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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of microRNA-370 (miR-370) and microRNA-203 (miR-203) in the serum of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML), and to analyze its clinical diagnosis and prognostic significance.@*METHODS@#57 patients with acute myeloid leukemia were enrolled as experimental group, and 21 healthy people were enrolled as control group. The fasting venous blood of the personal in the two groups were collected. The expression of miR-370 and miR-203 of the personal in each groups were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to detected the diagnostic values of serum miR-370, miR-203, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the relationship between expression and overall survival of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy controls, serum miR-370 expression was significantly decreased in AML patients(P<0.05), and serum miR-203 expression was also significantly decreased (P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the expression of serum miR-370 and miR-203 could be used to distinguish acute myeloid leukemia and healthy people. The area under the ROC curve of miR-370 was 0.909, and the sensitivity and specificity were 91.46% and 100.00%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve of miR-203 was 0.895, and the sensitivity and specificity were 83.45% and 89.71%, respectively. Serum levels of miR-370 and miR-203 were closely related to overall survival in AML patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-370 and miR-203 is decreased in the serum of patients with AML and may be a new markers for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , ROC Curve
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10612, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249314

ABSTRACT

Genomic studies have provided insights into molecular subgroups and oncogenic drivers of pediatric brain tumors (PBT) that may lead to novel therapeutic strategies. Participants of the cohort Pediatric Brain Tumor Atlas: CBTTC (CBTTC cohort), were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts. In the training cohort, Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate Cox regression model were applied to preliminary screening of prognostic genes. The LASSO Cox regression model was implemented to build a multi-gene signature, which was then validated in the validation and CBTTC cohorts through Kaplan-Meier, Cox, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses. Also, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and immune infiltrating analyses were conducted to understand function annotation and the role of the signature in the tumor microenvironment. An eight-gene signature was built, which was examined by Kaplan-Meier analysis, revealing that a significant overall survival difference was seen, either in the training or validation cohorts. The eight-gene signature was further proven to be independent of other clinic-pathologic parameters via the Cox regression analyses. Moreover, ROC analysis demonstrated that this signature owned a better predictive power of PBT prognosis. Furthermore, GSEA and immune infiltrating analyses showed that the signature had close interactions with immune-related pathways and was closely related to CD8 T cells and monocytes in the tumor environment. Identifying the eight-gene signature (CBX7, JADE2, IGF2BP3, OR2W6P, PRAME, TICRR, KIF4A, and PIMREG) could accurately identify patients' prognosis and the signature had close interactions with the immunodominant tumor environment, which may provide insight into personalized prognosis prediction and new therapies for PBT patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Cycle Proteins , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tumor Microenvironment , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150006

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.


Subject(s)
Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
4.
Medwave ; 20(11): e8089, 31-12-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146021

ABSTRACT

Introducción El propósito de este estudio es determinar si los pacientes con artrosis severa intervenidos con artroplastia de rodilla o cadera ponen en riesgo su expectativa de vida. Método Se diseñó un estudio de sobrevida el cual fue aprobado por el comité de ética de nuestra institución. Los pacientes fueron incluidos si fueron intervenidos de artroplastia de rodilla y cadera por artrosis severa y tenían más de 50 años. Los pacientes fueron excluidos si la artroplastia se realizó por fractura, hemofilia o un tumor. Una regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull fue estimada, siendo reportado el hazard ratio. Un bootstrap de 200 repeticiones fue realizada para validación interna. Resultados Un total de 4094 artroplastias fueron incluidos. La curva de Kaplan-Meier estima una mayor sobrevida que la población general hasta los 12 años, luego de lo cual la mediana de sobrevida es menor que la de la población general. La regresión multiparamétrica de Weibull estimó hazard ratios de 1,53 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 1,27 a 1,84) en mujeres, de 1,09 (1,08 a 1,10) por cada año de edad y de 1,29 (1,07 a 1,53) en artroplastia de cadera. Conclusión La mortalidad después de una intervención de artroplastia de rodilla o cadera sigue un comportamiento bimodal respecto a la población general similar a series reportadas en Estados Unidos y Suecia. Inicialmente la sobrevida es mayor que la población general, pero es menor luego de 12 a 15 años.


Background The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with osteoarthritis that undergo hip or knee arthroplasty jeopardize their life expectancy in Chile. Methods A survival analysis study was designed and approved by our institutional ethics review board. Patients were included if they underwent surgery for hip or knee osteoarthritis and were 50 years or older at the time of surgery. Patients were excluded if arthroplasty was performed for fracture, hemophilia arthropathy, or tumor. A multiparametric Weibull regression was estimated, and the hazard ratio was reported. For internal validity, a bootstrap of 200 repetitions was performed. Results A total of 4 094 arthroplasties were included. The Kaplan-Meier curve estimates a higher survival than the general population up to 12 years, after which the median survival is less than the general population. The bootstrap multiparametric Weibull regression estimated a hazard ratio of 1.53 (95% confidence interval: 1.27 to 1.84) for women, 1.09 (1.08 to 1.10) for every year older, and 1.29 (1.07 to 1.53) for hip arthroplasty patients. Conclusion Mortality after hip and knee arthroplasty in Chile follows a bimodal behavior similar to reports from the United States and Europe. At first, mortality is lower than the general population but worsens after 12 to 15 years of surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Osteoarthritis, Hip/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/mortality , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/mortality , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Postoperative Complications , United States , Osteoarthritis, Hip/mortality , Survival Analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1530-1535, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143641

