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Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150006


Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.

Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.

Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.

Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 315-320, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132591


Abstract Introduction: Inverted papillomas represent one of the most common benign neoplasic lesions located in the sinonasal tract. Owing to the local erosive behavior, tendency to recur and the potential for malignant transformation, surgical management of inverted papillomas is often challenging. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of patients with inverted papillomas, according to the Krouse staging and the different surgical approaches. Methods: Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with sinonasal inverted papillomas who underwent surgical treatment between 2000 and 2016 at a tertiary referral hospital. Cases with follow-up less than 12 months were excluded. The rate and the time of recurrence were the main outcomes. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Thirty-six cases with mean age of 60 years, predominantly male (72%), were included. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 16 years, with an average of 4.5 years. Krouse T1 Stage corresponded to 11.1%; T2 occurred in 50% of cases; while T3 and T4 Stages accounted for 30.6% and 8.3% of patients, respectively. Most cases were approached by an endoscopic technique alone (83.3%), with a recurrence rate of 13.3%. Patients treated via a combined or open approach revealed a recurrence of 16.7%. No differences in the recurrence rate were reported when comparing endoscopic surgery with the open or combined techniques. Krouse Stage T3 had a significant association with inverted papillomas recurrence (p = 0.023). All inverted papilloma relapses occurred up to 2 years post-operatively. One case of malignant transformation was recorded (2.7%). Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery did not increase the recurrence rates and can be a safe and efficient alternative to open or combined techniques. The recurrence of inverted papillomas seem to be related to the persistence of the disease and tend to occur early after primary surgery. Krouse T3 Stages may be associated with a higher recurrence of inverted papillomas.

Resumo Introdução: Os papilomas invertidos são uma das lesões neoplásicas benignas mais comuns no trato nasossinusal. Devido ao seu comportamento localmente agressivo, tendência para recidivar e potencial de malignização, o tratamento cirúrgico dos papilomas invertidos constitui frequentemente um desafio. Objetivo: Analisar os resultados cirúrgicos dos papilomas invertidos segundo o estadiamento de Krouse, bem como avaliar as diferentes abordagens cirúrgicas. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com diagnóstico de papiloma invertido nasossinusal submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico entre 2000 e 2016 em hospital terciário. Casos com acompanhamento inferior a 12 meses foram excluídos. A taxa e o tempo de recidiva foram os principais resultados analisados desfechos avaliados. Valores p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 36 casos, com média de idade de 60 anos, predominantemente do sexo masculino (72%). O período de acompanhamento variou de 1 a 16 anos, em uma média de 4,5 anos. Relativamente ao estadiamento, 11,1% dos pacientes foram classificados como estadio Krouse T1, 50% como T2, 30,6% como T3 e 8,3% como T4. A maioria dos casos foi tratada exclusivamente por cirurgia endoscópica (83,3%), com taxa de recidiva de 13,3%. Pacientes tratados com uma técnica combinada ou aberta apresentaram recidiva de 16,7%. Não foram observadas diferenças quanto à taxa de recidiva entre os casos abordados por via endoscópica e os casos tratados com técnica aberta ou combinada. Verificou-se uma associação significativa entre o estadio T3 de Krouse e recidiva de papilomas invertidos (p = 0,023). Todas as recidivas de papilomas invertidos foram observadas até dois anos após a cirurgia. Um caso de transformação maligna foi registrado (2,7%). Conclusão: A cirurgia endoscópica não aumentou as taxas de recidiva e pode ser uma alternativa segura e eficiente às técnicas abertas ou combinadas. Os casos de recidiva do papiloma invertido parecem estar relacionados com a persistência da doença e tendem a ocorrer precocemente após a cirurgia primária. Os estadios T3 de Krouse podem estar associados a uma maior recidiva.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 30-37, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088766


ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of our study was to evaluate the survival rate of all thyroid carcinomas (TCs) diagnosed in the 1999-2015 period in the Republic of North Macedonia and to analyze the prognostic influence of several characteristics on development of distant metastases, as well as to analyze the prognostic effect of seven clinical and constitutional features on mortality. Material and methods A retrospective analysis of medical data from all TCs diagnosed in 1999-2015 was performed. The survival rate of all types of TCs was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied for evaluation of the predictive role of seven clinical and constitutional characteristics for development of distant metastases, and the univariate Cox-proportional model was applied for evaluation of the predictors for mortality. Results A total of 422 TC cases were diagnosed in the 17-year period, with an average survival time of 212.99 months. Results of the univariate regression analysis showed that dimension at initial ultrasound and histopathological type of tumor were significantly predictive variables for distant metastases. Multifocal tumors vs. unifocal tumors < 15 mm significantly increased the probability of distant metastases by 7.401 (p = 0.005, 95% CI = 1.817-30.190) times. Age, initial lymph node involvement, number of radioiodine therapies, and histopathology of the tumor were selected as independent significant predictors for mortality. Conclusion Our results showed an excellent overall prognosis of thyroid tumors in the Macedonian population. The dimension of the tumor, multifocality, and histopathological type were the most relevant prognostic predictive features for development of distant metastases.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Metastasis
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 245-253, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088859


Abstract Background: Cardioinhibitory carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CICSH) is defined as ventricular asystole ≥ 3 seconds in response to 5-10 seconds of carotid sinus massage (CSM). There is a common concern that a prolonged asystole episode could lead to death directly from bradycardia or as a consequence of serious trauma, brain injury or pause-dependent ventricular arrhythmias. Objective: To describe total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality of a cohort of CICSH patients, and to compare those mortalities with those found in a non-CICSH patient cohort. Methods: In 2006, 502 patients ≥ 50 years of age were submitted to CSM. Fifty-two patients (10,4%) were identified with CICSH. Survival of this cohort was compared with that of another cohort of 408 non-CICSH patients using Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox regression was used to examine the relation between CICSH and mortality. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: After a maximum follow-up of 11.6 years, 29 of the 52 CICSH patients (55.8%) were dead. Cardiovascular mortality, trauma-related mortality and the total mortality rate of this population were not statistically different from that found in 408 patients without CICSH. (Total mortality of CICSH patients 55.8% vs. 49,3% of non-CICSH patients; p: 0.38). Conclusion: At the end of follow-up, the 52 CICSH patient cohort had total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality similar to that found in 408 patients without CICSH.

Resumo Fundamento: A resposta cardioinibitória (RCI) à massagem do seio carotídeo (MSC) caracteriza-se por assistolia ≥ 3 segundos provocada por 5 a 10 segundos de MSC. Existe uma preocupação de que pacientes com RCI e episódios prolongados de assistolia possam falecer em consequência direta de bradiarritmia, ou em decorrência de lesão cerebral, trauma grave ou arritmia ventricular pausa dependente. Objetivos: Determinar a mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma de uma coorte de pacientes com RCI à MSC e comparar essas mortalidades com as de uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI à MSC. Métodos: Em 2006, 502 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos foram submetidos à MSC. Destes, 52 pacientes (10,4%) foram identificados com RCI. A sobrevida desta coorte foi comparada àquela observada em uma coorte de 408 pacientes sem RCI por meio de curvas de Kaplan-Meier. A regressão de Cox foi utilizada para avaliação da relação entre a RCI à MSC e a mortalidade. Variáveis com p < 0,05 foram consideradas estatisticamente significativas. Resultados: Após seguimento máximo de 11,6 anos, 29 dos 52 portadores de RCI (55,8%) faleceram. A mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma desta coorte de pacientes não foram significativamente diferentes daquelas encontradas nos 408 pacientes sem RCI (mortalidade total com RCI: 55,8% versus 49,3% sem RCI; p: 0,38). Conclusões: No fim do seguimento, a mortalidade dos 52 portadores de RCI foi semelhante à observada em uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI. A mortalidade cardiovascular e a relacionada ao trauma também foi semelhante nas duas coortes.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery Diseases/mortality , Carotid Sinus/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/mortality , Syncope/physiopathology , Syncope/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart Injuries/physiopathology , Heart Injuries/mortality
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 65-72, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089327


