distinct upregulation of MAFG-AS1 in various tumors was a common event. MAFG-AS1 was distinctly up-regulated in CRC specimens compared to matched non-tumor specimens (p < 0.01). High MAFG-AS1 expressions were closely associated with depth of invasion (p = 0.011) and TNM stage (p = 0.022). Survival assays revealed that patients with high expression of MAFG-AS1 have a shorter overall survival (p = 0.0030) and disease-free survival (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: MAFG-AS1 can serve as a novel potential biomarker to predict CRC patients' survival time.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: RNAs longos não codificantes (lncRNAs) comprovadamente apresentam funções distintas no complicado processo de desenvolvimento de tumores. Alguns estudos sobre as funções biológicas dos lncRNA (MAFG-AS1) em cânceres revelaram que eles podem funcionar como um oncogene em alguns tipos de tumores, inclusive no câncer colorretal (CCR). No entanto, pouco é conhecido sobre o papel do MAFG-AS1 no prognóstico do CCR. MÉTODOS: Um conjunto de dados públicos foi analisado em busca de lncRNAs desregulados em casos de CCR. Uma análise quantitativa de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa (qPCR) em tempo real foi utilizada para comparar os níveis de MAFG-AS1 entre pares de amostras de MAFG-AS1 normal e tecidos adjacentes. As correlações entre MAFG-AS1 e características clínico-patológicas do CCR foram analisadas através do teste qui-quadrado. Os testes de Log-rank e Kaplan-Meier foram utilizados para comparar o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes com expressões altas e baixas do MAFG-AS1. A regressão de Cox foi aplicada para ensaios uni e multivariados para validar se MAFG-AS1 poderia ser um fator independente no prognóstico do CCR. RESULTADOS: Observamos que a regulação aumentada de MAFG-AS1 em vários tumores foi um evento comum. MAFG1 estava claramente com a regulação aumentada em espécimes de CCR quando comparado ao de espécimes equivalentes não-tumorais (p < 0,01). Altas expressões de MAFG-AS1 estavam associadas à profundidade de invasão (p = 0,011) e classificação no sistema TNM (p = 0,022). As análises de sobrevida revelaram que pacientes com expressões elevadas do MAFG-AS1 tiveram uma diminuição significativa da sobrevida global (p = 0,0030) e da sobrevida livre de doença (p = 0,0002). CONCLUSÃO: MAFG-AS1 pode ser um novo potencial biomarcador para predizer o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes de CCR.

Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 545-552, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138669


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los síndromes de falla medular (SFM) son trastornos infrecuentes, con una incidencia anual de 2-4 casos por millón. Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen terapia de inmunosupresión (TIS) y restaura ción de la hematopoyesis con trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticas (TPH). OBJETIVO: Analizar los desenlaces de pacientes pediátricos diagnosticados con SFM tratados en una institución de alta complejidad. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de SFM que consultaron a la Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali. Se realizo análisis estadístico descriptivo según SFM adquirida (SFMA) y SFM congénita (SFMC). Los desenlaces incluyeron: tratamiento, complicaciones, supervivencia global (SG) en los trasplantados, calculada con el método Kaplan Meier. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 24 pacientes con SFM, edad 6,5 ± 4 años, 50% mujeres. El 58% fue ron SFMC, 9 con anemia de Fanconi, 2 disqueratosis congénita, 2 trombocitopenia amegacariocítica congénita, uno anemia Diamond-Blackfan. Doce pacientes con TPH tuvieron SG a 5 años de 83%. SFMA correspondió al 42%, 6 recibieron TIS-TPH, 3 TIS y 1 TPH, la SG del grupo con TIS-TPH fue 86%. Seis pacientes fallecieron, 4/6 relacionadas con infección. CONCLUSIONES: En esta serie fue mayor el número de casos con SFMC. La SG de los pacientes llevados a TPH es comparable con la reportada en estudios recientes. La causa de muerte predominante fue infecciosa que también se ha reportado previamente. El tratamiento instaurado en los pacientes de esta serie mostró resultados favorables en un centro de alta complejidad en un país latinoamericano.