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proven to exhibit distinct functions on the convoluted processes of tumor developments. Some studies on the biological functions of lncRNA MAFG-AS1 (MAFG-AS1) in cancers revealed that they may serve as an oncogene in some kinds of tumors, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, little is known about the role of MAFG-AS1 in the prognostic of CRC. METHODS: A public dataset was mined for the screening of dysregulated lncRNAs in CRC. Quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) was used to compare the levels of MAFG-AS1 between paired MAFG-AS1 specimens and normal adjacent tissues. The correlations between MAFG-AS1 and clinic pathological features in CRC were analyzed using the chi-square test. The log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier test were carried out to compare the survival time of patients with high and low expressions of MAFG-AS1. Cox regression was applied for univariate and multivariate assays to validate whether MAFG-AS1 could be an independent factor in the prognosis of CRC. RESULTS: We found that the distinct upregulation of MAFG-AS1 in various tumors was a common event. MAFG-AS1 was distinctly up-regulated in CRC specimens compared to matched non-tumor specimens (p < 0.01). High MAFG-AS1 expressions were closely associated with depth of invasion (p = 0.011) and TNM stage (p = 0.022). Survival assays revealed that patients with high expression of MAFG-AS1 have a shorter overall survival (p = 0.0030) and disease-free survival (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSIONS: MAFG-AS1 can serve as a novel potential biomarker to predict CRC patients' survival time.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: RNAs longos não codificantes (lncRNAs) comprovadamente apresentam funções distintas no complicado processo de desenvolvimento de tumores. Alguns estudos sobre as funções biológicas dos lncRNA (MAFG-AS1) em cânceres revelaram que eles podem funcionar como um oncogene em alguns tipos de tumores, inclusive no câncer colorretal (CCR). No entanto, pouco é conhecido sobre o papel do MAFG-AS1 no prognóstico do CCR. MÉTODOS: Um conjunto de dados públicos foi analisado em busca de lncRNAs desregulados em casos de CCR. Uma análise quantitativa de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa (qPCR) em tempo real foi utilizada para comparar os níveis de MAFG-AS1 entre pares de amostras de MAFG-AS1 normal e tecidos adjacentes. As correlações entre MAFG-AS1 e características clínico-patológicas do CCR foram analisadas através do teste qui-quadrado. Os testes de Log-rank e Kaplan-Meier foram utilizados para comparar o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes com expressões altas e baixas do MAFG-AS1. A regressão de Cox foi aplicada para ensaios uni e multivariados para validar se MAFG-AS1 poderia ser um fator independente no prognóstico do CCR. RESULTADOS: Observamos que a regulação aumentada de MAFG-AS1 em vários tumores foi um evento comum. MAFG1 estava claramente com a regulação aumentada em espécimes de CCR quando comparado ao de espécimes equivalentes não-tumorais (p < 0,01). Altas expressões de MAFG-AS1 estavam associadas à profundidade de invasão (p = 0,011) e classificação no sistema TNM (p = 0,022). As análises de sobrevida revelaram que pacientes com expressões elevadas do MAFG-AS1 tiveram uma diminuição significativa da sobrevida global (p = 0,0030) e da sobrevida livre de doença (p = 0,0002). CONCLUSÃO: MAFG-AS1 pode ser um novo potencial biomarcador para predizer o tempo de sobrevida de pacientes de CCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
6.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 545-552, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138669

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los síndromes de falla medular (SFM) son trastornos infrecuentes, con una incidencia anual de 2-4 casos por millón. Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen terapia de inmunosupresión (TIS) y restaura ción de la hematopoyesis con trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticas (TPH). OBJETIVO: Analizar los desenlaces de pacientes pediátricos diagnosticados con SFM tratados en una institución de alta complejidad. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de SFM que consultaron a la Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali. Se realizo análisis estadístico descriptivo según SFM adquirida (SFMA) y SFM congénita (SFMC). Los desenlaces incluyeron: tratamiento, complicaciones, supervivencia global (SG) en los trasplantados, calculada con el método Kaplan Meier. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 24 pacientes con SFM, edad 6,5 ± 4 años, 50% mujeres. El 58% fue ron SFMC, 9 con anemia de Fanconi, 2 disqueratosis congénita, 2 trombocitopenia amegacariocítica congénita, uno anemia Diamond-Blackfan. Doce pacientes con TPH tuvieron SG a 5 años de 83%. SFMA correspondió al 42%, 6 recibieron TIS-TPH, 3 TIS y 1 TPH, la SG del grupo con TIS-TPH fue 86%. Seis pacientes fallecieron, 4/6 relacionadas con infección. CONCLUSIONES: En esta serie fue mayor el número de casos con SFMC. La SG de los pacientes llevados a TPH es comparable con la reportada en estudios recientes. La causa de muerte predominante fue infecciosa que también se ha reportado previamente. El tratamiento instaurado en los pacientes de esta serie mostró resultados favorables en un centro de alta complejidad en un país latinoamericano.