ABSTRACT Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has modified the outcome of patients with HIV infection, providing virological control and reducing mortality. However, there are several reasons as to why patients may discontinue their antiretroviral therapy, with adverse events being one of the main reasons reported in the literature. This is a case-control nested in a cohort of people living with HIV/AIDS, conducted to identify the incidence of ART modification due to adverse events and the associated factors, in two referral services in Recife, Brazil, between 2011 and 2014. Of the modifications occurred in the first year of ART, 25.7% were driven by adverse events. The median time elapsed between initiating ART and the first modification due to adverse events was 70.5 days (95% CI: 26-161 days). The main adverse events were dermatological, neuropsychiatric and gastrointestinal. Dermatological events were the earliest to appear after initiating ART. Efavirenz was the most prescribed and most modified drug during the study period. The group of participants who used zidovudine, lamivudine, and efavirenz had a 2-fold greater chance (adjusted OR: 2.16 95% CI: 1.28-3.65) of switching ART due to adverse events when compared to the group that used tenofovir with lamivudine and efavirenz.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Time Factors , Brazil , Zidovudine/adverse effects , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/mortality , Ritonavir/adverse effects , Lamivudine/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/adverse effects , Benzoxazines/adverse effects , Drug Combinations , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lopinavir/adverse effects , Tenofovir/adverse effects
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827192


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Circ_cgga162 in serum of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients and analyze its potential as a prognostic biomarker.@*METHODS@#The expression of Circ_cgga162 in 86 cases of mantle cell lymphoma and 50 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (RH) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between the expression of Circ_cgga162 and clinicopathological features was analyzed by univariate analysis. The relationship of Circ_cgga162 expression with progression-free survival time and overall survival time was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. The relationship between expression of Circ_cgga162 and prognosis of patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of Circ_cgga162 in MCL patients was significantly higher than that in control (RH) group (P<0.01). The expression of Circ_cgga162 not correlated with age, gender, B symptoms and LDH (all P>0.05), but correlated with the expression of MCL International Prognostic Index (IPI), Ann Arbor stage, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 (all P<0.05). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the progression-free survival time and overall survival time of the MCL patients with high expression of Circ_cgga162 were significantly shorter than those of the MCL patients with low expression (P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression, MIPI, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 were the prognostic factors for MCL patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression and MIPI were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MCL patients (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_cgga162 is highly expressed in serum of patients MCL, which relates with the prognosis of MCL patients. Circ_cgga162 can be used as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for MCL patients.

Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , RNA, Circular , Genetics
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1338-1343, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827115


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of has-microRNA-155 (miR-155) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) in prognostic evaluation of elderly patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (PITP).@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty elderly PITP patients and 60 healthy volunteers in our hospital were selected. The relative expression level of miR-155 in PBMNC was detected by RT-PCR. Unconditional logistic multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between miR-155 expression and prognosis of PITP patients, and Kaplan-Meier was further used to analyze the relationship between miR-155 and PITP recurrence.@*RESULTS@#The relative expression level of miR-155 in PBMNC of elderly PITP patients was significantly higher than that in healthy volunteers, and increased significantly with the severity of the disease (P<0.05). The overall effective rate of elderly PITP patients with miR-155 low-expression was significantly higher than that in the patients with miR-155 high-expression (96.92% vs 72.31%) by after treatment with glucocorticoid. Multivariate analysis showed that miR-155 was an independent risk factor for PITP patients. Elderly patients with high expression of miR-155 showed a higher risk of recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#miR-155 in PBMNC has a high accuracy for PITP diagnosis, and the elderly patients with high level of miR-155 show a poor prognosis and a higher risk of recurrence.

Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828951


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of RNA methyltransferase METTL14 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of METTL14 in 147 pairs of HCC and adjacent hepatic tissues. According to the scores rated by pathologists, the 147 cases of HCC were divided into high and low METTL14 expression groups. The correlation between the expression of METTL14 and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed, and Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between the expression of METTL14 and the prognosis and survival (including the overall survival and disease-free survival) of the patients with HCC after operation. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were carried out to assess the impact of METTL14 expression level on the overall survival and tumor-free survival of the patients after operation using a COX regression model and explore whether METTL14 expression level is an independent prognostic risk factor of the postoperative patients.@*RESULTS@#The expression of METTL14 was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues ( < 0.001). METTL14 expression in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with the tumor size (=0.044) and TNM stage (=0.046). A low expression of METTL14 in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with a poor prognosis and a significantly shortened overall survival time and disease-free survival time of the patients ( < 0.05), and was an independent risk factor affecting the overall survival and disease-free survival of HCC patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#METTL14 may be a new prognostic marker for patients with HCC after hepatectomy.

Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms , Methyltransferases , Prognosis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828861


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of BUB1 gene in gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Oncomine, GEPIA, BioGPS and Kaplan-Meier Plotter databases were used to analyze the difference of BUB1 gene expression between gastric cancer tissue and normal gastric tissue. The association of BUB1 expression level with the prognosis of gastric cancer patients was also analyzed. The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) was explored to analyze the expression of BUB1 in T cells and B cells in gastric cancer patients, and the String database was used to generate the network map of BUB1-related proteins and functional annotation of gene ontology (GO). The related pathways of KEGG were analyzed. Tumor immune assessment resource (TIMER) database was used to analyze the expression of BUB1 in immune infiltration and its effect on prognosis of gastric cancer patients. To further verify the results of gene chip analysis in Oncomine database, we collected 30 pairs of surgical specimens of gastric adenocarcinoma and adjacent tissues from patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College from March, 2018 to July, 2019. The results of BUB1 gene expression in Oncomine database were verified by PCR and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Oncomine, GEPIA and BioGPS analyses showed that BUB1 was highly expressed in gastric cancer compared with normal gastric tissue. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the progression-free survival time (HR=0.52, 95% :0.41-0.67, < 0.05) and the overall survival time (HR=0.67, 95% :0.55-0.82, < 0.05) were prolonged in gastric cancer patients with a high expression of BUB1. Through String data collection, BUB1-related proteins were mainly enriched in 13 cellular components, 4 molecular functions and 12 biological processes, involving 4 signal pathways. TIMER database analysis showed that CD4 T cells and macrophages with high expressions of BUB1 mRNA in the immune microenvironment were associated with a favorable 5-year survival outcome of patients with gastric cancer. In the surgical specimens, real-time quantitative PCR showed that the expression level of BUB1 mRNA was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissues than in the adjacent gastric mucosa tissues, and immunohistochemical results demonstrated positive BUB1 staining in the gastric cancer tissues.@*CONCLUSIONS@#BUB1 gene is highly expressed in gastric cancer. BUB1 may reduce tumor immunosuppression and helps to evaluate the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.

Computational Biology , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190198, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056596


Abstract Pathological parameters have been indicated as tumor prognostic factors in oral carcinoma. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of pathological parameters on prognosis of patients affected only by tongue and/or floor of the mouth squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methodology: In total, 380 patients treated in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA) from 1999 to 2006 were included. These patients underwent radical resection followed by neck dissection. The clinical and pathological characteristics were recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used in survival analysis. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free interval (DFI) were estimated. Cox residuals were evaluated using the R software version 3.5.2. Worst OS, CSS and DFI were observed in patients with tumors in advanced pathological stages (p<0.001), with the presence of perineural invasion (p<0.001) and vascular invasion (p=0.005). Results: Advanced pathological stage and the presence of a poorly differentiated tumor were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS. However, advanced pathological stage and perineural invasion were independent predictors of a shorter OS, DFI and CSS. Conclusion: Pathological stage and perineural invasion were the most significant pathological variables in survival analysis in tongue and/or floor of the mouth SCC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Mouth Floor/pathology , Neck Dissection/methods , Time Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Regression Analysis , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading/methods , Neoplasm Staging
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(12): 1561-1568, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094190


Background The treatment of choice of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) is an induction with proteasome inhibitors followed autologous stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Since 2013, the treatment of these patients in the public system is based on CTD (cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone). Aim To evaluate the response rates achieved with CTD, and the results of HSCT in patients with NDMM in the public setting. Material and Methods Data from patients considered as candidates for HSCT from different centers of the National Adult Antineoplastic Drug Program (PANDA, for its acronym in Spanish), diagnosed between 2013 and 2017, was analyzed. The response to treatment of first and second lines of treatment was evaluated, in addition to the results of HSCT. An optimal Response was defined as the sum of strict complete remission, complete remission and very good partial response (sCR, CR and VGPR). Results One hundred and seventy-seven patients were analyzed, 54% women, and 53% with IgG multiple myeloma. Information about the international staging system was retrieved in 127 patients (71%). Seventeen percent were ISS I, 22% in ISS II and 32% ISS III. CTD was used as first treatment in 106 patients (60%), and cyclophosphamide, bortezomib and dexamethasone (CyBorD) in 13 (7%). As first line, CTD had an overall response of 50.9%, and CyBorD of 76.9%. Thirty patients were treated with bortezomib as second line treatment. Forty patients (22%) underwent HSCT. The 5-year Overall Survival (OS) in transplanted patients and non-transplanted patients was 100 and 62% respectively (p < 0.01). Conclusions The response rate achieved by CTD in these patients is suboptimal. The response to CyBorD was better.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Bortezomib/administration & dosage , Multiple Myeloma/mortality
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(6): 499-510, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055341


Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of paliperidone palmitate 3-monthly (PP3M) in Latin American patients with schizophrenia vs. rest-of-world (ROW). Methods: We analyzed data from two multinational, double-blind (DB), randomized, controlled phase 3 studies including patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV-TR) previously stabilized on PP1M/PP3M (open-label [OL] phase). Patients were randomized to PP3M or PP1M (noninferiority study A) and PP3M or placebo (study B) in DB phase. The subgroup analysis included Latin American (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico) patients. Primary efficacy endpoints were relapse-free rates (study A) and time-to-relapse (study B). Results: In study A, 63/71 (88.7%) and in study B 38/43 (88.4%) Latin American patients completed the DB phase. In study A, relapse-free percentage was similar in Latin America (PP3M: 97%, PP1M: 100%) and ROW (PP3M: 91%, PP1M: 89%). In study B, median time-to-relapse was not estimable in the Latin American subgroup for either placebo or PP3M groups, nor for the ROW PP3M group; the median time-to-relapse in the ROW placebo group was 395 days. Caregiver burden improved in patients switching from oral antipsychotics (OL baseline) to PP3M/PP1M in DB phase (Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire score mean ± SD change, -9.4±15.16; p < 0.001). Treatment emergent adverse events with PP3M during DB phase were similar in Latin America (study A: 24/34 [70.6%]; study B: 15/21 [71.4%]) and ROW (study A: 318/470 [67.7%]; study B: 84/139 [60.4%]) subgroups. Conclusion: PP3M was efficacious and showed no new safety concerns in patients with schizophrenia from Latin America, corroborating ROW findings. Clinical trial registration: NCT01515423, NCT01529515

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Schizophrenia/drug therapy , Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage , Paliperidone Palmitate/administration & dosage , Recurrence , Time Factors , Placebo Effect , Double-Blind Method , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Secondary Prevention , Latin America , Middle Aged
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 339-345, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056635


Abstract Background Colorectal cancer represents a global health problem. Rectal cancer in particular is increasing and is believed to carry a unique epidemiologic and prognostic criteria. Method We herein study retrospectively the data of 245 patients from a tertiary center in Egypt. Clinico-epidemiologic criteria and predictors of survival are analyzed. Results The disease affects younger population without sex predilection. Prognosis is affected by age, nodal status, metastasis, and bowel obstruction. Conclusion Rectal cancer has unique criteria in the Egyptian population. A national population based registry is recommended to delineate the nature of the disease in Egypt.

Resumo Introdução O câncer colorretal é um problema de saúde global. A incidência de câncer retal, em particular, está aumentando; acredita-se que esta neoplasia apresente critérios epidemiológicos e prognósticos únicos. Métodos O presente estudo avaliou retrospectivamente os dados de 245 pacientes de um centro terciário no Egito. Critérios clínico-epidemiológicos e preditores de sobrevida foram analisados. Resultados A doença afeta a população mais jovem, sem predileção por sexo. O prognóstico é afetado pela idade, estado nodal, metástase e obstrução intestinal. Conclusão O câncer retal apresenta critérios únicos na população egípcia. Recomenda-se um registro nacional de base populacional para delinear a natureza da doença no Egito.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Rectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prognosis , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Egypt , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Metastasis
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1239-1246, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058590