INTRODUCTION: Bone marrow failure (BMF) syndromes are rare disorders with an annual incidence of 2-4 cases per million. Treatment options include immunosuppressive therapy (IST) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of pediatric patients diagnosed with BMF treated in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODP: Retrospective study of pediatric patients diagnosed with BMF who consulted at Fundación Valle de Lili, Cali. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed according to Acquired BMF (ABMF) and Inherited BMF (IBMF). The outcomes include treatment, complications, overall survival (OS) in transplant patients, calculated using the Kaplan Meier method. RESULTS: We included 24 patients with BMF, average age 6.5 ± 4 years, and 50% were women. 58% presented IBMF, 9 with Fanconi anemia (FA), 2 dyskeratosis congenita, 2 congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, and 1 presented Diamond-Blackfan anemia. 12 patients treated with HSCT had a 5-year OS of 83%. ABMF represented 42%. 6 patients received IST-HSCT, 3 received IST, and 1 received HSCT. The OS of the IST-HSCT group was 86%. Six patients died, four of them related to infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, there was a higher number of cases with IBMF. The OS of patients treated with HSCT is similar to that reported in recent studies. The most frequent cause of death was of infectious origin which has also been previously reported. The treatment esta blished in the patients showed favorable results in a Latin American tertiary care center.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colombia , Combined Modality Therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tertiary Care Centers , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/complications , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/diagnosis , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/mortality
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 732-736, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136278


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE A previous study has reported that miR-1204 exerted oncogenic effects in breast cancer (BC). The purpose of our paper was to evaluate the expressions of tissue and serum miR-1204 in patients with BC and further investigate its biomarker potential. METHODS The expressions of tissue and serum miR-1204 were investigated by qRT-PCR in 144 BC patients and 38 healthy controls. Chi-square tests were conducted to examine the associations between miR-1204 expressions and clinicopathological factors. Then, the associations of miR-1204s level with the survival of BC patients were determined by performing the Kaplan-Meier and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and area under the OC curve (AUC) were obtained to validate the diagnostic values of miR-1204. RESULTS We found that the expressions of miR-1204 were increased in both tissue and serum samples from BC patients. Multivariate assays identified tissue and serum miR-1204 overexpression as an independent poor prognostic factor. In addition, ROC curve assays indicated that tissue and serum miR-1204 are potential diagnostic markers of BC. CONCLUSIONS Detection of tissue and serum miR-1204 levels could have clinical potential as a novel prognostic/diagnostic biomarker for BC patients.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Um estudo anterior indicou que o miR-1204 exerce efeitos oncogênicos no Câncer de Mama (CM). O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as expressões de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos em pacientes com CM e investigar o seu potencial biomarcador. METODOLOGIA As expressões de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos foram investigadas por qRT-PCR em 144 pacientes com CM e 38 controles saudáveis. Testes qui-quadrados foram realizados para examinar as associações entre as expressões de miR-1204 e os fatores clinicopatológicos. Em seguida, as associações entre nível de miR-1204s e sobrevida de pacientes de CM foram determinadas através de análises de Kaplan-Meier e multivariadas. A Curva Característica de Operação do Receptor (ROC) e área sob a curva (AUC) foram obtidas para validar o valor diagnóstico do MIR-1204. RESULTADOS Descobrimos que as expressões do MIR-1204 estavam aumentadas em amostras de tecido e séricas de pacientes com CM. Análises multivariadas identificaram a superexpressão de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos como um fator independente de prognóstico ruim. Além disso, as curvas ROC indicaram que o miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos é um possível marcador de diagnóstico de CM. CONCLUSÃO A detecção dos níveis MIR-1204 em tecidos e séricos pode ter potencial clínico como um novo biomarcador de prognóstico/diagnóstico para pacientes de CM.

Humans , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , MicroRNAs/blood , Prognosis , Breast Neoplasms/blood , ROC Curve , Area Under Curve , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(3): 159-164, May.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251850


ABSTRACT Background: The ideal treatment of coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 has yet to be defined, but convalescent plasma (CoPla) has been successfully employed. Objective: The objective of the study was to study the safety and outcomes of the administration of CoPla to individuals with severe COVID-19 in an academic medical center. Methods: Ten patients were prospectively treated with plasma from COVID-19 convalescent donors. Results: Over 8 days, the sequential organ failure assessment score dropped significantly in all patients, from 3 to 1.5 (p = 0.014); the Kirby index (PaO2/FiO2) score increased from 124 to 255, (p < 0.0001), body temperature decreased significantly from 38.1 to 36.9°C (p = 0.0058), and ferritin levels also dropped significantly from 1736.6 to 1061.8 ng/ml (p = 0.0001). Chest X-rays improved in 7/10 cases and in 6/10, computerized tomography scans also revealed improvement of the lung injury. Decreases in C-reactive protein and D-dimer levels were also observed. Three of five patients on mechanical ventilation support could be extubated, nine were transferred to conventional hospital floors, and six were sent home; two patients died. The administration of CoPla had no side effects and the 24-day overall survival was 77%. Conclusions: Although other treatments were also administered to the patients and as a result data are difficult to interpret, it seems that the addition of CoPla improved pulmonary function.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Betacoronavirus/immunology , Plasma , Severity of Illness Index , Body Temperature , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Pilot Projects , Convalescence , Immunization, Passive , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Combined Modality Therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Ferritins/blood , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Antibodies, Viral/blood