INTRODUCTION: Bone marrow failure (BMF) syndromes are rare disorders with an annual incidence of 2-4 cases per million. Treatment options include immunosuppressive therapy (IST) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcomes of pediatric patients diagnosed with BMF treated in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODP: Retrospective study of pediatric patients diagnosed with BMF who consulted at Fundación Valle de Lili, Cali. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed according to Acquired BMF (ABMF) and Inherited BMF (IBMF). The outcomes include treatment, complications, overall survival (OS) in transplant patients, calculated using the Kaplan Meier method. RESULTS: We included 24 patients with BMF, average age 6.5 ± 4 years, and 50% were women. 58% presented IBMF, 9 with Fanconi anemia (FA), 2 dyskeratosis congenita, 2 congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, and 1 presented Diamond-Blackfan anemia. 12 patients treated with HSCT had a 5-year OS of 83%. ABMF represented 42%. 6 patients received IST-HSCT, 3 received IST, and 1 received HSCT. The OS of the IST-HSCT group was 86%. Six patients died, four of them related to infection. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, there was a higher number of cases with IBMF. The OS of patients treated with HSCT is similar to that reported in recent studies. The most frequent cause of death was of infectious origin which has also been previously reported. The treatment esta blished in the patients showed favorable results in a Latin American tertiary care center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Colombia , Combined Modality Therapy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Tertiary Care Centers , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/complications , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/diagnosis , Bone Marrow Failure Disorders/mortality
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 732-736, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136278

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE A previous study has reported that miR-1204 exerted oncogenic effects in breast cancer (BC). The purpose of our paper was to evaluate the expressions of tissue and serum miR-1204 in patients with BC and further investigate its biomarker potential. METHODS The expressions of tissue and serum miR-1204 were investigated by qRT-PCR in 144 BC patients and 38 healthy controls. Chi-square tests were conducted to examine the associations between miR-1204 expressions and clinicopathological factors. Then, the associations of miR-1204s level with the survival of BC patients were determined by performing the Kaplan-Meier and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and area under the OC curve (AUC) were obtained to validate the diagnostic values of miR-1204. RESULTS We found that the expressions of miR-1204 were increased in both tissue and serum samples from BC patients. Multivariate assays identified tissue and serum miR-1204 overexpression as an independent poor prognostic factor. In addition, ROC curve assays indicated that tissue and serum miR-1204 are potential diagnostic markers of BC. CONCLUSIONS Detection of tissue and serum miR-1204 levels could have clinical potential as a novel prognostic/diagnostic biomarker for BC patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Um estudo anterior indicou que o miR-1204 exerce efeitos oncogênicos no Câncer de Mama (CM). O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as expressões de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos em pacientes com CM e investigar o seu potencial biomarcador. METODOLOGIA As expressões de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos foram investigadas por qRT-PCR em 144 pacientes com CM e 38 controles saudáveis. Testes qui-quadrados foram realizados para examinar as associações entre as expressões de miR-1204 e os fatores clinicopatológicos. Em seguida, as associações entre nível de miR-1204s e sobrevida de pacientes de CM foram determinadas através de análises de Kaplan-Meier e multivariadas. A Curva Característica de Operação do Receptor (ROC) e área sob a curva (AUC) foram obtidas para validar o valor diagnóstico do MIR-1204. RESULTADOS Descobrimos que as expressões do MIR-1204 estavam aumentadas em amostras de tecido e séricas de pacientes com CM. Análises multivariadas identificaram a superexpressão de miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos como um fator independente de prognóstico ruim. Além disso, as curvas ROC indicaram que o miR-1204 sérico e em tecidos é um possível marcador de diagnóstico de CM. CONCLUSÃO A detecção dos níveis MIR-1204 em tecidos e séricos pode ter potencial clínico como um novo biomarcador de prognóstico/diagnóstico para pacientes de CM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , MicroRNAs/blood , Prognosis , Breast Neoplasms/blood , ROC Curve , Area Under Curve , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 315-320, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Inverted papillomas represent one of the most common benign neoplasic lesions located in the sinonasal tract. Owing to the local erosive behavior, tendency to recur and the potential for malignant transformation, surgical management of inverted papillomas is often challenging. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of patients with inverted papillomas, according to the Krouse staging and the different surgical approaches. Methods: Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with sinonasal inverted papillomas who underwent surgical treatment between 2000 and 2016 at a tertiary referral hospital. Cases with follow-up less than 12 months were excluded. The rate and the time of recurrence were the main outcomes. Values of p < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Thirty-six cases with mean age of 60 years, predominantly male (72%), were included. The follow-up period ranged from 1 to 16 years, with an average of 4.5 years. Krouse T1 Stage corresponded to 11.1%; T2 occurred in 50% of cases; while T3 and T4 Stages accounted for 30.6% and 8.3% of patients, respectively. Most cases were approached by an endoscopic technique alone (83.3%), with a recurrence rate of 13.3%. Patients treated via a combined or open approach revealed a recurrence of 16.7%. No differences in the recurrence rate were reported when comparing endoscopic surgery with the open or combined techniques. Krouse Stage T3 had a significant association with inverted papillomas recurrence (p = 0.023). All inverted papilloma relapses occurred up to 2 years post-operatively. One case of malignant transformation was recorded (2.7%). Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery did not increase the recurrence rates and can be a safe and efficient alternative to open or combined techniques. The recurrence of inverted papillomas seem to be related to the persistence of the disease and tend to occur early after primary surgery. Krouse T3 Stages may be associated with a higher recurrence of inverted papillomas.