ABSTRACT Background: Immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a rare and underdiagnosed entity. Aim: To characterize patients with AL amyloidosis in Chilean public health centers. Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective, multicenter study. Public centers of the Chilean Monoclonal Gammopathies Cooperative Group were asked to search for patients with AL amyloidosis in their databases. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics were evaluated. Results: Forty-two patients aged 22 to 84 years were found. Twenty four percent had localized AL amyloidosis; 64% had a lambda light chain clone; 47% were associated with multiple myeloma and 9% with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The most commonly involved organ was the kidney (76%). Serum free light chains were measured in 31% and an echocardiogram was performed in 74% of patients. Seventeen percent of patients received only palliative care, 17% were treated with bortezomib, 21% with thalidomide, and 40% with melphalan. No patient was transplanted. The mean overall survival (OS) of the group was 19 months. The 5-year OS was 28%. Conclusions: It is important to obtain these realistic, national data to initiate strategies to improve early diagnosis and proper management of this disease.

La amiloidosis AL es una entidad poco frecuente y subdiagnosticada. Mientras todo el mundo discute sobre las nuevas herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas, en Chile y en América Latina en general, estamos lejos de esa realidad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue caracterizar a los pacientes con amiloidosis AL en centros del sistema público de nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, multicéntrico, descriptivo. Los centros públicos del grupo cooperativo hematológico chileno buscaron en sus bases de datos pacientes diagnosticados con amiloidosis AL. Se evaluaron las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y de laboratorio. La edad media fue de 65 años. A 24% de los pacientes se les diagnosticó amiloidosis AL localizada; 64% tuvo paraproteína con cadena ligera lambda; 47% se asoció con mieloma múltiple y 9% con linfoma no Hodgkin. El órgano afectado con mayor frecuencia fue el riñón (76%). Las cadenas ligeras libres de suero se realizaron en 31% y ecocardiograma en 74%. El 17% recibió solo cuidados paliativos, 17% recibió tratamiento con bortezomib, 21% con talidomida y 40% con melfalán. Ningún paciente fue trasplantado. La media de sobrevida global (SG) del grupo fue de 19 meses. La SG a 5 años fue de 28%. Es importante reportar estos resultados nacionales para iniciar estrategias que mejoren tanto el diagnóstico temprano como el tratamiento de esta patología. Por lo tanto, mejorar la sospecha diagnóstica es crucial.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Public Sector/statistics & numerical data , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/epidemiology , Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Blood Protein Electrophoresis , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/physiopathology
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 323-329, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040257


Abstract Introduction: The occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after ischemic stroke has been associated to a worse prognosis. There is a lack of Brazilian studies evaluating this issue. This study aimed to describe the impact of AKI after a first-ever ischemic stroke in relation to fatality rate in 30 days. Methods: This was a retrospective hospital-based cohort. We included patients who had their first ischemic stroke between January to December 2015. AKI was defined by an increase of serum creatinine in relation to baseline value at admission ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or a rise in serum creatinine level by 1.5 times the baseline value at any point in the first week after admission. We performed a univariate and multivariate analysis to evaluate the presence of AKI with fatality in 30 days. Results: The final study population (n=214) had mean age of 66.46 ± 13.73 years, 48.1% were men, the mean NIHSS was 6.33 ± 6.27 and 20 (9.3%) presented AKI. Patients with AKI were older, had a higher score on the NIHSS, and had higher creatinine values on hospital discharge. The 30-day mortality was higher in the AKI subgroup compared to non-AKI (35% vs. 6.2%, p < 0.001). AKI was an independent predictor of fatality after an ischemic stroke but limited by severity of stroke (NIHSS). Conclusion: The presence of AKI is an important complication after ischemic stroke. Despite its impact on 30-day fatality, the predictive strength of AKI was limited by the severity of stroke.