Resumo Introdução: Os papilomas invertidos são uma das lesões neoplásicas benignas mais comuns no trato nasossinusal. Devido ao seu comportamento localmente agressivo, tendência para recidivar e potencial de malignização, o tratamento cirúrgico dos papilomas invertidos constitui frequentemente um desafio. Objetivo: Analisar os resultados cirúrgicos dos papilomas invertidos segundo o estadiamento de Krouse, bem como avaliar as diferentes abordagens cirúrgicas. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com diagnóstico de papiloma invertido nasossinusal submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico entre 2000 e 2016 em hospital terciário. Casos com acompanhamento inferior a 12 meses foram excluídos. A taxa e o tempo de recidiva foram os principais resultados analisados desfechos avaliados. Valores p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 36 casos, com média de idade de 60 anos, predominantemente do sexo masculino (72%). O período de acompanhamento variou de 1 a 16 anos, em uma média de 4,5 anos. Relativamente ao estadiamento, 11,1% dos pacientes foram classificados como estadio Krouse T1, 50% como T2, 30,6% como T3 e 8,3% como T4. A maioria dos casos foi tratada exclusivamente por cirurgia endoscópica (83,3%), com taxa de recidiva de 13,3%. Pacientes tratados com uma técnica combinada ou aberta apresentaram recidiva de 16,7%. Não foram observadas diferenças quanto à taxa de recidiva entre os casos abordados por via endoscópica e os casos tratados com técnica aberta ou combinada. Verificou-se uma associação significativa entre o estadio T3 de Krouse e recidiva de papilomas invertidos (p = 0,023). Todas as recidivas de papilomas invertidos foram observadas até dois anos após a cirurgia. Um caso de transformação maligna foi registrado (2,7%). Conclusão: A cirurgia endoscópica não aumentou as taxas de recidiva e pode ser uma alternativa segura e eficiente às técnicas abertas ou combinadas. Os casos de recidiva do papiloma invertido parecem estar relacionados com a persistência da doença e tendem a ocorrer precocemente após a cirurgia primária. Os estadios T3 de Krouse podem estar associados a uma maior recidiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(2): 216-223, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090596

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To determine the utility of preoperative complete blood count (CBC) based systemic inflammatory markers in the prediction of testicular cancer and its prognosis. Material and Methods Between 2008-2017 the data of all testicular tumor patients undergoing radical orchiectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Patient baseseline characteristics (age, tumor stage, tumor markers, etc.) and results of routine preoperative blood tests including mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), lymphocyte ratio (LR) and neutrophil ratio (NR) were retrieved. In addition, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was calculated. Results Mean age of the tumor and control group was 36.0±15 and 30.50±11 years, respectively. Mean RDW, NR and NLR were significantly higher in the tumor group with p values<0.001; whereas LR and MPV were significantly higher in the control group (p<0.001). Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analyses of LR, NR, RDW, MPV, and NLR are shown in Table-3. The cut off values for RDW and NR were found as 13,7 (Area under the curve (AUC): 0.687, sensitivity = 42.2%, specificity = 84.8%) and 55.3 (AUC:0.693, sensitivity 72.2%, specificity 62%), respectively. Area under the curve for NLR in tumor group was 0.711, with a threshold value of 1.78 and sensitivity=81.8% and specificity=55.4% (AUC:0.711/sig<0.001) that together with RDW exhibited the best differential diagnosis potential which could be used as an adjuvant tool in the prediction of testicular tumor and its prognosis. Conclusion Several systemic inflammatory markers, which are obtained by routinely performed cost-effective blood tests, could demonstrate incremental predictive and prognostic information adjuvant to preoperativly achieved testiscular tumor markers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Prognosis , Testicular Neoplasms/mortality , Testicular Neoplasms/blood , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 23-30, feb. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125034

ABSTRACT

El sarcoma de Ewing óseo es un tumor poco frecuente, agresivo, que afecta principalmente a niños y adultos jóvenes. Existe ausencia de registros en nuestro país respecto de la prevalencia de esta enfermedad, los esquemas de tratamiento utilizados y sus resultados. El objetivo fue analizar, en un grupo de pacientes con sarcoma de Ewing óseo tratados con quimioterapia y cirugía de conservación de miembro, las tasas de supervivencia global, de recurrencia local y los factores de riesgo oncológicos. Se incluyó a 88 pacientes. La edad media de la serie fue de 14.5 años y el seguimiento promedio de 8.8 años. La tasa de supervivencia global fue de 79.5% a los 2 años, de 69% a 5 años y de 64% a 10 años. Los factores pronósticos negativos asociados a menor supervivencia fueron: mala respuesta a la quimioterapia, edad ≥ de 16 años, localización central, y recurrencia local. En el análisis multivariable únicamente la respuesta a la quimioterapia tuvo significancia estadística. La tasa libre de recurrencia local a 2 y 5 años fue del 87%. La mala respuesta a la quimioterapia fue el único factor significativo para la recurrencia local. Consideramos que la cirugía de conservación de miembro asociada a quimioterapia pre y postoperatoria debe ser el tratamiento para el sarcoma de Ewing óseo, alcanzando de esta manera una supervivencia global a 5 años del 69%. En nuestra serie, la respuesta a la quimioterapia ha sido el factor pronóstico más relevante para supervivencia y recurrencia local.


Ewing sarcoma of the bone is a rare, highly aggressive tumor that typically affects children and young adults. In Argentina, the lack of Ewing's sarcoma registries reflects in the absence of information regarding prevalence, treatment protocols and patient´s outcome. The purpose of this study was to analyze, in a group of patients diagnosed with Ewing sarcoma of the bone, treated with chemotherapy and limb-conserving surgery, their overall survival rate, local recurrence rate, and oncological risk factors. A retrospective research was conducted between 1990 and 2017. Eighty-eight patients with Ewing sarcoma of the bone matched the inclusion criteria. Median age was 14.5 years and median follow-up was 8.8 years. Overall survival rate was 79.5%, 69% and 64% at 2, 5 and 10 years respectively. Negative prognostic factors, associated with less survival rate after univariate analysis, were: bad response to chemotherapy (tumoral necrosis 0-89%), age > 16 years-old, central tumor localization and local recurrence. Gender and tumor size were not significant prognostic factors. After multivariate analysis, response to chemotherapy remained statistical significant. Local recurrence-free survival rate at 2 and 5 years was 87%. Tumor response to chemotherapy (0-89%) was the only significant factor for local recurrence. We consider that limb-salvage surgery, with neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy, are the mainstays of treatment for Ewing's sarcoma, with an overall survival rate, at 5 years, of 69%. In this population, response to chemotherapy is the most relevant prognostic factor, being associated with both local recurrence and overall survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sarcoma, Ewing/mortality , Bone Neoplasms/mortality , Argentina/epidemiology , Sarcoma, Ewing/therapy , Time Factors , Bone Neoplasms/therapy , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 65-72, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has modified the outcome of patients with HIV infection, providing virological control and reducing mortality. However, there are several reasons as to why patients may discontinue their antiretroviral therapy, with adverse events being one of the main reasons reported in the literature. This is a case-control nested in a cohort of people living with HIV/AIDS, conducted to identify the incidence of ART modification due to adverse events and the associated factors, in two referral services in Recife, Brazil, between 2011 and 2014. Of the modifications occurred in the first year of ART, 25.7% were driven by adverse events. The median time elapsed between initiating ART and the first modification due to adverse events was 70.5 days (95% CI: 26-161 days). The main adverse events were dermatological, neuropsychiatric and gastrointestinal. Dermatological events were the earliest to appear after initiating ART. Efavirenz was the most prescribed and most modified drug during the study period. The group of participants who used zidovudine, lamivudine, and efavirenz had a 2-fold greater chance (adjusted OR: 2.16 95% CI: 1.28-3.65) of switching ART due to adverse events when compared to the group that used tenofovir with lamivudine and efavirenz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Time Factors , Brazil , Zidovudine/adverse effects , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/mortality , Ritonavir/adverse effects , Lamivudine/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/adverse effects , Benzoxazines/adverse effects , Drug Combinations , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lopinavir/adverse effects , Tenofovir/adverse effects
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 83-89, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056362

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Obliterative urethral stenosis is a type of urethral lesion that compromises the whole corpus spongiosum's circumference. We present our experience in resolving complex long segment urethral obliteration in a single procedure using a combination of dorsal onlay oral mucosa graft (OMG) and ventral fasciocutaneous penile skin flap. Materials and methods: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed, which included data of men presenting long, obliterative strictures. Patients were excluded if they were lost to follow-up before one year. Failure was defined as need for further urethral instrumentation. The surgical technique used consisted on the fixation of OMG to the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum, thus creating a new urethral plate. Penile or foreskin flaps were employed to complete the ventral aspect. Postoperative follow-up was done with a voiding cystourethrography at week 3. Results: A total of 21 patients were included with a median age of 49 years. Mean follow-up was 25 months. Failure was found for 3 patients (2 of them needing dilations and only one required a new urethral reconstruction). Conclusion: Single stage combination of dorsal OMG with ventral fasciocutaneous penile flap showed good results for selected patients affected with obliterative urethral stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penis/surgery , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Operative Time , Middle Aged
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 30-37, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088766