Resumo Introdução: A ocorrência de insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) após acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCI) está associada a pior prognóstico. Há uma deficiência de estudos brasileiros a respeito dessa questão. O presente estudo teve como objetivo descrever o impacto da IRA após o primeiro episódio de AVCI em relação à taxa de letalidade em 30 dias. Métodos: A presente coorte retrospectiva de base hospitalar incluiu pacientes que sofreram seu primeiro AVCI entre janeiro e dezembro de 2015. IRA foi definida por elevações da creatinina sérica em relação ao valor basal na internação ≥ 0.3 mg/dL ou aumento da creatinina sérica equivalente a 1,5 vez o valor basal em qualquer instante durante a primeira semana após a internação. Foi realizada análise univariada e multivariada para avaliar a presença de IRA com letalidade em 30 dias. Resultados: A população final do estudo (n = 214) apresentou média de idade de 66,46 ± 13,73 anos; 48,1% eram homens; a média de pontuação no NIHSS foi 6,33 ± 6,27; e 20 (9,3%) apresentaram IRA. Pacientes com IRA tinham idade mais avançada, pontuação maior na NIHSS e valores mais elevados de creatinina no momento da alta hospitalar. A mortalidade em 30 dias foi maior no subgrupo com IRA em comparação ao grupo sem IRA (35% vs. 6,2%, p < 0,001). IRA foi preditor independente de mortalidade após AVCI, porém limitado pela gravidade do acidente vascular cerebral (NIHSS). Conclusão: A presença de IRA é uma complicação importante após AVCI. Apesar de seu impacto na letalidade de 30 dias, a força preditiva da IRA foi limitada pela gravidade do AVC.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Stroke/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Creatinine/blood , Stroke/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Hospitalization
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(2): 197-204, Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019399


Abstract Background: Elevated plasma levels of Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] are recognized as a significant risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular disease. However, there are limited data regarding association between Lp(a) and recurrent heart failure (HF) in patients with chronic HF caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Objective: Elevated levels of Lp(a) might have a prognostic impact on recurrent HF in patients with chronic HF caused by CHD. Methods: A total of 309 patients with chronic HF caused by CHD were consecutively enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether Lp(a) levels were above or below the median level for the entire cohort (20.6 mg/dL): the high Lp(a) group (n = 155) and the low Lp(a) group (n = 154). A 2-sided p < 0.05 was statistically considered significant. Results: During the median follow-up period of 186 days, 31 cases out of a total of 309 patients (10.03%) could not be reached during follow-up. A Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patients with higher Lp(a) levels had a higher incidence of recurrent HF than those with lower Lp(a) levels (log-rank < 0.0001). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that Lp(a) levels were independently correlated with the incidence of recurrent HF after adjustment of potential confounders (hazard ratio: 2.720, 95 % confidence interval: 1.730-4.277, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: In Chinese patients with chronic HF caused by CHD, elevated levels of Lp(a) are independently associated with recurrent HF.

Resumo Fundamento: Níveis plasmáticos elevados de lipoproteína (a) [Lp(a)] são reconhecidos como um fator de risco significativo para doença vascular aterosclerótica. No entanto, existem dados limitados sobre a associação entre a Lp(a) e insuficiência cardíaca (IC) recorrente em pacientes com IC crônica causada por doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Objetivo: Níveis elevados de Lp(a) podem ter um impacto prognóstico na IC recorrente em pacientes com IC crônica por DAC. Métodos: Um total de 309 pacientes com IC crônica causada por DAC foram consecutivamente incluídos neste estudo. Os pacientes foram divididos em 2 grupos de acordo com os níveis de Lp(a), acima ou abaixo do nível mediano de toda a coorte (20,6 mg/dL): o grupo Lp(a) alto (n = 155) e o grupo Lp ( a) baixo (n = 154). Um p < 0,05 bicaudal foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Durante a mediana do período de seguimento de 186 dias, 31 casos de um total de 309 pacientes (10,03%) não puderam ser contatados durante o acompanhamento. A análise de Kaplan-Meier demonstrou que pacientes com níveis mais elevados de Lp(a) apresentavam maior incidência de IC recorrente do que aqueles com níveis mais baixos de Lp(a) (log-rank < 0,0001). Uma análise de regressão multivariada de Cox revelou que os níveis de Lp(a) foram independentemente correlacionados com a incidência de IC recorrente após ajuste de potenciais fatores de confusão (hazard ratio 2,720, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,730-4,277, p < 0,0001). Conclusões: Em pacientes chineses com IC crônica causada por DAC, níveis elevados de Lp(a) estão associados de forma independente à IC recorrente.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Lipoproteins/blood , Recurrence , Reference Values , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Echocardiography , Chronic Disease , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment/methods , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart Failure/etiology
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 718-726, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020720