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives The aim of our study was to evaluate the survival rate of all thyroid carcinomas (TCs) diagnosed in the 1999-2015 period in the Republic of North Macedonia and to analyze the prognostic influence of several characteristics on development of distant metastases, as well as to analyze the prognostic effect of seven clinical and constitutional features on mortality. Material and methods A retrospective analysis of medical data from all TCs diagnosed in 1999-2015 was performed. The survival rate of all types of TCs was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied for evaluation of the predictive role of seven clinical and constitutional characteristics for development of distant metastases, and the univariate Cox-proportional model was applied for evaluation of the predictors for mortality. Results A total of 422 TC cases were diagnosed in the 17-year period, with an average survival time of 212.99 months. Results of the univariate regression analysis showed that dimension at initial ultrasound and histopathological type of tumor were significantly predictive variables for distant metastases. Multifocal tumors vs. unifocal tumors < 15 mm significantly increased the probability of distant metastases by 7.401 (p = 0.005, 95% CI = 1.817-30.190) times. Age, initial lymph node involvement, number of radioiodine therapies, and histopathology of the tumor were selected as independent significant predictors for mortality. Conclusion Our results showed an excellent overall prognosis of thyroid tumors in the Macedonian population. The dimension of the tumor, multifocality, and histopathological type were the most relevant prognostic predictive features for development of distant metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Metastasis
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 245-253, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088859

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardioinhibitory carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CICSH) is defined as ventricular asystole ≥ 3 seconds in response to 5-10 seconds of carotid sinus massage (CSM). There is a common concern that a prolonged asystole episode could lead to death directly from bradycardia or as a consequence of serious trauma, brain injury or pause-dependent ventricular arrhythmias. Objective: To describe total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality of a cohort of CICSH patients, and to compare those mortalities with those found in a non-CICSH patient cohort. Methods: In 2006, 502 patients ≥ 50 years of age were submitted to CSM. Fifty-two patients (10,4%) were identified with CICSH. Survival of this cohort was compared with that of another cohort of 408 non-CICSH patients using Kaplan-Meier curves. Cox regression was used to examine the relation between CICSH and mortality. The level of statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: After a maximum follow-up of 11.6 years, 29 of the 52 CICSH patients (55.8%) were dead. Cardiovascular mortality, trauma-related mortality and the total mortality rate of this population were not statistically different from that found in 408 patients without CICSH. (Total mortality of CICSH patients 55.8% vs. 49,3% of non-CICSH patients; p: 0.38). Conclusion: At the end of follow-up, the 52 CICSH patient cohort had total mortality, cardiovascular mortality and trauma-related mortality similar to that found in 408 patients without CICSH.


Resumo Fundamento: A resposta cardioinibitória (RCI) à massagem do seio carotídeo (MSC) caracteriza-se por assistolia ≥ 3 segundos provocada por 5 a 10 segundos de MSC. Existe uma preocupação de que pacientes com RCI e episódios prolongados de assistolia possam falecer em consequência direta de bradiarritmia, ou em decorrência de lesão cerebral, trauma grave ou arritmia ventricular pausa dependente. Objetivos: Determinar a mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma de uma coorte de pacientes com RCI à MSC e comparar essas mortalidades com as de uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI à MSC. Métodos: Em 2006, 502 pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 50 anos foram submetidos à MSC. Destes, 52 pacientes (10,4%) foram identificados com RCI. A sobrevida desta coorte foi comparada àquela observada em uma coorte de 408 pacientes sem RCI por meio de curvas de Kaplan-Meier. A regressão de Cox foi utilizada para avaliação da relação entre a RCI à MSC e a mortalidade. Variáveis com p < 0,05 foram consideradas estatisticamente significativas. Resultados: Após seguimento máximo de 11,6 anos, 29 dos 52 portadores de RCI (55,8%) faleceram. A mortalidade total, a mortalidade cardiovascular e a mortalidade relacionada ao trauma desta coorte de pacientes não foram significativamente diferentes daquelas encontradas nos 408 pacientes sem RCI (mortalidade total com RCI: 55,8% versus 49,3% sem RCI; p: 0,38). Conclusões: No fim do seguimento, a mortalidade dos 52 portadores de RCI foi semelhante à observada em uma coorte de pacientes sem RCI. A mortalidade cardiovascular e a relacionada ao trauma também foi semelhante nas duas coortes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carotid Artery Diseases/physiopathology , Carotid Artery Diseases/mortality , Carotid Sinus/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/physiopathology , Heart Arrest/mortality , Syncope/physiopathology , Syncope/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Heart Injuries/physiopathology , Heart Injuries/mortality
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e9136, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055487

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) on the cardiac function of beagle dogs after prolonged ventricular fibrillation. Twenty-four adult male beagles were randomly divided into control and EECP groups. Ventricular fibrillation was induced in the animals for 12 min, followed by 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. They then received EECP therapy for 4 h (EECP group) or not (control group). The hemodynamics was monitored using the PiCCO2 system. Blood gas and hemorheology were assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 4 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The myocardial blood flow (MBF) was quantified by 18F-flurpiridaz PET myocardial perfusion imaging at baseline and 4 h after ROSC. Survival time of the animals was recorded within 24 h. Ventricular fibrillation was successfully induced in all animals, and they achieved ROSC after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Survival time of the control group was shorter than that of the EECP group [median of 8 h (min 8 h, max 21 h) vs median of 24 h (min 16 h, max 24 h) (Kaplan Meyer plot analysis, P=0.0152). EECP improved blood gas analysis findings and increased the coronary perfusion pressure and MBF value. EECP also improved the cardiac function of Beagles after ROSC in multiple aspects, significantly increased blood flow velocity, and decreased plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation index, and hematocrit levels. EECP improved the hemodynamics of beagle dogs and increased MBF, subsequently improving cardiac function and ultimately improving the survival time of animals after ROSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Counterpulsation/methods , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Hemodynamics/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Disease Models, Animal , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 25-30, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091902

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of pediatric patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) enrolled in a tertiary unit of Pediatric Hematology between 1982-2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study of 140 patients aged 16 years or less with NHL. Demographic characteristics, data on diagnosis, and outcomes were analyzed. The overall survival (OS) analysis and stratification by the most frequent histological subtypes were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS One hundred and thirty-six patients with de novo NHL and four with NHL as a second malignancy were analyzed. The median age at diagnosis was 6.4 years (interquartile range, 4.2 to 11.1 years); 101 patients were males. Four patients had primary immunodeficiency, four had human immunodeficiency virus, two post-liver transplantation, and one had autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome. The most frequent histological type was NHL of mature B- cell (B-NHL-B; 67.1%), with Burkitt's lymphoma being the most frequent subtype, and lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL, 21.4%). The main clinical manifestation at the diagnosis was abdominal tumors (41.4%). During the follow-up time, 13 patients relapsed, but five of them reached a second remission. Thirty-five patients died, and 103 remained alive in clinical remission. No contact was possible for two patients. The OS at 5 years was 74.5% (± 3.8%). The OS estimated for patients with LBL, NHL-B, and the remaining was 80.4%±7.9%, 72.8%±4.7%, and 74.5%±11%, respectively (P = 0.58). CONCLUSION Our results are comparable with cohorts from other middle-income countries.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever as características clínicas e demográficas de pacientes pediátricos com linfoma não Hodgkin (LNH) em uma unidade terciária de Hematologia Pediátrica entre 1982-2015. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de dados de prontuários de 140 pacientes com idade até 16 anos com LNH. Características demográficas e dados relativos ao diagnóstico e evolução foram analisados. A sobrevida global (SG) e estratificada pelos subtipos histológicos mais frequentes foi analisada pelo método de Kaplan-Meier. RESULTADOS Dados de 136 pacientes com LNH de novo e quatro com LNH como segunda neoplasia foram analisados. A mediana de idade ao diagnóstico foi 6,4 anos (intervalo interquartil: 4,2 a 11,1 anos); 101 pacientes eram meninos. Onze pacientes apresentavam imunodeficiência (quatro primária, quatro secundária ao vírus da imunodeficiência humana adquirida, dois pós-transplante hepático e um com síndrome linfoproliferativa autoimune). Os tipos histológicos mais frequentes foram o LNH de células B madura (LNH-B, 67,1% dos pacientes), sendo o linfoma de Burkitt o subtipo mais frequente, e o linfoma linfoblástico (LL, 21,4%). A principal manifestação clínica ao diagnóstico foi massa abdominal (41,4%). A mediana de seguimento dos sobreviventes foi 7,7 anos (intervalo interquartil: 3,3 a 10,9 anos). Treze pacientes recidivaram (cinco alcançaram segunda remissão clínica), 35 faleceram, 103 permanecem vivos em remissão completa e dois perderam o seguimento. A probabilidade de SG em cinco anos foi 74,5%±3,8%. Para os pacientes com LL, LNH-B e os demais, a SG foi 80,4%±7,9%, 72,8%±4,7% e 74,5%±11%, respectivamente (P=0,58). CONCLUSÃO Nossos resultados são comparáveis aos de outros países de renda média.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/mortality , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(1): 61-66, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091900