Background: Exclusive coronary revascularization with both mammary arteries could result in lower rates of adverse events in the long term. Aim: To describe the five-year evolution of a cohort of patients operated on with this technique. Material and Methods: Follow up analyzing survival of 73 patients aged 59 ± 9 years (82% men) who underwent exclusive coronary surgery with two mammary arteries between December 1,2010 and April 12,2017. We studied their clinical characteristics, surgical results, operative morbidity and mortality and adverse events up to June 30, 2018. Results: Six patients had two-vessel lesions and 67 three-vessel lesions. The operative risk calculated by additive and logistic EuroSCORE was 2.5 and 2.3%, respectively. A mean of 3.75 anastomoses /patient were performed, 116 with left mammary artery (73 to the anterior descending artery, 38 to a diagonal artery and 5 for other objectives) and 158 with right mammary artery (69 to a first marginal artery, 23 to a second marginal artery and 64 to posterior descending artery). There was one case of mediastinitis and one (1.5%) patient died. The mean follow-up was 64.6 ± 23.7 months. The 5-year survival was 90.4%. Conclusions: Coronary revascularization with two exclusive mammary arteries allowed a complete revascularization of the heart with a low rate of complications and adverse effects at five years.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Time Factors , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/mortality
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 491-498, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011193


Abstract Background: The use of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIED), such as the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) and Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT), is increasing. The number of leads may vary according to the device. Lead placement in the left ventricle increases surgical time and may be associated with greater morbidity after hospital discharge, an event that is often confused with the underlying disease severity. Objective: To evaluate the rate of unscheduled emergency hospitalizations and death after implantable device surgery stratified by the type of device. Methods: Prospective cohort study of 199 patients submitted to cardiac device implantation. The groups were stratified according to the type of device: ICD group (n = 124) and CRT group (n = 75). Probability estimates were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method according to the outcome. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant in the statistical analyses. Results: Most of the sample comprised male patients (71.9%), with a mean age of 61.1 ± 14.2. Left ventricular ejection fraction was similar between the groups (CRT 37.4 ± 18.1 vs. ICD 39.1 ± 17.0, p = 0.532). The rate of unscheduled visits to the emergency unit related to the device was 4.8% in the ICD group and 10.6% in the CRT group (p = 0.20). The probability of device-related survival of the variable "death" was different between the groups (p = 0.008). Conclusions: Patients after CRT implantation show a higher probability of mortality after surgery at a follow-up of less than 1 year. The rate of unscheduled hospital visits, related or not to the implant, does not differ between the groups.

Resumo Fundamento: O uso de dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis (DCEI) como o cardiodesfibrilador (CDI) e terapia de ressincronização cardíaca (TRC) - é cada vez maior. O número de eletrodos de estimulação e desfibrilação varia de acordo com o dispositivo. A colocação do eletrodo no ventrículo esquerdo aumenta o tempo cirúrgico podendo associar-se a maior morbidade no acompanhamento após alta hospitalar, evento muitas vezes confundível com a gravidade da patologia base. Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de internação não programada na emergência e óbito após cirurgia de dispositivos implantáveis estratificados pelo tipo de aparelho. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo analisando 199 pacientes submetidos à implante de dispositivos cardíacos. Os grupos foram divididos de acordo com o tipo de dispositivo: CDI (n = 124) e TRC (n = 75). Estimativas de probabilidades foram analisadas pelo método de Kaplan-Meier de acordo com o desfecho. Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: A maioria da amostra era do sexo masculino (71,9%) - idade média de 61,1 ± 14,2. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foi similar entre os grupos (TRC 37,4 ± 18,1 vs. CDI 39,1 ± 17,0; p = 0,532). A taxa de visita não programada na emergência relacionada ao dispositivo foi de 4,8% no grupo CDI e de 10,6% no grupo TRC (p = 0,20). A probabilidade de sobrevida relacionada ao dispositivo da variável "óbito" mostrou-se diferente entre os grupos (p = 0,008). Conclusões: Paciente após o implante de TRC apresenta maior probabilidade de mortalidade após o procedimento cirúrgico no seguimento menor que 1 ano. A taxa de visita hospitalar não programada, relacionadas ou não ao implante, não difere entre os grupos.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Defibrillators, Implantable/statistics & numerical data , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable/adverse effects , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices/adverse effects