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To relate disease-free survival and overall survival with type I and type II ovarian cancer and preoperative laboratory parameters biomarkers. METHODS A retrospective study was carried out based on the collection of data from medical records of patients with ovarian tumors. Kaplan-Mayer curves were drawn based on the statistical analysis of the data and were compared using the Log-rank test. RESULTS Disease-free survival in type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in type II (p=0.0013), as well as in those with normal levels of CA-125 (p=0.0243) and with a platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) lower than 200 (p=0.0038). The overall survival of patients with type I ovarian cancer was significantly higher than in patients with type II, as well as in patients with normal CA-125 serum levels (p=0.0039) and those with a preoperative fasting glucose of less than 100 mg/dL. CONCLUSION CA-125 levels may predict greater overall and disease-free survival. PLR < 200 may suggest greater disease-free survival, whereas normal fasting glucose may suggest greater overall survival.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Relacionar a sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global com câncer de ovário tipos I e II, assim como com parâmetros laboratoriais pré-operatórios biomarcadores. MÉTODOS Estudo retrospectivo realizado com base na coleta de dados de prontuários de pacientes com tumor ovariano. As curvas de Kaplan-Mayer foram realizadas em relação à análise estatística dos dados, sendo comparadas pelo teste de Log-rank. RESULTADOS A sobrevida livre de doença nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que nas pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo II (p = 0,0013), bem como maior naquelas com níveis normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0243) e com relação plaquetas-linfócitos (RPL) inferior a 200 (p = 0,0038). A sobrevida global de pacientes com câncer de ovário tipo I foi significativamente maior do que em pacientes com tipo II, maior em pacientes com níveis séricos normais de CA-125 (p = 0,0039) e naquelas com glicemia de jejum pré-operatória menor que 100 mg / dL. CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de CA-125 podem predizer uma sobrevida global e livre de doença. A RPL < 200 pode sugerir uma maior sobrevida livre de doença, enquanto uma glicemia normal de jejum, uma maior sobrevida global.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/mortality , Ovarian Neoplasms/blood , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Disease-Free Survival , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Preoperative Period , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
19.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 898-903, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136307

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Long noncoding RNA neuroblastoma-associated transcript 1 (NBAT1) has been reported to be involved in cancer progression. However, the clinical significance of NBAT1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still unclear. Our present research aimed to explore whether NBAT1 serves as a biomarker for NSCLC prognosis. METHODS The expression of NBAT1 was examined by RT-PCR in tissue samples of 162 NSCLC patients and was compared with the adjacent non-tumor lung specimens. Then the association between NBAT1 expression and clinical-pathological parameters was further evaluated. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic significance of NBAT1 expression in NSCLC patients was explored by the use of univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS NBAT1 expression was prominently decreased in NSCLC tissues compared with matched normal lung specimens (p < 0.01). Moreover, survival analyses indicated that patients with low expression displayed dramatically decreased 5-year overall survival (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONS NBAT1 expression might contribute to tumor progression and poor prognosis of NSCLC and might be a new therapeutic target in NSCLC.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Há relatos de que o NBAT1 está associado à progressão do câncer. Contudo, o significado clínico do NBAT1 no câncer de pulmão de células não pequenas (NSCLC) ainda não está claro. O objetivo da nossa pesquisa foi explorar se NBAT1 serve como biomarcador para o prognóstico de NSCLC. MÉTODOS A expressão de NBAT1 foi examinada por RT-PCR em amostras de tecido de 162 pacientes com NSCLC e comparada a amostras adjacentes não tumorais de pulmão. Em seguida, a associação entre a expressão do NBAT1 e os parâmetros clínico-patológicos foi avaliada. A análise de sobrevivência foi realizada utilizando o método Kaplan-Meier. A significância prognóstica da expressão do NBAT1 em pacientes com NSCLC foi explorada através de análises univariadas e multivariadas. RESULTADOS A expressão do NBAT1 foi claramente diminuída nos tecidos de NSCLC em comparação aos espécimes normais dos pulmões (p<0,01). Além disso, as análises de sobrevivência indicaram que pacientes com baixa expressão apresentavam uma diminuição drástica da sobrevivência global em cinco anos (p=0,008). CONCLUSÃO A expressão do NBAT1 pode contribuir para a progressão tumoral e um prognóstico negativo do NSCLC e pode ser um novo alvo de terapia no NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Neuroblastoma , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of RNA methyltransferase METTL14 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of METTL14 in 147 pairs of HCC and adjacent hepatic tissues. According to the scores rated by pathologists, the 147 cases of HCC were divided into high and low METTL14 expression groups. The correlation between the expression of METTL14 and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed, and Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between the expression of METTL14 and the prognosis and survival (including the overall survival and disease-free survival) of the patients with HCC after operation. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were carried out to assess the impact of METTL14 expression level on the overall survival and tumor-free survival of the patients after operation using a COX regression model and explore whether METTL14 expression level is an independent prognostic risk factor of the postoperative patients.@*RESULTS@#The expression of METTL14 was significantly lower in HCC tissues than in the adjacent tissues ( < 0.001). METTL14 expression in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with the tumor size (=0.044) and TNM stage (=0.046). A low expression of METTL14 in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with a poor prognosis and a significantly shortened overall survival time and disease-free survival time of the patients ( < 0.05), and was an independent risk factor affecting the overall survival and disease-free survival of HCC patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#METTL14 may be a new prognostic marker for patients with HCC after hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms , Methyltransferases , Prognosis
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